UpasanaYoga.org
A Sanskrit-English Dictionary (1872)
by Monier-Williams

Y य _ V व

 A अ   Ā आ _ Au औ   K क _ Ñ ञ   Ṭ ट _ N न   P प _ Ph फ   B ब _ M म   Y य _ V व   Ś श _ H ह 

 ←B–M   Y  Yat  Yad  Yā  Yu  Ye

 R  Raj  Rad  Ras  Rāj  Rād  Ric  Ruh  Ro

 L  Laṭ  Lā  Lip  Lo

 V  Vac  Vad  Vand  Var  Vart  Vaś  Vā  Vāc  Vāp  Vāś

 Vi  Vig  Vij  Vit  Vidh  Vini  Vip  Vib  Viy  Vil  Viv  Viś  Viṣ  Vis  Vī

 Vṛ  Vṛś  Ve  Veś  Vaiś  Vy  Vyay  Vyāk  Vyāv  Ś–H→ 

Alphabet

Y — य

ya 1. ya, the twenty-sixth consonant of the Nāgarī alphabet, being the semivowel of the vowels i, ī, and allied to the soft palatal consonant j, and having the sound of the English y, (in Bengal it is usually pronounced j.)
     yakāra ya-kāra, as, m. the letter or sound ya.
     yakārādipada yakārādi-pada (-ra-ād-), am, n. a word beginning with the letter or sound ya.

ya 2. ya, (in prosody) a baccahic or foot consisting of a short syllable followed by two long ones.

ya 3. ya, the actual base of the relative pronoun in declension, though yad, q. v., is used as the base in comps. and in the derivative yadīya, (the declension follows that of the demonstrative pronoun tad, q. v., y being substituted for the initial letter of that pronoun throughout.)

ya 4. ya, as, m. (in some senses fr. rt. 1. ), one who goes or moves, a goer, mover; air, wind; a carriage; union, joining; restraining; fame, celebrity; barley; light, lustre; abandoning; N. of Yama; (ā), f. going, proceeding; a car, carriage; restraining, checking; religious meditation; getting, obtaining; N. of Lakṣmī; pudendum muliebre.

yak yak, (in grammar) a term for the syllable ya, which is the sign of the Passive.

yakan yakan, a defective word optionally substituted for yakṛt in certain cases. See below.

yakṛt yakṛt, t, n. (all the cases except the Nom. Voc. sing. du. pl., Acc. sing. du. are optionally formed from a base yakan, hence Acc. pl. yakṛnti or yakāni, Inst. sing. du. pl. yakṛtā or yaknā, ya-kṛdbhyām or yakabhyām, yakṛdbhis or yaka-bhis, see Pāṇ. VI. 1, 63, Vopa-deva III. 39, III. 165, Gram. 144), the liver; [cf. Gr. [greek] Lat. jecur; (perhaps) Angl. Sax. lifer; Lett. ak-ni-s; Bohem. jatra, 'the liver.']
     yakṛtkośa yakṛt-kośa, as, am, m. n. the cyst or membrane enveloping the liver.
     yakṛdātmikā ya-kṛd-ātmikā, f. a kind of cockroach.
     yakṛdudara yakṛd-udara or yakṛd-dālya or yakṛd-dāly-udara, am, n. an enlargement of the liver.
     yakṛdvarṇa yakṛd-varṇa, as, ā, am, liver-coloured, of the colour of liver.
     yakṛdvairin yakṛd-vairin, ī, m. Andersonia Rohitaka.
     yakṛnmedas yakṛn-medas, as, n. liver and fat.
     yakṛlloma yakṛl-loma, ās, or yakṛl-loman, ānas, m. pl., N. of a people.

yakṣ yakṣ (connected with rt. 1. yaj), cl. 1. P. yakṣati, (according to some originally) to move, stir (as a living being); to honour; cl. 10. A. yakṣayate, ayayakṣata, &c., to worship, honour; (according to Sāy. pra-yak-ṣanta in Ṛg-veda 1. 132, 5 = prakarṣeṇa yajante, they diligently worship.)

yakṣa yakṣa, am, n. (the neut. form is found only in Ved.), a living supernatural being (or a being deserving of worship, cf. rt. 1. yaj), an unsubstantial or spiritual apparition, a ghost, spirit; (according to Sāy.) worship, adoration (= pūjā); sacrifice (= yajña); anything honoured or revered; (as), m., N. of certain mythical beings or demigods who, like the Guhyakas, are attendants on Kuvera, the god of wealth, and employed in the care of his garden and treasures, (they are variously described as sons of Pulastya, of Pulaha, of Krodhā, of Kaśyapa; or in Hari-vaṃśa 11794. as sprung from the feet of Brahmā; according to the Vāyu-Purāṇa they were descended from Khasā or Khaśā, who had two sons, Yaksha and Rakshas, severally the progenitors of the Yakshas and Rākṣasas; the Viṣṇu-Purāṇa 1. 5. narrates that they were produced by Brahmā as beings emaciate with hunger, of hideous aspect, and with long beards, and that crying out 'let us eat', they were denominated Yakshas, [fr. jakṣ, to eat]; in the Brahma-Purāṇa thirteen Yakshas are appointed by Viṣṇu as guardians of a particular city; though generally regarded as beings of a benevolent and inoffensive disposition, like the Yaksha described in Kālidāsa's Megha-dūta, they are nevertheless occasionally classed with Piśācas and other malignant spirits; the Buddhists give them a prominent position, describing them in some of their legends as cruel demons who feast on human flesh and have the power of raising storms; in others, as harmless beings who delight in songs, dances, &c.); a subdivision of a Vyantara (with Jainas); N. of Kuvera; of a Muni; of the palace of Indra; (ī), f. a female Yaksha; N. of Kuvera's wife; (as, ā, am), a Vedic word said to be formed fr. the Aor. of rt. 1. yaj, and used at the end of a comp.
     yakṣakardama yakṣa-kar-dama, as, m. an ointment or perfumed paste consisting of camphor, agallochum, musk, and kakkola, or, according to some, saffron, in equal proportions; (according to others the ointment also contains sandal-wood.)
     yakṣakūpa yakṣa-kūpa, as, m. 'Yakshatank', N. of a place.
     yakṣagraha yakṣa-graha, as, m. 'the being possessed by Yakshas', N. of a particular kind of insanity.
     yakṣagrahaparipīḍita yakṣagraha-paripīḍita, as, ā, am, afflicted with the preceding insanity.
     yakṣataru yakṣa-taru, us, m. 'Yaksha-tree, ' the Indian fig-tree.
     yakṣatā yakṣa-tā, f. or yakṣa-tva, am, n. the state or condition of a Yaksha, the being a Yaksha.
     yakṣadara yakṣa-dara, N. of a district.
     yakṣadāsī yakṣa-dāsī, f., N. of a wife of Śūdraka.
     yakṣadṛś yakṣa-dṛś, k, k, k, Ved. having the look or appearance of a Yaksha, having a living or visible appearance, bodily, corporeal, (but according to Sāy. = utsavasya draṣṭā, a gazer or spectator at a festival.)
     yakṣadhūpa yakṣa-dhūpa, as, m. the resin of Shorea Robusta; resin in general; incense.
     yakṣanāyaka yak-ṣa-nāyaka, as, m., N. of the servant of the fourth Arhat of the present Ava-sarpiṇī.
     yakṣapati yakṣa-pati, is, m. a king of the Yakshas; N. of Kuvera.
     yakṣapāla yakṣa-pāla, as, m., N. of a king.
     yakṣabali yakṣa-bali, is, m. an oblation to the Yakshas.
     yakṣabhṛt yakṣa-bhṛt, t, t, t, Ved. 'Yaksha-bearing', nourishing or supporting the Yakshas; receiving worship, receiving that which is honoured; (Sāy. = pūjitaṃ havir-ādikaṃ dadhānaḥ.)
     yakṣamalla yakṣa-malla, as, m. (with Buddhists) N. of one of the five Lokeśvaras.
     yakṣarasa yak-ṣa-rasa, as, m. a kind of intoxicating drink.
     yakṣarāj yakṣa-rāj, ṭ, m. 'king of the Yakshas', N. of Kuvera; of Maṇi-bhadra; a palaestrum or place prepared for wrestling and boxing.
     yakṣarāja yakṣa-rāja, as, m. 'Yaksha-king', N. of Kuvera.
     yakṣarāṭpurī yakṣarāṭ-purī, f., N. of Alakā, the capital of Kuvera (supposed to be situated on mount Kailāsa).
     yakṣarātri yakṣa-rātri, is, f. 'the night of the Yakshas', N. of a Hindū festival (= dīpālī, q. v.).
     yakṣavarman yakṣa-varman, ā, m., N. of a commentator on Śākaṭāyana.
     yakṣavitta yakṣa-vitta, as, ā, am, one whose property is like that of the Yakshas, one who has merely the guardianship of property and does not make use of it himself.
     yakṣasena yakṣa-sena, as, m., N. of a king.
     yakṣasthala yakṣa-sthala, as, m. (?), N. of a place.
     yakṣāṅganā yakṣāṅganā (-ṣa-aṅ-), f. a Yaksha woman.
     yakṣāṅgī yakṣāṅgī (-ṣa-aṅ-), f., N. of a river.
     yakṣādhipa yakṣādhipa (-ṣa-adh-), as or yakṣādhipati (-ṣa-adh-), is, m. 'lord of the Yakshas', N. of Vaiśravaṇa or Kuvera.
     yakṣāmalaka yakṣā-malaka (-ṣa-ām-), am, n. the fruit of a species of date called Piṇḍa-kharjūra.
     yakṣāvāsa yakṣāvāsa (-ṣa-āv-), as, m. 'the abode or residence of the Yakshas', the Indian fig-tree.
     yakṣītva yakṣī-tva, am, n. the state or condition of a female Yaksha, the being a Yakṣī.
     yakṣendra yakṣendra (-ṣa-in-), as, m. a king of the Yakshas; N. of Kuvera.
     yakṣeś yakṣeś (-ṣa-īś), ṭ, m., N. of the servants of the eleventh and eighteenth Arhat of the present Ava-sarpiṇī.
     yakṣeśa yakṣeśa (-ṣa-īśa) or yakṣeśvara (-ṣa-īś-), as, m. a king of the Yakshas; N. of Kuvera.
     yakṣoḍumbaraka yakṣoḍumbaraka (-ṣa-uḍ-), am, n. the fruit of the Ficus Religiosa.

yakṣaka yakṣaka, as, m. = yakṣa, N. of certain mythical beings attending on Kuvera.

yakṣaṇa yakṣaṇa, am, n. probably for jakṣaṇa, q. v.

yakṣan yakṣan, probably for yakṣman, q. v.

yakṣin yakṣin, ī, iṇī, i, having life, living, really existing (said of Varuṇa); adorable, (Sāy. = yajanīya); (iṇī), f. = yakṣī, a female Yaksha; N. of Kuvera's wife; a sort of female fiend attached to the service of Durgā and frequently, like a sylph or fairy, maintaining intercourse with mortals.
     yakṣiṇītva yakṣiṇī-tva, am, n. the state or condition of a female Yaksha, the being a Yakṣī.

yakṣu yakṣu, us, m., avas, m. pl., N. of a family or race.

yakṣma yakṣma, as, m. sickness, disease in general or N. of a large class of diseases (probably of a consumptive nature); pulmonary disease, consumption.
     yakṣmanāśana yakṣma-nāśana, as, ī, am, Ved. destroying or removing sickness; (as), m. the reputed author of the hymn Ṛg-veda X. 161, (having the patronymic Prājāpatya.)

yakṣman yakṣman, ā, m. pulmonary consumption, consumption, decline (= śoṣa, kṣaya).
     yakṣmagṛhīta yakṣma-gṛhīta, as, ā, am, seized with consumption, afflicted with or suffering from consumption.
     yakṣmagrasta yakṣma-grasta, as, ā, am, attacked by consumption.
     yakṣmagraha ya-kṣma-graha, as, m. a consumptive seizure, attack of consumption.
     yakṣmaghnī yakṣma-ghnī, f. 'destroying consumption', grapes, raisins.

yakṣmin yakṣmin, ī, iṇī, i, consumptive, phthisical; (ī), m. one who suffers from pulmonary consumption (Manu III. 154).

yakṣmodhā yakṣmodhā, f. a kind of sickness.

yakṣya yakṣya, yakṣyamāṇa. See under rt. 1. yaj.

yaṅ yaṅ, (in grammar) a term for the syllable ya, which is the sign of the Intensive.
     yaṅanta yaṅ-anta, as, m. (in grammar) the Ātmanepada Intensive formed by reduplication and the addition of the syllable ya.
     yaṅluk yaṅ-luk, the dropping or omission of ya (i. e. according to the theory of grammarians a blank substituted for the ya of the Intensive).
     yaṅluganta yaṅlug-anta, as, m. the Parasmaipada Intensive formed without ya.
     yaṅlugantaśiromaṇi yaṅlug-anta-śiromaṇi, N. of a treatise on the Intensive without ya.

yacchat yacchat, yacchamāna. See under rt. yam, p. 809, col. 1.

yacchandas yac-chandas. See under yad.

yaj 1. yaj, cl. 1. P. A. yajati, -te, Impv. yajatu, yajatām (2nd sing. P., Ved. yakṣi, A. yakṣva, 2nd pl. yajadhva for yajadhvam), Perf. iyāja (2nd sing. iyajitha or iyaṣṭha or yejitha, 3rd du. ījatus, 3rd pl. ījus), īje (3rd pl. ījire, part. ījāna, cf. Manu XI. 87), 1st Fut. yaṣṭā, 2nd Fut. yakṣyati, -te, Aor. ayākṣīt (1st du. ayākṣva, 1st pl. ayākṣma, 3rd sing., Ved. ayāṭ, 2nd sing. ayās; other Vedic forms yakṣat, yakṣatas, yakṣatām), ayaṣṭa (1st sing. ayakṣi, 1st du. ayakṣvahi, 1st pl. ayakṣmahi, 3rd pl. ayakṣata), Prec. ijyāt (3rd du. ijyāstām, 3rd pl. ijyāsus), yakṣīṣṭa (2nd pl. yakṣīdhvam), Cond. ayakṣyat, ayakṣ-yata, Indec. part. iṣṭvā (iṣṭvīnam, Pāṇ. VII. 1, 48), Inf. yaṣṭum (ep. ījitum, Ved. yaṣṭave, yajadhyai), to worship with sacrifices or oblations, make an offering or oblation, sacrifice, (in Ved. generally A. if the sacrificer makes the offering on his own account, in the later language properly P. when used with reference to the sacrificing priest, and A. when referring to the person who provides the sacrifice, see Scholiast on Pāṇ. I. 3, 72, and Vopa-deva XXIII. 58); to sacrifice or make an oblation to a particular deity (with acc. of the deity to whom the sacrifice or offering is made, and inst. of the means by which the sacrifice or oblation is performed, e. g. haviṣā yakṣi devān, worship the gods with an oblation; and dat. of the thing for which the offering is made, e. g. yakṣvā sauma-nasāya rudram, worship Rudra for a sound understanding; also with dat. or even loc. of the person to whom the offering is made, or with prati after the acc.; rarely with acc. of the thing for which the offering is made, e. g. yajante asya sakhyam, they sacrifice for his friendship); to worship, adore, honour, venerate, revere, respect; to consecrate, dedicate, inaugurate; to invite to a sacrifice (Ved.); to honour with one's presence, come to, (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda 1. 75, 5. yakṣi = saṅgaccha-sva): Pass. ijyate, Impf. aijyata (Pres. part. Pass. ijyamāna, ep. ijyat), to be sacrificed, to be worshipped, &c.: Caus. yājayati, -yate, -yitum, Aor. ayīyajat, to cause to sacrifice or worship, &c.; to assist at a sacrifice; to perform the office of the sacrificing priest: Desid. yiyakṣati, -te, to desire to sacrifice or worship, wish to make an offering: Intens. yāyajyate, yāyajīti, yāyaṣṭi; [cf. Zend yaz, 'to honour, worship;' Gr. [greek] [greek].]

yakṣya yakṣya, as, ā, am, Ved. to be sacrificed or worshipped, &c., (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda VIII. 60, 3 = yaṣṭavya.)

yakṣyamāṇa yakṣyamāṇa, as, ā, am, about to perform a sacrifice, wishing to make a sacrifice.

yaj 2. yaj, ṭ, ṭ, ṭ [cf. Pāṇ. VIII. 2, 36], sacrificing, worshipping, a sacrificer, (at the end of a comp., cf. divi-y-, deva-y-.)

yaja yaja, as, m. a sacrifice, &c. (at the end of a comp.); = agni, fire.
     yajapraiṣa yaja-praiṣa, as, ā, am, Ved. having a Praisha or invitation with the word yaja.

yajat yajat, an, antī, at, sacrificing, worshipping.

yajata yajata, as, ā, am, Ved. worthy of worship, (Sāy. = yajanīya, yaṣṭavya); adorable, holy, godly, divine (said of Agni, Indra, and other gods, also of the chariot of the Aśvins); august, sublime, dignified, awe-inspiring, awful; (as), m. an officiating priest at a sacrifice (= ṛtv-ij); the moon; N. of Śiva; of a Ṛṣi with the patronymic Ātreya (author of the hymns Ṛg-veda V. 67, 68; cf. Zend yazata).

yajati yajati, is, m. a technical term for those sacrificial ceremonies to which the verb yajati is applied (as distinguished from juhoti, q. v.), a solemn sacrifice, (according to Kullūka, juhoti-yajati-kriyāḥ = homa-yāgādi-rūpāḥ kriyāḥ, oblations to fire and solemn sacrifices, Manu II. 84.)
     yajatideśa yajati-deśa, as, m. or yajati-sthāna, am, n. the place or position south of the Vedi or sacrificial altar.

yajatra yajatra, as, ā, am, Ved. worthy of worship (Sāy. = yajanīya, yaṣṭavya), deserving of adoration, adorable, worthy of sacrifice (said of Agni, of Varuṇa, and the Ādityas, and of heaven and earth); (as), m. = agni = hotrin, a Brāhman who has maintained his consecrated fire; (am), n. = agni-hotra, the maintenance of the sacrificial fire.

yajatha yajatha, Ved. (only found in the dat. yajathāya, often = the inf. yaṣṭum), worship of the gods, sacrifice, (Sāy. = yajña, yajana); an adorer, worshipper, (Sāy. = yaṣṭṛ.)

yajana yajana, am, n. the act of sacrificing, sacrifice, worshipping; a place of sacrifice; N. of a Tīrtha.

yajanīya yajanīya, as, ā, am (fr. yajana), relating to sacrifice or worship; (am), n., scil. ahan, the day of sacrifice or consecration, i. e. the first day of the month, [cf. māghī-pakṣa-y-.]

yajanta yajanta, as, m. a sacrificer, worshipper (?).

yajamāna yajamāna, as, ā, am, worshipping, sacrificing, &c.; (as), m. a person who institutes or performs a regular sacrifice and pays the expences of it, a person who employs a priest or priests to perfom a sacrifice or any fixed or occasional religious ceremonies, any person who intends perfoming or is able to bear the cost of a regular sacrifice; a patron, host, rich man, householder, respectable person, gentleman, (as the person who employs priests to sacrifice is generally a householder, the title Yajamāna has come to signify in modern times 'the head of a family', 'chief of a caste or tribe', 'head man of a community;' the family priest employed by a Yajamāna is sometimes an hereditary functionary, and cannot be dismissed as long as he performs his functions efficiently); (ī), f. the wife of a Yajamāna.
     yajamānatva yajamāna-tva, am, n. the rank or position of a Yajamāna.
     yajamānabrāhmaṇa yajamāna-brāhmaṇa, am, n., Ved. the Brāhmaṇa of the Yajamāna.
     yajamānaloka yajamāna-loka,  as, m. the world or heaven of sacrificers.
     yajamānaśiṣya yaja-māna-śiṣya, as, m. the pupil of a Brāhman who defrays the expences of a sacrifice.

yajamānaka yajamānaka, as, m. = yajamāna, the person paying the cost of a sacrifice.

yajas yajas, as, n., Ved. honour, worship, sacrifice, (Sāy. = yāga.)

yajā yajā, f., N. of a female tutelary being (mentioned in connection with Sītā, Śamā, and Bhūti).

yajāka yajāka, as, ā, am, making offerings or presents, liberal, munificent.

yaji yaji, is, m. one who institutes or performs a sacrifice, a sacrificer; sacrificing, honouring, worshipping, (at the end of a comp., cf. deva-y-); a sacrifice, (in this sense the gender is doubtful); the root yaj.

yajin yajin, ī, inī, i, a worshipper, sacrificer, offerer of oblations; worshipping, honouring.

yajiṣṭha yajiṣṭha, as, ā, am, Ved. worshipping very much, worshipping or honouring in the highest degree.

yajiṣṇu yajiṣṇu, us, us, u, worshipping or adoring the gods with sacrifices, making sacrifices to the deities, sacrificing.

yajīyas yajīyas, ān, asī, as, Ved. honouring more, making better offerings or sacrifices.

yaju yaju, us, m., N. of one of the ten horses of the moon.

yajuṣa yajuṣa in ṛg-yajuṣa, am, n. the Ṛg and the Yajur-veda.

yajuṣka yajuṣka in a-yajuṣka, q. v.

yajuṣya yajuṣya, as, ā, am (fr. yajus), Ved. relating to ceremonial.

yajus yajus, us, n. religious reverence, veneration, worship, oblation, sacrifice (Ved.); that by which a sacrifice is effected, a sacrificial prayer or formula; a text of the Yajur-veda or rather a technical term for certain words or Mantras muttered in a peculiar manner at a sacrifice, (these Mantras were properly in prose as distinguished from the metrical ṛc which was recited, and the metrical sāman which was sung, see mantra, 2. ṛc; although, however, the prose Yajus is a distinctive feature of the Yajur-veda, this Veda is in real fact chiefly composed of verses taken from the Ṛg-veda, which may then also be called Yajus, cf. yajur-veda below); N. of the Yajur-veda, q. v., (in this sense also frequently ya-jūṃṣi, n. pl.); (us), m., N. of a man.
     yajuḥśākhin yajuḥ-śākhin, ī, inī, i, familiar with a Śākhā of the Yajur-veda.
     yajurmaya yajur-maya, as, ī, am, consisting of verses of the Yajur-veda; [cf. ṛṅ-maya.]
     yajurlakṣmī yajur-lakṣmī, īs, f., N. of a particular formula.
     yajurvid yajur-vid, t, t, t, knowing the Yajus, conversant with sacrificial formulas, one who is familiar with the Yajur-veda.
     yajurvidhāna yajur-vidhāna, am, n., N. of a work.
     yajurveda yajur-veda, as, m. 'the sacrificial Veda', the collective body of sacred Mantras or texts which constitute the Yajur-veda, (these Mantras, though often consisting of the prose Yajus, are frequently identical with the Mantras of the Ṛg-veda, the Yajur-veda being only a collection of liturgical forms or rather a sort of sacrificial prayer-book for the Adhvaryu priests formed out of the Ṛg-veda, which had to be dissected and re-arranged with additional texts for sacrificial purposes; to serve these purposes, the hymns of the Ṛg-veda are scattered about piecemeal, verses of the same hymn being often transposed, verses from different hymns combined, and even those of different poets brought together into one and the same hymn; in fact the compilation of the Yajur-veda resulted from the gradual growth of a complicated ritual in connection with those sacrifices without which the Hindū believed it was impossible to secure the favour of his gods, and for the performance of which the unsystematic collection of hymns in the Ṛg-veda was unsuited: the great characteristic feature of the Yajur-veda is its division into two distinct collections of texts, the one called Taittirīya-saṃhitā or Kṛṣṇa, i. e. 'Black' [because in it the Saṃhitā or simple collection of texts and Brāhmaṇa or explanation of the rites in which the texts were employed is confused]; the other called Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā or Śukla, i. e. 'White' [because in this, which is thought to be the more recent of the two recensions, the Saṃhitā is cleared from confusion with its Brāhmaṇa, and therefore looks white and orderly]: the order of sacrifices, however, of both divisions of the Yajur-veda is similar, two of the principal being the Darśa-pūrṇa-māsa or sacrifice to be performed at new and full moon, and the Aśva-medha or horse-sacrifice; cf. taittirīya-saṃhitā, vājasaneyi-saṃhitā.)
     yajurvedaśrāddha yajurveda-śrāddha, N. of a work (treating of the prayers and rites to be used at the anniversaries of the death of parents according to the school of the Yajur-veda).
     yajurvedin yajur-vedin, ī, inī, i, familiar with the Yajurveda.
     yajurvedivṛṣotsargatattva yajurvedi-vṛṣotsarga-tattva (-ṣa-ut-), am, n., N. of part of the Smṛti-tattva by Raghunandana on the release of a bull according to the teaching of the Yajur-veda.
     yajurvediśrāddhatattva yajurvedi-śrāddha-tattva, am, n., N. of certain verses by Raghunandana on the anniversaries of the death of parents according to the school of the Yajur-veda.
     yajuṣkṛta ya-juṣ-kṛta, as, ā, am, Ved. performed with a Yajus, consecrated or dedicated with a sacrificial formula.
     yajuṣkṛtti yajuṣ-kṛtti, is, f., Ved. consecration or dedication with a sacrificial formula.
     yajuṣkriyā yajuṣ-kriyā, f., Ved. a rite or ceremony accompanied with a Yajus.
     yajuṣṭama yajuṣ-ṭama, Ved. superl. of yajus.
     yajuṣṭara yajuṣ-ṭara, Ved. compar. of yajus.
     yajuṣṭas yajuṣ-ṭas, ind., Ved. from a Yajus; in relation to a Yajus; on the authority of the Yajur-veda.
     yajuṣṭā yajuṣ-ṭā, f. or yajuṣ-ṭva, am, n., Ved. the state of a Yajus.
     yajuṣpati yajuṣ-pati, is, m. 'lord of the Yajus', N. of Viṣṇu.
     yajuṣpātra yajuṣ-pātra, am, n., see Gaṇa Kaskādi to Pāṇ. VIII. 3, 48.
     yajuṣmat yajuṣ-mat, ān, atī, at, Ved. any rite accompanied with a sacrificial formula, (yajuṣmatya iṣṭakās,) a term for certain bricks used in building the sacrificial altar.)
     yajussāt yajus-sāt, ind. to the state of a Yajus.
     yajūdara yajūdara (yajus + udara), as, m., Ved. 'Yajus-bellied, having the Yajus for a belly', epithet of Brahman.

yajña yajña, as, m. prayer, devotion, homage, praise, (used in the older language with these meanings; cf. Zend yaśna); worship of a deity, respect or reverence for a deity, act of worship or devotional act in general, (the five most important acts of devotion which ought to be performed daily by every twice-born man are bhūta-y-, manuṣya-y-, pitṛ-y-, deva-y-, brahma-y-, q. q. v. v.; cf. mahā-y-); a sacrifice (this is the most common sense of the word), any offering or oblation, (cintā-yajña, a sacrifice in thought, mental offering); Sacrifice (personified); a form of Viṣṇu; N. of a son of Ruci by Ākūti; of Indra under Manu Svāyambhuva; (according to native authorities also) N. of Agni; = ātman; yajña prājāpatya, N. of the reputed author of the hymn Ṛg-veda X. 130.
     yajñakarman yajña-karman, a, n. a sacrificial act, sacrificial rite or ceremony; (ā, ā, a), occupied or engaged in a sacrifice.
     yajñakalpa yajña-kalpa, as, ā, am, resembling or like a sacrifice, of the form or nature of an offering.
     yajñakāma yajña-kāma, as, ā, am, Ved. 'sacrifice-loving', desiring sacrifice, eager for worship.
     yajñakāra yajña-kāra, as, ī, am, occupied or engaged in a sacrifice.
     yajñakāla yajña-kāla, as, m. 'sacrifice-time', a season for sacrifice; N. of the last lunar day in each half of a month.
     yajñakīlaka yajña-kīlaka, as, m. 'sacrifice-post', the post to which the victim is fastened.
     yajñakuṇḍa yajña-kuṇḍa, am, n. a hole in the ground for receiving the sacrificial fire.
     yajñakṛt yajña-kṛt, t,t,t, 'sacrifice-doing', worshipping, performing or arranging a sacrifice, employed or occupied in a sacrifice; causing or occasioning sacrifices; (t), m. an epithet of Viṣṇu; a priest conducting a sacrifice; N. of a king.
     yajñakṛntatra yajña-kṛntatra, am, n. a fragment or portion of a sacrifice.
     yajñaketu yajña-ketu, us, m., Ved. (perhaps) one who is conversant with sacrifice; having the sacrifice for a mark or sign, the announcer of a sacrifice, (Sāy. = yajñaḥ prajñāpako yasya); N. of a Rākṣasa (in Rāmāyaṇa VI. 18, 14).
     yajñakopa yajña-kopa, as, m., N. of a Rākṣasa.
     yajñakratu yajña-kratu, us, m. a sacrificial rite or ceremony in honour of the gods; a complete rite or chief ceremony; a personification of Viṣṇu; (avas), m. pl. the Yajña and Kratu sacrifices.
     yajñakriyā yajña-kriyā, f. sacrificial act, any sacrificial rite or ceremony.
     yajñagāthā yajña-gāthā, f. a sacrificial verse or any memorial verse connected with the ritual of a sacrifice.
     yajñagiri yajña-giri, is, m., N. of a mountain.
     yajñaghna yajña-ghna, as, ī, am, 'sacrificedestroying', interrupting sacrifices; (as), m. a demon who interrupts sacrifices, a malicious or evil-omened demon.
     yajñachāga yajña-chāga, as, m. a goat for sacrifice.
     yajñajña yajña-jña, as, ā, am, 'sacrifice-knowing', conversant with sacrifices, understanding the worship of the gods.
     yajñatati yajña-tati, is, f., Ved. a sacrificial offering, performance of a sacrifice.
     yajñatanū yajña-tanū, ūs, f. a form of worship; epithet of certain Vyāhṛtis; of certain sacrificial bricks (iṣṭakā).
     yajñatantrasudhānidhi yajña-tantra-sudhā-nidhi, is, m., N. of a work on Vedic ritual by Sāyaṇācārya.
     yajñatantrasūtra yajña-tantra-sūtra, am, n., N. of a Sūtra work.
     yajñatrātṛ yajña-trātṛ, tā, m. 'sacrifice-protector', N. of Viṣṇu.
     yajñadakṣiṇā yajña-dakṣi-ṇā, f. a sacrificial gift or present, a fee or donation given to the priests engaged in the performance of a ceremony.
     yajñadatta yajña-datta, as, m. 'sacrificegiven', a proper N. (commonly used in examples).
     yajñadattaka yajñadattaka, as, m. (a diminutive), dear little Yajña-datta.
     yajñadattavadha yajñadatta-vadha, as, m. 'Yajñadatta's death', N. of an episode of the Rāmāyaṇa.
     yajñadattaśarman yajñadatta-śarman, ā, m. a proper N. (often used in examples).
     yajñadīkṣā yajña-dīkṣā, f. initiation into sacrifices, admission to sacrificial rites, due performance of the sacrifice (see Manu II. 169).
     yajñadeva yajña-deva, as, m. a proper N.
     yajñadravya yajña-dravya, am, n. any sacrificial utensil, anything used for sacrifice, a sacrificial vessel.
     yajñadruh yajña-druh, -dhruk or -dhruṭ, m. an enemy of sacrifices, a Rākṣasa.
     yajñadhara yajña-dhara, as, ā, am, bringing the sacrifice, bearing an offering; (as), m., N. of Viṣṇu.
     yajñadhīra yajña-dhīra, as, ā, am, Ved. experienced in or conversant with the worship of the gods; constant in sacrifice.
     yajñanārāyaṇa yajña-nārāyaṇa, as, m. a proper N.
     yajñanārāyaṇadīkṣita yajña-nārāyaṇa-dīkṣita, as, m., N. of a prleceptor.
     yajñanirvāha yajña-nirvāha, as, m. the accomplishment or carrying out of a sacrifice.
     yajñanirvṛtti yajña-nirvṛtti, is, f. completion or reward of a sacrifice, fruit of a sacrificial offering.
     yajñaniṣkṛt yajña-niṣkṛt, t, t, t, Ved. arranging the sacrifice.
     yajñanī yajña-nī, īs, īs, i, Ved. conducting worship, directing the sacrifice; (īs), m. a partaker of the sacrifice, (Sāy. = yajñasya nirvāha-kaḥ.)
     yajñanemi yajña-nemi, is, m. 'surrounded by sacrifices', an epithet of Kṛṣṇa.
     yajñapati yajña-pati, is, m. lord of the sacrifice, (applied to the person who institutes and bears the expence of a sacrificial ceremony); N. of Soma and of Viṣṇu (as gods in whose honour an offering is made); of an author.
     yajñapatnī yajña-patnī, f. the wife of the person who institutes a sacrifice, (as taking part in the ceremony.)
     yajñapatha yajña-patha, as, m., Ved. path of worship, way of sacrifice.
     yajñapad yajña-pad or yajña-pād, Ved. (perhaps) walking on sacrifices, (a feminine form yajña-padī is given.)
     yajñaparibhāṣā yajña-paribhāṣā, f., N. of a Sūtra work by Āpastambha.
     yajñaparus yajña-parus, us, n., Ved. a joint or part of a sacrifice.
     yajñapaśu yajña-paśu, us, m. an animal for sacrifice, victim; a horse.
     yajñapātra yajña-pātra, am, n. a sacrificial vessel.
     yajñapātrīya yajñapātrīya, as, ā, am, proper or suitable for a sacrificial vessel.
     yajñapārśva yajña-pārśva, am, n., N. of a work; (as), m., N. of an author (according to some).
     yajñapuṃs yajña-puṃs pumān, m. 'soul of sacrifice', N. of Viṣṇu.
     yajñapuccha yajña-puc-cha, am, n., Ved. the tail, i. e. the last part or conclusion of a sacrifice.
     yajñapuraścaraṇa yajña-puraś-caraṇa, am, n., N. of a work.
     yajñapuruṣa yajña-puruṣa or yajña-pū-ruṣa, as, m., N. of Viṣṇu.
     yajñaprayāṇa yajña-prayāṇa, am, n., N. of the eighty-fifth chapter of the Uttarakāṇḍa of the Rāmāyaṇa.
     yajñaprī yajña-prī, īs, īs, i, Ved. taking pleasure in sacrifices.
     yajñaphalada yajña-phala-da, as, ā, am, yielding the fruit of sacrifices; (as), m. 'recompensing or rewarding for sacrifice', an epithet of Viṣṇu.
     yajñabandhu yajña-bandhu, us, m., Ved. companion of sacrifice.
     yajñabāhu yajña-bāhu, us, m. 'arm of sacrifice', N. of Agni; of Priya-vrata.
     yajñabhaṅga yajña-bhaṅga, as, m., N. of the Fifth Act of Vaidya-nātha's Citra-yajña-nāṭaka.
     yajñabhāga yajña-bhāga, as, m. a part or portion of a sacrifice; (as, ā, am), having a share in a sacrifice, partaking of an offering; (as), m. a god, deity.
     yajñabhāgabhuj yajñabhāga-bhuj, k, k, k, enjoying a share in a sacrifice; (k), m. a god, deity.
     yajñabhāgeśvara yajñabhāgeśvara (-ga-īś-), as, m., N. of Indra.
     yajñabhājana yajña-bhājana or yajña-bhāṇḍa, am, n. a sacrificial vessel or utensil.
     yajñabhāvana yajña-bhāvana, as, ā, am, causing or promoting sacrifice; (as), m. an epithet of Viṣṇu.
     yajñabhāvita yajña-bhāvita, as, ā, am, honoured with sacrifices (said of the gods).
     yajñabhuj yajña-bhuj, k, k, k, enjoying sacrifice, taking pleasure in offerings; (k), m. a god, deity (especially Viṣṇu).
     yajñabhūmi yajña-bhūmi, is, f. 'sacrifice-ground', a place for sacrifice.
     yajñabhūṣaṇa yajña-bhūṣaṇa, as, m. 'sacrificeornament', white Darbha grass.
     yajñabhṛt yajña-bhṛt, t, m. 'sacrifice-bearer', an arranger or institutor of a sacrifice, one who institutes or bears the expence of a sacrifice; an epithet of Viṣṇu.
     yajñabhoktṛ yajña-bhoktṛ, tā, m. 'enjoyer of sacrifice', N. of Kṛṣṇa.
     yajñamaṇḍala yajña-maṇḍala, am, n. a sacrificial ring or circle, place for sacrifice.
     yajñamanas yajña-manas, ās, ās, as, having the mind or attention set on sacrifices.
     yajñamanman yajña-man-man, ā, ā, a, Ved. intent on sacrifices, delighting in sacrifice, (Sāy. = yajñārtham matimat, yajvan.)
     yajñamaya yajña-maya, as, ī, am, consisting of sacrifices, containing sacrifice.
     yajñamahotsava yajña-mahotsava (-hā-ut-), as, m. a great sacrificial feast or ceremony.
     yajñamāli yajña-māli, is, m. a proper N.
     yajñamukha yajña-mukha, am, n., Ved. an introduction to a sacrifice, commencement of a sacrifice.
     yajñamuṣ yajña-muṣ, ṭ, ṭ, ṭ, 'sacrifice-stealing', robbing a sacrifice; (ṭ), m. a demon who lies in wait and carries off a sacrifice.
     yajñamūrti yajña-mūrti, is, m. a proper N.
     yajñameni yajña-meni, Ved. = āyudha (according to the commentator).
     yajñayaśasa yajña-yaśasa, am, n., Ved. the beauty or splendor of a sacrifice.
     yajñayogya yajña-yogya, as, ā, am, suited or proper for a sacrifice; (as), m. Ficus Glomerata.
     yajñarasa yajña-rasa, as, m. 'juice or fluid of sacrifice', the Soma.
     yajñarāj yajña-rāj, ṭ, m. 'king of the sacrifice', the moon, (perhaps for yajva-rāj; cf. yajvanām patiḥ under yajvan.)
     yajñaruci yajña-ruci, is, m., N. of a Dānava.
     yajñaretas yajña-retas, as, n. 'seed of sacrifice', the Soma.
     yajñarta yajñarta (-na-ṛta), as, ā, am, Ved. suitable or proper for sacrifice (?); set apart for sacrifice (?).
     yajñaliṅga yajña-liṅga, as, m. 'having sacrifice for his attribute', N. of Kṛṣṇa.
     yajñavacas yajña-vacas, as, n., Ved. a sacrificial word or speech; (ās), m., N. of a preceptor (having Rājastambāyana as his patronymic).
     yajñavat yajña-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. having or possessing sacrifice, worshipping.
     yajñavanas yajña-vanas, Ved. loving sacrifice.
     yajñavarāha yajña-varāha, as, m. Viṣṇu in the boar-incarnation; [cf. yajña-sūkara.]
     yajñavardhana yajña-vardhana, as, ī, am, Ved. increasing or promoting sacrifice.
     yajñavarman yajña-varman, ā, m., N. of a king.
     yajñavalka yajña-valka, as, m. a proper N.
     yajñavallī yajña-vallī, f. = soma-vallī, Cocculus Cordifolius.
     yajñavāṭa yajña-vāṭa, as, m. 'sacrifice-enclosure', a place prepared and enclosed for a sacrifice.
     yajñavāma yajña-vāma, as, m. a proper N.
     yajñavāstu yajña-vāstu, u, n., Ved. a place for worship or sacrifice, sacrificial ground.
     yajñavāha yajña-vāha, as, ā, am, conducting or accompanying the sacrifice, conveying the sacrifice to the gods; (as), m., N. of one of Skanda's attendants.
     yajñavāhana yajña-vāhana, as, m. the conductor of a sacrifice, a Brāhman; 'having sacrifice for a vehicle', epithet of Viṣṇu; of Śiva.
     yajñavāhas yajña-vāhas, ās, ās, as, Ved. bringing or offering sacrifice, a worshipper, offerer of sacrifice; receiving sacrifice (said of the gods and of the Maruts).
     yajñavāhin yajña-vāhin, ī, inī, i, conducting or accompanying the sacrifice, conveying the sacrifice to the gods.
     yajñavid yajña-vid, t, t, t, 'sacrifice-knowing', skilled in sacrifice.
     yajñavidyā yajña-vidyā, f. knowledge of sacrifice, skill in sacrifice.
     yajñavibhraṣṭa yajña-vibhraṣṭa, as, ā, am, Ved. one whose sacrifice has failed or is profitless.
     yajñavīrya yajña-vīrya, as, m. 'whose might is sacrifice', epithet of Viṣṇu.
     yajñavṛkṣa yajña-vṛkṣa, as, m. 'sacrifice-tree', the banian or Indian fig-tree.
     yajñavṛddha yajña-vṛddha, as, ā, am, Ved. exalted with sacrifices, delighted with offerings (said of Indra).
     yajñavṛdh yajña-vṛdh, Ved. pleased with sacrifices or abounding in sacrifices.
     yajñavedi yajña-vedi, is, or yajña-vedī, f. an altar for sacrifice, a place prepared for a sacrifice.
     yajñaveśasa yajña-veśasa, am, n., Ved. interruption of worship or sacrifice, desecration or profanation of sacrifice.
     yajñavoḍhave yajña-voḍhave (voḍhave, dat. c. of voḍhu, used as an inf. of rt. vah), Ved. to accompany or attend the sacrifice, to convey the offering to the gods.
     yajñavrata yajña-vrata, as, ā, am, Ved. observing the sacrifice, conforming to the ritual or observance of sacrifice.
     yajñaśatru yajña-śatru, us, m. an enemy of sacrifices; N. of a Rākṣasa.
     yajñaśaraṇa yajña-śaraṇa, am, n. 'sacrifice-shed', a building or temporary structure under which sacrifices are performed.
     yajñaśālā yajña-śālā, f. a sacrificial hall; = agni-śaraṇa, a house or place for keeping the sacrificial fire.
     yajñaśāstra yajña-śāstra, am, n. the science of sacrifice, ordinances or rules relating to sacrifices.
     yajñaśāstravid yajñaśāstra-vid, t, t, t, knowing the rules or ordinances for sacrifices.
     yajñaśiṣṭa yajña-śiṣṭa, as, ā, am, (anything) left from a sacrifice or oblation.
     yajñaśiṣṭāśana yajña-śiṣṭāśana (-ṭa-aś-), am, n. the eating of the remains of a sacrifice, a repast on the remnants of a sacrifice (Manu III. 118).
     yajñaśīla yajña-śīla, as, ā, am, accustomed to perform sacrifices, frequently performing sacrifices; (as), m., N. of a Brāhman.
     yajñaśeṣa yajña-śeṣa, as, am, m. n. the remains or residue of a sacrifice (Manu III. 285).
     yajñaśrī yajña-śrī, īs, īs, i, promoting or favourable to sacrifice, (Sāy. = yajñasya sampad-rūpaḥ); (īs), m., N. of a king.
     yajñaśreṣṭhā yajña-śreṣṭhā, f. Cocculus Cordifolius.
     yajñasaṃśita yajña-saṃśita, as, ā, am, Ved. excited by offerings or sacrifices.
     yajñasaṃsthā yajña-saṃsthā, f., Ved. the constitution or basis of a sacrifice, form of a sacrifice.
     yajñasadana yajña-sadana, am, n. a sacrificial hall.
     yajñasadas yajña-sadas, as, n. an assembly or number of people at a sacrifice.
     yajñasamṛddhi yajña-samṛddhi, is, f., N. of the eighty-sixth chapter of the Uttara-kāṇḍa of the Rāmāyaṇa.
     yajñasambhāra yajña-sambhāra, as, m. apparatus or materials for a sacrifice.
     yajñasādh yajña-sādh, t, t, t, Ved. 'sacrifice-effecting', accomplishing sacrifices.
     yajñasādhana yajña-sādhana, as, ī, am, 'sacrifice-effecting', accomplishing sacrifices; occasioning or causing sacrifices, (used as an epithet of Viṣṇu.)
     yajñasāra yajña-sāra, as, m. 'essence of sacrifice', N. of Viṣṇu; Ficus Glomerata.
     yajñasārathi yajña-sārathi, N. of a Sāman.
     yajñasiddhi yajña-siddhi, is, f. the completion or accomplishment of a sacrifice, the due performance of a sacrificial ceremony; obtaining the objects of a sacrifice.
     yajñasūkara yajña-sūkara, as, m. Viṣṇu in his incarnation as a boar (= yajña-varāha).
     yajñasūtra yajña-sūtra, am, n. a sacred cord worn over the left shoulder and under the right arm at sacrifices, the sacrificial thread or cord, (see yajñopavīta.)--yajña-sena, as, m., N. of Drupada; of a king of Vidarbha; of a Dānava; of Viṣṇu; of various men.
     yajñasoma yajña-soma, as, m., N. of several Brāhmans.
     yajñasthala yajña-sthala, am, n. a place for sacrifice; N. of an Agra-hāra; of a Grāma; of a town.
     yajñasthāṇu yajña-sthāṇu, us, m. a sacrificial post or stake.
     yajñasthāna yajña-sthāna, am, n. a place for sacrifice.
     yajñasvāmin yajña-svāmin, ī, m., N. of a Brāhman.
     yajñahan yajña-han, ā, -ghnī, a, destroying sacrifice, injuring or vitiating sacrifice, interrupting worship; (ā), m., N. of Śiva.
     yajñahana yajña-hana, as, ā, am, = yajña-han above; (as), m., N. of a Rākṣasa.
     yajñahṛdaya yajña-hṛ-daya, as, ā, am, 'whose heart is sacrifice', liking sacrifice above everything else, loving sacrifice.
     yajñahotṛ yajña-hotṛ, tā, m. an offerer at a sacrifice; invoker of the (gods who are) worthy of worship, (Sāy. = yaṣṭavyānāṃ devānām āhvātṛ); N. of a son of Manu Uttama.
     yajñāṃśa yajñāṃśa (-ña-aṃ-), as, m. a part or share of a sacrifice.
     yajñāṃśabhuj yajñāṃśa-bhuj, k, m. 'enjoying a share in sacrifices', a god, deity.
     yajñāgāra yajñāgāra (-ña-ag- or -āg-), am, n. a shed for sacrifice.
     yajñāṅga yajñāṅga (-ña-aṅ-), am, n. 'sacrificelimb', a part of a sacrifice, any means or instrument or implement of a sacrifice; (as), m. the glomerous fig-tree, Ficus Glomerata; Acacia Catechu; Clerodendrum Siphonanthus; N. of Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa; of Śiva; (ā), f. Cocculus Cordifolius.
     yajñātman yajñātman (-ña-āt-), ā, m. 'soul of sacrifice', N. of Viṣṇu.
     yajñātmamiśra yajñātma-miśra, as, m., N. of the father of Pārthasārathi-miśra.
     yajñānukāśin yajñānukāśin (-ña-an-), ī, inī, i, Ved. looking at or inspecting sacrifices, (according to a commentator = yajña-tattva-prakāśana-samartha.)--yajñānta (-ña-an-), as, m. the conclusion or termination of a sacrifice; a supplementary sacrifice.
     yajñāntakṛt yajñānta-kṛt, t, m., N. of Viṣṇu.
     yajñāyatana yajñāyatana (-ña-āy-), am, n. a place for sacrifice.
     yajñāyudha yajñāyudha (-ña-āy-), am, n., Ved. 'sacrifice-instrument', any vessel or utensil employed at a sacrifice, (ten are usually enumerated.)
     yajñāyudhin yajñāyu-dhin, ī, inī, i, Ved. having or furnished with sacrificial utensils.
     yajñāri yajñāri (-ña-ari), is, m. 'foe of sacrifices', epithet of Śiva.
     yajñārtha yajñārtha (-ña-ar-), as, ā, am, serving for a sacrifice; (am), ind. for the sake of sacrifice.
     yajñārha yajñārha (-ña-ar-), as, ā, am, deserving sacrifice; suitable or fit for sacrifice; (au), m. du. epithet of the two Aśvins.
     yajñāvayava yajñāva-yava (-ña-av-), as, m. 'whose limbs consist of sacrifices', epithet of Viṣṇu.
     yajñāvasāna yajñāvasāna (-ña-av-), am, n., N. of the ninety-third chapter of the Uttara-kāṇḍa of the Rāmāyaṇa.
     yajñāśana yajñāśana (-ña-aś-), as, m. 'consumer of sacrifices', a god, deity.
     yajñāsāh yajñā-sāh, ṭ, ṭ, ṭ, Ved. mighty in sacrifice; bearing the sacrifice, (Sāy. = yajñasya voḍhṛ or dhārayitṛ.)--yajñeśa (-ña-īśa), as, m. 'lord of worship or of sacrifice', epithet of Viṣṇu; of the sun.
     yajñeśvara yajñeśvara (-ña-īś-), as, m. 'lord of worship or of sacrifice', epithet of Viṣṇu; N. of an author; (ī), f., N. of a particular magical incantation.
     yajñeśvarārya yajñeśvarārya (-ra-ār-), as, m. a proper N.
     yajñeṣu yajñeṣu (-ña-iṣu), us, m. a proper N.
     yajñeṣṭa yaj-ñeṣṭa (-ña-iṣ-), am, n. a species of fragrant grass (= dīrgha-rohiṣaka).
     yajñoḍumbara yajñoḍumbara (-ña-uḍ-), as, m. = uḍumbara, Ficus Glomerata.
     yajñopakaraṇa yaj-ñopakaraṇa (-ña-up-), am, n. 'sacrifice-instrument', any utensil or implement useful or necessary for sacrifice.
     yajñopavīta yajñopavīta (-ña-up-), am, n. the solemn investiture of youths of the first three castes, Brāhmans, Kshatriyas, and Vaiśyas, with a peculiar thread or cord worn over the left shoulder and hanging down diagonally across the body to the right hip, by which they are considered regenerated and admitted to the twice-born classes, see upa-naya; (in the later language) the sacred thread itself, (originally, it appears, worn at sacrifices and restricted to the first three tribes, as explained above; in modern times assumed by other mixed castes in various parts of India, as by the Vaidyas or medical caste in Bengal; according to Manu II. 44, a Brāhman's thread should be of cotton, a Kshatriya's of flax or hemp, a Vaiśya's of woollen thread, and the youths should be invested at particular ages, see upa-naya and cf. yajña-sūtra; this thread is commonly called Janeo, which is probably corrupted fr. yajñop-.)
     yajñopavītavat yajñopavīta-vat, ān, atī, at, or yajñopavītin, ī, inī, i, invested with the sacred thread; [cf. upavītin.]
     yajñopāsaka yajñopā-saka (-ña-up-), as, m. an honourer of sacrifices, one who performs a sacrifice.

yajñaka yajñaka = yājaka, q. v.

yajñāya yajñāya (fr. yajña), Nom. P. yajñāyati, -yitum, Ved. to perform a sacrifice or be diligent in sacrificing.

yajñāyajñiya yajñāyajñiya, am, n., N. of a Sāman, (so called from the verse Ṛg-veda I. 168, 1, which begins with yajñā-yajñā; it is also called Agniṣṭoma-sāman, from coming at the end of the Agni-ṣṭoma.)

yajñāyat yajñāyat, an, antī, at, Ved. one who performs a sacrifice or is eager to make offerings.

yajñāraṅgeśapurī yajñāraṅgeśa-purī, f., N. of a town, (perhaps for yajña-raṅgeśa-purī.)

yajñika yajñika, as, m. Butea Frondosa; = yajñadattaka, (see Scholiast on Pāṇ. V. 3, 78; cf. devika.)

yajñin yajñin, ī, inī, i, having sacrifices, abounding in sacrifices [cf. dākṣāyaṇayajñin]; (ī), m. epithet of Viṣṇu.

yajñiya yajñiya, as, ā, am, worthy of worship or sacrifice, sharing in sacrifice; sacred, godly, divine, adorable, (applied to gods and to anything belonging to them, e. g. the chariot of the Aśvins; also to rivers, &c.); active or eager in the worship of the gods, skilful in sacrifice, having a capacity for sacrifice; pious, devoted, holy; belonging to worship, relating to a sacrifice, suitable or fit for sacrifice, sacrificial; (as), m. a god, deity; N. of the Dvāpara or third Yuga.
     yajñiyadeśa yajñiya-deśa, as, m. 'sacrificial country', the country of the Hindūs, Hindūstān or that region in which sacrificial ceremonies can be duly performed, the country in which the black antelope is native, see Manu II. 23.
     yajñiyaśālā yajñiya-śālā, f. a hall for sacrifice, sacrificial hall; a temple, shrine.

yajñiyat yajñiyat, Ved. a word used in Śatapatha-Br. IX. 2, 3, 10. to explain adhvaryat.

yajñīya yajñīya, as, ā, am, suitable or fit for sacrifice, proper for the performance of a sacrifice, sacrificial; (as), m. the glomerous fig-tree, Ficus Glomerata.
     yajñīyabrahmapādapa yajñīya-brahma-pādapa, as, m. a species of plant (= vikaṅkata).

yajya yajya, as, ā, am, to be worshipped, adorable; to be sacrificed, &c.; (am, ā), n. f. worshipping, sacrificing, in deva-y-, q. v.

yajyamāna yajyamāna, as, ā, am, = ijyamāna.

yajyu yajyu, us, us, u, worshipping, adoring, honouring; devout, pious, godly; taking part in a sacrifice, an assistant priest at a sacrifice; (us), m. an Adhvaryu priest or one conversant with the Yajur-veda; = ya-jamāna.

yajvan yajvan, ā, arī, a (a feminine form in anī is said to exist), worshipping, sacrificing; a worshipper, adorer, honourer; a sacrificer, one who performs sacrifices in due form or agreeably to the ritual of the Veda, sacrificial, effective of sacrifices, (Sāy. = yāga-niṣpādaka); yajvanām patiḥ, N. of the moon.

yajvin yajvin, ī, inī, i, = yajvan above.

yaṣṭavya yaṣṭavya, as, ā, am, to be worshipped, &c.

yaṣṭi 1. yaṣṭi, is, f. (for 2. yaṣṭi see s.v.), sacrificing, (perhaps incorrect for 3. iṣṭi.)

yaṣṭukāma yaṣṭu-kāma, as, ā, am, desiring to worship, wishing or intending to sacrifice.

yaṣṭṛ yaṣṭṛ, ṭā, ṭrī, ṭṛ, one who worships or sacrifices, a worshipper, sacrificer (= yajamāna).

yaṇva yaṇva, am, n., N. of a Sāman.

yaṇvāpatya yaṇvāpatya and yaṇvāpatyottara, am, n., N. of two Sāmans.

yat 1. yat, yan, yatī, yat (fr. rt. 5. i), going, passing, moving.

yat 2. yat (connected with rt. yam), cl. 1. A. (Ved. and ep. also P.) yatate (-ti), yete (3rd pl. yetire), yatiṣyate, ayatiṣṭa, yati-tum, to join, connect, unite (Ved. P.); to excite, arouse (Ved. P., according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda VII. 36, 2. yatati = yātayati, pravartayati, he arouses, animates to exertion); to join or attach one's self to, unite one's self with, associate with (Ved. A.); to come together or be arranged in order (Ved. A.); to proceed, go (Ved.); to try to join one's self with (with loc.); to endeavour to reach (Ved. A.); to strive or endeavour after, struggle after, be eager or anxious for (with loc. or dat. or even acc., or with one of the following prepositional words, arthe, arthāya, artham, hetos, prati, or with the inf.); to exert one's self, endeavour, take pains, make effort, persevere, observe caution, be watchful; to strive against, be engaged in mutual contest, contend together (Ved.): Caus. yātayati, -yate, -yitum, Aor. ayīyatat, to join, connect, associate, unite (Ved. P.); to join or attach one's self to (Ved. A.); to join or unite to (Ved. P.); to requite, recompense, repay, restore, return, give up; to cause to be repaid or requited or restored; to receive in requital (A.); to cause to strive or make effort, animate, encourage, instigate; to cause to contend (Ved.); to pain, harass, distress, torture, vex, annoy; to reprehend, despise: Desid. yiyatiṣate: Intens. yāyatyate, yāyatti; [cf. according to some Gr. [greek]]

yatat yatat, an, antī, at, exerting one's self, striving after, &c., (in Ṛg-veda V. 48, 5. yatat = uddha-rat, extirpating.)

yatana yatana, am, n. the act of making effort or exertion, an effort, endeavour.

yatanīya yatanīya, as, ā, am, to be exerted or persevered or striven after; (the neut. may be used impersonally, e. g. sadā yatanīyam muktau, one must always strive after final emancipation.)

yatamāna yatamāna, as, ā, am, striving, endeavouring, struggling, persevering, making effort, taking pains.

yatavya yatavya, as, ā, am (fr. an unused yatu), Ved. = prayatna-vat.

yatāna yatāna, as, ā, am, Ved. uniting or coming together (in regular order), ranging; proceeding, (Sāy. = pravartamāna.)

yatita yatita, as, ā, am, striven, endeavoured, attempted, tried, striven after, (sometimes with inf. used passively, e. g. eṣa tvayā hantuṃ yatitaḥ, he was attempted to be killed by thee); endeavouring, taking pains; (the neut. may be used impersonally, e. g. yatitam mayā gantum, it was attempted by me to go, it was my intention to go.)

yatitavya yatitavya, as, ā, am, to be strived for or after, to be endeavoured; (the neut. is used impersonally with loc., e. g. arthārjane yatitavyam, one must strive for the acquisition of money.)

yatuna yatuna, as, ā, am, Ved. going, moving, (Sāy. = gantṛ.)

yatta 1. yatta, as, ā, am (for 2. see under rt. yam), endeavoured, making effort or exertion, taking care, watchful; prepared, ready; ready for (e. g. raṇe yattaḥ, ready for battle, or with an inf.); resolved; cared for, attended to (as a chariot, &c.).

yatna yatna, as, m. effort, endeavour, exertion, energy, diligence, perseverance, zeal; labour, work, trouble, pains, difficulty; effort for, endeavour after (with loc., e. g. paropakṛtau yatnaḥ, an effort for the benefit of another); yatnaṃ kṛ, to make effort, use exertion, take pains, strive; (ena), ind. with effort, diligently, vigorously, eagerly, with all one's might; carefully; (āt), ind. from effort, with effort, after great exertions; in spite of every effort; necessarily.
     yatnatas yatna-tas, ind. from effort, diligently, vigorously, eagerly, zealously; carefully.
     yatnapratipādya yatna-prati-pādya, as, ā, am, to be explained with difficulty, difficult, not easy.
     yatnavat yatna-vat, ān, atī, at, possessing energy, making or using effort, energetic, using exertion, strenuous, laborious, assiduous, persevering, diligent; striving after, taking pains about (with loc.).
     yatnavattva yatnavat-tva, am, n. the state or condition of making effort, diligence, zealousness.
     yatnākṣepa yatnākṣepa (-na-āk-), as, m. (in rhetoric) the making an objection notwithstanding an effort to repress it.

yatya yatya, as, ā, am, to be strived for or after, to be exerted.

yata yata. See under rt. yam, p. 809.

yatama yatama, as, ā, at (superl. of 3. ya or yad; see Gram. 236), who or which (of many).

yatamathā yatamathā, ind., Ved. in which of many ways, (yatamathā katamathā, in the same way, as always.)

yatara yatara, as, ā, at (compar. of 3. ya), who or which (of two).

yatarathā yatarathā, ind. in which of two ways.

yatas yatas, ind. (fr. the pronom. base 3. ya; correlative of tatas, q. v., and often used for the ablative or even instrumental cases yasmāt, yebhyas, yasyās, yena, &c. of the relative pronoun yad, but oftener as an adverb or conjunction), from which, from what, whence; in consequence of which, for which reason, wherefore; because, since, whereas, as, for; from which place, wherefrom, from any place; where, whither, in which direction; from which time, from which time forward, ever since, (yato jātā, from her birth up to the present time, ever since her birth); that, so that, on condition that; yato-yatas, from whichever, from whatever, from whatever place, from wherever, whencesoever, wherever, whithersoever; yatas-tatas, from whichever, from which place soever, from this or that person or place, from any one whatever, from any place whatsoever, any whither, any wheresoever; yata eva kutaś ca, from this or that place, from any place whatever; yataḥ-prabhṛti, whenceforward, from which time forward, from what time; [cf. Gr. [greek] Slav. jundu-se.]
     yatojā yato-jā, ās, ās, am, or yatodbhava (-tas-ud-), as, ā, am, produced from which.
     yatomūla yato-mūla, as, ā, am, originating in or from which.

yati 1. yati (fr. the pronom. base 3. ya; correlative of tati, q. v.; declined in plur. only, all the cases except the nom. voc. acc. taking terminations, e. g. inst. yatibhis, dat. and abl. yatibhyas, gen. yatīnām, loc. yatiṣu, see Gram. 227. a), as many (= Lat. quot); as often; how many; how often. (For 2. yati see p. 809, col. 1.)

yatitha yatitha, as, ī, am, 'as maniest, the as manieth;' [cf. tatitha.]

yatidhā yatidhā, ind., Ved. in as many parts, in as many ways.

yatīyasa yatīyasa (?), am, n. silver.

yatukā yatukā or yatūkā, f. a species of plant (= rajanī, jananī).

yatuna yatuna. See p. 804, col.3.

yatkara yat-kara, yat-kāma, yat-kāraṇam, yat-kratu, &c. See p. 808, col. 1.

yatna yatna, yatya, &c. See p. 804, col. 3.

yatra yatra, ind. (fr. the pronom. base 3. ya; correlative of tatra, q. v., often used for the loc. cases yasmin, yasyām, yeṣu, &c., but oftener as an adverb or conjunction), in which place, where, wherein, wherever, whither; when; whereas, because, since; that, so that; yatra yatra, wherever, wheresoever, whithersoever, whensoever; yatra-tatra, in any place whatever, anywhere, (yatra-tatra dine, on any day whatever, on whatever day you like); yatra-kutra, in any place whatever; everywhere, in every part; yatra-kutracit or yatra-kutrāpi, in whatever place, in some place or other, in any place whatever, anywhere, in whichever (e. g. yatra-kutrāpi janmani, in whichever birth); ya-tra-kvacana or yatra-kvāpi or yatra-kva ca or yatra-kva vā, wherever, whithersoever, anywhere, anywhither; whenever, as often as, every time; at any time; hither and thither.
     yatrakāmam yatra-kāmam, ind. wherever it pleases, according to pleasure or wish.
     yatrakāmāvasāya yatra-kāmāvasāya (-ma-av-), as, m. the supernatural power of taking up an abode or transporting one's self anywhere one likes, (this power is said to belong to some Yogins.)
     yatrakāmāvasāyitā yatrakāmāvasāyi-tā, f. or yatrakāmāvasāyi-tva, am, n. = yatra-kāmā-vasāya above.
     yatrakāmāvasāyin yatrakāmāvasāyin, ī, inī, i, having the power of taking up a residence or transporting one's self anywhere one wishes.
     yatratatraśaya yatra-tatra-śaya, as, ā, am, lying down anywhere, sleeping anywhere.
     yatrasāyaṅgṛha yatra-sāyaṅ-gṛha or yatra-sā-yam-pratiśraya, as, ā, am, having or taking up an abode wherever the evening finds one, spending the night anywhere where one happens to be.
     yatrastha ya-tra-stha, as, ā, am, where staying, in which place abiding.
     yatrākūta yatrākūta (-ra-āk-), am, n., Ved. the aim or object in view.

yatratya yatratya, as, ā, am, where being, dwelling in which place, relating to which place, of which place, whose (used relatively).

yathaṛṣi yatha-ṛṣi, yatharcam, &c. See col. 2.

yathā yathā, ind. (fr. the pronom. base 3. ya; correlative of tathā, q. v.), in which manner, in which way, as, like as, like, (sometimes redundantly connected with iva); as, for example; as truly as, (in asseverations, followed by tathā or tena satyena, so truly); that, so that, in order that (with pot. or not unfrequently with pres. impf. perf. fut. or aor.; in the earlier language yathā in this sense is often found after the first word of a sentence); that, whether, (often used as an introduction to a direct sentence after verbs of knowing, believing, hearing, doubting, &c., either with or without iti, e. g. jñāyate yathā rājā tat kariṣyati, it is known that the king will do that; viddhi yathā sā punar eṣyatīti, know that she will return); whereas, since, because; when, as when, as if; as soon as; as is right or proper (= yathā-vat); how! (as an exclamation); yathā--tathā, as--so; as--just so, (instead of tathā, the other similar correlatives evam, eva, tadvat, tad evam are often found in the corresponding clause); yathā yathā--tathā tathā, in whatever manner--in that manner; according as--so; in whatever degree or proportion--in that degree or proportion; by how much the more--by so much the more; yathā-tathā, in whatever manner, in any manner or way, in every way, as always, as ever; yathā-kathañcit, in any way, in any manner, any wise, somehow or other, anyhow; tad yathā, as here follows, that is to say, namely, as for example; yathā-kathā, as much as; yathā-kathā ca, now and then, rarely, unfrequently; yathaiva (yathā eva), just as.
     yathaṛṣi yatha-ṛṣi, ind., Ved. according to the Ṛṣi (see Gram. 38. h).
     yatharcam yatharcam (-thā-ṛc-), ind. according to the Ṛc.
     yathartu yathartu (-thā-ṛtu), ind. according to the season; in accordance with a fixed time, corresponding to the right season.
     yathartuka yathartuka (-thā-ṛt-), as, ā, am, corresponding to the season of the year.
     yathartupuṣpita yathartu-puṣpita, as, ā, am, bearing flowers or blossoms at the right season.
     yatharṣi yatharṣi (-thā-ṛṣi), ind. = yatha-ṛṣi above.
     yathāṃśatas yathāṃśa-tas (-thā-aṃ-), ind. according to shares or portions, in due proportion, proportionably.
     yathākaniṣṭham yathā-kaniṣṭham, ind. according to the youngest, from the youngest to the oldest; [cf. yathā-jyeṣṭham.]
     yathākartabya yathā-kartabya, as, ā, am, as proper to be done; (am), n. what is right or proper to be done (under any particular circumstances).
     yathākarma yathā-karma, ind. in accordance with (any) action, according to actions, in accordance with duties; according to circumstances.
     yathākarmaguṇam yathā-karma-guṇam, ind. in accordance with actions and qualities.
     yathakalpam yatha-kalpam, ind. in conformity with ritual or ceremonial, according to rule or rubric.
     yathākāṇḍam yathā-kāṇḍam, ind. according to Kāṇḍas or chapters.
     yathākāma yathā-kāma, as, ā, am, conformable to desire, (acting) according to wish; (am), ind. according to wish, as one likes, at pleasure, agreeably, easily, comfortably.
     yathākāmārcitārthin yathākāmārcitārthin (-ma-ar-, -ta-ar-), ī, inī, i, honouring suppliants by conforming to their desires.
     yathākāmin yathā-kāmin, ī, inī, i, acting according to will or pleasure, independent, wilful, uncontrolled.
     yathākāmya yathākāmya, am, n. (probably incorrect for yāthākāmya), will, inclination, pleasure.
     yathākāyam yathā-kāyam, ind., Ved. 'according to body or form', according to the dimensions (of anything).
     yathākāram yathā-kāram, ind. according to which way, in which manner.
     yathākārin yathā-kārin, ī, iṇī, i, as acting, acting in which way.
     yathākārya yathā-kārya, as, ā, am, = yathā-kartavya.
     yathākāla yathā-kāla, as, m. the proper time (for anything), a suitable moment, auspicious time; (am), ind. according to time, in due time, at the proper moment, at the right time.
     yathākālaprabodhin yathākāla-prabodhin, ī, inī, i, watchful in proper seasons, waking at the right time.
     yathākuladharmam yathā-kuladharmam, ind. according to family usage, in conformity with family customs.
     yathākṛta yathā-kṛta, as, ā, am, as has been done, as agreed, made or done according to rule, done according to custom or agreement, usual, customary, conventional; (am), ind. as happened, according to usual practice, in the way agreed upon.
     yathākṛṣṭam yathā-kṛṣṭam, ind., Ved. according to furrows, furrow. after furrow.
     yathākḷpti yathā-kḷpti, ind. in a suitable or fitting way.
     yathākratu yathā-kratu, us, us, u, Ved. conforming to a plan or design, forming which plan.
     yathākramam yathā-kramam or yathā-krameṇa, ind. according to order, in regular order or series, in due succession, regularly, methodically, successively, in a row, respectively, in due form, properly.
     yathākrośam yathā-krośam, ind., Ved. according to Krośas.
     yathākṣamam yathā-kṣamam, ind. according to power or ability, as much as possible.
     yathākṣemeṇa yathā-kṣemeṇa, ind. with all due safety or security, safely, comfortably, peaceably.
     yathākhātam yathā-khātam, ind., Ved. as dug or excavated.
     yathākhyam yathā-khyam (-thā-ākh-), ind. according to names, as named.
     yathākhyāta yathākhyāta (-thā-ākh-), as, ā, am, as previously described or mentioned, before mentioned.
     yathākhyānam yathākhyānam (-thā-ākh-), ind. in accordance with any narrative or statement, according to the circumstances narrated, as stated.
     yathāgata yathā-gata, as, ā, am, as gone, as previously gone; yathāgata (-thā-āg-), as come, as one came; as one came (into the world), without sense, stupid [cf. yathā-jāta]; yathā-gatam or yathāgatena, ind. by the way one came.
     yathāgamam yathāgamam (-thā-āg-), ind. according to tradition, as handed down.
     yathāgātram yathā-gātram, ind., Ved. according to limbs, limb after limb.
     yathāguṇam yathā-gu-ṇam, ind. according to Guṇas or qualities.
     yathāgṛham yathā-gṛham, ind. according to houses or habitations, (yānti yathā-gṛham, they go to their respective homes.)
     yathāgṛhītam yathā-gṛhītam, ind., Ved. as taken, just as laid hold of, as, come to hand, in regular order or succession.
     yathāgotrakulakalpam yathā-gotra-kula-kalpam, ind. according to the usages of a family or race.
     yathāgni yathāgni (-thā-ag-), ind., Ved. according to (the size of) the fire.
     yathāgrahaṇam yathā-grahaṇam, ind., Ved. according to any statement, conformably to what was mentioned.
     yathāṅgam yathāṅgam (-thā-aṅ-), ind., Ved. according to limbs or members, limb after limb.
     yathācamasam yathā-camasam, ind., Ved. Camasa after Camasa.
     yathācāram ya-thācāram (-thā-āc-), ind. according to custom, as usual, as customary.
     yathācārin yathā-cārin or yathācārin (-thā-āc-), ī, iṇī, i, Ved. as proceeding, as acting.
     yathācintita yathā-cintita, as, ā, am, as thought of or considered, previously considered.
     yathācoditam yathā-coditam, ind., Ved. according to precept, in conformity with injunction.
     yathāchandasam yathā-chandasam, ind., Ved. according to metre, one metre after another.
     yathājāta yathā-jāta, as, ā, am, just as born; senseless, stupid, foolish, a natural; barbarous, outcast; (am), ind. according to race or family, family by family.
     yathājāti yathā-jāti, ind., Ved. according to birth, according to kind or class, sort by sort.
     yathājoṣam yathā-joṣam, ind., Ved. according to will or pleasure, according to one's satisfaction, (also read yathā-yoṣam.)
     yathājñapta yathājñapta (-thā-āj-), as, ā, am, as previously enjoined, before directed.
     yathājñānam ya-thā-jñānam, ind. according to knowledge, to the best of one's knowledge or judgment.
     yathājyeṣṭham yathā-jyeṣṭham, ind. according to the oldest, by seniority, according to rank, from the oldest to the youngest.
     yathātattvam yathā-tattvam, ind. in accordance with truth, as the case really is, according to actual fact, exactly, precisely, strictly, accurately.
     yathātatha yathā-tatha, as, ā, am, conformable to truth or the exact state of the case, right, true, accurate; (am), ind. in conformity with truth or reality; precisely, exactly; as is becoming or proper, fitly, duly, in a suitable manner; (am), n. a detailed account of events, narrative of particulars.
     yathātathyam yathā-tathyam or yathā-tathyena, ind. in accordance with the truth, really, truly.
     yathātṛpti yathā-tṛpti, ind. to the heart's content, to full satisfaction of one's desire.
     yathātmaka yathātmaka (-thā-āt-), as, ikā, am, according to nature or character, having which nature.
     yathādatta yathā-datta, as, ā, am, as given.
     yathādarśanam yathā-darśanam, ind. according to every occurrence, in every single case.
     yathādāyam yathā-dāyam, ind. according to shares or portions.
     yathādik yathā-dik or yathā-diśam, ind. according to the various quarters of the sky; in all directions.
     yathādiṣṭa yathādiṣṭa (-thā-ād-), as, ā, am, as enjoined or directed, corresponding to what has been enjoined, conformable to a direction; (am), ind. in accordance with a direction or injunction.
     yathādīkṣam yathā-dīkṣam, ind. in accordance with religious observances.
     yathādṛṣṭam yathā-dṛṣṭam or yathā-dṛṣṭi, ind. as seen or observed.
     yathādevatam yathā-devatam, ind., Ved. deity after deity, divinity by divinity.
     yathādeśakāladehāvasthānaviśeṣam yathā-deśa-kāla-dehāvasthāna-viśe-ṣam (-ha-av-), ind. according to differences of place, time, and bodily constitution.
     yathādeśam 1. yathā-deśam, ind. according to places.
     yathādeśam 2. yathādeśam (-thā-ād-), ind. according to direction or injunction.
     yathādravya yathā-dravya, as, ā, am, according to property, proportioned or conformable to wealth.
     yathādharmam yathā-dharmam, ind. according to duty or right, in proper form or order.
     yathādhikāram yathādhikāram (-thā-adh-), am, ind. according to authority.
     yathādhiṣṇyam yathā-dhiṣṇyam, ind., Ved. according to the position or arrangement of the Dhiṣṇya.
     yathādhīta yathādhīta (-thā-adh-), as, ā, am, as read, conformable to the text; (am), ind. according to the text.
     yathādhyāpakam yathādhyāpakam (-thā-adh-), ind. according to the teacher, agreeably to the instructions of a teacher.
     yathānāma yathā-nāma, ind., Ved. according to name, name by name.
     yathānāradabhāṣita yathā-nārada-bhāṣita, as, ā, am, exactly as Nārada announced, being just as Nārada stated.
     yathāniḥsṛptam yathā-niḥsṛptam, ind., Ved. as gone forth or out.
     yathāniruptam ya-thā-niruptam, ind., Ved. as presented or offered.
     yathānirdiṣṭa yathā-nirdiṣṭa, as, ā, am, as directed or enjoined, before mentioned or described, previously directed.
     yathānilayam yathā-nilayam, ind. each in its own resting-place or lair (said of animals).
     yathānivāsin yathā-ni-vāsin, ī, inī, i, wherever dwelling or abiding.
     yathānīkam yathānīkam (-thā-an-), ind. according to the extent of the army, as far as the host extended.
     yathānupūrvam yathānupūrvam (-thā-an-) or yathānupūr-vyam or yathānupūrvyā (-thā-ān-), ind. according to a regular series, in regular order or succession, successively.
     yathānubhūtam yathānubhūtam (-thā-an-), ind. according to experience, by previous experience.
     yathānurūpam ya-thānurūpam (-thā-an-), ind. according to form or rule, in exact conformity, orderly, properly.
     yathānyastam ya-thā-nyastam, ind. as thrown down, as deposited.
     yathānyāyam yathā-nyāyam, ind. according to rule, according to justice, justly, rightly, fitly, as is fitting or suitable, properly.
     yathānyupta yathā-nyupta, as, ā, am, as presented or offered, in the order presented.
     yathāpaṇyam yathā-paṇyam, ind. according to the (value of the) wares or commodities.
     yathāpadam yathā-padam, ind., Ved. according to the Pada or word.
     yathāparādhadaṇḍa yathāparādha-daṇḍa, as, ā, am, inflicting punishment in proportion to the crime.
     yathāparādham yathāparādham (-thā-ap-), ind. according to the offence or error.
     yathāparu yathā-paru, ind., Ved. according to joints, joint after joint, limb by limb.
     yathāpuram yathā-puram, ind. as before, as on previous occasions.
     yathāpūrva yathā-pūrva, as, ā, am, being as before, previous, former; (am), ind. as before, as previously; in succession, one after another.
     yathāprajñam ya-thā-prajñam, ind. according to knowledge.
     yathāpratiguṇam ya-thā-pratiguṇam, ind. according to qualities, to the best of one's abilities.
     yathāpratijñam yathā-pratijñam, ind. according to agreement, as settled or arranged.
     yathāpratirūpam ya-thā-pratirūpam, ind., Ved. as is suitable or fitting.
     yathāpratyarham yathā-pratyarham, ind. according to merit.
     yathāpradiṣṭam yathā-pradiṣṭam, ind. according to direction or precept, as is suitable or proper.
     yathāpradeśam yathā-pra-deśam, ind. according to direction or precept, in a suitable or proper manner; according to place, in a suitable or proper place, at proper places, on all sides.
     yathāpradhānatas yathā-pradhānatas or yathā-pradhā-nam, ind. according to precedence or superiority, by rank.
     yathāprayogam yathā-prayogam, ind. according to usage or practice.
     yathāpraśnam yathā-praśnam, ind. in accordance with the question.
     yathāprastutam yathā-prastutam, ind. conformably to the circumstances.
     yathāprāṇam yathā-prāṇam, ind. according to one's whole soul, with all one's might.
     yathāprāpta yathā-prāpta, as, ā, am, as obtained or arrived, in conformity with a particular state or condition, suitable or conformable to circumstances; (am), ind. in conformity with rule, regularly, properly.
     yathāprāptasvara yathāprāpta-svara, as, m. an accent according to rule.
     yathāprārthitam yathā-prārthitam, ind. according to wish, by request.
     yathāprīti yathā-prīti, is, is, i, in accordance with love or affection, affectionate, loving.
     yathāphalam yathā-phalam, ind. according to fruit, when bearing fruit.
     yathābalam yathā-balam, ind. according to power, with all one's might, to the best of one's ability; according to the (condition of the) army, according to the (number of) forces.
     yathābījam yathā-bījam = yathā-vījam, q. v.
     yathābuddhi yathā-buddhi, ind. according to knowledge, to the best of one's judgment.
     yathābhaktyā yathā-bhaktyā (bhaktyā, inst. c. of bhakti), ind. with full or entire devotion.
     yathābhakṣitam yathā-bhakṣi-tam, ind. as eaten.
     yathābhavanam yathā-bhavanam, ind. according to houses, house by house.
     yathābhāgam yathā-bhā-gam, ind. according to shares or portions, according to the share of each, proportionably; each in his respective place, in the proper place.
     yathābhājanam yathā-bhā-janam, ind., Ved. each in his proper place or position.
     yathābhāva yathā-bhāva, as, m. conformity to any destined state, destiny; (as, ā, am,) having which nature or condition, being of which nature.
     yathābhikāmam yathā-bhikāmam (-thā-abh-), ind. according to wish or desire.
     yathābhijñāyam yathābhijñāyam (-thā-abh-), ind., Ved. as one has perceived or ascertained.
     yathābhipreta yathābhi-preta (-thā-abh-), as, ā, am, as wished or intended; desired; (am), ind. according to one's desire or wish, agreeably, pleasantly.
     yathābhimata yathābhimata (-thā-abh-), as, ā, am, as wished, desired, approved; (am), ind. according to wish or will, at pleasure. at will, wherever desire leads one, (sarve yathābhimata-deśaṃ gatāḥ, they all went to the place that each wished.)
     yathābhirāmam yathābhirāmam (-thā-abh-), ind. according to loveliness, according to the degree of charmingness (belonging to each).
     yathābhirucita yathābhirucita (-thā-abh-), as, ā, am, accordant with taste or liking, pleasurable, agreeable, pleasant, pleasing.
     yathābhirūpam yathābhirūpam (-thā-abh-), ind. according to Scholiast on Pāṇ. II. 1, 7 = abhi-rūpasya yogyam, according to beauty of form (?).
     yathābhilaṣita yathābhilaṣita (-thā-abh-), as, ā, am, as wished, desired.
     yathābhilikhita yathābhilikhita (-thā-abh-), as, ā, am, Ved. painted in the manner stated.
     yathābhivṛṣṭam yathābhivṛṣṭam (-thā-abh-), ind., Ved. according to the quantity of rain that has fallen.
     yathābhihitam ya-thābhihitam (-thā-abh-), ind. as spoken.
     yathābhīṣṭa yathā-bhīṣṭa (-thā-abh-), as, ā, am, as wished, liked, desired, (yathābhīṣṭa-diśaṃ jagmuh, they went to the quarter that each wished.)
     yathābhūtam yathā-bhūtam, ind. in accordance with fact, according to what has happened; according to the truth.
     yathābhūyasovāda yathā-bhū-yaso-vāda (bhūyasas, gen. c. of bhūyas), as, m., Ved. a general rule.
     yathābhyarthita yathābhyarthita (-thā-abh-), as, ā, am, as already requested, previously asked for.
     yathāmaṅgalam yathā-maṅgalam, ind., Ved. according to custom.
     yathāmati yathā-mati, ind. according to opinion; to the best of one's judgment.
     yathāmanīṣitam yathā-manīṣitam, ind. according to wish, by desire or request.
     yathāmātram yathā-mātram, ind. according to measure or quantity.
     yathāmānam yathā-mānam, ind. according to measure or dimensions, according to the circumference.
     yathāmukham ya-thā-mukham, ind. according to face or appearance, from face to face.
     yathāmukhīna yathāmukhīna, as, ā, am, looking straight at (with gen.).
     yathāmukhyam yathā-mukhyam, ind. according to the chief (persons), as regards the chiefs; (ena), ind. by way of precedence or preference, before all.
     yathāmnātam yathāmnātam (-thā-ām-) or ya-thāmnāyam (-thā-ām-), ind. in accordance with sacred tradition; according to the tenour of a sacred text.
     yathāyajus yathā-yajus, ind. according to the Yajus.
     yathāyatanam yathāyatanam (-thā-āy-), ind., Ved. each in his own place or abode.
     yathāyatham yathā-yatham, ind. (fr. yathā + yathā), in a proper manner, as is fit or proper, rightly, properly, suitably, fitly; in regular order, severally, by degrees, gradually.
     yathāyuktam yathā-yuktam or yathā-yukti or yathāyukti-tas, ind. as is fitting, in a proper manner, fitly, rightly, suitably, according to circumstances.
     yathāyūtham yathā-yūtham, ind. according to herds, by flocks.
     yathāyogam yathā-yogam or yathā-yo-gena, ind. as is fit, in a suitable manner, according to circumstances, according to requirements; in due order.
     yathāyogya yathā-yogya, as, ā, am, accordant with propriety; (am), ind. as is fitting or proper, suitably, properly, fitly.
     yathāyoni yathā-yoni, ind. according to the womb, according to birth.
     yathārabdha yathārabdha (-thā-ār-), as, ā, am, as begun or commenced, previously commenced.
     yathārambham yathārambham (-thā-ār-), ind. according to the commencement, in regular order or succession.
     yathārasam yathā-rasam, ind. according to the sentiments.
     yathārucam yathā-rucam or yathā-ruci, ind. according to taste, according to pleasure or liking.
     yathārūpa yathā-rūpa, as, ā, am, accordant with (beauty of) form, having a handsome form, suitable; (am), ind. according to the form or appearance; in a suitable way, properly, duly; of the same shape or appearance.
     yathārtha yathārtha (-thā-ar-), as, ā, am, accordant with reality, conformable to truth or the true meaning, agreeing with fact, true, actual, real, genuine, right, fit, suitable; (am), ind. according to the meaning, conformably to the sense, according to the aim or object, according to truth or fact, suitably, fitly, truly, really.
     yathārthaka yathārthaka, as, ā, am, = yathārtha, having a suitable meaning, right, true, real.
     yathārthatattvam yathārtha-tattvam (i. e. yathā + artha-t-), ind. 'according to the reality of the matter', in accordance with the truth, truly, really.
     yathārthatas ya-thārtha-tas, ind. in accordance with the truth, truly, rightly, fitly.
     yathārthatā yathārtha-tā, f. suitableness, fitness, rectitude, propriety, genuineness, the state of appearing to the greatest advantage (Kirātārj. VIII. 49).
     yathārthabhāṣin yathārtha-bhāṣin, ī, iṇī, i, speaking fitly or truly.
     yathārthavarṇa yathārtha-varṇa, as, m. 'having a true colour or appearance', a spy, secret emissary; [cf. yathārha-varṇa]
     yathārthākṣara yathārthākṣara (-tha-ak-), as, ā, am, significant in every syllable, of which the letters or syllables express the true sense.
     yathārthita ya-thārthita (-thā-ar-), as, ā, am, as asked, previously asked.
     yathārthitvam yathārthitvam (-thā-ar-), ind. according to design or purpose.
     yathārpita yathārpita (-thā-ar-), as, ā, am, as delivered.
     yathārha yathārha (-thā-ar-), as, ā, am, as deserving, according to merit, corresponding to desert, as is fit or right, appropriate, suitable, just, adequate; (am), ind. according to merit or worth, agreeably to propriety, suitably, fitly.
     yathārhaṇam yathārhaṇam (-thā-ar-), ind. according to merit or worth; according to propriety.
     yathārhatas yathārha-tas, ind. according to worth or merit, according to propriety, as is proper or suitable, justly.
     yathārhavarṇa yathārha-varṇa, as, m. 'having a suitable appearance', a spy, secret agent.
     yathālabdha yathā-labdha, as, ā, am, as obtained or met with, as found at first, previously found.
     yathālābham yathā-lābham, ind. according to what one finds, just as it happens to occur; according to gain or profit.
     yathāliṅgam yathā-liṅgam, ind., Ved. according to characteristic marks or tokens.
     yathālokam yathā-lokam, ind., Ved. according to room or place.
     yathāvakāśam yathāvakāśam (-thā-av-), ind. according to room or space; in the proper place; according to opportunity or leisure, on the first opportunity, as occasion or leisure may occur.
     yathāvat yathā-vat, ind. according to propriety, as is fitting, duly, becomingly, properly, rightly, suitably, precisely, exactly, truly; according to law; as (= yathā).
     yathāvadgrahaṇa yathāvad-grahaṇa, am, n. right comprehension.
     yathāvayas yathā-vayas or yathā-vayasam, ind. according to age, of the same age.
     yathāvarṇam yathā-varṇam, ind. according to caste, by caste.
     yathāvarṇavidhānam yathā-varṇa-vidhānam, ind. according to the rules or laws of caste.
     yathāvaśam yathā-vaśam, ind., Ved. according to pleasure or inclination.
     yathāvasaram yathāvasaram (-thā-av-), ind. according to opportunity, as occasion may require, on every occasion.
     yathāvastu yathā-vastu, ind. according to the state of the matter, precisely, exactly, accurately, strictly.
     yathāvastham yathāvastham (-thā-av-), ind. according to state or condition; according to circumstances, each according to his own circumstances.
     yathāvāsam yathāvāsam (-thā-āv-), ind. according to dwellings, each to his own abode.
     yathāvāstu yathā-vāstu, ind. in accordance with the site or ground.
     yathāvittam yathā-vittam, ind. by virtue of (the right of) property (Ved.); according to possession, in proportion to power or substance.
     yathāvidyam yathā-vidyam, ind. according to knowledge.
     yathāvidha yathā-vidha, as, ā, am, of which kind or sort (= Lat. qualis); of such a kind or sort, such as.
     yathāvidhānam yathā-vidhānam or yathā-vidhā-nena, ind. according to prescription or rule, by order.
     yathāvidhi yathā-vidhi, ind. according to direction or precept, according to rule, duly, fitly, suitably, (in Hari-vaṃśa 7138. yathā-vidhim occurs on account of the metre.)
     yathāvibhavam yathā-vibhavam, ind. according to power or ability, in proportion to property or resources.
     yathāvījam yathā-vījam, ind. according to the seed or germ.
     yathāvīryam yathā-vīryam, ind. according to strength or vigour, in respect of manliness or courage.
     yathāvṛtta ya-thā-vṛtta, as, ā, am, as happened or occurred, as ensued; as done, as acted; (am), n. a previous occurrence or event; the circumstances or details of an event, (avedayad yathā-vṛttam, he related the details of the occurrence, he told exactly how it happened); (am), ind. according to the occurrence or event, according to all the circumstances, circumstantially, truly; according to the metre.
     yathāvṛttānta yathā-vṛttānta (-ta-an-), as, am, m. n. an event or adventure just as it occurred.
     yathāvṛtti yathā-vṛtti, ind. according to way or mode of life.
     yathāvṛddham yathā-vṛd-dham, ind. according to age or seniority.
     yathāvṛddhi yathā-vṛddhi, ind. according to increase, in accordance with the waxing (of the moon, &c.).
     yathāvyavahāram yathā-vya-vahāram, ind. conformably to custom, according to usage.
     yathāvyādhi yathā-vyādhi, ind. according to the (nature of a) disease or sickness.
     yathāvyutpatti yathā-vyutpatti, ind. according to the view propounded; according to the etymology.
     yathāśakti yathā-śakti or yathā-śaktyā, ind. according to power or ability, to the utmost of one's power, as far as possible.
     yathāśayam yathāśayam (-thā-āś-), ind. according to intention or wish; according to stipulation.
     yathāśarīram yathā-śarīram, ind. according to body, body by body.
     yathāśāstram yathā-śāstram, ind. according to the Śāstras or sacred codes of law, according to the precepts of science, as the law ordains.
     yathāśāstrānusārin ya-thāśāstrānusārin (-ra-an-), ī, iṇī, i, observing the Śāstras or scriptures, following the precepts of the sacred codes of law.
     yathāśīlam yathā-śīlam, ind. in conformity with character, agreeably to disposition.
     yathāśraddham yathā-śraddham, ind. according to inclination (Ved.); according to faith, in all faith, in all fidelity, confidently, confidingly.
     yathāśramam yathāśramam (-thā-āś-), ind. according to the Āśrama or period of life, (see āśrama.)
     yathāśrayam yathāśrayam (-thā-āś-), ind. according to the connection or dependance (of anything), according to the mode of connection (of one thing with another).
     yathāśruta yathā-śruta, as, ā, am, corresponding to (what has been) heard, agreeing with a report; (am), n. a corresponding or suitable tradition; (am), ind. as heard, as reported, according to report; according to sacred precept or injunction, according to Vedic precept.
     yathāśruti yathā-śruti, ind. according to revealed precept, in accordance with the injunctions of sacred books, conformably to the precepts of the Veda.
     yathāśreṣṭham yathā-śreṣṭham, ind. in order of merit (so that the best is placed first); in order of precedence.
     yathāsaṃstham yathā-saṃstham, ind. according to circumstances.
     yathāsaṃhitam yathā-saṃhitam, ind. in accordance with the Saṃhitā.
     yathāsakhyam yathā-sakhyam, ind. according to friendship.
     yathāsaṅkalpita yathā-saṅkalpita, as, ā, am, corresponding to wish, in accordance with (a proposed) plan, answering expectations.
     yathāsaṅkhya yathā-saṅkhya, 'Relative order', a figure in rhetoric which separating each verb from its immediate subject so arranges verbs with verbs and subjects with subjects that each may answer to each; (am, ena), ind. according to number, number for number (so that in two rows composed of similar numbers the several terms of one row correspond with those of the other).
     yathāsaṅgam yathā-saṅgam, ind. according to need or exigence, as required, suitably, so as to adapt (itself), opportunely.
     yathāsatyam yathā-satyam, ind. in accordance with truth, agreeably to the reality.
     yathāsanam yathāsanam (-thā-ās-), ind., Ved. each in proper place or seat, according to proper position.
     yathāsandiṣṭa yathā-sandiṣṭa, as, ā, am, as agreed or directed; (am), ind. according to direction or order.
     yathāsandhi yathā-sandhi, ind., Ved. according to Sandhi.
     yathāsamayam yathā-samayam, ind. according to agreement, according to established custom; according to time, at the proper time.
     yathāsamāmnātam ya-thā-samāmnātam, ind. as repeated, according to what has been mentioned.
     yathāsampad yathā-sampad, ind., Ved. according to the event, as may happen.
     yathāsampratyayam ya-thā-sampratyayam, ind. according to agreement.
     yathāsampradāyam yathā-sampradāyam, ind. according to tradition, in accordance with traditional teaching or usage.
     yathāsambandham yathā-sambandham, ind. according to relationship.
     yathāsambhava yathā-sambhava, as, ā, am, accordant with possibility, possible; (am), ind. compatibly, according to the previous order, successively.
     yathāsambhavin yathā-sambhavin, ī, inī, i, or yathā-sambhāvita, as, ā, am, compatible, corresponding, suitable, appropriate.
     yathāsavanam yathā-savanam, ind. according to the order of the Savana (Ved.); according to the time, at the proper season.
     yathāsāma yathā-sāma, ind., Ved. according to the order of the Sāman.
     yathāsāmarthyam yathā-sāmarthyam, ind. according to ability or power.
     yathāsāram yathā-sāram, ind. according to quality or goodness.
     yathāsiddha yathā-siddha,  as, ā, am, as effected; just as prepared, just as cooked (said of food).
     yathāsukham yathā-sukham, ind. according to ease or pleasure, at ease, at will or pleasure, comfortably, agreeably, pleasantly, happily.
     yathāsukhamukha ya-thāsukha-mukha, as, ā or ī, am, having the face turned in any direction one pleases.
     yathāstut yathā-stut, ind., Ved. according to the order of the Stut, Stut by Stut.
     yathāstutam yathā-stutam or yathā-stomam, ind., Ved. according to the order of the Stoma.
     yathāsthāna yathā-sthāna, am, n. the right or proper place; (as, ā, am), each in proper place, arranged in order; (am, e), ind. according to place, each according to the right place, all in regular order, according to rank, in order, properly, suitably; instantly.
     yathāsthāma yathā-sthāma, ind., Ved. in the proper place, in regular order (= yathā-sthānam).
     yathāsthita yathā-sthita, as, ā, am, accordant with circumstances, standing properly; right, proper, fit, true; (am), ind. according to place or circumstances; in statu quo; properly, truly, certainly, assuredly.
     yathāsthiti yathā-sthiti, ind. in accordance with usage or custom, as usual, as on previous occasions.
     yathāsmṛti yathā-smṛti, ind. according to recollection, according to the precepts of the law-books.
     yathāsmṛtimaya yathā-smṛti-maya, as, ī, am, as remembered, as fixed in the memory.
     yathāsva yathā-sva, as, ā, am, each according to (his, her, their) own, every one his own; (am), ind. each on (his, her, their) own account, each for himself or in his own way, individually, properly.
     yathāsvairam yathā-svairam, ind. according to inclination or wish, at pleasure, freely, independently.
     yathāhāra yathāhāra (-thā-āh-), as, ā, am, having suitable food, eating anything that comes in the way.
     yathekṣitam yathekṣitam (-thā-īk-), ind. according to what was actually seen, as beheld with one's own eyes.
     yatheccha yatheccha (-thā-ic-), as, ā, am, agreeable to wish or desire; (ā), f. a suitable wish or desire; yathecchayā, inst. c. according to wish, at will or pleasure; (am), ind. according to wish or desire, at pleasure, ad libitum, agreeably, pleasantly.
     yathecchakam yathec-chakam, ind. = yatheccham above.
     yathetam yathetam (-thā-et-), ind., Ved. as happened, as it turned out, (also written yathaitam.)
     yathepasayā yathepasayā (-thā-īp-), ind. according to wish or inclination, at pleasure.
     yathepsita yathepsita (-thā-īp-), as, ā, am, as wished, agreeable to wish or expectation, wished for, desired; (am), ind. according to wish or desire, agreeably to fancy, agreeably, pleasantly, spontaneously, ad libitum, wantonly.
     yatheṣṭa yatheṣṭa (-thā-iṣ-), as, ā, am, as wished or desired, agreeable to wish, accordant with desire, wished for, desired, loved, dear; (am), ind. according to wish or inclination, at pleasure, pleasantly, agreeably; carelessly; according to sacrifice (Ved.; in this sense fr. 2. iṣṭa).
     yatheṣṭagati yatheṣṭa-gati, is, is, i, or yatheṣṭa-cārin or yatheṣṭa-sañcārin, ī, iṇī, i, going according to will or inclination, going where one wishes, independent, free; (ī), m. a bird.
     yatheṣṭatas yatheṣṭa-tas, ind. according to inclination or wish, at pleasure, independently.
     yatheṣṭācāra yatheṣṭācāra (-ṭa-āc-), as, ā, am, doing what one likes, unrestrained, licentious.
     yatheṣṭāsana yatheṣṭāsana (-ṭa-ās-), as, ā, am, sitting down as one likes.
     yathaitam yathaitam = yathetam above.
     yathokta yathokta (-thā-uk-), as, ā, am, as said or spoken, as told or directed, previously told or prescribed, enumerated before, above mentioned; (am), ind. according to what has been stated, as mentioned before, as previously described or related; yathoktena, in the above mentioned way.
     yathoktavādin ya-thokta-vādin, ī, inī, i, speaking as told, reporting accurately what has been said.
     yathocita yathocita (-thā-uc-), as, ā, am, accordant with propriety or equity, proper, fit, suitable, becoming; (am), ind. suitably, fitly, properly.
     yathottara yathottara (-thā-ut-), as, ā, am, following in regular order or succession, succeeding one another; (am), ind. in regular order or succession, one after another.
     yathotsāham yathotsāham (-thā-ut-), ind. according to power or ability, with all one's might.
     yathodaya yathodaya (-thā-ud-), as, ā, am, Ved. next following; (am), ind. according to means or circumstances, in proportion to one's income.
     yathodita yathodita (-thā-ud-), as, ā, am, as said or spoken, previously told, before stated, above mentioned; (am), ind. as mentioned before or above, according to a previous statement.
     yathodgata ya-thodgata (-thā-ud-), as, ā, am, as arisen; as one came (into the world), without sense, childlike, stupid; [cf. yathāgata.]
     yathoddiṣṭa yathoddiṣṭa (-thā-ud-), as, ā, am, as indicated or described, before mentioned; (am), ind. in the manner stated, in the above mentioned way.
     yathoddeśam yathoddeśam (-thā-ud-), ind. according to direction, in the manner pointed out.
     yathodbhavam yathodbhavam (-thā-ud-), ind. according to rise or origin.
     yathopajoṣam yathopajoṣam (-thā-up-), ind. according to inclination or pleasure, according to desire.
     yathopadiṣṭa yathopadiṣṭa (-thā-up-), as, ā, am, as specified or indicated, as stated, before mentioned; (am), ind. in the manner above mentioned or previously described.
     yathopadeśam yathopadeśam (-thā-up-), ind. according to advice or suggestion, according to instructions or orders.
     yathopapatti yathopapatti (-thā-up-), ind. according to the event or occasion, as may happen.
     yathopapanna yathopapanna (-thā-up-), as, ā, am, as happened, occurring naturally, unconstrained, natural.
     yathopapādam yatho-papādam (-thā-up-), ind., Ved. as may occur or happen.
     yathopamā yathopamā (-thā-up-), f. (in rhetoric) a comparison expressed by yathā.
     yathopayogam yathopayogam (-thā-up-), ind. according to use or need, according to requirements or circumstances.
     yathopasmāram yathopasmāram (-thā-up-), ind., Ved. according to recollection, as one may happen to remember.
     yathopādhi yathopādhi (-thā-up-), ind. according to the condition or limitation, according to the supposition.
     yathopta yathopta (-thā-up-), as, ā, am, as sown, in proportion to the seed sown.
     yathaukasam yathaukasam (-thā-ok-), ind., Ved. each according to (his) abode.
     yathaucitya yathaucitya (-thā-auc-), am, n. a corresponding or suitable way; yathaucityāt, in a suitable manner, fitly, suitably; (am), ind. according to propriety, properly, fitly, duly.

yad yad, yas, yā, yad (the actual base of this relative pronoun is ya, except in compounds and in the derivative yadīya; its proper correlative is tad, q. v., but other demonstrative pronouns and pronominals, such as etad, idam, adas, tādṛśa, īdṛśa, sarva, often occur in the correlative clauses; see 3. ya), who, which, what, that, whoever, whichever, whatever, any. The relative yad often precedes the noun to which it refers, this noun being either put in the same case with the relative or joined with the demonstrative (e. g. yasya narasya buddhiḥ sa balavān or yasya buddhiḥ sa naro balavān, of whatever man there is intellect he is strong); sometimes the relative stands alone, an antecedent noun or pronoun being understood from which it takes its gender and number (e. g. dha-nena kiṃ yo na dadāti, what is the use of wealth [to him] who does not give?); or the relative itself may be dropped (e. g. na karoty a-kāryaṃ tam āryam āhuḥ, they call him honourable [who] does nothing improper to be done). Sometimes the relative yad, with or without its demonstrative, appears to be used redundantly to eke out the metre, or perhaps to give force to the noun with which it is connected, even the neut. sing. being occasionally thus used in connection with words of a different gender and number, and the relative being itself almost untranslatable (e. g. yan maraṇaṃ so 'sya viśrāmaḥ, that very death is his rest; andho jaḍaḥ pīṭha-sarpī saptatyā sthaviraś-ca yaḥ, a blind man, an idiot, a cripple, and a man seventy years old; yat kṣāntiḥ samaye śrutiḥ śiva śivety-uktir mano-nirvṛtir asau mukti-mārge sthitiḥ, forbearance, obedience to ordinances, saying 'Śiva, Śiva', contentment of mind, this is continuance on the road of emancipation); and sometimes this redundant or emphatic use of yad causes a sudden change of construction from accusative to nominative (e. g. apoheta rasān aśmano lavaṇaṃ caiva paśavo ye ca, he should avoid liquids, stones, and salt, and all cattle). The relative yad is often repeated to express 'whoever', 'whatever', 'whichever', &c. (e. g. yo yaḥ, whatever man; yā yā, whatever woman; yad yad, whatever thing; yo yo yāvatithaḥ, whichever [is] how many soever degrees, i. e. in proportion as each of which is advanced in the series); or the repetition of yad may be caused by a kind of attraction, the second relative being equivalent to an indefinite pronoun (e. g. yo yasya bhāvaḥ syāt, whatever may be the disposition of any one; yad rocate yasmai, whatever is pleasing to any one); or the relative may be used to express similar indefinite meanings when joined with kaścit, kaścana, ko 'pi, kaśca, ko vā (e. g. yaḥ kaścit or yaḥ-kaścana, whosoever; yat kiñcit or yat kiñca, whatsoever; yena kenāpy upāyena, by any means whatsoever; yāni kāni ca mitrāṇi, any friends whatsoever; yasmai kasmai ca, to any one whatever; yasmin kasmin vā deśe, in any country whatever); or even with a demonstrative pronoun (e. g. yasmai tasmai, to any one whatever; yas-māt tasmāt, from any one, from this or that person; yena tena karmaṇā, by any act whatever); or sometimes the relative yad is used alone with the indefinite sense 'any one', &c. (e. g. striyaṃ spṛ-śed yaḥ saṅgrahaṇaṃ smṛtam, should any one touch a woman it is called an adulterous act; yām ajāṃ vṛko hanyāt pāle tat kilviṣam bhavet, if a wolf kill any she-goat the blame must be on the keeper). yad is also connected in a peculiar manner with the personal pronouns, which, when placed immediately after the relative, appear to derive force or emphasis from this juxtaposition (e. g. yo 'ham, I that very person who; yas tvam, thou that very one who, &c.). yad in the neut. sing. is used as an adverbial conjunction equivalent to 'for which reason', 'on which account', 'wherefore', 'since', 'as', 'because', 'when', 'while', 'if', 'with regard to', 'as to', &c.; or still oftener as a simple conjunction meaning 'that', especially after the verbs of saying, hearing, &c., or such words as kāma, yukta, āścarya, &c. (e. g. dhīvarair uktaṃ yat--, it was said by the fishermen that--; śrutaṃ tvayā yat--, it has been heard by thee that--; āścaryaṃ yat--, it is a wonder that--); frequently followed by a verb in the indicative (e. g. ayaṃ nūtano nyāyo yad arātiṃ hatvā santāpaḥ kriyate, this is a new doctrine that having killed an enemy remorse is experienced); less frequently in the potential (e. g. eṣa me kāmo yat sa rājyam āpnuyāt, this is my desire that he may obtain the kingdom); yad api, although; yac-ca, that (according to Pāṇ. III. 3, 148, with potential, after expressions of impossibility, disbelief, hope, disregard, reproach, and wonder, e. g. na śrad-dadhe yac-ca tatra-bhavān vṛṣalaṃ yā-jayet, I do not believe that your Highness will allow a Śūdra to sacrifice); yad vā, or, or else, whether, (in the writings of commentators yad vā generally occurs when an alternative reading or meaning is proposed, and may commonly be translated by 'or', 'or else'): in philosophical writings yaḥ is said to be used as a synonymn for puruṣaḥ: [cf. Zend ya: Gr. [greek] Goth. ja-bai, 'if;' jau, 'whether:' Lith. ji-s, 'he;' ji, 'she;' ju, 'it:' Slav. i, ja, je.]
     yacchandas yac-chandas, ās, ās, as, having which metre.
     yacchīla yac-chīla, as, ā, am (yad + śīla), having which disposition.
     yatkara yat-kara, as, ī, am, which doing or undertaking.
     yatkāma yat-kāma, as, ā, am, Ved. which desiring, wishing which.
     yatkāmyā yat-kāmyā, ind., Ved. with which view or design.
     yatkāraṇam yat-kāraṇam or yat-kāraṇāt, ind. for which cause or reason, on which account, in consequence of which; since, because, as, while.
     yatkārin yat-kārin, ī, iṇī, i, which doing or undertaking.
     yatkiñcedam yat-kiñce-dam (-ca-idam), the commencement of the sacred text Ṛg-veda VII. 89, 5, (incorrectly read yat-kiñcidam.)
     yatkṛte yat-kṛte, ind. on account of which, for which reason, wherefore, why.

     yatkratu yat-kratu, us, us, u, Ved. having which resolution, forming which plan.
     yadabhāve yad-abhāve, ind. in the absence of which, for want of which, in default of which.
     yadartha yad-artha, as, ā, am, having which object in view, having which intention; (am, e), ind. on which account, for which purpose, for the sake of which, wherefore, why, &c.; as, since, when, because, whereas.
     yadātmaka yad-ātmaka, as, ikā, am, having which being or existence.
     yadṛcchā yad-ṛcchā, f. acting as one lists, following one's own inclination, self-will, spontaneity, wilfulness, independence, (according to native lexicographers = svairitā, svecchā, svācchandya, nirni-mitta); accident, an accidental occurence or event, chance, contingence, (yad-ṛcchayā, as one likes, of one's own accord, spontaneously, by accident, accidentally, incidentally, by chance, unexpectedly); (in grammar) a noun which is neither a generic nor specific term nor noun of agency, one either not derived from authority or not possessing meaning.
     yadṛcchātas yadṛcchā-tas, ind. spontaneously, by accident, &c. (= yad-ṛcchayā above).
     yadṛcchābhijña yadṛcchābhijña (-chā-abh-), as, m. a voluntary or self-offered witness.
     yadṛcchālābhatuṣṭa yadṛcchā-lābha-tuṣṭa, as, ā, am, satisfied with obtaining what comes spontaneously, easily satisfied.
     yadṛcchāsaṃvāda yadṛcchā-saṃvāda, as, m. accidental or spontaneous conversation, incidental intercourse.
     yadṛcchika yadṛcchika, as, m., scil. putra, a son who offers himself for adoption.
     yaddevata yad-devata or yad-devatya, as, ā, am, Ved. having which godhead or divinity.
     yaddvandva yad-dvandva, am, n., N. of a Sāman.
     yaddhetos yad-dhetos, ind. (dhetos for hetos, abl. c. of hetu), from which reason or cause, on which account.
     yadbhaviṣya yad-bhaviṣya, as, m. one who says 'what will be', or 'what must be must be', one who believes in the power of fate; a fatalist; N. of a fish (in the Hitopadeśa).
     yadriyañc yadriyañc or yadryañc, aṅ, drīcī, ak (fr. yad with adri substituted for ad and rt. añc; cf. madryañc), Ved. moving or turning in which direction, extending to which point, reaching whither or to what place or in which direction, (incorrectly written yadrañc, yaddrañc.)
     yadvat yad-vat, ind. in which way, as, (used as a correlative of tad-vat and evam.)
     yadvada yad-vada, as, ā, am, talking anything, talking nonsense, saying no matter what.
     yadvāhiṣṭhīya yadvāhiṣṭhīya, am, n. (fr. yad vāhiṣṭham, the first two words of Ṛg-veda V. 25, 7), N. of a Sāman.
     yadvidha yad-vidha, as, ā, am, of which sort (= Lat. qualis).
     yadvṛtta yad-vṛtta, am, n. anything which has occurred, an adventure; any form of yad.
     yannimittam yan-nimittam, ind. on which account, for which reason, in consequence of which, through which.
     yanmaṃhiṣṭhīya yanmaṃhiṣṭhīya, am, n., N. of a Sāman.
     yanmadhye yan-madhye, ind. in the centre of which.
     yanmaya yan-maya, as, ī, am, formed or consisting of which.
     yanmātra yan-mātra, as, ā, am, having which measure, of which dimensions or circumference, &c.
     yanmūrdhan yan-mūrdhan, ā, m. the head of whom.

yada yada = yad above, (occurring only in the form yadam at the end of an adverbial comp.)

yadā yadā, ind. at what time, when, whenever, (generally followed in the correlative clause by tadā or tatas or tarhi or in Ved. by ād it); whereas, since, as; if; yadā yadā, whenever; yadā tadā, at any time whatsoever; yadā yadā--tadā tadā, as often as--so often; yadaiva--tadaiva, when indeed--then indeed; yadā prabhṛti--tadā pra-bhṛti, from whatever time--from that time forward; yadā-kadā-ca, Ved. as often as, whenever; yadā-kadā-cit, at any time; na yadā-kadā-cit, never at any time; yadā is sometimes joined in the same sentence with other relatives used indefinitely (e. g. yo 'tti yasya yadā māṃsam, when any one eats the flesh of any one).

yadi yadi, ind. (in Ved. sometimes lengthened to yadī), if, in case that; whether; if haply, if perchance; provided that, when. As a conjunction meaning 'if', yadi is sometimes joined with the present indicative (e. g. yadi jīvati bhadrāṇi paśyati, if he live he will behold prosperity); sometimes with the potential (e. g. yadi rājā daṇḍaṃ na praṇayet, if the king were not to inflict punishment; or with omission of yadi, e. g. vṛko hanyād ajām, if a wolf should kill a goat); sometimes with the future (e. g. yadi na kariṣyanti tat, if they will not do that); sometimes with the aorist or even imperfect or perfect (e. g. yadi prajā-patir na vapur asrākṣīt, if the Creator had not created the body; yady etan na me 'kathayat, if he were not to tell me that; yady āha, if he had said); sometimes with the conditional (e. g. yady anujñām adāsyat, if he should give permission); sometimes yadi may be translated by 'that' (e. g. nāśaṃse yadi jīvanti, I do not expect that they are alive); rarely yadi is joined redundantly with ced (e. g. yadi cet syāt, if it should be); or with purā (e. g. purā yadi paśyāmi, before that I see); yady-api, even if, although, (followed by tathāpi, q. v., or tadapi in the correlative clause); yadi vā, or if, or whether; or else, or; or rather (= atha vā); yadi--yadi vā, yadi vā--yadi vā, yadi vā--vā, if--or if, whether--or.

