UpasanaYoga.org
A Sanskrit-English Dictionary (1872)
by Monier-Williams

B ब _ M म

 A अ   Ā आ _ Au औ   K क _ Ñ ञ   Ṭ ट _ N न   P प _ Ph फ   B ब _ M म   Y य _ V व   Ś श _ H ह 

 ←P–Ph   B  Bar  Bah  Bāṣ  Bun  Brah

 Bh  Bhan  Bhav  Bhāt  Bhi  Bhū  Bhūr  Bho

 M  Maṭ  Math  Madhū  Man  Mand  Mal  Mah  Mā  Māt  Mām

 Mi  Mī  Mur  Mṛ  Mṛt  Men  Mo  Mn  Y–V→ 

Alphabet

B — ब

ba 1. ba, the twenty-third consonant of the Nāgarī alphabet and the third of the labial class, often confounded with the semivowel v, with which some grammarians consider it optionally interchangeable.
     bakāra ba-kāra, as, m. the letter or sound ba.

ba 2. ba, as, m. a N. of Varuṇa; water; a water-jar. According to lexicographers ba also = bhaga, gandhana, vapana, &c.

baṃh baṃh, also written vaṃh (related to 2. bṛh), cl. 1. A. baṃhate, babaṃhe, baṃ-hitā, &c., to grow, increase: Caus. P. baṃhayati, yitum, to cause to grow, increase, strengthen, fix, make firm; [cf. bahala, bahu, bahula.]

baṃhiman baṃhiman, ā, m. muchness, abundance, multitude.

baṃhiṣṭha baṃhiṣṭha, as, ā, am (superl. of bahula), very much, very many, most abundant, very abundant, very great, excessive.

baṃhīyas baṃhīyas, ān, asī, as (compar. of bahula), much more, more abundant, very many, exceeding.

baka baka, &c. See vaka.

bakura bakura, as, m., Ved. (according to native authorities), a thounderbolt, lightning, anything shining; perhaps 'a horn, trumpet, or other wind instrument used in battle;' [cf. bākura, bekurā.]

bagadāda bagadāda, N. of a city, Bagdad.

bagadāru bagadāru, N. of a place.

bagadāha bagadāha, N. of a place.

baṅga baṅga, as, m. the country of Bengal; (usually written vaṅga, q. v.)

baṅgāla baṅgāla, as, m. (?), N. of the country Bengal.

baja baja, as, m., Ved. (probably) N. of a herb used as a charm against evil spirits.

baṭ baṭ, ind. (perhaps connected with vāḍham, q. v.), Ved. (a particle of affirmation), in truth, certainly (Sāy. = satyam); [cf. Zend bāṭ, bā.]

baṭh baṭh = rt. vaṭh, q. v.

baḍapilā baḍapilā, f., N. of a village.

baḍavā baḍavā, f. a mare; the nymph Aśvinī or the personification of the asterism represented by a horse's head; a female slave.
     baḍavāgni baḍa-vāgni (-vā-ag-), is, or baḍavānala (-vā-an-), as, m. submarine fire; (in mythology) a being consisting of flame but with the head of a mare, fabled to have sprung from the thighs of Urvā and to have been received by the ocean.
     baḍavāmukha baḍavā-mukha, as, m. submarine fire; (am), n. the infernal regions.
     baḍavāsuta ba-ḍavā-suta, au, m. du. the two sons of Aśvinī, (see aśvin, aśvinī-kumāra.)
     baḍavāhṛta baḍavā-hṛta (?), as, m. the paramour of a female slave, a slave.

baḍā baḍā or baḷā, ind., Ved. = baṭ, q. v.

baḍāha baḍāha, as, m., N. of a prince.

baṇ baṇ = rt. vaṇ, q. v.

baṇij baṇij, k, m. (connected with the Vedic paṇi fr. rt. 2. paṇ, q. v.; but in Ved. and later Sanskṛt often written vaṇij), a merchant, (ku-baṇij, a wicked merchant); a trader; the sixth of the astronomical periods called Karaṇa, corresponding to the half of a lunar day; (k), f. trade, traffic.
     baṇikpatha baṇik-patha, as, am, m. n. 'a trader's path or line', traffic, commerce; (as), m. a merchant.
     baṇikputra baṇik-putra, as, m. a merchant's son, son of a trader, a young merchant or trader; (ī), f. a merchant's daughter, a young woman of the merchant class.
     baṇigbandhu baṇig-ban-dhu, us, m. 'trader's friend', the indigo plant, Indigofera Tinctoria.
     baṇigbhāva baṇig-bhāva, as, am, m. n. the state of being a merchant, traffic, trade, commerce.
     baṇigvaha baṇig-vaha, as, m. 'carrying merchants', a camel.

baṇijya baṇijya, am, ā, n. f. (for bāṇijya), trade, traffic.

baṇḍa baṇḍa, as, ā, am. See vaṇḍa.

bata 1. bata, ind. (in the later language vata), Ved. an interjection of astonishment, sorrow, or regret, generally translatable by ah! oh! O! alas! alack! wo! woe! (the word bata seems originally to have stood immediately after the idea beginning the sentence and giving rise to the interjection, e. g. bato batāsi yama, alas! thou art a weak person, O Yama.) According to native lexicographers the senses in which bata may be used are expressed by the following Sanskṛt words, kheda, anu-kampa, anu-krośa, vi-smaya, āścarya, san-toṣa, dhṛti, ā-mantraṇa, nindā, sam-bodhana.

bata 2. bata, as, m. (probably for vata, past pass. part. of rt. van, q. v.), Ved. (according to the Nirukta) a weak or feeble person.

bad bad or band, cl. 1. P. badati, ban-dati, babāda, baditum, &c., to be steady, to be firm; [cf. rt. 1. pad.]

badara badara, as, m. (later also vadara), the jujube tree, Zizyphus Jujuba or Z. Scandens; a kind of mustard (= deva-sarṣapa); the kernel of the fruit of the cotton plant; N. of a man [cf. bādarāyaṇa]; (ā), f., N. of various plants; the cotton shrub; a particular species of bulbous plant (= gṛṣṭi, vārāhī); Mimosa Octandra (= elā-parṇī); Clitoria Ternatea (= viṣṇu-krāntā); (ī), f. the jujube tree; the cotton shrub; Mucuna Pruritus (= kapi-kacchu); N. of one of the sources of the Gaṅgā and of the hermitage of Nara and Nārāyaṇa situated near it [cf. badarikā]; (am), n. the edible fruit of the jujube; the berry or pod of the cotton shrub; the same berry used as a weight.
     badarakuṇa badara-kuṇa, as, m. the time when the fruit of the jujube becomes ripe.
     badarapācana badara-pācana, am, n., N. of a sacred bathing-place ('where the jujube ripens').
     badaraphalī ba-dara-phalī, f. a species of jujube tree (= bhū-ba-darī).
     badarayūṣa badara-yūṣa, a decoction of the fruit of the jujube.
     badarāmalaka badarāmalaka (-ra-ām-), am, n. Flacourtia Cataphracta (probably the fruit rather than the plant itself).
     badarīcchada badarī-cchada, as, ā, m. f. a kind of perfume (apparently a dried shell-fish, = śaṅkha-nakhī); (ā), f. a species of jujube tree (= hasti-koli).
     badarītapovana badarī-tapovana, am, n. the penance grove or hermitage at Badarī.
     badarīnātha badarī-nātha, as, m., N. of a temple at Badarī.
     badarīnārāyaṇa badarī-nārāyaṇa, N. of a place.
     badarīpattra badarī-pattra, as, m. a kind of perfume (= nakhī).
     badarīpattraka badarīpattraka, am, n. a kind of perfume, a leaf.
     badarīpācana badarī-pācana = badara-pācana, q. v.
     badarīprastha badarī-prastha, as, m., N. of a city.
     badarīphala badarī-phala, am, n. the fruit of the jujube tree; (ā), f., N. of a plant, a variety of Śephālikā or Nyctanthes with blue flowers.
     badarīmūla ba-darī-mūla, am, n. the root of the jujube tree.
     badarīvaṇa badarī-vaṇa or badarī-vana, am, n. a wood of jujube trees; N. of a place.
     badarīvāsā badarī-vāsā, f. 'dwelling at Badarī', an epithet of Durgā.
     badarīśaila badarī-śaila, as, m. 'rock of Badarī', N. of a rocky eminence at the source of the Gaṅgā in the Himālaya range (a celebrated place of pilgrimage, the Bhadrināth of modern travellers; or a town and temple on the west bank of the Alaka-nandā river, in the province of Śrī-nagar).

badari badari, is, f. = badarī, the jujube tree.

badarikā badarikā, f. (fr. badarā), the fruit of the jujube (?); N. of one of the sources of the Gaṅgā and of the neighbouring hermitage of Nara and Nārāyaṇa (= badarī).
     badarikāśrama badarikāśrama (-kā-āś-), N. of a hermitage.

baddha baddha. See under rt. bandh, col. 2.

baddhappi baddha-ppi, n. (perhaps a Prākṛt form for baddha-pāṇi), the clasped hand, the fist; (also read baddhāpi.)

badh 1. badh, to bind, for bandh, col. 2.

badh 2. badh, used only in Desid. A. bī-bhatsate, to abhor, detest, &c. See bībhatsa (which is by some considered to belong to rt. bādh).

badh 3. badh for vadh, to kill, &c., substituted in some tenses of rt. han. See vadh and han.

badha badha, as, m. killing, murder, &c.; see vadha.
     badhakāṅkṣin badha-kāṅkṣin, for this and all other compounds of badha see under vadha.

badhaka badhaka, badhya, &c. See vadhaka, vadhya, &c.

badhira badhira. See p. 673, col. 1.

badhū badhū. See vadhū.

badhyoga badhyoga, as, m., N. of a man.

band band. See rt. bad, p. 671, col. 3.

bandi bandi, bandin, &c. See vandi, &c.

bandiārayu bandiārayu, N. of a place mentioned in the Romaka-siddhānta.

bandh bandh [cf. rt. bundh], cl. 9. P. (ep. also A.) badhnāti (badhnīte), Impv. 2nd sing. badhāna, babandha (Ved. 3rd pl. bedhus, 2nd sing. A. bedhiṣe), bhantsyati (ep. also ban-dhiṣyati, -te), abhāntsīt, banddhum (ep. also ban-dhitum), to bind, tie, fix, fasten; to chain, enchain, fetter; to fasten or tie round, bind round, put on (e. g. cīram badhnanti munayaḥ, the ascetics put on clothing made of strips of bark); (A.) to bind on one's self, put on; to ensnare; to catch (e. g. mat-syān bandh, to catch fish), take captive, take prisoner; to shut up, confine, imprison; to inflict punishment, punish, chastise; to bind a sacrificial victim, offer, sacrifice (with dat. of the deity to whom the victim is presented, Ved.); to fix, direct, fasten (the eyes or mind) upon (with loc.); to shut, close, stop, stop up, preclude; to arrest, hold back, check, suppress; to overpower, oppress, violate; to bind together, put together, fasten together, join, combine, connect, conglomerate, unite; to construct, build; to construct verses, compose; to bring to pass, effect, produce, evoke, result in, be followed by (with acc.); to form fruit (as a plant), to set; to strike (root); to take up (an abode); to manifest, exhibit, evince, display, show (e. g. dhṛtim ba-dhāna, show thy resolution); to entertain, cherish, foster, possess, have, contract, form; añjalim bandh, to place the two hands hollowed side by side; muṣṭim bandh, to clench the fist; setum bandh, to construct a dam, build a bridge, (bandhiṣye setunā gaṅgām, I will span the Gaṅgā with a bridge); golam bandh, to form or construct a globe; bhru-kuṭim bandh, to knit the brows, frown; sauhṛdyam or sakhyam or ajaryam bandh to contract friendship; vairam bandh, to contract enmity: Pass. badhyate, Aor. abadhi (?), to be bound; to bind on one's self, put on: Caus. ban-dhayati, -yitum, Aor. ababandhat, to cause to bind, cause to be bound; to order to be imprisoned; to cause to be joined together or constructed, cause to be built, cause to be embanked; (according to the Dhātu-pāṭha) to bind, (in this last sense also bādhayati): Desid. bibhatsati, to wish to bind: Intens. bābadhyate, bābanddhi, to bind fast, tie firmly; [cf. Zend band, banda, baś-ta, 'bound;' Gr. [greek] for [greek] Lat. pat-ibulum, pendo, pendeo, fī-lum for fid-lum, fū-nis for fud-nis, fīd-es, fīd-o for feido = [greek] foed-us; Slav. vjazati, 'to bind;' Goth. bind-an, fastan; Old Germ. fasti; Angl. Sax. bindan, bonda, boend, boest, foest; Iceland. fas-t.]

baddha baddha, as, ā, am, bound, tied, fixed, fastened; chained, enchained, fettered; fastened or tied round, bound on, put on, girt on, dressed; caught, captured, confined, imprisoned; shut, stopped, closed, precluded; arrested, held back, checked, restrained, suppressed, withheld; joined, connected, combined, united; formed, constructed, built, embanked; inlaid, studded [cf. rīti-b-, loha-b-]; composed (as verses); effected, produced; directed towards; formed, set (as fruit); struck (as a root); firmly rooted, firm; placed side by side (as the hollowed hands); clenched (as the fist); knit (as the brows); contracted (as friendship or enmity); taken up (as an abode); manifested, evinced, displayed; entertained, cherished, fostered, possessed, got; entangled, involved, enmeshed; congealed, clotted (as blood; opposed to drava, q. v.); (at the beginning of adj. comps. baddha has often a vague sense analogous to that of jāta, q. v.; see examples below); (as or am), m. or n.?, (with Jainas) that which binds or fetters the embodied spirit (viz. connection of the soul with deeds; it consists in a succession of births and deaths as the result of works).
     baddhakakṣa baddha-kakṣa, as, ā, am, one who has the loins girt, girt about the loins, having a tightened girdle.
     baddhakakṣya baddha-kakṣya, as, ā, am, having the girdle bound or girt up, prepared, ready.
     baddhakaṭa baddha-kaṭa, as, ā, am, made of plaited grass.
     baddhakāma baddha-kāma, as, ā, am, one whose desires are restrained.
     baddhakesara baddha-kesara, as,  ā, am, having hair formed, forming hair.
     baddhakopa baddha-kopa, as, ā, am, having anger suppressed, smothering resentment, governing wrath.
     baddhaguda baddha-guda, am, n. a dangerous kind of obstruction of the bowels.
     baddhagudin baddhagudin, ī, inī, i, suffering from the above obstruction.
     baddhagodhāṅgulitravat baddha-godhāṅgulitra-vat (-dhā-aṅ-), ān, atī, at, (in archery) having fastened a leathern guard on the left arm and fingers; [cf. go-dhā.]
     baddhagodhāṅgulitrāṇa baddhagodhāṅguli-trāṇa, as, ā, am, having fastened on a leathern guard for the left arm and fingers.
     baddhaghaṇṭa baddha-ghaṇṭa, as, ā, am, having bells bound on.
     baddhacitta baddha-citta, as, ā, am, having the thoughts fixed, rivetting the mind.
     baddhajihva baddha-jihva, as, ā, am, tongue-tied, moving the tongue with difficulty.
     baddhajñatā baddha-jña-tā, f. the state of having acquired knowledge, great knowledge.
     baddhatala baddha-tala, as, ā, am, one who has put on a leathern guard (for the left arm).
     baddhatūṇa baddha-tūṇa, as, ā, am, having a quiver fastened on, girt with a quiver.
     baddhadṛṣṭi baddha-dṛṣṭi, is, is, i, having the eyes fixed, fixing the gaze (upon anything).
     baddhadviradasetu baddha-dvirada-setu, us, us, us, having elephants bound together for bridges.
     baddhadveṣa bad-dha-dveṣa, as, ā, am, contracting hatred.
     baddhadhārāpravāha bad-dha-dhārā-pravāha, as, ā, am, checking the flow of (tear) drops.
     baddhaniścaya baddha-niścaya, as, ā, am, having a firm conviction, forming a firm resolve, firmly resolved.
     baddhanistṛṃśa baddha-nistṛṃśa, as, ā, am, girt with a falchion.
     baddhanetra baddha-netra, as, ā, am, having the eyes fixed, fixing the eyes (upon anything).
     baddhanepathya baddha-nepathya, as, ā, am, attired in a theatrical costume.
     baddhapaṅkavat baddha-paṅka-vat, ān, atī, at, having the mud dried or hardened.
     baddhapurīṣa bad-dha-purīṣa, as, ā, am, having the bowels obstructed or constipated.
     baddhapurīṣatva baddhapurīṣa-tva, am, n. the state of being constipated, obstruction of the bowels.
     baddhapratijña baddha-pratijña, as, ā, am, one who has contracted an engagement, one who has made a vow or promise.
     baddhapratiśrut baddha-pratiśrut, t, t, t, in which echoes are formed, resonant with echoing sounds.
     baddhaphala baddha-phala, as, m. the plant Pongamia Glabra (= karañja).
     baddhabhāva baddha-bhāva, as, ā, am, having the mind or heart fixed.
     baddhabhīmāndhakāra baddha-bhīmāndhakāra (-ma-an-), as, ā, am, enveloped in terrible darkness.
     baddhabhū baddha-bhū, ūs, f. the lowest floor ('fixed on the ground'); ground prepared for the site of a house.
     baddhabhūmika baddha-bhūmika, as, ā, am, having an inlaid floor.
     baddhamukha baddha-mukha, as, ī, am, having the mouth or orifice closed.
     baddhamuṣṭi baddha-muṣṭi, is, is, i, having a closed fist; close-fisted, griping, penurious, covetous; [cf. dṛḍha-muṣṭi.]
     baddhamuṣṭikara baddhamuṣṭi-kara, as, m. the hand with closed fist.
     baddhamuṣṭitva baddhamuṣṭi-tva, am, n. the state of having the fist closed (for holding a bow).
     baddhamūtra bad-dha-mūtra, as, ā, am, stopping or obstructing the urine.
     baddhamūla baddha-mūla, as, ā, am, striking root firmly, deeply rooted.
     baddhamūlatā baddhamūla-tā, f. the state of being firmly rooted.
     baddhamauna baddha-mauna, as, ā, am, one by whom silence is observed, keeping silence.
     baddharabhasa baddha-rabhasa, as, ā, am, one who has formed an ardent attachment, passionately attached (to any one).
     baddharasāla baddha-rasāla, as, m. a species of mango (the most highly prized kind).
     baddharāga baddha-rāga, as, ā, am, filled with passion, impassioned.
     baddharājya baddha-rājya, as, ā, am, having attained to royalty.
     baddhavatsā bad-dha-vatsā, f., scil. gaus, a cow whose calf is tied up (in the stall).
     baddhavandanamālaka baddha-vandana-mālaka, as, ikā, am, having fastened garlands in token of welcome.
     baddhavarcas baddha-varcas, ās, ās, as, constipating the bowels.
     baddhavasati baddha-vasati, is, is, i, fixing an abode.
     baddhavāc baddha-vāc, k, k, k, suppressing the voice, maintaining silence, taciturn.
     baddhaviṭka baddhaviṭka, as, ā, am (fr. baddha + viṣ), one whose bowels are constipated, costive.
     baddhaviṭkatā baddhaviṭka-tā, f. constipation of the bowels, costiveness.
     baddhaviṇmūtra baddha-viṇ-mūtra, as, ā, am, obstructing the evacuations by stool and by the bladder.
     baddhavīra baddha-vīra, as, ā, am, whose heroes or soldiers are bound.
     baddhavepathu baddha-vepathu, us, us, u, seized with tremor, trembling.
     baddhavaira baddha-vaira, as, ā, am, one who has contracted great enmity or confirmed hostility, feeling bitter hatred.
     baddhaśas baddha-śas, an incorrect form for badva-śas, q. v.
     baddhaśikha baddha-śikha, as, ā, am, one whose hair is tied up into a single lock upon the crown of the head; one who is still in childhood, young, a child, a pupil (not yet tonsured); (ā), f. a sort of pungent root, (according to some) a kind of garlic.
     baddhaśrotramanaścakṣus baddha-śrotra-manaś-cakṣus, us, us, us, having the ears, mind, and eyes fixed; fixing the ears, mind, and eyes.
     baddhasūta baddha-sūta, as, m. a particular preparation of quicksilver.
     baddhasneha baddha-sneha, as, ā, am, forming an attachment, conceiving affection for (with loc.).
     baddhāṅgulitra baddhāṅguli-tra or baddhāṅ-guli-trāṇa (-dha-aṅ-), as, ā, am, having a fingerguard fastened on, equipped with gauntlets.
     baddhāñjali bad-dhāñjali (-dha-añ-), is, is, i, having the hands hollowed and placed side by side, with hands or palms joined in humble entreaty, putting the joined hands to the forehead, saluting respectfully; with closed hands.
     baddhāñjalipuṭa baddhāñjali-puṭa, as, ā, am, forming a cup with the hollowed hands.
     baddhātman bad-dhātman (-dha-āt-), ā, m. (with Jainas) a soul which is bound or fettered by deeds and works previous to its deliverance.
     baddhānanda baddhānanda (-dha-ān-), as, ā, am, feeling pleasure, joyful.
     baddhānurāga baddhā-nurāga (-dha-an-), as, ā, am, manifesting love, feeling affection.
     baddhānuśaya baddhānuśaya (-dha-an-), as, ā, am, one whose purpose is fixed, of fixed intent; taking aim.
     baddhāmbaracaramārga baddhāmbaracara-mārga (-dha-am-), as, ā, am, obstructing the path of birds (said of a conflagration).
     baddhāyudha baddhāyudha (-dha-āy-), as, ā, am, accoutred with arms.
     baddhāśaṅka baddhā-śaṅka (-dha-āś-), as, ā, am, one whose suspicions are raised, apprehensive.
     baddhotsava baddhotsava (-dha-ut-), as, ā, am, observing a festival, enjoying a holiday.
     baddhodyama baddhodyama (-dha-ud-), as, ā, am, uniting efforts, making united efforts, having the energies intently fixed.

baddhaka baddhaka, as, m., Ved. one who is bound, a captive, prisoner.

baddhvā baddhvā, ind. having bound or tied; having put on; having joined.

badva badva, am, n., Ved. a large number, multitude; a particular high number, (according to Sāy.) 100 Koṭis, (according to others) 10,000 millions; the number 13084.
     badvaśas badva-śas, ind. in large numbers, in multitudes; (also incorrectly written baddha-śas.)

badvan badvan, ā, m. a causeway, highway.

badhira badhira, as, ā, am, deaf, (sometimes written vadhira); [cf. Hib. bodhar; Cambro-Brit. byzar; Armor. byzar.]
     badhiratā badhira-tā, f. or badhira-tva, am, n. deafness.
     badhirāndha badhirāndha (-ra-an-), as, ā, am, deaf and blind; (as), m., N. of a Nāga, son of Kaśyapa.
     badhirīkṛ badhirī-kṛ, cl. 8. P. A. -karoti, -ku-rute, -kartum, to make deaf, deafen.
     badhirīkṛta badhirī-kṛta, as, ā, am, made deaf, deafened.

badhiraka badhiraka, as, m., N. of a man; (ās), m. pl., N. of his descendants; (ikā), f., N. of a woman.

badhiraya badhiraya, Nom. P. badhirayati, -yitum, to make deaf, deafen.

badhirita badhirita, as, ā, am, made deaf, deafened.

badhiriman badhiriman, ā, m. deafness.

badhnat badhnat, an, atī, at, binding, tying; effecting, producing.

badhra badhra, am, n. lead; (ī), f. a thong.

badhrya badhrya, am, n. a shoe, slipper.

bandha bandha, as, m. binding, tying, a bond, tie, chain, fetter, knot, halter, tether [cf. pāda-b-]; a ligature, bandage; laying snares; catching, capturing, capture; binding in fetters, fettering, confining, imprisoning, confinement, imprisonment, custody [cf. rāja-b-]; fixing, directing (the mind towards anything); binding together, joining, uniting [cf. pāṇi-b-]; joining the hollowed hands; forming, constructing, construction, building, erecting (e. g. setor bandhaḥ, the construction of an embankment or bridge; cf. setu-b-); embanking, an embankment, throwing a bridge across (a river); contracting or knitting the brows [cf. bhrukuṭi-b-]; joining the hands or feet in particular positions, any posture or position of the limbs or body generally, a position, posture (e. g. āsana-b-, a sitting posture); a particular position of the hands and feet [cf. mahā-b-, mūla-b-]; a particular position in coitus; connection, intercourse, society; agreement, union; manifestation, exhibition, display [cf. rāga-b-]; consequence, result (e. g. ariṣṭa-b-, having welfare as a consequence, causing welfare); a sinew, tendon; a pledge, deposit, (perhaps rather) pledging [cf. bandhaka]; that with which anything is bound together or bordered, border, framework, inclosure; (in philosophy) bondage, (opposed to mukti, mokṣa, and regarded in the Sāṅkhya system as threefold, viz. prakṛti-b-, vaikārika-b-, dakṣiṇā-b-; cf. karma-b-, dak-ṣiṇā-b-); (in rhetoric) combination of sounds, construction of words; a disease in which the eyelids cannot be wholly closed; (in comp. with numerals) a part [cf. daśa-b-, pañca-b-; cf. also Lat. pondus; Lith. banda, 'a herd of cattle;' Angl. Sax. bonda, boend, boest; Hib. bad = Armor. bod, 'a bunch, bush, cluster, tuft, thicket.']
     bandhakaraṇa bandha-karaṇa, am, n. binding, fettering, restraining, holding back, preventing, impeding.
     bandhakartṛ bandha-kartṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, a binder, one who fetters or restrains.
     bandhatantra ban-dha-tantra, am, n. a complete army, or one possessing the four divisions of chariots, elephants, horse, and foot.
     bandhadeśa bandha-deśa, N. of a country mentioned in the Ratna-kosha.
     bandhapāruṣya bandha-pāruṣya, am, n. forced construction of words.
     bandhamaya bandha-maya, as, ī, am, consisting of bonds or ties, serving for a bond, being of the nature of a bond.
     bandhamudrā ban-dha-mudrā, f. the impression or mark of fetters.
     bandhamocanikā bandha-mocanikā or bandha-mocinī, f. 'releasing from bonds', N. of a Yoginī.
     bandhastambha bandha-stambha, as, m. 'binding-post', the post to which an elephant is tied.

bandhaka bandhaka, as, m. a binder, one who is employed in binding; one who catches, a catcher [cf. nāga-b-]; a violator, ravisher; a band, tie [cf. paśu-b-]; a bank, dam, dike [cf. jala-b-]; any posture of the body [cf. malla-b-]; a pledge, deposit, pawn, (perhaps rather) pledging; a promise, vow (= satyaṅ-kāra); exchanging, barter; (in comp. with numerals, especially at the end of an adj. comp.) a part, portion (e. g. ṛṇaṃ sa-daśa-bandhakam, a debt plus one tenth); a city; (am), n. binding, confinement; (ī), f. an unchaste woman ('connected with many men;' kumāra-bandhakī, a woman unchaste even as a girl); a harlot, courtezan, wanton [cf. bandhukī]; a barren woman [cf. bandhyā]; a female elephant.
     bandhakatva bandhaka-tva, am, n. the being fettered.

bandhana bandhana, as, ī, am, binding, tying, fettering [cf. bhāva-b-]; holding fast, arresting, checking, stopping; (at the end of a comp.) dependant on, depending upon; (am), n. the act of binding, tying, fastening, fettering; a bond, chain, fetter; a tether, halter; a sinew, muscle [cf. ślatha-b-]; binding on, binding round; binding up; a ligature, bandage; joining, connection; catching, capturing; confining, confinement, captivity, bondage, detention, imprisonment; a gaol, prison; inflicting pain, hurting; putting to death; joining, connecting, uniting; forming, building, constructing, construction; setor bandhanam, the construction of an embankment or bridge [cf. setu-bandha, setu-bandhana]; a bar, barrier; embanking, an embankment, bridging over; mixing, alloying, alloyage (of metals); conjunction, connection, coherence; a stalk, stem, peduncle [cf. prasava-b-]; gīta-bandhana, a composition which is sung, an epic poem rehearsed in singing; (am, ī), n. f. any instument of binding or holding together, a bond (e. g. annam prāṇasya bandhanam, food is the bond, i. e. the staff of life), band, rope, tie, cord, string, garter, thread; a tether, halter [cf. pāda-b-]; a chain, fetter; a snare; a ligature, bandage.
     bandhanagranthi bandhana-granthi, is, m. the knot of a ligature; a noose; a rope for tying cattle.
     bandhanapālaka bandhana-pālaka, as, m. a gaolkeeper, gaoler, turnkey.
     bandhanarajju bandhana-rajju, us, f. a rope for tying cattle; any rope or string used for tying.
     bandhanaveśman bandhana-veśman, a, n. 'house of bondage', a prison.
     bandhanastha bandhana-stha, as, ā, am, being in prison, living in confinement, imprisoned, captive; (as), m. a prisoner, captive.
     bandhanasthāna bandhana-sthāna, am, n. (a place where cattle are fastened), a stall, stable.
     bandhanāgāra bandhanāgāra (-na-ag- or -āg-), as, am, m. n. 'house of bondage', a prison.
     bandhanādhikāra ban-dhanādhikāra (-na-adh-), as, m., N. of the third chapter of the first part of the Rasendra-kalpa-druma, a medical work by Rāma-kṛṣṇa.
     bandhanālaya bandhanālaya (-na-āl-), am, n. 'house of bondage', a prison.

bandhanīya bandhanīya, as, ā, am, to be bound or tied, to be bound on, to be bound round; anything bound on or tied round; to be confined, to be captured or taken prisoner; to be embanked; (as), m. (according to a Scholiast) = setu, an embankment.

bandhayitṛ bandhayitṛ, tā, m. one who binds or ties up, a binder.

bandhita bandhita, as, ā, am, caused to be bound (e. g. śatam bandhitaḥ, caused to be bound for a hundred pieces of money, i. e. imprisoned for a debt of a hundred pieces of money); bound.

bandhitra bandhitra, am, n. (?), the god of love, love, desire [cf. vadhitra]; a spot, mole.

bandhin bandhin, ī, inī, i, (at the end of a comp.) binding [cf. dṛḍha-bandhinī]; catching [cf. matsya-b-]; causing, effecting, producing, exciting, evoking [cf. phala-b-, rāga-b-]; showing, exhibiting, manifesting, evincing [cf. vātsalya-b-].

bandhu bandhu, us, m. connection, conjunction, relationship, association; relation, reference, respect (e. g. kena bandhunā, in what respect ?); one who is connected with or belongs to (any profession or tribe, especially if only nominally so connected; cf. kṣa-tra-b-, dvija-b-, brahma-b-); a kinsman, relation, relative, connection, kindred in general [cf. mātṛ-b-]; (in law) a cognate kinsman in a remote degree, one subsequent in right of inheritance to the Sa-gotra, (three kinds of these are enumerated, personal, paternal, and maternal: the first are sons of the deceased father's sister, of his mother's sister, and of his maternal uncle: the second are the sons of his father's paternal aunt, of his father's maternal aunt, and of his father's maternal uncle: the third are the sons of his mother's paternal aunt, of his mother's maternal aunt, and of his mother's maternal uncle); a friend [cf. a-b-, amṛta-b-, ṛṣi-b-]; a husband; a brother; N. of a flower (= bandhūka); N. of a metre; (in astron.) N. of the fourth mansion; N. of a Ṛṣi with the patronymic Gaupāyana or Laupāyana, author of two hymns in the Ṛg-veda; (according to Yāska also) wealth; according to Pāṇini a feminine word ending in must change to ī before bandhu in a comp., e. g. kārīṣa-gandhyā-bandhu becomes kārīṣa-gandhī-bandhu; [cf. Hib. badh, 'love, friendship.']
     bandhukāma bandhu-kāma, as, ā, am, loving relations, affectionate towards relations and friends.
     bandhukṛtya bandhu-kṛtya, am, n. the duty of a kinsman or of a friend, a friendly office, friendly service.
     bandhukṣit bandhu-kṣit, t, t, t, Ved. dwelling among relations; (Sāy.) having the quality or condition of kindred; (according to some this word may be the N. of a person or family.)
     bandhujana bandhu-jana, as, m. a kinsman, relation, friend; kinsfolk, relations.
     bandhujīva ban-dhu-jīva or bandhu-jīvaka, as, m. 'living in association or groups', Pentapetes Phoenicea, (a plant with a red flower which opens at midday and withers away the next morning at sunrise); (am), n. its flower; (kas), m., N. of a Cakra-vartin.
     bandhujīvapuṣpa bandhujīva-puṣpa, am, n. the flower of Pentapetes Phoenicea.
     bandhujīvābhitāmra bandhujīvābhi-tāmra (-va-abh-), as, ā, am, deep red like the blossom of Pentapetes Phoenicea.
     bandhutā bandhu-tā, f. relations collectively, kindred, kin (= bandhūnāṃ samūhaḥ); relationship, affinity, connection, relation.
     bandhutva bandhu-tva, am, n. relationship, brotherhood, affinity.
     bandhudagdha bandhu-dagdha, as, ā, am, 'destroyed or consumed by relations', i. e. an abandoned wretch (= hataka).
     bandhudatta bandhu-datta, as, ā, am, given by relations or by a kinsman; (as), m., N. of a man; (ā), f., N. of a woman; (am), n. a particular kind of female property (given to a girl by her relations at her marriage).
     bandhudāyāda bandhu-dāyāda, as, m. a kinsman and heir.
     bandhupati bandhu-pati, is, m. lord of kindred or relations; [cf. bāndhupata.]
     bandhupāla bandhu-pāla, as, m. 'kindred-protector', N. of a man.
     bandhupālita bandhu-pālita, as, m. 'kindred-protected', N. of a prince.
     bandhupuṣpamāla bandhu-puṣpa-māla, as, ā, am, wearing a chaplet of Bandhu flowers.
     bandhupṛch ban-dhu-pṛch, ṭ, m., Ved. asking relations, inquiring after kindred, (Sāy. = bandhūnām praṣṭā); [cf. pṛṣ-ṭa-bandhu.]
     bandhuprabha bandhu-prabha, as, m., N. of a Vidyā-dhara.
     bandhuprīti bandhu-prīti, is, f. affection for a friend, love of relatives or friends.
     bandhubhāva bandhu-bhāva, as, m. friendship.
     bandhubhāṣita bandhu-bhāṣita, am, n. the talk or speech of kindred.
     bandhumat bandhu-mat, ān, atī, at, having relations, surrounded by relations; (ān), m., N. of a man; of a king; (atī), f., N. of two women; N. of a town.
     bandhuvañcaka bandhu-vañcaka, as, m. 'deceiver of relatives', N. of a Vidūṣaka.
     bandhuvat bandhu-vat, ān, atī, at, having relations or kindred.
     bandhuvarga ban-dhu-varga, as, m. the whole body of relations, circle of kinsmen, kindred.
     bandhuhīna bandhu-hīna, as, ā, am, destitute of kindred, relationless, friendless.
     bandhūkṛ ban-dhū-kṛ, cl. 8. P. -karoti, -kartum, to make a friend of.
     bandhūkṛta bandhū-kṛta, as, ā, am, made a friend.
     bandhveṣa bandhv-eṣa, as, m., Ved. inquiring after kindred, (Sāy. = bandhūnām anveṣaṇam.)

bandhuka bandhuka, as, m. a species of plant (= ban-dhūka, bandhu-jīva); a bastard [cf. bandhula]; (ā, ī), f. an unchaste woman (= bandhakī).

bandhukin bandhukin, ī, inī, i, coming from or belonging to an unchaste woman.

bandhudā bandhudā, f. an unchaste woman; (perhaps wrongly for bandhurā.)

bandhura bandhura, as, ā, am, uneven, undulating, fluctuating, wavy; bowed, bent, inclined, depressed, crooked; pleasing, delightful, handsome, beautiful; deaf; injurious, mischievous; (as), m. a goose; a crane; a drug (= viḍaṅga ṛṣabha); a plant (= bandhūka); oil-cake; the vulva; (ā), f. a prostitute; (ās), f. pl. the meal of parched corn; (am), n. a diadem, crest; [cf. Angl. Sax. bendan.]

bandhurita bandhurita, as, ā, am, bent, inclined, depressed.

bandhula bandhula, as, ā, am, bent, inclined, depressed; pleasing, charming; (as), m. an attendant in the chamber of a harlot; the son of a harlot, a bastard; Pentapetes Phoenicea; N. of a Ṛṣi.
     bandhulānvaya bandhulān-vaya (-la-an-), as, m. the posterity of Bandhula.

bandhūka bandhūka, as, m. a shrub bearing a red flower, Pentapetes Phoenicea [cf. bandhu-jīva]; Terminalia Tomentosa; (am), n. the flower of Pentapetes Phoenicea.
     bandhūkapuṣpa bandhūka-puṣpa, as, m. the tree Terminalia Tomentosa.
     bandhūkapuṣparajas bandhūkapuṣpa-rajas, as, n. the pollen of the above flower.

bandhūra bandhūra, as, ā, am, wavy, undulating, uneven; bowing, bent; beautiful; (as), m. a hole, a chasm.

bandhūli bandhūli, is, m. a plant (= bandhūka).

bandhya bandhya, as, ā, am, to be bound or fettered, to be confined or imprisoned; to be bound together, to be joined; to be constructed; detained, confined, under arrest; stopped; not bearing fruit in due season, barren, unfruitful, unproductive, fruitless, idle, useless, unprofitable, vain; not having the menstrual courses; destitute, deprived of (with inst. or at the end of a comp., e. g. prajā-b-, destitute of offspring); (ā), f. a barren or childless woman; a barren cow; a kind of perfume commonly called Bāla.
     bandhyatā ban-dhya-tā, f. or bandhya-tva, am, n. barrenness, sterility, uselessness; want, deficiency, scarcity, destitution.
     bandhyaparvata bandhya-parvata, N. of a district.
     bandhyaphala ban-dhya-phala, as, ā, am, fruitless, useless, idle, vain.
     bandhyaphalatā bandhyaphala-tā, f. fruitlessness, uselessness.
     bandhyākarkoṭakī bandhyā-karkoṭakī, f. a species of medicinal plant given to barren women; [cf. putra-dā.]
     bandhyātanaya bandhyā-tanaya, as, m. = bandhyā-putra, q. v.
     bandhyātva bandhyā-tva, am, n. sterility, barrenness.
     bandhyāduhitṛ bandhyā-duhitṛ, tā, f. the daughter of a barren woman, a mere chimaera or anything merely imaginary which does not really exist.
     bandhyāputra bandhyā-putra, as, m. the son of a barren woman, i. e. anything merely imaginary, an impossibility; [cf. ga-gaṇa-puṣpa.]
     bandhyāroga bandhyā-roga, as, m., N. of a chapter of the Prayogāmṛta, a medical work by Vaidya-cintāmaṇi.
     bandhyāsuta bandhyā-suta, as, or ban-dhyā-sūnu, us, m. = bandhyā-putra, q. v.

bandhyāyamāna bandhyāyamāna, as, ā, am, becoming barren or useless.

bandhra bandhra or banddhra, am, n. a band, tie, (in a-b-, q. v.)

bapsa bapsa, Ved. = rūpa.

baphāra baphāra, N. of a place.

babakāṇa babakāṇa, N. of a place.

bababā bababā, ind., Ved. an onomatopoetic word expressive of the crackling of fire.

babara babara, as, m., N. of a man; N. of a place; (also read vavara.)

babāḍa babāḍa, as, m., N. of a village.

babūāṇa babūāṇa, N. of a place.

babhra babhra (fr. rt. bhṛ with reduplication) in pra-babhra, q. v.

babhri babhri, is, is, i, Ved. bearing, carrying, wielding, taking, (Sāy. = bhartṛ, dhāraka); (in Atharvaveda XI. 1, 31 sqq., either 'nourishing' or a various reading for babhru, q. v.)

babhru babhru, us, us, or ūs, u (said to be a reduplicated form of rt. bhṛ), deep brown, brown, tawny, tan-coloured, a mixed brownish colour (variously applied to oxen, to the horses of Indra, of Rudra, and Soma, to plants, to dice formed of nuts, &c.); bald-headed through disease; (us), m. a man with deep brown hair, red-haired person; a large kind of ichneumon, an ichneumon generally; the bird Cuculus Melanoleucus (= cātaka); a species of vegetable; an epithet of Kṛṣṇa or Viṣṇu; an epithet of Śiva; fire; N. of various men; of a descendant of Atri with the epithets Daivāvṛdha and Kaumbhya and author of the hymns Ṛg-veda V. 30, 14, VIII. 22, 10; of the author of a Dharma-śāstra; of a disciple of Śaunaka; of a son of Viśvā-mitra; of a son of Viśva-garbha; of a Vṛṣṇi; of a son of Druhyu; of a son of Roma-pāda or Loma-pāda; of a Gandharva; N. of a country [cf. babhru-deśa]; (u), n. a tawny or brown colour; any object of a tawny or brown colour; [cf. Gr. [greek] [greek] Lat. fur-vu-s, perhaps fu-scu-s; Old Germ. brun = Mod. Germ. braun = Eng. brown.]
     babhrukarṇa babhru-karṇa, as, ī, am, Ved. brown-eared, having brown ears.
     babhrudeśa babhru-deśa, as, m., N. of a country; [cf. babhru.]
     babhrudhātu babhru-dhātu, us, m. 'dark brown mineral', a kind of ochre (= su-varṇa-gairika).
     babhrudhūta babhru-dhūta, as, ā, am, Ved. pressed out or extracted by Babhru (as Soma juice; Sāy. = babhru-ṇābhiṣutaḥ).
     babhrunīkāśa babhru-nīkāśa, as, ā, am, Ved. appearing brownish, of a brownish look, (according to Mahī-dhara = kapila-varṇa-sadṛśa.)
     babhrupiṅgala ba-bhru-piṅgala, as, ā, am, brown and tawny (as an owl).
     babhrumālin babhru-mālin, ī, m. 'brown-garlanded', N. of a Muni.
     babhruvaktra babhru-vaktra, as, ā, am, 'ichneumon-faced', having the face of an ichneumon.
     babhruvāha babhru-vāha or babhru-vāhana, as, m., N. of a son of Arjuna, king of Mahodaya.

babhravī babhravī, f. an epithet of Durgā; (an incorrect form for bābhravī.)

babhruka babhruka, as, ā, am, Ved. brownish; (as), m. (probably) a kind of ichneumon.

babhruśa babhruśa, as, ā, am, see Gaṇa Lomādi to Pāṇ. V. 2, 100.

babhluśa babhluśa, as, ā, am, Ved. brownish, (Mahīdhara = kapila-varṇa; cf. kapiśa, kṛṣṇaśa.)

bamb bamb, cl. 1. P. bambati, bambitum, to go.

bambagaira bambagaira, N. of a place.

bambā bambā, a proper N.

bamburevaṇa bamburevaṇa, N. of a place.

bambhara bambhara, as, m. a bee; [cf. bhra-mara.]

bambharālī bambharālī, f. a fly; [cf. bhambharālī.]

bambhāri bambhāri, is, m., Ved., N. of one of the seven tutelary deities of the Soma plant.

bara bara, as, m. a N. of Bala-rāma (= bala).

baraṭa baraṭa, as, m. a species of grain; [cf. barbaṭa.]

barāsī barāsī, f. a particular article of clothing or kind of woven cloth; (also read varāsī, varāsi, varāśi.)

baru baru, us, m., Ved., N. of a descendant of Aṅgiras and author of the hymn Ṛg-veda X. 96; N. of an Āṅgirasa.

barodā barodā, N. of a place in Guzerat.

barku barku, us, m., Ved., N. of a man with the patronymic Vārṣṇa.

barjara barjara, N. of a place.

barjaha barjaha, as, am, m. n., Ved. an udder, (Sāy. = payasa utpatti-sthānam.)

barjahya barjahya, am, n., Ved. a nipple.

barb barb, cl. 1. P. barbati, barbitum, to go, move.

barbaṭa barbaṭa, as, ī, m. f. a kind of bean, Dolichos Catjang [cf. baraṭa]; (ī), f. a harlot, prostitute; [cf. bārbaṭīra.]

barbaṇā barbaṇā, f. (said to be fr. rt. barb), a blue fly.

barbara barbara, as, m. (also written var-vara, q. v., cf. [greek]), a blockhead, fool, low fellow, barbarian, any one not a Sanskṛt speaker, not an Āryan, (used mostly in the voc.); (as or am), m. or n. (?), N. of a district.
     barbaratā barbara-tā, f. (in Ved. gram.) a stammering pronunciation of the letter r.
     barbarasthāna barbara-sthāna, N. of a district.

barbaraka barbaraka, barbarīka. See varvaraka, &c.

barbura barbura, am, n., Ved. water; [cf. Gr. [greek] Fr. bourbe.]

barsa barsa, as, m., Ved. a tip, point, thin end, extremity.
     barsanaddhi barsa-naddhi, is, f., Ved. the tying of sacrificial knots.

barsva barsva, as, m., Ved. the fleshy formation of the gums round the socket of a tooth, a socket of a tooth.

barha barh (also written varh, q. v., cf. rts. bṛh, vṛh, bṛṃh, vṛṃh), cl. 1. A. barhate, babarhe, barhitum, to speak; to hurt, injure, kill; to give, (according to another reading) to cover; to spread, (this sense being perhaps only deduced from barhis, q. v.); to be pre-eminent or excellent; cl. 10. P. barhayati, to hurt, injure, kill.

barha barha, barhin. See varha, varhin.

barhaṇa barhaṇa (fr. rt. bṛṃh for vṛṃh), Ved. strong; occurring only in the Vedic inst. barhaṇā, closely, firmly, strongly; very, really, certainly.
     barhaṇavat barhaṇa-vat, ān, atī, at, energetic, vigorous, earnest; (according to Sāy.) injuring enemies.
     barhaṇāśva bar-haṇāśva (-ṇa-aś-), as, m., N. of a prince, a son of Nikumbha.

barhas barhas, ās, ās, as, Ved. strong, firm; occurring only in adri-barhas, ās, ās, as, firm as a rock, fastened by rocks; (or according to Sāy.) spread out or swollen with clouds, and in dvi-b-, q. v.

barhiṣṭha 1. barhiṣṭha, as, ā, am, strongest, &c. See var-hiṣṭha. (For 2. barhi-ṣṭha see p. 675, col. 1.)

barhis barhis, is, m. n. (in the later literature generally written varhis; probably fr. rt. 1. or 2. vṛh; said to be fr. rt. vṛṃh), (that which is plucked up), a bed or layer of Kuśa grass (usually strewed over the sacrificial ground and especially over the Vedi, to serve as a sacred surface on which to present the oblations, and as a seat for the gods and for the sacrificers); Kuśa grass, sacrificial grass; (is), n. the strewed sacrificial grass personified and enumerated among the Pra-yāja and Anu-yāja deities; sacrifice (= tantra); ether; water; a kind of perfume, = barhi-puṣpa; (is), m. fire, light, lustre, splendor; Plumbago Zeylanica (to which plant all the names of fire are applied); N. of a son of Bṛhad-rāja; (iṣas), m. pl. the descendants of Barhis.
     barhiḥpuṣpa barhiḥ-puṣpa, am, n. = barhi-puṣpa.
     barhiḥśuṣman barhiḥ-śuṣ-man, ā, m. fire, the god of fire.
     barhiḥṣad barhiḥ-ṣad, see under barhi-ṣad.
     barhiḥṣṭha barhiḥ-ṣṭha, as, m. 'standing upon the sacrificial grass', (perhaps) a victim; (am), n. a kind of perfume commonly called Bāla; or (according to some) a kind of fragrant grass, Andropogon Muricatus.
     barhiḥṣṭhā barhiḥ-ṣṭhā, ās, ās, am, Ved. standing or placed upon the sacrificial grass.
     barhikusuma barhi-kusuma, am, n. = barhi-puṣpa.
     barhipuṣpa barhi-puṣpa, am, n. a kind of perfume.
     barhirjyotis bar-hir-jyotis, is, m. fire, the deity of fire.
     barhirmukha barhir-mukha, as, m. 'fire-mouthed', a deity (so called because sacrifices are mostly offered to the gods by fire).
     barhiṣad barhi-ṣad, t, t, t (barhi for barhis + sad), seated on sacrificial grass; (according to the Nirukta) = mahat, great; (das), m. pl. the Manes; (in the later literature) a particular class of Pitṛs or Manes, see Manu III. 196, 199; (t), m. a Pitṛ or deified progenitor; N. of a son of Havir-dhāna and Havirdhānī (= prācīna-barhis).
     barhiṣada barhi-ṣada, as, m., N. of a holy sage (= barhin).
     barhiṣkeśa barhiṣ-keśa, as, m. 'having light for hair', fire, Agni, the god of fire. --2. barhi-ṣṭha, am, n. a kind of fragrant grass or perfume; the resin of the Pinus Longifolia, see barhiḥ-ṣṭha; (for 1. barhiṣṭha see p. 674, col. 3.)
     barhiṣmat barhiṣ-mat, ān, atī, at, possessing sacrificial grass, (Sāy. = āstīrṇena barhiṣā yuk-taḥ); (ān), m. one who has or spreads sacrificial grass, a worshipper, sacrificer, (Sāy. = yajñena yuk-taḥ); having fire or light, blazing, shining; (ān), m. an epithet of Prācīna-barhis; (atī), f., N. of a wife of Priya-vrata and daughter of Viśva-karman; N. of a city in Brahmāvarta.

barhiṣka barhiṣka, as, ā, am, formed of sacrificial grass; covered with sacrificial grass; a perfume commonly called Bāla, (perhaps a species of Andropogon); resin of Pinus Longifolia; (also written barhiska.)

barhiṣya barhiṣya, as, ā, am, Ved. belonging to or fitted for sacrificial grass; kaśyapasya barhiṣyam, N. of a Sāman.

barhiska barhiska = barhiṣka above.

bal 1. bal [cf. rt. val], only occurring in Intens. balbalīti, &c., Ved. to whirl round in a circle.

bal 2. bal [cf. rt. bhal], cl. 1. P. ba-lati, babāla, &c., to breathe, live; to hoard grain; to prevent or obstruct wealth; A. balate, to speak; to hurt, to kill; to give, (in this sense a various reading for rt. bhal); to describe [cf. rt. bhal]; cl. 10. P. balayati, -yitum, to breathe, live; bālayati, -yitum, to support, nourish, foster, cherish, bring up, rear; A. bālayate (a various reading for bhālayate), to explain, describe.

bala bala, am, n. (said to be also as, m.), power, strength, might, vigour, (aurasam balam, native strength, innate power); force, violence, rigour, severity; force or power of articulation; force considered as a sixth organ of action, (Mahā-bh. Śānti-p. 9895; cf. karmendriya); (with Buddhists) one of ten forces; Power personified as one of the Viśve Devāḥ; massiveness, stoutness, bulkiness, weight; body, form, figure, shape; semen virile; military force, forces, troops, a host, army, (in these senses also pl.); gum, myrrh; blood; a sprout, young shoot; (as), m., N. of Bala-rāma the elder brother of Kṛṣṇa, also called Bala-deva, Bala-bhadra, &c.; (with Jainas) a white Bala or elder brother of Vāsudeva, (nine of these are enumerated by Hemacandra, viz. Acala, Vijaya, Bhadra, Su-prabha, Su-darśana, Ānanda, Nandana, Padma, and Rāma); N. of a son of Varuṇa and brother of Surā; of an attendant on Skanda; of a son of Kṛṣṇa; of a son of Aṅgiras; of a son of Pari-kshit; of a demon; of a lexicographer (also Vala); a species of carrion crow; a kind of tree, = 1. balāya; (ā), f. an aquatic plant, a species of mallow, Sida Cordifolia; (bale, f. du. the two Balā plants, viz. Balā and Ati-balā, cf. ati-b-, jyeṣṭha-b-); N. of a particular charm or incantation of great efficacy [cf. ati-balā]; N. of a woman; of a daughter of Daksha and wife of Kaśyapa; of a female divinity who executes the orders of the seventeenth Arhat of the present Ava-śarpiṇī; (as, ā, am), strong, stout, robust, powerful; sick (= amin?); balena, ind. by force, by the power of, on the strength of; in virtue of, by means of, through, by; balāt, ind. by force, forcibly, violently; against the will of, without the consent of; [cf. Lat. valor, validus, valeo, de-bilis.]
     balakara bala-kara, as, ī, am, or bala-kṛt, t, t, t, inspiring or infusing strength, strengthening.
     balakṛta bala-kṛta, as, ā, am, done by force, done against free consent.
     balakṛti bala-kṛti, is, f., Ved. a mighty deed.
     balakṣobha bala-kṣobha, as, m. a commotion in the forces, mutiny in an army.
     balaguptā bala-guptā, f., N. of a woman.
     balacakra bala-cakra, am, n. 'circle of power', dominion, sovereignty, supremacy; an army, host.
     balacakravartin bala-cakravartin, ī, m. a powerful sovereign or emperor.
     balacandra bala-candra, as, m., N. of a prince.
     balaja bala-ja, as, ā, am, produced by strength or power; (am), n. a city-gate, gate in general; a field; fruit, grain; war; a pretty figure; pith, marrow; (ā), f. a pretty or handsome woman; the earth; Arabian jasmine; N. of a river; (at the end of certain comps. bala-ja may optionally take Vṛddhi according to Pāṇ. VII. 3, 25, e. g. sauvarṇa-balaja or sauvarṇa-bālaja.)
     balada bala-da, as, m. 'strengthgiving', a form of Agni; an ox, bullock; a medicinal plant, = jīvaka; (ā), f. the plant Physalis Flexuosa (= aśva-gandhā); N. of a daughter of Raudrāśva.
     baladarpa bala-darpa, as, m. pride of strength; reckless ardour of troops.
     baladā bala-dā, ās, ās, am, Ved. 'strength-giving', conferring or imparting power.
     baladībhū baladī-bhū, cl. 1. P. -bhavati, -bha-vitum, to become an ox.
     baladībhūta baladī-bhūta, as, ā, am, become an ox.
     baladeya bala-deya, am, n., Ved. the granting of power, bestowal of strength, (Sāy. = bala-dāna.)
     baladeva bala-deva, as, m. air, wind; the elder brother of Kṛṣṇa, see bala-rāma, (he is said in Mahā-bh. Ādi-p. 7308 to have been produced from a white hair of Viṣṇu, Kṛṣṇa having been produced from a black hair, and is regarded as a Nāga in Mahā-bh. Anuśāsana-p. 6163); N. of a Nāgarāja; N. of a Brāhman; (ā), f. a species of medicinal plant (= trāyamāṇā).
     baladevapattana baladeva-pattana, am, n., N. of a city.
     baladevasvasṛ baladeva-svasṛ, sā, f. 'sister of Bala-deva', an epithet of the wife of Śiva.
     baladviṣ bala-dviṣ, ṭ, m. 'foe of the demon Bala', an epithet of Indra.
     baladhara bala-dhara, as, m., N. of a Brāhman; (ā), f., N. of the wife of Bhīma-sena.
     balanigraha bala-nigraha, as, m. reducing strength, weakening.
     balanisūdana bala-nisūdana, as, m. 'destroyer of the demon Bala', Indra.
     balapati bala-pati, is, m. lord of strength; a general, commander; an epithet of Indra.
     balaprada bala-prada, as, ā, am, giving strength.
     balaprasū bala-prasū, ūs, f. the mother of Bala-deva. Rohiṇī.
     balaprāṇa bala-prāṇa, am, n. strength and spirit.
     balabandhu bala-bandhu, us, m., N. of one of the sons of Manu Raivata; of a son of Bhṛgu in the tenth Dvāpara.
     balabhadra bala-bhadra, as, ā, am, strong, powerful; (as), m. a strong or robust man; a kind of ox, the gayal, Bos Gavaeus (= gavaya); the tree Symplocos Racemosa, commonly called Lodh (= lodhra); N. of Bala-rāma, q. v., or of An-anta, the great serpent identified with Bala-rāma; N. of a descendant of Bharata; N. of various men; N. of a mountain-range; (ā), f. a young girl, maiden; a species of medicinal plant (= trāyamāṇā).
     balabhadrikā bala-bhadrikā, f. a species of medicinal plant (= bala-bhadrā).
     balabhitsakhi bala-bhit-sakhi, ā, m. a friend of the slayer of Bala, friend of Indra.
     balabhid bala-bhid, t, t, t, breaking up or routing an army; (t), m. the slayer of Bala; an epithet of Indra.
     balabhṛt bala-bhṛt, t, t, t, 'might-bearing', powerful, strong.
     balarāma bala-rāma, as, m., N. of the elder brother of Kṛṣṇa and third of the Rāmas, (seventh son of Vasu-deva and Devakī, but transferred to the womb of Rohiṇī; regarded as the eighth Avatār of Viṣṇu, sometimes as an incarnation of the great serpent Śeṣa or An-anta; he is also called Bala, Baladeva, Bala-bhadra, and Halāyudha.)
     balarāmapañcānana balarāma-pañcānana, as, m., N. of a grammarian.
     balavat bala-vat, ān, atī, at, possessing power, powerful, mighty, strong, stout, lusty; dense, thick; preponderating, prevailing; accompanied by an army; (ān), m., N. of the eighth Muhūrta; (at), ind. powerfully, strongly, vehemently, stoutly, lustily, in a high degree, much, well.
     balavattara balavat-tara, as, ā, am, more powerful, stronger.
     balavattā balavat-tā, f. powerfulness, mightiness; superiority, preponderance.
     balavardhana bala-vardhana, as, ī, am, increasing power, strengthening, ennobling; (as), m., N. of one of the sons of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra.
     balavardhin bala-vardhin, ī, inī, i, increasing strength, strengthening; (inī), f. a species of medicinal plant (= jīvaka).
     balavarmadeva bala-varma-deva, as, m., N. of a king.
     balavarman bala-varman, ā, m., N. of a prince; of a merchant.
     balavijñāya bala-vijñāya, as, ā, am, Ved. recognizable by strength.
     balavinyāsa bala-vinyāsa, as, m. arrangement or disposition of forces, array of troops.
     balavīrya bala-vīrya, as, m., N. of a descendant of Bharata.
     balavīryaparākrama balavīrya-parākrama, as, ā, am, strong, heroic, and valorous.
     balavṛtranisūdana bala-vṛtra-nisū-dana, as, or bala-vṛtra-han, hā, m. the destroyer of Bala and Vṛtra; an epithet of Indra.
     balavyasana bala-vyasana, am, n. the defeat or rout of an army.
     balavyasanasaṅkula balavyasana-saṅkula, as, ā, am, (a king) embarassed by disorder in (his) army.
     balaśālitā bala-śāli-tā, f. the possession of strength, prowess.
     balaśālin bala-śālin, ī, inī, i, having or possessing strength, strong, vigorous.
     balasūdana bala-sūdana, as, ī, am, destroying armies; (as), m. 'destroyer of the demon Bala', Indra.
     balasena bala-sena, as, m., N. of a warrior; (ā), f. a strong army, an army, host.
     balastha bala-stha, as, ā, am, strong, vigorous, powerful [cf. balāvastha]; (as), m. being in or belonging to an army, a warrior, soldier.
     balasthiti bala-sthiti, is, f. 'army-station', a camp, encampment; a royal residence, a royal camp or quarters.
     balahan bala-han, ā, ghnī, a, one who slays or destroys armies; (ā), m. 'destroyer of strength', phlegm, the phlegmatic humor.
     balahara bala-hara, as, ā, am, taking away strength, depriving of power; (as), m., N. of a man.
     balahīna bala-hīna, as, ā, am, destitute of strength, weak, infirm.
     balahīnatā balahīna-tā, f. the being destitute of strength, weakness, exhaustion, prostration of strength, infirmity from fatigue or age.
     balākṣa balākṣa (-la-ak-), as, m., N. of a prince.
     balāgra balāgra (-la-ag-), am, n. the utmost strength, extreme force, excessive might; the head of an army.
     balāṭa balāṭa (-la-aṭa), as, m. a kind of bean, Phaseolus Mungo.
     balātaila balā-taila, am, n. the oil of the plant Sida Cordifolia.
     balātkāra balāt-kāra, as, m. doing anything by force, acting with violence, using or employing force, application of force or violence, power exerted wrongfully, oppression; violence, exaction; injustice; (in law) the detention of the person of a debtor by his creditor, and the violent measures taken by the latter to recover his debt; (eṇa), ind. by force, forcibly, violently.
     balātkārābhilāṣin balātkā-rābhilāṣin (-ra-abh-), ī, iṇī, i, wishing to use violence, wishing to violate.
     balātkārita balātkārita or ba-lāt-kṛta, as, ā, am, treated violently, forced, overpowered, overcome.
     balātmikā balātmikā (-la-āt-), f. the plant Tiaridium Indicum; a species of sunflower, Heliotropium Indicum.
     balādhika balādhika (-la-adh-), as, ā, am, superior in strength, surpassing in power.
     balādhikaraṇa balādhikaraṇa (-la-adh-), āni, n. pl. 'army affairs', the business or affairs of an army.
     balādhyakṣa balādhyakṣa (-la-adh-), as, m. 'inspector of forces', the superintendent or commander of an army, a general, minister of war.
     balānīka balānīka (-la-an-), as, m., N. of a man.
     balānuja balānuja (-la-an-), as, m. the younger brother of Bala-deva; an epithet of Kṛṣṇa.
     balānvita balānvita (-la-an-), as, ā, am, possessed of power, powerful, strong; leading an army.
     balāpakarṣam balāpakar-ṣam (-la-ap-), ind. by force.
     balābala balābala (-la-ab-), am, n. strength and weakness, comparative strength and want of strength, relative importance and insignificance; (as, ā, am), strong and weak, strong at one time and weak at another.
     balābalasūtra balābala-sūtra, am, n., N. of a work elucidating the various apparent discrepancies in Kātantra's grammatical aphorisms.
     balābalākṣepaparihāra balābalākṣepa-parihāra (-la-ākṣ-), as, m., N. of a work by Ananta-deva on the comparative dignity of the various gods invoked in sacrifice.
     balābhra balābhra (-la-abh-), am, n. 'army-cloud', an army in the form of a cloud.
     balāmūla balā-mūla, am, n. the root of Sida Cordifolia.
     balārāti balārāti (-la-ar-), is, m. 'enemy of the demon Bala', an epithet of Indra.
     balārthin balārthin (-la-ar-), ī, inī, i, seeking power, desirous of power.
     balāvalepa balāvalepa (-la-av-), as, m. pride of strength or prowess.
     balāśva balāśva (-la-aś-), as, m., N. of a king (called. also Karan-dhama).
     balāsa balāsa or balāśa (-la-as- or -aś-), as, m. 'taking away strength (?)', a particular disease, perhaps a kind of consumptive expectoration, (Mahī-dhara) = kṣaya-vyādhi, consumption, phthisis; the phlegmatic humor (= kapha, śleṣman); a swelling in the throat obstructing the passage of food; [cf. a-balāsa.]
     balāsaka balāsaka, as, m. a yellowish spot in the white of the eye, caused by disease.
     balāsagrathita balāsa-grathita, am, n. a kind of ophthalmia.
     balāsabasta balāsa-basta, as, m. a disease of the eye.
     balāsama ba-lāsama (-la-as-), as, m. 'unequalled in strength', N. of one of the Jaina saints.
     balāsin balāsin, ī, inī, i, consumptive, phthisical.
     balāha balāha (bala + āha fr. rt. with ā?), am, n. water.
     balāhvakanda balāhva-kanda (-la-āh-), am, n. a kind of esculent root (= gulañca-kanda).
     balotkaṭā balotkaṭā (-la-ut-), f., N. of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda.
     balotsāha balotsāha (-la-ut-), as, m. ardour of troops or forces.
     balopapanna balopa-panna or balopaviṣṭa or balopeta (-la-up-), as, ā, am, possessed of power, endowed with strength, mighty, powerful.
     balaugha balaugha (-la-ogha), as, m. a multitude of troops or forces, numerous force.

balana balana, am, n. the act of strengthening, making strong.

balaya balaya, Nom. P. balayati, -yitum, to make strong, strengthen; (appearing only in the preceding derivative balana and in upod-balaya, q. v.)

balala balala, as, m. = bala-rāma, p. 675, col. 2.

balāya 1. balāya, as, m. a species of tree, Capparis Trifoliata (= bala).

balāya 2. balāya, Nom. P. balāyati, -yitum, to put forth strength.

balikā balikā, f. a species of plant.

balita 1. balita, as, ā, am, strong ?; (am), ind. strongly; [cf. 2. balita at p. 677, col. 1.]

balin balin, ī, inī, i, powerful, strong, mighty, vigorous, stout, robust [cf. bāhu-b-]; (ī), m. a hog; a bull; a buffalo; a camel; a soldier [cf. bala-stha]; a N. of Bala-rāma; N. of a son of Vatsa-prī; a kind of pulse, Phaseolus Radiatus; a sort of jasmine, Jasminum Pubescens; the phlegmatic humor [cf. balāsa]; (inī), f. the plant Sida Cordifolia; [cf. balā.]

baliman baliman, ā, m. power, strength; a-baliman, ā, m., Ved. enfeeblement, weakness.

baliṣṭha baliṣṭha, as, ā, am (superl. fr. balin), most powerful, strongest, mightiest, stoutest, very strong; (with abl.) more powerful, stronger; (as), m. a camel.
     baliṣṭhatama baliṣṭha-tama, as, ā, am, Ved. most powerful, strongest, mightiest, stoutest.

baliṣṇu baliṣṇu, us, us, u, disregarded, despised; arrogant, disrespectful (?).

balīyas balīyas, ān, asī, as (compar. fr. balin), more powerful, stronger, mightier, exceedingly powerful, very strong; more important; efficacious, having a powerful effect; [cf. a-b-.]
     balīyastara balīyas-tara, as, ā, am, more powerful, stronger.
     balīyastva balīyas-tva, am, n. pre-eminence in strength, superior power, greater strength, predominance; excessive strength, extreme efficacy, all powerfulness.

balīyasa balīyasa, as, ā, am, = balīyas.

balūla balūla, as, ā, am, powerful, strong, mighty.

balya balya, as, ā, am, powerful, strong, vigorous; strengthening, giving strength; (as), m. a Buddhist mendicant; (ā), f., N. of various plants, ati-balā, aśva-gandhā, pra-sāriṇī; (am), n. semen virile.

balakṣa balakṣa. See valakṣa.

balakhin balakhin, ī, inī, i, coming from Balkh; [cf. turakin.]

balaṅga balaṅga and balaṣa and balahaṣa, N. of places.

balabha balabha, as, m. a poisonous insect.

balāka balāka, as, ā, m. f. (more usually f.; said to be fr. rt. val, cf. valāka), a crane, a kind of edible crane; (as), m., N. of a pupil of Śākapūrṇi; of a pupil of Jātūkarṇya; of a hunter; of a son of Pūru and grandson of Jahnu [cf. balākāśva]; of a son of Vatsa-prī; of a Rākṣasa; (ā), f. a mistress or loved woman; N. of a woman.
     balākākauśika balākā-kauśika, as, m., N. of a preceptor.
     balākāpaṅktihāsin balākā-paṅkti-hāsin, ī, inī, i, smiling with rows of cranes.
     balākāśva balākāśva (-ka-aś-), as, m., N. of a descendant of Jahnu.

balākikā balākikā, f. a species of small crane.

balākin balākin, ī, inī, i, abounding in cranes; (ī), m., N. of one of the hundred sons of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra.

balāṅgaka balāṅgaka, as, m. the spring season.

balāñcitā balāñcitā, f. the lute of Rāma.

balātkāra balāt-kāra. See p. 675, col. 3.

balādyā balādyā, f. Sida Cordifolia (= balā).

balāmoṭā balāmoṭā, f. a kind of shrub (= nāga-damanī).

balālaka balālaka, as, m. Flacourtia Cataphracta (= pānīyāmalaka); Carissa Carondas (?).

balāsura balāsura, as, m., N. of a man.

balāhaka balāhaka. See valāhaka.

