Aruna Sanskrit

The Aruna Sanskrit Language Series

The Aruna Sanskrit Language Series is a groundbreaking series of media that enriches the study of both the Sanskrit language and Vedanta. The titles below currently in the series are highly flexible and cross-referenced, guiding readers through Sanskrit basics to proficient level—unlocking the vocabulary and grammar and helping them comprehend the deeper meaning of the Bhagavad Gita.

The Aruna Sanskrit Grammar Reference

The Aruna Sanskrit Grammar Coursebook: 64 Lessons Based on the Bhagavad Gita Chapter Two

The Bhagavad Gita Dictionary

The Bhagavad Gita Reader: Sanskrit/English Parallel Text

The Bhagavad Gita Sanskrit Key: Verse-by-Verse Grammar & Vocabulary

The Sanskrit Reading Tutor: Read It, Click It, Hear It!

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The Aruna Sanskrit Grammar Reference

The first title in The Aruna Sanskrit Language Series is The Aruna Sanskrit Grammar Reference. The Grammar Reference follows the reference style presentation of grammar. This will provide a logical, consistent and complete exposition of the grammar for reading only proficiency. The grammar uses minimal wording and presents the material in outline and chart form as much as possible to maximize your visual memory of the information. This method also greatly assists review and re-review of the grammar, necessary to master the subject.
 
Several of the charts have multiple forms within them that demonstrate simple, easy to remember patterns which are overlooked by many grammar books. This helps you to also logically remember the information. The grammar is presented in the Western style, which emphasizes analytic, reading skills, as opposed to the more difficult composition and speaking skills. As much as possible, the examples in the book are taken from the Bhagavad Gita, so your targeted vocabulary builds quickly.
 
This reference book is an excellent book for those who already have a knowledge or familiarity with Sanskrit. It provides one source book to reference any question they have about the grammar of a word or a sentence.
 
When combined with The Aruna Sanskrit Coursebook, they both provide a gateway to furthering a student’s knowledge in Sanskrit, and for beginners in Sanskrit who have some coaching assistance available. The Coursebook takes the complete second chapter of the Bhagavad Gita as its vocabulary and exercise material.
 
These two texts together are meant for adults, rather than children. The material is presented for logically understanding Sanskrit, not for simply memorizing.
View or download a PDF Preview of sample pages from Upasana Yoga at .

Book

(picture of Grammar Reference book cover)
148 pg 7"x9" soft-cover book. 42 pg Preview available at Pothi.
==> Available for Rupees from Pothi at . These may be shipped worldwide.
In future will also make available worldwide via Amazon.

PDF

(picture of Grammar Reference PDF cover)
7"x6.75" page size PDF. Fits most computer screens.
==> Available as FREE download from Pothi at .

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The Aruna Sanskrit Grammar Coursebook: 64 Lessons Based on the Bhagavad Gita Chapter Two

The second title in The Aruna Sanskrit Language Series is The Aruna Sanskrit Grammar Coursebook: 64 Lessons Based on the Bhagavad Gita Chapter Two. The exercise in the first lesson of the Aruna Coursebook directs the student to the Script Reading Exercise, given in its appendix. This section provides the complete Bhagavad Gita second chapter in large print Sanskrit with transliteration using the English alphabet under each line, followed with the entire chapter again with only the large-print Sanskrit to test your progress. The text and transliteration are broken down in two separate ways to show the separate syllables and then the individual words, thus progressively showing the student the proper methodology for correctly pronouncing the original Sanskrit text. This section should provide all the necessary practice material for the student to learn the Sanskrit script—essential for proceeding through the rest of this work and any other Sanskrit work. For students who need help in pronunciation of Sanskrit words, I highly advise finding a teacher, a friend or someone in your community who will surprise you with their readiness to assist you—knowledge of Sanskrit and its literature seems to nurture this helpful attitude. These people need not know the meaning of all the Sanskrit words, but they can read the Sanskrit script.
 
An alternative help for this Script Reading Exercise is the specially developed The Sanskrit Reading Tutor: Read It, Click It, Hear It! below.
 
The rest of the lessons in the Aruna Coursebook give a relatively quick overview of the entire Grammar Reference—its layout, its methodology and how its grammar rules are to be understood. Enough explanation with little redundancy is provided to explain the outlined and charted grammar presented in the Grammar Reference so that you can learn on your own with little or no assistance from a teacher, assuming you can apply a post-high school aptitude towards this work.
 