yadīya yadīya, as, ā, am, relating to whom, whose, belonging to which or what, (yadīya-karuṇāt, from whose favour.)

yadāvājadāvarya yadāvājadāvarya, N. of a Sāman.

yadu yadu, us, m., N. of an ancient hero (often mentioned in the Veda together with Turvaśa or Turvasu, and described as preserved by Indra during an inundation, see Ṛg-veda I. 174, 9); N. of a son of Yayāti, (in the later mythology Yadu and Puru are both sons of Yayāti, the fifth monarch of the lunar dynasty, Kṛṣṇa being descended from Yadu [cf. yadu-nātha below], and both Bharata and Kuru, the ancestor of the Pāṇḍu princes, being descended from Puru; Yadu is also described as a brother of Turvasu); N. of a son of Vasu (king of Cedi); of a son of Hary-aśva; (according to some) N. of a country on the west of the Jumna river, about Mathurā and Vṛndā-vana, over which Yadu ruled, (according to other authorities the kingdom of Yadu is the Dakṣiṇa or peninsula of India); (avas), m. pl. the family and descendants of Yadu [cf. yādava]; = daśārhāḥ, q. v.
     yadukulodvaha yadu-kulodvaha (-la-ud-) or yadūdvaha, as, m. 'supporter of the family of Yadu', N. of Kṛṣṇa.
     yadudhra yadu-dhra, as, m., N. of a Ṛṣi.
     yadunātha yadu-nātha, as, or yadu-pati, is, m. 'lord of the Yadus', N. of Kṛṣṇa.
     yadupuṅgava yadu-puṅgava, as, m. a chief of the Yadus.
     yaduvaṃśa yadu-vaṃśa, as, m. the family of Yadu.
     yaduvīramukhya ya-du-vīra-mukhya, as, m. 'leader of the heroes of Yadu', N. of Kṛṣṇa.
     yaduśreṣṭha yadu-śreṣṭha, as, m. 'best of the Yadus', N. of Kṛṣṇa.

yadṛcchā yad-ṛcchā, yad-dhetos, yad-vat, &c. See col. 2.

yadyapi yady-api. See under yadi above.

yadriyañc yadriyañc, yadryañc. See col. 2.

yadvā yadvā, f. = buddhi, perception, mind, intelligence (?) .

yantavya yantavya, yanti, yantṛ, &c. See p. 809, col. 2.

yantr yantr (more properly regarded as a Nom. fr. yantra, p. 809, col. 2, cf. yantraya), cl. 1. 10. P. yantrati, yantrayati, &c., to restrain, curb, check, bind, fasten, confine; to strain; to force.

yantraṇa yantraṇa, am, n. the act of restraining, controlling, curbing, checking, binding, fastening, confining; restraint, restriction, limitation, (āhāra-yantraṇa, restriction in diet); a means of fastening, bond, bandage; the application of a bandage (also ā, f.); constraint, compulsion, force, torturing, pain, anguish, (in these senses also ā, f.); guarding, protecting, protection; (ī), f. a wife's younger sister.

yantrita yantrita, as, ā, am, restrained, curbed, checked; bound, fastened, fettered, confined; bound by, subject to; one who strains every nerve, one who makes exertions or takes pains.
     yantritakatha yantrita-katha, as, ā, am, restrained in speech, constrained to be silent.
     yantritasāyaka yantrita-sāyaka, as, m. one who has fixed an arrow (in a kind of self-acting bow or machine which discharges itself when touched).

yantra yantra, yantraya, yantrin, &c. See p. 809, cols. 2, 3.

yanmaya yan-maya, yan-mātra. See col. 2.

yabh yabh, cl. 1. P. yabhati, yayābha, yapsyati, ayāpsīt, yabdhum, to know carnally, have sexual intercourse with, lie with: Desid. A. yiyapsate, to desire sexual intercourse.

yabhana yabhana, am, n. copulation, sexual intercourse.

yabhya yabhya, as, ā, am, to be carnally known.

yiyapsyamāna yiyapsyamāna, as, ā, am (fr. the Desi.), desiring to be carnally known.

yam yam (connected with rt. 2. yat), cl. 1. P. yacchati (Ved. and ep. also A. yacchate, Ved. also yamati, -te), yayāma (2nd sing. yayantha or yemitha, 3rd pl. P. yemus, 3rd sing. A. yeme, 3rd pl. yemire, Part. A. yemāna), yaṃsyati, ayaṃsīt (Vedic forms are yamat, yaṃsi, yamus, yandhi, yanta, yantam, yaṃsat, yaṃsan, ayāṃsam, ayān, ayāṃsi, yaṃsate, ayaṃsata), yan-tum, yamitum (Ved. yamam, yantave, yami-tavai), to sustain, support, hold up, maintain (Ved.); to support one's self (A., Ved.); to raise, hold up, lift up (Ved.); to raise (a sound, &c., Ved.); to stretch out, extend, spread (Ved.); to keep in, hold back, restrain, check, stop, rein, curb, tame, govern, control, regulate, suppress; to offer, present, grant, bestow, confer, give to any one (with loc. or dat.); to present with anything (inst., Ved.); to offer or resign one's self, give one's self up to (A., Ved.); to display, exhibit (Ved.); to go, approach (Ved.): Pass. yamyate, ayāmi, to be raised or lifted up, &c. (Ved.); to be held back or restrained, &c.; to be offered, &c.: Caus. yamayati, (or according to others) yāmayati, -yitum, Aor. ayīyamat, to cause to hold back or restrain, &c.; to restrain, hold in, check, keep in order, control; to offer, give, present, serve with (food, &c.); Desid. yiyaṃsati: Intens. yaṃyamyate, yaṃyamīti, yaṃyanti; [cf. Gr. [greek] [greek] Lat. jejunus, froena, emo (for sumo), sub-imo, demo (for de-imo): Lith. immu, 'to take:' Slav. imami: Russ. imaju: Hib. iomai-nim, 'I drive, force, compel;' iomain, 'a driving.']

yacchat yacchat, an, antī, at, restraining, controlling.

yacchamāna yacchamāna, as, ā, am, Ved. stretching out, extending; distributing.

yata yata, as, ā, am, restrained, held in, curbed, kept in check, governed, &c.; limited, moderate, temperate; (am), n. the spurring or guiding of an elephant by means of the rider's feet.
     yatagir yata-gir, īr, īr, īr, one who restrains speech, keeping silence; [cf. yata-vāc.]
     yataṅkara yataṅ-kara, as, m., Ved. one who regulates, a regulator, (Sāy. = yamana-kartṛ.)
     yatacitta yata-citta, as, ā, am, one who controls the thoughts or restrains the feelings, subdued in mind.
     yatacittātman yatacittātman (-ta-āt-), ā, ā, a, one who controls the soul and spirit, of subdued or well-governed mind.
     yatamanyu yata-manyu, us, us, u, restraining or controlling anger.
     yatamānasa yata-mānasa, as, ā, am, = yata-citta above.
     yatamaithuna yata-maithuna, as, ā, am, abstaining from sexual intercourse or restraining all desire for it.
     yataraśmi yata-raśmi, is, is, i, Ved. having well held or guided reins.
     yatavāktva yatavāk-tva, am, n. the state of being restrained in speech, reticence.
     yatavāc yata-vāc, k, k, k, restraining speech, observing silence, reticent.
     yatavrata yata-vrata, as, ā, am, observing vows, keeping to engagements, holding to any promised observance.
     yatasruc yata-sruc, k, k, k, Ved. raising or lifting up the sacrificial ladle, stretching out or extending the ladle; [cf. udyata-sruc.]
     yatātman yatātman (-ta-āt-), ā, ā, a, self-restrained, restraining or curbing the soul, governing one's self.
     yatātmavat yatātma-vat, ān, atī, at, having a subdued mind, self-restrained.
     yatāhāra ya-tāhāra (-ta-āh-), as, ā, am, abstaining from food, temperate in eating, abstemious.
     yatendriya yatendriya (-ta-in-), as, ā, am, having the organs of sense restrained, of subdued passions, chaste, pure.

yati 2. yati, is, f. (for 1. see p. 805, col. 1), restraint, control, check; guidance; stopping, ceasing, rest, term; a pause (in music); caesura (in prosody); a widow, (in this sense also yatī; cf. yatinī); (is), m. an ascetic, devotee, one who has restrained his passions and abandoned the world; N. of a mythical race of ascetics (connected with the Bhṛgus and, according to one legend, said to have taken part in the creation of the world); N. of a son of Brahmā; of a son of Nahusha; of a son of Viśvāmitra; (with Jainas) N. of a class of ascetics; N. of Śiva; = nikāra.
     yaticāndrāyaṇa yati-cāndrāyaṇa, am, n., N. of a particular kind of penance (Manu XI. 218).
     yatitva yati-tva, am, n. the state of a Yati or ascetic.
     yatidharma yati-dharma, as, m. the duty of an ascetic or devotee.
     yatidharman yati-dharman, ā, m., N. of a son of Śva-phalka.
     yatidharmasamuccaya yatidharma-samuccaya, as, m., N. of a work on the duties of ascetics.
     yatipañcaka yati-pañcaka, am, n., N. of five stanzas on the subject of ascetics.
     yatipātra yati-pātra, am, n. an ascetic's vessel, a wooden vessel for collecting alms, (sometimes a hollow bamboo or an earthen bowl or a gourd is used for that purpose.)
     yatibhraṣṭa yati-bhraṣṭa, as, ā, am, wanting the caesura (in grammar or prosody).
     yatimaithuna yati-maithuna, am, n. the copulation or cohabitation of devotees, the unchaste life of ascetics.
     yativarya yati-varya, as, m., N. of the author of a commentary on Śiro-maṇi's Dīdhiti.
     yativilāsa yati-vilāsa, as, m. a proper N.
     yatisāntapana yati-sāntapana, am, n., N. of a particular kind of penance, (a pañca-gavya lasting for three days.)
     yatyanuṣṭhānapaddhati yaty-anuṣṭhāna-paddhati, is, f., N. of a treatise on the duties of ascetics by Śaṅkara Ānanda.

yatin yatin, ī, m. = 2. yati, an ascetic; (inī), f. a widow.

yatī yatī. See under 2. yati, col. 1.

yatta 2. yatta, as, ā, am (for 1. see p. 804, col. 3), = yata, col. 1, (occurring rarely in ep. poetry, and only when required by the exigency of metre.)

yatvā yatvā, ind. having restrained, having curbed or controlled.

yantavya yantavya, as, ā, am, to be held in or restrained; to be checked or controlled, to be guided or managed.

yanti yanti, is, f., see Pāṇ. VI. 4, 39.

yanturam yanturam, acc. sing. m., in Ṛg-veda III. 27, II, VIII. 19, 2. explained by Sāy. as an irregularity for yantāram, and used as an epithet of Agni (= sar-vasya niyantāram, regulator of all).

yantṛ yantṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, restraining, controlling; guiding, directing, &c.; one who restrains, a governor, ruler, director, manager, a guider, driver (of a chariot, waggon, &c.); an elephant driver or rider; fixing, one who fixes or makes fast (Ved.); giving, a giver (Ved.); in Naighaṇṭuka III. 19. yantāras is enumerated among the yācñākarmāṇas.

yantra yantra, am, n. a means or instrument for holding or restraining or fastening anything, a prop, support, stay, fence, barrier; a fetter, band, fastening, tie, thong, cord, rein, trace, harness; a surgical instrument (especially any blunt instrument, such as tweezers, a vice, &c., opposed to śastra); any instrument, machine, engine, implement, apparatus, vessel, appliance, (kūpa-yantra, a machine for drawing water from a well; cf. jala-y-, taila-y-, gola-y-); a lock, bolt, &c.; restraining, restraint, constraint, force, (yantreṇa, forcibly, violently); an amulet, a diagram of a mystical nature or astrological character used as an amulet.
     yantrakaraṇḍikā yantra-karaṇḍikā, f. a kind of magical basket.
     yantrakarmakṛt yantrakarma-kṛt, t, m. a person who makes instruments or machines, a machinist, artisan.
     yantragaruḍa yantra-garuḍa, as, m. an image of Garuḍa mechanically contrived to move by itself.
     yantragṛha yantra-gṛha, am, n. an oil-mill; a manufactory.
     yantragola yantra-gola, as, m. a kind of pea.
     yantraceṣṭita yantra-ceṣṭita, am, n. any magical work or operation, enchantment.
     yantratakṣan yantra-takṣan, ā, m. a constructer of machines, maker of instruments; a preparer of charms or spells.
     yantradṛḍha yantra-dṛḍha, as, ā, am, secured by a lock or bolt (as a door).
     yantradhārāgṛha yan-tra-dhārā-gṛha, am, n. a room fitted up with a kind of shower-bath, a bath-room with flowing water; [cf. dhārā-gṛha.]
     yantranāla yantra-nāla, am, n. a mechanical pipe or tube, the pipe of a well.
     yantraputraka yantra-putraka, as, ikā, m. f. a mechanical doll or puppet fitted with strings or any contrivance for moving the limbs.
     yantrapeṣaṇī yantra-peṣaṇī, f. a hand-mill.
     yantraprakāśa yantra-prakāśa, as, m., N. of a work (attributed to Madana-pāla).
     yantrapravāha yantra-pravāha, as, m. an artificial stream of water, machine for watering.
     yantramaya yan-tra-maya, as, ī, am, consisting of a machine, artificially made or constructed.
     yantramātṛkā yantra-mātṛkā, f., N. of one of the sixty-four Kalās.
     yantramārga yantra-mārga, as, m. an aqueduct, canal.
     yantramukta yantra-mukta, as, ā, am, thrown by any kind of machine (said of weapons).
     yantrayukta yantra-yukta, as, ā, am, furnished with (all necessary) implements or apparatus, (yantra-yuktā nauḥ, a boat fitted out with oars, sails, &c.)
     yantravat yantra-vat, ān, atī, at, possessing or furnished with a machine.
     yantraśara yantra-śara, as, m. a missile shot off by machinery.
     yantrasūtra yantra-sūtra, am, n. the cord attached to a jointed doll or puppet.
     yantrākāra yantrā-kāra (-ra-āk-) and yantroddhara (-ra-ud-), as, m., N. of two works.
     yantrārūḍha yantrārūḍha (-ra-ār-), as, ā, am, fixed or mounted on the revolving engine (of the universe).
     yantrālaya yantrālaya (-ra-āl-), as, m. a printing-office, press.
     yantrotkṣiptopala yantrotkṣiptopala (-ra-ut-, -ta-up-), as, m. a stone shot off by a machine (sling, ballista, &c.).
     yantropala yantropala (-ra-up-), as, am, m. n. a mill-stone, mill.

yantraka yantraka, as, ikā, am, restraining, a restrainer, tamer, subduer; (as), m. one acquainted with instruments or machinery, a maker of instruments or machines, machinist, artisan; (am), n. a bandage (in medicine); a turner's wheel, lathe.

yantraya yantraya, Nom. P. yantrayati, -yitum, to bind, confine, restrain, (see rt. yantr); to put on bandages, &c.; to place in splints, &c.

yantrin yantrin, ī, iṇī, i, having or furnished with harness or trappings (said of a horse); furnished with an amulet; tormenting, a tormentor, harasser, painer; (iṇī), f. a wife's younger sister.

yama yama, as, m. a rein, curb, bridle (Ved.); a driver, charioteer (Ved.); restraining, controlling, taming, keeping in check, restraint, (vācāṃ yamaḥ, restraint of words, silence); self-control, any great moral duty or observance, (as opposed to niyama, a minor duty or observance, see Manu IV. 204; some of the Yamas are as follow, 'restraining the organs of sense', 'chastity, and the control of all sensual desires', 'refraining from violence or injury', 'patience', 'truthfulness', 'honesty'); a twin, one of a pair or couple, a fellow, (yamau, 'the twins', an epithet of the Aśvins and of their twin children by Mādrī, called Nakula and Sahadeva); a symbolical expression for the number two; N. of the god who presides over the Pitṛs, q. v., and rules the spirits of the dead, (he is regarded in Post-vedic mythology as the appointed Judge and 'Restrainer' or Punisher of the dead, in which capacity he corresponds to the Greek Pluto and to Minos; he is one of the eight guardians of the world as regent of the South quarter, in which direction in some region of the lower world is his abode, called Yama-pura; thither a soul, when it leaves the body, is said to repair, and there, after the recorder, Citra-gupta, has read an account of its actions kept in a book called Agra-sandhānī, it receives a just sentence, either ascending to heaven or to the world of the Pitṛs or being driven down to one of the twenty-one hells [called the awful provinces of the kingdom of Yama] to be born again, after undergoing its appointed recompense of bliss or pain, in higher or lower forms of being; in unison with these functions Yama is sometimes called 'king of Justice' or simply 'Justice' [see dharma-rāja, dharma], sometimes 'Rod-bearer' or 'Noose-bearer' [see daṇḍa-dhara, pāśin], sometimes 'lord of the Pitṛs or Manes' [see pitṛ-pati], sometimes 'king of Death' or simply 'Death' [see mṛtyu-rāj, mṛtyu, kāla, antaka], sometimes 'god of the Śrāddha' [see śrāddha-deva]: in the Vana-parvan of the Mahā-bhārata, 1. 16754, where there is a story of his appearing to a dying man, he is described as dressed in blood-red garments, with a glittering form, a crown on his head, glowing eyes, and, like Varuṇa, holding a noose, with which he binds the spirit after drawing it from the body, in size about the measure of a man's thumb: he is otherwise represented as grim in aspect, green in colour, clothed in red, riding on a buffalo, and holding a club in one hand and noose in the other: he is said to possess two four-eyed watch-dogs, called Karbura [= Cerberus?], 'spotted', and Śyāma, 'dark', which guard the road to his abode: in the later mythology he is always represented as a terrible deity inflicting tortures, called yātanā, on departed souls: according to some the earlier legends point to the original meanings of his name being 'twin', and make him a kind of first man, Yama and his twin sister Yamī being the first pair of beings born from Vivasvat, 'the Sun', and his wife Saraṇyū; the seventh Manu, another form of the first man, being also born from the Sun, and so regarded as a brother of Yama, [see especially Ṛg-veda X. 10, part of which is ascribed to the authorship of Yama Vaivasvata, and cf. vaivasvata]; Yama is, however, described as resisting sexual alliance with his sister; Yama is also regarded as the regent of the Nakshatra Apabharaṇī or Bharaṇī, see yama-devatā); N. of the author of a hymn to Viṣṇu; of the author of a Dharma-śāstra; of the planet Saturn, (Saturn being regarded as the son of Vivasvat and Chāyā); of one of Skanda's attendants (mentioned together with Ati-yama); a crow [cf. yama-dūtaka]; (ās), m. pl., N. of a class of deities with Buddhists; (ī), f., N. of Yama's twin sister, who is identified in Post-vedic mythology with the river goddess Yamunā; (am), n. a pair, brace, couple; (in gram.) the twin letter of any consonant, (when a nasal consonant follows immediately after one of the four other consonants in each class, the consonant preceding the nasal may be doubled, and the interposed letter is then called its yama or twin, thus in kkṅ, the interposed k is a yama; but this interposed letter is generally understood, and not written in practice); pitch of the voice, tone of utterance, key; (as, ā or ī, am), twin-born, twin, double, coupled, paired.
     yamakālindī yama-kālindī, f., N. of Sañjñā (wife of the Sun and, according to one account, mother of Yama).
     yamakiṅkara yama-kiṅkara, as, m. Yama's servant, a messenger of death.
     yamakīṭa yama-kīṭa, as, m. a wood-louse; an earth-worm.
     yamakīla yama-kīla, as, m., N. of Viṣṇu.
     yamaketu yama-ketu, us, m. Yama's ensign or mark; a sign of death.
     yamakoṭi yama-koṭi, is, or yama-koṭī, f., N. of a mythical town (fabled by astronomers to be situated 90-or 1235 Yojanas east of Laṅkā).
     yamakṣaya yama-kṣaya, as, m. Yama's abode.
     yamagāthā yama-gāthā, f. a verse or hymn treating of Yama.
     yamagīta yama-gīta, am, n. 'the hymn of Yama (in praise of Viṣṇu)', N. of the seventh chapter of the third book of the Viṣṇu-Purāṇa, in which Yama instructs his ministers to keep clear of the worshippers of Viṣṇu, that god's votaries being admitted by him to be exempt from his authority.
     yamaghāṇṭa yama-ghāṇṭa, as, m., N. of an astronomical Yoga.
     yamaghna yama-ghna, as, m. 'destroying Yama or death', epithet of Viṣṇu.
     yamaja yama-ja, as, ā, am, twin-born; (as), m. a twin; (au), m. du. twins.
     yamajāta yama-jāta or yama-jātaka, as, ā, am, = yama-ja above.
     yamajit ya-ma-jit, t, m. 'conqueror of Yama', N. of Śiva.
     yamajihvā yama-jihvā, f. 'Yama's tongue', N. of a procuress (in Kathā-sarit-s. LVII. 59).
     yamatarpaṇa yama-tar-paṇa, am, n. presenting libations to Yama on the fourteenth day of the dark half of the month Āśvina.
     yamatīrtha yama-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.
     yamatva yama-tva, am, n. the being Yama, the name Yama.
     yamadaṃṣṭra yama-daṃṣṭra, as, m., N. of an Asura; of a Rākṣasa; of a warrior on the side of the gods; (ā), f. Yama's tooth, (yamadaṃṣṭrāntaraṃ ga-taḥ, one who has fallen into the jaws of Yama or Death); (ās), f. pl. the last eight days of the month Āśvina and the whole of Kārttika considered as a period of general sickness.
     yamadaṇḍa yama-daṇḍa, as, m. Yama's rod.
     yamadūta yama-dūta, as, m. Yama's messenger or minister (employed to bring the souls of the dead to Yama's judgment-seat, and thence conduct them to their final destination); a crow (as boding evil or death); (ī), f., N. of one of the nine Samidhs.
     yamadūtaka yama-dūtaka, as, m. Yama's messenger or minister; a crow; (ikā), f. Indian tamarind.
     yamadevatā ya-ma-devatā, f., N. of the lunar asterism Bharaṇī as presided over by Yama, (also am, n.)
     yamadaivata yama-daivata, as, ā, am, having Yama for lord or ruler.
     yamadruma yama-druma, as, m. 'Yama's tree', Bombax Heptaphyllum.
     yamadvitīyā yama-dvitīyā, f., N. of the second day in the light half of the month Kārttika (when brothers and sisters dress up and exchange gifis and compliments in allusion to the attachment of Yama and his sister Yamī; cf. bhrātṛ-dvitīyā).
     yamadvīpa yama-dvīpa, as, m., N. of an island.
     yamadhānī yama-dhānī, f. Yama's dwelling or abode.
     yamadhāra yama-dhāra, as, m. a kind of double-edged weapon.
     yamanakṣatra yama-nakṣatra, am, n. Yama's asterism or lunar mansion, (see above under yama.)
     yamanetra yama-netra, as, ā, am, Ved. having Yama as a guide or leader.
     yamapāśa yama-pāśa, as, m. the snare or noose of Yama.
     yamapura yama-pura, am, n. the city or abode of Yama, (see above under yama.)
     yamapuruṣa yama-puruṣa, as, m. Yama's servant or minister.
     yamaprasthapura yama-prastha-pura, am, n., N. of a town, where Yama was especially worshipped.
     yamapriya ya-ma-priya, as, ā, am, dear to Yama, beloved by Yama; (as), m. the Indian fig-tree, Ficus Indica.
     yamabhaginī yama-bhaginī, f. 'Yama's sister', the river Yamunā or Jumna.
     yamamārga yama-mārga, as, m. Yama's road or path.
     yamamārgagamana yamamārga-gamana, am, n. the going or entering on Yama's road, receiving the recompense for one's actions.
     yamayātanā yama-yātanā, f. the torment or torture inflicted by Yama.
     yamaratha yama-ratha, as, m. 'Yama's vehicle', i. e. a buffalo.
     yamarāj ya-ma-rāj, ṭ, m. king Yama.
     yamarāja yama-rāja, as, m. king Yama; N. of a physician.
     yamarājan yama-rājan, ā, m. king Yama; (ā, ā, a), Ved. having Yama as king, subject to Yama.
     yamarājya yama-rājya or yama-rāṣṭra, am, n. Yama's kingdom, the dominion of Yama.
     yamarkṣa yamarkṣa (-ma-ṛk-), am, n., Ved. a lunar mansion or asterism supposed to be under Yama or Saturn.
     yamaloka yama-loka, as, m. Yama's world, the region of Yama.
     yamavat yama-vat, ān, atī, at, possessing restraint, one who governs himself or keeps the passions in subjection, self-restrained, temperate, moderate.
     yamavatsā yama-vatsā, f., Ved. a cow bearing twin calves.
     yamavāhana yama-vāhana, as, m. 'Yama's vehicle', i. e. a buffalo.
     yamaviṣaya yama-viṣaya, as, m. Yama's realm or empire.
     yamavrata yama-vrata, am, n. a religious observance or vow made to Yama; Yama's method or manner (i. e. punishing offences without regard to persons or without partiality, as one of the duties of kings, see Manu IX. 307); N. of a Sāman.
     yamaśikha yama-śikha, as, m., N. of a Vetāla.
     yamaśrāya yama-śrāya, as, m. the residence or place of resort of Yama, the Southern quarter.
     yamaśreṣṭha yama-śreṣṭha, as, ā, am, among whom Yama is the chief or takes precedence (said of the Pitṛs).
     yamaśva yama-śva, as, m. Yama's dog, (see under yama.)
     yamasadana yama-sadana, am, n. Yama's seat or abode.
     yamasabha yama-sabha, as, ā, m. f. Yama's council or court of justice, the tribunal of Yama.
     yamasabhīya yamasabhīya, as, ā, am, relating to Yama's court of justice.
     yamasāt yama-sāt, ind. to the power of Yama; yamasāt kṛ, to make over to Yama, deliver over to the god of death; yamasāt kṛta, made over to or devoted to Yama, sent to Yama.
     yamasādana yama-sādana, am, n. Yama's seat or abode (= yama-sadana).
     yamasū yama-sū, ūs, f. bringing forth twins; (ūs), m. Yama's father, the Sun.
     yamasūkta yama-sūkta, am, n., Ved. a hymn in honour of Yama.
     yamasūrya yama-sūrya, am, n. a building with two halls or porches, one with a western, the other with a northern aspect.
     yamastoma yama-stoma, as, m., N. of an Ekāha.
     yamasvasṛ yama-svasṛ, sā, f. 'Yama's sister', N. of the river Yamunā (commonly called Jumna); N. of Durgā.
     yamahārdikā yama-hārdikā, f., N. of one of Devī's female attendants.
     yamahāseśvaratīrtha yama-hāseśvara-tīrtha (-sa-īś-), am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.
     yamātirātra yamātirātra (-ma-at-), as, m., Ved., N. of a Sattra of forty-nine days duration.
     yamādarśanatrayodaśī yamādarśana-trayodaśī (-ma-ad-), f., N. of a particular thirteenth lunar day.
     yamādarśanatrayodaśīvrata yamā-darśanatrayodaśī-vrata, am, n. a religious observance on the above day, (those who perform this are said to be exempted from seeing Yama.)
     yamāditya yamā-ditya (-ma-ād-), as, m. a particular form of the sun.
     yamānuga yamānuga (-ma-an-), as, ā, am, following Yama, being in attendance on Yama.
     yamānucara yamānu-cara (-ma-an-), as, m. a servant or attendant of Yama.
     yamāntaka yamāntaka (-ma-an-), as, m. Yama (regarded) as the destroyer or god of death [cf. kālān-taka]; 'Yama's destroyer', N. of Śiva; (au), m. du. Yama and the god of death.
     yamāri yamāri (-ma-ari), is, m. 'Yama's enemy', N. of Viṣṇu.
     yamālaya ya-mālaya (-ma-āl-), as, m. Yama's abode.
     yameśa yameśa (-ma-īśa), as, ā, am, having Yama as lord or chief; (am), n. the Nakshatra Bharaṇī.
     yameśvara yame-śvara (-ma-īś-), am, n., N. of a Liṅga.

yamaka yamaka, as, m. restraint, check, &c., = yama, (in this sense, according to some, am, n.); = vrata, a religious obligation or observance; a twin, one of a pair or couple, a fellow; scil. sneha, two similar greasy substances, oil and ghee; (am), n. (in medicine) a double band or bandage; (in artificial poetry) the repeating or setting in opposition in the same stanza of words or syllables different in meaning but similar in sound, a kind of play on words or paronomasia, (the following kinds are enumerated, yuk-pāda-yamaka, a-yuk-pāda-y-, ādyanta-y-, pā-dādi-y-, pāda-madhya-y-, pādānta-y-, pādādi-madhya-y-, pādādyanta-y-, madhyānta-y-, kāñ-cī-y-, garbha-y-, cakravāla-y-, puṣpa-y-, mahā-y-, mithuna-y-, vṛtta-y-, vipatha-y-, samudga-y-, sarva-y-, yamakāvalī-y-); N. of a kind of metre, four times [metrical sequence]; a couple of similar substances (as serum and marrow, oil and ghee); (as, ā, am), twin, twin-born, fellow, doubled, twofold.
     yamakakāvya yamaka-kāvya, am, n., N. of an artificial poem ascribed to Ghaṭa-karpara.
     yamakatva yamaka-tva, am, n. the being a Yamaka, (see above.)

yamana yamana, as, ī, am, restraining, curbing, taming, governing, managing; (as), m. the god Yama; (am), n. the act of restraining or holding, curbing; binding; the being restrained, stopping, ceasing, term, cessation, rest.

yamala yamala, as, ā, am, twin, one of a pair or couple, paired, doubled; (as), m. a term for the number two; (au), m. du. twins, a pair, couple, brace; (ā), f. a kind of hiccough; N. of a Tantra deity; of a river; (ī), f. a pair; a sort of dress consisting of two pieces (body and petticoat); (am), n. a pair.
     yamalaśānti yamala-śānti, is, f. a purificatory ceremony after the birth of twins.
     yamalārjuna yamalārjuna (-la-ar-), au, m. du. two Arjuna trees which obstructed the path of Kṛṣṇa, when a child, and were uprooted by him, (according to Hari-vaṃśa 3449, his fostermother Yaśo-dā had tied him to an ulūkhala or large wooden mortar, but such was the strength of the child that he not only dragged away the mortar but the twin Arjuna trees with which it came in contact; these trees were afterwards personified as the enemies of Kṛṣṇa, and in the later mythology they are regarded as metamorphoses of Nala-kūbara and Maṇi-grīva, two sons of Kuvera.)
     yamalārjunaka yamalār-junaka (-la-ar-), au, m. du. = yamalārjuna.
     yamalārjunabhañjana yamalārjuna-bhañjana, as, m. or yamalār-juna-han, ā, m. epithet of Kṛṣṇa or Viṣṇu.
     yamalodbhava yamalodbhava (-la-ud-), as, m. the birth of twins.

yamasāna yamasāna, as, ā, am, Ved. champing the bit, holding the reins or bridle; (Sāy. = tṛṇādikaṃ niyacchat, holding or champing grass, &c.)

yamānikā yamānikā or yamānī, f. Ptychotis Ajowan; [cf. kṣetra-y-, yavānikā.]

yamāya yamāya, Nom. A. yamāyate, -yitum, to represent or be like Yama, the god of death.

yamika yamika, am, n., with agastyasya, N. of a Sāman.

yamita yamita, as, ā, am, restrained, checked, curbed.

yamin yamin, ī, inī, i, restraining, curbing, controlling; (ī), m. one who restrains himself, a sage who has subdued his senses; (inī), f., Ved. bringing forth twins.

yamiṣṭha yamiṣṭha, as, ā, am, Ved. guiding or managing best, most skilful in restraining or guiding (horses).

yamunā yamunā, f., N. of a river, commonly called the Jumna (personified as Yamī, the twin sister of Yama, q. v., and hence regarded as daughter of the Sun as well as sister of the seventh Manu or Manu Vaivasvata; this celebrated river rises in the Himālaya mountains among the Jumnotri peaks at an elevation of 10, 849 feet, and flows for 860 miles before it joins the Ganges at Allahabad, its water being there clear as crystal, while that of the Ganges is yellow; the confluence is a very sacred spot with the Hindūs, and the river Sarasvatī being supposed to join the other two rivers underground, the place is called tri-veṇī, q. v.); N. of a daughter of the Muni Mataṅga.
     yamunājanaka yamunā-janaka, as, m. the father of Yamunā; N. of the god of the Sun.
     yamunātīrtha yamunā-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.
     yamunādvīpa ya-munā-dvīpa, as, m., N. of a district.
     yamunāpati yamunā-pati, is, m. 'lord of Yamunā', N. of Viṣṇu.
     yamunāprabhava yamunā-prabhava, as, m. the source of the river Yamunā (celebrated as a place of pilgrimage).
     yamunābhāj yamunā-bhāj, k, k, k, living on the Yamunā.
     yamunābhid yamunā-bhid, t, m., N. of Bala-deva (so called from his having divided the river into two parts with his ploughshare).
     yamunābhrātṛ yamunā-bhrātṛ, tā, m. the brother of Yamunā, i. e. Yama.
     yamunāṣṭaka yamunāṣṭaka (-nā-aṣ-), am, n., N. of a short poem (consisting of eight stanzas) on the glories of the river Yamunā.
     yamunāṣṭapadī yamunāṣṭa-padī (-nā-aṣ-), f., N. of a short poem on the Yamunā.

yamya 1. yamya, as, ā, am, restrainable, to be curbed or controlled.

yamya 2. yamya, as, ā, am (fr. yama), Ved. being a twin, (Sāy. = yama-rūpa, mithuna-bhūta); twinlike, belonging to twins; (ā), f. night, (according to Naighaṇṭuka 1. 7.)

yamadagni yamadagni, an incorrect reading for jamad-agni.

yamanvan yamanvan, ā, m. or yamanvā, f. a term for a form increased by Vṛddhi.

yamayā yamayā, N. of the sixth astronomical Yoga.

yamayiṣṇu yamayiṣṇu, in Sāma-veda I. 5, 1, 2, 3 = namayiṣṇu, q. v.

yamala yamala. See p. 810, col. 3.

yamunda yamunda, as, m. a proper N.

yamuṣadeva yamuṣadeva, N. of a kind of woven cloth mentioned in Rāja-taraṅgiṇi 1. 299.

yamerukā yamerukā, f. a kind of drum or gong on which the hours are struck.

yayāti yayāti, m., N. of a celebrated monarch of the lunar race (son of king Nahusha, whom he succeeded; he first married the daughter of Uśanas or Śukra, Devayānī, who had been thrown into a well by Śarmiṣṭhā, daughter of Vṛṣa-parvan; Yayāti having found her and wedded her, she demanded that Śarmiṣṭhā, who had ill-treated her, should become her handmaid; this was granted, but Yayāti then fell in love with the handmaid and secretly married her, for which the father of Devayānī inflicted on him premature decay; from the two wives of Yayāti came the two lines of the lunar race, Yadu being the son of Devayānī, and Puru of Śarmiṣṭhā; Yayāti Nāhuṣa is represented as the author of Ṛg-veda IX. 101, 4-6).
     yayāticarita yayāti-carita, am, n. the history of Yayāti; N. of a drama in seven acts by Rudra-deva (celebrating the amours of Yayāti and Śarmiṣṭhā).
     yayātipatana yayāti-patana, am, n. 'fall of Yayāti', N. of a place of pilgrimage.
     yayātivijaya yayāti-vijaya, as, m. 'Yayāti's victory', N. of a work.

yayāvara yayāvara for yāyāvara, q. v.

yayi yayi, is, is, i, or yayī, īs, īs, i (fr. rt. 1. ), Ved. going, moving, hastening, swift, quick; (īs), m. a horse; a road; Śiva; a cloud, (in this sense the gender is doubtful.)

yayin yayin, ī, m., N. of Śiva.

yayivas yayivas, vān, yuṣī, vat, who or what has gone.

yayu yayu, us, us, u, going, moving, hastening, quick, swift; (us), m. a horse fit for sacrifice ('one running about wild'); a horse (generally).

yarhi yarhi (fr. the pronom. base 3. ya; its proper correlative is tarhi or etarhi, but it may be followed by tadā, tatra, atha, &c.), when, at what time, whenever, while, whereas, since, as, because; (yarhi is found in construction with either pres. or pot.; also with impf. or perf. or aor.)

yava 1. yava, as, m. Ved. the first half of a month, (generally in the pl.; according to the commentators = pūrva-pakṣāḥ; also written yāva.)

yavan yavan, ā, m. = 1. yava above.

yavya 1. yavya, as, m. (for 2. see col. 3), a month (as containing a yava, see above).

yava 2. yava, as, ā, am (fr. rt. 1. yu), Ved. warding off, keeping off, averting, preventing, removing.

yavayāvan yavayāvan, ā, m., Ved. one who keeps off or averts.

yava 3. yava, as, m. (perhaps connected with rt. 2. yu), barley, (in the earliest times probably any grain or corn yielding flour or meal); a barely-corn; (as a measure of length) a barley-corn = (1/6) or (according to others) (1/8) of an aṅgula; (as a weight) a barley-corn = 6 grains of white mustard seed or (according to others) = 12 mustard seeds = (1/2) guñja; (in palmistry) a figure or mark on the hand resembling a barley-corn, a natural line across the thumb at the second joint compared to a grain of barley and supposed to indicate good fortune; N. of a particular astronomical Yoga, (viz. when the favourable planets are situated in the fourth and tenth mansions and the unfavourable ones in the first and seventh); speed, velocity (?); a double convex lens (?); [cf. Zend yava; Gr. [greek] Lith. jawa-s.]
     yavakrī yava-krī, īs, m. a buyer or purchaser of barley; a proper N.; [cf. yava-krīta.]
     yavakrīta yava-krīta, as, m. 'purchased with barley', N. of a son of Bharadvāja.
     yavakṣāra yava-kṣāra, as, m. an alkali prepared from the ashes of burnt barley-straw, saltpetre, nitre, nitrate of potash.
     yavakṣetra yava-kṣetra, am, n. a field of barley.
     yavakṣoda yava-kṣoda, as, m. barley-meal.
     yavakhada yava-khada, see Gaṇa Vrīhy-ādi to Pāṇ. V. 2, 116.
     yavagodhūmaja yava-godhūma-ja, as, ā, am, produced from barley and wheat, prepared with barley and wheat.
     yavagrīva yava-grīva, as, ā, am, Ved. 'barley-necked', whose neck is like a grain of barley (said of a fowl; called also yava-śiras, q. v.).
     yavacaturthī yava-caturthī, f. a sort of game played on the fourth day in the light half of the month Vaiśākha (when people throw barley-meal over one another).
     yavacūrṇa yava-cūrṇa, as, am, m. n. barley-meal.
     yavaja yava-ja, as, m. = yava-kṣāra; Ptychotis Ajowan (= yavānī).
     yavatiktā yava-tiktā, f. a species of plant (= śaṅkhinī).
     yavadvīpa yava-dvīpa, as, m. the island Yava, (also written jala-dvīpa.)
     yavanāla yava-nāla, as, m. a sort of grass or grain, Andropogon Bicolor; barley-straw (?) .
     yavanālaja ya-vanāla-ja, as, m. an alkali made from the ashes of the above plant, nitre; [cf. yava-kṣāra.]
     yavapiṣṭa ya-va-piṣṭa, am, n. barely-meal.
     yavaprakhya yava-prakhya, as, ā, am, resembling barley-meal; (ā), f., N. of a particular eruption or small tumor like a barely-corn.
     yavapraroha yava-praroha, as, m. a shoot or ear of barley.
     yavaphala yava-phala, as, m. the bamboo cane; Indian spikenard, Nardostachys Jatamansi; Wrightia Antidysenterica; the tree Ficus Infectoria; an onion.
     yavabusa yava-busa, am, n. the husk or chaff of barley.
     yavabusaka yavabusaka, as, ā, am, (to be paid) at the time of the production of barley-husk (as a debt; cf. Pāṇini IV. 3, 48).
     yavamat yava-mat, ān, atī, at, possessing or abounding in barley; containing barley, mixed with barley; (ān), m., N. of a Gandharva; of the author of a Vedic hymn; (atī), f. a kind of metre, twice [greek] [greek] (at), n. abundance of grain (Ved.).
     yavamadhya yava-madhya, as, ā, am, having the middle like a barely-corn, i. e. stout or broad in the centre and thin or tapering at the ends; (as), m. a kind of drum; (ā), f. a kind of metre; (am), n. a kind of penance (= yava-madhyama, q. v.); a particular measure of length.
     yavamadhyama yava-madhyama, am, n. a kind of lunar penance, (see cāndrāyaṇa.)
     yavamaya yava-maya, as, ī, am, consisting of barley, made of barley.
     yavamātra yava-mātra, as, ī, am, measuring a barleycorn, as large as a grain of barley.
     yavamuṣṭi yava-muṣṭi, is, m. f. a handful of barley.
     yavalāsa yava-lāsa, as, m. nitre, saltpetre.
     yavavaktra yava-vaktra, as, ā, am, having a head or point like a grain of barley.
     yavaśiras yava-śiras, ās, ās, as, having a head shaped like a grain of barley, (see yava-grīva.)
     yavaśūka yava-śūka or yava-śūka-ja, as, m. = yava-kṣāra, a kind of alkaline salt prepared from the ashes of burnt barley-straw.
     yavasura yava-sura, am, n. malt-liquor, an intoxicating drink prepared from barley, beer.
     yavākāra yavākāra (-va-āk-), as, ā, am, barley-shaped, shaped like a barleycorn.
     yavāgraja yavāgra-ja (-va-ag-), as, m. = yava-kṣāra, N. of a plant, Ptychotis Ajowan (= ya-vānī).
     yavāgrayaṇa yavāgrayaṇa (-va-āg-), am, n. the firstlings or first-fruits of barley.
     yavāṅkura yavāṅkura (-va-aṅ-), as, m. a shoot or blade of barley.
     yavācita yavācita (-va-āc-), as, ā, am, laden with barley.
     yavād yavād (-va-ad), t, t, t, eating barley, living on barley.
     yavānna ya-vānna (-va-an-), am, n. barley-food, boiled barley.
     yavāpatya yavāpatya (-va-ap-), am, n. = yava-kṣāra.
     yavāmlaja yavāmla-ja (-va-am-), am, n. sour barleygruel.
     yavāśir yavāśir (-va-āś-), īr, īr, īr, mixed or malted with barley.
     yavāhāra yavāhāra (-va-āh-), as, ā, am, having barley for food, living on barley.
     yavāhva ya-vāhva (-va-āh-), as, m. = yava-kṣāra.
     yavottha yavot-tha (-va-ut-), am, n. = yavāmla-ja.
     yavodara yavodara (-va-ud-), am, n. the body or thick part of a grain of barley used as a measure of length.
     yavorvarā yavorvarā (-va-ur-), f., Ved. a filed sown with barley, barley-field.

yavaka yavaka, as, m. barley; = yava-prakāra, a sort of barley.

yavakya yavakya, as, ā, am, producing barley, sown with barley, fit for barley.

yavakṣā yavakṣā, f., N. of a river.

yavayu yavayu, us, us, u, Ved. desiring barley or corn, (Sāy. = yavecchu.)

yavasa yavasa, am, n. (according to some also as, m.), grass, fodder, food, pasturage, pasture, meadow grass.
     yavasaprathama yavasa-prathama, as, ā, am, Ved. beginning with or depending on good pasturage, well-nurtured; (according to Mahī-dhara on Vājasaneyi-s. XXI. 43. first or best of all kinds of food.)
     yavasād yavasād (-sa-ad), t, t, t, Ved. eating or consuming grass, grazing, pasturing, feeding.
     yavasānnodakendhana yavasānnodakendhana (-sa-anna-ud-, -ka-in-), am, n. grass, corn, water, and fuel.
     yavasodaka yavasodaka (-sa-ud-), e, n. du. grass and water.

yavāgū yavāgū, ūs, f. (in Uṇādi-s. III. 81. said to come fr. rt. 2. yu), sour gruel, rice-gruel (made from rice boiled with water and said to be composed of six measures of water to one of rice); any thin decoction of other kinds of grain, &c., (according to some, a decoction in which four measures of grain are steeped in sixty-four measures of water and the whole boiled down to half the original quantity.)
     yavāgūmaya yavāgū-maya, as, ī, am, consisting of Yavāgū.

yavānikā yavānikā, f. Ptychotis Ajowan.

yavānī yavānī, f. a kind of bad barley; Ptychotis Ajowan.

yavāsa yavāsa, as, m. (said to be fr. rt. 2. yu), = yāsa, Alhagi Maurorum; a species of Khadira; (ā), f. a kind of grass (= guṇḍāsinī).
     yavāsaśarkarā yavāsa-śarkarā, f. a kind of sugar made from Yavāsa.

yavāsaka yavāsaka, as, m. Alhagi Maurorum.

yavāsinī yavāsinī, f. a district abounding in Yavāsa.

yavika yavika or yavila, as, ā, am, having or producing barley.

yavin yavin, ī, inī, i, = yavika above.

yavya 2. yavya, as, ā, am (for 1. yavya see col. 2), suitable or fit for barley; sown with or consisting of barley; (as), m., Ved. a stock of barley or fruit; (ās), m. pl., N. of a family of Ṛṣis; (am), n. a field of barley; (Ved.) epithet of certain Homamantras; (ā), f., Ved. a river, stream (in Ṛg-veda VIII. 98, 8).

yavyāvatī yavyā-vatī, f., Ved., N. of a river (in Ṛg-veda VI. 27, 6, identified by Sāy. with Hariyūpīyā, which he describes as the N. of a river or of a city); N. of a district.

yavakṣāra yava-kṣāra. See col. 2.

yavagaṇḍa yavagaṇḍa, as, m. = yuva-gaṇḍa, a kind of eruption on the face.

yavana yavana, as, m. (fr. rt. 1. or 2. yu, or connected with rt. ju = 1. ), one who keeps back; one who mixes, &c., see Gaṇa Nandyādi to Pāṇ. III. 1, 134; a fast horse, courser, (in this sense fr. rt. 1. and connected with javana, for which it is sometimes a false reading); speed, velocity, (connected with rt. 1. ); an Ionian, Greek, (in Uṇādi-s. II. 74. said to be fr. rt. 2. yu); a king of the Greeks; a Muhammadan, (sometimes applied to both the Muhammadan and European invaders of India as coming from the same quarter); any foreigner; a barbarian generally (Manu X. 44); the country of the Yavanas (sometimes applied to Bactria, Ionia, Greece, and more recently to Arabia); a carrot; olibanum; (ās), m. pl. the Ionians or Greeks; the Greek astrologers; N. of a dynasty; (ī), f. a Greek or Muhammadan woman; the wife of a Yavana; = javanī, a curtain.
     yavanadeśa yavana-deśa, as, m. the country of the Yavanas.
     yavanadeśaja yavanadeśa-ja, 'growing in the country of the Yavanas', styrax or benzoin.
     yavanadviṣṭa yavana-dviṣṭa, as, m. 'hated or disliked by Yavanas', bdellium.
     yavanapura yavana-pura, am, n. the city of the Yavanas, (probably) Alexandria.
     yavanapriya yavana-priya, am, n. 'dear to Yavanas', pepper.
     yavanamuṇḍa yavana-muṇḍa, as, m. a bald Yavana, one with a shaved head.
     yavanasena yavana-sena, as, m. a proper N.
     yavanācārya yavanācārya (-na-āc-), as, m. an astronomical writer (frequently quoted by Varāhamihira and other ancient Hindū astronomers, perhaps any Greek astronomer).
     yavanāri yavanāri (-na-ari), is, m. 'enemy of the Yavanas', N. of Kṛṣṇa or Viṣṇu; of a king of Vārāṇasī.
     yavaneśvara yavaneśvara (-na-īś-), as, m., N. of the author of the Mīnarāja-jātaka.
     yavaneṣṭa yavaneṣṭa (-na-iṣ-), as, ā, am, liked by the Yavanas; (as), m. a kind of onion or garlic; Azadirachta Indica; (ā), f. the wild date tree; (am), n. lead; an onion, garlic; pepper.

yavanaka yavanaka, as, m. a particular kind of grain; (ikā), f. = yavanī, a Yavana woman; = javanikā, a curtain or screen, an outer tent, a screen of cloth surrounding a tent; a veil.

yavanānī yavanānī, f. the writing of the Yavanas.

yavanāla yava-nāla. See p. 811, col. 2.

yavaya yavaya (fr. yuvan), Nom. P. yava-yati, -yitum, to make young.

yavayasa yavayasa, am, n., N. of a Varsha in Plaksha-dvīpa.

yavasa yavasa. See p. 811, col. 3.

yavāgū yavāgū. See p. 811, col. 3.

yavāna yavāna, as, ā, am, quick, swift, rash, (incorrectly for javāna, part. fr. rt. 1. .)

yavānikā yavānikā. See p. 811, col. 3.

yavāṣa yavāṣa = yevāṣa, q. v.

yavāṣika yavāṣika, see Gaṇa 1. Kumudādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

yavāṣin yavāṣin, see Gaṇa Prekṣādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

yaviṣṭha yaviṣṭha, as, ā, am (superl. of yuvan), youngest, very young, last-born; (as), m. a younger brother; N. of Agni (called 'the youngest' or 'last-born' of the gods, either as produced from wood or as placed on the altar after everything else); N. of a Brāhman; (ās), m. pl. his descendants; agni yaviṣṭha, N. of the author of the hymn Ṛgveda VIII. 91; [cf. Old Germ. jungisto.] --1. ya-viṣṭha-vat, ān, atī, at, containing the word ya-viṣṭha.
     yaviṣṭhavat 2. yaviṣṭha-vat, ind. like a youth.

yaviṣṭhya yaviṣṭhya, as, ā, am, Ved. youngest, = ya-viṣṭha, (Sāy. = yuvatama.)

yavīyas yavīyas, ān, asī, as (compar. of yuvan), younger; (ān), m. a younger brother; a Śūdra (as opposed to one of the three higher castes); (asī), f. a younger sister; [cf. Goth. juhisa.]

yavīyasa yavīyasa, as, m., N. of a preceptor.

yavīnara yavīnara, as, m., N. of a son of Ajamīḍha; of a son of Dvimīḍha and of Bharmyāśva and of Vāhyāśva.

yavīyudh yavīyudh, t, t, t (fr. Intens. of rt. 1. yudh), Ved. eager to fight, fond of war, warlike, (also written yavyudh.)

yavya 1.2. yavya. See p. 811, cols. 2,3.

yaśa yaśa. See col. 3.

yaśada yaśada, am, n. a species of mineral (commonly called dastā, which according to some is zinc or pewter).

yaśas yaśas, as, n. (in Uṇādi-s. IV. 190. said to be fr. rt. 1. ; according to some for original daśas = Lat. decus, fr. a lost rt. daś), beautiful or handsome appearance, beauty, splendor, magnificence, worth, excellence (Ved.); honour, glory, praise, renown, fame, reputation, distinction, celebrity; Fame (personified as the son of Kāma and Rati or of Dharma and Kīrtti); an object of honour or respect, a person of respectability; favour, partiality (Ved.); = udaka, water (Ved.); anna, food (Ved.); = dhana, wealth (Ved.); N. of a Sāman; (ās), m. a proper N.; (ās, ās, as), Ved. beautiful, handsome, splendid, resplendent; worthy, excellent; renowned, honoured, respected, venerated; pleasant, pleasing, agreeable, estimable; [cf. Gr. [greek] [greek] Lat. dec-et, decus, dignu-s, doceo; probably Angl. Sax. ta, tah; Old Germ. zeha.]
     yaśaḥkarṇa yaśaḥ-karṇa, as, m., N. of a king.
     yaśaḥkāya yaśaḥ-kāya, as, m. a body consisting of fame or glory, i. e. glory, reputation.
     yaśaḥketu yaśaḥ-ketu, us, m., N. of various kings.
     yaśaḥpaṭaha yaśaḥ-paṭaha, as, m. a drum, a double drum.
     yaśaḥpāla yaśaḥ-pāla, as, m., N. of a king.
     yaśaḥprakhyāpana yaśaḥ-prakhyāpana, am, n. spreading abroad or proclaiming the glory (of any one).
     yaśaḥśarīra yaśaḥ-śarīra, am, n. = yaśaḥ-kāya above.
     yaśaḥśeṣa yaśaḥ-śeṣa, as, ā, am, having nothing left but glory or fame, i. e. dead; (as), m. death, dying.
     yaśaścandra yaśaś-candra, as, m., N. of a king.
     yaśaskara yaśas-kara, as, ī, am, causing renown, conferring fame or distinction, famous, glorious; (as), m., N. of various men.
     yaśaskarasvāmin yaśaskara-svāmin, N. of a temple founded by a certain Yaśas-kara.
     yaśaskāma yaśas-kāma, as, ā, am, honour-loving, desirous or eager for fame, ambitious.
     yaśaskāmya yaśas-kāmya, Nom. P. -kāmyati, &c., to desire honour or fame, be eager for renown.
     yaśaskāmyat yaśas-kāmyat, an, antī, at, desiring fame, desirous of glory.
     yaśaskṛt yaśas-kṛt, t, t, t, causing honour, conferring dignity or renown.
     yaśastama yaśas-tama, as, ā, am, Ved. most renowned or resplendent.
     yaśasvat ya-śas-vat, ān, atī, at, possessing honour or glory, full of honour, honourable, glorious, famous; pleasant, pleasing, excellent, handsome; agreeable, estimable; (atī), f., N. of a woman.
     yaśasvitama yaśasvi-tama, as, ā, am, most famous or renowned.
     yaśasvin yaśas-vin, ī, inī, i, possessing honour or glory, renowned, famous, celebrated, glorious; excellent, handsome; (inī), f. epithet of a particular artery; N. of several plants, wild cotton (= vana-kārpāsī, yava-tiktā, mahā-jyotiṣmatī); N. of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda.
     yaśogopi yaśo-gopi, is, m., N. of a commentator on the Śrautasūtras of Kātyāyana.
     yaśoghna yaśo-ghna, as, ī, am, destroying the appearance or beauty (Ved.); destroying fame or reputation.
     yaśoda yaśo-da, as, ā, am, glorygiving, bestowing distinction, conferring fame or renown; (as), m. quicksilver; (ā), f., N. of the wife of the cowherd Nanda, (she resided at Go-kula, and was the foster-mother of Kṛṣṇa, who immediately after his birth as son of Devakī and Vasu-deva was entrusted to her care, that he might be protected from the enmity of Kaṃsa); N. of the wife of Mahā-vīra and daughter of Samara-vīra; N. of the daughter of a class of Manes.
     yaśodatta yaśo-datta, as, m. a proper N.
     yaśodā yaśo-dā, ās, ās, am, Ved. glorygiving, conferring beauty, (for yaśo-dā, f. of yaśo-da, see above.)
     yaśodāgarbhasambhūtā yaśodā-garbha-sambhūtā, f. epithet of Durgā.
     yaśodānanda yaśodā-nanda, as, m. Yaśodā's son, i. e. Kṛṣṇa.
     yaśodeva yaśo-deva, as, m., N. of a Buddhist mendicant; of a son of Rāma-candra; (ī), f., N. of a daughter of Vainateya and wife of Bṛhan-manas.
     yaśodhana yaśo-dhana, am, n. a fund or stock of fame; (as, ā, am), whose wealth consists of fame, rich in renown, renowned, famous (said of persons); (as), m., N. of a king.
     yaśodhara yaśo-dhara, as, ā, am, maintaining or preserving glory, upholding renown; (as), m., N. of the fifth day of the civil month (karma-māsa); of the eighteenth Arhat of the preceding and of the nineteenth of the future Utsarpiṇī; of a son of Kṛṣṇa by Rukmiṇī, (also read yaśo-vara); of various other men; (ā), f., N. of the fourth night of the civil month; of the mother of Rāhula; of several other women.
     yaśodhā yaśo-dhā, ās, ās, am, conferring splendor or fame.
     yaśodhāman yaśo-dhāman, a, n. site or abode of glory.
     yaśonandi yaśo-nandi, is, m., N. of a king.
     yaśobhagin yaśo-bha-gin, ī, inī, i, Ved. possessing fame, rich in glory, famous, renowned.
     yaśobhagīna yaśo-bhagīna, as, ā, am, or yaśo-bhagya, as, ā, am, Ved., see Pāṇ. IV. 4, 131.
     yaśobhadra yaśo-bhadra, as, m. (with Jainas) N. of one of the six Śruta-kevalins.
     yaśobhṛt yaśo-bhṛt, t, t, t, bearing fame, possessing renown, famous, renowned; bringing glory.
     yaśomatī yaśo-matī, f., N. of the third lunar night.
     yaśomatya yaśo-matya, ās, m. pl., N. of a people.
     yaśomādhava yaśo-mādhava, as, m. a form of Viṣṇu.
     yaśomitra ya-śo-mitra, as, m., N. of a Buddhist author.
     yaśorāja yaśo-rāja, as, m. a proper N.
     yaśorāśi yaśo-rāśi, is, m. a heap or mass of glory, a glorious deed.
     yaśolekhā yaśo-lekhā f., N. of a princess.
     yaśovat yaśo-vat, ān, atī, at, possessing fame or glory; (atī), f., N. of various women; of a district (originally of a stream; sometimes abbreviated into yaśo-vati); of a mythical town on mount Meru.
     yaśovara yaśo-vara, as, m., N. of a son of Kṛṣṇa by Rukmiṇī, (see yaśo-dhara.)
     yaśovartman yaśo-vartman, a, n. the path of glory, road to fame.
     yaśovarman yaśo-varman, ā, m., N. of a poet; of several other men, (yaśo-varmaka is found at the end of an adj. comp.)
     yaśohan yaśo-han, ā, ghnī, a, destroying fame or reputation.
     yaśohara yaśo-hara, as, ā, am, taking away fame, depriving of reputation, dishonouring; N. of a place, (gender doubtful.)
     yaśoharajit yaśohara-jit, t, m., N. of Kacu-rāya.
     yaśohīna yaśo-hīna, as, ā, am, shorn of fame or glory.

yaśa yaśa at the end of a comp. = yaśas, cf. ati-y-; (am), n., N. of a Sāman.

yaśasa yaśasa at the end of a comp. = yaśas.

yaśasya yaśasya, as, ā, am, famous, glorious, renowned, celebrated, honoured; bestowing glory or distinction, producing fame, creditable; (ā), f., N. of a plant (= jīvantī); of another plant (= ṛddhi).

yaśasyu yaśasyu, us, us, u, Ved. seeking favour.

yaṣṭavya yaṣṭavya, yaṣṭṛ. See p. 804, col. 2.

yaṣṭi 2. yaṣṭi, is, f. (rarely m.), or yaṣṭī, f. (probably fr. rt. yam; for 1. yaṣṭi see p. 804, col. 2), a staff, stick, wand; a staff armed with iron, mace, club; a pole, column, pillar; a perch; a stem, support; a palisade; a flag-staff [cf. dhvaja-y-]; a stalk, stem, blade; a reed; a branch; the arm (= bhuja-daṇḍa); anything thin or slender (e. g. aṅga-yaṣṭi, a slender or delicate form; asi-yaṣṭi, a sword-blade; cf. gātra-y-, śarīra-y-, bhuja-y-); a string, thread (= tantu), string of pearls, necklace [cf. hāra-y-]; a particular kind of pearl necklace; liquorice (= yaṣṭī-madhuka, madhukā); sugarcane (= madhu-yaṣṭi); Clerodendrum Siphonanthus (= bhārgī); any creeping plant.
     yaṣṭigṛha yaṣṭi-gṛha, am, n., N. of a district.
     yaṣṭigraha yaṣṭi-graha, as, ā, am, carrying a stick or staff; (as), m. a clubbearer, mace-bearer, staff-bearer.
     yaṣṭinivāsa yaṣṭi-nivāsa, as, m. a pole serving as a perch (for peacocks, Raghu-v. XVI. 14); a pigeon-house standing on upright poles; [cf. vāsa-yaṣṭi.]
     yaṣṭiprāṇa yaṣṭi-prāṇa, as, ā, am, one whose strength or power is as slender as a stalk or reed, powerless or feeble as a reed (= yaṣṭir veṇu-daṇḍa eva prāṇaḥ śaktir yasya saḥ); out of breath.
     yaṣṭimat yaṣṭi-mat, ān, atī, at, having a stick or staff, furnished with a flag-staff.
     yaṣṭimadhu yaṣṭi-madhu, u, n. or yaṣṭi-madhukā, f. liquorice.
     yaṣṭiyantra yaṣṭi-yantra, am, n. a particular astronomical instrument.
     yaṣṭīpuṣpa yaṣṭī-puṣpa, as, m., N. of a plant, Putranjiva Roxburghii; [cf. putra-jīva.]
     yaṣṭīmadhu yaṣṭī-madhu, u, or yaṣṭī-madhuka, am, n. = yaṣṭi-madhu.
     yaṣṭyāghāta yaṣṭy-āghāta, as, m. a blow with a stick, a cudgeling, beating.
     yaṣṭyāhva yaṣṭy-āhva or yaṣṭy-āhvaya, as, m. liquorice.

yaṣṭika yaṣṭika, as, m. a species of water-fowl (= jala-kukkuṭa; cf. ko-yaṣṭi); a bird, the lapwing; (ā), f. a staff, stick, club; a particular pearl ornament or necklace (especially of one string); an oblong pond or tank; liquorice.

yaṣṭī yaṣṭī. See under 2. yaṣṭi, p. 812, col. 3.

yaṣṭīka yaṣṭīka, am, n. liquorice (= yaṣṭi-madhu).

yaṣṭraska yaṣṭraska (?), ās, m. pl., N. of a people.

yas yas (probably connected with rt. yam), cl. 4. 1. P. yasyati, yasati, ya-yāsa, yasitum, to froth up, foam (Ved.; but according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda VII. 104, 2, yayastu = āyāsam prāpnotu = upakṣīyatām), to make great effort or exertion, strive, endeavour, labour, preserve, trouble one's self; to strive after (with dat.); [cf. Gr. [greek] [greek] Old Germ. jes-an, ger-ja-n.]

yasitvā yasitvā or yastvā, ind. making effort, endeavouring.

yaska yaska, as, m. a proper N.; (ās), m. pl. the descendants of Yaska; yaskā gairikṣitāḥ, N. of a school.

yasya yasya, as, ā, am, to be endeavoured, to be done with energy or perseverance; (according to a commentator) = vadhya, to be killed, fit or ready for slaughter.
     yasyatva yasya-tva, am, n. effort, energy; fitness for slaughter; death.

yasmāt yasmāt, ind. (abl. of 3. ya or yad; correlative of tasmāt, q. v.), from which, from which cause, since, as, because; that, in order that.

yaha yaha, as, m. or yahas, as, n., Ved. water; strength, power.

yahu yahu, us, us, u, Ved. = mahat, great; (us), m. = apatya, offspring, a child, (in Ṛg-veda VIII. 60, 13, Agni is called sahaso yahuḥ, Sāy. = sahasaḥ putraḥ.)

yahva yahva, as, ī, am, Ved. = mahat, great, mighty, powerful, &c.; (perhaps) being in continual motion or activity, restless, active; continual, perpetual (said of Agni, Rudra, and Soma); continually moving or flowing; (vyas), f. pl., Ved. flowing or running water, a river, (sapta yahvīḥ, the seven great rivers); (vī), f. du. epithet of heaven and earth, of night and day, of evening and morning, (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda 1. 142, 7, yahvī means 'the two children', according to some it may mean 'the two hands'); (as), m. = yajamāna, a sacrificer (according to Uṇādi-s. 1. 154).

yahvat yahvat (fem. atī), Ved. = yahva above; (according to Sāy. yahvatī = mahatī, great.)

1. , cl. 2. P. (ep. also A.) yāti (-te), Impf. ayāt (3rd pl. ayān or ayus), Pot. yāyāt, Impv. yātu (2nd sing. yāhi), yayau (2nd sing. yayātha or yayitha, 1st pl. yayima, Part. yayivas), yāsyati, ayāsīt (Vedic forms ayāsus, yāsat, yāsiṣṭham, yāsīṣṭa), yātum (Ved. yātave, yātavai), to go, proceed, move, set out, march, travel, journey; to go away, withdraw, retire; to pass away, pass by, elapse (said of time); to extend, last (said of time, e. g. māsaṃ yāti, it lasts for a month); to take place, come to pass, prosper, succeed; to proceed, behave, act; to go or come to, travel or journey towards, approach, arrive at, reach (with acc. or even dat. or loc. or with prati after an acc.); to go or march against; to go to any state or condition, to become, be (with acc. and especially acc. of an abstract noun, e. g. vināśaṃ yāti, he goes to destruction, i. e. he is destroyed; kāṭhinyaṃ yāti, it goes to hardness, i. e. becomes hard); to undertake, obtain, get (with acc.); to go in to, have carnal intercourse with (with acc.); to go to for any object, request, implore, solicit (with double acc., e. g. yāmi vo draviṇam, I go to you for money, I solicit wealth of you; tvāṃ śaraṇaṃ yāmi, I go to thee for help); to find out, discover, perceive. The meanings of may be variously extended by combining it with other words and phrases, e. g. pa-lāyya yā, to run away; bahir yā, to go out; adho yā, to go down, sink; kṣemeṇa yā, to escape safely; khaṇḍaśo yā, to fall to pieces; śata-dhā yā, to fall into a hundred pieces; yātrāṃ yā, to undertake a journey; mṛgayāṃ yā, to go out hunting; śirasā mahīṃ yā, to bow down to the ground with the head; agocaraṃ nayanayor yā, to become invisible; dveṣyatāṃ yā, to become hated; vilayaṃ yā, to be dissolved; karṇau yā, to come to the ears, be heard; kare yā, to come to hand, be obtained; vaśaṃ yā, to be subject to (with gen.); prakṛtiṃ yā, to return to one's natural state; nidrāṃ yā, to fall asleep; nidhanaṃ yā, to die; darśanaṃ yā, to become visible, be seen; udayaṃ yā, to rise (said of stars, &c.): Pass. yāyate, to be gone, &c.: Caus. yāpayati, -yitum, Aor. ayīyapat, to make or cause to go or proceed, cause to set off or march, command to go away, drive away, remove, cure (a disease); to cause to pass by or elapse, pass or spend (as time, night, &c.); to cause to subsist, support; to cause to arrive at or obtain (with a double acc., e. g. taṃ śriyaṃ yā-payati, he causes him to obtain fortune); to induce: Desid. yiyāsati, to wish or intend to go, to desire to proceed, &c.: Intens. yāyāyate, yāyeti, yāyāti, to go frequently, &c.; [cf. Gr. [greek] (= Caus. yā-payāmi), [greek] (= yāsyāmi), perhaps also some forms like [greek] Lat. jacio; Janus, janua.]

2. yā, ās, ās, am [cf. 4. ya, p. 801, col. 1], going, proceeding, moving, &c. (at the end of a comp., see eva-yā, tura-yā, deva-yā).

yāt 1. yāt, yān, yātī or yāntī, yāt (for 2. yāt see s.v.), going, proceeding, moving; that which moves (e. g. Ṛg-veda I. 32, 15, indro yāto 'vasitasya rājā, Indra the sovereign of all that is movable and immovable).
     yātsattra yāt-sattra, am, n., Ved. 'continuing sacrifice', N. of certain solemn ceremonies which go on for a long period, (also called Sārasvata.)

yāta yāta, as, ā, am, gone, proceeded, marched, passed, &c.; gone to, attained, obtained (with acc.); passed by or away, elapsed, escaped; (am), n. the act of going, going, march, proceeding; motion, (often confounded with yāna, q. v.); the past time (e. g. yātam anāgataṃ ca, the past and the future); the guiding or driving of an elephant with a goad.
     yātayāma yāta-yāma, as, ā, am, or yāta-yāman, ā, ā, a, that which has completed its course or (according to others) that which has stood for a night (and so become flat and stale), used, spoiled, impaired, useless, rejected; raw, half ripe; who or what has run out or completed a course, exhausted, old, aged.
     yātayāmatva yātayāma-tva, am, n. uselessness, unprofitableness; old age.
     yātānuyāta yātānuyāta (-ta-an-), am, n. the going and following.
     yātāyāta yātāyāta (-ta-āy-) or yātopayāta (-ta-up-), am, n. a going and coming; intercourse.
     yātopayātika yātopayātika, see Gaṇa Aksha-dyūtādi to Pāṇ. IV. 4, 19.

yātavya 1. yātavya, as, ā, am, to be gone or set out, to be marched; to be gone against, to be assailed or attacked, (the neuter is used impersonally.)

yātavya 2. yātavya, as, ā, am (fr. 2. yātu below), serviceable against witchcraft, keeping off Rākṣasas.

yāti yāti, is, f. (said to be fr. the Intens.), see Pāṇ. I. 1, 58.

yātika yātika, as, m. a traveller, (probably incorrect for yātrika.)

yātu 1. yātu, 3rd sing. Impv. of rt. 1. above (often used as an interjection), let it go, let it pass, be it so, no matter.

yātu 2. yātu, us, us, u, a goer, one who goes or moves; (us), m. a traveller, wayfarer; wind; time; (perhaps) sorcery, witchcraft, (but according to Sāy. yātu means either karmaṇāṃ hiṃsā, injury of rites, or pīḍā, pain, torture); a kind of evil spirit, Rākṣasa, demon; (u), n. a weapon, (according to Sāy. as inflicting yātanā, pain); a Rākṣasa, evil spirit, demon.
     yātughna yātu-ghna, as, ī, am, destroying Yātus; (as), m. bdellium.
     yātucātana yātu-cātana, as, ī, am, Ved. 'Yātu-removing', driving away Rākṣasas.
     yātujambhana yātu-jambhana, as, ī, am, Ved. 'Yātu-destroying', destroying Rākṣasas or demons.
     yātujū yātu-jū, ūs, ūs, u, Ved. incited by Yātus, impelled by Rākṣasas; (Sāy.) pressing forwards or eager to torment (said of demons).
     yātudhāna yātu-dhāna, as, m. an evil spirit, Rākṣasa, demon; (ī), f. a female Rākṣasa.
     yātumat yātu-mat, ān, atī, at, Ved. practising witchcraft or sorcery, evildisposed, injurious, malignant; composed of demons or Rākṣasas, (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda 1. 133, 2, yātu-mat means either 'possessing injury', 'inflicting injury', or 'possessing injurious weapons', or 'possessing demons.')
     yātuvid yātu-vid, t, t, t, Ved. skilful in sorcery or witchcraft, learned in the practices of Rākṣasas.
     yātuhan yātu-han, ā, ghnī, a, Ved. destroying witchcraft.

yātumāvat yātu-māvat, ān, atī, at, Ved. (according to the Pada text of the Ṛg-veda and Atharva-veda Prātiśākhya IV. 8. this word is divided yātu-māvat, not yātumā-vat as might be expected), = yātu-mat, 'practising sorcery, &c.', (but according to Sāy. yātu = yātanā, 'torment', and mā = vyāpāra, 'practice', as if fr. 2. yātu with rt. 3. .)

yātṛ 1. yātṛ, tā, trī, tṛ (for 2. see p. 815, col. 2), going, proceeding, &c., being on a journey or march; (tā), m. a goer, traveller; a driver, charioteer, coachman; a destroyer, slayer, (according to Sāy. on Ṛgveda I. 32, 14 = hantṛ; according to modern scholars the meaning may be 'an avenger', as if fr. rt. 2. yat; cf. 3. yāt, ṛṇa-yā.)

yātṛka yātṛka, as, m. a wayfarer, traveller, (wrongly for yātrika.)

yātrā yātrā, f. going, setting off, journey, travel, march, the march of an army, expedition, (yātrāṃ yā or , to undertake an expedition or campaign, take the field); going on a pilgrimage; a company of pilgrims; a festive train, procession, the procession of idols; a feast, festival (= utsava); a sort of dramatic entertainment; a road; support of life, livelihood, subsistence, provisions; passing away time; going to and fro; intercourse, (laukikī yātrā or jagad-yātrā, worldly intercourse); way, means, expedient; practice, usage, custom; N. of a particular kind of astrological work (especially of one by Varāhamihira, the full title of which is Yoga-yātrā).
     yātrākaraṇa yā-trā-karaṇa, am, n. the setting forth on a journey, a march.
     yātrākāra yātrā-kāra, as, m. the author of a work of the Yātrā class.
     yātrāgamana yātrā-gamana, am, n. the going on a journey or expedition.
     yātrāprasaṅga yātrā-prasaṅga, as, m. engaging in or performing a pilgrimage.
     yātrāphala yātrā-phala, am, n. the fruit of an expedition, success of a campaign.
     yātrāmahotsava yātrā-mahotsava (-hā-ut-), as, m. a great festive procession.
     yātrārtham yātrār-tham (-rā-ar-), ind. for the sake of marching.
     yātrotsava yā-trotsava (-rā-ut-), as, m. a festive procession.

yātrika yātrika, as, ī, am, belonging to a march, relating to an expedition or campaign, marching, journeying, performing a pilgrimage; relating to the support of life, requisite for subsistence; customary, usual; (as), m. a traveller; a pilgrim; (am), n. a march, expedition, campaign; provisions for a march, supplies, &c.; N. of a particular class of astrological works; [cf. yātrā.]

yātrin yātrin, ī, iṇī, i, being on a march, being in a procession.

yāna yāna, as, am, m. n. way, road, path (Ved.); (am), n. the act of going, moving, riding; marching or proceeding (against an enemy), attacking; retreating, retreat; a journey; a procession; a conveyance or vehicle of any kind, carriage, waggon, chariot, car; a litter, palanquin; (with Buddhists) the vehicle or means of arriving at knowledge, the means of release from repeated births; (ī), f., see Gaṇa Gaurādi to Pāṇ. IV. 1, 41; [cf. Lat. janua.]
     yānakara yāna-kara, as, m. 'carriage-maker', a wheelwright, carpenter.
     yānapātra yāna-pātra or yāna-pātraka, am, n. 'going-vessel', a ship, boat.
     yānapātrikā yānapātrikā, f. a small vessel, boat.
     yānabhaṅga yāna-bhaṅga, as, m. the fracture of a vessel or boat, shipwreck.
     yānamukha yāna-mukha, am, n. the fore part of a waggon or chariot, the pole or part where the yoke is fixed.
     yānayāna yāna-yāna, am, n. riding in a carriage, driving in a chariot, a drive.
     yānavat yāna-vat, ān, atī, at, having a carriage or vehicle; travelling in a carriage.
     yānaśālā yāna-śālā, f. a coach-house, cart-shed.
     yānasvāmin yāna-svāmin, ī, m. the owner of a vehicle.

yānaka yānaka, as, m. a vehicle, carriage.

yāpa yāpa, as, m. (fr. the Caus.), the causing to go; [cf. kāla-y-.]

yāpaka yāpaka, as, ikā, am (fr. the Caus.), causing to go or come, causing to pass away or spend, bringing, granting, bestowing.

yāpana yāpana, as, ī, am, causing to go or pass away, bringing to an end; mitigating, alleviating, curing; prolonging or supporting life; (ā, am), f. n. the causing to go, act of driving away or expelling, expulsion, removal, rejection; the cure or alleviation (of a malady); the causing (time) to pass away, spending time, wasting time, delay, procrastination; loitering, staying; maintenance, support (= vartana, yātrā); exercise, practice.

yāpanīya yāpanīya, as, ā, am, to be caused to go, to be passed or spent (as time); to be removed or cured, to be expelled.

yāpayat yāpayat, an, antī, at, causing to go or pass, spending.

yāpita yāpita, as, ā, am, caused to go; spent (as time); expelled.

yāptā yāptā, f. twisted or plaited hair (= jaṭā).

yāpya yāpya, as, ā, am, to be passed or spent (as time); to be removed or cured; to be expelled or rejected; low, vile, contemptible, little, trifling, unimportant.
     yāpyatva yāpya-tva, am, n. curability.
     yāpyayāna yāpya-yāna, am, n. a palanquin, litter.

yāma 1. yāma, as, m. (for 2. yāma see p. 816, col. 1), motion, course, going, proceeding, coming; a road, way, path (Ved.); progress (Ved.); a carriage, chariot (Ved.); a night-watch, period or watch of three hours, the eighth part of a day; a wandering star, planet (?); yāmasya arkaḥ, N. of a Sāman; (ās), m. pl., N. of a class of gods; (ī), f., N. of a daughter of Daksha (wife of Dharma or Manu; sometimes written Yāmi); N. of an Apsaras; night.
     yāmakośa yāma-kośa, as, ā, am, Ved. covering up or obstructing the way, (Sāy. = mārga-pratiban-dhaka.)
     yāmaghoṣa yāma-ghoṣa, as, m. 'sounding the watches', a cock; a metal plate on which the nightwatches or hours are struck, a drum or gong used for a similar purpose, (in this sense said to be also ā, f.)
     yāmatūrya yāma-tūrya, am, n. or yāma-dundubhi, is, m. or yāma-nālī, f. a kind of drum or metal plate on which the night-watches or hours are struck, a clock.
     yāmamātra yāma-mātra, am, n. a mere watch, only three hours.
     yāmayama yāma-yama, as, m. a regular or stated occupation for every hour.
     yāmavatī yāma-vatī, f. 'possessing watches', night.
     yāmavṛtti yāma-vṛtti, is, f. the being on watch, standing on guard.
     yāmaśruta yāma-śruta, as, ā, am, renowned for going or speed, (Sāy. = śighra-gamanena viśruta.)

yāman 1. yāman, a, n. (for 2. see p. 816, col. 1), Ved. going, motion, course; flight, flying; coming, arrival; a march, expedition; the act of approaching or addressing (with prayers, entreaties, &c.), invocation, supplication; offering, oblation, sacrifice, (yāman is used in some passages as a Ved. loc. without termination); punar-yāman, ā, ā, a, coming into use again; [cf. yāta-yāman.]
     yāmahū yāma-hū, ūs, ūs, u, Ved. one who allows himself to be invoked by prayers or offerings, ready or inclined to assist; (Sāy.) to be invoked to come or to be invoked at the right time (= gamanārtham āhvātavya or kāle hvātavya).
     yāmahūti yāma-hūti, is, f., Ved. invocation for assistance; (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda VIII. 8, 18, yāma-hūtiṣu = devānām āhvānaṃ yeṣu yāgeṣu, in sacrifices at which there is an invocation of the gods.)

yāmi 1. yāmi = yāmī under 1. yāma. (For 2. yāmi see p. 816, col. 2.)

yāmika yāmika, as, ā, am, being on watch or guard; (as), m. a night-watcher, watchman, one who announces the watches, one on guard or duty at night; (ikā), f. = yāminī, night.
     yāmikabhaṭa yāmika-bhaṭa, as, m. a night-watcher, watchman.

yāminaya yāminaya (fr. yāminī), Nom. P. yāminayati, yitum, to appear like night.

yāminī yāminī, f. (fr. 1. yāma), night (as possessing watches); N. of a daughter of Prahlāda; of the wife of Tārkṣa (mother of Śalabha).
     yāminīpati yāminī-pati, is, m. the husband or lord of night, the moon.

yāmīra yāmīra, as, m. the moon; (ā), f. night.

yāmeya 1. yāmeya, as, m. (fr. 1. yāmi), a metronymic.

yāmyā yāmyā, f. (fr. 1. yāma), = yāminī, night, (for yā-myā, the south, see under yāmya, p. 816, col. 1.)

yāyāvara yāyāvara, as, ā, am (fr. the Intens.), going repeatedly; wandering in all directions, having no fixed or permanent abode; (as), m. a vagrant mendicant, saint; a horse selected for the horse sacrifice ('wandering at large'); a Brāhman who has preserved his household fire (?); N. of Jarat-kāru; (ās), m. pl., N. of a family of Brāhmans (to which Jarat-kāru belonged); (am), n. the life of a wandering beggar.

yāyin yāyin, ī, inī, i, going, moving, travelling, journeying, marching, running, riding, driving, flying; a traveller, passenger; riding or going in or on, (generally at the end of comps., e. g. gaja-yāyin, riding on an elephant; cf. nau-y-); going to, journeying towards; going on an expedition, taking the field, going to war; opposing each other (said of planets; cf. graha-yuddha).

yāvan 1. yāvan, ā, m. (for 2. see p. 817, col. 1), Ved. a rider, horseman, horse-soldier; an invader, aggressor, enemy, (Sāy. = abhigantṛ); going, driving, riding (at the end of a comp.; cf. agra-y-, pūrva-y-).

yāsyat yāsyat, an, atī or antī, at, about to go, about to proceed.

yiyāsu yiyāsu, us, us, u (fr. the Desid.), wishing to go, intending to set off or depart, desirous of taking the field or entering on an expedition; intending to fly away.

3. , fem. of the relative pronoun yad. See p. 807, col. 3.

yākṛtka yākṛtka (fr. yakṛt), see Pāṇ. VII. 3, 51.

yākṣa yākṣa, as, ī, am (fr. yakṣa), belonging or peculiar to the Yakshas.

yāga yāga, as, m. (fr. rt. 1. yaj), an offering, oblation, sacrifice; any ceremony in which offerings and oblations are presented.
     yāgakarman yāga-kar-man, a, n. a sacrificial rite or ceremony.
     yāgakāla yāga-kāla, as, m. time of sacrifice.
     yāgamaṇḍapa yāga-maṇḍapa, as, am, m. n. a hall for sacrifices, a temple.
     yāgasantāna yāga-santāna, as, m., N. of Jayanta (son of Indra).
     yāgasūtra yāga-sūtra, am, n. the sacrificial cord, sacred thread, (see yajña-sūtra.)

yāc yāc, cl. 1. P.A. yācati, -te, ya-yāca, yayāce, yāciṣyati, -te, ayācīt, ayāciṣṭa, yācitum, to ask, beg, solicit, pray, request, desire, entreat, require, implore, supplicate, importune (with double acc., e. g. devaṃ varaṃ yācate, he solicits a boon from the god; also with abl. and rarely with gen. of person, e. g. annam parāt or parasya yācate he begs food from another; or the thing asked may be compounded with arthe or artham, e. g. mokṣārtham yācate, he asks for deliverance; or may be in acc. with prati, e. g. sutam prati yayāce, he asked for a son; or in dat., e. g. taṃ yayāce 'bhyava-hārāya, he asked him for food); to offer anything (acc.) to any one (dat.), tender (e. g. yācati vittaṃ gurave, he offers property to the Guru); to promise (?); kanyāṃ yāc, to be a suitor for a girl, to ask a girl in marriage from any one (abl. or rarely acc.): Pass. yācyate: Caus. yācayati, -yitum, Aor. ayayācat, to cause to ask, &c.: Desid. yiyāciṣati, -te, (in Ṛg-veda VIII. 67, 1, yāciṣāmahe = yā-cāmahe): Intens. yāyācyate, yāyākti (1st sing. yāyācmi), to ask repeatedly, importune; [cf. Gr. [greek] which however may be connected with rt. arth; cf. also, according to some, [greek]].

yācaka yācaka, as, ī, am, asking, one who asks or solicits, a petitioner, asker, beggar; (ī), f. a female beggar or petitioner.
     yācakavṛtti yācaka-vṛtti, is, f. the occupation or profession of a beggar.

yācana yācana, am, n. the act of asking, begging, requesting; asking in marriage, (duhitṛ-yācana, the being a suitor for a daughter); (ā), f. asking, soliciting, requesting, entreating, petitioning; a request, petition, entreaty.

yācanaka yācanaka, as, m. an asker, petitioner, an importunate man.

yācanīya yācanīya, as, ā, am, to be asked, to be desired or requested.

yācamāna yācamāna, as, ā, am, asking, begging, requesting, soliciting.

yācita yācita, as, ā, am, asked, prayed for, begged, requested, solicited, entreated, importuned (with acc., e. g. daśaratho rāmaṃ yācitaḥ, Daśaratha was asked for Rāma); requisite, necessary.

yācitaka yācitaka, am, n. anything borrowed, any article borrowed for use.

yācitavya yācitavya, as, ā, am, to be asked or solicited.

yācitṛ yācitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, one who begs or solicits, an asker, petitioner; a suitor, wooer.

yācitvā yācitvā, ind. having asked, having solicited.

yācin yācin, ī, inī, i, asking, desiring, requesting.

yāciṣṇu yāciṣṇu, us, us, u, disposed to ask, habitually asking or begging, soliciting favours, importuning, an importunate person.
     yāciṣṇutā yāciṣṇu-tā, f. the habit of soliciting favours, importunity.

yācñā yācñā, f. the act of asking, requesting, begging, solicitation, asking alms, mendicancy, mendicity; a petition, request, prayer, entreaty; the being a suitor, making an offer of marriage.
     yācñājīvana yācñā-jīvana, am, n. subsisting by begging or mendicancy.
     yācñāprāpta yāc-ñā-prāpta, as, ā, am, obtained by begging or asking.
     yācñābhaṅga yācñā-bhaṅga, as, m. failure of request, an unsuccessful entreaty, useless request.
     yācñāvacas yācñā-vacas, as, n. words used in begging or entreating.

yācñya yācñya, as, m. or yācñyā, f., Ved. = yācñā above.

yācya yācya, as, ā, am, to be asked or solicited, to be importuned, to be asked for alms, to be desired or requested; to be required; (am), n. the making a request.

yācyamāna yācyamāna, as, ā, am, being asked or solicited, being prayed for.

yācchreṣṭha yāc-chreṣṭha. See under 2. yāt.

yāj yāj, ṭ, ṭ, ṭ (fr. rt. 1. yaj), one who sacrifices or offers oblations, an offerer, sacrificer; [cf. hayamedha-yāj.]

yāja yāja, as, m. a sacrificer (in ati-y-, q. v.); boiled or cooked rice; food in general; N. of a Brahmarshi.

yājaka yājaka, as, m. (fr. the Caus.), a sacrificer, sacrificing priest, one who offers sacrifices or oblations, a priest officiating at a sacrifice, (often at the end of a comp., cf. grāma-y-, nakṣatra-y-; sometimes compounded with the person who institutes the sacrifice, e. g. kṣatriya-yājaka, the sacrificer for a Kshatriya; cf. śūdra-y-); a royal elephant; a furious elephant or one in rut.
     yājakatva yājaka-tva, am, n. the condition or office of a sacrificing priest.

yājana yājana, am, n. (fr. the Caus.), the act of conducting a sacrifice or causing it to be performed, superintending or assisting at the sacrifices of others, (sometimes with gen., e. g. vrātyānāṃ yājanaṃ kṛtvā, having officiated at a sacrifice for outcasts, Manu XI. 197; ayājya-yājana, sacrificing for those who have no right to sacrifice, Manu III. 65.)

yājanīya yājanīya, as, ā, am (fr. the Caus.), to be made or allowed to sacrifice, to be assisted at a sacrifice, one for whom it is allowable to officiate.

yājamāna yājamāna, am, n. (fr. yajamāna), the part of a sacrificial ceremony performed by the Yajamāna or institutor of the sacrifice himself.

yājamānika yājamānika, as, ī, am, relating to the Yajamāna, belonging to the institutor of a sacrifice.

yājayitṛ yājayitṛ, tā, m. (fr. the Caus.), one who conducts a sacrifice or causes it to be performed, the officiating priest at a sacrifice.

yāji yāji, is, f. a sacrifice, oblation; (is), m. according to Ujjvala-datta on Uṇādi-s. IV. 124 = yaṣṭṛ, a sacrificer, the institutor of a sacrifice.

yājikā yājikā, f. a sacrifice, oblation.

yājin yājin, ī, inī, i, sacrificing, conducting a sacrifice, one who officiates at a sacrifice, a sacrificer, (usually at the end of comps.; cf. deva-y-, bahu-y-); worshipping, adoring.

yājuka yājuka, as, ā, am, (at the end of comps.) habitually sacrificing or making offerings.

yājña yājña, as, ī, am (fr. yajña), belonging to sacrifice.

yājñatura yājñatura, as, m. (fr. yajña-tura), a patronymic of Ṛṣabha; (am), n., N. of a Sāman.

yājñadattaka yājñadattaka (fr. yajña-datta), see Gaṇa Arīhaṇādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

yājñadatti yājñadatti, is, m. a patronymic from Yajñadatta; Kuvera (?) .

yājñadeva yājñadeva, as, m., N. of an author.

yājñapata yājñapata (fr. yajña-pati), see Gaṇa Aśvapatyādi to Pāṇ. IV. 1, 84.

yājñavalka yājñavalka, as, ī, am, composed by or derived from Yājñavalkya; (ās), m. pl. of yājñavalkya, see Gaṇa Kaṇvādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, III.

yājñavalkīya yājñavalkīya, as, ī, am, relating to Yājñavalkya, composed by or descended from Yājñavalkya; (am), n., scil. dharma-śāstra, the code of Yājñavalkya.

yājñavalkya yājñavalkya, as, m. (fr. yajña-valkya), N. of an ancient sage frequently quoted as an authority in the Śata-patha-Brāhmaṇa, (the first reputed teacher of the Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā or White Yajur-veda, revealed to him by the Sun, cf. taittirīya-saṃhitā, vāja-saneyi-saṃhitā); N. of the author of a celebrated code of laws (by some identified with the preceding sage; this code is only second in importance to that of Manu, and with its most celebrated commentary, the Mitākṣara, is the leading authority of the Mithilā school; it is much later than Manu, and probably in its present form dates from about the first century of our era); the family of Yājñavalkya; (am), n., N. of an Upaniṣad; (as, kī, am), relating to Yājñavalkya, composed by or derived from Yājñavalkya.
     yājñavalkyagītā yājñavalkya-gītā, f., N. of a poem in commendation of the practice of Yoga attributed to Yājñavalkya.
     yājñavalkyaṭīkā yājñavalkya-ṭīkā, f., N. of several commentaries on the code of Yājñavalkya (besides the Mitākṣara by Vijñāneśvara, there are other commentaries by Deva-bodha, Dharmeśvara, Bhāruci, Viśva-rūpa, and Śūla-pāṇi).
     yājñavalkyadharmaśāstra yājñavalkya-dhar-ma-śāstra, am, n. Yājñavalkya's code of laws.
     yājñavalkyaśikṣā yājñavalkya-śikṣā, f., N. of a treatise.
     yājñavalkyasmṛti yāj-ñavalkya-smṛti, is, f. the body of law as delivered by Yājñavalkya.

yājñasena yājñasena, as, or yājñaseni, is, m. (fr. yajña-sena), a patronymic of Śikhaṇḍin; (ī), f. a patronymic of Draupadī (as daughter of Yajñasena).

yājñāyani yājñāyani, is, m. a patronymic from Yajña.

yājñika yājñika, as, ī, am, relating or belonging to sacrifice, &c.; (as), m. a sacrificer or the officiating priest at a sacrificial ceremony, the institutor of a sacrifice, one skilled in sacrificial rites, a Ritualist; N. of various kinds of plants &c. used at a sacrifice; of Kuśa grass; of a red-flowering Khadira; the sacred fig-tree; Butea Frondosa.
     yājñikadeva yājñika-deva, as, m., N. of a commentator on Kātyāyana's Śrautasūtra.
     yājñikavallabhā yājñika-vallabhā, f., N. of a work.
     yājñikānanta yāj-ñikānanta (-ka-an-), as, m., N. of an author.
     yājñikāśraya yājñikāśraya (-ka-āś-), as, m., N. of Viṣṇu.

yājñikya yājñikya, am, n. (fr. yājñika), the laws or observances relating to sacrificial rites; sacrificial ceremonies in general, a sacrifice.

yājñiya yājñiya, as, ī, am, = yajñiya, sacrificial, belonging to sacrifices; fit or suitable for sacrifice; (as), m. one skilled in sacrificial rites, (in this sense a various reading for yājñika.)

yājñīya yājñīya probably incorrect for yajñīya.

yājya yājya, as, ā, am (fr. the Caus.), to be made or allowed to sacrifice, one on whose behalf a sacrifice is made; to be sacrificed; sacrificial; (as), m. a sacrificer, performer of a sacrifice for others; the person for whom a sacrifice is performed, the master or institutor of a sacrifice; (ā), f., scil. ṛc, the sacred text uttered at the moment of making the offering, the words of consecration used at a sacrifice; (am), n. property or presents obtained by officiating at sacrifices.
     yājyatā yājya-tā, f. or yājya-tva, am, n. the rank or position of a sacrificer or of one for whom a sacrifice is performed.
     yājyavat yājya-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. having the Yājyā or consecrating text.

yājvana yājvana, as, m. (fr. yajvan), the son of a sacrificer.

yājurvaidika yājurvaidika, as, ī, am (fr. yajur-veda), belonging or relating to the Yajurveda.

yājuṣa yājuṣa, as, ī, am, relating to the Yajus, belonging to the Yajur-veda; (as), m. an observer of religious ceremonies as prescribed in the Yajur-veda.

yājuṣmatī yājuṣmatī, f., scil. iṣṭakā, a kind of brick used for the sacrificial altar; [cf. yajuṣ-mat.]

yājña yājña, yājya. See col. 1. and above.

yāt 2. yāt, ind. (properly obsolete abl. fr. the pronom. base 3. ya, cf. tāt; for 1. yāt see p. 813, col. 2, for 3. yāt see below), inasmuch as, so far as, so long as, since, (but according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda 1. 80, 15, yāt = yāntam, pervading; VII. 88, 4, yāt = yātaḥ = gacchataḥ, passing; VI. 21, 6, yāt = yāni [karmāṇi], which [actions]; according to some yāt is an interjection of pleasure; of alarm; of restlessness.)
     yācchreṣṭha yāc-chreṣṭha, as, ā, am (i. e. yāt + śreṣṭha), Ved. the best possible; [cf. yāvac-chreṣṭha; but according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda III. 53, 21, yāt is a separate word, and means 'an enemy', as if fr. rt. 2. yat.]

yāt 3. yāt (fr. rt. 2. yat), in ṛṇa-yāt, Ved. the avenger of guilt or debt.

yāta yāta, &c. See p. 813, col. 2.

yātana yātana, am, n. (fr. the Caus. of rt. 2. yat), the act of requiting, requital, retaliation, recompense, reward, return; vairasya yātanam, requital of hostile acts, revenge, vengeance; (ā), f. requital, (yātanām dā, to make requital, revenge); recompense, retaliation, reward [cf. vaira-y-]; acute pain, torment, anguish, agony, (especially) punishment inflicted by Yama, the pains of hell; personified as the daughter of Fear (bhaya) and Death (mṛtyu).
     yātanārthīya yātanārthīya (-nā-ar-), as, ā, am, fit for torment, capable of suffering, susceptible of the pains of hell.

yātayat yātayat, an, antī, at, joining, connecting, uniting (Ved.); existing, animating (Ved.); requiting, recompensing, &c.
     yātayajjana yātayaj-jana, as, m., Ved. uniting or bringing men together; animating mankind, impelling men to exertion (said of Mitra, Varuṇa, and Aryaman; according to Sāy. on Ṛgveda 1. 136, 3, the meaning as applied to Aryaman may be 'tormenting [irreligious] men in hell').

yātalarāya yātala-rāya, as, m., N. of a king.

yātavya yātavya. See p. 813, col. 2.

yātasruca yātasruca, am, n. (fr. yata-sruc), = yauktasruca, N. of a Sāman.

yātānaprastha yātānaprastha, N. of a place. yātānaprasthaka, relating to the above place.

yātu yātu, yātu-ghna, &c. See p. 813.

yātṛ 2. yātṛ, tā, f. (acc. yātaram, nom. acc. du. yātarau, nom. pl. yātaras; said in Uṇādi-s. II. 98. to be fr. rt. 2. yat), a husband's brother's wife. (For 1. yātṛ see p. 813, col. 3.)

yātnika yātnika, ās, m. pl. (fr. yatna), N. of a Buddhist school.

yātya yātya, as, m. (fr. the Caus. of rt. 2. yat), 'to be tormented, subject to the torments of hell', an inhabitant of hell, a condemned spirit.

yātrā yātrā, yātrika, &c. See p. 813, col. 3.

yātsattra yāt-sattra. See p. 813, col. 2.

yātha yātha (fr. rt. 1 ), in dīrgha-yātha, q. v.

yāthākathāca yāthākathāca, am, n. (fr. yathā kathā ca), anything which occurs now and then; that which happens under any circumstances.

yāthākāmī yāthākāmī, f. or yāthākāmya, am, n. (fr. yathā-kāma), the acting according to will or desire, doing as one thinks fit or proper, conformity to one's wishes.

yāthātathya yāthātathya, am, n. (fr. yathā-tatham), a proper state or condition, proper way or course, reality, rectitude, propriety, truth; (am, ena), ind. according to truth, in reality, as is proper.
     yāthātathyatas yāthā-tathya-tas, ind. from the truth, according to truth, in reality.

yāthātmya yāthātmya, am, n. (fr. yathātman), real nature or essence, true character.

yāthārthika yāthārthika, as, ī, am (fr. yathārtha), conformable to truth or reality, just, true, right, real.

yāthārthya yāthārthya, am, n. conformity with truth or fact, consistency with reality, the true or real meaning; suitableness, justness, rightness, application, use, accomplishment, attainment of an object.

yāthāsaṃstarika yāthāsaṃstarika, as, ī, am (fr. yathā-sam-stara), letting the covering lie according (to the original position).

yādaīśa yāda-īśa, yādaḥ-pati. See below.

yādamāna yādamāna, as, ā, am (Pres. part. A. fr. an old form yād, which, according to Sāy., is a substitute for rt. yāc), Ved. closely connected with, seeking connection or association with, wishing to mix, (Sāy. = saṅgatiṃ yācamāna, but in Ṛg-veda VII. 69, 3 = gacchat or gamayat.)

yādava yādava, as, ī, am (fr. yadu), relating to Yadu, descended or coming from Yadu; (as), m. a descendant of Yadu; N. of Kṛṣṇa; of a lexicographer; of an astronomer; (ās), m. pl. the descendants of Yadu; = mādhavaḥ, vṛṣṇayāḥ; (ī), f. a Yādava female; N. of Durgā; (am), n. a stock of cattle.
     yādavagiri yādava-giri, N. of a country.
     yādavapaṇḍita yādava-paṇḍita, as, m. = yādava-vyāsa.
     yādavarāya yā-dava-rāya, as, m., N. of a king.
     yādavavyāsa yādava-vyāsa, as, m., N. of the author of the Siddhānta-saṅgraha and of a commentary on the Nyāya-siddhānta-mañjarī.
     yādavaśārdūla yādava-śārdūla, as, m. 'Yādava-tiger, chief of the Yādavas', N. of Kṛṣṇa.
     yādavācārya yādavā-cārya (-va-āc-), as, m., N. of a teacher.
     yādavābhyudaya yāda-vābhyudaya (-va-abh-), as, m., N. of a work.
     yādavendra yādavendra (-va-in-), as, m., N. of Kṛṣṇa; of an author.
     yādavodaya yādavodaya (-va-ud-), as, m. 'rise of the Yādavas', N. of a drama.

yādavaka yādavaka, ās, m. pl. the descendants of Yadu.

yādva yādva, as, ī, am, Ved. belonging to the family of Yadu; (as), m. a son or descendant of Yadu.

yādas yādas, as, n. a fluid, water; a river; semen; desire, lust (Ved. originally 'close carnal connection;' cf. yādamāna); any animal living in water, any large aquatic animal, a monster of the deep, sea monster; yādasāṃ nāthaḥ or yādasām prabhuḥ or yādasām patiḥ, 'lord of sea animals', N. of Varuṇa; the ocean.
     yādaīśa yāda-īśa, as, m. 'lord of marine animals', the sea.
     yādaḥpati yādaḥ-pati, is, m. 'lord of sea animals', the ocean, sea; N. of Varuṇa.
     yādonātha yādo-nātha, as, m. 'lord of sea monsters', N. of Varuṇa.
     yādonivāsa yādo-nivāsa, as, m. 'abode of sea animals', the ocean, sea.

yādu yādu, us, m. a fluid, liquid, water.

yādura yādura, as, ī, am, Ved. embracing sensually or voluptuously, (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda I, 126, 6, yādurī = bahu-reto-yuktā.)

yādṛkṣa yā-dṛkṣa, as, ī, am (fr. 3. ya + dṛkṣa, fr. rt. 1. dṛś), looking or appearing like which, what like, which like, as like, of which sort or nature, (used correlatively to tādṛkṣa, q. v.: cf. Gr. [greek] Lat. qualis.)

yādṛś yādṛś, k, k, k (Ved. nom. yādṛṅ), or yādṛśa, as, ī, am (see 2. dṛś, dṛśa), which like, what like, as like, of whatever kind or nature, whoever, whichever, whatever, which, what, (used correlatively to tādṛś and tādṛśa); yādṛśa, tādṛśa, any one whatever, anybody whatsoever.
     yādṛgguṇa yādṛg-guṇa, as, ā, am, of whatever qualities.

yādṛcchika yādṛcchika, as, ī, am (fr. yad-ṛcchā), voluntary, spontaneous, independent; accidental, casual, unexpected; (as), m. an officiating priest who does as he pleases.

yādrādhya yād-rādhya, as, ā, am (i. e. 1. yāt + rādhya), obtainable by moving or living creatures, (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda II. 38, 8 = gac-chatāṃ rādhya; or according to modern scholars, the word may be used adverbially, as if fr. 2. yāt + rādhyam, 'as far as is practicable', 'as well or as quickly as possible', cf. yāc-chreṣṭha.)

yādva yādva. See p. 815, col. 3.

yāna yāna, &c. See p. 813, col. 3.

yāntrika yāntrika, as, ī, am (fr. yantra), belonging to instruments or implements, relating to blunt surgical instruments, (see yantra); artificially or mechanically refined (said of sugar).

yāpaka yāpaka, yāpana, yāptā. See p. 814, col. 1.

yābha yābha, as, m. (fr. rt. yabh), sexual intercourse.
     yābhavat yābha-vat, ān, atī, at, having sexual intercourse.

yābhis yābhis, ind. (inst. pl. fem. fr. the pronom. base 3. ya, see yad), Ved. whereby, that, in order that.

yāma 2. yāma, as, m. (fr. rt. yam; for 1. yāma see p. 814, col. 1), restraint, forbearance, &c., = yāma; (as, ī, am), relating to Yama, (in this sense fr. yama); coming or derived from Yama, done or ordered by Yama; (am), n., N. of several Sāmans.
     yāmottara yāmottara (-ma-ut-), am, n., N. of a Sāman.

yāmaka yāmaka, au, m. du., N. of the Nakshatra Punarvasū; (ī), f. the voc. yāmaki is used as a term of abuse.

yāman 2. yāman = yāmin in antar-yāman. (For 1. see p. 814, col. 1.)

yāmin yāmin in antar-yāmin, q. v. (For yāminī see p. 814, col. 2.)

yāmya yāmya, as, -mī, am, relating or belonging to Yama, like or resembling Yama, &c., (yāmya ṛkṣa, the Nakshatra Bharaṇī presided over by Yama); southern, southerly, (yāmye or yāmyena, in the south, in a southerly direction); (as), m., scil. nara or pu-ruṣa or dūta, a servant of Yama; N. of Agastya; of Śiva; of Viṣṇu; sandal-wood; (ā), f. the lunar asterism Bharaṇī; scil. diś or āśā, the southern quarter, south, (for yāmyā, night, see p. 814, col. 2.)
     yāmyatas yāmya-tas, ind. from the south.
     yāmyatīrtha yāmya-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.
     yāmyapāśa yāmya-pāśa, as, m. the noose or fetter of Yama.
     yāmyāyana yāmyāyana (-ya-āy-), am, n. the sun's progress south of the equator, the winter solstice (= dakṣiṇāyana).
     yāmyottara yāmyottara (-ya-ut-), as, ā, am, southern and northern, going from south to north.
     yāmyottaravṛtta yāmyottara-vṛtta, am, n. south and north circle, the solstitial colure.
     yāmyodbhūta yāmyodbhūta (-yā-ud-), as, ā, am, arising or growing in the south; (as), m. a species of tree (= śrī-tāla).

yāmakinī yāmakinī, f. = 2. yāmi below.

yāmadūta yāmadūta, ās, m. pl. (fr. yama-dūta), N. of a family.

yāmaratha yāmaratha, am, n. (fr. yama-ratha), scil. vrata, N. of a particular religious observance relating to Yama.

yāmanemi yāmanemi, is, m., N. of Indra.

yāmala yāmala, am, n. = yamala, a pair; N. of a class of Tantra works, (often wrongly written jāmala.)

yāmalāyana yāmalāyana (fr. yamala), see Gaṇa Pakṣādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

yāmalīya yāmalīya, am, n. (fr. yāmala), N. of a work or of a class of works.

yāmātṛ yāmātṛ, tā, or yāmātṛka, as, m. = jāmātṛ, a daughter's husband, son-in-law; [cf. Gr. [greek] Lat. janitr-i-c-es; Old Germ. eidum; Angl. Sax. adhum.]

yāmāyana yāmāyana, as, m. (fr. yama), a patronymic of various authors of Vedic hymns; of Ūrdhva-kṛśana; of Kumāra; of Damana; of Devaśravas; of Mathita; of Śaṅkha; of Saṅkasuka.

yāmi 2. yāmi, is, or yāmī, f. (for 1. yāmi see p. 814, col. 2), = jāmi, svasṛ, a sister, female relation; a daughter-in-law; a woman of rank or respectability (= kula-strī).

yāmeya 2. yāmeya, as, m. (for 1. see p. 814, col. 2), a sister's son, nephew.

yāmika yāmika. See p. 814, col. 2.

yāmitra yāmitra, as, m. = jāmitra.

yāminī yāminī, yāmīra. See. p. 814, col. 2.

yāmī yāmī. See under 1. yāma, p. 814, col. 1, and 2. yāmi above.

yāmuna yāmuna, as, ī, am (fr. yamunā), belonging or relating to the river Yamunā (commonly called Jumna), coming from it, growing in it, &c.; (as), m. a metronymic; N. of a mountain; of an author; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people; (am), n., scil. āñjana, antimony, collyrium; N. of a Tīrtha.
     yāmunācārya yāmunācārya (-na-āc-), as, m., N. of a preceptor (author of the Stotra-ratna).

yāmuneṣṭaka yāmuneṣṭaka, am, n. lead.

yāmundāyani yāmundāyani, is, m. a patronymic from Yamunda.

yāmundāyanika yāmundāyanika or yāmundāyanīya, as, m. patronymics from Yamunda, (used contemptuously, cf. Pāṇ. IV. 1, 149.)

yāmya yāmya. See col. 1.

yāyajūka yāyajūka, as, ā, am (fr. the Intens. of rt. 1. yaj), frequently sacrificing, constantly making offerings, devout; (as), m. a performer of frequent sacrifices.

yāyāta yāyāta, as, ī, am, relating to Yayāti, belonging to Yayāti, &c.; (am), n., N. of the eighteenth chapter of the ninth book of the Bhāgavata-Purāṇa (containing an account of Yayāti).

yāyāvara yāyāvara, yāyin. See p. 814, col. 2.

yārkāyaṇa yārkāyaṇa, as, m. a patronymic.

yāva 1. yāva = 1. yava, q. v.

yāva 2. yāva, as, ī, am (fr. 3. yava), relating to barley, consisting of barley, made or prepared from barely, = yāvaka; (as), m. a kind of food prepared from barley; lac or the red dye prepared from the cochineal insect.

yāvaka yāvaka, as, am, m. n. a kind of food prepared from barley, barley-gruel; half ripe barley; awnless barley; forced rice; a sort of kidney-bean; a kind of pulse, Dolichos Biflorus; a kind of pulse said to be peculiar to Kaśmīra; lac, the red dye.

yāvakrītika yāvakrītika, as, m. (fr. yava-krīta), one conversant with the history of Yava-krīta.