bali bali, is, m. (probably fr. rt. 2. bal), tax, impost, tribute, royal revenue; an oblation, a gift or religious offering in general; the offering of a portion of the daily meal of ghee, grain, rice &c. to all creatures of every description, i. e. to gods, semi-divine beings, men, animals, and even trees &c., inanimate objects, but especially to those beings called gṛha-devatāḥ or 'household spirits', which were supposed to hover round and protect households, (this bali, also called bhūta-yajña, q. v., was one of the five great sacrifices or religious rites, sometimes called 'sacraments', which Manu enjoins on every householder; cf. brahma-yajña, deva-yajña, pitṛ-yajña, manuṣya-yajña: it was performed by throwing up into the air, generally at the door of the house, the remains of the morning and evening meal, uttering at the same time a Mantra or prayer to some of the inferior deities, either to Indra and the Maruts or to Kuvera and his followers, the Guhyakas &c., or to the spirits of trees, waters &c.; the real consumers of the offering being the birds, dogs, insects &c. in the neighbourhood of the house; see Manu III. 67, 91, IV. 21); any oblation or act of worship not being a real sacrifice; fragments of food left at an oblation or a meal; a victim, any victim offered to Durgā; the handle of a chowrie or flyflapper; three folds of skin at the end of the rectum; N. of a celebrated Daitya, a son of Virocana, and also called Mahā-bali, (he was the sovereign of Mahābali-pura, and so extended his empire as to acquire dominion over the three worlds; having omitted however in his arrogance to make the usual offerings to the deities, Viṣṇu resolved to mortify his pride, and assumed the form of a Vāmana or dwarf, as the son of Kaśyapa and Aditi and younger brother of Indra, in which shape he appeared before Bali and asked as much land as he could pace in three steps; this Bali granted, and Viṣṇu expanding himself deprived him in two steps of heaven and earth, but in consideration of his virtues left Pātāla or the lower regions still in his dominion; cf. tri-vikrama); N. of Indra in the eighth Manv-antara; N. of a Muni; of a king; of a son of Su-tapas; (is, ī), f. a wrinkle, skin shrivelled by old age; the fold of skin in stout persons (especially females) upon the upper part of the belly or between the ensiform cartilage and the navel; the ridge of a thatched roof.
     balikara bali-kara, as, ī, am, paying tribute; offering sacrifices; producing wrinkles.
     balikarambha bali-karam-bha, as, m. sacrificial cake.
     balikarman bali-karman, a, n. presentation or payment of tribute; offering of oblations to all creatures, offering victims in sacrifice.
     balikṛt bali-kṛt, t, t, t, paying taxes, tributary.
     baliceṣṭitavarṇana bali-ceṣṭita-varṇana, am, n., N. of the thirty-first chapter of the Krīḍā-khaṇḍa or second part of the Gaṇeśa-Purāṇa.
     balidāna bali-dāna, am, n. the presentation of an offering to a deity, (when presented by the worshippers of Viṣṇu to any of his forms, the offering usually consists of rice, milk, curds, fruits, and flowers; when offered to the terrific forms of Śiva or more especially to those of Durgā, it consists of living victims, as sheep, goats, buffaloes, and the like, the heads of which after decapitation in presence of the idol are given to the priests, and the carcases carried away and eaten by the low castes); presentation of grain and the like to all creatures.
     balidhvaṃsin bali-dhvaṃsin, ī, m. 'destroying the Daitya Bali', an epithet of Viṣṇu.
     balinandana bali-nandana, as, m. the son of the Daitya Bali, the Asura Bāṇa.
     baliniyamanodyata bali-niyamanodyata (-na-ud-), as, ā, am, prepared to subdue the Daitya Bali (said of Viṣṇu).
     baliniṣūdana bali-niṣūdana, as, m., in Rāmāyaṇa I. 47, 7, a wrong reading for bala-nisūdana, q. v.
     balindama balin-dama, as, m. 'tamer of the Daitya Bali', an epithet of Viṣṇu.
     balindamaprakhya balindama-prakhya, as, ā, am, resembling the tamer of the Daitya Bali, equal to Viṣṇu.
     baliputra bali-putra, as, m. the son of the Daitya Bali, the Asura Bāṇa.
     baliputramokṣaṇa baliputra-mokṣaṇa, am, n., N. of the twenty-fifth chapter of the Kṛṣṇa-khaṇḍa or fourth part of the Brahma-vaivarta-Purāṇa.
     balipuṣṭa bali-puṣṭa, as, m. 'nourished by offerings or oblations', a crow; [cf. bali, bali-bhuj, bali-bhojana.]
     balipodakī bali-podakī, f. the plant Basella Cordifolia (= upodakī).
     balipriya bali-priya, as, m. 'fond of oblations', the Lodh tree, Symplocos Racemosa (fabled to grow faster if perfumed).
     balibandhana bali-bandhana, as, m. 'binding or subduing the Daitya Bali', an epithet of Viṣṇu.
     balibhadra ba-li-bhadra, as, m., N. of a man (various reading for bala-bhadra).
     balibhuj bali-bhuj, k, k, k, devouring oblations; enjoying offerings (said of the gods); (k), m. a crow [cf. bali, bali-puṣṭa]; a sparrow; a crane.
     balibhṛt bali-bhṛt, t, t, t, paying tribute, tributary; [cf. bali-hṛt.]
     balibhojana bali-bhojana, as, m. 'eating oblations', a crow; [cf. bali, bali-bhuj.]
     balimat bali-mat, ān, atī, at, possessing the oblation offered to all creatures, provided with the sacrifice to all beings (said of a house; according to Malli-nātha = pūjā-yukta); receiving taxes or tribute (said of Agni); having wrinkles, wrinkled, shrivelled, flaccid.
     balimandira bali-mandira, am, n. the abode of the Daitya Bali, the infernal regions.
     balimātra bali-mātra, am, n. a mere offering (to all beings), as much in quantity as an oblation to all creatures.
     balimukha bali-mukha, as, m. 'wrinkled-faced', a monkey.
     balivindhya bali-vindhya, as, m., N. of a son of Manu Raivata.
     baliveśman bali-veśman, a, n. the abode of the Daitya Bali, the infernal regions.
     balivyākula bali-vyākula, as, ā, am, distracted or busily occupied with offering the oblation to all creatures.
     balisaṅga bali-saṅga, as, m. the lash of a whip (?).
     balisadman bali-sadman, a, n. the abode of Bali, the infernal regions.
     balisūdana bali-sūdana, in Rāmāyaṇa I. 47, 2, a wrong reading for bala-sūdana, q. v.
     balihan bali-han, ā, m. 'smiter of the Daitya Bali', an epithet of Viṣṇu.
     baliharaṇa bali-haraṇa, as, ī, am, adapted for the presentation of oblations (Ved.); (am), n. the presentation of a gift or oblation.
     balihāra bali-hāra, as, ī, am, or bali-hṛt, t, t, t, Ved. paying taxes or tribute, (Sāy. = kara-prada; cf. bali-bhṛt.)
     balīkṛ balī-kṛ, cl. 8. P. -karoti, -kartum, to make an offering, present as an offering; to destine or intend for an oblation.
     balīkṛta balī-kṛta, as, ā, am, presented as an offering, intended for an oblation.
     balībhṛt balī-bhṛt, t, t, t, or balī-mat, ān, atī, at, having curls, curled (as the hair).
     balīmukha balī-mukha  = bali-mukha.
     balyupākhyāna baly-upākhyāna, am, n., N. of the twentieth chapter of the Vāsiṣṭha-rāmāyaṇa or Yoga-vāsiṣṭha.

balika balika, as, m. the edge of a thatched roof, (more properly valika, q. v.); N. of a Nāga-rāja.

balita 2. balita, as, ā, am (for 1. see p. 676, col. 1), wrinkled, having wrinkles, wizened.

balina balina, as, ā, am, wrinkled, shrivelled, flabby, flaccid.

balibha balibha, as, ā, am, shrivelled, wrinkled, flaccid, withered.

balī balī. See p. 676, col. 3.

balīna balīna, as, m. a scorpion; N. of an Asura.

balin balin. See p. 676, col. 1.

balivarda balivarda, as, m. (according to native authorities connected with bala, strength, and with rt. vṛdh, varda being for vardha), a bull or ox; (ī), f., N. of a woman.

balīvarda balīvarda. See balivarda above.

balīvardin balīvardin, ī, m., N. of a man.

balīvardineya balīvardineya, as, m. a metronymic from Balīvardī.

balīvardha balīvardha = balīvarda, q. v.

baliṣṭha baliṣṭha, baliṣṇu. See p. 676, col. 1.

balīyas balīyas. See p. 676, col. 1.

balīha balīha, ās, m. pl., N. of a people; [cf. balhika.]

balkasa balkasa, am, n., Ved. dregs or sediment left in the distillation of ardent spirits.

balbaja balbaja, as, m. (in the later literature written valvaja), Eleusine Indica, a species of coarse grass (found in meadows and on roads in solitary patches and not liked by cattle).
     balbajamaya balbaja-maya, as, ī, am, made of the grass Eleusine Indica.
     balbajastuka balbaja-stuka, Ved. a bunch or tuft of the grass Eleusine Indica.

balbajika balbajika, as, ā, am, see Gaṇa Kumudādi I. to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

balbalā balbalā, ind., Ved. an onomatopoetic word.
     balbalākurvat balbalā-kurvat, an, atī, at, Ved. stammering, stuttering.
     balbalākṛ balbalā-kṛ, cl. 8. P. -ka-roti, -kartum, Ved. to stammer in speaking, stammer, stutter; [cf. Lat. balbutire.]

balbūtha balbūtha, as, m., Ved., N. of a man.

balya balya. See p. 676, col. 1.

balla balla, in Mahā-bh. Droṇa-p. 1217, incorrectly for valga, q. v.

ballava ballava, as, m. (also written vallava, q. v.), a cowherd [cf. go-vallava]; N. assumed by Bhīma-sena when cook to king Virāṭa; a cook; (ī), f. a cowherdess.
     ballavatva ballava-tva, am, n. the charge or duty of a cowherd.
     ballavayuvati ballava-yuvati, is, or bal-lava-yuvatī, f. a young cowherdess.

ballāla ballāla, as, m., N. of various men; of the author of the Bhoja-prabandha or history of king Bhoja.
     ballālamiśra ballāla-miśra, as, m., N. of a king.
     ballālasena ballāla-sena, as, m., N. of a poet; N. of a king of Bengal who reigned in the eleventh century of our era.

balva balva, am, n. (also written valva), N. of the second Karaṇa or astrological division of the day; (also called bālava or vālava; see under ka-raṇa.)

balvala balvala, as, m., N. of a Daitya, the son of Ilvala; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people; (a various reading for kalkala, q. v.)

balvī balvī, incorrectly for vallī, q. v.

balhi balhi, is, m., N. of a country, Balkh; [cf. balhika, bālhi.]

balhika balhika, as, m., N. of a man; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people; (sometimes also written valhika.)

balhīka balhīka, am, n. (also written vahlīka), = bāl-hīka, Asa Foetida.

bava bava, am, n., N. of the first Karaṇa or astrological division of the day; (also written vava; see under karaṇa.)

baṣkaya baṣkaya, as, ā, am (also written vaṣkaya, q. v.), Ved. one year old, a yearling, (Sāy. = either āditya, the sun, or eka-hāyano vat-saḥ, a yearling calf); born later or after (?).

baṣkayaṇī baṣkayaṇī (or vaṣkayaṇī), f. a cow bearing many calves; a cow whose calf is full-grown.

baṣkayiṇī baṣkayiṇī = baṣkayaṇī.

baṣkiha baṣkiha, as, ā, am, Ved. (according to Mahīdhara) = cira-prasūta.

basta basta, as, m. (also written vasta, q. v.), a goat.
     bastakarṇa basta-karṇa, as, m. the Śāl tree, Shorea Robusta (= aja-karṇaka).
     bastagandhā basta-gandhā, f. shrubby basil, Ocymum Gratissimum (= aja-gan-dhā).
     bastagandhākṛti bastagandhākṛti (-dhā-āk-), a species of plant (= putra-dātrī).
     bastamukha basta-mukha, as, ī, am, 'goat-faced', having a face like that of a goat.
     bastamūtra basta-mūtra, am, n. the urine of a goat.
     bastamodā basta-modā, f. 'goat's delight', a species of plant (= aja-modā).
     bastavāsin basta-vāsin, ī, inī, i, making a noise like a goat; (probably an incorrect form for basta-vāśin.)
     bastaśṛṅgī basta-śṛṅgī, f. a species of plant (= meṣa-śṛṅgī).
     bastāntrī bastāntrī (-ta-an-), f. Argyreia Speciosa or Argentea (= chagalāntrī).
     bastābhivāśin bastābhivā-śin or bastābhivāsin (-ta-abh-), ī, inī, i, Ved. = basta-vāsin.

basri basri, ind., Ved. (according to Sāy.) = kṣipram, quickly, swiftly.

bah bah (another form of rt. baṃh), to grow, increase, &c. See rt. baṃh.

bahala bahala, as, ā, am, hard, firm, compact; dense, thick (as any substance or as a liquid); harsh (as a sound); manifold, multifarious; (as), m. a kind of sugar-cane; (ā), f. Anethum Sowa (= śata-puṣpā); large cardamoms.
     bahalagandha bahala-gandha, am, n. a species of sandal (= śambara-candana).
     bahalacakṣus bahala-cakṣus, us, m. a species of plant (= meṣa-śṛṅgī; also read cakṣur-bahala and cakṣur-vahana).
     bahalatā bahala-tā, f. thickness, density, compactness.
     bahalatvaca bahala-tvaca, as, m. the white flowering Lodhra.
     bahalavartman bahala-vartman, a, n. a particular disease of the eyes, a swollen eyelid.
     bahalāṅga bahalāṅga = bahala-cakṣus, q. v.
     bahalānurāga bahalānurāga (-la-an-), as, ā, am, deep red.

bahu bahu, us, us or vī, u (of rare occurrence in the first nine Maṇḍalas of the Ṛg-veda; frequently used in the Atharva-veda), much, abundant; many, numerous; frequent, repeated; abounding in, rich in (with inst., Ved.); large, great, mighty; fine, handsome, splendid (Ved.); kim bahunā, what occasion is there for much (speaking)? why say more? in short, in fine; bahu, ind. much, abundantly; in a high degree, greatly, exceedingly, very [cf. bahu-kalyāṇa, bahu-citra, bahu-sadṛśa]; rather, somewhat, very nearly, almost, (at the beginning of a comp.; cf. bahu-tṛṇa, bahu-trivarṣa); bahu man, to think much of, esteem highly, rate high, prize, value.
     bahukaṇṭaka bahu-kaṇṭaka, as, m. 'many-thorned', N. of various prickly plants; a species of Asteracantha Longifolia; Hedysarum Alhagi (= yavāsa); Phoenix Paludosa, = hintāla; (ā), f. Solanum Jacquini (= agni-damanī).
     bahukaṇṭā bahu-kaṇṭā, f. 'many-thorned', the plant Solanum Jacquini.
     bahukanda bahu-kanda, as, m. 'having many bulbous roots', the plant Arum Campanulatum; (ī), f. a species of plant (= karkaṭī).
     bahukara bahu-kara, as, ī, am, 'much-doing', doing many things, busy, diligent; industrious, laborious; effecting much, serviceable in various ways; one who sweeps, a sweeper; (as), m. a camel; (ī), f. a broom.
     bahukaraṇīya bahu-karaṇīya, as, ā, am, one who has much to do or complains he is full of business, one who never has time for anything; [cf. bahu-kṛtya.]
     bahukarṇikā bahu-karṇikā, f. = ākhu-karṇī, Salvinia Cucullata; [cf. bahu-parṇikā.]
     bahukalyāṇa bahu-kalyāṇa, as, ā or ī, am, very illustrious, most noble.
     bahukāma bahu-kāma, as, ā, am, having many wishes, cherishing many desires.
     bahukāra bahu-kāra, as, ā, am, 'muchdoing', doing or effecting much.
     bahukālam bahu-kālam, ind. for a long time, for a long while.
     bahukālīna bahukālīna, as, ā, am, of long standing, old, ancient.
     bahukīṭa bahu-kīṭa, as, m., N. of a Grāma in the north.
     bahukulīna bahu-kulīna or bahu-kulya, as, ā, am, see Scholiast on Pāṇ. IV. 1, 140; [cf. bāhu-kuleyaka.]
     bahukusumita bahu-kusumita, as, ā, am, 'many-blossomed', full of blossoms.
     bahukūrca bahu-kūrca, as, m. a species of cocoanut (= madhu-nālikerika).
     bahukṛtya bahu-kṛtya, as, ā, am, = bahu-karaṇīya, q. v.
     bahuketu bahu-ketu, us, m., N. of a mountain.
     bahukrama bahu-krama, as, m., Ved. a Krama of more than three words; [cf. krama.]
     bahukṣama bahu-kṣama, as, ā, am, enduring much, patient; (as), m. a Jaina deified saint; a Buddha.
     bahukṣāra bahu-kṣāra, as, m. a kind of alkali (= sarva-kṣāra).
     bahugandha bahu-gandha, as, ā, am, 'muchsmelling', strong scented; (as), m. the resin of Boswellia Thurifera, olibanum; (ā), f. a bud of Michelia Champaka; Jasminum Auriculatum; Nigella Indica = kṛṣṇa-jīraka; (am), n. cinnamon.
     bahugandhatā bahu-gandha-tā, f. musk.
     bahugarhyavāc bahu-garhya-vāc, k, k, k, saying much that is to be censured, talking much and blamably, too talkative, garrulous, loquacious.
     bahugava ba-hu-gava, as, m. 'having many kine', N. of a prince.
     bahugiri bahu-giri, is, N. of a district.
     bahuguḍā bahu-guḍā, f. the plant Solanum Jacquini.
     bahuguṇa bahu-guṇa, as, ā, am, many-threaded, composed of many threads; manifold, multifarious, much; having many good qualities, possessed of many virtues; (as), m., N. of a Deva-gandharva, (Mahā-bh. Ādi-p. 4814, where however bahu-guṇa is more probably an adj. in the last of the preceding senses.)
     bahuguru bahu-guru, us, m. one who has read much but superficially (= cum-baka).
     bahuguhā bahu-guhā, f. = bahu-guḍā.
     bahugo bahu-go, gaus, gaus, gu, having much cattle.
     bahugranthi bahu-granthi, is, m. 'many-knotted', the plant Tamarix Indica.
     bahugraha bahu-graha, as, ā, am, 'much-receiving', receiving or taking much, holding much.
     bahucārin bahu-cārin, ī, iṇī, i, Ved. 'much-wandering', roaming widely.
     bahucitra bahu-citra, as, ā, am, very various or manifold.
     bahucchada bahu-cchada, as, m. the plant Alstonia Scholaris (= sapta-parṇa).
     bahucchinnā bahu-cchinnā, f. a species of plant (= kanda-guḍūcī).
     bahujanya bahu-janya, am, n. (?), a multitude of people.
     bahujalpa bahu-jalpa, as, ā, am, 'much-talking', very talkative, loquacious.
     bahujava bahu-java, as, ā, am, Ved. very swift, (a word used in Nirukta XII. 43 to explain uru-jri, q. v.)
     bahujāta bahu-jāta, as, ā, am, Ved. grown mighty, (a word used in Nirukta XII. 36 to explain tuvi-jāta, q. v.)
     bahujña bahu-jña, as, ā, am, 'much-knowing', possessed of great knowledge.
     bahujñatā bahujña-tā, f. great knowledge.
     bahutantri bahu-tantri, is, īs, i, manyfibred (said only of the body, Pāṇ. V. 4, 159).
     bahutantrīka ba-hutantrīka, as, ā, am (fr. bahu + tantrī), manystringed, having many strings (as a musical instrument).
     bahutama bahu-tama, as, ā, am, Ved. very many, most, most numerous; farthest, remotest (e. g. ā bahutamāt puruṣāt, as far as the remotest descendant).
     bahutara bahu-tara, as, ā or ī, am, more, more abundant, more numerous, very abundant, very numerous; many, most; greater, mightier, of greater extent, very great; (am), ind. more, very much, for the greater part, chiefly.
     bahutarakaṇiśa bahutara-kaṇiśa, as, m. a kind of corn or grain; [cf. guccha-kaṇiśa.]
     bahutarām bahu-tarām, ind. in a high degree, highly, exceedingly, much.
     bahutas bahu-tas, ind. from or by much, from or by many; from many sides.
     bahutā bahu-tā, f. the being many, numerousness, muchness, abundance, plenty, multiplicity, plurality; [cf. bahu-tva.]
     bahutiktā bahu-tiktā, f. the plant Solanum Indicum (= kāka-mācikā).
     bahutitha bahutitha, see p. 679, col. 3.
     bahutṛṇa bahu-tṛṇa, am, n. rich or abounding in grass; much like a blade of grass, (according to Mallinātha = tṛṇa-kalpa.)
     bahutra bahu-tra, ind. in many ways or places, amongst many.
     bahutrā bahu-trā, ind., Ved. amongst many, to many.
     bahutrivarṣa bahu-trivarṣa, as, ā, am, Ved. well-nigh three years old.
     bahutva bahu-tva, am, n. the state of being much or many, muchness, abundance, multitude; plurality, majority; (in grammar) the plural number; [cf. bahu-tā.]
     bahutvakka bahutvakka, as, m. (fr. bahu + tvac), 'having much bark', a species of birch tree.
     bahutvac bahu-tvac, k, m. 'having much bark' (= bahutvakka); Astonia Scholaris (= bahu-cchada).
     bahuthā bahu-thā, ind. in numerous ways, in various manners.
     bahuda bahu-da, as, ā, am, 'muchgiving', liberal, munificent.
     bahudakṣiṇa bahu-dakṣiṇa, as, ā, am, accompanied with many fees or donations (as a religious ceremony), liberal, bountiful.
     bahudaṇḍika bahu-daṇḍika, as, ā, am, or bahu-daṇḍin, ī, inī, i, having many staff-bearers.
     bahudantī bahu-dantī, f., N. of a woman.
     bahudantīsuta bahudantī-suta, as, m. the son of Bahu-dantī; N. of an author.
     bahudarśaka bahu-darśaka, as, ikā, am, or bahu-darśin, ī, inī, i, seeing much, paying attention to many things, circumspect.
     bahudarśitā ba-hudarśi-tā, f. circumspection.
     bahudāman bahu-dāman, ā, or bahu-dāmā, f., N. of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda.
     bahudāyin bahu-dāyin, ī, inī, i, 'much-giving', liberal, munificent.
     bahudugdha bahu-dugdha, as, ā, am, having much milk; (ā), f. a cow giving much milk; (as), m. wheat.
     bahudugdhikā bahudugdhikā, f. 'having much milk', the plant Tithymalus Antiquorum (which yields a caustic milky juice).
     bahudṛśvan bahu-dṛśvan, ā, arī, a, one who has seen much, a great observer or tourist.
     bahudṛṣṭa bahu-dṛṣṭa, as, ā, am, 'one by whom much has been seen', very experienced.
     bahudevata bahu-devata, as, ā, am, Ved. addressed to many deities (as a hymn).
     bahudevatya bahudevatya, as, ā, am (fr. bahu + devatā), Ved. belonging to many deities.
     bahudeśadarśin bahu-deśa-dar-śin, ī, inī, i, one who has seen many countries; (ī), m. a great traveller.
     bahudaivata bahudaivata, as, ī, am (fr. bahu + devatā), Ved. relating to many deities.
     bahudaivatya bahudaivatya, as, tī, am (fr. bahu + devatā), relating to many deities; (am), n., N. of a work belonging to the Śaiva-darśana and mentioned in Mādhavācārya's Sarva-darśana-saṅgraha.
     bahudoṣa bahu-do-ṣa, as, ā, am, having many faults, full of faults or defects, very wicked, very bad.
     bahudhana bahu-dhana, as, ā, am, possessing much wealth, wealthy, rich.
     bahudhanatva ba-hudhana-tva, am, n. the possession of great wealth, wealthiness, richness.
     bahudhaneśvara bahudhaneśvara (-na-īś-), as, m. a very rich man.
     bahudhā bahu-dhā, see p. 679, col. 3.
     bahudhānya bahu-dhānya, as, m. 'abounding in corn', N. of the twelfth or forty-sixth year in a sixty years' cycle of Jupiter (this year being supposed to be particularly fertile).
     bahudhānyaka bahudhānyaka, N. of a place.
     bahudhāra bahu-dhāra, am, n. 'many-edged', the thunderbolt of Indra.
     bahudhīvan bahu-dhīvan, ā, arī, m. f., see Vopa-deva IV. 14.
     bahudhenūka bahu-dhenūka, am, n. a great multitude of milch cows.
     bahudheya bahu-dheya, ās, m. pl., N. of a school; (probably an incorrect form.)
     bahudhmāta bahu-dhmāta, as, ā, am, Ved. often annealed or cast (as iron).
     bahunāda bahu-nāda, as, m. 'loudsounding', a conch shell.
     bahunāman bahu-nāman, ā, mnī, a, having many names.
     bahupaṭu bahu-paṭu, us, vī, u, very clever.
     bahupattra bahu-pattra, as, ī, am, many-leaved; many-scaled; (as), m. ar onion; (ī), f., N. of various plants; Aloe Perfoliata (= gṛha-kanyā); basil; a species of Solanum (= bṛhatī); Asparagus Racemosus (= gorakṣa-dugdhā); = jatukā; a kind of drug, Trigonella Foenum Graecum; (am), n. talc.
     bahupattrikā bahupattrikā, f., N. of various plants; Flacourtia Cataphracta (= mahā-śatāvarī); Trigonella Foenum Graecum.
     bahupatnīka bahupatnīka, as, ā, am (fr. bahu + patnī), having many wives; performed by many wives.
     bahupatnīkatā bahupatnīka-tā, f. the having many wives, polygamy.
     bahupatnīkṛt bahupatnī-kṛt, t, m. one who marries many wives.
     bahupatnītā bahupatnī-tā, f. the possession of many wives, polygamy.
     bahupad bahu-pad, pāt, m. 'many-footed', the Indian fig-tree (so called from its numerous branches growing downwards and striking root again).
     bahupada bahu-pada, as, ā, am, many-footed.
     bahupannaga bahu-pannaga, as, m., N. of a Marut; (also read brahma-pannaga.)
     bahuparṇa bahu-parṇa, as, ī, am, many-leaved, having many leaves; (as), m. a species of plant, = sapta-cchada; (ī), f. a species of medicinal plant, Trigonella Foenum Graecum.
     bahuparṇikā bahu-parṇikā, f. Salvinia Cucullata (= bahu-karṇikā).
     bahupaśu bahu-paśu, us, us, u, one who has many cattle, rich in cattle.
     bahupākya bahu-pākya, as, ā, am, Ved. one at whose house much is cooked (for the poor).
     bahupād bahu-pād, t, m. = bahu-pad, q. v.
     bahupāda bahu-pāda, as, ā, am, many-footed, having many feet; composed of several Pādas (q. v., as a stanza, Ved.); (as), m. the Indian fig-tree.
     bahupāyya bahu-pāyya, as, ā, am, Ved. protecting mightily; (Sāy. = either bahu-bhir gantavyaḥ, to be resorted to by many, or bahubhī rakṣitavyaḥ, to be defended by many.)
     bahuputra bahu-putra, as, ā, am, one who has many children; having many sons; (as), m. Alstonia Scholaris (= sapta-parṇa); N. of a Prajā-pati; (ī), f. the plant Asparagus Racemosus; Flacourtia Cataphracta; an epithet of Durgā.
     bahuputratā bahuputra-tā, f. or bahuputra-tva, am, n. the possessing many sons.
     bahuputrikā bahu-putrikā, f., N. of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda; N. of a particular plant (= mahā-śatāvarī; cf. bahupattrikā).
     bahupuṣpa bahu-puṣ-pa, as, m. 'many-blossomed', the coral tree (= pā-ribhadra).
     bahupuṣpaprabālavat bahu-puṣpa-prabāla-vat, ān, atī, at, having many flowers and young shoots.
     bahupuṣpaphalopeta bahu-puṣpa-phalopeta (-la-up-), as, ā, am, having many flowers and fruits.
     bahupuṣpikā bahupuṣpikā, f. 'manyblossomed', the plant Grislea Tomentosa.
     bahuprakāra bahu-prakāra, as, ā, am, of many kinds, manifold; (am), ind. in many ways, manifoldly.
     bahuprakṛti bahu-pra-kṛti, is, is, i, (in Ved. gram.) consisting of many primary parts or verbal elements (as a compound).
     bahupraja bahu-praja, as, ā, am, having many children, having a numerous progeny, prolific; (as), m. a hog; a species of grass, Saccharum Munjia.
     bahuprajas bahu-prajas, ās, ās, as, Ved. having many children, having a numerous progeny; (Sāy.) = bahu-prāṇy-upakārin or prāṇinām pra-janayitā.
     bahupratijña bahu-pratijña, as, ā, am, containing more than one proposition, complicated; (in law) comprising many counts (as a plaint).
     bahupratyarthika bahu-pratyarthika, as, ā, am, having many adversaries or opponents.
     bahuprada bahu-prada, as, ā, am, 'much-bestowing', liberal, munificent, bountiful.
     bahupravāha bahu-pravāha, as, ā, am, 'many-streamed', flowing in many streams.
     bahuprasū bahu-prasū, ūs, f. a mother of many children.
     bahuprāśnika bahu-prāśnika, as, ā, am, containing many questions.
     bahupriya bahu-priya, as, ā, am, dear to many.
     bahupreyasi bahu-preyasi (even m. by Vopa-deva VI. 14 ?), having many loved ones.
     bahuphala bahu-phala, as, ā, am, 'manyfruited', rich in fruits, fertile; (as), m. the tree Nauclea Cadamba; (ā), f., N. of various plants; Solanum Indicum; another variety of Solanum (= kṣavikā); Glycine Debilis; (probably) Convolvulus Turpethum; a kind of cucurbitaceous plant (= kṣudra-kāravellī); Flacourtia Cataphracta; (ī), f. the opposite-leafed fig-tree; N. of various plants; Emblica Officinalis; = mṛgervāru.
     bahuphalikā ba-huphalikā, f. a species of plant (= bhū-badarī).
     bahuphenā bahu-phenā, f. a species of plant (= sātalā).
     bahubala bahu-bala, as, ā, am, possessing great strength; (as), m. a lion.
     bahubāhu bahu-bāhu, us, us, u, manyarmed; (us), m., N. of a prince.
     bahubīja bahu-bīja, as, ā, am, having much seed; (am), n. the fruit of Anona Reticulata or Squamosa.
     bahubhakṣa bahu-bhakṣa, as, ā, am, eating much, a great eater.
     bahubhadra bahu-bhadra, ās, m. pl., N. of a people.
     bahubhāgya bahu-bhāgya, as, ā, am, of great good fortune, fortunate.
     bahubhāṣitā bahu-bhāṣi-tā, f. the being a great talker, talkativeness, garrulity, loquaciousness.
     bahubhāṣin bahu-bhāṣin, ī, iṇī, i, talking much, a great talker, talkative, garrulous, loquacious.
     bahubhāṣya bahubhāṣya, am, n. talking much, talkativeness, garrulity, loquaciousness; (probably a wrong form for bāhubhāṣya, q. v.)
     bahubhuj ba-hu-bhuj, k, k, k, 'much-eating', a great eater, voracious.
     bahubhuja bahu-bhuja, as, ā, am, 'many-armed', having many arms; (ā), f. an epithet of Durgā.
     bahubhṛjj bahu-bhṛjj, ṭ, ṭ, ṭ, 'much-frying', roasting or frying much.
     bahubhojana bahu-bhojana, as, ā, am, eating much.
     bahubhauma bahu-bhauma, as, ī, am, 'many-storied', having many floors or stories.
     bahumañjarī bahu-mañjarī, f. basil.
     bahumata bahu-mata, as, ā, am, much thought of, highly esteemed, rated high, prized, valued, respected, considered; having many different opinions.
     bahumati ba-hu-mati, is, f. high esteem, value, estimation; prizing highly, preferring.
     bahumatsya bahu-matsya, am, n., Ved. a place abounding in fish.
     bahumadhyaga bahu-madhya-ga, as, ā, am, 'going amongst many', belonging to many; (according to Kullūka = bahu-sādhāraṇa, q. v.)
     bahumantavya bahu-mantavya, as, ā, am, to be thought much of, to be esteemed highly, estimable.
     bahumala bahu-mala, as, m. 'having much dross', lead.
     bahumāna bahu-māna, as, m. high esteem or estimation, great respect or regard for (with loc. of the person or thing, and more rarely with gen. of the person); respect, reverence; (am), n. a gift made by a superior to an inferior.
     bahumānin bahumānin, ī, inī, i, thought much of, highly esteemed, being in high estimation.
     bahumānya bahu-mānya, as, ā, am, to be thought much of, to be highly esteemed, estimable.
     bahumāya bahu-māya, as, ā, am, practising many wiles, artful, deceitful, treacherous.
     bahumārgī bahu-mārgī, f. a place where many roads meet; (also read bahu-mārga, am, n.)
     bahumāla bahu-māla or bahumālaka, as, ā, am, possessing many necklaces.
     bahumitra bahu-mitra, as, ā, am, having many friends; (as), m., N. of a man.
     bahumukha ba-hu-mukha, as, ī, am, 'many-mouthed', speaking variously.
     bahumūtra bahu-mūtra, as, ā, am, making water in excess; afflicted with diabetes.
     bahumūtratā bahumūtra-tā, f. excessive discharge of urine; diabetes.
     bahumūrti bahu-mūrti, is, is, i, many-formed, variously shaped, multiform; (is), f. the wild cotton shrub.
     bahumūrdhan bahu-mūrdhan, ā, ā, a, many-headed; (ā), m. an epithet of Viṣṇu.
     bahumūla bahu-mūla, as, ā, am, many-rooted, having many roots; (as), m. a sort of reed or grass, Hyperanthera Moringa; (ā), f. Asparagus Racemosus; (ī), f. Emblica Officinalis.
     bahumūlaka bahumūlaka, as, m. a species of reed; N. of a Nāga; (am), n. the sweet-scented root of Andropogon Muricatus.
     bahumūlaphalānvita ba-humūla-phalānvita (-la-an-), as, ā, am, provided or furnished with many roots and fruits.
     bahumūlya bahu-mūlya, as, ā, ā, am, high-priced, of a high price, costly, precious; (am), n. a large sum of money.
     bahumṛga bahu-mṛga, as, ā, am, abounding in deer.
     bahuyajvan bahu-yajvan, ā, or bahu-yajvā, f., see Vopadeva IV. 5.
     bahuyājin bahu-yājin, ī, inī, i, Ved. 'muchsacrificing', conducting many sacrifices, desiring the management of sacrifices (for the sake of gain).
     bahuyojanā bahu-yojanā, f., N. of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda.
     bahuratna bahu-ratna, as, ā, am, rich in gems or jewels.
     bahuratha bahu-ratha, as, m., N. of a king.
     bahurandhrikā bahu-randhrikā, f. 'much perforated', N. of a particular medicinal root.
     bahuramya bahu-ramya, as, ā, am, very delightful, affording much pleasure.
     bahurasa bahu-rasa, as, ā, am, having much juice, juicy, succulent (Ved.); (ā), f. a species of plant (= mahā-jyotiṣmatī).
     bahurāśi bahu-rāśi, is, is, i, (in arithmetic) composed of numerous terms; bahu-rāśiḥ pakṣaḥ, a set of many terms.
     bahuripu bahu-ripu, us, us, u, one who has many foes.
     bahuruhā bahu-ruhā, f. a species of plant (= kanda-guḍūcī).
     bahurūpa bahu-rūpa, as, ā, am, many-formed, multiform, variously shaped; manyhued, variegated, checkered; of varied aspect, varied, manifold; (as), m. a chameleon; hair; the resin of Shorea Robusta; the sun; an epithet of Brahman; of Viṣṇu; of Śiva; of the god of love; N. of a Rudra; of a Buddha; of a son of Medhātithi and of a Varsha called after him; (ā), f., N. of one of the seven tongues of fire.
     bahurūpaka bahurūpaka, as, ā, am, multiform, having many forms, manifold; (as), m. a kind of animal (= jāhaka).
     bahurūpakaśobhita bahurūpaka-śobhita, as, ā, am, adorned in many ways, variously decorated.
     bahurūpāṣṭaka bahurūpāṣṭaka (-pa-aṣ-), am, n. a collective name for eight Tantras (viz. the brāhmī-tantra, māheśvarī-t-, kaumārika-t-, vaiṣṇavī-t-, vārāhī-t-, indrāṇī-t-, cāmuṇḍā-t-, śiva-dūtī-t-).
     bahurekha bahu-rekha, ās, m. pl. many lines, wrinkles, furrows, marks of care or pain.
     bahuretas bahu-retas, ās, m. 'having much seed', an epithet of Brahmā.
     bahurai bahu-rai, rās, rās, ri, having great riches, very rich.
     bahuroman bahu-roman, ā, ā, a, having much hair, exceedingly hairy or woolly; (ā), m. a sheep.
     bahulavaṇa bahu-lavaṇa, as, ā, am, containing much salt; (am), n. a soil impregnated with salt.
     bahuvacana bahu-vacana, am, n. the plural number, the case-endings and personal terminations in the plural number.
     bahuvat bahu-vat, ind. (in Ved. gram.) plurally, in the plural number (e. g. api dvi-vad api bahu-vat, both in the dual and plural).
     bahuvarṇa bahu-varṇa, as, ā, am, many-hued, many-coloured.
     bahuvarṇatā bahuvarṇa-tā, f. the being manyhued, multiplicity of colours.
     bahuvarta bahu-varta, N. of a place.
     bahuvalka bahu-valka, as, m. 'having much bark', the tree Buchanania Latifolia (= priyāla).
     bahuvallī bahu-vallī, f. a species of shrub.
     bahuvādin bahu-vādin, ī, inī, i, Ved. talking much, garrulous, babbling.
     bahuvāra bahu-vāra, as, m. the plant Cordia Myxa; (ās), m. pl. many times; (am), ind. often.
     bahuvāraka bahuvāraka, as, m. the plant Cordia Myxa.
     bahuvārakaphala bahuvāraka-phala, am, n. the fruit of Cordia Myxa.
     bahuvārṣika bahu-vārṣika, as, ī, am, lasting many years, many years old.
     bahuvi bahu-vi, is, is, i, containing many birds.
     bahuvikrama bahu-vikrama, as, ā, am, very powerful; of great prowess.
     bahuvighna bahu-vighna, as, ā, am, presenting many obstacles, attended with many difficulties.
     bahuvighnatā bahuvighna-tā, f. the being attended with many obstacles or difficulties, multiplicity of lets or hinderances.
     bahuvid bahu-vid, t, t, t, Ved. much-knowing, very learned.
     bahuvidya bahu-vidya, as, ā, am, one who has much learning, very learned.
     bahuvidyatā bahuvidya-tā, f. great learnedness, profound learning, erudition.
     bahuvidha bahu-vidha, as, ā, am, of many sorts or kinds, manifold, diverse, various, multiform; (am), ind. diversely, in several directions, up and down.
     bahuvistīrṇa bahu-vistīrṇa, as, ā, am, wide-spread, widely diffused; (ā), f. Abrus Precatorius (a shrub bearing a small red and black berry and commonly called Kucai).
     bahuvistīrṇatā bahuvistīrṇa-tā, f. the being wide-spread, wide diffusion.
     bahuvīja bahu-vīja, as, ā, am, having many seeds, containing much seed; (am), n. the custard apple, Annona Squamosa.
     bahuvīrya bahu-vīrya, as, m. 'having much seed', the plant Terminalia Bellerica; Amaranthus Polygonoides; Bombax Heptaphyllum; Vangueria Spinosa; (ā), f. Flacourtia Cataphracta.
     bahuvyayin bahu-vyayin, ī, inī, i, spending much, lavish, prodigal.
     bahuvyālaniṣevita bahu-vyāla-niṣevita, as, ā, am, infested or inhabited by many snakes or wild beasts.
     bahuvrīhi bahu-vrīhi, is, is, i, possessing much rice; (is), m. a relative or adjective compound, a class of compounds in which the last member being a substantive loses its independance as well as its original grammatical character and together with the first member serves only to qualify or define another word. The word bahu-vrīhi, 'possessing much rice', is itself an example of this class of compounds; [cf. tat-pu-ruṣa.]
     bahuvrīhivat bahuvrīhi-vat, ind. like a Bahu-vrīhi or relative compound.
     bahuśakti bahu-śakti, is, is, i, possessing great power; (is), m., N. of a prince.
     bahuśatru ba-hu-śatru, us, us, u, having many enemies; (us), m. a sparrow.
     bahuśabda bahu-śabda, as, m., Ved. the plural number.
     bahuśalya bahu-śalya, as, m. a variety of Khadira with red blossoms.
     bahuśas bahu-śas, see p. 680, col. 1.
     bahuśasta bahu-śasta, as, ā, am, very excellent; very right or happy.
     bahuśākha bahu-śākha, as, ā, am, 'manybranched', having many branches or ramifications.
     bahuśākhatva bahuśākha-tva, am, n. the having many branches, ramification.
     bahuśāla bahu-śāla, as, m. the plant Tithymalus Antiquorum.
     bahuśāstrajña bahu-śāstra-jña, as, ā, am, acquainted with many books or sciences.
     bahuśikha ba-hu-śikha, as, ā, am, 'many-pointed', having many points; (ā), f. a species of aquatic plant (= jala-pippalī).
     bahuśūnya bahu-śūnya, as, ā, am, very empty or void.
     bahuśṛṅga bahu-śṛṅga, as, ā, am, 'many-horned', having many horns; (as), m. an epithet of Viṣṇu.
     bahuśruta bahu-śruta, as, ā, am, one who has studied much, very learned, well taught; well versed in the Vedas.
     bahuśruti bahu-śruti, is, f., Ved. the occurrence of the plural in the text, (bahu-śrutes, from the occurrence of the plural in the text, because the plural is found in the text.)
     bahuśrutīya bahuśrutīya, ās, m. pl. 'having deep erudition', N. of a Buddhist school.
     bahuśreyasī bahu-śre-yasī (even m. by Pāṇ. 1. 2, 48, Schol.), having many excellencies, very excellent.
     bahusatya bahu-satya, as, m., N. of the tenth Muhūrta.
     bahusadṛśa bahu-sadṛśa, as, ī, am, very similar, very fit or right.
     bahusantati bahu-santati, is, is, i, having a numerous posterity; having a large aftergrowth; (is), m. a species of bamboo, Bambusa Spinosa.
     bahusampuṭa bahu-sampuṭa, as, m. a species of bulbous root (= viṣṇu-kanda).
     bahusasya bahu-sasya, as, ā, am, rich in grain; (as), m., N. of a village.
     bahusādhana bahu-sādhana, as, ā, am, possessing many resources.
     bahusādhanatā bahusādhana-tā, f. the possession of many resources.
     bahusādhāraṇa bahu-sādhāraṇa, as, ā, am, common to many.
     bahusāra bahu-sāra, as, ā, am, containing much pith, pithy; solid, substantial; (as), m. the tree Acacia Catechu.
     bahusāhasra bahusāhasra, as, ā, am, (fr. bahu + sahasra), amounting to many thousands.
     bahusu bahu-su = bahu-sū, q. v.
     bahusuta bahu-suta, as, ā, am, having many children, having a large progeny; having a large after-growth; (ā), f. the plant Asparagus Racemosus.
     bahusuvarṇaka bahu-suvarṇaka, as, ā, am, costing or possessing much gold; (as), m., N. of an Agra-hāra on the Ganges; of a prince.
     bahusū bahu-sū, ūs, ūs, u, 'much-bearing', fertile; (ūs), f. the mother of many children; a sow.
     bahusūkta bahu-sūkta, as, ā, am, consisting of many Sūktas or hymns.
     bahusūti bahu-sūti, is, f. a female who has borne many children; a cow that calves often.
     bahusūtigo bahusūti-go, gaus, f. a cow that calves often.
     bahusūvarī bahu-sūvarī, f., Ved. bearing many children (Sāy. = bahvīnām prajānām savitrī).
     bahustavāvali bahu-stavāvali (-va-āv-), is, f., N. of a collection of hymns.
     bahuspṛś bahu-spṛś, k, k, k, reaching to many, generally spread or diffused.
     bahusvana bahu-svana, as, ā, am, 'much-sounding', making many sounds; (as), m. an owl.
     bahusvarṇalakṣamūlya bahu-svarṇa-lakṣa-mūlya, as, ā, am, worth many hundred thousand pieces of gold.
     bahusvāmika bahu-svāmika, as, ā, am, having many owners or proprietors.
     bahuhiraṇya bahu-hiraṇya, as, m., Ved. an epithet of an Ekāha commonly called Dū-ṇāśa.
     bahūdaka ba-hūdaka (-hu-ud-), as, ā, am, having much water; (as), m. a kind of religious mendicant, a mendicant who lives in a strange town and begs his food from house to house.
     bahūdana bahūdana (-hu-od-?), am, n. the union of different kinds of food (?).
     bahvakṣara bahv-akṣara, as, ā, am, many-syllabled, of many syllables, polysyllabic.
     bahvakṣarāntya bahvakṣarāntya (-ra-an-), as, ā, am, being at the end of a polysyllabic word.
     bahvagni bahv-agni, is, is, i, Ved. a term applied to particular verses in which various Agnis are mentioned.
     bahvac bahv-ac, k, k, k, or bahv-acka, as, ā, am, (in grammar) having several vowels, polysyllabic.
     bahvajāvika bahv-ajāvika, as, ā, am, Ved. having many goats and sheep.
     bahvadhyāya bahv-adhyāya, as, ā, am, 'manychaptered', consisting of many chapters.
     bahvanartha bahv-anartha, as, ā, am, fraught with many ills, attended with many evils.
     bahvanna bahv-anna, as, ā, am, Ved. rich in food, (according to Sāy. = phala-mūlādibhir upetaḥ.)
     bahvap bahv-ap, p, p, p, or bahv-apa, as, ā, am, containing much water, watery.
     bahvapatya bahv-apatya, as, ā, am, having a numerous progeny, one who has many children, having many young; (in astrology) promising or foretelling a numerous progeny; (as), m. a hog; a rat, mouse; (ā), f. a cow that has often calved.
     bahvabaddhapralāpin bahv-abaddha-pralāpin, ī, inī, i, talking much that is unmeaning, speaking much folly.
     bahvabhidhāna bahv-abhidhāna, am, n. (in Ved. gram.) the plural number.
     bahvartha bahv-artha, as, ā, am, having much meaning or import, important; having many objects.
     bahvaśva bahv-aśva, as, m. 'having many horses', N. of a son of Mudgala.
     bahvādin bahv-ādin, ī, inī, i, eating much, a great eater.
     bahvāśitva bahv-āśi-tva, am, n. the being a great eater, voraciousness.
     bahvāśin bahv-āśin, ī, inī, i, eating much, a great eater, voracious, gluttonous; (ī), m., N. of one of the sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra.
     bahvāścarya bahv-āścarya, as, ā, am, containing many wonderful objects (said of Indra's heaven).
     bahvāścaryamaya bahvāścarya-maya, as, ī, am, composed of or containing many wonderful objects.
     bahvīśvara bahv-īśvara, N. of a sacred place on the bank of the Revā or Narmadā river.
     bahvṛc bahv-ṛc, k, k, k, 'many-versed', containing many verses; (k), f. a term applied to the Ṛg-veda or to a Śākhā of the Ṛg-veda.
     bahvṛca bahv-ṛca, as, m. 'having many verses', one conversant with the Ṛg-veda, a priest of it or the Hotṛ priest who represents it in the sacrificial ceremonies; (ī), f. the wife of one conversant with the Ṛg-veda; (as, ā, am), containing many verses.
     bahvṛcapariśiṣṭa bahvṛca-pariśiṣṭa, am, n., N. of a Pariśiṣṭa belonging to the Ṛg-veda.
     bahvṛcabrāhmaṇa bahvṛca-brāhmaṇa, as, m., N. of a Brāhmaṇa treating of the sacrificial duties of the Hotṛ priests.
     bahvṛcabrāhmaṇopaniṣad bahvṛcabrāhmaṇopaniṣad (-ṇa-up-), t, f., Ved. the Upaniṣad of the Bahvṛca-Brāhmaṇa.
     bahvṛcākhyā bahvṛcākhyā (-ca-ākh-), f. 'entitled Bahv-ṛca', the Ṛg-veda.
     bahvṛcopaniṣad bahvṛcopaniṣad (-ca-up-), t, f. the Bahvṛca Upaniṣad.
     bahvenas bahv-enas, ās, ās, as, one who has committed many sins, very sinful.

bahuka bahuka, as, ā, am, bought at a high price, dearbought; (as), m. the plant Calotropis Gigantea (= arka); a crab; a kind of gallinule; the digger of a tank.

bahutaya bahutaya, as, ā, am, Ved. manifold, various.

bahutitha bahutitha, as, ī, am, manifold, various, many, (bahutithe 'hani, on the 'manieth' day, during many days, Nala IX. 12); much; (am), ind. much, greatly, sorely, in a high degree.

bahudhā bahu-dhā, ind. in many ways, variously, manifoldly, multifariously; in various parts, in different forms; in many places, in various directions; much, repeatedly; bahudhā kṛ, to make manifold, multiply; to make public, divulge.
     bahudhāgata bahudhā-gata, as, ā, am, gone in various directions, dispersed, scattered.
     bahudhātmaka bahudhātmaka (-dhā-āt-), as, ikā, am, existing in various forms, manifold in essence.

bahura bahura = bahula in the comp. bahura-madhya, as, ā, am, Ved. thick in the middle (said of the Soma juice during the process of fermentation); (Sāy.) = bahulam aṅgādikam anuṣṭhānam ma-dhye prārambha-samāpty-antarāle yasya.

bahula bahula, as, ā, am, thick, dense, compact, solid; broad, wide, wide-spread, spacious; capacious, ample, large; abundant, exceeding, numerous, manifold, many, much; abounding in, rich in, full of (with inst. or in comp.; cf. vyādhi-b-); accompanied by, attended with; variously applicable, comprehensive (as a rule); born under the Pleiades; black; (as), m. the dark half of a month; Agni or fire; N. of a Prajā-pati; of a king of the Tāla-jaṅghas; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people; (ā), f. a cow; cardamoms; the indigo plant; N. of the twelfth Kalā of the moon; of a goddess; of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda; of the wife of Uttama who was son of Uttāna-pāda; of a mythical cow; of a river; (ās), f. pl. = kṛttikās, the Pleiades; (am), n. the sky, air; white pepper; a particular high number; (am), ind. often, frequently.
     bahulagandhā bahula-gandhā, f. 'richly-scented', cardamoms.
     bahulacchada bahula-cchada, as, m. a red-flowering Hyperanthera Moringa (= rakta-śigru).
     bahulatara bahula-tara, as, ā, am, thicker, denser; dvi-guṇo bahulataraḥ, twice as thick.
     bahulatā bahula-tā, f. or bahula-tva, am, n. muchness, multiplicity, abundance, numerousness; the being rich in, abounding in, (at the end of a comp.); comprehensiveness.
     bahulavarman bahula-varman, ā, ā, a, Ved. enveloped in a thick covering.
     bahulānta bahulānta (-la-an-), as, ā, am, Ved. 'thick at the end', having a thick sediment (as Soma juice; cf. bahura-madhya).
     bahulābhimāna bahulābhimāna (-la-abh-), as, ā, am, Ved. much threatening, menacing (said of Indra; according to Sāy. = mahānubhāva).
     bahulālāpa bahulālāpa (-la-āl-), 'much-talking', talkative, garrulous, loquacious.
     bahulāviṣṭa ba-hulāviṣṭa (-la-āv-), as, ā, am, Ved. thickly peopled, densely populated.
     bahulāśva bahulāśva (-la-aś-), as, m. 'having many horses', N. of a king.
     bahulīkaraṇa ba-hulī-karaṇa, am, n. multiplying, magnifying; winnowing (for phalī-karaṇa?).
     bahulīkariṣṇu bahulī-kariṣṇu, us, us, u, striving or endeavouring to increase.
     bahulīkṛ ba-hulī-kṛ, cl. 8. P. -karoti, -kartum, to make wide, extend; to increase, aggrandize; to make public, promulgate, divulge.
     bahulīkṛta bahulī-kṛta, as, ā, am, made much or manifold; made wide, extended; increased, augmented, aggrandized; made public, promulgated; distracted; threshed, winnowed (for phalī-kṛta?).
     bahulībhāva bahulī-bhāva, as, m. the becoming wide-spread, becoming public, being generally known, general notoriety.
     bahulībhū bahulī-bhū, cl. 1. P. -bhavati, -bhavitum, to become wide-spread, spread, increase (intrans.); to become public, to become generally known.
     bahulībhūta ba-hulī-bhūta, as, ā, am, become wide-spread, spread, increased; become public, generally known.

bahulaka bahulaka, an incorrect form for bāhulaka, q. v.

bahulikā bahulikā, ās, f. pl. the Pleiades (= bahulās).

bahuśas bahu-śas, ind. much, abundantly, plentifully, numerously, in great numbers; manifoldly; frequently, repeatedly; generally, commonly, for the most part.

bahi bahi, is, m., N. of a Piśāca.

bahis bahis, ind. (in the later language more usually vahis, q. v.; the final s is changed before k and p into according to Pāṇ. VIII. 3, 41), out, without, outside (a house, village, city, kingdom, &c., with abl.); on the outside, outwards, out-of-doors; vahir gam, vahir yā, &c., to go out; rāṣṭrād or viṣayād vahiṣ kṛ, to place outside the kingdom, banish from the realm.
     bahiḥsad bahiḥ-sad, t, t, t, Ved. sitting outside (said of a person held in low esteem).
     bahirdhā bahir-dhā, ind., Ved. outside, on the outside, to the outside of (with abl.).
     bahirdhābhāva bahirdhā-bhāva, as, m., Ved. the being outside, being external.
     bahirvedi bahir-vedi, ind., Ved. outside the Vedi, without the Vedi or altar; [cf. vahir-vedi, vahir-vedika, and vāhirvedika.]
     bahiṣparidhi bahiṣ-paridhi, ind., Ved. outside the wooden frame called Paridhi, q. v.
     bahiṣpavamāna bahiṣ-pavamāna, am, n. (scil. sto-tram), Ved., N. of a morning Stotra commonly consisting of three Tricas and sung outside the Vedi (e. g. the verses in Ṛg-veda IX. 11, 1-9); (as), m. the morning Stoma; (ī), f. (scil. stotriyā, i. e. ṛc), the morning prayer.
     bahiṣpavitra bahiṣ-pavitra, as, ā, am, Ved. destitute of or wanting the Pavitra.
     bahiṣpiṇḍa ba-hiṣ-piṇḍa, as, ā, am, Ved. having the knots outwards.
     bahiṣprajña bahiṣ-prajña, as, ā, am, Ved. one whose knowledge is directed towards external objects.
     bahiṣprāṇa ba-hiṣ-prāṇa, as, ā, am, Ved. one whose breath or life is without; [cf. vahiṣ-prāṇa.]
     bahīrajju bahī-rajju, ind., Ved. outside the rope.

bahīnara bahīnara, as, m. (also written va-hīnara), N. of a man; of a prince; of a grandson of Śatānīka.

bahu bahu, bahuka, bahula, &c. See under rt. bah, pp. 677, 678, 679.

bahutalavaśā bahutalavaśā, f. Iris Pseudacorus.

bahurada bahurada, ās, m. pl., N. of a people; (also read bāhubādha.)

bahrāmakhāna bahrāmakhāna, as, m. = [arabic] [arabic]

bahli bahli, bahlika, bahlīka, various readings for balhi, balhika, balhīka, q. q. v. v.

bākura bākura, as, m., Ved., scil. dṛti, (perhaps) a kind of bag-pipe.

bākula bākula. See vākula.

bājabāhāduracandra bāja-bāhādura-candra, as, m., N. of a prince who was the patron of Anantadeva the author of the Vyavahāra-dīdhiti, a work on civil law.

bāḍ bāḍ (according to Vopa-deva vāḍ), cl. 1. A. bāḍate, bāḍitum, to bathe, dive; to emerge; [cf. Gr. [greek] Lat. balneum: Old Germ. bad, 'a bath;' badon, 'to bathe.']

bāḍava bāḍava. See vāḍava.

bāḍīra bāḍīra, as, m. a servant, a hired labourer.

bāḍha bāḍha, as, ā, am (fr. rt. bah or baṃh; frequently also written vāḍha, q. v.; according to Pāṇ. V. 3, 63, the compar. is sādhīyas and superl. sādhiṣṭha), loud, strong; (e), ind. loudly, strongly, (according to Sāy. = dṛḍha, sthira); (am), ind. (almost always written vāḍham), much, exceedingly; assuredly, certainly; (as a particle expressive of consent, affirmation, and confirmation), be it so, good, very well, such is the case, yes.
     bāḍhasṛtvan bāḍha-sṛtvan, ā, m., Ved. going mightily, rushing fearlessly (Sāy. = bhṛśaṃ sartā = aśaṅ-kita-gamana).

bāṇa bāṇa, as, m. (said to be fr. rt. baṇ or vaṇ, to sound; in the later language more usually written vāṇa, q. v.), a reed-shaft, shaft made of a reed, an arrow.
     bāṇavat bāṇa-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. made or consisting of reeds, reeden, reedy; (ān), m. 'containing reed-shafts', a quiver; an arrow.

bāṇi bāṇi. See vāṇi.

bāṇija bāṇija, as, m. (fr. baṇij), a merchant, trader; (also written vāṇija.)

bāṇijika bāṇijika, as, m. a trader, merchant; a rogue, cheat; submarine fire.

bāṇijya bāṇijya, am, n. merchandize, trade, traffic, commerce.

bādara bādara, as, ī, am (fr. badara), belonging to or derived from the jujube tree; made of cotton; (as, ā), m. f. the cotton shrub; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people; (am), n. the jujube (= ba-dara); the berry of Abrus Precatorius; the plant itself; = vīra, (probably) a species of plant; silk; water; a conch shell which winds in a direction from left to right.

bādarāyaṇa bādarāyaṇa, as, m. (a patronymic fr. badara), N. of a sage (said to be the author of the Śārīrakasūtras belonging to the Uttara-mīmāṃsā or Vedānta philosophy and identified with Vyāsa, the reputed compiler of the Vedas, Mahā-bhārata, Purāṇas, &c.; also written vādarāyaṇa); N. of an astronomer; of the author of a Dharma-śāstra; (as, ī, am), composed by Bādarāyaṇa.
     bādarāyaṇasūtra bādarāyaṇa-sūtra, am, n., N. of the Vedānta aphorisms ascribed to Bādarāyaṇa.

bādarāyaṇi bādarāyaṇi, is, m. a patronymic of Śuka, son of Bādarāyaṇa or Vyāsa; a N. of Vyāsa.

bādari bādari, is, m., Ved. (a patronymic fr. badara), N. of a philosophical teacher mentioned in the Bādarāyaṇa-sūtras.

bādarika bādarika, as, ī, am, one who gathers the fruit of the jujube tree.

bādh bādh, cl. 1. A. (in poetry sometimes also P.) bādhate (-ti), babādhe (babādha), bādhiṣyate, abādhiṣṭa, bādhitum, to press, press hard, oppress, harass, pain, torment; to give trouble, trouble, grieve, vex, disturb, disquiet (with acc. or gen.); to resist, oppose, thwart, check, obstruct, stop, arrest, prevent; to attack, assault, assail; to injure, wrong, violate; to hurt, damage; to drive away, chase away, repel, remove; to suspend, set aside (as a rule in grammar), invalidate, abolish, annul; to clash, mutually oppose each other; to suffer annoyance or oppression (Ved.); to thrust apart (Ved.): Pass. bādhyate, to be oppressed, pained, &c., to suffer pain: Caus. bādhayati, -yitum, Aor. ababādhat, to oppress, annoy, harass, distress, afflict, pain; to overcome, subdue, conquer: Desid. bi-bādhiṣate, bībhatsate, Ved. to feel an aversion from, feel disgust or loathing for, have a horror of (with abl.): Intens. bābādhyate, bābāddhi, (probably the Ved. form badbadhe, which according to Sāy. is fr. rt. bandh, belongs to this Intens. with the following senses), to reduce to great straits, hem in, confine, cramp; to strike or knock against (for want of room, Ṛg-veda VII. 69, 1); [cf. Zend vad, 'to strike;' vaday, 'to strike back:' Gr. [greek] [greek] Lat. od-i, o-d-i-um: Russ. bjeda = Lith. beda, 'misery:' Lith. bednas, 'miserable:' perhaps Goth. balvja, 'I trouble', fr. badvja: perhaps Hib. buairim, 'I vex, aggrieve, trouble', fr. buaidim.]

bādha bādha, as, ā, m. f. pain, suffering, trouble, sorrow, affliction; annoyance, molestation [cf. bhramara-b-]; resistance, opposition, obstruction; injury, detriment, hurt, damage; violation, infraction; suspension, annulment (of a rule); danger, peril, jeopardy [cf. prāṇa-b-]; a contradiction, absurdity, reductio ad absurdum; (as), m. a harasser, tormentor (Ved., cf. tuvi-b-); opposing, opposition, hinderance, obstruction, obstacle, oppression; objection; one of the five forms of fallacious middle term, the being precluded by superior proof; (according to Naigh. II. 9) = bala; (ā), f. refutation.
     bādharahasya bādha-rahasya, am, n. or bādha-buddhi-pratibandhakatā-vicāra, or bādha-buddhi-vādārtha, as, m., N. of a Nyāya work by Hari-rāma Tarka-vāg-īśa Bhaṭṭācārya.
     bādhāpavāda bā-dhāpavāda (-dha-ap-), as, m. denial of an exception, re-establishing a previous rule.

bādhaka bādhaka, as, ikā, am, oppressing, harassing, paining [cf. śatru-b-]; one who hinders or opposes, a hinderer; suspending, setting aside (as a rule in grammar); invalidating, annulling, neutralizing; (as), m. a particular disease of women; a species of tree (= giri-māla, rāja-vṛkṣa); (as, ī, am), belonging to or derived from the preceding tree.
     bādhakatā bādhaka-tā, f. or bādhaka-tva, am, n. the being a hinderer, hinderance.

bādhana bādhana, as, ī, am, pressing hard, harassing, opposing; refuting; (ā), f. uneasiness, uncomfortableness, trouble, pain; (am), n. oppression, the act of harassing, annoying, paining, pain; opposing, hindering; precluding; suspending, removing, setting aside (a rule), annulling, abolishing; refutation.

bādhamāna bādhamāna, as, ā, am, oppressing, harassing, paining, annoying.

bādhita bādhita, as, ā, am, pressed hard, oppressed, harassed, pained, tormented; resisted, opposed, obstructed, hindered, impeded, thwarted, checked; self-refuted, refuted; set aside, suspended (as a rule), abolished; (in logic) contradictory, absurd, false, incompatible.
     bādhitatva bādhita-tva, am, n. the being suspended or set aside (as a rule), suspension, abolition; the state of being refuted or contradicted.

bādhitavya bādhitavya, as, ā, am, to be pressed hard, to be harassed or annoyed, to be pained; to be suspended or set aside, to be annulled; to be removed.

bādhitṛ bādhitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, one who presses hard, an oppressor, harasser, annoyer.

bādhitvā bādhitvā, ind. having pressed hard or harassed; (in grammar) destroying or neutralizing the effect of a previous rule.

bādhya bādhya, as, ā, am, to be pressed hard or harassed or distressed, to be pained [cf. strī-b-]; one who is harassed or pained; to be hindered or resisted, to be objected to or opposed, objectionable, exceptionable; to be suspended or annulled; preventable; suppressed, obstructed.
     bādhyabādhakatā bādhya-bādhaka-tā, f. the condition of oppressed and oppressor.
     bādhyaretas bādhya-retas, ās, m. one whose generative power is obstructed, impotent.

bādhyamāna bādhyamāna, as, ā, am, being pressed hard or oppressed, being harassed or beset, being tormented.
     bādhyamānatva bādhyamāna-tva, am, n. the being suspended or set aside, suspension, annulment.

bādhiraka bādhiraka (fr. badhira), see Gaṇa Arīhaṇādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

bādhirika bādhirika, as, m. a metronymic from Badhirikā.

bādhirya bādhirya, am, n. deafness.

bādhyoga bādhyoga, as, m. a patronymic from Badhyoga.

bādhyogāyaṇa bādhyogāyaṇa, as, m. a patronymic from Bādhyoga.

bāndhakineya bāndhakineya, as, m. (fr. ban-dhakī), the son of an unmarried woman, a bastard.

bāndhava bāndhava, as, m. (fr. bandhu), a relation (near or remote and including wives and children), relative, kinsman [cf. pitṛ-b-]; a maternal relation; a friend [cf. pika-b-]; (ī), f. a female relation.
     bāndhavakara bāndhava-kara, as, m. an epithet of Lallādīkṣita, a commentator on the Mṛc-chakaṭī.
     bāndhavatyāga bān-dhava-tyāga, as, m. abandoning a kinsman, forsaking a relation.
     bāndhavākrośin bāndhavākrośin (-va-āk-), ī, inī, i, calling out to or bewailing a kinsman.

bāndhavaka bāndhavaka, as, ī, am, belonging or relating to kinsmen, kindred.

bāndhavya bāndhavya, am, n. connection by blood, relationship, consanguinity.

bāndhuka bāndhuka, as, ī, am (fr. bandhuka), belonging to or derived from the Bandhuka tree.

bāndhupata bāndhupata, as, ī, am (fr. bandhu-pati), relating to the lord of kindred or relations.

bāpaya bāpaya, as, m. surname of the scribe Kāśī-nātha-bhaṭṭa.

bāpyadeva bāpya-deva, as, m., N. of the writer of a particular inscription.

bābajīvyāsa bābajī-vyāsa, as, m., N. of an author.

bābara bābara, am, n. (fr. babara), epithet of a Pañca-rātra; N. of a place.

bāberī bāberī, f., N. of a city.

bābhrava bābhrava, as, ī, am (fr. babhru), belonging or relating to Babhru; (as), m. a patronymic from Babhru; (ī), f. an epithet of Durgā (the wife of Babhru, i. e. Śiva).

bābhravāyaṇi bābhravāyaṇi, is, m. a patronymic from Bābhrava; N. of a son of Viśvā-mitra.

bābhravīya bābhravīya, ās, m. pl. (fr. bābhravya), the disciples or followers of Bābhravya.

bābhravya bābhravya, as, m. a patronymic from Babhru; N. of a teacher.

bābhravyaka bābhravyaka, as, ī, am, inhabited by Bābhravyas.

bābhruka bābhruka, as, ī, am, like an ichneumon, (i. e. probably) brown, brownish.

bāra bāra, Ved. an opening, aperture; [cf. jihma-b-, nīcīna-b-.]

bārahaṭa bārahaṭa, as, m. epithet of Narahara-dāsa the author of the Hindī work Avatāracaritra or Caturviṃsaty-avatāra-caritra.

bārejya bārejya, N. of a town.

bārbaṭīra bārbaṭīra or bārvaṭīra, as, m. the kernel of the mango fruit; a young shoot; tin; the son of a harlot; [cf. barbaṭī.]

bārha bārha, bārhiṇa. See vārha.

bārhata bārhata, as, ī, am (fr. bṛhat), Ved. relating to the Sāman called Bṛhat, celebrated in the Bṛhat-sāman, (according to Mahī-dhara = bṛhat-sāma-stuta); relating or belonging to the Bṛhatī metre, representing it, consisting of it; bārhataṃ vājajidaukṣṇorandhram, N. of a Sāman; (am), n. the fruit of the Bṛhatī, a variety of the Solanum.

bārhatānuṣṭubha bārhatānuṣṭubha, as, ī, am (fr. bṛhat + anu-ṣṭubh), Ved. consisting of a Bṛhatī and an Anuṣṭubh.

bārhatsāmā bārhatsāmā, f. (fr. bṛhat-sāman), Ved., N. or epithet of a woman.

bārhadagna bārhadagna, ās, m. pl. (fr. bṛhad-agni), the descendants of Bṛhad-agni.

bārhadīṣava bārhadīṣava, as, m. a patronymic from Bṛhadiṣu (with i lengthened).

bārhaduktha bārhaduktha, as, ī, am, Ved. relating or belonging to Bṛhad-uktha; (as), m. a patronymic from Bṛhad-uktha.

bārhadgira bārhadgira, as, ī, am, Ved. relating or belonging to Bṛhad-giri.

bārhaddaivata bārhaddaivata, am, n. (fr. bṛhad-devatā), N. of a work also called Bṛhad-devatā and attributed to Śaunaka.

bārhadbala bārhadbala, as, ī, am, relating or belonging to Bṛhad-bala.

bārhadratha bārhadratha, as, ī, am, relating or belonging to Bṛhad-ratha; (as), m. a patronymic of Jarā-sandha; (sometimes spelt bārahadratha.)

bārhadrathi bārhadrathi, is, m. (fr. bṛhad-ratha), a patronymic of Jarā-sandha.

bārhavata bārhavata, as, ī, am, containing the word barha-vat.

bārhaspata bārhaspata, as, ī, am, relating or belonging to Bṛhas-pati, descended from Bṛhas-pati, sacred to Bṛhas-pati.