The examples and exercises in the Aruna Coursebook are drawn from the second chapter of the Bhagavad Gita, which is taught completely in prose format, then finally in verse format. In the Aruna Coursebook, vocabulary is presented by giving the English meaning of the individual words, their grammar and also their contextual use within expressions from the Gita. This should make it very easy to learn the vocabulary. By teaching the vocabulary of the verses in a consistent Sanskrit prose order, which is syntactically based, the student gains a quicker grasp of Sanskrit syntax. All exercise expressions and sentences are taken directly from the Gita—no extraneous material is presented. These words, expressions and sentences are repeated throughout the Aruna Coursebook in the lessons and exercises to assist your memory; nothing is taken for granted as you progress through the Aruna Coursebook. All the examples and lessons are cross referenced to their specific verses in the Gita, so the context and the English translation given therein will provide an answer key and guide for the student’s work. The examples for the grammar rules in each lesson are taken from the second chapter vocabulary and expressions.
 
After knowing the prose order of all the verses of the second chapter, the student is then introduced to the analysis of verses so that he or she can quickly and confidently see the meaning of the Bhagavad Gita verses directly. Concepts presented in the Gita are expounded, so that non-Indian and Indian students alike can appreciate the depth of discussion within the Gita.
 
The Aruna Coursebook forms a four to twelve month full-time course in itself, depending on the effort put forth and any previous exposure to this language or familiarity with other languages that may have affinity to the Sanskrit language. At the completion of The Aruna Coursebook you will be familiar with the entire range of Sanskrit grammar for reading proficiency and be able to sight read with understanding all the verses of the second chapter of the Bhagavad Gita, which briefly presents the entire teaching of the Gita.
 
The Grammar Reference and The Aruna Coursebook together provide a gateway to furthering a student’s knowledge in Sanskrit, and for beginners in Sanskrit who have some coaching assistance available.
 
These two texts together are meant for adults, rather than children. The material is presented for logically understanding Sanskrit, not for simply memorizing.
View or download a PDF Preview of sample pages from Upasana Yoga at .

Book

(picture of Grammar Coursebook book cover)
334 pg 7"x9" soft-cover book. 38 pg Preview available at Pothi.
==> Available for Rupees from Pothi at . These may be shipped worldwide.
In future will also make available worldwide via Amazon.

PDF

(picture of Grammar Coursebook PDF cover)
7"x6.75" page size PDF. Fits most computer screens.
==> Available as FREE download from Pothi at .

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The Bhagavad Gita Dictionary

The third title in The Aruna Sanskrit Language Series is The Bhagavad Gita Dictionary. This is a Sanskrit to Sanskrit and English dictionary of the entire Bhagavad Gita. Many entries include reference citations to grammatical rules for their peculiar formations presented in The Aruna Sanskrit Grammar Reference. The derivation of many words is included as appropriate. The entries also provide Sanskrit synonyms and/or meanings, plus contextual Sanskrit analysis of compound words, so that your vocabulary builds beyond the Gita with each use. The goal of this vocabulary building is to encourage you to start to think in Sanskrit while you read Sanskrit—a multiplying effect that greatly enhances learning and builds the skills necessary to progress to Panini and the full grasp of the Sanskrit language, if you so choose.
View or download a PDF Preview of sample pages from Upasana Yoga at .

Book

(picture of Gita Dictionary book cover)
222 pg 7"x9" soft-cover book. 48 pg Preview available at Pothi.
==> Available for Rupees from Pothi at . These may be shipped worldwide.
In future will also make available worldwide via Amazon.

PDF

(picture of Grammar Coursebook PDF cover)
7"x6.75" page size PDF. Fits most computer screens.
==> Available as FREE download from Pothi at .

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The Bhagavad Gita Reader: Sanskrit/English Parallel Text

The fourth title in The Aruna Sanskrit Language Series is The Bhagavad Gita Reader: Sanskrit/English Parallel Text, consisting of all eighteen chapters of the Bhagavad Gita. It presents on each left hand page the Gita verses, then on the opposing page the same verses in easier to understand prose order and an English translation of those verses, in columnar format.
 
The purpose of this section and its design is three-fold. First, you are instructed to read Gita verses daily. Reading skills are encouraged and developed so that you can read Sanskrit text as effortlessly as your native language. By reading down each of the respective pages, the student can quickly read either the original verses, the prose version, or the English rendering—as well as relate these three by reading across the opposing pages. Later understanding of what you are reading follows and is greatly enhanced by this exercise.
 
Secondly, the prose presentation of the verses quickly brings you to an understanding of the meaning of the verses, well before the difficult skill of unraveling the grammar packed into verse form. Breaking with tradition, all words in the prose are grammatically split apart, helping you see the individual words with their full grammatical form. Interspersed in the prose in parentheses are additional Sanskrit words necessary to help you comprehend the meaning and context of certain words, and to understand the not so obvious references of certain pronouns found in some verses.
 