yāvat yāvat, ān, atī, at (fr. the pronom. base 3. ya; correlative of tāvat, q. v.), as great, as large, as much, as many (= Lat. quot), as often, as far, as long, how much, how many, of what sort or kind, (for examples see tāvat); yāvat-tāvat, 'quantum-tantum', an expression used in algebra for the relation of the first unknown quantity and its co-efficient); yāvantaḥ kiyantaḥ, as many as. yāvat, ind. (i. e. acc. sing. neut. used adverbially), as greatly, as much as, as many as, as often as; as far as, as long as, while, whilst, during; meanwhile, in the mean time; as soon as, the moment that; till, until, until such a time as (with pres. or pot. or fut. or aor. or impf.); that, in order that; when (followed by the correlative tāvat, meaning 'then'); even, just. yāvat meaning 'during', 'for', 'until', 'up to', 'as far as', &c. is often used like a preposition with an acc. (e. g. varṣaṃ yāvat, for a year; māsam ekaṃ yāvat, during one month; yāvad varṣāṇi dvādaśa, for twelve years; śataṃ janmāni yāvat, for a hundred births; sūryodayaṃ yāvat, until sunrise; sarpa-vivaraṃ yāvat, up to the serpent's hole); or with indeclinable words like adya (e. g. adya yāvat, up to to-day); or sometimes with a nominative followed by iti (e. g. anta iti yāvat, as far as the end; triṃśad iti yāvat, as many as thirty, up to thirty; pañca yāvad iti, up to five); yāvad-ā and sometimes even yāvat alone may be used with a following abl. to express 'up to', 'as far as', 'until', &c. (e. g. yāvad-ā samāpanāt or simply yāvat samāpanāt, until the completion); yāvan na, as long as not, before that, until that; na param or na kevalam --yāvat, not only--but also; yāvatā, ind. (i. e. inst. c. used adverbially), as far as, as long as; up to, until; as soon as, the moment that; yāvati, ind. (i. e. loc. c. used adverbially), as far as, as long as, &c.; [cf. Gr. [greek] Lat. quan-tus?].
     yāvacchakyam yāvac-chakyam, ind. (i. e. yāvat + śak-yam), as far as possible, according to ability.
     yāvacchas yā-vac-chas, ind. (i. e. yāvat + śas), Ved. as often as, as many times as, in as many ways as.
     yāvacchastram yāvac-chastram, ind. (i. e. yāvat + ś-), Ved. as far as the Śastra extends.
     yāvaccheṣam yāvac-cheṣam, ind. (i. e. yāvat + ś-), Ved. as much as is left, as many as remain.
     yāvacchreṣṭha yāvac-chreṣṭha, as, ā, am (i. e. yāvat + ś-), Ved. the best possible.
     yāvacchlokam yāvac-chlokam, ind. (i. e. yāvat + ś-), according to the number of the Ślokas.
     yāvajjanma yāvaj-janma, ind. throughout life, all one's life long.
     yāvajjīvam yāvaj-jīvam or yāvaj-jīvena, ind. throughout life, during the whole of life, for life, for the rest of life.
     yāvajjīvika yāvajjīvika, as, ā, am, Ved. life-long, as long as life, lasting for life.
     yāvajjīvikatā yāvajjīvika-tā, f. the lasting for life.
     yāvatkapālam yā-vat-kapālam, ind., Ved. according to the circumference of the cup or bowl.
     yāvatkāmam yāvat-kāmam, ind., Ved. as much as one likes, according to desire,
     yāvatkālam yāvat-kālam, ind. for the whole period, as long as (anything may last).
     yāvatkṛtvas yāvat-kṛtvas, ind., Ved. as often as, as many times as.
     yāvattarasam yāvat-tarasam, ind., Ved. according to power or ability (= yāvad-balam, yathā-śakti).
     yāvattmūta yāvat-tmūta, as, ā, am, Ved. as far as soaked with fat.
     yāvatpramāṇa yāvat-pramāṇa, as, ā, am, as great, as big, as large.
     yāvatsaṃsāram yāvat-saṃ-sāram, ind. as long as the world lasts.
     yāvatsattvam yāvat-sattvam, ind. as far as ability goes, to the best of one's understanding.
     yāvatsabandhu yāvat-sabandhu, ind., Ved. as far as relationship extends, inclusive of all relations.
     yāvatsamasta yāvat-samasta, as, ā, am, as many as form the whole, large as it is.
     yāvatsvam yāvat-svam, ind., Ved. as much as one possesses, according to one's property.
     yāvadaṅgīna yāvad-aṅgīna, as, ā, am, Ved. forming as large a member or limb.
     yāvadantam yāvad-antam or yāvad-an-tāya, ind. as far as the end, to the last.
     yāvadabhīkṣṇam yāvad-abhīkṣṇam, ind. for a moment's duration, for an instant.
     yāvadamatram yāvad-amatram, ind. corresponding to the number of the vessels, as many drinking-vessels as (there may be).
     yāvadartha yāvad-artha, as, ā, am, as many as necessary, corresponding to requirement; (am), ind. as much as may be useful, according to need.
     yāvadaha yāvad-aha, am, n., Ved. the corresponding day ('the how-manieth day').
     yāvadābhūtasamplavam yāvad-ā-bhūta-samplavam, ind. up to the dissolution of the creation, to the end of the world.
     yāvadāyuḥpramāṇa yāvadāyuḥ-pra-māṇa, as, ā, am, measured by the duration of life, lasting for life.
     yāvadāyuṣam yāvad-āyuṣam, ind., Ved. as long as life lasts, all through life, for the whole of life.
     yāvadāyus yāvad-āyus, ind. as long as life lasts, all through life, for life.
     yāvadittham yāvad-ittham, ind. as much as necessary.
     yāvadīpsitam yāvad-īpsitam, ind. as far as agreeable, as much as desired.
     yāvadukta yāvad-ukta, as, ā, am, Ved. as far as stated, as much as stated.
     yāvaduttamam yāvad-uttamam, ind. up to the furthest limit or boundary.
     yāvadgamam yāvad-gamam, ind. as fast as one can go, as quickly as possible.
     yāvadbalam yāvad-balam, ind. as far as strength goes, as long as strength lasts, to the best of one's ability, with all one's might or strength.
     yāvadbhāṣita yā-vad-bhāṣita, as, ā, am, as far as has been said, as much as said.
     yāvadrājyam yāvad-rājyam, ind. for the whole reign.
     yāvadvedam yāvad-vedam, ind. as much as gained or obtained.
     yāvadvyāpti yāvad-vyāpti, ind. to the utmost reach or extent.
     yāvanmātra yāvan-mātra, as, ā, am, having which measure, of which size, as large, extending as far; moderate, insignificant, unimportant, diminutive, little; (am), ind. in some measure or degree, a little.

yāvatitha yāvatitha, as, ī, am (a kind of ordinal of yāvat or, according to some, an old superl.), 'the howmanieth', 'as-manieth', in how many soever degrees advanced.

yāvan 2. yāvan = 1. yava. (For 1. yāvan see p. 814, col. 2.)

yāvan 3. yāvan (fr. rt. 1. yu) in ṛṇa-yāvan, q. v.; [cf. 2. yava.]

yāvana 1. yāvana, as, ī, am (fr. yavana; for 2. see col. 2, for 3. see col. 3), born or produced in the land of the Yavanas; (as), m. incense (as coming from the country of the Yavanas).

yāvanāla yāvanāla, as, m. = yava-nāla, q. v.; (ī), f. sugar extracted from Yava-nāla.
     yāvanālanibha yā-vanāla-nibha or yāvanāla-śara, as, m. a kind of cane or reed resembling the Yāvanāla.

yāvayat yāvayat. See col. 2.

yāvaśūka yāvaśūka, as, m. (fr. yava-śūka) = yava-kṣāra, a kind of alkaline salt prepared from the ashes of burnt barley-straw.

yāvasa yāvasa, as, m. (fr. yavasa), a heap or quantity of grass; fodder, provender, provisions.

yāvāsa yāvāsa (fr. yavāsa), see Gaṇa Palāśādi to Pāṇ. IV. 3, 141.

yāvya yāvya. See col. 3.

yāśu yāśu, n. (perhaps connected with rt. yas), embracing, embrace, sexual union, (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda 1. 126, 6. yāśūni = prajanana-sambandhīni karmāṇi = bhogāḥ.)

yāśodhareya yāśodhareya (fr. yaśo-dharā), as, m. a metronymic of Rāhula (the son of Śākyamuni).

yāśobhadra yāśobhadra (fr. yaśo-bhadra), as, m., N. of the fourth day of the civil month (karma-māsa).

yāṣṭīka yāṣṭīka (fr. 2. yaṣṭi), as, ī, am, armed with a stick or club, having a staff of office; (as), m. a warrior armed with a club.

yāsa yāsa, as, m. = yavāsa, Alhagi Maurorum; (ā), f. a species of thrush, Turdus Salica.

yāska yāska, as, m. (fr. yaska), a patronymic, N. of the author of the Nirukta or commentary on the difficult Vedic words contained in the lists called Nighaṇṭus, (these consist of three divisions, 1. the Naighaṇṭuka or a list of synonymous words, 2. the Naigama or words usually occurring in the Veda only, 3. the Daivata or words relating to deities and sacrificial acts; according to some, these three lists were drawn up by Yāska himself, and then commented on in his Nirukta, which quotes Vedic passages in illustration of the words, and is the oldest Vedic commentary extant; Yāska is supposed to have lived before Pāṇini); (ās), m. pl. the pupils of Yaska.

yāskāyani yāskāyani, is, m. a patronymic from Yāska.

yāskāyanīya yāskāyanīya or yāskīya, ās, m. pl. the pupils of Yāskāyani.

yittha yittha, as, m. a proper N.

yiyakṣat yiyakṣat, an, antī, at, or yiya-kṣamāṇa, as, ā, am (fr. the Desid. of rt. 1. yaj), purposing to sacrifice, wishing to worship.

yiyakṣu yiyakṣu, us, us, u, wishing or intending to sacrifice, desirous of worshipping.

yiyaviṣu yiyaviṣu. See col. 3.

yiyāsu yiyāsu. See p. 814, col. 2.

yu 1. yu (said in Dhātu-pāṭha XXIV. 23. to be a-miśraṇe, i. e. the opposite in meaning to rt. 2. yu below, which is miśraṇe, but rt. 1. yu is entirely Vedic), cl. 3. P. yuyoti, (yuyudhi according to Pāṇ. III. 4, 88); Impv. 2nd sing. yuyodhi; the other forms are Vedic, e. g. yuyota, yuyavat, yu-vanta, ayāvi, yāvīs, yūṣam, yoṣat, yoṣati, yauṣus, yauṣṭam, yaus, Inf. yotave, yotavai, yotos, Ved. to separate, remove, exclude, ward off; to protect from (with abl.); to keep off (with acc.); to drive away, scatter, (Sāy. = pṛthak-kṛ); to keep apart, to be or remain separate, (Sāy. = pṛthag-bhū); cl. 10. A. yāvayate, &c., to despise (?): Caus. yavayati, yāvayati, -yitum, to cause to separate or remove or keep off, &c.: Intens. yoyū-yate, yoyavīti, to be violently separated or rent asunder, (Sāy. = atyartham pṛthag-bhū.)

yāvana 2. yāvana, am, n. (fr. the Caus.; for 1. yāvana see col. 1, for 3. see col. 3), the act of removing or keeping off.

yāvayat yāvayat, an, antī, at (fr. the Caus.), causing to keep off, warding off, protecting.
     yāvayatsakha yāvayat-sakha, as, m. a protecting friend or companion.
     yāvayaddveṣas yāva-yad-dveṣas, ās, ās, as, Ved. driving away hostile beings (said of Ushas, who is supposed to make the Rākṣasas and other malignant spirits vanish at her approach).

yut 1. yut, t, t, t (for rt. 2. yut see s.v.), keeping off, preventing.

yuta 1. yuta, as, ā, am (for 2. see col. 3), separated, separate.
     yutadveṣas yuta-dveṣas, ās, ās, as, Ved. delivered from enemies, relieved from foes, (Sāy. = pṛthag-bhūta-śatruka.)

yu 2. yu (allied to rt. 1. yuj), cl. 2. P., cl. 9. P.A. yauti (3rd pl. yuvanti), yunāti, yunīte, yuyāva (2nd sing. yuyavitha, 3rd pl. yu-yuvus), yuyuve, yaviṣyati, -te, ayāvīt, aya-viṣṭa, yavitum, (these forms are rarely found in classical Sanskṛt, but the following are found in the older language, yaumi, yuvate, yuvāse, yuvasva, ayuvata, yute, yuvate, yutām, (ni) yuyotam, yu-yavat, yuyuve, yuvitā, (ni)yūya), to attach, harness, bind, fasten; to join, unite, connect; to mix, combine; to gain possession of (Ved.); to bestow, confer (Ved.); to worship, honour (according to Naigh. III. 14): Pass. yūyate, 1st Fut. yāvitā, 2nd Fut. yāviṣyate, Aor. ayāvi, Prec. yāviṣīṣṭa, to be joined or mixed: Caus. yāvayati, -yitum, Aor. ayīyavat: Desid. of Caus. yiyāvayiṣati: Desid. yiyaviṣati, yuyūṣati, to wish to unite or join; to yoke: Intens. yoyūyate, yoyavīti, yoyoti, to unite very closely; [cf. Gr. [greek] (perhaps for [greek] Lat. juvare, jus, juro, jubere.]

yāvana 3. yāvana, am, n. (fr. the Caus.; for 1. see col. 1, for 2. see col. 2), the act of uniting or joining, mixing, mingling, blending.

yāvya yāvya, as, ā, am, to be joined or mixed, to be united or mingled; miscible; = yāpya, unimportant, insignificant.

yiyaviṣā yiyaviṣā, f. (fr. the Desid.), the wish to mix or blend.

yiyaviṣu yiyaviṣu, us, us, u, wishing to mix or blend; wishing to fill or cover.

yuta 2. yuta, as, ā, am (often at the end of comps.), fastened to or on, attached to [cf. vaḍiśa-y-]; added, joined, united; connected or joined with, accompanied, attended by, furnished with, endowed with, possessed of, filled with, covered with; (am), n. a particular measure of length = 4 Hastas.

yutaka yutaka, as, ā, am, attached, connected, joined, united; (am), n. a pair, couple; union, alliance, friendship, forming friendship; a nuptial gift or present (= yautaka); a sort of cloth or dress; a sort of dress worn by women; the edge of a garment, border of a woman's dress; the edge of a winnowing basket; suspicion, doubt, uncertainty (= saṃ-śaya); an asylum, refuge (= saṃ-śraya).

yuti yuti, is, f. uniting, joining, junction, union; the being furnished with (with inst.); the obtaining possession of; the sum, total number; (in arithmetic) addition; (in astronomy) conjunction.

yu 3. yu, us, us, u (fr. rt. 1. ), Ved. going, moving, (Sāy. = gacchat); coming to misfortune, incurring evil, (Sāy. on Ṛg-veda VIII. 18, 13 = yātṛ, apagamana-śīla or duḥkhaṃ gacchat.)

yu 4. yu, the actual base of the dual and plural numbers of the second personal pronoun, (see yuṣmad.)

yuk yuk (?) or yut (?), ind. badly, ill; (these appear to be wrong forms.)

yukta yukta, yukti, &c. See p. 818.

yuga yuga, yugma, yugya, &c. See p. 818, col. 2, and p. 819, col. 1.

yugat yugat, in Naigh. II. 15. a various reading for dyu-gat, q. v.

yuṅg yuṅg, cl. 1. P. yuṅgati, yuyuṅga, yuṅgitum, to desert, relinquish, abandon.

yuṅga yuṅga in a-yuṅga, q. v.

yuṅgin yuṅgin, ī, m., N. of a particular mixed caste.

yuch yuch (connected with rt. 1. yu), cl. 1. P. yucchati, yuyuccha, yucchitum, to leave, quit, go away, depart (Ved.); to err, be negligent or inattentive.

yuj 1. yuj (connected with rt. 2. yu), cl. 7. P. A. yunakti, yuṅkte (said to be also cl. 1. P. yojati), yuyoja, yuyuje (Ved. 3rd pl. yuyujre), yokṣyati, -te, ayujat or ayaukṣīt, ayukta (epic forms (anu)yuñjase, 3rd sing. yuñjate, ayuñjam, yuñjata; Vedic forms yuje, yunajate, yoja, yojam, yojate, yuyojate, ayuji, ayujran, yujanta, ayukṣata), yoktum (Ved. Inf. yuje), to yoke, join, attach, join together, unite, fasten, connect, add; to harness, put to (horses, &c.); to join one's self to, come into union or conjunction with (e. g. rohiṇīṃ śaśī yunakti, the moon unites with Rohiṇī); to adhere, cleave to (A.); to apply, fit, fix; to use, employ, make use of; to make ready, prepare, fit out, arrange; to appoint, institute; to enjoin, charge; to put on, place on, fix on, fasten on (as an arrow on a bow-string); to put in, infix, insert, inject; to fix the mind (manas, cittam, &c.) on anything (loc.); to direct, turn, bend the thoughts (cintām, &c.) towards any object (loc.); to concentrate or fix the mind (in order to obtain union with the Universal Spirit); to be absorbed or deeply engaged in meditation, meditate, think upon; to join or connect with (with inst.), bring into the possession of, furnish or endow with (with inst.), bestow anything (acc.) upon any one (loc. or gen.), grant, confer: Pass. yujyate (ep. also yujyati), Aor. ayoji, to be yoked or joined; to be fastened or united; to be harnessed; to be put to; to join or connect one's self with, be in conjunction with, to adhere, cleave to; to be applied; to be fit or proper, to be adapted or suitable, to be right; to be made ready or prepared; to be placed or fixed on, to be directed towards; to be absorbed or immersed in; to meditate; to be joined or endowed with or possessed of (with inst.); to participate in, attain to, possess, obtain (with inst.): Caus. yojayati, -yate, -yitum, Aor. ayūyujat, to cause to join or unite; to cause union or conjunction; to yoke, harness, put to; to join, unite, fasten, connect, add; to apply, fix, fit, place, lay; to use, make use of; to prepare, arrange, equip, undertake, execute; to appoint, employ, commission, appoint to (with loc.); to fix on, place on or in; to fix the mind (manas or ātmānam) on, direct the thoughts &c. to (with loc.); to concentrate the attention on, be immersed or engrossed in (with loc.); to furnish or endow with (with inst.); to make to possess or partake of (with inst.), cause to share in, present with, bestow upon; to urge or incite any one (acc.) to anything (dat.), to excite, instigate; to surround; to think little of, esteem lightly, despise (A.): Desid. yuyukṣati, -te, to wish to join or unite, to desire to appoint, to desire to place in any employment or occupation; to wish to fix or place; to be about to place or put on; to intend to fix (the mind) on; to wish to be absorbed in: Intens. yoyujyate, yoyujīti, yoyokti; [cf. Gr. [greek] [greek] Lat. ju-n-g-o, ju-men-tu-m, con-jux, jug-u-m, jugeru-m, juxta; Goth. juk, ga-juk; Old Germ. joh, joch; Angl. Sax. geo-can, geoce; Slav. ig-o; Lith. junga-s, jung-iu.]

yukta yukta, as, ā, am, yoked, joined, united, connected, attached, fastened, harnessed; used, employed, prepared, fitted out, arranged, ready, arranged in regular order, adapted, fitted, fit, suitable, just, proper, right, moderate, due, (yuktaḥ kālena yaḥ, one who makes use of the right opportunity; āyati-yukta, suitable or profitable for the future); appointed, engaged, occupied; fixed on, intent on (with loc. or at the end of a comp.); occupied with, immersed in, engaged in, absorbed in, attentive, attached to, given up or devoted to, absorbed in abstract meditation or in the religious exercise called Yoga; exercised in, skilled in, experienced, skilful, clever; active, energetic; joined with, furnished with, endowed with, filled with, possessed of, having, possessing (with inst. or at the end of a comp.); connected with, relating to; proved, inferred, deduced by argument; (in gram.) primitive, i. e. not derivative; (am), ind. collectively, in troops (Ved.); suitably, properly, rightly, fitly, duly, well; (as), m. a sage or saint who has become united with the Universal Soul, one who is so absorbed in meditating on the Supreme Spirit as to be free from all feeling and passion; N. of a son of Manu Raivata; of one of the seven Ṛṣis under Manu Bhautya; (ā), f., N. of a plant (commonly called Elāni, cf. yukta-rasā); (am), n. a team, yoke; a measure of four cubits, (incorrectly for 2. yuta.)
     yuktakarman yukta-karman, ā, ā, a, invested with any office or function, appointed to any work.
     yuktakārin yukta-kārin, ī, iṇī, i, or yukta-kṛt, t, t, t, doing properly or suitably, acting fitly.
     yuktagrāvan yukta-grāvan, ā, ā, a, Ved. having the stone (for bruising the Soma) prepared, (Sāy. = udyata-grāvan.)
     yuktatama yukta-tama, as, ā, am, most fit; most absorbed in or intent on, very much devoted to.
     yuktatara yukta-tara, as, ā, am, more fit, very intent on or attentive, very much on one's guard (Manu VII. 186).
     yuktatva yukta-tva, am, n. application, use, employment; suitableness, fitness, propriety.
     yuktadaṇḍa yukta-daṇḍa, as, ā, am, employing or applying punishment; punishing justly.
     yuktadaṇḍatā yuktadaṇḍa-tā, f. the inflicting of just punishment.
     yuktamanas yukta-manas,  ās, ās, as, ready-minded, fixing the mind, attentive.
     yuktamāṃsala yukta-māṃsala, as, ā, am, Ved. properly stout or fleshy.
     yuktaratha yukta-ratha, as, m., N. of a particular kind of cleansing clyster; of a sort of elixir.
     yuktarasā yukta-rasā, f. a species of plant (= yuktā).
     yuktarūpa yukta-rūpa, as, ā, am, suitably formed, symmetrical, suitable, proper, fit, moderate; fit for, corresponding to (with loc. or gen.); (am), ind. suitably.
     yuktavat yukta-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. containing the verb yuj.
     yuktaśītoṣṇa yukta-śītoṣṇa (-ta-uṣ-), as, ā, am, of moderate cold and heat.
     yuktasena yukta-sena, as, ā, am, one whose army is ready (for marching).
     yuktasenīya yuktasenīya, as, ā, am, relating to one whose army is ready for marching.
     yuktāyas yuktā-yas (-ta-ay-), as, n. 'bound with iron', a sort of spade or shovel.
     yuktāyukta yuktāyukta (-ta-ay-), am, n. the proper and improper, right and wrong.
     yuktārohin yuk-tārohin (-ta-ār-), ī, iṇī, i, see Pāṇ. VI. 2, 81.
     yuktārtha yuktārtha (-ta-ar-), as, ā, am, having meaning, filled with significance, sensible, rational, significant.
     yuktāśva yuktāśva (-ta-aś-), as, ā, am, Ved. having yoked horses; consisting of horses, (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda V. 41, 5 = aśva-sahita, accompanied with horses.)

yukti yukti, is, f. yoking, joining, junction, juncture, union, connection, combination; putting to, harnessing; application, use, employment, practice, usage; appliance, means, plan, scheme, expedient, (dravya-yuktibhis, by the appliances of money); trick, contrivance, device, stratagem; charm, spell; suitableness, adaptedness, adjustment, fitness, aptness, propriety, correctness; skill, dexterity, ingenuity, art; reasoning, argument, argumentation, inference, induction, deduction from circumstances; probability, provableness; reason, ground, motive; (in the drama) connection of events in the plot, concatenation of incidents, intelligent weighing of the circumstances; (in gram.) connection of words, a sentence; (in law) enumeration of circumstances, specification of place, time, &c.; (in rhetoric) emblematic or mystical expression of purpose; supplying an ellipsis; sum, total; mixture or alloying of metals; conjunction (in astronomy); yuktyā, inst. c. by means of, by virtue of (at the end of a comp.); by device or stratagem, cunningly, craftily, cleverly, artfully, skilfully, under pretext or pretence; properly, suitably, fitly, duly; yuktiṃ kṛ, to make arrangements, take measures; to find a means, discover a remedy; to employ stratagem.
     yuktikathana yukti-kathana, am, n. statement of argument, giving reasons.
     yuktikara yukti-kara, as, ī, am, causing fitness, suitable, proper, fit; established, proved.
     yuktikalpataru yukti-kalpa-taru, us, m. [cf. kalpa-taru], 'Kalpa tree of prosperity', N. of a work ascribed to king Bhoja (describing the virtues and good qualities that ought to be found in a king's ministers, army, &c.).
     yuktijña yukti-jña, as, ā, am, knowing the proper application, knowing the means or remedy; skilled in mixing (substances).
     yuktitas yukti-tas, ind. by means of, by virtue of (at the end of a comp.); by stratagem or craft, craftily, cleverly, artfully, under some pretence or pretext; in a suitable manner, properly, fitly, duly, according to propriety or justice.
     yuktibhāṣā yukti-bhāṣā, f., N. of a work.
     yuktimat yuk-ti-mat, ān, atī, at, joined, united, tied; possessing fitness, full of contrivances or plans, fertile in expedients, ingenious, clever, inventive, able, competent; furnished with arguments, based on argument, proved.
     yuktimattva yuktimat-tva, am, n. the being based on argument, the being proved.
     yuktiyukta yukti-yukta, as, ā, am, possessing fitness or aptness, experienced, expert, skilful; possessing fitness or reason, suitable, proper, fit; established, proved.
     yuktiśāstra yukti-śāstra, am, n. the science of what is suitable or proper.
     yuktisnehaprapūraṇī yukti-sneha-prapūraṇī, f., N. of a commentary on the Śāstradīpikā by Rāma-kṛṣṇa Bhaṭṭa, (the work is also called Siddhānta-candrikā.)

yuktvā yuktvā, ind. having yoked, having joined, having harnessed; having equipped or furnished; (a form yuṅktvā is also found.)

yuga yuga, as, am, m. n. a yoke; (am), n. a pair, couple, brace; a double Śloka or two Ślokas so connected that the sense is only completed by the two together; a race or generation of men, (generally in Ved. with mānuṣa or manuṣya); a period or astronomical cycle of five years, a lustrum, (especially such a period in the cycle of Jupiter); an age of the world, long mundane period of years, (of which there are four, each preceded by a period called sandhyā, 'twilight', and followed by a period called sandhyāṃśa, 'portion of twilight;' viz. 1. Kṛta or Satya, 2. Tretā, 3. Dvāpara, 4. Kali, of which the first three have already elapsed, while the Kali is that in which we are supposed to live; the first consists of 4000 divine years with 400 for each of its twilights, the second of 3000 with 300 for each twilight, the third of 2000 with 200 for each twilight, the fourth or Kali of 1000 with 100 for each twilight; but since a divine year equals 360 years of men, the four Yugas comprise severally 1, 728, 000, 1,296,000, 864,000, and 432, 000 years, the aggregate 4,320, 000 constituting 'a great Yuga', or mahā-yuga, q. v.: the regularly descending numbers in the above series represent a corresponding physical and moral deterioration in those who live during each age, the present or Kali-yuga being the worst; this last Yuga is supposed to have commenced 3101 or 3102 years B.C.); a measure of length (= 4 Hastas or cubits); a symbolical expression for the number 4 and sometimes for the number 12; N. of a particular position or configuration of the moon; of a particular Nābhasa constellation (of the class called Saṅkhyā-yoga, when all the planets are situated in two houses); a species of drug or medicinal plant (= vṛddhi); [cf. Gr. [greek] Lat. jugum; Angl. Sax. ioc, iuc, geoc.]
     yugakīlaka yuga-kīlaka, as, m. the pin of a yoke.
     yugakṣaya yuga-kṣaya, as, m. the end of a Yuga, destruction of the world.
     yugadīrgha yuga-dīrgha, as, ā, am, long as a chariot yoke.
     yugandhara yugan-dhara, as, ā, am, holding or bearing the yoke; (as, am), m. n. the pole of a carriage or wood to which the yoke is fixed; (as), m., N. of a particular magical formula spoken over weapons; of a king; of a mountain; of a forest; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people.
     yugapa yuga-pa, as, m., N. of a Gandharva.
     yugapattra yuga-pattra or yuga-pattraka, as, m. mountain ebony, the plant Bauhinia Variegata.
     yugapattrikā yuga-pattrikā, f. the plant Dalbergia Sissoo.
     yugapatprāpti yugapat-prāpti, is, f. simultaneous arrival, arriving all together.
     yugapad yuga-pad, ind. 'being in the same yoke or by the side of each other', together, at one time, at the same time, simultaneously, at once, all at once, all together.
     yugapārśvaka yuga-pārśvaka or yuga-pārśva-ga, as, ā, am, going at the side of the yoke (said of a young ox in training).
     yugapurāṇa yuga-purāṇa, am, n., N. of a section of the Garga-saṃhitā.
     yugabāhu yuga-bāhu, us, us, u, 'yoke-armed', having arms like a yoke, long armed.
     yugabhaṅga yuga-bhaṅga, as, m. the breaking of a yoke.
     yugamātra yuga-mātra, am, n. the length of a yoke; (as, ī, am), as large as a yoke.
     yugavaratra yuga-varatra or yuga-varatrā, see Gaṇa Khaṇḍikādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 45.
     yugavyāyatabāhu yuga-vyāyata-bāhu, us, us, u, having arms long as a yoke; long armed.
     yugāṃśaka yugāṃśaka (-ga-aṃ-), as, m. 'part of a Yuga or lustrum', a year, (also yugāṃsaka.)
     yugādi yu-gādi (-ga-ādi), is, m. the commencement of a Yuga, the beginning of the world.
     yugādikṛt yugādi-kṛt, t, m., N. of Śiva.
     yugādijina yugādi-jina, as, m. the first Jina of a Yuga.
     yugādijinaśrī yugādijina-śrī, īs, m., N. of Ṛṣabha.
     yugādīśa yugādīśa (-di-īśa), as, m. 'first lord of a Yuga', N. of Ṛṣabha.
     yugādyā yugādyā (-ga-ād-), f. the first day of a Yuga or age of the world; the anniversary of it.
     yugādhyakṣa yugādhyakṣa (-ga-adh-), as, m. 'superintendent of a Yuga', epithet of Prajāpati; of Śiva.
     yugānta yugānta (-ga-an-), as, m. the end of the yoke; the meridian, midday, noon; the end of a generation; the end of an age or Yuga, destruction of the world.
     yugāntaka yugāntaka, as, m. the end of an age, end of the world.
     yugāntabandhu yugānta-bandhu, us, m. a real and constant friend.
     yugāntara yugāntara (-ga-an-), am, n. a kind of yoke, a peculiar yoke; the second half of the arc cutting the meridian described by the sun; another generation, a succeeding age.
     yugāntāgni yugāntāgni (-ta-ag-), is, m. the fire at the end of the world.
     yugeśa yugeśa (-ga-īśa), as, m., Ved. the lord or ruler of a lustrum.
     yugorasya yugorasya (-ga-ur-), as, m., N. of a particular array of troops.

yugala yugala, am, n. a pair, couple, brace, (upānad-yugalam, a pair of shoes; kaṇṭha-niveśita-hasta-yugalā, having both her hands applied to her neck); 'double prayer', N. of a prayer offered up to Lakṣmī and Nārāyaṇa.
     yugalabhakta yugala-bhakta, ās, m. pl., N. of a subdivision of the Caitanya Vaiṣṇavas.
     yugalākhya yugalākhya (-la-ākh-), as, m. a species of plant.

yugalaka yugalaka, am, n. a pair, couple, brace; a couple of Ślokas or two verses so connected that the sense is only completed by the two together.

yugalāya yugalāya, Nom. A. yugalāyate, &c., to be like or represent a pair (of anything).

yugalāyita yugalāyita, as, ā, am, representing or like a pair.

yugāya yugāya, Nom. A. yugāyate, &c., to appear as long as a Yuga, to seem like eternity.

yugin yugin in vastrayugin, q. v.

yugma yugma, as, ā, am, even [cf. a-y-]; (am), n. a pair, couple, brace; twins; the sign of the zodiac Gemini; a couple of Ślokas or two verses so connected that the sense is only completed by the two together; junction, union, mixing, uniting; confluence (of two streams).
     yugmaja yugma-ja, au, m. du. twins.
     yugmapattra yugma-pattra, as, m. mountain ebony, Bauhinia Variegata (= yuga-pattra).
     yugmapattrikā yugma-pattrikā, f. Dalbergia Sissoo (= yuga-pattrikā).
     yugmaparṇa yugma-parṇa, as, m. Bauhinia Variegata; Alstonia Scholaris.
     yugmaphalā yugma-phalā, f., N. of various plants (= indra-cirbiṭī, vṛścikālī, gandhikā).
     yugmaphalottama yugma-phalottama (-la-ut-), as, m. Asclepias Rosea.
     yugmavipulā yugma-vipulā, f. a species of metre.

yugmaka yugmaka, as, ā, am, even; (am), n. a pair, couple, brace; a couple of Ślokas or verses connected by the construction of the sentence (the sense being completed only by the two together).

yugman yugman, ā, ā, a, or yugmat, ān, atī, at, Ved. even.

yugmin yugmin, ī, inī, i, an adj. fr. yugma.

yugya yugya, as, ā, am, fit or proper to be yoked or harnessed; belonging to a yoke; yoked, harnessed; drawn by (e. g. aśva-yugya, drawn by horses); any yoked or draught animal; (am), n. a vehicle, carriage, car, chariot; jamadagner vrataṃ yugyam, N. of a Sāman.
     yugyavāha yugya-vāha, as, m. a coachman, driver.
     yugyastha yugya-stha, as, ā, am, being in a carriage, a person in a carriage.

yuj 2. yuj, k, k, k (often at the end of comps.; when uncompounded the strong cases ought to have a nasal inserted, e. g. yuṅ, yuñjau, yuñjas, yuñjam, yuñjau), yoked, joined, connected, joined to, harnessed, drawn by, (catur-yuj, drawn by four horses; aśva-sahasra-yuj, drawn by a thousand horses; hayottama-yuj, drawn by the best horses); yoked or joined together, any one who is joined or yoked, a yoke-fellow, yoke-mate, companion; furnished or provided with, filled with, affected by, possessed of, possessing (e. g. prīti-yuj, possessing pleasure, pleased; kāma-yuj, possessing, i. e. granting desires, cf. dharma-yuj); exciting, an exciter, (yuṅ bhiyaḥ, exciter of fear); in couples or pairs, even, not odd, not single, not separate [cf. a-yuj]; (k or ), m. a pair, couple, the number two; a joiner, one who joins or unites; one who devotes his time to abstract contemplation, a sage; a measure of 300 poles (?); yujau, m. du. the sign of the zodiac Gemini; the two Aśvins; [cf. Lat. con-jux, con-jug-is.]

yuja yuja = 2. yuj, 'even', 'not odd', in a few comps.

yujya yujya, as, ā, am, Ved. connected, united, friendly; related, allied; suitable, fit, fitting, proper; of the same kind, homogeneous; a kinsman; (am), n. union, connection, relationship; jamadagner vrataṃ yuj-yam, N. of a Sāman, (also read yugyam.)

yujyamāna yujyamāna, as, ā, am, being united or joined or connected with (with inst.); being furnished or provided with, possessing (with inst.).

yuñjaka yuñjaka, as, ā, am, applying, performing, exercising, practising, (dhyāna-yuñjaka, practising devotion.)

yuñjat yuñjat, an, atī, at, uniting, joining; uniting spiritually, practising devotion.

yuñjāna yuñjāna, as, ā, am, uniting, combining, joining with; suitable, fitting, proper; successful, prosperous; (as), m. a driver, coachman, charioteer; a Brāhman, one who by the religious exercise called Yoga endeavours to obtain union with the Supreme Soul.

yuñjānaka yuñjānaka, as, ā, am, containing the word yuñjāna.

yuyukṣamāṇa yuyukṣamāṇa, as, ā, am (fr. the Desid.), wishing to join or unite; wishing to effect spiritual union (with the divine essence), devout.

yuyujāna yuyujāna, as, ā, am (Perf. Part. A.), one who has yoked or joined.
     yuyujānasapti yuyujāna-sapti, ī, m. du., Ved. having harnessed or yoked their horses (said of the two Aśvins; Sāy. = rathe yujyamānāśvau).

yoktavya yoktavya, as, ā, am, to be yoked or joined or united, to be united (spiritually); to be applied or made use of, applicable, practicable; to be appointed to (any office), to be charged with (with loc., e. g. karmaṇi yoktavyaḥ, to be charged with a business); to be fixed on or directed to (as the mind); to be furnished or endowed with, to be made to be possessed of (with inst.).

yoktṛ yoktṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, one who yokes or harnesses, a harnesser, driver, coachman; an exciter, rouser.

yoktra yoktra, am, n. any instrument for tying or fastening, a tie, fastening, band, cord, halter, rope, thong, girth; the tie of the yoke of a plough; the thongs by which an animal is attached to the pole of a vehicle.

yoktraka yoktraka, am, n. = yoktra above.

yoktraya yoktraya (fr. yoktra), Nom. P. yoktrayati, &c., to tie, bind, fasten, wind round.

yoga yoga, yogya, &c. See p. 821, col. 2, and p. 823, col. 2.

yojana yojana, yojayitṛ, yojitṛ, yojya, &c. See p. 823, cols. 2, 3.

yuñjanda yuñjanda, N. of a place.

yut 2. yut (allied to rts. jut, jyut, dyut; for 1. yut see p. 817, col. 2), cl. 1. A. yotate, &c., to shine; [cf. Hib. iudh, 'a day;' an-iudh, 'to-day;' iodhna, 'brightness, purity;' 'clean, pure.']

yuta yuta, yutaka. See under rts. 1. and 2. yu, p. 817.

yuti yuti. See p. 817, col. 3.

yutkāra yut-kāra, yud-bhū. See under 2. yudh, col. 3.

yuddha yuddha. See col. 3.

yudh 1. yudh, cl. 4. A. P. (in Post-Vedic literature usually A. except where the metre requires P.) yudhyate (-ti), yuyudhe (3rd pl. P. yuyudhuḥ), yotsyate (yotsyati), ayuddha (ayo-dhīt), yoddhum (Ved. Inf. yudhaye), to fight, combat, oppose in battle (with acc.); to overcome in battle, conquer, vanquish (with acc.); to fight or contend with (with inst. or inst. with saha, e. g. śatrubhiḥ or śatrubhiḥ saha yudhyate, he fights with enemies); to fight for or about (with loc., Ved.); to wage war, fight, engage in battle or war; (according to Naigh. II. 14) to go (P.): Pass. yu-dhyate, to be fought: Caus. P. yodhayati (rarely A. -te), -yitum, Aor. ayūyudhat, to cause to fight, make to fight with (with inst.); to order to fight; to make war upon, attack, fight against, oppose; to overcome in battle, vanquish, conquer; to defend: Pass. of Caus. yodhyate, to be made to fight, &c.: Desid. yuyutsati, -te (in ep. often P. on account of the metre), to be desirous or anxious to fight; to wish to conquer; to prepare to fight: Caus. of Desid. yuyutsayati, to make desirous of fighting, make eager for battle: Intens. yoyudhyate, yoyod-dhi; [cf. Zend yud: Gr. [greek] Hib. iodhna, 'spears, arms' (= ā-yudha); iodnach, 'valiant;' iodhlan, 'a hero:' (perhaps also) Angl. Sax. gudh: (perhaps) Old Germ. gund, 'battle.']

yuddha yuddha, as, ā, am, fought, encountered; overcome, subdued, conquered; (am), n. war, battle, conflict, fight, combat, struggle, contest, strife, engagement; (in astronomy) opposition, conflict of the planets.
     yuddhakāṇḍa yuddha-kāṇḍa, am, n. 'battle-section', N. of the sixth book of Vālmīki's Rāmāyaṇa; of the sixth book of the Adhyātma-rāmāyaṇa.
     yuddhakāritva yud-dhakāri-tva, am, n. making war, fighting.
     yuddhakārin yud-dha-kārin, ī, iṇī, i, making war, fighting, contending, struggling, engaging in battle.
     yuddhakīrtti yuddha-kīrtti, is, m., N. of a pupil of Śaṅkarācārya.
     yuddhagāndharva yuddha-gāndharva, am, n. a battle like the dance of the Gandharvas.
     yuddhajayārṇava yuddha-jayārṇava (-ya-ar-), as, m., N. of a section of the Jyotiḥśāstra.
     yuddhajayopāya yuddha-jayopāya (-ya-up-), as, m., N. of a work.
     yuddhajit yuddha-jit, t, t, t, victorious in battle.
     yuddhadyūta yuddha-dyūta, am, n. the game of war, luck of battle, chance of war, (see dyūta.)
     yuddhadharma yuddha-dharma, as, m. the law of war.
     yuddhaparāṅmukha yuddha-parāṅ-mukha, as, ī, am, averse from fighting.
     yuddhapurī yuddha-purī, f., N. of a town.
     yuddhabhū yuddha-bhū, ūs, or yuddha-bhūmi, is, f. battle-ground, a field of battle.
     yuddhamaya yuddha-maya, as, ī, am, consisting of war, resulting from battle, relating to war, warlike, martial.
     yuddhamārga yuddha-mārga, as, m. a mode of fighting, stratagem, manoeuvre.
     yuddhamuṣṭi yuddha-muṣṭi, is, m., N. of a son of Ugra-sena.
     yuddhamedinī yuddha-medinī, f. battle-ground, a field of battle.
     yuddhayojaka yuddha-yojaka, as, ā, am, preparing for war, eager for battle.
     yuddharaṅga yuddha-raṅga, as, m. 'battle-arena', field of battle; (as, ā, am), whose arena is battle; (as), m., N. of Kārttikeya.
     yuddhavastu yuddha-vastu, u, n. an implement of war.
     yuddhavidyā yuddha-vidyā, f. the science of war, military art.
     yuddhavīra yuddha-vīra, as, m. 'battlehero', a valiant man, warrior, hero, champion; heroism, bravery (as one of the Rasas).
     yuddhaśakti yuddha-śakti, is, f. warlike vigour or prowess.
     yuddhaśālin yuddha-śālin, ī, inī, i, warlike, courageous, valiant, bold.
     yuddhasāra yuddha-sāra, as, m. 'battle-goer', a horse.
     yuddhācārya yuddhācārya (-dha-āc-), as, m. 'war-preceptor', a military instructor, one who teaches the use of arms.
     yuddhāji yuddhāji (-dha-āji), is, m., N. of a descendant of Aṅgiras.
     yuddhādhvan yuddhādhvan (-dha-adh-), ā, ā, a, going or resorting to battle.
     yuddhārthin yud-dhārthin (-dha-ar-), ī, inī, i, desirous of war, seeking war.
     yuddhāvasāna yuddhāvasāna (-dha-av-), am, n. cessation of war, truce.
     yuddhodyama yuddhodyama (-dha-ud-), or yuddhodyoga (-dha-ud-), as, m. preparing for battle, vigorous and active preparation for war.
     yuddhonmatta yuddhonmatta (-dha-un-), as, ā, am, 'battle-mad', fierce or frantic in battle; (as), m., N. of a Rākṣasa.
     yuddhopakaraṇa yuddhopakaraṇa (-dha-up-), am, n. a war implement, accoutrements.

yuddhaka yuddhaka, am, n. = yuddha, war, battle, &c.

yuddhin yuddhin, ī, inī, i, relating to war or battle, &c.

yudh 2. yudh, t, t, t, warring, fighting; a fighter, warrior, soldier, hero, champion; (t), f. war, fight, battle, combat, conflict, struggle, contest.
     yutkāra yut-kāra, as, ī, am, Ved. making war, waging war, fighting, contending.
     yudbhū yud-bhū, ūs, f. battle-ground, a field of battle.
     yudhājit yudhā-jit, t, t, t (yudhā, inst. c.), conquering or vanquishing by means of war; (t), m., N. of a son of Kroṣṭu by a woman called Mādrī; of a son of Kekaya (uncle of Bharata); of a son of Vṛṣṇi; of a king of Ujjayinī.
     yudhāmanyu yudhā-manyu, us, m. (yudhā, inst. c.), N. of a warrior on the side of the Pāṇḍavas.
     yudhiśreṣṭha yudhi-śreṣṭha, as, ā, am, pre-eminent in battle.
     yudhiṣṭhira yudhi-ṣṭhira, as, m. (yudhi, loc. c. + sthira), 'firm or steady in battle', N. of the eldest of the five reputed sons of Pāṇḍu, (though nominally the son of Pāṇḍu, he was really the child of Pṛthā or Kuntī, Pāṇḍu's wife, by the god Dharma or Yama, whence he is often called Dharma-putra or Dharma-rāja; as the eldest of the five Pāṇḍavas, he ultimately succeeded Pāṇḍu as king, first reigning over Indra-prastha, and afterwards, when the Kuru princes or sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra were defeated, at Hāstina-pura); N. of a son of Kṛṣṇa; of two kings of Kaśmīra; of a potter (in Pañca-tantra, p. 217); of a preceptor; (ās), m. pl. the descendants of Yudhi-ṣṭhira, son of Pāṇḍu.
     yudhiṣṭhirapurogama yudhiṣṭhira-purogama, as, ā, am, having Yudhi-ṣṭhira as leader, led on by Yudhi-ṣṭhira.

yudhāṃśrauṣṭi yudhāṃśrauṣṭi, is, m., Ved. a proper N.

yudhāji yudhāji, cf. yaudhājaya.

yudhājit yudhā-jit, yudhā-manyu. See under 2. yudh.

yudhājīva yudhājīva, as, m. a proper N., (perhaps for yuddhājīva.)

yudhāna yudhāna, as, m. a man of the second or military order, a warrior; an enemy.

yudhāsura yudhāsura, as, m., N. of king Nanda.

yudhi yudhi, Ved. fighting, contending, battle, (usually occurring in the dat. yudhaye used as a Ved. Inf. in the sense 'to fight.')

yudhika yudhika, as, ā, am, fighting, contending, (perhaps an incorrect form.)

yudhiṅgama yudhiṅ-gama, as, ā, am (yudhim, acc. c.), Ved. going to battle.

yudhiṣṭhira yudhi-ṣṭhira. See under 2. yudh.

yudhenya yudhenya, as, ā, am, Ved. to be fought with, to be overcome in battle.

yudhma yudhma, as, ā, am, Ved. warlike, material; (as), m. a warrior, champion, soldier, (Sāy. = yoddhṛ); a battle, fight; an arrow; a bow; (according to some) = śeṣa-saṅgrāma; = śarabha.

yudhya yudhya, as, ā, am, to be fought with; to be conquered or subdued, conquerable.

yudhyamāna yudhyamāna, as, ā, am, fighting, making war.

yudhyāmadhi yudhyāmadhi, is, m., Ved. a proper N.

yudhvan yudhvan, ā, ā, a, Ved. warlike, martial, a warrior.

yuyutsat yuyutsat, an, antī, at, wishing to fight.

yuyutsā yuyutsā, f. (fr. the Desid.), the wishing to fight, desire for war, eagerness for battle, pugnacity, enmity.
     yuyutsārahita yuyutsā-rahita, as, ā, am, without wish or intention to fight, cowardly.

yuyutsu yuyutsu, us, us, u, wishing to fight, desiring war, eager for battle; anxious to fight with (with inst. or with saha, sārdham, &c. with inst.); pugnacious, hostile, ambitious; (us), m. a combatant; N. of one of the sons of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra.

yuyudhan yuyudhan, ā, m., N. of a king of Mithilā.

yuyudhāna yuyudhāna, as, m., N. of a son of Satyaka, (he was one of the allies of the Pāṇḍavas); a Kshatriya, warrior; epithet of Indra.

yuyudhi yuyudhi or yūyudhi, is, is, i, Ved. warlike, martial, pugnacious.

yotsyamāna yotsyamāna, as, ā, am, about to fight, ready to fight.

yoddhavya yoddhavya, as, ā, am, to be fought or contended, to be overcome in battle, (the neuter may be used impersonally, e. g. kair mayā saha yoddhavyam, by whom is it to be fought with me.)

yoddhukāma yoddhu-kāma, as, ā, am, wishing to fight, anxious for battle.

yoddhṛ yoddhṛ, dhā, m. a fighter, warrior, champion, combatant, soldier.

yodha yodha, as, m. a fighter, warrior, champion, combatant, soldier; battle, war (in dur-y-, mitho-y-, q. q. v. v.); a kind of metre, four times [metrical sequence].
     yodhadharma yodha-dharma, as, m. the law of soldiers, military law, duty of the Kshatriya caste.
     yodhamukhya yodha-mukhya, as, m. a chief warrior, leader.
     yodhavīra yodha-vīra, as, m. a hero, warrior.
     yodhasaṃrāva yodha-saṃrāva, as, m. challenging to battle, mutual defiance of combatants.
     yodhahara yodha-hara, as, ā, am, carrying warriors.
     yodhāgāra yodhāgāra (-dha-āg-), as, m. a soldier's dwelling, barrack.

yodhaka yodhaka, as, m. = yodha, a fighter, warrior.

yodhana yodhana, am, n. the act of fighting, battle, war, strife.
     yodhanapuratīrtha yodhana-pura-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.

yodhanīpura yodhanī-pura, am, n., N. of a town.

yodhayat yodhayat, an, antī, at, fighting, making war.

yodhika yodhika, epithet of a particular mode of fighting; [cf. yaudhika.]

yodhin yodhin, ī, inī, i, fighting, contending, waging war, (at the end of comps., e. g. divyāstra-yodhin, fighting with divine weapons; cf. haya-y-); conquering, subduing, a conqueror (e. g. dānava-yodhin, conquering the Dānavas); (ī), m. a warrior.
     yodhivana yodhi-vana, am, n., N. of a place.

yodhīyas yodhīyas, ān, asī, as (compar. of yodha), more warlike or martial.

yodheya yodheya, as, m. = yodha, a warrior, combatant; (ās), m. pl., N. of a race.

yodhya yodhya, as, ā, am, to be fought, to be overcome in battle, to be conquered or subdued, conquerable; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people.

yunth yunth = rt. punth, q. v.

yup yup, cl. 4. P. yupyati, yuyopa, ayu-pat, &c., to confuse, trouble, perplex; to efface, destroy, obliterate; to make level or smooth; to be concealed, (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda I. 104, 4. yuyopa = gūḍham āsīt): Caus. yopayati, yitum, to efface, obliterate, destroy: Intens. yo-yupyate.

yopana yopana, am, n. the act of effacing (foot-prints or traces, &c.) or anything used for effacing or obliterating; the act of oppressing, obstructing, molesting, perplexing, confusing, destroying, effacing, obliterating (sometimes at the end of comps.; cf. pada-y-, jana-y-).

yopayat yopayat, an, antī, at, effacing, obliterating, obstructing, perplexing.

yuyu yuyu, us, m. a horse, (probably incorrect for yayu.)

yuyukkhura yuyuk-khura, as, m. a hyena.

yuyutsā yuyutsā, yuyutsu, yuyudhāna, &c. See col. 1.

yuyuvi yuyuvi. See yūyuvi, p. 821, col. 2.

yuva yuva, the actual base of the dual of the second personal pronoun, (yuvām, nom. acc. you two; yuvābhyām, inst. dat. abl.; yuvayos, gen. loc.; Ved. forms yuvam, yuvabhyām, yuvos.)
     yuvadrik yuva-drik, ind., Ved. directed towards both of you.
     yuvadhita yuva-dhita, as, ā, am, Ved. placed or arranged for you both; beneficial to you both, (Sāy. yuvā-bhyāṃ vihita.)
     yuvādatta yuvā-datta, as, ā, am, Ved. given by both of you.
     yuvānīta yuvā-nīta, as, ā, am, Ved. brought by both of you.
     yuvāyuj yuvā-yuj, k, k, k, Ved. yoked for you both, harnessed by you both.
     yuvāvat yuvā-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. belonging to both of you.

yuvat 1. yuvat (for 2. yuvat see col. 3), Ved. abl. du. of the 2nd personal pronoun, (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda I. 109, 1. yuvat = yuvābhyām.)
     yuvaddevatya yuvad-devatya, as, ā, am, Ved. having (each of) you for a divinity.

yuvayu yuvayu or yuvāyu, us, us, u, Ved. longing for both of you, (Sāy. yuvayu = yuvāṃ kāmayamā-na); intended for you both.

yuvāku yuvāku, us, us, u, Ved. belonging to both of you.

yuvaka yuvaka. See col. 3.

yuvan yuvan, ā, yuvati or yuvatī or yūnī, a (said to be fr. rt. 2. yu, but according to some for dyuvan, fr. 3. dyu or rt. 2. div, 'to shine;' compar. yavīyas, q. v.; superl. yaviṣṭha, q. v.), young, youthful, juvenile, adult, arrived at puberty (applied to men or animals); endowed with native or natural strength, strong, excellent, good, healthy; (ā), m. a youth, young man, a young animal; (in the Veda yuvan is also applied to Indra, Agni, and various other gods); the younger descendant of any one (an elder descendant being still alive); N. of the ninth year in Jupiter's cycle of sixty years; (yuvati, is), f. a girl, young woman, any youthful female, any young female animal, (ibha-yuvati, a young female elephant; the term yuvati is also applied in the Veda to Ushas, Night and Morning, Heaven and Earth); turmeric; (yuvatī), f. = yuvati, a young woman; the sign of the zodiac Virgo; [cf. Lat. juveni-s, jun-ior, Junius, junix: Goth. juggs: Angl. Sax. iong, iung, geong, geogudh: Lith. jauna-s: Slav. junu, 'a youth;' junosti, 'youth.']
     yuvakhalati yuva-khalati, is, is, i, bald in youth; yuva-khalatī, f. bald in girlhood.
     yuvagaṇḍa yuva-gaṇḍa, as, m. an eruption on the face of young people.
     yuvajarat yuva-jarat, an, atī, at, appearing old in youth, becoming old at an early age.
     yuvajāni yuva-jāni, is, is, i, Ved. having a young wife.
     yuvatā yuva-tā, f. or yuva-tva, am, n. youthfulness, youth.
     yuvatijana yuvati-jana or yu-vatī-jana, as, m. a young woman.
     yuvatīṣṭā yuvatīṣṭā (-ti-iṣ-), f. yellow jasmine (= svarṇa-yūthikā).
     yuvapalita yuva-palita, as, ā (?), am, grey-haired in youth.
     yuvapratyaya yuva-pratyaya, as, m. a suffix forming the socalled Yuvan patronymics.
     yuvamārin yuva-mārin, ī, iṇī, i, Ved. dying in youth.
     yuvarāja yuva-rāja, as, m. 'young king', an heir-apparent associated with the reigning sovereign in the government, a crown prince; epithet of Maitreya the future Buddha; one of the Jaina Pontiffs.
     yuvarājatva yuvarāja-tva or yuva-rājya, am, n. the rank or position of an heir-apparent to a throne.
     yuvarājan yuva-rājan, ā, m. = yuva-rāja above.
     yuvarājaśabdabhāj yuva-rāja-śabda-bhāj, k, k, k, possessing the title of heir-apparent.
     yuvavalina yuva-valina, as, ā, am, having wrinkles in youth or at an early age.
     yuvībhū yuvī-bhū, cl. 1. P. -bhavati, -bhavitum, to become young.
     yuvībhūta yuvī-bhūta, as, ā, am, become young.

yuvaka yuvaka, as, m. = yuvan, a youth.

yuvat 2. yuvat, Ved. = yuvan, youthful, Ṛg-veda X. 39, 8. (For 1. yuvat see col. 2.)

yuvati yuvati or yuvatī. See under yuvan, col. 2.

yuvanyu yuvanyu, us, us, u, Ved. youthful, juvenile.

yuvaśa yuvaśa, as, ā, am, Ved. young, youthful, juvenile.

yuvana yuvana (?), as, m. the moon.

yuvanāśva yuvanāśva, as, m., N. of the father of Māndhātṛ; of various persons.
     yuvanāśvaja yuva-nāśva-ja, as, m. the son of Yuvanāśva, i. e. Māndhātṛ (an early sovereign of the solar dynasty).

yuvanyu yuvanyu, yuva-rāja, &c. See above.

yuvā yuvā, f., Ved., N. of one of Agni's arrows.

yuvādatta yuvā-datta, yuvāyu, &c. See under yuva, col. 2.

yuvāma yuvāma, N. of a town.

yuṣṭagrāma yuṣṭa-grāma, as, m., N. of a village.

yusmad yuṣmad, a form derived from yuṣ-mat, abl. pl. of the pronominal base 4. yu, and serving for the base of the 2nd personal pronoun in the plural number and at the beginning of some compounds; the actual base, however, in most of the plural cases is yuṣma, which is also found in a few compounds, cf. yuṣmā-datta below; the following forms are found, yūyam, nom. pl. you; yuṣmān, acc. you; yuṣmābhis, inst. by you; yuṣmabhyam, dat. to you; yuṣmat or yuṣmat-tas, abl. from you; yuṣmākam, gen. of you, (in Ved. the final nasal may be dropped, e. g. yuṣmā-kaika for yuṣmākam eka); yuṣmāsu (Ved. also yuṣme), loc. in you, cf. Ṛg-veda VIII. 47, 8; [cf. Zend yūs; Gr. [greek] (fr. [greek]); Goth. and Lith. ju-s.]
     yuṣmadartham yuṣmad-artham, ind. for you, on your account.
     yuṣmadāyatta yuṣmad-āyatta, as, ā, am, dependent upon you, at your disposal.
     yuṣmadvācya yuṣmad-vācya, am, n. (in gram.) the second person.
     yuṣmadvidha yuṣmad-vidha, as, ā, am, of your kind or sort, like you.
     yuṣmādatta yuṣmā-datta, as, ā, am, Ved. given or bestowed by you; [cf. yuvā-datta.]
     yuṣmādṛś yuṣmā-dṛś, k, k, k, or yuṣmā-dṛśa, as, ī, am, like you, similar to you, resembling you, one such as you; [cf. mādṛś, tvā-dṛś.]
     yuṣmānīta yuṣmā-nīta, as, ā, am, Ved. led or accompanied by you.
     yuṣmāvat yuṣmā-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. belonging to you.
     yuṣmeṣita yuṣmeṣita (-mā-iṣ-), as, ā, am, Ved. excited or instigated by you.
     yuṣmota yuṣmota (-mā-ūta), as, ā, am, Ved. protected or loved by you.

yuṣmadīya yuṣmadīya, as, ā, am, your, yours, your own, belonging to you.

yuṣmayat yuṣmayat, an, antī, at, Ved. seeking you, addressed to you, (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda II. 39, 7 = yuvām icchat.)

yuṣmāka yuṣmāka, as, ā, am, Ved. your, yours; [cf. yuṣmāka under yuṣmad.]

yū, ūs, m. (according to some f.), soup, pease-soup, broth (= yūṣa).

yūka yūka, as, ā, m. f. (said to be fr. rt. 2. yu), a louse.
     yūkadevī yūka-devī, f., N. of a princess.
     yūkālikṣa yūkā-likṣa, am, n. lice and nits.

yūkara yūkara, see Gaṇa Kṛśāśvādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

yūti yūti, is, f. (fr. rt. 2. yu), joining, mixing, mixture, junction, connection, union, addition; [cf. yuti, vahir-yūti.]

yūtha yūtha, as, am, m. n. (usually am, n.; fr. rt. 2. yu), a flock, herd (of birds, animals, &c.); a bevy, troop, band; a multitude, number, large quantity; (ī), f. a kind of jasmine (= yūthikā).
     yūthaga yūtha-ga, as, m., N. of a class of gods under Manu Cākṣuṣa.
     yūthanātha yūtha-nātha, as, m. the lord of a band, leader of a troop, head of a flock or herd; a large elephant.
     yūthapa yūtha-pa, as, or yūtha-pati, is, m. a keeper or protector of a troop, lord or captain of a band; the leader of a herd (especially of elephants), a large elephant.
     yūthapatisakāśam yūthapati-sakā-śam, ind. to the chief of the herd.
     yūthaparibhraṣṭa yūtha-pari-bhraṣṭa, as, ā, am, fallen out or strayed from the herd.
     yūthapaśu yūtha-paśu, us, m., N. of a particular tax or tithe.
     yūthapāla yūtha-pāla, as, m. = yūtha-pa.
     yūthabhraṣṭa yū-tha-bhraṣṭa or yūtha-vibhraṣṭa, as, ā, am, = yūtha-paribhraṣṭa above.
     yūthamukhya yūtha-mukhya, as, m. the chief or captain of a troop.
     yūthaśas yūtha-śas, ind. in troops or bands, in flocks or herds, gregariously.
     yūthahata yūtha-hata, as, ā, am, = yūtha-paribhraṣṭa.
     yūthāgraṇī yūthāgraṇī (-tha-ag-), īs, m. a leader of a band or troop.
     yūthīkṛ yūthī-kṛ, cl. 8. P. -karoti, &c., to make or form into a herd, to unite in a flock.

yūthaka yūthaka at the end of an adj. comp. = yūtha.

yūthara yūthara, an adj. fr. yūtha, see Gaṇa Aśmādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

yūthikā yūthikā, f. a kind of jasmine, Jasminum Auriculatum; globe-amaranth; Clypea Hernandifolia.

yūthya yūthya, as, ā, am, Ved. belonging to a herd or flock; being at the head of the herd; belonging to a troop or herd of (at the end of a comp.).

yūna yūna, am, n. (fr. rt. 2. yu), a band, cord, string.

yūni yūni, is, f. joining, connection, union.

yūnarvan yūnarvan, a Vedic word of which the sense is doubtful.

yūnī yūnī, f. of yuvan, q. v.

yūpa yūpa, as, m. (according to Uṇādi-s. III. 27. fr. rt. 2. yu, 'to bind;' but according to some, more probably fr. rt. yup), a smooth post or stake to which the sacrificial victim is fastened, any sacrificial post, (usually made of bamboos or Khadira wood; in Rāmāyaṇa I. 13, 24, 25, where the horse sacrifice is described, twenty-one of these posts are set up, six made of Vilva, six of Khadira, six of Palāśa, one of Uḍumbara, one of Śleṣmātaka, and one of Deva-dāru); a column erected in honour of a victory, a trophy (= jaya-stambha); N. of a particular conjunction of the class ākṛti-yoga (i. e. when all the planets are situated in the first, second, third, and fourth houses).
     yūpakaṭaka yūpa-kaṭaka, as, m. a wooden ring at the top of the sacrificial post; (according to some) an iron ring at its base.
     yūpakarṇa yūpa-karṇa, as, m. the part of a sacrificial post which is sprinkled with ghee.
     yūpaketu yūpa-ketu, us, m., N. of Bhūri-śravas.
     yūpacchedana yūpa-cchedana, am, n. the cutting of the sacrificial post.
     yūpadāru yūpa-dāru, n. the wood for the sacrificial post.
     yūpadru yūpa-dru, us, m. Acacia Catechu (the wood of this tree being especially suitable for the sacrificial post).
     yūpadruma yūpa-druma, as, m. = yūpa-dru above; = rakta-khadira.
     yūpadhvaja yūpa-dhvaja, as, m. 'having the sacrificial post as an emblem', epithet of the sacrifice (personified).
     yūpalakṣaṇa yū-pa-lakṣaṇa, am, n., N. of a Pariśiṣṭa of Kātyāyana.
     yūpalakṣya yūpa-lakṣya, as, m. a bird (said to be so called as 'having a post [round which a snare is tied] for its aim').
     yūpavat yūpa-vat, ān, atī, at, having a sacrificial post.
     yūpavāha yūpa-vāha, as, m., Ved. the carrier or bearer of the sacrificial post.
     yūpavraska yūpa-vraska, as, m. the cutter of the sacrificial post.
     yūpākṣa yūpākṣa (-pa-ak-), as, m., N. of a Rākṣasa, (also read yūpākhya.)
     yūpāgra yūpāgra (-pa-ag-), am, n. the top of the sacrificial post.
     yūpāhuti yūpāhuti (-pa-āh-), is, f. an offering at the erection of the sacrificial post.
     yūpocchraya yūpocchraya (-pa-uc-), as, m. the ceremony of erecting the sacrificial post.

yūpīya yūpīya or yūpya, as, ā, am, fit or suitable for a sacrificial post.

yūyam yūyam. See yuṣmad, p. 820, col. 3.

yūyudhi yūyudhi = yuyudhi, p. 820, col. 1.

yūyuvi yūyuvi, is, is, i (fr. rt. 1. yu; according to the Pada-pāṭha yuyuvi), Ved. setting aside, removing.

yūṣ yūṣ [cf. rt. jūṣ], cl. 1. P. yūṣati, &c., to injure, hurt, wound; to kill; [cf. Slav. juchu.]

yūṣa yūṣa, as, am, m. n. (said to be connected with rt. yūṣ above; cf. jūṣa), soup, broth, pease-soup, the water in which pulse of various kinds has been boiled; (as), m. the Indian mulberry tree; [cf. probably Gr. [greek] Lat. jus; Slav. jucha.]

yūṣan yūṣan, a form optionally substituted for yūṣa in all the cases except Nom. Voc. sing. du. pl., Acc. sing. du. (e. g. Acc. pl. yūṣān or yūṣṇaḥ, Inst. sing. yūṣeṇa or yūṣṇā, du. yūṣābhyām or yū-ṣabhyām, &c.).

yūs yūs = yūṣa above; [cf. .]

yena yena, ind. (inst. of 3. ya or yad), by which, by means of which, by which way, in which manner, in whatever way or manner, in which direction, whither, where, in whatever direction, wheresoever; on which account, in consequence of which, wherefore; because, since, as; that, so that, in order that (with pot. or pres. or fut.).

yemana yemana, am, n. = jemana, eating.

yeyajāmaha yeyajāmaha, as, m. a term for the expression ye yajāmahe, which immediately precedes the Yājyā or formula of consecration.

yeyāyeya yeyāyeya (-ya-ay-), am, n. (fr. rt. 1. ), that which is to be gone after and not to be gone after.

yevāṣa yevāṣa, as, m., Ved., N. of a noxious insect, (also read yavāṣa.)

yeṣ yeṣ, cl. 1. P. yeṣati, &c., Ved. to boil up, bubble; to flow, leak; cl. 1. A. yeṣate, &c., to exert one's self, endeavour, persevere, = rt. peṣ, q. v.

yeṣat yeṣat, an, antī, at, boiling up, bubbling; flowing, leaking; (Sāy. on Ṛg-veda III. 53, 22 = sra-vat.)

yeṣṭiha yeṣṭiha, Ved. epithet of a Muhūrta.

yeṣṭha yeṣṭha, as, ā, am (superl. fr. rt. 1. ), going very quickly, moving with the greatest rapidity, (Sāy. Ṛg-veda VII. 56, 6 = yātṛtama, atiśayena gantṛ, but Ṛg-veda V. 41, 3 = yantṛtama, restraining greatly, as if fr. rt. yam.)

yok yok, ind. = jyok, for a long time.

yoktavya yoktavya, yoktṛ, yoktra, &c. See p. 819, col. 2.

yoga yoga, as, m. (in one or two exceptional cases am, n.; fr. rt. 1. yuj), the act of yoking, joining, junction, conjunction, uniting, union, contact; the harnessing or putting to (of horses); a yoke, team, (ṣaḍ-yoga, having a team of six); conveyance; the arraying or equipping (of an army), arrangement, disposition; applying, fixing, application, use, employment, appointment, institution; the putting on armour; armour; the fixing (of an arrow or other weapon); application of a remedy or medicine, remedy, cure; mode, manner, method, means, (yo-gena or yogāt at the end of comps. = 'by means of', 'by reason of', 'through'); an expedient, artifice, plan, device, (yogena, artfully, craftily); a supernatural means, charm, incantation, spell, magic, magical art; fraud, deceit [cf. yoga-nanda]; side, part, argument; occasion, opportunity; fitness, propriety, suitability, aptness, congruity, (yogena, suitably, fitly, in accordance with, conformably to); the performance or execution (of anything); undertaking, occupation, work, business; gaining, acquiring, acquisition [cf. yoga-kṣema]; accession of property, substance, wealth, thing; connection, consequence, result, (yogāt at the end of comps. = 'in consequence of', e. g. karma-yogāt, in consequence of actions, i. e. of destiny); combination or mixing of various materials, association, mixture; contact, (with Jainas) contact or mixing with the outer world; (in the Sāṅkhya phil.) one of the ten Mūlikārthas; connection with, the partaking or possessing of (with inst.); conjunction (in astronomy, cf. nakṣatra-yoga), lucky conjuncture; (in arithmetic) addition, sum, total; the being connected together, dependance, relation, regular order or series, (kathā-yoga, conversation); a period of time, (kāla-yogena, after the lapse of some time; nava-yoga, nine times); a combination or configuration of stars, a constellation, asterism, (these with the moon are called in astronomical works cāndra-yogāḥ, and are thirteen in number; without the moon they are called kha-yogāḥ or nābhasa-yogāḥ, and are divided into ākṛti-yogāḥ, saṅkhyā-yogāḥ, āśraya-yogāḥ, and dala-yogāḥ; two others are added, called dvigraha-yogāḥ); (in astronomy) N. of a particular division of time or astronomical period, (a period of variable length during which the joint motion in longitude of the sun and moon amounts to 30-204; the term yoga in this sense is a mere mode of indicating the sum of the longitude of the sun and moon; twentyseven such Yogas are enumerated, beginning with 1. Vishkambha, and ending with 27. Vaidhṛti, or according to some authorities twenty-eight); the leading or principal star of a lunar mansion; etymology, derivation of the meaning of a word from its root; the etymological meaning of a word (opposed to rūḍhi); (in gram.) the connection of words together, dependence of one word upon another, construction; a rule, aphorism, precept [cf. yoga-vibhāga]; application of effort, endeavour, diligence, assiduity, zeal, attention, (pūrṇena yogena or jala-pūrṇena yogena, with all one's powers, with overflowing zeal); application or concentration of the thoughts, fixing the mind on a particular point and keeping the body in a fixed posture, abstract contemplation, meditation; the systematic practice of the above abstract contemplation or meditation; the Yoga system of philosophy as established by Patañjali, (the Yoga is the name of the second of the two divisions of the Sāṅkhya system, its chief aim being to teach the means by which the human soul may attain complete union with Īśvara or the Supreme Being, whose existence it establishes, while the original system or Sāṅkhya proper, without acknowledging a Supreme Being, teaches the successive development of the Tattvas or principles of creation from an original Tattva, called Prakṛti or Pradhāna; according to Patañjali, the author of the second system, Yoga is defined to be 'the preventing of the modifications of citta or the thinking principle [which modifications arise through the three Pramāṇas, perception, inference, and verbal testimony, as well as through incorrect ascertainment, fancy, sleep, and recollection] by abhyāsa or the constant practice of keeping the mind in its unmodified state [clear as crystal when uncoloured by contact with other substances], and by vairāgya or dispassion;' this dispassion being obtained by praṇidhāna or devotedness to Īśvara, the Supreme, who is defined as a particular Puruṣa or spirit unaffected by afflictions, works, &c., and having the appellation Praṇava or Om, which monosyllable is to be muttered and its meaning reflected on in order to attain knowledge of the Supreme and the prevention of the obstacles to Yoga: the eight means or stages of Yoga or mental concentration are, 1. yama, forbearance; 2. niyama, religious observances; 3. āsana, postures; 4. prāṇāyāma, regulation of the breath; 5. pratyāhāra, restraint of the senses; 6. dhāraṇā, steadying of the mind; 7. dhyā-na, contemplation; 8. samādhi, profound meditation, which, according to the Bhagavad-gītā VI. 13, is to be practised by fixing the eyes on the tip of the nose: true liberation is the cessation of all idea of self and the separation of matter and spirit or kaivalya, isolation: the self-mortification and asceticism of the Yoga connects it closely with Buddhism); the union of the individual soul with the universal soul, devotion, pious seeking after God; any single act or rite conducive to Yoga or abstract contemplation; (personified as) the son of Dharma and Kriyā; a follower of the Yoga system of philosophy; a traitor, violator of confidence, spy; N. of a commentator on the Paramārtha-sāra; (ā), f., N. of Pīvarī (daughter of the Pitṛs called Barhishads); of a Śakti.
     yogakakṣā yoga-kakṣā, f. = yoga-paṭṭa.
     yogakanyā yoga-kanyā, f., N. of the infant daughter of Yaśo-dā (substituted as the child of Devakī for the infant Kṛṣṇa and therefore killed by Kaṃsa, but immediately raised to heaven as a beautiful girl; as she ascended she warned Kaṃsa of his doom, see Harivaṃśa 3340).
     yogakaraṇḍaka yoga-karaṇḍaka, as, m., N. of a minister of Brahma-datta; (ikā), f., N. of a female ascetic (pravrājikā).
     yogakuṇḍalinī yoga-kuṇḍalinī, f., N. of an Upaniṣad.
     yogakṣema yoga-kṣema, as, m. the security or secure possession of what has been acquired, the keeping safe of property; the charge for securing property (from accidents), insurance, (in Manu IX. 219. the term yoga-kṣema is applied to counsellors, family priests, &c. as the cause of security); property, substance, profit, gain; security, well-being, welfare, prosperity; (am), n. or (au), m. du. gain and security, maintenance and protection, the acquisition and preservation of property, making fresh gains as well as keeping what has been acquired, (in these senses the word must be regarded as a Dvandva comp.)
     yogakṣemakara yogakṣema-kara, as, ī, am, causing gain and security, causing protection of what is acquired, one who takes charge of property, a keeper.
     yogagati yoga-gati, is, f. state of union, original state, primitive condition.
     yogacakṣus yoga-cakṣus, us, m. 'contemplation-eyed', one whose eye is meditation, epithet of a Brāhman.
     yogacara yoga-cara, as, m., N. of Hanumat.
     yogacandrikā yoga-candrikā, f., N. of a work.
     yogacintāmaṇi yoga-cintāmaṇi, is, m., N. of a philosophical treatise in four chapters by Śivānanda Sarasvatī.
     yogacūrṇa yoga-cūrṇa, as, am, m. n. magical powder.
     yogaja yoga-ja, as, ā, am, produced by or arising from Yoga or meditation; (am), n. agallochum.
     yogatattva yoga-tattva, am, n. the principle of Yoga; N. of an Upaniṣad.
     yogatattvaprakāśa yoga-tattva-prakāśa or yoga-tattva-prakāśaka, N. of a work.
     yogatantra yoga-tantra, am, n. a book treating of the Yoga system of philosophy; (with Buddhists) N. of a class of writings.
     yogataraṅga yoga-taraṅga, as, m., N. of a work.
     yogatalpa yoga-talpa, am, n. 'Yoga-couch', = yoga-nidrā.
     yogatas yoga-tas, ind. conjointly; suitably, properly; conformably to, in accordance with; seasonably, in due season; through devotion, by the power of magic, &c.; by means of, in consequence of, (often at the end of comps.)
     yogatārakā yoga-tārakā or yoga-tārā, f. the chief star in a Nakshatra.
     yogatārāvalī yoga-tārāvalī, f., N. of a work.
     yogatva yo-ga-tva, am, n. the state of Yoga.
     yogadāna yoga-dāna, am, n. gift of the Yoga, communicating the Yoga doctrine; a fraudulent gift.
     yogadīpikā yoga-dīpikā, f., N. of a work.
     yogadeva yoga-deva, as, m., N. of a Jaina author.
     yogadharmin yoga-dharmin, ī, iṇī, i, doing homage to the Yoga.
     yogadhāraṇā yoga-dhāraṇā, f. continuance or perseverance in devotion.
     yogananda yoga-nanda, as, m. the false Nanda, (opposed to satya-nanda.)
     yoganātha yoga-nātha, as, m. 'Yoga-lord', N. of Śiva; of Datta.
     yoganāvika yoga-nāvika, as, m. a kind of fish (= gargāṭa).
     yoganidrā yoga-nidrā, f. 'contemplation-sleep', a state of half contemplation, half sleep, or a state between sleep and wakefulness which admits of the full exercise of the mental powers (supposed to be peculiar to devotees), light sleep; (especially) the sleep of Viṣṇu at the end of a Yuga; Viṣṇu's Sleep personified as a goddess and said to be a form of Durgā; (according to others) the great sleep of Brahmā, during the period between the annihilation and reproduction of the universe.
     yoganidrālu yoga-nidrālu, us, m., N. of Viṣṇu.
     yoganilaya yoga-nilaya, as, m., N. of Śiva.
     yogandhara yogan-dhara, as, m., N. of a particular formula recited over weapons; N. of a minister of Śatānīka; of Piṇḍola.
     yogapaṭṭa yoga-paṭṭa or yoga-paṭ-ṭaka, am, n. the cloth thrown over the back and knees of an ascetic during meditation.
     yogapati yoga-pati, is, m. 'Yoga-lord', N. of Viṣṇu.
     yogapatnī yoga-patnī, f. 'wife of Yoga', N. of Pīvarī, (called also yogā and yoga-mātṛ.)
     yogapatha yoga-patha, as, m. the road leading to Yoga.
     yogapada yoga-pada, am, n. the state or condition of contemplation.
     yogapadaka yoga-padaka, am, n., N. of a particular garment worn during contemplation.
     yogapātañjala yoga-pātañjala, as, m. a follower or disciple of Patañjali as teacher of the Yoga doctrine.
     yogapādukā yoga-pādukā, f. a magical shoe (supposed to carry the wearer wherever he wishes).
     yogapāraṅga yoga-pā-raṅ-ga, as, m. 'conversant with Yoga', N. of Śiva.
     yogapīṭha yoga-pīṭha, am, n. a particular posture during religious contemplation.
     yogaprāpta yoga-prāpta, as, ā, am, obtained through abstract meditation.
     yogabala yoga-bala, am, n. the force of devotion, the power of magic, supernatural power.
     yogabīja yoga-bīja, am, n., N. of a work.
     yogabhāvanā yoga-bhāvanā, f. (in algebra) composition of numbers by the sum of the products.
     yogabhāṣya yoga-bhāṣya, am, n., N. of a commentary by Vyāsa.
     yogabhāskara yoga-bhāskara, N. of a work.
     yogabhraṣṭa yoga-bhraṣṭa, as, ā, am, one who has fallen from the practice of Yoga.
     yogamaṇiprabhā yoga-maṇi-prabhā, f., N. of a commentary on the Yoga-sūtra.
     yogamaya yoga-maya, as, ī, am, coming or resulting from Yoga or contemplation; (as), m., N. of Viṣṇu.
     yogamayajñāna yogamaya-jñāna, am, n. knowledge derived from contemplation.
     yogamahiman yoga-mahiman, ā, m., N. of a work.
     yogamātṛ yoga-mātṛ, tā, f. mother of Yoga; epithet of Pīvarī.
     yogamāyā yoga-māyā, f. the Māyā or magical power of the Yoga.
     yogamārtaṇḍa yoga-mārtaṇḍa, as, m., N. of a work.
     yogamālā yoga-mālā, f. 'garland of magic &c.', N. of a work on magic.
     yogamuktāvalī yoga-muktāvalī (-ta-āv-), f., N. of a work.
     yogamūrtidhara yoga-mūrti-dhara, ās, m. pl. 'bearing the form of the Yoga', epithet of a class of Manes.
     yogayājñavalkya yoga-yājñavalkya, am, n., N. of a work.
     yogayātrā yoga-yātrā, f. the road or way to union with the Supreme Spirit, the way of profound meditation; N. of a work by Varāha-mihira.
     yogayukta yoga-yukta, as, ā, am, or yoga-yogin, ī, inī, i, immersed in deep meditation, absorbed in the Yoga.
     yogayuj yoga-yuj, k, k, k, possessing Yoga.
     yogaraṅga yoga-raṅga, as, m. the orange tree (= nāraṅga).
     yogaratna yoga-ratna, am, n. a magical jewel; 'jewel of remedies', N. of a work on medicine.
     yogaratnamālā yoga-ratna-mālā, f. 'string of jewels of spells', N. of a work on sorcery and various magical arts ascribed to Nāgārjuna, (it is also called Āścaryaratna-mālā, and is probably an epitome of a much larger work.)
     yogaratnasamuccaya yoga-ratna-samuccaya, as, m. 'collection of jewels of remedies', N. of a medical work by Candraṭa.
     yogaratnākara yoga-ratnākara (-na-āk-), as, m. 'mine of jewels of charms or remedies', N. of a work.
     yogaratnāvalī yoga-ratnāvalī (-na-āv-), f. 'string of jewels of charms', N. of a work.
     yogaratha yoga-ratha, as, m. the Yoga as a chariot.
     yogarasāyana yoga-rasāyana, am, n. 'Yoga-elixir', N. of certain verses or a composition ascribed to Śiva.
     yogarahasya yoga-rahasya, am, n. 'Yoga-secret', N. of a work.
     yogarāja yoga-rāja, as, m. 'king of medicines', N. of a particular medicinal preparation; a king or master in the Yoga.
     yogarājopaniṣad yoga-rājopaniṣad (-ja-up-), t, f., N. of an Upaniṣad.
     yogarūḍha yoga-rūḍha, as, ā, am, having a special as well as an etymological and general meaning, (said of certain words, e. g. paṅka-ja means 'growing in mud' and 'a lotus-flower;' the English word parasol is an example of a similar kind.)
     yogarocanā yoga-rocanā, f., N. of a kind of magical ointment (having the power of making invisible or invulnerable).
     yogavat yoga-vat, ān, atī, at, connected, united, joined; one who applies himself to or practises the Yoga.
     yogavartikā yoga-vartikā, f. a magical lamp, magic-lantern.
     yogavaha yoga-vaha, as, ā, am, bringing about, causing, promoting, furthering.
     yogavācaspatya yoga-vācaspatya, am, n., N. of a work.
     yogavārttika yoga-vārttika, am, n., N. of a commentary on the Pātañjala-bhāṣya by Vijñānabhikṣu, (also called Pātañjala-bhāṣya-vārttika.)
     yogavāsiṣṭha yoga-vāsiṣṭha, am, n., N. of a work by an unknown author treating of the way of obtaining final happiness and reckoned among Vedānta treatises, (it is in the form of a dialogue between Vasiṣṭha and his pupil, the youthful Rāma, and is considered as an appendage to the Rāmāyaṇa of Vālmīki, to whom it is attributed; it is also called Vāsiṣṭharāmāyaṇa.)
     yogavāsiṣṭhatātparyaprakāśa yogavāsiṣṭha-tātparya-prakāśa, N. of a commentary on the preceding work.
     yogavāsiṣṭhasāra yo-gavāsiṣṭha-sāra, as, m., N. of an abridgement or abstract of the Yoga-vāsiṣṭha.
     yogavāsiṣṭhasāracandrikā yogavāsiṣṭha-sāra-candrikā, f. and yogavāsiṣṭhasāra-vivṛti, is, f., N. of two commentaries on the preceding abridgement.
     yogavāsiṣṭhīya yogavāsiṣṭhīya, as, ā, am, relating to the Yoga-vāsiṣṭha.
     yogavāha yoga-vāha, as, m. a term for the sounds Visarjanīya, Jihvāmūlīya, Upadhmānīya, and Nāsikya; (ī), f. alkali; honey; quicksilver.
     yogavāhin yoga-vāhin, ī, inī, i, contriving artifices (?), plotting, scheming; (i), n. a menstruum or medium for mixing medicines.
     yogavikraya yoga-vikraya, as, m. a fraudulent sale.
     yogavid yoga-vid, t, t, t, knowing the (right) means, understanding the proper way or method, skilful; conversant with the Yoga; (t), m., N. of Śiva; a follower of the Yoga doctrines; a practiser of devotional exercises; a magician; a compounder of medicines.
     yogavibhāga yoga-vibhāga, as, m. the disuniting or separation of that which is usually combined together into one, the separation of one rule into two, making two rules of what might be propounded as one.
     yogavṛttisaṅgraha yoga-vṛtti-saṅgraha, as, m., N. of certain selected annotations by Udayakara Pāṭhaka on the Yoga-sūtras.
     yogaśata yoga-śata, am, n., N. of a medical work.
     yogaśatakākhyāna yoga-śatakākhyāna (-ka-ākh-), am, n., N. of a work by Sanātana.
     yogaśabda yoga-śabda, as, m. the word Yoga; a word the meaning of which is plain from the etymology.
     yogaśarīrin yoga-śarī-rin, ī, iṇī, i, 'Yoga-bodied', whose body is Yoga.
     yogaśāyin yoga-śāyin, ī, inī, i, half asleep and half absorbed in religious meditation.
     yogaśāstra yoga-śāstra, am, n. the Śāstra relating to the Yoga system (especially that of Patañjali); the Yoga philosophy, Yoga doctrine.
     yogaśikṣā yoga-śikṣā, f., N. of an Upaniṣad, (for yoga-śikhā?).
     yogaśikhā yoga-śikhā, f., N. of an Upaniṣad.
     yogasaṃsiddhi yoga-saṃsiddhi, is, f. perfection in Yoga.
     yogasaṅgraha yoga-saṅgraha, as, m., N. of a work.
     yogasamādhi yoga-samādhi, is, m. the absorption of the soul in profound meditation peculiar to the Yoga system.
     yogasāra yoga-sāra, a universal remedy, panacea; N. of a work on the Yoga system.
     yogasārasaṅgraha yoga-sāra-saṅgraha, as, m., N. of a short treatise on the doctrines of the Yoga system by Vijñāna-bhikshu.
     yogasiddha yoga-siddha, as, ā, am, perfected by means of the Yoga or profound abstraction; (ā), f., N. of a sister of Vācas-pati.
     yogasiddhāntacandrikā yoga-siddhānta-candrikā and yoga-siddhi-prakriyā, f., N. of two philosophical works.
     yogasiddhimat yoga-siddhi-mat, ān, atī, at, experienced or skilful in the art of magic.
     yogasudhānidhi yoga-sudhā-nidhi, is, m., N. of a work.
     yogasūtra yoga-sūtra, am, n. the aphorisms on the Yoga system of philosophy ascribed to Patañjali, (these consist of four Pādas or chapters; the oldest commentary on them is said to be by Vyāsa, and there are other commentaries on that by Vācaspati-miśra, Vijñāna-bhikshu, Bhoja-deva, Nāgoji-bhaṭṭa, &c.)
     yogasevā yoga-sevā, f. the practice or cultivation of religious abstraction.
     yogastha yoga-stha, as, ā, am, remaining engrossed in Yoga.
     yogahṛdaya yoga-hṛdaya, am, n. 'heart of the Yoga', N. of a work.
     yogāgnimaya yogāgni-maya (-ga-ag-), as, ī, am, Ved. filled with the fire of the Yoga, attained through the ardour of devotion.
     yogāṅga yogāṅga (-ga-aṅ-), am, n. a means of attaining Yoga, (eight such Aṅgas are enumerated, viz. yama, niyama, āsana, prāṇāyāma, pratyāhāra, dhāraṇā, dhyā-na, and samādhi, or according to another authority six, viz. āsana, prāṇa-saṃrodha, with the last four as enumerated above; see under yoga.)
     yogācāra yo-gācāra (-ga-āc-), as, m. the observance or practice of the Yoga; N. of a Yoga work; a disciple or follower of a particular Buddhist sect or school; (ās), m. pl., N. of a particular sect or school of Buddhists, (they maintain the eternal existence of conscious sense or intelligence [vijñāna] alone.)
     yogācārya yogācārya (-ga-āc-), as, m. a teacher of the art of magic; a teacher of the Yoga system of philosophy.
     yogāñjana yogāñjana (-ga-añ-), am, n. a healing ointment; the Yoga as a salve.
     yogātman yogātman (-ga-āt-), ā, ā, a, whose soul or essence is Yoga; one who fixes the mind on the Yoga system.
     yogādhamana yogā-dhamana (-ga-ādh-), am, n. a fraudulent pledge.
     yogānanda yogānanda (-ga-ān-), as, m. the delight or joy of the Yoga.
     yogānuśāsana yogānuśāsana (-ga-an-), am, n. 'Yoga-instruction', the doctrine of the Yoga, the system or precepts of Patañjali.
     yogānuśāsanasūtra yogānuśāsana-sūtra, am, n. = yoga-sūtra.
     yogānta yogānta (-ga-an-) or yogāntikā (scil. gati), N. of the seven divisions into which, according to Parāśara, the orbit of Mercury is divided.
     yogāpatti yogāpatti (-ga-āp-), is, f., Ved. modification of usage or custom.
     yogāmbara yogāmbara (-ga-am-), as, m., N. of a Buddhist deity.
     yogāraṅga yogāraṅga, as, m. = yoga-raṅga.
     yogārūḍha yogārūḍha (-ga-ār-), as, ā, am, engaged in profound meditation or devotion.
     yogāsana yogāsana (-ga-ās-), am, n. the posture or mode of sitting proper for profound and abstract meditation, a way of sitting similar to that of the Yoga.
     yogendra yo-gendra (-ga-in-), as, m. a master or adept in the Yoga.
     yogeśa yogeśa (-ga-īśa), as, m. a master of the Yoga, any principal sage or Yogin, epithet of Yājñavalkya; of Śiva; N. of the city of Brahmā.
     yogeśvara yo-geśvara (-ga-īś-), as, m. a master or adept in the Yoga, any principal sage or Yogin; one who has obtained superhuman faculties, a magician; a deity, the object of devout contemplation; epithet of Kṛṣṇa; a Vetāla (as perfectly skilled in magical arts); an epithet of Yājñavalkya [cf. yogeśa]; N. of a son of Deva-hotra; of a Brahma-rākṣasa; (ī), f. a mistress of the Yoga; a fairy; N. of a goddess; of a Vidyā-dharī; a species of plant (= bandhyā-karkoṭakī).
     yogeśvaratīrtha yogeśvara-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.
     yogeśvaratva yogeśvara-tva or yogaiśvarya (-ga-aiś-), am, n. perfect mastery of the Yoga.
     yogeṣṭa yo-geṣṭa (-ga-iṣ-), am, n. tin; lead.
     yogopaniṣad yogopani-ṣad (-ga-up-), t, f., N. of an Upaniṣad.

yogaka yogaka, as, m., N. of Agni (as the nuptial fire).

yogas yogas, as, n. meditation, religious abstraction; the half of a lunar month.

yogāya yogāya, Nom. A. yogāyate, &c., to become Yoga, to be changed into religious contemplation or devotion.

yogi yogi = yogin (occasionally occurring in ep. where the metre requires yogīnām for yoginām).

yogita yogita, as, ā, am, bewitched, enchanted, under the influence of charms or sorcery, mad, crazy, wild.

yogin yogin, ī, inī, i, who or what joins or effects junction, being in conjunction with (at the end of a comp., e. g. candra-yogin, being in conjunction with the moon; cf. soma-y-); connected with, endowed or provided with, possessed of, relating to (at the end of a comp., e. g. kāla-y-, connected with fate; cf. svādu-y-); possessed of magical powers; practising or following the Yoga philosophy; (ī), m. a follower of the Yoga system, a Yogin or contemplative saint, a devotee, ascetic in general; a religious or devout man, a magician, conjurer, one supposed to have obtained supernatural powers; N. of Yājñavalkya; of Arjuna; of Viṣṇu; of Śiva; of a Buddha; of a particular mixed caste; (inī), f. a female demon or being endowed with magical power, a fairy, witch, sorceress (represented as an attendant of Śiva or Durgā; eight Yoginīs are enumerated as created by and attendant on Durgā); epithet of a particular Tantrika Śakti; (with Buddhists) a woman representing any goddess who is the object of adoration; N. of Durgā.
     yogitā yogi-tā, f. or yogi-tva, am, n. the being connected with, the having reference or relation to (at the end of a comp.), connection, relationship, the state or condition of a Yogin.
     yogidaṇḍa yogi-daṇḍa, as, m. a kind of reed or cane (= vetra).
     yoginidrā yogi-nidrā, f. 'a Yogin's sleep', light sleep, wakefulness.
     yoginījālaśambara yoginī-jāla-śambara, am, n. and yoginī-jñānārṇava (-na-ar-), as, m. and yoginī-tantra, am, n., N. of three Tantra works.
     yoginīpura yoginī-pura, am, n., N. of a town.
     yoginībhairava yoginī-bhairava and yoginī-hṛdaya, am, n., N. of two Tantra works.
     yogipatnī yogi-patnī, f. a Yogin's wife.
     yogimātṛ yogi-mātṛ, tā, m. a Yogin's mother.
     yogirāj yo-gi-rāj, ṭ, m. a king among Yogins.
     yogīndra yogīndra (-gi-in-) or yogīśa (-gi-īśa), as, m. a chief or lord among contemplative saints; N. of Yājñavalkya.
     yogīśvara yogīśvara (-gi-īś-), as, m. = yogīśa; (ī), f., N. of a goddess.

yogīya yogīya (fr. yoga), Nom. A. yogīyate, &c., to regard as Yoga, treat as Yoga.

yogya yogya, as, ā, am (fr. yoga and fr. rt. 1. yuj), fit for the yoke (Ved.); belonging to a particular remedy (Ved.); useful, serviceable, fit, becoming, suitable, proper, appropriate, fit for, qualified for, capable of, able to (with dat., loc. or even gen. or at the end of a comp. or with active or passive inf., e. g. sa tat-sādhanāya yogyaḥ, he is fit for accomplishing that; neyaṃ vanasya yogyā, she is not fit for a forest; karma-yogya, fit for work; ime yogyā rākṣasair yoddhum, they are able to fight with the Rākṣasas; chettuṃ yogyaṃ tat, that is fit to be cut); fit for Yoga, proper for religious meditation; (as), m. a calculator of expedients; the asterism Pushya; (ā), f. preparation, contrivance (Ved. Sāy. Ṛg-veda III. 6, 6, 'materials or appliance for harnessing'); exercise, practice, (especially) bodily exercise, gymnastics, warlike or martial exercise, drill; N. of the wife of Sūrya; (am), n. a species of plant (= ṛddhi); sandal-wood; a vehicle, conveyance, carriage; a cake; milk.
     yogyatā yogya-tā, f. or yogya-tva, am, n. suitableness, propriety, fitness, consistency, appropriateness; ability, capability.
     yogyatāvāda yogyatā-vāda, as, m., N. of certain verses by an unknown author.
     yogyāratha yogyā-ratha, as, m. a carriage employed in military exercises.

yojaka yojaka, as, ikā, am, uniting, joining; one who yokes or harnesses, a harnesser, groom; an arranger, preparer, contriver, effecter; [cf. yuddha-y-.]

yojana yojana, am, n. the act of joining, junction, harnessing, yoking; that which is yoked or harnessed (as 'a yoke of oxen', 'pair or team of horses', 'a vehicle or its trappings;' so explained by some in Ṛg-veda VI. 62, 6, &c., but in Ṛg-veda I. 88, 5. yojanam is explained to mean 'a means for inducing the gods to yoke their horses', i. e. a hymn); a stage or distance gone in one harnessing or without unyoking; a particular measure of distance sometimes regarded as about equal to an European league (i. e. 4 or 5 English miles, but more correctly = 4 Krośas or about 9 miles; according to other calculations = 2(1/2) English miles, and according to some = 8 Krośas); a way, course, road (Ved.); a line, row (Ved.?); the act of applying, application, fixing, arranging, preparing, preparation, (āhāra-y-, preparation of food); erecting, constructing, (in these senses sometimes ā, f.); application of the sense of a passage, the putting together of the sense, construction (in gram.); application of effort, exertion (Ved., Sāy. = udyoga); the act of inciting or exciting, instigation; application of the thoughts, concentration of the mind, abstraction, directing the thoughts to one point (= yoga); the Supreme Being or Soul of the Universe; (ā), f. union, connection; grammatical construction.
     yojanagandha yojana-gandha, as, ā, am, whose scent or fragrance extends for a Yojana, diffusing perfume to the distance of a Yojana; (ā), f. musk; epithet of Satya-vatī the mother of Vyāsa; of Sītā.
     yojanagandhikā yojana-gandhikā, f. epithet of Satya-vatī.
     yojanaparṇī yo-jana-parṇī, f. Bengal madder, Rubia Munjista (=  mañjiṣṭhā).
     yojanavallikā yojana-vallikā or yojana-vallī, f. = yojana-parṇī, col. 2.
     yojanaśata yojana-śata, am, n. a hundred Yojanas.

yojanika yojanika, as, ā, am, (at the end of an adj. comp. after a numeral) so many Yojanas long, measuring so many Yojanas.

yojanīya yojanīya, as, ā, am, to be joined or united; to be applied; to be added; to be made use of or employed, serviceable, useful; to be connected with (with inst.); to be set to work; to be grammatically connected or arranged.

yojanya yojanya at the end of an adj. comp., e. g. ṣaṣṭi-y-, sixty Yojanas distant.

yojayitavya yojayitavya, as, ā, am (fr. the Caus. of rt. 1. yuj), to be joined or applied; to be used or employed; to be chosen or selected; to be endowed or furnished with (with inst.).

yojayitṛ yojayitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ (fr. the Caus.), who or what joines or unites; joining, combining, one who applies or sets, a setter (of precious stones), one who enchases, &c.

yojita yojita, as, ā, am, joined, united, mixed; applied, arranged, concerted.

yojitṛ yojitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ (fr. rt. 1. yuj), one who unites or joins, a joiner, uniter, connecter.

yojya yojya, as, ā, am (fr. rt. 1. yuj), to be joined; to be applied or directed to; to be appointed or arranged; to be made use of or employed, to be brought in use; to be added to (with loc.); to be endowed or furnished with (with inst.); to be shared in; one on whom the mind is to be fixed or concentrated, an object of Yoga.

yoṭaka yoṭaka, as, m. a combination of stars, &c., constellation.

yotu yotu, us, m. (probably fr. rt. 2. yu), = pari-māṇa, measure in general; cleaning; purifying, separating (?fr. rt. 1. yu).

yotra yotra, am, n. (fr. rt. 2. yu), = yoktra, a fastening, tie, band, cord, rope, line; the tie or cord that fastens the yoke of the plough to the neck of the ox.
     yotrapramāda yotra-pramāda, as, m., N. of a work.

yotsyamāna yotsyamāna. See p. 820, col. 1.

yoddhavya yoddhavya, yoddhṛ, yodha, yodhin, &c. See p. 820, col. 1.

yonala yonala, as, m. = yava-nāla.

yoni yoni, is, m. f. (rarely fem. in the older language; sometimes also yonī, f.; said to be fr. rt. 2. yu), the womb, uterus, matrix, vulva, vagina, female organs of generation; site of birth or production, any place of birth or origin, native place; a home, abode, site, lair, nest; birth, origin, source [cf. jagad-y-, karma-y-], spring, fountain, (at the end of an adj. comp. = 'originating in', 'arising or proceeding from', 'sprung from', 'produced by', e. g. aguru-yonir dhūpaḥ, aromatic vapour proceeding from aloe wood); a repository, receptacle, seat; a mine; family, race, stock, caste, the form of existence or station fixed by birth, a class or particular nature of created existence (e. g. that of a man, Brāhman, animal, &c.); the regent of the Nakshatra Pūrva-phalgunī; water; a mystical term for the sound e.
     yonikuṇḍa yoni-kuṇḍa, am, n., N. of a particular mystical diagram.
     yoniguṇa yoni-guṇa, as, m. the property of a womb, quality of a place of origin.
     yonigrantha yoni-grantha, as, m. = chandas, q. v.
     yonija yoni-ja, as, ā, am, born or produced from the womb, viviparous, (opposed to a-y-, q. v.)
     yonitas yoni-tas, ind. from birth, by blood.
     yonitva yoni-tva, am, n. the being an origin or source; the arising from or being based on.
     yonidevatā yoni-devatā, f. the Nakshatra Pūrva-phalgunī.
     yonideśa yoni-deśa, as, m. the region of the womb or the generative organs.
     yonidvāra yoni-dvāra, am, n. the orifice of the womb; N. of a sacred bathing-place.
     yonināsā yoni-nāsā, f. the upper part of the female organ, the point of union of the labiae.
     yonibhraṃśa yoni-bhraṃśa, as, m. fall of the womb, prolapsus uteri.
     yonimat yoni-mat, ān, atī, at, Ved. connected with the womb or with the mother.
     yonimukta yoni-mukta, as, ā, am, Ved. released from birth or from being born again.
     yonimukha yoni-mukha, am, n. the orifice of the uterus.
     yonimudrā yoni-mudrā, f., N. of a particular position of the fingers.
     yonirañjana yoni-rañjana, am, n. the menstrual excretion.
     yoniroga yoni-roga, as, m. disease of the female organs of generation.
     yoniliṅga yoni-liṅga, am, n. the clitoris.
     yonisaṃvṛtti yoni-saṃvṛtti, is, f. contraction or closure of the vagina.
     yonisaṅkara yoni-saṅkara, as, m. 'confusion of births', mixture of caste by unlawful intermarriage, misalliance.
     yonisambandha yoni-sambandha, as, m. relation by marriage, affinity.
     yonisambhava yoni-sambhava, as, ā, am, = yoni-ja.
     yonyarśas yony-arśas, as, n. a fleshy excrescence in the female organ (= kanda), prolapsus uteri (?) .

yonin yonin, ī, inī, i, = yoni, at the end of an adj. comp.

yonya yonya, as, ā, am, Ved. forming a womb or receptacle (for the waters; Sāy. = udaka-nirga-mana-dvāra).

yopana yopana. See under rt. yup, p. 820.

yoṣaṇā yoṣaṇā, f. (probably fr. rt. 2. yu, cf. yuvan; according to others connected with rt. 1. juṣ), a girl, maiden, young woman, wife; (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda V. 52, 14) a hymn, praise.

yoṣan yoṣan, aṇas, f. pl. (apparently only used in plur.), Ved. women, young women, maidens; epithet of the ten fingers (in Ṛg-veda IX 1, 7, &c.).

yoṣā yoṣā, f. a girl, young woman, woman, female, wife; epithet of the early dawn (Ved., but according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda I. 123, 9. yoṣā = miśrayantī, blending); the female of an animal, a mare (Ved.); speech, (Sāy. = mādhyamikā vāk.)

yoṣit yoṣit, t, f. a woman, female, wife; the female (of an animal, e. g. ali-yoṣit, a female bee).
     yoṣitkṛta yoṣit-kṛta, as, ā, am, done by a woman, contracted by a female.
     yoṣitpratiyātanā yoṣit-pratiyātanā, f. the image or statue of a woman.
     yoṣitsarpa yoṣit-sarpa, as, m. a serpent of a woman, a woman like a serpent.
     yoṣidratna yoṣid-ratna, am, n. a jewel of a woman, a most excellent woman.
     yoṣinmaya yoṣin-maya, as, ī, am, formed like a woman, representing a woman.

yoṣitā yoṣitā, f. a woman, female, wife.

yoṣitvā yoṣitvā, ind. (said to be a kind of ind. part. derived fr. yoṣit), having made into a woman.

yos yos, ind. welfare, happiness, (generally used in Ved. after śam; according to Sāy. yoḥ = yāvanam, 'the warding off of dangers', as if fr. rt. 1. yu, or sukhasya miśrayitā, 'the mixer or causer of happiness', as if fr. rt. 2. yu.)

yohula yohula, as, m. a proper N.

yaukarīya yaukarīya (fr. yūkara), see Gaṇa Kṛśāśvādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

yauktasruca yuktasruca, am, n. (fr. yukta + sruc), N. of a Sāman.

yauktāśva yauktāśva, am, n. (fr. yuktāśva), N. of a Sāman.

yauktāśvādya yauktāśvādya and yauktāśvottara, am, n., N. of two Sāmans.

yauktika yauktika, as, ī, am (fr. yukti), anything which connects or binds, suitable, proper, fit; founded on reasoning, logical; inferrible, deducible; usual, customary; (as), m. a king's companion or associate (= narma-saciva).

yauga yauga, as, m. (fr. yoga), a follower of the Yoga system of philosophy.

yaugaka yaugaka, as, ī, am, relating to the religious exercise called Yoga; [cf. yaugika.]

yaugandhara yaugandhara or yaugandharaka, as, ī, am (fr. yugan-dhara), relating to Yugan-dhara.

yaugandharāyaṇa yaugandharāyaṇa, as, m. (fr. yugan-dhara and yogan-dhara), a patronymic; N. of a minister of Udayana.

yaugandharāyaṇīya yaugandharāyaṇīya, as, ī, am, relating or belonging to Yaugandharāyaṇa.

yaugandhari yaugandhari, is, m. a king of the Yugan-dharas.

yaugapada yaugapada, am, n. = yaugapadya below.

yaugapadya yaugapadya, am, n. (fr. yuga-pad), simultaneousness, contemporaneousness; yaugapadyena = yuga-pad, simultaneously, together.

yaugavaratra yaugavaratra, am, n. = yuga-varatrāṇāṃ sa-mūha, see Gaṇa Khaṇḍikādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 45.

yaugika yaugika, as, ī, am, useful, applicable; proper, customary, usual; belonging to a remedy, remedial; derivative, suiting the derivation, agreeing with the etymology, derived from the etymology, (yaugikī sañjñā, a word retaining that signification which belongs to it according to its etymology; yaugika-rūḍha, a word which has both an etymological and special meaning, cf. yoga-rūḍha); relating to the Yoga, proceeding or derived from the Yoga.

yaujanaśatika yaujanaśatika, as, ī, am (fr. yojana + śata), one who goes a hundred Yojanas; one who deserves to be approached from a distance of a hundred Yojanas; [cf. krauśaśatika.]

yaujanika yaujanika, as, ī, am (fr. yojana), going or extending a Yojana.

yauṭ yauṭ or yauḍ, cl. 1. P. yauṭati, yauḍati, &c., Caus. Aor. ayuyauṭat, &c., to join or fasten together; [cf. yoṭaka.]

yautaka yautaka, as, ī, am (fr. 1. yutaka), anything which rightfully belongs to or is the property of any one; (am), n. private property, (especially) property given at marriage, a woman's dowry, nuptial gift, presents made to a bride at her marriage by her father or friends; (according to some also) a gift to the bridegroom.

yautaki yautaki, is, m. a patronymic; yautakyā, f., see Gaṇa Krauḍy-ādi to Pāṇ. IV. 1, 80.

yautuka yautuka, am, n. = yautaka above.

yautava yautava, am, n. measure in general (= pautava, q. v.).

yauthika yauthika, as, ī, am (fr. yūtha), belonging to a band or troop, belonging to a flock or herd; (as), m. one belonging to the same flock or company, a companion, comrade.

yauthya yauthya, see Gaṇa Saṅkāśādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

yaudha yaudha, as, ī, am (fr. yodha), warlike, martial.

yaudhājaya yaudhājaya, am, n., N. of various Sāmans.

yaudhika yaudhika, epithet of a particular mode of fighting (Hari-vaṃśa 15980; also read yodhika).

yaudhiṣṭhira yaudhiṣṭhira, as, ī, am (fr. yudhi-ṣṭhira), relating or belonging to Yudhi-ṣṭhira; (as), m. a descendant of Yudhi-ṣṭhira; (ī), f. a female descendant of Yudhi-ṣṭhira.

yaudhiṣṭhiri yaudhiṣṭhiri, is, m. a patronymic from Yudhiṣṭhira.

yaudheya yaudheya, as, m. a king of the Yaudheyas; N. of a son of Yudhi-ṣṭhira; = yoddhṛ, a warrior; (ās), m. pl., N. of a warlike race.

yaudheyaka yaudheyaka = yaudheya.

yauna 1. yauna, as, ī, am (fr. yoni), relating to the womb or place of birth, uterine; concerning or relating to marriage or to affinity; resulting through marriage; connected by the mother's side, connubial; (am), n. matrimonial connection, conjugal alliance, marriage, relationship by marriage; (at the end of an adj. comp.) proceeding from, arising from (e. g. agni-yauna, proceeding from fire).
     yaunasambandha yauna-sambandha, as, m. relationship by marriage, affinity.

yauna 2. yauna, ās, m. pl., N. of a people, (probably contracted for Yavana.)

yaupa yaupa, as, ī, am (fr. yūpa), relating to the sacrificial post.

yaupya yaupya, see Gaṇa Saṅkāśādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

yauyudhāni yauyudhāni, is, m. a patronymic from Yuyudhāna.

yauvata yauvata, am, n. (fr. yuvati), a number of girls, assemblage of young women; = yau-tava.

yauvateya yauvateya, as, m. the son of a young woman.

yauvana yauvana, as, ī, am (fr. yuvan), juvenile; (am), n. youth, youthfulness, the prime of life, bloom of youth, puberty, manhood, (at the end of an adj. comp. the fem. ends in ā, cf. prāpta-y-); a number of young people (especially of young women); any youthful act or juvenile indiscretion; N. of the third grade or degree in the mysteries of the Śāktas.
     yauvanakaṇṭaka yauvana-kaṇṭaka, as, am, m. n. an eruption common in youth, pimples &c. on the face of young people.
     yauvanadarpa yauvana-darpa, as, m. the pride of youth, rashness, juvenile indiscretion or conceit.
     yauvanadaśā yauvana-daśā, f. the period of youth.
     yauvanapiḍakā yauvana-piḍakā, f. = yauvana-kaṇṭaka.
     yauvanaprānta yauvana-prānta, as, am, m. n. the extreme verge or end of youth.
     yauvanabhinnaśaiśava yauvana-bhinna-śaiśava, as, ā, am, whose childhood is divided by youth, passing from childhood to manhood.
     yauvanamatta yauvana-matta, as, ā, am, intoxicated by (the pride of) youth; (ā), f. a species of metre, four times [metrical sequence].
     yauvanalakṣaṇa yauvana-lakṣaṇa, am, n. a sign or characteristic of youth; charm, loveliness, grace; the female breast.
     yauvanavat yauvana-vat, ān, atī, at, possessing youth, being in youth, young, youthful.
     yauvanaśrī yauvana-śrī, īs, f. the beauty of youthfulness.
     yauvanastha yauvana-stha, as, ā, am, 'being in the bloom of youth', arrived at puberty, youthful, marriageable.
     yauvanāvasthā yauvanāvasthā (-na-av-), f. the state of youth, youthfulness, puberty.
     yauvanodbheda yauvanodbheda (-na-ud-), as, m. the ardour of youthful passion, sexual love or inclination; Kāma-deva, the god of love.

yauvanaka yauvanaka, am, n. = yauvana, youth.

yauvanāśva yauvanāśva, as, m. (fr. yuvanāśva), a patronymic of Māndhātṛ; a patronymic of a grandson of Māndhātṛ.

yauvanāśvaka yauvanāśvaka, as, or yauvanāśvi, is, m. a patronymic of Māndhātṛ.

yauvanika yauvanika, as, m. (?), = yauvana, youth.

yauvanin yauvanin, ī, inī, i, youthful.

yauvarājika yauvarājika, as, ā or ī, am (fr. yuva-rāja), see Gaṇa Kāśyādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 116.

yauvarājya yauvarājya, am, n. (fr. yuva-rāja), the rank or office of a Yuva-rāja or heir-apparent associated in the kingdom; the rights and privileges of heirapparent, right of succession to the kingdom.

yauṣiṇya yauṣiṇya, am, n. womanhood; [cf. yoṣan.]

yauṣmāka yauṣmāka, as, ī, am (fr. yuṣma), your, yours, belonging to you.

yauṣmākīṇa yauṣmākīṇa, as, ī, am, your, yours.