bārhaspatya bārhaspatya, as, tī, am, relating to or coming from Bṛhas-pati; (as), m. a pupil of Bṛhas-pati; an infidel, a materialist; an epithet of Śamyu; of Agni; of Tapur-mūrdhan; of Bharad-vāja; (am), n., scil. bha or nakṣatra, the constellation Pushya; the Artha-śāstra of Bṛhas-pati, ethics, morality; bārhaspatyam mānam, 'Jupiter's measure of time', a method of reckoning time.
     bārhaspatyajyotirgrantha bārhaspatya-jyotir-grantha, as, m., N. of a work mentioned in Raghu-nandana's Saṃskāra-tattva.
     bārhaspatyatantra bārhaspa-tya-tantra, am, n., N. of a Tantra mentioned in the Ānanda-laharī.

bārhiṣada bārhiṣada, as, m. a patronymic from Barhishad.

bāl bāl, ind., Ved. an interjection imitative of the sound of a falling body.

bāla bāla, as, ā, am (said to be fr. rt. 2. bal), young, childish, infantine, immature, not fullgrown; newly risen (as the sun, cf. bālātapa, bālā-ditya, bālārka), new or waxing (as the moon, cf. bāla-candra, bālendu); puerile, ignorant, unwise, uninstructed; pure (said especially of a female animal, as a heifer &c., fit for sacrifice); (as, ā), m. f. a child (especially one under five years of age, but also one under sixteen years of age generally), an infant; (in law) a minor (who is distinguished as a kumāra or boy under five years of age; śiśu, a boy under eight; pogaṇḍa, a boy from the fifth to the end of the ninth year, or where the next distinction is omitted, till the sixteenth year; and kiśora, a boy from the tenth to the sixteenth year); the young of an animal, a five years old elephant [cf. bāla-gaja]; a colt, foal; one whose understanding is not matured, a simpleton, fool; a tail, an elephant or horse's tail; hair; (as, am), m. n. a kind of perfume or fragrant grass, Andropogon Schoenanthus; (as), m. a boy; a kind of fish, Cyprinus Denticulatus or Cyprinus Rohita; N. of a prince; (ā), f. a female child, girl, young woman not more than sixteen years of age; a woman, female; small cardamoms [cf. candra-b-]; Aloe Indica [cf. ghṛta-kumārī]; a species of plant, commonly called Aknadhi; a variety of jasmine; a species of flower, Hibiscus Tortuosus; the cocoa-nut; turmeric; a kind of metre, the quantities of the first three lines being [metrical sequence] and that of the fourth [metrical sequence] &c.; N. of the mother of Bālin and Sugrīva, (she is said to have been formed by Prajāpati out of some dust which had fallen into his eyes); N. of a mystical prayer; (ī), f. a kind of ear-ring; [cf. Lith. wala-s, 'horsehair.']
     bālakadalī bāla-kadalī, f. a young plantain tree, Musa Sapientum.
     bālakāṇḍa bāla-kāṇḍa, am, n. 'section treating of the boy (Rāma)', N. of the first book of the Rāmāyaṇa according to the northern recension (called Ādi-kāṇḍa in the Bengālī recension); N. of the first book of the Adhyātma-rāmāyaṇa.
     bālakunda bāla-kunda, as, am, m. n. a young jasmine of the variety Jasminum Multiflorum or J. Pubescens.
     bālakundānuviddha bālakundānuviddha (-da-an-), as, ā, am, adorned with young jasmine blossoms.
     bālakṛmi bāla-kṛmi, is, m. 'hair-insect', a louse.
     bālakṛṣṇa bāla-kṛṣṇa, as, m. the boy Kṛṣṇa, Kṛṣṇa as a boy; N. of various men; N. of the father of the author Śaṅkara-dīkṣita; of a friend of Maṇirāma (a commentator on the Bhāminī-vilāsa); of the father of Mahā-deva (the author of the Nyāya-siddhānta-muktāvalī-dīpikā, a commentary on the Bhāṣā-pariccheda); of a son of Mahādeva-bhaṭṭa and husband of Lakṣmī-devī; of a son of Raṅga-nātha and father of Nārāyaṇa (a commentator on the Uttararāma-carita); of the father of Raṅga-nātha and Veṇīmādhava-bandhu; of a man called also Gaṅgā-dhara.
     bālakriyā bāla-kriyā, f. children's act, the actions or conduct of children.
     bālakrīḍana bāla-krīḍana, am, n. child's play, childish amusement.
     bālakrīḍanaka bāla-krīḍanaka, as, m. a child's toy or plaything, a ball; the plant Cypraea Moneta; an epithet of Śiva; (am), n. child's play, childish sports; (āni), n. pl., N. of the sixty-first chapter of the third part of Vātsyāyana's Kāma-sūtra.
     bālakrīḍā bāla-krīḍā, f. child's play, children's amusements, childish sport, juvenile pastime.
     bālakrīḍāvarṇana bā-lakrīḍā-varṇana, am, n., N. of the eleventh book of the Kumāra-sambhava.
     bālakhilya bāla-khilya, as, m. [cf. vāla-khilya], a divine personage of the size of a thumb, (sixty thousand were produced from Brahma's body, and surround the chariot of the Sun; see Raghu-vaṃśa XV. 10; Wilson's Viṣṇu-Purāṇa, p. 34.)
     bālagaja bāla-gaja, as, m. a young elephant.
     bālagarbhiṇī bāla-garbhiṇī, f. a cow with calf for the first time.
     bālagādādharī bāla-gādā-dharī, f., N. of a work by Annam Bhaṭṭa (= tarka-dīpikā).
     bālagopāla bāla-gopāla, as, m. 'the boy cowherd', Kṛṣṇa as a youthful herdsman.
     bālagopālatīrtha bālagopāla-tīrtha, as, m., N. of the teacher of the commentator Dhana-pati.
     bālagopālayatīndra bāla-gopāla-yatīndra (-ti-in-), as, m., N. of the scholiast on Śaṅkara's commentary to the Kaṭhopaniṣad.
     bālagaurītīrtha bāla-gaurī-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a sacred bathing-place in Śrī-māla.
     bālagraha bāla-graha, as, m. 'seizer of children', a kind of demon (to whom nine kinds of demoniacal possessions are ascribed); any demon who delights in teasing and injuring children.
     bālagrahapratiṣedha bā-lagraha-pratiṣedha, am, n., N. of a chapter of Vāgbhaṭa's Aṣṭāṅga-hṛdaya-saṃhitā.
     bālagrahopaśamana bālagra-hopaśamana (-ha-up-), am, n., N. of a chapter of the Śārṅga-dhara-paddhati.
     bālaghna bāla-ghna, as, m. a child-slayer, one who has killed a child, the murderer of a child; (ī), f. a murderess of children (said of a Rākṣasī).
     bālacandra bāla-candra, as, or bāla-candramas, ās, m. the young or waxing moon (= bālendu); a term for the moon till five or six days old.
     bālacandrikā bālacandrikā, f., N. of a woman.
     bālacarita bāla-carita or bāla-caritra, am, n. 'childish exploits', juvenile sports or pastime; a common N. of works or sections of works treating of the youthful adventures of a deity; N. of a chapter of the Gaṇeśa-Purāṇa.
     bālacaritanāman bālacarita-nāman, N. of a work by Vallabhadīkṣita containing the titles of Kṛṣṇa derived from 128 of his youthful adventures.
     bālacarya bāla-carya, as, m. 'behaving like a child', an epithet of Kārttikeya; (ā), f. the conduct or behaviour of a child.
     bālacūta bāla-cūta, as, m. a young mango tree.
     bālaja bāla-ja, as, ā, am, springing or produced from hair; (in Mahābh. Anuśāsana-p. 1611, 4587, a wrong reading for bālbaja, q. v.)
     bālatanaya bāla-tanaya, as, m. a young son; the tree Acacia Catechu.
     bālatantra bāla-tantra, am, n. midwifery, the care of a lying-in woman and of her child.
     bālataru bāla-taru, us, m. a young tree.
     bālatā bāla-tā, f. or bāla-tva, am, n. childhood, boyhood.
     bālatṛṇa bāla-tṛṇa, am, n. young grass.
     bāladalaka bāladalaka, as, m. 'small-leafed', the tree Acacia Catechu; [cf. bāla-pattra.]
     bāladeva bāla-deva, as, m., N. of the father of Bāvā-deva, q. v.
     bāladhana bāla-dhana, am, n. the property of a minor or infant.
     bāladhi bāla-dhi, is, m. a hairy tail (as that of a horse).
     bālapaṇḍita bāla-paṇḍita, as, m., N. of a man.
     bālapattra bāla-pattra or bāla-pat-traka, as, m. 'small-leafed', Acacia Catechu (= bāladalaka); Hedysarum Alhagi.
     bālapādapa bāla-pāda-pa, as, m. a young tree.
     bālapāśyā bāla-pāśyā, f. an ornament (of gold, silver, &c.) worn between the hair when parted on the forehead; a string of pearls binding the hair.
     bālaputra bāla-putra, as, ā, am, having little children, possessing very young children; possessed of young offspring.
     bālaputraka bāla-putraka, as, m. a little son.
     bālapuṣpikā bāla-puṣpikā, f. a variety of jasmine (= yūthikā).
     bālapuṣpī bāla-puṣpī, f. a variety of jasmine, Jasminum Auriculatum.
     bālabandhana bāla-bandhana, as, m., Ved. 'child-fetterer', N. of a demon.
     bālabodha bāla-bodha, as, m. 'instruction for the youthful', N. of various works adapted to the capacity of the young or inexperienced; of a commentary by the mathematician Go-vinda the son of Lāḍama on a Nyāya work by Śāṇḍilya; of a work by Vallabha Ācārya on devotion to Kṛṣṇa.
     bālabodhaka bāla-bodhaka, as, ī, am, instructing the youthful and inexperienced, enlightening the simple.
     bālabodhanī bāla-bodhanī, f. 'instructing the youthful', N. of a Vedānta work.
     bālabodhinī bāla-bodhinī, f. 'instructing the youthful', N. of a commentary by an anonymous Vedānta writer on the Vākya-sudhā; N. of a work by Śaṅkarācarya said to epitomize the logical portions of the Śārīrakamīmāṃsā-bhāṣya.
     bālabodhinībhāvaprakāśikā bālabodhinī-bhāva-prakā-śikā, f., N. of a commentary on Śaṅkara Ācārya's Bāla-bodhinī.
     bālabhañjaka bāla-bhañjaka, as, m., N. of a man.
     bālabhadraka bāla-bhadraka, as, m. a kind of mineral poison (= śāmbhava).
     bālabhāra bāla-bhāra, as, m. 'a weight of tail', a large bushy tail.
     bālabhārata bāla-bhārata, am, n. 'the little Bhārata', (opposed to the Mahābhārata or great Bhārata), N. of a work ascribed to Amara-candra (being a compendium of the Mahābhārata); N. of a drama by Rāja-śekhara (= pra-caṇḍa-pāṇḍava).
     bālabhāva bāla-bhāva, as, m. state of a child, childhood, minority, infancy; the state of a planet which has not risen far above the horizon; (according to Kullūka on Manu VIII. 118) = an-avadhāna, inattention; (kātaro bāla-bhāvas, feeble childhood = children collectively.)
     bālabhṛtya bāla-bhṛtya, as, m. a servant from childhood.
     bālabhaiṣajya bāla-bhaiṣajya, am, n. a kind of collyrium (= rasāñjana, q. v.).
     bālabhojya bāla-bhojya, as, m. 'children's food', pease.
     bālamati bāla-mati, is, is, i, 'childish-minded', one who has a puerile intellect.
     bālamandāravṛkṣa bāla-mandāra-vṛkṣa, as, m. a young coral tree (Erythrina Fulgens).
     bālamūla bāla-mūla, am, n. a young radish.
     bālamūlaka bālamūlaka, as, m. 'hairy-rooted (?)', a species of plant.
     bālamūṣikā bāla-mūṣikā, f. a small rat, mouse.
     bālamṛga bāla-mṛga, as, m. a young deer, fawn.
     bālamṛṇāla bāla-mṛṇāla, as, am, m. n. a tender filament or fibre of the lotus.
     bālambhaṭṭa bālam-bhaṭṭa, as, m., N. of a man; of a commentator on the law-book called Mitākṣarā; (as, ī, am), composed by Bālam-bhaṭṭa.
     bālayajñopavītaka bāla-yajñopavītaka (-ña-up-), am, n. the sacrificial thread worn across the breast; a sort of substitute for the sacrificial thread, a string or scarf as worn by children upon the breast (?); [cf. bālopavīta.]
     bālarāja bāla-rāja, am, n. lapis lazuli; [cf. bāla-sūrya, bāla-vāyaja.]
     bālarāmāyaṇa bāla-rāmāyaṇa, am, n. the little or abridged Rāmāyaṇa; [cf. bāla-bhārata, mahā-rāmāyaṇa.]
     bālarūpa bāla-rūpa, N. of a work mentioned in Vācaspati-miśra's Vivāda-cintāmaṇi.
     bālarūpadhara bālarūpa-dhara, as, m. 'bearing the form of a boy', an epithet of Śiva.
     bālarūpadhṛk bālarūpa-dhṛk (see dhṛk, p. 459), having the form of a boy, assuming the form of a dwarf.
     bālaroga bāla-roga, as, m. a child's disease, disease of children.
     bālalatā bāla-latā, f. a young creeper.
     bālalīlā bā-la-līlā, f. child's play, childish sport; juvenile pastime.
     bālavatsa bāla-vatsa, as, m. a young calf; 'favourite of children', a dove, pigeon.
     bālavanitā bāla-vanitā, f. a young woman.
     bālavāyaja bāla-vāyaja, am, n. lapis lazuli.
     bālavāsas bāla-vāsas, as, n. 'hair-raiment', woollen garments.
     bālavāhya bāla-vāhya, as, m. 'ridden by children', a wild goat.
     bālavidhavā bāla-vidhavā, f. 'child-widow', a widow whose husband died before she attained to puberty.
     bālavinaṣṭa bāla-vinaṣṭa or bālavinaṣṭaka, as, m., N. of a man.
     bālavṛkṣa bāla-vṛkṣa, as, m. a young tree.
     bālavaidhavya bāla-vaidhavya, am, n. 'child-widowhood', the becoming a widow in childhood.
     bālavyajana bāla-vya-jana, am, n. 'tail-fan', a chowrie, a whisk, flyflapper (generally made of the tail of the Yak or Bos Grunniens and used as an emblem of princely rank).
     bālavrata bāla-vrata, as, m. an epithet of the Buddhist saint Mañju-ghosha or Mañju-śrī.
     bālaśarman bāla-śarman, ā, m., N. of the father of Śāṇḍa and grandfather of Lakṣmī-dhara.
     bālaśṛṅga bāla-śṛṅga, as, ā, am, 'young-horned', having horns not yet fullgrown.
     bālasakhi bāla-sakhi, ā, m. 'child-friend', a friend from childhood.
     bālasañjīvana bāla-sañjīvana, am, n., N. of the thirty-third chapter of the second part of the Gaṇeśa-Purāṇa.
     bālasandhyā bāla-sandhyā, f. early twilight, dawn.
     bālasandhyābha bālasandhyābha (-yā-ābha), as, ā, am, resembling early twilight, of the hue of dawn, of a purple colour.
     bālasātmya bāla-sātmya, am, n. 'that which is suitable for children', milk.
     bālasiṃha bāla-siṃha, as, m., N. of a man.
     bālasuhṛd bāla-suhṛd, t, m. a friend from childhood, a friend of one's youth.
     bālasūrya bāla-sūrya or bālasūryaka, am, n. lapis lazuli; [cf. bāla-rāja.]
     bālasthāna bāla-sthāna, am, n. the position or condition of a child, childhood, youth, youthfulness, inexperience.
     bālahatyā bāla-hatyā, f. child-murder, infanticide.
     bālahasta bāla-hasta, as, m. 'hairy-hand', a hairy tail, the tail of a horse or any hairy animal.
     bālākṣī bālākṣī (-la-ak-), f. a species of tree, (commonly called keśa-puṣṭa.)
     bālāgra bā-lāgra (-la-ag-), am, n. a pinnacle?, (Mṛc-chakaṭī, Act 1. p. 21); the point of a hair.
     bālātapa bālātapa (-la-āt-), as, m. 'early heat of the sun', the newly risen sun, the morning sun-beams, heat of the morning sun.
     bālātaparakta bālātapa-rakta, as, ā, am, red or roseate with the morning sun-beams.
     bālāditya bālāditya (-la-ād-), as, m. 'youthful sun', the newly risen sun, morning sun; N. of a king of Kaśmīra; of a king of Magadha.
     bālādhyāpaka bālādhyāpaka (-la-adh-), as, m. 'child-instructor', a teacher of youth, tutor.
     bālādhyāpakatā bālā-dhyāpaka-tā, f. the office of a teacher of youth, a tutorship.
     bālāpatya bālāpatya (-la-āp-), am, n. young offspring, youthful progeny.
     bālābhyāsa bālābhyāsa (-la-abh), as, m. early application, study during childhood.
     bālāmaya bālāmaya (-la-ām-), as, m. a child's disease, disease of children.
     bālāmayapratiṣedha bālāmaya-pratiṣedha, am, n., N. of the second chapter of the Uttara-tantra or sixth part of Vāgbhaṭa's Aṣṭāṅga-hṛdaya-saṃhitā.
     bālāruṇa bālāruṇa (-la-ar-), as, m. early dawn; (as, ā, am), like early dawn, ruddy as early dawn.
     bālārka bālārka (-la-ar-), as, m. the newly risen sun, the morning sun-beams, heat of the morning sun.
     bālārkakomala bālārka-ko-mala, as, ā, am, soft as the orient sun (said of red dye).
     bālāvabodha bālāvabodha (-la-av-), as, m. 'instructing the young or inexperienced', N. of a short treatise on omens drawn from the movements of dogs.
     bālāvabodhapaddhati bā-lāvabodha-paddhati, is, f., N. of a commentary on Śaṅkhāyana's Gṛhya-sūtras.
     bālāvarṇana bālā-varṇana, am, n., N. of the ninety-sixth chapter of the Śārṅgadhara-paddhati.
     bālāvastha bālāvastha (-la-av-), as, ā, am, being in a state of childhood, still young, juvenile.
     bālāvasthā bālāvasthā, f. the state of a child, youth, childhood.
     bālāśoka bālāśoka (-la-aś-), as, m. a young Aśoka tree.
     bālāsura bālāsura (-la-as-), as, m., N. of an Asura.
     bālāsuravadha bālāsura-vadha, as, m., N. of the eightyfifth chapter of the second part of the Gaṇeśa-Purāṇa.
     bālāhatyā bālā-hatyā, f. the murdering of female children, female infanticide.
     bālendu bālendu (-la-in-), us, m. 'young moon', the new moon, waxing moon.
     bāleśvara bāleśvara (-la-īś-), as, m., N. of a son of Jaṭādhara and father of Nārāyaṇa the author of the Prākṛta-pāda, a grammatical work.
     bāleṣṭa bāleṣṭa (-la-iṣ-), as, m. 'desired by children', a jujube tree.
     bālopacaraṇa bālopacaraṇa (-la-up-), am, n. or bālopacāra (-la-up-), as, m. the medical treatment of children, any medicine or remedy suited for children.
     bālopacaraṇīya bālo-pacaraṇīya, am, n., N. of the first chapter of the Uttara-tantra or sixth book of Vāgbhaṭa's Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya-saṃhitā.
     bālopavīta bālopavīta (-la-up-), am, n. a cloth used for covering the privities; the sacrificial thread (= bāla-yajñopavītaka).

bālaka bālaka, as, ikā, am, young, childlike, childish, not yet full-grown; (as), m. a child, infant, a boy; (in law) a minor; a fool, blockhead; the tail of a horse or elephant; a finger-ring; a bracelet; a kind of perfume; N. of a prince, (also called Pālaka); (ikā), f. a female child or infant, a girl; sand; the knot or flower of an ear-ring; the rustling of leaves; small cardamoms [cf. ikṣu-b-]; (am), n. a variety of Hibiscus, Hibiscus Mutabilis; [cf. Hib. ballach, 'a boy.']
     bālakatva bālaka-tva, am, n. childhood, childishness.
     bālakapralapita bālaka-pralapita, am, n. childish talk, foolish prattle.
     bālakapriya bālaka-priya, as, ā, am, fond of children; (ā), f. coloquintida, colocynth; Musa Sapientum.
     bālakahatyā bālaka-hatyā, f. infanticide.

bālakīya bālakīya, as, ā, am, childish, infantine, relating to children.

bālāyani bālāyani, is, m. a metronymic from Bālā.

bāli bāli, is, m., N. of a monkey, brother of the monkey-king Su-grīva, (he was son of Indra and was said to derive his name from bāla, 'hair', as being born from the hair of his mother; he was slain by Rāma-candra, see Rāmāyaṇa IV. 21).
     bālisambhava bāli-sambhava, as, m. 'sprung from Bāli', N. of a celebrated monkey, the son of Bāli.
     bālihantṛ bāli-hantṛ, tā, m. 'killer of Bāli', an epithet of Rāma.

bālin bālin, ī, m., N. of a monkey, son of Indra, = bāli; (inī), f. the constellation Aśvinī.

bāliman bāliman, ā, m. childhood, youth, youthfulness, boyhood, immaturity.

bāliśa bāliśa, as, ā, am, young, childish, puerile, of tender years; ignorant, inexperienced, simple, foolish (= bāla); careless, heedless; (as), m. a child; a fool, blockhead; (am), n. a pillow, cushion (= Pers. [arabic]).
     bāliśatā bāliśa-tā, f. or bāliśa-tva, am, n. childishness, youthfulness, simplicity, foolishness, folly.
     bāliśamati bāliśa-mati, is, is, i, 'childish-minded', foolish.

bāliśya bāliśya, am, n. childishness, youth, youthfulness, boyhood, folly, thoughtlessness, heedlessness.

bāleya bāleya, as, ī, am, fit for an offering or oblation (fr. bali); descended from Bali (fr. bali); tender, soft, fit or proper for children (fr. bāla); (as), m. an ass; a kind of vegetable (= aṅgāra-vallī); a kind of radish (= cāṇakya-mūlaka); N. of a Daitya.
     bāleyaśāka bāleya-śāka, as, m. a kind of vegetable, Siphonanthus Indica.

bālya bālya, am, n. boyhood, childhood, infancy; childishness, puerility, immaturity of the understanding, folly, thoughtlessness, puerile temerity.
     bālyakāla bālya-kāla, as, m. the period or age of childhood.
     bālyatā bā-lya-tā, f. = bālya.

bālakhilya bāla-khilya. See p. 681, col. 3.

bālandana bālandana, as, m. a patronymic of Vatsa-prī.

bālāki bālāki, is, m. a metronymic from Balākā.

bālākyā bālākyā, f. a proper N.

bālāyani bālāyani, is, m., N. of a preceptor.

bālāhaka bālāhaka, as, m., N. of a serpent-demon.

bāliśa bāliśa. See col. 2.

bālīvardineya bālīvardineya, as, m. a patronymic from Balīvardin; a metronymic from Balīvardī; [cf. balīvardineya.]

bālīśa bālīśa, as, m. retention of urine.

bālu bālu, us, m. (said to be fr. rt. 2. bal), a kind of drug; (also written vālu; cf. elavālu.)

bāluka bāluka, as, m. a kind of drug and perfume, (also written vāluka; cf. elavāluka); (ā), f. sand, gravel; powder; camphor; a sand-bath; (ā or ī), f. a species of cucumber, Cucumis Usitatissimus.
     bālukāgaḍa bā-lukā-gaḍa, as, m. a species of fish, Cheilodipterus Calius and Butis.
     bālukātmikā bālukātmikā (-kā-āt-), f. 'having the nature of sand', sugar.
     bālukāprabhā bālukā-prabhā, f. one of the seven hells of the Jainas, the hell of sand.

bāluṅkī bāluṅkī, f. a species of cucumber, Cucumis Usitatissimus.

bāluṅgī bāluṅgī or bāluṅgikā, f. = bāluṅkī.

bālūka bālūka, as, m. a kind of poison.

bālendu bālendu. See col. 2.

bāleya bāleya. See above.

bāloka bāloka, as, m., N. of an author (?).

bālbaja bālbaja, as, ī, am (fr. balbaja), made of the grass Eleusine Indica.

bālbajabhārika bālbajabhārika (fr. balbaja + bhāra), as, ī, am, laden or burdened with Balbaja grass.

bālbajika bālbajika, as, ī, am, bearing Balbaja grass; [cf. balbajika.]

bālya bālya. See above.

bālhaka bālhaka. See bālhika below.

bālhi bālhi, N. of a country, Balkh; (often written bāhli; cf. balhi.)
     bālhija bālhi-ja or bālhi-jāta, as, ā, am, born or bred in Balkh, of the Balkh breed (said of a horse).

bālhāyana bālhāyana, as, ī, am, relating to or derived from Bālhi.

bālhika bālhika, as, m. (also written bāhlika, vāhlika, bāhlīka, and incorrectly bālhaka), a king of the Bālhikas; N. of a son of Pratīpa; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people; (as, ī, am), coming from Balkh; (am), n. saffron; Asa Foetida.

bālhīka bālhīka, as, m. (often written bāhlīka or vā-hlīka, and sometimes for bāhīka), a prince of the Bālhīkas; N. of a son of Janam-ejaya; of a son of Pratīpa; of the father of Rohiṇī, wife of Vasu-deva; of a Gandharva; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people, = bālhika; (ī), f. a princess of the Bālhīkas (an epithet of Mādrī, Mahā-bh. Ādi-p. 4886); (as, ī, am), belonging to or derived from the Bālhīkas; (am), n. saffron; Asa Foetida.
     bālhīkabhāṣā bālhīka-bhāṣā, f. the language of the Bālhīkas (enumerated among the various Prākṛt dialects).
     bālhīkeśa bālhīkeśa (-ka + īś-), as, m. lord of the Bālhīkas.

bāvādeva bāvā-deva, as, m., N. of the author of the Arpaṇa-mīmāṃsā, a treatise on sacrificial rites.

bāvāśāstrin bāvā-śāstrin, ī, m., N. of the author of the Svarodaya-vivaraṇa, q. v.

bāṣkala bāṣkala, as, m., N. of a teacher (a pupil of Paila); of a Daitya; of a son of Anuhrāda; (ās), m. pl., N. of a family regarded as belonging to the Kauśikas, (also written vāskalās); N. of a school; (as, ā, am), large, great?; (as), m. a warrior (see vāṣkala).
     bāṣkalaśākhā bāṣkala-śākhā, f., N. of a work.
     bāṣkalopaniṣad bāṣkalopaniṣad (-la-up-), t, f., N. of an Upaniṣad.

bāṣkalaka bāṣkalaka, as, ā, am, belonging to or derived from the Bāṣkalas.

bāṣkali bāṣkali, is, m. a patronymic from Bāṣkala; N. of a teacher.

bāṣkiha bāṣkiha, as, m. a patronymic from Bashkiha.

bāṣpa bāṣpa, bāṣpaka, bāṣpin, &c. See vāṣpa, &c.

bāskala bāskala, a various reading for bāṣkala above.

bāsta bāsta, as, ī, am (fr. basta, a goat, cf. vasta), belonging to or coming from a goat, goatish; bāstaṃ carma, a goat-skin; (also written vāsta, cf. Manu II. 41.)

bāstāyana bāstāyana, as, m. a patronymic from Basta.

bāh bāh. See rt. vāh.

bāha bāha, as, ā, m. f. the arm, = 1. bāhu below; (as), m. a horse; (probably for vāha fr. rt. vah)

bāhava 1. bāhava, am, n. (fr. bahu), see Gaṇa Pṛthvādi to Pāṇ. V. 1, 122.

bāhava 2. bāhava, as, am, m. n., Ved. the arm (= bāhu).

bāhavi bāhavi, is, m. a patronymic from Bāhu; N. of a teacher.

bāhābāhavi bāhābāhavi, ind. arm against arm, hand to hand (in close combat, = bāhūbāhavi).

bāhaṭa bāhaṭa, as, m., N. of an author mentioned by Malli-nātha in his commentary on the Raghu-vaṃśa.

bāhaḍa bāhaḍa, as, m., N. of a man.

bāhādura bāhādura, as, m. a modern title of honour conferred by Muhammadan kings bearing some resemblance to the European title of military knighthood (= Pers. [arabic]).

bāhābāhavi bāhābāhavi. See above.

bāhirvedika bāhirvedika, as, ī, am (fr. ba-hir-vedi), Ved. situated or taking place outside the Vedi; [cf. bahirvedika.]

bāhīka bāhīka, as, ī, am (fr. bahis), being outside, external, exterior; (probably) being abroad; belonging or relating to the people of the Pañjāb; (ās), m. pl. the people of the Pañjāb, (opposed to prācya); (as), m. an inhabitant of the Pañjāb. a Pañjābī; N. of a priest; an ox; (am), n., N. of a lake or piece of water in the country of the Bāhīkas.

bāhu 1. bāhu, us, m. (fr. rt. bah for baṃh, said to be fr. rt. bādh; by some grammarians 1. bāhu is said to be both m. and f.; for 2. bāhu see col. 3), the arm, (bāhū udyamya, raising the two arms; lakṣmaṇo rāmasya dakṣiṇo bāhuḥ, Lakṣmaṇa is Rāma's right arm; ājānu-bāhu, one whose arms reach as far as his kness; cf. ud-b-, ūrdhva-b-); the fore-arm, the arm between the elbow and the wrist, (opposed to pra-gaṇḍa, q. v.); the fore-foot of an animal, (according to the commentators especially the upper part of the forefoot, but perhaps also the lower part; cf. pṛśni-b-); the whole upper extremity of the body (in medicine, as opposed to sakthi, the lower extremity); the limb of a bow (Ved.); the bar of a chariot-pole (Ved.); a door-post [cf. dvāra-b-]; (in geometry) the base of a right-angled triangle, leg of a triangle, side of an angular figure [cf. bāhu-pratibāhu]; the shadow of the gnomon on a sun-dial; the constellation Ārdrā, (in this sense also ū, m. du.); N. of a Daitya; of a prince (enumerated among eighteen who brought ruin upon their families by their illegal actions, Mahā-bh. Udyoga-p. 2731); of a son of Vṛka; of a son of Vajra; (adjective compounds having bāhu in the sense of 'arm' at the end and applied to the names of persons make their fem. in ū); [cf. Zend bazu, 'the arm;' Gr. [greek] Lat. brachium; Old Norse bog-r = Old Germ. buoc, 'a bow, bend.']
     bāhukara bāhu-kara, as, ī, am, working with the hands.
     bāhukuṇṭha bāhu-kuṇṭha or bāhu-kubja, as, ā, am, crippled in the arms.
     bāhukuntha bāhu-kuntha, as, m. a wing.
     bāhukṣad bāhu-kṣad, t, t, t, Ved. offering the fore-legs (i. e. the inferior parts) of an animal (said of a parsimonious sacrificer; according to Sāy. = bāhubhir yajamā-naḥ).
     bāhucāpa bāhu-cāpa, as, m. 'arm-bow', the distance measured by the extended arms, a fathom.
     bāhucyut bāhu-cyut, t, t, t, in Atharva-veda XVIII. 3, 25, perhaps for bāhu-tā.
     bāhucyuta bāhu-cyuta, as, ā, am, Ved. fallen from the arm, dropped out of the hand; (Sāy. = bāhubhyām pracyutaḥ.)
     bāhuja bā-hu-ja, as, m. 'arm-born', a Kshatriya or man of the military class (as sprung from the arm of Brahmā, Manu I. 31); a parrot; sesamum growing wild or spontaneously.
     bāhujūta bāhu-jūta, as, ā, am, Ved. swift with the arms; (Sāy. = bāhuḥ prerakaḥ śatrūṇāṃ yasya tādṛśaḥ, repelling the enemy with the arms.)
     bāhujyā bāhu-jyā, f. the cord of an arc, sine.
     bāhutā bāhu-tā, ind., Ved. in the arms; [cf. deva-tā, 2. puruṣa-tā.]
     bāhutrāṇa bāhu-trāṇa, am, n. 'arm-fence', armour for the arms, vantbrass.
     bāhudaṇḍa bāhu-daṇḍa, as, am, m. n. 'arm-staff', an arm like a staff, the arm compared to a staff; a blow or punishment inflicted with the arm or fist; [cf. bhuja-daṇḍa.]
     bāhudā bāhu-dā, f. 'armgiver', an epithet of Suyaśā (a wife of Parīkṣit, Mahā-bh. Ādi-p. 3795); N. of a river said to rise in the Himālaya and probably identical with the Vitastā or classical Hydaspes and modern Jhelum, (into this river Gaurī the wife of Prasena-jit is said to have been transformed; and its name is accounted for by a legend that a saint recovered his lost arms by bathing in the stream.)
     bāhupāśa bāhu-pāśa, as, m. 'crossing or intertwining the arms', a particular attitude in fighting.
     bāhupratibāhu bāhu-pratibāhu, ū, m. du. (in geometry) the opposite sides of a figure.
     bāhuprasāra bāhu-prasāra, as, m. the act of stretching out the arms, embracing.
     bāhupraharaṇa bāhu-praharaṇa, as, m. 'striking with the arms', a striker, boxer; (am), n. boxing, wrestling.
     bāhuphala bāhu-phala, am, n. (in geometry) the result from the base sine; the sine of an arc of a circle of position contained between the sun and the prime vertical.
     bāhubala bāhu-bala, am, n. power or strength of arm; (as), m., N. of a prince; (as, ā, am), strong in the arm.
     bāhubalin bāhu-balin, ī, inī, i, strong in the arm.
     bāhubādha bāhu-bādha, ās, m. pl., N. of a people; (also read bāhu-bādhya, bahu-rada.)
     bāhubhaṅgi bāhu-bhaṅgi, is, f. bending or twisting the arms.
     bāhubhūṣaṇa bāhu-bhūṣaṇa, am, n. or bāhu-bhūṣā, f. 'arm-ornament', an armlet, an ornament worn on the upper part of the arm.
     bāhubhedin bāhu-bhedin, ī, m. 'arm-breaker', an epithet of Viṣṇu.
     bāhumat bāhu-mat, ān, atī, at, one who has (strong) arms; (ān), m. an epithet of Indra; (atī), f., N. of a river.
     bāhumaya bāhu-maya, as, ī, am, made or done with the arms.
     bāhumātra bāhu-mātra, as, ī, am, Ved. as long as the arm.
     bāhumūla bāhu-mūla, am, n. the root or juncture of the arm, armpit, extremity of the upper part of the arm, shoulder-balde, the region of the shoulder.
     bāhumūlavibhūṣaṇa bāhumūla-vibhūṣaṇa, am, n. an ornament worn on the extremity of the upper part of the arm.
     bāhuyuddha bāhu-yuddha, am, n. 'arm-fight', a close fight, personal struggle, pugilistic encounter, boxing, wrestling, pugilism.
     bāhuyodha bāhu-yodha, as, or bāhu-yodhin, ī, m. 'fighting with the arms', a wrestler, a boxer.
     bāhulatā bā-hu-latā, f. 'arm-creeper', an arm (lithe) as a creeper or climbing plant.
     bāhulatāntara bāhulatāntara (-tā-an-), am, n. the space between creeper-like arms, the breast, bosom.
     bāhulatikā bāhu-latikā, f. an arm like a young creeper or climbing plant.
     bāhuvikṣepa bāhu-vikṣepa, as, m. the act of throwing the arms apart, moving the arms; swimming.
     bāhuvīrya bāhu-vīrya, am, n. strength of arm, personal prowess.
     bāhuvṛkta bāhu-vṛkta, as, m., Ved. N. of a descendant of Atri and author of the hymns Ṛg-veda V. 71, 72.
     bāhuvyāyāma bāhu-vyāyāma, as, m. 'arm-exercise', gymnastic or athletic exercise.
     bāhuśakti bā-hu-śakti, is, m., N. of a king.
     bāhuśardhin bāhu-śardhin, ī, inī, i, Ved. 'relying on (his) arms', mighty in arm or prowess; an epithet of Indra.
     bāhuśālin bāhu-śālin, ī, inī, i, possessing (strong) arms; (ī), m. an epithet of Śiva; N. of a Dānava; of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra; of Bhīma; of a prince.
     bāhuśikhara bāhu-śikhara, 'the upper part of the arm', the shoulder.
     bāhusambhava bāhu-sambhava, as, m. 'arm-born', 'sprung from the arms (of Brahmā)', a Kshatriya or man of the military class.
     bāhusahasrabhṛt bāhu-sahasra-bhṛt, t, m. 'having a thousand arms', an epithet of king Arjuna Kārtavīrya killed by Paraśurāma.
     bāhūtkṣepam bāhūtkṣepam (-hu-ut-), ind. having lifted up the arms, having raised the hands.
     bāhūbāhavi bāhū-bā-havi, ind. arm against arm, arm to arm, hand to hand or mutually grappling (in close combat, = bāhā-bāhavi).
     bāhvaṅka bāhv-aṅka, as, m., Ved. bending the arm.
     bāhvojas bāhv-ojas, as, n., Ved. strength of arm; (ās, ās, as), strong in the arm; strong in the fore-legs (said of a horse; Sāy. = bāhuṣu pra-kṛṣṭa-balavān).

bāhuka bāhuka, as, ā, am, servile, a servant, dependant; swimming with the arms; like a dwarf, dwarfish; (as), m. = 1. bāhu, 'the arm', at the end of a comp. [cf. hrasva-b-]; a monkey; N. of a Nāga; of a prince; of a son of Vṛka (= 1. bāhu); N. assumed by Nala after his transformation into a dwarf by the serpent-demon Karkoṭaka and upon his becoming charioteer to king Ṛtu-parṇa, (with this meaning also written vāhuka); (ā), f., N. of a river.

bāhula 1. bāhula, am, n. (for 2. see p. 684, col. 1), mail or armour for the arms; N. of a place in Dakṣiṇāpatha.

bāhu 2. bāhu (fr. bahu, p. 677, col. 2), occurring at the beginning of compounds as follow. (For 1. bāhu see col. 1.)

bāhukīṭa bāhukīṭa, as, ī, am (fr. bahu-kīṭa), see Gaṇa Paladyādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 110.

bāhukuleyaka bāhukuleyaka (fr. bahu + kula), as, m. a patronymic; [cf. bahukulīna.]

bāhugarta bāhugarta, as, ī, am (fr. bahu + garta), see Scholiast on Pāṇ. IV. 2, 137.

bāhuguṇya bāhuguṇya, am, n. possession of numerous excellences, great advantageousness; excess; (ena), ind. exceedingly.

bāhudantaka bāhudantaka [cf. bāhudantin], belonging to Indra, (said of a treatise on moral duties abridged by Indra, Mahā-bh. Śānti-p. 2204.)

bāhudantin bāhudantin, ī, m. (fr. bahu + danta), an epithet of Indra.
     bāhudantiputra bāhudanti-putra, as, m. a son of Indra, epithet of Jaya-datta (son of Indra and reputed author of a Tantra).

bāhudanteya bāhudanteya, as, m. = bāhudantin.

bāhubali bāhubali, is, m. (probably fr. bahu-bala), N. of a mountain.

bāhubhāṣya bāhubhāṣya, am, n. (fr. bahu-bhāṣin, q. v.), talkativeness, garrulity, loquaciousness.

bāhumitrāyaṇa bāhumitrāyaṇa, as, m. a patronymic from Bahumitra, q. v.

bāhurūpya bāhurūpya, as, &c. (fr. bahu + rūpya), see Siddhānta-kaumudī on Pāṇ. IV. 2, 106; (am), n. (fr. bahu-rūpa), the possession of many forms or aspects, manifoldness.

bāhuvartaka bāhuvartaka, as, ī, am (fr. bahu-varta), see Scholiast on Pāṇ. IV. 2, 126.

bāhuviddha bāhuviddha, as, m. (fr. a form bahu-viddha?), a patronymic (?).

bāhuśāla bāhuśāla, as, ī, am (fr. bahu-śāla), prepared from Tithymalus Antiquorum.
     bāhuśālaguḍa bāhuśāla-guḍa, as, m. (in medicine) pills prepared from Tithymalus Antiquorum and used as a remedy for hemorrhoids &c.

bāhuśrutya bāhuśrutya, am, n. (fr. bahu-śruta), great learning, learnedness, erudition.

bāhvṛcya bāhvṛcya, am, n. (fr. bahv-ṛc), the sacred tradition of the Bahv-ṛcas, traditional teaching of the Ṛg-veda.

bāhuk bāhuk in pra-b-, q. v.

bāhubāṇa bāhubāṇa, as, m. a patronymic of king Hammīra; (also read vāhuvāna, cāhubāṇa.)

bāhula 2. bāhula, as, ī, am (fr. bahula; for 1. see p. 683, col. 3), manifold, see Gaṇa Saṅkalādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 75; (as), m. the month Kārttika (when the moon is near the Pleiades; fr. ba-hulā, the Pleiades); (as), m. fire; N. of a prince; of a son of Śākya-muni; (am), n. manifoldness, a term in grammar implying the optional applicability of different rules.
     bāhulagrīva bāhula-grīva, as, m. 'variegated-necked', a peacock.

bāhulaka bāhulaka, am, n. manifoldness, diversity; (āt), ind. in consequence of the diverse or indeterminate applicability (of a rule), from the various application of meanings or of forms.

bāhuli bāhuli, is, m., N. of a son of Viśvā-mitra.

bāhuleya bāhuleya, as, m. (fr. bahulā, the Pleiades), a metronymic of Kārttikeya.

bāhulya bāhulya, am, n. (fr. bahula), abundance, plentifulness, plenty, quantity, multitude, multiplicity, manifoldness, variety; the usual course of things, common order of things; (āt, ena), ind. in the usual course of things, for the most part, usually, ordinarily, commonly; (āt), ind. in all probability.

bāheyaka bāheyaka, as, ikā, am, (perhaps) relating to or current among the Bāhīkas.

bāhya bāhya, as, ā, am (fr. bahis, q. v. In classical Sanskṛt this word is more usually written vāhya, but in the Veda bahis and bāhya are the usual forms, the nom. pl. bāhye following the pronominal declension), being outside, situated without (a city or village or house), outer, external, outward, exterior; foreign; (as), m. a foreigner; an outcast, one of a low tribe; (ā), f., scil. tvac, the outer bark (of a tree); (am, ena, e), ind. outside, on the outside, without; (āt), ind. from without.
     bāhyatas bāhya-tas, ind. outside, externally, on the outside of (with gen. or abl.; cf. vāhya-tas).

bāhlaka bāhlaka, bāhli, bāhlika, bāhlīka, &c. See bālhaka, &c., p. 682, col. 3.

biṭ biṭ (also written viṭ; cf. rts. viḍ and hiṭ), cl. 1. P. beṭati, beṭitum, to address harshly; to swear, curse; to shout, exclaim.

biṭaka biṭaka, as, ā, am, m. f. n. a boil (= piṭaka, q. v.).

biṭha biṭha, am, n., Ved. (according to Yāska) the sky.

biḍ biḍ (or viḍ) = biṭ, q. v.

biḍāla biḍāla, biḍālaka, &c. See viḍāla, &c.

bid bid or bind (connected with rts. bhid, bil, bhil), cl. 1. P. bindati, bi-binda, binditā, binditum, to split, cleave; to divide; to make or constitute a part.

bidala bidala, am, n. (usually written vidala, q. v., and according to some fr. vi + dala), anything split off, a slip, cutting, chip; a split bamboo; a split pea [cf. masūra-b-]; a twig; a basket made of split bamboos; gold-leaf, &c.; paste of pomegranates; (as), m. pastry, a cake; the tree Bauhinia Variegata (= kuddāla, ko-vidāra); (ā), f. the plant Ipomoea Turpethum.
     bidalakārī bidala-kārī, f., Ved. a woman employed in splitting bamboos; (Mahī-dhara = vaṃśa-vidāriṇī, vaṃśa-pātra-kāriṇī.)
     bidalasaṃhita bidala-saṃ-hita, as, ā, am, Ved. composed or made up of halves.
     bidalīkṛta bidalī-kṛta, as, ā, am, split, cleft, pierced; dvi-b-, cleft in twain; (generally spelt vidalī-kṛta.)

bindavi bindavi (fr. bindu), N. of a place; [cf. baindavi.]

bindavīya bindavīya, as, ā, am, see Gaṇa Gahādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 138; (as), m. a prince of the Bindus; [cf. baindavīya.]

bindu bindu, us, m. (in classical Sanskṛt more usually written vindu, q. v., in the Veda bindu), a detached particle, a drop; a sphericle, globule, point, dot, spot; N. of a descendant of Aṅgiras and author of the hymns Ṛg-veda VIII. 83, IX. 30.

bind bind = rt. bid, q. v.

binduraka binduraka, as, m. Himenia Aegyptiaca.

bibodhayiṣu bibodhayiṣu, us, us, u (fr. Desid. of Caus. of rt. 1. budh), wishing to rouse, intending to wake; [cf. bubodhayiṣu.]

bibboka bibboka, as, m. (also written viv-voka, vibboka, q. q. v. v.), haughty indifference; (in erotic poetry) affectation of indifference towards a beloved object through pride and conceit.

bibhakṣayiṣu bibhakṣayiṣu, us, us, u (fr. Desid. of rt. bhakṣ), wishing to eat, desirous of eating.
     bibhakṣayiṣudaṃṣṭrin bibhakṣayiṣu-daṃṣṭrin, ī, iṇī, i, 'having teeth desirous of eating', hungry-mouthed.

bibhitsā bibhitsā, f. (fr. Desid. of rt. bhid), a desire to break through or destroy, wish to pierce or penetrate (with acc., e. g. droṇānīkam bibhitsā, the desire of breaking through the army of Droṇa).

bibhitsu bibhitsu, us, us, u, desirous of breaking through, wishing to pierce or penetrate (with acc.).

bibhedayiṣu bibhedayiṣu, us, us, u (fr. Desid. of Caus.), desirous of severing, intending to divide or disunite.

bibhrakṣu bibhrakṣu, us, us, u (fr. Desid. of rt. bhrajj), wishing to roast or fry; desirous of scorching up, intending to scorch or parch; wishing to destroy; (us), m. fire.

bibhrajjiṣu bibhrajjiṣu, us, us, u, wishing to fry or parch; (us), m. fire.
     bibhrajjiṣuprakhya bibhrajjiṣu-prakhya, as, ā, am, resembling fire, (according to a Scholiast = agni-tulya.)

bibhrat bibhrat, at, atī, at (pres. part. of rt. bhṛ, q. v.), bearing, carrying.

bimba bimba. See vimba.

birāla birāla and bilāla = viḍāla, q. v.

bil bil (sometimes less correctly written vil; connected with rts. bhil, bid, bhid), cl. 6. 10. P. bilati, belayati, to split, cleave, break, divide.

bila bila, am, n. (also written vila, q. v.), a hole (especially of a mouse, snake, wild beast, &c.), hollow, cavity; a gap, pit, chasm; an opening, aperture, outlet, (catur-b-, Ved. 'having four apertures or outlets', said of the udder of a cow), embouchure; the hollow of a dish, bowl of a spoon or ladle; (as), m. a species of reed or cane, Calamus Rotang (= vetasa); N. of Uccaiḥ-śravas (one of the horses of Indra).
     bileśvaratīrtha bileśvara-tīrtha (-la-īś-), am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.

bilma bilma, am, n., Ved. a slip, chip, (Sāy. = bhāsa-naṃ kāṣṭham); a broken helmet; an ash-pit.

bilmin bilmin, ī, inī, i, (according to Mahī-dhara) having a helmet.

billa billa, am, n. (also written villa), a pit, hole, reservoir; Asa Foetida.
     billamūlā billa-mūlā, f. a species of esculent bulbous plant.
     billasū billa-sū, ūs, f. a mother of ten children.

bilva bilva, as, m. (in the later language more usually written vilva, q. v.), a species of tree, Aegle Marmelos, the wood-apple (commonly called Bel; it bears a delicious fruit, which when unripe is used for medicinal purposes; its leaves are employed in the ceremonial of the worship of Śiva); (am), n. the fruit of Aegle Marmelos; a particular weight, = 1 Pala, = 4 Akshas, = (1/4) Kuḍava; a kind of vegetable; (ā), f. a kind of drug (= hiṅgu-pattrī, q. v.).
     bilvaja bilva-ja, see bailvaja.
     bilvatejas bilva-tejas, ās, m., N. of a serpentdemon.
     bilvadaṇḍa bilva-daṇḍa, as, m. 'having a staff of Bilva wood', an epithet of Śiva.
     bilvanātha bilva-nātha, as, m., N. of a teacher of the Haṭha-vidyā.
     bilvapattra bilva-pattra, as, m., N. of a serpent-demon.
     bilvapattramaya bilva-pattra-maya, as, ī, am, made or consisting of Bilva leaves.
     bilvapattrikā bilvapattrikā, f. a N. of Dākṣāyaṇī under which she was worshipped at Bilvaka.
     bilvapāṇḍara bilva-pāṇḍara, as, m., N. of a serpent-demon.
     bilvapeśikā bilva-peśikā or bilva-peśī, f. the dried shell of the Bilva fruit.
     bilvamaṅgala bilva-maṅgala, as, m., N. of a poet (also called Līlā-śuka, the author of the Kṛṣṇakarṇāmṛta, a poem on the sports of Kṛṣṇa at Vṛndā-vana).
     bilvavana bilva-vana, am, n. a wood of Bilva trees.
     bilvāmraka bilvāmraka (-va-ām-), N. of a place on the Revā or Narmadā river.
     bilveśvara bilveśvara (-va-īś-), N. of a Liṅga.
     bilvodakeśvara bilvodakeśvara (-va-ud-, -ka-īś-), N. of a temple of Śiva.

bilvaka bilvaka, as, m., N. of a serpent-demon; of a place of pilgrimage.

bilvakīyā bilvakīyā, f. a place planted with Bilva trees.

bilhaṇa bilhaṇa, as, m., N. of a man; of a poet, (in this sense also written vihlaṇa.)

biś biś (= rt. pis), cl. 1. P. beśati, &c., to go.

biśa biśa, biṣa, various forms for bisa, q. v.

biṣkalā biṣkalā, f., Ved. parturient, a woman in travail; [cf. billa-sū, baṣkaya, baṣ-kiha; according to some a masc. form viṣkala or biṣkala exists, = grāmya-śūkara, a tame hog, which by reason of its fecundity has the name bahv-apatya, having much offspring.]

bis bis (sometimes written vis, q. v.), cl. 4. P. bisyati, &c., to go, move; to split; to grow; to urge on, incite; to cast, throw.

bisa bisa, am, n. (in classical Sanskṛt more usually written visa, q. v.), a shoot, sucker; the film or fibres of the stalk of the water-lily, that part of the stalk of the lotus which is underground, (the young shoots of the Nelumbium and of various species of the Nymphaea, particularly of the Nymphaea Edulis, as well as the parts of the stalk underground, appear to have been eaten as a delicacy; at the end of an adj. comp. bisa forms the fem. in ā); the whole lotus plant (Mahā-bh. Śānti-p. 7974).
     bisakhā bisa-khā, ās, m., Ved. one who digs for the stalks of roots, a digger for the fibres of the stem of the lotus, (also written viṣa-khā.)
     bisavat bisa-vat, ān, atī, at,  Ved. abounding in lotus fibres; (atī), f. a place abounding in lotus fibres.

bihlaṇa bihlaṇa. See bilhaṇa above.

bīja bīja, am, n. (in classical Sanskṛt more usually written vīja, q. v., perhaps fr. rt. jan with vi), the seed or germ of plants and animals; seed-corn, corn, (see vīja.)
     bījavat bīja-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. possessing seed.

bījaka bījaka, as, m., N. of a poet; [cf. bhaṭṭa-bījaka.]

bībh bībh (also read cībh, q. v.), cl. 1. A. bībhate, &c., to commend, flatter; to boast.

bībhatsa bībhatsa, as, ā, am (fr. Desid. of rt. bādh), loathsome, disgusting, nauseous, revolting, detestable, hideous; loathing, detesting; envious; cruel, mischievous; wicked; changed or estranged in mind; (as), m. disgust, abhorrence, detestation; 'the disgusting', one of the eight Rasas; an epithet of Arjuna, = bībhatsu; (ā), f. (Ved.) loathing, abhorrence; disgust.
     bībhatsatā bībhatsa-tā, f. loathsomeness, detestableness.
     bībhatsārasanirdeśa bībhatsā-rasa-nirdeśa, as, m., N. of the 145th chapter of the Śārṅgadhara-paddhati.

bībhatsu bībhatsu, us, us, u, loathing, detesting, feeling repugnance or abhorrence, disgusted, revolted; envious, emulous; (Sāy.) = kampamāna, kampamā-nāvayava; (us), m. an epithet of Arjuna.

bīriṭa bīriṭa, as, m., Ved. (according to Yāska) the air; a crowd, multitude.

bīriṇa bīriṇa in dur-bīriṇa, q. v.

buk buk, ind. an onomatopoetic word.
     bukkāra buk-kāra, as, m. the roaring of a lion; the cry of any animal.

buka buka, see Gaṇa Prekṣādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

bukin bukin, ī, inī, i, fr. buka above.

bukk bukk, cl. 1. P. bukkati, bubukka, buk-kitum, to bark; to sound; cl. 10. P. bukkayati, -yitum, to bark, yelp; to speak, talk; to give pain (?).

bukka bukka, as, ā, or ī, am, m. f. n. the heart [cf. vṛkka]; = samaya (perhaps an error for hṛdaya); (as), m. a goat.
     bukkamahīpati bukka-mahīpati, is, or bukka-bhūpāta, or bukka-rāya, as, m., N. of two kings of Vijaya-nagara or Vidyā-nagara; [cf. bukkaṇa below.]
     bukkāgramāṃsa bukkāgramāṃsa (-ka-ag-), am, n. the heart; (probably a compound incorrectly formed from blending the two equivalents bukkā = agra-māṃsam.)

bukkaṇa bukkaṇa, as, m., N. of a king (the patron of Mādhavācārya and Sāyaṇācārya, see above).

bukkan bukkan, ā, m. the heart.

bukkana bukkana, am, n. the barking of a dog; the noise made by other animals.

bukkasa bukkasa, as, m. a Caṇḍāla, man of the lowest class [cf. pukkaśa, pukkasa]; (ī), f. = kālī, (perhaps) black colour; the indigo plant (= pukkaśa, pukkasa).

buṅg buṅg (also written vuṅg), cl. 1. P. buṅgati, &c., to forsake, desert, abandon.

buṭ buṭ, cl. 1. 10. P. boṭati, boṭayati, &c., to hurt, kill.

buḍ buḍ, cl. 6. P. buḍati, &c., to cover, hide, conceal, (in these senses a various reading for rt. cuḍ, q. v.); to emit, discharge, (in these senses a various reading for rt. puḍ, q. v.)

buḍila buḍila or bulila, as, m., Ved., N. of a man.

bud bud = rt. bund, q. v.

buddha buddha, buddhi. See cols. 2 and 3.

budbuda budbuda, as, m. (an onomatopoetic word imitative of the sound of a bubble rising to the surface of any fluid), a bubble in water (frequently the symbol of anything transitory); a bubble in general; an embryo five days old (Ved.); nayana-b-, the pupil of the eye; (ā), f., N. of an Apsaras; (am), n. a particular disease of the eye.
     budbudatva budbuda-tva, am, n. the being a (mere) bubble, existence as a bubble (attributed to an embryo five days old).
     budbudayāśu budbuda-yāśu, us, us, u, Ved. frothy as a bubble, frothy, foamy; (or perhaps) one whose generative power is a mere bubble, impotent; (Sāy.) = budbuda-vad yātṛ or vyāpana-śīla.

budh 1. budh, cl. 1. P. A. bodhati, -te (Ved. Impv. 2nd sing. bodhi, but this is often referred to rt. 1. bhū), bubodha, bubudhe, bo-dhiṣyati, -te, abudhat, abodhīt, abhutsat, abud-dha, bodhitum, and more commonly cl. 4. A. (ep. also P.) budhyate (-ti), bubudhe (part. bubudhāna), bhotsyate, abodhi or abuddha (1st sing. abhutsi, 1st pl. abhutsmahi, 2nd pl. abhuddhvam), bhut-sīṣṭa, boddhum (Ved. budhi, Sāy. = bodhe sati; budhanta, abudhram, bodhiṣat, bubodhas; the original sense may have been 'to fathom a depth, penetrate to the bottom;' cf. budhna); to observe, mark, heed, regard, attend to (with acc. or gen.); to perceive, notice, become acquainted with, recognise; to know, understand, comprehend; to think, reflect; to deem, consider, regard as, esteem as (with two acc.); to recover consciousness (after a swoon or after sleep &c.), come to one's senses; to wake up, awake; to admonish: Caus. bodhayati (Ved. also -te?), -yitum, Aor. abūbudhat (Ved. part. bubu-dhāna, q. v.; Pres. part. Pass. bodhyamāna, q. v.), to cause to observe or attend, excite the attention of (with acc.); to cause to know or understand, render intelligible, make known, inform, teach; to revive, re-animate, restore to life, to bring any one to his senses, cause to listen to reason, admonish, advise; to remind any one of anything (with two acc.); to raise, cause (a perfume); to wake, wake up, rouse; to wake (metaphorically), cause (a flower) to expand: Desid. bubodhiṣati, -te, bubudhiṣati, -te, bu-bhutsate, to wish to observe, desire to become acquainted with: Intens. bobudhyate, boboddhi: [cf. Zend bud, 'to observe, to awake:' Gr. [greek] [greek] [greek] Lat. fundus: Goth. bud, 'to bid;' biuda, bauth, budum: Angl. Sax. bytne, botm, beodan, boda, bodian: Old Germ. biutan: Mod. Germ. biete, ge-biete: Slav. bud-i-ti, 'he awakens;' bud-e-ti, 'to wake:' Russ. bdju, 'I wake;' bodrüi, 'wakeful:' Lith. bund-u, Inf. bu-deti, 'to wake;' bud-ru-s, 'wakeful.']

buddha buddha, as, ā, am, recognised, observed; known, understood; completely conscious, enlightened, clever, wise, knowing; wakened, awake; (as), m. a wise or learned man, sage; (with Buddhists) one who is perfectly enlightened, the Wise, the Enlightened (i. e. one who by perfect knowledge of the truth is liberated from all existence, and who before his own attainment of Nirvāṇa or annihilation reveals to the world the method of obtaining it); the Buddha or 'Enlightened' [greek] whose original appellation was Śākya-muni or Śākya-siṃha, (he was born at Kapila-vastu, a city and kingdom at the foot of the mountains of Nepal, his father, Śuddhodana, of the family of the Śākyas, being the king of that country, and his mother, Māyādevī, being the daughter of king Su-prabuddha; hence he belonged to the Kshatriya caste, and his name Śākya was really his family name, while that of Gautama was taken from the class or race to which his family belonged; his other names of Buddha, 'enlightened', and Siddhārtha, 'one whose objects have been effected', being probably given at a later period; he is said to have entered on his mission in the district of Magadha or Behār about the year 588 B. C. and to have died at Kuśi-nagara in Oude in the year 543 B. C.; there have been twenty-four Buddhas of the past, Śākyamuni or Gautama being only the last Buddha, i. e. the Buddha of the present cycle; according to the northern Buddhists he had been preceded by six other Buddhas; others enumerate four; he is sometimes regarded as the ninth incarnation of Viṣṇu); (am), n. knowledge.
     buddhakalpa buddha-kalpa, as, m. Buddha's Kalpa, the present era (which has, according to some, had four Buddhas and is to expect another).
     buddhakṣetra buddha-kṣe-tra, am, n. the district of a Buddha, a term applied to the neighbourhood in which a Buddha appears.
     buddhagayā buddha-gayā, f. 'Buddha's Gayā', (with Buddhists) an epithet of the city Gayā (in Behār), where Śākya-muni and all the other Buddhas are said to have attained to true wisdom.
     buddhagupta buddha-gupta, as, m., N. of a prince; (also written budha-gupta.)
     buddhaguru buddha-guru, us, m. a Buddhist spiritual teacher.
     buddhaghoṣa buddha-ghoṣa, as, m., N. of a Buddhist celebrated for his learning, who lived at the beginning of the fifth century A. D.
     buddhacarita buddha-carita, am, n. 'the acts of Buddha', N. of a work.
     buddhacaritakāvya buddha-carita-kāvya, am, n., N. of a work ascribed to Aśva-ghosha.
     buddhacaritra buddha-caritra, am, n. 'the history of Buddha', N. of a work.
     buddhacarya buddha-carya, am, n. the acts or life of Buddha.
     buddhajñāna buddha-jñā-na, am, n. Buddha's knowledge, the knowledge possessed by Buddha.
     buddhajñānaśrī buddhajñāna-śrī, īs, m., N. of a learned Buddhist.
     buddhatva buddha-tva, am, n. the state or condition of a Buddha, the dignity of Buddha.
     buddhadatta buddha-datta, as, m. 'given by Buddha', N. of a minister of king Caṇḍa-mahāsena.
     buddhadāsa buddha-dāsa, as, m. 'slave of Buddha', N. of a man.
     buddhadiś buddha-diś, k, m., N. of a king.
     buddhadeva buddha-deva, as, m., N. of a man.
     buddhadravya buddha-dravya, am, n. 'the property of a Buddha', (probably) a term applied to the relics found in a Stūpa (q. v.), = staupika, q. v.; avarice, covetous accumulation (?).
     buddhadvādaśīvrata buddha-dvādaśī-vrata, am, n., N. of the forty-seventh chapter of the Vārāha-Purāṇa.
     buddhadharma buddha-dharma, as, m. the law of Buddha.
     buddhadharmasaṅgha buddha-dharma-saṅgha, ās, m. pl. Buddha, the law, and the congregation.
     buddhanandi buddha-nandi, is, m., N. of the eighth Buddhist patriarch; (perhaps a wrong reading for buddhānanda.)
     buddhapakṣa buddha-pakṣa (?), as, m., N. of a king.
     buddhapāla buddha-pāla, as, m., N. of a man.
     buddhapālita buddha-pālita, as, m., N. of a disciple of Nāgārjuna.
     buddhapurāṇa buddha-purāṇa, am, n. 'Buddha's Purāṇa', a term applied to the Laghulalita-vistara ascribed to Parāśara.
     buddhabhadra buddha-bha-dra, as, m., N. of a man.
     buddhabhūmi buddha-bhūmi, N. of a Buddhist Sūtra work.
     buddhamantra buddha-mantra, am, n. a Buddhist prayer or charm (= dhāraṇī).
     buddhamārga buddha-mārga, as, m. 'the path of Buddha', the doctrines of Buddha, Buddhism.
     buddhamitra buddha-mitra, as, m., N. of the ninth Buddhist patriarch (who was a disciple of Vasu-bandhu).
     buddharakṣita buddha-rakṣita, as, m. 'guarded by Buddha', N. of a man; (ā), f., N. of a woman.
     buddharāja buddha-rāja, as, m., N. of a king.
     buddhavacana buddha-vacana, am, n. 'the word of Buddha', a term applied to the Buddhist Sūtras.
     buddhavat buddha-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. containing a form of the rt. 1. budh.
     buddhavana buddha-vana, N. of a mountain.
     buddhaviṣaya bud-dha-viṣaya, as, m. = buddha-kṣetra, q. v.
     buddhaviṣayāvatāra buddhaviṣayāvatāra (-ya-av-), N. of a work.
     buddhasaṅgīti buddha-saṅgīti, is, f., N. of a work.
     buddhasiṃha bud-dha-siṃha, as, m., N. of a man.
     buddhasena buddha-sena, as, m., N. of a prince.
     buddhāgama buddhāgama (-dha-āg-), as, m. Buddha's Doctrine (personified).
     buddhāṇḍaka bud-dhāṇḍaka, a various reading for buddhaiḍūka, q. v.
     buddhānusmṛti buddhānusmṛti (-dha-an-), is, f., N. of a Buddhist Sūtra.
     buddhānta buddhānta (-dha-an-), as, m., Ved. waking state or condition, the being awake.
     buddhāvataṃsaka buddhāvataṃsaka (-dha-av-), N. of a work.
     buddhāvatāra buddhāvatāra (-dha-av-), as, m. 'Buddha's descent', N. of a chapter of the Khaṇḍa-praśasti, a poem ascribed to Hanu-mat and treating of the ten incarnations of Viṣṇu.
     buddhaiḍūka buddhaiḍūka (-dha-eḍ-), as, m. a temple in which relics of Buddha are preserved (= caitya).
     buddhoktasaṃsārāmaya buddhokta-saṃsārāmaya (-dha-uk-, -ra-ām-), as, m., N. of a Buddhist work.
     buddhopāsaka buddhopāsaka (-dha-up-), as, m. a worshipper of Buddha.

buddhi buddhi, is, f. perception, (of which five kinds are enumerated, or with manas six; cf. indriya, bud-dhīndriya); observation, intelligence, understanding, intellect, mind, wisdom, judgment, discernment; the power of forming and retaining conceptions and general notions; (in the Sāṅkhya phil.) Intellect (= adhy-avasāya, ascertainment) as the second Tattva coming next to and proceeding from Mūlaprakṛti or A-vyakta [cf. buddhi-tattva]; comprehension, knowledge; presence of mind; an opinion, view, notion, idea, impression (e. g. etayā buddhyā, under this idea or impression); regarding, deeming; intention, purpose, plan, design (e. g. buddhyā, with a purpose, deliberately, purposely; a-buddhyā, unintentionally, undesignedly; anartha-buddhi, having evil designs, ill-intentioned; cf. hita-b-); Intelligence personified as a daughter of Daksha and wife of Dharma and mother of Bodha; a kind of metre, the first line of which is [metrical sequence], and the second, third, and fourth [metrical sequence] &c.; buddhiṃ kṛ, to turn the attention to, fix the mind upon (with loc.); to form a purpose or design, resolve to do anything (with inf. or with dat. or loc. or with prati and acc.; cf. rt. 1. kṛ, p. 246, col. 1, kṛta-b-).
     buddhikāmā buddhi-kāmā, f., N. of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda.
     buddhikārī buddhi-kārī, f., N. of a princess.
     buddhigamya buddhi-gamya or buddhi-grāhya, as, ā, am, to be apprehended by the intellect, attainable by the reason or understanding, intelligible.
     buddhicintaka bud-dhi-cintaka, as, ā, am, thinking intelligently; [cf. cintayantī buddhyā, Nala V. 12.]
     buddhicchāyā buddhi-cchāyā, f. reflex action of the understanding on the soul.
     buddhicyuta buddhi-cyuta, as, ā, am, one who has lost his intellect.
     buddhijīvin buddhi-jīvin, ī, inī, i, subsisting by intelligence, employing the reason, possessed of life and intelligence, rational, intelligent (Manu I. 96).
     buddhitattva buddhi-tattva, am, n. the Tattva of intellect, the second Tattva or principle of the Sāṅkhya phil., (it is the second of the eight Prakṛtayaḥ or 'producers', coming next to and proceeding from Mūla-prakṛti or A-vyakta; it is described in the Siddhānta-śiromaṇi as proceeding from both Puruṣa and Prakṛti, q. q. v. v.)
     buddhitas bud-dhi-tas, ind. from the mind or understanding, by the mind.
     buddhipura buddhi-pura, am, n. the city of the intellect.
     buddhipuraḥsara buddhi-puraḥsara = buddhi-pūrva below.
     buddhipuramāhātmya buddhipura-māhātmya, am, n., N. of a section of the Brahmāṇḍa-Purāṇa.
     buddhipūrva buddhi-pūrva, as, ā, am, preceded by design, intentional, designed, purposed; (am), ind. intentionally, designedly, purposely.
     buddhipūrvaka buddhi-pūrvaka, as, ā, am, preceded by design; (am), ind. intentionally, designedly, purposely.
     buddhipūrvakatva buddhipūrvaka-tva, am, n. the being preceded by design, being intentional or designed.
     buddhiprabha buddhi-prabha, as, m., N. of a king.
     buddhibhṛt bud-dhi-bhṛt, t, t, t, possessing intelligence or understanding, wise, intelligent.
     buddhibhrama buddhi-bhrama, as, m. aberration of the mind or intellect.
     buddhimat buddhi-mat, ān, atī, at, endowed with understanding, intelligent, rational; wise, learned; sharp, acute, shrewd, sensible; humble, docile; famed, known ?; (ān), m. a rational being, man (?).
     buddhimatikā buddhima-tikā, f., N. of a woman.
     buddhimattara buddhimat-tara, as, ā, am, more intelligent, wiser; very intelligent, very wise.
     buddhimattā buddhimat-tā, f. or buddhimat-tva, am, n. the possession of intelligence or understanding, wisdom, sagacity.
     buddhimaya buddhi-maya, as, ī, am, consisting in intellect.
     buddhiyukta buddhi-yukta, as, ā, am, endowed with intelligence or understanding, intelligent.
     buddhiyoga buddhi-yoga, as, m. devotion of the intellect, intellectual union with the Supreme Spirit.
     buddhivara buddhi-vara, as, m., N. of a minister of Vikramāditya.
     buddhivināśa buddhi-vināśa, as, m. loss of understanding, deficiency of intellect.
     buddhivilāsa buddhi-vilāsa, as, m. play of the mind, sporting of the fancy.
     buddhivilāsinī bud-dhi-vilāsinī, f., N. of a commentary on the Līlāvatī.
     buddhivivardhana buddhi-vivardhana, as, ī, am, increasing the understanding.
     buddhiviṣaya buddhi-viṣaya, as, m. a matter apprehensible by the understanding.
     buddhivṛddhi bud-dhi-vṛddhi, is, f. growth of the understanding, increase of intellect; (is), m., N. of a pupil of Śaṅkara.
     buddhivṛddhikara buddhivṛddhi-kara, as, ī, am, causing increase of intellect, giving increase of wisdom.
     buddhivaibhava buddhi-vaibhava, am, n. strength or force of understanding.
     buddhiśakti buddhi-śakti, is, f. an intellectual faculty.
     buddhiśarīra buddhi-śarīra, as, m., N. of a man.
     buddhiśastra buddhi-śastra, as, ā, am, having intelligence for a weapon, armed with understanding.
     buddhiśālin buddhi-śālin, ī, inī, i, possessed of intelligence, intelligent.
     buddhiśuddha buddhi-śuddha, as, ā, am, pure in intention, honest in purpose or design.
     buddhiśrīgarbha buddhi-śrī-garbha, as, m., N. of a Bodhi-sattva.
     buddhisampanna buddhi-sampanna, as, ā, am, endowed with understanding, intelligent, rational.
     buddhisahāya buddhi-sahāya, as, m. a counsellor, a minister; [cf. dhī-sakha, dhī-saciva, prajñā-sa-hāya.]
     buddhisāgara buddhi-sāgara, as, m. 'ocean of wisdom', an epithet given to any very wise man; N. of a lexicographer.
     buddhistha buddhi-stha, as, ā, am, fixed in the mind, present to the mind.
     buddhihīna buddhi-hīna, as, ā, am, destitute of intelligence, void of understanding, ignorant, silly, foolish.
     buddhihīnatva buddhihīna-tva, am, n. want of understanding, ignorance, folly.
     buddhīndriya bud-dhīndriya (-dhi-in-), am, n. an organ of perception, a perceptive organ of sense, (of which five are enumerated, viz. eye, ear, nose, tongue, and skin, or the organs of seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting, and feeling; opposed to the karmendriyāṇi or organs of action, q. v.; manas, 'the mind', being both an organ of perception and of action, cf. indriya.)
     buddhyatīta buddhy-atīta, as, ā, am, beyond the reach of the understanding.
     buddhyavajñāna buddhy-avajñāna, am, n. disregard for or contempt of any one's understanding.