Thirdly, the English translation is given out-of-the-way in its own column to de-emphasize your dependence on English as a medium for understanding Sanskrit. This translation doubles as a quick answer key to the Aruna Coursebook exercises, which are all cross-referenced to the matching verses. Additionally, contextual explanation is added in parentheses so as not to mislead the reader into confusing editorial commentary with the actual translation. This is a feature sorely lacking in existing translations that I have come across. Certain Sanskrit words that have a depth of technical and cultural meaning packed into them, or intentionally have multiple meanings, are well explained in the Aruna Coursebook and in The Bhagavad Gita Dictionary. After being initially translated, the original Sanskrit word is then used in the English translation of the following verses and is clarified, if necessary, only in parenthetical commentary. This makes for better readability of the translation, during this language study and especially after this study—once you realize that there are no equivalent, concise expressions in English for certain Sanskrit words, nor need they be manufactured.
View or download a PDF Preview of sample pages from Upasana Yoga at .

Book

(picture of Gita Parallel Text book cover)
398 pg 7"x9" soft-cover book. 55 pg Preview available at Pothi.
==> Available for Rupees from Pothi at . These may be shipped worldwide.
In future will also make available worldwide via Amazon.

PDF

(picture of Gita Sanskrit Reader PDF cover)
7"x6.75" page size PDF. Fits most computer screens.
==> Available as FREE download from Pothi at .

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The Bhagavad Gita Sanskrit Key: Verse-by-Verse Grammar & Vocabulary

The fifth title in The Aruna Sanskrit Language Series is The Bhagavad Gita Sanskrit Key: Verse-by-Verse Grammar & Vocabulary. The Gita Key can be used as a quick answer key to the Aruna Coursebook exercises. By collecting the vocabularies of every verse together, this becomes a marvelous tool to study the grammar, syntax and meaning of the verses of the entire Bhagavad Gita.
 
The Aruna Sanskrit Language Series was arranged for the following reasons. The Grammar Reference and the Aruna Coursebook are meant to stand together as an introduction to Sanskrit, without needing the other three books. If the student wants to proceed in this learning of the Bhagavad Gita, then minimally the Gita Key is also required. The Gita Dictionary was separated from the other books as it is more convenient to have a separate dictionary that can be opened as a reference for the Aruna Coursebook, Gita Reader, and Gita Key, or as a reference tool apart from this series. If one is not interested in learning Sanskrit grammar and can read the Sanskrit script, yet wants to know the Bhagavad Gita and how its meaning is arrived, then just the Gita Key will more or less suffice, though its thousands of grammar rule references require the Grammar Reference. If one simply wants a very good translation of the Bhagavad Gita and can read the Sanskrit script, then the Gita Reader is complete in itself. If you cannot read the Sanskrit script, but still want to see this same good translation, then see this author’s The Bhagavad Gita: Victory Over Grief and Death. It has the same English translation of the entire Bhagavad Gita within it, with the number of Sanskrit words, in transliteration, retained in the translations greatly reduced from the Gita Reader version.
View or download a PDF Preview of sample pages from Upasana Yoga at .

Book

(picture of Gita Key book cover)
386 pg 7"x9" soft-cover book. 49 pg Preview available at Pothi.
==> Available for Rupees from Pothi at . These may be shipped worldwide.
In future will also make available worldwide via Amazon.

PDF

(picture of Gita Sanskrit Key PDF cover)
7"x6.75" page size PDF. Fits most computer screens.
==> Available as FREE download from Pothi at .

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The Sanskrit Reading Tutor: Read It, Click It, Hear It!

Note: Contains embedded sound clips, attached to text in red color. These clips cannot be played by many PDF Preview programs or apps. Requires the full, free Adobe Reader program. For sample test PDF pages with live sound clips, download the below pages from the PDF.
 
This is a uniquely formatted PDF file that has the alphabet sections from the Grammar Reference plus the Script Reading Exercise of the Aruna Sanskrit Grammar Coursebook. This exercise contains all the verses of the second chapter of the Bhagavad Gita, chanted by Sri Swami Dayananda Saraswati.
 
The special feature of the PDF is that one can click on any of the characters in the alphabet section to hear its pronunciation, and on any of the individual lines, quarter verses, or their syllables of Script Reading Exercise to hear their pronunciation.
 
In this way one can have each of these script elements individually re-read to you over and over while you are seeing the script on your screen—a unique and invaluable tool for learning the script and its pronunciation.
 
The Download of the full Sanskrit Reading Tutor is 83 MB, so the download will take extensive time (10+ mins. by typical DSL in India)!

PDF

(picture of Sanskrit Reading Tutor cover)
66 pg PDF with sound clips. Previews: (Page 8 here), (Page 19 here). If you have the full Adobe Reader, you should have success. Save page 8 or 19 to a local drive and test with your PDF reader or app to see if it work for playing the embedded sound in the PDF on your hardware.
Click any red text to hear it. If prompted, select "Options/Trust this host one time only," (if playing in a browser) then click any text in red again to hear it. If a download on your local drive, select "Trust this document always," if prompted.
==>The full PDF is available as a free download at .

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