R — र

ra 1. ra, the twenty-seventh consonant of the Nāgarī alphabet, being the semivowel of the vowels ṛ, ṝ, and having the sound of the English r in real.
     rakāra ra-kāra, as, m. the letter or sound ra.

ra 2. ra, as, m. fire; heat, warmth; burning, scorching; love, desire; speed; (ā), f. = vi-bhrama; giving, = dāna; gold, = kāñcana; (ī), f. going, motion, = gati; (am), n. = tejas, brightness, splendor.

ra 3. ra, (in prosody) a cretic or a short between two long syllables.
     ravipulā ra-vipulā, f. 'abounding in cretics', N. of a metre.

rasu raṃsu, us, us, u (said by some to be fr. rt. raṇ, but according to Nirukta VI. 17. and Sāy. fr. rt. ram), Ved. cheerful, joyful, delightful; (u), ind. cheerfully, delightfully, (Sāy. = ramaṇī-yeṣu, i. e. ājyādi-haviḥṣu, in oblations, &c.)
     raṃsujihva raṃsu-jihva, as, ā, am, Ved. having a pleasing tongue or voice, (Sāy. = ramaṇīya-jvālopeta, possessing a pleasing tongue of flame.)

raṃh raṃh (connected with rt. laṅgh; cf. rt. raṅgh), cl. 1. P. raṃhati (also Ved. A. raṃhate), raraṃha, raṃhitum, to go, move with speed, hasten; to make to run or go rapidly, cause to flow; to flow: Caus. raṃhayati (according to some also raṃhāpayati), to cause to move rapidly, urge on; to cause to flow; to go; to speak; to shine, (in the last two senses a various reading for rt. vaṃh); [cf. perhaps Gr. [greek] Goth. thrag-ja.]

raṃha raṃha = raṃhas below.

raṃhaṇa raṃhaṇa, am, n. going swiftly, hastening.

raṃhati raṃhati, is, f. (?), speed, velocity; the speed of a chariot.

raṃhamāṇa raṃhamāṇa, as, ā, am, moving or flowing rapidly, (Sāy. = vegaṃ kurvāṇa.)

raṃhas raṃhas, as, n. speed, quickness, velocity; eagerness, vehemence, violence, impetuosity; N. of Śiva, (Vehemence personified); of Viṣṇu.

raṃhasa raṃhasa at the end of an adj. comp. = raṃhas.

raṃhi raṃhi, is, f., Ved. the act of running or flowing, a running stream; the making to run, pursuing, hunting; speed, haste, flight.

rārahāṇa rārahāṇa, as, ā, am (fr. Intens.; in Pada-pāṭha rarahāṇa), Ved. going quickly, hastening, swift.

rak rak (connected with rts. rag, ragh, lak, lag), cl. 10. P. rākayati, &c., to taste, relish; to obtain, get.

raka raka, as, m. the sun gem; crystal; a hard shower.

rakasā rakasā, f. a mild form of leprosy.

rakka rakka, as, m. a proper N.
     rakkajayā rakka-jayā, f., N. of a statue of Śrī erected by Rakka.

rakta rakta, raktaka, rakta-kaṅgu, &c. See p. 826, col. 3, and p. 828, col. 1.

rakti rakti, &c. See p. 828, col. 1.

rakṣ 1. rakṣ (thought by some to be connected with rt. rañj as a kind of Desid. form of that rt.), cl. 1. P. rakṣati (Ved. and ep. also A. rakṣate), rarakṣa, rakṣiṣyati, arakṣīt (an earlier form arākṣīt is also given, Ved. Leṭ. rak-ṣiṣat), rakṣitum, to guard, watch, take care of, protect, preserve, save, keep, (rahasyaṃ rakṣ, to keep a secret), hold, maintain, tend, (paśūn rakṣ, to tend cattle); to govern, rule over, (kṣi-tim or vasudhāṃ rakṣ, to govern the earth); to spare, save; to protect or save from (with abl.); to take care, beware of, be on one's guard against; to take refuge or shelter (A.): Caus. rakṣayati, yitum, Aor. ararakṣat, to guard, watch, protect: Desid. rirakṣiṣati, to wish to guard, intend to protect from (with abl.): Intens. rārakṣyate, rārāṣṭi, to protect very carefully; [cf. probably Gr. [greek] [greek] Lat. arc-e-o, arx; Goth. ga-rehsns.]

rakṣ 2. rakṣ, ṭ, ṭ, ṭ, guarding, watching, protecting, tending, &c. (at the end of a comp., cf. go-rakṣ).

rakṣa rakṣa, as, ī, m. f. a guard, guardian, protector, keeper; protecting, preserving, watching, keeping, &c. (often at the end of a comp., cf. go-r-); (ā), f. the act of protecting or guarding, protection, care, preservation, security; a guard, watch; any preservative, any act or right performed for protection or preservation, a sort of bracelet or amulet, any mystical token used as a charm; a tutelary divinity [cf. mahā-r-]; ashes (used as a preservative); (ā or ī), f. a piece of thread or silk bound round the wrist on particular occasions (especially on the full moon of Śrāvaṇa, either as an amulet and preservative against misfortune, or as a symbol of mutual dependence, or as a mark of respect; among the Rājputs it is sometimes sent by a lady of rank or family to a person of influence whose protection she is desirous of securing and whom she thus adopts, as it were, as a male relative or brother).
     rakṣapāla rakṣa-pāla or rakṣa-pālaka, as, m. a protector, guard.
     rakṣabhagavatī rakṣa-bha-gavatī, f. = prajñā-pāramitā.
     rakṣākaraṇḍaka rakṣā-karaṇ-ḍaka, am, n. an amulet in the shape of a small basket.
     rakṣāgṛha rakṣā-gṛha, am, n. 'watch-room', a lying-in chamber, room appropriated to a lying-in woman.
     rakṣādhikṛta rakṣādhikṛta (-ṣā-adh-), as, ā, am, entrusted with the protection or superintendence (of a country, &c.), placed over the government; (as), m. a superintendent or governor (of a province), magistrate, superintendent of police.
     rakṣādhipati rakṣādhi-pati (-ṣā-adh-) or rakṣā-pati, is, m. one placed over for protection, a superintendent of police.
     rakṣāpattra rakṣā-pattra, as, m. a kind of birch tree (= bhūrja).
     rakṣāpuruṣa rakṣā-puruṣa, as, m. a watchman, guard, protector.
     rakṣāpekṣaka rakṣāpekṣaka (-ṣā-ap-), as, m. a doorkeeper, porter; a guard of the women's apartments; a catamite; an actor, mime.
     rakṣāpradīpa rakṣā-pradīpa, as, m. a light kept burning for protection (against evil spirits, &c.).
     rakṣābhūṣaṇa rakṣā-bhūṣaṇa, am, n. an ornament or amulet worn for protection (against evil spirits, &c.).
     rakṣābhyadhikṛta rakṣābhyadhikṛta (-ṣā-abh-), as, ā, am, and as, m. = rakṣādhikṛta.
     rakṣāmaṅgala rakṣā-maṅgala, am, n. a ceremony performed for protection (against evil spirits, &c.).
     rakṣāmaṇi rakṣā-maṇi, is, m. a jewel worn as a preservative (against evil spirits, &c.).
     rakṣāmalla rakṣā-malla, as, m., N. of a king.
     rakṣāmahauṣadhi rakṣā-mahauṣadhi, is, f. a sovereign remedy serving as a preservative (against evil spirits, &c.).
     rakṣāratna rakṣā-ratna, am, n. = rakṣā-maṇi.
     rakṣāratnapradīpa rakṣā-ratna-pradīpa, as, m. a lamp shining or brilliant with gems used as a preservative (against evil spirits, &c.; cf. ratna-pradīpa).
     rakṣārtham rakṣār-tham (-ṣā-ar-), ind. for the sake of guarding, for guarding.
     rakṣāvat rakṣā-vat, ān, atī, at, having or enjoying protection, protected, guarded.
     rakṣāsarṣapa rakṣā-sar-ṣapa, as, m. mustard as a preservative (against evil spirits).

rakṣaka rakṣaka, as, ikā, am, who or what protects or guards or tends [cf. go-r-]; guarding, protecting; (as), m. a guardian, protector; a guard, watch; (ikā), f. a female guardian or protector; an amulet, charm, anything worn as a preservative (= rakṣā).
     rakṣakāmbā rakṣakāmbā (-ka-am-), f., N. of the wife of Rāmānuja.

rakṣaṇa rakṣaṇa, as, m. a protector, defender, guardian; N. of Viṣṇu; (ā), f. the act of protecting or guarding, watching over, protection; (ī), f. a rein, bridle; (am), n. the act of guarding, watching, protecting, tending, caring for, preserving, protection, (paśū-nāṃ rakṣaṇam, the tending of cattle); a ceremony performed for protection or preservation.
     rakṣaṇārtham rakṣa-ṇārtham (-ṇa-ar-), ind. for the sake of guarding or protecting.
     rakṣaṇopāya rakṣaṇopāya (-ṇa-up-), as, m. a means of safety.

rakṣaṇāraka rakṣaṇāraka or rakṣaṇīraka, as, m. (probably connected with rt. 1. rakṣ), morbid retention of urine.

rakṣaṇi rakṣaṇi, is, f. a species of plant (= trāyamāṇā).

rakṣaṇīya rakṣaṇīya, as, ā, am, to be guarded or preserved, to be protected; to be watched or guarded against, defensible.

rakṣat rakṣat, an, antī, at, guarding, protecting, preserving.

rakṣamāṇa rakṣamāṇa, as, ā, am, protecting, guarding, being on one's guard, watching against.

rakṣas 1. rakṣas, ās, ās, as (for 2. see col. 2), protecting (at the end of a comp., e. g. pathi-r-, q. v.)

rakṣā rakṣā, f. guard, protection, &c.; see rakṣa, col. 1; (for rakṣā = rākṣā, lac, see rākṣā.)

rakṣi rakṣi, is, is, i, Ved. guarding, protecting (at the end of a comp., e. g. pathi-r-, paśu-r-).

rakṣika rakṣika, as, m. (fr. rakṣā), a guard, protector, policeman.
     rakṣikapuruṣa rakṣika-puruṣa, as, m. a watchman, policeman.

rakṣita rakṣita, as, ā, am, guarded, protected, taken care of, preserved, maintained, kept; (as), m., N. of a teacher of medicine; of a grammarian; (ā), f., N. of an Apsaras.
     rakṣitavat rakṣita-vat, ān, atī, at, containing the idea of rakṣ or 'protecting, &c.'

rakṣitaka rakṣitaka in dāra-rakṣitaka, relating to the guarding or protection of wives; (ikā), f. a proper N.

rakṣitavya rakṣitavya, as, ā, am, to be guarded, to be protected or taken care of, to be guarded against or kept off.

rakṣitṛ rakṣitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, one who guards or protects, a guardian, guard, protector, watch, sentinel.

rakṣin rakṣin, ī, iṇī, i, a guardian, protector, defender, guard, sentinel; guarding, protecting, protecting from (often at the end of comps., e. g. amṛta-rakṣin, guarding the nectar; cf. ripu-r-, sarva-r-).
     rakṣivarga rakṣi-varga, as, m. an assemblage of guards or sentinels, body-guard.

rakṣṇa rakṣṇa, as, m. protection (= trāṇa).

rakṣya rakṣya, as, ā, am, to be guarded or protected, to be taken care of; to be watched against; to be concerned about, to be on one's guard against (with abl.).
     rakṣyatama rakṣya-tama, as, ā, am, to be protected most carefully, requiring the greatest watching, most worthy of protection.

rakṣyamāṇa rakṣyamāṇa, as, ā, am, being guarded or protected.

rarakṣāṇa rarakṣāṇa, as, ā, am, Ved. excessively protecting.

rakṣ 3. rakṣ (probably a form of rt. ṛkṣ = rts. riś, 1. riṣ, q. q. v. v.), Ved. to hurt, injure, destroy, damage.

rakṣas 2. rakṣas, as, n. hurt, injury, damage (Ved., but according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda VII. 104, 23. rakṣas = rākṣasa-jāti, 'the race of Rākṣasas', and in I. 36, 20. rakṣas = balam, 'strength'); 'the injurer', (according to some a kind of euphemism fr. rt. 1. rakṣ, like [greek]); an evil being or demon, an ogre, malignant spirit, a Rākṣasa, (these beings play an important part in the Hindū religious and mythological system; see their description under rākṣasa); (ās), m., Ved. an evil and malignant being, a nocturnal fiend or Rākṣasa, (see rākṣasa.)
     rakṣaīśa rakṣa-īśa, as, m. 'lord of the Rākṣasas', N. of Rāvaṇa.
     rakṣaḥsabha rakṣaḥ-sabha, am, n. an assemblage or multitude of Rākṣasas.
     rakṣastva rakṣas-tva, am, n. the nature of a Rākṣasa, demoniacal nature or disposition, fiendishness, malignity, malice.
     rakṣaspāśa rakṣas-pāśa, as, m. a contemptible Rākṣasa, despicable demon; [cf. pāśa.]
     rakṣasvin rakṣas-vin, ī, inī, i, Ved. having or attended by Rākṣasas, demoniacal, evil-disposed, malignant; (Sāy.) powerful, strong (= bala-vat).
     rakṣogaṇa rakṣo-gaṇa, as, m. a class or company of demons.
     rakṣogaṇabhojana rakṣo-gaṇa-bhojana, as, m., N. of a hell where human beings are eaten by Rākṣasas.
     rakṣoghna rakṣo-ghna, as, ī, am, driving back or repelling Rākṣasas, killing or destroying Rākṣasas; (as), m. Semecarpus Anacardium; white mustard; (ī), f. Acorus Calamus; (am), n. sour rice-gruel.
     rakṣojananī rakṣo-jananī, f. 'producing Rākṣasas', night.
     rakṣo'dhidevatā rakṣo-'dhidevatā, f. the chief goddess of the Rākṣasas.
     rakṣobhāṣ rakṣo-bhāṣ, ṭ, Ved. barking or making a noise like a Rākṣasa, (see 2. bhāṣ.)
     rakṣomukha rak-ṣo-mukha, as, m. 'Rākṣasa-faced', N. of a man; (ās), m. pl. his descendants.
     rakṣoyuj rakṣo-yuj, k, k, k, Ved. associated with Rākṣasas.
     rakṣovāha rakṣo-vāha, ās, m. pl., N. of a race.
     rakṣovikṣobhiṇī rakṣo-vikṣobhiṇī, f. 'agitating or exciting the Rākṣasas', N. of a goddess.
     rakṣohaṇa rakṣo-haṇa, as, ā, am, = rakṣo-han.
     rakṣohaṇaka rakṣohaṇaka, containing the word rakṣo-haṇa.
     rakṣohatya rakṣo-hatya, am, n., Ved. the killing or destruction of Rākṣasas.
     rakṣohan rakṣo-han, hā, ghnī, ha, Ved. destroying or killing Rākṣasas; (hā), m., N. of the author of the hymn Ṛg-veda X. 162; bdellium.

rakṣasya rakṣasya, as, ā, am, useful for (keeping off) Rākṣasas, anti-demoniacal.

rakh rakh or raṅkh (connected with rts. rikh, riṅkh), cl. 1. P. rakhati, raṅkhati, &c., to go, move.

rag rag, cl. 1. P. ragati, rarāga, aragīt, &c., to doubt, suspect; cl. 10. P. rāgayati = rt. rak, to taste, &c.

ragh ragh (= rt. rak), cl. 10. P. rāghayati, to taste, relish; to obtain; cl. 1. A. raṅghate, &c., to go, (see rt. raṅgh); [cf. Lith. ragauja.]

raghu raghu, us, ghvī, u (fr. rt. raṃh or raṅgh), Ved. fleet, rapid, rushing, (Sāy. = śīghra-gāmin); eager; light (= laghu), fickle; (us), m. a racer, fleet courser (Ved.); N. of an ancient king and ancestor of Rāma, (in the Raghu-vaṃśa he is described as the son of Dilīpa and Su-dakṣiṇā, and in III. 21. the name Raghu is said to have been given to him as 'going' to the end of the Śāstras and to the destruction of his enemies; he was the father of Aja, the father of Daśa-ratha, and was therefore great-grandfather of Rāma; but different accounts are given of Rāma's genealogy, and in Rāmāyaṇa II. 110, 28. Raghu is said to be son of Kakutstha; in the Hari-vaṃśa two Raghus are mentioned among the ancestors of Rāma); N. of a son of Śākya-muni; of the author of the Kavi-darpaṇa; an abbreviation for Raghu-vaṃśa, q. v.; (avas), m. pl. the Raghus or descendants of Raghu; [cf. rā-ghava.]
     raghukāra raghu-kāra, as, m., N. of Kālidāsa the author of the Raghu-vaṃśa.
     raghuja raghu-ja, as, ā, am, Ved. produced from a fleet courser or racer.
     raghuṭippaṇī ra-ghu-ṭippaṇī, f., N. of a commentary on the Raghuvaṃśa.
     raghutanaya raghu-tanaya, as, m. son of Raghu, N. of Rāma.
     raghudeva raghu-deva, as, m., N. of the author of the Virudāvalī; (ī), f., N. of a commentary on the Tattva-cintāmaṇi by Raghu-deva.
     raghudru raghu-dru, us, us, u, Ved. going or running quickly, running like a race-horse.
     raghunandana raghu-nandana, as, m. a descendant or son of Raghu, N. of Rāma; N. of an author of several treatises on religion and law.
     raghunātha ra-ghu-nātha, as, m., N. of Rāma; of various persons; of the author of the Rasika-ramaṇa.
     raghupati raghu-pati, is, m., N. of Rāma; of the father of the lexicographer Jaṭā-dhara.
     raghupatmajaṃhas raghu-patma-jaṃhas, ās, ās, as, Ved. light-winged, (Sāy.) having a light-falling foot (= laghu-patana-samartha-pāda).
     raghupatvan raghu-patvan, ā, arī, a, Ved. lightly flying, going or moving quickly; [cf. Lat. acci-piter = Sansk. āśu-patvan.]
     raghupratinidhi raghu-pratinidhi, is, m. image or counterpart of Raghu.
     raghupravara raghu-pravara, as, m., N. of Rāma.
     raghumanyu raghu-manyu, us, us, u, Ved. having light or little wrath, mild-tempered, (Sāy. = laghu-krodha); full of eagerness or zeal.
     raghuyāman raghu-yāman, ā, ā, a, Ved. going quickly, moving lightly.
     raghurāma raghu-rāma, as, m. a proper N.
     raghuvaṃśa raghu-vaṃśa, as, m. the race or family of Raghu; N. of Kālidāsa's celebrated poem in honour of the race of Raghu, (it consists of nineteen chapters or books; cf. mahā-kāvya.)
     raghuvaṃśatilaka raghuvaṃśa-tilaka, as, m. 'ornament of the race of Raghu', epithet of Rāma.
     raghuvaṃśasañjīvanī raghuvaṃśa-sañjīvanī, f., N. of Mallinātha's commentary on the Raghu-vaṃśa.
     raghuvara raghu-vara, as, m., N. of Rāma.
     raghuvartani raghu-vartani, is, is, i, Ved. lightly rolling or turning (said of a chariot and of a horse).
     raghuvīra raghu-vīra, as, m., N. of Rāma; of an author (= Raghu-deva).
     raghuṣyad raghu-ṣyad, t, t, t (i. e. raghu + syad), Ved. moving quickly, hasty, speedy, rapid, (Sāy. = śīghra-gamana, śīghraṃ syandamāna.)
     raghūttama raghūttama (-ghu-ut-), as, m. 'best of the Raghus', N. of Rāma.
     raghūdvaha raghūdvaha (-ghu-ud-), as, m. 'offspring of Raghu', N. of Rāma.

raghīyas raghīyas, ān, asī, as (compar. of raghu), Ved. more rapid or fleet, very swift.

raghuyat raghuyat, an, antī, at (Part. fr. an unused Nom. raghuya), moving fleetly or rapidly, (Sāy. = śīghraṃ gacchat.)

raghuyā raghuyā, ind. (fr. raghu), Ved. quickly, swiftly, lightly, (Sāy. = śīghra-gāmin, as if raghu-yā.)

raghūyat raghūyat, an, antī, at, Ved. = raghuyat above.

raṅka raṅka, as, ā, am, niggardly, mean, indigent, poor, miserable, hungry, (kaṅka-raṅka, a hungry or half-starved crane; cf. jala-r-, matsya-r-); slow; (as), m. a beggar.

raṅku raṅku, us, m. a species of deer or antelope; N. of a place.
     raṅkumālin raṅku-mālin, ī, m., N. of a Vidyā-dhara.

raṅktṛ raṅktṛ. See raktṛ, p. 828, col. 1.

raṅkṣu raṅkṣu, N. of a river.

raṅkh raṅkh = rt. rakh, q. v.

raṅg raṅg (= rt. riṅg), cl. 1. P. raṅgati, &c., to go, move.

raṅga raṅga, raṅgin, &c. See p. 828.

raṅgoji raṅgoji, is, or raṅgoji-bhaṭṭa, as, m., N. of the father of Koṇḍabhaṭṭa and brother of Bhaṭṭoji.

raṅgh raṅgh [cf. rt. raṃh], cl. 1. A. raṅ-ghate, raraṅghe, raṅghitum, to go, hasten, run; cl. 10. P. or Caus. raṅghayati, -yitum, to speak; to shine.

raṅghas raṅghas, as, n. = raṃhas, haste, speed, velocity.

rac rac, cl. 10. P. racayati, racayām-āsa, racayitum, to make, form, fabricate, create, produce; to prepare, get ready, contrive, plan, arrange, dispose; to complete, effect; to compose, write (a book or any literary work); to string together; to adorn, decorate; to place in or on (with loc.), fix on; to direct (the thoughts &c.) towards: Caus. racayati, to cause to make or do (with two acc.); to cause to move, put in motion; [cf. Lat. locare, locus: Angl. Sax. logian, 'to place;' loh.]

racana racana, am, n. the act of making, forming, formation, creation, arranging, putting in order, managing, directing, preparing; (ā, am), f. n. arrangement, disposition, management, preparation, performance, accomplishment, fabrication; a literary production, work, composition; dressing of the hair; stringing flowers or garlands, the arrangement of troops, array; a creation of the mind, artificial image, (artha-racanā, striving after or accomplishing an object; gīti-racanā, a musical or vocal composition; nivāsa-racanā, a building); according to native lexicographers racanā = pari-spanda or pari-syanda, pra-ti-yatna, granthana, gumpha, vyūha, niveśa, sthiti; also = pāśa, bhāra, pakṣa, uccaya, 'abundance', 'quantity', when compounded with a word meaning 'hair' (e. g. keśa-racanā, abundance of hair); (ā), f., N. of the wife of Tvaṣṭṛ.

racayat racayat, an, antī, at, making, forming, composing.

racayitṛ racayitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, one who makes or composes, a composer, author.

racayitvā racayitvā, ind. having made or formed, having arranged, &c.

racita racita, as, ā, am, made, formed, fabricated, produced, prepared, made ready, concerted, contrived, planned, arranged, completed, effected, composed, written; strung together; decorated, adorned; fastened, placed in or on (with loc.); directed towards; furnished or equipped with, provided with (with inst. or at the end of a comp.); (as), m. a proper N.
     racitatva racita-tva, am, n. the being composed or written.
     racitadhī racita-dhī, īs, īs, i, having the mind directed to (with loc.), intent on.
     racitapaṅkti racita-paṅkti, is, is, i, forming a line.
     racitaśikhara racita-śikhara, as, ā, am, having the summit adorned.
     racitārtha racitārtha (-ta-ar-), as, ā, am, one who has obtained his object (= kṛtārtha).

raj raj. See rt. rañj.

raja raja, rajaka, rajani, rajas, &c. See p. 828, cols. 2, 3.

raji raji, is, m., N. of a demon or king subdued by Indra, (according to Sāy., Ṛg-veda VI. 26, 6, raji means 'a maiden or a kingdom called Raji;' and X. 105, 2, 'heaven and earth' or 'the sun and moon', but the meaning is obscure); N. of a son of Āyu.

rajiṣṭha rajiṣṭha, as, ā, am (superl. of ṛju), Ved. = ṛjiṣṭha, most honest or upright.

rajīyas rajīyas, ān, asī, as (compar. of ṛju), Ved. more honest.

rajīkṛ rajī-kṛ, rajo-gātra, &c. See p. 829, col. 1.

rajju rajju, us, f. (at the end of a comp. sometimes us, m.; in the older language also rajjū, Ved. acc. rajjvam, gen. rajjvās [Manu XI. 168] and rajjos; said in Uṇādi-s. I. 16. to be fr. rt. sṛj; according to some, perhaps for original srajyu, cf. sraj), a rope, cord, string, line, (at the end of an adj. comp. the fem. may be rajjukā); N. of certain sinews or tendons proceeding from the vertebral column (in anatomy); a lock of braided hair, braid (= veṇī); N. of a particular constellation; [cf. Lat. ligare, stringere; Old Germ. stricch, stric, strac-chian; Angl. Sax. streccan.]
     rajjukaṇṭha rajju-kaṇṭha, as, m., N. of a preceptor.
     rajjudāla rajju-dāla, as, m., Ved. a species of tree.
     rajjudālaka rajju-dālaka, as, m. a kind of wild-fowl.
     rajjupeḍā rajju-peḍā, f. a rope basket.
     rajjubhāra rajju-bhāra, as, m., N. of a preceptor.
     rajjumātratva rajju-mātra-tva, am, n. the condition of being only a rope.
     rajjuvāla rajju-vāla, as, m. = rajju-dālaka, a wild-fowl.
     rajjuśārada rajju-śārada, as, ā, am, newly drawn up by a rope (said of water; Pāṇini VI. 2, 9).
     rajjusarja rajju-sarja, as, m., Ved. a rope-maker.
     rajjūddhṛta rajjūddhṛta (-ju-ud-), as, ā, am, drawn up by means of a rope.
     rajjvavalambin rajjv-avalambin, ī, inī, i, hanging by a string.

rajjavya rajjavya, am, n., Ved. material for a rope.

rañch rañch. See ni-rañchana.

rañj rañj or raj, cl. 1. 4. P. A. rajati, -te (ep. also rañjati), rajyati, -te, ra-rañja (3rd pl. rarajatus or rarañjatus), rarañje, raṅkṣyati, -te, arāṅkṣīt, araṅkta, rajyāt, raṅkṣīṣṭa, raṅktum, to be dyed or coloured, to redden, grow red, glow; to dye, tinge, colour; to be affected or moved, to have the passions or feelings roused, to be excited; to be pleased or delighted with (with inst.); to attach one's self to, be attached or devoted to, (perhaps in this sense connected with rt. lag); fall in love with, be enamoured of (usually with loc.); to go, (in this sense cl. 1. P. according to Naighaṇṭuka II. 14): Caus. rañjayati, -yate, -yitum, to dye, colour, paint, make red, redden, illuminate; to rejoice, gratify, exhilarate, charm; to cause to be attached, to conciliate; (according to Naighaṇṭuka III. 14) = rt. arc, to worship, (also rajayati); to hunt, (in this sense only rajayati): Desid. riraṅkṣati, -te: Intens. rārajyate, rā-raṅkti, to be greatly affected or excited; to be intensely attached or devoted; [cf. Gr. [greek] [greek] [greek] probably Angl. Sax. ge-regnian, 'to colour.']

rakta rakta, as, ā, am, coloured, dyed, painted, tinged, stained; reddened, red, crimson, of a red colour; nasalized (said of a vowel, cf. raṅga); affected by passion, excited, incited, impassioned, passionately fond of, attached, affected with love or interest towards; loving, dear, beloved; lovely, pleasant, agreeable, sweet, charming; fond of play, engaging in pastime, sporting; (as), m. red colour; safflower; Barringtonia Acutangula; epithet of Śiva; (ā), f. lac (= lākṣā); Abrus Precatorious; Bengal madder, Rubia Munjista; = uṣṭra-kāṇḍī; N. of one of the seven tongues of fire; the female personification of a particular musical mode; (am), n. blood; copper; saffron; the fruit of the Flacourtia Cataphracta; vermilion; cinnabar; = padmaka; [cf. Gr. [greek] Hib. rot.]
     raktakaṅgu rakta-kaṅgu, us, m. Panicum Italicum.
     raktakaṇṭa rakta-kaṇṭa, as, m. a species of Celastrus.
     raktakaṇṭha rakta-kaṇṭha, as, ī, am, or rakta-kaṇṭhin, ī, inī, i, sweet-voiced, having an impassioned voice or note; (as), m. = kokila, the Indian cuckoo.
     raktakaṇṭhakhaga raktakaṇ-ṭha-khaga, as, m. a sweet-voiced bird.
     raktakadamba rakta-kadamba, as, m. a red-flowering Kadamba.
     raktakadalī rak-ta-kadalī, f. a species of Musa or plantain.
     raktakanda rakta-kanda, as, m. coral; N. of two bulbous plants (= raktālu, rāja-palāṇḍu).
     raktakandala rakta-kandala, as, m. coral.
     raktakamala rakta-kamala or rakta-kambala, am, n. a red lotus-flower.
     raktakaravīra rakta-karavīra or rakta-karavīraka, as, m. a red-flowering Oleander, Nerium Odorum Rubro-simplex.
     raktakañcana rakta-kañcana, as, m. Bauhinia Variegata.
     raktakāṇḍā rakta-kāṇḍā, f. a red-flowering Punarnavā.
     raktakāṣṭha rakta-kāṣṭha, am, n. Caesalpina Sappan.
     raktakumuda rakta-kumuda, am, n. the flower of Nymphaea Rubra, red lotus.
     raktakṛmijā rakta-kṛ-mijā, f. red lac.
     raktakeśara rakta-keśara, as, m. Rottleria Tinctoria; the coral tree.
     raktakairava rakta-kairava or rakta-kokanada, am, n. the flower of Nymphaea Rubra, a red lotus-flower.
     raktakośatakī rakta-kośatakī, f. a species of plant (= mahā-jālī).
     raktakhadira rakta-khadira, as, m. a red-flowering Khadira.
     raktakhāḍava rakta-khāḍava, as, m. a species of foreign date.
     raktagandhaka rakta-gandhaka, am, n. myrrh.
     raktagarbhā rakta-garbhā, f. Lawsonia Alba.
     raktagulma rak-ta-gulma, as, m. a particular form of the disease called gulma.
     raktagulminī rakta-gulminī, f. a female suffering from the above-mentioned disease.
     raktagairika rakta-gairika, am, n. a kind of ochre.
     raktagranthi rakta-granthi, is, m. a kind of Mimosa.
     raktagrīva rakta-grīva, as, m. 'rednecked', a kind of pigeon; a Rākṣasa.
     raktaghna rakta-ghna, as, ī, am, blood-destroying, corrupting the blood; (as), m. Andersonia Rohitaka; (ī), f. a kind of Dūrvā grass.
     raktacandana rakta-candana, am, n. red sandal; Caesalpina Sappan; saffron.
     raktacitraka rakta-citra-ka, as, m. a species of shrub.
     raktacillikā rakta-cillikā, f. a kind of Chenopodium.
     raktacūrṇa rakta-cūrṇa, am, n. vermilion.
     raktacchardi rakta-cchardi, is, f. vomiting or spitting blood.
     raktaja rakta-ja, as, ā, am, produced from blood.
     raktajantuka rakta-jantuka, as, m. a kind of worm, an earth-worm.
     raktajihva rakta-jihva, as, ā, am, red-tongued; (as), m. a lion.
     raktatara rakta-tara, as, ā, am, more red; more attached, very attached; (am), n. = rakta-gairika.
     raktatā rakta-tā, f. redness; the nature of blood; the being affected by passion.
     raktatuṇḍa rakta-tuṇḍa, as, m. 'red-beaked', a parrot.
     raktatuṇḍaka rakta-tuṇḍaka, as, m. a kind of worm.
     raktatṛṇā rak-ta-tṛṇā, f. a species of grass (= go-mūtrikā).
     raktatejas rakta-tejas, as, n. flesh.
     raktatrivṛt rakta-trivṛt, t, f. a red-flowering Trivṛt.
     raktatva rakta-tva, am, n. redness; the being affected by passion, affection.
     raktadantikā rakta-dantikā or rakta-dantī, f. 'red-toothed', N. of Durgā or Pārvatī.
     raktadalā rakta-dalā, f., N. of two plants (= civillikā, nalikā).
     raktadūṣaṇa rakta-dūṣaṇa, as, ī, am, corrupting or vitiating the blood.
     raktadṛś rak-ta-dṛś, k, m. 'red-eyed', a pigeon.
     raktadhātu rakta-dhātu, us, m. red chalk or orpiment, earth, ruddle; copper.
     raktanayana rakta-nayana, as, ī, am, red-eyed, having red eyes; (as), m. a kind of partridge, Perdix Rufa.
     raktanāḍī rakta-nāḍī, f. a fistulous ulcer on the gum caused by a bad state of the blood.
     raktanāla rakta-nāla = jīvantī, a kind of lotus.
     raktanāsika rakta-nāsika, as, m. 'redbeaked', an owl.
     raktanetra rakta-netra, as, ā or ī, am, red-eyed.
     raktanetratā raktanetra-tā, f. or raktanetra-tva, am, n. the state of having red or blood-shot eyes.
     raktapa rakta-pa, as, ā, am, blood-drinking, bloodsucking; (as), m. a Rākṣasa; (ā), f. a bloodsucker, leech; a Ḍākinī or female fiend.
     raktapakṣa rakta-pakṣa, as, m. 'red-winged', epithet of Garuḍa.
     raktapaṭa rakta-paṭa, as, ā, am, wearing a red cloth or garment; (as), m. a kind of mendicant (= sāṅkhya-bhikṣu).
     raktapaṭīkṛta raktapaṭī-kṛta, as, m. changed into a rakta-paṭa mendicant.
     raktapattrā rakta-pattrā, f. Boerhavia Erecta Rosea.
     raktapattrāṅga rakta-pattrāṅga, am, n. a kind of red sandal.
     raktapattrikā rakta-pattrikā, f., N. of two plants (= nākulī, rakta-punarnavā).
     raktapadī rakta-padī, f. a species of plant.
     raktapadma rakta-padma, am, n. a red lotus-flower, large red water-lily.
     raktaparṇa rakta-parṇa = rakta-punarnavā.
     raktapallava rakta-pallava, as, m. Jonesia Asoka.
     raktapākī rakta-pākī, f. the egg-plant.
     raktapāta rakta-pāta, as, m. bloodshed, spilling of blood.
     raktapātā rakta-pātā, f. a leech.
     raktapāda rakta-pāda, as, ā or ī, am, red-footed; (as), m. a bird with red feet, a parrot; an elephant; a war-chariot; (ī), f. Mimosa Pudica.
     raktapāyin rakta-pāyin, ī, inī, i, blood-drinking; (ī), m. a bug; (inī), f. a blood-sucker, leech.
     raktapārada rakta-pārada, am, as, n. m. cinnabar.
     raktapiṭikā rakta-piṭikā, f. a red boil or ulcer.
     raktapiṇḍa rakta-piṇḍa, as, m. Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis; (am), n. the flower of this plant; a spontaneous discharge of blood from the nose and mouth; a red pimple or boil; a species of climbing plant, Ventilago Madraspatana.
     raktapiṇḍaka rakta-piṇḍaka, as, m. = raktālu.
     raktapitta rakta-pitta, am, n. 'blood-bile', a peculiar disturbance of the blood caused by bile, plethora, spontaneous hemorrhages from the mouth, nose, &c. (accompanied with fever, head-ache, vomiting, purging, &c.).
     raktapittakara raktapitta-kara, as, ā or ī, am, causing the above disease.
     raktapittahā raktapitta-hā, f. 'removing rakta-pitta', a kind of Dūrvā grass.
     raktapittin rakta-pittin, ī, inī, i, subject to or suffering from rakta-pitta.
     raktapucchaka rakta-puc-chaka, as, ikā, am, red-tailed; (ikā), f. a kind of lizard.
     raktapunarnavā rakta-punarnavā, f. a red-flowering Punarnavā.
     raktapuṣpa rakta-puṣpa, am, n. a red flower; (as, ā, am), red-flowered, bearing red flowers; (as), m., N. of various plants, Bauhinia Variegata Purpurascens; = kara-vīra; = dāḍima; = vaka; = bandhū-ka; = pun-nāga; (ā), f. Bombax Heptaphyllum; (ī), f., N. of various plants, Grislea Tomentosa; = pāṭali; = javā; = āvartakī; = nāga-damanī; = karuṇī; = uṣṭra-kāṇḍī.
     raktapuṣpaka rakta-puṣpaka, as, m., N. of various plants. = palāśa; = parpata; = śālmali; (ikā), f. Mimosa Pudica; = rakta-pu-narnavā; = bhū-pāṭalī.
     raktapūya rakta-pūya, N. of a hell.
     raktapūraka rakta-pūraka, am, n. the dried peel or integument of the mangostan.
     raktapūrṇa rakta-pūrṇa, as, ā, am, full of blood.
     raktapūrṇatva raktapūrṇa-tva, am, n. the being full of blood, fulness of blood.
     raktapaitta rakta-paitta or rakta-paittika, adjectives from rakta-pitta.
     raktapradara rakta-pradara, as, m., Ved. a flow of blood from the womb.
     raktaprameha rakta-prameha, as, m. a disease of the bladder, the passing of blood in the urine.
     raktapravāha rakta-pravāha, as, m. a stream of blood.
     raktaprasava rakta-prasava, as, m., N. of two plants (= rakta-karavīra, raktāmlāna).
     raktaphala rakta-phala, as, ā, am, having or bearing red fruit; (as), m. the Indian fig-tree; (ā), f. Momordica Monadelpha; = svarṇa-vallī.
     raktaphenaja rakta-phena-ja, as, m. a part of the body, (probably) the lungs.
     raktabindu rakta-bindu, rakta-bīja, &c., see rakta-vindu, &c.
     raktabhava rakta-bhava, am, n. 'blood-produced', flesh.
     raktabhāva rakta-bhāva, as, ā, am, being in love, amorous, enamoured.
     raktamañjara rakta-mañjara, as, m. Barringtonia Acutangula.
     raktamaṇḍala rakta-maṇḍala, as, ā, am, having a red disk (said of the moon); having devoted subjects; (as), m. a species of red-spotted or redringed snake; (ā), f. a particular venomous animal; (am), n. a red lotus-flower.
     raktamaṇḍalatā rakta-maṇḍala-tā, f., Ved. the appearance of red spots on the body caused by a bad state of the blood.
     raktamatta rakta-matta, as, ā, am, drunk or satiated with blood (said of a leech).
     raktamatsya rakta-matsya, as,  m. a species of red fish.
     raktamaya rakta-maya, as, ī, am, consisting of blood, full of blood, bloody.
     raktamastaka rakta-mastaka, as, ā, am, red-headed; (as), m. a species of heron, Ardea Sibirica.
     raktamādrī rakta-mādrī, f. a particular disease peculiar to women.
     raktamukha rakta-mukha, as, ā, or ī, am, red-faced, having a red mouth; (as), m., N. of an ape.
     raktamūtratā rakta-mūtra-tā, f. the voiding of blood with urine.
     raktamūlaka rakta-mūlaka, as, m. a kind of mustard.
     raktamūlā rakta-mūlā, f. Mimosa Pudica.
     raktameha rakta-meha, as, m. the voiding of blood with urine.
     raktamokṣa rakta-mokṣa, as, m. or rakta-mokṣaṇa, am, n. bloodletting, bleeding, venesection, &c.
     raktayaṣṭi rakta-yaṣṭi, is, or rakta-yaṣṭikā, f. Rubia Munjista.
     raktayāvanāla rakta-yāvanāla, as, m. = tuvara-yāvanāla.
     raktarāji rakta-rāji, is, m. a particular venomous insect; a peculiar disease of the eye.
     raktarājī rakta-rājī, f. a particular venomous insect; cress, Lepidium Sativum.
     raktareṇu rakta-reṇu, us, m. vermilion; a bud of Butea Frondosa; Rottleria Tinctoria; a sort of cloth; an angry man.
     raktareṇukā rakta-reṇukā, f. a bud of Butea Frondosa.
     raktaraivataka rakta-raivataka, am, n. a species of fruit tree (= mahā-pārevata).
     raktalaśuna rakta-laśuna, as, m. a kind of garlic.
     raktalocana rakta-locana, as, ā, or ī, am, red-eyed; (as), m. a pigeon.
     raktavaṭī rakta-vaṭī or rakta-varaṭī, f. small-pox.
     raktavarga rakta-varga, as, m. lac; N. of various plants, the pomegranate tree; Butea Frondosa; Pentapetes Phoenicea; Rubia Munjista; two kinds of saffron; safflower.
     raktavarṇa rakta-var-ṇa, as, m. red colour; the colour of blood; (as, ā, am), red-coloured; (as), m. the cochineal insect, = indra-gopa; (am), n. gold.
     raktavardhana rakta-vardha-na, as, ī, am, increasing or promoting the formation of blood; (as), m. Solanum Melongena.
     raktavarṣābhū rakta-varṣābhū, ūs, f. = rakta-punarnavā.
     raktavasana rakta-vasana, as, ā, am, red-clad, clad in red garments, clothed in red; (as), m. a Brāhman in the fourth order or stage of life as a religious mendicant.
     raktavāta rakta-vāta, as, m. a particular disease.
     raktavāluka rakta-vāluka, am, ā, n. f. vermilion.
     raktavāsas rakta-vāsas, ās, ās, as, or rakta-vāsin, ī, inī, i, wearing red garments, clad in red.
     raktavikāra rakta-vikāra, as, m. alteration or deterioration of blood.
     raktavidradhi rakta-vidradhi, is, m. a blood-red boil, a boil or ulcer filled with blood.
     raktavindu rakta-vindu, us, m. a red spot forming a flaw in a jewel; a drop of blood.
     raktavīja rakta-vīja, as, m. the pomegranate tree; N. of an Asura.
     raktavījakā rakta-vījakā, f. a species of plant (= taradī).
     raktavṛkṣa rakta-vṛkṣa, as, m. a kind of tree.
     raktavṛttā rakta-vṛttā, f. Nyctanthes Arbor Tristis.
     raktaśāli rakta-śāli, is, m. red rice, Oryza Sativa.
     raktaśāsana rakta-śāsana, am, n. vermilion.
     raktaśigru rakta-śigru, us, m. red-flowering Śigru.
     raktaśīrṣaka rakta-śīrṣaka, as, m. a kind of heron; Pinus Longifolia; the resin of Pinus Longifolia.
     raktaśukratā rakta-śukra-tā, f. bloody condition of the semen.
     raktaśṛṅgika rakta-śṛṅgika, am, n. poison, venom.
     raktaśmaśru rakta-śmaśru, us, us, u, having a red beard.
     raktaśmaśruśiroruha rakta-śmaśru-śiroruha, as, ā, am, having a red beard and hair.
     raktaśyāma rakta-śyāma, as, ā, am, dark-red.
     raktaṣṭhīvanatā rakta-ṣṭhīvana-tā or rakta-ṣṭhīvī, f. the spitting of blood.
     raktasaṅkoca rakta-saṅkoca, as, m. safflower.
     raktasaṅkocaka rakta-saṅkocaka, am, n. a red lotus-flower.
     raktasañjña rakta-sañjña, am, n. saffron.
     raktasandaṃśikā rakta-sandaṃśikā, f. a blood-sucker, leech.
     raktasandhyaka rakta-sandhyaka, am, n. the flower of Nymphaea Rubra.
     raktasaroruha rakta-saroruha, am, n. a red lotus-flower.
     raktasarṣapa rakta-sarṣapa, as, m. Sinapis Ramosa.
     raktasahā rakta-sahā, f. the red globeamaranth.
     raktasāra rakta-sāra, as, ā, am, whose essence or predominating quality is blood, of a sanguinary disposition; (as), m. a species of plant, = amla-vetasa, rakta-khadira; (am), n. red sandal; Caesalpina Sappan.
     raktasūryamaṇi rakta-sūryamaṇi, is, m. a beautiful red-flowering shrub (Hibiscus Phoeniceus).
     raktasūryāya rakta-sūryāya, Nom. A. -sūryāyate, &c., to represent or be like a red sun.
     raktasaugandhika rakta-saugan-dhika, am, n. a red lotus-flower.
     raktasraganulepin rakta-srag-anulepin, ī, m. (probably) 'wearing a red garland and being anointed', epithet of Śiva.
     raktasrāva rakta-srāva, as, m. a flow of blood, hemorrhage (Ved.); a kind of sour sorrel or dock.
     raktahaṃsā rakta-haṃsā, f., N. of a Rāgiṇī.
     raktahīna rakta-hīna, as, ā, am, bloodless, coldblooded.
     raktākāra raktākāra (-ta-āk-), as, m. 'having a red appearance', coral.
     raktākta raktākta (-ta-āk-), as, ā, am, dyed red; sprinkled or besmeared with blood; (am), n. red sandal or Caesalpina Sappan.
     raktākṣa raktā-kṣa (-ta-ak-), as, ī, am, red-eyed, having red or blood-shot eyes; fearful, dreadful, = krūra; (as), m. a buffalo; Perdix Rufa; a pigeon; the Indian crane; N. of a sorcerer; (am), n., N. of the fifty-eighth year in a Jupiter's cycle of sixty years.
     raktākṣi raktākṣi (-ta-ak-), is, or raktākṣin, ī, m., N. of the fiftyeighth year in a Jupiter's cycle of sixty years.
     raktāṅka rak-tāṅka (-ta-aṅ-), as, m. coral.
     raktāṅga raktāṅga (-ta-aṅ-), as, m. 'red-bodied', a species of bird; a bug; a species of plant (= kāmpilla, kampilla); the planet Mars; the disk of the sun or moon; N. of a serpent-demon; (ā, ī), f. a species of plant, = jī-vantī; (ī), f. Rubia Munjista; coral; (am), n. coral; saffron; a species of plant (= kampilla).
     raktātisāra raktātisāra or raktātīsāra (-ta-at-), as, m. 'blood-diarrhoea', dysentery, bloody flux.
     raktādharā raktā-dharā (-ta-adh-), f. a Kinnarī.
     raktādhāra raktādhāra (-ta-ādh-), as, m. 'blood-receptacle', the skin.
     raktādhimantha raktādhimantha (-ta-adh-), as, m. inflammation of the eyes, ophthalmia with discharge of blood.
     raktānta raktānta (-ta-an-), as, ā, am, having red extremities, having the corners (of the eyes) inflamed.
     raktāpaha raktāpaha (-ta-ap-), am, n. myrrh.
     raktāpāmārga raktā-pāmārga (-ta-ap-), as, m. red-flowering Apāmārga.
     raktābha raktābha (-ta-ābh-), as, ā, am, redlooking, having a red appearance.
     raktābhiṣyanda raktābhiṣ-yanda (-ta-abh-), as, m. ophthalmia brought on by the state of the blood, redness of the vessels of the eye with a watery discharge.
     raktāmiṣāda raktāmiṣāda (-ta-āmiṣa-ada), as, ā, am, eating blood and flesh.
     raktāmbara raktāmbara (-ta-am-), am, n. a red garment; (as, ā, am), wearing a red cloth, clad in red garments; (as), m. any vagrant devotee wearing red garments; (ā), f., N. of a goddess.
     raktāmbaratva raktāmbara-tva, am, n. the wearing of red garments (with Buddhist monks).
     raktāmbaradhara raktāmbara-dhara, as, ā, am, wearing red garments.
     raktāmbupūra raktāmbu-pūra (-ta-am-), as, m. a stream or flood of blood.
     raktāmburuha rak-tāmbu-ruha (-ta-am-), am, n. a red lotus-flower.
     raktāmra raktāmra (-ta-ām-), as, m. a species of plant (= kośāmra).
     raktāruṇa raktāruṇa (-ta-ar-), as, ā, am, blood-red, red as blood.
     raktārbuda raktārbuda (-ta-ar-), as, m. a bloody tumour.
     raktārman raktārman (-ta-ar-), a, n. a particular disease of the eyes.
     raktārśas raktārśas (-ta-ar-), as, n. a form of hemorrhoids.
     raktālu raktālu (-ta-ālu), us, or raktāluka, as, m. a species of red yam, Dioscorea Purpurea.
     raktāśaya raktāśaya (-ta-āś-), as, m. 'blood-receptacle', any viscus containing or secreting blood (as the heart, liver, spleen).
     raktāśoka raktāśoka (-ta-aś-), as, m. red-flowering Aśoka.
     raktekṣu raktekṣu (-ta-ik-), us, m. red sugar-cane.
     raktairaṇḍa raktairaṇḍa (-ta-er-), as, m. the red Ricinus or castor-oil plant.
     raktairvāru raktairvāru (-ta-er-), us, m. a kind of cucumber (= indra-vāruṇī).
     raktotkliṣṭa raktotkliṣṭa (-ta-ut-), as, m. a particular disease of the eyes.
     raktotpala raktotpala (-ta-ut-), as, m. Bombax Heptaphyllum; (am), n. a red lotus, the flower of Nymphaea Rubra.
     raktotpalābha rak-totpalābha (-la-ābh-), as, ā, am, being like the colour of Nymphaea Rubra, resembling the red lotus.
     raktopala raktopala (-ta-up-), am, n. red chalk, red earth, red ochre or orpiment, indurated ochre or clay iron-stone.

raktaka raktaka, as, ā, am, red; passionately attached to, fond of, enamoured; pleasing, entertaining, amusing; bloody, containing blood; (as), m. a red garment; an amorous or impassioned man; a sporter, player; N. of various plants bearing red flowers, Pentapetes Phoenicea; the globe-amaranth; = rakta-śigru; = raktairaṇḍa.

raktalā raktalā, f. = kāka-tuṇḍī.

rakti rakti, is, f. pleasingness, attractiveness, charmingness, loveliness; the being attached, affection, attachment, devotion, loyalty; = raktikā, the seed of Abrus Precatorius.
     raktimat rakti-mat, ān, atī, at, possessing charms, charming, lovely, attractive.

raktikā raktikā, f. Abrus Precatorius; the seed or grain of this plant used as a weight = (1/6) or (1/7) or (2/15) of a Māṣaka; (according to some, the seed weighs about 1(5/16) of a grain troy, the artificial Ratti or Raktikā should be double that weight, but in common use it averages nearly 2(1/4) grains.)

raktiman raktiman, ā, m. redness, red colour.

raktṛ raktṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, one who colours or dyes, a colourist, painter, (more correctly raṅktṛ.)

raktvā raktvā or raṅktvā, ind. having dyed; having attached one's self to.

raṅga raṅga, as, m. colour, paint, pigment, dye, hue; the nasal modification or nasalizing of a vowel; a place of public amusement or for dramatic exhibitions, theatre, play-house, amphitheatre, stage, arena, place of public contest, place for athletic exercises or feats, sports, &c.; a place of assembly; an assembly or assemblage of spectators; a field of battle; dancing, singing, acting, diversion, mirth; borax; an extract obtained from Acacia Catechu; a proper N.; (am), n. tin (= vaṅga; in this sense also as, m.).
     raṅgakāra raṅga-kāra or raṅga-kāraka, as, m. 'a colour-maker', painter, colourist.
     raṅgakāṣṭha raṅga-kāṣṭha, am, n. Caesalpina Sappan.
     raṅgakṣetra raṅga-kṣetra, am, n., N. of a place.
     raṅgacara raṅga-cara, as, m. 'a stage-goer', stageplayer, actor, player, performer, &c.; a gladiator.
     raṅgaja raṅga-ja, am, n. red lead, vermilion.
     raṅgajīvaka raṅga-jīvaka, as, m. 'living by colours', a painter, an actor, performer.
     raṅgada raṅga-da, as, m. borax; an extract from Acacia Catechu; a particular white paint (= sphaṭī, dṛḍha-raṅgā).
     raṅgadatta raṅga-datta, (probably) am, n., N. of a drama.
     raṅgadāyaka raṅga-dāyaka, am, n. a particular kind of earth (= kaṅkuṣṭha).
     raṅgadṛḍhā raṅga-dṛḍhā, f. a sort of white paint (= dṛḍha-raṅgā).
     raṅgadevatā raṅga-devatā, f. a goddess supposed to preside over sports and diversions, the goddess or genius of pleasure.
     raṅgadvār raṅga-dvār, r, f. a stagedoor, the door or entrance of a theatre.
     raṅgadvāra raṅga-dvāra, am, n. a stage-entrance, stage-door; the prologue of a play.
     raṅganātha raṅga-nātha, as, m., N. of various men; of the author of a commentary on the Vikramorvaśī(A.D. 1656); of a commentator on the Sūryasiddhānta.
     raṅgapatākā raṅga-patākā, f., N. of a woman.
     raṅgapattrī raṅga-pattrī or raṅga-puṣpī, f. the indigo plant.
     raṅgapīṭha raṅga-pīṭha, am, n. a place for dancing.
     raṅgapraveśa raṅga-praveśa, as, m. entering on the stage, engaging in theatrical performances.
     raṅgabhūti raṅga-bhūti, is, f. the night of full moon in the month Āśvina.
     raṅgabhūmi raṅga-bhūmi, is, f. a place for acting, stage, theatre, arena; a battle-field,
     raṅgamaṅgala raṅga-maṅgala, am, n. a stage-festival, rejoicing or festive ceremony on the stage.
     raṅgamaṇḍapa raṅga-maṇḍapa, as, am, m. n. a play-house, theatre.
     raṅgamaṇḍala raṅga-maṇḍala, am, n. the circuit of an arena or assembly.
     raṅgamadhya raṅga-madhya, am, n. the middle of an arena.
     raṅgamalla raṅga-malla, as, m. a proper N.; (ī), f. the Indian lute.
     raṅgamāṇikya raṅga-māṇikya, am, n. a ruby (= māṇikya).
     raṅgamātṛ raṅga-mātṛ, tā, f. lac or the insect which forms the red dye; a bawd; = truṭi.
     raṅgamātṛkā raṅga-mātṛkā, f. lac.
     raṅgarāja raṅga-rāja, as, m., N. of a king; of a learned man, (also called Raṅgarāja-dīkṣita, &c.)
     raṅgalāsinī raṅga-lāsinī, f. Nyctanthes Arbor Tristis.
     raṅgavatī raṅga-vatī, f., N. of a woman (who killed her husband Rantideva).
     raṅgavallikā raṅga-vallikā or raṅga-vallī, f., N. of a kind of plant used at sacrifices.
     raṅgavastu raṅga-vastu, u, n. any colouring substance, paint.
     raṅgavāṭa raṅga-vāṭa, a place or arena enclosed for contests, plays, dancing, &c.
     raṅgavārāṅganā raṅga-vārāṅganā (-ra-aṅ-), f. a kind of dancing girl.
     raṅgavidyādhara raṅga-vidyā-dhara, as, m. a proficient in or teacher of the art of acting.
     raṅgavīja raṅga-vīja, am, n. silver.
     raṅgaśālā raṅga-śālā, f. a play-house, theatre, dancing-hall, dancing-room.
     raṅgastha raṅga-stha, as, ā, am, standing in an arena.
     raṅgāṅgaṇa raṅgāṅgaṇa (-ga-aṅ-), am, n. the area of an amphitheatre or arena, an arena or place of public contest.
     raṅgāṅgā raṅ-gāṅgā (-ga-aṅ-), f. a particular white substance (= sphaṭī).
     raṅgājīva raṅgājīva (-ga-āj-), as, m. 'living by colours', a painter; one who lives by the stage, an actor, performer.
     raṅgāri raṅgāri (-ga-ari), is, m. a fragrant Oleander.
     raṅgāvataraṇa raṅgāvataraṇa (-ga-av-), am, n. entering on the stage, engaging in theatrical performances; the profession of an actor.
     raṅgāvatāraka raṅgā-vatāraka (-ga-av-), as, or raṅgāvatārin, ī, m. one who enters the stage or engages in theatrical performances, a stage-player, actor.
     raṅgeśa raṅgeśa (-ga-īśa), as, m., N. of a king.
     raṅgeśvarī raṅgeśvarī (-ga-īś-), f. (probably) N. of the wife of Raṅgeśa.
     raṅgeṣṭhāluka raṅ-geṣṭhāluka (-ṭha-āl-), am, n. a kind of bulbous root or onion, (also raṅgeṣṭhālu.)
     raṅgopajīvin raṅgopa-jīvin (-ga-up-), ī, or raṅgopajīvya, as, m. one who lives by the stage, a stage-player, actor.

raṅgaṇa raṅgaṇa, am, n. (probably) dancing, merrymaking, &c.

raṅgin raṅgin, ī, iṇī, i, colouring, dyeing, painting; passionate, impassioned; attached to, devoted to, finding enjoyment in; acting or exhibiting on a stage, being an actor; (iṇī), f. Asparagus Racemosus.

raja raja, as, m. = rajas, dust [cf. nī-r-]; the pollen of flowers; the menstrual excretion, (in this sense also am, n.); the quality of passion, (see rajas); emotion, affection; N. of one of Skanda's attendants; of a king (a son of Vi-raja).

rajaka rajaka, as, m. a washerman (so called from his being occupied in the cleaning or whitening of clothes; the washermen are regarded as a degraded caste of Hindūs); a parrot; N. of a king; (ī), f. a washerman's wife, washerwoman; epithet of a woman on the third day of the menses; (ikā), f. a washerwoman.

rajata rajata, as, ā, am [cf. rt. 2. arj], white, whitish, silver-coloured, silvery, (rajataṃ hiraṇyam, white gold, i. e. silver); silver, made of silver, like silver; (am), n. silver [cf. arjuna]; gold; a pearl-ornament or necklace; blood; ivory; N. of a particular mountain (perhaps of Kailāsa); of a particular lake; an asterism, constellation; [cf. Gr. [greek] [greek] Lat. arg-entu-m; Hib. airgiod.]
     rajatakumbha rajata-kumbha, as, m. a silver jar.
     rajatakūṭa rajata-kūṭa, N. of a peak on the Malaya mountains.
     rajatadaṃṣṭra rajata-daṃṣṭra, as, m., N. of a son of Vajradaṃṣṭra (a king of the Vidyā-dharas).
     rajatadyuti rajata-dyuti, is, m., N. of Hanumat.
     rajatanābha rajata-nābha, as, m., N. of a particular fabulous being.
     rajatanābhi rajata-nābhi, is, is, i, having a white navel; (is), m., N. of a descendant of Kuvera.
     rajataparvata rajata-parvata, as, m. a silver mountain; N. of a particular mountain.
     rajatapātra rajata-pātra or rajata-bhājana, am, n. a silver cup, silver vessel of any kind.
     rajataprastha rajata-pras-tha, as, m., N. of Kailāsa.
     rajatamaya rajata-maya, as, ī, am, made of silver, silver.
     rajatavāha rajata-vāha, as, m., N. of a man; (ās), m. pl. his descendants.
     rajatādri raja-tādri (-ta-ad-), is, m. 'silver-mountain', N. of Kailāsa.

rajatākara rajatākara, N. of a place.

rajana rajana, as, m., N. of a person with the patronymic Kauṇeya; a ray, beam; (am), n. colouring, dyeing; safflower.

rajanaka rajanaka, as, m. a proper N. (= rajana).

rajani rajani, is, or rajanī, f. (the latter is the more common; said to be fr. rt. rañj in the sense 'to colour', cf. rajas), night; N. of Durgā; a species of plant (= janī, jatūkā, jatu-kṛt); Curcuma Longa, (all words meaning 'night' appear to be used for this plant); Curcuma Aromatica; the indigo plant; N. of a river; [cf. Hib. reag, 'night.']
     rajanikara rajani-kara, as, m. 'the night-maker', the moon.
     rajanicara rajani-cara, as, m. 'night-rover', a Rākṣasa; [cf. rajanī-cara.]
     rajanimmanya rajanim-manya, as, ā, am, passing for or looking like night.
     rajanirākṣasī rajani-rākṣasī, f. night regarded as a Rākṣasī.
     rajanīkara rajanī-kara, as, m. 'the night-maker', the moon.
     rajanīgandha ra-janī-gandha, as, m. Polianthes Tuberosa; (ā), f. a species of plant bearing white flowers.
     rajanīcara rajanī-cara, as, ā or ī, am, wandering in the night, moving about by night; (as), m. epithet of the moon; a Rākṣasa, an evil spirit; a night-watcher; a thief.
     rajanīcaranātha rajanīcara-nātha, as, m. 'lord or protector of night-wanderers', epithet of the moon, (wrongly read rajanī-caya-nātha.)--rajanī-jala, am, n. 'night-dew', rime, hoar-frost.
     rajanīdvandva rajanī-dvan-dva, am, n. a period of two nights with the intermediate day.
     rajanīpati rajanī-pati, is, m. 'the lord or husband of night', the moon.
     rajanīmukha rajanī-mukha, am, n. 'front or beginning of night', evening, nightfall.
     rajanīramaṇa rajanī-ramaṇa, as, m. 'the husband of night', the moon.
     rajanīhāsā rajanī-hāsā, f. Nyctanthes Arbor Tristis.

rajanīya rajanīya, as, ā, am, to be enjoyed, enjoyable, charming.

rajayitrī rajayitrī, f. (fr. the Caus.), Ved. a female painter or colourist.

rajas rajas, as, n. (said to be fr. rt. rañj in the sense 'to colour', cf. rt. 2. arj; according to some the original meaning may have been 'dimness', cf. ra-jani and Goth. riquis), the sphere of vapour or mist, region of clouds, atmosphere, air, firmament (Ved.; sometimes represented as the expanse of heaven or sky in general); any sphere or world or division of the world (so used in Ved. according to Yāska and Sāy.; the dual rajasī = 'heaven and earth', or perhaps 'the lower and higher atmospheres' immediately above the earth; trīṇi rajāṃsi = 'the three worlds' or earth, atmosphere, and sky; sometimes even six such spheres are enumerated); vapour, mist, clouds, rain-water, water (according to Nirukta IV. 19); gloom, gloominess, dimness, darkness; impurity, dirt, dust, powder, speck of dust, any small particle of matter, (go-rajas, a speck of dust on a cow's hair; a mote in a sun-beam; eḍaka-rajas, a speck of dust on a sheep's fleece); the dust or pollen of flowers; cultivated or ploughed land (as 'dusty'), arable land, fields; the 'darkening' quality, passion, foulness, impurity; (in philosophy) the second of the three Guṇas or qualities, (the three are called sattva, goodness, rajas, passion, and tamas, darkness; cf. guṇa; of these rajas is sometimes identified with tejas, energy or activity: it is said to predominate in air, and to be active, urgent, and variable); passion, emotion, feeling, affection; the menstrual excretion; tin; (according to Nirukta IV. 19) = jyotis, ahan; (ās), m., N. of a Ṛṣi, son of Vasiṣṭha.
     rajaudvāsa raja-udvāsa, as, ā, am, Ved. one who has put off soiled clothes; [cf. malodvāsas.]
     rajaḥpaṭala rajaḥ-paṭala, am, n. a coating of dust.
     rajaḥputra ra-jaḥ-putra, as, m. the son of passion (a term applied to a person when the object is to mark his being of no particular note; cf. rajas-toka).
     rajaḥpluta rajaḥ-pluta, as, ā, am, filled with (the quality of) passion.
     rajaḥśaya rajaḥ-śaya, as, ā, am, Ved. silver, made of silver.
     rajaḥśuddhi rajaḥ-śuddhi, is, f. a pure or right condition of the menses.
     rajaḥspṛś rajaḥ-spṛś, k, k, k, touching the dust or the ground, touching the earth.
     rajastamaska rajas-tamaska, as, ā, am, being under the influence of the two qualities rajas and ta-mas, (see above.)
     rajastamomaya rajas-tamo-maya, as, ī, am, made up or consisting of the qualities rajas and tamas.
     rajastur rajas-tur, ūr, ūr, ūr, Ved. hastening through the sky or atmosphere, (Sāy.) dust-scattering (= pāṃsos tvarayitṛ) or water-scattering (= uda-kasya preraka).
     rajastoka rajas-toka, as, am, m. n. the child or offspring of passion; avarice, greediness.
     rajasvala rajas-vala, as, ā, am, having water (Ved. = udaka-vat); covered with dust, dusty; full of the quality rajas, full of passion; (as), m. a buffalo; (ā), f. a menstruating woman, a female during the menses; a marriageable woman.
     rajasvin rajas-vin, ī, inī, i, dusty, full of dust or pollen; full of the quality rajas.
     rajīkṛ rajī-kṛ, cl. 8. P. -karoti, &c., to change or turn into dust.
     rajeṣita rajeṣita (fr. raja for rajas + iṣita), according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda VIII. 46, 28. rajas = uṣṭra or gardabha, iṣita = prāpita.
     rajogātra rajo-gātra, as, m., N. of a son of Vasiṣṭha.
     rajoguṇa rajo-guṇa, as, m. the quality rajas or passion, (see under rajas.)
     rajoguṇamaya rajoguṇa-maya, as, ī, am, consisting of or having the quality rajas.
     rajograhi rajo-grahi, is, is, i, see Vopa-deva XXVI. 48.
     rajodarśana rajo-darśana, am, n. the (first) appearance of the menstrual excretion.
     rajonimīlita rajo-nimīlita, as, ā, am, blinded by passion or desire.
     rajobandha rajo-bandha, as, m. suppression of menstruation.
     rajobala rajo-bala, am, n. darkness, (perhaps more correctly rajo-vala.)
     rajomegha rajo-megha, as, m. a cloud of dust.
     rajorasa rajo-rasa, as, m. darkness.
     rajohara rajo-hara, as, m. 'remover of impurity', a washerman.
     rajoharaṇadhārin rajo-haraṇa-dhārin (according to Halāyudha II. 189) = vratin.

rajasa rajasa (at the end of an adj. comp.) = rajas (e. g. a-prāpta-rajasā, not yet having menstruated); (as, ā, am), obscure, dark, dim, Ved.; (perhaps) dirty, unclean, impure.

rajasānu rajasānu, us, m. a cloud; soul, heart (= citta).

rajaska rajaska (at the end of an adj. comp.) = rajas in nī-r-, vi-r-, q. q. v. v.

rajasya 1. rajasya, Nom. P. rajasyati, &c., to become dust, to be scattered as dust.

rajasya 2. rajasya, as, ā, am, Ved. having the quality rajas; dusty.

rajita rajita, as, ā, am (for rañjita), affected, moved, &c.

rañja rañja in jala-rañja, q. v.

rañjaka rañjaka, as, ikā, am (fr. the Caus.), = rañjana, colouring, dyeing; causing affection or passion, exciting love or pleasure, gladdening, rejoicing, pleasing; (as), m. a colourist, dyer, painter; an inciter of affection &c., stimulus; a species of plant (= kampillaka); biliary humor on which vision depends; (akī), f. a female colourer or dyer; (am), n. red sandal; vermilion.

rañjana rañjana, as, ī, am, colouring, dyeing, (keśa-rañjana, dyeing the hair); exciting passion or love; gratifying, exhilarating, delighting, rejoicing, (jana-rañjanī, 'men-rejoicing', N. of a particular formula); conciliating, befriending; (as), m. Saccharum Munja, = muñja; (ī), f. the female personification of a particular musical mode; (probably) friendly salutation; N. of various plants, the indigo plant; Nyctanthes Arbor Tristis; saffron; a kind of fragrant perfume; (am), n. the act of colouring, dyeing; colour, dye; the act of pleasing, delighting, conciliating, rejoicing, giving pleasure; nasalizing (in gram.); red sandal-wood.
     rañjanadru rañjana-dru, us, m. a kind of tree.

rañjanaka rañjanaka, as, m. a kind of tree.

rañjanīya rañjanīya, as, ā, am, to be coloured or dyed; to be rejoiced or pleased; anything which may be rejoiced at.

rañjita rañjita, as, ā, am, dyed, coloured, tinted; affected, moved; highly delighted.

rañjinī rañjinī, f., N. of various plants, the indigo plant; Rubia Munjista; [cf. rañjanī.]

raṭ raṭ, cl. 1. P. raṭati, rarāṭa, &c., to shout, howl, yell, cry, scream, roar, bellow; to call out, proclaim aloud; to shout with joy, applaud: Caus. raṭayati, &c., to shout, &c.; to speak [cf. rt. raṭh]: Intens. rāraṭīti, to scream aloud.

raṭana raṭana, am, n. the act of shouting, &c.; cry or shout of applause, approbation.

raṭantī raṭantī, f., N. of the fourteenth day in the dark half of the month Māgha.

raṭita raṭita, as, ā, am, screamed, shouted, &c.; (am), n. a roar, yell, scream, cry.

raṭṭā raṭṭā, f., N. of a princess.

raṭh raṭh [cf. rt. raṭ], cl. 1. P. raṭhati, &c., to speak; [cf. Old Germ. redion, re-dinon; Old Sax. rethjon, rethinon, 'to speak;' perhaps Goth. rasda.]

raḍḍa raḍḍa, as, m. a proper N.; (ā), f., N. of a princess.

raṇ raṇ (thought by some to be developed out of a base ramṇā, fr. rt. ram), cl. 1. P. (Ved. also cl. 4. P.) raṇati (raṇyati), rarāṇa, arāṇīt (Ved. forms rāraṇa or in Padapāṭha raraṇa, raṇiṣṭan), raṇitum, to rejoice, exult; to take pleasure in (with loc., rarely with acc., Ved.); to delight (Ved.); to sound, ring, rattle, jingle; to shout: Caus. P. A. raṇayati, raṇayate, yitum, Aor. arīraṇat or ararāṇat (Ved. forms rāraṇat, arāraṇus, rārandhi, rārantu, rarā-ṇata), to cause to rejoice; cause to be pleased, delight; to rejoice or be pleased at, delight in (with loc., Ved.); to make to sound, cause to sound forth; to praise; to go (P.): Desid. riraṇiṣati: Intens. raṃraṇyate, raṃraṇṭi; [cf. Hib. ran, 'a squeal, roar;' ranach, 'a roaring.']

raṇa raṇa, as, m. joy, delight, gratification, pleasure (Ved.); sound, noise; the quill or bow of a lute; going, motion; (as, am), m. n. battle, war, combat, fight, conflict.
     raṇakarman raṇa-karman, a, n. 'war-business', war, battle, combat, fighting.
     raṇakāmin raṇa-kāmin, ī, inī, i, desirous of war, wishing to fight.
     raṇakāmya raṇa-kāmya, Nom. P. -kāmyati, &c., to wish for battle.
     raṇakārin raṇa-kārin, ī, iṇī, i, Ved. causing battle or strife.
     raṇakṛt raṇa-kṛt, t, t, t, causing joy, gratifying, delighting (Ved.); fighting, a fighter, combatant, warrior.
     raṇakṣitti raṇa-kṣitti, is, f. or raṇa-kṣetra, am, n. or raṇa-kṣoṇi, is, f. place of battle, battle-field.
     raṇagocara raṇa-gocara, as, ā, am, engaged in war, fighting.
     raṇajaya raṇa-jaya, as, m. victory in battle.
     raṇañjaya ra-ṇañ-jaya, as, m. (raṇam, acc. c.), N. of a king.
     raṇatūrya raṇa-tūrya, am, n. a war-drum, military drum.
     raṇadara raṇa-dara, as, m. a proper N.
     raṇadundubhi raṇa-dun-dubhi, is, m. a military drum.
     raṇadurgādhāraṇayantra raṇa-durgādhā-raṇa-yantra, am, n., N. of a particular amulet.
     raṇapaṇḍita raṇa-paṇḍita, as, m. 'skilled in battle', a warrior.
     raṇapurasvāmin raṇa-pura-svāmin, ī, m., N. of a certain statue of Sūrya.
     raṇapriya raṇa-priya, as, ā, am, battle-loving, fond of war or battle, warlike; (as), m. a falcon; (am), n. the fragrant root of Andropogon Muricatus.
     raṇabhaṭa raṇa-bhaṭa, as, m. a proper N.
     raṇabhū raṇa-bhū, ūs, or raṇa-bhūmi, is, f. a battleground, field of battle.
     raṇamatta raṇa-matta, as, ā, am, furious in battle; (as), m. an elephant.
     raṇamārgakovida raṇa-mārga-kovida, as, ā, am, experienced in the art or ways of war.
     raṇamukha raṇa-mukha, am, n. the front or van of battle; the van of an army.
     raṇamuṣṭi raṇa-muṣṭi, is, m. a species of plant (= viṣa-muṣṭi).
     raṇamūrdhan raṇa-mūrdhan, ā, m. the front or van of a fight.
     raṇaraṅka raṇa-raṅka, as, m. the space between the tusks of an elephant.
     raṇaraṅga raṇa-raṅga, as, m. 'battlestage', a place or field of battle.
     raṇaraṅgamalla raṇaraṅga-malla, as, m. = bhoja-rāja, q. v.
     raṇaraṇa raṇa-raṇa, as, m. 'the buzzer', a gnat, musquito; (am), n. a longing, anxious desire; regret (for a lost object).
     raṇaraṇaka raṇa-raṇaka, as, am, m. n. anxiety, anxious regret for some beloved object; desire, love; (as), m. the god of love.
     raṇalakṣmī raṇa-lakṣmī, īs, f. the fortune of war; the goddess of battle.
     raṇavanya raṇa-vanya, as, m., N. of a king.
     raṇavādya raṇa-vādya, am, n. a military instrument of music, martial music.
     raṇaviśārada raṇa-viśārada, as, ā, am, skilled in war.
     raṇavṛtti raṇa-vṛtti, is, is, i, having war or battle for a profession.
     raṇaśikṣā raṇa-śikṣā, f. the art or science of war.
     raṇaśiras raṇa-śiras, as, n. the head or front of a battle.
     raṇaśūra raṇa-śūra, as, m. a hero in war, warrior.
     raṇasaṃrambha raṇa-saṃrambha, as, m. the fury of battle.
     raṇasaṅkula raṇa-saṅkula, am, n. the confusion or noise of battle, a melee, mixed or tumultuary combat.
     raṇasajjā ra-ṇa-sajjā, f. military accoutrement.
     raṇasattra raṇa-sattra, am, n. war or battle regarded as a sacrifice.
     raṇasahāya raṇa-sahāya, as, m. 'war-helper', an ally.
     raṇastambha raṇa-stam-bha, as, m. 'battle-pillar', a monument of war or battle, trophy, column; N. of a country (Chitore?).
     raṇasthāna raṇa-sthāna, am, n. a battle-place, field of battle.
     raṇasvāmin raṇa-svāmin, ī, m., N. of a statue of Śiva as lord of battle.
     raṇāgni raṇāgni (-ṇa-ag-), is, m. the fire of battle, battle regarded as fire.
     raṇāgra raṇāgra (-ṇa-ag-), am, n. the head or front of a battle.
     raṇāṅga raṇāṅga (-ṇa-aṅ-), am, n. 'war-implement', weapon of war or battle, any weapon, a sword.
     raṇāṅgana raṇāṅgana (-ṇa-aṅ-), am, n. a battle-place, field of battle, (also raṇāṅgaṇa.)
     raṇāji raṇāji (-ṇa-āji), is, m., N. of a Sādhya.
     raṇājira raṇājira (-ṇa-aj-), am, n. area or arena for fighting, battle-field.
     raṇātodya ra-ṇātodya (-ṇa-āt-), am, n. a battle-drum, military drum.
     raṇāditya raṇāditya (-ṇa-ād-), as, m., N. of a king of Kaśmīra; of another person.
     raṇāntakṛt raṇānta-kṛt (-ṇa-an-), t, m. 'making an end of battle', N. of Viṣṇu.
     raṇāpeta raṇāpeta (-ṇa-ap-), as, ā, am, flying away from battle (Kirāt. XV. 33).
     raṇābhiyoga raṇābhiyoga (-ṇa-abh-), as, m. engaging in battle, warlike encounter.
     raṇārambhā raṇārambhā (-ṇa-ār-), f., N. of the wife of Raṇāditya.
     raṇārambhāsvāmideva raṇārambhā-svāmi-deva, as, m., N. of a statue erected by Raṇārambhā.
     raṇālaṅkaraṇa ra-ṇālaṅkaraṇa (-ṇa-al-), as, m. a heron (= kaṅka).
     raṇāvani raṇāvani (-ṇa-av-), is, f. battle-ground, a field of battle.
     raṇāśva raṇāśva (-ṇa-aś-), as, m., N. of a king.
     raṇecara raṇe-cara, as, ā or ī, am, going or moving about in the field of battle (said of Viṣṇu).
     raṇeśa raṇeśa (-ṇa-īśa) or raṇeśvara (-ṇa-īś-), as, m. = raṇa-svāmin.
     raṇesvaccha raṇe-svaccha, as, m. a cock.
     raṇaiṣin raṇaiṣin (-ṇa-es-), ī, iṇī, i, eager for battle.
     raṇotkaṭa raṇotkaṭa (-ṇa-ut-), as, ā, am, furious or mad in battle; (as), m., N. of one of Skanda's attendants; of a Daitya.
     raṇotsāha raṇotsāha (-ṇa-ut-), as, m. prowess in battle.
     raṇoddāma raṇoddāma (-ṇa-ud-), as, ā, am, eager for battle.
     raṇoddeśa raṇoddeśa (-ṇa-ud-), as, m. a field of battle; a part or quarter of a battle.

raṇaka raṇaka, as, m., N. of a king.

raṇat raṇat, an, antī, at, sounding, rattling; going.
     raṇatkāra raṇat-kāra, as, m. a rattling or clanking sound; any sound; humming (of bees).

raṇita raṇita, as, ā, am, sounded, sounding, rattling; (am), n. sound, any ringing or rattling sound.

raṇitṛ raṇitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, Ved. rejoicing in, delighting in, (Sāy. = ramaṇa-śīla.)

raṇya raṇya, as, ā, am, Ved. agreeable, enjoyable, delightful, pleasant; fit for fighting, warlike; (am), n., Ved. joy, pleasure; war, battle.
     raṇyajit raṇya-jit, t, t, t, Ved. conquering in battle, victorious in war.
     raṇyavāc raṇya-vāc, k, k, k, Ved. speaking agreeably.

raṇva raṇva, as, ā, am, Ved. pleasant, delightful, agreeable, lovely; joyous, gay; sounding; to be praised, worthy of praise.
     raṇvasandṛś raṇva-sandṛś, k, k, k, Ved. looking lovely, appearing beautiful, (Sāy. = rama-ṇīya-darśana.)

raṇvan raṇvan, in Ṛg-veda V. 44, 10, according to Sāy. = ramaṇīya, agreeable, pleasant.

raṇḍa raṇḍa, as, ā, am (in Uṇādi-s. I. 113. said to be fr. rt. ram), mutilated, maimed, crippled, (incorrect for vaṇḍa, q. v.); faithless (in śākhā-raṇḍa, q. v.); (as), m. a man who dies without male issue; a barren tree; (ā), f. a term of abuse in addressing women, a slut; a widow, (bāla-raṇḍā, a young widow); Salvinia Cucullata; N. of a species of metre.
     raṇḍāśramin raṇḍāśramin (-ḍa-āś-), ī, m. one who loses a wife after the forty-eighth year.

raṇḍaka raṇḍaka, as, m. a barren tree.

raṇya raṇya, raṇva, &c. See p. 829, col. 3.

raṇv raṇv (= rts. ramb, riṇv, rimb), cl. 1. P. raṇvati, to go; (a form raṇv for rt. raṇ occurs in Taittrīya-s. I. 2, 5, 1, where, according to the commentator, raṇvatu = ramayatu.)

raṇvita raṇvita, as, ā, am (fr. raṇv for rt. raṇ), in Ṛg-veda II. 3, 6. according to Sāy. = śabdita, stuta, sounded, praised, or gacchat, going.

rata rata, rati, &c. See p. 833, cols. 1, 2.

ratāndhrī ratāndhrī, f. a fog, mist.

ratāmbuka ratāmbuka, e, n. du. the two cavities immediately above the hips.

ratū ratū, ūs, f. (said to be fr. a Sautra rt. ṛt), the river of heaven, the celestial Ganges; a true speech.

ratna ratna, am, n. (rarely as, m.; according to Uṇādi-s. III. 14. fr. rt. ram), a gift, present (Ved., in this sense perhaps connected with rt. 1. ); property, goods, riches, possessions (Ved.); a jewel, gem, treasure, precious stone, pearl; anything valuable or desirable, (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda I. 41, 6, &c. ratnam = ramaṇīyam); any precious thing, anything excellent or best of its kind (e. g. putra-ratna, an excellent son; go-ratnāni, excellent cows; cf. puṃ-r-, strī-r-); a magnet, loadstone [cf. maṇi]; = ratna-havis (Ved.); (as), m. a proper N.
     ratnakandala ratna-kandala, as, m. coral.
     ratnakara ratna-kara, as, m., N. of Kuvera.
     ratnakaraṇḍaka ratna-karaṇḍaka, N. of a Buddhist work.
     ratnakalaśa ratna-kalaśa, as, m. a proper N.
     ratnakalā ratna-kalā, f., N. of a woman.
     ratnakīrtti ratna-kīrtti, is, m., N. of a Buddha.
     ratnakūṭa ratna-kūṭa, as, m., N. of a mountain; of a Bodhi-sattva; of an island.
     ratnakūṭasūtra ratnakūṭa-sūtra, am, n., N. of a Buddhist Sūtra work.
     ratnaketu ratna-ketu, us, m., N. of a Buddha; of a Bodhi-sattva; (said to be a name common to 2000 future Buddhas.)
     ratnakoṭi ratna-koṭi, N. of a Samādhi.
     ratnakośa ratna-kośa or ratna-koṣa, as, m. 'repository of jewels', N. of various works.
     ratnakṣetrakūṭasandarśana ratna-kṣetra-kūṭa-sandarśana, as, m., N. of a Bodhi-sattva, (also written ratna-cchattra-kūṭa-sandarśana.)
     ratnakhacita ratna-khacita, as, ā, am, set or studded with gems.
     ratnakhāni ratna-khāni, is, f. a jewelmine, mine for precious stones.
     ratnagarbha ratna-garbha, as, ā, am, holding precious stones, filled with jewels, containing jewels; (as), m. the sea; N. of Kuvera; of a Bodhi-sattva; of a commentator on the Viṣṇu-Purāṇa; (ā), f. the earth.
     ratnagrīvatīrtha ratna-grīva-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a place of pilgrimage.
     ratnacandra ratna-can-dra, as, m., N. of a god (said to be the guardian deity of a jewel-mine); of a Bodhi-sattva; of a son of Vimbisāra.
     ratnacandrāmati ratna-candrāmati, is, m. a proper N.
     ratnacūḍa ratna-cūḍa, as, m., N. of a Bodhi-sattva; of a mythical king.
     ratnacūḍāparipṛcchā ratna-cūḍā-paripṛcchā, f., N. of a work.
     ratnacchattra ratna-cchattra, am, n. 'jewel-umbrella', an umbrella (adorned) with precious stones.
     ratnacchattrakūṭasandarśana ratnacchattra-kūṭa-sandarśana, as, m., N. of a Bodhi-sattva.
     ratnacchattrābhyudgatāvabhāsa ratnacchattrābhyudgatāva-bhāsa (-ra-abh-, -ta-av-), as, m., N. of a Buddha.
     ratnatejo'bhyudgatarāja ratna-tejo-'bhyudgata-rāja, as, m., N. of a Buddha.
     ratnatraya ratna-traya, am, n. (with Jainas) 'jewel-triad', three jewels or excellent things (viz. samyag-darśana, samyag-jñāna, and samyak-cāritra).
     ratnatrayaparīkṣā ratnatraya-parīkṣā, f., N. of a treatise on the Vedānta by Apya-dīkṣita.
     ratnadatta ratna-datta, as, m., N. of various persons.
     ratnadarpaṇa ratna-dar-paṇa, as, m. 'jewel-mirror', a looking-glass (ornamented) with jewels; N. of a commentary on the Sarasvatī-kaṇṭhābharaṇa.
     ratnadīpa ratna-dīpa, as, m. 'jewel-lamp', a lamp in which jewels give out light, a gem serving as a light, (such gems are fabled to be in Pātāla.)
     ratnadīpikā ratna-dīpikā, f., N. of a work.
     ratnadruma ratna-druma, (probably) coral; [cf. ratna-vṛkṣa.]
     ratnadrumamaya ratnadruma-maya, as, ī, am, made or composed of coral, resembling coral.
     ratnadvīpa ratna-dvīpa, 'jewel-island, pearl-island', N. of a particular island.
     ratnadhara ratna-dhara, as, m., N. of the father of Jagad-dhara.
     ratnadhā ratna-dhā, ās, ās, am, Ved. getting or possessing wealth, possessed of riches or precious things, (ratnadhā-tama, superl. possessing great riches.)
     ratnadhenu ratna-dhenu, us, f. an offering of jewels (properly in the shape of a cow, see dhenu).
     ratnadheya rat-na-dheya, am, n., Ved. the giving away or distribution of wealth, (according to Sāy. also = dātavyaṃ ratnam, treasure that ought to be given, and ra-maṇīya-dhanasya dātṛ, giver of precious wealth.)
     ratnadhvaja ratna-dhvaja, as, m., N. of a Bodhi-sattva.
     ratnanadī ratna-nadī, f. 'jewel-river', N. of a river.
     ratnanābha ratna-nābha, as, m. 'having a jewel on the navel', N. of Viṣṇu.
     ratnanicaya ratna-nicaya, as, m. a heap or collection of jewels, &c.
     ratnanidhi ratna-nidhi, is, m. 'receptacle of pearls, mine of jewels', epithet of the sea; of Meru; N. of Viṣṇu; a wagtail (in this sense probably for rata-nidhi).
     ratnaparīkṣā ratna-pa-rīkṣā, f. 'jewel-testing', N. of a work.
     ratnaparvata ratna-parvata, as, m. 'jewel-mountain', a mountain containing jewels; N. of Meru.
     ratnapāṇi ratna-pāṇi, is, m., N. of a Bodhi-sattva; of a grammarian.
     ratnapāla ratna-pāla, as, m., N. of a king.
     ratnapura ratna-pura, am, n., N. of a town.
     ratnaprakāśa ratna-prakāśa, as, m., N. of a dictionary.
     ratnapradīpa ratna-pradīpa, as, m. = ratna-dīpa.
     ratnaprabha ratna-prabha, as, m., N. of a particular class of deities; of a king; (ā), f. epithet of the earth; N. of a hell (with Jainas); of various women; of a Nāgī; of the seventh Lambaka of the Kathā-saritsāgara.
     ratnabāhu ratna-bāhu, us, m. 'jewel-armed', N. of Viṣṇu.
     ratnabhāj ratna-bhāj, k, k, k, distributing gifts or wealth (Ved.); acquiring or possessing jewels, possessing treasures.
     ratnabhūta ratna-bhūta, as, ā, am, being a gem or jewel.
     ratnamañjarī ratna-mañjarī, f., N.of a Vidyādharī; of a woman in the Hitopadeśa.
     ratnamati ratna-mati, is, m. a proper N.
     ratnamaya ratna-maya, as, ī, am, made or consisting of jewels, abundantly studded with precious stones.
     ratnamālā ratna-mālā, f. a jewel necklace, pearl necklace, &c.; N. of various works; of a lexicon; of a Dharma-śāstra; of a work by Śrī-pati (= jyotiṣa-r-); = nyāya-ratnamālā.
     ratnamālāvat ratnamālā-vat, ān, atī, at, having a necklace of jewels or pearls; (atī), f., N. of one of Rādhā's female attendants.
     ratnamālikā ratnamālikā, f. (diminutive fr. ratna-mālā), a little jewel necklace.
     ratnamālin ratna-mālin, ī, inī, i, adorned with a necklace of jewels.
     ratnamukuṭa ratna-mukuṭa, as, m., N. of a Bodhi-sattva.
     ratnamukhya ratna-mukhya, am, n. 'chief of jewels', a diamond.
     ratnamudrā ratna-mudrā, f., N. of a Samādhi.
     ratnamudrāhasta ratna-mudrā-hasta, as, m., N. of a Bodhi-sattva.
     ratnameghasūtra ratna-megha-sūtra, am, n., N. of a Buddhist Sūtra work.
     ratnayaṣṭi ratna-yaṣṭi, is, m., N. of a Buddha.
     ratnayugmatīrtha ratna-yugma-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.
     ratnarakṣita ratna-rakṣita, as, m., N. of one of the two translators of the Karaṇḍa-vyūha into Tibetan.
     ratnarāj rat-na-rāj, ṭ, m. 'jewel-king', a ruby.
     ratnarāji ratna-rāji, is, f. a string of pearls.
     ratnarāśi ratna-rāśi, is, m. a heap of precious stones, collection of jewels; the sea, ocean.
     ratnarekhā ratna-rekhā, f., N. of a princess.
     ratnaliṅgeśvara ratna-liṅgeśvara (-ga-īś-), as, m. (with Buddhists) Svayam-bhū in his visible form.
     ratnavat ratna-vat, ān, atī, at, accompanied with gifts (Ved.); possessing wealth or treasure, abounding in precious stones, decorated with jewels; (ān), m., N. of a mountain; (atī), f. the earth; N. of various women.
     ratnavardhana ratna-vardhana, as, m., N. of a person (who erected a statue of Śiva called after him ratnavardhaneśa).
     ratnavarman ratna-varman, ā, m., N. of a merchant.
     ratnavarṣa rat-na-varṣa, as, m., N. of a king of the Yakshas.
     ratnavarṣuka ratna-varṣuka, am, n., N. of the mythical car Pushpaka (supposed to rain or pour forth jewels; see puṣpaka).
     ratnaviśuddha ratna-viśuddha, as, m., N. of a world.
     ratnavṛkṣa ratna-vṛkṣa, (probably) coral.
     ratnaśalākā ratna-śalākā, f. a sprout or sprig of jewels
     ratnaśāstra ratna-śāstra, am, n., N. of a work by Agastya.
     ratnaśikhara ratna-śikhara, as, m., N. of a Bodhi-sattva.
     ratnaśikhin ratna-śikhin, ī, m., N. of a Buddha.
     ratnaśekhara ratna-śekhara, as, m., N. of the author of the Guṇa-sthāna-prakaraṇa.
     ratnaṣaṣṭhī ratna-ṣaṣṭhī, f. the sixth day of a particular fortnight.
     ratnasaṅgraha ratna-saṅgraha, as, m., N. of a work on law.
     ratnasaṅghāta ratna-saṅghāta, as, m. a number or collection of jewels.
     ratnasaṅghātamaya ratnasaṅghāta-maya, as, ī, am, made or consisting of a number of jewels.
     ratnasamudgala ratna-samudgala, N. of a Samādhi.
     ratnasambhava ratna-sambhava, as, m., N. of a Dhyāni-buddha; of a Buddha; of a Bodhi-sattva; of the place where the Buddha Śaśiketu is to appear.
     ratnasāgara ratna-sāgara, as, m., N. of a work.
     ratnasānu ratna-sānu, us, m., N. of the mountain Meru.
     ratnasū ratna-sū, ūs, ūs, u, producing jewels; (ūs), f. the earth.
     ratnasūti ratna-sūti, is, f. the earth.
     ratnasena ratna-sena, as, m., N. of a king.
     ratnasvamin ratna-sva-min, N. of a temple founded by Ratna.
     ratnahavis ratna-havis, is, n., Ved. N. of a particular oblation in the Rāja-sūya having reference to whatever may be reckoned among a king's most valuable treasures.
     ratnākara ratnākara (-na-āk-), as, m. a jewel-mine; the sea, ocean; N. of a Buddha; of a Bodhi-sattva; of a poet; of the author of the Vrata-kalpa-druma; of various other persons; of a horse descended from Uccaiḥ-śravas; of various works; of a Dharmaśāstra; of a work on music; of a work on rhetoric; of a town, (in this sense probably am, n.)
     ratnākaranighaṇṭa ratnā-kara-nighaṇṭa, as, m., N. of a dictionary.
     ratnāṅka rat-nāṅka (-na-aṅ-), as, m., N. of Viṣṇu's car.
     ratnāṅgurīyaka ratnāṅgurīyaka (-na-aṅ-), am, n. a fingerring (set) with precious stones, (also written rat-nāṅgulīyaka.)
     ratnāḍhya ratnāḍhya (-na-āḍh-), as, ā, am, abounding in jewels.
     ratnādevī ratnā-devī, f., N. of a princess.
     ratnādri ratnādri (-na-ad-), is, m., N. of a mythical mountain.
     ratnādhipati ratnādhipati (-na-adh-), is, m. a superintendent of treasures or valuables; N. of a king.
     ratnāpura ratnā-pura, am, n., N. of a town.
     ratnābharaṇa ratnābharaṇa (-na-ābh-), am, n. an ornament made of jewels.
     ratnārcis ratnārcis (-na-ar-), is, m., N. of a Buddha.
     ratnāloka ratnāloka (-na-āl-), as, m. the lustre or brilliance of a gem.
     ratnāvatī ratnā-vatī, f., N. of a town.
     ratnāvabhāsa ratnāvabhāsa (-na-av-), as, m., N. of a Kalpa.
     ratnāvalī ratnāvalī (-na-āv-), f. a string of pearls, row of jewels, pearl necklace; N. of a particular rhetorical figure; of various women; of a celebrated comedy by Harsha-deva; of a Tantra work; of various other works.
     ratnāvalīnibandha ratnāvalī-nibandha, as, m., N. of a work.
     ratnāsana ratnāsana (-na-ās-), am, n. a throne ornamented with jewels.
     ratnendra ratnendra (-na-in-), as, m. 'jewel-chief', a very precious jewel.
     ratneśvara ratneśvara (-na-īś-), as, m., N. of various persons; (am), n., N. of a Liṅga.
     ratnottamā ratnottamā (-na-ut-), f., N. of a Tantra deity.
     ratnodbhava ratnodbhava (-na-ud-), as, m., N. of a Buddhist saint.
     ratnolkā rat-nolkā (-na-ul-), f., N. of a Tantra deity.

ratnaka ratnaka, as, m. a proper N.

ratnin ratnin, ī, inī, i, Ved. having gifts, receiving presents or offerings, possessing treasures, having precious things, (Sāy. = ramaṇīya-dhana-vat or ramaṇīya-phala-vat, having valuable riches or rewards); epithet of certain persons in whose dwelling the Ratna-havis (q. v.) is offered by a king.

ratni ratni, is, m. f. (a corrupted form of aratni), the elbow; a measure of length (= the distance from the elbow to the end of the closed fist, a cubit); (is), m. the closed fist.
     ratnipṛṣṭhaka ratni-pṛṣṭhaka, am, n. the elbow.

ratyaṅga raty-aṅga. See under rati, p. 833.

ratha ratha, as, m. (according to some fr. rt. 4. , according to Uṇādi-s. II. 2. fr. rt. ram, according to Nirukta IX. 11. fr. rt. raṃh), a twowheeled vehicle, carriage, car, chariot, war-chariot; a vehicle or equipage in general, (applied also to the vehicles of the gods; in Ved. applied sometimes to the driver as well as the vehicle, but according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda V. 63, 7. ratha = raṃhaṇa-sva-bhāva, of a swift nature, going swiftly); a warrior, hero, champion; the body; the foot; a limb, member, part; Calamus Rotang; Dalbergia Ougeinensis; = pauruṣa; pleasure, delight, desire [cf. mano-ratha, ratha-jit]; (ī), f. a small carriage; [cf. probably Gr. [greek] Lat. rota; Old Germ. rad; Angl. Sax. rad, lidh; Goth. lithus; Lith. ratas; Hib. roth.]
     rathakaṭyā ratha-kaṭyā or ratha-kaḍyā, f. a quantity of chariots, assemblage of cars.
     rathakara ratha-kara, as, m. = ratha-kāra below.
     rathakalpaka ratha-kal-paka, as, m. an officer who has charge of a king's chariots, the arranger or superintendent of a great man's equipages.
     rathakāmya ratha-kāmya, Nom. P. -kām-yati, &c., to long for a chariot, wish to be yoked (said of a horse, &c.).
     rathakāya ratha-kāya, am, n. the whole body or collection of chariots (constituting one division of an army).
     rathakāra ratha-kāra or ratha-kā-raka, as, m. a chariot-maker, coach-builder, wheelwright, carpenter (regarded as the son of a Māhiṣya by a Karaṇī).
     rathakāratva rathakāra-tva, am, n. the trade or business of a carriage-builder.
     rathakuṭumbika ratha-kuṭum-bika, as, or ratha-kuṭumbin, ī, m. a carriagedriver, charioteer, coachman.
     rathakūbara ratha-kūbara, as, am, m. n. a chariot-shaft, pole of a carriage.
     rathakṛt ra-tha-kṛt, t, m. a carriage or chariot-maker, wheelwright (regarded as the son of a Māhiṣya by a Karaṇī); N. of a Yaksha.
     rathaketu ratha-ketu, us, m. the flag or banner of a chariot.
     rathakrānta ratha-krānta, as, m., N. of a particular time (in music).
     rathakrīta ratha-krīta, as, ā, am, Ved. purchased for the price of a chariot.
     rathakṣaya ratha-kṣaya, as, ā, am, Ved. abiding or remaining in a chariot.
     rathakṣobha ratha-kṣobha, as, m. the shaking about of a chariot.
     rathagaṇaka ratha-gaṇaka, as, m. 'car-numberer', (probably) an officer who numbers or counts a great man's chariots.
     rathagarbhaka ratha-garbhaka, as, m. 'an embryo-carriage', i. e. a litter, sedan-chair, palanquin.
     rathagupti ratha-gupti, is, f. 'carpreservative', a fence of wood or iron protecting a war-chariot from collisions, &c.
     rathagṛtsa ratha-gṛtsa, as, m., Ved. a clever or skilful charioteer.
     rathagopana ratha-go-pana, am, n. = ratha-gupti.
     rathagranthi ratha-granthi, is, m. the knot or fastening of a chariot.
     rathaghoṣa ratha-gho-ṣa, as, m. the sound or rattling noise of a chariot.
     rathacakra ratha-cakra, am, n. a chariot-wheel.
     rathacakracit ratha-cakra-cit, t, t, t, Ved. arranged in the form of a chariot-wheel.
     rathacaraṇa ratha-caraṇa, as, m. 'chariotfoot', a chariot-wheel; the ruddy goose.
     rathacaryā ratha-caryā, f. chariot-course, chariot-exercise, chariot-race, travelling or going by carriage, (frequently in pl.)
     rathacarṣaṇa ratha-carṣaṇa, Ved. a particular part of a chariot, the middle part where people sit, (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda VIII. 5, 19. ratha-carṣaṇe = rathasya draṣṭavye madhye deśe.)
     rathacitrā ratha-citrā, f., N. of a river.
     rathajaṅghā ratha-jaṅghā, f. a particular part of a carriage, the hinder part.
     rathajit ratha-jit, t, t, t, Ved. conquering chariots, obtaining chariots by conquest; gaining desire, winning affection, (see ratha.)
     rathajūti ratha-jūti, is, is, i, Ved. rushing along in a chariot; (is), m. (perhaps) a proper N.
     rathajñāna ratha-jñāna, am, n. knowledge of chariots, skill in driving.
     rathajñānin ratha-jñānin, ī, inī, i, skilled in managing a chariot, skilful in driving a carriage.
     rathajvara ratha-jvara, as, m. a crow.
     rathatur ratha-tur, ūr, ūr, ūr, Ved. urging a chariot, drawing a carriage, (Sāy. Ṛg-veda I. 88, 2 = rathasya-pre-rayitṛ.)
     rathadāru ratha-dāru, u, n. wood suitable for carriage building.
     rathadru ratha-dru, us, or ratha-dru-ma, as, m. Dalbergia Ougeinensis.
     rathadhur ratha-dhur, ūr, f. the pole of a chariot, shaft of a carriage.
     rathadhūrgata ratha-dhūr-gata, as, ā, am, gone or standing upon the fore-part of a chariot.
     rathanābhi ratha-nābhi, is, f. the nave of a chariot-wheel.
     rathanirghoṣa ratha-nirghoṣa or ratha-nirhrāda, as, m. the sound or rattling of a chariot.
     rathanisvana ratha-nisvana, as, m. sound of a chariot.
     rathanīḍa ratha-nīḍa, as, m. the seat or inner part of a chariot.
     rathanemi ratha-nemi, is, f. the rim or circumference of a chariot-wheel.
     rathantara rathan-tara, am, n. (ratham, acc. c.), N. of various Sāmans; (as), m. a form of Agni (regarded as a son of Tapas); (ī), f., N. of a wife of Taṃsu.
     rathapatha ratha-patha, as, m. a carriage road.
     rathaparyāya ratha-paryāya,  as, m. Calamus Rotang.
     rathapāda ratha-pāda, as, m. 'carriage-foot', a carriage or chariot-wheel.
     rathapuṅgava ratha-puṅgava, as, m. chief of warriors.
     rathapraṣṭha ratha-praṣ-ṭha, as, m. any one who goes before or leads a chariot.
     rathaprā ratha-prā, ās, ās, am, Ved. (according to Sāy.) = rathasya pūrayitṛ, filling a chariot (with riches, said of Vāyu); (ās), f., N. of a river.
     rathaprota ratha-prota, as, ā, am, Ved. fixed or fastened in a car.
     rathaproṣṭha ratha-proṣṭha, as, m. a proper N.
     rathapsā ratha-psā, ās, f., N. of a river.
     rathabandha ratha-ban-dha, as, m. 'carriage-fastening', the fastenings or harness of a chariot.
     rathamaṇḍala ratha-maṇḍala, as, am, m. n. a number of chariots.
     rathamadhyastha ratha-madhya-stha, as, ā, am, standing in the centre of a car.
     rathamahotsava ratha-mahotsava, as, m. a great car-festival, the solemn procession of an idol on a car.
     rathamukha ratha-mukha, am, n. the front or fore-part of a carriage.
     rathayātrā ratha-yātrā, f. 'car-procession', the festive procession of an idol on a car (especially the procession of the car of Jagan-nātha).
     rathayāna ratha-yāna, am, n. the going by carriage or in a chariot.
     rathayāvan ratha-yāvan, ā, ā, a, Ved. going by carriage or in a chariot.
     rathayuga ratha-yuga, as, m. a chariot yoke.
     rathayuj ratha-yuj, k, k, k, yoking carriage, harnessed to chariots (Ved.); (k), m. a charioteer.
     rathayuddha ratha-yuddha, am, n. a chariot fight, a battle (between combatants mounted) on chariots.
     rathayūtha ratha-yūtha, as, am, m. n. a quantity or number of chariots.
     rathayojaka ratha-yo-jaka, as, m. the yoker or harnesser of a chariot.
     rathayodha ratha-yodha, as, m. one who fights from a chariot.
     ratharāja ratha-rāja, as, m. 'chariot-king', N. of an ancestor of Śākya-muni.
     rathavaṃśa ratha-vaṃśa, as, m. a number of carriages.
     rathavat ratha-vat, ān, atī, at, having or possessing carriages, accompanied with chariots; containing the word ratha.
     rathavara ratha-vara, as, m. an excellent chariot; excellent warrior.
     rathavartman ra-tha-vartman, a, n. a carriage-road, highway, street.
     rathavāha ratha-vāha, as, ī, am, drawing a carriage or chariot; (as), m. a carriage-horse, a horse yoked in a carriage; a coachman, charioteer.
     rathavāhaka ratha-vā-haka, as, m. a coachman, charioteer.
     rathavāhana ratha-vā-hana, as, m. a proper N.; (am), n. a movable platform or stand on which carriages may be placed.
     rathavijñāna ratha-vijñāna, as, m. or ratha-vidyā, f. skill in managing chariots, the art of driving cars.
     rathavimocana ra-tha-vimocana, am, n. the unyoking of a chariot.
     rathavimocanīya ratha-vimocanīya, as, ā, am, relating to the unyoking of chariots.
     rathavīti ratha-vīti, is, m., Ved. a proper N.
     rathavīthī ratha-vīthī, f. a carriage way, highroad, street.
     rathavega ratha-vega, as, m. the speed or velocity of a chariot.
     rathavraja ratha-vraja or ratha-vrāta, as, m. = ratha-vaṃśa.
     rathaśakti ratha-śakti, is, f. the staff which supports the banner of a warchariot.
     rathaśālā ratha-śālā, f. a coach-house, carriageshed.
     rathaśikṣā ratha-śikṣā, f. the art of driving a chariot, coachmanship.
     rathaśiras ratha-śiras, as, or ratha-śīrṣa, am, n., Ved. = ratha-mukha.
     rathaśreṇi ratha-śreṇi, is, f. a row of carriages, line of chariots.
     rathasaṅga ratha-saṅga, as, m. a hostile encounter of chariots.
     rathasattama ra-tha-sattama, as, m. a most excellent chariot; the best of warriors.
     rathasaptamī ratha-saptamī, f., N. of the seventh day in the light half of the month Māgha (so called as the beginning of a Manvantara when a new Sun ascended his car).
     rathasārathi ratha-sārathi, is, m. a charioteer, coachman.
     rathasūtra ratha-sūtra, am, n. rules or directions about carriage building.
     rathastha ratha-stha, as, ā, am, being on a chariot, mounted on a car; (ā), f., N. of a river.
     rathaspati rathas-pati, is, m. (rathas probably a form of the genitive; cf. vanas-pati), Ved. the deity presiding over pleasure (or over warchariots).
     rathaspṛś ratha-spṛś, k, k, k, Ved. touching the chariot.
     rathasvana ratha-svana, as, m. the sound or rattling of chariots; (as, ā, am), Ved. having the sound of a chariot (?), having a sounding chariot; (as), m., N. of a Yaksha.
     rathākṣa rathākṣa (-tha-ak-), as, m. a carriage axle; a measure of length, = 104 Aṅgulas; N. of one of Skanda's attendants.
     rathāgrya rathāgrya (-tha-ag-), as, m. the best warrior, (sometimes incorrectly written rathāgra.)
     rathāṅga rathāṅga (-tha-aṅ-), am, n. any part of a carriage, (in this sense also as, m.); a carriage-wheel, chariot-wheel; a discus (especially that of Kṛṣṇa or Viṣṇu); a potter's wheel or lathe; (as), m. the ruddy goose, Anas Casarca, = cakra-vāka; (ī), f. a species of plant, = ṛddhi; (ā), f., see rathāhvā.
     rathāṅgatulyāhvayana rathāṅga-tulyāhvayana (-ya-āh-), as, m. '(a bird) having the same name as the wheel of a carriage', i. e. the Anas Casarca or ruddy goose (= cakra-vāka).
     rathāṅganāmaka rathāṅga-nā-maka, as, or rathāṅga-nāman, ā, or rathāṅga-sañjña, or rathāṅga-sāhva, or rathāṅgāhva (-ga-āh-), or rathāṅgāhvaya (-ga-āh-), as, m. = ra-thāṅga-tulyāhvayana above.
     rathāṅganemi rathāṅga-nemi, is, f. the circumference or felly of a chariot-wheel.
     rathāṅgapāṇi rathāṅga-pāṇi, is, m. 'having a wheel, i. e. a discus in hand', N. of Viṣṇu.
     rathāṅgaśroṇivimbā rathāṅga-śroṇi-vimbā, f. having buttocks like a wheel, i. e. semicircular.
     rathānīka rathānīka (-tha-an-), am, n. an array or army of war-chariots.
     rathāntara rathāntara (-tha-an-), as, m., N. of a preceptor, (for rathītara); N. of a Kalpa.
     rathābhra rathābhra (-tha-abh-) or rathābhra-puṣpa, as, m. Calamus Rotang.
     rathārathi rathā-rathi, ind. (fr. ratha + ratha), carriage to carriage, chariot against chariot, in closest fight; [cf. nakhā-nakhi.]
     rathārūḍha rathārūḍha (-tha-ār-), as, ā, am, mounted on a chariot.
     rathāroha rathāroha (-tha-ār-), as, ā, am, sitting or mounted on a chariot, one who fights from a chariot; (as), m. the mounting or ascending a chariot, entering a carriage.
     rathārohin rathārohin (-tha-ār-), ī, iṇī, i, mounting a car, one who rides on or fights from a chariot.
     rathārbhaka rathārbhaka (-tha-ar-), as, m. a small carriage.
     rathāvaṭṭa rathā-vaṭṭa, as, m. a proper N.
     rathāvayava rathāvayava (-tha-av-), as, m. any part or portion of a carriage.
     rathāvarta rathāvarta (-tha-āv-), as, m., N. of a place of pilgrimage.
     rathāśva ra-thāśva (-tha-aś-), as, m. a carriage or chariothorse; (am), n. a carriage and horse.
     rathāsah rathā-sah, au, m. du., Ved. able or fit to draw a chariot (said of the two horses of Vāyu).
     rathāhar rathāhar (-tha-ah-) or rathāhna (-tha-ah-) or rathāhnya, am, n., Ved. a day by carriage or chariot, a day's journey by carriage.
     rathāhvā rathāhvā (-tha-āh-), f., N. of a river, (also read rathāṅkā, rathāṅgā.)
     rathecitra rathe-citra, as, ā, am, Ved. variegated or glittering on a chariot.
     ratheśa ratheśa (-tha-īśa), as, m. the owner or master of a carriage, a warrior or combatant fighting from a chariot; (ā), f. the pole of a carriage, (for the next.)
     ratheṣā ratheṣā (-tha-īṣā), f. the pole or shaft of a carriage, chariot-pole.
     ratheṣu ratheṣu (-tha-iṣu), us, m., N. of a kind of arrow.
     ratheṣṭhā rathe-ṣṭhā, ās, ās, am, Ved. standing on a car or chariot, moving or going by carriage, a warrior or combatant fighting from a chariot; [cf. Zend rathoestā.]
     rathoḍha rathoḍha (-tha-ūḍha) or rathoḷha, as, ā, am, Ved. carried on a chariot or carriage.
     rathottama rathottama (-tha-ut-), as, m. an excellent chariot or carriage.
     rathotsava rathotsava (-tha-ut-), as, m. the car-festival, a solemn procession of an idol mounted on a car.
     rathoddhata rathoddhata (-tha-ud-), as, ā, am, Ved. haughty on his car; (ā), f., N. of a kind of metre, four times [metrical sequence]; N. of a work.
     rathodvaha rathodvaha (-tha-ud-) or rathopastha (-tha-up-), as, m. the seat of a chariot, seat for driving, driving-box (as lower than the main body of the car), the hinder part of a car.
     rathoraga rathoraga (-tha-ur-), ās, m. pl., N. of a people.
     rathoṣmā rathoṣmā (-tha-uṣ-), f., N. of a river.
     rathaugha rathaugha (-tha-ogha), as, m. a number of carriages or chariots.
     rathaujas rathaujas (-tha-oj-), ās, ās, as, Ved. having the strength of a chariot, as strong as a chariot.

rathaka rathaka, as, m. a particular part of a house.

rathayā rathayā, f., Ved. desire for carriages or chariots.

rathayu rathayu, us, us, u, Ved. desiring or wishing for carriages.

ratharya ratharya, Nom. P. ratharyati, &c., Ved. to go or travel by carriage or chariot.

ratharvī ratharvī, f., Ved. epithet of a serpent.

rathasyā rathasyā, f., N. of a river.

rathika rathika, as, ī, am, going by carriage or chariot, any one who travels or rides in a carriage, the owner of a car or carriage.

rathita rathita, as, ā, am, equipped or furnished with a chariot.

rathin rathin, ī, inī, i, having or possessing a chariot or carriage, going in a car, travelling or riding in a carriage; consisting of chariots; accustomed to chariots (said of horses, Ved.); belonging to carriages; (ī), m. an owner of a carriage, lord of chariots; a warrior who fights from a chariot; (inī), f. a number of carriages or chariots.

rathina rathina, as, ā, am, possessing a carriage, riding in a chariot.

rathira rathira, as, ā, am, possessing a carriage or chariot, going in a carriage; hastening, quick, speedy; (as), m. a warrior.

rathirāya rathirāya, Nom. P. rathirāyati, &c., Ved. to go quickly, hasten; (Sāy.) to possess a chariot.

rathirāyat rathirāyat, an, antī, at, Ved. hastening; having chariots.

rathī rathī (a Vedic word formed fr. ratha, and used as both adj. and subst.; rathyam acc. sing., rathyas acc. pl.), one going by chariot, one who is furnished with a chariot or carriage; forming a cart-load, as much as a cart will carry, carried on a waggon, belonging to a chariot; a carriage-driver, coachman, charioteer, a warrior who fights from a chariot; a guide, leader, master, lord.
     rathītama rathī-tama, as, m., Ved. chief or best of charioteers, (Sāy. = atiśayena rathin or atiśayena raṃhitṛ.)
     rathītara rathī-tara, as, ā, am, a better or superior charioteer; (as), m., N. of a preceptor; (ās), m. pl. his descendants.

rathīkara rathīkara, as, m. a proper N.

rathīya rathīya, Nom. P. rathīyati, &c., to desire a chariot; to go or travel in a chariot.

rathīyat rathīyat, an, antī, at, Ved. desiring a chariot; going in a chariot.