buddhvā buddhvā, ind. having perceived, having observed or marked; having deemed or supposed; having become awake, having waked.

budh 2. budh, bhut, t, t, wise, prudent [cf. a-b-]; waking, awaking [cf. uṣar-b-].

budha budha, as, ā, am, wise, intelligent, sensible, prudent, clever; waking, awaking [cf. uṣar-b-]; (as), m. any wise or learned man; N. of a descendant of Soma (and hence called saumya, saumāyana, author of the hymn Ṛg-veda X. 1, and father of Purū-ravas; he is identified with the planet Mercury, regarded as a son of Soma or the moon; he is also the reputed author of a law-book); N. of a descendant of Atri and author of the hymn Ṛg-veda V. 1; of a son of Vega-vat and father of Tṛṇabindu; of the author of the Kalpa-yukti, (in this sense also written buddha); (ā), f. Indian spikenard, Nardostachys Jatamansi; (e), ind. on a Wednesday (= budha-vāre).
     budhagupta budha-gupta, as, m., N. of a prince; (also written buddha-gupta.)
     budhacāra budha-cāra, as, m., N. of the seventh chapter of Bhaṭṭotpala's commentary on Varāha-mihira's Bṛhat-saṃhitā; of the twentieth chapter of the Mīna-rājajātaka ascribed to Yavaneśvara.
     budhajana budha-jana, as, m. a wise man.
     budhatāta budha-tāta, as, m. 'father of Budha or the planet Mercury', the moon.
     budhadarśanacāra budha-darśana-cāra, as, m., N. of the twelfth chapter of the Mīna-rāja-jātaka ascribed to Yavaneśvara.
     budhadina budha-dina, am, n. 'the day of Budha or the planet Mercury', Wednesday.
     budhadeśa budha-deśa, as, m., N. of a place.
     budhamanohara budha-manohara, N. of a work.
     budharatna budha-ratna, am, n. 'Budha's gem', an emerald.
     budhavāra budha-vāra, as, m. 'Budha's day', Wednesday; (e), ind. on a Wednesday.
     budhaśānti budha-śānti, is, f., N. of a chapter of Halāyudha's Purāṇasarvasva.
     budhasānu budha-sānu, us, m. = parṇa, q. v.; = yajña-puruṣa.
     buddhasuta buddha-suta, as, m. 'son of Budha', an epithet of Purū-ravas the first king of the lunar dynasty.
     budhāṣṭamī budhāṣṭamī (-dha-aṣ-), f. 'the eighth (day) of Budha', N. of a festival.
     budhāṣṭamīvrata bu-dhāṣṭamī-vrata, am, n., N. of the forty-seventh chapter of the Bhavishyottara-Purāṇa or second part of the Bhavishya-Purāṇa.

budhāna budhāna, as, ā, am, being awakened, waking (Ved.); knowing, wise, prudent; (as), m. a wise man, sage; a spiritual guide, holy teacher, a theologian; one who speaks kindly; [cf. bodhāna.]

budhita budhita, as, ā, am, known, understood.

budhila budhila, as, ā, am, wise, learned.

budhya budhya, as, ā, am, to be understood, to be observed or marked, observable, noticeable, noteworthy [cf. aśva-b-]; wakened; to be awaked, to be wakened.

budhyamāna budhyamāna, as, ā, am, awakening, waking.

bubudhāna bubudhāna, as, ā, am, having known &c.; (Ved.) wakening, waking, rousing (Sāy. = bodhayat).

bubodhayiṣu bubodhayiṣu, us, us, u (fr. Desid. of Caus.), wishing or intending to restore to consciousness, wishing to rouse to attention, desirous of admonishing (with acc.; cf. bibodhayiṣu).

bubhutsā bubhutsā, f. (fr. the Desid.), wish to become acquainted with, desire to know, curiosity.

bubhutsu bubhutsu, us, us, u, wishing to know, eager to learn, desirous of knowing all things (said of the gods); curious.

budhna budhna, as, m. (said in Uṇādi-s. III. 5. to be fr. a form budh substituted for rt. bandh, but cf. rt. 1. budh), Ved. ground, base, basis [cf. adri-b-, aśva-b-]; depth, lowest part; the bottom of a vessel [cf. uccā-b-, ūrdhva-b-]; the foot or root of a tree; (according to Yāska) the sky; the body; an epithet of Śiva; a Rudra (for budhnya, q. v.); a wrong reading for bradhna = vradhna; [cf. Zend bu-na, 'bottom;' Gr. [greek] [greek] Lat. fundus; Old Iceland. bot-n; Angl. Sax. bytne, 'the bottom of a ship', bot-m; Old Germ. bodam.]
     budhnavat budhna-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. having a foot or basis.

budhniya budhniya, as, ā, am, Ved. = budhnya below.

budhnya budhnya, as, ā, am, Ved. being on the ground or at the base; being in the depth; at the foot; a Rudra often named in connection with ahi, (ahir budhnyaḥ, 'the serpent of the deep', is a being enumerated in the Nirukta among the divinities of the middle region, the depth in which he lives being that of the region of mist; Ahi Budhnya is also in the Veda allegorically identified with Agni Gārhapatya; cf. Gr. [greek] in later times Ahi Budhnya, often incorrectly written budhna, bra-dhna, vradhna, vṛdhnya, vradhnya, is regarded as a Rudra, or the name is used as an epithet of Śiva; cf. ahir-bradhna, ahir-budhna.)

bund bund or bud or bundh or cund (cf. rt. 1. budh), cl. 1. P. A. bundati, -te, bo-dati, -te, bundhati, -te, cundati, -te, &c., to perceive, apprehend, discern, descry, see; to hear; to reflect, understand.

bunda bunda, as, m., Ved. an arrow (according to Yāska and Sāy. = iṣu).

bundh 1. bundh, cl. 1. P. bundhati, = rt. bund above; cl. 10. P. bundhayati, yitum, to bind.

bubudhāna bubudhāna. See col. 2.

bubura bubura, as, m., Ved. (according to Yāska) water.

bubodhayiṣu bubodhayiṣu. See col. 2.

bubhukṣā bubhukṣā, f. (fr. the Desid. of rt. bhuj), desire of eating, appetite, hunger; the desire of enjoying anything.
     bubhukṣāpanaya bubhukṣāpanaya (-ṣā-ap-), as, m. 'that which takes away hunger', food.
     bubhukṣāpīḍita bubhukṣā-pīḍita, as, ā, am, pained by hunger.

bubhukṣita bubhukṣita, as, ā, am, hungered, hungry, starving, pinched with hunger, famishing, ravenous.

bubhukṣu bubhukṣu, us, us, u, wishing or longing to eat, hungry; longing to enjoy (with acc.), desirous of enjoyment; (opposed to mumukṣu, q. v.)

bubhutsā bubhutsā, bubhutsu. See col. 2.

bubhūrṣu bubhūrṣu, us, us, u (fr. Desid. of rt. bhṛ), wishing to nourish, desirous of supporting.

bubhūṣaka bubhūṣaka, as, ā, am (fr. Desid. of rt. 1. bhū), wishing to become, desiring to be of service (to another).

bubhūṣā bubhūṣā, f. wish to become, desire of being or living.

bubhūṣu bubhūṣu, us, us, u, wishing to become, desirous of being; wishing to become powerful or to prevail; desiring to be of service (to another).

buruḍa buruḍa, as, m. a basket-maker, a mat-maker.

bul bul, cl. 10. P. bolayati, -yitum, to cause to sink; to dip (intrans.), dive, sink, plunge into and emerge again.

bulila bulila, as, m., Ved. = buḍila.

bulla bulla, as, m., N. of a man.

bulva bulva, as, ā, am, Ved. (perhaps) oblique, transverse.

buśa buśa, buṣa, various forms for busa. See rt. bus, p. 687, col. 1.

bus bus, cl. 4. P. busyati, &c., to discharge, pour forth, emit, let loose; to divide, distribute (= rt. vyuṣ).

busa busa, am, n. (according to Yāska) water; chaff and other refuse of grain [cf. khale-busam, nirbusī-kṛta]; refuse, rubbish; (am), n. wealth; dry cowdung; the thick part of sour curds or coagulated milk; (ā), f. (in dramatic language) a younger sister (?).

busasa busasa, as, ā, am, Gaṇa Tṛṇādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

bust bust [cf. rt. pust], cl. 10. P. bus-tayati, -yitum, to honour, respect; to disregard, treat with disrespect; to bind.

busta busta, as, am, m. n. the burnt exterior of roast meat; the husk or shell of fruit; [cf. custa.]

būkka būkka, as, ā, am, m. f. n. the heart (= bukka).

būkkan būkkan = bukkan, q. v.

būbaśarman būba-śarman, ā, m., N. of a man; (also written vūva-śarman.)

būṣa būṣa, a various form for busa above.

bṛṃh bṛṃh, more commonly spelt vṛṃh, q. v.

bṛṃhana bṛṃhana, am, n. (see vṛṃhana), Ved. a means of maintaining or preserving, (according to a Scholiast = sandhāraṇa.)

bṛbaduktha bṛbad-uktha, as, m., Ved. an epithet of Indra, (according to Yāska = either ma-had-uktha, 'highly lauded', or vaktavyam asmā uktham, 'one to whom praise is to be ascribed.')

bṛbu bṛbu, us, m., Ved., N. of a man, (according to Sāy. he was the carpenter of the Paṇis.)

bṛbūka bṛbūka, am, n., Ved. (according to Yāska) water; (perhaps an adj.)

bṛṣī bṛṣī = vṛṣī, q. v.

bṛsaya bṛsaya, as, m., Ved., N. of a demon; (Sāy.) N. of Tvaṣṭṛ.

bṛh 1. bṛh, cl. 6. P. bṛhati, &c., to make effort, to raise, &c. See rt. 1. vṛh.

bṛh 2. bṛh (in the later literature written vṛh, see rt. 2. vṛh), cl. 6. P. bṛhati, bṛṃ-hati, barhitum, Ved. to grow, increase.

bṛh 3. bṛh in bṛhas-pati, col. 2.

bṛha bṛha in a-b-. See a-vṛha.

bṛhat bṛhat, an, atī, at (in the later language usually written vṛhat, q. v.; many compounds beginning with bṛhat will be found under vṛhat), Ved. thick, compact, massy, massive; wide, wide-spread, far extended; great, large, vast; ample, abundant; mighty, powerful (said of Indra, Varuṇa, Agni, Rudra, Ushas, and Soma); high, lofty; full-grown, mature, old; extended (as a luminous body), bright; clear, loud (said of sounds); (atī), f., N. of a particular metre of 36 (viz. 8 + 8 + 12 + 8) syllables; a term applied to particular bricks forming part of the sacrificial fire-place; the egg-plant, Solanum Indicum or S. Melongena and S. Jacquini; speech?; (at), n. (with or without sāman) a term applied to a Sāman composed in the Bṛhatī metre; (at, atā), ind. much, greatly, highly, mightily; clearly, brightly; [cf. probably Goth. bairgahei; Angl. Sax. beorh, beorg.]
     bṛhacchandas bṛhac-chandas (bṛhat + chandas = chadis, chadman), ās, ās, as, Ved. high-roofed, having a lofty ceiling.
     bṛhaccharīra bṛhac-charīra (bṛhat + śarīra), as, ā, am, Ved. having a vast body (said of Viṣṇu).
     bṛhacchravas bṛhac-chravas (bṛhat + śravas), ās, ās, as, Ved. loud-sounding, rattling (as a chariot); loudly extolled, highly lauded, far-famed; (Sāy. = prabhūtānna.) --bṛhaj-jāla (bṛhat + jāla), am, n., Ved. a large net or snare.
     bṛhajjyotis bṛhaj-jyotis (bṛ-hat + jyotis), is, is, i, Ved. bright-shining, brilliant.
     bṛhatkīrtti bṛhat-kīrtti, is, is, i, Ved. far-famed (said of Bṛhas-pati).
     bṛhatketu bṛhat-ketu, us, us, u, Ved. highly brilliant (said of Agni); (Sāy. = prabhūta-pra-jñāna.)
     bṛhattṛna bṛhat-tṛna, am, n., Ved. rank or coarse grass.
     bṛhatpalāśa bṛhat-palāśa as, ā, am, Ved. large-leafed, having great leaves.
     bṛhatpṛṣṭha bṛhat-pṛṣṭha, as, ā, am, Ved. having the Bṛhat-sāman as the basis of the Pṛṣṭha-stotra.
     bṛhatsāman bṛhat-sāman, ā, ā, a, Ved. having the Bṛhat-sāman for a Sāman; (ā), m., N. of an Āṅgirasa.
     bṛhatsumna bṛhat-sumna, as, ā, am, Ved. of great benevolence or kindness, very benevolent or gracious; (Sāy.) = prabhūta-dhana or prabhūta-sukha.
     bṛhatsphic bṛhat-sphic, see under vṛhat.
     bṛhadanīka bṛhad-anīka, as, ā, am, Ved. powerful-looking; having a great army; very radiant (said of Agni).
     bṛhadāraṇyaka bṛhad-āraṇyaka, am, n. or bṛhad-āraṇyakopaniṣad (-ka-up-), t, f., Ved., N. of a celebrated Upaniṣad forming the last five Prapāṭhakas or last six Adhyāyas of the Śatapatha-Brāhmaṇa.
     bṛhaduktha bṛhad-uktha, as, ā, am, Ved. loudly praised, (Sāy. = vṛhat-stotra, Mahī-dhara = mahānti śastrāṇi yasya); (as), m., N. of a man with the patronymic Vāmadevya, and author of the hymns Ṛg-veda X. 54-56.
     bṛhadukṣ bṛhad-ukṣ, Ved. sprinkling abundantly, shedding copiously (said of the clouds; Sāy. = prabhūta-sektṛ).
     bṛhadukṣa bṛ-had-ukṣa, as, ā, am, Ved. = bṛhad-ukṣ; (according to Mahī-dhara on Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā VIII. 8), an epithet of Prajā-pati (= mahāṃś-ca sektā ca).
     bṛhadukṣan bṛhad-ukṣan, ā, ā, a, Ved. one who has great oxen; an epithet of Agni; (Sāy.) = prabhūta-raśmi-yukta.
     bṛhadgiri bṛhad-giri, is, is, i, Ved. (according to Sāy.) = prabhūta-stuti, greatly praised, highly extolled; an epithet of the Maruts; (perhaps) calling or shouting loudly; (is), m., N. of a Yati.
     bṛhadgrāvan bṛhad-grāvan, ā, ā, a, Ved. like a huge stone.
     bṛhaddiva bṛhad-diva, as, ā, am, Ved. belonging to the lofty sky, heavenly, celestial; (Sāy.) = prabhūta-dyuti, prabhūta-dīpti, exceedingly splendid; (as), m., N. of a son of Atharvan and author of the hymn Ṛg-veda X. 120; an epithet of the hymn Ṛg-veda X. 120; (ā), f., N. of a goddess associated with Iḷā, Sarasvatī, and others.
     bṛhaddevatā bṛhad-devatā, f., Ved., N. of a work which enumerates and explains the deities to which each hymn of the Ṛg-veda is addressed.
     bṛhaddharmapurāṇa bṛhad-dharma-purāṇa, am, n., N. of a work mentioned in the Śakti-ratnākara.
     bṛhadbhānu bṛhad-bhānu, us, us, u, Ved. shining brightly (said of Agni and Indra; Sāy. = prauḍha-raśmi, 'brilliant-rayed', or = mahā-dīpta, 'having great brilliance').
     bṛhadratha bṛ-had-ratha, as, ā, am, Ved. having a spacious chariot (said of Ushas; Sāy. = prabhūta-ratha); (as), m., N. of a man.
     bṛhadrayi bṛhad-rayi, is, is, i, Ved. having abundant possessions, a possessor of vast riches (said of Vāyu; Sāy. = mahā-dhana).
     bṛhadravas bṛ-had-ravas, ās, ās, as, Ved. loud-sounding, (Mahīdhara = mahān dhvanir yasya.)
     bṛhadri bṛhad-ri, is, is, i, Ved. = bṛhad-rayi, q. v.
     bṛhadreṇu bṛhad-reṇu, us, us, u, Ved. stirring up thick dust (in battle, said of Indra; Sāy. = mahataḥ pāṃsor utthāpakaḥ).
     bṛhadvat bṛ-had-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. one to whom the Bṛhatsāman is addressed, (Mahī-dhara = bṛhat-sāma-priya.)
     bṛhadvayas bṛhad-vayas, ās, ās, as, Ved. grown strong, very powerful, very vigorous (said of Agni and of the Maruts).
     bṛhadvasu bṛhad-vasu, us, m., Ved., N. of a man.
     bṛhannārāyaṇopaniṣad bṛhan-nārāyaṇopaniṣad, f., N. of an Upaniṣad.
     bṛhanmati bṛhan-mati, is, is, i, Ved. full of devotion, very pious (said of Soma); (is), m., N. of a descendant of Aṅgiras and reputed author of the hymns Ṛg-veda IX. 39, 40.

bṛhatikā bṛhatikā. See vṛhatikā.

bṛhaspati bṛhas-pati, is, m. (in the later language more usually written vṛhas-pati, q. v.; fr. bṛhas, gen. of 3. bṛh + pati), 'lord of prayer (?)', N. of a deity (who may be regarded as Piety and Religion personified; he is the chief offerer of prayers, the sacrificer, and priest who is said to intercede with the gods for men, and to protect the pious against the impious; hence he is the type of the priestly order, and is represented as the Purohita of the gods. He is invoked together with Indra in Ṛg-veda IV. 49, and in the Taittirīya-Upaniṣad associated with Indra and Prajā-pati. He is also called brahmaṇas-pati, q. v.); the regent of the planet Jupiter and preceptor of the gods; the name of a saint and law-giver, (in these senses more usually written vṛhas-pati, q. v.)
     bṛhaspatigupta bṛhaspati-gupta, as, m., Ved., N. of a man.
     bṛhaspatipurohita bṛhaspati-purohita, as, ā, am, Ved. having Bṛhas-pati for a Puro-hita.
     bṛhaspatipraṇutta bṛhaspati-praṇutta, as, ā, am, Ved. expelled or banished by Bṛhas-pati.
     bṛhaspatiprasūta bṛhaspati-prasūta, as, ā, am, Ved. ordered or enjoined by Bṛhas-pati; (Sāy.) = bṛhaspati-mitrābhimānin.
     bṛhaspatimat bṛhaspati-mat or bṛhaspati-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. accompanied by Bṛhas-pati.
     bṛhaspatiśiras bṛhaspati-śiras, ās, ās, as, Ved. 'Bṛhas-pati-headed', (probably) having the head shaved like Bṛhas-pati.
     bṛhaspatisava bṛhaspati-sava, as, m., N. of a festival lasting one day (said to confer the rank of a Puro-hita on those observing it).
     bṛhaspatistoma bṛhaspati-stoma, as, m., Ved., N. of an Ekāha.

bṝ bṝ. See rt. vṝ.

bekanāṭa bekanāṭa, as, m., Ved. (according to Yāska) a usurer.

bekurā bekurā, f., Ved. (probably connected with bakura), a kind of musical instrument (?), one who plays a particular musical instrument?; (according to the Nirukta) a voice, sound.

bekuri bekuri, is, f., Ved. = bekurā; (also written vekuri, bhekuri, bhākuri.)

beḍā beḍā, f. a boat; (written also veḍā.)

bebhiditavya bebhiditavya, Fut. Pass. part. of Intens. of rt. bhid, to be repeatedly broken &c.

beś beś (= rts. biś, pis, vis, pes, ves), cl. 1. P. beśati, &c., to go.

baijavāpa baijavāpa, as, m., Ved. a patronymic from Bīja-vāpa; [cf. vīja-vāpa.]

baijavāpāyana baijavāpāyana, as, m., Ved. a patronymic from Baijavāpa.

baijavāpi baijavāpi, &c. See vaijavāpi, &c.

baijika baijika. See vaijika.

baiḍāla baiḍāla, &c. See vaiḍāla.

baidala baidala, as, ī, am (fr. bidala, q. v.), made of split bamboos, made of cane; (as), m. a kind of pastry, a flat unleavened cake (= bidala, q. v.); a leguminous plant, pulse; (am), n. a vessel made of wicker-work, basket made of reeds; a basket; (more usually written vaidala.)

baidalika baidalika, as, ī, am, relating to pulse &c.

bainda bainda, as, m., Ved. (according to Mahī-dhara), N. of a degraded tribe, a Niṣāda.

baindava baindava, &c. See vaindava, &c.

bailāyana bailāyana, as, ī, am (fr. bila), Gaṇa Pakṣādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

bailya bailya, as, m., N. of a man; (a various reading for bailva.)

bailyāyana bailyāyana, as, m. a patronymic from Bailya.

bailva bailva, as, ī, am (fr. bilva), relating or belonging to the tree Aegle Marmelos, coming from the Bilva tree, made of Bilva wood; covered with Bilva trees; (as), m., N. of a man; (am), n. the fruit of the Bilva tree.

bailvaka bailvaka, as, ī, am (fr. bilva), Gaṇa Arīhaṇādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

bailvaki bailvaki, is, m. a patronymic from Bilvaka.

bailvaja bailvaja, as, ī, am (fr. bilva-ja), Gaṇa Rājanyādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 53.

bailvajaka bailvajaka, as, ī, am, inhabited by Bailvajas.

bailvamaya bailvamaya, as, ī, am (fr. bailva), Scholiast on Pāṇ. IV. 3, 155.

bailvavana bailvavana, as, ī, am (fr. bilva-vana), see Gaṇa Rājanyādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 53.

bailvavanaka bailvavanaka, as, ī, am (fr. bailvavana), inhabited by Bailvavanas.

bailvāyana bailvāyana, as, m. a patronymic from Bailva.

bailvayata bailvayata, bailvayatyā, see Gaṇa Krauḍy-ādi to Pāṇ. IV. 1, 80.

baihīnari baihīnari, is, m. a patronymic from Bahīnara; (also written vaihīnari.)

bokaḍī bokaḍī, f. the plant Argyreia Speciosa or Argentea (= bastāntrī).

bokaṇa bokaṇa, N. of a place.

boddhavya boddhavya, boddhṛ. See below.

bodha bodha, as, ā, am (fr. rt. 1. budh), knowing, understanding; (as), m. perception, apprehension, observation, conception, thought; knowledge, understanding, wisdom, intellect, sense, intelligence [cf. dur-b-, viparīta-b-]; waking, becoming awake, waking state, (bodham pra-yā, to become awake, wake up; said of a spell, i. e. to begin to take effect); the opening of blossom, bloom; making known, informing, instructing; awakening, arousing; a designation, epithet; Knowledge personified as the son of Buddhi; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people; of a district.
     bodhakara bodha-kara, as, ī, am, causing knowledge; one who informs or teaches, a teacher; one who wakens or rouses; (as), m. 'an awakener', a minstrel who wakes a prince or chief in the morning with music.
     bodhagamya bodha-gamya, as, ā, am, attainable by the intellect, intelligible, within the compass of the understanding.
     bodhaghanācārya bodha-ghanācārya (-na-āc-), as, m., N. of a teacher.
     bodhacittavivaraṇa bodha-citta-vivaraṇa, am, n., N. of a Buddhist work; (perhaps wrongly for bodhi-citta-vivaraṇa.)
     bodhatas bodha-tas, ind. through wisdom or understanding.
     bodhadhiṣaṇa bodha-dhiṣaṇa, as, m. one whose intellect is knowledge (an epithet of the Supreme Being ?).
     bodhapūrvam bodha-pūrvam, ind. knowingly, consciously; a-b-, unconsciously.
     bodhapṛthvīdhara bodha-pṛthvī-dhara, as, m., N. of a preceptor.
     bodhavāsara bodha-vāsara, as, m. 'the day of waking', the eleventh day in the light half of the month Kārttika (in which Viṣṇu awakes from his sleep; = bodhanī).
     bodhasudhākara bodha-sudhā-kara (-dhā-āk-), as, m., N. of a Vedānta work.
     bodhātīta bo-dhātīta (-dha-at-), as, ā, am, beyond the reach of the understanding.
     bodhātman bodhātman (-dha-āt-), ā, m. (with Jainas) the intelligent and sentient soul.
     bodhānandaghana bo-dhānanda-ghana (-dha-ān-), as, m., N. of a preceptor; [cf. bodha-ghanācārya.]
     bodhāraṇyayati bodhāra-ṇya-yati (-dha-ar-), is, m., N. of a preceptor.

boddhavya boddhavya, as, ā, am, to be observed or regarded, observable, to be attended to; to be perceived, perceptible, to be recognised; to be known or understood, intelligible; to be wakened or roused; to be enlightened, to be admonished; to be informed, one whose attention is to be called to anything.

boddhṛ boddhṛ, dhā, dhrī, dhṛ, one who knows or understands; an observer.
     boddhṛtva boddhṛ-tva, am, n. the being one who knows or understands, knowing, capacity for understanding.

bodhaka bodhaka, as, ikā, am (fr. the Caus.), causing to know, apprising, informing, instructing, explaining, teaching, an instructor, teacher [cf. bāla-b-]; denoting, indicating, signifying; arousing, awaking; (as), m. a spy, informer; N. of a man; (ās), m. pl., N. of his descendants.
     bodhakatva bodhaka-tva, am, n. the state of causing to know, giving information or instruction; capability of instructing.

bodhana bodhana, as, ī, am (fr. the simple rt. and fr. the Caus.), making known, informing, explaining, teaching, instructing, enlightening [cf. bāla-bodhanī]; wakening, rousing, exciting; kindling, inflaming; (as), m. the planet Mercury; N. of a mountain; (ī), f. intellect, understanding, knowledge; 'the day of awaking', an epithet of the eleventh day in the light half of the month Kārttika on which Viṣṇu awakes from his sleep [cf. utthānaikādaśī]; long pepper; (am), n. observing, marking, perceiving; causing to perceive or know, instructing, teaching; signifying, denoting, indicating; making attentive; waking, being awake; causing to wake, awakening, rousing, arousing; burning incense (regarded as the 'awakening' of a perfume); 'the awaking of Durgā', N. of a festival on the ninth day of the dark half of the month Bhādra.
     bodhanamantra bodhana-mantra, as, m., N. of a chapter of the Purāṇa-sarvasva.

bodhanīya bodhanīya, as, ā, am, to be known or understood, intelligible, to be apprehended; to be made known or explained.

bodhanmanas bodhan-manas, Ved. a various reading for bo-dhin-manas, q. v.

bodhayat bodhayat, an, antī, at, causing to know, informing, apprising, teaching; causing to wake, wakening, rousing.

bodhayitavya bodhayitavya, as, ā, am, to be caused to understand, to be made acquainted with, to be informed of (with acc.; cf. bodhitavya below).

bodhayitṛ bodhayitṛ, tā, m. one who causes to know, a teacher, preceptor; a waker, awakener.

bodhayiṣṇu bodhayiṣṇu, us, us, u (fr. the Caus.), wishing to awaken, intending to arouse.

bodhāna bodhāna, as, ā, am, prudent, clever; (as), m. a prudent man; an epithet of Bṛhas-pati; [cf. bu-dhāna.]

bodhāyana bodhāyana, as, m., N. of a teacher and author of the Brahma-sūtra-vṛtti, a philosophical work.

bodhi bodhi, is, m. (with Buddhists and Jainas) perfect wisdom (by which a man becomes a Buddha or Jina); the illuminated or enlightened intellect of a Buddha [cf. deva-b-]; the tree under which perfect wisdom is attained or under which a man becomes a Buddha, the sacred fig-tree, Ficus Religiosa [cf. bodhi-taru]; an epithet of Buddha; N. of one of the thirty-four Jātakas of Buddha; 'the wakener', a cock; (ayas), m. pl., N. of a people [cf. bodha, baudhi]; (is, is, i), wise, learned (?).
     bodhicittavivaraṇa bodhi-citta-vivaraṇa, am, n., N. of a work mentioned in the Sarva-darśana-saṅgraha.
     bodhitaru bodhi-taru, us, or bodhi-druma, as, m. 'tree of wisdom', the sacred fig-tree under which perfect knowledge is obtained.
     bodhida bodhi-da, as, m. (with Jainas) an Arhat.
     bodhidhana bo-dhi-dhana, as, m., see the next.
     bodhidharma bodhi-dharma, as, m., N. of a Buddhist patriarch whose original name was Bodhi-dhana.
     bodhibhadra bodhi-bhadra, as, m., N. of a Buddhist teacher.
     bodhimaṇḍa bodhi-maṇḍa, N. of a seat which was said to have risen out of the earth under the sacred fig-tree when Śākya-muni attained to Bodhi or perfect wisdom; = bodhi-maṇḍala.
     bodhimaṇḍala bodhi-maṇ-ḍala, am, n., N. of the place where Śākya-muni attained to Bodhi or perfect wisdom.
     bodhivṛkṣa bodhi-vṛkṣa, as, m. = bodhi-taru.
     bodhisaṅghārāma bodhi-saṅghārāma (-gha-ār-), as, m., N. of a Buddhist monastery.
     bodhisattva bodhi-sattva, as, ā, am, one whose essence is wisdom; (as), m. (with Buddhists) 'one who has Bodhi or perfect wisdom as his essence', one who is on the way to the attainment of perfect knowledge when he has only one birth or certain births to undergo before obtaining the state of a supreme Buddha and then Nirvāṇa [cf. deva-b-]; a title of the Buddha [greek]
     bodhisattvacaryāvatāra bodhisattva-caryāvatāra (-ya-av-) and bodhi-sattva-pakṣanirdeśa, as, m. and bodhisattva-pi-ṭaka, N. of Buddhist works.
     bodhisattvatā bodhisattva-tā, f. the state of one who is on the way to attain perfect wisdom.
     bodhisattvabuddhānusmṛtisamādhi bodhisattva-buddhānusmṛti-samādhi (-dha-an-), is, m., N. of a Buddhist Sūtra work.
     bodhisattvabhūmi bodhi-sattva-bhūmi, is, f., N. of a Buddhist work.
     bodhisattvasamuccayā bo-dhisattva-samuccayā, f., N. of a Buddhist goddess.
     bodhisattvāvadānakalpalatā bodhisattvāvadāna-kalpa-latā (-va-av-), f., N. of a collection of Buddhist legends.
     bodhyaṅga bodhy-aṅga, am, n. an element or condition of the state of Bodhi or perfect knowledge.

bodhita bodhita, as, ā, am (fr. the Caus.), made known, apprised, explained, informed, instructed.

bodhitavya bodhitavya, as, ā, am (fr. the Caus.), to be made known, to be imparted or communicated.

bodhin bodhin, ī, inī, i (fr. the simple rt. and fr. the Caus.), knowing, familiar with; causing to perceive or know; making known, teaching, revealing [cf. tattva-bodhinī]; arousing, awakening [cf. jñāna-bodhinī].

bodhinmanas bodhin-manas, ās, ās, as (according to the Padapāṭha fr. a form bodhit + manas), Ved. one whose mind is awake, watchful, attentive (Sāy. = budhya-māna-manaska).

bodhila bodhila, as, m. (fr. bodhi), N. of a man.

bodheya bodheya, ās, m. pl., N. of a school; [cf. addhā-b-, baudheya.]

bodhya bodhya, as, ā, am, to be known or understood, knowable; perceivable, intelligible, to be apprehended; to be informed or instructed, to be admonished; to be declared or explained; to be waked; (as), m., N. of a Ṛṣi.
     bodhyagītā bodhya-gītā, f., N. of the 178th chapter of the Śānti-parvan of the Mahā-bhārata.

bauddha bauddha, as, ī, am, relating to intellect or understanding; relating or belonging to Buddha; (as), m. a Buddhist, a follower of the religion of Buddha.
     bauddhadarśana bauddha-darśana, am, n., N. of a section of Mādhavācārya's Sarva-darśana-saṅgraha.
     bauddhadhikkāra baud-dha-dhikkāra, as, m., N. of a work by Udayana Ācārya, refuting Buddhist doctrines from a Vaiśeṣika point of view.
     bauddhadhikkāragādādharī bauddhadhikkāra-gādādharī, f. and bauddhadhikkāra-guṇānandī, f., N. of two commentaries on the following commentary.
     bauddhadhikkāradīdhiti baud-dhadhikkāra-dīdhiti, is, N. of a commentary on the Bauddha-dhikkāra.
     bauddhamatanibarhaṇa bauddha-mata-nibar-haṇa, am, n., N. of the twenty-eighth chapter of Anantānanda-giri's Śaṅkara-vijaya.

baudha baudha, as, ī, am, relating or belonging to the planet Mercury; (as), m. a patronymic of Purū-ravas son of Budha and grandson of Soma.

baudhāyana baudhāyana, as, m. (fr. budha or fr. bodha), a patronymic and N. of a teacher; (ās), m. pl., N. of a school; (as, ī, am), relating or belonging to Baudhāyana; baudhāyanaṃ sūtram, N. of a Sūtra work.
     baudhāyanadarśapūrṇamāsaprayoga baudhāyana-darśa-pūrṇa-māsa-prayo-ga, as, m., N. of a work.

baudhāyanīya baudhāyanīya, as, ā, am, relating or belonging to Baudhāyana; (ās), m. pl., N. of a school.
     baudhāyanīyaprayogasāra baudhāyanīya-prayoga-sāra, N. of a work on domestic observances.

baudhi baudhi, is, m. (fr. bodha; but according to a Scholiast fr. budha), a patronymic from Bodha.

baudhīputra baudhī-putra, as, m. (baudhī probably f. of baudhya, q. v. + putra), Ved., N. of a teacher.

baudheya baudheya, ās, m. pl., N. of a school; [cf. bo-dheya.]

baudhya baudhya, as, m. a patronymic from Bodha; (as, dhī?, am), born in Bodha; (as), m., N. of a teacher.

borasiddhi borasiddhi, N. of a place.

baudhnya baudhnya, ās, m. pl. (fr. budhna), N. of a school.

baubhukṣa baubhukṣa, as, ī, am (fr. bubhu-kṣā), one who is always hungry, a starveling.

byus byus = rt. vyuṣ, to divide.

braṇ braṇ. See rt. 1. vraṇ.

bradhna bradhna, as, ā, am (perhaps fr. rt. vṛdh; said to be fr. bradh substituted for rt. bandh), reddish yellow (said of Soma, also called babhru, q. v., of the Puroḍāśa and of the sun; Sāy. = ādityarūpeṇāvasthitaḥ); bay (as a horse), fallow; (according to Naighaṇṭuka III. 3) great, mighty, large (= mahat, vṛhat); (as), m. a horse (according to Naighaṇṭuka I. 14); the sun; the root of a tree; a son (?), the body (?); a particular disease; N. of a man; of a son of Manu Bhautya; an epithet of Śiva; of Brahmā; (gender uncertain), lead; (in śata-b-, q. v., gender uncertain), the point or some other part of an arrow.
     bradhnatva bradhna-tva, am, n. (according to Sāy.) greatness, mightiness (= ma-hat-tva).

bradhnaśva bradhnaśva, as, m., N. of a prince; (probably wrongly for vadhryaśva.)

brahm brahm, cl. 1. P. brahmati, &c., Ved. to go or move.

brahma brahma. See p. 692, col. 3.

brahman brahman, a, n. (fr. rt. 2. bṛh = 2. vṛh; cf. rts. vṛṃh, vṛdh), religious devotion (regarded as an impulse or feeling gradually growing up and expanding so as to fill the soul), prayer or any pious expression in the worship of the gods, a hymn of praise (Ved., Sāy. = stotra); a sacred text (especially a Mantra used as a spell for averting evil influences, forming a distinct class from the ṛcas, sāmāni, and yajūṃṣi; and hence the term brah-ma-veda, q. v., is sometimes applied to the collection of texts commonly called atharva-veda); the mystic syllable om [cf. Manu II. 83]; the sacred word or word of God (opposed to vāc, the word of man), the sacred text, the Veda; (in Atharva-veda X. 7, 32, X. 8, 1, there is an allusion to a jyeṣṭham brahma or original pre-aeval Veda or Deity? from which the existing Vedas have been drawn); sacred learning, divine science, religious knowledge, theology (speculative or theoretical, as opposed to practical religion, i. e. tapas, &c.); the Brāhmaṇa portion of the Veda [cf. brāhmaṇa and Manu IV. 100]; religious life, celibacy, chastity [cf. brahma-carya, col. 3]; the practice of austerity or penance (= tapas); the Supreme Being regarded as impersonal or in the abstract and divested of all quality and action; the highest object of religious knowledge, the Supreme all-pervading Spirit and Soul of the Universe, the divine essence and source of all being from which all created things emanate and to which they return, the Self-existent, the Absolute, the Eternal (= paramātman, ātman, adhyātma, pra-dhāna, kṣetra-jña, tattva; Brahman as the Supreme Spirit is not an object of worship in the usual sense of the term, but is meditated upon by the devout with profound veneration; he appears in the Atharva-veda as the Supreme Deity, and in X. 7, 24, a highest divine essence or brahma jyeṣṭham is spoken of); = mokṣa, emancipation or liberation from mundane existence; the class occupied with religious knowledge, the Brāhmanical caste as a body, the priestly or sacerdotal class (cf. Manu IX. 322; in one or two passages the neut. brahman appears to = ) a member of the Brāhmanical caste, a Brāhman; (according to the Nirukta) = anna, food; = dhana, wealth; (ā), m. one who prays, a devout man [cf. tuvi-b-]; one whose calling and business consist in praying, a priest, Brāhman [cf. oha-b-]; one versed in sacred texts or in spells, one conversant with sacred knowledge; an epithet of Bṛhas-pati; one of the four principal priests or ṛtvijas (the other three being the Hotṛ, Adhvaryu, and Udgātṛ, q. q. v. v.; he had the supervision of the sacrifice and was required to know the three Vedas; as the most learned of the priests he had to set right any mistake or remedy any defect in the ritual; at a later period functions based especially on the Atharva-veda were assigned to him; his three Puruṣas or assistants were the Brāhmaṇācchaṃsin, Āgnīdhra, and Potṛ); Brahmā or the Supreme Being regarded as a person, (in the later mythology he is held to be the first deity of the Hindū triad and the Creator of the world; he never appears to have become an object of general worship, though a qualified reverence is paid to him in conjunction with other deities; the sapta brahmāṇaḥ, or seven Brahmās, are the seven Prajā-patis, viz. Marīci, Atri, Aṅgiras, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu, and Vasiṣṭha); a lifetime of Brahmā (= brahmaṇa āyuḥ); the sun; an epithet of Śiva; the Veda (?); intellect (= buddhi); N. of a star, [greek] Aurigae; epithet of a particular astronomical Yoga; N. of the servant of the tenth Arhat of the present Ava-sarpiṇī; N. of a magician; of the ninth Muhūrta; [cf. Zend bareśma. In giving the meaning of the following words compounded with brahman, the N. Brahman in the crude form will be used in all cases where the distinction between the neut. Brahma and the masc. Brahmā is not clearly determinable.]
     brahmaṛṣi brahma-ṛṣi, see brahmarṣi.
     brahmakanya brahma-kanya or brahma-kanyaka, Clerodendrum Siphonanthus; (), f. 'daughter of Brahmā', the goddess Sarasvatī.
     brahmakara brahma-kara, as, m. an impost paid to the priestly class.
     brahmakarman brahma-karman, a, n. the office of Brahman or presiding priest; the work or office of the Brāhmans, the religious duties of the priestly caste.
     brahmakarmaprakāśaka brahmakarma-prakāśaka, as, m. an epithet of Go-pāla (i. e. Kṛṣṇa).
     brahmakarmasamādhi brahma-karma-samādhi, is, is, i, occupied with and meditating upon the Supreme Spirit.
     brahmakalā brahma-kalā, f. an epithet of Dākṣāyaṇī who dwells in the heart of men.
     brahmakalpa brahma-kalpa, as, ā, am, like Brahman or the Supreme Being; (as), m. the age of Brahman, epithet of a particular period of time.
     brahmakāṇḍa brahma-kāṇḍa, am, n. = jñāna-kāṇḍa, that inner portion of the Veda which relates to spiritual knowledge or the knowledge of Brahma, (opposed to karma-kāṇḍa or the knowledge of rites and ceremonies); N. of a work or section of a work by Bhartṛ-hari.
     brahmakāya brahma-kāya, ās, m. pl., N. of a particular class of deities.
     brahmakāyika brahmakāyika, as, ī, am, belonging to the class of deities called Brahma-kāyas.
     brahmakāra brahma-kāra, as, ā, am, Ved. making prayers, offering prayers; (Sāy.) = annasya havir-lakṣa-ṇasya kartā, preparing sacrificial food.
     brahmakāṣṭha brahma-kāṣṭha, the plant Thespesia Populnea; a mulberry tree.
     brahmakileya brahma-kileya (?), as, m., N. of a man.
     brahmakilbiṣa brahma-kilbiṣa, am, n., Ved. an offence against Brāhmans.
     brahmakuṇḍa brahma-kuṇḍa, am, n., N. of a sacred pool.
     brahmakuśā brahma-kuśā, f. a species of plant (= aja-modā; cf. brahma-kośī).
     brahmakūṭa brahma-kūṭa, as, m., N. of a sacred mountain.
     brahmakūrca brahma-kūrca, a particular kind of penance.
     brahmakṛt brahma-kṛt, t, t, t, making or offering prayers, singing hymns of praise (Sāy. = stota-kṛt); one who prays, a devout worshipper (Ved.); (t), m. an epithet of Indra ('making pious or devout ?', Ved.); an epithet of Viṣṇu.
     brahmakṛta brahma-kṛta, as, m., N. of a man.
     brahmakṛti brahma-kṛti, is, f., Ved. the making of prayers, praying, devotion (Sāy. = kriyamāṇaṃ stotram).
     brahmaketu brah-ma-ketu, us, m., N. of a man.
     brahmakośa brahma-kośa, as, m. receptacle or treasury of the Brahman, i. e. of the sacred word or text, &c.; (ī), f. a species of plant (= aja-modā; cf. brahma-kuśā).
     brahmakṣetra brahma-kṣetra, am, n., N. of a sacred district.
     brahmakhaṇḍa brahma-khaṇḍa, am, n., N. of the first book of the Brahmavaivarta-Purāṇa.
     brahmagandha brahma-gandha, as, m., Ved. the odour or perfume of Brahman.
     brahmagarbha brahma-gar-bha, as, m. the embryo of a Brāhman (?); N. of a law-giver; (ā), f. a species of plant, Polanisia Icosandra.
     brahmagavī brahma-gavī, f., Ved. a cow belonging to a Brāhman.
     brahmagāyatrī brahma-gāyatrī, f., N. of a particular magical formula.
     brahmagārgya brahma-gārgya, as, m., N. of a man.
     brahmagiri brahma-giri, is, m., N. of a mountain.
     brahmagītā brahma-gītā, ās, f. pl., N. of particular verses ascribed to Brahmā (and given in Mahā-bh. Anuśāsana-p. 2146-2152); N. of a work forming chapters 6-9 of the Jñāna-khaṇḍa of the Śiva-Purāṇa and treating of the Vedānta and Yoga systems.
     brahmagītāvyākhyā brahmagītā-vyākhyā, f., N. of a commentary by Mādhava on the Brahma-gītā.
     brahmagītikā brah-ma-gītikā, f. 'the song of Brahmā', a N. of certain verses.
     brahmagupta brahma-gupta, as, m., N. of a son of Brahmā by the wife of the Vidyā-dhara Bhīma; of an astronomer born A. D. 598; of a chief of the Bhakta sect; of a Trigarta-ṣaṣṭha, (in this sense also read brāhmagupta); (ās), m. pl., N. of a race.
     brahmaguptīya brahmaguptīya, as, m. a prince of the Brahma-guptas.
     brahmagola brahma-gola, as, m. 'the globe of Brahman', the universe.
     brahmagaurava brahma-gaurava, am, n. the potency of the weapon given by the god Brahmā (Bhaṭṭi-kāvya IX. 76).
     brahmagranthi brahma-granthi, is, m. a term applied to a particular joint of the body.
     brahmagraha brahma-graha, as, m. = brahma-rākṣasa, q. v.
     brahmagrāhin brahma-grāhin, ī, iṇī, i, Ved. worthy to receive that which is holy; (also read brahmārgha.)
     brahmaghātaka brahma-ghātaka, as, m. the slayer or murderer of a Brāhman.
     brahmaghātin brahma-ghā-tin, ī, inī, i, slaying a Brāhman; (ī), m. (according to a Scholiast) an epithet of Bhṛgu; (inī), f. a woman on the second day of the menses.
     brahmaghoṣa brahma-ghoṣa, as, m. 'prayer-sound', the murmur arising from the recital of prayers; the sacred word, the text of the Veda; the reading or repeating of the Veda.
     brahmaghna brahma-ghna, as, ī, am, slaying a Brāhman; (as), m. the slayer or murderer of a Brāhman; (ī), f. the plant Aloe Perfoliata.
     brahmacakra brahma-cakra, am, n. the wheel of Brahman, circle of the universe (Ved.); epithet of a particular magical circle.
     brahmacarya brahma-carya, am, n. sacred study, religious studentship, the condition of a young Brāhman or student in the first period of his life [cf. āśrama, brahma-cārin]; religious self-restraint, pious austerity, the controlling of the senses, abstinence, chastity, sanctity; (as), m. a religious student; (ā), f. chastity.
     brahmacaryavat brahmacarya-vat, ān, atī, at, leading the life of a religious student, practicing chastity.
     brahmacaryavrata brah-macarya-vrata, am, n. a vow of chastity.
     brahmacaryaskhalana brah-macarya-skhalana, am, n. falling or deviating from chastity, incontinence.
     brahmacāraṇī brahma-cāraṇī, f. = bhārgī, Clerodendrum Siphonanthus; (a wrong form for brahma-cāriṇī.)
     brahmacārika brahma-cārika, am, n. religious studentship.
     brahmacārin brahma-cārin, ī, iṇī, i, studying sacred learning; practicing continence or chastity; (ī), m. a Brāhman who practices chastity, especially a religious student (or young Brāhman in the first āśrama or period of his life [cf. āśrama] from the time of his investiture with the sacrificial thread till he marries and becomes a householder, or one who remains with his spiritual teacher studying the Veda and observing the duties of a student, cf. Manu II. 219; the title of Brahma-cārin is also given to a particular class of ascetics, and to Pandits learned in the Veda, and by the Tantras to persons whose chief virtue is the observance of continence; in Atharva-veda XI. 5. great powers are ascribed to the Brahma-cārin; he appears in some particulars to be identified with the Supreme Being, and is even said to be the source of the brahma jyeṣṭham or primitive Veda); N. of a Gandharva; an epithet of Skanda; of Śiva; (ī), f. a woman observing a vow of chastity; an epithet of Durgā; N. of various plants, Clerodendrum Siphonanthus; = karuṇī; Thespesia Populnea.
     brahmacodana brahma-codana, as, ī, am, Ved. inciting or encouraging prayer; urging or inciting Brāhmans; (according to Mahī-dhara = brāh-maṇānāṃ yajñam prati prerakaḥ.)
     brahmaja brahma-ja, as, m. 'sprung from that which is holy', an epithet of Kārttikeya; (ās), m. pl. (with Jainas) N. of a class of divinities enumerated among the Kalpabhavas.
     brahmajajña brahma-ja-jña, as, ā, am, Ved. begotten by and knowing Brahman; knowing what is produced by Brahman, i. e. knowing all things (?).
     brahmajaṭā brahma-jaṭā or brahma-jaṭī, f. the plant Artemisia Indica.
     brahmajanman brahma-janman, a, n. divine or spiritual birth, the second birth effected by sacred study or knowledge, investiture with the sacred thread; (ā, ā, a), begotten by or sprung from Brahman (said of Prajā-pati).
     brahmajapa brahma-japa, as, m., Ved., N. of a particular form of prayer.
     brahmajāmala brah-ma-jāmala = brahma-yāmala, q. v.
     brahmajāyā brahma-jāyā, f., Ved. the wife of a Brāhman; (Juhū Brahma-jāyā is the reputed authoress of the hymn Ṛg-veda X. 109.)
     brahmajāra brahma-jāra, as, m. the paramour of a Brāhman's wife.
     brahmajīvin brahma-jīvin, ī, inī, i, living by sacred knowledge, gaining a livelihood by religious learning; (ī), m. a mercenary Brāhman (who converts his religious duties into a trade, performing sacrifice, teaching the Veda &c. for hire).
     brahmajuṣṭa brahma-juṣṭa, as, ā, am, Ved. gratified by prayer or devotion.
     brahmajūta brahma-jūta, as, ā, am, Ved. urged on by prayer, incited by devotion; (Sāy.) = stotreṇākṛṣṭaḥ, attracted by a hymn of praise.
     brahmajña brahma-jña, as, ā, am, knowing sacred things, one who has spiritual wisdom or who knows Brahma as the one all-pervading Spirit, a sage; (as), m. an epithet of Viṣṇu; of Kārttikeya.
     brahmajñāna brahma-jñāna, am, n. divine knowledge, true knowledge of the Deity or of the Veda, knowledge of the universal permeation of one Spirit as taught by the Vedānta, spiritual wisdom.
     brahmajñānin brahmajñānin, ī, inī, i, possessing true knowledge of the Deity, having true spiritual knowledge; [cf. brahma-jñāna.]
     brahmajya brahma-jya, as, ā, am, Ved. annoying or using violence against a Brāhman, oppressing a Brāhman.
     brahmajyeya brahma-jyeya, am, n., Ved. the act of annoying or using violence against a Brāhman.
     brahmajyeṣṭha brahma-jyeṣṭha, as, m. the elder brother of Brahmā; (as, ā, am), Ved. having Brahman for the first or chief.
     brahmajyotis brahma-jyotis, n. the splendor of Brahman, brightness of the Deity, (also written brahma jyotis); an epithet of Śiva; (is, is, is), Ved. having the splendor of Brahman, having the splendor of the sacred office; (according to a Scholiast) having the splendor of a presiding priest. --1. brahmaṇ-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. accompanied by prayer, devout; having sacred acts; containing the word Brahman; including or representing the priesthood; (ān), m. an epithet of Agni; (atī), f. an epithet of Iṣṭakā.
     brahmaṇvat 2. brahmaṇ-vat, ind., Ved. like a Brāhman.
     brahmatattva brahma-tattva, am, n. the true knowledge of Brahma or the Supreme Spirit.
     brahmatarkastava brahma-tarka-stava, as, m., N. of a Vedānta work by Appayya-dīkṣita.
     brahmatarkastavavivaraṇa brahmatarkastava-vivaraṇa, am, n., N. of a commentary on the Brahma-tarka-stava.
     brahmatas brahma-tas, ind. from the Brāhmanical caste, from the Brāhmans.
     brahmatā brahma-tā, f. the state or condition of a Brāhman, 'Brāhmanhood;' the state or nature of Brahma or of the Supreme Spirit, divine nature.
     brahmatāla brahma-tāla, as, m. (in music) N. of a particular measure of time.
     brahmatīrtha brahma-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a place of pilgrimage on the Revā or Narmadā river; Costus Speciosus or C. Arabicus.
     brahmatuṅga brahma-tuṅga, as, m., N. of a mountain.
     brahmatejas brahma-tejas, as, n. the glory or power of Brahman; the glory or lustre supposed to surround a Brāhman, Brāhmanical splendor; (ās, ās, as), having the glory or power of Brahman or of a Brāhman; (ās), m., N. of a Buddha.
     brahmatejomaya brahmatejo-maya, as, ī, am, made or composed of the glory of Brahman or the Supreme Spirit, having divine splendor.
     brahmatva brahma-tva, am, n. the office of the Brahman or chief priest; the state or condition of a Brāhman, 'Brāhmanhood;' the state or condition of Brahma or the Supreme Spirit, identification with Brahma; godhead.
     brahmatvac brahma-tvac, k, the plant Alstonia Scholaris.
     brahmatvapaddhati brahmatva-paddhati, is, f. 'guide-book for the office of a chief priest', N. of a work by Rāma-kṛṣṇa.
     brahmada brahma-da, as, ā, am, imparting religious knowledge, a giver of sacred knowledge; (as), m. a spiritual teacher.
     brahmadaṇḍa brahma-daṇḍa, as, m. 'staff of Brahman', epithet of a mythical weapon; the curse of a Brāhman; an epithet of Śiva; a species of plant (= brahma-yaṣṭi); epithet of a particular Ketu; (ī), f. a species of plant (= aja-daṇḍī, kaṇṭa-pattra-phalā).
     brahmadaṇḍin brahma-daṇḍin, ī, m., N. of a sage.
     brahmadatta brahma-datta, as, ā, am, given by Brahmā; given by Brahma; (as), m., N. of a man; of a man with the patronymic Caikitāneya; of a king of the Pañcālas in Kāmpilya; of a king of the Śālvas; of a prince in Vārāṇasī; of a prince in Śrāvastī; of a prince in Campā; of a prince in Kusuma-pura; of the twelfth Cakra-vartin in Bhārata; of a Brāhman; of a merchant; of a king; (ās), m. pl. his descendants.
     brahmadarbhā brahma-darbhā, f. Ligusticum Ajowan.
     brahmadātṛ brah-ma-dātṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, = brahma-da.
     brahmadāna brahma-dāna, am, n. the gift of sacred knowledge.
     brahmadāya 1. brahma-dāya, as, m. [cf. 1. dāya], the gift of sacred knowledge, instruction in the Vedas; (as, ā, am), imparting or teaching sacred knowledge.
     brahmadāya 2. brahma-dāya, as, m. [cf. 2. dāya], sacred knowledge as an inheritance or portion; the earthly possession or portion of a Brāhman.
     brahmadāyahāra brahmadāya-hāra, as, ī, am, one who receives the gift of sacred knowledge.
     brahmadāyāda brahmadāyāda (-ya-āda), as, m. one who receives sacred knowledge as his inheritance, i. e. the son of a Brāhman.
     brahmadāru brahma-dāru, u, us, n. m. the Indian mulberry tree, Morus Indica.
     brahmadāsa brahma-dāsa, as, m., N. of the father of Nārāyaṇa-dāsa (author of the Praśnārṇava); of a king who reigned in the beginning of the fifteenth century.
     brahmadina brahma-dina, am, n. a day of Brahmā.
     brahmadeya brahma-deya, as, ā, am, given (in marriage) after the manner of Brāhmans, married according to the Brāhmo vivāha (see Manu III. 27).
     brahmadaitya brahma-daitya, am, n. a Brāhman changed into a Daitya.
     brahmadvāra brahma-dvāra, am, n. ingress into Brahma or the Supreme Spirit.
     brahmadviṣ brahma-dviṣ, ṭ, ṭ, ṭ, or brahma-dveṣin, ī, iṇī, i, 'prayer-hating', hostile to devotion and holy acts, hating religion, godless, impious (said of men and demons; Sāy. = brāhmaṇānām mantrāṇāṃ vā dveṣṭā, a hater of Brāhmans or hating prayers; cf. brahma-vidviṣ); (according to Kullūka) hating Brāhmans.
     brahmadveṣa brahma-dveṣa, as, m. hatred of Brāhmans.
     brahmadhara brahma-dhara, as, ā, am, possessing holy knowledge.
     brahmadharmadviṣ brahma-dharma-dviṣ, ṭ, ṭ, ṭ, one who hates the Veda and the duties prescribed by it.
     brahmadhātu brahma-dhātu, us, m. an essential portion of Brahman.
     brahmadhvaja brahma-dhvaja, as, m., N. of a Buddha.
     brahmanadī brahma-nadī, f. 'the river of Brahmā', an epithet of the Sarasvatī.
     brahmanābha brahma-nābha, as, m. 'having Brahmā on the navel', an epithet of Viṣṇu, (Brahmā having arisen from a lotus which sprang from the navel of Viṣṇu.)
     brahmanāla brahma-nāla, am, n., N. of a sacred bathing-place in Benares.
     brahmanirukta brah-ma-nirukta, am, n., N. of a work mentioned in Mādhava's Parāśara-smṛti.
     brahmanirvāṇa brahma-nirvāṇa, am, n. extinction in Brahma, absorption into the Supreme Spirit.
     brahmaniṣṭha brahma-niṣṭha, as, ā, am, abiding in Brahma, absorbed in the contemplation of the Supreme Spirit; (as), m. the mulberry tree.
     brahmanīḍa brah-ma-nīḍa, am, n. the resting-place of Brahman or of 'the holy.'
     brahmanutta brahma-nutta, as, ā, am, Ved. cast out through the efficacy of a sacred text.
     brahmapati brahma-pati, is, m., Ved. = brahmaṇas-pati, q. v.
     brahmapattra brah-ma-pattra, am, n. 'Brahman's leaf', i. e. the leaf of Butea Frondosa; [cf. brahma-pādapa.]
     brahmapatha brah-ma-patha, as, m. the way to Brahman or the Supreme Spirit; the way to Brahmā.
     brahmapada brahma-pada, am, n. the place of Brahman or the Supreme Spirit, the place or nature of spiritual being; the station or rank of Brahmā; the station or rank of a Brāhman.
     brahmapannaga brahma-pannaga, as, m., N. of a Marut; (also read bahu-pannaga.)
     brahmapariṣadya brahma-pariṣadya = brahma-pārṣadya, q. v.
     brahmaparṇī brah-ma-parṇī, f. a species of plant, Hemionitis Cordifolia (= pṛśni-parṇī).
     brahmaparvata brahma-parvata, am, n. 'mountain of Brahmā', N. of a place.
     brahmapalāśa brahma-palāśa, ās, m. pl., N. of a school of the Atharvaveda; (also written brāhmapalāśa.)
     brahmapavitra brahma-pavitra, as, m. Kuśa grass, Poa Cynosuroides.
     brahmapādapa brahma-pādapa, as, m. 'tree of Brahman', the tree Butea Frondosa.
     brahmapārṣadya brahma-pārṣadya, ās, m. pl. (with Buddhists) 'retinue of Brahmā', N. of a class of divinities.
     brahmapāśa brahma-pāśa, as, m. 'noose of Brahmā', N. of a mythical weapon, a weapon given by Brahmā (Bhaṭṭi-kāvya IX. 75).
     brahmapitṛ brahma-pitṛ, tā, m. 'father of Brahmā', Viṣṇu; [cf. brahma-nābha.]
     brahmapiśāca brahma-piśāca, as, m. = brahma-rākṣasa, q. v.
     brahmaputra brahma-putra, as, m. the son of a priest or Brāhman (Ved.); (Sāy.) = brāhmaṇācchaṃsin, q. v.; a son of Brahmā (as Sanat-kumāra, Manu, &c.); N. of a river (rising at the eastern extremity of the Himālaya in Thibet, flowing through Assam, where it is joined by the Sanpoo, and falling with the Ganges into the Bay of Bengal); of a place of pilgrimage (probably the source of the Brahma-putra river); of a lake; N. of a sacred district; a kind of vegetable poison; (ī), f. 'daughter of Brahmā', an epithet of the river Sarasvatī [cf. brahma-nadī]; a kind of esculent root (= vārāhī).
     brahmaputratā brahmaputra-tā, f. the being a son of Brahman, divine sonship.
     brahmapura brahma-pura, am, n. 'city of Brahmā', N. of a city in heaven; of a city on earth; of a kingdom; a term applied to the heart (Ved.); a term applied to the body (Ved.); (ī), f. the city of Brahmā (in heaven), the capital of Brahmā on the mountain Kailāsa; N. of any city the inhabitants of which are mostly Brāhmans; an epithet of Benares; N. of a peak in the Himālaya range.
     brahmapuraka brahma-puraka, ās, m. pl., N. of a people.
     brahmapurāṇa brahma-purāṇa, am, n., N. of one of the eighteen Purāṇas so called as revealed by Brahmā to Daksha, (this Purāṇa is sometimes placed first and therefore called Ādi-Purāṇa; its main object appears to be the promotion of the worship of Kṛṣṇa.)
     brahmapuruṣa brahma-puruṣa, as, m., Ved. an assistant of the Brahman or chief priest, see brahman; a minister of Brahman (said of the five vital airs); = brahma-rākṣasa, q. v.
     brahmapurogava brahma-purogava, as, ī, am, Ved. preceded by Brahman or 'the holy.'
     brahmapurohita brahma-purohita, as, m., Ved. having the sacerdotal class for a Puro-hita; (ās), m. pl. 'the high priests of Brahman', (with Buddhists) epithet of a class of divinities.
     brahmapuṣpi brahma-puṣpi, is, m., N. of a man; (probably wrongly for brāhmapuṣpa, a patronymic fr. brahma-puṣpa.)
     brahmapūta brahma-pūta, as, ā, am, Ved. purified by devotion; purified by Brahman (Brahma or Brahmā).
     brahmapralaya brahma-pralaya, as, m. the universal destruction that takes place at the end of every hundred years of Brahmā, in which even Brahmā himself is swallowed up.
     brahmaprasūta brahma-prasūta, as, ā, am, Ved. urged or requested by a Brāhman.
     brahmaprāpti brahma-prāpti, is, f. obtainment of Brahma, absorption of the soul into the divine essence.
     brahmapriya brahma-priya, as, ā, am, loving or delighting in devotion.
     brahmaprī brahma-prī, īs, īs, i, Ved. loving or delighting in devotion; (Sāy.) = somalakṣaṇenān-nena prītaḥ.
     brahmabadha brahma-badha, see brahma-va-dha.
     brahmabandhava brahma-bandhava, am, n., Ved. (probably) the office or occupation of a priest's assistant; (perhaps a wrong form for brāhmabandhava.)
     brahmabandhu brah-ma-bandhu, us, m. 'the kinsman of a Brāhman', an unworthy member of the Brāhmanical class, a contemptuous term for a Brāhman; a Brāhman only in name; (according to Sāy.) a Brāhman who does not perform his Sandhyā or devotions at sunrise and sunset.
     brahmabandhutā brahmabandhu-tā, f. the being a Brāhman only in name.
     brahmabala brahma-bala, as, m., N. of a man.
     brahmabali brahma-bali, is, m., N. of a teacher of the Atharva-veda.
     brahmabileya brahma-bileya (?), as, m., N. of a man; (also written brahma-vileya.)
     brahmabīja brah-ma-bīja, am, n. 'germ of religious knowledge', an epithet of the mystical syllable om; a mulberry tree.
     brahmabodhyā brahma-bodhyā, f., N. of a river; (also read brahma-vedhyā.)
     brahmabruvāṇa brahma-bruvāṇa, as, ā, am, calling one's self a Brāhman, professing or pretending to be a Brāhman; [cf. bruva.]
     brahmabhadrā brahma-bhadrā, f. a species of plant (= trāyamāṇā).
     brahmabhavana brahma-bhavana, am, n. the abode of Brahman.
     brahmabhāga brahma-bhāga, as, m., Ved. the share of a priest, the portion of a Brahman or chief priest; a mulberry tree.
     brahmabhāva brahma-bhāva, as, m. the becoming Brahma, entrance or re-absorption into the Supreme Spirit.
     brahmabhāvana brahma-bhāvana, as, ā, am, revealing or imparting religious knowledge.
     brahmabhid brahma-bhid, t, t, t, 'dividing Brahma', making many Brahmas out of the one Brahma.
     brahmabhuvana brahma-bhuvana, am, n. the world of Brahmā.
     brahmabhūta brahma-bhūta, as, ā, am, become (one with) Brahma or the universal spirit, entered into Brahma; (am), n. that which is identified with the universal spirit, condition of Brahma (?) .
     brahmabhūti brahma-bhūti, is, f. twilight.
     brahmabhūmijā brahma-bhū-mi-jā, f. 'growing in the land of Brahmā', N. of a species of plant.
     brahmabhūya brahma-bhūya, am, n. the becoming (one with) Brahma, identification or identity with Brahma, absorption into Brahma; final felicity, ultimate happiness; the state or rank of a Brāhman, 'Brāhmanhood.'
     brahmabhūyatva brahmabhūya-tva, am, n. the becoming one with Brahma; the condition of a Brāhman.
     brahmabhūyas brahma-bhūyas, ān, asī, as, becoming one with Brahma, being absorbed into Brahma; (as), n. absorption into Brahma.
     brahmamaṅgaladevatā brahma-maṅ-gala-devatā, f. an epithet of Lakṣmī.
     brahmamaṭha brahma-maṭha, as, m. 'the college of Brahman', N. of a college of theology in Kaśmīra.
     brahmamaṇḍūkī brahma-maṇḍūkī, f. Clerodendrum Siphonanthus; (also written brahma-māṇḍūkī; cf. brāhmī.)
     brahmamati brah-ma-mati, is, m. (with Buddhists) N. of a demon.
     brahmamaya brahma-maya, as, ī, am, consisting or made of Brahma, identified with Brahma, belonging or relating to the Veda, (according to Malli-nātha on Kumāra-s. V. 30 = vaidika); belonging to or fit for a Brāhman.
     brahmamaha brahma-maha, as, m. a feast in honour of the Brāhmans.
     brahmamāṇḍūkī brahma-māṇḍūkī = brahma-maṇḍūkī, q. v.
     brahmamitra brahma-mitra, as,  ā, am, having Brahman for a friend, befriended by Brahman; having the Brāhmans for friends; (as), m., N. of a Muni.
     brahmamīmāṃsā brahma-mīmāṃsā, f. 'investigation into Brahma or the spiritual doctrine of the Veda', N. of the Vedānta philosophy treating of the Supreme Spirit (= uttara-mīmāṃsā, śārīraka-mīmāṃsā, vedānta, q. q. v. v.).
     brahmamīmāṃsābhāṣya brahmamīmāṃ-sā-bhāṣya, am, n., N. of a commentary by Śaṅkarācārya.
     brahmamīmāṃsābhāṣyakāra brahmamīmāṃsā-bhāṣyakāra, as, m. 'commentator on the Brahma-mīmāṃsā', an epithet of Śaṅkarācārya.
     brahmamīmāṃsābhāṣyavivaraṇa brahmamīmāṃsābhā-ṣya-vivaraṇa, am, n., N. of a commentary by Ānanda-tīrtha on Śaṅkarācārya's Brahmamīmāṃsābhāṣya.
     brahmamūrti brahma-mūrti, is, is, i, having the figure of Brahmā, in the form of Brahmā.
     brahmamūrdhabhṛt brah-ma-mūrdha-bhṛt, t, m. 'carrying the head of Brahmā', an epithet of Śiva (as having in a dispute cut off one of Brahmā's heads).
     brahmamekhala brahma-mekhala, as, m. the plant Saccharum Munjia (muñja), of which the sacred thread of a Brāhman is made.
     brahmamedhyā brahma-medhyā, f., N. of a river.
     brahmayajña brahma-yajña, as, m. 'the offering of prayer or of repeating the Veda', repeating by heart or recitation of a sacred text, teaching and repeating the Vedas (regarded as one of the five Mahā-yajñas or great sacrifices, see Manu III. 70, where Kullūka explains brahma-yajña by adhyāpana and adhyayana); N. of the thirty-first chapter of the Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa of the Padma-Purāṇa; [cf. brahma-sattra.]
     brahmayajñamāhātmya brahma-yajña-māhātmya, am, n., N. of a chapter of the Purāṇa-sarvasva.
     brahmayajñavidhi brahmayajña-vidhi, is, m., N. of a chapter of Mādhava's Parāśara-smṛti.
     brahmayajñādividhi brah-mayajñādi-vidhi (-ña-ād-), is, m., N. of a work.
     brahmayaśas brahma-yaśas, as, or brahma-yaśasa, am, n., Ved. the glory or majesty of Brahman.
     brahmayaśasin brahma-yaśasin, ī, inī, i, Ved. renowned for sanctity.
     brahmayaṣṭi brahma-yaṣṭi, is, or brahma-yaṣṭikā, or brahma-yaṣṭī, f. the plant Clerodendrum Siphonanthus; Ligusticum Ajowan.
     brahmayāya brahma-yāya, as, m. (probably) = brahma-yajña, q. v.
     brahmayātu brahma-yātu, us, m. epithet of a particular Yātu; [cf. deva-yātu.]
     brahmayāmala brahma-yāmala, N. of a Tantra; (also written brahma-jāmala.)
     brahmayuga brahma-yuga, am, n. the age of the Brāhmans, (opposed to kṣa-trasya yugam, the age of the Kshatriyas, Hari-vaṃśa 11808.)
     brahmayuj brahma-yuj, k, k, k, Ved. harnessed by prayer or devotion (i. e. bringing Indra in answer to the prayers of men, said of the horses of that deity; Sāy. = parivṛḍhena mantreṇa yujya-mānaḥ).
     brahmayoga brahma-yoga, as, m. use or employment of prayer, the binding power or efficacy of devotion (Ved.); cultivation of spiritual knowledge.
     brahmayoni brahma-yoni, is, f. original source in Brahma, home in Brahma; (is, is, i), having the original source or home in Brahma; descended or sprung from Brahmā; (is, ī), f., N. of a place of pilgrimage; (is), m., N. of a mountain (= brahma-giri).
     brahmayonistha brahma-yoni-stha, as, ā, am, intent on the means of attaining sacred knowledge or the supreme godhead, (according to Kullūka on Manu X. 74 = brahma-prāpti-kāraṇa-brahma-dhyāna-niṣṭha.)
     brahmarakṣas brah-ma-rakṣas, as, n., N. of a kind of evil demon (= brahma-rākṣasa, q. v.).
     brahmaratna brahma-ratna, am, n. a valuable present made to Brāhmans.
     brahmaratha brahma-ratha, as, m. the chariot or carriage of a Brāhman.
     brahmarandhra brahma-randhra, am, n. a suture or aperture in the crown of the head and through which the soul is said to escape on death.
     brahmarasa brahma-rasa, as, m., Ved. the savour of Brahman, the savour of divine knowledge.
     brahmarākṣasa brahma-rākṣasa, as, m. a kind of evil demon, a fiend of the Brāhmanical class, the ghost of a Brāhman who in his lifetime indulged a haughty and disdainful spirit; a species of plant commonly called Thorarohiḍā; (ī), f. epithet of one of the nine Samidhs.
     brahmarāja brahma-rāja, as, m., N. of a king; of a man.
     brahmarāta brahma-rāta, as, m. 'given by Brahmā', an epithet of Śuka; N. of the father of Yājñavalkya.
     brahmarātra brahma-rātra, as, m. 'the night of Brahmā', epithet of a particular hour of night.
     brahmarātri brahma-rātri, is, m. an epithet of Yājñavalkya; (an incorrect form for brāhmarāti.)
     brahmarāśi brahma-rāśi, is, m. the whole circle of sacred knowledge, whole mass of the sacred text; 'a mass of holiness', an epithet of Paraśu-rāma; a particular constellation, (according to a Scholiast = śravaṇa, q. v.)
     brahmarīti brahma-rīti, is, f. a kind of brass.
     brahmarūpiṇī brah-ma-rūpiṇī, f. a species of plant (commonly called Bādāṅgula).
     brahmarekhā brahma-rekhā, f. 'line of Brahmā', the lines or destiny written by Brahmā on the forehead of every creature, the predestined lot of a man.
     brahmarṣi brahmarṣi (-ma-ṛ-), is, m. 'Brāhmanical sage', epithet of a particular class of sages [cf. ṛṣi] supposed to belong to the Brāhmanical caste (as Vasiṣṭha, &c.; higher than Maharshi, q. v.; also written brahma-ṛṣi, see Grammar 38. h).
     brahmarṣitā brahmarṣi-tā, f. or brahmarṣi-tva, am, n. the being a Brahmarshi, the rank of a sage of the Brāhmanical class.
     brahmarṣideśa brahmarṣi-deśa, as, m. 'the country of the Brahmarshis', including Kuru-kshetra and the country of the Matsyas, Pañcālas, and Śūrasenakas (see Manu II. 19).
     brahmalakṣaṇavākyārtha brah-ma-lakṣaṇa-vākyārtha (-ya-ar-), N. of an abridgement of the Vedānta-sudhā-rahasya.
     brahmalikhita brah-ma-likhita, am, n. or brahma-lekha, as, m. 'Brahmā's writing', a man's destiny written on his forehead (= brahma-rekhā).
     brahmaloka brahma-loka, as, m. the world of Brahmā, i. e. the heaven or place of residence of Brahmā, (a division of the universe and one of the supposed residences of pious spirits.)
     brahmavaktṛ brahma-vaktṛ, tā, m. a proclaimer of religious truths, a teacher of the Veda.
     brahmavat 1. brahma-vat, ān, atī, at, possessed of Brahma; possessing religious learning.
     brahmavat 2. brahma-vat, ind. according to the sacred text, according to the Veda.
     brahmavada brahma-vada or brahma-vala, ās, m. pl., N. of a school; (probably an incorrect form.)
     brahmavadya brahma-vadya, am, n. knowledge or declaration of Brahma, = brahmodya, q. v.; (as, ā, am), in brahma-vadyā kathā, see Vopa-deva XXVI. 21.
     brahmavadha brahma-vadha, as, m. or brahma-vadhyā, f. the murder of a Brāhman.
     brahmavadhyākṛta brahmavadhyā-kṛta, am, n. an act of Brāhmanicide, the crime of killing a Brāhman.
     brahmavani brah-ma-vani, is, is, i, Ved. (according to Mahī-dhara) devoted to the Brāhmans.
     brahmavarcas brahma-varcas, see brahma-varcasa.
     brahmavarcasa brahma-varcasa, am, n. divine glory or splendor; eminence in holiness or in sacred knowledge, spiritual pre-eminence, holiness resulting from the study and observance of the Vedas; the sanctity or superhuman power of a Brāhman.
     brahmavarcasin brah-ma-varcasin or brahma-varcasvin, ī, inī, i, eminent in religious learning, holy; illumined by the Vedas; (ī), m. an illustrious priest, holy Brāhman, (Mahī-dhara = yajñādhyayana-śīlo brāhmaṇaḥ.)
     brahmavarcasya brahma-varcasya, as, ā, am, see Vārttika to Pāṇ. V. 1, 39.
     brahmavarta brahma-varta, as, m. = brahmā-varta, q. v.
     brahmavardhana brahma-vardhana, am, n. copper (which is considered peculiarly suitable for sacrificial utensils).
     brahmavala brahma-vala = brahma-vada, q. v.
     brahmavallī brahma-vallī, f. Brahmā's tendril or creeper.
     brahmavallīlipi brahmavallī-lipi, N. of a work.
     brahmavāṭīya brahma-vāṭīya, as, ā, am, epithet of a kind of Muni.
     brahmavāda brahma-vāda, as, m., Ved. speaking of sacred matters, declaring or teaching spiritual knowledge, citing the Vedas; (as, ā, am), = brahma-vādin.
     brahmavāditva brahmavādi-tva, am, n. the being an expounder of the Veda.
     brahmavādin brahma-vādin, ī, inī, i, one who recites the Veda, a defender or expounder of the Veda, a theologian, speaking of or discussing sacred matters; one who asserts that all things are Brahma, a follower of the Vedānta system of philosophy.
     brahmavādya brahma-vādya, am, n., Ved. rivalry in sacred knowledge or in magical power, (according to the commentator, also as, ā, am; cf. brahma-vadya, brahmodya.)
     brahmavāluka brahma-vāluka, am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.
     brahmavāsa brahma-vāsa, as, m. the abode of Brahmā, the heaven of Brahmā.
     brahmavāhas brahma-vā-has, ās, ās, as, Ved. one to whom prayers are offered (said of Indra); (Sāy.) = stotreṇa prāpya-māṇaḥ, obtained by prayer; = stotrasya vāhakaḥ, the accepter of prayer.
     brahmavittva brahmavit-tva, am, n. (fr. brahma-vid), knowledge of Brahma or the Supreme Spirit.
     brahmavid brahma-vid, t, t, t, or brahma-vida, as, ā, am, knowing Brahma or the Supreme Spirit, a theologian, philosopher, sage; skilled in sacred spells or magical charms.
     brahmavidyā brahma-vidyā, f. knowledge of 'the holy' or of Brahma; knowledge of the Supreme Spirit or Soul of the Universe; N. of an Upaniṣad.
     brahmavidyātīrtha brahmavidyā-tīrtha, as, m., N. of an author.
     brahmavidyābharaṇa brahmavidyābharaṇa (-yā-ābh-), am, n., N. of a commentary by Advaitānanda on the Śārīraka-mīmāṃsā-bhāṣya.
     brahmavidvas brahma-vid-vas, vān, uṣī, vas, Ved. one who knows Brahma, knowing the Supreme Spirit.
     brahmavidviṣ brahma-vidviṣ, ṭ, ṭ, ṭ, = brahma-dviṣ, q. v.
     brahmavindu brahma-vindu, us, m. a drop of saliva sputtered while reciting the Veda; N. of an Upaniṣad connected with the Atharvaveda.
     brahmavivardhana brahma-vivardhana, as, m. 'increasing religious knowledge', an epithet of Viṣṇu.
     brahmaviśeṣacittaparipṛcchā brah-ma-viśeṣa-citta-paripṛcchā, f., N. of a Buddhist Sūtra work.
     brahmavṛkṣa brahma-vṛkṣa, as, m. 'the divine tree' or 'Brahma regarded as a tree;' the Palāśa tree, Butea Frondosa; the glomerous fig-tree, Ficus Glomerata.
     brahmavṛtti brahma-vṛtti, is, f. the livelihood or means of subsistence of a Brāhman.
     brahmavṛddha brahma-vṛddha, as, ā, am, Ved. become great by devotion, increased by prayer.
     brahmavṛddhi brahma-vṛddhi, is, m., N. of a man.
     brahmavṛnda brahma-vṛnda, am, n. a company or assemblage of Brāhmans; (ā), f., N. of the city of Brahmā.
     brahmaveda brahma-veda, as, m. 'the Veda of sacred spells or charms', a N. of the Atharva-veda; the Veda of the Brāhmans, (opposed to kṣatra-veda, q. v.); knowledge of Brahma, monotheism; knowledge of the Vedas.
     brahmavedamaya brahmaveda-maya, as, ī, am, consisting of the Brahma-veda.
     brahmavedi brahma-vedi, is, f. 'the altar of Brahmā', N. of the country between the five lakes of Rāma in Kuru-kshetra.
     brahmavedin brahma-vedin, ī, inī, i, = brahma-vid, knowing or acquainted with the Vedas or spiritual knowledge.
     brahmavedhyā brahma-vedhyā, another form for brah-ma-bodhyā, q. v.
     brahmavaivarta brahma-vaivarta or brahma-vaivartaka, am, n. 'changes of Brahman' (who is identified with Kṛṣṇa), N. of a Purāṇa, (this Purāṇa, which is one of the most modern of the eighteen, contains prayers and invocations addressed to Kṛṣṇa, descriptions of Vṛndāvana and Go-loka, with tedious narratives about Kṛṣṇa and his love for the Gopīs and Rādhā.)
     brahmavrata brahma-vrata, am, n., N. of a religious observance; a vow of chastity.
     brahmaśalya brahma-śalya, as, m. a species of plant (= soma-valka); the tree Mimosa Arabica.
     brahmaśāyin brahma-śāyin, ī, inī, i, resting or reposing in Brahma.
     brahmaśālā brahma-śālā, f. the hall of Brahmā; N. of a sacred place.
     brahmaśāsana brahma-śāsana, am, n. an edict addressed to the Brāhmans; a command of Brahmā; the command of a Brāhman, = dharma-kīlaka; (as), m., N. of a Grāma.
     brahmaśiras brahma-śiras, as, or brahma-śīrṣan, a, n. 'the head of Brahmā', N. of a mythical weapon.
     brahmaśumbhita brahma-śumbhita, as, ā, am, Ved. cleansed by prayer, adorned by devotion.
     brahmaśrī brahma-śrī, īs, f., N. of a Sāman.
     brahmaśrīmantra brahma-śrī-mantra, as, m., N. of a chapter of Kṛṣṇānanda's Tantra-sāra.
     brahmasaṃśita brahma-saṃśita, as, ā, am, Ved. sharpened by prayer or by a sacred text (Sāy. = mantreṇa tīkṣṇī-kṛtaḥ).
     brahmasaṃsad brahma-saṃsad, t, f. Brahman's hall of assembly or court.
     brahmasaṃstha brah-ma-saṃstha, as, ā, am, Ved. wholly devoted to Brahma or to religious knowledge, attaining to union with Brahma.
     brahmasaṃhitā brahma-saṃhitā, f. a collection of prayers; N. of a short treatise on the Vedānta system.
     brahmasaṃhitāvyākhyā brahmasaṃhitā-vyākhyā, f., N. of a commentary on the Brahma-saṃhitā.
     brahmasatī brahma-satī, f. a N. of the river Sarasvatī.
     brahmasattra brahma-sattra, am, n. the sacrifice or offering of devotion or abstract meditation, absorption in the holy one; study and teaching of the Vedas, the constant repetition of the Vedas or a particular portion of the Vedas which is constantly studied and repeated (Manu II. 106; cf. brahma-yajña) .
     brahmasattrin brahma-sattrin, ī, iṇī, i, offering the sacrifice of prayer, absorbed in the holy one.
     brahmasadana brah-ma-sadana, am, n. the seat of the Brahman or chief priest (Ved.); the abode or heaven of Brahmā; N. of a Tīrtha, (in this sense a various reading for veda-vadana.)
     brahmasadas brahma-sadas, as, n. the residence or court of Brahmā.
     brahmasabhā brahma-sabhā, f. the hall or court of Brahmā.
     brahmasambandha brahma-sambandha, as, m. = brahma-rākṣasa, q. v.
     brahmasambhava brahma-sam-bhava, as, ā, am, sprung from Brahman; coming from Brahmā; sprung or descended from Brāhmans; (as), m. (with Jainas) N. of the second black Vāsudeva; of the author of a law-book.
     brahmasaras brahma-saras, as, n. 'the lake of Brahmā', N. of a very sacred bathing-place.
     brahmasarpa brahma-sarpa, as, m. 'the serpent of Brahmā', a kind of snake.
     brahmasava brahma-sava, as, m. 'divine clarifying process', distillation of Soma, (Sāy. brahma = soma,) or the (Soma) distillation (performed) by Brāhmans; N. of a particular libation.
     brahmasāgara brahma-sāgara, as, m., N. of a place.
     brahmasāt brah-ma-sāt, ind. into the state of Brahma, with reference to Brahma.
     brahmasātkṛta brahmasāt-kṛta, as, ā, am, absorbed into the state of Brahma, performed with reference to Brahma.
     brahmasāma brahma-sāma, am, or brahma-sāman, a, n., Ved., N. of a Sāman (sung to a text recited by the Brahman or chief priest or by the Brāhmaṇācchaṃsin).
     brahmasāyujya brahma-sāyujya, am, n. intimate union or identification with Brahma, entrance into Brahma.
     brahmasārṣṭitā brahma-sārṣṭitā, f. equality or identification with Brahma, union with the Supreme Spirit, (according to Kullūka = brah-maṇaḥ samāna-gati-tā.)
     brahmasāvarṇa brahma-sāvarṇa, as, m., N. of a particular Manu; (am), n., N. of his Manv-antara.
     brahmasāvarṇi brahma-sāvarṇi, is, m., N. of the tenth Manu; (also written brahmā-sāvarṇi.)
     brahmasiddhānta brahma-siddhānta, as, m., N. of various astronomical works.
     brahmasiddhi brahma-siddhi, is, m., N. of a Muni; (is), f., N. of a work by Maṇḍana-miśra.
     brahmasuta brahma-suta, as, m. 'the son of Brahmā', i. e. the Ketu Brahma-daṇḍa.
     brahmasuvarcalā brahma-suvarcalā, f. a species of plant (an infusion of which is drunk as a penance for eating anything left by a cat, crow, rat, &c., Manu XI. 159); Helianthus; Clerodendrum Siphonanthus (= brāhmī).
     brahmasū brahma-sū, ūs, m. 'the son of Brahmā', an epithet of A-niruddha, son of the god of love; N. of Kāma-deva, the god of love.
     brahmasūtra brahma-sūtra, am, n. the sacrificial or Brāhmanical thread worn over the shoulder; a Sūtra work treating of true divine knowledge or of the Vedānta philosophy; N. of a work containing the aphorisms of the Vedānta philosophy ascribed to Bādārāyaṇa or Vyāsa, also denominated Vedāntasūtra and Śārīraka-sūtra, q. q. v. v.
     brahmasūtraṛjuvyākhyā brahmasūtra-ṛju-vyākhyā, f., N. of a commentary on the Brahma-sūtras by Vijñāna-bhikshu or Vijñāna-yati.
     brahmasūtrabhāṣya brah-masūtra-bhāṣya, am, n., N. of a commentary by Śaṅkarācārya; of a commentary by Ānanda-tīrtha.
     brahmasūtravṛtti brahmasūtra-vṛtti, is, f., N. of a commentary by Bodhāyana; of a commentary by Bhairavadīkṣita-tilaka.
     brahmasūtrānubhāṣya brahmasūtrānubhāṣya (-ra-an-), am, n., N. of a commentary by Vallabhācārya.
     brahmasūtrin brahma-sūtrin, ī, iṇī, i, invested with the Brāhmanical cord.
     brahmasūnu brahma-sūnu, us, m. (with Jainas) a sovereign of the race of Ikṣvāku; N. of the twelfth king of Bhārata.
     brahmasṛj brahma-sṛj, ṭ, m. 'the creator of Brahmā', an epithet of Śiva.
     brahmasoma brah-ma-soma, as, m., N. of a sage.
     brahmastamba brahma-stamba, as, m. 'Brahman's post or prop', the world.
     brahmastambi brah-ma-stambi, is, m., N. of a man; (probably a wrong form for brāhmastambi, a patronymic fr. brahma-stamba.)
     brahmasteya brahma-steya, am, n. stealing that which is holy, stealing the Veda, obtaining a knowledge of the Veda by illicit means.
     brahmasthala brahma-sthala, am, n., N. of a city, (also read brahma-pura); N. of a village.
     brahmasthāna brahma-sthāna, am, n. 'place or abode of Brahmā', N. of a Tīrtha; (probably as, m.), a mulberry tree.
     brahmasphuṭasiddhānta brahma-sphuṭa-siddhānta, as, m., N. of an astronomical work by Brahma-gupta (whose name is frequently written Brāhma-gupta).
     brahmasva brahma-sva, am, n. Brāhmanical property, money or lands belonging to Brāhmans.
     brahmasvarūpa brahma-svarūpa, as, ā, am, of the nature of spirit, of the same essence as the godhead.
     brahmasvahārin brah-masva-hārin, ī, iṇī, i, carrying off or stealing the property of Brāhmans.
     brahmasvāmin brahma-svāmin, ī, m., N. of a man.
     brahmahatyā brahma-hatyā, f. killing a Brāhman, Brāhmanicide, or any crime equally heinous.
     brahmahan brahma-han, ā, ghnī, a, 'Brāhmanslaying', murdering a Brāhman, the murderer or slayer of a Brāhman.
     brahmahuta brahma-huta, am, n. the oblation or offering to Brāhmans, performance of the rites of hospitality (especially to twice-born guests, = nṛ-yajña, atithi-pūjana, one of the Mahā-yajñas, see Manu III. 74, and cf. brāhmya-huta).
     brahmahṛdaya brahma-hṛdaya, as, am, m. n. the star Capella.
     brahmahrada brahma-hrada, as, m., N. of a lake.
     brahmākṣara brahmākṣara (-ma-ak-), am, n. the sacred and mysterious syllable, the syllable om (regarded as a mystical name of the Deity).
     brahmākṣaramaya brahmākṣara-maya, as, ī, am, consisting of sacred syllables.
     brahmāgrabhū brahmāgra-bhū (-ma-ag-), ūs, m. a horse; [cf. brahmātma-bhū.]
     brahmāñjali brahmāñjali (-ma-añ-), is, m. 'homage to the divine', joining the hollowed hands together while repeating the Veda (either as an act of homage or to mark by the motion of the hands so placed the accentuation of the Sāma-veda; cf. Manu II. 71); obeisance to a spiritual preceptor at the beginning or end of a repetition of the Veda; [cf. añjali.]
     brahmāñjalikṛta brahmāñjali-kṛta, as, ā, am, one who has joined the hollowed hands in token of homage to the Veda.
     brahmāṇḍa brahmāṇḍa (-ma-aṇ-), am, n. 'the egg of Brahmā', the mundane egg, the universe, globe, world; N. of a Purāṇa and of an Upa-Purāṇa.
     brahmāṇḍapurāṇa brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa, am, n., N. of one of the eighteen Purāṇas so called as revealed by Brahmā, and containing an account of the egg of Brahmā and the future Kalpas, (this Purāṇa is supposed to be only extant in a number of unauthentic fragments or Khaṇḍas.)
     brahmāṇḍabhāṇḍodara brahmāṇḍa-bhāṇḍodara (-ḍa-ud-), am, n. the interior of the vessel-like egg of Brahmā.
     brahmātithi brahmātithi (-ma-at-), is, m., N. of a Kāṇva (author of the hymn Ṛg-veda VIII. 5).
     brahmātmabhū brahmātma-bhū (-ma-āt-), ūs, m. a horse; [cf. brahmāgra-bhū.]
     brahmādanī brahmādanī (-ma-ad-), f. a species of plant (= haṃsa-padī).
     brahmādarśa brahmā-darśa (-ma-ād-), as, m., N. of a work by Vijñānācārya.
     brahmādijātā brahmādi-jātā (-ma-ad-), f. the river Godāvarī; (probably an incorrect form for brahmā-dri-jātā; also written brāhmādri-jātā.)
     brahmādiśīrṣa brah-mādi-śīrṣa (-ma-ād-), N. of a place; (probably for brahmādri-śīrṣa.) --1. brahmādya (-ma-ād-), as, ā, am (fr. brahma + 1. ādya, q. v.), beginning with Brahmā (Manu I. 50).
     brahmādya 2. brahmādya (-ma-ād-), as, ā, am (fr. brahma + 2. ādya, q. v.), Ved. to be eaten by priests or Brāhmans.
     brahmādrijātā brah-mādri-jātā, see brahmādi-jātā.
     brahmādhigama brahmādhi-gama (-ma-adh-), as, m. or brahmādhigamana, am, n. application or devotion to sacred study, repetition of the Veda.
     brahmādhigamika brahmādhigamika, as, ā, am, proceeding or derived from the study or repetition of the Veda.
     brahmānanda brahmānanda (-ma-ān-), as, m. 'joy in Brahma', the rapture of absorption into the Supreme Spirit, beatitude, bliss; N. of a man.
     brahmānandapañcaka brahmānanda-pañcaka, am, n., N. of the third part of Bhāratī-tīrtha's Pañca-daśī.
     brahmānandabhāratī brah-mānanda-bhāratī or brahmānanda-sarasvatī, īs, m., N. of the author of several commentaries.
     brahmānandavallī brahmānanda-vallī, f., N. of the second Vallī of the Taittirīya Upaniṣad.
     brahmāpeta brahmāpeta (-ma-ap-), as, m., N. of one of the seven Rākṣasas said to dwell in the sun during the month Māgha.
     brahmābhyāsa brahmābhyāsa (-ma-abh-), as, m. the study of the Veda.
     brahmāmṛtavarṣiṇī brahmāmṛta-varṣiṇī (-ma-am-), f., N. of a commentary by Śrī-rāmānanda on the Brahma-sūtras.
     brahmāmbhas brahmāmbhas (-ma-am-), as, n. 'holy water', the urine of a cow.
     brahmāyaṇa brahmāyaṇa or brahmāyana (-ma-ay-), as, m. 'refuge of Brahmā', resorted to by Brahmā, epithet of Nārāyaṇa; [cf. tridaśāyana.]
     brahmāyatana brahmāyatana (-ma-āy-), am, n., Ved. a temple of Brahmā.
     brahmāyus brahmāyus (-ma-āy-), us, m., N. of a Brāhman.
     brahmāraṇya brahmāraṇya (-ma-ar-), am, n. 'forest of religious knowledge', a grove in which the Vedas are read and explained; N. of a forest.
     brahmārambha brahmārambha (-ma-ār-), as, m. beginning to repeat the Veda (Manu II. 71).
     brahmārgha brahmārgha (-ma-ar-), as, ā, am, Ved. worthy of sacred knowledge; worthy of Brahma; (in the Kauṣītaki Upaniṣad I. 1, a various reading for brahma-grāhin, q. v.)
     brahmārpaṇa brahmārpaṇa (-ma-ar-), am, n. the offering or oblation of sacred knowledge; N. of a magical spell (see manu).
     brahmālaṅkāra brahmālaṅkāra (-ma-al-), as, m., Ved. the ornament of Brahmā, (according to a Scholiast = hiraṇyagarbha-yogyam maṇḍanam.)
     brahmāvarta brah-māvarta (-ma-āv-), as, m. 'the holy land', an epithet of the country situated between the rivers Sarasvatī and Dṛṣadvatī to the N. W. of Hastināpura (Manu II. 17); N. of a Tīrtha; N. of one of the sons of Ṛṣabha.
     brahmāvartatīrtha brahmāvarta-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a Tīrtha on the Revā or Narmadā river.
     brahmāvāsa brahmāvāsa (-ma-āv-), as, m., N. of a Vedānta philosophical work; (also called Avimukta-nirukti.)
     brahmāsana brahmāsana (-ma-ās-), am, n. the seat of the Brahman priest (Ved.); a particular posture suited to devout religious meditation.
     brahmāsananiviṣṭa brahmāsana-niviṣṭa, as, ā, am, seated in the posture called Brahmāsana.
     brahmāstra brahmāstra (-ma-as-), am, n. 'Brahmā's missile', N. of a fabled weapon (supposed to be the gift of Brahmā) which deals infallible destruction; 'the imprecation of a Brāhman', a term applied to a particular kind of incantation.
     brahmāsya brahmāsya (-ma-ās-), am, n. the mouth of a Brāhman.
     brahmāhuta brahmā-huta (-ma-āh-), as, ā, am, Ved. one to whom oblations of prayer or devotion have been made.
     brahmāhuti brahmāhuti (-ma-āh-), is, f. the offering of prayer or devotion; [cf. brahma-yajña, brahma-sattra.]
     brahmeddha brahmeddha (-ma-id-), as, ā, am, Ved. lighted or kindled during prayer.
     brahmeśaya brahme-śaya (brahme for brahmaṇi), as, m. 'reposing or resting in Brahman', an epithet of Kārttikeya; of Viṣṇu.
     brahmeśvaratīrtha brahmeśvara-tīrtha (-ma-īś-), am, n., N. of a Tīrtha on the Revā or Narmadā river.
     brahmojjhatā brah-mojjhatā (-ma-uj-), f. neglecting or forgetting the Vedas, (according to Kullūka on Manu XI. 56 = adhīta-vedasyānabhyāsena vismaraṇam.)
     brahmoḍumbara brahmoḍumbara, another form for brahmo-dumbara, q. v.
     brahmottara brahmottara (-ma-ut-), as, ā, am, treating particularly of Brahman [cf. bṛhad-brahmottara-khaṇḍa]; consisting chiefly of Brāhmans; (as), m., N. of a superhuman being; (ās), m. pl. 'mostly Brāhmans', N. of a people; (am), n., N. of a section of the Skanda-Purāṇa.
     brahmottarakhaṇḍa brah-mottara-khaṇḍa, am, n., N. of a section of the Skanda-Purāṇa.
     brahmottarapurāṇa brahmottara-purāṇa, am, n., N. of a supplementary section of the Brahma-Purāṇa.
     brahmodatīrtha brahmoda-tīrtha (-ma-ud-), am, n., N. of a Tīrtha mentioned in the Śiva-Purāṇa.
     brahmodumbara brahmo-dumbara (-ma-ud-), N. of a place of pilgrimage.
     brahmodya brahmodya (-ma-ud-), am, n. rivalry in sacred knowledge, playful discussion of theological problems or enigmas, reciting or explaining the Veda, speaking or treating of religious knowledge.
     brahmopadeśa brahmopa-deśa (-ma-up-), as, m. instruction in divine knowledge.
     brahmopaniṣad brahmopaniṣad (-ma-up-), t, f. mystical teaching concerning Brahma (Ved.); a mystical Brāhmanical treatise; N. of an Upaniṣad mentioned in the Tantra-sāra; of an Upaniṣad belonging to the Atharva-veda.
     brahmaudana brahmaudana (-ma-od-), as, m., Ved. boiled rice distributed to Brāhmans and especially to priests at a sacrifice.
     brahmaupagava brahmau-pagava (-ma-aup-), see Scholiast on Pāṇ. VI. 1, 88.

brahma brahma, am, n. = brahman, the Supreme Spirit, the Absolute; (brahma is also used for brahman at the end of certain compounds, cf. ku-brahma, mahā-brahma.)

brahmaṇaspati brahmaṇas-pati, is, m. (fr. brahmaṇas, gen. c. of brahman + pati), = bṛhas-pati, q. v.

brahmaṇya 1. brahmaṇya (fr. brahman), Nom. P. brahma-ṇyati, &c., Ved. to pray, be prayerful or devout, to be religious.

brahmaṇya 2. brahmaṇya, as, ā, am, relating or belonging to Brahma or Brahmā; devoted to sacred knowledge; fit for a Brāhman; friendly to Brāhmans; religious, pious; (as), m. an epithet of Kārttikeya; the planet Saturn; the mulberry tree, Morus Indica; the plant Saccharum Munjia; (ā), f. an epithet of Durgā; (Ved.) devotion, (in this sense fr. the Nom.; according to Sāy. n. pl. = brahmāṇi stotrāṇi havir-lakṣaṇāny annāni vā.)
     brahmaṇyatā brahmaṇya-tā, f. friendliness towards Brāhmans, piety.
     brahmaṇyatīrtha brahmaṇya-tīrtha, as, m., N. of a preceptor.
     brahmaṇyadeva brahmaṇya-deva, as, m. an epithet of Viṣṇu.
     brahmaṇyabhāskara brahmaṇya-bhāskara, as, m., N. of a man.

brahmaṇyat brahmaṇyat, an, antī, at (fr. the Nom.), Ved. praying, prayerful, devout; (Sāy.) = stotram icchat.

brahmāṇī brahmāṇī, f. the Śakti or personified female energy of Brahmā, the wife of Brahmā; an epithet of Durgā, (wrongly written brāhmāṇī, brāhmaṇī); a kind of perfume (= reṇukā); a kind of brass (= rāja-rīti); N. of a river, (in this sense also read brāhmaṇī.)

brahmin brahmin, ī, iṇī, i, belonging or relating to Brahma; (ī), m. an epithet of Viṣṇu (as possessing sacred knowledge).

brahmiṣṭha brahmiṣṭha, as, m. (superl. fr. brahman), a Brāhman in the highest degree (as an epithet of learned and pious Brāhmans or princes); an epithet of Bṛhas-pati (Ved.); N. of a prince; (ā), f. an epithet of Durgā.

brahmī brahmī, f. sacred, holy? (used as adj. in Ṛgveda IX. 33, 5; Sāy. = brāhmaṇa-prerita); a kind of fish, Macrognathus Pancalus (commonly called Pancal); a kind of vegetable [cf. jala-b-]; the plant Clerodendrum Siphonanthus.

brahmīyas brahmīyas, ān, asī, as (compar. fr. brahman), Ved. more devout, more skilled in sacred texts.

brāhma brāhma, as, ī, am, holy, sacred, divine; belonging or relating to Brahman (Brahma or Brahmā); belonging or relating to the Brāhmans, Brāhmanical; deposited with the sacerdotal class (Manu VII. 82); favourable to the sacerdotal class (as a view or opinion); relating to sacred knowledge; relating to the Veda or to sacred study; prescribed by the Veda; fit for a divine state or condition; brāhmaṃ tīrtham, the part of the hand sacred to the Veda, (situated at the root of the thumb, Manu II. 59); (as), m., N. of a marriage ceremony, (a form of marriage in which the bride, clothed in a single robe and otherwise decorated, is bestowed on the bridegroom without anything being required from him by her father or friends; described in Manu III. 21, 27); N. of a man; a patronymic of Nārada; of Kavi; of Ūrdhva-nābhan; of Raksho-han; (ī), f. the Śakti or personified energy of Brahmā, (she is regarded as one of the eight Mātṛs or divine mothers of created beings; in Mahā-bh. Śalya-p. 2655 they are said to attend Skanda); speech, the goddess of speech, Sarasvatī the wife of Brahmā; a speech, tale, narrative; the wife of a Brāhman; an epithet of Durgā; the constellation Rohiṇī; a religious practice, pious usage or custom, (brāhmyā, according to pious usage); a woman married according to the brāhmo vivāhaḥ (Manu III. 37); a female fish or frog (?); a species of ant; N. of various plants, the moonplant, Asclepias Acida (= soma-vallarī or soma-vallī); a kind of vegetable, Clerodendrum Siphonanthus [cf. brahmī]; = vārāhī-kanda; = hila-mocikā; a kind of brass; N. of a river; (am), n. the part of the hand under the root of the thumb; sacred study, study of the Veda.
     brāhmadeyā brāhma-deyā, f. a girl to be given in marriage according to the Brāhma forms; see under brāhma.
     brāhmapiṅgā brāhma-piṅgā, f. (?), silver.
     brāhmapurāṇa brāhma-purāṇa, see brah-ma-purāṇa.
     brāhmamuhūrta brāhma-muhūrta, as, am, m. n. a particular period of the day (that included between the fourth Ghaṭikā and the second before sunrise), dawn; [cf. brāhmya-m-.]
     brāhmavivāha brāhma-vivāha, as, m. a particular form of marriage; see under brāhma.
     brāhmāhorātra brāhmāho-rātra (-ma-ahas-rā-), as, m. a day and night of Brahmā, a period of two thousand ages of the gods or two Kalpas of mortals.
     brāhmīkanda brāhmī-kanda, as, m. a species of bulbous plant (= vārāhī-kanda).
     brāhmīkuṇḍa brāhmī-kuṇḍa, am, n., N. of a sacred tank or reservoir.
     brāhmītantra brāhmī-tantra, am, n., N. of a Tantra.
     brāhmīputra brāhmī-putra, as, m. the son of a woman married according to the Brāhma ceremony (Manu III. 27, 37; see under brāhma above).
     brāhmīrasa brāhmī-rasa, as, m. the juice of Clerodendrum Siphonanthus, &c.

brāhmakṛteya brāhmakṛteya, as, m. a patronymic from Brahma-kṛta.

brāhmagupta brāhmagupta, ās, m. pl. (fr. brahma-gupta), N. of a race; (also read brahma-gupta.)

brāhmaguptīya brāhmaguptīya, as, m. a prince of the Brāhmaguptas; (also read brahmaguptīya.)

brāhmaṇa brāhmaṇa, as, ī, am (fr. brahman), belonging or relating to a Brāhman, Brāhmanical, befitting or becoming a Brāhman; given by a Brāhman; relating to prayer or religious worship; (as), m. one who has divine knowledge, a theologian, priest, a Brāhman or man belonging to the first of the four original divisions of the Hindū body; an epithet of Agni; N. of the twenty-eighth Nakshatra; (ī), f. a Brāhmaness, the wife of a Brāhman; a woman of the Brāhmanical caste; the shrub Clerodendrum Siphonanthus; a species of grass, Trigonella Corniculata (= pṛkkā); a kind of vegetable, Ruta Graveolens; a kind of wasp (= varaṭī); a kind of large-headed ant; a kind of lizard with a red tail [cf. brāhma-ṇikā]; N. of a river, = brahmāṇī; (according to Nīla-kaṇṭha on Mahā-bh. Āśvamedhika-parva 924) = buddhi; (am), n. = brahma, that which is divine, the divine (Ved.); sacred or divine power (Ved.); that portion of the Veda, as distinct from the Mantra portion, which was composed by and for Brāhmans and contains rules for the employment of the Mantras or hymns at various sacrifices, detailed explanations of these sacrifices, their origin and meaning, with tedious illustrations in the way of legends and old stories; (this Brāhmaṇa portion of the Veda is a kind of Hindū Talmud, but like the Mantra portion it was śruta, i. e. heard by the sages to whom it was revealed and is therefore regarded as an integral part of śruti or revelation; it is said by Sāyaṇa to contain two parts, 1. vidhi, rules or directions for rites; 2. artha-vāda, explanatory remarks); N. of a well-known class of Vedic works in prose which contain the Brāhmaṇa portion of the Veda as explained above, (each of the four Vedas has its own Brāhmaṇa appended to it; the Brāhmaṇa of the Bahvṛcas or priests of the Ṛg-veda is still preserved in two works, viz. the Aitareya, sometimes called Āśvalāyana, consisting of eight Pañcikās or pentades of Adhyāyas, subdivided into 285 sections or Khaṇḍas, and the Kauṣītaki-Brāhmaṇa, sometimes called Śāṅkhāyana, which two Brāhmaṇas do not follow the order of the hymns of the Ṛg-veda, but quote them as they are required for the Hotṛ priest, part of the Aitareya being also a kind of commentary on the commencement of the Ṛg-veda, and the latter portion giving an elaborate description of the Abhisheka ceremony or inauguration of kings; the white Yajur-veda has the Śatapatha-Brāhmaṇa, which is perhaps the most modern and interesting of all these compositions; and the black Yajur-veda has the Brāhmaṇa of the Taittirīyas, which though distinct from its Saṃhitā differs little from it; the Sāma-veda has eight Brāhmaṇas, the best known of which are the Prauḍha or Pañca-viṃśa and the Ṣaḍ-viṃśa; the Atharva-veda has one Brāhmaṇa called Go-patha); the Soma vessel of the Brahman priest; a society or assemblage of Brāhmans, a conclave.
     brāhmaṇakalpa brāhmaṇa-kalpa, ās, m. pl. the Brāhmaṇas and Kalpas (two kinds of Vedic works closely connected, see brāh-maṇa, kalpa); (as, ā, am), Ved. like a Brāhman.
     brāhmaṇaghna brāhmaṇa-ghna, as, m. the killer or slayer of a Brāhman.
     brāhmaṇacāṇḍāla brāhmaṇa-cāṇḍāla, as, m. 'a Cāṇḍāla among Brāhmans', a degraded or outcast Brāhman (who being married to more than one wife, allows a wife of a lower caste to wait upon him, see Manu IX. 87); the son of a Śūdra father by a Brāhmaṇī mother.
     brāhmaṇaja brāhmaṇa-ja, am, n. or brāhmaṇa-jāta, am, n., Ved. or brāhmaṇa-jāti, is, f. the Brāhmanical caste, sacerdotal class.
     brāhmaṇajātīya brāh-maṇa-jātīya, as, ā, am, belonging to the Brāhmanical caste.
     brāhmaṇajīvikā brāhmaṇa-jīvikā, f. the occupation of a Brāhman, means of subsistence for a man of the sacerdotal class.
     brāhmaṇatā brāhmaṇa-tā, f. or brāhma-ṇa-tva, am, n. the state or condition of a Brāhman; the rank or dignity of a Brāhman.
     brāhmaṇatrā brāhmaṇa-trā, ind. among the Brāhmans.
     brāhmaṇadārikā brāhmaṇa-dā-rikā, f. a Brāhmaṇī girl.
     brāhmaṇadravya brāhmaṇa-dravya, am, n. the property of a Brāhman.
     brāhmaṇadveṣin brāhmaṇa-dveṣin, ī, iṇī, i, hating Brāhmans; [cf. brahma-dviṣ.]
     brāhmaṇanindaka brāhmaṇa-nindaka, as, m. a reviler of Brāhmans.
     brāhmaṇapatha brāhmaṇa-patha, Ved. (probably) N. of particular Brāhmaṇas (of which eight are enumerated).
     brāhmaṇapāla brāhmaṇa-pāla, as, m., N. of a prince.
     brāhmaṇabadha brāhmaṇa-badha, see brāhmaṇa-vadha.
     brāhmaṇabruva brāhmaṇa-bruva, as, m. calling one's self a Brāhman, professing or pretending to be a Brāhman, a Brāhman only in name, a Brāhman who disgraces his caste, a Brāhman by birth but not by attention to his duties, one engaged in business or who subsists by avocations properly limited to the other castes; [cf. dvija-bruva, brahma-bruvāṇa, bruva.]
     brāhmaṇabhūyiṣṭha brāh-maṇa-bhūyiṣṭha, as, ā, am, principally consisting of or containing Brāhmans.
     brāhmaṇabhojana brāhmaṇa-bhojana, am, n. the feeding of Brāhmans (as a religious act).
     brāhmaṇayajña brāhmaṇa-yajña, as, m., Ved. a sacrifice intended for Brāhmans.
     brāhmaṇayaṣṭikā brāhmaṇa-yaṣṭikā or brāhmaṇa-yaṣṭī, f. the shrub Clerodendrum Siphonanthus.
     brāhmaṇarūpabhṛt brāhmaṇa-rūpa-bhṛt, m. bearing the form of a Brāhman.
     brāhmaṇavat brāhmaṇa-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. connected with a Brāhman; possessed of or furnished with a Brāhmaṇa, q. v.; according to a Brāhmaṇa.
     brāhmaṇavadha brāhmaṇa-vadha, as, m. killing a Brāhman, the murder of a Brāhman.
     brāhmaṇavara brāhmaṇa-vara, as, m., N. of a prince.
     brāhmaṇavarcasa brāhmaṇa-varcasa, am, n., Ved. the splendor or dignity of a Brāhman.
     brāhmaṇavilāpa brāh-maṇa-vilāpa, as, m. 'the Brāhman's Lament', N. of an episode of the Mahā-bhārata (Ādi-parva 6104), more usually called Baka-vadha-parva or Vaka-badhap-.
     brāhmaṇaśramaṇanyāyāt brāhmaṇa-śramaṇa-nyāyāt, ind. according to the phrase 'a Brāhman Śramaṇa' (which involves a contradiction).
     brāhmaṇasaṃstha brāhmaṇa-saṃstha, as, ā, am, belonging to or abiding with a Brāhman.
     brāhmaṇasattama brāhmaṇa-sattama, as, m. the best of Brāhmans.
     brāhmaṇasantarpaṇa brāhmaṇa-santarpaṇa, am, n. = brāhmaṇa-bhojana, q. v.
     brāhmaṇasarvasva brāhmaṇa-sarvasva, am, n., N. of a work mentioned in Raghu-nandana's Saṃskāratattva.
     brāhmaṇasāt brāhmaṇa-sāt, ind. in the possession of the Brāhmans; brāhmaṇasāt kṛ, to put into the possession of the Brāhmans, present to the Brāhmans; brāhmaṇasād as, to be in the possession of the Brāhmans, belong to the Brāhmans.
     brāhmaṇastuti brāhmaṇa-stuti, is, f., N. of a portion of the Purāṇa-sarvasva.
     brāhmaṇasva brāhmaṇa-sva, am, n. the property of a Brāhman.
     brāhmaṇahita brāhmaṇa-hita, as, ā, am, suitable to or fit for a Brāhman.
     brāhmaṇācchaṃsin brāhmaṇāc-chaṃsin, ī, m. (fr. brāhmaṇāt + śaṃsin), a particular priest, the assistant of the Brahman at the Soma sacrifice.
     brāhmaṇācchaṃsiprayoga brāhmaṇācchaṃsi-prayoga, as, m., N. of a work.
     brāhmaṇācchaṃsīya brāhmaṇācchaṃsīya, am, ā, n. f., Ved. the office of a Brāhmaṇāc-chaṃsin.
     brāhmaṇācchaṃsya brāhmaṇācchaṃsya, as, ā, am, Ved. relating to the Brāhmaṇāc-chaṃsin; (ā), f. the office of a Brāhmaṇāc-chaṃsin.
     brāhmaṇātikrama brāhmaṇātikrama (-ṇa-at-), as, m. disrespect towards Brāhmans.
     brāhmaṇātmaka brāh-maṇātmaka (-ṇa-āt-), as, ā, am, belonging or referring to Brāhmans; containing an account of the Brāhmans.
     brāhmaṇādarśana brāhmaṇādarśana (-ṇa-ad-), am, n. absence of Brāhmanical instruction or guidance.
     brāhmaṇāpāśraya brāhmaṇāpāśraya (-ṇa-ap-), as, ā, am, seeking refuge in Brāhmans.
     brāhmaṇābhāṣaṇa brāhmaṇābhāṣaṇa (-ṇa-ābh-), am, n., N. of a kind of artificial composition (contained in the Kavi-kalpa-latā, a compendium of versification by Devendra or Deveśvara).
     brāhmaṇābhyupapatti brāhmaṇābhyupapatti (-ṇa-abh-), is, f. protection or preservation of a Brāhman.
     brāhmaṇīgāmin brāhmaṇī-gāmin, ī, m. the paramour of a Brāhmaṇī woman or of a Brāhman's wife.
     brāhmaṇītva brāhmaṇī-tva, am, n. the being a Brāhmaṇī woman.
     brāhmaṇīsattamā brāhmaṇī-sat-tamā, f. the best of Brāhmaṇī women.

brāhmaṇaka brāhmaṇaka, as, m. a bad Brāhman, a Brāhman merely by name; N. of a country inhabited by warlike Brāhmans [cf. brāhmaṇakīya]; (ikā), f. (probably) a species of lizard; [cf. brāhmaṇī and brāhmaṇa.]

brāhmaṇakīya brāhmaṇakīya, as, ā, am, coming from or relating to the country Brāhmaṇaka.

brāhmaṇakṛteya brāhmaṇakṛteya, as, m. (probably) a patronymic from Brāhmaṇa-kṛta; (ī), f. a metronymic.

brāhmaṇāyana brāhmaṇāyana, as, m., Ved. a descendant of a Brāhman; a Brāhman sprung from learned and holy progenitors.

brāhmaṇika brāhmaṇika, as, ī, am, derived from or relating to the Brāhmaṇas.

brāhmaṇī brāhmaṇī. See under brāhmaṇa, p. 693, col. 2.

brāhmaṇya brāhmaṇya, as, ā, am (fr. brāhmaṇa), fit for Brāhmans; (as), m. the planet Saturn [cf. 2. brah-maṇya]; (am), n. the state or rank or business of a Brāhman, the dignity of a Brāhman, Brāhmanhood, priesthood, priestly rank or character [cf. a-b-]; a multitude or assembly of Brāhmans.

brāhmadattāyana brāhmadattāyana, as, m. a patronymic from Brahma-datta.

brāhmaprajāpatya brāhmaprajāpatya, coming from or relating to Brahma-prajāpatī; see Vārttika II. to Pāṇ. VI. 3, 6.

brāhmarāti brāhmarāti, is, m. a patronymic of Yājñavalkya from Brahma-rāta; [cf. brahma-rātri.]

brāhmāṇī brāhmāṇī, f. a wrong form for brahmāṇī, q. v.

brāhmi brāhmi, is, is, i (fr. brahma), Ved. holy, divine.

brāhmikā brāhmikā, f. = brāhmī and brāhmaṇa-yaṣṭikā, Clerodendrum Siphonanthus.

brāhmī brāhmī. See under brāhma, p. 693, col. 1.

brāhmaudanika brāhmaudanika, as, m. (fr. brahmaudana), scil. agni, a fire on which the rice of Brāhmans is boiled (Ved.).

brāhmya brāhmya, as, mī, am, = brāhma, relating to Brahman (Brahma or Brahmā) or to the Brāhmans; (am), n., scil. huta, worship or veneration paid to Brāhmans considered as one of the five great sacraments, (in Manu III. 74 = dvijāgryārcā or ma-nuṣya-yajña); (according to some also) astonishment; = dṛśyam.
     brāhmyamuhūrta brāhmya-muhūrta, as, am, m. n. dawn, the hour preceding sunrise; see brāhma-m-.
     brāhmyahuta brāhmya-huta, am, n. respect shown to twice-born guests, especially to Brāhmans; hospitality, (in Manu III. 74 = nṛ-yajña, manuṣya-yajña, see above; and cf. brahma-huta.)

brādhnāyana brādhnāyana. See brādhnā-yanya below.

brādhnāyanya brādhnāyanya, as, m. a patronymic from Bradhna, q. v.; (nās), m. pl. the descendants of Bradhna; (), f. a metronymic. See Pāṇ. V. 3, 113.

brāhma brāhma, brāhmaṇa, &c. See p. 693.

bruva bruva. See col. 2.

brū brū (a defective verb, borrowing all but the Pres., Impf., Pot., and Impv. fr. rt. vac), cl. 2. P. A. bravīti, brūte (1st sing. bravīmi, ep. brūmi, 1st du. brūvas, 1st pl. brūmas, 3rd pl. bru-vanti or āhus fr. 3. ah, the Perf. of which is sometimes substituted for 2nd and 3rd sing., 2nd and 3rd du., and 3rd pl. of this tense, Pāṇ. III. 4, 84); Impf. abra-vīt, abrūta (ep. abravat, bravīt, 1st sing. abravam or rarely abruvam); Pot. brūyat (sometimes wrongly bruyāt), bruvīta; Impv. bravītu, brūtām (2nd sing. brūhi, brūṣva, ep. forms bravīhi, bru-vadhvam); Perf. uvāca (see rt. vac); Pres. part. bruvat, bruvāṇa, (Ved. forms bravasi, bravat, bra-vātha, brūtāt, part. bravat; in Nala XVII. 36, a form brūyāsta 2nd pl. Prec. occurs, but this is probably a wrong reading for brūyās tat); to say, speak, inform, tell; to speak to (with acc. of the thing and gen. or dat. or loc. of the person); to speak about any person or thing (with acc. or with prati or adhi-kṛtya after acc., e. g. śakun-talām adhikṛtya bravīmi, I speak about Śakuntalā); to declare, announce, publish, proclaim, promulgate; to answer; to call or profess one's self (usually A.); to be called or named (A.); (with anyathā, q. v.) to decide wrongly, to pronounce a wrong sentence in a lawsuit; [cf. rt. ru: Zend mrū, 'to speak:' Slav. mlu-v-i-ti, 'to make a noise:' Old Pruss. billa, 'I say:' Lith. biloyu: Hib. bri, 'a word;' bruidheann, 'talk, speech;' bruideanaim, 'I contend, dispute:' Scot. bruidhean, 'speaking, speech, talk, tumult;' bruidhneach, 'talkative, loquacious:' Cambro-Brit. brud, 'a chronicle, prophecy;' brudiwr, 'a chronicler, prophet:' perhaps also Gr. [greek] 'to speak;' [greek] Aeol. [greek] [greek] El. [greek] 'a sentence.']

bruva bruva, as, ā, am, calling one's self by a name without any real title to it, (at the end of comps., e. g. kṣatriya-b-, calling one's self a Kshatriya; cf. brāhmaṇa-b-, dvija-b-.)

bruvat bruvat, an, atī, at, speaking, saying.

bruvāṇa bruvāṇa, as, ā, am, speaking, telling, saying; calling one's self, (at the end of comps., cf. brah-ma-b-.)

blī blī, Ved. See rt. vlī.

bleṣka bleṣka, am, n. a snare, noose.

Bh — भ

bha 1. bha, the twenty-fourth consonant of the Nāgarī alphabet and the fourth letter of the fifth or labial class, being the aspirate of b, and said to be pronounced like bh in cabhorse.
     bhakāra bha-kāra, as, m. the letter or sound bh.

bha 2. bha, (in Pāṇini's system) a N. given to the weakest base or base of nouns before the vowelterminations beginning with the acc. plur. (i. e. in the 'weak cases' or 'weakest cases' as they are sometimes called to distinguish them both from the aṅga or 'strong cases', sarva-nāma-sthāna, and the pada or 'middle cases'), before feminine affixes, and before Taddhitas beginning with vowels and y.

bha 3. bha, (in prosody) a dactyl.
     bhavipulā bha-vipulā, f. 'abounding with dactyls', a kind of metre.

bha 4. bha, as, m. (fr. rt. 1. bhā), N. of the planet Venus or of its regent, = śukra; semblance, mere semblance, delusion, error; (ā), f. light, lustre, splendor, a ray of light [cf. aṇu-bhā and 2. bhā]; likeness, resemblance, (at the end of a comp., cf. agni-bha, guḍa-bhā, tantu-bha); the shadow of a gnomon [cf. pala-bhā]; (am), n. a star, a planet, an asterism, a lunar mansion, Nakshatra; the number 27; a sign of the zodiac.
     bhakakṣā bha-kakṣā, f. the path of the asterisms.
     bhagaṇa bha-gaṇa, as, m. the whole multitude of stars or constellations, group of Nakshatras or asterisms (= bhā-gaṇa); revolution (of the planets) in the zodiac; the zodiac.
     bhagola bha-gola, as, m. the starry sphere, vault of heaven.
     bhacakra bha-cakra, am, n. 'circle of constellations', the zodiac.
     bhacakranābhi bha-cakra-nābhi, is, f. the centre of the zodiac.
     bhadatta bha-datta, as, m., N. of an astrologer (also called Satya).
     bhapañjara bha-pañjara, am, n. 'cage of asterisms', the zodiac.
     bhapati bha-pati, is, m. 'lord of the asterisms', the moon.
     bhamaṇḍala bha-maṇḍala, am, n. = bha-cakra, q. v.
     bhalatā bha-latā, f., N. of a shrub, Paederia Foetida.
     bhavarga bha-varga, as, m. the whole multitude of asterisms, the starry host.
     bhavicārin bha-vicārin, ī, iṇī, i, passing through or present in an asterism.
     bhasandhi bha-sandhi, is, m. 'point of junction of the asterisms', N. of the last quarters of the asterisms Āśleṣā, Jyeṣṭhā, and Revatī.
     bhasamūha bha-samūha, as, m. 'aggregate of the lunar mansions', an expression for the number 27.
     bhasūcaka bha-sūcaka, as, m. 'indicator of asterisms', an astrologer.
     bhāṃśa bhāṃśa (bha-aṃ-), as, m. a portion of an asterism.
     bhena bhena (bha-īna), as, m. 'lord of stars', the sun; the moon.
     bheśa bheśa (bha-īśa), as, m. the regent of an asterism &c.

bha 5. bha, as, m. (probably onomatopoetic), a bee.

bhaṃsas bhaṃsas, as, n., Ved. a particular part of the intestine or abdomen.

bhakkikā bhakkikā, f. a cricket; [cf. pha-ḍiṅgā.]

bhakta bhakta, bhakti. See p. 695, col. 2.

bhakṣ bhakṣ (probably connected with rts. bhaj and bhañj), cl. 10. P. bhakṣa-yati, and in the later language rarely also cl. 1. P. A. bhakṣati, -te, bhakṣayāmāsa, bhakṣayiṣyati, ababhakṣat, bhakṣayitum, bhakṣitum, to eat, eat up, devour, (in these senses rarely used in the Veda); to drink, quaff (mostly Ved.); to consume, bring to nought, destroy; to use up, waste, impoverish; to bite: Caus. bhakṣayati, -yitum (see Vārttika VIII. to Pāṇ. I. 4, 52), to cause to eat, feed any one (acc.) with anything (inst.): Desid. bibhakṣayiṣati, to desire to eat, wish to devour; [cf. Zend baz, 'to distribute;' bagh-a-s, 'a piece;' bakhsh, 'to attain:' Gr. [greek] [greek] perhaps also [greek] Lat. fām-es for fag-mes, fa-ba for fag-ba, bacca for bacsa: Goth. basi, 'a berry', fr. basya = bhakṣya, q. v.]

bhakṣa bhakṣa, as, m. eating; drinking, quaffing (mostly Ved.); drink, beverage; (in the later language) food; (as, ā, am), having (anything) for food or for a beverage, eating, drinking, living upon, (at the end of comps., cf. ab-bh-, dhana-bh-, māṃsa-bh-, vāyu-bh-.)
     bhakṣakāra bhakṣa-kāra, as, m. 'food-maker', a cook, baker, pastry-cook, confectioner.
     bhakṣaṅkāra bhakṣaṅ-kāra, as, m. (fr. bhakṣam, acc. of bhakṣa, or ind. past part. of rt. bhakṣ + kāra), Ved. one who prepares or one who partakes of food.
     bhakṣaṅkṛta bhakṣaṅ-kṛta, as, ā, am, Ved. drunk; eaten.
     bhakṣapattrā bhakṣa-pattrā, f. betel-pepper ('the leaf of which serves for food').

bhakṣaka bhakṣaka, as, ikā, am, one who eats, an eater, eating, one who feeds or lives upon, (often at the end of comps., e. g. māṃsa-bh-, śasya-bh, q. v.); voracious, gluttonous, a gourmand; (as), m. food (in gaja-bh-, q. v.); (ikā), f. a meal; eating, (at the end of a comp., cf. ikṣu-bh-.)

bhakṣaṇa bhakṣaṇa, as, ī, am, eating, one who eats [cf. dāḍima-bh-, pāpa-bh-]; (am), n. the act of eating, eating, drinking, feeding; the being eaten; (Ved.) a drinking vessel.

bhakṣaṇīya bhakṣaṇīya, as, ā, am, to be eaten, eatable, edible, proper for food.
     bhakṣaṇīyatā bhakṣaṇīya-tā, f. the being edible, eatableness.

bhakṣamāṇa bhakṣamāṇa, as, ā, am, eating, devouring.

bhakṣayat bhakṣayat, an, antī, at, eating, devouring; consuming, destroying.

bhakṣayitavya bhakṣayitavya, as, ā, am, to be eaten, edible, to be devoured.

bhakṣayitṛ bhakṣayitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, an eater, one who eats; [cf. bhakṣitṛ.]

bhakṣayitvā bhakṣayitvā, ind. having eaten, having devoured.

bhakṣita bhakṣita, as, ā, am, eaten, eaten up, devoured; mispronounced in a particular way; (am), n. food.
     bhakṣitaśeṣa bhakṣita-śeṣa, as, m. remnants of food, leavings.
     bhakṣitaśeṣāhāra bhakṣitaśeṣāhāra (-ṣa-āh-), as, m. a meal of leavings.

bhakṣitavya bhakṣitavya, as, ā, am, to be eaten, eatable, edible.

bhakṣitṛ bhakṣitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, an eater, one who eats; [cf. bhakṣayitṛ.]

bhakṣin bhakṣin, ī, iṇī, i (mostly at the end of comps.), eating, devouring.

bhakṣivas bhakṣivas, vān, uṣī, vat, Ved. one who has eaten, eating; [cf. jakṣivas.]

bhakṣya bhakṣya, as, ā, am, to be eaten, eatable, edible, esculent, fit for food; (am), n. anything eaten, an article of food; food in general, especially such as requires mastication; water; (as), m. food, (in this sense probably only erroneously for bhakṣa, q. v.)
     bhakṣyakāra bhakṣya-kāra or bhakṣyaṅ-kāra, as, m. 'food-preparer', a baker.
     bhakṣyabhakṣaka bhakṣya-bhakṣaka, au, m. du. food and the eater.
     bhakṣyavastu bhakṣya-vastu, n. edible matter, eatables, victuals, viands.
     bhakṣyābhakṣya bhakṣyā-bhakṣya (-ya-abh-), am, n. what may and what may not be eaten, food allowed and prohibited.
     bhakṣyālābu bhakṣyālābu (-ya-al-), us, f. a variety of cucumber (= rājālābu).

bhakṣyamāṇa bhakṣyamāṇa, as, ā, am, being eaten or devoured; being bitten.

bhākṣa bhākṣa, as, ī, am, (probably) habitually eating, gluttonous (= bhakṣā śīlam asya, Gaṇa Chattrādi to Pāṇ. IV. 4, 62).

bhakṣaṭaka bhakṣaṭaka, as, m. a variety of the plant Asteracantha Longifolia.

bhakṣālī bhakṣālī, f., N. of a place.

bhaga bhaga. See col. 3.

bhagana bha-gana for bha-gaṇa. See under 4. bha, p. 694, col. 2.

bhaganarāya bhaganarāya (bhagana + rāya?), as, m., N. of a man.

bhagala bhagala, as, m., N. of a man; (ā), f., N. of a woman.

bhagavat bhaga-vat. See p. 696, col. 1.

bhagāla bhagāla, am, n. = kapāla, a skull.

bhagālin bhagālin, ī, inī, i, bedecked with skulls; (ī), m. an epithet of Śiva.

bhagin bhagin, bhaginī, bhagīratha. See p. 696, col. 2.

bhageśa bhageśa. See p. 696, col. 1.

bhagna bhagna. See under rt. 2. bhañj, p. 696.

bhagnī bhagnī. See p. 696, col. 3.

bhaṅkārī bhaṅkārī, f. a gad-fly.

bhaṅkti bhaṅkti, bhaṅga. See p. 697, col. 1.

bhaṅgāna bhaṅgāna, as, m. a kind of carp, Cyprinus Banganna.

bhaṅgārī bhaṅgārī, f. a gad-fly; (perhaps an incorrect form for bhaṅkārī above.)

bhaj bhaj, cl. 1. P. A. bhajati, -te, ba-bhāja (2nd sing. babhaktha or bhejitha, 3rd pl. bhejus), bheje (part. bhejāna), bhakṣyati, -te (in later Sanskṛt also bhajiṣyati, -te), abhā-kṣīt, abhakta, bhakṣīṣṭa, (Vedic forms are, 2nd sing. impv. bhakṣi, abhāk, abhākta, bha-kṣata), bhaktum (ep. also bhajitum), to assign, allot, apportion, dispense, distribute; to share, divide (e. g. bhajeran paitṛkaṃ riktham, they may divide the property of their father); to grant, bestow; to supply, furnish, provide (Ved.); to receive as a portion, obtain as one's share (A.), share in, partake of (with acc. and in the earlier language also with gen.); to obtain, get, take for one's self (A.); take possession of, recover; to enjoy, possess, have; to enjoy carnally; to embrace (A.); to be devoted to, betake one's self to, resort to, have recourse to, go to, frequent (with acc.); to come to, turn towards any one (with acc.); to favour (A.); prefer, choose, elect; decide in favour of, declare for; to serve, honour, revere, worship, adore, esteem, wait upon, attend upon; to be attached to, love, court (affection); to fall to the lot of any one (acc.); to apply one's self to, pursue, practise, cultivate, be engaged in; to cook, dress (food); to employ, engage. The above meanings of bhaj may be variously extended by connecting it with nouns, e. g. patnīm bhaj, to take as a wife; āsanam bhaj, to take a seat; rūpam bhaj, to assume a form; sukham (or duḥkham) bhaj, to experience pleasure (or pain); bhayam bhaj, to feel terror or alarm; maunam bhaj, to become silent; mūrchām bhaj, to fall into a swoon, faint away; śayanam bhaj, to go to bed, lie down to rest; diśo bhaj, to flee in all directions, run away: Caus. bhājayati, -yitum, Aor. abhī-bhajat, ababhājat, to cause to share, give any one (acc.) a share of anything (gen. or acc., Ved.); to divide; to cause to go towards, cause to flee, put to flight, pursue; (according to Vopa-deva) to cook: Desid. bibhakṣati, -te: Intens. bābhajyate, bābhakti; [cf. Gr. [greek] perhaps Lat. fa-mulus, familia: Goth. anda-bahti, bahtjan: Angl. Sax. bacan: Old Germ. bachan: Hib. fuighim, 'I get, obtain;' fuigheall, 'profit, gain, remainder;' faghail, 'getting, finding, obtaining.']

bhakta bhakta, as, ā, am, assigned, allotted, apportioned, distributed [cf. deva-bh-, bhaga-bh-]; divided; forming a part of, belonging to; served, worshipped; loved, beloved, liked, (when compounded in this sense with nouns denoting places especially preferred by particular plants or particular families, bhakta is regarded as an affix, according to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 54); occupied with, engaged in, engrossed by, attentive to; attached to, devoted to, faithfully adhering to, loyal, faithful, respecting, honouring (with loc. or acc. of the object); dressed, cooked; (as), m. a worshipper, adorer; a faithful attendant, follower, votary; (ās), m. pl. epithet of a Śaiva sect ('the devoted'); epithet of a Vaiṣṇava sect; (am), n. a share, portion; a share of food, food, nourishment; a meal, regular meal [cf. adho-bh-, caturtha-bh-]; boiled rice; any eatable grain boiled with water.
     bhaktakaṃsa bhakta-kaṃsa, as, m. a dish of food.
     bhaktakara bhakta-kara, as, m. artificially prepared incense, incense prepared from various fragrant resins and perfumes.
     bhaktakāra bhakta-kāra, as, m. 'food-preparer', a cook.
     bhaktacchanda bhakta-cchanda, am, n. (cchanda for chanda), desire of food, appetite.
     bhaktajā bhakta-jā, f. nectar.
     bhaktatā bhakta-tā, f. or bhakta-tva, am, n. the being a part of anything, belonging to (e. g. dhātu-bhaktatva, the belonging to the root); devotedness, faith in, attachment to.
     bhaktatūrya bhakta-tūrya, am, n. music played during a meal.
     bhaktada bhakta-da, as, or bhakta-dātṛ, tā, or bhakta-dāyaka, as, or bhakta-dāyin, ī, m. a giver of meals, supporter, maintainer.
     bhaktadāsa bhakta-dāsa, as, m. 'food-slave', a servant or slave who receives his meals as a compensation for his services, (according to Rāghavānanda on Manu VIII. 415 = bhaktādi-lobhena dāsatvaṃ gataḥ.)
     bhaktadveṣa bhakta-dveṣa, as, m. aversion from food, loss of appetite.
     bhaktadveṣin bhakta-dveṣin, ī, iṇī, i, feeling an aversion from food, one who has lost his appetite.
     bhaktapulāka bhakta-pulāka, a mouthful of rice kneaded into a ball.
     bhaktamaṇḍa bhakta-maṇḍa, the scum of boiled rice.
     bhaktamayastotra bhaktamaya-stotra, am, n., N. of a work.
     bhaktamālā bhakta-mālā, f., N. of a work by Nārāyaṇa-dāsa.
     bhaktaruci bhakta-ruci, is, f. desire of food, appetite.
     bhaktarocana bhakta-rocana, as, ī, am, exciting appetite, appetizing.
     bhaktavatsala bhakta-vatsala, as, ā, am, kind to worshippers or faithful attendants.
     bhaktaśaraṇa bhakta-śaraṇa, am, n., Ved. a receptacle for food, storeroom.
     bhaktaśālā bhakta-śālā, f. (probably) a room for the reception of petitioners, audience-chamber; a dining-hall (?); a store-room (?); an alms-house (?).
     bhaktasiktha bhakta-siktha or bhaktasikthaka = bhakta-pulāka, q. v.
     bhaktābhilāṣa bhaktābhilāṣa (-ta-abh-), as, m. desire of food, appetite.
     bhaktāmarastotra bhaktāmara-stotra (-ta-am-), am, n., N. of a work.
     bhaktoddeśaka bhaktoddeśaka (-ta-ud-), as, m. 'food-prescriber', a particular official in a Buddhist monastery.
     bhaktopasādhaka bhaktopasā-dhaka (-ta-up-), as, m. 'food-dresser', a cook.