rathya rathya, as, ā, am, belonging or relating to a carriage or chariot, accustomed to a carriage; delighting in roads (?); (as), m. a carriage or chariot-horse, (also ā, f.); a part of a chariot; (ā), f. a road for carriages, high-road, main road, a place where several roads meet; a number of carriages or chariots, assemblage of cars; (am), n., Ved. carriage equipments or harness, chariot trappings, a wheel or any part of a carriage; (perhaps) a chariot-race or contest with chariots; a conveyance, carriage (?).
     rathyacaryā rathya-caryā, f. = ratha-caryā, q. v.
     rathyāvasarpaṇa rathyāvasarpaṇa (-yā-av-), am, n. walking down a road.
     rathyopasarpaṇa rathyo-pasarpaṇa (-yā-up-), am, n. walking to a road.

rad rad, cl. 1. P. radati, rarāda, raditum, to scratch, scrape; to split, chop, divide, tear, break, rend; to gnaw; to dig; to open (a road &c., Ved.); to guide, lead, conduct (Ved.); to convey anything to any one, give, dispense (Ved.); [cf. Lat. rad-o, rod-o, ros-trum, perhaps radius; probably Goth. letan; Angl. Sax. loetan.]

rada rada, as, ā, am, scratching, scraping, splitting, rending, tearing, gnawing; (as), m. the act of scratching or gnawing, &c.; a tooth; an elephant's tusk; a symbolical expression for the number thirtytwo.
     radacchada rada-cchada, as, m. 'tooth-covering', a lip; [cf. danta-cchada.]
     radāṅkura radāṅkura (-da-aṅ-), as, m. the point of a tooth.
     radāvasu radā-vasu, us, us, u, Ved. dispensing wealth.

radana radana, as, m. a tooth, tusk; an elephant's tusk; (am), n. the act of splitting, tearing, rending, gnawing.
     radanacchada radana-cchada, as, m. = rada-cchada, a lip.

radanikā radanikā, f. a proper N.

radanin radanin, ī, m. 'tusked', an elephant.

radin radin, ī, m. 'tusked', an elephant.

radda radda, as, m., N. of the eleventh Yoga.

raddha raddha, raddhṛ. See col. 2.

rady rady, cl. 1. P. radyati, &c., to be firm.

radh radh or randh, cl. 4. P. radhyati, rarandha (1st pl. rarandhima or re-dhma), radhiṣyati or ratsyati, aradhat or arandhat (Vedic forms rāradhus, radham, ra-dhāma, randhi, randhīs), Inf. raddhum, radhi-tum, randhitum, to become subject to any one (dat.), to be subdued (Ved.); to be destroyed, perish (Ved.); to be completed or matured [cf. rt. rādh]; to bring into subjection, subdue; to oppress, injure, hurt, torment, kill: Caus. P. randha-yati (Ved. also A. -te), -yitum, Aor. ararandhat (Ved. rīradhat), to make subject, subdue; to pain, torment, oppress, hurt, injure, destroy, bring to nothing; to cook, prepare food: Desid. riradhi-ṣati or riratsati: Intens. rāradhyate, rāraddhi, to give into the power of, hand over to; [cf. Lat. loedo; Angl. Sax. rendan.]

raddha raddha, as, ā, am, subdued, hurt, injured.

raddhṛ raddhṛ, dhā, m. one who subdues or oppresses, a subduer, conqueror, oppressor, tormentor.

radhita radhita, as, ā, am, injured, hurt.

radhitṛ radhitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, injurious, hurtful.

radhra radhra, as, ā, am (said to be fr. rt. radh, but in the first sense perhaps fr. a form radh = rt. ṛdh or rādh, q. v.; cf. Zend aredra), Ved. prosperous, happy, rich, wealthy, liberal; worshipping or gaining the favour of the gods; injuring, (Sāy. = samṛddha or rādhaka or ārādhaka or hiṃsaka.)
     radhracoda radhra-coda or radhra-codana, as, m., Ved. bestowing wealth, assisting or encouraging the prosperous; driver or impeller of enemies, (Sāy. = samṛddhā-nām preraka or hiṃsakānāṃ codaka.)
     radhratura ra-dhra-tura, as, ā, am, Ved. (according to some) = radhra-coda above, (according to Sāy. on Ṛgveda VI. 18, 4. radhra-turaḥ is gen. c. of radhra-tur, a subduer, injurer, &c.)

randhaka randhaka, as, ikā, am, subduing, destroying.

randhana randhana, as, ī, am, one who destroys, a destroyer; (am), n. the act of destroying or annihilating; the act of cooking, preparation or dressing of food.

randhanāya randhanāya, Nom. P. randhanāyati, &c., Ved. to make subject, deliver into the power of, (Sāy. = vaśī-kṛ.)

randhas randhas, ās, or randhasa, as, m., N. of a man belonging to the family of Andhaka.

randhi randhi, is, f. subjection, subjugation (Ved.); the being prepared or cooked; cooking.

randhita randhita, as, ā, am, subdued; destroyed; cooked, dressed (as food).

randhiṣa randhiṣa, as, m., Ved. = hantṛ, a destroyer (Vājasaneyi-s. VIII. 55).

ran 1. ran = rt. raṇ, q. v.

ranti 1. ranti, is, m., Ved. (according to some) a fighter, warrior, (but according to Sāy. ranti = ra-mamāṇa, ramaṇa-śīla, delighting, taking pleasure, as if fr. rt. ram, see 2. ranti at p. 833, col. 3.)

rantya rantya, as, ā, am, Ved. (according to some) agreeable, pleasant, (perhaps to be connected with rt. ram, but in Ṛg-veda X. 29, 3. another reading has raṃhya.)

ran 2. ran in Ṛg-veda I. 120, 7, according to Sāy. = rātārau = dātārau, 'givers', as if pres. part. of rt. 1. , the sing. being substituted for the dual.

rantavya rantavya, ranti, rantṛ. See p. 833.

rantu rantu, us, f. a way, road; a river.

rantya rantya. See above.

randalā randalā, f., N. of Sañjñā (wife of the Sun).

randh randh = rt. radh, q. v.

randhaka randhaka, randhana, &c. See above.

randhra randhra, am, n. (rarely also as, m.; said to be fr. rt. radh, probably connected with rt. rad), a slit, split, opening, fissure, aperture, hole, chasm, vent, cavity, (nine openings are usually reckoned in the human body, viz. two in the nose, eyes, and ears respectively, one in the mouth, urethra, and anus, and there is an imaginary tenth opening in the skull); a symbolical expression for the number nine; N. of a particular part of a horse's head; a defect, fault, flaw, imperfection, weak part, assailable point; N. of the eighth astrological mansion.
     randhrakaṇṭa ran-dhra-kaṇṭa, as, m. a species of plant (= jāla-varvūraka).
     randhraprahārin randhra-prahārin, ī, iṇī, i, attacking the weak places (of an enemy).
     randhrababhru randhra-babhru, us, m. a rat.
     randhravaṃśa randhra-vaṃśa, as, m. a hollow bamboo.
     randhrāgata randhrāgata (-ra-āg-), am, n. a disease which attacks the throat of horses.
     randhrānusārin ran-dhrānusārin (-ra-an-) or randhrānveṣin (-ra-an-), ī, iṇī, i, looking out for flaws, picking holes, seeking for weak or assailable points; [cf. chidrān-veṣin.]
     randhrānveṣaṇa randhrānveṣaṇa (-ra-an-), am, n. the act of seeking for weak places, picking holes, searching for flaws.
     randhrāpekṣin randhrāpekṣin (-ra-ap-), ī, iṇī, i, watching for weak or assailable places, spying out holes, looking out for an assailable point.

rap rap [cf. rt. lap], cl. 1. P. rapati, rarāpa, &c., Ved. to talk (frivolously), chatter; to murmur; to praise, (Sāy. arapat = astaut): Intens., Ved. rārapīti, to make a loud crackling noise.

rāpya rāpya, as, ā, am, to be said or spoken.

rapas rapas, as, n. [cf. repas], defect, fault, sin; hurt, injury, (Sāy. = pāpa, but Ṛg-veda I. 69, 4. rapāṃsi = bādhakāni rākṣasādīni,  disturbing or injurious Rākṣasas, &c.)

rapś rapś, a Vedic root, only occurring in the pres. part. below and with the preps. pra and vi; [cf. vi-rapś.]

rapśadūdhan rapśad-ūdhan, ā, ā or dhnī, a, Ved. having a full or distended udder, (Sāy. = mahodhaska.)

rapsu rapsu (according to Mahī-dhara) = rūpa.

rapsudā rapsudā, du., in Ṛg-veda VIII. 72, 12 (the meaning is obscure).

raph raph or ramph, cl. 1. P. raphati, ramphati, &c., to go [cf. rt. rarph]; to injure, hurt, kill; [cf. rts. riph, ṛph; cf. also Lat. rep-o, serp-o.]

raphita raphita, as, ā, am, Ved. injured, hurt.

rabdhṛ rabdhṛ. See below.

rabh rabh (originally connected with rts. grabh, labh), cl. 1. A. (in poetry also P.) rabhate (-ti), rebhe, rapsyate, arabdha, rabdhum, to seize, take (Ved.); to take hold of, clasp, embrace; to desire vehemently, regret; to act rashly: Pass. rabhyate, arambhi: Caus. rambhayati, -yitum, Aor. ararambhat: Desid. ripsate: Intens. rāra-bhyate, rārambhīti, rārabdhi; [cf. Gr. [greek] [greek] Lat. rabies, robur: Goth. arbaiths, li-ban: Angl. Sax. earfedh, earfodh, leofian, lifian, lybban, (perhaps also) a-refian, 'to bear;' a-roefnan, 'to take away:' Old Germ. laba, labon.]

rabdhṛ rabdhṛ, dhā, dhrī, dhṛ, seizing, taking hold of; beginning [cf. ā-rabh]; who or what seizes, &c.

rabha rabha, as, m., N. of an ape (in Rāmāyaṇa IV. 33, 14).

rabhas rabhas, as, n. violence, impetuosity, (rabhasā, with impetuosity, violently), zeal; force, energy, power, strength, strengthening food, oblation (Ved.).
     rabhasvat rabhas-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. possessing impetuosity, violent, impetuous, zealous.
     rabhodā rabho-dā, ās, ās, am, Ved. bestowing strength or force, (Sāy. = balasya dātṛ.)

rabhasa rabhasa, as, ā, am (fr. rabhas above), impetuous, violent, rapid, fierce, wild; eager; powerful, strong, energetic; strengthening, invigorating (Ved.); joyful; (as), m. violence, impetuosity, vehemence, haste, speed, velocity, precipitation, (rabhasāt or rabhasena, with violence, impetuously, in great haste, quickly); passion, anger, ill temper, rage; passionate fondness; joy, pleasure; regret, sorrow; N. of a magical incantation recited over weapons; of a Dānava; of a king (son of Rambha); of a lexicographer; of a Rākṣasa; of an ape (in Rāmāyaṇa IV. 39,7).
     rabhasapāla rabhasa-pāla, as, m., N. of a lexicographer.

rabhasāna rabhasāna, as, ā, am, Ved. = rabhasa, impetuous, violent, rapid.

rabhi rabhi, is, f., Ved. (according to some) a particular part of a car or chariot, (but according to Sāy., Ṛg-veda VIII. 5, 29, rabhi is an adj. = ārambha-ṇīya or ālambhana-bhūta, 'supporting.')

rabhiṣṭha rabhiṣṭha, as, ā, am, Ved. most violent or impetuous, very strong.

rabhīyas rabhīyas or rabhyas, ān, asī, as, Ved. more impetuous, very strong.

rambha 1. rambha, as, m. (for 2. see p. 834, col. 1), a prop, support, staff, stick; a bamboo; N. of the fifth Kalpa; of a son of Āyu; of a son of Viviṃśati; of a king of Vajra-rātra; of the father of the Asura Mahisha and brother of Karambha; of an ape (in Rāmāyaṇa IV. 39, 20, &c.); (ā), f. the plantain, Musa Sapientum; a sort of rice; a kind of metre, four times [metrical sequence]; N. of Gaurī or of Dākṣāyaṇī in the Malaya mountains; N. of a celebrated Apsaras (wife of Nala-kūbara and carried off by Rāvaṇa; Rambhā is best known as a beautiful nymph of Indra's paradise; she is sometimes regarded as a form of Lakṣmī, when she sprang with thirteen other precious things from the froth of the churned ocean; she takes her place in Hindū mythology as a kind of popular Venus or type of female beauty); a harlot.
     rambhātṛtīyā rambhā-tṛtīyā, f., N. of the third day of the first half of the month Jyaiṣṭha (so called because Hindū women on this day imitate the beautiful nymph Rambhā, who bathed on the same day with particular ceremonies).
     rambhābhisāra rambhābhisāra (-bhā-abh-), as, m. 'the meeting or assaulting of Rambhā', N. of a drama.
     rambhāvrata rambhā-vrata, am, n., N. of a particular ceremony, (see above.)
     rambhoru ram-bhoru (-bha-ūru), us, us or ūs, u, having beautiful thighs, (see ūru.)

rambhaka rambhaka, as, m. a proper N.

rambhin rambhin, ī, m., Ved. 'carrying a stick', an old man; (Sāy.) a door-keeper, porter; (iṇī), f., Ved. (probably) a particular vessel or ornament.

ripsu ripsu, us, us, u (fr. the Desid), wishing to seize or take hold of, &c.

rabhineya rabhineya (?), a patronymic.

rabheṇaka rabheṇaka, as, m., N. of a serpentdemon.

ram ram, cl. 1. A. (in poetry also P.) ramate (-ti), reme, raṃsyate, araṃsta (in the Veda also cl. 9. P. ramṇāti, &c.) rantum, (and with a preposition sometimes) ramitum, to stop, stay, calm, tranquillize, (in these senses cl. 9. P., Ved.); to rest, repose, remain quiet, take one's ease (cl. 1. A.); to remain, stay, pause; to like to stay or remain; to make happy, rejoice, please (cl. 1. P. and A.); to be pleased or delighted, to rejoice (cl. 1. A.); to be pleased with or rejoice at, take delight in (with loc. or inst. or with saha and inst.); to play or sport with, dally with (with inst. or with saha and inst., or with sārdham &c. and inst.); to have sexual intercourse with (with inst.), know carnally (with acc.); to couple (said of deer): Caus. rama-yati (according to some also rāmayati), -yitum, Aor. arīramat (Ved. ramayāmakaḥ, Pāṇ. III. 1, 42), to cause to stay, stop (Ved.); to calm, tranquillize (Ved.); to delight, gratify, please, rejoice, amuse, give pleasure, cause (sexual) enjoyment; to cause to couple (said of deer); to be pleased or delighted, to rejoice: Desid. riraṃsate: Intens. raṃramyate, raṃranti, raṃramīti (Ved. rārandhi, according to Sāy. = ramasva, cf. Pāṇ. VI. 4, 103); [cf. Zend ram, rām-a, airi-ma; Gr. [greek] [greek] [greek] Goth. rim-is; Old Germ. rawa, ruowa, rawen, resti, rastjan; Angl. Sax. rest, restan; Lith. ram-a-s, rom-u-s, rim-ti, ram-dy-ti; Hib. reamhain, 'pleasure.']

rata rata, as, ā, am, pleased, delighted, amused, gratified, satisfied, happy; enamoured of, fondly attached to; delighted with, taking pleasure in, pleased with (with inst.); intent on, addicted to; devoted to, occupied in, engaged in (with loc.); inclined to, disposed; loved, beloved; (ā), f., N. of the mother of Day (in Mahā-bh. Ādi-p. 2584); (am), n. pleasure, enjoyment, enjoyment of love, sexual union, coition, copulation; the private parts (= guhya).
     ratakīla rata-kīla, as, m. a dog.
     ratakūjita rata-kūjita, am, n. lascivious murmur.
     rataguru rata-guru, us, m. a husband.
     ratajvara rata-jvara, as, m. a crow.
     ratatālin rata-tālin, ī, m. a libertine, voluptuary.
     ratatālī rata-tālī, f. a procuress, bawd.
     ratanārāca rata-nārāca, as, m. (according to some) = rata-nārīca, as, (except in the first meaning).
     ratanārīca rata-nārīca, as, m. a voluptuary; a dog; N. of Kāma-deva, the god of love; lascivious murmur.
     ratanidhi rata-nidhi, is, m. a species of bird (the wagtail).
     ratabandha rata-bandha, as, m. sexual union.
     ratarddhika ratarddhika (-ta-ṛd-), am, n. a day; bathing for pleasure; the aggregate of eight auspicious objects.
     ratavat rata-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. containing a form of the rt. ram.
     ratavraṇa rata-vraṇa, as, m. a dog.
     rataśāyin rata-śāyin, ī, m. a dog.
     ratahiṇḍaka rata-hiṇḍaka, as, m. a ravisher or seducer of women; a libertine.
     ratānduka ratānduka (-ta-an-), as, m. a dog.
     ratāmarda ratāmarda (-ta-ām-), as, m. a dog.
     ratāyanī ratā-yanī (-ta-ay-), f. a prostitute, harlot.
     ratārthin ratārthin (-ta-ar-), ī, inī, i, wishing for sexual enjoyment, amorous, lascivious; (inī), f. a wanton woman.
     ratotsava ratotsava (-ta-ut-), as, m. 'love-festival', feast of sexual enjoyment.
     ratodvaha ratodvaha (-ta-ud-), as, m. the Indian cuckoo.

rati rati, is, f. rest, repose (Ved.); pleasure, enjoyment, delight, joy, amusement; love, affection, fondness; fondness for, pleasure in, attachment or addiction to (with loc.); the pleasure of love, sexual passion, sexual intercourse; the pudenda; = rati-gṛha, q. v.; the goddess of Love or Sexual Passion personified as the wife of Kāma-deva; N. of the sixth Kalā of the moon; of an Apsaras; of the wife of Vibhu (mother of Pṛthu-ṣeṇa); of a magical incantation recited over weapons; a mystical term for the letter n; N. of a metre, four times [metrical sequence].
     ratikara rati-kara, as, ī, am, pleasure-causing, joymaking, preparing love or happiness; being in love, enamoured, = kāmin; (as), m. epithet of a Samādhi.
     ratikarman rati-karman, a, n. sexual intercourse.
     ratikāntatarkavāgīśa rati-kānta-tarka-vāg-īśa, as, m., N. of a commentator on the Mugdha-bodha.
     ratikuhara rati-kuhara, am, n. pudendum muliebre.
     ratikriyā rati-kriyā, f. sexual intercourse.
     ratikhedasupta rati-kheda-supta, as, ā, am, sleeping after the fatigue of sexual enjoyment.
     ratiguṇa rati-guṇa, as, m., N. of a Deva-gandharva.
     ratigṛha rati-gṛha, as, m. 'pleasure-house', a brothel; pudendum muliebre.
     raticaraṇasamantasvara rati-caraṇa-samanta-svara, as, m., N. of a king of the Gandharvas.
     ratijanaka rati-janaka, as, m., N. of a king.
     ratijaha rati-jaha, as, m., N. of a Samādhi.
     ratijña rati-jña, as, ā, am, skilled in the art of love.
     ratitaskara rati-taskara, as, m. a ravisher, seducer.
     ratināga rati-nāga, as, m. a sort of coitus.
     ratipati rati-pati, is, m. 'Rati's husband', i. e. Kāma-deva, the god of love.
     ratipāśa rati-pāśa, as, m. a sort of coitus.
     ratiprapūrṇa rati-pra-pūrṇa, as, m., N. of a particular Kalpa or age.
     ratipriya rati-priya, as, m. 'beloved by Rati', i. e. Kāmadeva; (ā), f. a N. of Dākṣāyaṇī, (also read ravi-priyā.)
     ratibhavana rati-bhavana, am, n. 'pleasure-abode', a house for prostitution, brothel.
     ratimañjarī rati-mañjarī, f., N. of an erotic work.
     ratimat rati-mat, ān, atī, at, having enjoyment or pleasure, gay, cheerful, pleased, gratified.
     ratimadā rati-madā, f. an Apsaras.
     ratimandira rati-man-dira, am, n. 'pleasure-house', a pleasure-room, pleasure-temple; Love's dwelling; pudendum muliebre.
     ratimitra rati-mitra, as, m. a sort of coitus.
     ratiraṇadhīra rati-raṇa-dhīra, as, ā, am, bold or energetic in Love's contests.
     ratiramaṇa rati-ramaṇa, as, m. Rati's lover or husband, i. e. Kāma-deva.
     ratirasa rati-rasa, as, m. the taste or pleasure of love, sexual enjoyment; (as, ā, am), having the flavour or taste of love, as sweet as love.
     ratirasaglāni rati-rasa-glāni, is, f. lassitude after sexual enjoyment.
     ratirahasya rati-rahasya, am, n. 'secrets or mysteries of love', N. of an erotic work by Kokkvoka.
     ratilakṣa rati-lakṣa, am, n. sexual intercourse.
     ratilampaṭa rati-lampaṭa, as, ā, am, desirous of sexual enjoyment, lascivious, lustful.
     ratilola rati-lola, as, m., N. of a demon.
     rativara rati-vara, as, m. Rati's husband, Kāma-deva; a gift or offering vowed to Rati.
     rativardhana rati-vardhana,  as, ī, am, increasing love.
     rativallī rati-vallī, f. love regarded as a creeper.
     ratiśakti rati-śakti, is, f. the faculty of sexual enjoyment, virile power.
     ratiśūra rati-śūra, as, m. 'love-hero', a man of great procreative power.
     ratisaṃyoga rati-saṃyoga, as, m. sexual union.
     ratisaṃhita rati-saṃhita, as, ā, am, accompanied with love, abounding in affection.
     ratisatvarā rati-satvarā, f. Trigonella Corniculata.
     ratisarvasva rati-sarvasva, am, n. 'the whole essence of love', N. of a work on erotic subjects.
     ratisundara rati-sundara, as, m. a sort of coitus.
     ratisena rati-sena, as, m., N. of a king of the Colas.
     ratyaṅga raty-aṅga, am, n. pudendum muliebre.

ratikā ratikā, f. a particular musical mode (?).

ratī ratī, f. = rati, the wife of Kāma and goddess of love, (lengthened on account of the metre.)

ratvā ratvā, ind. having sported or dallied.

rantavya rantavya, as, ā, am, to be rejoiced at, to be loved, lovable, lovely, amiable; (am), n. pleasure, enjoyment, play.

ranti 2. ranti, is, f. (for 1. see p. 832, col. 2), amusement, pleasure, delight (? Ved., if ranti has this sense, it may equally be referred to rt. 1. ran; it is said also to be used as a term of endearment for a cow); (is), m., N. of a lexicographer (= ranti-deva).
     rantideva ranti-deva, as, m., N. of Viṣṇu; of a king (son of Saṅkṛti); of a lexicographer; a dog.
     rantināra ranti-nāra or ranti-bhāra, as, m., N. of a king.

rantumanas rantu-manas, ās, ās, as (rantu for rantum, inf. of rt. ram), inclined to take pleasure, wishing to enjoy sexual pleasures.

rantṛ rantṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, Ved. liking to remain, delighting in.

rama rama, as, ā, am, pleasing, delighting, rejoicing, gratifying, giving pleasure, delightful [cf. mano-rama]; dear, beloved; (as), m. joy; a lover, husband, spouse; the god of love, Kāma-deva; the redflowering Aśoka; (ā), f. a wife, mistress; N. of Lakṣmī, the goddess of fortune; good luck, fortune, riches, opulence; splendor, pomp; N. of the eleventh day in the dark half of the month Kārttika; of a daughter of Śaśi-dhvaja and wife of Kalki.
     ramākānta ramā-kānta, as, m. 'lover of Ramā', Viṣṇu.
     ramādhava ramā-dhava, as, m. 'husband of Ramā', Viṣṇu.
     ramādhipa ra-mādhipa (-mā-adh-), as, m. 'lord of Ramā', Viṣṇu.
     ramānātha ramā-nātha, as, m. 'lord of Ramā', Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa; N. of a poet; of a commentator on the Amara-kośa.
     ramāpati ramā-pati, is, m. 'husband of Ramā', Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa.
     ramāpriya ramā-priya, am, n. 'dear to Ramā', a lotus.
     ramāveṣṭa ramā-veṣṭa, as, m. turpentine.
     ramāśraya ramāśraya (-mā-āś-), as, m. 'Ramā's refuge or protection, ' Viṣṇu.
     rameśa rameśa (-mā-īśa) or rameśvara (-mā-īś-), as, m. 'Ramā's lord', Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa.

ramaka ramaka, as, ā, am, sporting, playing, dallying, jesting; (as), m. a lover, wooer, suitor.
     ramakatva ramaka-tva, am, n. affection.

ramaṇa ramaṇa, as, ī, am, causing pleasure, pleasing, gratifying, delighting, rejoicing, agreeable, delightful, charming; (as), m. a lover, wooer, spouse, husband, (kṣapā-ramaṇa, the husband of night, the moon); the god of love or Kāma-deva; an ass; a testicle; a species of tree (= mahā-riṣṭa); N. of a mythical son of Mano-harā; of Aruṇa or the charioteer of the sun; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people; (ā), f. a charming woman, a wife, mistress; a kind of metre, four times [metrical sequence]; N. of Dākṣāyaṇī in Rāma-tīrtha; (ī), f. a beautiful young woman, a mistress, wife; Aloe Indica (= bālā); a kind of metre, four times [metrical sequence] or four times [metrical sequence]; N. of a female serpent-demon; (am), n. sporting, playing, dalliance, amorous sport, love, sexual pleasure or intercourse; joy or pleasure in general; the hinder parts, the hip and loins, the pudenda (= jaghana); the root of Trichosanthes Dioeca; N. of a forest.
     ramaṇavasati ramaṇa-vasati, is, f. the dwelling-place of a lover.

ramaṇaka ramaṇaka, as, m., N. of a Varsha; (as), m., N. of the regent of this Varsha, (he was a son of Yajña-bāhu); of Dvīpa; of a son of Vīti-hotra.

ramaṇīya 1. ramaṇīya, as, ā, am, to be enjoyed, pleasant, agreeable, delightful, beautiful, lovely, charming, handsome.
     ramaṇīyatama ramaṇīya-tama, as, ā, am, most charming.
     ramaṇīyatā ramaṇīya-tā, f. or ramaṇīya-tva, am, n. pleasantness, agreeableness, delightfulness, beauty, charm.

ramaṇīya 2. ramaṇīya (fr. ramaṇī), Nom. A. ramaṇī-yate, &c., to represent or take the place of a wife, to be the mistress of any one (gen.).

ramaṇīyaka ramaṇīyaka, am, n. pleasantness, beauty, (for rāmaṇīyaka.)

ramaṇya ramaṇya, as, ā, am, (probably) = 1. ramaṇīya.

ramati ramati, is, f., Ved. a place of pleasant resort; (is, is, i), liking to remain in one place, not straying (Ved., said of a cow); (is), m. a lover; paradise, heaven; a crow; time; the god of love, Kāma-deva.

ramāṇa ramāṇa, as, ā, am, playing, sporting, disporting.

ramayat ramayat, an, antī, at (fr. the Caus.), causing delight, giving pleasure; enjoying.

ramya ramya, as, ā, am, to be enjoyed, enjoyable, pleasing, pleasant, delightful, agreeable, beautiful, handsome; (as), m. Michelia Champaka (= cam-paka); = vaka-vṛkṣa; N. of a son of Āgnīdhra; (ā), f. night [cf. rāmyā]; Hibiscus Mutabilis; N. of a female personification of a particular musical mode; of a daughter of Meru (wife of Ramya); of a river; (am), n. the root of Trichosanthes Dioeca; semen virile.
     ramyagrāma ramya-grāma, as, m., N. of a village.
     ramyatā ramya-tā, f. or ramya-tva, am, n. pleasantness, enjoyableness, agreeableness, pleasure, beauty.
     ramyapuṣpa ramya-puṣpa, as, m. Bombax Heptaphyllum.
     ramyaphala ramya-phala, as, m. a species of plant (= kāraskara).
     ramyaśrī ramya-śrī, īs, m., N. of Viṣṇu.
     ramyasānu ramya-sānu, us, us, u, having pleasant peaks or summits (said of a mountain).
     ramyākṣi ramyākṣi (-ya-ak-), is, m. a proper N.

ramyaka ramyaka, as, m. Melia Sempervirens; the root of Trichosanthes Dioeca; N. of a son of Āgnīdhra; (ā), f., scil. siddhi, N. of one of the eight perfections in the Sāṅkhya system, (in this sense also am, n.); (am), n., N. of a Varsha called after Āgnīdhra's son Ramyaka.

ramra ramra, as, m., N. of Aruṇa, the charioteer of the sun [cf. ramaṇa]; beauty, splendor.

ramaṭha ramaṭha, ās, m. pl., N. of a people in the west of India, (also read ramaṭa, rāmaṭha); (am), n. = rāmaṭha, Asa Foetida.
     ramaṭhadhvani ramaṭha-dhvani, is, m. Asa Foetida.

ramitaṅgama ramitaṅgama, as, m. a proper N.

ramph ramph. See rt. raph, p. 832.

ramb ramb [cf. rt. rambh below], cl. 1. A. rambate, rarambe, &c., to sound; to go (cl. 1. P. rambati, cf. rt. raṇv); to hang down, hang loosely (= rt. lamb).

rambh rambh [cf. rts. ramb, lambh], cl. 1. A. rambhate, &c., to sound, roar, bellow, low (as cows), &c., make a noise; (for rambh, as a form of rt. rabh, see rt. rabh at p. 832.)

rambha 2. rambha, as, ā, am (for 1. see p. 833, col. 1), sounding, roaring, lowing, &c.; (ā), f. a sounding, roaring; the lowing (of cattle).

rambhamāṇa rambhamāṇa, as, ā, am, sounding, roaring, bellowing, lowing.

ramya ramya, ramra, &c. See above.

ray ray [cf. rt. lay], cl. 1. A. rayate, reye, &c., rayitum, to go.

raya raya, as, m. (fr. rt. ), the stream of a river, current; rapid flow, quick motion, velocity, speed, swiftness, (rayāt or rayeṇa quickly, immediately, straightway); course [cf. saṃvatsara-r-]; impetuosity, vehemence, violence, ardour, zeal, impetuous onset; N. of a son of Purū-ravas; of a king.
     rayapraśnasūtrasiddhānta raya-praśna-sūtra-siddhānta or rāya-p-, N. of a work.
     rayavat raya-vat, ān, atī, at, possessing a rapid current or course, swift.

rayiṣṭha rayiṣṭha, as, ā, am, very swift or fleet, very vehement; (as), m., N. of Agni; of Kuvera; of Brahman; (am), n., N. of various Sāmans.

rayaka rayaka, as, m. = ravaka.

rayi rayi, is, m. (sometimes also is, f.; fr. rt. 1. ; the following forms occur in the Veda, rayim, rayibhis, rayīṇām, rayyā, rayyai, rayyām; cf. 2. rai), Ved. property, goods, possessions, treasure, wealth; stuff, materials; (rayer āṅgirasasya prastobhaḥ, N. of a Sāman.)
     rayida rayi-da, as, ā, am, Ved. giving property, a bestower of wealth.
     rayipati rayi-pati, is, m., Ved. a lord of property or wealth.
     rayimat rayi-mat, ān, atī, at, Ved. possessing property, well off, rich; containing the word rayi.
     rayivid rayi-vid, t, t, t, Ved. obtaining or possessing property or wealth.
     rayivṛdh rayi-vṛdh, t, t, t, Ved. abounding in riches, (Sāy. = rayyā or dhanena vṛddha.)
     rayiṣāc rayi-ṣāc, k, k, k (i. e. rayi + sāc), Ved. sharing or possessing property, (Sāy. = dhana-samavāyin.)
     rayiṣāh rayi-ṣāh, ṭ, ṭ, ṭ (i. e. rayi + sāh), Ved. ruling over property, (Sāy. = rayīṇām abhibhavitṛ.)
     rayiṣṭhā rayi-ṣṭhā, ās, ās, am (i. e. rayi + sthā) or rayi-sthāna, as, ā, am, Ved. being a receptacle of riches, possessing wealth or property.

rayikva rayikva, as, m. = raikva, a proper N.

rayintama rayin-tama, as, ā, am (superl. of an unused form rayin; cf. Pāṇ. VIII. 2. 17), Ved. possessing much property, very wealthy.

rayīyat rayīyat, an, antī, at (pres. part. fr. a Nom. fr. rayi), Ved. wishing for property, desiring riches.

rayīṣin rayīṣin, ī, iṇī, i, Ved. desiring treasures, (apparently an incorrect form.)

rayyāvaṭṭa rayyāvaṭṭa, as, m. a proper N.

rarāṭa rarāṭa, am, n. (an earlier form of lalāṭa, q. v.), the forehead, brow; (ī), f. the forehead; twisted grass used in a particular manner for the Havir-dhāna (Ved.).

rarāṭya rarāṭya, as, ā, am, belonging or relating to the forehead; (ā), f. twisted grass, (see rarāṭī above); the horizon.

rarāvan rarāvan, ā, ā, a (fr. rt. 1. ), liberal, bountiful, (Sāy. = haviḥ, prayacchat.)

rarph rarph [cf. rt. raph], cl. 1. P. rar-phati, &c., to go.

ralamānātha ralamā-nātha, as, m., N. of a poet; [cf. ramā-nātha.]

ralā ralā, f. a species of bird.

rallaka rallaka, as, m. a woollen cloth, woollen coverlet, blanket; a species of stag or deer; an eyelash.

rava rava, as, m. (fr. rt. 1. ru), a cry, shriek, bray, yell, howl, roar (of animals, wild beasts, &c.); song, singing (of birds &c.); hum, humming; clamour, outcry; talk; thunder; sound, noise (in general).

ravaṇa ravaṇa, as, ā, am, crying, screaming, roaring, shrieking, singing, making an outcry or noise of any kind, sounding, sonorous (= śabdana); jesting, a jester (= bhaṇḍaka); sharp, hot (= tīkṣṇa); unsteady, fickle, changing, = cañcala; (as), m. a camel; the Koil or Indian cuckoo; N. of a man; of a serpent-king; (am), n. brass, bell metal.

ravat ravat, an, antī, at (for ruvat, q. v., pres. part. P. of rt. 1. ru), cying out, raising a cry, bellowing.

ravatha ravatha, as, m. = rava (Ved.); the Koil or Indian cuckoo.

ravamāṇa ravamāṇa, as, ā, am (anomalous pres. part. A. of rt. 1. ru), crying, roaring, raising a cry.

ravas ravas in purū-ravas, bṛhad-ravas, q.q. v.v.

ravāṇa ravāṇa, as, ā, am, Ved. = ravamāṇa above.

ravitṛ ravitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, Ved. one who cries or calls out, crier, screamer.

ravaka ravaka, as, m., N. of a Dharaṇa or particular weight of pearls (thirty making the Dharaṇa; also read rayaka, rivaka).

ravaṇaka ravaṇaka, a filter made of cane or bamboo.

ravi ravi, is, m. (said to be fr. rt. 1. ru), a particular form of the sun (sometimes regarded as one of the twelve Ādityas); the sun (in general) or the god of the sun; a mountain; N. of a Sauvīraka; of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra; the right canal for the passage of the vital air (?).
     ravikara ravi-kara, as, m., N. of a commentator.
     ravikānta ravi-kānta, as, m. a sort of crystal (= sūrya-kānta).
     ravigupta ravi-gupta, as, m., N. of a poet.
     ravicakra ravi-cakra, am, n. a particular astronomical diagram (the sun represented as a man carrying the stars on the various parts of his body).
     ravija ravi-ja, as, m. 'child of the sun', N. of a particular Ketu; the planet Saturn.
     ravitanaya ravi-tanaya, as, m. the son of the sun, the planet Saturn.
     ravitīrtha ravi-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.
     ravitejas ravi-tejas, as, n. the radiance of the sun.
     ravidatta ravi-datta, as, m., N. of a priest; of a poet.
     ravidina ravi-dina, am, n. the day of the sun, Sunday.
     ravidīpta ravi-dīpta, as, sunlighted, sun-illuminated.
     ravideva ravi-deva, as, m., N. of a poet.
     ravinandana ravi-nandana, as, m. 'son of the sun', Manu Vaivasvata; the ape Sugrīva.
     ravipattra ravi-pattra, as, m. a sort of shrub.
     raviputra ravi-putra, as, m. the son of the sun, the planet Saturn.
     ravipriya ravi-priya, as, m., N. of various plants, = lakuca; = āditya-pattra; = rakta-karavīra; (ā), f., N. of Dākṣāyaṇī in Gaṅgā-dvāra; (am), n. a red lotusflower; copper.
     ravibimba ravi-bimba, am, n., Ved. the sun's disk.
     ravimaṇḍala ravi-maṇḍala, am, n. the sun's orb or disk.
     raviratna ravi-ratna, am, n. = ravi-kānta.
     raviratnaka ravi-ratnaka, am, n. 'sun-jewel', a ruby.
     ravilocana ravi-locana, as, m. 'sun-eyed', N. of Viṣṇu; of Śiva.
     raviloha ravi-loha, am, n. copper.
     ravivāra ravi-vāra, as, m. or ravi-vāsara, as, am, m. n. the day of the sun, Sunday.
     ravisaṅkrānti ravi-saṅkrānti, is, f. the sun's entrance into a sign of the zodiac.
     ravisañjñaka ravi-sañjñaka, am, n. copper ('called after the sun').
     ravisamaprabha ravi-sama-prabha, as, ā, am, radiant as the sun.
     ravisārathi ravi-sā-rathi, is, m. the sun's charioteer, i. e. Aruṇa or the Dawn.
     ravisuta ravi-suta, as, m. son of the sun, the planet Saturn; the ape Sugrīva.
     ravisundararasa ravi-sundara-rasa, as, m., N. of a particular elixir.
     ravisūnu ravi-sūnu, us, m. son of the sun, the planet Saturn.

ravitṛ ravitṛ. See col. 2.

ravinda ravinda, am, n. = aravinda, a lotus, lotus-flower.

ravipulā ra-vipulā. See under 3. ra, p. 824.

ravīṣu ravīṣu, us, m. the god of love, Kāma-deva, (also read varīṣu.)

raśanā raśanā, f. (connected with raśmi below), a rope, cord, line; a rein, bridle; a girth, girdle, zone, woman's zone or girdle, (in this and the previous senses often incorrectly written rasanā); the tongue, (in this sense incorrect for rasanā); a finger (according to Naigh. II. 5).
     raśanasammita raśana-sam-mita, as, ā, am (raśana for raśanā), Ved. as long as the rope on the sacrificial post.
     raśanākalāpa raśanā-kalāpa, as, m. a woman's girdle formed out of several strings or threads; [cf. kalāpa, raśmi-kalāpa.]
     raśanākṛta raśanākṛta (-nā-āk-), as, ā, am, Ved. guided by a cord, managed with a bridle.
     raśanāguṇa raśanā-guṇa, as, m. the cord of a girdle.
     raśanāguṇāspada raśanāguṇā-spada (-ṇa-ās-), am, n. the place for the girdle, waist.
     raśanopamā raśanopamā (-nā-up-), f. 'string of comparisons', a form of simile (when the object to which anything is compared is made the subject of another comparision, which again leads to a third and so on).

raśanāya raśanāya, Nom. A. raśanāyate, &c., to be guided by a rein or bridle (?).

raśanāyamāna raśanāyamāna, as, ā, am, Ved. being guided by a rein.

raśmi raśmi, is, m. (in one passage is, f.; connected with raśanā above; in Uṇādi-s. IV. 46. said to be fr. raś, substituted for rt. 1. , to pervade; perhaps connected with rt. 1. las, to shine), a string, rope, cord; a bridle, rein, leash; a measuring cord or rope; a goad, whip; a finger (Ved.); a ray of light, beam [cf. aṃśu]; an eyelash (= pakṣ-man); (in Vājasaneyi-s. XV. 6. said to) = anna; [cf. probably Lat. laqueus.]
     raśmikalāpa raśmi-kalāpa, as, m. a pearl-necklace &c. consisting of fifty-four (or according to others fifty-six) threads.
     raśmiketu raśmi-ketu, us, m. 'beam-bannered', epithet of a Rākṣasa; of a particular comet (Ved.).
     raśmikrīḍa raśmi-krīḍa, as, m., N. of a Rākṣasa.
     raśmipati raśmi-pati, is, m. a species of plant (= ravi-pattra).
     raśmipavitra raśmi-pavitra, as, ā, am, Ved. purified by rays or beams.
     raśmiprabhāsa raśmi-pra-bhāsa, as, m., N. of a Buddha.
     raśmimaṇḍala raśmi-maṇḍala, am, n. a circle or garland of rays.
     raśmimat raśmi-mat, ān, atī, at, having rays or beams, radiant; (ān), m. the sun; a proper N.
     raśmimaya raśmi-maya, as, ī, am, formed of beams, consisting of rays.
     raśmimālin raśmi-mālin, ī, inī, i, encircled or garlanded with rays.
     raśmimuca raśmi-muca, as, m. 'ray-emitting', the sun.
     raśmirāja raśmi-rāja, as, m. a proper N.
     raśmivat raśmi-vat, ān, atī, at, having rays, radiant; (ān), m. the sun, (also raśmī-vat.)
     raśmiśataśahasraparipūrṇadhvaja raśmi-śata-śahasra-paripūrṇa-dhvaja, as, m., N. of a Buddha.

raśman raśman, only found in inst. c. m. raśmā = raś-minā, by a rein (Ṛg-veda VI. 67, 1).

raśmin raśmin at the end of an adj. comp. = raśmi.

raśmisa raśmisa, as, m., N. of a Dānava.

ras 1. ras [cf. rt. 1. rās], cl. 1. P. (sometimes also A.) rasati (-te), rarāsa, ra-siṣyati, arāsīt or arasīt, rasitum, to roar, howl, bellow, neigh, yell, cry, scream, cry out, sound, make any sound or noise; to sing; to resound, reverberate; (according to Naigh. III. 14) to praise: Caus. rāsa-yati, -yitum, Aor. arīrasat: Desid. rirasiṣati: Intens. rārasyate, rārasti, to cry out loudly, scream aloud; [cf. Goth. razda; Old Germ. rartjan, rerjan; Angl. Sax. reordian, rarian.]

rasat rasat, an, antī, at, crying, sounding, making any sound.

rasana 1. rasana, am, n. the act of roaring or screaming, crying, tinkling, sounding, &c., the shaking or rumbling (of the earth), croaking (of frogs); sound, noise.

rasita 1. rasita, as, ā, am, sounded, uttering inarticulate sounds; (am), n. a roar, scream, cry, noise, sound; the rattling of thunder.
     rasitāśin rasitāśin (-ta-āś-), ī, inī, i, consuming or destroying by mere noise.

rasitṛ 1. rasitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, one who roars or bellows.

rārasyamāna rārasyamāna, as, ā, am (fr. the Intens.), crying out or howling very loud.

ras 2. ras (perhaps to be regarded as a Nominal fr. rasa below), cl. 1. 4. 10. P. rasati, rasyati, rasayati (also rasāpayati; in Ved. occasionally A. rasayate), to taste, relish; to feel, perceive, be sensible of; to love: Pass. rasyate: Desid. rirasayiṣati, to desire to taste.

rasa rasa, as, m. (perhaps connected with rt. ram), the sap or juice of plants, juice of fruit; juice of the sugar-cane, syrup; (metaphorically) the best or finest or prime part of anything, essence, marrow; any liquid or fluid, (gavāṃ rasaḥ, milk), water, liquor, drink; milk; melted butter; any mixture, draught, elixir, potion; nectar; poison, poisonous drink; soup, broth; a constituent fluid or essential juice of the body, serum, (especially) the primary juice called chyle (formed from the food and changed by the bile into blood); mercury, quicksilver (sometimes regarded in philosophical works as a kind of quintessence of the human body or as possessing some supernatural power over its juices; elsewhere regarded as the seminal fluid of Śiva); semen virile; taste, savour, flavour, relish, (the six principal tastes are said to be madhura, amla, lavaṇa, kaṭuka, tikta, and kaṣāya, q.q. v.v.); a symbolical expression for the number six; anything used to give relish, a condiment, sauce, spice, seasoning; the organ or instrument of taste, the tongue; taste or inclination for anything, appetite, enjoyment of anything, love, affection, desire; anything that stimulates enjoyment, pleasure, charm, grace, elegance, beauty, sweetness, spirit, wit; taste, style, character (of a work); taste, sentiment, feeling, emotion, pathos, affection, passion, disposition, (in dramatic composition ten Rasas are enumerated, viz. śṛṅgāra, love; vīra, heroism; bī-bhatsa, disgust; raudra, anger or fury; hāsya, mirth; bhayānaka, terror; karuṇa, pity; adbhuta, wonder; śānta, tranquillity or contentment; vāt-salya, paternal fondness: according to some only nine or eight are enumerated, the last or last two being omitted); myrrh; any mineral or metallic salt (as sulphur, borax, green vitriol, &c.); a metal or mineral in a state of fusion; gold; a kind of metre consisting of four times seventy syllables; = śabda?; (ā), f. moisture, humidity (Ved.); N. of a river (Ved.); a mythical stream supposed to flow round the earth and the atmosphere (Ved.); the lower world, hell [cf. rasā-tala]; the earth, ground, soil; the tongue; N. of various plants, Clypea Hernandifolia; Boswellia Thurifera; Panicum Italicuml; a vine or grape; = kākolī; (am), n. myrrh; milk; taste; [cf. according to some, Gr. [greek] Lat. ros, ror-is (for ros-is); Lith. rassa; Russ. rosa.]
     rasakarpūra rasa-karpūra, am, n. sublimate or muriate of mercury (made with sulphur, mercury, and common salt; the crystals formed in the first operation are sublimed a second time).
     rasakarman rasa-karman, a, n. or rasa-kalpanā, f. preparation of quicksilver, any process undergone by quicksilver.
     rasakalyāṇinīvrata rasa-kalyā-ṇinī-vrata, am, n., N. of a particular ceremony; of the twenty-second chapter of the Bhavishyottara-Purāṇa; of the sixty-second chapter of the Matsya-Purāṇa.
     rasakulyā rasa-kulyā, f., N. of a river in Kuśadvīpa.
     rasaketu rasa-ketu, us, m., N. of a prince.
     rasakesara rasa-kesara, am, n. camphor.
     rasakomala rasa-komala, am, n. a particular mineral.
     rasakriyā rasa-kriyā, f. application of fluid remedies or fomentations.
     rasagandha rasa-gandha, as, am, m. n. gum-myrrh.
     rasagandhaka rasa-gandhaka, as, m. myrrh; brimstone, sulphur.
     rasagarbha rasa-garbha, am, n. a collyrium made from the juice of the Curcuma Xanthorrhiza; a mineral preparation, vermilion.
     rasagraha rasa-graha, as, ā, am, apprehending or perceiving flavours, having a taste for enjoyments, appreciating pleasures; (as), m. the organ of taste.
     rasagrāhaka rasa-grāhaka, as, ikā, am, apprehending or perceiving flavours, sensible of flavour.
     rasaghana rasa-gha-na, as, ā, am, Ved. full of juice, consisting entirely of juice.
     rasaghna rasa-ghna, as, m. borax.
     rasacandrikā rasa-can-drikā, f., N. of Śaṅkara's commentary on the Abhijñāna-śakuntala.
     rasacintāmaṇi rasa-cintāmaṇi, is, m., N. of a medical work.
     rasaja rasa-ja, as, ā, am, originating in fluids, produced from liquids; proceeding from chyle; born in passion; (as), m. sugar, molasses; any insect engendered by the fermentation of liquids; (am), n. blood.
     rasajña rasa-jña, as, ā, am, knowing tastes, discriminating or appreciating flavour or excellence, knowing what gives real enjoyment, knowing the true essence of things, capable of discerning the spirit or beauty of anything, well versed in any knowledge; (as), m. a poet or man of discrimination, any writer who understands the Rasas; an alchemist who understands the magical properties of mercury; a physician; a preparer of mercurial and chemical compounds; (ā, am), f. n. the tongue.
     rasajñatā rasajña-tā, f. or rasajña-tva, am, n. knowledge of flavours; acquaintance with the true essence of things, poetical skill or taste; alchemy; discrimination, skill, experience.
     rasajñāna rasa-jñāna, am, n. knowledge of tastes (a branch of medical science).
     rasajyeṣṭha rasa-jyeṣṭha, as, m. the first or best taste, sweet taste, sweetness; the sentiment of love.
     rasatanmātra rasa-tanmātra, am, n. the subtile element or rudiment of taste.
     rasatama rasa-tama, as, m., Ved. the juice of all juices, best juice, essence of essences.
     rasataraṅginī rasa-taraṅginī, f., N. of a treatise on poetical sentiment or pathos by Bhānu-datta; of another work.
     rasatas rasa-tas, ind. according to taste or flavour.
     rasatā rasa-tā, f. or rasa-tva, am, n. fluidity, juiciness, the being chyle, state of chyle.
     rasatejas rasa-tejas, as, n. 'strength of the chyle', blood.
     rasada rasa-da, as, ā, am, emitting juice or sap, emitting resin; (as), m. 'giver of fluids or mixtures', a physician.
     rasadarpaṇa rasa-darpaṇa, as, m. 'mirror of the Rasas', N. of a medical work.
     rasadālikā rasa-dālikā, f. a kind of sugar-cane.
     rasadīpikā rasa-dīpikā, f. 'lamp of the Rasas', N. of a medical work.
     rasadrāvin rasa-drāvin, ī, m. a kind of citron (= madhura-jambīra).
     rasadhātu rasa-dhātu, u, n. 'fluid-metal', quicksilver.
     rasanātha rasa-nātha, as, m. 'chief of fluids', quiksilver, mercury.
     rasanāyaka rasa-nāyaka, as, m. 'leader or lord of quicksilver', N. of Śiva.
     rasanivṛtti rasa-nivṛtti, is, f. cessation or loss of taste, &c.
     rasanetrikā rasa-netrikā, f. realgar, red arsenic.
     rasantama rasan-tama, as, ā, am, Ved. = rasa-tama.
     rasapaddhati rasa-paddhati, is, f., N. of a medical work.
     rasapākaja rasa-pāka-ja, as, m. 'produced by the cooking of juices', sugar.
     rasapācaka rasa-pācaka, as, m. 'cooker of sauces or flavours', a cook.
     rasapārijāta rasa-pārijāta, as, m. 'the Pārijāta tree of Rasas', N. of a work on medicine.
     rasapuṣpa rasa-puṣpa, am, n. a particular prepartation of mercury, a kind of muriate formed by subliming in close vessels a mixture of sulphur, mercury, and common salt.
     rasapradīpa rasa-pradīpa, as, m. 'lamp of the Rasas', N. of a work on medicine; of a work on rhetoric.
     rasaprabandha rasa-prabandha, as, m. 'connection of Rasas', any poetical composition, (especially) a drama.
     rasaphala rasa-phala, as, m. a cocoa-nut tree (the fruit of which contains a fluid).
     rasabandhana rasa-bandhana, am, n. (probably) a particular part of the intestines.
     rasabodha rasa-bodha, as, m. knowledge of taste (especially in poetic composition).
     rasabhaṅga rasa-bhaṅga, as, m. interruption or cessation of passion or sentiment.
     rasabhava rasa-bhava, am, n. 'produced from chyle', blood.
     rasabhasman rasa-bhasman, a, n. calx or oxide of mercury.
     rasabheda rasa-bheda, as, m. a particular preparation of quicksilver.
     rasabhedin rasa-bhedin, ī, inī, i, discharging juice (said of fruits which burst with ripeness).
     rasabhojana rasa-bhojana, as, ā, am, feeding on liquids or fluids; (am), n. an entertainment given to Brāhmans in which they are feasted with the juice of mangoes.
     rasamañjarī rasa-mañjarī, f., N. of a treatise by Bhānu-datta on the Rasas, (describing the various kinds of heroes and heroines, their feelings, passions, and peculiarities.)
     rasamaya rasa-maya, as, ī, am, formed of juice or sap, consisting of fluid, juicy, liquid; savoury; consisting of quicksilver; full of taste, delightful, of great beauty, charming.
     rasamala rasa-mala, am, n. the refuse of the juices (of the body), impure excretions.
     rasamahārṇava rasa-mahārṇava, as, m. 'ocean of Rasas', N. of a work.
     rasamatṛkā rasa-matṛkā, f. 'mother of taste', the tongue.
     rasamātra rasa-mātra, am, n. = rasa-tanmātra.
     rasamūlā rasa-mūlā, f., N. of a Prākṛt metre consisting of four times twenty-four instants.
     rasayāmala rasa-yāmala, am, n., N. of a medical work.
     rasayoga rasa-yoga, ās, m. pl. scientifically mixed juices or prepared mixtures.
     rasaratna rasa-ratna, am, n. 'jewel of Rasas', N. of a medical work.
     rasaratnadīpikā rasa-ratna-dīpikā, f. and rasa-ratna-pradīpa, as, m. and rasa-ratna-hāra, as, m. and rasa-ratnākara (-na-āk-), as, m. and rasa-ratnāvalī (-na-āv-), f. and rasa-rahasya, am, n., N. of various works treating of the Rasas and of medicine.
     rasarāja rasa-rāja, as, m. 'king of fluids', quicksilver; = rasāñ-jana.
     rasarājalakṣmī rasa-rāja-lakṣmī, īs, f. and rasa-rāja-śaṅkara, and rasa-rājahaṃsa, as, m., N. of three medical works.
     rasaleha rasa-leha, as, m. quicksilver.
     rasavat rasa-vat, ān, atī, at, having juice or sap, full of juice, juicy, succulent; tasteful, sapid, savoury, luscious, well-seasoned, well-flavoured, strong; containing the essence (of anything); moist, well-watered; tasty, charming, elegant, graceful, beautiful; possessing love and the other Rasas; impassioned, full of feeling (in rhetoric applied to the poetical description of inanimate objects as affected by emotions of love and jealousy); spirited, witty; (atī), f. a kitchen; N. of an erotic poem; of a supplement to the Saṅkṣipta-sāra by Jūmara-nandin.
     rasavattā rasavat-tā, f. juiciness, savouriness, sapidity; tastefulness; elegance, beauty, gracefulness.
     rasavarja rasa-varja, as, m. avoidance of tastes or flavours.
     rasavaha rasa-vaha, as, ā, am, bringing or producing juice.
     rasavikraya rasa-vikraya, as, m. the sale of stimulating juices or liquors.
     rasavikrayin rasa-vikra-yin, ī, m. syrup-seller, liquor-seller, a dealer in essences or spices.
     rasavid rasa-vid, t, t, t, knowing tastes, knowing or appreciating flavous, having good taste, discriminating.
     rasaviśeṣa rasa-viśeṣa, as, m. a more excellent juice or flavour.
     rasaśāstra rasa-śāstra, am, n. the science of Rasas, alchemy.
     rasaśodhana rasa-śodhana, as, m. borax; (am), n. purfication of quicksilver.
     rasasaṅgrahasiddhānta rasa-saṅgraha-siddhānta, as, m., N. of a medical work.
     rasasāgara rasa-sāgara, as, m. 'ocean of Rasas', N. of a work on medicine; of a work on rhetoric.
     rasasāra rasa-sāra, N. of a commentary on the second book of the Kiraṇāvalī.
     rasasiddha rasa-siddha, as, ā, am, brought to perfection by means of quicksilver; skilled in alchemy; well versed in or conversant with the poetical Rasas, accomplished in poetry.
     rasasiddhāntasāgara rasa-sid-dhānta-sāgara and rasa-sindhu and rasa-sudhā-kara and rasa-sudhāmbhodhi (-dhā-am-) and rasākara (-sa-āk-), N. of various works on medicine or on the Rasas.
     rasasiddhi rasa-siddhi, is, f. perfection attained by means of quicksilver, knowledge of the art of performing various chemical operations with mercury which with certain mystical rites secure health and wealth to the adept; skill in alchemy.
     rasasindūra rasa-sindūra, am, n. a sort of factitious cinnabar made with zinc, mercury, blue vitriol, and nitre fused together.
     rasasthāna rasa-sthāna, am, n. cinnabar or vermilion.
     rasahṛdaya rasa-hṛdaya, am, n., N. of a work on alchemy.
     rasākhana rasā-khana, as, m. 'digging or scratching in the soil', a cock.
     rasāgraja rasāgraja (-sa-ag-), am, n. = rasāñjana.
     rasāñjana rasāñjana (-sa-añ-), am, n. vitriol of copper or a sort of collyrima prepared from it with the addition of Curcuma or (according to some) from the calx of brass with Amomum Anthorrhiza or (according to others) from lead-ore.
     rasāḍhya rasāḍhya (-sa-āḍh-), as, ā, am, abounding in juice or sap, abounding in moisture; (as), m. Spondias Mangifera.
     rasātala rasā-tala, am, n., N. of one of the seven hells or regions under the earth, (see pātāla); the lower world or hell in general, (not to be confounded with Naraka or the place of punishment); N. of the fourth astrological mansion.
     rasātmaka rasātmaka (-sa-āt-), as, ikā, am, having juice or sap for its essence, consisting of nectar; having the nature of liquid or fluid; characterized by sapidity or savour; having taste or flavour; having grace or elegance for its essence, elegant, beautiful.
     rasādāna ra-sādāna (-sa-ād-), am, n. the taking or drawing up of moisture, drying up or absorption of fluid, sucking, suction.
     rasādhāra rasādhāra (-sa-ādh-), as, m. 'receptacle of fluids or moisture', the sun.
     rasādhāraṇa rasā-dhāraṇa (-sa-ādh-), am, n., Ved. retention of moisture (by the sun's rays).
     rasādhika rasādhika (-sa-adh-), as, ā, am, full of taste, tasty, elegant, abounding in enjoyments; (as), m. borax; (ā), f. a species of plant.
     rasādhipatya rasādhipatya (-sā-ādh-), am, n. dominion over the lower world.
     rasādhyakṣa rasādhyakṣa (-sa-adh-), as, m. a superintendent of liquors or fluids.
     rasānupradāna rasānupradāna (-sa-an-), am, n., Ved. the bestowing of moisture, (according to Yāska one of the functions of Indra.)
     rasāntara rasāntara (-sa-an-), as, m. another taste or flavour; another pleasure or enjoyment; different passion or emotion, change of feeling or sentiment.
     rasāpāyin rasā-pāyin, ī, m. 'drinking with the tongue', a dog.
     rasābhāsa rasābhāsa (-sa-ābh-), as, m. the semblance or mere appearance of sentiment, a sentiment attributed to an inanimate object; the unsuitable manifestation of a sentiment.
     rasābhiniveśa rasā-bhiniveśa (-sa-abh-), as, m. accession of sentiment, intentness of feeling or passion.
     rasābhivyañjikā rasābhivyañjikā (-sa-abh-), f., N. of a commentary.
     rasābhyantara rasābhyan-tara (-sa-abh-), am, n. inside the waters.
     rasāmṛta ra-sāmṛta (-sa-am-) and rasāmṛta-sindhu and rasāmbhodhi and rasāmbho-nidhi (-sa-am-), N. of various medical works.
     rasāmla rasāmla (-sa-am-), as, m. a kind of sorrel (= amala-vetasa); vinegar made from fruit; sour sauce, (especially) tamarind sauce; = vṛkṣāmala, cukra.
     rasāyana rasāyana (-sa-ay-), as, m. a particular drug used as a vermifuge (= viḍaṅga); an alchemist; N. of Garuḍa; (ī), f. a canal or channel for the fluids (of the body), a vessel conveying chyle, a lacteal or absorbent vessel; N. of varous plants, = guḍūcī, kāka-mācī, mahā-karañja, go-rakṣa-dugdhā, māṃsa-cchadā; (am), n. a medicine supposed to prevent old age and prolong life, an elixir, elixir vitae; any medicine or medicinal compound; alchemy, chemistry, the employment of mercury as a remedy or for magical purposes; (according to native lexicographers also) buttermilk; poison; long pepper (?).
     rasāyanaphalā rasāyana-phalā, f. Terminalia Chebula or Citrina.
     rasāyanaśreṣṭha rasāyana-śreṣṭha, as, m. 'best of elixirs', mercury.
     rasārṇava rasārṇava (-sa-ar-) and rasālaṅkāra (-sa-al-), as, m. two works on medicine.
     rasālaya rasālaya (-sa-āl-), as, m. the seat or abode of the Rasas; the seat of enjoyments; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people.
     rasāvatāra rasāvatāra (-sa-av-), as, m., N. of a medical work.
     rasāśa rasāśa (-sa-āśa), as, m. the drinking or consuming of liquors.
     rasāśin ra-sāśin (-sa-āś-), ī, inī, i, drinking or enjoying liquids.
     rasāśir rasāśir (-sa-āś-), īr, īr, īr, Ved. mixed with juice or liquid, (Sāy.) mixed with milk.
     rasāśvāsā ra-sāśvāsā (-sa-āś-), f. a kind of creeper (= palāśī).
     rasāsvāda rasāsvāda (-sa-ās-), as, m. the sipping of juices. or liquids; the perception of enjoyment, sense of joy or pleasure.
     rasāsvādin rasāsvādin (-sa-ās-), ī, inī, i, tasting juice, perceiving or apprehending flavours; (ī), m. 'juice-sipper', a bee.
     rasāhva rasāhva (-sa-āh-), as, m. turpentine, the resin of Pinus Longifolia.
     rasendra rasendra (-sa-in-), as, m. 'chief of fluids or metals', quicksilver, mercury; the philosopher's stone (the touch of which turns iron to gold).
     rasendrakalpadruma rasendra-kalpa-druma, as, m., N. of a work by Rāmakṛṣṇa treating of the preparation of mercury and minerals or metals for medicinal uses.
     rasendracintāmaṇi rasendra-cintā-maṇi, is, m., N. of a similar work to the above by Rāma-candra.
     raseśvara raseśvara (-sa-īś-), as, m. 'lord of fluids or metals', mercury, quicksilver; [cf. rasendra.]
     raseśvaradarśana raseśvara-darśana, am, n. the science of the application of mercury to various chemical and magical operations, the doctrine of alchemy.
     raseśvarasiddhānta raseśvara-siddhānta, as, m., N. of a work establishing the efficacy of mercury in alchemy.
     rasottama rasottama (-sa-ut-), as, m. Phaseolus Mungo, = mudga; (am), n. (?), 'best of liquids', milk.
     rasotpatti rasotpatti (-sa-ut-), is, f. production of taste or flavour; development of passion or sentiment; generation of the vital fluids.
     rasodadhi rasodadhi (-sa-ud-), is, m. 'ocean of Rasas', N. of a rhetorical treatise on the Rasas.
     rasodbhava rasodbhava (-sa-ud-), am, n. 'produced in water', a pearl.
     rasopala rasopala (-sa-up-), am, n. 'water-stone', a pearl.
     rasollāsa rasollāsa (-sa-ul-), as, m. 'the spontaneous evolution of the fluids (or juices of the body, without nutriment from without)', N. of one of the eight Siddhis or states of perfection, (also written rasollāsā); springing up of desire, increase of longing (for anything).
     rasaukas rasaukas (-sā-ok-), āṃsi, n. pl. the habitations of the lower world; (ās, ās, as), inhabiting the lower regions; (ās), m. an inhabitant of the lower world.

rasaka rasaka, as, m. stewed or boiled meat, broth, soup made from meat, (also am, n.)

rasat rasat, an, antī, at, tasting, perceiving flavour.

rasana 2. rasana, as, m. (for 1. rasana see p. 835, col. 1), phlegm (regarded as the cause of taste to the tongue); (ā), f. the tongue; N. of two plants, = rāsnā; = gandha-bhadrā; (incorrectly) = raśanā; (am), n. tasting, taste, flavour, savour; the organ of taste; the being sensible of (anything), perception, apprehension, sense.
     rasanārada rasanā-rada, as, m. 'having the tongue for teeth', a bird.
     rasanālih rasanā-lih, ṭ, m. 'licking with the tongue', a dog.
     rasanendriya rasanendriya (-na-in-), am, n. the organ of taste, the tongue.

rasayati rasayati, is, f. (fr. a Nom. base rasaya), taste, flavour.

rasayitavya rasayitavya, as, ā, am, to be tasted, tasty, palatable.

rasayitṛ rasayitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, one who tastes, a taster.

rasayitvā rasayitvā, ind. having tasted.

rasāyaka rasāyaka, as, m. a kind of grass.

rasāyya rasāyya, as, ā, am (fr. a Nom. rasāya), Ved. to be made savoury or tasteful; juicy, tasteful, savoury.

rasāla rasāla, as, m., N. of various plants and trees, the mango tree; the sugar-cane; a kind of sugarcane (= puṇḍraka); the olibanum tree; the breadfruit tree; wheat; a kind of grain; a kind of mouse; (ā), f. curds mixed with sugar and spices; the tongue; Dūrvā grass; Desmodium Gangeticum; a vine or grape; (ī), f. a kind of sugar-cane; (am), n. frankincense; gum-myrrh.

rasālasā rasālasā, f. any tubular vessel of the body (especially one conveying the fluids), a vein, artery; a nerve, tendon.

rasālihā rasālihā, f. Hemionitis Cordifolia.

rasika rasika, as, ā, am, = sa-rasa, tasty, savoury, flavoured, well-tasted, sapid, tasteful (as a dish, composition, &c.), full of feeling or passion, impassioned, graceful, elegant, beautiful; spirited, witty, facetious, humourous; having a discriminating taste, apprehending or appreciating flavour or excellence, appreciative; having a liking or passion for, taking pleasure in, delighting in (sometimes with loc. or at the end of a comp.); fanciful; lustful; (as), m. a man full of feeling or passion; a libertine; Ardea Sibirica (= sārasa); a horse; an elephant; (ā), f. the juice of the sugar-cane, molasses; curds with sugar and spice; the tongue [cf. rasanā]; a woman's girdle [cf. raśanā].
     rasikatā rasika-tā, f. tastefulness, savouriness, sapidity; taste, feeling, the having a taste for; taking pleasure in.
     rasikarañjanī rasika-rañjanī, f., N. of a commentary.
     rasikaramaṇa rasika-ramaṇa, am, n., N. of a poem by Raghu-nātha, (it consists of eighteen chapters, and contains the life and adventures of Dur-vāsas, a Vaiṣṇava preceptor and ascetic.)
     rasikābhārya rasikā-bhārya, as, m. a man who has a passionate wife or one full of feeling.
     rasikeśvara rasikeśvara, as, m. (probably fr. rasikā, a passionate woman, + īśvara), N. of Kṛṣṇa.

rasita 2. rasita, as, ā, am (for 1. see p. 835, col. 1), tasted; having taste or flavour or sentiment; covered or overlaid with gold, gilded, plated, (in this sense fr. rasa, gold, + ita); (am), n. vinous liquor, wine.

rasitavat rasita-vat, ān, atī, at, one who has tasted, &c.

rasitṛ 2. rasitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, = rasayitṛ, a taster.

rasin rasin, ī, inī, i, having juice or sap, juicy, liquid; tasteful, spirited, full of feeling, impassioned; having good taste, having a taste for the beautiful.

rasya rasya, as, ā, am, juicy, tasty, savoury, palatable; (ā), f., N. of two plants, = rāsnā; = pāṭhā; (am), n. blood (supposed to be produced from chyle).

rasyamāna rasyamāna, as, ā, am, being tasted.

rasuna rasuna, as, m. = rasona, laśuna.

rasona rasona or rasonaka, as, m. a kind of garlic, shalote, Allium Ascalonicum.

rasna rasna, am, n. (said to be fr. rt. 1. ras), a thing, object.

rah rah (perhaps originally radh), cl. 1. P. rahati, rarāha, rahitum, cl. 10. P. raha-yati, ararahat or arīrahat (?), rahayitum, to leave, quit, relinquish, abandon, desert, give up, surrender, resign; [cf. Gr. [greek] [greek] (probably) [greek] perhaps also [greek] [greek] Lat. lates; lectum, lego: Goth. ligan, lagjan: Angl. Sax. lecgan, licgan: Lith. leidmi, leidziu.]

raha raha, as, m. = 1. rahas below.
     raharūḍhabhāva raha-rūḍha-bhāva, as, ā, am, withdrawn into privacy, being private or in secret.
     rahasū raha-sū, ūs, f., Ved. a woman bringing forth (a child) in secret, a bad woman who conceals the birth of her child.
     rahastha raha-stha, see under 1. rahas below.

rahaṇa rahaṇa, am, n. the act of quitting, desertion, abandonment; separation.

rahayat rahayat, an, antī, at, quitting, abandoning.

rahas 1. rahas, as, n. (for 2. see p. 837, col. 1), loneliness, solitariness, solitude, privacy, secrecy, retirement, (ra-hasi, in secret, secretly, privily; rahassu, privately, in private, secretly); a lonely or deserted place, private or solitary abode, hiding-place; a secret, mystery, mystical truth; sexual intercourse, copulation; a privity; (as), ind. in a solitary place, in secret, secretly, clandestinely, privately, privily, (opposed to pra-kāśam.)
     rahaḥstha rahaḥ-stha or raha-stha, as, ā, am, standing or being in a lonely place or in private, being apart, being alone; being in the enjoyment of love.
     rahaskara rahas-kara, as, ī, am, executing a secret commission.
     rahīkṛ rahī-kṛ, cl. 8. P. -karoti, &c., or rahī-bhū, cl. 1. P. -bhavati, &c., to withdraw to a solitary place, retire apart.
     rahībhūta rahī-bhūta, as, ā, am, withdrawn to a lonely place, retired.
     rahogata raho-gata, as, ā, am, being in a lonely place, being alone; secret, clandestine, concealed, private.

rahasa rahasa in anu-r-, &c. = 1. rahas, p. 836, col. 3.

rahasanandin rahasanandin or rahasānandin (?), ī, m., N. of a grammarian.

rahasya rahasya, as, ā, am, secret, private, clandestine, concealed; mysterious; fit to be concealed; (am), n. a secret, any secret doctrine or mystery, anything hidden or recondite, mystical or esoteric teaching; an Upaniṣad (Manu II. 165); (am), ind. in secret, secretly, privately; (ā), f., N. of a river; of two plants, = rāsnā; = pāṭhā.
     rahasyatrayasāra rahasya-traya-sāra, 'essence of the three mystical doctrines', N. of a treatise by Veṅkata Ācārya (being a short exposition in verse of the doctrines of the Vedānta according to Rāmānuja).
     rahasyadhārin rahasya-dhārin, ī, iṇī, i, secretpossessing, being in possession of a secret or mystery, initiated into a secret rite or mystery.
     rahasyabheda rahasya-bheda, as, m. or rahasya-bhedana, am, n. or rahasya-vibheda, as, m. revealing a secret, disclosure of a secret or mystery.
     rahasyavrata rahasya-vrata, am, n. 'mystical-vow', the mystic science of obtaining command over magical weapons.

rahasyu rahasyu, us, m. a proper N.

rahāṭa rahāṭa, as, m. (perhaps for raho-'ṭa), a counsellor, minister; a ghost, spirit; a spring.

rahāya rahāya (fr. rahas), Nom. A. rahāyate, &c., to be lonely or private, &c.

rahita rahita, as, ā, am, left, quitted, forsaken, abandoned, deserted; lonely, solitary; deserted by, separated from, free from, deprived of, void or destitute of, without (with inst. or at the end of comps. or sometimes at the beginning, e. g. bhartrā-rahitā, a woman separated from her husband; ratna-rahita or rahita-ratna, destitute of gems); (am), n. privacy, secrecy, (rahite, loc. c. in secret, in privacy, secretly, privately.)

rahīkṛ rahī-kṛ, rahī-bhū. See under 1. rahas, p. 836.

rahas 2. rahas, as, n. = raṃhas, swiftness, rapidity. (For 1. rahas see p. 836, col. 3.)

rahūgaṇa rahūgaṇa, ās, m. pl., N. of a family belonging to the race of Aṅgiras; (as), m., N. of the author of the hymns Ṛg-veda IX. 37, 38.

1. , cl. 2. P. (Ved. also A.) rāti (-te), rarau, &c. (Vedic forms rāsate, arāsata, rāsan, rāsat [see 2. rās], rāsva, rarate, rarā-thām, rarāsva, rarīdhvam, rirīhi, rare, rarāthe, rarima, rarivas, rāsīya, Inf. rātave), to grant, give, bestow, impart, give up, surrender.

rarāṇa rarāṇa, as, ā, am, Ved. giving, bountiful, (see Ṛg-veda I. 117, 24.)

2. rā, ās, ās, am, (at the end of a comp.) granting, bestowing, giving; (for , fem. of 2. ra, see p. 824, col. 3.)

rākā rākā, f. (according to Uṇādi-s. III. 40. fr. rt. 1. above), the goddess presiding over the actual day of full moon (or regarded as the Full Moon's consort; Anu-mati is supposed to preside over the previous day); the day of full moon, full moon; N. of a daughter of Aṅgiras and Smṛti; of a daughter of Aṅgiras and Śraddhā; of the wife of Dhātṛ and mother of Prātṛ; of a Rākṣasī, mother of Khara and Śūrpa-ṇakhā; of a daughter of Su-mālin; of a river; itch, scab; a girl in whom menstruation has just commenced.
     rākācandra rākā-candra, as, m. full moon.
     rākāniśā rākā-niśā, f. the night of full moon.
     rākāpati rākā-pati, is, or rākā-ramaṇa, as, m. 'husband of Rākā', full moon.
     rākāvibhāvarī rākā-vibhāvarī, f. the night of full moon.
     rākāvibhāvarījāni rākāvibhāvarī-jāni, is, m. 'the consort of the night of Rākā', full moon.
     rākāśaśāṅka rākā-śaśāṅka, as, or rākā-śaśin, ī, m. full moon.
     rākendīvarabandhu rākendīvara-bandhu (-kā-in-), us, m. full moon.
     rākeśa rākeśa (-kā-īśa), as, m. full moon; N. of Śiva.

rāta rāta, as, ā, am, given (Ved. rātam astu, 'let it be given;' cf. Lat. ratum esto), presented, bestowed (often at the end of comps.; cf. asmad-r-, kīrtti-r-, deva-r-, brahma-r-); (as), m. a proper N.
     rātamanas rāta-manas, ās, ās, as, Ved. having a ready or willing mind, ready, willing.
     rātahavis rāta-havis, is, is, is, Ved. one who offers oblations.
     rātahavya rāta-havya, as, ā, am, Ved. one who willingly presents offerings, a liberal offerer or worshipper (of the gods), one to whom the offering is presented, one who receives the oblation; (as), m., N. of a Ṛṣi with the patronymic Ātreya (author of Ṛg-veda V. 65, 66).

rāti rāti, is, is or ī, i, Ved. ready or willing to give, generous, favourable; ready, willing; (is), m. a friend, (opposed to a-rāti); (is), f. the act of giving or granting, bestowal, presentation, favour; a gift, present, offering, oblation; indrasya rātiḥ, N. of a Sāman.
     rātiṣāc rāti-ṣāc, k, k, k (ṣāc for sāc), Ved. granting favours, dispensing gifts, liberal, bountiful, generous.

rāvan rāvan, ā, m., Ved. a giver, bestower; [cf. a-r-.]

rāula rāüla, as, m. a proper N.

rākiṇī rākiṇī, f., N. of a Tantra goddess.

rākya rākya, as, &c., coming or descended from Raka.

rākṣasa rākṣasa, as, ī, am (fr. 2. rakṣas, q. v.), of or belonging to a Rakshas or evil demon, like a Rakshas, demoniacal, infested by demons; (scil. vivāha or vidhi) one of the eight forms of marriage (the violent seizure and rape of a girl after the defeat or destruction of her relatives, see Manu III. 33); (as), m. an evil being or demon, an evil or malignant spirit, a Rakshas, (the Rākṣasas are sometimes regarded as produced from Brahmā's foot, sometimes with Rāvaṇa as descendants of Pulastya; elsewhere they are styled children of Khasā or Su-rasā; according to some they are distinguishable into three classes, one sort being of a semi-divine nature and ranking with Yakshas &c., another corresponding to Titans or relentless enemies of the gods, and a third answering more to demons, imps, fiends, goblins, going about at night, haunting cemeteries, disturbing sacrifices and devout men, animating dead bodies, ensnaring and even devouring human beings, and generally hostile to the human race; this last class is the one most commonly denoted by the term Rakshas or Rākṣasa; their place of abode, according to the Rāmāyaṇa, was Laṅkā in Ceylon, where resided their chief, Rāvaṇa, q. v.; in Rāmāyaṇa V. 10, 17, &c. they are fully described; some have long arms, some are fat, others thin, some dwarfish, others enormously tall and humpbacked, some have only one eye, others only one ear, some enormous paunches, others projecting teeth and crooked thighs, while others can assume noble forms and are beautiful to look upon; they are further described as biped, triped, quadruped, with heads of serpents, donkeys, horses, elephants, and every imaginable deformity; cf. 2. rakṣas); a king of the Rākṣasas; (with Jainas) one of the eight classes of Vyantaras; epithet of the thirtieth Muhūrtha; one of the astronomical Yogas or divisions of the moon's path; N. of a minister of Nanda; of a poet; (as, am), m. n. epithet of the forty-ninth year in the Jupiter cycle of sixty years; (ī), f. a Rākṣasa female, Rākṣasī or female demon; the island of the Rākṣasas, i. e. Laṅkā or Ceylon; epithet of a malignant spirit supposed to haunt one of the four corners of a house; night; a kind of perfume (= caṇḍā); a large tooth, tusk.
     rākṣasakāvya rākṣasa-kāvya, am, n., N. of a poem.
     rākṣasagraha rākṣasa-graha, as, m. 'Rākṣasa-demon', epithet of a particular kind of insanity or seizure (produced by evil spirits).
     rākṣasatā rāk-ṣasa-tā, f. or rākṣasa-tva, am, n. fiendishness, the state or condition of a Rākṣasa.
     rākṣasālaya rākṣasā-laya (-sa-āl-), as, m. abode of the Rākṣasas.
     rākṣasīkaraṇa rākṣasī-karaṇa, as, m. the act of changing into a Rākṣasa.
     rākṣasībhūta rākṣasī-bhūta, as, ā, am, become or changed into a Rākṣasa.

rākṣā rākṣā, f. (sometimes written rakṣā), = lākṣā, lac.

rākṣoghna rākṣoghna, as, ī, am, treating of or relating to the slayer of a Rakshas; agastyasya rākṣoghnam and agne rākṣoghnam, N. of two Sāmans.

rākṣo'sura rākṣo'sura, as, ī, am, relating to or treating of a Rakshas and Asura; containing the words rak-ṣas and asura.

rākh rākh [cf. rt. lākh], cl. 1. P. rākhati, &c., Caus. Aor. ararākhat, to be arid or dry; to adorn; to suffice, be able or competent; to impede, prevent.

rāga rāga, as, m. (fr. rt. rañj), the act of colouring or dyeing, tinting [cf. mūrdhaja-r-]; colour, hue, tint, dye, red colour, (sometimes at the end of an adj. comp., e. g. kṛmi-rāga, as, ā, am, red as cochineal, dyed with cochineal); affection, emotion, passion, feeling; a musical mode, (six primary modes or orders of sounds are enumerated, viz. bhairava, kauśika, hindola, dīpaka, śrī-rāga, and megha; or śrī-rāga, vasanta, pañ-cama, bhairava, megha, and nata-nārāyaṇa; or mālava, mallāra, śrī-rāga, vasanta, hil-lola, and karṇāṭa: these six Rāgas or modes are supposed to have been originally connected with the six Ṛtus or seasons, each mode, like the several seasons, moving some Rāga or affection of the mind; they are personified, and each of the six is wedded to five consorts, called Rāgiṇīs, and is the father of eight sons; sometimes six Rāgiṇīs are assigned to each Rāga); a musical note, harmony, music; the quality Rajas, q. v.; feeling or mental affection in general, love, sympathy, interest in anything, joy, pleasure; vehement longing or desire; regret, sorrow; greediness, envy; anger, wrath; loveliness, beauty, charm, attraction; nasalization; N. of a particular process in the preparation of quicksilver; a king, prince; the sun; the moon; (ā), f. Eleusine Coracana, a sort of grain (commonly called Rāggy, much cultivated in the south of India); N. of the second daughter of Aṅgiras; [cf. according to some, Gr. [greek] perhaps for [greek]]
     rāgakhāḍava rāga-khāḍava, see rāga-ṣāḍava.
     rāgakhāṇḍava rāga-khāṇḍava, am, n. a kind of sweetmeat; [cf. rāga-ṣāḍava.]
     rāgakhāṇḍavika rāga-khāṇḍavika, as, m. a maker of the above sort of sweetmeat.
     rāgacūrṇa rāga-cūrṇa, as, m. Acacia Catechu (a tree yielding an astringent resin, the wood of which is used in dyeing); a red powder (which the Hindūs throw over each other at the vernal festival called Holi; cf. holākā); red lead; lac; Kāma-deva, the god of love.
     rāgacchanna rāga-cchanna, as, m. the god of love or Kāma-deva; N. of Rāma.
     rāgada rāga-da, as, ā, am, colour-giving, colouring, passion-inspiring; (as), m. a kind of shrub, = tairaṇī; (ā), f. 'producing various colours', crystal.
     rāgadravya rāga-dravya, am, n. 'colour-substance', paint, dye.
     rāgapaṭṭa rāga-paṭṭa, a kind of precious stone.
     rāgapuṣpa rāga-puṣpa, as, m. Pentapetes Phoenicea; the red globe-amaranth; (ī), f. the Chinese rose.
     rāgaprasava rāga-prasava, as, m. Pentapetes Phoenicea; the red globe-amaranth.
     rāgabandha rāga-bandha, as, m. the connection of the Rāgas, expression or manifestation of affection, affection, passion.
     rāgabandhin rāga-bandhin, ī, inī, i, exciting or inflaming the passions.
     rāgabhañjana rāga-bhañjana, as, m., N. of a Vidyā-dhara.
     rāgamañjarikā rāga-mañjarikā, f. a diminutive from rāga-mañjarī below ('wicked Rāgamañjarī').
     rāgamañjarī rāga-mañjarī, f., N. of a woman.
     rāgamaya rāga-maya, as, ī, am, 'consisting of colour or of red colour', red-coloured, red; dear, beloved.
     rāgamālā rāga-mālā, f. 'string or series of musical Rāgas', a chapter on the subject of musical Rāgas; N. of a work on the musical Rāgas by Kshema-karṇa.
     rāgayuj rāga-yuj, k, m. a ruby.
     rāgarajju rāga-rajju, us, m. Kāma-deva, the god of love.
     rāgalatā rāga-latā, f. 'Passion-creeper, Passion-flower', N. of Rati (wife of Kāma-deva).
     rāgalekhā rāga-lekhā, f. a streak or line of paint, stroke, the mark of dye.
     rāgavat rāga-vat, ān, atī, at, having colour, coloured, red; impassioned.
     rāgavibodha rā-ga-vibodha, as, m., N. of a celebrated treatise on the musical Rāgas and theory of music.
     rāgavṛnta rāga-vṛnta, as, m. 'Passion-stalk', N. of Kāma-deva, the god of love.
     rāgaṣāḍava rāga-ṣāḍava, as, m. a sweetmeat made from grapes and pomegranates together with a kind of broth made from Phaseolus Mungo; (according to others) half ripe mango fruit made into syrup with ginger, cardamoms, oil, butter, &c., (also written rāga-khāḍava, rāga-ṣāḍhava; cf. rāga-khāṇḍava.)
     rāgasūtra rāga-sūtra, am, n. any coloured thread or string; a silk thread; the string of a balance.
     rāgāṅgī rāgāṅgī (-ga-aṅ-) or rāgāḍhyā (-ga-āḍh-), f. Rubia Munjista (= mañjiṣṭhā).
     rāgātmaka rāgātmaka (-ga-āt-), as, ikā, am, composed of or characterized by passion, impassioned.
     rāgānugāvivṛti rāgā-nugāvivṛti (-ga-an-), is, f., N. of a work.
     rāgāndha rā-gāndha (-ga-an-), as, ā, am, blind with passion or desire.
     rāgānvita rāgānvita (-ga-an-), as, ā, am, having colour or dye, coloured; affected by passion or desire.
     rāgāyāta rāgāyāta (-ga-āy-), am, n. excess of passion, the coming on or uprising of excessive passion.
     rāgārṇava rāgārṇava (-ga-ar-), as, m., N. of a work on the musical Rāgas.
     rāgārha rāgārha (-ga-ar-), as, ā, am, worthy of affection, any suitable object of affection.
     rāgāśani rāgāśani (-ga-aś-), is, m. a Buddha; a Jina.
     rāgodreka rāgodreka (-ga-ud-), as, m. excess of passion.

rāgadāli rāgadāli, is, m. a kind of lentil (= masūra).

rāgāru rāgāru, us, us, u, one who raises hopes of a gift which he afterwards disappoints.

rāgin rāgin, ī, iṇī, i (fr. rt. rañj and fr. rāga), coloured, dyed, painted, having a particular colour (applied to a kind of Amaurosis or blindness when it affects the second membrane of the eye, as opposed to a-rāgin, which affects the first); red, of a red colour; full of passion or feeling; impassioned, labouring under emotion, given up to passion; full of love, loving, affectionate, warm, susceptible, in love; passionately fond of, devotedly attached to, taking great pleasure in (with loc. or at the end of a comp.), eagerly desirous of, having great taste or relish for (anything); colouring, painting, dyeing; rejoicing, delighting, gladdening, exhilarating; (ī), m. a painter; a lover; a lustful man, libertine; a sort of grain (= bahutara-kaṇiśa); (iṇī), f. a modification of the musical mode called Rāga, (thirty or thirty-six Ragiṇīs are enumerated, either five or six being assigned to each Rāga and personified as his wives); a wanton and intriguing woman; N. of the eldest daughter of Menakā; a form of Lakṣmī.
     rāgitā rāgi-tā, f. the state of being coloured or impassioned, affectionateness, tenderness, fondness for, longing after, eager desire for (with loc. or at the end of comps.).

rāgh 1. rāgh [cf. rt. lāgh], cl. 1. A. rā-ghate, rarāghe, rāghitum, to be able or competent: Caus. rāghayati, -yitum, Aor. ara-rāghat.

rāgh 2. rāgh, rāk, m. an able or efficient person.

rāghava rāghava, as, m. (fr. raghu), a descendant of Raghu; a patronymic of Aja; of Daśaratha; (especially) of Rāma-candra; of a more recent king (author of the Hasta-ratnāvalī); of the author of the Gaṇeśa-stuti hymn; of a serpentdemon; sea, ocean; a species of large fish; (au), m. du. the two Rāghavas, i. e. Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa.
     rāghavacaitanya rāghava-caitanya, as, m., N. of a poet.
     rāghavadeva rāghava-deva, as, m., N. of a poet; of the father of Dāmodara and grandfather of Śārṅgadhara; of the author of the Laghu-cintana.
     rāghavapāṇḍavīya rāghava-pāṇḍavīya, am, n., N. of an artifcial poem by Kavi-rāja giving a narrative of the acts of both Rāghavas and Pāṇḍavas in such a way that it may be interpreted either as a history of one or the other family.
     rāghavabhaṭṭa rāghava-bhaṭṭa, as, m., N. of a work.
     rāghavānanda rā-ghavānanda (-va-ān-), as, m., N. of a pupil of Hari-nanda; of the author of the Nyāyāvalī-dīdhiti; of the author of a commentary on the Mānavadharma-śāstra.
     rāghavānujaga rāghavānuja-ga (-va-an-), as, ā, am, referring to the younger brother of Rāma.
     rāghavābhyudaya rāghavābhyudaya (-va-abh-), as, m. 'rise of Rāma', N. of a drama.
     rāghavāyaṇa rāghavāyaṇa (-va-ay-), am, n. Rāma's history, i. e. the Rāmāyaṇa.
     rāghavendra rāghavendra (-va-in-), as, m. 'Rāghava-chief', N. of several persons.
     rāghaveśvara rāghaveśvara (-va-īś-), 'Rāghava-lord', N. of one of Śiva's Liṅgas.

rāghavīya rāghavīya, am, n. the work composed by Rāghava.

rāṅkala rāṅkala, as, m. a thorn.

rāṅkava rāṅkava, as, ī, am, belonging to the Raṅku species of deer; made from the hair of the Raṅku deer, woollen; coming from Raṅku (said of animals, see Pāṇ. IV. 2, 100); (am), n. woollen cloth made of deer's hair, a woollen cover or garment; a rug, blanket.
     rāṅkavājina rāṅkavājina (-va-aj-), am, n. a woollen skin.
     rāṅkavāstaraṇa rāṅkavāstaraṇa (-va-ās-), am, n. a woollen coverlet.
     rāṅkavāstṛta rāṅkavāstṛta (-va-ās-), as, ā, am, covered with a woollen rug.

rāṅkavaka rāṅkavaka, as, ī, am, coming from Raṅku (said of men, see Pāṇ. IV. 2, 100).

rāṅkavāyaṇa rāṅkavāyaṇa, as, ī, am, coming from Raṅku (said of animals).

rāṅga rāṅga, as, m. a proper N.

rāṅgaṇa rāṅgaṇa, am, n. a kind of flower (commonly called Raṅgan).

rācita rācita, as, m. a patronymic from Racita.

rācitāyana rācitāyana, as, m. a patronymic from Rācita.

rāj 1. rāj (perhaps connected with rt. ṛj, originally raj), cl. 1. P. A. (in Ved. only P.) rājati, -te (Ved. also cl. 2. rāṣṭi, arāḍ), rarāja (2nd sing. rarājitha or rejitha, 3rd pl. rarājuḥ or rejuḥ), rarāje or reje, rājitum (Ved. rājase), to reign, rule, exercise sovereignty, to be a king or sovereign, to be the first or chief (of anything); to rule over (with gen.); to govern, direct (with acc.); to be illustrious or eminent; to shine, glitter, glisten, be radiant or splendid; to appear as: Caus. rājayati, -yitum, Aor. ararājat, to reign, rule; to illuminate, make radiant: Desid. rirāji-ṣati, -te: Intens. rārājyate, rāraṣṭi; [cf. Lat. rego, di-rigo, rex; Goth. ragino, reikja (= rājya), reik-s, 'a chief;' Old Germ. richi.]

rāj 2. rāj, ṭ, ṭ, ṭ, shining, radiant (at the end of comps.); (ṭ), m. = rājan, a king, sovereign, chief; any principal object or anything the best of its kind [cf. śaṅkha-rāj]; N. of an Ekāha; a metre of four times twenty-two syllables; (ṭ), f., Ved., N. of a goddess; (according to Mahī-dhara) = rājya, a kingdom; [cf. Lat. rex; Goth. reiks.]

rāja rāja, as, m. (at the end of a comp.) = rājan, a king, prince, sovereign, chief; any principal object or anything the best of its kind; [cf. vyūha-r-; at the end of an adj. comp. the fem. ends in ā.]

rājaka rājaka, as, ā, am, illuminating, irradiating, splendid; (as), m. a little king, petty prince; = rājan (often at the end of an adj. comp.); N. of various persons; (am), n. a number of kings or sovereigns.

rājakīya rājakīya, as, ā, am (fr. rājaka), of or belonging to a king, kingly, princely, royal.

rājat rājat, an, antī, at, ruling; shining, (an anomalous form rājatam for rājantam is given.)

rājan rājan, ā, m. (for fem. rājñī see p. 840, col. 3), a king, sovereign, prince, ruler, chief, governor, (at the end of an adj. comp. the fem. may be formed in three ways, viz. either like the masc. or fr. rāja, and declined like the fem. of śiva, or with rājñī declined like nadī, e. g. bahu-rājan, having many kings, makes its fem. sing. du. either bahu-rājā, rājānau or bahu-rājā, -rāje or bahu-rājñī, -rā-jñyau, see Pāṇ. IV. 1, 28; sometimes rājan is found at the end of a comp. where rāja would be more correct; cf. nāga-rājan, kāśi-r-); a man of the military caste, Kshatriya, a man of the royal tribe (= rāja-nya); N. of Yudhi-ṣṭhira; a master; the moon; Indra; a Yaksha; N. of one of the eighteen attendants on Sūrya (identified with a form of Guha); government, guidance, (this is said to be the sense in only one passage, Ṛg-veda X. 49, 4; according to Sāy. rājani = rājanārtham.)
     rājaṛṣi rāja-ṛṣi =  rājarṣi.
     rājakathā rāja-kathā, f. a history of kings, royal history.
     rājakadamba rāja-kadamba, as, m. 'royal Kadamba', a sort of Kadamba.
     rājakandarpa rāja-kandarpa, as, m., N. of a work.
     rājakanyakā rāja-kanyakā or rāja-kanyā, f. a king's daughter, princess.
     rājakara rāja-kara, as, m. king's tax, tribute paid to a king, royal tribute or taxes.
     rājakarkaṭī rāja-karkaṭī, f. a kind of cucumber (= cīnākarkaṭī.).
     rājakarṇa rāja-karṇa, as, m. an elephant's tusk.
     rājakartṛ rāja-kartṛ, tā, m. 'king-maker', one who assists at the coronation of a king; (tāras), m. pl. those who place the king on the throne.
     rājakarman rāja-karman, a, n. the business or duty of a king; any service performed for a king, royal service; the Soma ceremony; (āṇi), n. pl. royal or state affairs.
     rājakalaśa rāja-kalaśa, as, m. a proper N.
     rājakalā rāja-kalā, f. the sixteenth part of the moon's disk, a crescent of the moon.
     rājakali rāja-kali, is, m. a bad king who does not protect his subjects.
     rājakaśeru rāja-kaśeru, us, m. a fragrant grass, Cyperus Rotundus; (u), n. the root of Cyperus Pertenuis.
     rājakārya rāja-kārya, am, n. a king's duty or business, state affairs.
     rājakuñjara rāja-kuñ-jara, as, m. 'an elephant among kings', a great or powerful monarch.
     rājakumāra rāja-kumāra, as, m. a king's son, prince.
     rājakumārikā rāja-kumārikā, f. a king's daughter, princess.
     rājakula rāja-kula, am, n. a king's family, royal family; the court of a king; a court of justice; a royal palace.
     rājakulabhaṭṭa rājakula-bhaṭṭa, as, m. any learned man attached to a royal household.
     rājakulya rāja-kulya, as, ā, am, of royal race, of regal descent.
     rājakuṣmāṇḍa rāja-kuṣ-māṇḍa, as, m. Solanum Melongena.
     rājakṛt rāja-kṛt, t, m. = rāja-kartṛ.
     rājakṛta rāja-kṛta, as, ā, am, made or performed by a king.
     rājakṛtapratijña rāja-kṛta-pratijña, as, ā, am, one who has fulfilled the king's conditions.
     rājakṛtya rāja-kṛtya, am, n. king's duty or business, state affairs.
     rājakṛtvan rāja-kṛtvan = rāja-kartṛ (followed by an acc., Bhaṭṭi-k. VI. 130).
     rājakośātaka rāja-kośātaka, am, n. a kind of fruit.
     rājakraya rāja-kraya, as, m., Ved. purchase of Soma.
     rājakriyā rāja-kriyā, f. the business of a king, royal or state affairs.
     rājakṣavaka rāja-kṣavaka, as m. a kind of mustard.
     rājakharjūrī rāja-kharjūrī, f. a kind of date tree (= nṛpa-priyā).
     rājagaṇa rāja-gaṇa, as, m. a host of kings.
     rājagavī rāja-gavī, f. Bos Grunniens.
     rājagāmin rāja-gāmin, ī, inī, i, going to the king or ruler, devolving or escheating to the sovereign (as property &c. to which there are no heirs).
     rājagiri rāja-giri, is, m. 'king's hill', N. of a place; a species of vegetable (= rājādri).
     rājaguru rāja-guru, us, m. a king's minister, royal counsellor.
     rājaguhya rāja-guhya, am, n. a royal mystery.
     rājagṛha rāja-gṛha, as, m. a king's house, royal dwelling, palace; N. of the chief city in Magadha (said to be nine Yojanas distant from Pāṭaliputra); (as, ā, am), belonging to the city Rāja-gṛha.
     rājagṛhaka rāja-gṛhaka, as, ā, am, of or belonging to the city Rāja-gṛha.
     rājageha rāja-geha, as, m. = rāja-gṛha, a palace.
     rājagrīva rāja-grīva, as, m. a species of fish.
     rājagha rā-ja-gha, as, m. a king-killer, regicide; (as, ā, am), sharp, hot.
     rājacihna rāja-cihna, am, n. a mark or sign of royalty, insignia of royalty, regalia.
     rājacihnaka rāja-cihnaka, am, n. the organs of generation (= upa-stha).
     rājajakṣman rāja-jakṣman for rāja-yakṣman, q. v.
     rājajambū rā-ja-jambū, ūs, f. a species of Jambū; a species of date tree.
     rājatanaya rāja-tanaya, as, m. a king's son, prince; (ā), f. a king's daughter, princess.
     rājataraṅgiṇī rāja-taraṅgiṇī, f. 'stream or current history of kings', N. of a celebrated history of the kings of Kaśmīra or Cashmere by Kalhaṇa (written A.D. 1148).
     rājataru rāja-taru, us, m. Cathartocarpus or Cassia Fistula; Pterospermum Acerifolium.
     rājataruṇī rāja-taruṇī, f., N. of a plant, the globe-amaranth.
     rājatas rāja-tas, ind. from a king.
     rājatā rāja-tā, f. or rāja-tva, am, n. kingship, royalty, the rank or function of a king, sovereignty, princedom, kingly dignity or authority, government.
     rājatāla rāja-tāla, as, m. or rāja-tālī, f. a betel-nut tree; (as), m., N. of a particular measure or time in music.
     rājatimiṣa rāja-timiṣa, as, m. Cucumis Sativus.
     rājatīrtha rāja-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.
     rājatuṅga rāja-tuṅga, as, m. a proper N.
     rājatemiṣa rāja-temi-ṣa, as, m. = rāja-timiṣa.--rāja-daṇḍa, as, m. a king's sceptre, kingly authority, punishment inflicted by a king; fine payable to a king.
     rājadattā rāja-dattā, f. a proper N.
     rājadanta rāja-danta, as, m. a principal tooth, front tooth; a proper N.
     rājadanti rājadanti, is, m. a patronymic from Rāja-danta.
     rājadarśana rāja-dar-śana, am, n. the act of seeing or appearing before a king, a royal audience; N. of a kind of artificial composition.
     rājadāra rāja-dāra, ās, m. pl. a king's wife, royal consort; the wives of a king.
     rājaduhitṛ rāja-duhitṛ, tā, f. a king's daughter, princess.
     rājadūta rāja-dūta, as, m. a king's ambassador.
     rājadūrvā rāja-dūrvā, f. a kind of high-growing Dūrvā grass.
     rājadṛṣad rāja-dṛṣad, t, f., N. of the larger or lower mill-stone.
     rājadeva rāja-deva, as, m., N. of a lexicographer (= bhoja-rāja-deva).
     rājadruma rāja-druma, as, m. = rāja-vṛkṣa.
     rājadroha rāja-droha, as, m. 'the act of injuring a king', high treason, rebellion.
     rājadrohin rāja-drohin, ī, m. 'king-injurer', a traitor, rebel.
     rājadvār rāja-dvār, r, f. or rāja-dvāra, am, n. the king's gate, gate of a royal palace.
     rājadvārika rāja-dvārika, as, m. a royal porter or gatekeeper.
     rājadhattūra rāja-dhattūra or rāja-dhattūraka, as, m. a kind of thorn-apple.
     rājadharma rāja-dharma, as, m. a king's duty; (ās), m. pl. royal duties, rules or laws relating to kings.
     rājadharmakaustubha rājadharma-kaustubha, N. of a part of the Smṛti-kaustubha.
     rājadharman rāja-dhar-man, ā, m., N. of the king of the cranes or herons (a son of Kaśyapa, Mahā-bh. Śānti-p. 6337).
     rājadharmānuśāsana rā-jadharmānuśāsana (-ma-an-), am, n. 'instruction in the duties of kings', N. of the first section of the Śānti-p. of the Mahā-bhārata.
     rājadhāna rāja-dhāna or rāja-dhānaka, am, n. or rāja-dhānikā, or rāja-dhānī, f. a royal city, metropolis, capital, a king's residence, palace.
     rājadhānya rāja-dhānya, am, n. 'royal grain', Panicum Frumentaceum; a kind of rice.
     rājadhāman rāja-dhāman, a, n. a king's residence, royal palace.
     rājadhīra rāja-dhīra, as, m. a proper N.
     rājadhura rāja-dhura, as, m. or rāja-dhurā, f. 'king's yoke', the burden of government.
     rājadhustūraka rāja-dhustūraka or rāja-dhūrta, as, m. a species of large Datura or thornapple.
     rājanagarī rāja-nagarī, f. a royal city.
     rājanandana rāja-nan-dana, as, m. a king's son, prince.
     rājanaya rāja-naya, as, m. royal conduct or policy, the administration of government, politics.
     rājanāpita rāja-nāpita, as, m. a royal barber, a first-rate barber.
     rājanāman rāja-nāman, ā, m. Trichosanthes Dioeca.
     rājanighaṇṭu rāja-nighaṇṭu, us, or rāja-nighaṇṭa, as, m., N. of a dictionary of materia medica (including many herbs and plants) by Harahari-paṇḍita, (also written rāja-nirghaṇṭa.)
     rājanirdhūtadaṇḍa rāja-nirdhūta-daṇḍa, as, ā, am, one who has undergone punishment from a king.
     rājaniveśana rāja-niveśana, am, n. a king's abode, palace.
     rājanīti rāja-nīti, is, f. royal conduct or policy, the administration of government, statesmanship, politics.
     rājanīla rāja-nīla, am, n. an emerald.
     rājanvat rājan-vat, ān, atī, at (anomalous for rāja-vat, see Pāṇ. VIII. 2, 14), having a good king, governed by a just monarch (Raghu-v. VI. 22).
     rājapaṭola rāja-paṭola or rāja-paṭolaka, as, m. a kind of cucumber, Trichosanthes Dioeca; (ī), f. = madhura-paṭolī (?).
     rājapaṭṭa rāja-paṭṭa, as, m. a kind of precious stone, a diamond of inferior quality (said to be brought from Virāṭa-deśa in the north-west of India); a royal fillet or tiara.
     rājapaṭṭikā rāja-paṭṭikā, f. = cātaka-pakṣin.
     rājapati rāja-pati, is, m. a lord of kings.
     rājapatnī rāja-patnī, f. a king's wife, royal consort, queen.
     rājapatha rāja-patha, as, m. the king's highway, a main road, public road, principal street.
     rājapathāya rāja-pa-thāya, Nom. A. -pathāyate, &c., to represent or be like a main road.
     rājapada rāja-pada, am, n. the rank of a king, kingship.
     rājapaddhati rāja-paddhati, is, f. a main road, principal street.
     rājaparṇī rāja-parṇī, f. Paederia Foetida.
     rājapalāṇḍu rāja-palāṇḍu, us, m. a particular kind of onion.
     rājapāla rāja-pāla, as, m., N. of a king; of a royal family.
     rājapitṛ rāja-pitṛ, tā, m. a king's father.
     rājapīlu rāja-pīlu, us, m. a species of tree (= mahā-pīlu).
     rājaputra rāja-putra, as, m. a king's son, prince; a Kshatriya or man of the military tribe (in the Hindū caste system); the son of a Vaiśya by an Ambaṣṭhā or the son of a Kshatriya by a Karaṇī; a Rājpoot (the name of a class of persons who claim descent from the ancient Kshatriyas); the planet Mercury (regarded as the son of the moon); a kind of mango; (ī), f. a king's daughter, princess; a female of the Rājpoot tribe; N. of several plants, a bitter gourd (= kāṭu-tumbī); a kind of jasmine (= jātī, mālatī); a kind of perfume (= reṇukā); a kind of metal (= rāja-rīti); a musk-rat; (ā), f., Ved. 'having kings for sons', a mother of kings.
     rājaputraka rāja-putraka, am, n. a number of king's sons, assemblage of princes.
     rājaputrikā rāja-putrikā, f. a kings daughter, princess; a species of bird (= śarāri).
     rājaputrīya rāja-putrīya, am, n., N. of a work.
     rājapura rāja-pura, am, n. a royal city, the residence of a king; N. of a city; (ī), f., N. of a city.
     rājapuruṣa rāja-puruṣa, as, m. a royal servant or attendant; a king's minister.
     rājapuṣpa rāja-puṣpa, as, m. Mesua Roxburghii; (ī), f. a species of plant (= karuṇī).
     rājapūga rāja-pūga, as, m. a kind of Areca or betel-nut palm.
     rājapūruṣa rāja-pūruṣa, as, m. = rāja-puruṣa above.
     rājapauruṣika rāja-pauruṣika, as, ī, am, being in a king's service.
     rājapauruṣya rāja-pauruṣya, am, n. (fr. rāja-puruṣa), the state of a royal servant, the being a king's minister.
     rājaprakṛti rāja-pra-kṛti, is, f. a king's minister.
     rājapradeya rāja-pradeya, as, ā, am, to be given or presented to a king.
     rājaprasāda rāja-prasāda, as, m. royal favour.
     rājapriya rāja-priya, as, m. a kind of onion; (ā), f. a species of plant (= karuṇī).
     rājapreṣya rāja-preṣya, as, m. a king's servant; (am), n. royal service, service of kings, (more correctly rāja-praiṣya.)
     rājaphaṇijjhaka rāja-phaṇijjhaka, as, m. an orange tree.
     rājaphala rāja-phala, am, n. 'royal fruit', the fruit of Trichosanthes Dioeca; (as), m. 'bearing royal fruit', a species of tree, = rājādanī; (ā), f. Eugenia Jambolana.
     rājabadara rāja-badara, as, m. a species of jujube tree; (am), n. a sort of Justicia plant; salt.
     rājabandha rāja-bandha, as, m. imprisonment by the king.
     rājabalā rāja-balā, f. Paederia Foetida.
     rājabāndhava rāja-bāndhava, as, m. a relation of a king, royal relation; (ī), f. a female relation of a king.
     rājabhaṭa rāja-bhaṭa, as, m. a king's soldier, soldier of the royal army.
     rājabhaṭṭikā rāja-bhaṭṭikā, f. a species of water-fowl.
     rājabhadraka rāja-bhadraka, as, m. Costus Speciosus or Arabicus; Azadirachta Indica.
     rājabhaya rāja-bhaya, am, n. king's risk, danger from a king, fear of a king.
     rājabhavana rāja-bhavana, am, n. a king's abode, royal palace.
     rājabhāryā rāja-bhāryā, f. a king's wife, queen.
     rājabhūya rāja-bhūya, am, n. = rāja-tā, royalty, &c.
     rājabhṛt rāja-bhṛt, see Gaṇa Saṅkalādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 75.
     rājabhṛta rāja-bhṛta, as, ā, am, hired by the king, being in the king's service; (as), m. a king's soldier.
     rājabhṛtya rāja-bhṛtya, as, m. a servant of a king, royal servant or minister, courtier, any public officer.
     rājabhoga rā-ja-bhoga, as, m. a king's meal, royal repast.
     rājabhogīna rāja-bhogīna, as, ā, am, fit for a king's enjoyment, suitable for a king's use.
     rājabhogya rāja-bhogya, as, m. Buchanalia Latifolia; (am), n. nutmeg.
     rājabhojana rāja-bho-jana, as, ā, am, eaten by kings.
     rājabhauta rāja-bhauta, as, m. a king's fool or jester.
     rājabhrātṛ rāja-bhrātṛ, tā, m. a king's brother.
     rājamaṇi rāja-maṇi, is, m. 'royal gem', a kind of precious stone.
     rājamaṇḍūka rāja-maṇḍūka, as, m. a species of large frog.
     rājamantradhara rāja-mantra-dhara, as, m. a king's counsellor, royal minister.
     rājamantrin rāja-mantrin, ī, m. a minister of state.
     rājamandira rāja-man-dira, am, n. the palace of a king, a royal mansion; N. of the chief town of Kaliṅga.
     rājamalla rāja-malla, as, m. a royal wrestler.
     rājamahila rāja-mahila, N. of a town.
     rājamahendratīrtha rāja-mahendra-tīrtha (-hā-in-), am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.
     rājamātṛ rāja-mātṛ, tā, f. a king's mother.
     rājamātra rāja-mātra, am, n., Ved. every one claiming the name of Rājan.
     rājamānuṣa rāja-mānuṣa, as, m. a royal officer or minister, any public officer.
     rājamārga rāja-mārga, as, m. the king's highway, a royal or main road, high road, high street, principal street (one passable for horses and elephants); the way or method of kings, procedure of kings (as warfare &c.).
     rājamārtaṇḍa rāja-mārtaṇḍa, N. of a commentary by Bhoja-deva on Patañjali's Yoga-sūtras.
     rājamāṣa rāja-mā-ṣa, as, m. a kind of bean, Dolichos Catjang.
     rājamāṣya rāja-māṣya, as, ā, am, suited to the cultivation of Rāja-māṣa, consisting of or sown with this plant (as a field &c.).
     rājamudga rāja-mudga, as, m. a kind of bean.
     rājamudrā rāja-mudrā, f. a royal signet or seal.
     rājamuni rāja-muni, is, m. = rājarṣi.
     rājamṛgāṅka rāja-mṛ-gāṅka (-ga-aṅ-), N. of a particular medicinal compound; of an astronomical work.
     rājayakṣma rāja-yakṣma, as, or (in later authors) rāja-yakṣman, ā, m. a particular kind of dangerous disease; (in the later language) pulmonary consumption, atrophy.
     rājayakṣmanāman rāja-yakṣma-nāman, ā, m., Ved., N. of a particular mythical being (said to be connected with the building or foundation of a house).
     rājayakṣmin rāja-yakṣmin, ī, iṇī, i, suffering from consumption, consumptive.
     rājayajña rāja-yajña, as, m. a king's sacrifice, royal offering.
     rājayāna rāja-yāna, am, n. a royal vehicle, palanquin.
     rājayudhvan rāja-yudhvan, ā, m. a king's soldier, royal warrior; one who makes war against a king.
     rājayoga rāja-yoga, as, m. a constellation under which princes are born or a configuration of planets &c. at the birth of any person indicating him to be destined for kingship; a particular stage in abstract meditation, an easy mode of meditation as distinguished from the more rigorous; [cf. yoga.]
     rājayogya rāja-yogya, as, ā, am, befitting a king, suitable for royalty, princely.
     rājayoṣit rāja-yoṣit, t, f. a king's wife, queen.
     rājaraṅga rāja-raṅga, am, n. 'royal tin', silver.
     rājaratha rāja-ratha, as, m. a royal carriage.
     rājarākṣasa rāja-rākṣasa, as, m. 'a Rākṣasa of a king', a bad king.
     rājarāj rāja-rāj, ṭ, m. a king of kings, supreme sovereign; N. of the moon.
     rājarāja rāja-rāja, as, m. a king of kings, supreme sovereign, emperor; N. of Kuvera; of the moon; of a man.
     rājarājatā rājarāja-tā, f. or rājarāja-tva or rāja-rājya, am, n. the rank of a supreme sovereign or emperor, dominion over all princes, universal sovereignty.
     rājarāmanagara rāja-rāma-nagara, am, n., N. of a town.
     rājarīti rāja-rīti, is, f. a kind of brass or bellmetal.
     rājarṣabha rājarṣabha (-ja-ṛṣ-), as, m. the chief of kings.
     rājarṣi rājarṣi (-ja-ṛṣi), is, m. a royal Ṛṣi or saint, Ṛṣi of royal descent, that holy and superhuman personage which a king or man of the military class may become by the performance of great austerities (e. g. Purū-ravas, Viśvā-mitra, &c.; see ṛṣi, viśvā-mitra).
     rājarṣin rājarṣin, ī, m. = rā-jarṣi above.
     rājalakṣaṇa rāja-lakṣaṇa, am, n. a royal sign or token, any mark on the body &c. indicating a future king; royal insignia, regalia.
     rājalakṣman rāja-lakṣ-man, a, n. a royal token, sign of royalty; (ā), m. 'having the marks of royalty', N. of Yudhi-ṣṭhira.
     rājalakṣmī rāja-lakṣmī, īs, f. the Fortune or Prosperity of a king (personified as a goddess), a king's good genius, the good fortune or glory of a king, royal majesty or sovereignty; N. of a princess.
     rājaliṅga rāja-liṅga, am, n. a kingly mark, royal token.
     rājalīlānāman rāja-līlā-nāman, āni, n. pl., N. of a collection of epithets borne by Kṛṣṇa having reference to 118 of his diversions when he had attained to regal rank.
     rājalekha rāja-lekha, as, m. 'king's writing', a royal letter or edict.
     rājaloka rāja-loka, as, m. a company of kings.
     rājavaṃśa rāja-vaṃśa, as, m. a family of kings, royal family, dynasty.
     rājavaṃśāvalī rājavaṃśāvalī (-śa-āv-), f. the genealogy of kings, royal pedigree.
     rājavaṃśīya rājavaṃśīya or rājavaṃśya, as, ā, am, belonging to a royal family, of regal race or descent.
     rājavat 1. rāja-vat, ind. like a king; as towards a king.
     rājavat 2. rāja-vat, ān, atī, at, having a king, possessing kings; (ān), m., N. of a son of Dyutimat; (atī), f., N. of the wife of the Gandharva Deva-prabha.
     rājavadana rāja-vadana, as, m. a proper N.
     rājavadha rāja-vadha, as, m., Ved. a king's weapon.
     rājavandin rāja-vandin, ī, m. a proper N.
     rājavarcas rāja-varcas, as, n. kingly rank or dignity, majesty.
     rājavartman rāja-vartman, a, n. a king's high road, principal street.
     rājavardhana rāja-vardhana, as, m. a proper N.
     rājavallabha rāja-vallabha, as, m. a king's favourite; N. of various plants (= rāja-badara, rājādanī, rā-jāmra); N. of a kind of incense; of a work.
     rājavallī rāja-vallī, f. Momordica Charantia.
     rājavaśībhūta rāja-vaśībhūta, as, ā, am, subject to a king, loyal.
     rājavaśībhūtatā rājavaśībhūta-tā, f. loyalty, allegiance.
     rājavasati rāja-vasati, is, f. dwelling in a king's court; a royal residence, palace.
     rājavārttika rāja-vārttika, am, n., N. of a Sāṅkhya work.
     rājavāha rāja-vāha, as, m. a horse.
     rājavāhana rāja-vāhana, as, m., N. of a son of king Rāja-haṃsa.
     rājavāhya rāja-vāhya, as, m. a royal elephant.
     rājavi rāja-vi, is, m. 'royal bird', the blue jay.
     rājavidyā rāja-vidyā, f. royal science, kingcraft, state policy, statesmanship, administration of government, political economy.
     rājavinodatāla rāja-vinoda-tāla, as, m. a kind of time or measure in music.
     rājavihāra rāja-vihāra, as, m. a royal convent.
     rājavījin rāja-vījin, ī, inī, i, sprung from a royal progenitor, of royal parentage or descent.
     rājavīthī rāja-vīthī, f. a principal street, high street, main road.
     rājavīrya rāja-vīrya, am, n. the power of a king, regal power.
     rājavṛkṣa rāja-vṛkṣa, as, m. 'royal tree', Cathartocarpus Fistula; Buchanania Latifolia (or the Piyāl tree); Euphorbia Tirucalli.
     rājavṛtta rāja-vṛtta, am, n. the conduct of a king, the duty or occupation of a sovereign.
     rājaveśman rāja-veśman, a, n. a king's abode, palace.
     rājaveṣa rāja-veṣa, as, m. a royal garment.
     rājaśaṇa rā-ja-śaṇa, as, m. a plant from the fibres of which a coarse cordage and canvas are prepared, Corchorus Olitorius.
     rājaśaphara rāja-śaphara, as, m. a species of fish (the Hilsa fish).
     rājaśayyā rāja-śayyā, f. a king's couch, royal couch, royal seat or throne.
     rājaśāka rāja-śāka, as, m. a kind of pot-herb (= vāstūka).
     rājaśākanikā rāja-śāka-nikā or rāja-śākinī, f. a kind of vegetable (= rāja-giri).
     rājaśārdūla rāja-śārdūla, as, m. 'a tiger of a king', great king.
     rājaśāsana rāja-śāsana, am, n. a royal edict or order.
     rājaśāstra rāja-śāstra, am, n. royal science, kingcraft, state policy, statesmanship, political economy.
     rājaśuka rāja-śuka, as, m. a kind of parrot (= prājña).
     rājaśṛṅga rāja-śṛṅga, as, m. a species of fish, Macropteronatus Magar; a sort of sheat fish; (am), n. a royal Chattar or umbrella with a golden handle.
     rājaśekhara rāja-śekhara, as, m., N. of a king of Kerala (the author of several dramas).
     rājaśaila rāja-śaila, as, m., N. of a mountain.
     rājaśyāmalopāsaka rāja-śyāmalopāsaka (-la-up-), ās, m. pl., N. of a sect.
     rājaśyāmāka rāja-śyāmāka, as, m. a kind of grain.
     rājaśrī rāja-śrī, īs, f. the Fortune or Prosperity of a king (personified; cf. rāja-lakṣmī), the good fortune or glory of a king, royal sovereignty or majesty.
     rājasaṃśraya rāja-saṃśraya, as, ā, am, having kings for a refuge or protection, dependent on kings.
     rājasaṃsad rāja-saṃsad, t, f. a king's assembly or court, court of justice.
     rājasattama rāja-sattama, as, m. a most excellent king.
     rājasattra rāja-sattra, am, n. a king's sacrifice, any sacrifice instituted by a king.
     rājasadana rāja-sadana, am, or rāja-sadman, a, n. a royal dwelling, palace.
     rājasannidhāna rāja-sannidhāna, am, n. the royal presence.
     rājasabhā rāja-sabhā, f. a royal assembly or court, court of justice, royal council, privy council.
     rājasabhāstha rājasabhā-stha, as, ā, am, being at a king's court, a courtier.
     rājasarpa rāja-sarpa, as, m. a species of large serpent.
     rājasarṣapa rāja-sarṣapa, as, m. black mustard, Sinapis Ramosa; a seed of the above used as a weight (= 3 Likṣās = (1/3) of a Gaura-sarshapa).
     rājasāt rāja-sāt, ind. to the state of a king, to the power of a king.
     rājasātkṛ rājasāt-kṛ, cl. 8. P. -karoti, &c., to give over to the power of a king, make dependent on a king.
     rājasāyujya rāja-sāyujya, am, n. 'the state of close union with royalty', sovereignty.
     rājasārasa rāja-sārasa, as, m. 'royal crane', a peacock.
     rājasiṃha rāja-siṃha, as, m. 'a lion of a king', an illustrious king; N. of a king.
     rājasukha rāja-sukha, am, n. a sovereign's happiness or welfare.
     rājasuta rāja-suta, as, m. a king's son, prince; (ā), f. a king's daughter, princess.
     rājasundaragaṇi rāja-sundara-gaṇi, is, m., N. of a preceptor.
     rājasū rāja-sū, ūs, ūs, u, Ved. creating or making a king.
     rājasūnu rāja-sūnu, us, m. a king's son, prince.
     rājasūya rāja-sūya, as, am, m. n. a great sacrifice or religious ceremony performed at the coronation of a supreme sovereign or universal monarch by the king himself and his tributary princes, (such a sacrifice at the inauguration of Yudhi-ṣṭhira is described in the Sabhā-parvan of the Mahā-bhārata); a lotus; a kind of rice; a mountain; rājasūyo mantraḥ, a Mantra recited at the Rāja-sūya ceremony.
     rājasūyayājin rāja-sūya-yājin, ī, m. a priest who officiates at a Rājasūya sacrifice.
     rājasūyārambhaparvan rājasūyārambha-parvan (-ya-ār-), a, n., N. of section 12-18 in the Sabhāparvan of the Mahā-bhārata.
     rājasūyika rājasūyika, as, ī, am, relating to the Rāja-sūya sacrifice.
     rājasūyeṣṭi rāja-sū-yeṣṭi (-ya-iṣ-), is, f. the Rāja-sūya sacrifice.
     rājasevaka rāja-sevaka, as, m. a king's servant.
     rājasevā rāja-sevā, f. king's service, royal service.
     rājasevin rāja-sevin, ī, m. a king's servant.
     rājaskandha rāja-skandha, as, m. a horse.
     rājastamba rāja-stamba, as, m. a proper N.
     rājastambāyana rāja-stambāyana, as, and rājastambi, is, m. patronymics from Rāja-stamba.
     rājastrī rāja-strī, f. a king's wife, queen.
     rājasthalaka rājasthalaka, see Gaṇa Dhūmādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 127.
     rājasthalī rāja-sthalī, f., N. of a place.
     rājasva rāja-sva, am, n. the property of a king, royal possessions; revenue, tribute.
     rājasvarṇa rāja-svarṇa, as, m. a kind of thorn-apple.
     rājasvāmin rāja-svāmin, ī, m. 'lord of kings', N. of Viṣṇu.
     rājahaṃsa rāja-haṃsa, as, m. 'king goose', a flamingo (a sort of white goose with red legs and bill); an illustrious king; N. of a king of Magadha; of an author; (ī), f. the female flamingo.
     rājahatyā rāja-hatyā, f. assassination of a king, regicide.
     rājaharmya rāja-harmya, am, n. a king's palace, royal palace.
     rājaharṣaṇa rāja-harṣaṇa, am, n. 'king's delight', the flower of Tabernaemontana Coronaria.
     rājahastin rāja-hastin, ī, m. a royal elephant, a handsome elephant.
     rājahāra rāja-hāra, as, m., Ved. a bearer or bringer of Soma.
     rājahāsaka rāja-hāsaka, as, m. a species of fish, Cyprinus Catla.
     rājāgni rājāgni (-ja-ag-), is, m. the fire of a king, i. e. wrath of a king.
     rājāṅgaṇa rājāṅgaṇa (-ja-aṅ-), am, n. royal court, the court-yard of a palace.
     rājājñā rājājñā (-ja-āj-), f. a king's edict, royal decree or command, ordinance.
     rājātana rājātana (-ja-āt-), as, m. Buchanania Latifolia; Butea Frondosa; Mimusops Kauki.
     rājātmakastava rājātmaka-stava (-ja-āt-), as, m., N. of a panegyric of Rāma.
     rājātyāvartaka rājātyāvar-taka (-ja-at-), as, m. = rājāvarta.
     rājādana rājādana (-ja-ad-), as, m. Buchanania Latifolia; Mimusops Kauki or Hexandra; Butea Frondosa [cf. rājātana]; (ī), f. a species of tree, = kapīṣṭa, bhūpeṣṭa, &c.; (am), n. the nut of Buchanania Latifolia; the fruit of the Mimusops.
     rājādeśa rājādeśa (-ja-ād-), as, m. a king's command.
     rājādri rājādri (-ja-ad-), is, m. a species of vegetable.
     rājādhikārin rājādhikārin (-ja-adh-), ī, m. 'royal official', a judge.
     rājādhikṛta rājādhikṛta (-ja-adh-), as, m. a judge (placed over [judicial affairs] by a king).
     rājādhideva rājādhideva (-ja-adh-), as, m., N. of Śūra; (ī), f., N. of a daughter of Śūra.
     rājādhirāja rājā-dhirāja (-ja-adh-), as, m. a king of kings, supreme king, paramount sovereign, mighty potentate.
     rājādhiṣṭhāna rā-jādhiṣṭhāna (-ja-adh-), am, n. 'royal city, royal capital', a town in which a king has built a palace.
     rājādhvan rājādhvan (-ja-adh-), ā, m. a royal road, principal street.
     rājānaka rājānaka (-ja-an-), as, m. an inferior king, petty prince.
     rājānujīvin rājānujīvin (-ja-an-), ī, m. the dependent of a king, a king's servant.
     rājāntakaraṇa rājānta-karaṇa (-ja-an-), as, ī, am, causing the destruction of kings.
     rājānna rājānna (-ja-an-), am, n. food obtained from a king or great personage; a kind of rice of a superior quality (grown in Andhra).
     rājānyatva rājānya-tva (-ja-an-), am, n., Ved. a change of kings.
     rājāpasada rājāpasada (-ja-ap-), as, m. a degraded or outcast king.
     rājābharaṇa rājābharaṇa (-ja-ābh-), am, n. a king's ornament, regalia.
     rājābhiṣeka rājābhiṣeka (-ja-abh-), as, m. the consecration or coronation of a king, royal inauguration or installation.
     rājāmra rājāmra (-ja-ām-), as, m. a superior kind of mango.
     rājāmla rā-jāmla (-ja-am-), as, m. = amla-vetasa.
     rājārka rājārka (-ja-ar-), as, m. Calotropis Gigantea.
     rājārha rājārha (-ja-ar-), as, ā, am, fit or suitable for a king, worthy of a prince, royal, noble; (ā), f. Eugenia Jambolana; (am), n. aloe wood, Agallochum; a kind of rice (= rājānna).
     rājārhaṇa rājārhaṇa (-ja-ar-), am, n. a royal gift or offering of honour.
     rājālābū rājā-lābū (-ja-al-), ūs, f. a species of cucumber, (also rājālābu.)
     rājāluka rājāluka (-ja-āl-), as, m. a species of tuberous plant or yam (= mahā-kanda).
     rājāvarata rā-jāvarata (-ja-āv-), as, m. a kind of diamond or other gem (of an inferior quality, said to come from the country Virāṭa, and regarded as a lucky possession though not esteemed as an ornament; in the Rasarāja-lakṣmī enumerated among the Rasas or metallic substances).
     rājāvali rājāvali, is, or rājāvalī (-ja-āv-), f. a line of kings, a royal dynasty or genealogy; N. of the history or chronicles of a particular line of kings.
     rājāvalīpatākā rājāvalī-patākā, f., N. of a history of the kings of Kaśmīra by Prājya-bhaṭṭa.
     rājāvalīpāṭaka rājāvalī-pā-ṭaka, N. of the history or chronicles of a particular line of kings.
     rājāśva rājāśva (-ja-aś-), as, m., Ved. a large or powerful stallion.
     rājāsana rājāsana (-ja-ās-), am, n. a royal seat, throne.
     rājāsandī rājāsandī (-ja-ās-), f., Ved. a stool or stand on which the Soma is placed.
     rājāhi rājāhi (-ja-ahi), is, m. a kind of large snake.
     rājendra rājendra (-ja-in-), as, m. a lord of kings, king of kings, supreme sovereign, emperor; N. of a poet; of a son of Kāśī-nātha.
     rājendragir rājendra-gir, īr, m. a proper N.
     rājeśvara rājeśvara (-ja-īś-), as, m. a king of kings, supreme sovereign; a proper N.
     rājeṣṭa rājeṣṭa (-ja-iṣ-), as, m. 'liked by kings', a kind of onion, = rāja-palāṇḍu; (am), n. a kind of rice (= rā-jānna).
     rājodvejanasañjñaka rājodvejana-sañjñaka (-ja-ud-), as, m. a species of plant.
     rājopakaraṇa rājopakaraṇa (-ja-up-), āni, n. pl. the paraphernalia of a king, ensigns of royalty.
     rājopajīvin rājopajīvin (-ja-up-), inas, m. pl. the subjects of a king.
     rājopasevā rājopasevā (-ja-up-), f. a king's service, royal service.
     rājopasevin rājopasevin, ī, inī, i, serving a king; (ī), m. a king's servant, royal servant.