bhakti bhakti, is, f. allotment, partition, division, separation [cf. kṣetra-bh-]; dividing, separating into (various forms &c., cf. bhaṅgī-bh-); division, portion, share; variegation, decoration, embellishment, ornament; a division of a Sāman (also called Vidhi, of which sometimes seven, sometimes only five are enumerated); the being a part of, belonging to; that which belongs to or is contained in anything else, an attribute; devotion, devotedness, attachment, loyalty, loving faith, belief, faith; love, affection, fondness for; reverence, homage.
     bhaktikara bhakti-kara, as, ī, am, see Pāṇ. III. 2, 21.
     bhakticandrodaya bhakti-candrodaya (-ra-ud-), as, m. 'rise of the moon of devotion', N. of a work.
     bhakticcheda bhakti-ccheda, as, m. 'distinctive mark of faith', a coloured streak, the separating or distinguishing marks of devotion to Viṣṇu, particular streaks on the forehead, nose, cheeks, breast, and arms, which denote a follower of the Vaiṣṇava sect.
     bhaktitaraṅgiṇī bhakti-taraṅgiṇī, f., N. of a work.
     bhaktitas bhakti-tas, ind., Ved. accurately.
     bhaktinamra bhakti-namra, as, ā, am, bent down in devotion, making obeisance.
     bhaktipūrvam bhakti-pūrvam or bhakti-pūrvakam, ind. preceded by devotion, devoutly, reverentially.
     bhaktiprakaraṇa bhakti-prakaraṇa, am, n., N. of a portion of Halāyudha's Purāṇa-sarvasva.
     bhaktipraśaṃsāvarṇana bhakti-praśaṃsā-varṇana, am, n., N. of a section of the Gaṇeśa-Purāṇa.
     bhaktiprārthanā bhakti-prārthanā, f., N. of a portion of the Purāṇa-sarvasva.
     bhaktibhāj bhakti-bhāj, k, k, k, possessing pious faith or true devotion; firmly attached or devoted to (with loc.).
     bhaktimat bhakti-mat, ān, atī, at, possessing faith, devoted, attached, faithful, loyal; religious, devout; accompanied by devotion.
     bhaktimārganirūpaṇa bhakti-mārga-nirū-paṇa, am, n., N. of a work.
     bhaktimuktāvalī bhakti-muktāvalī, f., N. of a work.
     bhaktiyoga bhakti-yoga, as, m. faithful devotion, loving faith; N. of the first chapter of the Śiva-gītā.
     bhaktiratnāvalī bhakti-ratnāvalī, f., N. of a work on devotion by Viṣṇu-purī.
     bhaktirasa bhakti-rasa, as, m. a sense of devotion, feeling of loving faith.
     bhaktirasāmṛtasindhu bhakti-rasāmṛta-sindhu (-sa-am-) and bhakti-rasā-yana, am, n., N. of two works.
     bhaktirāga bhakti-rāga, as, m. affection or predilection for (with loc.).
     bhaktivardhinī bhakti-vardhinī, f., N. of a metrical work on the means of increasing religious faith.
     bhaktivāda bhakti-vāda, as, m. declaration of devotion, assurance of attachment.
     bhaktiviśiṣṭa bhakti-viśiṣṭa, as, ā, am, distinguished by faith or devotion.
     bhaktiśata bhakti-śata, am, n. 'a hundred verses on faith', N. of a work on devotion by Sūrya.
     bhaktisiddhānta bhakti-siddhānta, as, m. or bhaktisiddhānta-vivṛti, is, f., N. of two works ('explanation of the fundamental doctrines of faith').
     bhaktisudhodaya bhakti-sudho-daya (-dhā-ud-), as, m. 'production of the nectar of devotion', N. of the first part of the Nāradīya-Purāṇa.
     bhaktisūtra bhakti-sūtra, am, n., N. of a work containing the aphorisms of Śāṇḍilya.
     bhaktihaṃsa bhakti-haṃsa, N. of a treatise by Viṭṭhala-dīkṣita on faith in Kṛṣṇa.
     bhaktihetunirṇaya bhakti-hetu-nirṇaya, as, m., N. of a disquisition by Viṭṭhaleśvara on the sources of faith and devotion.
     bhaktyupakrama bhakty-upakrama, as, m., N. of a work mentioned in the Śakti-ratnākara.
     bhaktyupahṛta bhakty-upahṛta, as, ā, am, offered with faith.

bhaktika bhaktika, as, ā, am, relating to worship or devotion.

bhaktila bhaktila, as, ā, am, attached, faithful, trusty (said of a horse).

bhaktṛ bhaktṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, an adorer, worshipper; devotedly attached.
     bhaktṛtva bhaktṛ-tva, am, n. the being an adorer or worshipper, adoration, worship.

bhaktvā 1. bhaktvā, ind. having apportioned or divided. (For 2. see under rt. 2. bhañj, p. 696, col. 3.)

bhaga bhaga, as, m. a liberal or wealthy master ('apportioner of food'), gracious lord, patron (a frequent epithet of Savitṛ, Ved.); N. of an Āditya (regarded in the Veda as bestowing wealth, and instituting or presiding over love and marriage; he is brother of the Dawn, and the afternoon is peculiarly sacred to him; his Nakshatra is the Uttara-Phalgunī, considered particularly favourable for forming alliances by marriage; according to a legend his eyes were destroyed by Rudra; Yāska enumerates him among the divinities of the highest sphere); N. of the sun; of the moon; of a Rudra; good fortune, happiness, happy lot, prosperity, affluence [cf. dur-bh-, su-bh-]; dignity, majesty, distinction; beauty, loveliness; excellence; amorous pleasure, dalliance; love, affection; the pudenda (pudendum muliebre); (am), n. the Nakshatra called Uttara-Phalgunī; the perinaeum of males; a term applied to a Muhūrta; (according to native lexicographers) = yatna, prayatna, kīrtti, yaśas, vairāgya, icchā, jñāna, mukti, mokṣa, dharma, strī; (as, ā or ī, am), at the end of comps., see Gaṇa Bahv-ādi to Pāṇ. IV. 1, 45; [cf. Zend bagha = Old Pers. baga, 'a lord:' Slav. bog, 'a lord:' Lith. na-bagas, 'a poor man;' bagotas, 'rich:' Goth. ga-bigs.]
     bhagaghna bhaga-ghna, as, m. 'slayer of Bhaga', an epithet of Śiva.
     bhagatti bhaga-tti, is, f. (fr. bhaga + datti, cf. ā-tta, nī-tta, parā-tta, parī-tta, pra-tta, pratī-tta), Ved. a gift of fortune.
     bhagadatta bhaga-datta, as, m., N. of a prince of Prāg-jyotisha; of a king of Kāmrūp.
     bhagadā bhaga-dā, f., N. of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda.
     bhagadeva bhaga-deva, as, m. 'whose god is the female organ', a libertine, a lustful man.
     bhagadevata bhaga-devata, as, ā, am, having Bhaga for a deity; (ā), f. a hymeneal divinity.
     bhagadaivata bhaga-daivata, as, ī, am, having Bhaga for a deity; conferring conjugal felicity; (am), n. the asterism Uttara-Phalgunī.
     bhagadaivatamāsa bhagadaivata-māsa, as, m. the month that has Bhaga for its deity, i. e. the month Phālguna.
     bhaganandā bhaga-nandā, f., N. of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda.
     bhaganetraghna bhaga-netra-ghna, as, or bhaganetra-han, ā, or bhaganetra-nipātana, as, or bhaganetra-hara, as, or bhaganetra-hṛt, t, or bhaganetrāpahārin (-ra-ap-), ī, or bhaganetrān-taka (-ra-an-), as, m. 'the destroyer of the eyes of Bhaga', an epithet of Śiva.
     bhagandara bhagan-dara, as, m. (fr. the acc. bhagam), 'rending the vulva', a fistula in the pudendum muliebre or in the anus &c. (from five to eight varieties of this disease are enumerated); N. of an ancient sage.
     bhagapura bhaga-pura, am, n., N. of the city of Multan.
     bhagabhakta bhaga-bhakta, as, ā, am, Ved. fortune-favoured, endowed with prosperity (Sāy. = dhana-saṃyukta).
     bhagabhakṣaka bhaga-bhakṣaka, as, m. 'living by the vulva', a procurer, pander, one who lives by harlotry.
     bhagavat bhaga-vat, see below.
     bhagavitta bhaga-vitta, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhagavedana bhaga-vedana, as, ī, am, proclaiming prosperity, announcing connubial felicity.
     bhagahan bhaga-han, ā, m. the slayer of Bhaga.
     bhagahārin bhaga-hārin, ī, m. the destroyer of Bhaga.
     bhagākṣihan bhagākṣi-han (-ga-ak-), ā, m. 'destroyer of the eyes of Bhaga', an epithet of Śiva.
     bhagāṅkura bhagāṅkura (-ga-aṅ-), as, m. the clitoris.
     bhagādhāna bhagādhāna (-ga-ādh-), as, ā, am, bestowing matrimonial felicity, granting wedded bliss, (according to a Scholiast = aiśvaryādhāyaka.)
     bhagevita bha-gevita (according to the Pada-pāṭha bhage + avita), as, ā, am, Ved. (perhaps) satisfied with good fortune, sated with prosperity.
     bhageśa bhageśa (-ga-īśa), as, m., Ved. the lord of fortune or prosperity.

bhagavat bhaga-vat, ān, atī, at, possessing fortune, fortunate, prosperous, happy (Ved.); glorious, illustrious, excellent; venerable, revered, sacred, divine, holy (as an epithet of gods, demigods, and other holy personages; frequently found in the voc. bhagavan [Ved. bhagavas and bhagos, see Vārttika II. to Pāṇ. VIII. 3, 1, Vopa-deva III. 149, and see Pāṇ. VIII. 3, 17, where bhagos, like aghos and bhos, is said to drop the final s before all vowels and all soft consonants] as a respectful mode of address, and also similarly used in the Veda in the nom. with the 3rd sing. of the verb; with Buddhists bhaga-vat is respectfully prefixed to the titles of their sacred writings); (ān), m. 'the holy one', 'the revered one', a deity, a god; an epithet of Viṣṇu; of Śiva; of a Buddha; of a Bodhi-sattva; of a Jina; (atī), f. an epithet of Durgā; of Lakṣmī.
     bhagavacchāstra bhagavac-chāstra (bhagavat + śāstra), am, n., N. of a section of the Vārāha-Purāṇa.
     bhagavatīgītā bhagavatī-gītā, f., N. of a poem.
     bhagavatīdāsa bhagavatī-dāsa, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhagavattva bhagavat-tva, am, n. the condition of Bhagavat, rank of Viṣṇu.
     bhagavatpadī bhagavat-padī, f. an epithet of the source of the Gaṅgā (said to have sprung from an aperture made in the mundane egg by the toe-nail of Viṣṇu while striding his celebrated three paces).
     bhagavatpādābhāṣaṇa bhagavat-pādābhāṣaṇa (-da-ābh-), am, n., N. of an artificial style of writing.
     bhagavatyaṅga bhagavaty-aṅga, am, n., N. of the fifth of the twelve sacred writings of the Jainas.
     bhagavatsvatantratā bhagavat-sva-tantra-tā, f., N. of a work maintaining that Kṛṣṇa is supreme and uncontrolled in volition and authority.
     bhagavadarcanaprastāva bhagavad-arcana-prastāva, as, m., N. of the seventy-third chapter of the Uttara-khaṇḍa or fifth part of the Padma-Purāṇa.
     bhagavadarcanamāhātmya bhagavadarcana-māhātmya, am, n., N. of the seventy-eighth chapter of the Uttara-khaṇḍa or fifth part of the Padma-Purāṇa.
     bhagavadupanayana bhagavad-upanayana, am, n., N. of the 100 and 101st chapters of the fourth part of the Brahma-vaivarta-Purāṇa.
     bhagavadgītā bhagavad-gītā, f. (upa-niṣad being sometimes supplied, or in the fem. pl. bhagavad-gītā upaniṣadas), 'the mystical doctrine sung or declared by Bhagavat, i. e. Kṛṣṇa', N. of a celebrated episode of the great epic poem called Mahā-bhārata, (it is really a comparatively modern philosophical poem interpolated in the Bhīṣma-parva and generally divided into eighteen chapters commencing at 1. 830, or the twenty-fifth chapter of the Bhīṣma-p., and ending at 1. 1532; it is in the form of a dialogue between Kṛṣṇa, acting as Arjuna's charioteer, and Arjuna himself, in which the Pantheism of the Vedānta with a tinge of the Sāṅkhya is combined with the later principle of bhakti or devotion to Kṛṣṇa as the Supreme Being, Arjuna being therein admonished that the renunciation of the world ought not to involve the avoidance of action or the neglect of professional duties); (am), n. that which is sung or proclaimed by Kṛṣṇa.
     bhagavadgītāgūḍhārthadīpikā bhagavadgītā-gūḍhārtha-dīpikā (-ḍha-ar-), f., N. of a metrical commentary on the Bhagavad-gītā by Madhu-sūdana Sarasvatī.
     bhagavadgītābhāvaprakāśa bhagavadgītā-bhā-va-prakāśa, as, m., N. of a metrical commentary on the Bhagavad-gītā by Sadānanda Vyāsa.
     bhagavadgītāsārārthasaṅgraha bha-gavadgītā-sārārtha-saṅgraha (-ra-ar-), as, m., N. of a metrical commentary on the Bhagavad-gītā by Jaya-rāma Tarka-vāgīśa.
     bhagavadguṇavarṇana bhagavad-guṇa-varṇana, am, n., N. of the fifty-seventh chapter of the fourth part of the Brahma-vaivarta-Purāṇa.
     bhagavaddṛśa bhagavad-dṛśa, as, ī, am, Ved. like the Supreme, resembling the Supreme.
     bhagavaddruma bhagavad-dru-ma, as, m. 'Bhagavat's (i. e. probably Buddha's) tree', (perhaps) a term applied to the sacred fig-tree.
     bhagavadbhaktinirṇaya bhagavad-bhakti-nirṇaya, as, m., N. of an essay by Ananta-deva on faith and devotion.
     bhagavadbhaktiratnāvalī bha-gavad-bhakti-ratnāvalī, f., N. of a work.
     bhagavadbhaktirasāyana bha-gavad-bhakti-rasāyana (-sa-ay-), am, n., N. of a work by Madhu-sūdana Sarasvatī, consisting of memorial verses treating of faith and devotion, on the basis of the Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, accompanied by a prose exposition.
     bhagavadbhaktivilāsa bhagavad-bhakti-vilāsa, as, m., N. of a work.
     bhagavadbhāskara bhagavad-bhāskara, N. of a work on law by Nīla-kaṇṭha; [cf. bhagavanta-bhāskara.]
     bhagavadyauvanodgama bhagavad-yauvanodgama (-na-ud-), as, m., N. of the seventh chapter of the Kṛṣṇa-krīḍita.
     bhagavadrāta bhagavad-rāta, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhagavadviśeṣa bhagavad-viśeṣa, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhagavannandasaṃvāda bhagavan-nanda-saṃvāda, as, m., N. of the seventy-fourth to the seventy-ninth chapters of the Kṛṣṇa-khaṇḍa or fourth part of the Brahma-vaivarta-Purāṇa.
     bhagavannāmakaumudī bhagavan-nāma-kaumudī, f., N. of a poetical treatise by Lakṣmīdharācārya on the merit of repeating the name of the Deity.
     bhagavannāmakaumudīprakāśa bhagavannā-makaumudī-prakāśa, as, m., N. of a metrical commentary by Ananta-deva on the preceding work.
     bhagavannāmamāhātmyagranthasaṅgraha bhagavannāma-māhātmya-grantha-saṅgraha, as, m., N. of a metrical composition by Raghunāthendra Yati on the merit of repeating the name of the Deity.
     bhagavanmaya bhagavan-maya, as, ī, am, wholly devoted to Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa.

bhagavadīya bhagavadīya, as, m. a worshipper of Bhagavat, i. e. of Viṣṇu; [cf. bhavadīya.]

bhagavanta bhagavanta or bhagavanta-deva, as, m., N. of a prince, the son of Sāhi-deva and a patron of Nīla-kaṇṭha.
     bhagavantabhāskara bhagavanta-bhāskara, N. of a work; [cf. bhagavad-bhāskara.]

bhagas bhagas, as, n., Ved. = bhaga, q. v.

bhagin bhagin, ī, inī, i, prosperous, happy, fortunate; grand, splendid; (ī), m., N. of a commentator on the Amara-kośa, (in this sense an abbreviated form of bhagīratha below); (inī), f. a sister ('the happy or fortunate one'); a woman in general.
     bhagitama bhagi-tama, as, ā, am, most prosperous; most splendid, finest, most perfect.
     bhaginīpati bhaginī-pati, is, m. or bha-ginī-bhartṛ, tā, m. a sister's husband.
     bhaginīsuta bhaginī-suta, as, m. a sister's son.

bhaginikā bhaginikā, f. a little sister.

bhaginī bhaginī, f. See under bhagin above.

bhaginīya bhaginīya, as, m. (probably) a sister's son.

bhagīratha bhagīratha, as, m. (perhaps fr. bhagin + ratha), N. of an ancient king (son of Dilīpa and great-grandson of Sagara, king of Ayodhyā; he brought down the sacred Gaṅgā from heaven to earth by the aid of Śiva, who is fabled to have received the stream on his head; he then conducted this river to the ocean, in order to purify the ashes of his ancestors, the 60,000 sons of Sagara, who were reduced to ashes by Viṣṇu in the form of Kapila when they dug through the earth, then under his protection, in seeking to recover the sacrificial horse which had been stolen from their father, see Rāmāyaṇa I. 3644); N. of a commentator on the Amara-kośa and author of the metrical commentary Nyāya-līlāvatībhāva-prakāśa; N. of an architect of recent date; of a mountain.
     bhagīrathaprayatna bhagīratha-prayatna, as, m. 'Bhagīratha's labour', a term for any Herculean effort or exertion.
     bhagīrathasutā bhagīratha-sutā, f. 'daughter of Bhagīratha', an epithet of Gaṅgā or the Ganges.
     bhagīrathopākhyāna bha-gīrathopākhyāna (-tha-up-), am, n., N. of the thirty-fifth chapter of the Vāsiṣṭha-rāmāyaṇa.

bhagos bhagos. See bhaga-vat, col. 1.

bhagnī bhagnī, f. = bhaginī, a sister.

bhajaka bhajaka, as, m. an apportioner, distributer [cf. cīvara-bh-]; one who serves or worships, a worshipper.

bhajat bhajat, an, antī, at, apportioning, distributing, dividing; serving, honouring.

bhajana bhajana, am, n. the act of sharing; possession; serving, service, adoring, adoration, worship, revering, reverence; the act of waiting or attending upon.
     bhajanatā bhajana-tā, f. devotion, adoration.
     bhajanavārika bhajana-vārika, as, m. a particular official in a Buddhist monastery.
     bhajanāmṛta bhajanāmṛta (-na-am-), am, n., N. of a work.

bhajanīya bhajanīya, as, ā, am, to be loved; worthy of worship, to be adored, adorable, venerable; to be waited upon.

bhajamāna bhajamāna, as, ā, am, approtioning, dividing, sharing; enjoying, possessing; loving, honouring, courting; waiting on, serving; fitting, meet, appropriate; N. of various princes.

bhaji bhaji, is, m., N. of a prince; (also read bhajin, bhajina.)

bhajitavya bhajitavya, as, ā, am, = bhajanīya.

bhajin bhajin, ī, m., N. of a preceptor.

bhajenya bhajenya, as, ā, am, worthy of adoration, adorable.

bhajya bhajya, as, ā, am, divisible, to be divided or shared; to be worshipped or adored, adorable.

bhajyamāna bhajyamāna, as, ā, am, being divided or shared; being worshipped or adored.

bhajeratha bhajeratha, as, m., Ved. (according to the Pada-pāṭha bhaje + aratha), occurring in Ṛg-veda X. 66, 2, (a doubtful word.)

bhañj 1. bhañj, cl. 10. P. bhañjayati, yitum, to speak; to shine; [cf. Hib. faighim, 'I speak, talk;' faighle, faighleadh, 'words, talk, conversation;' faigh, 'a prophet.']

bhañj 2. bhañj, cl. 7. P. bhanakti, ba-bhañja, bhaṅkṣyati, abhāṅkṣīt, bhaṅktum, to break, fracture, break down, break to pieces, shatter, split; to break into, make a breach in (a fortress, with acc.); to interrupt, check, arrest, suspend, foil, frustrate; to disappoint: Pass. bhajyate, Aor. abhañji, abhāji, see Pāṇ. VI. 4, 33: Caus. bhañjayati, -yitum, Aor. ababhañjat: Desid. bibhaṅkṣati: Intens. bambhajyate, bam-bhaṅkti; [perhaps the original form was bhrañj; cf. Gr. [greek] perhaps also [greek] Lat. frang-o: Goth. brak, ga-brika, ga-brak, ga-brekum, brik-an: Angl. Sax. brak-an, brec-an: Lettish braks, 'fragile:' Hib. brisim, 'I break, dismember, disunite;' brit, 'fraction;' breadach, 'broken.']

bhaktvā 2. bhaktvā, ind. having broken; (a less common form than bhaṅktvā, q. v. For 1. bhaktvā see p. 695, col. 3.)

bhagna bhagna, as, ā, am, broken, broken down, broken to pieces, knocked to pieces, shattered, shivered, torn; broken into; routed, defeated, conquered, vanquished; marred, impaired, demolished, destroyed; interrupted, checked, arrested, suspended, foiled, frustrated; disappointed; (am), n. fracture of the leg.
     bhagnakrama bhagna-krama, am, n. the breaking of grammatical order, violation of grammatical construction.
     bhagnaceṣṭa bhagna-ceṣṭa, as, ā, am, broken in effort, disappointed, defeated.
     bhagnajānu bhagna-jānu, us, us, u, broken-kneed, having a fractured leg.
     bhagnatāla bhag-na-tāla, N. of a particular air (in music).
     bhagnadaṃṣṭra bhagna-daṃṣṭra, as, ā, am, 'broken-tusked', having the tusks or fangs broken.
     bhagnadanta bhagna-danta, as, ā, am, 'broken-teethed', one whose teeth are broken.
     bhagnadarpa bhag-na-darpa, as, ā, am, one whose pride is broken, crest-fallen, humbled, humiliated.
     bhagnanidra bhagna-nidra, as, ā, am, one whose sleep is broken, roused from sleep.
     bhagnapādarkṣa bhagna-pādarkṣa (-da-ṛk-), am, n. a collective epithet of six Nakshatras (viz. Punar-vasū, Uttarāṣāḍhā, Kṛttikā, Uttara-Phalgunī, Pūrva-Bhādrapadā, and Viśākhā, which six Nakshatras are sometimes called Puṣkarāḥ).
     bhagnapārśva bhagna-pārśva, as, ā, am, suffering from pain in the sides, having a pain in the side.
     bhagnapṛṣṭha bhagna-pṛṣṭha, as, ā, am, 'broken-backed, ' having a broken or bent back; coming before or in front of (?).
     bhagnaprakrama bhagna-pra-krama, as, m. broken or interrupted order, disorder, confusion; want of method or arrangement in composition; [cf. bhagna-krama.]
     bhagnaprakramatā bhagna-prakrama-tā, f. 'broken arrangement', (in rhetoric) N. of a particular fault in diction, the use of a word which does not correspond to one used before.
     bhagnapratijña bhagna-pratijña, as, ā, am, one who has broken a promise.
     bhagnabāhu bhagna-bāhu, us, us, u, broken-armed.
     bhagnabhāṇḍa bhagna-bhāṇḍa, as, ā, am, one who has broken an earthenware pot or a number of pots and pans.
     bhagnamanas bhagna-manas, ās, ās, as, 'brokenhearted', having a broken heart, discouraged, disappointed.
     bhagnamanoratha bhagna-manoratha, as, ā, am, one whose wishes are disappointed, frustrated or disappointed in expectation.
     bhagnamāna bhagna-māna, as, ā, am, one whose honour is tarnished, disgraced, dishonoured.
     bhagnaviṣāṇaka bhagna-viṣāṇaka, as, ā, am, 'broken-horned', having broken horns or tusks.
     bhagnavrata bhagna-vrata, as, ā, am, one who has broken a vow, faithless to vows.
     bhagnaśakti bhagna-śakti, is, is, i, one whose strength is broken, shattered in strength.
     bhagnaśṛṅga bhagna-śṛṅga, as, ā, or ī, am, 'broken-horned', having broken horns.
     bhagnasaṅkalpa bhagna-saṅkalpa, as, ā, am, one whose designs are foiled or whose plans are frustrated.
     bhagnasandhika bhagna-sandhika, am, n. buttermilk (= ghola).
     bhagnātman bhagnātman (-na-āt-), ā, m. 'broken-bodied', an epithet of the Moon (as having been cut in two pieces by the trident of Śiva for violating the wife of Bṛhas-pati).
     bhagnāpad bhagnāpad (-na-āp-), t, t, t, one who has overcome misfortune, one who has conquered calamity.
     bhagnāśa bhagnāśa (-na-āś-), as, ā, am, one whose hopes or expectations are broken, disappointed in expectation, discouraged.
     bhagnotsāha bhagnot-sāha (-na-ut-), as, ā, am, one whose energy is impaired, broken in energy.
     bhagnodyama bhagnodyama (-na-ud-), as, ā, am, one whose efforts are frustrated, baffled in one's endeavours, frustrated.
     bhagnorudaṇḍa bhagnoru-daṇḍa (-na-ūru-), as, ā, am, 'broken-thighed', having the bone of the thigh fractured.

bhaṅkti bhaṅkti, is, f. breaking, fracture.

bhaṅktṛ bhaṅktṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, one who breaks, breaking, a breaker.

bhaṅktvā bhaṅktvā, ind. having broken, having broken into.

bhaṅga bhaṅga, as, m. breaking, splitting, shattering, breaking down, breaking up; a break, breach; fracture [cf. asthi-bh-]; chasm, fissure, division; breaking up, the being broken up; breaking to pieces, separation, analysis, taking to pieces; a piece broken off, detached portion, fragment [cf. mṛṇāla-bh-]; falling to pieces, fall, downfall, ruin, destruction; decay (e. g. kṣaṇa-bh-, momentary decay; with Buddhists, the constant decay taking place in the universe, constant flux or change); defeat, overthrow (opposed to jaya), discomfiture; interruption, stoppage, impediment, suspension, non-performance [cf. daṇḍa-bh-]; frustration, disappointment; rejection, refusal [cf. praṇaya-bh-]; humiliation; derogation, abatement; taking to flight, flight; going, motion; panic, fear; bowing, bending, stretching (e. g. gātra-bh-, the bending or stretching of the limbs); knitting (the brow); a bend, fold (of a garment); a wave; paralysis, palsy, disease; fraud, deceit, falsehood; a water-course, canal; hemp; N. of a Nāga; = bhaṅgi, a tortuous course, roundabout mode of acting or speaking; (Ved.) an epithet of Soma, (according to Sāy. bhajyate grāvabhiḥ, or śatrū-ṇām bhañjakaḥ); (ā), f. hemp (Cannabis Sativa); the plant Convolvulus Turpethum; an intoxicating beverage prepared from the hemp plant; [cf. Gr. [greek] Lith. banga, 'a wave, flood.']
     bhaṅgakara bhaṅga-kara, as, ī, am, causing a breach, making a fissure; (as), m., N. of a son of A-vikshit; of a son of Sattra-jit.
     bhaṅgakāra bhaṅga-kāra, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhaṅganaya bhaṅga-naya, as, m. removal of obstacles, removing a difficulty in argument or reasoning.
     bhaṅgabhāj bhaṅga-bhāj, k, k, k, experiencing a fracture, being broken.
     bhaṅgavāsā bhaṅga-vāsā, f. turmeric.
     bhaṅgaśravas bhaṅ-ga-śravas, ās, m., N. of a man; [cf. bhaṅgya-śravas.]
     bhaṅgasārtha bhaṅga-sārtha, as, ā, am, deceitful, fraudulent, dishonest.
     bhaṅgākaṭa bhaṅgā-kaṭa, am, n. the pollen of hemp.
     bhaṅgāsura bhaṅgāsura (-ga-as-), as, m., see bhāṅgāsuri.
     bhaṅgāsvana bhaṅgā-svana, as, m., N. of a Rājarṣi.

bhaṅgi bhaṅgi, is, or bhaṅgī, f. breaking, fracture, breach, division; bending; incurvation; undulation; a wave; a crooked path, tortuous course; current; a roundabout mode of acting or speaking, circumlocution; irony, wit, repartee; mere appearance or semblance, pretext, disguise, trick, fraud, deception; modesty; a step; an interval.
     bhaṅgimat bhaṅgi-mat, ān, atī, at, possessing waves or undulations, wavy, crisp, curled.
     bhaṅgībhakti bhaṅgī-bhakti, is, f. division or separation into (a series of) waves or wave-like steps.

bhaṅgin bhaṅgin, ī, inī, i, fragile, transient, transitory, perishable; (in law) defeated or cast in a suit.
     bhaṅgibhāva bhaṅgi-bhāva, as, m. the state of being bent, frowning aspect.

bhaṅgiman bhaṅgiman, ā, m. fracture, separation, breach; incurvation, curliness; perversity, foolishness; disguise, deceit; irony, wit, repartee.

bhaṅgīla bhaṅgīla, am, n. defect in the organs of sense.

bhaṅgura bhaṅgura, as, ā, am, apt to break, fragile, brittle; frail, transient, transitory, evanescent, of short duration, perishable; changeable, changeful, variable; crooked, bent, wrinkled; curved, curled, crisped; fraudulent, crafty, dishonest; (as), m. a bend or reach of a river, the elbow of a river; (ā), f., N. of two plants (= ati-viṣā, priyaṅgu).
     bhaṅguratā bhaṅgura-tā, f. fragility, transitoriness.
     bhaṅguraniścaya bhaṅgura-niścaya, as, ā, am, forming changeable resolutions, vacillating.
     bhaṅgurāvat bhaṅgurā-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. (perhaps) intriguing, crafty, treacherous.

bhaṅguraya bhaṅguraya, Nom. P. bhaṅgurayati, -yitum, to break to pieces, destroy; to crisp, curl (trans.).

bhaṅgya bhaṅgya, as, ā, am, to be broken, fit to be broken, breakable: (am), n., scil. kṣetra, a field of hemp.
     bhaṅgyaśravas bhaṅgya-śravas, ās, m., N. of a man; [cf. bhaṅga-śravas.]

bhañjaka bhañjaka, as, ikā, am, one who breaks, breaking, a breaker; what breaks or severs, what divides or destroys; (ikā), f. breaking, (in comps. affixed to the names of plants to denote particular games, cf. uddālaka-puṣpa-bh-, śāla-bh-.)

bhañjat bhañjat, an, atī, at, breaking, breaking up, destroying.

bhañjana bhañjana, as, ī, am, one who breaks, breaking, a breaker, destroyer; one who checks or arrests, one who frustrates or brings to nought; causing violent pain; (as), m. falling to pieces or decay of the teeth; (am), n. the act of breaking, destroying, demolishing, shattering; routing; paining, afflicting; interrupting, checking, arresting, frustrating; removing, dispelling (a doubt, difficulty, &c.).
     bhañjanāgiri bhañ-janā-giri, is, m., N. of a mountain.

bhañjanaka bhañjanaka, as, m. a particular disease of the mouth, contortion of the lips and decay of the teeth.

bhañjaru bhañjaru, us, m. a tree growing near a temple.

bhañjā bhañjā, f. a N. of Durgā.

bhañjin bhañjin, ī, inī, i, breaking, removing, dispelling; [cf. mada-bh-.]

bhañjī bhañjī in śāla-bh-, q. v.

bhañjipattrikā bhañjipattrikā, f. the plant Salvinia Cucullata; [cf. phañjipattrikā.]

bhaṭ bhaṭ, cl. 1. P. bhaṭati, bhaṭitum, to hire; to nourish, foster, cherish, maintain; cl. 10. P. bhaṭayati, -yitum, to speak, converse: Caus. bhāṭayati, -yitum, to hire.

bhaṭa bhaṭa, as, m. (probably connected with bhṛta, q. v.), a mercenary, hired soldier, soldier in general, warrior, combatant; N. of a particular degraded tribe [cf. bhaṭṭa, bhaḍa, bhaṇḍa]; an outcast, barbarian; a demon; N. of a person (perhaps of a Nāga-rāja); (ā), f. coloquintida.
     bhaṭabhaṭamātṛtīrtha bhaṭa-bhaṭa-mātṛ-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.
     bhaṭārka bha-ṭārka (-ṭa-ar-), as, m., N. of the founder of the Valabhī dynasty.

bhaṭabhaṭāya bhaṭabhaṭāya (an onomatopoetic word), Nom. A. bhaṭabhaṭāyate, &c., to make a gurgling sound, gurgle.

bhaṭitra bhaṭitra, as, ā, am, roasted on a spit.

bhaṭkalā bhaṭkalā, f., N. of a Tīrtha.

bhaṭṭa bhaṭṭa, as, m. (probably connected with bhartṛ, q. v.), lord, my lord (as a title of respect by which a prince is addressed); a title affixed to the names of learned Brāhmans (the proper name being sometimes omitted, e. g. bhaṭṭa = kumārila-bhaṭṭa, a respectful designation of Kumārila; cf. ārya-bh-, kedāra-bh-, govinda-bh-); any learned man, doctor or philosopher; a title applied to the son of a Brāhman; best, excellent; an authority (?); an enemy (?); N. of a particular mixed caste of hereditary panegyrists, a bard, encomiast; in Rāmāyaṇa I. 12, 11, incorrectly for bhaṭa, q. v.; (ā), f., N. of an enchantress.
     bhaṭṭakārikā bhaṭṭa-kārikā, ās, f. pl., N. of particular Kārikās.
     bhaṭṭakedāra bhaṭṭa-kedāra, as, m. = kedāra-bhaṭṭa, q. v.
     bhaṭṭadivākara bhaṭṭa-divākara, N. of a man; [cf. divā-kara.]
     bhaṭṭadīpikā bhaṭṭa-dīpikā, f., N. of a work (= bhāṭṭa-dīpikā, q. v.).
     bhaṭṭanāyaka bhaṭṭa-nā-yaka, as, m., N. of a poet; of a rhetorician.
     bhaṭṭanārāyaṇa bhaṭṭa-nārāyaṇa, as, m., N. of various men.
     bhaṭṭapaddhati bhaṭṭa-paddhati, is, f., N. of a work.
     bhaṭṭapāda bhaṭṭa-pāda, ās, m. pl. 'the feet of Bhaṭṭa', the venerable Kumārila; [cf. pāda.]
     bhaṭṭaprayāga bhaṭṭa-prayāga, as, m. 'the chief place of sacrifice', the spot where the Yamunā falls into the Gaṅgā.
     bhaṭṭaphalguṇa bhaṭṭa-phalguṇa, see phalguṇa.
     bhaṭṭabalabhadra bhaṭṭa-balabhadra, as, m., N. of the author of a commentary on the Brahma-siddhānta; of the author of a logical treatise; [cf. bala-bhadra.]
     bhaṭṭabījaka bhaṭṭa-bījaka, as, m., N. of a poet.
     bhaṭṭabhāskaramiśra bhaṭṭa-bhāskara-miśra, as, m., N. of a commentator.
     bhaṭṭamadana bhaṭṭa-madana, as, m., N. of an author; [cf. madana.]
     bhaṭṭamalla bhaṭṭa-malla, as, m., N. of a grammarian.
     bhaṭṭayaśas bhaṭṭa-yaśas, ās, m., N. of a poet.
     bhaṭṭavārttika bhaṭṭa-vārttika, N. of a work.
     bhaṭṭaviśveśvara bhaṭṭa-viśveśvara (-va-īś-), as, m., N. of a man.
     bhaṭṭaśaṅkara bhaṭṭa-śaṅkara = bhaṭṭa-śrī-śaṅkara, q. v.
     bhaṭṭaśiva bhaṭṭa-śiva, as, m., N. of a philosopher mentioned in the Śaṅkara-vijaya.
     bhaṭṭaśrīśaṅkara bhaṭṭa-śrī-śaṅkara, as, m., N. of an astronomer.
     bhaṭṭasomeśvara bhaṭṭa-someśvara (-ma-īś-), as, m., N. of an author mentioned in Kamalākarabhaṭṭa's Śūdra-dharma-tattva.
     bhaṭṭasvāmin bhaṭṭa-svāmin, ī, m., N. of a poet mentioned in the Śārṅgadharapaddhati.
     bhaṭṭācārya bhaṭṭācārya (-ṭa-āc-), as, m. a title given to a learned Brāhman or any great teacher or celebrated instructor, (especially, according to the Śabda-kalpa-druma) one versed in the doctrine of Tutāta and Udayanācārya; a great doctor or philosopher; a frequent designation of Kumārila-bhaṭṭa [cf. bhaṭṭa]; N. of a pupil of Śaṅkarācārya.
     bhaṭṭācāryacūḍāmaṇi bhaṭṭācārya-cūḍāmaṇi, is, m., N. of an author.
     bhaṭṭācāryaśatāvadhāna bhaṭṭācārya-śatāvadhāna, as, m. an epithet of Rāghavendra.
     bhaṭṭālaṅkāra bhaṭṭālaṅkāra (-ṭa-al-), as, m., N. of a metrical commentary by Ananta-bhaṭṭa on the Mīmāṃsā-nyāya-prakāśa or Āpadevī.
     bhaṭṭotpala bhaṭ-ṭotpala (-ṭa-ut-), as, m., N. of a Scholiast of the tenth century who wrote a commentary on the works of Varāha-mihira.
     bhaṭṭopama bhaṭṭopama (-ṭa-up-), as, m., N. of a learned Buddhist.

bhaṭṭāra bhaṭṭāra, as, m. noble lord (affixed as an honourable title or distinction to proper names); (as, ā, am), worshipful, reverend, entitled to homage or respect; [cf. dilha.]
     bhaṭṭāraharicandra bhaṭṭāra-haricandra, as, m., N. of an author.

bhaṭṭāraka bhaṭṭāraka, as, ikā, am, venerable, respectable, entitled to reverence or to homage; (as), m. a sage, a Muni or saint; noble lord, an epithet of gods and of great and learned men (especially applied to Buddhist teachers); (in dramatic language) a king; the sun; Ardea Nivea?; (ikā), f. a noble lady, a goddess, tutelary deity; [cf. jayā-bhaṭṭārikā.]
     bhaṭṭārakavāra bhaṭṭāraka-vāra, as, m. 'day of the great lord, i. e. of the sun', Sunday.

bhaṭṭi bhaṭṭi, is, m., N. of the author of the epic poem described below.
     bhaṭṭikāvya bhaṭṭi-kāvya, am, n. 'the poem of Bhaṭṭi', N. of an artificial epic poem by Bhaṭṭi (celebrating the exploits of Rāma and illustrating Sanskṛt grammar by the systematic application of all possible forms and constructions; cf. bhartṛ-hari).

bhaṭṭika bhaṭṭika, as, m., N. of the mythical progenitor of copyists (son of Citra-gupta and grandson of Brahmā).

bhaṭṭinī bhaṭṭinī, f. (a Prākṛt feminine fr. bhartṛ, perhaps adopted into Sanskṛt from its resemblance to patnī), a woman of high rank, a queen (but one not crowned or consecrated like the Devī); the wife of a Brāhman.

bhaṭṭīya bhaṭṭīya, as, ā, am, relating to Bhaṭṭa, i. e. to Ārya-bhaṭṭa.
     bhaṭṭīyadīpikā bhaṭṭīya-dīpikā, f., N. of a commentary on Ārya-bhaṭṭa's explanation of the Sūryasiddhānta.

bhaṭṭoji bhaṭṭoji, is, m., N. of a grammarian, author of the Siddhānta-kaumudī.
     bhaṭṭojidīkṣita bhaṭṭoji-dīkṣita or bhaṭṭoji-bhaṭṭa, as, m. = bhaṭṭoji.

bhaḍa bhaḍa, as, m., N. of a particular mixed caste; (also read bhaṇḍa.)
     bhaḍaharīmātṛtīrtha bhaḍa-harī-mātṛ-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.

bhaḍita bhaḍita, as, m., N. of a man; (ās), m. pl., N. of his descendants.

bhaḍila bhaḍila, as, m. an attendant, servant; a hero; N. of a man; (ās), m. pl., N. of his descendants.

bhaṇ bhaṇ (perhaps a Prākṛt form connected with rt. bhāṣ), cl. 1. P. bhaṇati, babhāṇa (2nd sing. babhaṇitha), abhāṇīt, bha-ṇitum, to sound; to utter an articulate sound, speak, say; to call, name: Caus. bhāṇayati, -yitum, Aor. abībhaṇat, ababhāṇat.

bhaṇa bhaṇa in dur-bhaṇa, as, ā, am, difficult to be told or mentioned.

bhaṇana bhaṇana, as, ī, am, speaking, announcing, proclaiming.

bhaṇanīya bhaṇanīya, as, ā, am, to be told or said.

bhaṇita bhaṇita, as, ā, am, sounded, uttered, spoken, said; (am), n. talking, talk, conversation.

bhaṇiti bhaṇiti, is, f. speech, talking, talk, discourse; (incorrectly bhaṇati.)

bhaṇitṛ bhaṇitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, a speaker, speaking, talking.

bhaṇitvā bhaṇitvā, ind. having spoken, having said.

bhaṇṭ bhaṇṭ, cl. 10. P. bhaṇṭayati, -yi-tum, to deceive.

bhaṇṭākī bhaṇṭākī, f. the plant Solanum Melongena; (also read bhaṇḍākī.)

bhaṇṭuka bhaṇṭuka, as, m. the plant Calosanthes Indica; (also read bhaṇḍuka.)

bhaṇḍ bhaṇḍ, cl. 1. A. bhaṇḍate, bhaṇḍi-tum, to chide, upbraid, reprove; to deride, mimic; to jest; to speak; cl. 10. and 1. P. bhaṇḍa-yati, bhaṇḍati, to be fortunate; to render fortunate, prosper (trans.); to do an auspicious act.

bhaṇḍa bhaṇḍa, as, m. a jester, buffoon, actor, mime, mimic; N. of a particular mixed caste [cf. bhaḍa]; (ā), f. in śveta-bh-, q. v.
     bhaṇḍatapasvin bhaṇḍa-tapasvin, ī, m. a hypocritical ascetic.
     bhaṇḍahāsinī bhaṇḍa-hāsinī, f. a harlot, prostitute.

bhaṇḍaka bhaṇḍaka, as, m. a water wag-tail.

bhaṇḍana bhaṇḍana, am, n. armour, mail; war, battle; evil, wickedness, mischief.

bhaṇḍara bhaṇḍara, as, m. a particular kind of combat (= kalaha-viśeṣa).

bhaṇḍākī bhaṇḍākī. See bhaṇṭākī.

bhaṇḍikā bhaṇḍikā, f. = bhaṇḍī, q. v.

bhaṇḍijaṅgha bhaṇḍi-jaṅgha, as, m., N. of a man.

bhaṇḍita bhaṇḍita, as, m., N. of a man; (ās), m. pl., N. of his descendants.

bhaṇḍin bhaṇḍin, ī, m., N. of a man.

bhaṇḍira bhaṇḍira, as, m. = bhaṇḍila, Mimosa Seeressa; (ī), f. = bhaṇḍī, q. v.

bhaṇḍila bhaṇḍila, as, ā, am, fortunate, happy, prosperous, auspicious; (as), m. fortune, welfare; a messenger; an artizan, workman; the plant Mimosa Seeressa (= śirīṣa); N. of a man; (ās), m. pl., N. of his descendants.

bhaṇḍī bhaṇḍī, f. the plant Rubia Munjista (= mañ-jiṣṭhā).
     bhaṇḍīpuṣpanikāśa bhaṇḍī-puṣpa-nikāśa, as, ā, am, resembling the flowers of Rubia Munjista.

bhaṇḍītakī bhaṇḍītakī = bhaṇḍī above.

bhaṇḍīra bhaṇḍīra, as, m. Amaranthus Polygonoides; Mimosa Seeressa; N. of a lofty Nyagrodha tree upon the Go-vardhana mountain; (ī), f. = bhaṇḍī, q. v.
     bhaṇḍīralatikā bhaṇḍīra-latikā, f. = bhaṇḍī, q. v.

bhaṇḍīla bhaṇḍīla, as, m. = bhaṇḍī, q. v.

bhaṇḍuka bhaṇḍuka, as, m. the plant Calosanthes Indica; (also written bhaṇḍūka; cf. bhaṇṭuka.)

bhaṇḍūka bhaṇḍūka, as, m. the plant Calosanthes Indica; a kind of fish.

bhadanta bhadanta, bhadāka. See under rt. bhand below.

bhadra bhadra. See under rt. bhand below.

bhan bhan (a various reading for rt. bhaṇ), cl. 1. P. bhanati, bhanitum, Ved. to sound, resound; to cry aloud, shout.

bhanandana bhanandana, as, m., N. of a man; (wrongly for bhalandana.)

bhand bhand or bhad, cl. 1. A. bhandate, bhanditum, Ved. to be greeted with praise, be hailed with acclamations, receive applause; to be fortunate or prosperous; to be excellent; to be glad; to exhilarate; to shine; to make fortunate, to honour, worship: Caus. bhandayati, -yitum, to cause to prosper.

bhadanta bhadanta, as, m. (said to be fr. rt. bhaṇḍ, col. 1), a term of respect applied to a Buddhist; a Buddhist mendicant.
     bhadantagopadeva bhadanta-gopa-deva and bhadanta-goṣaka or bhadanta-ghoṣaka, as, m., N. of two Buddhist teachers.
     bhadantajñānavarman bhadanta-jñāna-varman, ā, m., N. of a poet.
     bhadantadharmatrāta bhadanta-dharma-trāta and bhadanta-rāma, as, m., N. of two Buddhist teachers.
     bhadantavarman bhadanta-varman, ā, m., N. of a poet.
     bhadantaśrīlābha bhadanta-śrī-lābha, as, m., N. of a Buddhist teacher (also called Śrī-lābha).

bhadāka bhadāka, as, m. (said to be fr. rt. bhand), fortune, prosperity; (as, ā, am), auspicious.

bhadra bhadra, as, ā, am, good, well, prosperous, happy, auspicious (e. g. bhadrā diś, the auspicious quarter, the south); favourable, propitious, gracious, kind, friendly, benevolent, pious, excellent, (bhadro nṛpatiḥ, a good or gracious king; often used in voc. sing. m. bhadra as a familiar mode of address, in the sense of 'my good sir', 'my dear fellow;' and in voc. sing. f. bhadre, 'my good lady', 'my dear madam'); pleasant, enjoyable, desirable, laudable, commendable; lovely, beautiful; beloved, dear; specious, plausible, hypocritical, any hypocrite or impostor, (according to Kullūka on Manu IX. 258 = kalyāṇācāra-pracchanna-pāpa); (am), n. prosperity, happiness, welfare, good fortune, fortune, (bhadrāṇi, n. pl. = bhadram, good fortune; bhadram a-vyāhatam, uninterrupted happiness or prosperity; bhadraṃ te, prosperity to thee! bhadraṃ vaḥ, happiness to you! may it be well with you! frequently mere forms politely used in conversation, and sometimes equivalent to our expressions 'if you please', 'with all deference or respect for you', &c.); gold; iron, steel; a fragrant grass, Cyperus Rotundus [cf. bhadra-musta]; a particular posture in sitting (= bhadrāsana); N. of the seventh of the eleven astronomical periods called Karaṇas; of various Sāmans; (as), m. a bullock; a term applied to a particular kind of elephant; N. of one of the elephants which support the world; a water wag-tail [cf. bhadra-nāman]; a heap, multitude (?); Nauclea Cadamba; Tithymalus Antiquorum; an epithet of Śiva; N. of one of the twelve sons of Viṣṇu and one of the Tushita deities in the Svāyambhava Manv-antara; (with Jainas) N. of the third of the nine white Balas; N. of a son of Vasudeva and Pauravī; of a son of Vasu-deva and Devakī; of a son of Upacāru-mat; of an actor; of a friend of Bāṇa; of a son of Kṛṣṇa; an epithet of mount Meru; (with Buddhists) N. of a particular world; (ās), m. pl., N. of a class of divinities under the third Manu; N. of a people; (ā), f. a cow; N. of various plants (= kṛṣṇā, anantā, rāsnā, pra-sāriṇī, jīvantī, aparājitā, nīlī, balā, śamī, vacā, dantī, haridrā, śveta-dūrvā, kāś-marī, sārivā-viśeṣa, kākoḍumbarikā); Gmelina Arborea; a kind of metre, the first and third lines of which are [metrical sequence], and the second and fourth [metrical sequence] &c.; N. of the second, seventh, and twelfth days of the lunar fortnight; of a goddess; of a Buddhist woman; of Dākṣāyaṇī in Bhadreśvara; of a Vidyā-dharī; of a daughter of Surabhi; of a wife of Vasu-deva; of the wife of Vaiśravaṇa; of a daughter of Soma and wife of Utathya; of a daughter of Raudrāśva and the Apsaras Ghṛtācī; of a Kākṣīvatī and wife of Vyuṣitāśva; of a daughter of Meru and wife of Bhadrāśva; of a daughter of Sruta-kīrtti and wife of Kṛṣṇa; of various rivers; of a river described as rising on the northern summit of Meru and flowing through Uttara-kuru into the northern ocean; the celestial Ganges; bhadram, bhadrayā, bhadrebhis, ind., Ved. auspiciously, favourably, propitiously, happily, well, rightly; [cf. Lat. fastus for fad-tus, fastigium, fastidium, festivus: Goth. bats, bat-iza, 'better;' bat-ista, 'best:' Angl. Sax. bet: Old Germ. baz, 'better;' beziro, bezisto, 'best:' Goth. ga-bat-non, bot-a, bot-jan: Angl. Sax. bot: Hib. feodhas, 'better;' badhach, 'famous;' perhaps maith: Cambro-Brit. mad, 'good.']
     bhadrakaṇṭa bhadra-kaṇṭa, as, m. the plant Asteracantha Longifolia.
     bhadrakanyā bhadra-kanyā, f., N. of the mother of Maudgalyāyana.
     bhadrakapila bhadra-kapila, as, m. an epithet of Śiva; [cf. bhadra and kapila.]
     bhadrakarṇikā bhadra-karṇikā, f., N. of Dākṣāyaṇī in Gokarṇa.
     bhadrakarṇeśvara bhadra-karṇeśvara (-ṇa-īś-), N. of a sacred bathing-place.
     bhadrakalpa bhadra-kalpa, as, m. (with Buddhists) 'the good or beautiful Kalpa', N. of the present age; of a Sūtra work.
     bhadrakalpika bhadrakalpika, as, m., N. of a Bodhi-sattva.
     bhadrakāra bhadra-kāra, as, m., N. of a son of Kṛṣṇa; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people.
     bhadrakāraka bhadra-kāraka, as, ikā, am, causing prosperity or welfare, propitious, prosperous.
     bhadrakālī bha-dra-kālī, f., N. of a goddess; (in the later mythology) a form of Durgā [cf. Manu III. 89]; N. of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda; a species of plant (= gandholī); N. of a village on the right bank of the Ganges.
     bhadrakālīkavaca bhadrakālī-ka-vaca, am, n., N. of the thirty-seventh chapter of the Gaṇeśa-khaṇḍa or third part of the Brahmavaivarta-Purāṇa.
     bhadrakālīpūjāyantra bhadrakālī-pūjā-yantra, am, n., N. of a mystical diagram mentioned in Kṛṣṇānanda's Tantra-sāra.
     bhadrakālīmanu bhadrakālī-manu, us, m., N. of the ninth chapter of the Pheṭ-kāriṇī-tantra.
     bhadrakālīmantra bhadrakālī-mantra, ās, m. pl., N. of a chapter of the Tantra-sāra.
     bhadrakāśī bhadra-kāśī, f. = bhadra-mustā, q. v.
     bhadrakāṣṭha bhadra-kāṣṭha, am, n. the wood of Pinus Deodora or of Pinus Longifolia.
     bhadrakumbha bhadra-kumbha, as, m. 'auspicious jar', a golden jar filled with water from a holy place or from the Ganges (used especially at the consecration of a king).
     bhadrakṛt bhadra-kṛt, t, t, t, Ved. causing prosperity or welfare; (with Jainas) N. of the twenty-fourth Arhat of the future Ut-sarpiṇī.
     bhadragaṇita bhadra-gaṇita, am, n. the construction of magical squares or diagrams.
     bhadragandhikā bhadra-gandhikā, f. the plant Cyperus Rotundus (= mustaka); the creeping plant Asclepias Pseudosarsa.
     bhadragaura bhadra-gaura, as, m., N. of a mountain.
     bhadraghaṭa bhadra-ghaṭa or bhadra-ghaṭaka, as, m. a vessel from which a lottery is drawn.
     bhadraṅkara bhadraṅ-kara, as, ī, am, auspicious, propitious, causing prosperity or happiness; (as), m., N. of a person; (am), n., N. of a town in Vidarbha.
     bhadraṅkaraṇa bhadraṅ-karaṇa, as, ī, am, causing prosperity or happiness, prosperous.
     bhadracāru bhadra-cāru, us, m., N. of a son of Kṛṣṇa.
     bhadracūḍa bhadra-cūḍa, as, m. the plant Euphorbia Tirucalli.
     bhadraja bhadra-ja, as, m. the plant Wrightia Antidysenterica.
     bhadrajaya bhadra-jaya, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhadrajāni bhadra-jāni, is, is, i, Ved. having a beautiful wife.
     bhadratara bhadra-tara, as, ā, am, more prosperous, happier; better.
     bhadrataruṇī bhadra-taruṇī, f. the plant Trapa Bispinosa (= kubjaka).
     bhadratā bhadra-tā, f. or bhadra-tva, am, n. honesty, probity; prosperity, good fortune.
     bhadratuṅga bhadra-tuṅga, N. of a sacred bathing-place.
     bhadraturaga bhadra-turaga, am, n., N. of a Varsha.
     bhadradanta bhadra-danta, as, m., N. of an elephant.
     bhadradantikā bhadra-dantikā, f. a species of Croton.
     bhadradāru bhadra-dāru, us, u, m. n. a sort of pine, Pinus Deodora; Pinus Longifolia.
     bhadradārvādika bhadradārv-ādika, as, m. a class of thirty-nine medicinal plants and substances.
     bhadradeha bhadra-deha, as, m., N. of a son of Kṛṣṇa.
     bhadradvīpa bhadra-dvīpa, as, m., N. of an island.
     bhadranāman bhadra-nāman, ā, m. the wood-pecker; the water wag-tail; [cf. bhadra.]
     bhadranāmikā bhadra-nāmikā, f. a species of plant (= trāyamāṇā).
     bhadranidhi bhadra-nidhi, is, m. 'treasure of fortune', a term applied to a costly vessel offered to Viṣṇu.
     bhadrapada bhadra-pada, am, n. a kind of metre; (ā), f., N. of the third and fourth lunar asterisms (= proṣṭha-pada; cf. nakṣatra).
     bhadrapadāyoga bhadrapadā-yoga, as, m., N. of the twenty-eighth chapter of Bhaṭṭotpala's commentary on Varāha-mihira's Bṛhat-saṃhitā.
     bhadraparṇā bhadra-parṇā, f. the shrub Paederia Foetida.
     bhadraparṇī bhadra-parṇī, f. the tree Gmelina Arborea; the shrub Paederia Foetida.
     bhadrapāda bhadrapāda, as, ī, am, born under the Nakshatra Bhadra-padā.
     bhadrapāla bhadra-pāla, as, m., N. of a Bodhi-sattva.
     bhadrapīṭha bhadra-pī-ṭha, am, n. a beautiful chair, splendid seat, throne; a kind of winged insect, (perhaps incorrectly for a form bhadra-kīṭa.)
     bhadrapura bhadra-pura, am, n., N. of a city; [cf. bhadrā-nagara.]
     bhadrabalana bhadra-balana, as, m. = bala-bhadra, N. of the elder brother of Kṛṣṇa.
     bhadrabalā bhadra-balā, f. the shrub Paederia Foetida; Sida Cordifolia (= balā).
     bhadrabāhu bhadra-bāhu, us, m., N. of a son of Vasu-deva by Rohiṇī (Pauravī); of a king of Magadha; (with Jainas) N. of one of the six Śruta-kevalins; of the author of certain Kalpa-sūtras; of the author of the Jātakāmbho-nidhi; (ūs), f., N. of a woman.
     bhadrabāhuśāstra bhadrabāhu-śāstra, am, n., N. of a work mentioned in Nārāyaṇa's Praśnārṇava.
     bhadrabāhusvāmin bhadrabāhu-svāmin, ī, m., N. of an author mentioned in Cāritra-siṃha-gaṇi's Ṣaḍdarśana-vṛtti.
     bhadrabhuja bhadra-bhuja, as, ā, am, 'auspicious-armed', whose arms confer prosperity.
     bhadrabhūṣaṇī bhadra-bhūṣaṇī, f., N. of a deity.
     bhadramanas bhadra-manas, ās, f., N. of the mother of the elephant Airāvata; [cf. bhadra-reṇu.]
     bhadramanda bhadra-manda, as, m. epithet of a particular kind of elephant; (also read bhadra-mandra; cf. bhadra, manda, mandra.)
     bhadramandramṛga bhadramandra-mṛga, as, m. epithet of a particular kind of elephant.
     bhadramallikā bhadra-mallikā, f. a species of plant, Cucumis Madraspatanus (= gavākṣī).
     bhadramātṛ bhadra-mā-tṛ, tā, f. a good or beautiful mother.
     bhadramukha bhadra-mukha, as, ī, am, one whose face (i. e. whose look) confers prosperity; (as), m., N. of a Nāga.
     bhadramuñja bhadra-muñja, as, m. a plant akin to Saccharum Sara.
     bhadramusta bhadra-musta or bhadra-mustā, f. a variety of Cyperus.
     bhadramustaka bhadramustaka, as, m. = bhadra-musta.
     bhadramṛga bhadra-mṛga, as, m. epithet of a particular kind of elephant.
     bhadrayava bhadra-yava, am, n. the seed of Wrightia Antidysenterica (= indra-yava).
     bhadrayāna bhadra-yāna, as, m., N. of a man; (commonly written bhadrāyana.)
     bhadrayānīya bha-drayānīya, ās, m. pl., N. of the school founded by Bhadra-yāna; (commonly written bhadrāyanīya.)
     bhadrayoga bhadra-yoga, as, m., N. of a subdivision of the Purāṇa-sarvasva; of an astrological Yoga.
     bhadraratha bhadra-ratha, as, m., N. of a king.
     bhadraruci bhadra-ruci, is, m., N. of a man.
     bhadrarūpā bhadra-rūpā, f., N. of a woman.
     bhadrareṇu bhadra-reṇu, us, m., N. of Indra's elephant; (also read bhadra-veṇu; cf. bhadra-ma-nas.)
     bhadrarohiṇī bhadra-rohiṇī, f. a species of plant.
     bhadravaṭa bha-dra-vaṭa, as, m. 'the auspicious or beautiful figtree', N. of a place.
     bhadravat bhadra-vat, ān, atī, at, fraught with good, auspicious; (atī), f. a wanton, courtezan (?Ved.); the tree Gmelia Arborea; N. of a daughter of Kṛṣṇa; of a wife of Madhu (with the patronymic Pauravī); N. of a female elephant; (at), n. the tree Pinus Deodora; N. of a Tīrtha.
     bhadravarman bhadra-varman, ā, m. 'Double Arabian Jasmine', N. of a man.
     bhadravallikā bhadra-vallikā, f. the plant Hemidesmus Indicus.
     bhadravallī bhadra-vallī, f. Jasminum Sambac; Gaertnera Racemosa, a large Bengal creeper; the plant Vallaris Dichotomus.
     bhadravasana bhadra-vasana, am, n. splendid apparel, magnificent array.
     bhadravāc bha-dra-vāc, k, k, k, Ved. speaking auspiciously.
     bhadravācya bha-dra-vācya, am, n., Ved. wishing well, congratulation.
     bhadravādin bhadra-vādin, ī, inī, i, Ved. uttering auspicious cries (said of a bird).
     bhadravinda bhadra-vinda, as, m., N. of a son of Kṛṣṇa.
     bhadravirāj bhadra-virāj, ṭ, f. a kind of metre.
     bhadravihāra bhadra-vihāra, as, m., N. of a Buddhist monastery.
     bhadraveṇu bhadra-veṇu, another form for bhadra-reṇu, q. v.
     bhadravrāta bhadra-vrāta, as, ā, am, Ved. having or forming a happy assemblage.
     bhadraśarman bhadra-śarman, ā, m., N. of a man with the patronymic Kauśika; [cf. bhādraśarmi.]
     bhadraśākha bha-dra-śākha, as, m., N. of a form of Skanda.
     bhadraśālavana bhadra-śāla-vana = bhadra-sāla-vana, q. v.
     bhadraśīla bhadra-śīla, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhadraśoci bhadra-śoci, is, is, i, Ved. beautifully shining, flashing, coruscating, glittering.
     bhadraśaunaka bhadra-śaunaka, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhadraśraya bhadra-śraya or bhadra-śriya, am, n. sandal-wood.
     bhadraśravas bhadra-śravas, ās, m., N. of a son of Dharma.
     bhadraśrī bhadra-śrī, īs, f. the sandal tree.
     bhadraśrut bhadra-śrut, t, t, t, Ved. hearing good, hearing pleasant things.
     bhadraśreṇya bhadra-śreṇya, as, m., N. of a king.
     bhadraṣaṣṭhī bhadra-ṣaṣṭhī, f., N. of a form of Durgā.
     bhadrasāman bhadra-sāman, ā, m., N. of a man.
     bhadrasāra bhadra-sāra, as, m., N. of a king; (also read vindu-sāra.)
     bhadrasālavana bhadra-sāla-vana, (probably) am, n., N. of a forest (of fine Shorea Robusta trees).
     bhadrasena bhadra-sena, as, m., N. of a man with the patronymic Ajātaśatrava; of a son of Vasu-deva and Devakī; of a son of Ṛṣabha; of a son of Mahishmat, (in this sense also bhadrasenaka); N. of a king of Kaśmīra; (with Buddhists) N. of the leader of the host of the evil spirit Māra-pāpīyas.
     bhadrasomā bha-dra-somā, f., N. of a river in Uttara-kuru; a N. of the Ganges.
     bhadrahasta bhadra-hasta, as, ā, am, Ved. beautiful-handed, auspicious-handed (said of the Aśvins).
     bhadrākaraṇa bhadrā-karaṇa, am, n. 'making beautiful', the act of shaving.
     bhadrākṛ bhadrā-kṛ, cl. 8. P. -karoti, -kartum, 'to make beautiful', to shave; [cf. madrā-kṛ.]
     bhadrākṣa bhadrākṣa (-ra-ak-), as, m. 'fair-eyed', N. of a king [cf. bhallākṣa]; a particular seed of which beads are made (?).
     bhadrāṅga bha-drāṅga (-ra-aṅ-), as, m. 'beauteous-framed', having a handsome person', an epithet of Bala-bhadra.
     bhadrātmaja bha-drātmaja (-ra-āt-), as, m. 'son of iron', a sword.
     bhadrānagara bhadrā-nagara, am, n., N. of a city; [cf. bha-dra-pura.]
     bhadrābhadra bhadrābhadra (-ra-abh-), as, ā, am, good and bad; (am), n. good and evil.
     bhadrāyudha bha-drāyudha (-ra-āy-), as, m. 'handsome-weaponed', N. of a giant; of a warrior.
     bhadrāyus bhadrāyus (-ra-āy-), us, m., N. of a man.
     bhadrāvakāśā bhadrāvakāśā (-ra-av-), f., N. of a sacred river.
     bhadrāvrata bhadrā-vrata, am, n. a particular religious ceremony; (also called viṣṭi-vrata.)
     bhadrāśrama bhadrāśrama (-ra or -rā-āś-), as, m., N. of a hermitage mentioned in the Śambhalamāhātmya portion of the Skanda-Purāṇa.
     bhadrāśraya bhadrā-śraya, am, n. sandal-wood (= bhadra-śraya, q. v.).
     bhadrāśva bhadrāśva (-ra-aś-), as, m., N. of a Dvīpa said in the Purāṇas to be named after Bhadrāśva, son of Āgnīdhra, (some systems describe Bhadrāśva as one of the four Mahā-dvīpas into which the known world is divided, while another states it to be one of nine Khaṇḍas or smaller divisions into which the continent is distributed; in either case it is the eastern division); N. of a son of Vasu-deva and Rohiṇī; of a son of Dhundhumāra; of a king called Bhadrāśva Śveta-vāhana; of a son of Āgnīdhra or Agnīdhra; (am), n., N. of a Varsha named after the son of Āgnīdhra.
     bhadrāsana bhadrāsana (-ra-ās-), am, n. a splendid seat, chair of state, throne; a particular posture of a devotee while meditating, (the legs being crossed and bent underneath the body and turned so as to bring the ankles into contact with the perinaeum while the soles of the feet are held close to the sides.)
     bhadrāha bhadrāha (-ra-aha), am, n., Ved. an auspicious day, favourable season.
     bhadrendra bhadrendra (-ra-in-), as, m., N. of a man.
     bhadreśa bhadreśa (-ra-īśa), as, m. an epithet of Śiva.
     bhadreśvara bhadreśvara (-ra-īś-), as, m. an epithet of various statues and Liṅgas of Śiva; N. of a place; of a Kāyastha.
     bhadrailā bha-drailā (-ra-elā), f. large cardamoms.
     bhadrodanī bhadro-danī (-ra-od-), f. Sida Cordifolia; Uraria Lagopodioides.
     bhadrodaya bhadrodaya (-ra-ud-), am, n., N. of a particular medicinal compound.
     bhadropavāsavrata bhadropavāsa-vrata (-ra-up-), am, n. a particular religious observance.

bhadraka bhadraka, as, ikā, am, good; fine, handsome, beautiful; (as), m. (according to a Scholiast) a kind of bean; (probably) Cyperus Pertenuis; the Deodar tree, Pinus Deodora; N. of a man, (also called bhadrika, q. v.); of a king; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people [cf. bhadra]; (ikā), f. an amulet; N. of a metre, four times [metrical sequence]; of a metre, four times [metrical sequence]; (akā), f., N. of a woman; (am), n. Cyperus Rotundus; a particular posture in sitting (= bhadrāsana, q. v.); a kind of metre, four times [metrical sequence].

bhadrāraka bhadrāraka, as, m., N. of one of the eighteen lesser Dvīpas.

bhadrālapattrikā bhadrālapattrikā, f. Paederia Foetida (= gan-dhālī).

bhadrālī bhadrālī, f. = bhadrālapattrikā.

bhadrāvatī bhadrāvatī, f. a species of tree.

bhadrika bhadrika, as, m., N. of a man; [cf. bhadraka.]

bhadriṇa bhadriṇa, as, m., N. of a man.

bhandadiṣṭi bhandad-iṣṭi, is, is, i (fr. bhandat, pres. part. P. of rt. bhand + iṣṭi), Ved. (perhaps) hastening amidst shouts of applause; (Sāy.) = stuti-rūpeṣṭir yasya.

bhandana bhandana, as, ī, am, Ved. shouting lustily, applauding, cheering; (Mahī-dhara), causing to prosper, (or) beautifying, embellishing; (ā), f. acclamation, applause, praise.

bhandanāya bhandanāya (fr. bhandana), Nom. P. bhan-danāyati, -yitum, Ved. to shout loudly, howl, yell, (used only in the pres. part. below.)

bhandanāyat bhandanāyat, an, antī, at, Ved. shouting loudly, howling, yelling.

bhandanīya bhandanīya, as, ā, am, Ved. a word formed in Nirukta XI. 19. to explain bhadra, q. v.

bhandamāna bhandamāna, as, ā, am, Ved. hailed with acclamations, greeted with applause.

bhandila bhandila, am, n. fortune, prosperity [cf. bhaṇ-ḍila]; tremulous motion; a messenger (?).

bhandiṣṭha bhandiṣṭha, as, ā, am (fr. rt. bhand with the termination of the superl.), Ved. shouting or yelling most loudly, applauding or praising most highly.

bhandhruka bhandhruka, as, m., N. of a place.

bhapañjara bha-pañjara, &c. See under 4. bha.

bhappaṭa bhappaṭa, as, m., N. of a man who built a temple named after him Bhappaṭeśvara.

bhambha bhambha, as, m. smoke; a fly.

bhambharālikā bhambharālikā, f. a gnat, musquito, gad-fly.

bhambharālī bhambharālī, f. a fly.

bhambhārava bhambhā-rava, as, m. (onomatopoetic), the lowing of a cow; (also bambhā-rava.)

bhambhāsāra bhambhāsāra, as, m., N. of a king of Magadha.

bhaya bhaya, am, n. (fr. rt. 1. bhī), fear, alarm, dread, apprehension (e. g. ātma-bh-, fear for one's life; mā bhayaṃ kuru, be not afraid; cf. daṇḍa-bh-); dismay, fright, terror (e. g. jagad-bh-, a terror to the universe); cause for fear, danger, peril, risk, jeopardy, hazard; the blossom of Trapa Bispinosa; (as), m. Fear personified as a son of Nir-ṛti, as a prince of the Yavanas and husband of the daughter of Time; sickness, disease; (āt), ind. from fear, for fear; (ā), f., N. of a daughter of Kāla and wife of the Rākṣasa Heti.
     bhayakampa bhaya-kampa, as, m. tremor from fear, the tremor of fear, trembling caused by fright.
     bhayakara bhaya-kara, as, ī, am, or bhaya-kartṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, or bhaya-kāra-ka, as, ikā, am, or bhaya-kṛt, t, t, t, fear-causing, fear-exciting, terrifying, dangerous, perilous; fearful, formidable, terrible.
     bhayaṅkara bhayaṅ-kara, as, ī, am, = bhaya-kara; (as), m. a small kind of owl (= ḍuṇḍula); N. of one of the Viśve Devāḥ; N. of various persons; (ī), f., N. of one of the Mātṛs attending upon Skanda.
     bhayaṅkartṛ bhayaṅ-kartṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, = bhaya-kartṛ.
     bhayajāta bhaya-jāta, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhayaḍiṇḍima bhaya-ḍiṇḍima, as, m. 'terror-drum', a drum used in battle.
     bhayatrātṛ bhaya-trātṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, a deliverer from danger, rescuer from peril.
     bhayada bhaya-da, as, ā, am, causing danger, inspiring fear; vahni-bh-, causing danger from fire; (as), m., N. of a king.
     bhayadarśin bhaya-darśin, ī, inī, i, apprehensive of danger, fearful.
     bhayadāya bhaya-dāya, as, ā, am, or bhaya-dāyin, ī, inī, i, causing danger, inspiring fear; salila-bhayadāyin, causing danger from water.
     bhayadruta bhaya-druta, as, ā, am, fleeing for fear, running away in terror, routed, put to flight.
     bhayanāśin bhaya-nāśin, ī, inī, i, destructive of fear or danger; (inī), f. a species of plant.
     bhayanimīlitākṣa bhaya-nimīlitākṣa, as, ī, am, having the eyes closed from fear.
     bhayapratīkāra bhaya-pratīkāra, as, m. counteraction or removal of fear.
     bhayaprada bhaya-prada, as, ā, am, or bhaya-pradāyin, ī, inī, i, causing danger, inspiring fear, terrible.
     bhayaprastāva bhaya-prastāva, as, m. an occasion of alarm, season of fear.
     bhayabrāhmaṇa bhaya-brāhmaṇa, as, m. a timid Brāhman.
     bhayabhraṣṭa bhaya-bhraṣṭa, as, ā, am, scattered in terror, put to flight.
     bhayavidhāyin bhaya-vidhāyin, ī, inī, i, causing alarm, alarming, fearful.
     bhayavipluta bhaya-vipluta, as, ā, am, overwhelmed with fear, panic-struck.
     bhayavihvala bhaya-vihvala, as, ā, am, disturbed or agitated with fear.
     bhayavyūha bhaya-vyūha, as, m. 'array against danger', a term applied to a particular mode of marshalling an army when threatened with danger from all sides.
     bhayaśīla bhaya-śīla, as, ā, am, of a timorous disposition, timid.
     bhayaśokasamāviṣṭa bhaya-śoka-samāviṣṭa, as, ā, am, affected with fear and grief, filled with sorrow and dismay.
     bhayasaṃhṛṣṭaroman bhaya-saṃhṛṣṭa-roman, ā, ā, a, having the hair erect with terror, horrified.
     bhayasantrasta bhaya-santrasta, as, ā, am, terrified by danger, scared with terror.
     bhayasantrastamānasa bhayasantrasta-mānasa, as, ā, am, having the mind scared with terror.
     bhayastha bhaya-stha, Ved. a perilous position, dangerous situation.
     bhayasthāna bhaya-sthāna, am, n. an occasion of alarm, cause of apprehension or fear.
     bhayasthānaśata bhayasthāna-śata, āni, n. pl. hundreds of occasions of fear.
     bhayahartṛ bhaya-hartṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, or bhaya-hāraka, as, ikā, am, removing or dispelling fear, a remover of fear.
     bhayahetu bha-ya-hetu, us, m. a cause for fear or alarm, danger.
     bhayātura bhayātura (-ya-āt-), as, ā, am, distressed with fear, agitated with alarm.
     bhayānvita bhayānvita (-ya-an-), as, ā, am, filled with fear, frightened, alarmed.
     bhayāpaha bhayāpaha (-ya-ap-), as, ā, am, warding off fear or danger; a prince, king.
     bhayābādha bhayābādha (-ya-ab-), as, ā, am, undisturbed by fear, unexposed to danger.
     bhayārta bhayārta (-ya-ār-), as, ā, am, distressed with fear, alarmed, terrified, frightened, afraid.
     bhayāvaha bhayāvaha (-ya-āv-), as, ā, am, bringing fear or danger, causing alarm, formidable, fearful.
     bhayaikapravaṇa bhayaika-pravaṇa (-ya-ek-), as, ā, am, wholly inclined to the one (feeling) fear, wholly filled with alarm, wholly absorbed or engrossed by fear.
     bhayottara bha-yottara (-ya-ut-), as, ā, am, attended with or succeeded by fear; [cf. uttara.]
     bhayopaśama bhayopaśama (-ya-up-), as, m. soothing or allaying fear, encouraging.

bhayamāna bhayamāna, as, m., Ved., N. of the author of the hymn Ṛg-veda I. 100.

bhayānaka bhayānaka, as, ā, am (probably fr. bhayāna, an old anomalous present part. A. of rt. 1. bhī), fearful, frightful, formidable, terrible, terrific, horrible; (am), n. terror; (as), m. a tiger; Rāhu or the Ascending Node personified; the Rasa or sentiment of terror as excited by poetical or dramatic composition.
     bhayānakatā bhayānaka-tā, f. or bhayānaka-tva, am, n. fearfulness, formidableness.
     bhayānakarasanirdeśa bhayānaka-rasa-nirdeśa, as, m., N. of the 144th chapter of the Śārṅgadhara-paddhati.

bhayya bhayya, as, ā, am, Ved. to be feared.

bhara bhara, as, ā, am (fr. rt. bhṛ), bearing, carrying; bringing, getting; granting; cherishing, upholding, supporting, (often at the end of comps., cf. ṛtam-bh-, kaṭam-bh-, kulam-bh-, deham-bh-, puṣṭim-bh-, viśvam-bh-); (as), m. the act of taking or carrying, getting, gaining, taking away, theft; a burden, load, weight, mass, (bharaṃ kṛ, to place one's weight, support one's self, cf. dur-bh-, su-bh-, bhāra); a particular weight or measure = bhāra = 20 Tulās = 2000 Palas; a large quantity, great number, mass, multitude, bulk; attacking, battle, contest (Ved.); raising the voice (Ved.); a joyful song, a hymn (Ved.); [cf. Gr. [greek]]
     bharahūti bha-ra-hūti, is, f., Ved. a war-cry, war-hoop; (is, is, i), sounding a battle-cry, raising a war-shout.
     bhareṣujā bhare-ṣu-jā, ās, m., Ved. 'born or produced amidst cries of joy', an epithet of Soma.

bharaṭa bharaṭa, as, m. a potter; a servant.

bharaṭika bharaṭika, as, ī, am, = bharaṭena harati, see Gaṇa Bhastrādi to Pāṇ. IV. 4, 16.

bharaṇa bharaṇa, as, ī, am, bearing, cherishing, maintaining, nourishing, supporting; (as, ī), m. f. the constellation Bharaṇī; (ī), f. the creeper Luffa Foetida or a similar plant, = ghoṣaka; (ṇyas), f. pl., N. of the seventh lunar asterism or Nakshatra containing three stars and figured by the pudendum muliebre; (am), n. the act of bearing, supporting, cherishing, maintaining, nourishing; nutriment; wages, hire; the act of carrying; wearing; what is worn, clothes (Ved.); bringing, procuring.
     bharaṇībhū bharaṇī-bhū, ūs, m. 'born from the asterism or nymph Bharaṇī', an epithet of Rāhu or the Ascending Node personified.
     bharaṇyāhvā bharaṇy-āhvā, f. the plant Tiaridium Indicum (= parva-puṣpī).

bharaṇi bharaṇi, is, m. f. (probably) = bharaṇī, q. v.
     bharaṇiṣeṇa bharaṇi-ṣeṇa or bharaṇi-sena, as, m., N. of a man; [cf. rohiṇi-ṣeṇa or rohiṇi-sena.]

bharaṇīya bharaṇīya, as, ā, am, to be borne, to be cherished, to be supported or maintained; a dependant.

bharaṇḍa bharaṇḍa, as, m. a master, owner, lord; a husband; a king; an ox, bull; a worm; the earth (?).

bharaṇya 1. bharaṇya (fr. bharaṇa), Nom. P. bharaṇyati, &c., = sam-bhṛ, q. v.; [cf. bhuraṇya.]

bharaṇya 2. bharaṇya, as, ā, am (for bharaṇīya), to be maintained, to be cherished or protected; (ā), f. wages, hire; a woman; (am), n. = bharaṇa, cherishing, maintaining; wages, hire; the asterism Bharaṇī.
     bharaṇyabhuj bharaṇya-bhuj, k, k, k, receiving wages, working for hire; (k), m. a hireling, servant; a labourer.

bharaṇyu bharaṇyu, us, m. a master; a protector (= śara-ṇyu); a friend; fire; the moon; the sun.

bharat bharat, an, antī, at, bearing, holding; wearing; possessing, having; nourishing, maintaining, supporting.
     bharadvāja bharad-vāja, as, m. 'bringing or bearing food', a skylark; N. of a Ṛṣi the author of various Ṛg-veda hymns, said to be a son of Bṛhas-pati, (Bharad-vāja Bārhaspatya is the author of Ṛg-veda VI. 1-30, 37-43, 53-74; IX. 67, 1-3; X. 137, 1: he is fabled as the Puro-hita of Divo-dāsa; but Divo-dāsa and Bharad-vāja may be the same person, cf. Ṛg-veda I. 116, 18; VI. 16, 5); N. of one of the seven sages; of an author of a law-book; of a Buddhist Arhat; N. of a district, (also read bhārad-vāja); N. of an Agni; (ās), m. pl. the race or family of Bharad-vāja; [cf. bhāradvāja.]
     bharadvājaka bha-rad-vājaka, as, m. a skylark.
     bharadvājaprādurbhāva bharadvāja-prā-dur-bhāva, as, m., N. of a division of the Bhāvaprakāśa treating of medicine.
     bharadvājasūtra bharadvāja-sūtra, am, n., N. of a Sūtra work.
     bharadvājin bharadvājin in bha-radvājināṃ vratam, N. of a Sāman; [cf. bhā-radvājin.]

bharata bharata, as, ā, am, to be supported, being supported; (as), m. an epithet of Agni who is supposed to be maintained or kept alive by the care of men (Ved.); N. of a particular Agni, (he has a son Bharata and a daughter Bharatī, cf. bharatha); a hired soldier, warrior, (perhaps in particular) the charioteer of a prince, (hence perhaps the Maruts are called sons of Bharata, i. e. of 'the warrior' Rudra); a ('hired') bard, poet, actor, dancer, mime [cf. bha-rata-putraka]; a weaver; (according to Naighaṇṭuka III. 18) = ṛtv-ij; N. of an Āditya; N. of a celebrated hero and monarch of all India, (he was the first of a series of twelve Cakra-vartins or Sārvabhaumas, i. e. universal emperors; as son of Duḥshanta or Dushyanta and Śakuntalā, he has the patronymic Dauḥshanti or Daushyanti, also read dauṣmanti, dauṣvanti, &c.; in Ṛg-veda III. 53, 24, the sons of Bharata are regarded as descendants of Viśvā-mitra); N. of a son of Dhruva-sandhi, father of Asita; of a son of Daśa-ratha and younger brother of Rāma; of a son of Ṛṣabha; of a son of Vīti-hotra; an epithet of a Manu who gave the name to the country Bhārata (Viṣṇu-Purāṇa II. 1); N. of a son of Manu Bhautya; of a king of Aśmaka; of an ancient Muni (the celebrated author of the Gandharva-veda or Alaṅkāra-śāstra, treating of dramatic composition; the term is also applied to his work, which appears to have been a body of Sūtras or rules relating to every branch of dramatic writing and theatrical exhibition; although said to be lost, it is constantly quoted by the commentators on the Nāṭakas or Indian dramas); a barbarian, mountaineer, savage, = kṣetra; (ās), m. pl., N. of a tribe, 'the descendants of Bharata;' (āni), n. pl., N. of a particular Varsha; [cf. bhārata.]
     bharatakhaṇḍa bharata-khaṇḍa, am, n., N. of a part of Bharata-varsha (= kumārikā).
     bharatajña bharata-jña, as, m. 'knowing the science of Bharata', conversant with dramatic writings and rules.
     bharatatva bharata-tva, am, n. the name 'Bharata.'
     bharatadvādaśāha bharata-dvādaśāha (-śa-aha), am, n., N. of a particular festival.
     bharataputraka bharata-putraka, as, m. 'son of Bharata', an actor, a mime.
     bharatapura bha-rata-pura, am, n., N. of a town (mentioned in the Bharaṭaka-dvātriṃśikā).
     bharataprasū bharata-prasū, ūs, f. 'the mother of Bharata', an epithet of Kaikeyī (wife of Daśa-ratha).
     bharatamalla bharata-malla, as, m., N. of a grammarian.
     bharatamallika bharata-mallika, as, m. = bharata-sena, q. v.
     bharataroha bharata-roha, as, m., N. of a man.
     bharatarṣabha bharatarṣabha (-ta-ṛ-), as, m. 'bulllike descendant of Bharata', the best or most distinguished of the Bharatas; a prince of the Bharatas.
     bharatavarṣa bharata-varṣa, am, n. 'the country of Bharata' (supposed to have been the first monarch of all India, cf. bharata, col. 2), a N. of India (= bhā-rata).
     bharatavākya bharata-vākya, am, n. 'the speech of Bharata', N. of the seventy-seventh chapter of the Uttara-kāṇḍa or seventh book of the Rāmāyaṇa; N. of the eighty-third chapter of the Pātāla-khaṇḍa or fourth part of the Padma-Purāṇa.
     bharataśārdūla bharata-śārdūla, as, m. 'tiger-like descendant of Bharata', the most distinguished or excellent of the Bharatas.
     bharataśreṣṭha bharata-śreṣṭha, as, ā, am, or bharata-sat-tama, as, ā, am, 'best of the Bharatas', the most distinguished of the descendants of Bharata.
     bharatasena bha-rata-sena, as, m., N. of an author of commentaries on the Megha-dūta, Raghu-vaṃśa, Śiśupāla-vadha, and Bhaṭṭi-kāvya.
     bharatasvāmin bharata-svāmin, ī, m., N. of a commentator on the Vedas; of an astronomer.
     bharatāgraja bharatāgraja (-ta-ag-), as, m. 'the elder brother of Bharata', an epithet of Rāma.
     bharatāvāsa bharatā-vāsa (-ta-āv-), as, m. 'abode of Bharata', N. of the twenty-ninth chapter of the Pātāla-khaṇḍa or fourth part of the Padma-Purāṇa.
     bharatāśrama bharatāśrama (-ta-āś-), as, m. 'the hermitage of Bharata', N. of a hermitage.
     bharateśvaratīrtha bharateśvara-tīrtha (-ta-īś-), am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.

bharatha bharatha, as, m. = loka-pāla, a world-protector, a deity presiding over one of the regions of the world; a sovereign, king; fire [cf. bharata].

bharadvāja bharad-vāja. See under bharat, col. 2.

bharama bharama, as, m., N. of a man; [cf. bhārameya.]

bharas bharas, as, n., Ved. bearing, holding, cherishing; [cf. visva-bh-, sa-bh-.]

bhari bhari, is, is, i, bearing, possessing, maintaining, supporting, nourishing, (often at the end of comps., cf. ātmam-bh-, udaram-bh-, kukṣim-bh-.)

bhariṇī bhariṇī, f. of 2. bharita below; [cf. hariṇī.]

bharita 1. bharita, as, ā, am (fr. bhara), nourished, filled, full of; [cf. vasu-bh-.]

bharita 2. bharita, as, ā, or bhariṇī, am, = harita, green, of a green colour.

bharitra bharitra, am, n., Ved. the arm.

bhariman bhariman, ā, m. supporting, nourishing, cherishing; [cf. bharīman.]

bhariṣa bhariṣa, as, ā, am, Ved. rapacious, avaricious, greedy.

bharīman bharīman, ā, m., Ved. a household, family; bearing, supporting, nourishing, cherishing (in this sense the gender is doubtful).

bharu bharu, us, m. a husband, lord; N. of Śiva; of Viṣṇu; gold; the sea.

bharṇas bharṇas, ās, ās, as, Ved. in the comp. sahasra-bh-, q. v.; (according to Sāy. bharṇas = bharaṇa, q. v.)

bhartavya bhartavya, as, ā, am, to be borne or carried; to be maintained, to be nourished or supported; to be engaged or hired, to be retained in service or kept in pay.

bhartṛ bhartṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, a bearer, carrier (Ved.); a cherisher, nourisher, holder, supporter, protector; (), m. a husband, lord; master, landlord; chief, commander; (trī), f. a female supporter or nourisher; a mother; [cf. jagatī-bh-, divasa-bh-, nṛ-bh-, paśu-bh-, proṣita-bhartṛka.]
     bhartṛguṇa bhartṛ-guṇa, as, m. the excellence or virtue of a husband (Manu IX. 24).
     bhartṛghna bhartṛ-ghna, as, ī, am, murdering a master or supporter; (ī), f. a woman who murders her husband.
     bhartṛghnatva bhartṛghna-tva, am, n. the killing or injuring a master.
     bhartṛtā bhartṛ-tā, f. or bhartṛ-tva, am, n. the state or relation of a husband, husbandship; manhood.
     bhartṛtāṅgata bhartṛtāṅ-gata, as, ā, am, 'gone to husbandship', married.
     bhartṛdarśanakāṅkṣā bhar-tṛ-darśana-kāṅkṣā, f. the desire of seeing a husband.
     bhartṛdarśanalālasā bhartṛdarśana-lālasā, f. longing or eager desire to see a husband.
     bahartṛdāraka bahartṛ-dāraka, as, m. a king's son, a crown prince, prince royal (especially in the drama), a young prince designated as heir-apparent; (ikā), f. a king's daughter, princess.
     bhartṛdṛḍhavratā bhartṛ-dṛḍha-vratā, f. strictly faithful to a husband.
     bhartṛbhakta bhartṛ-bhakta, as, ā, am, devoted to a lord or husband.
     bhartṛmatī bhartṛ-matī, f. possessing a husband, a married woman.
     bhartṛmeṇṭha bhartṛ-meṇṭha, as, m., N. of a poet; [cf. meṇṭha.]
     bhartṛyajña bhartṛ-yajña, as, m., N. of an author.
     bhartṛrājyāpaharaṇa bhartṛ-rājyāpaharaṇa (-ya-ap-), am, n. seizure of a husband's kingdom.
     bhartṛloka bhartṛ-loka, as, m. the sphere or abode of a husband (in a future life).
     bhartṛvyasanapīḍita bhartṛ-vyasana-pī-ḍita, as, ā, am, afflicted by a husband's or master's calamity.
     bhartṛvrata bhartṛ-vrata, am, n. fidelity or devotion to a husband [cf. pati-vrata]; (ā), f. faithful to a husband, a virtuous and devoted wife; [cf. pati-vratā.]
     bhartṛvratātva bhartṛvratā-tva, am, n. the state or condition of fidelity to a husband.
     bhartṛśokapara bhartṛ-śoka-para, as, ā, am, absorbed in grief for a husband or lord.
     bhartṛśokaparītāṅgin bhartṛśoka-parītāṅgin (-ta-aṅ-), ī, inī, i, whose limbs are affected by grief for a husband or lord.
     bhartṛśokābhipīḍita bhartṛśokābhipīḍita (-ka-abh-), as, ā, am, afflicted by a husband's sorrow or by grief for a husband or lord.
     bhartṛsāt bhartṛ-sāt, ind. to a husband, to the power of a husband; (with kṛtā) a married woman.
     bhartṛsthāna bhartṛ-sthāna, am, n., N. of a sacred place of pilgrimage.
     bhartṛsvāmin bhartṛ-svāmin, ī, m., N. of a poet mentioned in the Śārṅgadhara-paddhati.
     bhartṛhari bhartṛ-hari, is, m., N. of a well-known author (of 300 moral, political, and religious maxims or apothegms comprised in three Śatakas called Śṛṅgāra-ś-, Nīti-ś-, Vairāgya-ś-, also of some grammatical Kārikās, and of the Vākya-padīya; and also, according to some, of the Bhaṭṭi-kāvya: he is often designated by the one name Hari, and though little is really ascertained about his history, is said to have been the brother of king Vikramāditya, who lived in the first century B. C.; according to a legend, he wrote his apothegms when leading the life of an ascetic, after a licentious youth).
     bhartṛhīna bhartṛ-hīna, as, ā, am, abandoned or deserted by a husband or lord.
     bhartṛhema bhartṛ-hema, as, m. = bhartṛ-hari, col. 1.

bhartrima bhartrima (?), as, ā, am, maintained, nourished, supported.

bharma bharma, am, n. = bharman, wages, hire; gold; a coin of a particular value; the navel.

bharmaṇyā bharmaṇyā, f. wages, hire.

bharman bharman, a, n. support, maintenance, nourishment, care [cf. ariṣṭa-bh-, garbha-bh-, jātū-bh-]; a burden, load; hire, wages; gold; a coin, piece of gold, gold coin, piece of money; the navel; [cf. bharma.]

bharvara bharvara, as, m., Ved. (according to Sāy.) = jagad-bhartṛ or prajā-pati.

bharaga bha-ra-ga, a word invented to explain bharga (bha standing for bhāsayati, ra for rañjayati, and ga for gacchanty asmād imāḥ prajāḥ).

bharaṭa bharaṭa. See p. 700, col. 2.

bharaṭaka bharaṭaka or bharaḍaka, as, m., N. of a particular class of mendicants.
     bharaṭakadvātriṃśikā bharaṭaka-dvātriṃśikā, f., N. of thirty-two popular stories (written to ridicule the ignorance and folly of ascetics).

bharaṇḍa bharaṇḍa. See p. 700, col. 2.

bharu bharu. See col. 1.

bharuka bharuka, as, m., N. of a prince; (also written kuruka or ruruka.)

bharukaccha bharukaccha, as, m., N. of a country, (also read marukaccha); N. of a people; of a Nāga.
     bharukacchanivāsin bharukaccha-nivāsin, ī, inī, i, an inhabitant of Bharukaccha.

bharuja bharuja, as, m. (perhaps fr. rt. 1. bhrajj), a sort of jackal; [cf. bharūjā, bhārujika.]

bharuṭaka bharuṭaka or bharūṭaka, am, n. (probably fr. rt. bhṝ), fried meat.

bharūjā bharūjā, f. (according to Yāska fr. rt. 1. bhrajj), Ved. a particular colour, being of a particular colour (used adjectively); bharūjī in the Atharva-veda may be a N. of some wild animal; [cf. bharuja, which is variously read bharūjā; cf. bhā-rūjika.]

bhareṣujā bhareṣu-jā. See bhara, p. 700.

bharehanagarī bhareha-nagarī, f., N. of a town mentioned in Nīla-kaṇṭha's Śrāddha-mayūkha.

bharga bharga, as, m. (said to be fr. a rt. bhṛj, which is probably here for rt. bhrāj, = Gr. [greek] Ved. radiance, splendor, lustre, effulgence (Ved. = bhargas below, cf. [greek] N. of Śiva; of Brahman; of a man with the patronymic Prāgātha, author of the hymns Ṛg-veda VIII. 49-50; of a king, the son of Veṇu-hotra; of Vīti-hotra; of Vahni; (ās), m. pl., N. of a race of warriors; (am), n., N. of a Sāman.
     bhargaśikhā bharga-śikhā, f., N. of a work mentioned in the Śiva-sūtra-vivṛti.

bhargas bhargas, as, n., Ved. radiance, lustre, effulgence; N. of Brahman; of a Sāman.
     bhargasvat bhargas-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. clear, shrill (said of the voice).

bhargya bhargya, as, m., N. of Śiva (= bharga).

bhargabhūmi bharga-bhūmi, is, m., N. of a king; [cf. bhārga-bhūmi, bhṛgu-bhūmi.]

bhargāyaṇa bhargāyaṇa, ās, m. pl. (probably) an incorrect form for bhārgāyaṇa.

bharchu bharchu, us, m., N. of a poet mentioned in the Śārṅgadhara-paddhati.

bharjana bharjana. See under rt. bhṛj, p. 720.

bharṇas bharṇas. See col. 1.

bhartavya bhartavya. See col. 1.

bhartṛ bhartṛ. See col. 1.

bharts bharts, cl. 10. P. A. bhartsayati, -te (according to the Dhātu-pāṭha only A.), -yitum, rarely cl. 1. bhartsati, (in Atharva-veda III. 9, 5, a form bhartsyāmi occurs), to menace, threaten; to reproach, abuse, blame, reprove, chide, rebuke; to deride: Pass. bhartsyate.

bhartsaka bhartsaka, as, m. a threatener, abuser, reviler.

bhartsana bhartsana, am, ā, n. f. threatening, reviling; cursing; threat, menace, reproach, abuse; a curse.

bhartsapattrikā bhartsa-pattrikā, f. (fr. bhartsa ? + pattra), N. of a particular plant (= mahā-nīlī).

bhartsita bhartsita, as, ā, am, threatened, menaced, reviled, abused, blamed, upbraided, rebuked; (am), n. a menace, threat, curse.

bhartsyamāna bhartsyamāna, as, ā, am, being threatened &c., being reviled.

bharb bharb or bharbh. See rt. bharv.

bharma bharma, &c. See col. 2.

bharmyāśva bharmyāśva, as, m., N. of a king, father of Mudgala; (also read haryaśva; cf. bhār-mya, bhārmyaśva, bhṛmyaśva.)

bharv bharv or bharb or bharbh (connected with rt. 1. bhas), cl. 1. P. barvati or bharbati or bharbhati, &c., Ved. to chew, devour, eat; to hurt, injure, fight; [cf. Gr. [greek] Lat. herb-a; Goth. balvjan.]

bharvara bharvara. See col. 2.

bharś bharś. See under rt. bhraṃś or bhraś, p. 724, col. 1.

bharṣṭavya bharṣṭavya, as, ā, am (fr. rt. 1. bhrajj), to be fried or roasted.

bhal bhal or bal (connected with rt. bhall, q. v.), cl. 1. A. bhalate, balate, &c., to describe, recount, mention; to expound, explain; to strike, kill; to hurt, injure; to give; cl. 10. A. bhālayate, bālayate, &c., Ved. to describe; to see, behold; to throw up (?); [cf. ni-bh-, sam-bh-.]

bhala 1. bhala, ind., Ved. certainly; [cf. bal, baṭ, and Marāṭhī bhalla, 'well!']

bhala 2. bhala, as, m. a term used in addressing the Sun.

bhalatā bha-latā, f. See under 4. bha.

bhalandana bhalandana, as, m., N. of a man; of the father of Vatsa-prī or Vatsa-prīti; (ās), m. pl. the descendants of Bhalandana; [cf. bhālandana, bhālandanaka, bhanandana.]

bhalānas bhalānas, m. pl., Ved., N. of a particular family or race (Ṛg-veda VII. 18, 7).

bhall bhall (connected with rt. bhal), cl. 1. A. bhallate, babhalle, &c., to tell, describe; to wound, kill, to hurt, injure; to give.

bhalla bhalla, as, ī, m. f. a kind of arrow or missile with a point of a particular shape (perhaps crescent-shaped); (am), n. an arrow-head of a particular shape; (as), m. a bear [cf. accha-bh-, bhalluka, bhallūka]; an epithet of Śiva, = bhadra; (ās), m. pl., N. of a tribe, (also read malla); (ī), f. = bhallātaka, the marking-nut plant, Semecarpus Anacardium [cf. bhālla, bhālleya]; (as, ā, am), propitious, favourable (= bhadra, śiva); a term used in addressing the Sun (= 2. bhala, q. v.).
     bhallapucchī bhalla-pucchī, f. 'bear's tail', N. of the plant Hedysarum Lagopodioides.
     bhallākṣa bhal-lākṣa (-la-ak-), as, m., Ved. an expression used in addressing a flamingo (= bhadrākṣa, q. v.).

bhallaka bhallaka, as, m. = bhalla, a bear.

bhallātaka bhallātaka, as, am, m. n. (?), = bhallātaka.

bhallātaka bhallātaka, as, m. (in Amara-kosha II. 4, 2, 23, also bhallātakī, f.), the marking-nut plant, Semecarpus Anacardium; (am), n. the Acajou or cashewnut, the marking-nut (from which is extracted an acid juice, used for medicinal purposes, as well as a black liquid used for marking linen).
     bhallātakataila bhallātaka-taila, am, n. the oil of the cashew-nut.

bhalluka bhalluka, as, m. a bear; [cf. bhāluka, bhālūka, bhīluka.]

bhallūka bhallūka, as, m. a bear; a dog; a particular kind of shell (= mahā-kaparda); a particular plant, a species of Śyonāka.

bhallaṭa bhallaṭa, as, m., N. of a poet mentioned in the Śārṅgadhara-paddhati.

bhallavi bhallavi, is, m., Ved., N. of a man; [cf. bhālavin, bhāllaveya.]

bhallāka bhallāka, as, m., N. of a king.

bhallāṭa bhallāṭa as,); m., N. of a king, (also read bhallāka); of a mythical being; of a mountain; of a gate.
     bhallāṭanagara bhallāṭa-nagara, am, n., N. of the capital of king Śaśi-dhavaja.

bhallāda bhallāda, as, m., N. of a king, = bhallāṭa above.

bhallāta bhallāta, bhallātaka. See under rt. bhall, p. 701, col. 3.

bhallika bhallika, as, m., N. of a man; (ā), f. the marking-nut plant (= bhallātaka).

bhalluka bhalluka, bhallūka. See above.

bhalvāci bhalvāci (?), is, m., N. of a man mentioned in the Vāyu-Purāṇa.

bhava bhava, as, m. (fr. rt. 1. bhū), = bhāva, being, state of being (= sat-tā), existing, existence; birth, production, origin; worldly existence, life; place of being, the world (= saṃ-sāra); means of existence; a sound state of being, welfare, prosperity, health (= śreyas); excellence, superiority; (according to some) = āpti, prāpti, obtaining, acquisition; a god, deity; N. of a deity attending on Rudra and frequently mentioned in connection with Śarva; (in the later mythology) a N. of Śiva or a form of Śiva; N. of a Rudra; (according to some = jala, water); of a son of Mahā-deva; of Agni (Ved.); N. of the first and fourth Kalpa; of a king; of a son of Prati-hartṛ; of Viloman; of an author; (au), m. du. the god Bhava or Śiva with his wife Bhavānī; (am), n. the fruit of Dillenia Speciosa, = bhavya, bhaviṣya, 2. bhā-vana; (as, ā, am), arising, coming, produced or born from, originating in, relating to, (in these senses at the end of an adj. comp., e. g. deha-bh-, produced from the body; ākāśa-bhavā, 'coming from heaven', said of Sarasvatī; cf. araṇya-bh-.)
     bhavakalpa bhava-kalpa, as, m., N. of a particular Kalpa mentioned in the Vāyu-Purāṇa.
     bhavakāntāra bhava-kāntāra, as, am, m. n. (?), the wilderness of worldly existence.
     bhavaketu bhava-ketu, us, m., N. of a particular phenomenon in the heavens.
     bhavakṣiti bhava-kṣiti, is, f. the place of birth.
     bhavaghasmara bhava-ghasmara, as, m. the burning of a wood, a forest conflagration.
     bhavacandra bhava-can-dra, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhavacchid bhava-cchid, t, t, t, preventing births or transmigration.
     bhavaccheda bhava-ccheda, as, m. the destruction of the world; N. of a Grāma.
     bhavatrāta bhava-trāta, as, m., N. of a preceptor; of a son of Bhava.
     bhavadā bhava-dā, f., N. of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda.
     bhavadāru bhava-dāru, u, n. = deva-dāru, the tree Pinus Deodora.
     bhavadeva bhava-deva, as, m., N. of the author of the Vyavahāra-tilaka, of the Smṛti-candra, and of the Prāyaścitta-prakaraṇa.
     bhavadevabhaṭṭa bhavadeva-bhaṭṭa, as, m., N. of the author of the Chandoga-paddhati.
     bhavadevamiśra bhavadeva-miśra, as, m., N. of the author of the Bhāva-prakāśa; [cf. bhāva-miśra.]
     bhavananda bhava-nanda, as, m., N. of an actor.
     bhavanandin bhava-nandin, ī, m. 'son of Bhava', N. of a man.
     bhavanāga bhava-nāga, as, m., N. of an author mentioned in the Payo-graha-samarthana-prakāra by Vasudeua.
     bhavanātha bhava-nātha, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhavanāśinī bhava-nāśinī, f. 'destroying worldly existence', N. of the river Sarayū.
     bhavanigaḍanibandhavināśin bhava-nigaḍa-nibandha-vināśin, ī, inī, i, destroying the chains and fetters of worldly existence.
     bhavanibhandhavināśin bhava-nibhandha-vināśin, ī, inī, i, destroying the fetters of mundane existence.
     bhavapratisandhi bhava-pratisandhi, is, m. entering into existence, coming into being.
     bhavabandheśa bhava-bandheśa  (-dha-īśa), as, m. 'the lord of the fetters of the world or worldly existence', an epithet of Śiva.
     bhavabhāj bhava-bhāj, k, k, k, sharing the world; experiencing existence, living.
     bhavabhāvana bhava-bhāvana, as, m. 'the author of existence', a N. of Viṣṇu.
     bhavabhūta bha-va-bhūta, as, ā, am, being the origin; that Being through whom all beings exist, the source of all being.
     bhavabhūti bhava-bhūti, is, m., N. of a poet who lived in the eighth century A. D., author of the three well known dramas, Mālatī-mādhava, Mahā-vīracarita (sometimes called Vīra-carita), and Uttararāma-carita.
     bhavamaya bhava-maya, as, ī, am, consisting or made up of Śiva, produced from Śiva.
     bhavamocana bhava-mocana, as, m. 'the liberator of the world or of existence', an epithet of Kṛṣṇa.
     bhavarud bhava-rud, a drum played at funeral ceremonies.
     bhavavīti bhava-vīti, is, f. liberation from the world; cessation from worldly acts; end of the world.
     bhavasamudra bhava-samudra, as, or bhava-sindhu, us, m. the ocean of existence or life, ocean of the world.
     bhavasvāmin bhava-svāmin, ī, m., N. of a man.
     bhavācala bhavācala (-va-ac-), as, m., N. of a mountain.
     bhavātiga bhavātiga (-va-at-), as, ā, am, overcoming worldly existence.
     bhavātmajā bhavātmajā (-va-āt-), f., N. of the goddess Manasā.
     bhavānanda bhavā-nanda (-va-ān-), as, m., N. of a commentator on the Anumāna-dīdhiti; (ī), f., N. of a commentary by Bhavānanda-siddhānta-vāg-īśa.
     bhavānandasiddhāntavāgīśa bhavānanda-siddhānta-vāg-īśa, as, m., N. of an author; [cf. siddhānta-vāg-īśa.]
     bhavānandīprakāśa bhavānandī-prakāśa, as, m., N. of a commentary on the Bhavānandī by Mahā-deva Pandit.
     bhavāntakṛt bhavānta-kṛt (-va-an-), t, m., N. of Brahman; of Buddha.
     bhavāntara bhavāntara (-va-an-), am, n. another existence; a former existence; a future existence.
     bhavābdhi bhavābdhi (-va-ab-), is, m. the ocean of worldly existence.
     bhavābhavau bhavābha-vau (-va-abh-), m. du. existence and non-existence; prosperity and adversity.
     bhavābhāva bhavābhāva (-va-abh-), as, m. non-existence of the world.
     bhavābhibhāvin bhavābhibhāvin (-va-abh-), ī, inī, i, overcoming the world.
     bhavābhīṣṭa bhavā-bhīṣṭa (-va-abh-), as, m. 'dear to Śiva', bdellium.
     bhavāmburaśi bhavāmburaśi (-va-am-), is, m. the ocean of life or of worldly existence.
     bhavāyanā bhavāyanā (-va-ay-), f. 'coming from Śiva', N. of the Ganges.
     bhavāraṇya bhavā-raṇya (-va-ar-), am, n. the forest of worldly existence.
     bhavāri bhavāri (-va-ari), is, m. the enemy of life or existence.
     bhavārṇava bhavārṇava (-va-ar-), as, m. the ocean of existence or of life.
     bhavārta bhavārta (-va-ār-), as, ā, am, wearied with the world, sick of worldly troubles or the vanities of life.
     bhaveśa bhaveśa (-va-īśa), as, m. 'the lord of existence or of the world or of life', an epithet of Śiva; N. of a king, the father of Hara-siṃha.
     bhavoccheda bhavoccheda (-va-uc-), as, m. the destruction of the world or of existence.

bhavaka bhavaka, as, ā, am, (at the end of an adj. comp.) = bhava, being, existing, existence (e. g. parārtha-bh-, existing for others).

bhavat 1. bhavat, an, antī, at, being, becoming; present; (antī), f. time being, present time; (with some grammarians) the technical term for the present tense; [cf. bhavanti.]

bhavat 2. bhavat, ān, m. (said to be fr. rt. 1. bhā, to shine, Uṇādi-s. 1. 64), the honorific or respectful pronoun, generally translatable by your honour, your highness, your worship, your lordship, you (used respectfully for the second personal pronoun, but properly with the third person of the verb, e. g. bhavān dadātu, let your highness give); bhavan, voc. sing. m. 'O sir', 'O my lord', or contracted into bhos, q. v.; bhavadbhis, by your honour; (atī), f. lady, your ladyship; bhavatyas, your ladyships; bhavati, voc. sing. f. 'O lady:' Manu II. 49 assigns a different position in the sentence to this honorific pronoun according to the person using it; a Brāhman should say, bhavati bhikṣāṃ dehi, 'good lady give alms;' a Kshatriya, bhikṣām bhavati dehi; a Vaiśya, dehi bhikṣām bhavati: this honorific pronoun bhavat is sometimes used when tvam occurs in another clause of the same sentence; sometimes the plural is employed to express greater courtesy (e. g. bhavantaḥ pramāṇam, your honour is an authority); bhavat is exceptionally found in construction with the 2nd person sing.; [cf. atra-bh-, tato-bh-, tatra-bh-.]
     bhavatputra bhavat-putra, as, m. your honour's son, your highness' son, your son.
     bhavaddeva bhavad-deva, as, m., N. of a man mentioned in the Smṛti-kaustubha.
     bhavadvacana bhavad-vacana, am, n. your honour's speech, your speech.
     bhavadvidha bhavad-vidha, as, ā, am, any one like your honour or like you.
     bhavadvidhi bhavad-vidhi, is, m. your honour's manner (i. e. the way in which you are treated).
     bhavanmanyu bhavan-manyu, us, m., N. of a king; [cf. bhu-manyu, bhū-manyu.]
     bhavādṛkṣa bhavā-dṛkṣa, as, ī, am (bhavā for bhavat), or bhavā-dṛś, k, k, k, or bhavā-dṛśa, as, ī, am, any one like your honour or like you.

bhavatī 1. bhavatī, f. your ladyship, lady (respectfully, see under 2. bhavat, col. 2.).

bhavatī 2. bhavatī, f. a particular kind of poisoned arrow.

bhavatu bhavatu, ind. (3rd sing. Impv.), be it so, let it be, let it pass, very well; enough! no matter!

bhavadīya bhavadīya, as, ā, am, your honour's, your, thy, thine.

bhavana bhavana, am, n. being, existing, becoming, production, birth; nature; a place of abode, house, home, dwelling; a mansion, (kamala-bhavana, as, m. 'having a lotus for a dwelling', a N. of Brahmā); a palace, residence; an edifice, building, temple, structure, (often at the end of a comp., cf. amṛta-bh-, garbha-bh-, cara-bh-, deva-bh-); a site, spot; the place where anything grows, a field; = bhuvana, water.
     bhavanapati bhavana-pati, ayas, m. pl. or bhavanādhīśa (-na-adh-), ās, m. pl. (with Jainas) a particular class of gods having ten inferior classes.
     bhavanodara bhavanodara (-na-ud-), am, n. the interior apartments of a house.

bhavanīya bhavanīya, as, ā, am, to be become, to be about to take place or happen; impending; (am), n. it is to be become; [cf. bhavitavya.]

bhavanta bhavanta, as, m. time, present time; (ī), f. a virtuous wife.

bhavanti bhavanti, is, m. time being, present time; [cf. bhavantī under 1. bhavat.]

bhavādṛkṣa bhavā-dṛkṣa, bhavā-dṛś, &c. See above.

bhavānī bhavānī, f. (fr. bhava), N. of a goddess identified in later times with Pārvatī, (she is the wife of Śiva in her pacific and amiable form; according to the Matsya-Purāṇa, especially adored in Sthāneśvara); N. of the mother of the commentator Gaṇeśa (wife of Bhava-nātha); N. of a river.
     bhavānīguru bhavānī-guru, us, m. 'the father of Bhavānī', the Himālaya mountain personified.
     bhavānīdāsa bhavānī-dāsa, as, m., N. of a king.
     bhavānīpati bhavānī-pati, is, or bhavānī-vallabha, as, m. 'the husband of Bhavānī', Śiva.

bhavika bhavika, as, ā, am, beneficial, suitable, useful; prosperous, happy, being or faring well; (am), n. a salutary state, prosperous condition; prosperity, welfare.

bhavita bhavita, as, ā, am, = bhūta, been, become, happened, taken place, passed.

bhavitavya bhavitavya, as, ā, am, to be become, to be about to become, to be about to take place or happen; (am), n. it is to be become, (used impersonally with an inst., e. g. bhavitavyaṃ tvayā, it is to be become by thee, i. e. thou must become; mayā tava anu-careṇa bhavitavyam, I must become thy companion; cf. bhavanīya.)
     bhavitavyatā bhavitavya-tā, f. the being about to be, the state of being necessary to be, necessary consequence, inevitable necessity, fate, destiny.

bhavitṛ bhavitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, = bhaviṣṇu, being, becoming [cf. tiro-bh-]; what is or ought to be or to become, about to be, future [Lat. futurus]; imminent, impending, disposed or inclined to be; being or faring well.

bhavitra bhavitra, am, n., Ved. the world, heaven, the atmosphere; (according to Sāy., Ṛg-veda VII. 35, 9) = bhuvanam antarikṣam udakaṃ vā; [cf. bhā-vitra.]

bhavin bhavin, ī, inī, i, living, being, having life and sensation; (ī), m. a living being.

bhavinin bhavinin, ī, m. a poet; (the reading bhavina is probably incorrect.)

bhavila bhavila, as, ā, am, = bhavya, being, existing, what is or exists; what is to be, future; (as), m. = viṭa, a catamite, voluptuary, sensualist; N. of a man (son of a certain Bhava).

bhaviṣṇu bhaviṣṇu, us, us, u, Ved. = bhūṣṇu, bhavitṛ, being, becoming, disposed or inclined to be, what is or ought to be or to become; to be about to come to pass, future; being or faring well, existing happily or virtuously; (often used at the end of a comp. after an adv. in am, cf. andham-bh-, dūram-bh-, nagnam-bh-, palitam-bh-, priyam-bh-, subha-gam-bh-.)

bhaviṣya bhaviṣya, as, ā, am, to be about to become; to be about to come to pass, future, imminent, impending; (am), n. the future; (scil. purāṇa), N. of a Purāṇa; the fruit of Dillenia Speciosa (= bhava, 2. bhāvana).
     bhaviṣyakāla bhaviṣya-kāla, as, m. the future tense.
     bhaviṣyagaṅgā bhaviṣya-gaṅgā, f., N. of a river.
     bhaviṣyajñāna bha-viṣya-jñāna, am, n. knowledge of futurity.
     bhaviṣyapurāṇa bha-viṣya-purāṇa, am, n., N. of one of the eighteen Purāṇas; [this Purāṇa is supposed to have been communicated by Sumantu to Śatānīka, a king of the Pāṇḍu family; the original is said to have been a revelation of future events by Brahmā; the extant Purāṇa is not so much a book of prophecies, as a manual of religious rites and observances; the commencement however treats of creation and is little else than a transcript of Manu.]
     bhaviṣyottara bhaviṣyot-tara (-ya-ut-), or bhaviṣyottara-purāṇa, am, n., N. of the second part of the Bhavishya-Purāṇa, (like that Purāṇa it is a sort of manual of religious observances.)

bhaviṣyat bhaviṣyat, an, atī or antī, at, about to be or become, about to come to pass, future; (at), n. futurity, the future, future time.
     bhaviṣyatkāla bhaviṣyat-kāla, as, m. future time, futurity.
     bhaviṣyattā bhaviṣyat-tā, f. or bha-viṣyat-tva, am, n. the being about to come to pass, futurity.
     bhaviṣyadākṣepa bhaviṣyad-ākṣepa, as, m. denying that a possible future event will come to pass.
     bhaviṣyadvaktṛ bhaviṣyad-vaktṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, or bhaviṣyad-vādin, ī, inī, i, predicting future events, prophecying.

bhavītva bhavītva, as, ā, am, Ved. future.

bhavīyas bhavīyas. See below.

bhavya bhavya, as, ā, am, being, existing, being present; to be become, (sometimes used impersonally, e. g. bhavyam anena, it is to be become by him); to be about to be or become; to be about to come to pass, future (= bhāvin); likely to be or occur, on the point of becoming [cf. dhenum-bhavyā]; what ought to be, suitable, proper, fit, right (= yogya); good, excellent; showy in appearance, handsome, beautiful, nice, pleasant; happy, auspicious, prosperous, fortunate; calm, placid, tranquil in mind; true; (as), m., N. of a small fruit tree commonly called Kāmaraṅga, Averrhoa Carambola; of a son of Dhruva or the pole-star; of a son of Priya-vrata; of a Buddhist teacher; (ās), m. pl. a particular class of gods under Manu Cākṣuṣa; (ā), f. an epithet of Umā (Pārvatī); = kari-pippalī; a sort of pepper, Piper Chaba, (a wrong form for cavyā); (am), n. that which is or exists (= yad bhavati); being, existence, the being present; future time (e. g. bha-vad-bhūta-bhavye, in the present, past, and future); result, fruit; the fruit of the Averrhoa Carambola; the fruit of the Dillenia Indica; a bone; (as, am), m. n. a division of the poetical Rasas or sentiments.
     bhavyajīvana bhavya-jīvana, as, m., N. of the author of the Niryukti-bhāṣya, a Gujarāṭhī commentary on certain Jaina doctrines.
     bhavyatā bhavya-tā, f. suitableness, goodness, excellence, beauty; futurity.
     bhavyarūpa bhavya-rūpa, as, ā, am, 'of a good figure or form', good.

bhavipulā bha-vipulā. See under 3. bha.

bhavīyas bhavīyas, ān, asī, as, Ved. (probably a compar. form fr. bhūri), more aboundant, more plentiful.

bhaśirā bhaśirā, f. a sort of beet, Beta Bengalensis.

bhaṣ bhaṣ, cl. 1. P. (in epic poetry also A.) bhaṣati (-te), babhāṣa, bhaṣi-tum, to bark, growl; to bark at, rail against, reproach, revile (with acc.).

bhaṣa bhaṣa, as, ī, am, barking, yelping; chiding, Ved.; (as), m. a dog; (ī), f. a bitch; (ā), f., N. of a particular species of plant (= svarṇa-kṣīrī).

bhaṣaka bhaṣaka, as, m. a barker, a dog.

bhaṣaṇa bhaṣaṇa, as, m. a barker, a dog; (am), n. the act of barking, the barking of a dog.

bhaṣat 1. bhaṣat, an, antī, at, barking, howling.

bhaṣat 2. bhaṣat (?), m. the heart; the thigh; wood.

bhas 1. bhas, cl. 3. P. babhasti (pl. bap-sati, Impv. 3rd du. babdhām, Pāṇ. VI. 4, 100), bhasitum, Ved. to chew, chew asunder; to eat, eat up, devour, consume [cf. rt. 1. psā]; to crush; (according to the Dhātu-pāṭha) to blame or abuse [cf. rt. bharts]; to shine [cf. rts. 1. bhā, bhās].

bhas 2. bhas, as, n., Ved. ashes.

bhasad bhasad, d, m. the hinder parts [cf. bhāsada]; pudendum muliebre; mons Veneris; the sun; a month; time [cf. bhasanta, bhāsanta]; a sort of duck; a float, raft.

bhasadya bhasadya, as, ā, am, being or situated on the hinder parts.

bhasana bhasana, as, m. a bee; (also bhasala ?.)

bhasanta bhasanta, as, m. time; [cf. bhasad and bha-vanta.]

bhasita bhasita, as, ā, am, reduced to ashes; (am), n. ashes.

bhastrakā bhastrakā, f. a diminutive fr. bhastrā below; [cf. bhastrākā, bhastrikā.]

bhastrā bhastrā, f. a bellows or a large hide with valves and a clay nozzle so used; a leathern bottle or vessel (used for carrying or holding water); a skin, pouch, leathern bag [cf. mātrā-bh-]; a particular manner of recitation; [cf. bhāstrāyaṇa.]
     bhastrāphala bhastrā-phala, f. a species of plant; (also written bhastra-phalā.)
     bhastrāvat bhastrā-vat, ān, atī, at, furnished with a bellows or sack.

bhastrākā bhastrākā, f. a diminutive fr. bhastrā above; [cf. bhastrakā.]

bhastrika bhastrika, as, ī, am, (according to Pāṇ. IV. 4, 16) = bhastrayā harati; (ā), f. (diminutive fr. bhastrā), a little bag.

bhastrī bhastrī, f. = bhastrā above.

bhastrīya bhastrīya, as, ā, am, relating to a bellows or leathern bag.

bhasmaka bhasmaka, as, ā, am, in bhasmakāgni = bhas-māgni, q. v.; (am), n. a disease of the eyes (thickening of the membrane with indistinctness of vision); morbid appetite from over-digestion of food [cf. bhasmāgni]; gold or silver; a species of plant (= viḍaṅga).

bhasman bhasman, ā, ā, a, chewing, consuming, Ved.; (a), n. 'what is crushed or consumed by fire', what is reduced to ashes, ashes; [cf. bhāsmana.]
     bhasmakāra bhasma-kāra, as, m. 'making ashes', i. e. using the ashes of wood in place of soap or lye, a washerman.
     bhasmakūṭa bhasma-kūṭa, as, m. a heap of ashes; N. of a mountain in Kāma-rūpa; [cf. bhasmācala.]
     bhasmakṛta bhas-ma-kṛta, as, ā, am, see bhasmī-kṛta.
     bhasmakaumudī bhasma-kaumudī, f., N. of a work by Prāṇa-kṛṣṇa on quicksilver and other metals.
     bhasmagandhā bhasma-gandhā or bhasma-gandhikā or bhasma-gandhinī, f. 'having the smell of ashes', a kind of perfume (= reṇukā).
     bhasmagarbha bhasma-garbha, am, n. the tree Dalbergia Ougeinensis, = tiniśa; (ā), f. a species of plant (= kapilā); a kind of perfume (= reṇukā).
     bhasmaguṇṭhana bhasma-guṇṭhana, am, n. the act of covering with ashes.
     bhasmacaya bhasma-caya, as, m. a heap of ashes, an ash-heap.
     bhasmacchanna bhasma-cchanna, as, ā, am, covered with ashes.
     bhasmajābāla bhasma-jābāla, N. of an Upaniṣad.
     bhasmatā bhasma-tā, f. the state or condition of ashes; (bhasmatāṃ yā, to go to ashes, become ashes.)
     bhasmatūla bhasma-tūla, am, n. frost, snow; a shower of dust (= pāṃsu-varṣa); a number of villages.
     bhasmanihuta bhasmani-huta, as, ā, am, 'one who has sacrificed in ashes', i. e. done a useless work.
     bhasmapuñja bhasma-puñja, as, m. a heap of ashes, quantity or collection of ashes.
     bhasmapriya bhas-ma-priya, as, m. 'friend of ashes', an epithet of Śiva.
     bhasmabhūta bhasma-bhūta, as, ā, am, become ashes, changed into ashes, dead.
     bhasmameha bhasma-meha, as, m. a particular disease of the bladder, a sort of gravel.
     bhasmarājī bhasma-rājī, f., Ved. a row of ashes, line or stripe of ashes.
     bhasmarāśīkṛ bhasma-rāśī-kṛ, cl. 8. P. A. -karoti, -kurute, -kartum, to turn into a heap of ashes.
     bhasmarāśīkṛta bhasmarāśī-kṛta, as, ā, am, turned or changed into a heap of ashes.
     bhasmareṇu bhasma-reṇu, us, m. the dust of ashes.
     bhasmaroga bhasma-roga, as, m. a particular disease, a kind of bulimy; [cf. bhas-māgni.]
     bhasmarogin bhasma-rogin, ī, iṇī, i, afflicted with the disease called bulimy.
     bhasmarohā bhasma-rohā, f. 'growing on ashes', a species of plant (= dagdhā, dag-dha-ruhā).
     bhasmalepana bhasma-lepana, am, n. the act of smearing with ashes.
     bhasmavidhi bhasma-vidhi, is, m. any rite or ceremony performed with ashes.
     bhasmavedhaka bhasma-vedhaka, as, m. camphor.
     bhasmaśayyāśayāna bhasma-śayyā-śa-yāna, as, m. 'lying on a couch of ashes', an epithet of Śiva.
     bhasmaśāyin bhasma-śāyin, ī, m. 'lying on ashes', an epithet of Śiva.
     bhasmaśuddhikara bhasma-śuddhi-kara, as, m. 'performing purification with ashes', an epithet of Śiva.
     bhasmasāt bhasma-sāt, ind. to the state of ashes, completely into ashes; (with rt. kṛ or , to reduce to ashes; with rt. gam or or as or bhū, to go to the state of ashes, become ashes, be reduced to ashes.)
     bhasmasnāna bhasma-snāna, am, n. purification by ashes.
     bhasmākṛ bhasmā-kṛ, cl. 8. P. A. -karoti, -kurute, -kartum, to reduce to ashes.
     bhasmākhya bhasmākhya (-ma-ākh-), as, ā, am, called ashes, nothing but ashes.
     bhasmāgni bhasmāgni (-ma-ag-), is, m., N. of a disease in which the food is over-digested or as it were reduced to ashes, a kind of bulimy (?).
     bhasmācala bhasmā-cala (-ma-ac-), as, m., N. of a mountain in Kāma-rūpa; [cf. bhasma-kūṭa.]
     bhasmānta bhasmānta (-ma-an-), as, ā, am, Ved. ending in ashes, finishing with ashes (said of the body when burnt on the funeral pyre); bhasmānte, Ved. in the neighbourhood of ashes.
     bhasmānti bhasmānti, ind. (= bhasma-sa-mīpe), near ashes, in the neighbourhood of ashes.
     bhasmāpas bhasmāpas (-ma-āp-), f. pl. water with ashes.
     bhasmāvṛtāṅga bhasmāvṛtāṅga (-ma-āv-, -ta-aṅ-), as, ā, am, having the body covered with ashes.
     bhasmāhvaya bhas-māhvaya (-ma-āh-), as, m. camphor.
     bhasmīkaraṇa bhasmī-karaṇa, am, n. the act of reducing to ashes; completely consuming or burning; calcining.
     bhasmīkṛ bhasmī-kṛ, cl. 8. P. A. -karoti, -kurute, -kartum, to make into ashes, reduce to ashes.
     bhasmīkṛta bhasmī-kṛta, as, ā, am, reduced to ashes; calcined (as a metal).
     bhasmīkṛtya bhas-mī-kṛtya, ind. having reduced to ashes.
     bhasmībhāva bhasmī-bhāva, as, m. the state or condition of becoming ashes.
     bhasmībhū bhasmī-bhū, cl. 1. P. -bhavati, -bhavitum, to become ashes.
     bhasmībhūta bhasmī-bhūta, as, ā, am, become ashes, reduced to ashes, being mere ashes, being wholly worthless.
     bhasmoddhūlitavigraha bhasmoddhūlita-vigraha (-ma-ud-), as, m. 'whose body is strewed over with ashes', an epithet of Śiva.
     bhasmodvapana bhasmodvapana (-ma-ud-), am, n., Ved. the act of pouring or shaking out ashes.

bhasad bhasad, bhasana, &c. See col. 2.

bhastrā bhastrā, bhastrika, &c. See col. 2.

bhasman bhasman, &c. See col. 2.

bhā 1. bhā [cf. rts. 1. bhas, bhāṣ, bhās], cl. 2. P. bhāti, babhau, bhāsyati, abhāsīt, bhāyāt, bhātum, to shine, be bright or luminous, to be splendid or beautiful; to be conspicuous or eminent; to appear, seem; to show one's self, manifest any feeling; to be, exist: Pass. bhāyate: Caus. bhāpayati, -yitum, Aor. abībhapat, to cause to shine or appear: Desid. bibhāsati: Intens. bābhā-yate, bābheti, bābhāti; [cf. Zend bā-nu, 'a ray;' bā-ma, 'brightness:' Gr. [greek] [greek] [greek] (Homeric), 'he appeared;' [greek] [greek] [greek] Lat. fā-rī, fā-ma, fā-tu-m, fā-s, fā-bu-la, fa-t-eo-r, fa-c-s, fa-c-ie-s, fac-e-tu-s, fav-illa, focus, februus (fr. the Caus.): Slav. o-ba-v-a-ti, 'incantare;' ba-s-ni, 'a tale.']

bhā 2. bhā, bhās, f. [cf. 4. bha], light, brightness, splendor (Ved., cf. 2. bhās); lustre, beauty; the reflection of any object, shadow; (ās), m. the sun.
     bhāṛjīka bhā-ṛjīka, as, ā, am, Ved. light-shedding, radiating, radiant (Sāy. = prakāśasya prārjayitṛ, said of Agni).
     bhākūṭa bhā-kūṭa, as, m. 'having a point or peak of light', a species of fish, (also bhā-kuṭa); N. of a mountain (apparently the part of the Himālaya called Bhākūr).
     bhākośa bhā-kośa, as, m. 'repository of light', the sun.
     bhāgaṇa bhā-gaṇa, as, m. the whole collection of stars or constellations, (for bha-gaṇa.)
     bhātvakṣas bhā-tvakṣas, ās, ās, as, Ved. producing light.
     bhānikara bhā-nikara, as,  m. a multitude of rays, a mass of light.
     bhānemi bhā-nemi, is, m. 'a circle of light or rays', the sun.
     bhānda bhān-da, am, n. 'giving light', N. of an Upa-Purāṇa.
     bhāmaṇḍala bhā-maṇḍala, am, n. a circle of light, crown or diadem of light, garland of rays.
     bhāmatī bhāmatī, f. (fr. bhā-mat), or bhāmatī-ni-bandha, as, m., N. of a commentary by Vācaspatimiśra on Śaṅkarācārya's commentary on the Brahmasūtras.
     bhāmatīkāra bhāmatī-kāra, as, m., N. of Vācaspatimiśra, the author of the Bhāmatī as well as of several other treatises on the different systems of philosophy.
     bhāmatīnibandha bhāmatī-nibandha = bhāmatī, q. v.
     bhāruci bhā-ruci, is, m., N. of an author mentioned in the Mitākṣarā to whom a commentary on Yājñavalkya's Dharma-śāstra is ascribed.
     bhārūpa bhā-rūpa, as, ā, am, (perhaps fr. bhās + rūpa), Ved. light, shining, bright, splendid.
     bhāvana 1. bhā-vana, am, n. (for 2. bhā-vana see p. 708, col. 1), a forest of light, sea of glory, a mass of rays.
     bhāsarvajña bhā-sarva-jña, as, m., N. of an author.

bhāt bhāt, bhān, bhāntī or bhātī, bhāt, shining, splendid.

bhāta bhāta, as, ā, am, shining, bright, splendid, resplendent; (as), m. dawn, morning.

bhāti bhāti, is, f. light, brightness, splendor; the being clear or evident, perception, knowledge (= pra-tīti).

bhātu bhātu, us, m. the sun; [cf. bhānu.]

bhāna bhāna, am, n. the act of appearing or growing visible, appearance; being clear or evident, perception.
     bhānatas bhāna-tas, ind. in consequence of the appearance.
     bhānavat bhāna-vat, ān, atī, at, having the appearance.

bhānavīya bhānavīya, as, ī, am (fr. bhānu), Ved. coming from the sun (as rays); (am), n. the right eye.

bhānu bhānu, us, m. appearance, brightness, light [cf. ahi-bh-]; a ray of light; the sun; beauty; N. of an Āditya; day; a sovereign, king, prince, master; N. of Śiva (= hara); of a Deva-gandharva; of a son of Kṛṣṇa; of a Yādava; of the father of the fifteenth Arhat of the present Ava-sarpiṇī; of a prince (son of Prati-vyoma); of a son of Viśvadhara and brother of Hari-nātha; of a pupil of Śaṅkarācārya; of an author; (avas), m. pl. the Ādityas (children of Bhānu); the gods of the third Manv-antara; (us), f. = bhānu-matī, a handsome woman; N. of a daughter of Daksha (wife of Dharma or Manu and mother of Bhānu or Āditya); of the mother of Devarshabha; of a daughter of Kṛṣṇa; of the mother of the Dānava Śakuni.
     bhānukesara bhānu-kesara or bhānu-keśara, as, m. the sun.
     bhānuja bhānu-ja, as, m. 'son of the Sun', the planet Saturn.
     bhānujīdīkṣita bhānujī-dīkṣita, as, m., N. of a son of Bhaṭṭoji-dīkṣita.
     bhānudatta bhānu-datta, as, m., N. of a man; of the author of the Rasa-taraṅgiṇī; of the author of the Rasa-mañjarī.
     bhānudina bhānu-dina, am, n. Sunday; [cf. bhānu-vāra.]
     bhānudīkṣita bhānu-dīkṣita, as, m., N. of a commentator on the Amara-kośa.
     bhānudeva bhānu-deva, as, m., N. of a king.
     bhānupaṇḍita bhānu-paṇḍita, as, m., N. of a poet with the epithet Śrīvaidya.
     bhānuphalā bhānu-phalā, f. the plant Musa Sapientum; [cf. aṃśumat-phalā.]
     bhānubhaṭṭa bhānu-bhaṭṭa, as, m., N. of the preceptor of Nārāyaṇa-dāsa.
     bhānumat bhānu-mat, ān, atī, at, luminous, splendid, resplendent; beautiful, handsome; containing the word bhānu; (ān), m. the sun; N. of a man with the patronymic Aupamanyava; of a warrior on the side of the Kurus, (according to the commentator) a son of Kaliṅga; of a son of Kuśa-dhuaja (or Keśi-dhvaja); of Bṛhad-aśva [cf. bhānu-ratha]; of Bharga; of a son of Kṛṣṇa; (matī), f., N. of a daughter of Aṅgiras; of a daughter of Kṛta-vīrya (wife of Ahaṃyāti); of a daughter of the Yādava Bhānu; of a daughter of Vikramāditya; of the mother of Śaṅkara (who wrote a commentary on the Śakuntalā).
     bhānumatin bhā-numatin, ī, m. (fr. bhānu-mat or bhānu + mati), Ved., N. of a man.
     bhānumaya bhānu-maya, as, ī, am, consisting of rays.
     bhānumitra bhānu-mitra, as, m., N. of a king, a son of Candra-giri [cf. bhānu-ratha]; of a son of Udaya-siṃha.
     bhānuratha bhānu-ratha, as, m., N. of a king, a son of Candra-giri, (also written bhānū-ratha); N. of a son of Bṛhad-aśva; [cf. bhānu-mat.]
     bhānuvana bhānu-vana, am, n. 'wood of the sun', N. of a wood; (also read bhārga-vana.)
     bhānuvarman bhānu-varman, ā, m., N. of a man.
     bhānuvāra bhānu-vāra, as, m. 'day of the sun', Sunday; [cf. bhānu-dina.]
     bhānusena bhānu-sena, as, m., N. of a man.

bhānula bhānula, as, m. a diminutive from Bhānu-datta (used by way of endearment).

bhāma 1. bhāma, as, m. (for 2. see rt. bhām, p. 706), light, brightness, splendor; the sun.
     bhāmanī bhāma-nī, īs, īs, i, Ved. 'bearing light', an epithet of Puruṣa.

bhāmin 1. bhāmin, ī, inī, i (fr. 1. bhāma; for 2. see under rt. bhām), shining, glittering, beautiful, handsome; proud; (inī), f. a handsome woman; N. of the daughter of a Gandharva.
     bhāminīvilāsa bhāminī-vilāsa, as, m., N. of a poem by Jagan-nātha in four chapters, (the first book contains allegorical precepts, the second includes amatory subjects, the third an elegy [karuṇa] on the death of a wife, the fourth teaches that consolation is only to be obtained by adoration of Kṛṣṇa.)

bhāṃśa bhāṃśa. See under 4. bha, p. 694.

bhāḥkara bhāḥ-kara, bhāḥ-karaṇa. See bhās-kara, &c., p. 709, col. 2.

bhāḥkhara bhāḥ-khara, bhāḥ-pati, bhāḥ-pheru, = bhās-khara, &c., see Vopa-deva II. 45.

bhākuṭa bhā-kuṭa, bhā-kūṭa, bhā-kośa. See under 2. bhā, col. 1.

bhākuri bhākuri, a patronymic. See bhe-kuri, p. 721, col. 1.

bhākta 1. bhākta, as, ī, am (fr. bhakta), regularly fed by another; a dependent, retainer; fit for food.

bhākta 2. bhākta, as, ī, am (fr. bhakti), inferior, secondary, (opposed to mukhya); (ās), m. pl. 'the faithful ones, the pious ones', N. of a Vaiṣṇava sect; of a Śaiva sect.

bhāktika bhāktika, as, ī, am, = 1. bhākta, regularly fed by another; (as), m. one who is fed by another, a dependent, retainer.

bhākṣa bhākṣa. See p. 695, col. 1.

bhākṣālaka bhākṣālaka, relating to or coming from the place Bhakṣālī.