rājana rājana, as, ī, am, belonging to a royal family, of regal descent (but not belonging to the warrior caste); (ī), f., N. of a river; (am), n., N. of a Sāman.

rājanya rājanya, as, ā, am (fr. rājan), kingly, princely, royal; (as), m. a royal personage, one of princely rank, a nobleman; a man of the military or regal tribe, a Kshatriya, (the title Rājanya was the more ancient designation of the second or Kshatriya caste); N. of Agni or Fire; a kind of date tree, = kṣīrikā; (ās), m. pl. epithet of a particular family of warriors; (ā), f. a lady of royal rank.
     rājanyatva rājanya-tva, am, n. the being a warrior or belonging to the military caste.
     rājanyabandhu rājanya-bandhu, us, m. the friend or connection of a prince (generally used in contempt); a Kshatriya.
     rājanyavat rājanya-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. connected with one of royal rank.

rājanyaka rājanyaka, as, ā, am, inhabited by warriors; (am), n. a number of Kshatriyas, assemblage of warriors.

rājamāna rājamāna, as, ā, am, shining, glittering, radiant.
     rājamānatva rājamāna-tva, am, n. splendor, radiance.

rājāna rājāna (fr. rājan), Nom. P. rājānati, &c., to become a king (?).

rājāya rājāya, Nom. A. rājāyate, to act or behave like a king, to consider one's self a king.

rājika rājika, as, ā, am, in ṣoḍaśa-r-, q. v., (for rā-jikā, a streak, field, &c., see p. 841, col. 2.); (as), m. a lord, chief, noble person; N. of a Muni.

rājita rājita, as, ā, am, illuminated, irradiated; adorned, embellished.

rājīya rājīya (fr. rājan), Nom. P. rājīyati, &c., to wish or long for a king.

rājīva 1. rājīva, as, ā, am (for 2. see p. 841, col. 2), living at a king's expense (= rājopajīvin).

rājñī rājñī, f. (fem. of rājan), a queen, princess, the wife of a king; epithet of the western quarter of the Soul of the Universe (see Chāndogya-Upaniṣad III. 15, 2); N. of the wife of the Sun; deep-coloured or yellowish red brass (consisting of three parts of copper to one of zinc or tin); [cf. Lat. regina; perhaps Goth. raginon.]
     rājñīpada rājñī-pada, am, n. the rank or dignity of a queen.

rājya rājya, as, &c., Ved. of or belonging to a king, kingly, princely, royal; (am), n. kingship, royalty, sovereignty, reign; a kingdom, country, principality, empire, monarchy, government; administration or exercise of government, (brāhmaṇa-r-, a country governed by Brāhmans; cf. sura-r-.)
     rājyakara rājya-kara, as, ī, am, exercising government, ruling; (as), m. the tribute paid by tributary princes, (in this sense fr. 2. kara.)
     rājyakartṛ rājya-kartṛ, tā, m. an administrator or officer of government; a king.
     rājyakṛt rājya-kṛt, t, t, t, exercising government or sovereignty, ruling.
     rājyacyuta rājya-cyuta, as, ā, am, fallen from sovereignty; (as), m. a king who has lost his kingdom, a deposed or dethroned monarch.
     rājyacyuti rājya-cyuti, is, f. loss of sovereignty, deposal, dethronement.
     rājyatantra rājya-tantra, am, n. (also āṇi, n. pl.), the science or rules of government, theory or system of administration, rule, government.
     rājyadevī rājya-devī, f., N. of the mother of Vāṇa.
     rājyadravya rājya-dravya, am, n. a requisite of sovereignty, any object necessary for the consecration of a king.
     rājyadravyamaya rājyadravya-maya, as, ī, am, consisting of or belonging to the requisites of royalty.
     rājyadhara rājya-dhara, as, m. 'exercising rule', a proper N.
     rājyadhurā rājya-dhurā, f. burden of government, administration.
     rājyaparibhraṣṭa rājya-paribhraṣṭa,  as, ā, am, fallen from or deprived of a kingdom.
     rājyapāla rājya-pāla, as, m. 'kingdom-protector', N. of a king.
     rājyaprada rājya-prada, as, ā, am, giving or conferring a kingdom.
     rājyabhaṅga rājya-bhaṅga, as, m. subversion of sovereignty.
     rājyabhāj rājya-bhāj, k, m. the possessor of a kingdom, a king.
     rājyabhāra rājya-bhāra, as, m. the weight of (the duties of) government.
     rājyabhedakara rājya-bheda-kara, as, ī, am, causing division or discord in a government.
     rājyabhoga rājya-bhoga, as, m. the possession of sovereignty, government of a kingdom.
     rājyabhraṃśa rājya-bhraṃśa, as, m. 'falling from sovereignty', deposition from a kingdom.
     rājyabhraṣṭa rājya-bhraṣṭa, as, m. one fallen from royalty, a deposed sovereign.
     rājyarakṣā rājya-rakṣā, f. protection or defence of a kingdom.
     rājyalakṣmī rājya-lakṣmī, īs, f. the good fortune of a kingdom, glory of sovereignty.
     rājyalīlā rājya-līlā, f. 'king-play', pretending to be a king.
     rājyalīlāya rājyalīlāya, Nom. A. rājyalīlāyate, &c., to play the king, pretend to be a king.
     rājyalīlāyita rājyalīlāyita, am, n. the playing at kings.
     rājyalobha rājya-lobha, as, m. desire for royalty, lust of dominion, ambition.
     rājyavardhana rājya-var-dhana, as, m., N. of a king (son of Dama); of another (son of Pratāpa-śīla or Prabhākara-vardhana).
     rājyavyavahāra rājya-vyavahāra, as, m. government business.
     rājyaśrī rājya-śrī, īs, f., N. of a daughter of Pratāpaśīla.
     rājyasukha rājya-sukha, am, n. the pleasure or sweets of royalty, enjoyment of a kingdom.
     rājyasena rājya-sena, as, m., N. of a king of Nandī-pura.
     rājyastha rājya-stha, as, ā, am, or rājya-sthāyin, ī, inī, i, being in a kingly office, bearing sway, ruling, governing.
     rājyasthiti rā-jya-sthiti, is, f. the being in a royal office, being a king, bearing rule.
     rājyahara rājya-hara, as, ā, am, spoiling a kingdom, the spoiler of an empire.
     rājyāṅga rājyāṅga (-ya-aṅ-), am, n. 'limb of royalty', a requisite of regal administration (variously enumerated as seven, eight, or nine, viz. the monarch, the prime minister, a friend or ally, treasure, territory, a stronghold, an army, the companies of citizens, and the Puro-hita or spiritual adviser).
     rājyādhikāra rājyādhikāra (-ya-adh-), as, m. authority over a kingdom; right or title to a sovereignty.
     rājyāpaharaṇa rājyāpaharaṇa (-ya-ap-), am, n. the taking away or deprivation of a kingdom, usurpation.
     rājyāpahāraka rājyāpahāraka (-ya-ap-), as, m. a usurper.
     rājyābhiṣikta rājyābhiṣikta (-ya-abh-), as, ā, am, inaugurated to an empire, crowned.
     rājyābhiṣeka rājyābhi-ṣeka (-ya-abh-), as, m. inauguration to a kingdom, coronation.
     rājyāśramamuni rājyāśrama-muni (-ya-āś-), is, m. 'the monk of a royal hermitage', a king.
     rājyaikaśeṣeṇa rājyaikaśeṣeṇa (-ya-ek-), ind. with the single exception of the kingdom.
     rājyopakaraṇa rājyopakaraṇa (-ya-up-), āni, n. pl. the instruments or paraphernalia of government, insignia of sovereignty.

rāṣṭra rāṣṭra. See s. v.

rājakineya rājakineya, as, m. (fr. rajakī), a metronymic.

rājata rājata, as, ī, am (fr. rajata), silvery, made of silver, silver; (am), n. silver.
     rājatānvita rājatān-vita, as, ā, am, covered or overlaid with silver.

rājani rājani, is, m. a patronymic from Rajana.

rājasa rājasa, as, ī, am (fr. rajas), belonging or relating to the quality rajas, attendant on the quality of passion, endowed with or influenced by the quality of passion, passionate; (ī), f., N. of Durgā.
     rājasatva rājasa-tva, am, n. the state or predominance of the quality of passion.

rājasika rājasika, as, ī, am, = rājasa above.

rājasāi rājasāi, N. of a country.

rājāsalakhaṇa rājāsalakhaṇa, as, m. a proper N.

rāji rāji, is, or rājī, f. (according to Uṇādi-s. IV. 124. fr. rt. rāj, but probably fr. raj, for rt. ṛj), a streak, stripe, line, row, rank; a continuous or unbroken line; a line parting the hair; black mustard (= rājikā; in this sense generally rājī); (is), m., N. of a son of Āyu, (also read raji.)
     rājicitra rāji-citra, as, ā, am, variegated with stripes (said of a species of snake).
     rājiphalā rāji-phalā, f. 'having striped fruit', a kind of cucumber (= cīnākarkaṭī).
     rājimat rāji-mat, ān, atī, at, possessing stripes, striped; epithet of a species of snake.
     rājīkṛta rājī-kṛta, as, ā, am, formed into lines, striped.
     rājīphala rājī-phala, as, m. Trichosanthes Dioeca.
     rājīmat rājī-mat, ān, atī, at, = rāji-mat above.

rājikā rājikā, f. (for rājika see p. 840, col. 3), a stripe, streak, line, row, range; a field; black mustard, Sinapis Ramosa; a grain of mustard, mustard-seed (as a weight = (1/3) of a Sarshapa); a particular eruption (enumerated among the Kshudra-rogas).
     rājikāphala rājikā-phala, as, m. white mustard, Sinapis Glauca.

rājila rājila, as, ā, am, striped; (as), m. epithet of a species of snake.

rājī rājī. See under rāji, col. 1.

rājīva 2. rājīva, as, ā, am (fr. rājī; for 1. see p. 840, col. 3), streaked, striped; (as), m. a species of fish (its spawn is said to be poisonous); a kind of deer; the Indian crane; an elephant; N. of the pupil of Viśva-nātha; (am), n. a blue lotus-flower.
     rājīvanetra rājīva-netra or rājīva-locana, as, ā or ī, am, lotus-eyed, blue-eyed.
     rājīvapṛśni rājīva-pṛśni, is, is, i, Ved. having lotus-coloured spots or streaks.

rājīvinī rājīvinī, f. the plant Nelumbium Speciosum.

rājīka rājīka, ās, m. pl., N. of a people.

rājeya rājeya, as, ī, am, coming or derived from Raji.

rājeyu rājeyu, us, m. a proper N.

rājjukaṇṭhin rājjukaṇṭhin, inas, m. pl. (fr. rajju-kaṇṭha), the school of Rajju-kaṇṭha.

rājjudāla rājjudāla, as, ī, am (fr. rajju-dāla), coming from the Rajju-dāla tree.

rājjubhārin rājjubhārin, iṇas, m. pl. (fr. rajju-bhāra), the school of Rajju-bhāra.

rājñī rājñī, rājya, &c. See p. 840, col. 3.

rāṭi rāṭi, is, f. (fr. rt. raṭ), war, battle; = śarāri, (probably a mistake for āṭi, see rāḍi below.)

rāṭikā rāṭikā, f. in mṛga-r-, q. v., (perhaps) 'causing the deer to scream.'

rāṭu rāṭu, us, m., N. of a preceptor.

rāḍi rāḍi, said to = śarāri, (apparently a mistake for āḍi.)

rāḍhā rāḍhā, f. (sometimes written rārā), beauty, splendor, light, lustre; N. of a district in the west of Bengal (= suhma); of the capital of this district.
     rāḍhāpura rāḍhā-pura, am, n., N. of a town.

rāḍhīya rāḍhīya, as, ā, am, belonging to the district or town Rāḍhā.

rāṇa rāṇa, am, n. (said to be fr. rt. raṇ), a leaf; a peacock's tail; (as), m. a proper N.

rāṇaka rāṇaka, N. of a commentary by Someśvara Bhaṭṭa on the Tantra-vārttika; (as), m., N. of an author; (ikā), f. a bridle.

rāṇaḍya rāṇaḍya, as, m., N. of Dāmodara.

rāṇāka rāṇāka, as, m. a proper N.

rāṇāyana rāṇāyana, as, m. a patronymic from Raṇa.
     rāṇāyanīputra rāṇāyanī-putra, am, n., N. of a preceptor.

rāṇāyanīya rāṇāyanīya, as, m., N. of a preceptor; (ās), m. pl. the school of Rāṇāyana; (am), n. the Sūtras of Rāṇāyana.

rāṇāyanīyi rāṇāyanīyi, is, m., N. of a preceptor.

rāṇi rāṇi, is, m. a patronymic from Rāṇa.

rāṇiga rāṇiga, as, m., N. of the father of Jayāditya and uncle of Keśavārka.

rāṇḍya rāṇḍya or rāndrya (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda VI. 23, 6) = ramaṇīya, agreeable, gratifying.

rāta rāta, rāti, &c. See p. 837, cols. 1, 2.

rātantī rātantī (?), a festival on the fourteenth day of the second half of the month Pausha (when people bathe at the first appearance of dawn.)

rātula rātula, as, m., N. of a son of Śuddhodana.

rātra rātra, rātraka. See p. 842, col. 1.

rātri rātri, is, or rātrī, f. (in the older language generally rātrī; probably fr. rt. ram), night, the darkness or stillness of night [cf. rāma]; Night personified, (rātrau, at night, by night; rā-trau śayanam, a festival on the eleventh day of the first half of the month Āṣāḍha, regarded as the night of the gods beginning with the summer solstice, when Viṣṇu reposes for four months on the serpent Śeṣa); = ati-rātra; = rātri-paryāya; = rātri-sāman; one of the four bodies of Brahmā, (in this and the following senses only rātri); = haridrā, turmeric; rātri bhāradvājī, f., N. of the authoress of the hymn Ṛg-veda X. 127.
     rātrikara rātri-kara, as, m. 'night-maker', the moon.
     rātrikāla rātri-kāla, as, m. night-time.
     rātricara rātri-cara, as, ī, am, night-wandering, prowling or roaming at night; (as), m. a nightrover, night-prowler, thief, robber; a night-watcher, watchman, guard, patrol; a Rākṣasa; a goblin, ghost, fiend, evil spirit; (ī), f. a Rākṣasa female.
     rātricaryā rātri-caryā, f. night-roving, roaming about at night; a nightly act or ceremony.
     rātrija rātri-ja, as, ā, am, produced at night, appearing by night, nocturnal; (am), n. a star, constellation.
     rātrijala rātri-jala, am, n. 'night-water', dew, mist, fog.
     rātrijāgara rātri-jā-gara, as, m. night-watching, wakefulness at night; (as, ā, am), watching at night, sitting up at night; (as), m. a dog.
     rātrijāgaraṇa rātri-jāgaraṇa, am, n. the act of sitting up all night.
     rātrijāgarada rātrijāgara-da, as, ā, am, causing waking or wakefulness at night, keeping awake at night; (as), m. a gnat, musquito.
     rātriñcara rā-triñ-cara = rātri-cara above.
     rātritarā rātri-tarā, f. (compar. of rātri), the depth or dead of night.
     rātritithi rātri-tithi, is, f. a lunar night.
     rātridivam rātri-divam = rātrin-divam below.
     rātrināśana rātri-nāśana, as, m. 'nightdestroyer', the sun.
     rātrindiva rātrin-diva, am, n. a night and day, day and night; (am, ā), ind. by night and day.
     rātripadavicāra rātri-pada-vicāra, as, m., N. of a work.
     rātripariśiṣṭa rātri-pariśiṣṭa, am, n. = rātri-sūkta.
     rātriparyāya rātri-paryāya, as, m., Ved. the three recuring sentences in the recitation of the Ati-rātra.
     rātripuṣpa rātri-puṣpa, am, n. 'night-flower', a lotus-flower which opens during the night.
     rātripūjā rātri-pūjā, f. night-worship, the nocturnal worship of a deity.
     rātribala rātri-bala, as, ā, am, powerful by night, manifesting power at night; (as), m. a Rākṣasa.
     rātribhojana rātri-bhojana, am, n. night-eating, the act of taking food at night.
     rātribhojananiṣedha rātribhojana-niṣedha, as, m., N. of a work.
     rātrimaṭa rātrim-aṭa, as, m. = rātry-aṭa.
     rātrimaṇi rātri-maṇi, is, m. 'night-jewel', the moon.
     rātrimāraṇa rātri-māraṇa, am, n. night-killing, a murder committed in the night.
     rātrimmanya rātrim-manya, as, ā, am, thinking it night; being regarded as night, appearing like night.
     rātriyoga rātri-yoga, as, m. night-fall, the coming on of night.
     rātrirakṣaka rātri-rakṣaka, as, m. a night-guard, watchman, night-watcher.
     rātrirāga rātri-rāga, as, m. 'the colour of night', darkness, obscurity.
     rātrilagnanirūpaṇa rātri-lagna-nirūpaṇa, am, n., N. of a treatise ascribed to Kālidāsa.
     rātrivāsas rātri-vāsas, as, n. a night-garment, night-dress; the garment of night, i. e. darkness, obscurity.
     rātrivigama rātri-vigama, as, m. departure of night, break of day, dawn, day-light.
     rātriviśleṣagāmin rātri-viśle-ṣa-gāmin, ī, inī, i, going apart at night, separating at night; (ī), m. the ruddy goose, Anas Casarca.
     rātriveda rātri-veda, as, or rātri-vedin, ī, m. 'nightknower', a cock.
     rātriṣāman rātri-ṣāman or rātri-sāman, a, n. a Sāman belonging to the Ati-rātra.
     rātrisattra rātri-sattra, am, n., Ved. a night sacrifice, night ceremony.
     rātrisūkta rātri-sūkta or rātrī-sūkta, am, n. epithet of certain hymns on Night appended to Ṛg-veda X. 127.
     rātrihāsa rātri-hāsa, as, m. 'laughing, i. e. opening in the night', the white lotus.
     rātrihiṇḍaka rātri-hiṇḍaka, as, m. 'moving about at night', a guard of the women's apartments.
     rātrīdaivodāsa rātrī-daivodāsa or rātrī-hava-dai-vodāsa, am, n., N. of a Sāman.
     rātryaṭa rātry-aṭa, as, m. 'night-moving', a Rākṣasa, goblin; a ghost; a night-walker; a thief.
     rātryandha rātry-andha, as, ā, am, night-blind, unable to see by night.
     rātryandhatā rātryandha-tā, f. night-blindness.
     rātryahanī rātry-ahanī, n. du. night and day.
     rātryāgama rātry-āgama, as, m. the coming on or approach of night; [cf. ahar-āgama.]
     rātryāndhya rātry-āndhya, am, n. night-blindness.

rātra rātra, am, n. (at the end of comps.) = rātri, night; [cf. tri-r-, pañca-r-, divā-r-; also used alone in trīṇi rātrāṇi, Mahā-bh. Anuśāsana-p. 6230.]

rātraka rātraka, as, ikā, am, nocturnal, nightly, lasting a night [cf. pañca-r-]; (as), m. a man who takes up his abode in a harlot's house for one year; (am), n. = pañca-rātra, a general term for the sacred books of various Vaiṣṇava sects; (according to others) a period of five nights collectively.

rātrika rātrika (at the end of a comp. after a numeral), lasting a certain number of nights or days (e. g. pañca-rātrika, as, ā, am, lasting five nights); sufficient for or completed in a certain number of nights or days [cf. eka-r-]; (ā), f. night.

rātrīṇa rātrīṇa, as, ā, am, lasting a certain number of nights, completed &c. in a certain number of nights, (eka-rātrīṇa, completed in one night; cf. dvi-r-.)

rātryākūpāra rātryākūpāra, am, n., N. of a Sāman.

rāthakārika rāthakārika (fr. ratha-kāra), see Gaṇa Kumudādi 2. to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

rāthakārya rāthakārya, as, m. a patronymic from Rathakāra.

rāthagaṇaka rāthagaṇaka, am, n. the occupation or office of a Ratha-gaṇaka.

rāthajiteyī rāthajiteyī, f. (fr. ratha-jit), epithet of certain Apsarases (Atharva-veda VI. 130, 1).

rāthantara rāthantara, as, ī, am (fr. rathan-tara), Ved. relating to the Rathantara Sāman; (as), m. a patronymic; (ī), f., N. of a female teacher.

rāthantarāyaṇa rāthantarāyaṇa, as, m. (fr. rathan-tara), a patronymic.

rāthaproṣṭha rāthaproṣṭha, as, m. a patronymic of Asamāti.

rāthitara rāthitara, as, m. (fr. rathī-tara), Ved. a patronymic of Satya-vacas.

rāthītarīputra rāthītarī-putra, as, m. son of Rāthītarī, N. of a preceptor.

rāthya rāthya, as, ā (?), am, belonging to a chariot, fit for a chariot, useful for a carriage; = rathya (of which it is a lengthened form, Ṛg-veda I. 157, 6).

rāddha rāddha, rāddhānta, &c. See col. 2.

rādh rādh (connected with rts. ṛdh, 1. ), cl. 5. 4. P. rādhnoti, rādhyati (sometimes A. rādhyate), rarādha (2nd sing. rarādhi-tha or redhitha, 3rd du. rarādhatus or redhatus, 3rd pl. rarādhus or redhus, but according to Pāṇ. VI. 4, 123. the contracted forms are only used in the sense 'to injure, kill;' see also Vopa-deva VIII. 52), rātsyati, arātsīt (1st pl. arātsma, 3rd pl. arātsus), arādhiṣṭa (Vedic forms rādhati, arā-dhat, rādhat), rāddhum, (without prep. this verb is generally Ved.), to make favourable or kind, propitiate, conciliate, make agreeable (cl. 5); to be favourable or merciful (cl. 4); to accomplish, perform, effect, finish, perfect, complete, make ready, prepare, carry out, (generally cl. 5. or Ved. cl. I. rādhati); to attain; to be accomplished or finished (cl. 4); to succeed, prosper, be successful (cl. 4); to be prepared or ready (cl. 4); to be ready for (with dat. or loc.); to fall to the share of any one (dat.); to put an end to, destroy, injure, exterminate: Pass. rādhyate, Aor. arādhi, to be conciliated or made favourable &c., to be appeased; to be accomplished, to be successful &c.: Caus. rādhayati, -yi-tum, Aor. arīradhat, to make favourable, conciliate, propitiate, satisfy, appease; to accomplish, perform, complete, bring to a successful issue, cause to succeed; to make ready or prepared for (with dat.): Desid. rirātsati, to wish to conciliate or propitiate; ritsati, to wish to injure, destroy, hurt (Pāṇ. VII. 4, 54, Vārt.): Intens. rārādhyate, rā-rādhi; [cf. according to some, Gr. [greek] [greek] &c.; according to others, [greek] Goth. reda, ga-reda, und-reda.]

rāddha rāddha, as, ā, am, propitiated, conciliated; accomplished, perfected, completed, finished, performed, done; prepared, ready; cooked, dressed; perfected (as a religious vow), observed (as a fast); perfect in mysterious or magical power, adept, initiated; obtained, attained; appeared; successful, prosperous, fortunate, happy; fallen to the share or lot of any one.
     rāddhānta rāddhānta (-dha-an-), as, m. = siddhānta, an established end or result, demonstrated conclusion, a proved or established fact, demonstrated truth, dogma; the conclusion of an argument.
     rāddhāntita rāddhān-tita, as, ā, am (fr. the preceding), logically demonstrated, proved, established.

rāddhi rāddhi, is, f. accomplishment, perfection, completion; success, prosperity, good fortune.

rādha rādha, as, am, m. n. = rādhas, favour, goodwill; a gift, affluence, &c.; (as), m., N. of the month Vaiśākha (= April-May; in this sense fr. rādhā below); a proper N.; (ā), f. prosperity, success; N. of the twenty-first Nakshatra Vi-śākhā (containing four stars in the shape of a festoon; the stars are supposed to be [greek] Librae, and [greek] Scorpionis, cf. nakṣatra); a later form for anu-rādhā; lightning; a particular attitude in shooting (standing with the feet a span apart; cf. rādhā-bhedin); Emblic Myrobalan; the plant Clitoria Ternatea; N. of the foster-mother of Karṇa, (she was the wife of Adhiratha, who was the Sūta or charioteer of king Śūra, and who found Karṇa, the illegitimate child of Pṛthā or Kuntī by the Sun, when exposed by his mother on the banks of the Jumna, and brought him up as his own son); N. of a celebrated cowherdess or Gopī (the favourite mistress and consort of Kṛṣṇa, q. v., during his residence in Vṛndā-vana amongst the cowherds, and a principal personage in Jayadeva's celebrated lyrical poem, the Gīta-govinda, q. v.; she is sometimes supposed to typify the human soul, attracted towards Kṛṣṇa as the divine goodness, sometimes the divine or mystical love to which Kṛṣṇa returns at the end of his more worldly amours; at a later period she was worshipped as a goddess, and is occasionally regarded as an Avatāra of Lakṣmī as Kṛṣṇa is of Viṣṇu; she is also, under other aspects, identified with Dākṣāyaṇī); N. of a female slave.
     rādhagupta rādha-gupta, as, m., N. of a minister of Aśoka.
     rādharaṅka rādha-raṅka, as, m. a plough; thin rain; hail.
     rādharaṅku rādha-raṅku, us, m. = sāra, śīkara, jaladopala.
     rādhaspati rādhas-pati, is, m. [cf. rathas-pati], Ved. a lord of gifts or wealth.
     rādhākānta rādhā-kānta, as, m. 'lover of Rādhā', N. of Kṛṣṇa.
     rādhākṛṣṇa rādhā-kṛṣṇa, as, m., N. of the author of the Dhātu-ratnāvalī.
     rādhājanmāṣṭamī rādhā-janmāṣṭamī (-ma-aṣ-), f., N. of the eighth day of a particular fortnight (commemorating the birthday of Rādhā; cf. kṛṣṇa-j-).
     rādhātanaya rādhā-tanaya, as, m. son of Rādhā, i. e. Karṇa.
     rādhātantra rādhā-tantra, am, n., N. of a Tantra.
     rādhādāmodara rādhā-dāmodara, as, m., N. of the author of an elementary treatise on the Vedānta.
     rādhānagarī rādhā-nagarī, f., N. of a town in the neighbourhood of Ujjayinī.
     rādhānurādhīya rādhānurādhīya (-dhā-an-), as, ā, am, relating to the Nakshatras Rādhā and Anurādhā.
     rādhābhedin rādhā-bhedin, ī, m., N. of Arjuna, (according to some this name has reference to a particular attitude in shooting, see rādhā above and cf. rādhā-vedhin; according to others it was given to Arjuna as having prevailed on Kṛṣṇa to abandon Rādhā.)
     rādhāmādhava rādhā-mādhava, as, m., N. of an author.
     rādhāmohanaśarman rādhā-mohana-śarman, ā, m., N. of the author of the Mitākṣarā-siddhānta-saṅgraha.
     rādhāramaṇa rādhā-ramaṇa, as, m., N. of Kṛṣṇa.
     rādhārasasudhānidhi rādhā-rasa-sudhā-nidhi or rādhā-sudhā-ni-dhi, is, m., N. of a poem by Hari-vaṃśa Go-svāmin celebrating the praises of Rādhā as worshipped in Vṛndā-vana (supposed to have been written at the end of the sixteenth century).
     rādhāvat rādhā-vat, ān, atī, at, possessed of prosperity or wealth, rich.
     rādhāvallabha rādhā-vallabha, as, m. 'the beloved of Rādhā', N. of Kṛṣṇa; epithet of various persons.
     rādhāvinoda rādhā-vinoda, as, m., N. of a poem.
     rādhāvedhin rādhā-vedhin, ī, m., N. of Arjuna; [cf. rādhā-bhedin.]
     rādhāsuta rādhā-suta, as, m. son of Rādhā, i. e. Karṇa.
     rādheśa rādheśa or rādheśvara (-dhā-īś-), as, m. 'lord of Rādhā', Kṛṣṇa.

rādhaka rādhaka, as, ā, am, Ved. liberal, bountiful.

rādhana rādhana, am, n. the act of pleasing, satisfying, conciliating; pleasure, satisfaction; the act of accomplishing, effecting, completing, succeeding; obtaining, acquisition; the means or instrument of accomplishing anything; (ā), f. speaking, speech.

rādhas rādhas, as, n., Ved. favour, good-will, kindness, a gift of affection, a gift or present in general; beneficence, liberality, munificence; accomplishment of one's wishes, success, (alpa-rādhas, one who has obtained but little success, unfortunate); striving to accomplish or gain, (ananya-rādhas, striving after nothing else); opulence, wealth, riches, affluence, might, power.
     rādhaspati rādhas-pati, see under rādha.
     rādhogūrta rādho-gūrta, as, ā, am, Ved. agreeable through kindness (according to Mahī-dhara); giving or bestowing wealth.
     rādhodeya rādho-deya, as, ā, am, to be presented with gifts or offerings; (am), n., Ved. the giving of presents, bestowing wealth, showing favour.

rādhi rādhi, rādhī, see Gaṇa Bahvādi to Pāṇ. IV. 1, 45; [cf. kṛṣṭa-rādhi.]

rādhika rādhika, as, m., N. of a king (son of Jayasena); (ā), f. a diminutive of the name Rādhā (expressive of endearment).
     rādhikāvinoda rādhikā-vinoda, as, m. = rādhā-vinoda.

rādheya rādheya, as, m. (fr. rādhā), a metronymic of Karṇa (as passing for the child of his foster-mother Rādhā, see rādhā).

rādhya rādhya, as, ā, am, Ved. to be conciliated or propitiated, to be appeased or satisfied; to be accomplished or performed, achievable; to be completed; to be obtained.

rādhrevaki rādhrevaki (?), a patronymic.

rāndrya rāndrya, various reading for rāṇḍya.

rāndhasa rāndhasa, as, m. a patronymic.

rāpya rāpya. See rt. rap, p. 832, col. 3.

rābhasya rābhasya, am, n. (fr. rabhasa), velocity, impetuosity; eagerness, delight, joy, pleasure.

rāma rāma, as, ā, am (fr. rt. ram), pleasing, delighting, rejoicing; lovely, beautiful, charming, pleasant; obscure, dark-coloured, dark, black [cf. rātri]; white; (as), m. joy, pleasure; 'the pleasing or beautiful one', N. of three celebrated mythological personages, commonly called Paraśu-rāma, Rāma-candra, and Bala-rāma, (of these the first two are always regarded as Avatāras of Viṣṇu, one born at the beginning, the other at the end of the second age: the first or Paraśu-rāma, 'Rāma with the axe', forms the sixth Avatāra; he is sometimes called Jāmadagnya, as son of the sage Jamad-agni by Reṇukā, and sometimes Bhārgava, as descended from Bhṛgu, and he is the type of Brāhmanism arrayed in opposition to the military caste, see paraśu-rāma: the second, Rāma-candra, forms Viṣṇu's seventh Avatāra, and is the hero of the great epic poem called Rāmāyaṇa; his wife, Sītā, is sometimes regarded as an Avatāra of Lakṣmī; he has the patronymic Dāśarathi, as son of Daśa-ratha, a king of the solar dynasty, and Rāghava, as descended from Raghu [see Raghu], and he typifies the conquering Kshatriyas advancing southwards and subjugating the barbarous aborigines represented by the demon Rāvaṇa and his followers, the Rākṣasas: the third, Balarāma, 'the strong Rāma', born in the third age, is a kind of Hindū Hercules, the seventh son of Vasudeva and elder brother of Kṛṣṇa, both being descended from Yadu [who with Puru formed the two branches of the lunar dynasty]; he is sometimes called Halāyudha, 'armed with a plough', sometimes Musalin, 'club-armed', and although occasionally regarded as Viṣṇu's eighth Avatāra, is more properly an incarnation of the great serpent Śeṣa, see bala-deva, bala-rāma: according to Jainas, a Rāma is enumerated among the nine white Balas [see bala]: in Viṣṇu-Purāṇa III. 2. a Rāma is mentioned among the seven Ṛṣis of the eighth Manvantara presided over by Manu Sāvarṇi, cf. Hari-vaṃśa 453); N. of the author of Ṛg-veda X. 110 (with the patronymic Jāmadagnya belonging to Paraśu-rāma); N. of Varuṇa; of a person with the patronymic Mārgaveya; of various others persons or teachers; of a king of Malla-pura; of a king of Śṛṅga-vera; a lover; a kind of deer; a horse; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people; (ā), f. a beautiful female, handsome woman, a young and charming woman, a woman in general; a woman of low origin; N. of various plants (= śveta-kaṇṭakārī, gṛha-kanyā, ārāma-śītalā, aśoka); Asa Foetida (= hiṅgu); vermilion (= hiṅgula); a kind of pigment (= go-rocanā); ruddle; a river; a kind of metre, [metrical sequence]; N. of an Apsaras; of a daughter of Kumbhāṇḍa; of the mother of the ninth Arhat of the present Ava-sarpiṇī; (ī), f., Ved. darkness, night [cf. rātri]; (am), n. darkness; Chenopodium Album; = kuṣṭha; = tamāla-pattra.
     rāmakaṇṭha rāma-kaṇṭha, as, m., N. of an author.
     rāmakarī rāma-karī, f. 'joy-causing', N. of one of the Rāgiṇīs or female personifications of the musical modes.
     rāmakarpūra rāma-kar-pūra or rāma-karpūraka, as, m. a species of fragrant grass.
     rāmakalpadruma rāma-kalpadruma, as, m., N. of a work on law.
     rāmakavaca rāma-kavaca, am, n. 'Rāma's breast-plate or charm', N. of part of the Brahmayāmala-tantra (in which Śiva narrates to Pārvatī the most efficacious rites in the worship of Rāma).
     rāmakānta rā-ma-kānta, as, m. a kind of sugar-cane; N. of a Scholiast.
     rāmakirī rāma-kirī or rāma-kīrī (according to some) = rāma-karī.
     rāmakilviṣa rāma-kilviṣa, am, n. an offence against Rāma.
     rāmakutūhala rāma-kutūhala, am, n., N. of a work.
     rāmakumāra rāma-kumāra, as, m. a proper N.
     rāmakṛṣṇa rāma-kṛṣṇa, as, m., N. of various persons.
     rāmakṛṣṇakāvya rāma-kṛṣṇa-kāvya or rāma-kṛṣṇa-viloma-kāvya, am, n., N. of an artificial poem by the astronomer Sūrya celebrating the praises of Rāma and Kṛṣṇa (read either backwards or forwards; cf. vilomākṣara-kāvya).
     rāmakṛṣṇapaddhati rāma-kṛṣṇa-paddhati, is, f., N. of work.
     rāmakelī rāma-kelī, f., N. of a Rāgiṇī or musical mode.
     rāmakeśavatīrtha rāma-keśava-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.
     rāmakautuka rāma-kautuka, am, n., N. of a work.
     rāmakṣetra rāma-kṣetra, am, n., N. of a district.
     rāmagaṅgā rāma-gaṅgā, f., N. of a river.
     rāmagāyatrī rāma-gāyatrī, f., N. of a particular hymn on Rāma.
     rāmagiri rāma-giri, is, m. 'Rāma's mountain', N. of several mountains (especially, according to some, of Citra-kūṭa in Bundelkund and of another hill near Nagpore, now called Ramtek).
     rāmagītagovinda rāma-gīta-govinda, N. of a poem.
     rāmagītā rāma-gītā, f., N. of a poem partly extracted from the Adhyātma-rāmāyaṇa (in which spiritual knowledge is shown to be better than ritualistic observances; also ās, f. pl.).
     rāmagovindatīrtha rāma-govinda-tīrtha, as, m., N. of a preceptor.
     rāmagrāma rāma-grāma, as, m., N. of a kingdom.
     rāmacakra rāma-cakra, am, n., N. of a particular mystical circle.
     rāmacandra rāma-candra, as, m. 'Rāma-moon' or 'moon-like Rāma', N. of Rāma the son of Daśa-ratha, the hero of the Rāmāyaṇa (see under rāma, p. 842; although his name is connected with the moon, he is not of the lunar race, like Kṛṣṇa and Bala-rāma, but of the solar race of kings beginning with Vivasvat or 'the Sun', whose son was Manu Vaivasvata or the Manu of the present period, and whose son again was Ikṣvāku, from whom sprang the two branches of the solar dynasty, the chief of which or that of Ayodhyā may be said to have commenced in Kakutstha, the ancestor of Rāma-candra); N. of various kings, authors, preceptors &c. of later times.
     rāmacandracampū rāmacandra-campū, ūs, f., N. of a work by Kavi-candra (see campū).
     rāmacandracaritrasāra rāmacandra-caritra-sāra, am, n., N. of a short poem by Agniveśa narrating the exploits of Rāma-candra.
     rāmacandrastavarāja rāmacandra-stava-rāja, as, m., N. of an extract from the Sanat-kumāra-saṃhitā (in which Rāma-candra is represented as endowed with the divine nature of Kṛṣṇa).
     rāmacandrāśrama rāmacandrāśrama (-ra-āś-), as, m., N. of a commentator on the Sarasvatī-sūtra; (am), n., N. of a Tīrtha.
     rāmacandrodaya rāma-candrodaya (-ra-ud-), as, m. 'rise of Rāmacandra', N. of a work by Purushottama.
     rāmacara rāma-cara, as, m., N. of Bala-rāma.
     rāmacaraṇa rāma-caraṇa, as, m., N. of the author of the Rāma-vilāsa and of a commentary on the Sāhitya-darpaṇa.
     rāmacarita rāma-ca-rita, am, n. the exploits of Rāma-candra the son of Daśa-ratha.
     rāmacchardanaka rāma-cchardanaka, as, m. a species of plant.
     rāmaja rāma-ja, as, m. a proper N.
     rāmajananī rāma-jananī, f. the mother of Rāma (applicable to the mother of any one of the three Rāmas).
     rāmajanman rāma-janman, a, n. the birth or birthday of Rāma.
     rāmajīvana rāma-jīvana, as, m., N. of a son of Rudrarāya.
     rāmatapana rāma-tapana, N. of an Upaniṣad; [cf. tapana.]
     rāmataruṇī rāma-taruṇī, f. a species of tree.
     rāmatarkavāgīśa rāma-tarka-vāg-īśa, as, m., N. of a grammarian.
     rāmatāpanīya rāma-tāpanīya, am, n., N. of a well known Upaniṣad (belonging to the Atharva-veda).
     rāmatīrtha rāma-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a Tīrtha; (as), m., N. of various persons.
     rāmatva rāma-tva, am, n. the being Rāma.
     rāmadatta rāma-datta, as, m., N. of an author.
     rāmadarśanāditas rāma-darśanāditas (-na-ād-), ind. after having seen Rāma.
     rāmadāsa rāma-dāsa, as, m., N. of various persons.
     rāmadūta rāma-dūta, as, m. 'Rāma's messenger', N. of Hanumat; a monkey; (ī), f. a kind of basil.
     rāmadeva rāma-deva, as, m., N. of Rāma the son of Daśa-ratha; of various persons.
     rāmadvādaśī rāma-dvādaśī, f., N. of the twelfth day in one of the halves of the month Jyaiṣṭha.
     rāmadhara rāma-dhara, as, m. a proper N.
     rāmanagara rāma-nagara, am, n., N. of a town.
     rāmanavamī rāma-navamī, f., N. of the ninth day in the light half of the month Caitra, being the birthday of Rāmacandra.
     rāmanavamīnirṇaya rāma-navamī-nirṇaya, as, m., N. of certain verses on the fast and feast to be observed on the above day.
     rāmanātha rāma-nātha, as, m., N. of Rāma the son of Daśa-ratha; of various persons.
     rāmanāmavrata rāma-nāma-vrata, am, n., N. of a particular religious observance.
     rāmanārāyaṇa rāma-nārāyaṇa, as, m., N. of a grammarian.
     rāmanārāyaṇajīva rāma-nārāyaṇa-jīva, as, and rā-ma-nṛpati, is, m., N. of two kings.
     rāmanyāyālaṅkāra rāma-nyāyālaṅkāra (-ya-al-) and rāma-paṇḍita and rāma-pāla, as, m., N. of various persons.
     rāmapura rāma-pura, am, n., N. of a village.
     rāmapūga rāma-pūga, as, m. a species of small Areca or betel-nut tree, Areca Triandra.
     rāmapūjāśaraṇī rāma-pūjā-śaraṇī, f., N. of a work.
     rāmapūrvatāpanīya rāma-pūrva-tāpanīya, am, n. the first part of the Rāma-tāpanīya, q. v.
     rāmaprakāśa rāma-prakāśa, as, m., N. of a commentary.
     rāmaprasādatarkavāgīśa rāma-prasāda-tarka-vāg-īśa and rāma-prasāda-tarkālaṅkāra, as, m., N. of two Paṇḍits.
     rāmabāṇa rāma-bāṇa = rāma-vāṇa, q. v.
     rāmabhakta rāma-bhakta, as, m. a worshipper of Rāma; a proper N.
     rāmabhaṭṭa rāma-bhaṭṭa, as, m., N. of various persons.
     rāmabhadra rāma-bhadra, as, m., N. of Rāma the son of Daśa-ratha; of various persons.
     rāmamantra rāma-mantra, as, m. a Mantra addressed to Rāma.
     rāmamantrapaṭala rāmamantra-paṭala, am, n. a collection of Mantras addressed to Rāma.
     rāmamiśra rāma-miśra and rāma-mohana, as, m., N. of two persons.
     rāmayantra rāma-yantra, am, n. a particular diagram.
     rāmarahasya rāma-ra-hasya, am, n., N. of an Upaniṣad.
     rāmarāja rāma-rāja, as, m., N. of an author.
     rāmarāma rāma-rāma, as, m., N. of a preceptor.
     rāmarudrabhaṭṭa rāma-rudra-bhaṭṭa, as, m., N. of an author; (ī), f., N. of his commentary on Dina-kara's treatise relating to invocations.
     rāmalavaṇa rāma-lavaṇa, am, n. a kind of salt.
     rāmaliṅgakṛti rāma-liṅga-kṛti, is, m., N. of an author.
     rāmalekhā rāma-lekhā, f., N. of a princess.
     rāmavardhana rāma-vardhana, as, m. a proper N.
     rāmavarman rāma-varman, ā, m., N. of a commentator on the Rāmagītā.
     rāmavallabha rāma-vallabha, am, n. Cassia bark.
     rāmavājapeyin rā-ma-vājapeyin, ī, m., N. of an author.
     rāmavāṇa rāma-vāṇa, as, m. 'Rāma's arrow', a kind of sugar-cane; a particular medicinal preparation.
     rāmavilāsa rāma-vilāsa, as, m., N. of a poem by Rāma-caraṇa.
     rāmavilāsakāvya rāma-vilāsa-kāvya, am, n., N. of a poem in four chapters by Hari-nātha (describing the amours of Rāma and Sītā).
     rāmavīṇā rāma-vīṇā, f. 'Rāma's lute', a kind of lute, (said to be also applicable ironically to the horn blown by Bala-rāma.)
     rāmavyākaraṇa rāma-vyākaraṇa, am, n., N. of a grammatical work by Vopa-deva.
     rāmavratin rāma-vratin, inas, m. pl. 'devoted to Rāma', N. of a sect.
     rāmaśara rāma-śara, as, m. a kind of sugar-cane.
     rāmaśarman rāma-śarman, ā, m., N. of the author of the Uṇādi-kosha (a metrical work on words formed with Uṇādi suffixes).
     rāmaśītalā rāma-śītalā, f. = ārāma-śītalā, a fragrant plant.
     rāmaśrīpāda rāma-śrī-pāda, as, m., N. of a preceptor.
     rāmaṣaḍakṣaramantrarāja rāma-ṣaḍ-akṣara-mantra-rāja, as, m. a particular Mantra or prayer of six syllables addressed to Rāma.
     rāmasaṃyamin rāma-saṃyamin, ī, m., N. of the author of certain Vedānta precepts in verse.
     rāmasakha rāma-sakha, as, m. 'Rāma's friend', N. of Sugrīva.
     rāmasaras rāma-saras, as, n., N. of a sacred lake.
     rāmasahasranāmastotra rāma-sahasra-nāma-stotra, am, n. 'praise of Rāma's thousand names', N. of a section of the Brahmayāmala-tantra.
     rāmasāhi rāma-sāhi, is, m., N. of a king.
     rāmasiṃha rāma-siṃha, as, m. a proper N.
     rāmasūkta rāma-sūkta, am, n., N. of a hymn.
     rāmasetu rāma-setu, us, m. 'Rāma's bridge', a ridge of sand now called Adam's bridge.
     rāmasenaka rāma-senaka, as, m. Gentiana Cherayta.
     rāmasevaka rāma-sevaka, as, m. a proper N.
     rāmastuti rāma-stuti, is, f. and rāma-stotra, am, n. 'Rāma's praise', N. of two works.
     rāmasvāmin rāma-svāmin, ī, m., N. of a statue of Rāma.
     rāmahṛdaya rāma-hṛdaya, am, n. 'Rāma's heart', N. of a part of the Adhyātma-rāmāyaṇa revealing the supposed mystical essence of Rāma.
     rāmahrada rāma-hrada, as, m. 'Rāma's lake', N. of a sacred bathing-place.
     rāmācakra rāmācakra, probably for rāma-cakra.
     rāmācārya rāmācārya (-ma-āc-), as, m., N. of various religious teachers.
     rāmācchardanaka rāmā-cchardanaka, various reading for rāma-cchardanaka.
     rāmātmaikyaprakāśikā rāmāt-maikya-prakāśikā (-ma-āt-), f., N. of a treatise by Satya-jñānānanda-tīrtha Yati setting forth Rāma's identity with the Supreme Soul.
     rāmādevī rāmā-devī, f., N. of the mother of Jaya-deva.
     rāmādhikaraṇa rāmādhikaraṇa (-ma-adh-), as, ā, am, relating to Rāma.
     rāmānanda rā-mānanda (-ma-ān-), as, m., N. of a disciple of Rāmānuja and founder of a subdivision of the Vaiṣṇava sect.
     rāmānandasvāmin rāmānanda-svāmin, ī, m. the author of the Vaidya-bhūṣaṇa.
     rāmānuja rāmānuja (-ma-an-), as, m. 'younger brother of Rāma', (this title would be applicable to Kṛṣṇa as born after Bala-rāma of the same father); N. of a celebrated reformer, author of several Vedānta treatises, (he belonged to the sect of the Vaiṣṇavas, was regarded as an incarnation of Śeṣa, and flourished in the twelfth century in the south of India, where he combated the Śaivas); rāmānujam matam, the sect of Rāmānuja.
     rāmānuṣṭubh rā-mānuṣṭubh (-ma-an-), p, f., N. of a particular prayer addressed to Rāma.
     rāmābhinanda rāmābhinanda (-ma-abh-) or rāmābhyudaya (-ma-abh-), as, m., N. of a drama.
     rāmāyaṇa rāmāyaṇa (-ma-ayana), am, n. 'Rāma's goings or adventures', N. of Vālmīki's famous epic poem describing the adventures of Rāmacandra, (it contains about 24000 verses in seven books, called Kāṇḍas, viz. 1. Bāla-kāṇḍa or Ādi-k-, 2. Ayodhyā-k-, 3. Araṇya-k-, 4. Kiṣkindhyā-k-, 5. Sundara-k-, 6. Yuddha-k-, 7. Uttara-k-; the seventh is thought to be a comparatively modern addition, and gives the history of Rāma and Sītā after their reunion and installation as king and queen of Ayodhyā, afterwards dramatized by Bhava-bhūti in the Uttara-rāma-caritra; Rāma's character, as described in the Rāmāyaṇa, is that of a perfect man, born to suffering and self-denial, which he bears with more than human patience; the author, Vālmīki, was probably a real person, and although there are two recensions of the poem, of which the purest belongs to the north-west of India, six books at least are thought to be the work of one man, and not, like the Mahā-bhārata, the production of different epochs and minds); (as, ī, am), relating to the history of Rāma; a descendant of Rāma, (see Atharva-veda VI. 83, 3.)
     rāmāyaṇīya rāmāyaṇīya, as, ā, am, relating or belonging to the Rāmāyaṇa.
     rāmārcanacandrikā rāmār-cana-candrikā (-ma-ar-), f., N. of a work.
     rāmārya rā-mārya (-ma-ār-), as, m., N. of a preceptor.
     rāmāliṅganakāma rā-māliṅgana-kāma (-mā-āl-), as, ā, am, longing for the embrace of a handsome person; (as), m. epithet of the red-flowering globe-amaranth.
     rāmāvakṣojopama rāmā-vak-ṣojopama (-ja-up-), as, ā, am, resembling the breasts of a beautiful woman; (as), m. epithet of the Anas Casarca or ruddy goose.
     rāmāśrama rāmāśrama (-ma-āś-), as, m. a proper N.
     rāmāśvamedha rāmāśvamedha  (-ma-aś-), as, m. 'Rāma's horse-sacrifice', N. of a part of the Padma-Purāṇa.
     rāmāśvamedhika rāmāśvamedhika, as, ī, am, relating to Rāma's horse-sacrifice.
     rāmendrayati rāmen-dra-yati (-ma-in-), is, m., N. of the author of a Vedānta treatise called the Viveka-sāra.
     rāmendravana rāmen-dra-vana, as, m., N. of a preceptor.
     rāmeśa rāmeśa (-ma-īśa), as, m. a proper N.; (am), n., N. of a Liṅga.
     rāmeśvara rāmeśvara (-ma-īś-), as, m., N. of various persons; (am), n., N. of a Liṅga; of a Tīrtha or sacred bathing-place.
     rāmeṣu rāmeṣu (-ma-iṣu), us, m. 'Rāma's arrow', epithet of a species of sugar-cane; a proper N.
     rāmottaratāpanīya rāmottara-tāpanīya (-ma-ut-), am, n. the second part of the Rāmatāpanīya; [cf. rāma-pūrva-t-.]
     rāmoda rāmoda (-ma-uda), as, m. a proper N.
     rāmodāyana rāmodāyana, as, m. (fr. the preceding), a patronymic.
     rāmopaniṣad rāmopaniṣad (-ma-up-), t, f., N. of one of the more recent Upaniṣads of the Atharva-veda.
     rāmopādhyāya rāmopādhyāya (-ma-up-), as, m., N. of a preceptor.
     rāmopāsaka rāmopā-saka (-ma-up-), as, m. a worshipper of Rāmacandra the son of Daśa-ratha.

rāmaka rāmaka, as, &c. (fr. the Caus. of rt. ram), one who delights or gratifies, delighting; = ramaka, q. v.; (as), m., N. of a mountain.

rāmaṭha rāmaṭha, as, am, m. n. Asa Foetida; (as), m. Alangium Hexapetalum; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people; (ī), f. = nāḍī-hiṅgu.

rāmaṇa rāmaṇa, as, m., N. of two plants, Diospyros Embryopteris; = giri-nimba; (ā), f., N. of an Apsaras.

rāmaṇi rāmaṇi, is, m. a patronymic.

rāmaṇīyaka rāmaṇīyaka, am, n. (fr. 1. ramaṇīya), loveliness, agreeableness, charmingness, delightfulness, beauty; N. of a Dvīpa; (as, ī, am), lovely, agreeable, beautiful, pleasing.

rāmala rāmala, as, m. a proper N.

rāmāṇḍāra rāmāṇḍāra, as, m., N. of an author.

rāmi rāmi, is, m. (fr. rāma), a patronymic.

rāmin rāmin, ī, iṇī, i, delighting sexually, in kṣaṇa-r-, q. v.

rāmila rāmila, as, m. a lover, husband; the god of love, Kāma-deva; N. of a poet.

rāmī rāmī, f. See under rāma.

rāmyā rāmyā, f., Ved. night; [cf. rātri.]

rāmuṣa rāmuṣa, N. of a place.

rāmbha rāmbha, as, m. (fr. 1. rambha), the bamboo staff of a religious student.

rāya rāya, as, m. a king, prince, (at the beginning or end of a proper N. used as a title of honour, = rājan, of which it is a corruption.)
     rāyamukuṭa rā-ya-mukuṭa, as, m., N. of the author of the Padacandrikā, a commentary on the Amara-kosha; of the author of a work on law.
     rāyarāghava rāya-rāghava, as, m., N. of the author of the Hasta-ratnāvalī.

rāyaṇa rāyaṇa, am, n. (said to be fr. rt. 1. rai), sounding, crying, making a noise; pain (= pīḍā).
     rāyaṇendrasarasvatī rāyaṇendra-sarasvatī (-ṇa-in-), m., N. of a commentator.

rāyabhāṭī rāyabhāṭī, f. the stream of a river; [cf. raya.]

rāyaskāma rāyas-kāma, rāyas-poṣa, rāyo-vāja, &c. See under 3. rai, p. 853, col. 3.

rāyāṇanīya rāyāṇanīya, as, m., N. of a preceptor.

rāyāna rāyāna or rāyana (?), as, m. a proper N.

rārā rārā. See rāḍhā, p. 841, col. 2.

rāla rāla or rālaka, as, m. the resin of Shorea Robusta (= arāla).
     rālakārya rāla-kārya, as, m. Shorea Robusta.

rāva rāva, as, m. (fr. rt. 1. ru), a cry, shriek, roar, scream, yell, roaring, bellowing, vociferation, the cry of any animal; a sound, noise in general; [cf. rava.]

rāvaṇa rāvaṇa, as, ī, am (fr. the Caus.), screaming, roaring, crying, bellowing, bewailing, making lamentation; (as), m. 'the Vociferator', N. of the ruler of Laṅkā or Ceylon and the famous chief of the Rākṣasas or demons whose subjugation and destruction by Rāmacandra, the seventh incarnation of Viṣṇu, form the subject of the Rāmāyaṇa, (as son of Viśravas, he was younger brother of Kuvera, but by a different mother, Ilavilā being the mother of Kuvera, and Keśinī of the three other brothers, Rāvaṇa, Vibhīṣaṇa, and Kumbha-karṇa; both Rāvaṇa and Kuvera, the god of wealth, are often called Paulastya, as grandchildren of the Ṛṣi Pulastya, one of the seven or ten mindborn sons of Brahmā, and as Kuvera is king of the Yakshas, so is Rāvaṇa of the Rākṣasas, the latter, however, are always malignant beings [see rākṣasa], and Rāvaṇa himself is one of the worst of the many impersonations of evil common in Hindū mythology; he is the Satan of the Rāmāyaṇa as Duryodhana is of the Mahā-bhārata; he has ten heads [whence his names Daśa-grīva, Daśānana, &c.] and twenty arms, symbolizing strength; his power is described as so great, that where he is 'there the sun does not give out its heat, the winds through fear of him do not blow, the fire ceases to burn, and the ocean becomes motionless;' he even, by his power, defeated his own brother Vaiśravaṇa or Kuvera, and carried off his selfmoving car, called Pushpaka, the wonders of which are described in the Rāmāyaṇa; this potency was, as usual, acquired by self-inflicted austerities, which had obtained from Brahmā a boon, in virtue of which Rāvaṇa was invulnerable by gods and divine beings of all kinds, though not by men or a god in human form; as Viṣṇu became incarnate in Rāma-candra to destroy Rāvaṇa, so other gods produced innumerable monkeys, bears, and various semi-divine animals to do battle with the legions of demons, his subjects, under Khara, Dūṣaṇa, and his other generals; see hanu-mat); a patronymic from Ravaṇa; N. of the author of a commentary on the Sāma-veda; of one on the Ṛg-veda; of the author of the Arka-cikitsā; of a king of Kaśmīra (mentioned together with Indrajit and Vibhīṣaṇa); (am), n. the act of screaming, &c.; N. of a Muhūrta.
     rāvaṇagaṅgā rāvaṇa-gaṅgā, f. 'Rāvaṇa's Ganges', N. of a river in Laṅkā (called after the Rākṣasa Rāvaṇa).
     rāvaṇahasra rāvaṇa-hasra, a particular stringed instrument.
     rāvaṇahrada rāvaṇa-hrada, as, m., N. of a lake (from which the Śata-dru or Sutlej takes its rise).
     rāvaṇāri rāvaṇāri (-ṇa-ari), is, m. Rāvaṇa's enemy, i. e. Rāma.

rāvaṇi rāvaṇi, is, m. a patronymic from Rāvaṇa, N. of Indra-jit (eldest son of the demon Rāvaṇa) or of any son of Rāvaṇa; of the author of a Bāla-tantra; (ayas), m. pl. the sons of Rāvaṇa.

rāvin rāvin, ī, iṇī, i, screaming, crying, roaring, bellowing.

rāvan rāvan. See p. 837, col. 2.

rāvauṭa rāvauṭa, N. of a royal race.

rāś rās, various reading for rt. rās, q. v.

rāśabha rāśabha, incorrect for rāsabha.

rāśi rāśi, is, m. (according to Uṇādi-s. IV. 132. fr. rt. 1. ), a heap, mass, pile, accumulation, congeries, group, multitude, quantity, number; the figure or figures put down for an arithmetical operation (such as multiplying, dividing, &c.); a measure of quantity (Ved. = droṇa); a sign of the zodiac (as being a certain sum or quantity of degrees), one twelfth part of the ecliptic, an astrological house; N. of an Ekāha (Ved.).
     rāśigata rāśi-gata, as, ā, am, placed in a heap, heaped, piled up, accumulated; computed, summed up.
     rāśicakra rāśi-cakra, am, n. the zodiacal circle, zodiac; epithet of a particular mystical circle.
     rāśitraya rāśi-traya, am, n. 'triad of numbers', the rule of three.
     rāśināman rāśi-nāman, a, n. a name given to a child taken from the Rāśi under which he is born.
     rāśipa rāśi-pa, as, m. the regent of an astrological house.
     rāśipravibhāga rāśi-pravibhāga, as, m. a division or distribution of the twelve signs of the zodiac (under the twenty-eight Nakshatras); N. of the 102nd Adhyāya of Varāha-mihira's Vṛhat-saṃhitā.
     rāśibhāga rāśi-bhāga, as, m. a fraction.
     rāśibhāgānubandha rāśibhā-gānubandha (-ga-an-), as, m. the addition of a fraction.
     rāśibhāgāpavāha rāśibhāgāpavāha (-ga-ap-), as, m. the subtraction of a fraction.
     rāśibheda rāśi-bheda, as, m. a portion or division of a zodiacal sign or astrological house.
     rāśibhoga rāśi-bhoga, as, m. the passage of the sun or moon or any planet through a sign of the zodiac.
     rāśivyavahāra rāśi-vyavahāra, as, m. (in arithmetic) the method for finding the quantity contained in a heap.
     rāśistha rāśi-stha, as, ā, am, standing or being in a heap, heaped up, accumulated.
     rāśīkaraṇa rāśī-karaṇa, am, n. the making into a heap, heaping up, piling together.
     rāśīkaraṇabhāṣya rāśī-karaṇa-bhāṣya, am, n., N. of a work of the Pāśupatas.
     rāśīkṛ rāśī-kṛ, cl. 8. P. A. -ka-roti, -kurute, &c., to make or form into a heap, heap together, pile up, accumulate.
     rāśīkṛta rāśī-kṛta, as, ā, am, made into a heap, heaped up, accumulated.
     rāśībhū rāśī-bhū, cl. 1. P. -bhavati, &c., to become a heap, be piled up or accumulated.
     rāśībhūta rāśī-bhūta, as, ā, am, become a heap, accumulated, piled, heaped.
     rāśyaṃśa rāśy-aṃśa = navāṃśa, q. v.
     rāśyadhipa rāśy-adhi-pa, as, m. the regent of an astrological house.

rāṣṭra rāṣṭra, am, n. (fr. rt. 1. rāj; also as, m. in Mahā-bh. Anuśāsana-p. 3050), a kingdom, realm, empire, dominion, sovereignty; a district, country, region, territory, inhabited country; a people, nation, subjects; (as, am), m. n. any public calamity (as famine, plague, &c.), affliction; (as), m., N. of a king (a son of Kāśi).
     rāṣṭrakarṣaṇa rāṣṭra-karṣaṇa, am, n. distressing or oppressing a kingdom.
     rāṣṭrakāma rāṣṭra-kāma, as, ā, am, desiring a kingdom.
     rāṣṭrakūṭa rāṣṭra-kūṭa, ās, m. pl., N. of a race.
     rāṣṭragupti rāṣṭra-gupti, is, f. protection of a kingdom.
     rāṣṭragopa rāṣṭra-gopa, as, m. a guardian or protector of a kingdom.
     rāṣṭratantra rāṣṭra-tantra, am, n. system of government, government.
     rāṣṭradā rāṣṭra-dā, ās, ās, am, Ved. giving dominion.
     rāṣṭradipsu rāṣṭra-dipsu, us, us, u (see dipsu), Ved. intending to injure a country or people, menacing a country.
     rāṣṭradevī rāṣṭra-devī, f., N. of the wife of Citrabhānu.
     rāṣṭrapati rāṣṭra-pati, is, m. the lord of a kingdom, king, sovereign, (rāṣṭrapata is given as an adj. from this word.)
     rāṣṭrapāla rāṣṭra-pāla, as, m. a protector or guardian of a kingdom, king, sovereign; N. of a son of Ugra-sena; (ī), f., N. of a daughter of Ugrasena.
     rāṣṭrapālikā rāṣṭra-pālikā, f., N. of a daughter of Ugra-sena.
     rāṣṭrabhaṅga rāṣṭra-bhaṅga, as, m. breaking up or dissolution of a kingdom.
     rāṣṭrabhaya rāṣṭra-bhaya, am, n. fear for a kingdom, danger threatening a country.
     rāṣṭrabhṛt rāṣṭra-bhṛt, t, t, t, supporting a kingdom, taking care of the sovereignty; (t), m., N. of a son of Bharata; (tas), m. pl. the subjects of a kingdom; epithet of dice (in Atharva-veda VII. 109, 6); of certain prayers and oblations; (t), f., N. of an Apsaras.
     rāṣṭrabhṛti rāṣṭra-bhṛti, is, f. or rāṣṭra-bhṛtya, am, n., Ved. maintenance of government, support of authority.
     rāṣṭrabheda rāṣṭra-bheda, as, m. division of a kingdom.
     rāṣṭravardhana rāṣṭra-vardhana, as, ī, am, increasing the kingdom, exalting or extending dominion; (as), m., N. of a minister of Daśa-ratha and Rāma.
     rāṣṭravāsin rāṣṭra-vāsin, ī, m. an inhabitant of a kingdom, subject.
     rāṣṭrāntapāla rāṣṭrānta-pāla (-ra-an-), as, m. the protector of the borders of a country.
     rāṣṭrābhivṛddhi rāṣṭrābhivṛddhi (-ra-abh-), is, f. the increase of a kingdom, exaltation of a kingdom.

rāṣṭraka rāṣṭraka at the end of an adj. comp. = rāṣṭra, a kingdom, &c.; (as, ikā, am), dwelling in a kingdom or country; (ikā), f. a kind of Solanum (= bṛhatī).

rāṣṭri rāṣṭri, is, f. = rāṣṭrī, a female ruler, proprietress, &c.

rāṣṭrika rāṣṭrika, as, ī, am, belonging to or inhabiting a kingdom; (as), m. an inhabitant of a kingdom, subject; the ruler of a kingdom, governor; [cf. rāṣṭraka above.]

rāṣṭrin rāṣṭrin, ī, iṇī, i, Ved. possessing or occupying a kingdom.

rāṣṭriya rāṣṭriya, as, ā, am, belonging to a kingdom or country; born in a kingdom; (as), m. a king's brother-in-law (in theatrical language).

rāṣṭrī rāṣṭrī, f., Ved. a female ruler or sovereign or proprietress; (Sāy.) = rājana-śīlā; a form rāṣṭrī, m., is found in Ṛg-veda VI. 4, 5 (according to Sāy.) = rājya-vat, possessing a kingdom, a sovereign.

rāṣṭrīya rāṣṭrīya, as, ā, am, belonging to a country or kingdom; (as), m. a king's brother-in-law.

rās 1. rās (connected with rt. 1. ras), cl. 1. A. rāsate, rarāse, rāsitum, to scream, cry, yell, howl (said of animals); to sound, make any cry or noise: Intens. rārāsyate.

rārāsyamāna rārāsyamāna, as, ā, am, crying aloud, uttering loud lamentations.

rāsa rāsa, as, m. uproar, confused noise, din; noise, sound in general; N. of a particular rustic dance (in this sense probably connected with lāsa, lāsya, q. v.), a kind of circular dance practised by cowherds, (especially) that in which Kṛṣṇa and the Gopīs engaged; any sportive game or festive amusement, amorous pastime, play in general; (according to some also) speech; a chain.
     rāsakrīḍā rāsa-krīḍā, f. a sportive dance, the circular dance of Kṛṣṇa and the cowherdesses.
     rāsamaṇḍala rāsa-maṇḍala, am, n. Kṛṣṇa's circular dance or dancing-ground.
     rāsayātrā rāsa-yātrā, f. a festival in honour of Kṛṣṇa and his dances with the Gopīs on the full moon of the month Kārttika.
     rāserasa rāse-rasa, as, m. (rāse, loc. c.), the dance described above; pastime, sport, festive mirth; a company, assembly, party; love, desire, sentiment; the sixth night after delivery when the family sit up all night (?); alchemy; [cf. rasa.]
     rāsotsava rāsotsava (-sa-ut-), as, m. the Rāsa festival or festive dances.

rāsaka rāsaka, as, am,  m. n. a kind of drama or dramatic entertainment.

rāsabha rāsabha, as, ā, am, sounding, braying; neighing (applied in Ṛg-veda III. 53, 5. to the horse of Indra); (as), m. an ass, jackass, donkey, (in Ṛgveda I. 34, 9, I. 116, 2. the chariot of the Aśvins is said to be drawn by a single ass, and other authorities mention two asses, but in other places their car is described as drawn by golden-winged, falcon-like, swan-like horses); (ī), f. a she-ass.
     rāsabhadhūsara rāsabha-dhūsara, as, ā, am,  ass-grey, grey as an ass, light brown.
     rāsabhayukta rāsabha-yukta, as, ā, am, yoked with asses, drawn by asses.
     rāsabhavandinī rāsabha-vandinī, f. Arabian jasmine.
     rāsabhasena rāsabha-sena, as, m., N. of a king.
     rāsabhārāva rāsabhārāva (-bha-ār-), as, m. the braying of asses.
     rāsabhāruṇa rāsabhāruṇa (-bha-ar-), as, ā, am, brown as an ass.

rāsya rāsya in go-rāsya, as, m., N. of Kṛṣṇa.

rās 2. rās, a form of rt. 1. , to give, (to which forms like rāsate, arāsata, rāsan, rāsat are sometimes referred; see Naigh. III. 20.)

rāsana rāsana, as, ī, am (fr. rasanā), relating to the tongue, perceptible by the tongue, pertaining to the sense or organ of taste, savoury, palatable.

rāsabha rāsabha. See above.

rāsāyana rāsāyana, as, ī, am (fr. rasāyana), relating to an elixir, &c.

rāsnā rāsnā, f. (according to Uṇādi-S. III. 15. fr. rt. 1. ras), a girdle (Ved.; cf. raśanā); N. of two plants, Mimosa Octandra, a thorny shrub; the ichneumon plant; a sort of perfume.

rāsnākā rāsnākā, f., Ved. a small girdle or band.

rāsnāva rāsnāva, as, ā, am, Ved. having a girdle, girdled, girt.

rāspa rāspa, Ved. (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda V. 43, 14) a sacrificial ladle (= 2. juhū).

rāspira rāspira, as, ā, am, Ved. (according to Sāy.) holding the sacrificial ladles, &c.

rāspina rāspina, as, ā, am (according to Sāy. either fr. rt. 1. ras or rt. rap), Ved. sounding forth praise, praising.

rāhakṣati rāhakṣati, is, m. a patronymic.

rāhitya rāhitya, am, n. (fr. rahita), the being without anything, the being destitute of, freedom from anything, destitution, destituteness (at the end of a comp., e. g. kṛpā-rāhitya, the being without compassion).

rāhila rāhila, as, m. a proper N.

rāhu rāhu, us, m. (said to be fr. rt. rah; probably connected with rts. rabh, grabh), 'the looser' or 'the seizer', N. of a Daitya or demon who is supposed to seize the sun and moon and thus cause eclipses, (according to the common myth he was a son of Vipra-citti and Sinhikā, and had four arms, his lower part ending in a tail; he was the instigator of all mischief among the Daityas, and when the gods had produced the Amṛta or nectar from the churned ocean, he disguised himself like one of them and drank a portion of it, but the Sun and Moon having detected his fraud and informed Viṣṇu, the latter severed his head and two of his arms from the rest of his body; the portion of nectar he had swallowed having secured his immortality, the head and tail were transferred to the stellar sphere, the head wreaking its vengeance on the Sun and Moon by occasionally swallowing them for a time, while the tail, under the name of Ketu, gave birth to a numerous progeny of comets and fiery meteors: in astronomy Rāhu is variously regarded as a dragon's head, as the ascending node of the moon, or as one of the planets); an eclipse or (rather) the moment of occultation or obscuration; the regent of the south-west quarter.
     rāhugata rāhu-gata, as, ā, am, Ved. 'gone to Rāhu', darkened, obscured, eclipsed.
     rāhugrasana rāhu-grasana or rāhu-gra-haṇa, am, n. 'seizure or swallowing by Rāhu', an eclipse of the sun or moon.
     rāhugrasta rāhu-grasta, as, ā, am, 'swallowed by Rāhu', eclipsed.
     rāhugrāsa rāhu-grāsa or rāhu-grāha, as, m. an eclipse of the sun or moon, the immersion at an eclipse.
     rāhucchattra rāhu-cchattra, am, n. green ginger.
     rāhudarśana rāhu-darśana, am, n., Ved. 'appearance of Rāhu', an eclipse.
     rāhuparvan rāhu-par-van, a,  n. the day or period of an eclipse.
     rāhupīḍā rāhu-pīḍā, f. 'oppression by Rāhu', an eclipse.
     rāhupūjā rāhu-pūjā, f. the worship of Rāhu.
     rāhubhedin rāhu-bhedin, ī, m. 'severing Rāhu', epithet of Viṣṇu.
     rāhumūrdhabhid rāhu-mūrdha-bhid, t, or rāhu-mūrdha-hara, as, m. 'decapitator of Rāhu', epithet of Viṣṇu.
     rāhuratna rāhu-ratna, am, n. Rāhu's jewel, N. of a kind of jewel.
     rāhusaṃsparśa rāhu-saṃsparśa, as, m. contact with Rāhu, i. e. an eclipse of the sun or moon.
     rāhusūtaka rāhu-sūtaka, am, n. the birth or appearance of Rāhu, an eclipse of the sun or moon.
     rāhūcchiṣṭa rāhūcchiṣṭa (-hu-uc-) or rāhūtsṛṣṭa (-hu-ut-), am, n. 'left or despised by Rāhu', a shalote, Allium Ascalonicum.

rāhavi rāhavi, is, m. a patronymic from Rāhu.

rāhula rāhula, as, m., N. of a son of Śākya-muni; of a son of Śuddhodana; of a minister of Hiouenthsang.
     rāhulasū rāhula-sū, ūs, m. father of Rāhula, i. e. Śākya-muni.

rāhulaka rāhulaka, as, m., N. of a poet.

rāhulata rāhulata (?), as, m., N. of a Buddhist patriarch.

rāhūgaṇa rāhūgaṇa, as, m. (fr. rahūgaṇa), Ved. a patronymic of Gotama; (ās), m. pl. of the following word.

rāhūgaṇya rāhūgaṇya, as, m. a patronymic.

ri 1. ri (connected with rts. 1. , 4. ), cl. 6. P. riyati, rirāya, reṣyati, araiṣīt, retum, to go, move; cl. 5. P. riṇoti, &c., to hurt [cf. rt. 4. ]; cl. 9. P. A. riṇāti, riṇīte, &c., to go, move; to draw out, drive out, set free, expel; to separate, (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda III. 60, 2. ariṇīta = yojanāt prāpitavantaḥ); to emit; to bestow, grant; to hurt, injure, kill; to be injured (A.); to howl, &c. [cf. rt. 1. ]: Caus. rāyayati, yitum, Aor. arīrayat: Desid. rirīṣati: Intens. rerīyate, rerayīti, rereti.

riṇat riṇat, an, atī, at, Ved. injuring, hurting; setting free.

ri 2. ri, at the end of adj. comps.; [cf. ati-ri, bṛhad-ri.]

ri 3. ri (a contraction of ṛṣabha), the second note of the Hindū gamut.

riḥpha riḥpha, am, n. (fr. Gr. [greek]), Ved. epithet of the twelfth astrological house.

rikta rikta, riktha, &c. See below and p. 846, col. 1.

rikvan rikvan, ā, m., Ved. = stena, a thief (according to Naigh. III. 24).

rikṣā rikṣā, f. a nit (= likṣā); a mote in a sun-beam.

rikh rikh (connected with rts. riṅkh, riṅg, rakh, raṅkh), cl. 1. P. rekhati, &c., to go, move (so given by Vopa-deva, but by other grammarians identified in this sense with rt. riṅkh below); cl. 6. P. (not in use, but apparently the original form of rt. likh, cl. 6. likhati, q. v.), to scratch, scrape, write; [cf. rekhā; cf. also Gr. [greek]]

riṅkh riṅkh (connected with rts. rikh, rakh, raṅkh, riṅg, raṅg), cl. 1. P. riṅkhati, &c., to go, move, creep, crawl (said of young children); to go slowly; to slip.

riṅkha riṅkha, as, m. See under riṅkhā below.

riṅkhaṇa riṅkhaṇa, am, n. the act of crawling, creeping (said of children who creep on all fours).

riṅkhā riṅkhā, f. creeping, sliding; dancing; one of a horse's paces; a horse's hoof; deceiving, disappointing, (according to some also as, m. in the previous senses); the plant Carpopogon Pruriens.

riṅg riṅg (connected with rts. raṅg, riṅkh, &c., see above), cl. 1. P. riṅgati, &c., to go, move, creep, crawl (said of young children), to move slowly or with difficulty; to slip: Caus. riṅgayati, &c., to cause to creep.

riṅgaṇa riṅgaṇa, am, n. the act of moving, creeping, crawling (= riṅkhaṇa); slipping, sliding; deviating (from rectitude, &c.).

riṅgat riṅgat, an, antī, at, creeping, crawling, moving.

riṅgamāṇa riṅgamāṇa, as, ā, am, creeping, crawling, slipping.

riṅgi riṅgi, is, f. going, moving, motion.

riṅgita riṅgita, am, n. motion, surging (of waves).

riṅgin riṅgin, ī, iṇī, i, creeping, crawling (said of young children).

ric ric, cl. 7. P. A. riṇakti, riṅkte, rireca, ririce, rekṣyati, -te, aricat or araikṣīt (Vedic forms arirecīt, araik), arikta (1st sing. arikṣi), rektum, to empty, make empty, evacuate, clear, purge, remove, separate, divide; to resign, give up, deliver up, part with, sell, (but according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda IV. 24, 9. 'to recover, get back'); to leave, leave behind, bequeath; cl. 10. 1. P. recayati, recati, &c., to divide, separate; to disconnect, disjoin; to leave, abandon; to join, mix: Pass. ricyate, Aor. areci, to be emptied, &c.; to be deprived of, lose, be freed from; to be destroyed, perish: Caus. recayati, -yitum, Aor. arīricat, to cause to empty, make empty; to discharge, emit (as breath); to abandon, give up: Desid. ririkṣati, -te: Intens. rericyate, rerekti; [cf. Zend ric; Gr. [greek] Lat. linqu-o, re-linqu-o, re-liqu-u-s, lic-e-t (Osc. lik-i-tud = lice-to), lic-e-o-r; Goth. laib-a, bi-laib-jan, af-lif-nan, leihvan; Old Germ. bi-lib-an; Mod. Germ. bleibe; Angl. Sax. lyfan, be-lijan, lafan, loen, loenan; Lith. lek-u, lik-ti, lek-as, pa-laiki-s.]

rika rika (?), am, n. the heart, mind; law, litigation.

rikta rikta, as, ā, am, emptied, cleared, purged; empty, void; unloaded, unburdened; hollow, hollowed (as the hands); having nothing, poor, indigent; vain, worthless, valueless; epithet of one of the four wagtails (employed in augury); free from, devoid of, deprived of, destitute of, without; (ā), f., scil. tithi, epithet of the fourth, ninth, or fourteenth days of the lunar fortnight; (am), n. an empty place, empty space, vacuum, void, vacuity; a desert, wilderness, wood, forest.
     riktakumbha rikta-kumbha, am, n., Ved. (the sound of) an empty vessel, a hollow sound, empty or senseless language.
     riktakṛt rikta-kṛt, t, t, t, Ved. making empty, emptying; causing a vacuum.
     riktaguru rikta-guru, see Pāṇ. VI. 2, 42.
     riktatā rikta-tā, f. emptiness, vacuity, void, empty space or space in general.
     riktapāṇi rikta-pāṇi, is, is, i, empty-handed, bringing no present.
     riktabhāṇḍa rikta-bhāṇḍa, am, n. an empty vessel; (as, ā, am), having no vessels or effects.
     riktamati rikta-mati, is, is, i, empty-minded, thinking of nothing
     riktahasta rikta-hasta, as, ā, am, empty-handed, having empty hands, bringing no present; carrying away no present.
     riktārka riktārka (-ta-ar-), as, m. a Sunday falling on one of the Riktā days.
     riktīkṛ riktī-kṛ, cl. 8. P. -karoti, &c., to make empty or void, remove, take away; to steal; to get back, recover.
     riktīkṛtahṛdaya riktīkṛta-hṛdaya, as, ā, am, emptied or deprived of heart.

riktaka riktaka, as, ā, am, empty, void; unladen, unburdened.

riktha riktha, am, n. (frequently written ṛktha), property left at death, inheritance, portion, bequest; property in general, possessions, substance, wealth; gold.
     rikthagrāha riktha-grāha, as, ā, am, receiving an inheritance, inheriting property; (as), m. an inheritor, heir.
     rikthajāta riktha-jāta, am, n. the aggregate of a property, collected estate (of a deceased person).
     rikthabhāgin riktha-bhāgin, ī, inī, i, or riktha-bhāj, k, k, k, inheriting or sharing property, dividing the property (of a deceased person), an inheritor, heir.
     rikthavibhāga riktha-vibhāga, as, m. the division or sharing of (a deceased person's) property, partition of inheritance; a share in an inheritance.
     rikthahara riktha-hara or riktha-hāra, as, ā, or ī, am, receiving an inheritance, inheriting property; (as), m. an heir.
     rikthahārin rik-tha-hārin, ī, iṇī, i, receiving or inheriting property; (ī), m. an heir, one who succeds to property; a maternal uncle; the seed of the Indian fig-tree.

rikthāda rikthāda (-tha-āda), as, ā, am, receiving an inheritance; (as), m. an heir, son.

rikthin rikthin, ī, inī, i, inheriting property; possessing property, wealthy; (ī), m. an heir.

rikthīya rikthīya in a-rikthīya, as, ā, am, incapable of inheriting property, having no claim to inheritance.

ricyamāna ricyamāna, as, ā, am, being emptied, being purged, being left clear, being freed from, being delivered from.

ririkvas ririkvas, vān, m., Ved. one who has emaciated or attenuated (his body by austerities, Ṛg-veda IV. 24, 3).

reka reka, reca, recita, &c. See p. 852, col. 3.

rij rij (connected with rt. ṛñj), cl. 1. A. rejate, &c., to fry; to parch; [cf. rt. bhṛj.]

riṭi riṭi, is, f. the crackling or roaring of flame; a musical instrument; black salt.

riṇīnagara riṇī-nagara, am, n., N. of a town.

riṇv riṇv or rimb (= rt. raṇv), cl. 1. P. riṇvati, rimbati, &c., to go.

rit rit, t, t, t (fr. rt. 1. ri), Ved. (perhaps) moving, flowing, (Sāy. = gantṛ.)

ritakvan ritakvan, ā, m., Ved. a thief, (various reading for takvan, Naigh. III. 24.)

riddha riddha, as, ā, am (probably for ṛddha, q. v.), ripe (said of grain).

ridhama ridhama, as, m. (perhaps connected with riddha above), spring; love.

rip 1. rip (the old form of rt. lip, q. v.; in Ṛg-veda V. 85,8. the form riripuḥ = lepayanti = pāpam āropayanti), Ved. to smear, smear or cover over; to defile, spoil; to deceive, cheat.

rip 2. rip, p, f., Ved. injury, fraud, deceit, trick, guile, (Sāy. = hiṃsā, māyā); the earth, (Sāy. =  bhūmi); (p, p, p), injuring, an injurer, enemy, deceiver, cheat, (Sāy. = ripu.)

ripu ripu, us, us, u (according to Uṇādi-s. I. 27. fr. rt. rap; according to others, connected with rt. 1. ri or with Caus. of rt. 1. ; cf. rt. riph), injuring, cheating, deceiving, fraudulent, treacherous, false (Ved.); (us), m. a deceiver, cheat, rogue, thief (Ved.); an enemy, adversary, foe; (in astrology) a hostile planet; epithet of the sixth astrological house; N. of a son of Śliṣṭi.
     ripughātin ripu-ghātin, ī, inī, i, slaying an enemy, killing foes; (inī), f. a species of creeper; Abrus Precatorius.
     ripughna ripu-ghna, as, ī, am, killing an enemy.
     ripuñjaya ripuñ-jaya, as, ā, am, conquering a foe, vanquishing enemies; (as), m., N. of several kings; of a son of Śliṣṭi; of a son of Suvīra; of a son of Viśva-jit.
     riputā ripu-tā, f. enmity, hostility.
     ripunipātin ripu-nipātin, ī, inī, i, causing an enemy to fall, destroying a foe.
     ripubala ripu-bala, am, n. an enemy's army.
     ripubhaya ripu-bhaya, am, n. fear or danger from an enemy.
     ripubhavana ripu-bhavana, am, n. or ripu-bhāva, as, m. epithet of the sixth astrological house.
     ripumalla ripu-malla, as, m., N. of a king.
     ripurakta ripu-rakta, am, n. an enemy's blood.
     ripurakṣin ripu-rakṣin, ī, iṇī, i, preserving from an enemy.
     ripurākṣasa ripu-rākṣasa, as, m., N. of an elephant.
     ripuvarjita ripu-varjita, as, ā, am, freed from an enemy.
     ripuvaśa ripu-vaśa, as, ā, am, subject to an enemy.
     ripuvaśatva ripuvaśa-tva, am, n. subjection to an enemy.
     ripusūdana ripu-sūdana, as, ī, am, destroying enemies.
     ripusthāna ripu-sthāna, am, n. epithet of the sixth astrological house.

ripta ripta, as, ā, am (= lipta), Ved. anointed, smeared, (api-ripta in Ṛg-veda I. 118, 7 = paṭa-lena pihita-dṛṣṭi, i. e. blinded.)

ripra ripra, am, n. (according to Uṇādi-s. V. 55. fr. rt. 1. ), dirt, impurity (Ved.); sin, (Sāy. = pāpa; cf. Nirukta IV. 21); (as, ā, am), vile, bad; (as), m., N. of a son of Śliṣṭi.
     ripravāha ripra-vāha, as, ā, am, Ved. carrying off or removing impurity or sin, (Sāy. = pāpasya voḍhṛ.)

repa repa, as, ā, am, low, vile, inferior, contemptible; cruel, savage.

repas repas, as, n. (according to Uṇādi-s. IV. 189. fr. rt. rap; cf. rapas), a spot, stain; a wrong or blamable action, fault, sin; (ās, ās, as), low, vile, contemptible; miserly, niggardly; wicked, abandoned, cruel, savage.

ripsu ripsu. See p. 833, col. 1.

riph riph [cf. rt. rih], cl. 6. P. riphati, rirepha, &c., to utter a murmuring guttural sound, to utter a rough or grating or burring sound, to pronounce the letter r [cf. repha below]; to murmur or snarl at, revile, find fault with, blame, despise; (according to lexicographers also capable of the following senses), to speak, say, relate; to boast, (katthane being a various reading for kathane); to give; to fight; to hurl, kill, (in this sense = rts. ṛph, rimph): Pass. riphyate, to be murmured or spoken in a grating or burring manner, to have or take the pronunciation of the letter r.

riphat riphat, an, atī or antī, at, murmuring, uttering a burring sound, pronouncing the letter r.

riphita riphita, as, ā, am, uttered in a burring or grating manner, pronounced with the sound of the letter r.

repha repha, as, m. a burr, burring or grating sound, the letter r; a cretic (see 3. ra); passion, affection of the mind; (as, ā, am), low, vile, contemptible; [cf. repa above.]
     rephavat repha-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. containing a burring sound, having the sound of r.
     rephavipulā repha-vipulā = ra-vipulā, q. v.

rephas rephas, ās, ās, as, low, vile, contemptible; wicked, abandoned; miserly, niggardly; cruel, savage; [cf. repas above.]

rephitvā rephitvā, ind. having uttered a burring or grating sound, having pronounced with the sound of the letter r.

rephin rephin, ī, iṇī, i, Ved. containing a burring sound, containing the letter r, having the nature of r.

ribh ribh or rebh, cl. 1. A. rebhate (Ved. also P. rebhati), rirebhe, rebhitum, to crackle, creak; to murmur (as a stream &c.); to sound in general; to chatter, babble, clatter; to talk or speak aloud, shout with joy, rejoice [cf. rt. rih]; to praise, glorify, worship (Ved. P.): Pass. ribhyate, to be praised or glorified; [cf. Gr. [greek] [greek]]

ribhvan ribhvan, ā, m., Ved. (according to Naigh. III. 24) a thief; [cf. rihvan.]

rebha rebha, as, ā, am, Ved. crackling; sounding loudly; (as), m. a praiser, reciter of praises, panegyrist, celebrator; a talker, prattler, chatterer; N. of a Ṛṣi (who was cast into a well by the Asuras, and rescued by the Aśvins after having lain there for ten nights and nine days, see Ṛg-veda I. 112, 5. 116, 24, &c.); N. of the author of Ṛg-veda VIII. 97 (having the patronymic Kāśyapa).
     rebhasūnū rebha-sūnū, m. du. two sons of Rebha, the authors of the hymns Ṛg-veda IX. 99, 100.

rebhaṇa rebhaṇa, am, n. the lowing of kine.

rebhat rebhat, an, antī, at, Ved. crackling, sounding; praising.

rebhila rebhila and rebhilaka, as, m. a proper N.

rimeda rimeda, as, m. = ari-meda.

rimph rimph (connected with rt. ṛph; cf. rt. riph), cl. 6. P. rimphati, to hurt, kill.

rimpha rimpha, am, n. the zodiac.

rimb rimb = rt. riṇv.

riraṃsā riraṃsā, f. (fr. Desid. of rt. ram), the desire to rejoice or be pleased, wish to sport; desire of pleasure or sexual enjoyment, lasciviousness, lustfulness.

riraṃsu riraṃsu, us, us, u, desiring to rejoice, wishing to sport, wishing for sexual pleasures, lustful, wanton, lascivious.

riramayiṣu riramayiṣu, us, us, u (fr. Desid. of Caus.), wishing to cause or give pleasure (especially sexual pleasure).

rirakṣiṣā rirakṣiṣā, f. (fr. the Desid. of rt. 1. rakṣ), the desire to watch or keep guard, wish to protect.

rirakṣā rirakṣā, f. less correct for the above.

rirakṣiṣu rirakṣiṣu, us, us, u, desiring to watch or keep guard, wishing to protect.

rirakṣu rirakṣu, less correct for rirakṣiṣu above.

ririkṣu ririkṣu. See below.

rirī rirī, f. yellow brass, pale brass, prince's metal; [cf. rīrī, rīti.]

rilhaṇa rilhaṇa or rihlaṇa, as, m. a proper N.

rivaka rivaka, as, m. = ravaka.

riś riś (according to some an older form of rt. 1. liś, q. v.; closely connected with rt. 1. riṣ, from which, in some forms and meanings, it is not distinguishable; cf. also rts. ruś, 1. ruṣ), cl. 6. P. riśati, rireśa, rekṣyati, ari-kṣat, reṣṭum, Ved. to tear, rend, tear off, break off, pluck off, injure, hurt; to feed on, graze: Caus. reśayati, -yitum, Aor. arīriśat: Desid. ririkṣati, to wish to injure: Intens. reriśyate, rereṣṭi; [cf. Slav. resati, 'to cut.']

ririkṣat ririkṣat, an, antī, at, Ved. wishing to injure, &c.; (an), m. an enemy.

ririkṣu ririkṣu, us, us, u, wishing to injure or harm, (this form is sometimes referred to rt. 1. riṣ.)

riśa riśa, as, ā, am, Ved. tearing, tearing off, injuring; (as), m. an injurer, enemy.

riśat riśat, an, atī or antī, at, Ved. tearing, injuring, hurting; feeding or grazing upon, consuming, (Sāy. = bhakṣaṇārthaṃ hiṃsat.)

riśādas riśādas, ās, ās, as (a word of doubtful derivation and meaning; said to be fr. riśa, an enemy, + ada fr. rt. ad), Ved. destroying those who injure, destroying enemies, epithet of the Maruts, &c.; [cf. Ṛg-veda I. 39, 4.]

riṣṭa 1. riṣṭa, as, ā, am (for 2. riṣṭa see below), Ved. torn, torn off, broken, injured; wearied.

riśya riśya, as, m. = ṛśya, an antelope.

riṣ 1. riṣ (closely connected with rt. riś, from which, in some forms and meanings, it is not distinguishable; cf. also rts. ruś, 1. ruṣ), cl. 1. 4. P. reṣati, riṣyati (in ep. and later authors also A. riṣyate), rireṣa, reṣiṣyati, areṣīt or ariṣat (Vedic forms riṣat, riṣāma, riṣāthana, reṣat, rīṣata), reṣitum or reṣṭum (Ved. inf. riṣe), to injure, hurt, harm; to kill, destroy, ruin; to give offence; to be injured or destroyed, suffer wrong, perish (cl.4); to fail, miscarry, meet with misfortune or disaster (cl. 4): Caus. reṣayati, -yate, -yitum, Aor. arīriṣat, arīri-ṣata, to cause to be injured, injure, hurt, harm; to cause to miscarry, make to fail; to fail, miscarry, meet with misfortune or disaster (A.): Desid. riri-ṣiṣati, rireṣiṣati, (according to some also ri-rikṣati): Intens. reriṣyate, rereṣṭi; [cf. probably Gr. [greek] Lat. loedo.]

riṣ 2. riṣ, ṭ, f. injury; (ṭ, ṭ, ṭ), injuring, an injurer.

riṣa riṣa, as, ā, am, injuring, destroying, &c.; [cf. naghā-riṣa.]

riṣaṇya riṣaṇya, Nom. P. riṣaṇyati, &c. (Pāṇ. VII. 4, 36), Ved. to injure, harm, be hurtful; to reject (a petition); to fail, miscarry.

riṣaṇyu riṣaṇyu, us, us, u, Ved. injurious, hurtful, malevolent, (Sāy. = hiṃsaka.)

riṣīka riṣīka, as, ā, am, (probably) destroying, destructive, injurious.

riṣṭa 2. riṣṭa, as, ā, am (for 1. see above), injured, hurt, wounded; unlucky; (according to some also) lucky; (am), n. mischief, harm; misfortune, bad luck (= ariṣṭa); destruction, loss; sin; (according to some also) good luck, prosperity; (as), m. a sword; the soap plant, Sapindus Detergens; N. of a king; of a Daitya or demon (destroyed by Viṣṇu); of a son of a Manu; (ā), f., N. of the mother of the Apsarases.
     riṣṭatāti riṣṭa-tāti, is, is, i, causing prosperity, propitious; auspicious; [cf. śiva-tāti.]
     riṣṭadeha riṣṭa-deha, as, ā, am, wounded in body.

riṣṭaka riṣṭaka, as, m. Sapindus Detergens.

riṣṭi riṣṭi, is, f. injury, hurt, damage; failure, miscarriage, misfortune, bad luck; (according to some) good luck; iṣu-riṣṭi, 'the going astray or swerving of an arrow', N. of a Sāman; (is), m. = ṛṣṭi, a sword, (according to some also is, f.)

riṣṭīya riṣṭīya, Nom. P. riṣṭīyati, &c. = riṣaṇya above.

riṣva riṣva, as, ā, am, injurious, hurtful, mischievous.

riṣi riṣi, is, m. = ṛṣi.

riṣpha riṣpha, am, n. = riḥpha.

riṣya riṣya, as, m. = ṛṣya, ṛśya.
     riṣyamūka riṣya-mūka, as, m. = ṛṣya-mūka.

rih rih (a Vedic form of rt. lih), the following forms of this rt. are found, reḷhi, rihati (3rd pl. rihanti, A. rihate), to lick, taste; to caress, kiss; (also regarded as another form of rt. riph, and therefore said to be capable of the following meanings) to praise, worship; to say, speak; to boast; to give [cf. rt. 1. ]; to blame; to fight; to hurt, injure; to kill, (in this sense said to be also rehati): Intens. rerihyate, to lick again and again; to caress, kiss.

rihat rihat, an, atī, at, licking.

rihāṇa rihāṇa, as, ā, am, Ved. licking, caressing, wishing to caress.

rihāyas rihāyas, ās, m., Ved. a thief, robber (Naigh. III. 24).

rihvan rihvan, ā, m. a thief; [cf. ribhvan.]

rerihāṇa rerihāṇa. See s.v.

riham riham, ind., Ved. various reading for ṛhat, q. v.

1. (connected with rt. 1. ri), cl. 9. P. A. riṇāti, riṇīte, rirāya (3rd du. riryatus), rirye, reṣyati, reṣyate, araiṣīt, areṣṭa, retum, to go, move; to hurt, injure, kill, (see rt. 1. ri); to howl [cf. rt. 1. ru]; cl. 4. A. rīyate, &c., to melt, become fluid, distil, drip, trickle, ooze, drop, flow [cf. rt. 1. ]: Caus. repa-yati, -yitum, Aor. arīripat: Desid. rirīṣati, -te: Intens. rerīyate, rerayīti; [cf. Goth. and Angl. Sax. rinnan.]

rīṇa rīṇa, as, ā, am, dropping, trickling, oozing, distilling, flowing, leaking.

rīti rīti, is, f. going, motion, moving, flowing, trickling; a stream, river; a course; a line, streak; a limit, boundary (= sīman); general course or way, method, mode, manner, fashion; usage, observance, custom, practice, natural property or disposition; style, diction, (three styles of diction or composition are enumerated, viz. vaidarbhī, gauḍī, pāñcāli, to which a fourth is sometimes added, viz. lāṭikā, and even a fifth and sixth, viz. āvantikā and māgadhī); bell-metal, brass, pale brass; calx of brass; rust of iron; scoria of any metal or the oxide formed on the surface of metals by their exposure to heat and air.
     rītijña rīti-jña, as, ā, am, acquainted with established usages or customs.
     rītipuṣpa rīti-puṣpa, am, n. 'brass-efflorescence', calx of brass.
     rītipraṣṭha rīti-praṣṭha, as, am, m. n. a Praṣṭha weight of brass.
     rītibaddha rīti-baddha, as, ā, am, brass-bound, studded or inlaid with brass.
     rītībhūta rītī-bhūta, as, ā, am, being in a row, standing in a line.
     rītyap rīty-ap, p, p, p, Ved. streaming with rain.

rītika rītika, am, n. calx of brass; (ā), f. bell-metal, brass.

2. rī = rai in ṛdhad-rī, (for , fem. of 2. ra, see under 2. ra, p. 824.)

rījyā rījyā, f. reproach, censure [cf. rīḍhā]; shame, modesty.

rīṭhā rīṭhā, f. or rīṭhā-karañja, as, m. a species of Karañja.

rīḍhaka rīḍhaka, as, m. (said to be fr. rt. rih), the back-bone.

rīḍhā rīḍhā, f. (probably fr. rt. rih), disrespect. disregard, contempt, irreverence; [cf. ava-līḍhā.]

rīra rīra, as, m., N. of Śiva.

rīrī rīrī, f. = rirī, yellow brass.

rīv rīv, cl. 1. P. A. rīvati, -te, &c., to take.

ru 1. ru, cl. 2. P. rauti, ravīti (Ved. also ruvati, and in some forms also A.), Impf. araut or aravīt (1st du. aruva or aruvīva, 3rd pl. aruvan), rurāva (1st du. ruruviva, 3rd pl. A. ruruvire), ravitā or (according to Vopa-deva IX. 53) rotā, raviṣyati, arāvīt (A. arāviṣṭa, 3rd pl. arāviṣus, Ved. aravanta), ravitum, and (according to Vopa-deva) rotum, to cry or make any particular sound or noise, bellow, roar, howl, yelp, yell, bray, shout, shriek; to hum (as bees); to sound in general; to cry aloud, to fill with noise or cries; to praise (according to Naigh. III. 14): Pass. rū-yate: Caus. rāvayati, -yitum, Aor. arīravat (anomalous form 3rd pl. arūruvan), to cause to bellow or roar, &c., to cause an uproar; to fill with shrieks, clamour, &c.: Desid. of Caus. rirāvayi-ṣati: Desid. rurūṣati: Intens. rorūyate, -ti, roravīti, roroti, to cry out loudly, bellow or roar loudly, yelp loudly, scream aloud, to vociferate; [cf. Gr. [greek] Lat. ru-mor, rum-i-to, ravi-s, rau-cu-s; Angl. Sax. ryn; Slav. rev-a, rju-ti, 'to roar.']

ru 2. ru, us, m. sound, noise; fear, alarm; war, battle.

ruta 1. ruta, as, ā, am (for 2. see col. 3), sounded, filled with the cry (of animals), made to resound, rendered vocal; (am), n. any cry or noise, yell, roar, humming (of bees), the note of birds; song.
     rutajña ruta-jña, as, ā, am, understanding the cries (of animals); (as), m. an augur.
     rutavyāja ruta-vyāja, as, m. simulated cry or sound; mimicry.

rutāyata rutāyata (?), as, ā, am (fr. 1. ruta), rendered vocal (by the sound of birds, &c.).

ruvaṇya ruvaṇya (fr. an unused form ruvaṇa), Nom. P. ru-vaṇyati, &c., Ved. to cry, utter harsh or loud cries.

ruvaṇyu ruvaṇyu, us, us, u, Ved. sounding, clamouring.

ruvat ruvat, an, atī, at, crying out, bellowing, howling, crying.

ruvatha ruvatha, as, m. the bellowing of a bull (Ved.); a dog.

roravaṇa roravaṇa, am, n. (fr. the Intens.), Ved. a loud cry or roaring, violent bellowing.

roruvat roruvat, an, atī, at, Ved. sounding or shouting loudly, (referred by some to rt. 3. ru.)

roruvāṇa roruvāṇa, as, ā, am, crying loudly, making a loud cry or sound.

rorūya rorūya, as, m. crying much, &c. (Vopa-deva XXVI. 29).

rorūyamāṇa rorūyamāṇa, as, ā, am, crying loudly, making a loud cry.

ru 3. ru, cl. 1. A. ravate, ruruve, &c., Ved. to break to pieces, dash to pieces; to kill, hurt (?); to be angry (?); to go; to speak: Caus. rāvayati, &c.

ru 4. ru, us, m. cutting, dividing.

ruta 2. ruta, as, ā, am (for 1. see col. 2), broken to pieces, divided, &c.

ruṃś ruṃś, cl. 1. 10. P. ruṃśati, ruṃśa-yati, &c., to speak; to shine (?).

ruka ruka, as, ā, am, liberal, bountiful.

rukkāma ruk-kāma. See under 2. ruc, p. 848.

rukpratikriyā ruk-pratikriyā. See under 2. ruj, p. 848, col. 3.

rukma rukma, rukmin, &c. See below.

rukmat ruk-mat, ruṅ-mat. See under 2. ruc, p. 848, col. 3.

rukṣa 1. rukṣa, as, ā, am, (for 2. see p. 848, col. 1), rough, harsh, &c. = rūkṣa, q. v.; [cf. Angl. Sax. rug, ruh, ruw; Eng. rough, rugged.]

ruksadman ruk-sadman, rug-anvita, &c. See under 2. ruj, p. 848, col. 3.

rugṇa rugṇa, rugna. See p. 848, col. 3.

ruc 1. ruc (connected with rt. loc, q. v.), cl. 1. A. (sometimes P. on account of the metre), rocate (-ti), ruruce, rociṣyate, arucat, arociṣṭa, rocitum (Ved. Inf. ruce), to shine, be bright or resplendent (said of the sun, fire, stars, &c.); to make bright or resplendent (Ved. P.); to shine beautifully, appear beautiful, appear good; to please, be agreeable; to please any one (dat. or gen.); to be pleased, find pleasure in, approve, desire (sometimes with acc. or dat.); Pass. rucyate, Aor. aroci, to be bright or radiant: Caus. rocayati, -yate, -yitum, Aor. arūrucat, to cause to shine; to enlighten, illuminate, irradiate, make bright; to make pleasant or agreeable; to please (A.), be pleasant to any one (dat.); to cause to like; to cause any one (acc.) to long for anything (dat.); to cause to appear beautiful or good, to find pleasure in, like, approve, choose (A.); to resolve: Pass. of Caus. rocyate, to be agreeable: Desid. ruruciṣate, rurociṣate; [cf. Gr. [greek] [greek]]; Lat. luc-eo, lux, lu-men, lucidu-s, lu-na, Leucesius, di-luc-ulu-m: Goth. liuh-ath, 'light;' lauhmoni, 'lightning;' liuhtjan: Old Germ. lichan, luchjan, lochon: Angl. Sax. leoht, lioht, gelihtan, locian: Slav. luca, 'a ray;' luna, 'the moon:' Lith. lauka-s, lauki-s.]

rukma rukma, as, ā, am, bright, radiant, clear; (as), m. an ornament of gold, golden chain, (perhaps also) an ornament of precious stones (Ved.); the plant Mesua Roxburghii; the thorn-apple; N. of a son of Rucaka; (am), n. gold; iron.
     rukmakavaca rukma-kavaca, as, m., N. of a grandson of Uśanas.
     rukmakāraka rukma-kāraka, as, m. a worker in gold, goldsmith.
     rukmakeśa rukma-keśa, as, m., N. of a son of Bhīṣmaka.
     rukmapāśa rukma-pāśa, as, m., Ved. a string on which golden ornaments are worn.
     rukmapura rukma-pura, am, n. 'city of gold', N. of the city inhabited by Garuḍa.
     rukmapṛṣṭha rukma-pṛṣṭha, as, ā, am, having a gold surface, coated or overlaid with gold, goldplated, gilded.
     rukmaprastaraṇa rukma-prastaraṇa, as, ā, am, Ved. having an outer garment decorated with gold.
     rukmabāhu rukma-bāhu, us, m., N. of a son of Bhīṣmaka.
     rukmamaya rukma-maya, as, ī, am, made of gold, golden.
     rukmamālin rukma-mālin, ī, m., N. of a son of Bhīṣmaka.
     rukmaratha rukma-ratha, as, m. a golden car or chariot; the chariot of Rukma-ratha, i. e. of Droṇa; (as, ā, am), having a golden chariot; (as), m., N. of Droṇa; of a son of Śalya; of a son of Mahat; of a son of Bhīṣmaka.
     rukmavakṣas rukma-vakṣas, ās, ās, as, Ved. golden-breasted, having golden ornaments on the breast (said of the Maruts).
     rukmavat rukma-vat, ān, atī, at, possessing gold, golden, ornamented with gold; (ān), m. a proper N., = rukmin; (atī), f. a particular metre, four times [metrical sequence]; N. of a granddaughter of Rukmin and wife of Aniruddha.
     rukmavāhana rukma-vāhana, as, ā, am, golden-carred, having a golden chariot; (as), m., N. of Droṇa.
     rukmasteya rukma-steya, am, n. stealing gold.
     rukmāṅgada rukmāṅ-gada (-ma-aṅ-), as, ā, am, wearing a golden bracelet on the upper arm; (as), m., N. of various kings.
     rukmābha rukmābha (-ma-ābh-), as, ā, am, shining like gold, bright as the purest gold.
     rukmeṣu rukmeṣu (-ma-iṣu), us, m. 'golden-arrowed', N. of a king.

rukmi rukmi, is, m. a proper N. (= rukmin; in one or two passages rukmim is used for rukmiṇam on account of the metre).

rukmin rukmin, ī, iṇī, i, wearing golden ornaments, decorated with golden ornaments (Ved.), gilded, gilt; (ī), m., N. of the eldest son of Bhīṣmaka and adversary of Kṛṣṇa (who carried off his sister Rukmiṇī; he was slain by Bala-deva); N. of a mountain; (iṇī), f., N. of a daughter of Bhīṣmaka carried off and espoused by Kṛṣṇa, (she is represented as the mother of Pra-dyumna, and in the later mythology = ) the goddess Lakṣmī; N. of Dākṣāyaṇī in Dvāravatī; of a daughter of Śreṣthin Sulocana.
     rukmidarpa rukmi-darpa, as, m., N. of Baladeva (so called as proud of having overcome Rukmin).
     rukmidārin rukmi-dārin, ī, or rukmi-dāraṇa, as, or rukmi-bhid, t, m. 'destroyer of Rukmin', N. of Bala-deva.

rukṣa 2. rukṣa, as, ā, am (for 1. see p. 847, col. 3), Ved. shining, brilliant, radiant, glittering, (Sāy. = dīpta.)

ruc 2. ruc, k, f. light, lustre, brightness; lightning; splendor, beauty, loveliness; colour; appearance, (sometimes at the end of a comp., e. g. janāḥ, sura-rucaḥ, god-like men); pleasure, delight, liking, wish, desire; [cf. Lat. lux.]
     rukkāma ruk-kāma, as, ā, am, Ved. desiring splendor, eager for lustre.
     rukmat ruk-mat, ān, atī, at, Ved. possessed of brightness, shining; (ān), m., N. of Agni.
     ruṅmat ruṅ-mat, ān, atī, at, Ved. containing the word ruc.

ruca ruca, as, ā, am, Ved. bright, radiant, brilliant; (ā), f. light, lustre, beauty; pleasure, delight, desire, liking; the note of the parrot or Maina.

rucaka rucaka, as, ā, am, agreeable, pleasing; sharp, acrid; tonic, stomachic; (as), m. epithet of a kind of four-sided column; epithet of one of the five great personages born under particular constellations; the citron, Citrus Medica; a pigeon; N. of a mountain; of a son of Uśanas; (am), n. one of the five kinds of bone in the human body (that of the teeth), a tooth, (said to be also as, m.); a kind of golden ornament, an ornament for the neck, a ring, an ormment for a horse, (according to some as, m.); a curl on a horse's neck; any object or substance supposed to bring good luck, (also as, m.); epithet of a sort of building or temple having terraces on three sides and closed only on the north side; a stomachic, tonic; (according to native authorities also) Ricinus Communis; a garland, wreath, crown; sochal salt; natron, alkali; the perfume Rocanā; an anthelminthic medicine commonly called Viḍaṅga; = prot-kaṭa; = utkaṭa; = svādyarasa (?).

ruci ruci, is, f. light, lustre, brightness, splendor, beauty; a ray of light; colour; appearance; liking, taste, relish, zest, appetite, hunger; wish, desire, pleasure, (rucyā, with pleasure, willingly); passion; inclination, taste for, liking for, (at the end of comps. in the sense 'having a taste or liking for', cf. māṃsa-r-, hiṃsā-r-); intent application to any object; (in erotic works) epithet of a particular kind of lover's embrace; a kind of yellow pigment (= go-rocanā); N. of an Apsaras; of the wife of Deva-śarman; (is), m., N. of a Prajā-pati, the husband of Ākūti and father of Yajña or Su-yajña and of Manu Raucya; of a son of Viśvā-mitra; of a king; (is, is, i), pleasing, pleasant, agreeable (= rucira).
     rucikara ruci-kara, as, ā or ī, am, causing pleasure, entertaining, diverting, amusing, exciting desire; causing an appetite or relish, tasteful, savoury, sapid, appetizing, stomachic; (as), m., N. of a son of Keśava.
     rucikṛt ruci-kṛt, t, t, t, causing a relish, relishing.
     rucitā ruci-tā, f. or ruci-tva, am, n. the having a taste or liking for, taking pleasure in (at the end of comps., cf. sa-māna-ruci-tā, hiṃsā-ruci-tva); desire, interest, (ārambha-ruci-tā, engaging in enterprises from mere liking or from interested motives, having a taste for new enterprises.)
     rucidatta ruci-datta, as, m., N. of a commentator on the Tattva-cintā-maṇiprakāśa.
     rucideva ruci-deva, as, m. a proper N.
     rucidhāman ruci-dhāman, ā, ā, a, having light for an abode; (a), n. the abode of light (epithet of the sun).
     rucinātha ruci-nātha, as, m., N. of an author.
     rucipati ruci-pati, is, m., N. of a commentator on the Anarghya-rāghava.
     ruciparvan ruci-parvan, ā, m. a proper N.
     ruciprada ruci-prada, as, ā, am, giving an appetite, appetizing.
     ruciprabha ruci-prabha, as, m., N. of a Daitya.
     ruciphala ruci-phala, am, n. a kind of fruit (= amṛtāhva).
     rucibhartṛ ruci-bhartṛ, tā, m. 'lord or bearer of light', the sun; 'lord or cherisher of pleasure', a husband.
     ruciruci ruci-ruci in ruci-ruce rocanam, N. of a Sāman.
     rucivaha ruci-vaha, as, ā, am, bringing light.
     rucisamprakḷpta ruci-samprakḷpta, as, ā, am, prepared with good taste.

rucita rucita, as, ā, am, brightened, bright, shining; pleased; sweet, delicate, dainty; sharpened (said of the appetite); digested.
     rucitavat rucita-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. containing the meaning of rucita or of rt. 1. ruc.

rucitvā rucitvā or rocitvā, having shone, &c. (Pāṇ. I. 2,26).

rucira rucira, as, ā, am, bright, brilliant, radiant, light, shining, glittering, beautiful; pleasing, agreeable, charming, pleasant; sweet, dainty, nice; stomachic, cordial, restorative; (as), m., N. of a son of Sena-jit; (ā), f. a kind of yellow pigment (= go-rocanā); N. of a metre, four times thirty instants; of another, four times [metrical sequence]; N. of a river; (am), n. saffron; a radish; cloves.
     ruciraketu rucira-ketu, us, m., N. of a Bodhi-sattva.
     ruciradantauṣṭha rucira-dantauṣ-ṭha (-ta-oṣ-), as, ī, am, having beautiful teeth and lips.
     ruciradeva rucira-deva, as, m., N. of a king.
     ruciradhī rucira-dhī, īs, m., N. of a king.
     ruciraprabhāsasambhava rucira-prabhāsa-sambhava, as, m., N. of a serpentdemon.
     ruciravadana rucira-vadana, as, ā, am, having a pleasing or beautiful countenance.
     ruciravāc rucira-vāc, k, k, k, having pleasant speech, eloquent.
     ruciraśrīgarbha rucira-śrī-garbha, as, m., N. of a Bodhi-sattva.
     rucirāñjana rucirāñ-jana (-ra-añ-), as, m. = śobhāñjana, Hyperanthera Moringa.
     rucirānana rucirānana (-ra-ān-), as, ā, am, handsome-faced, beautiful.
     rucirāpāṅgī rucirāpāṅgī (-ra-ap-), f. 'having beautiful corners of the eyes', a woman with beautiful eyes.
     rucirāśva rucirāśva (-ra-aś-), as, m., N. of a son of Sena-jit.
     rucirāsuta rucirā-suta, as, m. a metronymic of Pālakāpya.

ruciṣya ruciṣya, as, ā, am, pleasing, pleasant, agreeable, liked; giving an appetite, tonic, stomachic; dainty, nice.

rucī rucī, f. = ruci above.

rucya rucya, as, ā, am, bright, radiant, beautiful, handsome, pleasing, agreeable, delightful; palatable, delicious, giving an appetite, stomachic, tonic; (as), m. a lover, husband; N. of various plants, Strychnos Potatorum; rice; Aegle Marmelos; (am), n. a digestive, tonic; = sauvarcala.
     rucyakanda rucya-kanda, as, m. Arum Campanulatum.

ruj 1. ruj, cl. 6. P. rujati (rarely A. -te), ruroja, rokṣyati, araukṣīt (in Vājasaneyi-s. XVI. 47. mā rok = bhaṅgam mā kārṣīḥ), roktum, to break, break open, break to pieces, break down, destroy; to bend; to pain, cause pain, afflict with disease, disorder, injure: Pass. rujyate, to be broken, &c.: Caus. rojayati, -yitum, Aor. arūru-jat, to cause to break, to injure, hurt, kill: Desid. rurukṣati: Intens. rorujyate, rorokti; [cf. Gr. [greek] perhaps [greek] Lat. lug-e-o, lug-u-bri-s, luc-tu-s, lu-e-s; Lith. luz-ti, 'to break.']

rugṇa rugṇa, as, ā, am (sometimes incorrectly written rugna), broken, broken to pieces; thwarted, checked; bent, crooked, curved; injured; diseased, sick, infirm.
     rugṇatā rugṇa-tā, f. or rugṇa-tva, am, n. brokenness, crookedness; infirmity, sickness, disease.
     rugṇaraya rug-ṇa-raya, as, ā, am, checked in an onset, foiled in an attack.

ruj 2. ruj, k, k, k, breaking, breaking or dashing to pieces; (k), f. fracture; pain, sickness, illness, disease, (akṣi-ruj, a disease of the eye); toil, fatigue, weariness, effort, trouble.
     rukpratikriyā ruk-pratikriyā, f. counteraction of disease, treatment of sickness, practice of medicine, curing, remedying.
     ruksadman ruk-sadman, a, n. 'seat of pain', excrement, feces.
     ruganvita rug-an-vita, as, ā, am, attended with pain, painful.
     rugdāha rug-dāha, as, m. a kind of fever.
     rugbhaya rug-bhaya, am, n. fear of disease.
     rugbheṣaja rug-bheṣaja, am, n., Ved. 'disease-medicine', any medicine or drug.
     rugviniścaya rug-viniścaya, as, m. 'determination of disease', N. of a work by Mādhava (treating of the causes and diagnosis of eighty kinds of disease).
     rujaskara rujas-kara, as, ā or ī, am (rujas, acc. pl. + kara), causing or producing pain.

ruja ruja, as, ā, am, breaking, breaking to pieces, destroying (at the end of comps., cf. valaṃ-r-); (as), m. a word of doubtful meaning in Atharva-veda XVI. 3, 2; (ā), f. breaking, fracture, rupture, destruction, overthrow; pain, sickness, disease, illness, disorder; Costus Speciosus or Arabicus (= kuṣṭha); an ewe.
     rujākara rujā-kara, as, ī, am, causing pain, making sick or ill, sickening; (as), m. sickness, disease; sickness induced by passion or love (said to be one of the Bhāvas or sentiments); (am), n. the acid fruit of Averrhoa Carambola.
     rujāpaha rujāpaha (-jā-ap-), as, ā, am, keeping off pain, removing sickness or disease.
     rujāvat rujā-vat, ān, atī, at, having pain or disease, painful, diseased.
     rujāvin rujā-vin, ī, inī, i, Ved. painful.
     rujāsaha rujā-saha, as, m. a species of fruit tree.

rujāya rujāya, Nom. A. rujāyate, &c., to be sick or ill.

rurukṣaṇi rurukṣaṇi, is, is, i (fr. the Desid.), Ved. wishing or able to destroy.

ruṭ ruṭ, cl. 1. A. roṭate, &c., to strike against, resist, oppose; to suffer pain; to shine; cl. 10. P. roṭayati, &c., to be angry [cf. rt. 1. ruṣ]; to shine; to speak.

ruṭh ruṭh, cl. 1. P. roṭhati, &c., to strike, strike down, fell; cl. 1.A. roṭhate, &c., to strike against, resist, oppose; to torment, pain; to suffer pain; [cf. rt. ruṭ.]

roṭhamāna roṭhamāna, as, ā, am, paining; suffering pain.

ruṇaskarā ruṇaskarā, f. a cow easily milked, a gentle cow.

ruṇā ruṇā, f., N. of a river flowing into the Sarasvatī.

ruṇṭ ruṇṭ, cl. 1. P. ruṇṭati, &c., to steal, rob.

ruṇṭh ruṇṭh (= rt. luṇṭh), cl. 1. P. ruṇ-ṭhati, &c., to go; to be lame; to be idle; to strike against, resist; to steal, (in this sense a various reading for rt. ruṇṭ.)

ruṇḍ ruṇḍ, cl. 1. P. ruṇḍati, &c. = rt. ruṇṭ, p. 848, col. 3.

ruṇḍa ruṇḍa, as, ā, am, maimed, mutilated; (as), m. according to some also (am), n. a headless body, mere trunk (retaining life and continuing to mix in battle).

ruṇḍikā ruṇḍikā, f. a field of battle; a female messenger or go-between; the threshold of a door; superhuman power (= vi-bhūti).

ruta ruta, &c. See under rt. 1. ru, p. 847, col. 2.

rutha rutha, as, m. a proper N.

rud 1. rud [cf. rt. 1. ru], cl. 2. P. roditi (Ved. also cl. 6. rudati, ep. also A. rudate), Impf. arodīt or arodat (Pāṇ. VII. 3, 98, 99; 1st sing. arodam, 3rd pl. arudan), Impv. roditu (2nd sing. rudihi), Perf. ruroda (ep. rurude), 2nd Fut. rodiṣyati (Ved. rotsyati), Aor. arodīt (3rd pl. arodiṣus) or arudat, roditum, to weep, cry, shed tears, wail, lament; to bewail, deplore; to roar, howl: Pass. rudyate, Aor. arodi: Caus. rodayati, -yi-tum, Aor. arūrudat, to cause to weep or lament: Desid. rurudiṣati: Intens. rorudyate, rorotti, to weep very much; [cf. perhaps Gr. [greek] Lat. rud-o; Old Germ. riuzan; Angl. Sax. reotan; Lith. raudoju; Slav. rudajun.]

rud 2. rud, t, t, t, weeping, crying, lamenting [cf. agha-r-]; (t), f. cry, wail, lamentation; sound, noise; grief; pain, affliction; disease.

rudat rudat, an, atī or antī, at, weeping, crying, wailing, bewailing; (antī), f. a species of small shrub (= rudantikā).

rudatha rudatha, as, m. a child, a pupil, scholar; a dog; a cock.

rudana rudana, am, n. the act of crying, weeping, lamentation.

rudantikā rudantikā, f. 'the weeper', epithet of a species of small succulent shrub (= amṛta-sravā).

rudamāna rudamāna, as, ā, am, weeping, wailing, lamenting.

rudita rudita, as, ā, am, wept, lamented, deplored; weeping, crying, lamenting; wet with tears; (am), n. a weeping, wailing, crying, lamentation.

ruditvā ruditvā, ind. having wept, having lamented.

rudyamāna rudyamāna, as, ā, am, being bewailed.

rudra rudra, as, ā, am (according to Uṇādi-s. II. 22. fr. rt. 1. rud above; according to others fr. rt. 1. ru + dra fr. rt. 2. dru, to run; connected with rodas, q. v., and perhaps with rudhira), crying, howling, roaring, one who cries or roars, dreadful, horrible, terrific, awful; great, large; (according to the fanciful etymologies of native writers, the following meanings are also assigned to this word), driving away evil; running about and roaring; praiseworthy, to be praised, (according to Naigh. III. 16) = stotṛ, a praiser, panegyrist, worshipper; (as), m. 'the Roarer' or 'Howler', N. of the god of tempests and father of the Rudras or Maruts, (originally perhaps the mere personified roaring of the storms, but as the crackling or raging of fire may resemble the sound of wind, so in the Veda the god of storms is sometimes identified with the god of fire; though generally represented as a destroying deity whose terrible shafts bring death or disease on men and cattle, he is also addressed as benevolent and auspicious [śiva], and is even supposed to have a healing efficacy from his chasing away vapours and purifying the atmosphere; hence he has various epithets in the Veda, such as 'multiform', 'terrible as a wild beast', 'tawnycoloured', 'wearing braided hair' [kapardin], 'celestial boar', 'armed with a strong bow and fleet arrows', 'cause of prosperity to man and beast', 'possessor of healing remedies', 'greatest of physicians', &c.; he is of course ruler of the Rudras, who are the same as the storm winds, more usually called Maruts, and who are often associated with Indra [see marut]: in the later mythology the epithet śiva, 'propitious', which does not occur as a name in the Veda, was employed as the real name of the destroying deity, being at first applied as an euphemism to propitiate him: moreover the character of the deity lost its special connection with storms, and developed into a personification of the destroying principle generally, though even the Epic and Purānic Śiva was regarded as the generator as well as destroyer: moreover a new class of beings, described as eleven in number, though still called Rudras, took the place of the original Rudras or Maruts: in the Veda only three groupings of deities into classes appear to be recognised, Indra belonging to the Vasus, Varuṇa to the Ādityas, and Rudra to the Rudras or Maruts; but in Manu XI. 221. the Maruts are enumerated as a fourth group, being there distinguished from the eleven Rudras: in Viṣṇu-Purāṇa I. 7. Rudra is said to have sprung from Brahmā's forehead, and to have afterwards separated himself into a figure half male and half female, the former portion separating again into the eleven Rudras, who were so called because they 'ran about crying aloud' [ruda-nād drāvaṇāc-ca, cf. rts. 1. rud, 2. dru]; hence these later Rudras are sometimes regarded as inferior manifestations of Śiva, and most of their names are also names of Śiva; these names are variously given in the different Purāṇas; those of the Vāyu are Ajaikapād, Ahvi-bradhna, Hara, Nir-ṛta, Īśvara, Bhuvana, Aṅgāraka, Ardha-ketu, Mṛtyu, Sarpa, Kapālin: according to other accounts the Rudras are represented as children of Kaśyapa and Surabhī or of Brahmā and Surabhī or of Bhūta and Su-rūpā); a form or manifestation or N. of Śiva (in the later mythology, as explained above; according to the Viṣṇu-Purāṇa I. 8. Rudra is one of the eight forms of Śiva; he is elsewhere reckoned among the Dikpālas as regent of the north-east quarter); a symbolical expression for the number eleven (from the eleven Rudras, see above); a mystical epithet of the letter e; Calotropis Gigantea; N. of various persons; of a lexicographer; of a poet; of a king; (ās), m. pl. the Rudras (described above); an abbreviated expression for the texts or hymns addressed to the Rudras [cf. rudra-japa]; (ā), f., N. of a wife of Vasu-deva; of a daughter of Raudrāśva; = rudra-jaṭā; (ī), f. a kind of lute or guitar; [cf. rudra-vīṇā; cf. perhaps also Gr. [greek]]
     rudrakalaśa rudra-kalaśa, am, n. 'Rudra's vessel', a particular kind of pot or vessel used in making oblations to the planets.
     rudrakavīndra rudra-kavīndra (-vi-in-), as, m. a proper N. (= rudra-bhaṭṭa).
     rudrakālī rudra-kālī, f. a form of Durgā.
     rudrakoṭi rudra-koṭi, is, f., N. of a place of pilgrimage.
     rudrakoṣa rudra-koṣa, as, m., N. of a lexicon by Rudra.
     rudragaṇa rudra-gaṇa, as, m., Ved. 'Rudra-class', the troop of beings called Rudras, (see under rudra.)
     rudragarbha rudra-garbha, as, m. 'Rudra's offspring', N. of Agni.
     rudragīta rudra-gīta, am, ā, n. f. the song of Rudra (in which Agastya repeats a dialogue between himself and Rudra).
     rudracaṇḍika rudra-caṇḍika, epithet of a particular text or formula.
     rudracaṇḍī rudra-caṇḍī, f. a form of Durgā; N. of a section in the Rudra-yāmala.
     rudracandra rudra-candra, as, m., N. of a king.
     rudracchattra rudra-cchattra, as, m. a proper N.
     rudraja rudra-ja, as, m. (according to some) am, n. 'produced from Rudra or Śiva', quicksilver (supposed to be the semen of Śiva).
     rudrajaṭā rudra-jaṭā, f. 'Rudra's hair', N. of a species of creeper.
     rudrajapa ru-dra-japa, as, m., N. of a particular prayer or hymn addressed to Rudra.
     rudrajapana rudra-japana, am, n. the recitation of the Rudra-japa in a low tone.
     rudrajāpaka rudra-jāpaka, as, ikā, am, or rudra-jāpin, ī, inī, i, one who recites the Rudra-japa in a low tone.
     rudrajāpya rudra-jāpya, am, n., N. of a particular hymn or prayer extracted from the Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā and addressed to Rudra.
     rudratanaya rudra-tanaya, as, m. 'Rudra's son', N. of the third black Vāsudeva; of Punishment; epithet of a sword.
     rudratva rudra-tva, am, n. the being Rudra.
     rudradatta rudra-datta, as, m., N. of an author; of a work on medicine.
     rudradāman rudra-dāman, ā, m., N. of a king.
     rudradeva rudra-deva, as, m., N. of various persons; of the author of the Yayāti-carita; of the author of a commentary on the Prabodha-candrodaya.
     rudradhara rudra-dhara, as, m., N. of an author.
     rudranyāyavācaspatibhaṭṭācārya rudra-nyāya-vācaspati-bhaṭ-ṭācārya (-ta-āc-), as, m., N. of an author (= rudra-bhaṭṭācārya).
     rudrapaṇḍita rudra-paṇḍita, as, m., N. of an author (= rudra-sūri).
     rudrapatnī rudra-patnī, f. Rudra's wife, the goddess Durgā; linseed, Linum Usitatissimum.
     rudrapaddhati rudra-paddhati, is, f., N. of a work by Paraśu-rāma.
     rudrapāla rudra-pāla, as, m. a proper N.
     rudraputra rudra-putra, as, m. Rudra's son, a patronymic of the twelfth Manu; [cf. rudra-sā-varṇi.]
     rudrapura rudra-pura, am, n., N. of a province.
     rudrapūjana rudra-pūjana, am, n. or rudra-pūjā, f. 'worship of Rudra', N. of a work.
     rudrapratāpa rudra-pratāpa, as, m., N. of a king (= pratāpa-rudra).
     rudraprayāga rudra-prayāga, as, m., N. of the sacred place where the river Mandākinī joins the Ganges.
     rudrapriyā rudra-priyā, f. 'dear to Rudra', epithet of Terminalia Chebula; the goddess Pārvatī.
     rudrabali rudra-bali, is, m. an oblation of meat &c. presented to the Rudras.
     rudrabhaṭṭa rudra-bhaṭṭa, as, m., N. of the author of the Śṛṅgāratilaka (= rudraṭa); of the author of a commentary on the Vaidya-jīvana; = rudra-kavīndra.
     rudrabhaṭṭācārya rudra-bhaṭṭācārya (-ṭa-āc-), as, m., N. of an author and commentator.
     rudrabhāṣya rudra-bhāṣya, am, n., N. of a work by Ahobala.
     rudrabhū rudra-bhū, ūs, or rudra-bhūmi, is, f. 'Rudra's ground', a cemetery.
     rudrabhūti rudra-bhūti, is, m., N. of a preceptor (having the patronymic Drāhyāyaṇi).
     rudrabhairavī rudra-bhairavī, f. a form of Durgā.
     rudramaya rudra-maya, as, ī, am, consisting of Rudra, having the essence of Rudra.
     rudramahādevī rudra-mahā-devī, f., N. of the wife of king Govindacanda.
     rudrayajña rudra-yajña, as, m. an oblation or sacrifice offered to Rudra.
     rudrayāmala rudra-yāmala, am, n., N. of a Tantra work in the form of a dialogue between Bhairava and Bhairavī.
     rudrarāya rudra-rāya, as, m., N. of a king.
     rudrarāśi rudra-rāśi, is, m. a proper N.
     rudrarodana rudra-rodana, am, n. 'Rudra's tears', i. e. gold.
     rudraroman rudra-roman, ā, f., N. of one of the Mātṛs attending upon Skanda.
     rudralaṭā rudra-laṭā, f. = rudra-jaṭā.
     rudraloka rudra-loka, as, m. Rudra's world.
     rudravaṭa ru-dra-vaṭa, N. of a Tīrtha.
     rudravat rudra-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. having Rudra or the Rudras.
     rudravadgaṇa rudravad-gaṇa, as, ā, am, Ved. surrounded by the Rudra troop.
     rudravartani rudra-vartani, ī, m. du. 'proceeding on terrible roads', N. of the Aśvins, (Sāy. = rodana-śīla-mārgau or stūyamāna-mārgau.)
     rudraviṃśati rudra-viṃśati, is, f. epithet of the last twenty years in the Jupiter cycle of sixty years.
     rudravidhāna rudra-vidhāna, am, n., N. of a work.
     rudravīṇā rudra-vīṇā, f. epithet of a particular religious observance.
     rudraśarman rudra-śarman, ā, m., N. of a Brāhman.
     rudrasampradāyin rudra-sampradāyin, inas, m. pl., N. of a sect.
     rudrasaras rudra-saras, as, n., N. of a lake.
     rudrasarga rudra-sarga, as, m. Rudra's creation; the creation of the eleven Rudras.
     rudrasāman rudra-sāman, a, n., N. of a particular Sāman.
     rudrasāvarṇi rudra-sāvarṇi, is, m., N. of the twelfth Manu; [cf. rudra-putra, manu.]
     rudrasāvarṇika rudrasāvarṇika, as, ī, am, belonging or relating to Rudra-sāvarṇi, being under Rudrasāvarṇi.
     rudrasiṃha rudra-siṃha, as, m. a proper N.
     rudrasundarī ru-dra-sundarī, f., N. of a goddess.
     rudrasū rudra-sū, ūs, f. a mother of eleven children.
     rudrasūkta rudra-sūkta, am, n., N. of a particular hymn.
     rudrasūri rudra-sūri, is, m., N. of an author.
     rudrasṛṣṭi rudra-sṛṣṭi, is, f. Rudra's creation; the creation of the eleven Rudras; [cf. rudra-sarga.]
     rudrasena rudra-sena, as, m., N. of a warrior.
     rudrasoma rudra-soma, as, m., N. of a Brāhman.
     rudraskanda rudra-skanda, as, m., N. of a commentator.
     rudrasvarga rudra-svarga, as, m. Rudra's heaven.
     rudrasvāmin rudra-svāmin, ī, m. a proper N.
     rudrahimālaya rudra-himālaya, as, m., N. of a peak of the Himālaya mountains.
     rudrahūti rudra-hūti, is, is, i, Ved. (according to Mahīdhara on Vājasaneyi-s. XXXVIII. 16) being invoked by praisers or worshippers.
     rudrahṛdaya rudra-hṛdaya, am, n., N. of an Upaniṣad.
     rudrākrīḍa rudrākrīḍa (-ra-āk-), as, m. 'Rudra's play-ground', a cemetery, place where dead bodies are burnt or buried (Rudra being supposed to dance and sport in such places at evening twilight).
     rudrākṣa rudrākṣa (-ra-ak-), as, m. 'Rudraeyed', a kind of tree, Elaeocarpus Ganitrus; (am), n. the berry of this tree (used for rosaries); a rosary; N. of an Upaniṣad, (the gender here and in the preceding sense is doubtful.)
     rudrākṣamālā rudrākṣa-mālā, f. a rosary made of Rudrākṣa berries.
     rudrācārya rudrācārya (-ra-āc-), as, m. a proper N.
     rudrādhyāya rudrādhyāya (-ra-adh-), as, m. epithet of particular prayers addressed to Rudra.
     rudrādhyāyin rudrādhyāyin, ī, inī, i, one who recites or repeats the above prayers.
     rudrāyaṇa rudrāyaṇa (-ra-ay-), as, m., N. of a king of Roruka.
     rudrāri rudrāri (-ra-ari), is, m. Rudra's enemy; N. of Kāma-deva; (is, is, i), having Rudra for an enemy, hostile to Rudra.
     rudrāvarta rudrāvarta (-ra-āv-), N. of a place of pilgrimage.
     rudrāvasṛṣṭa rudrāvasṛṣṭa (-ra-av-), as, ā, am, Ved. let go or hurled by Rudra.
     rudrāvāsa rudrāvāsa (-ra-āv-), as, m. Rudra's abode, i. e. Kāśi or Benares.
     rudraikādaśinī rudraikādaśinī (-ra-ek-), f. the eleven Rudra hymns.
     rudropaniṣad rudropaniṣad (-ra-up-), t, f., N. of two Upaniṣads.
     rudropastha rudropastha (-ra-up-), as, m. 'Rudra's generative organ', N. of a mountain.

rudraka rudraka, as, m. a proper N.

rudraṭa rudraṭa, as, m. an abbreviated form of Rudrabhaṭṭa.

rudrāṇī rudrāṇī, f. Rudra's wife, the goddess Durgā; epithet of a girl eleven years of age, in whom menstruation has not yet commenced, representing the goddess Durgā at the Durgā festival.

rudriya rudriya, as, ā, am, Ved. belonging or relating to Rudra [cf. śata-rudriya], coming from Rudra; relating to the Rudras, coming from them, &c.; terrific, fearful, awful, impetuous; (according to Sāy. also) uttering praise or giving pleasure; (ās), m. pl. the Maruts; (am), n. Rudra's majesty or power; (Sāy.) pleasure, delight (= sukha).

rurudiṣu rurudiṣu, us, us, u (fr. the Desid.), wishing or intending to weep, inclined to cry.

roda roda, as, m., Ved. weeping, wailing, lamenting, lamentation.

rodana rodana, am, n. the act of weeping or wailing, bewailing, lamentation; weeping, a tear, tears; (ī), f. Alhagi Maurorum.

rodamāna rodamāna, as, ā, am, for rudamāna, q. v.

rodas rodas, as, n. heaven, &c. See p. 855, col. 1.

roditavya roditavya, as, ā, am, to be bewailed or lamented.

roditvā roditvā, ind. = ruditvā.

rorudat rorudat, an, atī, at, weeping or wailing bitterly.

rorudā rorudā, f. violent weeping, excessive lamentation.
     rorudāvat rorudā-vat, ān, atī, at, full of excessive lamentation, weeping violently or intensely.

rorudyamāna rorudyamāna, as, ā, am, weeping or crying bitterly.

ruddha ruddha. See col. 2.

rudra rudra. See p. 849, col. 1.

rudh 1. rudh (= rt. 1. ruh), cl. 1. P. ro-dhati, &c., Ved. to sprout, shoot, grow, germinate; [cf. nyag-rodha, 2. ava-rodha.]

rodha 1. rodha, as, m. sprouting, growing, &c.; [cf. 2. ava-r-, nyag-r-.]
     rodhāvarodha rodhāvarodha (-dha-av-), probably 'moving up and down.'

rudh 2. rudh, cl. 7. P. A. ruṇaddhi, runddhe (ep. also rundhati, rundhate, rodhati, Impf. arundhat), rurodha, rurudhe, rotsyati, -te, arudhat or arautsīt, aruddha (Ved. forms araut, rudhmas, arautsi), roddhum (ep. also rodhitum), to stop, check, arrest, restrain, hinder, impede, prevent, obstruct, suppress, oppose; to hold, withhold, retain, keep; to avert, keep off, keep back; to shut, close, lock, shut up, lock up, block up, close up, stop up, fill up; to besiege, blockade, lay siege to, invest; to shut in, enclose, surround, confine (with loc. of the place of confinement or with double acc. according to Vopa-deva V. 6); to bind; to cover, cover up, cover over, obscure; to oppress, torment, harass: Pass. rudhyate, Aor. arodhi: Caus. rodhayati, -te (ep. also rundha-yati), -yitum, Aor. arūrudhat, to cause to stop; to restrain, impede, obstruct; to cause to be confined; cause to be besieged; to fetter, enchain; to oppress, torment, harass: Desid. rurutsati, -te: Intens. rorudhyate, roroddhi; [cf. perhaps Hib. rundha, 'secret, mysterious;' rundhachd, 'secrecy;' ruindiamhar, 'a mystery;' ruine, 'secrecy:' Goth. runa, 'a mystery:' Old Germ. runen, runazjan, which may be related to rt. 1. ru.]

ruddha ruddha, as, ā, am, stopped, checked, impeded, restrained, obstructed, suppressed, opposed; held, withheld; kept, kept back; shut, closed, shut up, secured; invested, besieged, blockaded; shut in, enclosed, confined, surrounded, begirt, fenced in; covered, covered up; (as), m., N. of a town; (ā), f. a siege.
     ruddhagir ruddha-gir, īr, īr, īr, having the utterance choked or impeded.
     ruddhapravāha ruddha-pravāha, as, ā, am, having the stream obstructed.
     ruddhamūtra ruddha-mūtra, as, ā, am, having the urine suppressed; suffering from retention of urine.

ruddhaka ruddhaka, am, n. citron, (perhaps for rucaka.)

ruddhvā ruddhvā, ind. having stopped or checked, having restrained or obstructed.

rudh 3. rudh, t, t, t, stopping, restraining, impeding, holding; [cf. kara-r-.]

rudha rudha, as, ā, am, stopping, restraining, hindering, repelling.

rudhikrā rudhi-krā, m., Ved., N. of an Asura or demon conquered by Indra.

rundhat rundhat, an, atī, at, stopping, hindering, opposing, impeding; resisting, refusing.

rurutsu rurutsu, us, us, u, wishing to obstruct or oppose; wishing to bind or tie up (as the hair).

roddhavya roddhavya, as, ā, am, to be closed or shut.

roddhṛ roddhṛ, dhā, dhrī, dhṛ, one who stops or obstructs, one who shuts in, a besieger.

rodha 2. rodha, as, m. (for 1. rodha see col. 1), the act of stopping, checking, arresting, restraining, hindering, impeding, preventing, &c.; restraint, stoppage, obstruction, suppression, prevention, prohibition; shutting up, confining; closing, blocking up; siege, blockade (of a town); attacking, making war upon; a dam, bank, shore [cf. rodhas below]; a proper N.; N. of a hell.
     rodhakṛt rodha-kṛt, t, m. epithet of the forty-fifth year in the Jupiter cycle of sixty years.
     rodhacakra rodha-cakra, as, ā, am, Ved. (rivers) forming eddies on the bank, (Sāy. = rodhana-śīlāni cakrāṇi yāsu.)
     rodhavakrā rodha-vakrā, f. = rodho-vakrā.

rodhaka rodhaka, as, ikā, am, stopping, checking, restraining, confining, shutting up, besieging, blockading.

rodhana rodhana, as, ī, am, obstructing, impeding, being an obstacle or hindrance; (as), m. the planet Mercury; (ā), f. = rodhas; (am), n. the act of stopping, checking, restraining, preventing, impeding, oppressing; the act of confining, confinement, restraint; besieging, blockading.

rodhas rodhas, as, n. a bank, embankment, dam, obstruction; a mound, high bank, wall, a shore; the brink of a well; a flank, epithet of a woman's hips; [cf. taṭa.]
     rodhaḥpatanakaluṣa rodhaḥ-patana-kaluṣa, as, ā, am, (rendered) muddy by the falling in of a bank.
     rodhasvat ro-dhas-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. having high banks (said of rivers; Ved.); (atī), f., N. of a river.
     rodhovakrā rodho-vakrā, f. 'winding along its banks', a river.
     rodhovatī rodho-vatī, f. 'having banks', a river.
     rodhovapra rodho-vapra, as, m. a rapid river.

rodhin rodhin, ī, inī, i, stopping, checking, restraining, hindering, preventing, prohibiting; shutting up, closing; destroying; a species of plant, (gender doubtful.)

rodhya rodhya, as, ā, am, to be stopped or checked, to be restrained, &c.

rudhira rudhira, as, ā, am (according to Uṇādi-s. I. 52. fr. rt. 2. rudh; according to some fr. a lost rt. rudh; according to others connected with rts. 1. rudh and 1. ruh; cf. rohita), red, blood-red, bloody (Ved.); (as), m. the blood-red planet, i. e. Mars; a kind of precious stone [cf. ru-dhirākhya]; (am), n. blood; saffron; N. of a town; [cf. śoṇita-pura: cf. also Gr. [greek] [greek]] Lat. ruber, rufu-s, rutilu-s (for old ruthilus), rob-igo: Old Norse riod-r, 'ruddy;' rioda: Goth. ga-riud-jo: Old Germ. rot, rost: Angl. Sax. read, roder: Slav. rud-e-ti, ruzd-a: Lith. raud-a, rud-a-s, rūdi-s: Hib. ruadh, ruaid, 'red, reddish;' ruaidhim, 'I redden.']
     rudhiratāmrākṣa rudhira-tāmrākṣa, as, ī, am, having blood-red eyes.
     rudhirapāyin rudhira-pāyin, ī, m. 'drinking blood', a Rākṣasa or demon.
     rudhirapradigdha ru-dhira-pradigdha, as, ā, am, besmeared with blood.
     rudhiraplāvita rudhira-plāvita, as, ā, am, swimming with blood, soaked in blood.
     rudhirarūṣita rudhira-rūṣita, as, ā, am, covered with blood.
     rudhiralepa rudhira-lepa, as, m. blood-stain, smear of blood.
     rudhiravindu rudhira-vindu, us, m. a drop of blood.
     rudhirākṣa rudhirākṣa (-ra-ak-) = rudhi-rākhya below (according to some).
     rudhirākhya rudhirākhya (-ra-ākh-), as, am, m. n. 'blood-named, red as blood', epithet of a particular precious stone.
     rudhirādhyāya rudhirādhyā-ya (-ra-adh-), as, m., N. of a chapter of the Kālikā-Purāṇa treating of the sacrifice of animals.
     rudhirānana rudhi-rānana (-ra-ān-), am, n. epithet of one of the five retrograding motions of Mars.
     rudhirāndha rudhirāndha (-ra-an-), 'whose waters are blood', N. of a hell.
     rudhirāmaya rudhirāmaya (-ra-ām-), as, m. 'blood-disease', hemorrhage (= rakta-pitta).
     rudhirāvila rudhirāvila (-ra-āv-), as, ā, am, blood-stained, soiled with blood.
     rudhirāśana rudhirāśana (-ra-aś-), as, ā, am, feeding on blood (said of Rākṣasas &c.).
     rudhirodgārin rudhirodgārin (-ra-ud-), ī, iṇī, i, spitting blood, vomiting blood; (ī), m. epithet of the fifty-seventh year in the Jupiter cycle of sixty years.

rup 1. rup (an older form of rt. 1. lup), cl. 4. P. rupyati, ruropa, arupat, &c., to suffer violent or racking pain (Ved.); to violate, confound, disturb: Caus. ropayati, -yitum, Aor. arūrupat, to cause acute pain; to break off; [cf. Lat. rumpo, rupi, &c.]

ropa 1. ropa, 1. ropita, &c. See p. 855, col. 1.

rup 2. rup (connected with rt. 1. ruh), Ved. the earth.

rubheṭi rubheṭi, is, f. fog, vapour.

ruma ruma, as, m. a proper N. (Ved.); (ā), f., N. of a salt-mine or salt-lake (in the district of Sambhar in Ajmere); of a wife of the ape Su-grīva.
     rumābhava rumā-bhava, as, ā, am, obtained from the Rumā salt-mines; [cf. raumaka.]

rumaṇvat rumaṇvat, ān, m. a proper N.; N. of a mountain ('possessing salt').

rumra rumra, as, ā, am (in Uṇādi-s. II. 14. said to be fr. rt. ram) = aruṇa, tawny; the dawn, &c.; = śobana, bright, beautiful, &c.

ruru ruru, us, m. (in Uṇādi-s. IV. 103. said to be fr. rt. 1. ru), a kind of deer; a species of rapacious animal, a dog; a species of fruit tree; N. of a son of the Ṛṣi Pramati by the Apsaras Ghṛtācī; of a divine being enumerated among the Viśve Devāḥ; of one of the seven Ṛṣis under Manu Sāvarṇi (his patronymic is Kāśyapa); of a Dānava or Daitya (said to have been slain by Durgā); of a form of Bhairava, (sometimes called ruru-bhairava.)
     rurumuṇḍa ruru-muṇḍa, as, m., N. of a mountain, (also read uru-muṇḍa.)
     ruruśīrṣan ruru-śīrṣan, ā, -ṣṇī, a, Ved. 'deer-headed', having a deer's horn or having a destructive point (said of an arrow; Sāy. = śṛṅga-śīrṣan or hantṛ-śiraska).

ruruka ruruka, as, m., N. of a king.

rurukṣaṇi rurukṣaṇi. See p. 848, col. 3.

rurutsu rurutsu. See col. 2.

rurudiṣu rurudiṣu. See col. 1.

ruvaṇya ruvaṇya, ruvatha. See p. 847, col. 3.

ruvu ruvu, us, m. [cf. uruvu], the castoroil tree, Ricinus Communis (= raktairaṇḍa).

ruvuka ruvuka or ruvūka, as, m. Ricinus Communis; [cf. uruvuka, rūvuka, &c.]

ruś ruś (connected with and in some forms and meanings identified with rt. 1. ruṣ), cl. 6. P. ruśati, rurośa, rokṣyati, arukṣat, roṣṭum, to hurt, injure, kill; to vex, displease, annoy: Caus. rośayati, -yitum, Aor. arūruśat: Desid. rurukṣati: Intens. roruśyate, roroṣṭi.

ruśat 1. ruśat, an, atī or antī, at, hurting, injuring, vexing, displeasing; cursing, imprecating.

ruśaṅgu ruśaṅgu, us, m., N. of a Ṛṣi.

ruśat 2. ruśat, an, atī or antī, at (probably to be regarded as a participle connected with rt. 1. ruc), Ved. brilliant, bright, light-coloured, white; [cf. Gr. [greek]]
     ruśatpaśu ruśat-paśu, us, us, u, Ved. having white cattle; (Sāy.) having brilliant rays or blazing with the oblation (= ruśad-raśmi or prakāśita-havis).
     ruśadūrmi ruśad-ūrmi, is, is, i, Ved. having glistening waves, having bright flames (said of Fire; Sāy. = dīpta-jvāla).
     ruśadgu ruśad-gu, us, us, u, Ved. having white or bright cattle; bright-rayed, (Sāy. = rocamāna-raśmi); (us), m. a proper N.
     ruśadratha ru-śad-ratha, as, ā, am, Ved. having a light-coloured carriage; (as), m. a proper N.
     ruśadvatsa ruśad-vatsa, as, ā, am, Ved. having a bright or white calf or offspring, (the Dawn is so called as parent of the Sun.)

ruśanā ruśanā, f., N. of one of the wives of Rudra.

ruśama ruśama, as, m. a proper N.; (ā), f. a proper N., (Ruśamā is said to have contended with Indra as to which of the two would run fastest round the earth, and to have won by the artifice of only going round Kurukshetra.)

ruśeku ruśeku, us, m., N. of a king.

ruṣ 1. ruṣ (connected with and in some forms and meanings identified with rt. ruś; allied also to rukṣ in 1. rukṣa), cl. 1. P. roṣati, ruroṣa, roṣiṣyati, aroṣīt or aruṣat, roṣitum or roṣṭum, to hurt, injure, kill; to vex, annoy, displease, make angry, disgust; to take ill, be offended (Ved.); cl. 4. ruṣyati, to be vexed or annoyed; to be offended; to be cross or angry; to injure, &c.: cl. 10. or Caus. roṣayati, -yi-tum, Aor. arūruṣat, to vex, annoy, displease, irritate; to enrage, exasperate: Desid. ruruṣiṣati, ruroṣi-ṣati: Intens. roruṣyate, roroṣṭi; [cf. probably Gr. [greek] (perhaps also) [greek] [greek] Goth. in-rauht-jan.]

ruṣ 2. ruṣ, ṭ, f. anger, wrath, rage, fury, passion.

ruṣaṅgu ruṣaṅgu, us, m., N. of a Brāhman.

ruṣat ruṣat, an, antī or atī (as if fr. rt. ruś), at, hurting, injuring, vexing, displeasing.
     ruṣadgu ruṣad-gu, us, m., N. of a king.

ruṣā ruṣā, f. = 2. ruṣ, anger, wrath, rage, fury.
     ruṣānvita ruṣānvita (-ṣā-an-), as, ā, am, filled with anger, full of wrath.

ruṣita ruṣita, as, ā, am, injured; enraged, irritated, &c., = ruṣṭa below.

ruṣṭa ruṣṭa, as, ā, am, enraged, irritated, offended, angry, furious; (as), m., N. of a Muni.

ruṣṭi ruṣṭi, is, f. anger, wrath, rage, fury, passion.
     ruṣṭimat ruṣṭi-mat, ān, atī, at, angry, &c.

ruṣya 1. ruṣya, ruṣya-mat, see Gaṇa Madhvādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 86.

ruṣya 2. ruṣya, ind. having irritated or enraged, &c. (Rāmāyaṇa II. 98, 12).

ruṣyat ruṣyat, an, antī, at, being angry or offended.

roṣ roṣ, ṭ, m. one who hurts or injures, an injurer; one who irritates or enrages.

roṣa roṣa, as, m. anger, rage, wrath, passion, fury.
     roṣatāmrākṣa roṣa-tāmrākṣa, as, ī, am, having eyes red with anger.
     roṣaparīta roṣa-parīta, as, ā, am, filled with wrath.
     roṣamaya roṣa-maya, as, ī, am, consisting of anger, proceeding from fury.
     roṣavāhaṇa roṣa-vāhaṇa, as, ā, am, 'being a vehicle of anger', bearing or feeling wrath (= ārūḍha-krodha).
     roṣākṣepa roṣākṣepa (-ṣa-āk-), as, m. (in rhetoric) angry expression of dissent, angry reproach, ironical taunt.
     roṣāvaroha roṣāvaroha (-ṣa-av-), as, m., N. of a warrior on the side of the gods in the war against the Asuras.

roṣaṇa roṣaṇa, as, ī, am, angry, wrathful, passionate, easily enraged; enraged at or against, (kṣatriya-roṣaṇa, exasperated at the Kshatriyas); (as), m. a touch-stone; quicksilver; an arid or desert soil containing salt; Grewia Asiatica.
     roṣaṇatā roṣaṇa-tā, f. the state of being easily enraged, proneness to anger, irritability, wrath.

roṣita roṣita, as, ā, am, enraged, exasperated, irritated.

roṣin roṣin, ī, iṇī, i, angry, wrathful, irritable, furious.

roṣṭṛ roṣṭṛ, ṭā, ṭṝ, an injurer; one who is vexed or angry, wrathful.

ruh 1. ruh (originally written rudh; cf. rt. 1. rudh), cl. 1. P. rohati (ep. also A. rohate), ruroha, rokṣyati, arukṣat (Ved. and ep. aruhat), roḍhum (ep. rohitum, Ved. rohiṣyai, Pāṇ. III. 4, 10), to rise, mount upwards, ascend, climb; to spring up, shoot forth, sprout, germinate, to be produced or born; to grow, grow up, be developed or formed, grow larger, increase, increase in size; to grow together, grow over, cicatrize, heal; to reach to, attain: Caus. rohayati or (in the later language) ropayati, -yitum, Aor. arūruhat or arūrupat, to cause to ascend, raise up, elevate; to place in or on, fix, fasten; to deliver over, commit, entrust; to plant, sow, put in the ground; to cause to grow, cause to grow over or heal: Desid. rurukṣati: Intens. roruhyate, roroḍhi; [cf. perhaps Gr. [greek] perhaps Lat. rus, rur-is: Goth. liugan, jugga-lauths; liudith, 'it grows;' lauths, 'a man' (gen. laudi-s): Old Germ. liut, 'a people;' liuti (= Mod. Germ. Leute), sumarlota, 'a twig;' ruota, 'a set, twig:' Old Sax. ruoda: Angl. Sax. rod: Slav. rod-i-ti, 'to bring forth;' na-rodu, 'a people:' Lith. liu-dinu, 'to produce;' rudu, 'autumn:' Celt. rho-dara, 'a kind of plant;' rod-ra, 'a tree:' Scot. ros, 'seed;' rosach, 'full of seed:' Hib. rosan, 'a shrub;' rud, 'a wood, forest;' ruadh, 'strength, value; strong;' romho, 'very much, great;' rom-hoide, 'greatness;' ruidh, 'running, a race;' roid, 'a race;' ruaidhneach, 'hair;' laidir, 'strong, stout;' laidireacht, laidireas, 'strength.']

ruh 2. ruh, ṭ, f. rising, ascending, ascent, sprouting, germinating, growth; (at the end of a comp.) shooting up, germinating, growing, increasing; [cf. am-bho-r-, kṣiti-ra-, bhūmī-ra-.]

ruha ruha, as, ā, am, rising, mounting, springing up, germinating, growing, springing from, growing on, produced on (at the end of a comp., cf. paṅka-r-, bhūmī-ra-, mahī-ra-); mounted, ascended upon; (ā), f. bent grass, Panicum Dactylon.

ruhaka ruhaka, am, n. a hole, vacuity, cave, chasm; [cf. 1. ropa.]

ruhāṇa ruhāṇa, as, ā, am, Ved. attaining, gaining; gaining over, delighting, (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda I. 32, 8. mano ruhāṇa = cittām ārohat.)

ruhvan ruhvan, ā, m. a plant, tree.

rūḍha rūḍha, as, ā, am, mounted, risen, ascended; sprung up, born, produced; grown, grown up, increased; budded, blown; large, bulky, great, much; grown or spread about, diffused, commonly known, notorious; certain, ascertained; traditional, generally received, popular, customary, conventional, not to be etymologically resolved; having a special meaning or one not depending directly on the etymology (said of words); obscure.
     rūḍhapraṇaya rūḍha-praṇaya, as, ā, am, whose love or affection has grown strong.
     rūḍhayoga rū-ḍha-yoga, as, ā, am, whose Yoga or devotion has increased.
     rūḍhayauvana rūḍha-yauvana, as, m. one who has attained to youth or adolescence.
     rūḍhavañśa rūḍha-vañśa, as, ā, am, of a high family.
     rūḍhavacana rūḍha-vacana, am, n. = rūḍhi-śabda below.
     rūḍhasauhṛda rūḍha-sauhṛda, as, ā, am, whose friendship is grown or increased, firm in friendship.

rūḍhi rūḍhi, is, f. ascending, rising, rise, ascent; springing up, germination, birth, origin; growth, increase; fame, renown, notoriety; tradition, custom, traditional or customary usage, common currency, general prevalence, popular or conventional acceptation of words (as opposed to their direct etymological meaning); the employment of a word in a sense not borne out by its etymology.
     rūḍhiśabda rūḍhi-śabda, as, m. a word not etymologically derived, a word used in a conventional sense (as opposed to the etymological, thus śatru as a Rūḍhi-śabda means 'enemy', but in its etymological sense 'a destroyer').
     rūḍhiśabdatā rūḍhiśabda-tā, f. the state of being used in a conventional sense (said of a word).

rūḍhvā rūḍhvā, ind. having ascended, having grown, &c.

roḍhṛ roḍhṛ, 2. ropa, roha, &c. See pp. 854, 855.

ruhiruhikā ruhiruhikā, f. = utkaṇṭhā; [cf. raṇa-raṇaka.]

rūkṣ rūkṣ (more properly regarded as a Nom. fr. rūkṣa below; cf. rts. 1. ruṣ, rūṣ, rūṣita), cl. 10. P. rūkṣayati (according to Vopa-deva also rūkṣāpayati), -yitum, Aor. arurūkṣat, to be rough or harsh; to make dry or emaciated (Ved.); to soil, smear (Ved.).

rūkṣa rūkṣa, as, ā, am (perhaps fr. rt. 1. ruṣ, q. v., but according to Uṇādi-s. III. 66. fr. rt. 1. ruh; and according to others connected with rt. rūṣ and rūṣita; sometimes written rukṣa, see 1. rukṣa), rough, harsh (to the touch), not smooth or soft; rough to the taste, astringent, not bland; rough, rugged, uneven, difficult; harsh, cruel, unkind, uncouth, austere; firm, dry, arid, parched, emaciated; (as), m. a species of grass (= varaka); a tree [cf. ruhvan, according to some for Prākṛt rukkha = vṛkṣa]; (ā), f. Croton Polyandrum or Croton Tiglium.
     rūkṣagandhaka rūkṣa-gandhaka, as, m. bdellium.
     rūkṣatā rūkṣa-tā, f. or rūkṣa-tva, am, n. roughness, harshness, dryness, aridity, emaciation; harshness, unkindness, unfriendliness.
     rūkṣadarbha rūkṣa-darbha, as, m. a kind of grass.
     rūkṣapattra rūkṣa-pattra, as, m. Trophis Aspera (= śākhoṭa).
     rūkṣapeṣam rūkṣa-peṣam, ind., with rt. piṣ, to pound dry, i. e. without adding butter or any liquid (Pāṇ. III. 4, 35).
     rūkṣapriya rūkṣa-priya, as, m. = ṛṣabhauṣadha.
     rūkṣasvāduphala rūkṣa-svādu-phala, as, m. a species of fruit tree.
     rūkṣīkṛ rū-kṣī-kṛ, cl. 8. P. -karoti, &c., to make rough or dry.
     rūkṣīkṛta rūkṣī-kṛta, as, ā, am, made rough, soiled, besmeared, covered with, (pāṃsu-rūkṣīkṛta, soiled or covered with dust; cf. rūṣita.)

rūkṣaṇa rūkṣaṇa, as, ī, am, making dry or thin, attenuating (Ved.); (am), n. the act of making dry or thin; (in medicine) treatment for reducing fat or corpulence.
     rūkṣaṇātmikā rūkṣaṇātmikā (-ṇa-āt-), f. a species of grain (= laṅkā).

rūkṣita rūkṣita, as, ā, am, made rough, rough; soiled, smeared; [cf. a-rūkṣita, rūṣita.]

rūkhara rūkhara, ās, m. pl., N. of a Śaiva sect.

rūcaka rūcaka, incorrect for rucaka, q. v.

rūḍha rūḍha, rūḍhi. See col. 2.

rūp rūp (more properly regarded as a Nom. fr. rūpa below), cl. 10. P. rūpa-yati, &c., to form, mould, model, figure, represent, to represent on the stage, exhibit in pantomime or by gesture, act; to feign; to view, inspect, contemplate; (probably) to appear, (in this sense only A. rūpayate, see Vopa-deva XXII. 2.)

rūpa rūpa, am, n. (according to Uṇādi-s. III. 28. fr. rt. 1. ru, but probably fr. a base rūp for rop, Caus. of rt. 1. ruh; at the end of an adj. comp. the fem. ends in ā), any outward appearance or phenomenon, form, figure, shape, (rūpaṃ kṛ, to assume a form); any object of vision or visible object (as colour &c.); reflected form, image, representation, similitude, resemblance, semblance; the form of a noun or verb &c. (in grammar), an inflected form by declension or conjugation; a beautiful appearance, handsome form, mien, or figure, shapeliness, beauty, elegance, grace; natural state or condition, natural disposition, nature, essence, property, character, characteristic, peculiarity, feature, sign, symptom; kind, sort, species; mode, manner; a single specimen, type, copy, pattern, original, exemplar; discrete quantity, the number one, the arithmetical unit; integer number, (in this sense said to be plur.); known or absolute number, a known quantity (expressed in algebra by the first syllable ); a particular coin, (probably) a rupee [cf. rūpaka, rūpya]; a drama, play, dramatic composition; (according to native lexicographers rūpa has also the following meanings), cattle, a herd of cattle; = mṛga, a beast; = śabda, sound, word; a Śloka, verse; = granthāvṛtti, acquiring familiarity with any book by frequent recitation or learning by heart; (as), m. a proper N.; (as or am), m. n. (?) , N. of a place; (ā), f., N. of a river. rūpa is frequently used in compounds in the sense 'formed of', 'composed of', 'consisting of', 'having the figure or appearance of', 'in the form of', 'having the same form or colour as', 'like to' (especially at the end of adj. comps., e. g. manojña-rūpā strī, a beautifullyformed woman; an-ācāra-rūpa, of an unusual appearance; aśoka-rūpa, having the colour of the Aśoka, Aśoka-coloured; sometimes used almost redundantly, cf. ghora-r-).
     rūpakartṛ rūpa-kartṛ, tā, m. 'maker of forms or figures', N. of Viśva-kṛt.
     rūpakāra rū-pa-kāra, as, m. a maker of images, sculptor.
     rūpakṛt rū-pa-kṛt, t, t, t, making forms or figures; (t), m. epithet of Tvaṣṭṛ (Ved.); a sculptor.
     rūpagosvāmin rūpa-go-svāmin, ī, m., N. of an author.
     rūpagraha rūpa-graha, as, ā, am, apprehending forms, perceiving colours; (as), m. the eye.
     rūpacintāmaṇi rūpa-cintā-maṇi, is, m., N. of a work.
     rūpajīva rūpa-jīva for rūpājīva, q. v.
     rūpajña rūpa-jña, as, ā, am, knowing forms, perceiving or recognising shapes, distinguishing or discriminating visible objects (as colours &c.).
     rūpatattva rūpa-tattva, am, n. 'reality of form', inherent property, natural disposition, nature, essence.
     rūpatama rūpa-tama, as, ā, am, Ved. having most form or colour.
     rūpatas rūpa-tas, ind. according to form, by shape, in form.
     rūpatā rūpa-tā, f. or rūpa-tva, am, n. the state of being formed or composed of (often at the end of comps., e. g. duḥkha-rūpa-tā, the consisting of pain).
     rūpadhara rūpa-dhara, as, ā, am, having the form or shape of, being of the colour of (at the end of a comp., e. g. go-rūpa-dhara, cow-shaped; cf. kāma-r-); (as), m., N. of a king.
     rūpadhātu rūpa-dhātu, us, m. the element of form, original seat or region of form (with Buddhists; the other two elements being kāma-dh-, q. v., and arūpa-dh-, 'the element of formlessness').
     rūpadhāritva rūpadhāri-tva, am, n. the power of assuming any form or shape.
     rūpadhārin rūpa-dhārin, ī, iṇī, i, bearing a form, assuming a shape; endowed with a good figure, possessed of beauty.
     rūpadhṛk rūpa-dhṛk or rūpa-dhṛt, t, t, t (see dhṛk, p. 459), having the form or shape of, resembling (at the end of a comp., e. g. kapi-rūpa-dhṛt, monkey-shaped; cf. vivi-dha-r-).
     rūpadheya rūpa-dheya, am, n., Ved. form, external appearance; [cf. nāma-dheya.]
     rūpanayana rūpa-nayana, as, m., N. of a commentator.
     rūpanārāyaṇa rūpa-nārāyaṇa, as, m., N. of an author.
     rūpanāśana rūpa-nāśana, as, m. 'form-destroying', an owl.
     rūpapa rūpa-pa, ās, m. pl., N. of a people.
     rūpapati rūpa-pati, is, m., Ved. 'lord of forms', epithet of Tvaṣṭṛ.
     rūpapura rūpa-pura, am, n., N. of a town.
     rūpabhāgānubandha rūpa-bhāgānubandha (-ga-an-), as, m. the addition of a fraction to a unit.
     rūpabhāgāpavāha rūpa-bhāgāpavāha (-ga-ap-), as, m. the deduction of a fraction from a unit.
     rūpabhṛt rūpa-bhṛt, t, t, t, having form or beauty.
     rūpabheda rūpa-bheda, as, m. diversity of form, variety of manifestations; (am), n., N. of a Tantra work.
     rūpamañjarī rūpa-mañjarī, f., N. of a woman; of a work on medicine.
     rūpamātra rūpa-mātra, am, n. only beauty.
     rūpamālā rūpa-mālā, f., N. of a grammatical work; (ī), ? f., N. of a metre, four times---.
     rūpayauvanavat rūpa-yauvana-vat, ān, atī, at, possessing beauty and youth.
     rūparatnākara rūpa-ratnākara (-na-āk-), as, m., N. of a work.
     rūpalatā rūpa-latā, f., N. of a princess.
     rūpalāvaṇya rūpa-lāvaṇya, am, n. beauty of form, elegance, loveliness.
     rūpavat rūpa-vat, ān, atī, at, having form or colour, possessing shape or figure, possessed of body, formed, embodied, bodily, corporeal; having a beautiful form or figure, handsomely formed, handsome, beautiful, lovely, graceful; having the form or appearance of (at the end of comps.); (atī), f. a handsome or beautiful woman; N. of various women; of a river.
     rūpavāhika rūpa-vāhika, ās, m. pl., N. of a people, (also read rūpa-vāsika.)
     rūpaviparyaya rūpa-viparyaya, as, m. a morbid change of bodily form.
     rūpavibhāga rūpa-vibhā-ga, as, m. the portioning of an integer number.
     rūpaśas rūpa-śas, ind., Ved. in various forms, according to different formations.
     rūpaśālin rūpa-śālin, ī, inī, i, possessing form or figure, possessed of beauty, handsome, beautiful.
     rūpaśikhā rūpa-śikhā, f., N. of a daughter of the Rākṣasa Agni-śikha.
     rūpasamṛddha rūpa-samṛddha, as, ā, am, Ved. perfect in form; perfectly beautiful.
     rūpasamṛddhi rūpa-samṛddhi, is, f. perfection of form, a suitable form.
     rūpasampatti rūpa-sampatti, is, or rūpa-sam-pad, t, f. perfection or excellence of form, beauty, handsomeness, elegance.
     rūpasiddhi rūpa-siddhi, is, m. a proper N.
     rūpasena rūpa-sena, as, m., N. of a Vidyādhara; of a king.
     rūpastha rūpa-stha, as, ā, am, 'being in form', having form or figure.
     rūpahāni rūpa-hāni, is, f. loss of form, (in the Nyāya one of the seven preventives of classification.)
     rūpājīva rūpājīva (-pa-āj-), as, ā, am, making a living by beauty of form, living by prostitution; (ā), f. a harlot, prostitute.
     rūpādhibodha rū-pādhibodha (-pa-adh-), as, m. the perception of form or of any visible object (by the senses).
     rūpāvacara rūpā-vacara (-pa-av-), ās, m. pl., N. of a class of gods (with Buddhists); [cf. kāmāvacara.]
     rūpāvalī rūpāvalī (-pa-āv-), f. a string of inflections, series of variations of form through declension and conjugation, &c.
     rūpāśraya rūpāśraya (-pa-āś-), as, m. a repository or receptacle of beauty, an exceedingly handsome person.
     rūpāstra rūpāstra (-pa-as-), as, m. 'having beauty for a weapon', Kāma-deva, the god of love.
     rūpendriya rūpendriya (-pa-in-), am, n. the organ of form, the organ which perceives form and colour, the eye.
     rūpeśvara rūpeśvara (-pa-īś-), as, m., N. of a particular god; (ī), f., N. of a goddess.
     rūpopajīvana rūpopajīvana (-pa-up-), am, n. the gaining a livelihood by a handsome figure.
     rūpopajīvin rūpopajīvin (-pa-up-), ī, inī, i, gaining a livelihood by means of a handsome form.

rūpaka rūpaka, as, ā, am, appearing in an assumed form (Ved.); illustrating by metaphor, describing by figurative language, figurative; (as), m. a particular coin, (probably) a rupee [cf. rūpya]; (ikā), f. swallowwort, Asclepias Lactifera: (am), n. form, figure, shape, image (often at the end of a comp. in the sense of 'having the form of', 'composed of', 'consisting in'); any manifestation or representation; feature, sign, symptom; kind, species; (in rhetoric) a metaphor, comparison, simile, the description of one object under the form of another which it is poetically supposed to resemble (especially a simile or comparison when iva, vat, &c. are omitted: there are three or four varieties of the figure Rūpaka, e. g. the khaṇḍa-rūpaka or 'imperfect metaphor', the ardha-rūpaka or 'partial metaphor', and the lalāmaka-rūpaka or 'flowery metaphor;' and they differ from the Upamā or comparison chiefly in the omission of the particles denoting resemblance, such as iva, yathā, saha, or the Taddhita affix vat; when this last is added the simile is called Taddhitopamā); a drama, play, theatrical performance, (one of the two classes of dramatic composition divided into ten species including the Nāṭaka or principal play and the Prahasana or farce; see also pra-ka-raṇa, bhāṇa, &c.; cf. upa-rūpaka); a particular weight (= 3 Guñjās); = mūrta (mūrti?); = dhūrta.
     rūpakatāla rūpaka-tāla, as, m. a particular time in music.
     rūpakavākya rūpaka-vākya, am, n. or rūpaka-śabda, as, m. a figurative expression.

rūpaṇa rūpaṇa, am, n. figurative illustration, metaphorical description; examination, investigation, proof.

rūpayat rūpayat, an, antī, at, figuring, describing, representing, acting.

rūpayitvā rūpayitvā, ind. having represented or acted.

rūpasvin rūpasvin, ī, inī, i, Ved. handsome, beautiful.

rūpika rūpika, coined gold or silver, money.

rūpiṇikā rūpiṇikā, f. (dimin. fr. rūpiṇī), a proper N.

rūpita rūpita, as, ā, am, formed, represented, exhibited, imagined.

rūpin rūpin, ī, iṇī, i, having form or figure, possessed of body, formed, embodied, corporeal; having a beautiful form or figure, well-shaped, handsome, beautiful; having the form or appearance of, having the character of, characterized by, appearing as, like (at the end of a comp., e. g. kāla-rūpin, ī, m. 'having the form of Death', an epithet of Śiva; cf. deva-r-); (ī), m., N. of a son of Aja-mīḍha.

rūpya rūpya, as, ā, am, having a beautiful form or appearance, well-shaped, handsome, beautiful; bearing a stamp, stamped, impressed; to be denoted figuratively or metaphorically; formerly in the possession of or possessed by (as an affix or at the end of a comp., see Pāṇ. V. 3, 54, Vopa-deva VII. 67; cf. also Pāṇ. IV. 3, 81); (as), m. a proper N.; N. of a mountain; (am), n. silver; wrought silver, silver or gold bearing a stamp or impression, stamped coin; wrought gold.
     rūpyamaya rūpya-maya, as, ī, am, made or consisting of silver, containing silver.
     rūpyamākṣika rū-pya-mākṣika, am, n. silver Mākṣika, Hepatic pyrites of iron.
     rūpyācala rūpyācala (-ya-ac-), as, m. 'silver-mountain', N. of the mountain Kailāsa.
     rūpyādhyakṣa rū-pyādhyakṣa (-ya-adh-), as, m. a superintendent of silver or of silver coinage, master of the mint.

rūpyaka rūpyaka in suvarṇa-rūpyaka, q. v.

rūma rūma, N. of a place, (also read rūpa.)

rūra rūra, as, ā, am, Ved. hot, burning.

rūvuka rūvuka, as, m. the castor-oil tree, Ricinus Communis; [cf. ruvuka.]

rūṣ rūṣ, cl. 1. P. rūṣati, &c., to adorn, decorate; to cover, smear [cf. rt. rūkṣ, rūkṣita]; cl. 10. P. rūṣayati, &c., to tremble; to burst.

rūṣaka rūṣaka, as, m. a plant, Gendarussa Vulgaris.

rūṣaṇa rūṣaṇa, am, n. the act of adorning, decoration; covering, strewing, smearing, soiling.

rūṣita rūṣita, as, ā, am (sometimes confounded with ruṣita, q. v.), adorned, decorated; perfumed; inlaid; covered (with dust &c.), strewed, overspread, soiled, besmeared, smeared [cf. rt. rūkṣ, rūkṣita, rudhira-r-]; made rough or rugged [cf. rūkṣa]; pounded, (perhaps for ruṣita.)

re re, ind. a vocative particle (generally used contemptuously or to express disrespect).

reui reüi, N. of a village.

rek rek, cl. 1. A. rekate, rireke, rekitum, to suspect, doubt.

reka 1. reka, as, m. suspicion, doubt, fear, care, anxiety, concern; a man of a low caste, outcast; a frog; [cf. bheka.]

reka 2. reka, as, m. (fr. rt. ric), emptying, loosening, looseness, purging.

reku reku, us, us, u, Ved. empty, void, deserted, solitary, lonely, secret.

rekṇas rekṇas, as, n., Ved. (in Uṇādi-s. IV. 198. the form given is rikṇas), any property left (by a deceased person), inherited possession, property, any valuable object or possession, gold, (by some written reknas.)
     rekṇasvat rekṇas-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. possessed of valuable property, rich.

reca reca, as, m. the emptying of the lungs (in the practice of Yoga), emission of breath; (ī), f., N. of a plant (= kampillaka); of another (= aṅkoṭha).

recaka recaka, as, ikā, am, emptying, purging, purgative, aperient, cathartic; emptying the lungs, emitting the breath; (as), m. the act of breathing out or exhalation, expiration or emission of breath, (especially) expelling the breath out of one of the nostrils (in the practice of Yoga); a syringe; N. of various aperient medicines; the purging-nut plant, Croton Jamalgota; nitre, saltpetre; N. of a forester in the Vikramorvaśī; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people; (am), n. a purge, cathartic.

recana recana, as, ī, am, purging, purgative, cathartic, aperient; (ī), f., N. of various plants (= tri-vṛt, dantī, gundrā, rocanikā, kāmpilla, kālāñjanī); (am, ā), n. f. the act of emptying, making empty or void, lessening, diminishing; emitting the breath; purging, looseness; evacuation.

recanaka recanaka, as, m. = kampillaka.

recita recita, as, ā, am, left void or empty, freed from, cleared; purged; (am), n., N. of one of a horse's paces, cantering [cf. rt. 1. rej]; a particular position of the hands in dancing.

recya recya, as, m. = reca.

rekha rekha, as, m. (fr. rikh = rt. likh), a line, &c. (= rekhā below); a proper N.; (ā). f. a line; a streak, stripe; a row, series [cf. lekhā]; a continuous line; drawing; the first or prime meridian (considered to be a line drawn from Laṅkā to Meru, i. e. from Ceylon supposed to lie on the equator to the North-pole); = ābhoga, fulness, satisfaction; = chadman, deceit, fraud; a small quantity, little portion; [cf. probably Old Germ. riga.]
     rekhāṃśa re-khāṃśa (-khā-aṃ-), as, m. a degree of longitude.
     rekhākāra rekhākāra (-khā-āk-), as, ā, am, formed in lines, striped.
     rekhāgaṇita rekhā-gaṇita, am, n. 'line-reckoning', geometry.
     rekhāntara rekhāntara (-khā-an-), am, n. geographical longitude, distance east or west from the first meridian, (see rekhā above.)
     rekhānyāsa rekhā-nyāsa, as, m. the marking down of lines or lineaments.

rekhaka rekhaka in vindu-rekhaka, q. v.

rekhāya rekhāya, Nom. A. rekhāyate, &c., to praise, flatter; to vex, distress, annoy.

rekhāyani rekhāyani, is, m. a patronymic.

rekhin rekhin, ī, iṇī, i, having lines (on the hand &c.), lined.

reca reca. See p. 852, col. 3.

rej 1. rej [cf. rt. 1. rāj], cl. 1. A. rejate (Ved. also P. rejati), &c., to shine; to shake, tremble, quiver, flicker (Ved.); to cause to tremble or shake (Ved. P.); (according to Naigh. II. 14) to go (P.): Caus. rejayati, &c., to cause to tremble or quake, to shake.

rej 2. rej, ṭ, ṭ, ṭ, shining; shaking, a shaker; (), m., N. of Agni or fire.

rejamāna rejamāna, as, ā, am, Ved. quaking, trembling.

reṭ reṭ, cl. 1. P. A. reṭati, -te, rireṭa, rireṭe, reṭitum, to speak; to ask, seek, request: Caus. reṭayati, -yitum, Aor. arireṭat: Desid. rireṭiṣati, -te: Intens. rereṭyate, rereṭṭi.

reḍ reḍ or reḷ (a Vedic rt. probably connected with rt. 1. riṣ), to be angry, &c., (according to Naigh. II. 12. reḷate = krudhyati.)

reṇu reṇu, us, m. (according to some also us, u, f. n.; according to Uṇādi-s. III. 38. fr. rt. 1. ), dust, a grain or atom of dust, sand, &c.; the pollen of a flower; N. of a particular medicinal drug (= reṇukā, parpaṭa); N. of the author of the hymns Ṛg-veda IX. 70, X. 89, (his patronymic is Vaiśvāmitra); of a son of Vikukshi; (us), f., N. of a wife of Viśvā-mitra.
     reṇukakāṭa reṇu-kakāṭa, as, ā, am, Ved. furrowing through or tossing up the dust; (Sāy. on Ṛg-veda VI. 28, 4 = rajasa udbhedakaḥ.)
     reṇukārikā reṇu-kārikā, f., N. of a Kārikā.
     reṇugarbha reṇu-garbha, as, m. 'sand-vessel', (probably) a kind of hour glass (used for astronomical purposes).
     reṇutva reṇu-tva, am, n. the state or condition of dust, the being dust, dustiness.
     reṇudīkṣita reṇu-dīkṣita, as, m., N. of an author.
     reṇupa reṇu-pa, ās, m. pl., N. of a people.
     reṇupadavī reṇu-padavī, f. a path of dust.
     reṇupālaka reṇu-pālaka, as, m. a proper N.
     reṇumat reṇu-mat, ān, m., N. of a son of Viśvā-mitra by Reṇu.
     reṇurūṣita reṇu-rūṣita, as, ā, am, covered with dust, dusty; (as), m. an ass.
     reṇuvāsa reṇu-vāsa, as, ā, am, dwelling in dust, covered with the pollen of flowers; (as), m. a bee.
     reṇuśas reṇu-śas, ind. to dust, into dust, (reṇuśaḥ kṛ, to make into dust, turn to dust.)
     reṇusāra reṇu-sāra or reṇu-sāraka, as, m. 'essence of dust, 'camphor.

reṇuka reṇuka, as, m., N. of a Yaksha; of a mythical elephant; of a particular formula recited over weapons; (ā), f. a particular drug or medicinal substance (said to be fragrant, but bitter and slightly pungent in taste, and of a greyish colour; it is procured in grains about the size of pepper-corns); a sort of pulse; N. of the wife of Jamad-agni and mother of Paraśurāma, (she was the daughter of Reṇu and of king Prasena-jit); N. of a Kārikā composed by Hari-hara.
     reṇukācārya reṇukācārya (-ka-āc-), as, m., N. of an author.
     reṇukāsuta reṇukā-suta, as, m. 'son of Reṇukā', i. e. Paraśu-rāma.

reta reta, retaḥ-kulyā, &c. See below.

retas retas, as, n. (fr. rt. 1. ), a flow, flood, stream, current, flow of water or rain (Ved.); flow of semen, seminal fluid, semen, sperm, virile energy; seed, offspring, progeny, posterity, descendants (Ved.); quicksilver (regarded as 'Śiva's semen'); sin, (Sāy. on Ṛg-veda IV. 3, 7 = pāpa.)
     retaḥkulyā retaḥ-kulyā, f. a stream or river of semen virile (in a particular hell).
     retaḥsic retaḥ-sic, k, k, k, Ved. discharging semen; an epithet of particular Iṣṭakās.
     retaḥsicya retaḥ-sicya, am, n., Ved. discharge of semen.
     retasvat retas-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. possessed of seed, abounding in seed, impregnating, prolific, productive; (ān), m. epithet of Agni.
     retasvin retas-vin, ī, inī, i, Ved. abounding in seed, prolific, productive.
     retodhā reto-dhā, ās, f., Ved. the act of impregnating, impregnation; (ās, ās, am), impregnating, fertilizing; (ās), m. a father.
     retodheya reto-dheya, am, n., Ved. impregnation.
     retomārga reto-mārga, as, m. the seminal duct or canal.

reta reta = retas, semen virile.
     retaja reta-ja, as, ā, am, born or produced from seed; any beloved offspring or child; (ā), f. sand.

retana retana, am, n. semen virile.

retasa retasa at the end of a comp. = retas; [cf. agni-r-, kapota-r-.]

retasya retasya, as, ā, am, Ved. conveying seed, (the first verse of the Bahiṣpavamāna Stotra is so called.)

retin retin, ī, inī, i, Ved. abounding in seed; impregnating.

retya retya, am, n. = rīti, bell-metal.

retra retra, am, n. semen virile; quicksilver; nectar, ambrosia; perfumed or aromatic powder; (these meanings are sometimes given to vetra, which is confounded with retra.)

redhaka redhaka, as, m. a proper N., (also read recaka.)

rep rep, cl. 1. A. repate, &c., to go, move; to sound.

repa repa, repas. See p. 846, col. 2.

repha repha, rephas, rephin. See p. 846, col. 2.

reb reb = rt. rev, q. v.

rebh rebh. See rt. ribh, p. 846, col. 3.

remi remi, a Vedic adjective fr. rt. ram, see Pāṇ. III. 2, 171, Vārtt. 2.

rerivan rerivan, ā, m., Ved. = prerayitṛ.

reriha reriha, as, ā, am (fr. the Intens. of rt. rih, q. v.), Ved. continually or repeatedly licking.

rerihat rerihat, at, atī, at, Ved. excessively licking, licking up, consuming.

rerihāṇa rerihāṇa, as, ā, am, Ved. repeatedly licking or caressing; (as), m., N. of Śiva; a thief; an Asura; = ambara; = vara.

rev rev or reb, cl. 1. A. revate, rebate, &c., to go, move, flow; to leap, jump, go by leaps.

reva reva, as, m., N. of a son of Ānarta and father of Raivata; (ā), f., N. of the Narma-dā river (which rises in one of the Vindhya mountains called Āmrakūṭa or more commonly Amarakantak in the province of Gondwana, and after a westerly course of about 800 miles falls into the sea below Broach); the indigo plant; N. of Rati (the wife of Kāma-deva); (am), n., N. of various Sāmans.
     revottaras revottaras (-vā-ut-), ās, m., Ved. a proper N.

revaṭa revaṭa, as, m. a boar; a bamboo cane; a whirlwind; a kind of poison; oil of the Morunga tree; the fruit of the plantain; (am), n. a muscle or conchshell with its windings or spiral lines going from right to left.

revaṇa revaṇa, as, m. a proper N.

revat re-vat, re-vatī. See below and p. 854.

revata revata, as, m. the citron tree; Cathartocarpus Fistula; N. of various persons; of a son of Andhaka or of Ānarta; of the father of Revatī and father-in-law of Bala-rāma; of a Varsha (?) .

revataka revataka, as, m. a proper N.; (am), n. a species of plant.

revati revati, is, f., N. of Rati (wife of Kāma-deva); = re-vatī, the wife of Bala-rāma.
     revatiputra revati-putra, as, m. (revati for revatī), the son of Revatī.

reśayadārin reśaya-dārin (reśaya = hiṃsat), Ved. destroying those who injure, (used in Nirukta VI. 14. to explain riśādas, q. v.)

reśī reśī, f., Ved. epithet of water.

reṣ 1. reṣ, cl. 1. A. reṣate, rireṣe, re-ṣitum, to howl, roar, yell (as wolves); to neigh, whinny (as a horse; cf. rt. hreṣ); to utter any inarticulate sound.

reṣ 2. reṣ, ṭ, ṭ, ṭ, one who howls or neighs, howling, neighing.

reṣaṇa 1. reṣaṇa, am, n. the howl of a wolf, howling, yelling, roaring.

reṣā reṣā, f. howling, yelling (of wolves); neighing.

reṣita reṣita, as, ā, am, yelled, sounded; (am), n. neighing, roaring.

reṣ 3. reṣ, ṭ (fr. rt. 1. riṣ), in Vājasaneyi-s. VI. 18. according to Mahī-dhara = riṣṭā or hiṃsitā, (perhaps referrible to rt. riś, to injure.)

reṣa reṣa, as, m., Ved. injury, hurt, receiving injury.

reṣaṇa 2. reṣaṇa, as, ī, am, Ved. injuring, hurting; (am), n. the act of injuring, injury, hurt, damage; failure.

reṣin reṣin, ī, iṇī, i, injuring, hurting; [cf. puru-ṣa-r-.]

reṣṭṛ reṣṭṛ, ṭā, ṭrī, ṭṛ, one who injures or hurts, an injurer.

reṣman reṣman, ā, m., Ved. a storm, whirlwind, stormcloud, (according to Mahī-dhara) the dissolution or destruction of the world.
     reṣmacchinna reṣma-cchinna or reṣma-mathita, as, ā, am, Ved. rent or broken by a storm, torn up by a tempest.

reṣmya reṣmya, as, ā, am, Ved. being in or exposed to a storm, involved in destruction (at the dissolution of the world).

rehat rehat, see Gaṇa Bhṛśādi to Pāṇ. III. 1, 12.

rehāya rehāya, Nom. A. rehāyate, &c., see Gaṇa Bhṛśādi to Pāṇ. III. 1, 12.

rai 1. rai, cl. 1. P. rāyati, rarau, rātum, to bark, bark at (with acc.); to sound; [cf. Lat. latrare.]

rai 2. rai, ās (?) , m. barking, sound, noise.

rai 3. rai, rās, m. rarely f. (connected with rayi, q. v., fr. rt. 1. ; acc. rāyam, Ved. rām = Lat. rem; for other cases see Gram. 132), property, possessions, goods, wealth, gold; costliness; (rai), ind., see Gaṇa Cādi to Pāṇ. I. 4. 57; [cf. Lat. res.]
     rāyaskāma rāyas-kāma, as, ā, am (rāyas, gen. c.), Ved. desirous of property, anxious to become rich.
     rāyaspoṣa rā-yas-poṣa, as, m., Ved. increase of property or riches, the possession of wealth, increase of prosperity; (as, ā, am), increasing riches (said of Kṛṣṇa).
     rāyaspoṣaka rāyas-poṣaka, as, ikā, am, increasing riches.
     rāyaspoṣadā rāyas-poṣa-dā, ās, ās, am, or rāyaspoṣa-dāvan, ā, ā, a, Ved. granting increase of wealth, bestowing increase of prosperity.
     rāyaspoṣavani rāyas-poṣa-vani, is, is, i, Ved. procuring increase of riches (dhana-puṣṭeḥ sampādayitṛ).
     rāyovāja rāyo-vāja, as, m. (rāyas, gen. c.), Ved. a proper N.
     rāyovājīya rāyo-vājīya, am, n. (fr. the preceding), N. of a Sāman.
     raikṛ rai-kṛ, cl. 8. P. -karoti, &c., to transform into property.

revat re-vat, ān, atī, at (re contracted fr. rayi + vat), having prosperity or wealth, rich, wealthy, opulent, prosperous; grand in external appearance, shining, glittering, beautiful, illustrious; (at), ind., Ved. radiantly, beautifully; (atī), f., N. of the fifth Nakshatra, (see nakṣatra; sometimes also atyas, f. pl.); the day of Revatī; N. of the evil genius or goddess presiding over a particular sickness, (sometimes identified with Durgā, sometimes with Aditi); N. of the wife of Mitra; of a daughter of the Lustre (kānti) of the Nakshatra Revatī and mother of Manu Raivata; of the wife of Bala-rāma (daughter of Kakudmin); of a wife of Amṛtodana; (atyas) f. pl. 'the wealthy ones, the shining ones', epithet of cows (Ved.); waters, water, a quantity of water (Ved.); epithet of the verse Ṛg-veda I. 30, 13 (so called from revatī being the first word; the Raivata Sāman is formed from this verse; according to Pāṇ. IV. 3, 34, Vārtt. 1. revatī = one born under the Nakshatra Revatī); revad yājñaturam, N. of a Sāman.
     revatībhava revatī-bhava, as, m. 'son of Revatī', the planet Saturn.
     revatīramaṇa revatī-ramaṇa, as, m. the husband of Revatī, i. e. Bala-rāma; N. of Viṣṇu.
     revatīśa revatīśa (-tī-īśa), as, m. lord or husband of Revatī, i. e. Bala-rāma.
     revatīsuta revatī-suta, as, m. 'son of Revatī', a N. of Skanda.

revatya revatya (a Vedic adjective fr. revatī, Pāṇ. IV. 4, 122), illustrious, beautiful, &c. (?)

revanta revanta, as, m., N. of a son of Sūrya and chief of the Guhyakas; the fifth Manu of the present Kalpa; [cf. raivata.]
     revantamanusū revanta-manu-sū, ūs, f. mother of Manu Revanta, epithet of Sañjñā (wife of Sūrya).
     revantottara revantottara (-ta-ut-), N. of a work.

raikva raikva, as, m., Ved. a proper N.; [cf. rayikva.]
     raikvaparṇa raikva-parṇa, ās, m. pl., N. of a place.

raiya raiya, Nom. P. raiyati, &c., to desire riches.

raivata raivata, as, ī, am (fr. re-vat), coming or descended from a wealthy family, rich, opulent, wealthy; relating to Manu Raivata; belonging to or connected with the Raivata Sāman (said of Indra, Savitṛ; Ved.); (as), m. a cloud (Ved.); a kind of Soma; a sort of vegetable; N. of a demon presiding over a particular child's disease; N. of one of the eleven Rudras; of Śiva; of the fifth Manu; of a Daitya; of a Ṛṣi; of a Brahmarshi; of a king; a patronymic of Kakudmin (the ruler of Ānarta; in this sense fr. revata); a metronymic of a son of Amṛtodana by Revatī; N. of a mountain near Kuśasthalī, the capital of the country Ānarta; (ī), f. in Mahā-bh. Anuśāsana-p. 6236, according to the commentator = raivata above; (am), n., N. of a Sāman.
     raivatamadanikā raivata-madanikā, f., N. of a Goṣṭhī drama.

raivataka raivataka, see Gaṇa Arīhaṇādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80; (as), m., N. of a mountain (= raivata); N. of a porter (in the Śakuntalā); (ās), m. pl., N. of the inhabitants of the mountain Raivataka; (am), n. a species of plant.

raivatika raivatika, as, m. a metronymic from Revatī.

raivatikīya raivatikīya, adj. fr. raivatika (Pāṇ. IV. 3, 131).

raivatya raivatya, am, n. (fr. revat), riches, wealth; raivatya ṛṣabhaḥ, N. of a Sāman.

raikha raikha, as, m. (fr. rekha), a patronymic.

raiṇava raiṇava, as, m. (fr. reṇu), a patronymic; (am), n., N. of a Sāman.

raiṇukeya raiṇukeya, as, m. (fr. reṇukā), a metronymic of Paraśu-rāma.

raitasa raitasa, as, ī, am (fr. retas), Ved. belonging to seed or semen, seminal.

raitika raitika, as, ī, am (fr. rīti), of or belonging to brass, brazen.

raitya raitya, as, &c., made of brass, brazen.

raibha raibha, as, m. (fr. rebha), a patronymic; (ī), f., Ved., scil. ṛc, epithet of particular ritualistic verses; N. of the three verses, Atharva-veda XX. 127, 4-6 (so called from the word rebha occurring several times).

raibhya raibhya, as, m. a patronymic from Rebha, N. of a son of Sumati and father of Dushyanta.

raivata raivata. See above.

raiṣṇāyana raiṣṇāyana, as, m. a patronymic.

roka roka, as, m. (fr. rt. 1. ruc), light, lustre, brightness, (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda VI. 66, 6 = dīpti, 'light', or bādhaka, 'obstructing'); buying with ready money; (am), n. a hole, cavity; a boat, ship; moving, shaking; = kṛpaṇa-bheda.

rokas rokas, as, n., Ved. light or any phenomenon of light.

roga roga, as, m. (fr. rt. 1. ruj), 'breaking up of strength', infirmity, weakness, sickness, disease, malady, (kṣud-roga, disease from hunger; kṣe-triya-roga, an incurable disease, see kṣetriya); Disease regarded as an evil genius or demon; Costus Speciosus or Arabicus.
     rogagrasta roga-grasta, as, ā, am, seized with sickness, sick, diseased.
     rogaghna roga-ghna, as, ī, am, removing sickness, curative, remedial, medicinal; (am), n. medicine.
     rogajñāna roga-jñāna, am, n. knowledge of diseases.
     rogada roga-da, as, ā, am, giving or causing sickness.
     roganāśana roga-nāśana, as, ī, am, Ved. destroying sickness, removing disease.
     roganigrahaṇa roga-nigrahaṇa, am, n. suppression of disease.
     rogaprada roga-prada, as, ā, am, causing disease.
     rogabhaya roga-bhaya, am, n. fear of disease.
     rogabhāj roga-bhāj, k, k, k, possessing sickness, one who suffers from disease, ill, sick.
     rogabhū roga-bhū, ūs, f. the place or seat of sickness, the body.
     rogamukta roga-mukta, as, ā, am, freed from sickness, recovered from illness.
     rogamurāri roga-murāri (-ra-ari), is, m., N. of a work on medicine.
     rogarāja roga-rāja, as, m. 'king of sicknesses', consumption.
     rogalakṣaṇa roga-lakṣaṇa, am, n. the sign or symptoms of a disease.
     rogaśāntaka roga-śāntaka, as, m. a curer of disease, a physician.
     rogaśānti roga-śānti, is, f. cure or alleviation of disease.
     rogaśilā roga-śilā, f. realgar, red arsenic.
     rogaśilpin roga-śilpin, ī, m. a species of plant (commonly called Śaralu), Cassia Fistula.
     rogaśreṣṭha roga-śreṣ-ṭha, as, m. 'the chief of sicknesses', fever.
     rogaha roga-ha, am, n. 'destroying disease', a drug, medicament.
     rogahan roga-han, hā, m. 'remover of disease', a physician.
     rogahara roga-hara, as, ā, am, taking away disease, remedial, curative, medicinal; (am), n. medicine.
     rogahārin roga-hārin, ī, iṇī, i, taking away disease, curing, curative; (ī), m. a physician.
     rogahṛt roga-hṛt, t, t, t, curing disease; (t), m. a physician.
     rogāntaka rogāntaka (-ga-an-), as, ī, am, 'disease-destroying', curative, medicinal; (as), m. a physician.
     rogānvita rogānvita (-ga-an-), as, ā, am, possessed of sickness, sick, diseased.
     rogāyatana rogāyatana (-ga-āy-), am, n. the abode of disease, seat of malady, the body.
     rogārta rogārta (-ga-ār-), as, ā, am, suffering from sickness or disease, afflicted with any disease.
     rogonmādita rogonmādita (-ga-un-), as, ā, am, maddened with disease, mad (said of a dog).
     rogopaśama rogopaśama (-ga-up-), as, m. cure or alleviation of disease.
     rogolbaṇatā rogolbaṇa-tā (-ga-ul-), f., Ved. the spreading or raging of diseases.

rogita rogita, as, ā, am, diseased, suffering from sickness; mad (said of a dog).

rogin rogin, ī, iṇī, i, sick, sickly, diseased, ill, (manda-rogin, seldom ill.)
     rogitaru rogi-taru, us, m. 'tree of the sick, 'epithet of the Aśoka tree.
     rogitā rogi-tā, f. sickness, illness, a diseased state.
     rogivallabha rogi-vallabha, am, n. 'friend of the sick', medicine, a drug.

rogiṣṭha rogiṣṭha, as, ā, am (superl. of rogin), one who is always sickly or ill.

rogya rogya, as, ā, am (fr. roga), related to or connected with disease, producing sickness, unwholesome, unhealthy; (rogya may also be a fut. part. pass. fr. rt. 1. ruj, q. v.)

roca roca, as, ā, am (fr. rt. 1. ruc), enlightening, illuminating, one who lightens or makes bright; (as), m., N. of a king; [cf. go-r-.]

rocaka rocaka, as, ā, am, brightening, enlightening, &c. (= rocana); giving an appetite, (a-rocaka, taking away appetite, depriving of appetite); pleasing, agreeable; (as), m. hunger, appetite; a stomachic, stimulant, any medicine, fruit, &c. supposed to strengthen the tone of the stomach and restore lost appetite; N. of various plants, the plantain; a kind of onion; a worker in glass or artificial ornaments.

rocakin rocakin, ī, inī, i, having desire or appetite; a-rocakin, free from desire or appetite.

rocana rocana, as, ā or ī, am, enlightening, making bright, illuminating, irradiating, lightening, light, bright, splendid, beautiful; causing or exciting desire, giving pleasure or satisfaction, pleasing, agreeable, pleasant, charming, lovely; sharpening or giving an appetite, stomachic; (as), m. a stomachic; a variety of the cotton tree; = palāṇḍu, ārag-badha, karañja, aṅkoṭha, dāḍima; epithet of a demon presiding over a particular disease; N. of one of the five arrows of the god of love ('exciter of pleasures'); N. of a son of Viṣṇu by Dakṣiṇā; N. of Indra under Manu Svārociṣa; of a mountain; (ā), f. the bright sky, firmament, (see rocanam below); a handsome woman; a particular yellow pigment (commonly called go-rocanā, q. v.); a red lotus-flower; dark Śālmali (= Marāṭhī kāḷī sāmvarī) = vaṃśa-rocanā, bamboo manna or Tabāṣīr; N. of a wife of Vasu-deva; (ī), f., N. of various plants, Convolvulus Turpethum; = kāmpilla; = danti; = āma-lakī; red arsenic, realgar; a particular yellow pigment, = rocanā; (am), n. light, brightness (Ved.), the bright sky, firmament, luminous sphere (of which there are said to be three, see Ṛg-veda I. 102, 8; in this sense sometimes ā, f.); a luminary (Ved.); the raising a desire for; devānāṃ rocanam, N. of a Sāman.
     rocanaphala rocana-phala, as, m. the citron tree; (ā), f. a species of cucumber.
     rocanasthā rocana-sthā, ās, ās, am, Ved. abiding in light, dwelling in the firmament.
     rocanākṛ rocanā-kṛ, see Gaṇa Sākṣādādi to Pāṇ. I. 4, 74.
     rocanāmukha rocanā-mukha, as, m., N. of a Daitya.
     rocanāvat rocanā-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. possessing light, shining, light, bright.

rocanaka rocanaka, as, m. the citron tree; (ikā), f. a species of plant (= śuṇḍā-rocanī, kāmpillikā); = vaṃśa-rocanā, bamboo manna or Tabāṣīr.

rocamāna rocamāna, as, ā, am, shining, glittering, bright, splendid, resplendent; pleasing, gratifying, charming, pleasant, agreeable, (a-rocamāna, not agreeable, unpleasant); (as), m. a tuft or curl of hair on a horse's neck; N. of a king; of one of the Mātṛs attending upon Skanda.

rocas rocas in sva-rocas.

roci roci, light, a beam, ray.

rocin rocin, ī, inī, i, light, bright, (see mita-r-.)

rociṣa rociṣa, as, m. (fr. rocis), N. of a son of Vibhāvasu by Ushas.

rociṣṇu rociṣṇu, us, us, u, shining, giving light, bright, splendid, brilliant, beautiful, gaily adorned, elegantly dressed, gay, blooming; giving an appetite.
     rociṣṇumukha ro-ciṣṇu-mukha, as, ā or ī, am, having a bright countenance.

rocis rocis, is, n. light, splendor, brightness, brilliancy, flame.
     rociṣmat rociṣ-mat, ān, atī, at, possessing light, giving light; (ān), m., N. of a son of Manu Svārociṣa.

rocī rocī, f. a pot-herb, Hingtsha Repens.

rocya rocya, as, ā, am, to be illuminated or enlightened.

roṭa roṭa in pūga-roṭa, q. v.

roṭakavrata roṭaka-vrata, am, n. epithet of a particular religious observance.

roṭikā roṭikā, f. bread or a kind of bread, wheaten cakes toasted on an earthen or iron dish (= Hindūstānī roṭī); yava-roṭikā, barley bread.

roṭī roṭī, f. bread, in phiraṅga-r-, q. v.

roḍ roḍ, cl. 1. P. roḍati, &c., to be mad (= rt. loḍ); to despise, disrespect, (in this sense = rts. rauḍ, rauṭ.)

roḍa roḍa, as, ā, am, satisfied, contented; (as), m. crushing, pounding (= kṣoda).

roḍhṛ roḍhṛ, ḍhā, ḍhrī, ḍhṛ (fr. rt. 1. ruh), one who ascends or grows, &c.

roṇīka roṇīka, N. of a place.

roṇīkīya roṇīkīya, as, ā, am, belonging to Roṇīka.

roda roda, rodana, &c. See p. 850, col. 1.

rodas rodas, as, n. (fr. rt. 1. rud; in Nirukta VI. 1. rodas is connected with rodhas as if fr. rt. 2. rudh), the seat of the roaring winds, heaven; (asī), n. du. heaven and earth, the upper and lower world, (in Ṛg-veda IX. 22, 5. rodasoḥ, gen. du. = dyāvā-pṛthivyoḥ.)
     rodaḥkuhara rodaḥ-kuhara, am, n. the canopy of heaven.
     rodastva rodas-tva, am, n., Ved. a word used in explaining the etymology of rodasī.

rodasī rodasī, f. heaven; N. of the wife of Rudra and mother of the Maruts; (Sāy. also) mother of the Maruts or lightning; (asyau or asī), f. du. heaven and earth, the upper and lower world, (in Ṛg-veda I. 33, 5. rodasyoḥ, gen. du. = dyāvā-pṛthivyoḥ; the form rodasī for nom. acc. du. is also referred to rodas above.)
     rodasiprā rodasi-prā, ās, ās, am (rodasi for ro-dasī), Ved. filling heaven and earth (= dyāvā-pṛthivyoḥ pūrayitṛ).

roddhavya roddhavya, roddhṛ. See p. 850, col. 2.

rodha 1. rodha. See p. 850, col. 1.

rodha 2. rodha, rodhas, rodhin, &c. See p. 850, col. 2.

rodhra rodhra, as, m. (probably connected with rt. 1. rudh and rudhira), the tree Symplocos Racemosa (having yellow leaves; the red powder thrown over persons during the Holī festival is prepared from the bark of this tree); (am), n. sin, (in this sense also as, m.); offence, injury, (in these two senses probably connected with rt. 2. rudh.)
     rodhrapuṣpa rodhra-puṣpa, as, m. Bassia Latifolia; a species of ringed snake.
     rodhrapuṣpaka rodhra-puṣpaka, as, m. a kind of grain (said to be a sort of śāli); a species of ringed snake.
     rodhrapuṣpiṇī rodhra-puṣpiṇī, f. Grislea Tomentosa.
     rodhraśūka rodhra-śūka, as, m. a kind of rice (the ears of which are similar in colour to the flowers of the Rodhra).

ropa 1. ropa, as, m. (fr. rt. 1. rup = rt. 1. lup), confusing, disturbing; (am), n. a fissure, chasm, hole, cavity, (in this sense possibly connected with rt. 1. ruh, cf. ruhaka.)

ropaṇa 1. ropaṇa, as, ī, am, Ved. causing bodily pain, causing racking or griping pain; (am), n. according to the commentator on Taittirīya-Brāhmaṇa III. 476, 9 = vimohana or upadrava.

ropi ropi, is, f., Ved. acute or racking pain.

ropita 1. ropita, as, ā, am, bewildered, perplexed.

ropuṣī ropuṣī, f., Ved., according to some = ropi; according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda I. 191, 13. 'destroying', ropuṣīṇām = lopayitrīṇām = chettrīṇām.

ropa 2. ropa, as, m. (fr. the Caus. of rt. 1. ruh), the act of raising or setting up, &c. (= 2. ropaṇa); the planting (of trees); an arrow.

ropaka ropaka, as, m. a planter [cf. vṛkṣa-r-]; a weight of metal or a coin ((1/70) of a Suvarṇa; cf. rūpaka).

ropaṇa 2. ropaṇa, as, ī, am, causing to grow, causing to grow over or cicatrize, healing; putting or placing on, (am), n. the act of setting up or erecting, raising; the act of planting, setting, &c.; healing, cicatrizing; a healing application (used for sores).

ropaṇīya ropaṇīya, as, ā, am, to be set up or erected or raised; to be planted; useful for healing or cicatrizing.

ropayitṛ ropayitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, one who sets up or erects, an erecter; a planter.

ropita 2. ropita, as, ā, am, made to grow; raised, erected, elevated; set, planted, placed in or upon.

ropin ropin, ī, iṇī, i, raising, erecting, setting, planting.

ropya ropya, as, ā, am, to be raised or erected; to be planted.

ropaṇākā ropaṇākā, f., Ved. a kind of bird, (Sāy.) a thrush (= śārikā).

roma 1. and 2. roma, 1. and 2. romaka, &c. See col. 3.

roman roman, a, n. (probably fr. rt. 1. ruh; cf. loman; according to Uṇādi-s. IV. 150. fr. rt. 1. ru), the hair on the body of men and animals, (especially) short hair, bristles, wool, down, nap, &c., (less properly applicable to the long hair on the head and beard of men, and to that on the mane and tail of animals); the feathers of a bird; (āṇas), m. pl., N. of a people; [cf. Hib. romach, 'hairy;' ro-machad, 'hairiness;' roinfaith, 'hair-cloth;' roin, roine, 'hair, fur;' roineach, 'hairy.']
     romakanda roma-kanda, as, m. a kind of bulbous root or vegetable (= piṇḍālu).
     romakarṇaka roma-karṇaka, as, m. 'hair-eared', a hare.
     romakūpa roma-kūpa, as, am, m. n. 'hair-hole', a pore of the skin; [cf. roma-randhra.]
     romakesara roma-kesara, am, n. the tail of the Bos Grunniens used as a Chowri, a whisk; (also written roma-keśara.)
     romagarta roma-garta, as, m. = roma-kūpa.
     romaguccha roma-guccha, as, m. or roma-gutsa, am, n. the tail of the Bos Grunniens used as a Chowri.
     romaṇvat romaṇ-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. = ro-ma-vat, covered with hair, hairy.
     romatyaj roma-tyaj, k, k, k, Ved. losing the hair (said of a horse).
     romapāda roma-pāda, as, m., N. of a king.
     romapulaka roma-pulaka, as, m. the bristling of the hairs of the body, a thrill of joy or fear (= roma-harṣa).
     romaphalā roma-phalā, f. = romaśa-phala.
     romabaddha roma-baddha, as, ā, am, 'hair-bound', made or fastened with the hair of animals, woven with hair.
     romabandha roma-bandha, as, m. hair-texture.
     romabhūmi roma-bhūmi, is, f. the place of the hair, i. e. the skin.
     romamūrdhan roma-mūrdhan, ā, ā or dhnī, a, having short hairs on the head, covered with hair or down on the head (said of insects).
     romaratāsāra roma-ratāsāra, as, m. the belly, (apparently a wrong form.)
     romarandhra roma-randhra, am, n. a hole through which a hair shoots out, a pore of the skin.
     romarāji roma-rāji, is, or roma-rājī, f. a row or line of hair, a streak of hair (on the abdomen of men and especially of women just above the navel, said to be a sign of puberty).
     romarājipatha roma-rāji-patha, as, m. the line of the hair above the navel, (in tanu-r- = 'the waist.')
     romalatā roma-latā or roma-latikā, f. the winding line of hair above the navel (of women).
     romavat roma-vat, ān, atī, at, possessed of hair, covered with hair, hairy, woolly.
     romavāhin roma-vāhin, ī, inī, i, cutting off hair, sharp enough to cut a hair.
     romavikāra roma-vikāra, as, m. or roma-vikriyā, f. change of the hair of the body, bristling or erection of the hair of the body, horripilation.
     romavidhvaṃsa roma-vidhvaṃsa, as, m. 'hair-destroying', a louse.
     romavivara roma-vivara, am, n. = roma-kūpa.
     romavedha roma-vedha, as, m., N. of an author.
     romaśuka roma-śuka, am, n. a kind of perfume.
     romaharṣa roma-harṣa, as, m. the bristling of the hair of the body, a thrill or shudder (caused by joy, fear, cold, &c.).
     romaharṣaṇa roma-harṣaṇa, as, ī, am, causing the hair to bristle or stand erect, causing excessive joy, causing a shudder or horror, aweinspiring, thrilling; (as), m. Terminalia Belerica (the nuts of which are used as dice); N. of Sūta (the pupil of Vyāsa and supposed narrator of the events in the Purāṇas); N. of the father of Sūta; (am), n. = roma-harṣa.
     romaharṣita roma-harṣita, as, ā, am, thrilled with delight, having the hair of the body bristling or erect with joy or horror.
     romāñca 1. ro-māñca (-ma-añ-), as, m. 'curling or erection of the hair of the body', a thrill of rapture (= roma-harṣa); thrill of horror, horripilation.
     romāñca 2. ro-māñca (fr. the preceding), Nom. P. romāñcati, &c., to have the hair erect from excessive rapture, to feel a thrill of joy or horror.
     romāñcakañcuka romāñca-kañcuka, as, m. a coat of mail consisting (as it were) of the down of the body erect through delight.
     romāñcakin romāñ-cakin, ī, m., N. of a serpent-demon.
     romāñcikā romāñcikā, f. a species of plant (= rudantī).
     romāñcita romāñcita, as, ā, am, having the hair of the body erect or thrilled with joy or horror, enraptured.
     romānta romānta (-ma-an-), as, m. the hairy side, i. e. the upper side of the hand.
     romālī romālī (-ma-ālī), f. a row or line of hair (above the navel; cf. roma-rāji); = vayaḥ-sandhi, (probably) puberty.
     romālu romālu (-ma-ālu), us, m. a sort of vegetable (= piṇḍālu).
     romāluviṭapin romālu-viṭapin, ī, m. a species of plant (= kumbhī).
     romāvalī ro-māvalī (-ma-āv-), f. a row or line of hair (above the navel; cf. romālī).
     romāśrayaphalā romāśraya-phalā (-ma-āś-), f. a species of shrub.
     romodgati romodgati (-ma-ud-), is, f. or romodgama (-ma-ud-) or romodbheda (-ma-ud-), as, m. erection of the hair (= roma-harṣa, q. v.).

roma 1. roma = roman (at the end of an adj. comp., e. g. a-roma, having no hair, hairless; cf. sa-r-); (as), m. a hole, cavity [cf. 1. ropa]; (am), n. water.

romaka 1. romaka = roman (at the end of an adj. comp.).

romaśa romaśa, as, ā, am, having thick hair, having thick wool or bristles, hairy, woolly; (as), m. a sheep, ram; a hog, boar; a sort of vegetable (= piṇḍālu, kumbhī); N. of a Ṛṣi; of an astronomer [cf. 2. romaka]; (ā), f. Cucumis Utilissimus; N. of the reputed authoress of Ṛg-veda 1. 126, 7; (am), n. the pudenda (Ved.).
     romaśaphala romaśa-phala, as, m. a species of plant (= ṭiṇḍiśa).

roma 2. roma, the city Rome.

romaka 2. romaka, as, m. Rome; 'the Roman' as epithet of a particular astronomer; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people (mentioned in Mahā-bh. Sabhā-p. 1837; cf. romāṇas under roman); the people of the Roman empire, the Romans; (am), n. a kind of saline earth and the salt extracted from it; a kind of magnet.
     romakapattana romaka-pattana, am, n. the city of Rome.
     romakasiddhānta romaka-siddhānta, as, m., N. of one of the five chief Siddhāntas in the age of Varāhamihira.
     romakācārya romakācārya (-ka-āc-), as, m., N. of a teacher of astronomy.

romakāyaṇa romakāyaṇa, as, m., N. of an author.

romantha romantha, as, m. (according to some fr. ruj + mantha), ruminating, chewing the cud, (gagaṇa-romantha, as, m. 'ruminating on the sky, 'nonsense, absurdity); chewing; frequent repetition; [cf. Gr. [greek] [greek] Lat. rūmen (for rug-men), ruminare, ructare; Old Germ. ita-ruchjan; Angl. Sax. roc-cettan.]

romanthāya romanthāya, Nom. A. romanthāyate, &c., to ruminate, chew the cud.

romanthāyamāna romanthāyamāna, as, ā, am, ruminating, chewing the cud.

romāñca 1. and 2. romāñca. See col. 2.

roravaṇa roravaṇa, roruvat, rorūya. See p. 847, col. 3.

roruka roruka, N. of a country or of a town.

rorudā rorudā. See p. 850, col. 1.

rola rola, as, m. Flacourtia Cataphracta; green ginger; (ā), f. a particular metre (= lolā).
     roladeva rola-deva, as, m., N. of a painter.

rolamba rolamba, as, ā, am, distrustful, unbelieving (?); (as), m. a bee; dry or arid soil (?).
     rolambakadamba rolamba-kadamba, am, n. a swarm of bees.

rolicandrū rolicandrū, ūs, m. a proper N.

rośaṃsā rośaṃsā (?), f. wish, desire.

roṣ roṣ, roṣa, &c. See p. 851, col. 1.

roha roha, as, ā, am (fr. rt. 1. ruh), rising, mounting upwards, ascending, springing up, growing [cf. roha-śikhin]; riding on, (aśva-roha, riding on a horse); (as), m. rising, height, altitude; the raising or increasing of anything (as of a number from a smaller to a higher denomination); the growing, growth; a bud, blossom, shoot, sprout.
     rohaga roha-ga, as, m., N. of a mountain (= rohaṇa).
     rohaśikhin roha-śikhin, ī, m. fire which mounts upwards, ascending flame.
     rohasena roha-sena, as, m. a proper N.

rohaka rohaka, as, &c. = roḍhṛ; riding on [cf. kaṭi-r-], a rider; growing on [cf. grāva-r-]; (as), m. epithet of a kind of spirit or goblin.

rohaṇa rohaṇa, as, m., N. of a mountain (Adam's peak in Ceylon); (ī), f. a medicine for healing or cicatrizing (a wound; Ved.); (am), n. a rising or ascending; a means of ascending (Ved.); the act of mounting up, riding on, sitting on, standing on (jyā-rohaṇa, the putting or fastening on of a bowstring); the growing over, healing; the proceeding from, consisting of; semen virile.
     rohaṇadruma rohaṇa-druma, as, m. the sandal tree.

rohat rohat, an, antī, at, rising, mounting, ascending, growing.

rohanta rohanta, as, m. a particular tree; a tree in general; (ī), f. a particular creeper; a creeper in general.

rohas rohas, as, n., Ved. height, elevation.

rohāya rohāya (fr. rohat above), Nom. A. rohāyate, &c., see Gaṇa Bhṛśādi to Pāṇ. III. 1, 12.

rohi rohi, is, m. a kind of deer; a seed; a tree; a pious or religious man, one observing a vow (= vratin).

rohiṇa rohiṇa, as, ā, am, born under the asterism Rohiṇī; (as), m., N. of Viṣṇu; of a man; of various plants, = bhū-tṛṇa, vaṭa, rohitaka; (ās), m. pl. the descendants of Rohiṇa; (am), n. epithet of the ninth Muhūrta (a part of the forenoon, extending to midday, in which Śrāddhas are especially to be observed).

rohiṇi rohiṇi, is, f. = rohiṇī, the Nakshatra.
     rohiṇitva rohiṇi-tva, am, n., Ved. = rohiṇī-tva.
     rohiṇinandana rohiṇi-nandana, as, m. the son of Rohiṇī, i. e. Bala-rāma.
     rohiṇiputra rohiṇi-putra, as, m. 'son of Rohiṇī', a proper N.
     rohiṇiṣeṇa ro-hiṇi-ṣeṇa or rohiṇi-sena, as, m. a proper N.

rohiṇikā rohiṇikā, f. a woman with a red face (either from anger or from being coloured with pigments); inflammation of the throat.

rohiṇī rohiṇī, f. (fem. of rohita, col. 2; see also the fem. of rohin, col. 2), a red cow, (in the Veda perhaps also) a red mare; a cow in general, (in Hindū mythology Rohiṇī is represented as a daughter of Surabhi and mother of cattle; she is also said to be the mother of Kāma-dhenu, the cow of plenty); N. of the ninth Nakshatra or lunar asterism (personified as a daughter of Daksha, and the favourite wife of the Moon, called 'the Red one', from the colour of the star Aldebaran or principal star in the constellation; the Nakshatra contains five stars, probably [greek] Tauri, and according to Hindū notions is figured by a wheeled carriage or sometimes by a temple or a fish); N. of the lunar day belonging to the above Nakshatra; lightning; a young girl, one in whom menstruation has just commenced, a girl nine years of age; inflammation of the throat (of various kinds); N. of various plants, a kind of vegetable (= kaṭu-rohiṇī, soma-valka, kāśmarī, harītakī, mañjiṣ-ṭhā); N. of a wife of Vasu-deva and mother of Bala-rāma; of a wife of Kṛṣṇa; of the wife of Mahā-deva; of a daughter of Hiraṇya-kaśipu; of one of the sixteen Vidyā-devīs; (according to Pāṇ. IV. 4, 34, Vārtt. 1, there is an adj. rohiṇī, meaning 'born under the Nakshatra Rohiṇī.')
     rohiṇīkānta rohiṇī-kānta, as, m. 'the lover of Rohiṇī', epithet of the Moon.
     rohiṇīcandravrata rohiṇī-candra-vrata and rohiṇī-candra-śayana, am, n., N. of two religious observances.
     rohiṇītanaya rohiṇī-tanaya, as, m. the son of Rohiṇī, i. e. Bala-rāma.
     rohiṇītapas rohiṇī-tapas, N. of a work.
     rohiṇītīrtha ro-hiṇī-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.
     rohiṇītva rohiṇī-tva, am, n., Ved. the state or condition of the Nakshatra Rohiṇī.
     rohiṇīpati rohiṇī-pati, is, m. the husband of Rohiṇī, i. e. the Moon.
     rohiṇīpriya rohiṇī-priya, as, m. the lover of Rohiṇī, i. e. the Moon.
     rohiṇībhava rohiṇī-bhava, as, m. the son of Rohiṇī, i. e. the planet Mercury.
     rohiṇīyoga rohiṇī-yoga, as, m. the conjunction of the moon with the Nakshatra Rohiṇī.
     rohiṇīramaṇa rohiṇī-ramaṇa, as, m. 'the lover of the cow', a bull; the lover or husband of Rohiṇī, i. e. the Moon.
     rohiṇīvallabha rohiṇī-val-labha, as, m. the lover of Rohiṇī, i. e. the Moon.
     rohiṇīvrata rohiṇī-vrata, am, n., N. of a particular religious observance.
     rohiṇīśa rohiṇīśa (-nī-īśa), as, m. the lord or husband of Rohiṇī, i. e. the Moon.
     rohiṇīśakaṭa rohiṇī-śakaṭa, as, am, m. n. an asterism, probably [greek] [greek] Tauri.
     rohiṇīṣeṇa rohiṇī-ṣeṇa, as, m. a proper N.; [cf. rohiṇi-ṣeṇa.]
     rohiṇīsuta rohiṇī-suta, as, m. 'son of Rohiṇī, 'the planet Mercury.
     rohiṇyaṣṭamī rohiṇy-aṣṭamī, f. the eighth day in the dark half of the month Bhādra when the moon is in conjunction with the Nakshatra Rohiṇī.

rohit rohit, t, m. (according to Uṇādi-s. I. 99. fr. rt. 1. ruh), the sun; a species of fish, = rohita; (t), f. a red mare (Ved.); the female of a deer, doe; a sort of creeper; (tas), f. pl. epithet of rivers (according to Naigh. I. 13); the fingers (according to Naigh. II. 5); (t, t, t), red, of a red colour.
     rohidaśva ro-hid-aśva, as, ā, am, Ved. having red mares (said of Agni).

rohita rohita, as, ā or (more commonly) rohiṇī, am [cf. lohita], red, of a red colour [cf. rudhira]; coloured; (as), m. red (the colour), a red horse; a fox; a form of Fire or the Sun (Ved.); another deity in Atharva-veda XIII. 1; N. of the hymns of the above Veda in which the god Rohita is mentioned; a kind of deer; a species of fish, Cyprinus Rohita; a kind of tree, Andersonia Rohitaka; a sort of ornament made of precious stones; a particular form of rainbow, (see rohitam below); N. of a son of Hari-ścandra; of a Manu; of a son of Kṛṣṇa; of a son of Vapush-mat (king of Śālmala); of a river; (ās), m. pl. epithet of a class of Gandharvas; of a class of gods under the twelfth Manu; (iṇī), f., see col. 1; (am), n. a kind of rainbow appearing in a straight form, Indra's bow unbent and invisible to mortals; blood; saffron.
     rohitakūla rohita-kūla, N. of a place.
     rohitakūlīya rohita-kūlīya and rohita-kūlīyādya and rohita-kūlīyottara, am, n., N. of Sāmans.
     rohitagiri ro-hita-giri, is, m., N. of a mountain.
     rohitagirīya rohita-girīya, ās, m. pl. the inhabitants of the mountain Rohita-giri.
     rohitapura rohita-pura, am, n., N. of the town founded by Rohitaka the son of Hari-ścandra.
     rohitavat ro-hita-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. having a red horse.
     rohitavastu rohita-vastu, N. of a place.
     rohitākṣa rohitākṣa (-ta-ak-), as, ī, am, red-eyed, having red eyes.
     rohitāñji ro-hitāñji (-ta-añ-), is, is, i, Ved. marked with red.
     rohitāśva rohitāśva, as, ā, am, having red horses; (as), m. the god of fire, Agni; N. of a son of Hariścandra.
     rohitaita rohitaita (-ta-eta), as, ā, am, Ved. variegated with red.

rohitaka rohitaka, as, m., N. of a tree, Andersonia Rohitaka; N. of a river; of a Stūpa; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people; (ikā), f. a woman whose face is stained with red pigments or red with rage.
     rohitakāraṇya rohitakāraṇya (-ka-ar-), am, n. 'Rohitaka-wood', N. of a place.

rohitāyana rohitāyana, as, m. a patronymic, (probably for rauhitāyana.)

rohiteya rohiteya, as, m. Andersonia Rohitaka.

rohin rohin, ī, iṇī, i, rising, mounting upwards, growing, increasing; grown, shot up, long, tall; (ī), m., N. of various trees, Andersonia Rohitaka; the sacred fig-tree, Ficus Religiosa; the Indian fig-tree, Ficus Indica; (iṇī), f., N. of various plants, [cf. rohiṇī.]

rohiṣ rohiṣ, ṭ, f. = rohit, a doe; = rauhiṣa.

rohiṣa rohiṣa, as, m. a kind of fragrant grass; a species of fish; a kind of deer.
     rohiṣatṛṇa rohiṣa-tṛṇa = bhūti.

rohiṣyai rohiṣyai, dat. of an unused form rohiṣī or rohiṣi, used as a Ved. inf.

rohī rohī, f. = rohit, a doe.

rohītaka rohītaka, as, m. = rohitaka, Andersonia Rohitaka; N. of a place or of a mountain, (according to some a stronghold on the borders of Multan is so called.)

raukma raukma, as, ī, am (fr. rukma), golden, adorned with gold.

raukmiṇeya raukmiṇeya, as, m. a metronymic from Rukmiṇī, epithet of Pradyumna.

raukṣaka raukṣaka, as, m. a patronymic.

raukṣāyaṇa raukṣāyaṇa, as, m. a patronymic.

raukṣya raukṣya, am, n. (fr. rūkṣa), roughness, hardness, dryness, aridity, emaciation; roughness, harshness, cruelty, uncouthness.

raucanika raucanika, as, ī, am (fr. rocanā), coloured with Rocanā, Rocanā-coloured, yellowish; (am), n. the tartar of the teeth.

raucya raucya, as, m. (fr. rucya = bilva), a staff of Bilva wood; (according to some) an ascetic with a staff of Bilva wood, a patronymic of the thirteenth Manu; of the ninth Manu, (in these senses fr. ruci); (as, &c.), of or belonging to the thirteenth Manu.

rauṭ rauṭ or rauḍ (see rt. roḍ), cl. 1. P. rauṭati, rauḍati, to despise, treat with disrespect.

rauḍhīya rauḍhīya, ās, m. pl. (probably fr. rūḍhi), N. of a grammatical school.

raudra raudra, as, ā or ī, am (fr. rudra), of or belonging to Rudra or to the Rudras, &c., Rudralike, violent, impetuous, wrathful, irascible, savage, wild, fearful, terrible, formidable; acute; addressed to Rudra (said of a hymn); called after Rudra (said of a river); bringing or betokening misfortune; (am), ind. fearfully, horribly; (as), m. a patronymic of a descendant of Rudra; a worshipper of Rudra; heat, warmth, ardor, passion, wrath, rage, (also am, n.); the cold season of the year, winter; N. of Yama; of the fifty-fourth year of the Jupiter cycle of sixty years; N. of a particular Ketu (Ved.); (ās), m. pl., N. of a class of evil spirits; N. of a people; (ī), f., N. of Gaurī; a species of plant (= rudra-jaṭā); N. of a commentary on the Siddhānta-muktāvalī by Rudra-bhaṭṭācārya; (am), n. formidableness, dreadfulness, fierceness, savageness; heat, warmth, solar heat, sunshine; wrath, rage; N. of the Nakshatra Ārdrā when situated under Rudra; N. of a Liṅga; of a Sāman.
     raudrakarman raudra-karman, a, n. a terrible magic rite or one performed for some dreadful purpose; (ā, ā, a), doing dreadful acts, performing horrors; (ā), m., N. of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra.
     raudrakarmin raudra-karmin, ī, iṇī, i, doing dreadful acts, performing fearful things.
     raudratā raudra-tā, f. wild or savage state, fierceness, fearful condition, horribleness, formidableness, dreadfulness.
     raudradarśana raudra-darśana, as, ā, am, of dreadful appearance, formidable, terrific.
     raudrapāda raudra-pāda, (apparently) N. of a Nakshatra (= raudra = ārdrā).
     raudramanas raudra-manas, ās, ās, as, Ved. savage-minded, fierce.
     raudrāśva raudrāśva (-ra-aś-), as, m., N. of a son or more distant descendant of Puru.
     raudrībhāva raudrī-bhāva, as, m. the character of Rudra or Śiva.

raudraka raudraka = rudreṇa kṛtam, see Gaṇa Kulālādi to Pāṇ. IV. 3, 118.

raudrāgna raudrāgna, as, ī, am (fr. rudra + agni), Ved. relating to Rudra and Agni.

raudrāṇī raudrāṇī in raudrāṇī-stotra, probably for ru-drāṇī-stotra.

raudrāyaṇa raudrāyaṇa, as, m. a patronymic from Rudra.

raudri raudri, is, m. a patronymic from Rudra.

raudha raudha, as, m. a patronymic from Rodha.

raudhādika raudhādika, as, ī, am (fr. ru-dhādi), belonging to the class of roots beginning with rudh, i. e. the seventh class.

raudhira raudhira, as, ī, am (fr. rudhira), bloody, consisting of blood, caused by blood.

raupya raupya, as, &c. (fr. rūpya), made of silver, silver; like silver, silvery; (ā), f., N. of a place; (am), n. silver.
     raupyamaya raupya-maya, as, ī, am, consisting of silver, made of silver, silver.
     raupyamāṣaka raupya-māṣaka, as, m. a Māṣaka weight of silver.

raupyāyaṇa raupyāyaṇa, as, m. a patronymic.

raupyāyaṇi raupyāyaṇi, is, m. a patronymic from Rūpya.

rauma rauma, as, m. a proper N.; (am), n. a kind of salt (= raumaka below).
     raumalavaṇa rauma-la-vaṇa, am, n. salt from the Rumā district, (see below.)

raumaka raumaka, as, ī, am (fr. 2. romaka), Roman, spoken by the inhabitants of the Roman empire; derived or coming from the astronomer Romaka; (am), n. a kind of salt procured from a salt-lake near Sambhar in Ajmere, (in this sense fr. rumā.)

raumakīya raumakīya (fr. romaka), see Gaṇa Kṛśāvādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

raumaṇya raumaṇya (fr. roman), see Gaṇa Saṅkāśādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

raumaśīya raumaśīya (fr. romaśa), see Gaṇa Kṛśāśvādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

raumaharṣaṇaka raumaharṣaṇaka, as, ikā, am (fr. romahar-ṣaṇa), made or composed by Roma-harṣaṇa.

raumāyaṇa raumāyaṇa (fr. roman), see Gaṇa Pakṣādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

raumya raumya, ās, m. pl., N. of particular evil spirits in the service of Agni.

raurava raurava, as, ī, am (fr. ruru), made of the hide of the deer called ruru; fearful, dreadful, terrible; unsteady, cheating, fraudulent, dishonest; (as), m. a savage; N. of one of the hells (Manu IV. 88); of the fifth Kalpa; (am), n. the fruit of the Ruru tree; N. of various Sāmans.

rauravaka rauravaka = ruruṇā kṛtam, see Gaṇa Kulālādi to Pāṇ. IV. 3, 118.

raurukin raurukin, inas, m. pl. (fr. ruruka), the school of Ruruka.

rauśarman rauśarman, ā, m. a proper N.

rauhika rauhika = ruha iva, see Gaṇa Aṅgulyādi to Pāṇ. V. 3, 108.

rauhiṇa rauhiṇa, as, ī, am (fr. rohiṇī), born under the Nakshatra Rohiṇī; (as), m. the sandal tree; the Indian fig-tree; N. of Agni; of a demon vanquished by Indra; a proper N. (according to Naigh. I. 10) = megha, a cloud; N. of a grammatical school; (am), n. sandal-wood; N. of the ninth Muhūrta of the day; indrasya rājana-rauhiṇe and dhātū rauhiṇam, N. of particular Sāmans.

rauhiṇaka rauhiṇaka, am, n., N. of a Sāman.

rauhiṇāyana rauhiṇāyana, as, m. (fr. rohiṇa), a patronymic of Priya-vrata.

rauhiṇi rauhiṇi, is, m. a patronymic; rauhiṇer ekar-ṣe rājanam, N. of a Sāman.

rauhiṇeya rauhiṇeya, as, m. (fr. rohiṇī), a metronymic; a calf, (also ī, f.); N. of Bala-rāma; the planet Mercury; (am), n. an emerald.
     rauhiṇeśvaratīrtha rauhiṇeśvara-tīrtha (-ṇa-īś-), am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.

rauhiṇya rauhiṇya, as, m. a patronymic.

rauhita rauhita, as, ī, am (fr. rohita), coming from the animal or fish called rohita; relating to Manu Rohita; (as), m., N. of a son of Kṛṣṇa.

rauhitaka rauhitaka, as, ī, am (fr. rohitaka), Ved. made from the wood of the Andersonia Rohitaka.

rauhityāyani rauhityāyani, is, m. a patronymic.

rauhidaśva rauhidaśva, as, m. (fr. rohid-aśva), a patronymic of Vasu-manas.

rauhiṣ rauhiṣ, ṭ, m. = rauhiṣa, a kind of deer.

rauhiṣa rauhiṣa, as, m. (according to Uṇādi-s. I. 48. fr. rt. 1. ruh; cf. rohit, rohita, rohiṣa), a kind of deer; a species of fish, = rohita; (ī), f. a doe of the Rauhisha species; a creeper (= latā); = dūrvā; a sort of grass (= kat-tṛṇa).

rauhī rauhī, f. the female of a particular kind of deer.

rauhītaka rauhītaka, as, ī, am (fr. rohītaka), coming from the Andersonia Rohitaka, made of Andersonia Rohitaka wood; coming from the district Rauhīta; (as), m. = rohītaka, Andesonia Rohitaka.

rauhītadeśa rauhīta-deśa, as, m., N. of a country.

rauheya rauheya (fr. roha), see Gaṇa Sakhyādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

L — ल

la 1. la, the twenty-eighth consonant of the Nāgarī alphabet, being the semivowel of the vowels ḷ, ḹ, and having the sound of the English l.
     lakāra la-kāra, as, m. the letter or sound la.
     lakāravāda la-kāra-vāda, as, m., N. of a work.

la 2. la, Pāṇini's general or technical term for all the tenses and moods or verbal terminations.

la 3. la, as, m., N. of Indra; cutting (?).

la 4. la (for laghu), a short syllable.

lak lak (= rt. rak), cl. 10. P. lākayati, &c., to taste; to obtain.

laka laka, am, n. the forehead; an ear or spike of wild rice.

lakaca lakaca or (more generally) lakuca, as, m. a kind of bread-fruit tree, Artocarpus Lacucha (a tree containing a large quantity of sticky milky juice); (am), n. the fruit of this tree.

lakuṭa lakuṭa, as, m. = laguḍa, a club.

lakuṭin lakuṭin, ī, inī, i, carrying a club, armed with a club.

lakula lakula, lakulya, see Gaṇa Balādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

lakulin lakulin, ī, m., N. of a Muni.

lakkaka lakkaka, as, m. a proper N.

lakta lakta, as, ā, am, = rakta, red; [cf. gūtha-lakta.]
     laktakarman lakta-karman, ā, m. a red variety of the Lodh tree (used in dyeing).

laktaka laktaka, as, m. lac, the red dye (= alaktaka); a dirty and tattered cloth, a rag, (in this sense = naktaka.)

lakvanacandra lakvana-candra, as, m. a proper N.

lakṣ lakṣ, cl. 1. A. lakṣate, to perceive, apprehend, observe, see, view, contemplate; cl. 10. P. A. (more properly regarded as a Nom. fr. lakṣa below), lakṣayati, -te, ala-lakṣat, alalakṣata, lakṣayitum, to mark, sign, betoken, distinguish, denote, characterize, indicate; to define or describe accurately; to signify, express (especially indirectly); to aim at (a mark or object); to consider, regard, think, call, name; to observe, enquire into, examine; to notice (any particular marks), apprehend, recognise, know; to remark, observe, perceive, see: Pass. lakṣyate, to be marked; to be aimed at; to be meant or intended; to be perceived or observed; to appear, seem: Caus. lakṣayati, &c., to cause to be seen or exhibited, &c.

lakṣa lakṣa, am, n. (according to some for original rakta, fr. rt. rañj; according to others fr. rt. lag, cf. lakṣman, lakṣmī), a mark, sign, token; a mark to aim or shoot at, target, butt, aim, object, prey, prize (= lakṣyam; cf. labdha-l-); appearance, show, pretence, disguise, fraud; (as, am), m. n. a lac, one hundred thousand, (said to be also ā, f.)
     lakṣatā lakṣa-tā, f. the condition of being a mark or aim.
     lakṣadatta lakṣa-datta, as, m., N. of a king.
     lakṣapura lakṣa-pura, am, n., N. of a town.
     lakṣaśas lakṣa-śas, ind. by hundreds of thousands, by lacs.
     lakṣasupta lak-ṣa-supta, as, ā, am, pretending to be asleep, appearing asleep.
     lakṣahoma lakṣa-homa, as, m. 'lacoblation', N. of a particular offering to the planets.
     lakṣādhīśa lakṣādhīśa (-ṣa-adh-), as, m. a person possessed of a lac (or of a hundred thousand rupees).
     lakṣāntapurī lakṣānta-purī (-ṣa-an-), f., N. of a town.
     lakṣīkṛ lakṣī-kṛ, cl. 8. P. A. -karoti, -kurute, &c., to make a mark or object, to aim at, point at, look at.
     lakṣīkṛta lakṣī-kṛta, as, ā, am, made a mark, aimed at, directed towards.
     lakṣīkṛtaghrāṇa lakṣīkṛta-ghrāṇa, as, ā, am, looking at the nose, fixing the gaze on the tip of the nose.
     lakṣībhū lakṣī-bhū, cl. 1. P. -bhavati, &c., to become a mark or aim or object.

lakṣaka lakṣaka, as, ā, am, marking or indicating (especially indirectly, i. e. not by name); hinting at, expressing elliptically or by metonymy; a proper N.; (am), n. a lac, one hundred thousand.

lakṣaṇa lakṣaṇa, am, n. a mark, distinctive mark, sign, symbol, token, indication, characteristic (often at the end of comps., e. g. puruṣa-l-, the mark or organ of virility; at the end of adj. comps. the fem. is in ā and rarely in ī); character, attribute, quality; stroke, line, spot; a lucky mark, favourable sign; a symptom or indication of disease; an accurate mark, accurate description, definition; settled rate, fixed tariff (Manu VIII. 406); a designation, appellation, name, (sometimes at the end of comps., e. g. ṛg-yajuḥ-sāma-lakṣaṇa, named Ṛg, Yajur, and Sāma); aiming at, aim, intention, scope, object, signification; form, kind; subject, head, term, province; effect, operation influence; cause, occasion; observation, sight, seeing; (as), m. the Indian crane, Ardea Sibirica; a proper N.; = lakṣmaṇa, the brother of Rāma; (ā), f. aim, object, view; an indirect indication or hint, elliptical mode of expression, ellipsis, a word or phrase understood though not expressed, metonymy; indirect application of a word (as distinguished from its literal meaning); = lakṣmaṇā, the female of the Ardea Sibirica; a goose; N. of an Apsaras.
     lakṣaṇajña lakṣaṇa-jña, as, ā, am, sign-knowing, understanding marks (especially those on the body), able to interpret or explain them.
     lakṣaṇatva lakṣaṇa-tva, am, n. the being a mark or definition.
     lakṣaṇabhraṣṭa lakṣaṇa-bhraṣṭa, as, ā, am, deprived of good marks, fallen into misfortune, unlucky.
     lakṣaṇalakṣaṇā lakṣaṇa-lakṣaṇā, f., N. of a particular mode of expression by ellipsis or by metonymy.
     lakṣaṇavat lakṣaṇa-vat, ān, atī, at, possessing marks or signs, marked, distinguished, characterized, (triṃśal-lakṣaṇa-vat, having thirty marks or characteristics.)
     lakṣaṇavādarahasya lakṣaṇa-vāda-rahasya, am, n., N. of a short philosophical treatise.
     lakṣaṇasaṅgraha lakṣaṇa-saṅgra-ha, as, m., N. of a work.
     lakṣaṇasannipāta lakṣaṇa-sannipāta, as, m. the impressing or fixing of a mark, branding, stigmatizing.
     lakṣaṇasamuccaya lakṣaṇa-samuccaya, as, m., N. of a work.
     lakṣaṇānvita lakṣaṇānvita (-ṇa-an-), as, ā, am, endowed with good marks, lucky.
     lakṣaṇoru lakṣaṇoru (-ṇa-ūru), us, ūs, u, having good marks on the thighs? (Pāṇ. IV. 1, 70).

lakṣaṇaka lakṣaṇaka, as, ikā, am, having marks or tokens &c. (at the end of an adj. comp. = lakṣaṇa).

lakṣaṇin lakṣaṇin, ī, inī, i, possessing marks, &c.; = lakṣaṇa-jña, q. v.

lakṣaṇīya lakṣaṇīya, as, ā, am, to be perceived or regarded as, perceptible, to be expressed by ellipsis, expressible by metonymy.

lakṣaṇya lakṣaṇya, as, ā, am (fr. lakṣaṇa), serving as a mark or token, having good marks or signs.

lakṣayat lakṣayat, an, antī, at, marking, observing, perceiving.

lakṣayitvā lakṣayitvā, ind. having perceived or observed, having noticed.

lakṣita lakṣita, as, ā, am, marked, denoted, characterized; characterized or recognisable by; defined; expressed (indirectly), hinted at; aimed at; remarked, observed, perceived, discerned, discovered, beheld, seen, evident; considered, regarded; enquired into, examined.
     lakṣitatva lakṣita-tva, am, n. the state of being marked or expressed indirectly.
     lakṣitalakṣaṇa lakṣita-lakṣaṇa, as, ā, am, having the marks (of anything) perceived or evident.

lakṣitavya lakṣitavya, as, ā, am, to be marked or defined.

lakṣin lakṣin, ī, iṇī, i, having good marks or signs.

lakṣma lakṣma = lakṣman at the end of an adj. comp.

lakṣmaka lakṣmaka, as, m. a proper N.

lakṣmaṇa lakṣmaṇa, as, ā, am (fr. lakṣman), having marks or signs, furnished with tokens or characteristics; possessed of lucky signs or marks, lucky, fortunate, prosperous, thriving; (as), m. the Indian crane, Ardea Sibirica; N. of a Vāsiṣṭha; of a son of Daśa-ratha by his wife Su-mitrā, (he was younger brother and companion of Rāma during his travels and adventures; Lakṣmaṇa and Śatru-ghna were both sons of Su-mitrā, but Lakṣmaṇa alone is usually called Saumitri; he so attached himself to Rāma as to be called Rāma's second self; whereas Śatrughna attached himself to Bharata); N. of various other persons; (ā), f. the female of the Ardea Sibirica; a goose; N. of various plants (= oṣadhi, pṛśni-parṇī, putra-kandā, śveta-kaṇṭakārī); N. of a wife of Kṛṣṇa; of a daughter of Duryodhana (carried off by Śāmba, son of Kṛṣṇa); of an Apsaras; of the mother of the eighth Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇī; (am), n. = lakṣaṇa, a mark, sign, token, spot; a name.
     lakṣmaṇakavaca lakṣmaṇa-kavaca, am, n., N. of a hymn in praise of Lakṣmaṇa.
     lakṣmaṇakuṇḍaka lakṣmaṇa-kuṇḍaka, am, n., N. of a place.
     lakṣmaṇakhaṇḍapraśasti lakṣmaṇa-khaṇḍa-praśasti, is, f., N. of a work.
     lakṣmaṇacandra lakṣmaṇa-candra, as, m., N. of a king.
     lakṣmaṇadeva lakṣmaṇa-deva, as, m. a proper N.
     lakṣmaṇaprasū lakṣ-maṇa-prasū, ūs, f. the mother of Lakṣmaṇa, i. e. Su-mitrā, one of three wives of Daśa-ratha, (she was also the mother of Śatru-ghna.)
     lakṣmaṇabhaṭṭa lakṣ-maṇa-bhaṭṭa, as, m., N. of the author of the Gīta-govinda-ṭīkā.
     lakṣmaṇarājadeva lakṣmaṇa-rāja-deva, as, m., N. of a king.
     lakṣmaṇasena lakṣmaṇa-sena, as, m. a proper N.
     lakṣmaṇasvāmin lakṣmaṇa-svāmin, ī, m., N. of a statue of Lakṣmaṇa.
     lakṣmaṇākanda lakṣmaṇā-kanda = putra-kandā.
     lakṣmaṇācārya lakṣmaṇācārya (-ṇa-āc-), as, m. a proper N.
     lakṣmaṇānucara lakṣmaṇānucara (-ṇa-an-), as, ā, am, accompanied by Lakṣmaṇa.
     lakṣmaṇoru lakṣmaṇoru (-ṇa-ūru), us, ūs, u, see lakṣaṇoru (Vopa-deva IV. 30).

lakṣmaṇya lakṣmaṇya, as, m. a proper N., (according to Sāy.) a son of Lakṣmaṇa.

lakṣman lakṣman, a, n. (according to some fr. rt. lag), a mark, spot, sign, token, characteristic; definition; = pradhāna, the chief, principal, most excellent.

lakṣmi lakṣmi = lakṣmī, (shortened on account of the metre.)
     lakṣmivardhana lakṣmi-vardhana, as, ī, am, increasing good fortune.
     lakṣmisampanna lakṣmi-sampanna, as, ā, am, possessed of good fortune.

lakṣmī lakṣmī, īs (rarely ī), f. (according to some fr. rt. lag; according to others connected with rt. lañj, to shine), a mark, sign, indication, token (Ved.; sometimes even 'a bad sign' in Ved., but in this sense usually with pāpī); a good sign, (in Ved. usually with puṇyā); good fortune, good luck, fortune, prosperity, wealth, success, happiness; beauty, grace, loveliness, charm, splendor; N. of the goddess of fortune and beauty, (frequently in the later mythology identified with Śrī and regarded as the wife of Viṣṇu or Nārāyaṇa; according to the legend narrated in Rāmāyaṇa I. 45, 40-43, she sprang with other precious things from the froth of the ocean when churned by the gods and demons for the recovery of the Amṛta [see mandara]; she appeared with a lotus in her hand, whence she is also called Padmā; she is, moreover, connected in other ways with the lotus, and according to another legend is said to have appeared at the creation floating over the water on the expanded petals of a lotus-flower; Lakṣmī is also variously regarded as a wife of Sūrya, as a wife of Prajā-pati, as a wife of Dharma and mother of Kāma, as sister [or mother] of Dhātṛ and Vidhātṛ, as wife of Dattātreya); the Good Genius or Fortune of a king personified; royal power, dominion; superhuman power; N. of Dākṣāyaṇī in Bharatāśrama; of Sītā the wife of Rāma, and of other women; the wife of a hero; N. of turmeric and various other auspicious plants (= ṛddhi, vṛddhi, priyaṅgu, phalinī, sthala-padminī, śamī); N. of the eleventh Kalā of the moon; of a metre, four times [metrical sequence]; of another, four times [metrical sequence]; = dravya; = muktā, a pearl; [cf. Lith. Laime, 'the goddess of happiness.']
     lakṣmīkānta lakṣmī-kānta, as, m. 'the beloved of Lakṣmī', epithet of Viṣṇu; kal-lāleśo lakṣmī-kāntaḥ, N. of a deity.
     lakṣmīkulatantra lakṣmī-kula-tantra, am, n., N. of a work.
     lakṣmīkulārṇava lakṣmī-kulārṇava (-la-ar-), as, m., N. of a work.
     lakṣmīgṛha lakṣmī-gṛha, am, n. 'abode of Lakṣmī', epithet of the red lotus-flower.
     lakṣmīcaritra lakṣmī-caritra, am, n., N. of a work.
     lakṣmījanārdana lakṣmī-janārdana, am, n. Lakṣmī and Janārdana.
     lakṣmītāla lakṣmī-tāla, as, m. a kind of palm (= śrī-tāla); epithet of a particular time in music.
     lakṣmītva lakṣmī-tva, am, n. the being Lakṣmī.
     lakṣmīdāsa lakṣmī-dāsa, as, m., N. of a commentator on Bhāskara's astronomy.
     lakṣmīdevī lakṣmī-devī, f., N. of the authoress of a commentary on the Mitākṣarā-vyākhyāna.
     lakṣmīdhara lakṣmī-dhara, as, m., N. of a poet; of various other persons; (probably am), n. a particular metre, four times [metrical sequence].
     lakṣmīnātha lakṣmī-nātha, as, m. 'lord of Lakṣmī, N. of Viṣṇu.
     lakṣmīnārāyaṇa lakṣmī-nārāyaṇa, au, m. du., am, n. sing. Lakṣmī and nārāyaṇa.
     lakṣmīnārāyaṇayati lak-ṣmī-nārāyaṇa-yati, is, m., N. of a preceptor.
     lakṣmīnivāsa lakṣmī-nivāsa, as, m. the abode of the goddess of fortune.
     lakṣmīnivāsābhidhāna lakṣmī-nivāsābhidhāna (-sa-abh-), N. of a work.
     lakṣmīnṛsiṃha lakṣmī-nṛsiṃha, am, n. Lakṣmī and 'the man-lion;' (as), m., N. of a king.
     lakṣmīpati lakṣmī-pati, is, m. the husband or lord of Lakṣmī or Fortune; N. of Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa; a king or prince (as husband of Lakṣmī, who is often regarded as the consort of a king); the betelnut tree; the clove tree.
     lakṣmīputra lakṣmī-putra, as, m. the son of Lakṣmī; N. of Kāma; a horse; epithet of Kuśa and Lava (the sons of Rāma and Sītā).
     lakṣmīpura lakṣmī-pura, am, n., N. of a town.
     lakṣmīpuṣpa lakṣmī-puṣpa, as, m. 'Lakṣmī's flower', a ruby.
     lakṣmīpūjana lakṣmī-pūjana, am, n. the ceremony of worshipping Lakṣmī performed by a bridegroom in company with his bride (at the conclusion of the marriage after the bride has been brought to her husband's house).
     lakṣmīpūjā lakṣmī-pūjā, f. 'the worship of Lakṣmī', N. of a festival on the fifteenth day in the dark half of the month Āśvina (said to be celebrated in modern times by bankers and traders to propitiate Fortune).
     lakṣmīpraṇayin lakṣmī-praṇayin, ī, inī, i, dear to Lakṣmī, a favourite of fortune.
     lakṣmīphala lakṣ-mī-phala, as, m. Aegle Marmelos.
     lakṣmīyajus lakṣmī-yajus, us, n., N. of a particular sacred text.
     lakṣmīramaṇa lak-ṣmī-ramaṇa, as, m. the husband of Lakṣmī, i. e. Viṣṇu.
     lakṣmīvat lakṣmī-vat, ān, atī, at, possessed of fortune or good luck, lucky, prosperous, fortunate, wealthy, rich, thriving; handsome, beautiful; the bread-fruit tree, Artocarpus Integrifolia; another tree (= śveta-rohita).
     lakṣmīvarmadeva lakṣmī-varma-deva, as, m., N. of a king.
     lakṣmīvallabha lakṣmī-vallabha, as, m. 'favourite of Lakṣmī', N. of an author.
     lakṣmīvasati lakṣmī-vasati, is, f. 'abode of Lakṣmī', epithet of the lotus-flower (Nelumbium Speciosum).
     lakṣmīvahiṣkṛta lakṣmī-vahiṣkṛta, as, ā, am, excluded from fortune, destitute of wealth.
     lakṣmīvāra lakṣmī-vāra, as, m. 'Lakṣmī's day, 'Thursday.
     lakṣmīveṣṭa lakṣmī-veṣṭa, as, m. turpentine (= śrī-veṣṭa, q. v.).
     lakṣmīśa lakṣmīśa (-mī-īśa), as, m. the lord of Lakṣmī, i. e. Viṣṇu; a prosperous man; the mango tree.
     lakṣmīsakha lakṣmī-sakha, as, m. a friend of the goddess of fortune, a favourite of Lakṣmī.
     lakṣmīsanātha lakṣmī-sanātha, as, ā, am, endowed with beauty or fortune.
     lakṣmīsamāhvayā lakṣmī-samā-hvayā, f. 'having the name of Lakṣmī', N. of Sītā.
     lakṣmīsahaja lakṣmī-saha-ja, as, m. 'produced together with Lakṣmī', the moon (supposed to have arisen together with Lakṣmī from the ocean when churned by the gods and Asuras, see lakṣmī, col. 1).
     lakṣmīsūkta lak-ṣmī-sūkta, am, n. a particular hymn addressed to Lakṣmī.
     lakṣmīsena lakṣmī-sena, as, m. a proper N.
     lakṣmīstotra lakṣmī-stotra, am, n. 'praise of Lakṣmī', N. of a particular hymn ascribed to Agastya.
     lakṣmyārāma lakṣmy-ārāma, as, m. the garden of Lakṣmī; N. of a forest.

lakṣmīka lakṣmīka = lakṣmī at the end of an adj. comp. (e. g. putra-saṅkrānta-lakṣmīka, one whose fortune has been transferred to a son; alak-ṣmīka-tama, most unfortunate).

lakṣya lakṣya, as, ā, am, to be marked, to be defined or described; having marks or attributes, to be expressed indirectly; to be aimed at; to be regarded as, deserving to be regarded; to be looked at or observed, observable, perceptible, visible; to be recognised or known, recognisable by (with inst. or at the end of a comp.); (as), m. epithet of a magical formula or charm recited over weapons; (am), n. an aim, object, mark to be aimed at, butt, target, prize; a lac or one hundred thousand; mere appearance, sham, pretence [cf. lakṣya-supta]; a sign, token (for lakṣman); an example, illustration (?).
     lakṣyakrama lakṣya-krama, as, ā, am, having an indirectly perceptible method (said of that which is suggested by poetry but not expressed).
     lakṣyajñatva lakṣya-jña-tva, am, n. knowledge of a mark or aim; knowledge of examples.
     lakṣyatā lakṣya-tā, f. or lakṣya-tva, am, n. the being indirectly expressed; the being an aim or object, (lakṣyatāṃ yā, to become an aim or object); perceptibility, visibility, (lakṣ-yatāṃ nī, to make visible.)
     lakṣyabheda lakṣya-bheda, as, m. the cleaving of a mark.
     lakṣyavīthī lakṣya-vīthī, f. the visible or universally recognisable road, (according to a commentator = brahma-loka-mārga.)
     lakṣyavedhin lakṣya-vedhin, ī, inī, i, piercing or hitting a mark.
     lakṣyasupta lakṣya-supta, as, ā, am, pretending to be asleep, shamming sleep.
     lakṣyahan lakṣya-han, hā, ghnī, ha, hitting the mark; (), m. an arrow.
     lakṣyābhiharaṇa lakṣyābhiharaṇa (-ya-abh-), am, n. the carrying off of a prize.
     lakṣyīkṛ lakṣyī-kṛ, lakṣyī-kṛta, = lak-ṣī-kṛ, lakṣī-kṛta, see under lakṣa.
     lakṣyībhū lakṣyī-bhū = lakṣī-bhū.

lakh lakh or laṅkh (= rt. liṅkh), cl. 1. P. lakhati, laṅkhati, &c., to go, move, approach.

lakhimādevī lakhimā-devī, f., N. of a princess, (a corruption fr. lakṣmī-devī.)

lag lag (this rt. is most extensively and variously applied in spoken languages allied to Sanskṛt), cl. 1. P. lagati, lalāga, alagīt, &c., to adhere, stick; to attach or fasten one's self to, cling to, clasp; to touch, join, become united; to meet, come in contact, intersect, cut (as lines); to approach near, follow closely (on any event), ensue or happen immediately; cl. 10. P. lāgayati, &c., to taste; to obtain, (in these senses = rts. lak, rak): Caus. lagayati, &c., to cause to adhere, &c.; [cf. perhaps Gr. [greek] and, according to some, possibly Lat. ligare.]

laganīya laganīya, as, ā, am, to be attached, to be clung to.

lagita lagita, as, ā, am, attached to, adhered, connected with; obtained, got; entered.

lagitvā lagitvā, ind. having adhered, having clasped, having closely approached so as to touch or join, (tasya pādayor lagitvā, having clung to his feet.)

lagna 1. lagna, as, ā, am, (for 2. see p. 860, col. 2), attached, adhered, stuck, held fast; attached to, joined to, connected with; coming in contact, meeting, intersecting, cutting (said of lines); adhering or clinging to, sticking to or upon, remaining on, impressed upon, fastened in, sticking in; fastened on, directed towards; followed or following closely, immediately ensuing; intent on, closely occupied about; auspicious; (as), m. a bard or minstrel (who awakes the king in the morning); a furious elephant or one in rut; (am), n. the point of contact or intersection (of two lines), the point where the horizon and the ecliptic or path of the planets meet; the point or arc of the equator which corresponds to a given point or arc of the ecliptic; the division of the equator which rises in succession with each sign in an oblique sphere; the point of the ecliptic which at a given time is upon the meridian or at the horizon, (kṣi-tije lagnam, horizon Lagna; madhya-lagna, meridian Lagna); the moment of the sun's entrance into a zodiacal sign; the rising of the sun or of the planets; (in astrology) a scheme or figure of the twelve houses or zodiacal signs (used as a horoscope); the whole of the first astrological house; an auspicious moment, a particular time fixed upon as lucky for the performance of anything, (rarely as, m.); the decisive moment, time for action, decisive measure, (also as, m.)
     lagnakāla lagna-kāla, as, m. the moment or time pointed out by astrologers as favourable for any undertaking, an auspicious moment or time.
     lagnagraha lag-na-graha, as, ā, am, insisting firmly on anything, persisting steadfastly in, important, obtrusive.
     lagnacandrikā lag-na-candrikā, f., N. of an astronomical work.
     lagnadina lagna-dina, am, n. or lagna-divasa, as, m. an auspicious day, a day fixed upon or chosen as favourable for any undertaking.
     lagnadevī lagna-devī, f., N. of a fabulous cow of stone.
     lagnanakṣatra lagna-nakṣatra, am, n. any auspicious constellation of the moon's path.
     lagnapattrikā lagna-pattrikā, f. a paper on which the auspicious moment for a marriage &c. is noted down.
     lagnabhuja lagna-bhuja, as, m. (in astronomy) ascensional difference.
     lagnamaṇḍala lagna-maṇḍala, am, n. the circle of signs, the zodiac.
     lagnamāsa lagna-māsa, as, m. an auspicious month.
     lagnamuhūrta lagna-muhūrta, am, n. the auspicious moment or period for a marriage, &c.
     lagnavelā lag-na-velā, f. or lagna-samaya, as, m. = lagna-kāla.
     lagnaśuddhi lagna-śuddhi, is, f. auspiciousness of the signs &c. for the commencement of any contemplated work.
     lagnāsu lagnāsu (-na-asu), avas, m. pl. (in astronomy) ascensional equivalents in respirations.
     lagnāha lag-nāha (-na-aha), as, m. = lagna-dina.

lagnaka lagnaka, as, m. a (fixed) surety or security, one who is responsible; a bondsman, bail.

lagnikā lagnikā, f. incorrect for nagnikā, q. v.

laga laga, (in prosody) an iambus.

lagālikā lagālikā, f. a kind of metre, four times [metrical sequence].

lagaḍa lagaḍa, as, ā, am, beautiful, handsome; [cf. laḍaha.]

lagata lagata or lagadha, as, m., N. of the author of a work on astronomy.

laguḍa laguḍa, as, m. (perhaps connected with rt. lag), a stick, staff; a club, iron club.
     laguḍahasta la-guḍa-hasta, as, m. 'staff-in-hand', a man armed with a stick or mace, a staff-bearer.

lagura lagura, as, m. = laguḍa above.

lagna lagna, &c. See p. 858, col. 3.

laghaṭ laghaṭ, ṭ, or laghaṭi, is, m. (according to Uṇādi-s. I. 134. fr. rt. laṅgh), air, wind.

laghantī laghantī, f., N. of a river, (also read laṅghatī.)

laghaya laghaya, laghiman. See p. 860.

laghu laghu, us, -ghvī or us, u (a later form of raghu, q. v.; according to Uṇādi-s. I. 30. fr. rt. laṅgh), quick, swift, fleet, rapid, light, nimble, active; epithet of a particular mode of flying (peculiar to birds); epithet of the Nakshatras Hasta, Aśvinī, and Pushya; light, easy, not difficult or heavy; easy of digestion; (in prosody) short or light (i. e. a light vowel as opposed to a guru or heavy, the proper term for a short vowel being hrasva); lightly pronounced (said of the pronunciation of va, as opposed to madhyama and guru); little, small, narrow, diminutive, slight, unimportant, trivial, insignificant, trifling, of little worth or estimation; weak, feeble, wretched, low, lowly, humble, mean, contemptible, vain, frivolous; sapless, pithless; young, younger; soft, low, gentle (as sound; opposed to a-laghu, loud); pleasing, agreeable, pleasant, handsome, beautiful; clean, pure; (u), ind. quickly, rapidly, swiftly; lightly, easily, &c.; contemptibly, (laghu man, to think lightly of, despise); (us), f. Trigonella Corniculata; (ghvī), f. a slender or delicate woman; a light carriage; Trigonella Corniculata; (u), n. a particular measure of time (= 15 Kāṣṭhās = (1/15) Nāḍikā); Agallochum, a particular kind of Agallochum; the root of Andropogon Muricatus; [cf. Gr. [greek] Lat. lev-i-s, levi-ta-s, levare, lepus (for old lephus): Goth. leihts: Old Germ. lihti: Angl. Sax. light: Slav. lig-u-ku: Lith. lengva-s: Hib. lag, 'weak, feeble, faint;' lagudhadh, 'diminution, weakening;' la-guighthe, 'weakened, lessened;' laghad, 'fewness, weakness;' lagaighim, 'I weaken;' laigidh, laigse, laigsinn, 'weakness, infirmity;' lugh, 'little, swift, active;' lughad, 'littleness.]'
     laghukaṅkola laghu-kaṅkola, as, m. Pimenta Acris.
     laghukaṇṭakā laghu-kaṇṭakā, f. Mimosa Pudica.
     laghukarkandhu laghu-karkandhu, us, m. f. a small kind of Zizyphus.
     laghukarṇī laghu-karṇī, f. a species of plant (= Marāṭhī moravela).
     laghukāya laghu-kāya, as, ā, am, light-bodied; (as), m. a goat.
     laghukāśmarya laghu-kāśmarya, as, m. a kind of tree.
     laghukoṣṭha laghu-koṣṭha, as, ā, am, having a light stomach, having little in the stomach.
     laghukaumudī laghu-kaumudī, f. 'the short Kaumudī, 'N. of an epitome of the Siddhānta-kaumudī by Varada-rāja.
     laghukrama laghu-krama, as, ā, am, having a quick or rapid step, going quickly, hastening; (am), ind. with quick step, quickly, hastily.
     laghukriyā la-ghu-kriyā, f. a small event, trifle.
     laghukhaṭvikā laghu-kha-ṭvikā, f. a small bedstead or couch, easy chair.
     laghukhartara laghu-khartara, N. of a family.
     laghugaṅgādhara laghu-gaṅgādhara, as, m. a particular powder or medicine (used in diarrhoea).
     laghugarga laghu-garga, as, m. a species of fish (probably a variety of the Pimelodus).
     laghugodhūma laghu-godhūma, as, m. a small kind of wheat.
     laghugrahamañjari laghu-graha-mañjari, is, f., N. of an astrological work.
     laghucandrikā laghu-candrikā, f., N. of a commentary by Brahmānanda-sarasvatī on the Advaitasiddhi (described as a refutation of the Nyāya theory from the point of view of the Vedānta).
     laghucitta laghu-citta, as, ā, am, light-minded, little-minded, having little thought, thoughtless, frivolous, fickle, unsteady.
     laghucittatā laghucitta-tā, f. light-mindedness, thoughtlessness, fickleness.
     laghucitrahasta laghu-citra-hasta, as, ā, am, light and ready-handed.
     laghucintana laghu-cintana, am, n., N. of an epitome of the Mīmāṃsā Sūtras by Rāghavadeva.
     laghucintāmaṇirasa laghu-cintāmaṇi-rasa, as, m. epithet of a particular fluid mixture.
     laghucirbhiṭā laghu-cirbhiṭā, f. colocynth.
     laghucetas laghu-cetas, ās, ās, as, little-minded, low-minded, frivolous.
     laghucchadā laghu-cchadā, f. a kind of asparagus.
     laghucchedya laghu-cchedya, as, ā, am, easy to be cut, easy to be extirpated, easily annihilated or destroyed.
     laghujaṅgala laghu-jaṅgala, as, m. a sort of quail (= lābaka).
     laghujātaka laghu-jātaka, am, n., N. of a short work by Varāha-mihira on horoscopes.
     laghujātiviveka laghu-jātiviveka, as, m. 'the short Jāti-viveka', N. of a work.
     laghutara laghu-tara, as, ā, am, more quick, lighter, easier, &c. (= laghīyas).
     laghutā laghu-tā, f. or laghu-tva, am, n. quickness, rapidity, agility, activity; lightness, levity, ease, facility; shortness; smallness, littleness, lowness, meanness, insignificance, unimportance, thoughtlessness, levity, frivolity; wantonness; want of rank or dignity, humbleness of origin; disregard, disrespect.
     laghudantī laghu-dantī, f. a small kind of Croton.
     laghudīpikā laghu-dīpikā, f., N. of a commentary.
     laghudundubhi laghu-dundubhi, is, m. a small drum.
     laghudrākṣā laghu-drākṣā, f. a small stoneless grape (commonly called Kishmish).
     laghudrāvin laghu-drāvin, ī, iṇī, i, fusing or liquefying easily, flowing rapidly (said of quicksilver).
     laghudvāravatī laghu-dvāravatī, f. the young or recent Dvāra-vatī, i. e. the more modern part of the town.
     laghunābhamaṇḍala laghu-nābha-maṇḍala, am, n., N. of a particular mystical circle.
     laghunāman laghu-nāman, a, n. Agallochum.
     laghunāradīya laghu-nāradīya, am, n. the short Nāradīya.
     laghunyāyasudhā laghu-nyāya-sudhā, f., N. of a commentary on the Śata-ślokī.
     laghunyāsa laghu-nyāsa, as, m., N. of a grammatical treatise.
     laghupañcamūla laghu-pañcamūla, am, n. the smaller Pañca-mula, q. v.
     laghupaṇḍita laghu-paṇ-ḍita, as, m., N. of an author.
     laghupatanaka laghu-patanaka, as, m. 'quickly flying, lightly falling', N. of a crow (in the Hitopadeśa).
     laghupattraka laghu-pattraka, as, m. a kind of plant (= rocanī).
     laghupattraphalā laghu-pattra-phalā, f. = laghūdumbarikā.
     laghupattrī laghu-pattrī, f. a species of plant.
     laghupaddhati laghu-paddhati, is, f., N. of a work.
     laghuparāśara laghu-parāśara, as, m. the shorter Parāśara.
     laghuparibhāṣāvṛtti laghu-paribhāṣā-vṛtti, is, f., N. of a short commentary on the grammatical Paribhāṣās.
     laghuparṇī la-ghu-parṇī, f. = laghu-karṇī.
     laghupāka laghu-pāka, as, m. easy digestion, digestibility; (as, ā, am), easy of digestion, easily digested.
     laghupākin laghu-pākin, ī, inī, i, easily digested.
     laghupātin laghu-pātin, ī, inī, i, quickly flying, lightly falling or alighting; (ī), m., N. of a crow.
     laghupicchila laghu-picchila, as, m. Cordia Myxa.
     laghupulastya laghu-pulastya, as, m. the shorter or lesser Pulastya.
     laghupuṣpa laghu-puṣpa, as, m. a kind of Kadamba.
     laghuprayatna laghu-prayatna, as, ā, am, using little effort, indolent, impotent; pronounced with slight articulation.
     laghubadara laghu-badara, as, ī, m. f. a kind of jujube tree.
     laghubuddhapurāṇa laghu-buddha-purāṇa, am, n., N. of an epitome of the Lalita-vistara.
     laghubodha laghu-bodha, as, m. 'easily understood', N. of a grammar.
     laghubrahmavaivarta laghu-brahmavaivarta, am, n., N. of an epitome of the Brahma-vaivarta.
     laghubrāhmī laghu-brāhmī, f. a species of plant.
     laghubhava laghu-bhava, as, m. a low station, humble birth.
     laghubhāgavata laghu-bhāgavata, am, n. the short Bhāgavata.
     laghubhāva laghu-bhāva, as, m. light state, lightness, ease, facility.
     laghubhuj laghu-bhuj, k, k, k, eating little.
     laghubhūṣaṇakānti laghu-bhūṣaṇa-kānti, is, f., N. of a commentary.
     laghubhojana laghu-bhojana, am, n. a light repast, slight refreshment.
     laghumañjūṣā laghu-mañjūṣā, f., N. of a commentary.
     laghumantha laghu-mantha, as, m. = kṣudrāgnimantha, Premna Spinosa.
     laghumāṃsa laghu-māṃsa, as, m. 'having light (i. e. easily digested) flesh, 'a kind of partridge; (ī), f. a kind of Valeriana.
     laghumānasa laghu-mānasa, N. of an astronomical work.
     laghumitra laghu-mitra, am, n. a slight or weak friend, an ally of little power or value.
     laghumūla laghu-mūla, am, n. (in algebra) the lesser root of an equation, the least root with reference to the additive quantities; (as, ā, am), having a small root or beginning, easily commenced.
     laghumūlaka laghu-mūlaka, am, n. a radish.
     laghuyama laghu-yama, as, m. 'the short Yama', N. of a particular recension of Yama's law-book.
     laghurāśi laghu-rāśi, is, is, i, (in arithmetic) composed of fewer terms (as a side in an equation; opposed to bahu-rāśi, q. v.).
     laghulaya laghu-laya, am, n. the root of a fragrant Andropogon Muricatus.
     laghulalitavistara laghu-lalita-vistara, N. of an extract from the Lalita-vistara.
     laghuvasiṣṭhasiddhānta laghu-vasiṣṭha-siddhānta or laghu-vāsiṣṭha-siddhān-ta, as, m., N. of an epitome of the Vasiṣṭha-siddhānta.
     laghuvākyavṛtti laghu-vākya-vṛtti, is, f., N. of certain Vedānta precepts by Śaṅkarācārya.
     laghuvārttika laghu-vārt-tika, am, n., N. of the last eight books of the Tantra-vārttika; of a metrical epitome of the Mīmāṃsā Sūtras by Kumārila.
     laghuvāsas laghu-vāsas, ās, ās, as, thinly or lightly dressed; wearing clean or pure clothing.
     laghuvikrama laghu-vikrama, as, m. a quick step; (as, ā, am), having a quick step, quick-footed, with hasty step, hastening.
     laghuvivaratva laghu-vivara-tva, am, n. the state of having a narrow opening.
     laghuviṣṇu laghu-viṣṇu, us, m. 'the short Viṣṇu', N. of a particular recension of Viṣṇu's law-book.
     laghuvṛtti la-ghu-vṛtti, is, f. a short commentary; N. of a particular commentary; (is, is, i), badly behaved, illconducted, ill-conditioned, of low practices, low, vile; ill-done, mismanaged; having a light nature, light.
     laghuvṛttitā laghuvṛtti-tā, f. insignificance, meanness; bad conduct, mismanagement.
     laghuvedhin laghu-vedhin, ī, inī, i, easily piercing, cleverly hitting.
     laghuvaiyākaraṇasiddhāntamañjūṣā laghu-vaiyā-karaṇa-siddhānta-mañjūṣā, f., N. of an epitome of the Vaiyākaraṇa-siddhānta-mañjūṣa.
     laghuśabdaratna laghu-śabdaratna, am, n., N. of an epitome of the Śabda-ratna.
     laghuśabdenduśekhara laghu-śabdendu-śekhara, as, m., N. of a commentary on the Siddhānta-kaumudī (being an epitome of the Śabdendu-śekhara).
     laghuśamī la-ghu-śamī, f. a kind of Acacia.
     laghuśāntipurāṇa laghu-śānti-purāṇa, am, n. an epitome of the Śānti-purāṇa.
     laghuśikharatāla laghu-śikhara-tāla, as, m., N. of a particular time in music.
     laghuśivapurāṇa laghu-śivapurāṇa, am, n. the short Śiva-purāṇa.
     laghuśaunakī laghu-śaunakī, f. 'the shorter Śaunakī, 'N. of a work.
     laghusaṅgraha laghu-saṅgraha, as, m. and laghu-saṅgrahiṇī-sūtra, am, n., N. of two works.
     laghusattva laghu-sattva, as, ā, am, 'weak-natured', having a weak or fickle character, having an easy disposition.
     laghusattvatā laghusattva-tā, f. weakness of character, fickleness.
     laghusāṅkhyavṛtti laghu-sāṅkhya-vṛtti or la-ghu-sāṅkhya-sūtra-vṛtti, is, f., N. of an epitome of the Sāṅkhya-pravacana-bhāṣya.
     laghusāra laghu-sāra, as, ā, am, of little importance, insignificant, unimportant, worthless.
     laghusiddhāntakaumudī laghu-siddhānta-kaumudī, f. = laghu-kaumudī, q. v.
     laghusiddhāntacandrikā laghu-siddhānta-candrikā, f., N. of a commentary.
     laghusudarśana laghu-sudar-śana, am, n. a particular medicinal powder.
     laghusyada la-ghu-syada, as, ā, am, = raghu-ṣyad, going quickly.
     laghuhasta laghu-hasta, as, ā, am, light-handed, readyhanded, active, nimble, expert, clever; (as), m. a good archer.
     laghuhastatā laghuhasta-tā, f. or laghuhasta-tva, am, n. ready-handedness, activity, expertness.
     laghuhastavat laghuhasta-vat, ān, atī, at, = laghu-hasta.
     laghuhārita laghu-hārita, as, m. 'the short Hārīta', N. of a particular recension of Hārīta's law-book.
     laghuhṛdaya laghu-hṛdaya, as, ā, am, light-hearted, fickle.
     laghuhemadugdhā laghu-hema-dugdhā, f. Ficus Oppositifolia.
     laghūkaraṇa laghū-ka-raṇa, am, n. the act of making light, making less, lessening, diminishing, diminution; thinking little of, contemning.
     laghūkṛta laghū-kṛta, as, ā, am, made light, reduced in weight, made easier or shorter, abbreviated; lessened, reduced in importance, made insignificant; thought lightly of.
     laghūkti laghūkti (-ghu-uk-), is, f. a brief mode of expression.
     laghūtthāna laghūt-thāna (-ghu-ut-) or laghu-samutthāna, as, ā, am, making active efforts, doing work rapidly.
     laghūdumbarikā la-ghūdumbarikā (-ghu-ud-), f. Ficus Oppositifolia.
     laghuañjīra laghu-añjīra, am, n. a small fig.
     laghuatri laghu-atri, is, m. 'the short Atri', N. of a particular recension of Atri's law-book.
     laghvādyuḍumbarāhvā laghv-ādy-uḍumbarāhvā (-ra-āh-), f. = laghūdumbarikā.
     laghvāryasiddhānta laghv-ārya-siddhānta, as, m. an abbreviation of the Āryasiddhānta.
     laghuāśin laghu-āśin, ī, inī, i, or laghu-āhāra,  as, ā, am, eating little, making a light repast, moderate in diet, moderate, abstemious.

laghaya laghaya, Nom. P. laghayati, &c., to make light, lighten, lessen, diminish, alleviate, mitigate, soften.

laghiman laghiman, ā, m. lightness, levity, absence of weight; a kind of siddhi or supernatural faculty of assuming excessive lightness at will; smallness, diminutiveness, insignificance; frivolousness, fickleness; meanness, lowness, diminution.

laghiṣṭha laghiṣṭha, as, ā, am (superl. of laghu), most quick, very swift; lightest, very light; very small, &c.; [cf. Gr. [greek]]

laghīyas laghīyas, ān, asī, as (compar. of laghu), more quick, very swift; lighter, &c.

laghūya laghūya, Nom. P. laghūyati, &c., Ved. to think lightly of, despise.

laghvī laghvī, f. a delicate woman, &c. See under laghu, p. 859, col. 1.

laṅ laṅ, a technical term or symbol in grammar for the terminations of the Imperfect or First Preterite or for that tense itself.

laṅka laṅka, as, m. a proper N.; (ā), f., N. of the chief town in Ceylon or of the whole island (renowned as the capital and habitation of the great Rākṣasa Rāvaṇa and his hosts of demons, whose conquest by Rāma-candra, q. v., after the carrying off of his wife Sītā by Rāvaṇa, forms the subject of the Rāmāyaṇa; according to some accounts Laṅkā was much larger than the island of Ceylon is at present or even distinct from Ceylon, the first meridian of longitude which passed through Ujjayinī being supposed to pass through Laṅkā also); = rā-vaṇa-hrada; N. of a Śākinī or evil spirit; an unchaste woman; a branch; a kind of grain.
     laṅkaṭaṅkaṭā laṅka-ṭaṅkaṭā, f., N. of a daughter of Sandhyā (wife of Vidyut-keśa and mother of Su-keśa).
     laṅkādāhin laṅ-kā-dāhin, ī, m. the burner of Laṅkā, i. e. Hanu-mat (as having set fire to the city with his burning tail).
     laṅkādhipati laṅkādhipati (-kā-adh-), is, or laṅkā-nātha, as, or laṅkā-pati, is, m. lord of Laṅkā, i. e. Rāvaṇa.
     laṅkāri laṅkāri (-kā-ari), is, m. the enemy of Laṅkā, i. e. Rāma.
     laṅkāvatāra laṅkāvatāra (-kā-av-) N. of a Buddhist Sūtra work, (abbreviated from saddharma-l-; it is one of the chief religious works of the Buddhists, treating of their law and of many abstruse philosophical problems.)
     laṅkāsthāyin laṅkā-sthāyin, ī, inī, i, residing or being in Laṅkā; (ī), m. a plant.
     laṅkeśa laṅkeśa or laṅkeśvara (-kā-īś-), as, m. the lord of Laṅkā, i. e. Rāvaṇa.
     laṅkeśavanāriketu laṅkeśa-vanāri-ketu (-na-ar-), us, m. 'having the enemy of the grove of Ravāṇa (i. e. the monkey Hanu-mat) for an ensign, 'N. of Arjuna.
     laṅkodaya laṅkodaya (-kā-ud-), as, m. or laṅkodayāsu, avas, m. pl. (in astronomy) the equivalents of the signs in right ascension (literally 'ascension at Laṅkā').

laṅkāpikā laṅkāpikā or laṅkāyikā or laṅkārikā or laṅ-kopikā or laṅkoyikā, f. the plant Trigonella Corniculata.

laṅkh laṅkh. See rt. lakh, p. 858, col. 3.

laṅkhanī laṅkhanī, f. the bit of a bridle.

laṅg laṅg, cl. 1. P. laṅgati, &c., to go; to go lame, limp.

laṅga 1. laṅga, as, ā, am, lame, limping; (as), m. limping, lameness.

laṅga 2. laṅga, as, m. (probably connected with rt. lag), union, association, connection; a lover, paramour.

laṅgaka laṅgaka, as, m. a lover, paramour.

laṅgala laṅgala, am, n. = lāṅgala, a plough; N. of a kingdom, (also written lāṅgala.)

laṅgima laṅgima or laṅgiman (?), union.
     laṅgimamaya laṅgima-maya, as, ī, am, fit to be joined.

laṅgūla laṅgūla, am, n. = lāṅgūla, the tail of an animal.

laṅgh laṅgh, cl. 1. P. A. laṅghati, -te, lalaṅgha, lalaṅghe, laṅghitum, to leap, spring, go by leaps; to ascend, mount upon; to diminish, lessen, weaken, (in this sense connected with laghu); to dry, dry up (P.); to fast, abstain from food (A.); cl. 10. P. or Caus. laṅghayati, &c., to jump or spring over, leap or step over, overstep, go beyond (with acc.); to pass over, traverse; to ascend, mount, cross over; to transgress, trample upon, violate, disregard, disrespect, disdain, insult, offend, displease, injure, prevent, hinder, oppose; to go beyond, excel, surpass, outshine, outstrip; to cause any one to go beyond his meal-time, cause to fast [cf. su-laṅghita]; to speak; to shine: Desid. of Caus. lilaṅghayiṣati, to intend to step over; [cf. according to some, Gr. [greek] [greek] Lat. longus, lan-guere; Old Germ. langen, ga-lingan, ga-langon; Goth. laggs; Angl. Sax. lang, &c.]

laṅghaka laṅghaka, as, m., Ved. one who leaps over or transgresses, one who insults or displeases, an offender, transgressor, violator.

laṅghatī laṅghatī, f., N. of a river.

laṅghana laṅghana, am, n. the act of leaping or jumping, going by leaps or jumps, springing, leaping over, overstepping, stepping across; one of a horse's paces, curvetting, bounding; ascending, mounting, attaining; the act of assaulting or storming, capturing a fort, capture, conquest; the act of jumping over, passing over, overstepping, exceeding, going beyond bounds, transgressing, violation; transgressing propriety; despising, disregarding, disdain, contempt; the act of offending or displeasing, injury, harm, offence, affront; fasting, abstinence.

laṅghanīya laṅghanīya, as, ā, am, to be lept over, to be stepped or passed over, to be passed, passable, attainable; transgressible, to be violated; to be disregarded; to be injured or wronged; to be fasted.
     laṅghanīyatā laṅgha-nīya-tā, f. or laṅghanīya-tva, am, n. capability of being lept or stepped over or transgressed; attainability; capability of being injured.

laṅghita laṅghita, as, ā, am, lept over, overstepped, passed beyond, passed over, traversed, transgressed, violated, disregarded, insulted.

laṅghitavya laṅghitavya, as, ā, am, = laṅghanīya above.

laṅghya laṅghya, as, ā, am, to be jumped or stepped over; to be traversed or passed, attainable; capable of being transgressed or violated; to be neglected or disregarded; capable of being injured or wronged; to be made to fast.

lach lach (= rt. lāñch; connected with rt. lakṣ), cl. 1. P. lacchati, lalaccha, &c., to mark.

laj 1. laj (= rt. lajj, q. v.), cl. 6. A. lajate, leje, lajitum, to be ashamed: Caus. lājayati: Desid. lilajiṣate: Intens. lālaj-yate, lālakti.

lajakārikā laja-kārikā, f. (laja for lajjā), the sensitive plant, Mimosa Pudica.

laj 2. laj (= rt. 1. lañj), cl. 1. P. la-jati, &c., to fry, roast; to calumniate, blame.

laj 3. laj (= rt. 2. lañj), cl. 10. P. lajayati, &c., to appear, seem, shine; to cover, (in this sense another reading for rt. jal.)

lajj lajj (perhaps connected with a base rajya fr. rt. rañj; cf. rt. 1. laj), cl. 6. A. lajjate (sometimes also P. lajjati), lalajje, lajjiṣyate, alajjiṣṭa, lajjitum, to be ashamed, blush: Caus. lajjayati: Desid. lilajjiṣate: Intens. lālajjyate.

lagna 2. lagna, as, ā, am (for 1. see p. 858, col. 3), ashamed; (this part. is also referrible to rt. 1. laj.)

lajja lajja, as, m., N. of a man; (ās), m. pl. his descendants.

lajjakā lajjakā, f. the wild cotton-tree, Gossypium.

lajjat lajjat, an, atī or antī, at, being ashamed, blushing.

lajjamāna lajjamāna, as, ā, am, blushing, feeling shame.

lajjarī lajjarī, f. a white sensitive plant.

lajjā lajjā, f. shame, modesty, bashfulness; Shame (personified as the wife of Dharma and as the mother of Vinaya); the sensitive plant, Mimosa Pudica.
     lajjākara lajjā-kara, as, ā or ī, am, or lajjā-kārin, ī, iṇī, i, causing or occasioning shame, shameful.
     lajjākṛti lajjākṛti (-jā-āk-), is, is, i, feigning modesty.
     lajjānvita lajjānvita (-jā-an-), as, ā, am, possessed of shame, ashamed, modest, bashful.
     lajjārahita lajjā-rahita, as, ā, am, void of shame, shameless, immodest.
     lajjāvat lajjā-vat, ān, atī, at, possessed of shame, full of shame, ashamed, bashful, modest; embarrassed, perplexed.
     lajjāvattva lajjāvat-tva, am, n. bashfulness, modesty.
     lajjāśīla lajjā-śīla, as, ā, am, of a modest disposition, bashful, modest.
     lajjāśūnya lajjā-śūnya or lajjā-hīna, as, ā, am, destitute of shame, void of modesty, shameless, impudent.

lajjāya lajjāya, Nom. (probably A.) lajjāyate, &c., to be ashamed.

lajjāyita lajjāyita, as, ā, am, ashamed, abashed, embarrassed.

lajjālu lajjālu, us, us, u, bashful, modest, shameful; (us), m. f. the sensitive plant, Mimosa Pudica.

lajjita lajjita, as, ā, am, ashamed, abashed, modest, bashful.

lajjirī lajjirī, f. = lajjālu, Mimosa Pudica; [cf. laj-jarī.]

lajyā lajyā, f. = lajjā, shame, modesty.

lañcā lañcā, f. a present, bribe.

lañchana lañchana, Eleusine Coracana (a kind of grain).

lañj 1. lañj (= rt. 2. laj), cl. 1. P. lañ-jati, &c., to fry, roast; to calumniate, blame.

lañj 2. lañj (also read luñj), cl. 10. P. lañjayati, &c., to be strong; to strike, injure; to dwell; to give; to speak; to shine; to be manifest.

lañja lañja, as, m. a foot; the end of the lower garment tucked into the waist-band; a tail; = paṅgu; (ā), f. an adulteress; sleep; a current; Lakṣmī.

lañjikā lañjikā, f. a harlot, prostitute; [cf. perhaps Gr. [greek] Lat. langu-e-o, langu-i-du-s, langu-or, laxus, lac-tes.]

laṭ 1. laṭ, cl. 1. P. laṭati, &c., to be a child, act or talk like a child, be childish; to cry; [cf. rt. raṭ.]

laṭa laṭa, as, m. one who speaks like a child, a blockhead, fool; a fault, defect; a thief.
     laṭaparṇa laṭa-parṇa, am, n. = tvaca, large cinnamon.

laṭaka laṭaka, as, m. a bad man, contemptible person.

laṭṭa laṭṭa, as, m. = laṭaka above.

laṭya laṭya, Nom. P. laṭyati, &c., to speak foolishly.

laṭva laṭva, as, m. a horse; a particular caste (said to be a tribe of mountaineers); a dancing boy; a particular Rāga or scale in music; (ā), f. a kind of bird (said to be a kind of sparrow); safflower; a kind of Karañja; the fruit of a kind of Karañja; fruit in general; a curl on the forehead, &c. (= bhramaraka); a game, gambling (= dyūta); a bad or unchaste woman; a sweetmeat (?) ; = avadya; = śilī.

laṭvākā laṭvākā, f. = laṭvā, a kind of bird.

laṭ 2. laṭ, a technical term or symbol in grammar for the terminations of the Present or for that tense itself.
     laḍarthavāda laḍ-artha-vāda, as, m., N. of a treatise on the meaning of the Present tense.

laṭakana laṭakana or laṭakana-miśra, as, m. a proper N.

laḍ laḍ, cl. 1. P. laḍati, &c., to play, sport, frolic, dally (= rt. lal, q. v.); cl. 10. P. laḍayati, laḍāpayati, &c., to throw, toss; to blame, (in this sense = rt. lāḍ); cl. 10. P. or Caus. laḍayati, to loll the tongue, use or put out the tongue, stir with the tongue, lick [cf. rt. lal]; to caress, foster, cherish (= lalayati, lālayati, see rt. lal); to stir, coagulate; to harass, annoy; to be harassed or pained (?); to throw up or out (?) ; to apprise (?); [cf. perhaps Gr. [greek] Mod. Germ. lallen.]

laḍita laḍita = lalita, q. v.

laḍaka laḍaka, ās, m. pl., N. of a people.

laḍaha laḍaha, as, ā, am, handsome, pleasing, beautiful, charming; (as), m., N. of a people.

laḍḍa laḍḍa, as, m. a wretch, villain, bad man; [cf. laṭṭa.]

laḍḍu laḍḍu or laḍḍuka, as, am, m. n. a kind of sweetmeat (made of coarsely ground gram or other pulse, or of corn-flour, mixed up with sugar and spices, and fried in ghee or oil; there are several varieties of this sweetmeat).

laḍvā laḍvā, f., N. of a woman.

laṇḍ laṇḍ [cf. rt. olaṇḍ], cl. 10. P. laṇ-ḍayati, &c., to cast upwards, throw or toss up; to speak.

laṇḍa laṇḍa, am, n. excrement.

laṇḍ laṇḍra (probably fr. the French londres), London.
     laṇḍraja laṇḍra-ja, as, ā, am, born or produced in London.

latā latā, f. (said to be fr. a Sautra rt. lat), a creeper, creeping plant, winding plant in general, (the brows, arms, curls, lightning, &c. are frequently metaphorically compared to the form of a creeper; cf. bhrū-l-, bāhu-l-, taḍil-l-, &c.); a plant of any kind; a branch; musk-creeper, = kastū-rikā [cf. latā-kastūrikā below]; N. of various plants, Panicum ltalicum; Trigonella Corniculata; Cardiospermum Halicacabum; Gaertnera Racemosa; Panicum Dactylon; = kaivartikā; = sārivā; the thong or lash of a whip, a whip; a string or thread of pearls; a slender or graceful woman; a woman in general; N. of a metre, four times [metrical sequence]; N. of an Apsaras; of a daughter of Meru and wife of llāvṛta.
     latākara latā-kara, as, m. a particular position of the hands in dancing.
     latākarañja latā-karañja, as, m. Guilandina Bonduc.
     latākastūrikā latā-kastūrikā or latā-kastūrī, f. musk-creeper, a kind of aromatic medicinal plant or substance (said to grow in the Dekhan).
     latāgṛha latā-gṛha, as, am, m. n. 'creeper-house', a house or bower built or surrounded with creepers, an arbour.
     latāṅgī latāṅgī (-tā-aṅ-), f. a kind of plant (= karkaṭa-śṛṅgī).
     latāṅguli la-tāṅguli (-tā-aṅ-), is, f. 'creeper-finger', a branch serving as a finger.
     latājihva latā-jihva, as, m. 'creepertongued', a snake.
     latātaru latā-taru, us, m., N. of various trees, Shorea Robusta; Borassus Flabelliformis; the orange tree.
     latādruma latā-druma, as, m. Shorea Robusta.
     latānana latānana (-tā-ān-), as, m. a particular position of the hands in dancing.
     latānta latānta (-tā-an-), am, n. 'the end of a creeper', a flower.
     latāpanasa latā-panasa, as, m. the water-melon.
     latāparṇa latā-parṇa, as, m., N. of Viṣṇu; (ī), f. Curculigo Orchioides; Trigonella Foenum Graecum.
     latāpṛkkā latā-pṛkkā, f. Trigonella Corniculata.
     latāpratāna latā-pratāna, as, m. the tendril of a creeper.
     latāphala latā-phala, am, n. the fruit of Trichosanthes Dioeca.
     latābhadrā latā-bhadrā, f. Paederia Foetida.
     latābhavana latā-bhavana, am, n. an arbour (= latā-gṛha).
     latāmaṇi latā-maṇi, is, m. 'creeper-jewel', coral.
     latāmaṇḍapa latā-maṇḍapa, as, m. 'creeper-pavilion', an arbour, bower.
     latāmarut latā-marut, t, f. Trigonella Corniculata.
     latāmādhavī latā-mādhavī, f. the Mādhavī creeper, Gaertnera Racemosa.
     latāmṛga latā-mṛga, as, m. an ape, monkey.
     latāmbuja latāmbuja (-tā-am-), am, n. a kind of cucumber.
     latāyaṣṭi latā-yaṣṭi, is, f. Bengal madder, Rubia Munjista.
     latāyāvaka latā-yāvaka, am, n. a shoot, sprout, young or tender pasturage.
     latārasana latā-rasana, as, m. 'creeper-tongued', a snake.
     latārka latārka (-tā-ar-), as, m. a green onion.
     latālaka latālaka (-tā-al), as, m. an elephant.
     latālaya latālaya (-tā-āl-), as, m. an abode or dwelling made of creepers.
     latāvalaya latā-valaya, as, am, m. n. = latā-gṛha, an arbour.
     latāvalayavat latāvalaya-vat, ān, atī, at, possessed of bowers or having braceletlike creepers.
     latāvṛkṣa latā-vṛkṣa, as, m. the cocoa-nut tree; Shorea Robusta.
     latāveṣṭa latā-veṣṭa, as, m., N. of a mountain; a kind of coitus.
     latāveṣṭana latā-veṣṭana or latā-veṣṭitaka, am, n. 'creeper-embrace', an embrace or kind of embrace.
     latāveṣṭita latā-veṣṭita, as, m., N. of a mountain.
     latāśaṅkha latā-śaṅkha, as, m. Shorea Robusta.
     latodgama latodgama (-tā-ud-), as, m. the upward climbing of a creeper.

latikā latikā, f. a small creeper or winding plant; a string of pearls.

latu latu, us, m. a proper N.

lattikā lattikā, f. (according to Uṇādi-s. III. 147. fr. a Sautra rt. lat, to hurt), a kind of lizard.

ladanī ladanī, f., N. of a female poet.

laddha laddha (?) , as, m. a particular animal.

laddhanadeva laddhana-deva, as, m. a proper N.

lap 1. lap, cl. 1. P. lapati (sometimes also A. lapate when required by the metre), lalāpa, lapitum, to chatter, prate, speak, talk; to whisper; to wail, lament, weep: Caus. lā-payati, -yitum, Aor. alīlapat or alalāpat, to cause to talk: Desid. lilapiṣati: Intens. lālap-yate, lālapti, to talk incessantly or excessively, chatter senselessly, prattle; to bewail, lament; [cf. Gr. [greek] [greek] (probably also) [greek] according to some also [greek] (through reduplication, the final letter of rt. lap being rejected): Lat. loqu-o-r, loquax, loquela, Ajus Locu-ti-us, la-mentum; labium, labrum, lambo: Slav. reka: Lith. su-rik-ti, rek-iu: Hib. labhraim, 'I speak;' labh-radh, 'speech, discourse.']

lap 2. lap, speaking, talking. See abhīlāpa-lap.

lapana lapana, am, n. the act of speaking, talking; the mouth.

lapita lapita, as, ā, am, chattered, spoken, said; (ā), f., N. of a Śārṅgikā or particular bird (with which Manda-pāla is said to have allied himself); (am), n. voice, speech.

lāpa lāpa, as, m. chattering, speaking, talking.

lāpikā lāpikā in antar-lāpikā, f. a sort of riddle or enigma; [cf. vahir-l-.]

lāpin lāpin, ī, inī, i, speaking, saying, declaring; bewailing, lamenting.

lāpya lāpya, as, ā, am, to be spoken, &c.; to be lamented.

lālapyamāna lālapyamāna, as, ā, am, speaking incessantly; wailing or bewailing greatly, supplicating much, (a form lālapyat is also found.)

lapeṭikā lapeṭikā, f., N. of a place of pilgrimage.

lapeta lapeta, as, m., N. of a demon presiding over a particular disease of children.

lapsikā lapsikā, N. of a kind of prepared food.

lapsuda lapsuda, am, n., Ved. = kūrca, the beard (of a goat &c.).

lapsudin lapsudin, ī, inī, i, Ved. having a beard, bearded (said of a goat &c.).

laba laba, as, m., Ved. a quail [cf. lava]; N. of the author of the hymn Ṛg-veda X. 119, (his patronymic is Aindra.)
     labasūkta laba-sūkta, am, n., N. of the hymn Ṛg-veda X. 119.

labdha labdha, labdhaka, &c. See col. 3.

labh labh (probably a later form of rt. rabh), cl. 1. A. labhate (ep. also P. la-bhati; a nasal is also sometimes inserted, e. g. lambhate, alambhata, as if fr. a rt. lambh), lebhe, lapsyate, alabdha, labdhum, to take, seize, take hold of, catch, catch hold of; to receive, (garbhaṃ labh, to receive an embryo, conceive, become pregnant), obtain, get, acquire, enjoy; to meet with, find, gain possession of, have, possess; to recover, regain; to gain the power of doing anything, be able, be permitted (with infinitive, e. g. labhate draṣṭum, he is able or is allowed to see); to perceive, know, understand, learn: Pass. labhyate, Aor. alābhi or alambhi (with prep. only alambhi), to be taken or received, to be gained or obtained, &c.; to be found; to be contained; to take (Passive reflexive): Caus. lambhayati, -yitum, Aor. ala-lambhat, to cause to take or receive, cause to obtain, &c. (generally with a double acc.; rarely with acc. and inst.); to give, bestow; to obtain, receive; to find out, discover; to cause to suffer: Desid. lipsate (sometimes P. when required by the metre; Ved. also līpsate), to wish to seize or take hold of, to strive to obtain, desire to receive or obtain, long for: Intens. lālabhyate, lālambhīti, lālabdhi; [cf. Gr. [greek] probably [greek] Old Pruss. labba-s, 'goods, possessions;' lab-s, 'good:' Lith. laba-s, 'good', lobis, 'possessions, goods:' Slav. lov-i-ti: Hib. lamh, 'a hand.']

labdha labdha, as, ā, am, taken, seized, taken hold of, obtained, received, got, gained, won, acquired; perceived, apprehended, known, obtained (as a quotient by division &c.; cf. labdhi); (ā), f. a woman whose husband or lover is faithless; epithet of a particular heroine.
     labdhakāma labdha-kāma, as, ā, am, one who has gained his wishes.
     labdhakīrtti labdha-kīrtti, is, is, i, one who has won fame or glory.
     labdhacetas labdha-cetas, ās, ās, as, one who has recovered his right mind, restored to sense, recovered.
     labdhajanman labdha-janman, ā, ā, a, one who has obtained birth, born.
     labdhadatta labdha-datta, as, m. 'restoring what one has received', a proper N.
     labdhadhana labdha-dhana, as, ā, am, one who has acquired wealth, wealthy.
     labdhanāman labdha-nāman, ā, ā, a, one who has gained a name, well spoken of, famous, celebrated.
     labdhanāśa labdha-nāśa, as, m. the loss of what has been acquired.
     labdhapraṇāśa labdha-praṇāśa, as, m. the loss of anything acquired; N. of the fourth book of the Pañca-tantra.
     labdhapratiṣṭha labdha-pratiṣṭha, as, ā, am, one who has acquired fame or renown.
     labdhapraśamana labdha-praśamana, am, n. the securing of what has been acquired, keeping acquisitions in safety; (according to Kullūka on Manu VII. 56) bestowing acquisitions on a proper recipient.
     labdhapraśamanasvastha lab-dhapraśamana-svastha, as, ā, am, at ease by (reason of) the securing or secure possession of acquisitions.
     labdhalakṣa labdha-lakṣa, as, ā, am, one who has hit the mark, one who has obtained the prize; skilled in the use of missiles; (as), m. a proper N.
     labdhalakṣya labdha-lakṣya, as, ā, am, = labdha-lakṣa.
     labdhavara labdha-vara, as, ā, am, one who has obtained a boon or favour; (as), m. a proper N.
     labdhavarṇa labdha-varṇa, as, ā, am, one who has learnt his letters, lettered, learned, sage, skilful, clever.
     labdhavarṇabhāj labdhavar-ṇa-bhāj, k, k, k, honouring the learned.
     labdhavidya labdha-vidya, as, ā, am, one who has acquired knowledge or wisdom, learned, educated.
     labdhaśabda labdha-śabda, as, ā, am, = labdha-nāman.
     labdhasañjña labdha-sañjña, as, ā, am, one who has recovered his senses, restored to consciousness.
     labdhasiddhi labdha-siddhi, is, is, i, one who has attained perfection.
     labdhānujña labdhānujña (-dha-an-), as, ā, am, one who has obtained leave of absence.
     labdhāntara labdhāntara (-dha-an-), as, ā, am, one who has found an opportunity.
     labdhāvakāśa labdhāvakāśa (-dha-av-) or labdhāvasara (-dha-av-), as, ā, am, one who has found an opportunity or gained scope, one who has obtained leisure.
     labdhodaya labdhodaya (-dha-ud-), as, ā, am, one who has received birth or production (Kumāra-s. I. 25); one who has attained prosperity, prosperous.

labdhaka labdhaka, as, ikā, am, obtained, received, got, attained; [cf. duḥkha-labdhikā.]

labdhavat labdhavat, ān, atī, at, one who has obtained or gained or received.

labdhavya labdhavya, as, ā, am, to be obtained or received, to be gained or attained, obtainable, &c. See labhya.

labdhi labdhi, is, f. obtaining, gaining, acquisition, acquirement, attainment; anything gained or obtained, gain, advantage, profit; the quotient (in arithmetic).

labdhṛ labdhṛ, dhā, dhrī, dhṛ, one who obtains or receives, a receiver, gainer, recipient.

labdhrima labdhrima, as, ā, am, obtained, received, attained.

labdhvā labdhvā, ind. having obtained or gained, having got.

labha labha in iṣal-l-, dur-l-, q. q. v. v.

labhana labhana, am, n. the act of obtaining or getting, the meeting with, gaining possession of; the act of conceiving, conception.

labhasa labhasa, as, m. a horse's foot-rope, a rope for tying a horse (= vāji-bandhana); wealth, riches; one who asks or solicits, a solicitor.

labhya labhya, as, ā, am, to be found or met with, capable of being acquired, acquirable, obtainable, attainable, procurable, to be reached (see prāṃśu-l-); to be understood or known, intelligible; suitable, proper, fit; to be furnished or provided with.

labhyamāna labhyamāna, as, ā, am, being obtained, being acquired. &c.

lambha lambha, as, m. the obtaining or attaining, attainment, acquirement; finding, meeting with, recovery; gain; (ā), f. a sort of fence or enclosure.

lambhaka lambhaka, as, m. one who obtains, an obtainer, one who finds, a finder.

lambhana lambhana, am, n. the act of obtaining or receiving, attainment, recovery; the act of procuring, causing to get; abuse, reviling (?).

lambhanīya lambhanīya, as, ā, am, to be obtained or received, to be attained, attainable.

lambham lambham, ind. having taken or obtained, (lam-bhaṃ lambham repeatedly taking, &c.)

lambhayat lambhayat, an, antī, at, causing to obtain, procuring, producing.

lambhita lambhita, as, ā, am (fr. the Caus.), caused to obtain or receive, given, procured, gained; heightened, improved; cherished; applied, employed, adapted; addressed, spoken to; abused (?).
     lambhitakānti lam-bhita-kānti, is, is, i, one who has acquired lustre or beauty.

lambhuka lambhuka, as, ā, am, Ved. one who is accustomed to receive.

lābha lābha, as, m. obtaining, receiving, gaining, getting, meeting with, finding, acquirement, acquisition; gain, advantage, profit; capture, conquest; apprehension, comprehension, perception, knowledge; enjoying; = prāpti, N. of the eleventh astrological house or lunar mansion; [cf. Slav. lovu.]
     lābhakara lābha-kara, as, ā or ī, am, or lābha-kṛt, t, t, t, causing gain, making or procuring profit, gainful, profitable.
     lābhalipsā lābha-lipsā, f. greediness of gain, avarice, covetousness.
     lābhalipsu lābha-lipsu, us, us, u, desirous of gain or profit, covetous, grasping.
     lābhavat lābha-vat, ān, atī, at, having gain or profit; being in possession of.
     lābhālābha lābhālābha (-bha-al-), au, m. du. profit and loss, advantage and disadvantage, gain and detriment.

lābhaka lābhaka, as, m. gain, profit, advantage.

lābham lābham, ind. = lambham.

lābhin lābhin, ī, inī, i, obtaining, gaining, meeting with, finding, receiving, acquiring.

lābhya lābhya, am, n. = lābha (according to some).

lipsā lipsā, f. (fr. the Desid.), the desire to gain, wish to acquire or obtain, desire for possessing.

lipsita lipsita, as, ā, am, wished to be obtained, coveted, desired.

lipsitavya lipsitavya, as, ā, am, desirable to be obtained, to be wished for.

lipsu lipsu, us, us, u, wishing to gain or obtain, desiring to become possessed of (with acc.), eager for, desirous of, covetous.
     lipsutā lipsu-tā, f. the state of wishing to obtain, covetousness.

lipsya lipsya, as, ā, am, to be wished to be obtained, desirable to be acquired, eligible.

līpsitavya līpsitavya, as, ā, am, Ved. worthy of being acquired, desirable.

lam lam (a later form of rt. ram), cl. 1. P. lamati (= ramati), lalāma (= rarāma), &c., to delight in, sport, enjoy (sexually).

lamaka lamaka, as, m. = ramaka, a lover, wooer, paramour, (according to Ujjvala-datta, Uṇādi-s. II. 33, = tīrtha-śodhaka); a proper N.

lamna lamna, ās, m. pl., N. of a particular tribe.

lampaka lampaka, ās, m. pl., N. of a Jaina sect.

lampaṭa lampaṭa, as, ā, am (perhaps connected with rt. lap; cf. limpaṭa), covetous, greedy, desirous, lustful; hankering after, addicted to (licentious pleasures), lascivious, dissolute; (as), m. a libertine, lecher, dissolute person.
     lampaṭatā lampaṭa-tā, f. or lampaṭa-tva, am, n. eagerness, greediness; libertinism, lasciviousness, dissoluteness, lewdness.

lampāka lampāka, as, ā, am, = lampaṭa; (as), m., N. of a country (= muraṇḍa; according to some the district of Lamghan in Cabul).

lampā lampā, f., N. of a town; of a kingdom.
     lampāpaṭaha lampā-paṭaha, as, m. a kind of drum (= pratipatti-paṭaha, ṭaṭṭarī).

lampha lampha, as, m. a leap, spring, jump; [cf. jhampa.]

lamphana lamphana, am, n. leaping, springing, jumping, (a form ul-lamphana, 'jumping up', is given.)

lamb lamb (a later form of rt. ramb), cl. 1. A. lambate (sometimes also P. lam-bati), lalambe, lambiṣyate, alambiṣṭa, lam-bitum, to hang down, depend, dangle, hang from, hang on or upon, depend on or from; to sink, sink down, go down, decline, fall, set (as the sun); to be fastened to, be attached to, hold on to, rest on; to fall behind, stay behind, lag behind, be retarded; to delay, tarry; to sound (fr. rt. ramb; cf. rt. lambh): Caus. lambayati, &c., to cause to hang down or depend, let down; to hang up, suspend; to cause to be fastened or attached, join; to stretch out, extend; to depress, (perhaps) discourage; [cf. Lat. labi; Lith. rambus; Angl. Sax. limpian, ge-limp; Eng. limp.]

lamba lamba, as, ā, am, hanging down, depending, pendulous, pendent, dangling; hanging on or upon, attached to; long, tall; expanded, great, large; spacious, capacious; (as), m. a perpendicular (in geometry); complement of latitude, co-latitude (in astronomy), the arc between the pole of any place and the zenith; epithet of a particular throw or move (at a kind of chess or a game like backgammon or draughts); N. of a Muni; of a Daitya; a present, bribe (?) , = nartaka, aṅga, kānta; (ā), f. a kind of bitter gourd or cucumber; N. of one of the Mātṛs attending upon Skanda; N. of Durgā or Gaurī; of Lakṣmī; of a daughter of Daksha and wife of Dharma or Manu; of a Rākṣasī.
     lambakarṇa lamba-karṇa, as, ā or ī, am, having pendulous ears, longeared; (as), m. a he-goat, goat; an elephant; a hawk, falcon; a Rākṣasa; Alangium Hexapetalum; N. of one of Śiva's attendants; of an ass (in one of the stories of the Pañca-tantra); of a hare (in the Pañca-tantra).
     lambakeśa lamba-keśa, as, ā or ī, am, having hanging or flowing hair.
     lambakeśaka lamba-keśaka, as, m. 'long-haired', N. of a Muni.
     lambaguṇa lamba-guṇa, as, m. the sine of the co-latitude (in astronomy).
     lambajaṭhara lamba-jaṭhara, as, ā, am, big-bellied.
     lambajihva lam-ba-jihva, as, ā, am, letting the tongue hang out; (as), m., N. of a Rākṣasa.
     lambajyā lamba-jyā or lamba-jyakā, f. the sine of the co-latitude (in astronomy).
     lambadantā lamba-dantā, f. a kind of plant (= saiṃhalī).
     lambapayodharā lamba-payodharā, f. a woman with large or pendent breasts; N. of one of the Mātṛs attending upon Skanda.
     lambarekhā lamba-rekhā, f. the complement of latitude, co-latitude (in astronomy).
     lambavījā lamba-vījā, f. = lamba-dantā.
     lambasphic lamba-sphic, k, k, k, having large or protuberant buttocks.
     lambākṣa lambākṣa (-ba-ak-), as, m., N. of a Muni.
     lambālaka lambālaka (-ba-al-), as, ā, am, having pendulous curls or ringlets.
     lambālakatva lambālaka-tva, am, n. pendulosity of ringlets.
     lambodara lambodara (-ba-ud-), as, ī, am, having a large or protuberant belly, pot-bellied; (as), m. a voracious person, glutton; N. of Gaṇeśa; of a king; of a Muni; (ī), f., N. of a female demon.
     lamboṣṭha lam-boṣṭha (-ba-oṣ-), as, ā or ī, am, having a large or prominent under-lip; (as), m. a camel, (also written lambauṣṭha.)

lambaka lambaka, as, m. a perpendicular (in geometry); the complement of latitude, co-latitude (in astronomy); N. of a particular implement or vessel; N. of the fifteenth astronomical Yoga; N. of the larger sections or books of the Kathā-sarit-sāgara (of which there are eighteen, containing in all 124 Taraṅgas or chapters); (ikā), f. the uvula or soft palate.
     lambikākokilā lambikā-kokilā, f., N. of a deity.

lambana lambana, as, ā, am, hanging down, depending, pendulous; causing to hang down; (as), m., N. of Śiva; phlegm, the phlegmatic humor; (am), n. hanging down, depending, descending, falling; fringe; a long necklace (depending from the neck to the navel); the parallax in longitude (of the moon), the interval of the lines between the earth's centre and surface; epithet of a particular mode of fighting; N. of a Varsha in Kuśa-dvīpa.
     lambanavidhi lambana-vidhi, is, m. the rule for calculating the above parallax (in astronomy).

lambamāna lambamāna, as, ā, am, hanging down, depending, descending, dangling, falling, going down; being large or bulky.

lambikā lambikā, f. See under lambaka above.

lambita lambita, as, ā, am, hanging down, pendent; suspended; sunk, gone down, set; laying hold of, attached to, supported or resting on; = vi-lambita, slow (of time in music).

lambin lambin, ī, inī, i, hanging down, depending, pendent, hanging down as far as, hanging on or upon; (inī), f. one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda.

lambuka lambuka, as, m., N. of a serpent-demon; N. of the fifteenth astronomical Yoga, (for lambaka.)

lambuṣā lambuṣā, f. a necklace of seven strings.

lambh lambh (= rt. rambh), cl. 1. A. lambhate, &c., to sound.

lambha lambha, lambhana, &c. See col. 1.

lay lay (= rt. ray), cl. 1. A. layate, &c., to go.

laya laya, layana, &c. See p. 868, cols. 2, 3.

laramānātha laramā-nātha, as, m., N. of an author; [cf. ralamā-nātha.]

larb larb, cl. 1. P. larbati, &c., to go.

lal lal (= rt. laḍ), cl. 1. P. A. lalati, lalate, &c., to play, sport, frolic, dally; to play (with the tongue); cl. 10. P. lalayati, &c., to loll the tongue, &c. (see rt. laḍ): Caus. P. lāla-yati, &c. (according to some also lalayati), to cause to sport or dally; to caress, fondle, coax, cherish, nurse, love; A. lālayate, &c., to desire, &c.

lala lala, as, ā, am, sporting, frolicking, playful; lolling, wagging; wishing, desirous.
     lalajihva lala-jihva = lalaj-jihva below.

lalat lalat, an, antī, at, playing, sporting, dallying; playing with the tongue, &c.
     lalajjihva lalaj-jihva, as, ā, am, playing with the tongue, lolling the tongue, moving the tongue hither and thither; fierce, savage; (as), m. a camel; a dog.
     laladambu lalad-ambu, us, m. a particular plant (= limpāka).

lalana lalana, as, ā, am, playing, coruscating (said of light, colour, &c.); sporting; (as), m., N. of vaious plants, = sāla, priyāla; (ā), f. a wanton woman; a woman (in general), a wife; the tongue; N. of several metres, four times [metrical sequence]; four times [metrical sequence]; a particular kind of Gāthā; N. of a mythical being; (am), n. play, sport, pleasure, dalliance; the playing or moving to and fro of the tongue; lolling the tongue.
     lalanāpriya lalanā-priya, as, ā, am, dear to women, liked by females; (as), m. Nauclea Cadamba; (am), n. = hrī-vera, a kind of drug.
     lalanāvarūthin lalanā-varūthin, ī, inī, i, surrounded by a troop of women.

lalanikā lalanikā, f. a little woman, a miserable woman.

lalantikā lalantikā, f. (fr. lalantī, fem. of lalat), a long pendulous necklace; a lizard, chameleon.

lalamāna lalamāna, as, ā, am, sporting, playing, dallying.

lalāka lalāka, as, m. the penis.

lalita lalita, as, ā, am, sported, played, playing, sporting, dallying, wanton, frolicsome, amorous, voluptuous; lovely, handsome, beautiful, graceful, elegant, naive, simple, artless, gay, cheerful; soft, gentle; pleasing, charming, pleasant, agreeable, wished for, desired, loved; trembling, tremulous, shaken; = ca-lita; (am), ind. sweetly, agreeably, gracefully; (as), m. epithet of a particular position of the hands in dancing; N. of a particular musical scale or Rāga, (according to some lalitā, f.); (ā), f. a wanton woman, a woman in general; musk; N. of a goddess; of a form of Durgā or Pārvatī; of a Gopī (identified with Durgā and Rādhikā); of a river; of various metres, 30 + 32 instants; four times [metrical sequence]; four times [metrical sequence]; four times [metrical sequence]; four times [metrical sequence]; twice [metrical sequence]; (am), n. sport, dalliance, amorous gesture, love; grace, beauty, charm, charmingness, gracefulness of gait, softness and delicacy of motion, languid gestures in a woman (expressive of amorous sentiment, 'lolling', 'languishing, '&c.); any natural and artless act (as that of a child); simplicity, innocency, ingenuousness; N. of two metres, four times [metrical sequence]; four times [metrical sequence]; N. of a town.
     lalitacaitya lalita-caitya, as, m., N. of a particular Caitya.
     lalitatāla lalita-tāla, as, m., N. of a particular time (in music).
     lalitapada lalita-pada, as, ā, am, consisting of amorous words; elegantly composed; a kind of metre, four times [metrical sequence].
     lalitapadabandhana lalita-pada-bandhana, am, n. an amorous composition in verse, a metrical composition treating of love.
     lalitapura lalita-pura, am, n., N. of a town.
     lalitapurāṇa lalita-purāṇa, am, n. = lalita-vistara-purāṇa.
     lalitaprahāra la-lita-prahāra, as, m. a soft or gentle blow.
     lalitamādhava la-lita-mādhava, am, n., N. of a drama by Rūpa.
     lalitalalita lalita-lalita, as, ā, am, excessively beautiful, very handsome.
     lalitalocana lalita-locana, as, ā, am, beautiful-eyed; (ā), f., N. of the daughter of a Vidyā-dhara Vāma-datta.
     lalitavanitā lalita-vanitā, f. a lovely woman.
     lalitavistara lalita-vistara, as, m. or lalita-vistara-purā-ṇa, am, n., N. of a Sūtra work giving a detailed record of the simple and natural acts in the life of Buddha or Śākya-muni.
     lalitavyūha lalita-vyūha, as, m. epithet of a particular kind of Samādhi or meditation (with Buddhists); N. of a Deva-putra; of a Bodhisattva.
     lalitātṛtīyā lalitā-tṛtīyā, am, n., N. of a Tantra work.
     lalitātṛtīya lalitā-tṛtīya, f. epithet of a particular third day.
     lalitāditya lalitāditya (-ta-ād-), as, m., N. of a king of Kaśmīra.
     lalitādityapura lalitāditya-pura, am, n., N. of a town founded by Lalitāditya.
     lalitāpañcamī lalitā-pañ-camī, f. the fifth day of the moon's increase in the month Āśvina on which the worship of the goddess Lalitā or Pārvatī is celebrated.
     lalitāpīḍa lalitāpīḍa (-ta-āp-), as, m., N. of a king of Kaśmīra.
     lalitābhinaya la-litābhinaya (-ta-abh-), as, m. erotic performance, representation of love scenes.
     lalitāmādhava lalitā-mādhava = lalita-mādhava.
     lalitācanacandrikā lalitācana-candrikā (-tā-ar-), f., N. of a work on the worship of Lalitā.
     lalitārtha lalitārtha (-ta-ar-), as, ā, am, having an amorous meaning.
     lalitārthabandha lalitārtha-bandha, as, ā, am, composed in words of love or in words having an amorous meaning.
     lalitāvrata lalitā-vrata, am, n., N. of a particular religious observance.
     lalitāṣaṣṭhī lalitā-ṣaṣṭhī, f. epithet of a particular sixth day.
     lalitāsaptamī lalitā-sap-tamī, f. epithet of the seventh day in the light half of the month Bhādra.

lalitaka lalitaka or lalitika, am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.

lalitha lalitha, ās, m. pl., N. of a people.

lalītikā lalītikā, f., N. of a place of pilgrimage.

lāla lāla, as, m., N. of an astronomer; (ā), f. saliva, spittle, slaver.
     lālacandra lāla-candra, as, m. a proper N.
     lālavat lāla-vat, ān, atī, at (lāla for lālā), causing saliva to flow.
     lālasiṃha lāla-siṃha, as, m., N. of an astronomer.
     lālābhakṣa lālā-bhakṣa, as, m. 'having saliva for food, 'N. of the hell appropriated to those who eat their meals without first offering food to the gods, to the Manes, or to guests.
     lālāmeha lālā-meha, as, m. passing mucous urine.
     lālāviṣa lālā-viṣa, as, ā, am