bhāga 1. bhāga, as, m. (fr. rt. bhaj), a part, portion, share, lot, division, allotment, partition, distribution [cf. dāya-bh-]; portioning out; good portion, fortunate lot, good fortune, luck, destiny (Ved.); a fraction, part of any whole, a part of a whole (e. g. śata-bh-, the hundredth part); a quarter (in eka-bh-, one fourth; tri-bh-, three fourth); part of anything given as interest; the numerator of a fraction; a division of time, the thirtieth part of a Rāśi or zodiacal sign; a degree or 360th part of the circumference of a great circle; a quotient; a half rupee; place, spot, region, side, border; N. of a king, (also bhāgavata); N. of one of the branches of the river Candra-bhāgā, q. v.; (as, ā, am), taking the place of any one, representing, (at the end of adj. comps., cf. bhājana); (am), n., N. of a particular Sāman.
     bhāgakalpanā bhāga-kalpanā, f. the allotment of shares.
     bhāgajāti bhāga-jāti, is, f. assimilation of fractions, reduction of fractions to a common denominator; [cf. aṃśa-savarṇana.]
     bhāgajāticatuṣṭaya bhāgajāti-catuṣṭaya, am, n. four modes of assimilation of fractions or of reducing them to a common denominator.
     bhāgañjaya bhā-gañ-jaya, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhāgadā bhāga-dā, ās, ās, am, Ved. granting or giving a share.
     bhāgadugha bhāga-dugha, as, ā, am, Ved. yielding or dealing out portions, distributing.
     bhāgadha bhāga-dha, as, ā, am, Ved. paying a share, discharging or paying what is due.
     bhāgadheya bhāga-dheya, am, n. share, portion, part, lot, portion allotted by destiny, luck, fortune, fate, destiny; property; happiness; (as), m. revenue, tax, dues, impost; one to whom a share is due, an heir, co-heir; (as, ī, am), Ved. due as a share or part.
     bhāgabhāj bhāga-bhāj, k, k, k, having a share in (anything), interested, a partner.
     bhāgabhuj bhāga-bhuj, k, m. 'enjoying taxes', a king, sovereign.
     bhāgamātṛ bhāga-mātṛ, tā, f. a particular rule of division.
     bhāgamukha bhāga-mukha, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhāgalakṣaṇā bhāga-lakṣaṇā, f. (in rhetoric) insinuation or intimation of a part.
     bhāgavijñeya bhā-ga-vijñeya, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhāgavṛtti bhāga-vṛtti, is, f., N. of a work.
     bhāgavṛttikāra bhāgavṛtti-kāra, as, m., N. of an author mentioned in the Prauḍha-mano-ramā.
     bhāgaśas bhāga-śas, ind. in parts or portions, according to a share or portion; one part after another, by turns, alternately; by and by.
     bhāgahara bhāga-hara, as, ā, am, taking a part, sharing; (as), m. a co-heir; (in arithmetic) division.
     bhāgahāra bhāga-hāra, as, m. (in arithmetic) division; [cf. bhājana, chedana.]
     bhāgahārin bhāga-hārin, ī, iṇī, i, inheriting; (ī), m. an heir.
     bhāgānubandhajāti bhāgānubandha-jāti (-ga-an-), is, f. assimilation of quantities by fractional increase; reduction of quantities to uniformity by the addition of a fraction.
     bhāgāpahārajāti bhāgāpahāra-jāti (-ga-ap-), is, f. assimilation of quantities by fractional decrease, reduction of quantities to uniformity by the subtraction of a fraction.
     bhāgārthin bhāgārthin (-ga-ar-), ī, inī, i, desirous of a share (as of a sacrifice).
     bhāgārha bhāgārha (-ga-ar-), as, ā, am, entitled to a portion or inheritance; to be divided according to shares.
     bhāgāsura bhāgāsura (-ga-as-), as, m., N. of an Asura.
     bhāgīkṛ bhāgī-kṛ, cl. 8. P. A. -karoti, -kurute, -kartum, to divide, share.

bhāga 2. bhāga, as, ī, am, Ved. relating to Bhaga (as a hymn).

bhāgaka bhāgaka, as, ā, am, (at the end of an adj. comp.) = 1. bhāga, q. v., sharing, dividing; (as), m. (?), a divisor (in arithmetic).

bhāgana bhāgana, am, n. (? for bhā-gaṇa, col. 1), the period of the sun's passing through the signs of the zodiac; the zodiac; the circumference of a great circle.

bhāgavata bhāgavata, as, ī, am (fr. bhaga-vat), relating to or coming from Bhaga-vat, i. e. Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa; worshipping Bhaga-vat; holy, sacred, divine; (as), m. a follower of Bhaga-vat, worshipper of Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa; N. of a king.
     bhāgavatatātparya bhāgavata-tātparya, am, n., N. of a work by Ānanda-tīrtha or Madhu.
     bhāgavatapurāṇa bhāgavata-purāṇa, am, n., N. of the most celebrated and popular of the eighteen Purāṇas, especially dedicated to the glorification of Viṣṇu, (it was narrated by Śuka, son of Vyāsa, to king Parīkṣit, grandson of Arjuna, who in consequence of a hermit's curse had been bitten by as snake, and desired to die with his thoughts fixed on Viṣṇu; the tenth book, which is the most characteristic and best known part of the Purāṇa, is devoted to the history of Kṛṣṇa.)
     bhāgavatabhāvārthadīpikā bhāgavata-bhāvārtha-dī-pikā (-va-ar-), f., N. of a commentary by Śrīdhara on the Bhāgavata-Purāṇa.
     bhāgavatalīlārahasya bhāgavata-līlā-rahasya, am, n., N. of a work.
     bhāgavatasandarbha bhāgavata-san-darbha, as, m., N. of a work.
     bhāgavatasārasamuccaya bhāgavata-sāra-samuccaya, as, m. (perhaps) N. of a collection of the works of Vallabha.
     bhāgavatāmṛta bhāgavatāmṛta (-ta-am-), am, n., N. of a work.

bhāgavati bhāgavati, is, m. (probably) a patronymic from Bhaga-vat.

bhāgavitta bhāgavitta, ās, m. pl. the pupils or followers of Bhāgavittika.

bhāgavittāyana bhāgavittāyana, as, m. a patronymic from Bhāgavitti.

bhāgavitti bhāgavitti, is, m., Ved. a patronymic from Bhagavitta; N. of a son of Kuthumi.

bhāgavittika bhāgavittika, as, m. a patronymic from Bhāgavitti.

bhāgavittikīya bhāgavittikīya, as, ā, am, relating to or coming from Bhāgavittika.

bhāgika bhāgika, as, ā, am, relating to a part; forming one part; having a part; fractional; bearing interest, subject to a fractional deduction for interest, (bhāgi-kaṃ śatam, one part in a hundred, i. e. one per cent; bhāgikā viṃśatiḥ, one part in twenty, i. e. five per cent); (as), m., N. of a man.

bhāgin bhāgin, ī, inī, i, having a portion or share, sharing, one who shares, a partner; sharing in, partaking of, participating in [cf. duḥkha-bh-]; concerned in, (apacaya-bhāgin, concerned in a loss); one to whom a share is due, entitled to; possessing, a possessor, owner; consisting of parts or shares; having a good portion, having luck, lucky, fortunate; (ī), m. a co-heir; (inī), f. a co-heiress.

bhāgineya bhāgineya, as, m. (fr. bhaginī), a sister'son; (ī), f. a sister's daughter.

bhāgīyas bhāgīyas, ān, asī, as (compar. of bhāgin), having a larger share, entitled to a larger share.

bhāgīratha bhāgīratha, as, ī, am (fr. bhagīratha), relating to Bhagīratha; (ī), f. a N. of the Ganges; also of one of the three main streams or branches of the Ganges, viz. the great western branch; [cf. nava-dvīpa.]
     bhāgīrathatīrtha bhāgīratha-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a place of pilgrimage.

bhāgya 1. bhāgya, as, ā, am, (fr. bhaga), relating to Bhaga; (with yuga) the twelfth or last lustrum in Jupiter's cycle of sixty years; (am), n., scil. bha or nakṣatra, the asterism of Bhaga or = the seventeenth asterism or latter Phalgunī (see nakṣatra).

bhāgya 2. bhāgya, as, ā, am (fr. bhāga or fr. rt. bhaj), to be shared, to be divided, divisible (= bhajya); entitled to a share; = bhāgika, forming a part, subject to a fractional deduction (e. g. bhāgyaṃ śatam, one for a hundred, one in a hundred, one per cent); lucky, fortunate [cf. nir-bh-]; (am or āni), n. sing. or plur. good or bad fortune (resulting from merit or demerit in former existences); lot, luck, fate, destiny, fortune; happiness, welfare; sensual pleasure (?); (ena), ind. by good fortune, fortunately, happily.
     bhāgyakrameṇa bhāgya-krameṇa, ind. in course of fortune.
     bhāgyabhāva bhāgya-bhāva, as, m. state of fortune.
     bhāgyavat bhā-gya-vat, ān, atī, at, having good qualities, possessing good fortune, fortunate; happy, prosperous.
     bhāgyavattā bhāgyavat-tā, f. fortunateness, good fortune.
     bhāgyavaśāt bhāgya-vaśāt, ind. from the force or influence of destiny, through the will of fate, through fortune.
     bhāgyavṛtti bhāgya-vṛtti, is, f. course or state of fortune, destiny.
     bhāgyodaya bhāgyodaya (-ya-ud-), as, m. rise or dawn of fortune, commencement of good fortune, rising prosperity.

bhāj bhāj, k, k, k, (usually at the end of comps.) sharing, a sharer; sharing in, participating in, partaking of; entitled to; possessing, a possessor, obtaining, having, enjoying [cf. riktha-bh-, mokṣa-bh-, svapna-bh-]; perceiving, feeling, being sensible of, devoting one's self to; forming a part of, belonging to (Ved.); joined or connected with; occupying (as a seat, place), inhabiting, living in, dwelling in or on [cf. viṣṭara-bh-, harmya-bh-, yamunā-bh-]; seeking, resorting to, going to, (aṅka-bhāj, going to the side or to close proximity, close at hand, soon to be accomplished); flowing to; revering, worshipping (e. g. ananya-bhāj, worshipping no other); honouring [cf. labdha-varṇa-bh-]; falling to the share or lot of; what is due, duty, concern, business, (Bhaṭṭi-k. III. 21 = kartavya.)

bhājaka bhājaka, as, m. (fr. Caus. of rt. bhaj), dividing; (in arithmetic) a divisor.

bhājana bhājana, am, n. (fr. the Caus.), the act of sharing, dividing; (in arithmetic) division; a vessel, cup, pot, dish, plate, (often found at the end of a comp., e. g. jala-bh-, pāna-bh-); a particular measure = an Āḍhaka = 64 Palas; a vessel (metaphorically), a receptacle for anything, repository, recipient, a place or person in which anything is collected or in whom any quality is conspicuous [cf. prīti-viśrambha-bh-]; a fit person in general, a deseruing person, clever or capable person [cf. pātra]; the act of representing or taking the place of, representation; (at the end of comps.) a representative, deputy, anything which serves for or is equivalent to (Ved.); bhājanena, in place of, in lieu of, instead of; (as), m., N. of a man; the patronymic formed from this N., see Gaṇa Gopavanādi to Pāṇ. II. 4, 67; (as, ā, am), sharing, participating in, entitled to (at the end of comps.); relating to, belonging to (at the end of comps., Ved.).
     bhājanatā bhājana-tā, f. or bhājana-tva, am, n. the state of being a vessel or receptacle for anything, the possessing (of any quality &c.), the being a (fit) vessel, fitness, worthiness, the being worthy of or entitled to; a fit object.
     bhājanavat bhājana-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. a word used in Nirukta IV. 10, XI. 19, XII. 17, to explain the word bhadra.
     bhājanībhūta bhājanī-bhūta, as, ā, am, having become a vessel or receptacle for anything, i. e. having become a participator in or possessor of.

bhājayu bhājayu, us, us, u, Ved. communicating, sharing with others, generous, liberal.

bhājita bhājita, as, ā, am, shared, divided, distributed, apportioned, allotted, portioned; (am), n. a share, portion.

bhājin bhājin, ī, inī, i, (at the end of comps.) sharing, participating in; connected with.

bhājī bhājī, f. rice gruel (= śrāṇā).

bhājya bhājya, as, ā, am, to be divided, divisible, to be portioned or distributed; (am), n. a portion, share; an inheritance; (in arithmetic) the dividend.

bhāgala bhāgala, as, m. a patronymic from Bhagala.

bhāgalaka bhāgalaka, as, ī, am, relating to or coming from Bhagala.

bhāgali bhāgali, is, m. a patronymic from Bhagala; N. of a preceptor.

bhāgaleya bhāgaleya, as, m. a patronymic from Bhāgali.

bhāgīratha bhāgīratha. See col. 1.

bhāṅkāra bhāṅ-kāra, perhaps = jhaṅ-kāra, q. v.; [cf. bherī-bh-.]

bhāṅga bhāṅga, as, ī, am (fr. bhaṅgā, hemp), hempen, of hemp, made or consisting of hemp.

bhāṅgaka bhāṅgaka (fr. bhaṅga, a fracture), a tattered or ragged cloth.

bhāṅgāsuri bhāṅgāsuri, is, m. (fr. bhaṅgāsura), a patronymic of Ṛtu-parṇa.
     bhāṅgāsurinṛpājñā bhāṅgāsuri-nṛpājñā (-pa-āj-), f. the command of king Bhāṅgāsuri.

bhāṅgīna bhāṅgīna, as, ī, am (fr. bhaṅgā), bearing or growing hemp; (am), n., scil. kṣetra, a field of hemp.

bhāṅgila bhāṅgila, N. of a place.

bhāṅgileya bhāṅgileya, as, m., N. of a man; (as, ī, am), coming from Bhāṅgila (?).

bhāj bhāj, bhājana, &c. See col. 1.

bhājak bhājak, ind. quickly, swiftly; (probably incorrectly for tājak.)

bhāṭa bhāṭa (fr. rt. bhaṭ), wages, hire, rent.

bhāṭaka bhāṭaka, as, m. price paid for anything, wages, hire, rent.

bhāṭi bhāṭi, is, f. wages, hire, fee; earnings of prostitutes.

bhāṭṭa bhāṭṭa, as, m. a follower of Bhaṭṭa (i. e. Kumārila-bhaṭṭa); (ās), m. pl., N. of a people.
     bhāṭṭacintāmaṇi bhāṭṭa-cintā-maṇi, is, m., N. of a commentary by Viśveśvara-bhaṭṭa (better known as Gāgā-bhaṭṭa) on the Mīmāṃsā-sūtra.
     bhāṭṭatantra bhāṭṭa-tantra, am, n., N. of a work.
     bhāṭṭadinakara bhāṭṭa-dinakara, N. of a commentary by Bhaṭṭa Dinakara on the Mīmāṃsā work Śāstra-dīpikā.
     bhāṭṭadīpikā bhāṭṭa-dīpikā, f., N. of a commentary by Khaṇḍa-deva on Jaimini's Mīmāṃsā-sūtra.
     bhāṭṭadīpikāprabhāvalī bhāṭṭadīpikā-prabhāvalī, f., N. of a commentary on the preceding work by Śambhu-bhaṭṭa.
     bhāṭṭabhāṣāprakāśikā bhāṭṭa-bhāṣā-prakāśikā, f. 'explanation of the language of the Bhāṭṭas', an index to the terminology of the Bhāṭṭas by Nārāyaṇa-tīrtha or Nārāyaṇamuni.
     bhāṭṭabhāskara bhāṭṭa-bhāskara, N. of a work by Jīvadeva, being a concise account of the various Mīmāṃsā schools and their doctrines; [cf. bhāṭṭa-dinakara.]
     bhāṭṭarahasya bhāṭṭa-rahasya, am, n. 'the secret or mystic doctrine of the Bhāṭṭas', N. of an elementary Mīmāṃsā disquisition by Khaṇḍa-deva.

bhāḍitāyana bhāḍitāyana, as, m. a patronymic from Bhaḍita.

bhāḍilāyana bhāḍilāyana, as, m. a patronymic from Bhaḍila, q. v.

bhāṇ bhāṇ, Ved. (onomatopoetic) imitation of the noise of breathing or hissing.

bhāṇa bhāṇa, as, m. (fr. rt. bhaṇ, q. v.), N. of a sort of dramatic entertainment (in which one only of the interlocutors appears on the scene, or described as a narrative of some intrigue told either by the hero or a third person).
     bhāṇasthāna bhāṇa-sthāna, am, n., N. of a place.

bhāṇaka bhāṇaka, as, m. a proclaimer, announcer, declarer.

bhāṇikā bhāṇikā, f. a kind of dramatic performance; [cf. bhāṇa above.]

bhāṇḍa bhāṇḍa, as, m. (fr. rt. bhaṇ or bhaṇḍ?), the plant Thespesia Populneoides; (ī), f. (perhaps) = bhaṇḍī, Rubia Munjista [cf. kāka-bh-, kāla-bhāṇ-ḍikā]; (am), n. any vessel, pot, pan, cup, plate, dish, pail, vat, utensil [cf. pāka-bh-, pāna-bh-]; any chest, box, trunk, case [cf. kṣura-bh-]; any implement, tool, instrument; any musical instrument (= vādya-bh-); a pack or bale (of goods or merchandise); horse-trappings, harness; an ornament in general; the stock (of a shopkeeper), goods, wares, merchandise, the capital or principal (of a merchant); the bed of a river, the space between its banks; mimicry, buffoonery, the practice of the Bhaṇḍa or professional jester; (ās), m. pl. wares, merchandise.
     bhāṇḍagopaka bhāṇḍa-gopaka, as, m. the keeper of vessels or utensils (in a Buddhist temple).
     bhāṇḍapati bhāṇḍa-pati, is, m. a possessor of wares, a merchant.
     bhāṇḍapuṭa bhāṇḍa-puṭa, as, m. 'sharpener of instruments, i. e. razors', a barber.
     bhāṇḍapuṣpa bhāṇḍa-puṣpa, as, m. a sort of snake.
     bhāṇḍapratibhāṇḍaka bhāṇḍa-prati-bhāṇḍaka, am, n. 'commodity for commodity', computation of the exchange of goods, barter (in arithmetic).
     bhāṇḍabhajaka bhāṇḍa-bhajaka, as, m. the distributer of vessels or utensils (in a Buddhist temple).
     bhāṇḍabharaka bhāṇḍa-bharaka, as, m. the contents of any vessel.
     bhāṇḍamūlya bhāṇḍa-mūlya, am, n. capital consisting of wares.
     bhāṇḍavādana bhāṇḍa-vādana, am, n. playing on a musical instrument.
     bhāṇḍaśālā bhāṇḍa-śālā, f. a store-house, store-room, magazine.
     bhāṇḍāgāra bhāṇḍā-gāra (-ḍa-āg-), am, n. a store-room, store-house, place where household goods and utensils are kept; a magazine, treasury; a treasure, store.
     bhāṇḍāgārika bhāṇḍāgā-rika, as, m. the overseer of a store-house, storekeeper, keeper of magazine; a steward, treasurer.
     bhāṇḍānusārin bhāṇḍānusārin (-ḍa-an-), ī, iṇī, i, hanging to a pot or vessel.
     bhāṇḍāpura bhāṇḍā-pura, am, n., N. of a city.
     bhāṇḍodara bhāṇḍodara (-ḍa-ud-), am, n. the cavity or interior of a vessel.
     bhāṇḍopapurāṇa bhāṇḍopapurāṇa (-ḍa-up-), am, n., N. of an Upa-Purāṇa.

bhāṇḍaka bhāṇḍaka, as, am, m. n. a small vessel, cup, plate, utensil, box, chest; (ikā), f. an implement, tool, utensil; = bhāṇḍī, see kāla-bh-; (am), n. goods, merchandise.

bhāṇḍāyana bhāṇḍāyana, as, m. a patronymic.

bhāṇḍāyani bhāṇḍāyani, is, m. a patronymic (probably) from Bhāṇḍa.

bhāṇḍāra bhāṇḍāra = bhāṇḍāgāra (of which it is a corrupt or contracted form).
     bhāṇḍāragṛha bhāṇḍāra-gṛha, am, n. a store-house.

bhāṇḍārika bhāṇḍārika, as, m. = bhāṇḍāgārika, q. v.

bhāṇḍārin bhāṇḍārin, ī, m. the keeper of a store-house, steward, treasurer (= bhāṇḍāgārika).

bhāṇḍī bhāṇḍī, a razor-case; [cf. bhāṇḍi-vāha, bhāṇ-ḍila, and kṣura-bhāṇḍa.]
     bhāṇḍivāha bhāṇḍi-vāha, as, m. a barber.
     bhāṇḍiśālā bhāṇḍi-śālā, f. (probably) a barber's shop.

bhāṇḍika bhāṇḍika, as, m. a barber; [cf. bhāṇḍila, bhāṇḍi.]

bhāṇḍijaṅghi bhāṇḍijaṅghi, is, m. a patronymic from Bhaṇḍijaṅgha.

bhāṇḍita bhāṇḍita, ās, m. pl. of bhāṇḍitya below, see Gaṇa Kaṇvādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 111.

bhāṇḍitāyana bhāṇḍitāyana, as, m. a patronymic from Bhaṇḍita; [cf. bhāḍitāyana.]

bhāṇḍitya bhāṇḍitya, as, m. a patronymic from Bhaṇḍita; [cf. bhāṇḍita.]

bhāṇḍinī bhāṇḍinī, f. (fr. bhāṇḍa), a chest, a basket (= mañjūṣā).

bhāṇḍila bhāṇḍila, as, m. a barber.

bhāṇḍilāyana bhāṇḍilāyana, as, m. a patronymic from Bhaṇḍila.

bhāṇḍīra bhāṇḍīra, as, m., N. of a lofty Nyag-rodha tree on the Govardhana in Vṛndā-vana; = vaṭa, the Indian fig-tree [cf. bhaṇḍīra]; N. of a Dānava.
     bhāṇḍīravana bhāṇḍīra-vana, am, n., N. of a forest.
     bhāṇḍīravanavāsin bhāṇ-ḍīravana-vāsin, ī, m. 'dwelling in the Bhāṇḍīra forest', N. of Kṛṣṇa.

bhāti bhāti, bhātu. See p. 704, col. 1.

bhādiga bhādiga, as, m., N. of a man.

bhādra bhādra, as, m. (fr. bhadra), the month Bhādra, = bhādrapada below; (ī), f., scil. tithi, the day of full moon in the month Bhādra.

bhādradārava bhādradārava, as, ī, am, relating to or coming from Bhadra-dāru, q. v.

bhādrapada bhādrapada, as, m. (fr. bhadra-padā), the month Bhādra (a rainy month corresponding to a period in our calendar from about the middle of August to the middle of September); (ā), f. (also e, du., ās, pl.), = bhadra-padā, a name common to the third and fourth lunar asterisms or Nakshatras [cf. nakṣatra]; (ī), f. the day of full moon in the month Bhādrapada.

bhādramātura bhādramātura, as, m. (fr. bhadra-mātṛ), the son of a virtuous or handsome mother.

bhādramauñja bhādramauñja, as, ī, am, Ved. made from Bhadra (a kind of Cyperus grass) and Muñja.

bhādravarmaṇa bhādravarmaṇa, as, m. a patronymic from Bhadra-varman.

bhādraśarmi bhādraśarmi, is, m. a patronymic from Bhadraśarman.

bhādrasāma bhādrasāma, as, m. a patronymic from Bhadrasāman.

bhāna bhāna, bhānu, &c. See p. 704, col. 1.

bhānta bhānta, as, ā, am, Ved. perhaps a participle of rt. bhām below; (according to Mahīdhara) = vajra-rūpa, having the shape of a thunderbolt, or = candra, the moon.

bhānda bhān-da, am, n., N. of an Upa-Purāṇa (see under 2. bhā, p. 704, col. 1).

bhām bhām, cl. 1. A. bhāmate, babhāme, &c., or (by Dhātu-pāṭha XXXV. 20) cl. 10. P. bhāmayati, &c., Ved. to be angry or wrathful; to be impatient: Intens. bābhāmyate, to be very angry.

bhāma 2. bhāma, as, m. (for 1. see p. 704, col. 2; for 3. see below), passion, wrath, fury, anger; (ā), f. a passionate woman; = satya-bhāmā, one of the wives of Kṛṣṇa.

bhāmita bhāmita, as, ā, am, Ved. enraged, angry.

bhāmin 2. bhāmin, ī, inī, i (for 1. see p. 704, col. 2), passionate, angry; (inī), f. an angry or passionate woman, vixen, (often used as a term of endearment, in the same sense as māninī.)

bhāma 3. bhāma or bhāmaka, as, m. a sister's husband.

bhāmaha bhāmaha, as, m., N. of the author of the Mano-ramā commentary and of a treatise on the art of rhetoric.

bhāyajātya bhāyajātya, as, m. (fr. bhaya-jāta), a patronymic of Kapi-vana; of Nikothaka.

bhāra bhāra, as, m. (fr. rt. bhṛ), a burden, load, weight, gravity [cf. ati-bh-, aṃsa-bh-]; heavy work, labour, toil, trouble; a large quantity, mass, bulk, (often connected with words meaning 'hair', e. g. jaṭā-bhāra-dhara, wearing a great quantity of matted hair); a particular weight = 20 Tulās = 2000 Palas of gold; a pole or yoke for carrying burdens [cf. udaka-bh-]; an epithet of Viṣṇu.
     bhārajīvin bhāra-jīvin, ī, m. one who earns his livelihood by carrying loads.
     bhārabhārin bhāra-bhārin, ī, iṇī, i, Ved. bearing or carrying a load or weight.
     bhārabhūtitīrtha bhāra-bhūti-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.
     bhārabhṛt bhāra-bhṛt, t, t, t, Ved. = bhāra-bhārin.
     bhārayaṣṭi bhāra-yaṣṭi, is, f. a pole or yoke (generally laid over the shoulder) for carrying burdens.
     bhāravat bhāra-vat, ān, atī, at, having a weight or load, loaded, burdened, bearing a burden.
     bhāravattva bhāravat-tva, am, n. the state of carrying a load, weightiness, ponderousness.
     bhāravāh bhāra-vāh, vāṭ, bhārauhī, vāṭ, bearing a burden, carrying a load.
     bhāravāha bhāra-vāha, as, m. a bearer of burdens, porter, carrier; (ī), f. indigo.
     bhāravāhana bhāra-vāhana, as, m. a burden-bearer, beast of burden, pack-bearer; (am), n. a vehicle for loads, a cart, waggon.
     bhāravāhika bhāra-vāhika, as, ī, am, load-bearing, carrying burdens; (as), m. a load-bearer, porter.
     bhāravāhin bhāra-vāhin, ī, inī, i, load-bearing, carrying a burden; (ī), m. a burden-bearer, porter.
     bhāravṛkṣa bhāra-vṛkṣa, as, m. a fragrant substance commonly called Kākṣī (considered variously as a vegetable or a mineral product).
     bhārasaha bhāra-saha, as, ā, am, burden-bearing, able to carry a great weight, very strong or powerful.
     bhārasādhana bhā-ra-sādhana, as, ī, am, or bhāra-sāhin, ī, inī, i, accomplishing difficult feats (said of certain weapons), effecting great objects.
     bhārahara bhāra-hara, as, ā, am, or bhāra-hāra, as, ā, or ī, am, load-bearing, carrying a weight, bearing burdens; (as), m. a burden-bearer, porter.
     bhārahārika bhāra-hārika, as, ī, am, burden-bearing, carrying a load; relating or referring to the carrying of loads.
     bhārahārin bhāra-hārin, ī, iṇī, i, load-bearing, carrying weights; (ī), m. an epithet of Kṛṣṇa.
     bhārākrānta bhārākrānta (-ra-āk-), as, ā, am, oppressed by a burden, overburdened, heavily laden, bearing a heavy burden; (ā), f. a species of the Atyaṣṭi metre, four times [greek] [cf. mandākrāntā.]
     bhārāvataraṇa bhārāvataraṇa or bhārā-vatāraṇa (-ra-av-), am, n. the taking down or removal of a burden, taking away a burden.
     bhāroḍhi bhā-roḍhi (-ra-ūḍhi), is, f. the bearing of a burden.
     bhāroddharaṇa bhāroddharaṇa (-ra-ud-), am, n. the act of raising up or lifting a burden.
     bhārodvaha bhārodvaha (-ra-ud-), as, m. a burden-carrier, porter.
     bhāropajīvana bhāropajī-vana (-ra-up-), am, n. living by burdens, earning a livelihood by carrying weights.
     bhārauhī bhārauhī, f., see bhāra-vāh above.

bhāraka bhāraka, am, n. a load, burden, weight, a particular weight; (as, ikā, am), loaded with, (at the end of comps.; cf. phaṇi-bhārikā.)

bhārāya bhārāya, Nom. A. bhārāyate, &c., to become a burden, form a load; to be like a load.

bhārika bhārika, as, ā, am, forming a load, heavy; swollen (said of a particular kind of elephantiasis); (as), m. a burden-bearer, porter.

bhārin bhārin, ī, iṇī, i, bearing a load, carrying a burden, a bearer, porter [cf. bhāra-bh-]; having weight, heavy, ponderous.
     bhāritva bhāri-tva, am, n. heaviness.

bhāraṅgī bhāraṅgī, f., see Gaṇa Kāśyādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 116.

bhāraṅgika bhāraṅgika, as, ā or ī, am, an adj. from the preceding.

bhāraṇḍa bhāraṇḍa, as, m., N. of a fabulous bird, (also written bhāruṇḍa, bheraṇḍa, bheruṇḍa); (ī), f. the female of the above bird.

bhārata bhārata, as, ī, am (fr. bharata), descended from Bharata; belonging or relating to the Bharatas; (with saṅgrāma, samiti, yuddha, sa-mara) the war or battle of the Bharatas; (with kathā, ākhyāna, itihāsa) the story of the Bharatas, the history or narrative of their war, (in this sense also bhāratam, n.); (with varṣa) India (so called from its king Bharata, son of Dushyanta; in this sense also bhāratam, n.); an inhabitant of India or Bhārata-varsha; bhārataṃ saras, N. of a lake; (as), m. a descendant of Bharata; N. of Agni or Fire (so called, according to Sāy., either 'as sprung from the priests called Bharatas', or 'as bearer of the oblation'); an actor, a mime [cf. bharata]; N. of Deva-śravas; of Deva-rāta; an epithet of the sun shining on the south of Meru; (ī), f., N. of a Vedic goddess (invoked among the Ā-prī deities together with Ilā and Sarasvatī [cf. ā-prī] or sometimes with Hotrā and Varūtrī; according to Yāska, Nirukta VIII. 13, she is a daughter of Āditya); the goddess of speech, Sarasvatī; speech, voice, word, eloquence, literary composition, the dramatic art, dramatic recitation or declamation; (with vṛtti) a particular kind of style; a quail; N. of a river; (ī), m., N. of a teacher ('personified speech'); aśva-medha bhā-rata, N. of the author of the hymn Ṛg-veda V. 27.
     bhāratatātparyanirṇaya bhārata-tātparya-nirṇaya, as, m., N. of a work.
     bhāratabhāvadīpa bhārata-bhāva-dīpa, as, m. 'light of the meaning of the Bhārata', N. of Nīla-kaṇṭha's commentary on the Mahā-bhārata.
     bhāratasaṅgrahadīpikā bhārata-saṅgra-ha-dīpikā, f. = bhāratārtha-dīpikā, q. v.
     bhāratasattama bhā-rata-sattama, as, m. the best of the descendants of Bharata.
     bhāratācārya bhāratācārya (-ta-āc-), as, m., N. of a preceptor; of Arjuna-miśra (a commentator on the Mahā-bhārata).
     bhāratārthadīpikā bhāratārtha-dīpikā (-ta-ar-), f. 'light of the meaning of the Bhārata', N. of a commentary by Arjuna-miśra on the Mahā-bhārata.
     bhāratārthaprakāśa bhāratārtha-prakāśa, as, m. 'light of the meaning of the Bhārata', N. of Nārāyaṇa's commentary on the Mahā-bhārata.
     bhāratīkavi bhāratī-kavi, is, m., N. of a poet mentioned in the Śārṅgadhara-paddhati.
     bhāratīkṛṣṇācārya bhāratī-kṛṣṇācārya (-ṇa-āc-), as, m., N. of a preceptor.
     bhāratīcandra bhāratī-candra, as, m., N. of a king.
     bhāratītīrtha bhāratī-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a sacred bathing-place; (as), m., N. of the author of the philosophical treatise Pañca-daśī, (he was preceptor of Mādhavācārya.)
     bhāratīyati bhāratī-yati, is, m., N. of the author of the Tattva-kaumudī-vyākhyā.
     bhāratīvat bhā-ratī-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. accompanied by Bhāratī; (ān), m. an epithet of Indra.
     bhāratīśrīnṛsiṃha bhāratī-śrī-nṛ-siṃha, as, m., N. of a preceptor.

bhārateya bhārateya, as, m. a patronymic from Bhārata (or from Bharata).

bhāradvāja bhāradvāja, as, ī, am (fr. bharad-vāja), coming from or relating to Bharad-vāja; (as), m., N. of Śūṣa Vāhneya; of Śaunahotra; of Satyavāha; of Sukeśan; of Śauṅga; of Droṇa (who was son of Bharad-vāja and preceptor of the Kurus and Pāṇḍus); of one of the seven Ṛṣis; of a son of Bṛhas-pati; of the Muni Agastya; of a grammarian; the planet Mars (according to the Graha-yajña-tattva); a skylark [cf. bharad-vāja]; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people [cf. bharad-vāja]; (ī), f. a particular species of bird; the wild cotton shrub; N. of a river; (am), n. a bone; N. of a country; (a various reading for bharad-vāja.)
     bhāradvājīputra bhāradvājī-putra, as, m., Ved., N. of a preceptor.

bhāradvājaka bhāradvājaka, as, ī, am, belonging or relating to Bharad-vāja.

bhāradvājāyana bhāradvājāyana, as, m. a patronymic from Bharad-vāja.

bhāradvājin bhāradvājin, inas, m. pl. (fr. bharad-vāja or bhāradvāja), N. of a school; [cf. bharad-vājin.]

bhāradvājīya bhāradvājīya, as, ā, am, coming from or relating to Bhāradvāja; (ās), m. pl., N. of the school of the grammarian Bhāradvāja.

bhārameya bhārameya, as, m. a patronymic from Bharama, q. v.

bhāraya bhāraya, as, m. = bhāradvāja, a skylark.

bhārava bhārava, am, n. a bow-string; (ī), f. sacred basil.

bhāravi bhāravi, is, m., N. of the author of the poem called Kirātārjunīya.

bhārāya bhārāya. See col. 2.

bhāri bhāri, is, m. a lion.

bhārika bhārika, &c. See col. 2.

bhārujika bhārujika, as, ī, am (fr. bharuja), relating to or coming from a jackal.

bhāruṇḍa bhāruṇḍa, as, m. = bhāraṇḍa, q. v.; (am), n., N. of a Sāman; of a wood mentioned in Rāmāyaṇa II. 71, 5.

bhārga bhārga, as, m. a king of the Bhargas; N. of a son of Pratardana; of a king also called Bharga; (ī), f. a queen of the Bhargas; the plant Clerodendrum Siphonanthus.
     bhārgabhumi bhārga-bhumi, is, m., N. of a king; [cf. bharga-bhūmi and bhṛgu-bhūmi.]
     bhārgavana bhārga-vana, am, n., N. of a forest; (a various reading has bhānu-vana.)
     bhārgaśrīkāntamiśra bhārga-śrī-kānta-miśra, as, m., N. of an author.

bhārgāyaṇa bhārgāyaṇa, as, m. (fr. bharga), Ved. a patronymic of Sutvan.

bhārgi bhārgi, is, m. a patronymic from Bharga.

bhārgaleśvaratīrtha bhārgaleśvara-tīrtha (-la-īś-), am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.

bhārgava bhārgava, as, ī, am, relating to or coming from Bhṛgu, belonging to Bhṛgu; (as), m. epithet of Cyavana [cf. caṇḍa-bh-]; of Gṛtsa-mada; of Dvi-gat; of Dṛśāna; of Iṭala; of Mārkaṇḍeya; of Śaunaka; of Ṛcīka; of Jamad-agni; of Paraśurāma; of Pramati; of Śiva; the planet Venus (properly a patronymic of Śukra, regent of the planet Venus and preceptor of the Daityas); an archer, a good archer (= dhanvin, su-dhanvan); an elephant; (ās), m. pl. 'the descendants of Bhṛgu', commonly called Bhṛgavas, N. of a particular tribe; (ī), f. a female descendant of Bhṛgu; N. of Devayāni; an epithet of Lakṣmī; an epithet of Pārvatī; = dūrvā, bent grass, Panicum Dactylon; = nīla-dūrvā; = śveta-dūrvā.
     bhārgavadīpikā bhārgava-dīpikā, f., N. of a work.
     bhārgavapriya bhārgava-priya, as, m. 'dear to Śukra or to the planet Venus', a diamond.
     bhārgavārcanadīpikā bhārga-vārcana-dīpikā (-va-ar-), f., N. of a work; [cf. bhārgava-dīpikā.]
     bhārgavālāpa bhārgavālāpa (-va-āl-), as, m., N. of the third Act of the Abhirāma-maṇi-nāṭaka.
     bhārgavopapurāṇa bhārgavopapurāṇa (-va-up-), am, n., N. of an Upa-Purāṇa.
     bhārgavopākhyāna bhārgavopākhyāna (-va-up-), am, n., N. of the thirteenth chapter of the Vāsiṣṭharāmāyaṇa, commonly called Yoga-vāsiṣṭha.

bhārgavīya bhārgavīya, as, ā, am, relating to or coming from Bhārgava.

bhārdvājī bhārdvājī, f. = bhāradvājī, the wild cotton shrub.

bhārman bhārman (fr. rt. bhṛ), Ved. bringing, waiting upon, serving.

bhārmya bhārmya, as, m. a patronymic of Mudgala.

bhārmyaśva bhārmyaśva, as, m. (fr. bhṛmyaśva), a patronymic of Mugdala; [cf. bharmyāśva.]

bhārya bhārya, as, ā, am (fr. rt. bhṛ), to be borne, to be supported, to be cherished or nourished; to be maintained, dependent for a livelihood on another; (as), m. a servant, dependent, mercenary; (ā), f. a wife (espoused according to the ritual of the Vedas), any wife; the female of an animal.
     bhāryāṭa bhār-yāṭa (-yā-āṭa), as, ā, am, living by the prostitution of a wife; [cf. patny-āṭa.]
     bhāryāṭika bhāryāṭika, as, m. a husband under the rule of his wife, a hen-pecked husband; a species of antelope (= hariṇāntara); N. of a Muni.
     bhāryātva bhāryā-tva, am, n. wifehood, the state of being a wife, the condition of a wife.
     bhāryādhikārika bhāryādhikārika (-yā-adh-), as, ā, am, relating to the chapter on wives.
     bhāryāpatitva bhāryā-pati-tva, am, n. the being man and wife, conjugal union.
     bhāryāpatī bhāryā-patī, m. du. husband and wife.
     bhāryārthin bhār-yārthin (-yā-ar-), ī, m. seeking or desiring a wife.
     bhāryāvat bhāryā-vat, ān, atī, at, having a wife.
     bhāryāvṛkṣa bhār-yā-vṛkṣa, as, m. the tree Caesalpina Sappan (= pattaṅga).
     bhāryoḍha bhāryoḍha (-yā-ūḍha), as, m. = ūḍha-bhārya, married (said of a man).

bhāryaka bhāryaka = bhāryā, a wife, (at the end of a comp., e. g. sa-bh-, q. v.)

bhāryāru bhāryāru, us, m. (fr. bhāryā), the father of a child by another man's wife; a kind of deer or antelope; N. of a mountain.

bhārvara bhārvara, as, m., Ved. (according to Sāy., Ṛg-veda IV. 21, 7), a N. of Indra as son of Bharvara, = Jagad-bhartṛ, Prajā-pati, (perhaps to be referred to the horses of Indra as 'bearing', 'carrying', fr. rt. bhṛ.)

bhārśya bhārśya, am, n. (fr. bhṛśa), vehemence, violence; excessiveness.

bhāla bhāla, am, n. (said to be fr. rt. 1. bhā; according to some also bhālas, m.), the forehead, brow; light, lustre.
     bhālakṛt bhāla-kṛt, t, m., N. of a man.
     bhālacandra bhāla-candra, as, m. 'having the moon on his forehead', an epithet of Gaṇeśa.
     bhālacandrācārya bhā-lacandrācārya (-ra-āc-), as, m., N. of a preceptor.
     bhāladarśana bhāla-darśana, am, n. red lead ('appearing on the forehead', being used to stain the forehead with lines &c.).
     bhāladarśin bhāla-darśin, ī, inī, i, watching the brow or countenance (said of a servant who is attentive to a master's wishes).
     bhāladṛś bhāla-dṛś, k, or bhāla-locana, as, m. 'having an eye in the forehead', an epithet of Śiva.
     bhālāṅka bhālāṅka (-la-aṅ-), as, ā, am, having (auspicious) marks on the forehead; (as), m. a man born with lucky lines on his forehead; a sort of fish (known as the Rohi, Cyprinus Rohita); a tortoise; an epithet of Śiva; a saw; a species of leguminous plant or pot-herb.

bhālu bhālu, us, m. the sun; [cf. bhānu.]

bhālandana bhālandana, as, m., Ved. a patronymic from Bhalandana, N. of Vatsa-prī; (also read bālandana.)

bhālandanaka bhālandanaka, as, ī, am, relating to or coming from Bhalandana.

bhālu bhālu. See above.

bhāluka bhāluka, as, m. a bear; [cf. bhalla.]

bhālūka bhālūka, as, m. = bhāluka above.

bhāluki bhāluki, is, m. (probably a patronymic), N. of a Muni.

bhālukin bhālukin, ī, m., N. of a preceptor (= vālukin).

bhālukīputra bhālukī-putra, as, m. (fr. bhālukī, f.), Ved. 'the son of Bhālukī', N. of a preceptor.

bhālla bhālla, as, ī, am, relating to or coming from Bhalla, q. v.

bhāllavi bhāllavi, is, m. a patronymic from Bhallavi.

bhāllavin bhāllavin, inas, m. pl. the pupils of Bhallavin (?).
     bhāllavibrāhmaṇa bhāllavi-brāhmaṇa, am, n. and bhāllavi-śākhā, f. and bhāllavi-śruti, is, f. and bhāllavy-upaniṣad, t, f., N. of certain Vedic works.

bhāllaveya bhāllaveya, as, m., Ved. a patronymic from Bhāllavi, of Indra-dyumna; N. of a preceptor.
     bhāllaveyaśruti bhāllaveya-śruti, is, f., N. of a Vedic work.
     bhāllaveyopaniṣad bhāllaveyopaniṣad (-ya-up-), t, f., N. of an Upaniṣad.

bhālluka bhālluka or bhāllūka, as, m. a bear; [cf. bhalla, bhalluka, bhallūka, bhāluka.]

bhālleya bhālleya, as, ī, am, relating to or coming from Bhalla, q. v.

bhāva bhāva, as, m. (fr. rt. 1. bhū), becoming, being, existing, existence, taking place, occurring, appearing, appearance; state of being, condition of existence, state, condition, relationship; manner, mode; true condition or state, truth, (bhāvena, in truth, really, truly); manner of being, nature, natural state, innate property, temperament, disposition, temper, (eko bhāvaḥ, a simple or artless nature); any state of mind or body, affection, sentiment, feeling, emotion, passion, (in the dramatic system of the Hindūs, two kinds of Bhāvas are usually enumerated, see sthāyin, vyabhi-cārin; but other divisions are also given, see anu-bhāva, vi-bhāva, sāttvika-bhāva); feeling of love, inclination, attachment, (bhāvaṃ teṣu cakre, he felt an affection for them; sā tasmin bhāvam babandha, she fixed her affections on him); inclination or disposition of mind, (yādṛśena bhāvena, with whatever disposition or condition of mind); sentiment, idea, thought, opinion, supposition, conjecture; resolution, intention, purpose, (dṛḍho bhāvaḥ, a firm resolution); purport, tenor, scope, drift; meaning, sense, (iti bhāvaḥ, 'such is the sense', constantly used by Indian commentators at the end of their interpretations); contemplation, reflection, abstract meditation; the seat of the feelings and affections, the heart, soul, mind, (parituṣṭena bhāvena, with a pleased mind, Manu IV. 227; yadā manyeta bhāvena, when he believes in his mind, Manu VII. 171; but according to Kullūka, bhāvena here = tattva-tas, truly); that which is or exists, a being, living creature, thing, matter, object, substance, (sarva-bhāveṣu niḥspṛ-haḥ, one who is free from attachment to all [earthly] objects); behaviour, conduct, act, action, movement, gesture; amorous gesture, corporeal expression of amorous sentiments, wanton sport, dalliance (= līlā); passing from one state to another, change or substitution of one nature for another, (dantyānām mūr-dhanya-bhāvaḥ, the change of dentals to cerebrals; bho-bhāvaḥ, the existence or substitution [for the name of a person] of the expression bhos, Manu II. 124); birth; the place of birth, the womb (= yoni); the place of being, the world, universe; an organ of sense; superhuman power; the Supreme Being; advice, instruction: (in theatrical language) a learned or worthy man, a man of dignity or consequence, gentleman, master, honourable sir [cf. bhāva-miśra, 2. bhavat]: (in astronomy) the state or condition of a planet; an astrological house, mansion, lunar mansion; N. of the twenty-seventh Kalpa; of the eighth (forty-second) year in Jupiter's cycle of sixty years; (in Pāṇini's grammatical system) a term for an impersonal passive or neuter verb having neither agent nor object expressed (e. g. pacyate, there is cooking, i. e. cooking is going on); the abstract idea conveyed by a word, the sense of the abstract noun (as describing the state or condition of anything; sometimes used at the end of a comp. instead of the affixes tā, tva, ya, e. g. bāla-bhāva = bāla-tā, &c., the state of a child, childhood; and even added pleonastically to the abstract noun itself, e. g. tanutā-bhāva, the state of thinness); the sense of a noun of action (as expressing the idea of the root, e. g. going, doing, &c.): = miśra-bhāva, N. of the author of the Bhāva-prakāśa.
     bhāvakalpalatā bhāva-kalpa-latā, f., N. of a commentary by Bhaṭṭa-mudgala on the Bhāvanā-viveka, q. v.
     bhāvagambhīram bhāva-gambhīram, ind. from the bottom of the heart, (bhāva-gambhīraṃ jahasuḥ, they laughed heartily); deeply; gravely.
     bhāvagamya bhāva-gamya, as, ā, am, to be ascertained by reflection or by meditating in the heart.
     bhāvagrāhin bhāva-grāhin, ī, iṇī, i, apprehending the sense, appreciating the sentiment.
     bhāvacūḍāmaṇi bhāva-cūḍā-maṇi, is, m., N. of a work.
     bhāvaja bhāva-ja, as, m. 'produced in the heart', love; the god of love; [cf. mano-ja.]
     bhāvajña bhāva-jña, as, ā, am, knowing the heart.
     bhāvatas bhāva-tas, ind. through being, in consequence of being, (jñāti-bhāvatas, through being a relation.)
     bhāvatva bhāva-tva, am, n. the state of Bhāva, q. v.
     bhāvadīpa bhāva-dīpa, as, m., N. of a commentary on the Tattva-prakāśa; = bhārata-bhāvadīpa.
     bhāvadīpikā bhā-va-dīpikā, f., N. of a commentary.
     bhāvanārāyaṇamāhātmya bhāva-nārā-yaṇa-māhātmya, am, n., N. of a work.
     bhāvapadārtha bhāva-padārtha, as, m. a thing which has a real or positive existence.
     bhāvapāda bhāva-pāda, as, m., N. of a lexicographer.
     bhāvaprakāśa bhāva-prakāśa, as, m., N. of a medical work by Bhava-deva-miśra.
     bhāvaprakāśikā bhāva-prakāśikā, f., N. of a grammatical commentary.
     bhāvapratyayavādārtha bhāva-pra-tyaya-vādārtha (-da-ar-), as, m., N. of a work by Mathurā-nātha Tarka-vāg-īśa Bhaṭṭācārya.
     bhāvapradīpikā bhā-va-pradīpikā, f., N. of a commentary on the Mālatī-mādhava.
     bhāvabandhana bhāva-bandhana, as, ā, am, 'heart-enchaining', fettering the heart, joining hearts (as love).
     bhāvabodhaka bhāva-bodhaka, as, ikā, am, revealing or displaying any sentiment, indicating a feeling or passion.
     bhāvamiśra bhāva-miśra, as, m. (in dramatic language) a gentleman, a man of dignity or consequence, master, sir; N. of the author of the Bhāva-prakāśa, (also called Miśra-bhāva and Bhāva-deva-miśra.)
     bhāvarāmakṛṣṇa bhāva-rāma-kṛṣṇa, as, m., N. of a man mentioned in the second part of the Prabodha-candrodaya.
     bhāvarūpa bhāva-rūpa, as, ā, am, 'consisting of reality', actually being, really existing, real, actual; (am), n. (?), N. of a work.
     bhāvavacana bhāva-vacana, as, ā, am, (in gram.) signifying a state or action, denoting the abstract notion of a verb.
     bhāvavat bhāva-vat, ān, atī, at, being in a state or condition.
     bhāvavācaka bhāva-vācaka (?), an abstract noun.
     bhāvaviveka bhāva-viveka, as, m., N. of a Buddhist teacher.
     bhāvavṛtta bhāva-vṛtta, as, ā, am, relating to creation, concerned with cosmogony; (as), m., N. of Brahmā.
     bhāvavṛttīya bhāvavṛttīya, as, ā, am, an adj. formed from bhāva-vṛtta.
     bhāvaśataka bhāva-śataka, am, n., N. of a work.
     bhāvaśabalatā bhāva-śabala-tā, f. or bhāva-śabalā, f. mixture or union of various emotions.
     bhāvaśānti bhāva-śānti, is, f. the allaying of any (transitory) emotion.
     bhāvaśuddhi bhāva-śuddhi, is, f. purity of mind.
     bhāvaśūnya bhāva-śūnya, as, ā, am, void of affection or attachment.
     bhāvasaṃśuddhi bhāva-saṃśuddhi, is, f. purification of the natural condition, purity of nature.
     bhāvasandhi bhāva-sandhi, is, m. union of emotions or feelings, co-existence of two emotions, a vacillating frame of mind between conflicting emotions and feelings.
     bhāvasamāhita bhāva-samāhita, as, ā, am, fixed or collected in mind, abstracted, devout.
     bhāvasarga bhāva-sarga, as, m. the intellectual creation (comprising the faculties of the human mind and their affections, as distinguished from the material creation, see bhautika).
     bhāvasāraviveka bhāva-sāra-viveka, as, m., N. of a work by Gaṅgā-dhara Mahāḍakara.
     bhāvastha bhāva-stha, as, ā, am, being in a state of love or affection, attached, enamoured.
     bhāvasnigdha bhāva-snigdha, as, ā, am, attached in heart or mind, affectionately disposed.
     bhāvākūta bhāvākūta (-va-āk-), am, n. the thoughts of the heart or mind.
     bhāvāgaṇeśadīkṣita bhāvā-gaṇeśa-dīkṣita, as, m., N. of the author of several commentaries.
     bhāvātmaka bhāvātmaka (-va-āt-), as, ā, am, 'consisting of reality', real, actual; [cf. bhāva-rūpa.]
     bhāvātmakatā bhāvātmaka-tā, f. reality.
     bhāvādvaita bhā-vādvaita (-va-ad-), am, n. natural cause; material cause (as thread of cloth).
     bhāvānandī bhāvānandī (-va-ān-), f., N. of a commentary by Bhāvānanda Siddhāntavāg-īśa on the Dīdhiti or Śiro-maṇi.
     bhāvānanadīprakāśa bhāvānanadī-prakāśa, as, m., N. of a commentary on the preceding by Mahā-deva Pandit.
     bhāvānuga bhāvānuga (-va-an-), as, ā, am, 'following the object', natural, simple, not forced or assumed; (ā), f. a shadow; [cf. bhāvālīnā.]
     bhāvāntara bhāvāntara (-va-an-), am, n. another state, a different state or condition.
     bhāvābhāsa bhā-vābhāsa (-va-ābh-), as, m. simulation of feeling or emotion.
     bhāvārtha bhāvārtha (-va-ar-), as, m. the simple or inherent meaning (of words), the obvious purport (of a phrase &c.), subject-matter.
     bhāvārthadīpikā bhāvārtha-dī-pikā, f. 'light of the inherent meaning', N. of a metrical commentary by Gaurī-kānta Sārvabhauma Bhaṭṭācārya on the Tarka-bhāṣā; on the Vṛttaratnā-kara by Janārdana-vibudha; = bhāgavata-bh-, q. v.
     bhāvālīnā bhāvālīnā (-va-āl-), f. 'cleaving to an object', a shadow; [cf. bhāvānugā.]
     bhāvodaya bhāvodaya (-va-ud-), as, m. the rising of emotion or passion.

bhāvaka bhāvaka, as, ā, am (fr. the Caus.), causing to be, effecting; promoting any one's welfare; imagining, fancying; having a taste for the beautiful; having a poetical taste; (as), m. sentiment, feeling, affection, emotion; the external expression of amatory sentiments; [cf. bhāvāṭa, col. 2.]

bhāvana 2. bhāvana, as, ī, am (fr. the Caus.; for 1. bhā-vana see p. 704, col. 1), causing to be, causing, forming, creating, framing, manifesting; promoting or effecting any one's welfare; imagining, fancying; teaching; (as), m. a creator, producer, efficient cause; N. of Śiva (= dhyātṛ); N. of the twentysecond Kalpa; (ā, am), f. n. the act of causing to be or creating, manifesting, manifestation; promotion of any one's interests (= vardhana); the act of forming in the mind, conceiving, imagination, conception, fancy, thought, (bhāvanayā, in thought, in imagination); reflection, meditation, abstract meditation, contemplation; supposition, hypothesis, mental perception, recollection; observing, investigating; settling, fixing, determining; (in law) proof, demonstration, argument, ascertainment; (in medicine) saturating any dry powder with fluid, steeping, infusion, drying an article by day and keeping it moist at night; (in arithmetic) finding by combination or composition [cf. samāsa-bh-]; decorating with flowers and perfumes, scenting, anointing; (at the end of an adj. comp.) = nature, essence; (ā), f., N. of an Upaniṣad; a crow (= kā-rava); water, = ambu; (am), n. apprehension, perception; the fruit of the Dillenia Speciosa (= bhavya, bhaviṣya); N. of a wood, (perhaps for 1. bhā-vana, q. v.)
     bhāvanāmaya bhāvanā-maya, as, ī, am, produced by imagination or fancy, imaginary.
     bhāvanāyukta bhāvanā-yukta, as, ā, am, thoughtful, full of anxiety, anxious.
     bhāvanāviveka bhāvanā-viveka, as, m., N. of a commentary on a metrical treatise on the nature of injunction according to the theory of Madhu.
     bhāvanāśraya bhāvanāśraya (-na-āś-), as, m. 'the refuge of thought', an epithet of Śiva.
     bhāvanāsārasaṅgraha bhāvanā-sāra-saṅ-graha, as, m., N. of a Vedānta work by Mudgala Bhaṭṭa.

bhāvanikā bhāvanikā, f., N. of a woman.

bhāvanīya bhāvanīya, as, ā, am, (fr. the Caus.) to be manifested, to be effected or accomplished; to be conceived or imagined, to be fancied; to be meditated on; to be proved, requiring demonstration; to be taught.

bhāvayat bhāvayat, an, antī, at, fancying, imagining, calling to mind; reflecting on, meditating on.

bhāvayavya bhāvayavya, as, m. (fr. bhāvayu), Ved., N. of the author of the hymn Ṛg-veda I. 126, 6; a patronymic of Svana-ja.

bhāvayitavya bhāvayitavya, as, ā, am (fr. the Caus.), Ved. to be cherished, to be protected or taken care of.

bhāvayitṛ bhāvayitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, Ved. causing to be; promoting the welfare (of any one), cherishing, taking care of, protecting; a cherisher, protector.

bhāvayu bhāvayu, us, us, u, Ved. cherishing, taking care of, protecting.

bhāvāṭa bhāvāṭa, as, m. = bhāvaka, affection, emotion, passion; the external expression or indication of amatory feeling; a pious or holy man; an amorous man; an actor; dress, decoration.

bhāvika bhāvika, as, ī, am, actually being or existing, real, natural, innate; full of feeling or sentiment, expressive, sentimental; future; (am), n. a description of an imaginary object so vivid that it actually appears to be present, describing the past or future as present; = bhāvuka, language full of feeling or passion; (as), m. an equation involving products of unknown quantities.

bhāvita bhāvita, as, ā, am (fr. the Caus.), caused to be, brought into being, produced, obtained, got; made to thrive, protected, cherished, fostered; made to become, transformed into; made to exist or appear, manifested, exhibited; made to exist in the mind, presented to the imagination, conceived, imagined, supposed, thought of; thought about, meditated on; fixed on (as the mind or thoughts); purified by meditation; known, recognised, acknowledged; proved, established; convicted; occupied with, pervaded by, filled with; inspired by, animated; mixed with (as an ingredient); soaked in, saturated with, steeped, infused; perfumed with, scented; (in arithmetic and algebra) involving a product of unknown quantities; (am), n. a product obtained by multiplication, a factum.
     bhāvitabuddhī bhāvita-buddhī, is, is, i, one who has purified his mind by meditation &c.; see bhā-vitātman.
     bhāvitavat bhāvita-vat, ān, atī, at, one who has imagined or conceived or infused &c.
     bhāvitātman bhāvitātman (-ta-āt-), ā, ā, a, one whose soul is purified or who has purified it by meditating on the universal soul, one who has perceived or whose thoughts are fixed on the Supreme Spirit; thoughtful, meditative; intent upon, engaged in; a sage; (ā), m., N. of the thirteenth Muhūrta.

bhāvitaka bhāvitaka, the product of a multiplication; [cf. bhāvita above.]

bhāvitra bhāvitra, am, n. the three worlds (viz. earth, heaven, and the lower regions or the atmosphere), the universe; [cf. bhavitra.]

bhāvin bhāvin, i, ini, i, becoming, being, existing [cf. bhṛtya-bh-, pūrva-bh-]; about to be, about to come to pass, future; predestined; what ought to be; what will fall to the share of (any one); attached to, (hari-bhāvin, attached to Hari); being possessed of, (at the end of a comp., e. g. jñāna-vijñā-na-bh-, possessing sacred and profane knowledge); beautiful, illustrious; (ī), m. (according to the Vājasaneyi-prātiśākhya) every vowel except a and ā (perhaps so called as liable to become changed into the corresponding semivowels); N. of the caste of Śūdras in Plaksha-dvīpa; (inī), f. a distinguished or handsome woman; a lady, noble lady [cf. bha-vya]; a wanton woman; N. of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda; of a daughter of a Gandharva; [cf. a-niruddha-bh-.]
     bhāvitā bhāvi-tā, f. the state of being or becoming, (tad-bhāva-bhāvi-tā, conforming one's self to the mode of thought of that person); futurity, predestination.
     bhāvitva bhāvi-tva, am, n. the state of being or becoming, the being obliged to take place, inevitableness, unavoidableness, necessity.
     bhāvyupadha bhāvy-upadha, as, m., scil. visarjanīya, a Visarjanīya following in the Pada-pāṭha after any vowel except the vowel a or ā.

bhāvuka bhāvuka, as, ā, am, being, disposed to be, about to be, becoming, (sometimes used like bhaviṣṇu at the end of a comp. after an adv. in am, cf. āḍh-yam-bh-, andham-bh-, dūram-bh-, nagnam-bh-, palitam-bh-, priyam-bh-); happy, well, auspicious, prosperous; having a taste for the beautiful, having a poetical taste; (as), m. (in theatrical language) a sister's husband; (am), n. language full of feeling or passion; happiness, auspiciousness, welfare.

bhāvya bhāvya, as, ā, am (fr. rt. 1. bhū or its Caus.), being, existing at the present time (Ved., cf. bhavya); about to be or happen, future, to be become, what must or ought to be or become, (sometimes used for the future tense of the verb, e. g. pulaho bhāvyo maharṣiḥ, Pulaha is to be reckoned a great Ṛṣi; and often impersonally, e. g. bhāvyaṃ tayā, it is to be become by her, i. e. she must become); to be effected or accomplished, to be performed; to be apprehended or perceived; to be imagined or conceived [cf. dur-bh-]; to be convinced; to be argued or proved or demonstrated; to be investigated or determined; (according to Vedic commentators) = bhāvayavya, to be honoured or worshipped?; (as), m., N. of a king (= bhāvya-ratha or bhānu-ratha).
     bhāvyatā bhāvya-tā, f. or bhāvya-tva, am, n. the state of being about to happen, futurity.
     bhāvyaratha bhā-vya-ratha, as, m., N. of a king; [cf. bhāvya.]

bhāvaḍa bhāvaḍa, as, m., N. of a man.

bhāvata bhāvata, as, ī, am (fr. 2. bhavat), your honour's, your, thy (respectfully).

bhāvatka bhāvatka, as, ī, am, your honour's, your, thy, thine.

bhāvalā bhāvalā, f., N. of the wife of Bhāvaḍa.

bhāvāṭa bhāvāṭa. See col. 2.

bhāvāva bhāvāva, as, ā, am (said to be fr. bhāva + ava fr. rt. av), delicate, tender, compassionate.

bhāṣ 1. bhāṣ (connected with rt. 1. bhā as Gr. [greek] with [greek] cl. 1. A. bhāṣate (ep. also P. -ti), babhāṣe, bhāṣitum, to speak, talk, say; to speak to, address (with acc. of the person or sometimes with acc. of the person and thing); to tell or announce (anything) to (any one); to speak of or about; to reply, to call or name; to use or employ in speaking; to describe: Pass. bhāṣyate, to be spoken, to be addressed or spoken to (sometimes with acc., e. g. sa vaco mu-ninā babhāṣe, he was addressed by the Muni in a speech): Caus. bhāṣayati, -yitum, Aor. ababhā-ṣat or abībhaṣat, to cause to speak or talk; to say or speak; to cause disquietude, disturb (?): Desid. bibhāṣiṣate: Intens. bābhāṣyate, bābhāṣṭi.

bhāṣaka bhāṣaka, as, ā, am, speaking, talking about, (at the end of a comp.)

bhāṣaṇa bhāṣaṇa, am, n. speaking, talking, saying; speech, talk; kind words, kindness, = sāma-dānādi; (in theatrical language) expression of satisfaction at the end of a drama, applause (?).

bhāṣat bhāṣat, an, antī, at, speaking, saying, talking.

bhāṣamāṇa bhāṣamāṇa, as, ā, am, speaking, saying, talking.

bhāṣā bhāṣā, f. speech, language [cf. deśa-bh-, para-bh-, bhūta-bh-]; common or vernacular speech (in ancient times as opposed to Vedic, in later as opposed to Sanskṛt), any Prākṛt dialect, (the five Prākṛts or vernaculars, viz. Mahā-rāṣṭrī, Śaurasenī, Māgadhī, Prācyā, and Avantī, are called Pañca-vidhā Bhāṣā); description, definition; (in law) an accusation, charge, complaint, plaint; N. of Sarasvatī (goddess of speech); of a Rāgiṇī.
     bhāṣājña bhāṣā-jña, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhāṣāntara bhāṣāntara (-ṣā-an-), am, n. another dialect or version, a translation.
     bhāṣāpariccheda bhāṣā-pariccheda, as, m. 'definition of (the categories of) speech', N. of a compendium of the Vaiśeṣika branch of the Nyāya system of philosophy by Viśva-nātha.
     bhāṣāpāda bhāṣā-pāda, am, n. the plaint or charge, the first of the four stages of a lawsuit.
     bhāṣāmañjarī bhāṣā-mañjarī, f., N. of an elementary work on Sanskṛt grammar.
     bhāṣārṇava bhā-ṣārṇava (-ṣā-ar-), as, m., N. of a work by Candra-śekhara.
     bhāṣāvṛtti bhāṣā-vṛtti, is, f., N. of a commentary on Pāṇini's grammar.
     bhāṣāvṛttyarthavṛtti bhāṣāvṛtty-artha-vṛtti, is, f., N. of a commentary on the preceding work.
     bhāṣāsama bhāṣā-sama, as, m. a particular figure in rhetoric, a sentence so arranged that it may be either Sanskṛt or Prākṛt.
     bhāṣāsamiti bhāṣā-samiti, is, f. (with Jainas) one of the Samitis, moderation in speech.

bhāṣika bhāṣika, as, ā, am, belonging to common or vernacular speech.

bhāṣikā bhāṣikā, f. speech, language.

bhāṣita bhāṣita, as, ā, am, spoken, uttered, said; (am), n. that which is spoken, speech, language, talk, speaking.
     bhāṣitapuṃska bhāṣita-puṃska, as, am, m. n. = ukta-puṃska, q. v.

bhāṣitavya bhāṣitavya, as, ā, am, to be spoken to or addressed.

bhāṣitṛ bhāṣitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, a speaker, talker; speaking, talking, telling.

bhāṣin bhāṣin, ī, iṇī, i, speaking, talking, saying, telling, a speaker, (commonly at the end of a comp., cf. alpa-bh-, prākṛta-bh-); loquacious, a chatterer.

bhāṣya bhāṣya, am, n. speaking, talking; any work in the common or vernacular speech; an explanatory work, exposition, explanation, commentary in general (but especially the explanation of technical Sūtras or aphorisms); Patañjali's commentary on the Sūtras of Pāṇini [cf. mahā-bhāṣya]; a sort of house or building.
     bhāṣyakara bhāṣya-kara or bhāṣya-kāra, as, or bhāṣya-kṛt, t, m. 'commentary-maker', the writer of any explanatory work or commentary, a commentator, scholiast, an expounder of technical Sūtras or aphorisms; (especially) an epithet of Patañjali, the author of the Mahā-bhāṣya or great commentary on Pāṇini; epithet of the commentators Nātha and Śaṅkarācārya.
     bhāṣyaṭīkā bhāṣya-ṭīkā, f., N. of a commentary on the Mahā-bhāṣya; of another commentary better known as Śrīmad-bhāṣya-ṭīkā.
     bhāṣyapradīpa bhāṣya-pradīpa, as, m., N. of Kaiyaṭa's commentary on the Mahā-bhāṣya.
     bhāṣyapradīpavivaraṇa bhāṣyapradīpa-vivaraṇa, am, n., N. of Iśvarānanda's explanation of the Bhāṣya-pradīpa.
     bhāṣyapradīpoddyota bhāṣyapradīpoddyota (-pa-ud-), as, m., N. of Nāgojī-bhaṭṭa's explanation of Kaiyaṭa's Bhāṣya-pradīpa.
     bhāṣyaratnaprabhā bhāṣya-ratna-prabhā, f., N. of a commentary on the Śārīraka-mīmāṃsā-bhāṣya.

bhāṣyamāṇa bhāṣyamāṇa, as, ā, am, being spoken to or addressed.

bhāṣ 2. bhāṣ (fr. rt. bhaṣ), Ved. occurring only in the comp. rakṣo-bhāṣ, barking like a Rākṣasa.

bhāṣa bhāṣa. See bhāsa, col. 2.

bhāṣaṇīkṣaulema bhāṣaṇīkṣaulema, ās, m. pl., N. of a race (?).

bhās 1. bhās (connected with rt. 1. bhā), cl. 1. A. (in epic poetry also P.) bhāsate (-ti), babhāse, bhāsiṣyate, abhāsiṣṭa, bhāsitum, to shine, to be bright; to appear; to appear or come into the mind, to be conceived or imagined, to become clear or evident: Caus. bhāsa-yati, -yitum, Aor. ababhāsat and abībhasat, to make shine, illuminate; to cause to appear, show, make evident: Desid. bibhāsiṣate: Intens. bābhā-syate, bābhāsti; [cf. Hib. beosach, 'bright, glittering', perhaps mais, 'sparkling;' probably Lat. fes-tra, fas-tus.]

bhās 2. bhās, f. n. (according to some fr. rt. 1. bhā, q. v.; but according to Pāṇini III. 2, 177, fr. rt. 1. bhās), light, glare, lustre, brightness; a ray or gleam of light, (bhāsāṃ nidhiḥ, receptacle of rays of light, the sun); an image, reflection, shadow; glory, splendor, power, majesty; wish, desire.
     bhāsāketu bhāsā-ketu, us, us, u (fr. bhāsā inst. c. + ketu), Ved. perceivable by light, appearing through light; (Sāy. = jvālā-lakṣaṇa-jñāpaka.)
     bhāskara bhās-kara, as, ī, am, 'light-causing', shining, glittering, bright, resplendent; (as), m. the sun, (if used at the end of an adj. comp. the fem. will end in ā); N. of Śiva; fire; a hero; the plant Calotropis Gigantea (= arka); N. of various men; of a famous Hindū astronomer, (also called Bhāskarācārya, q. v.; bhās-kara is often found at the end of names, cf. jñāna-bh-, brahmaṇya-bh-, bhagavad-bh-, bhagavanta-bh-, bhāṭṭa-bh-); (am), n. gold; N. of a Tīrtha.
     bhāskaranṛsiṃha bhāskara-nṛsiṃha, as, m., N. of a Scholiast of the last century.
     bhāskarapriya bhāskara-priya, as, m. 'fond of the sun', a ruby.
     bhāskarabhaṭṭa bhāskara-bhaṭṭa, as, m., N. of an author.
     bhāskaramiśra bhāskara-miśra, as, m., N. of an author; (also called bhaṭṭa-bh-.)
     bhāskaralavaṇa bhās-kara-lavaṇa, am, n. a particular mixture (containing salt &c.).
     bhāskaravarman bhāskara-varman, ā, m., N. of a king of Kāma-rūpa; of a person mentioned in the Daśa-kumāra-carita, p. 194, 1. 14.
     bhāskaravrata bhāskara-vrata, am, n., N. of a particular religious observance.
     bhāskaraśarman bhāskara-śarman, ā, m., N. of a commentator of the seventeenth century; [cf. hari-bhāskara.]
     bhāskarasaptamī bhāskara-saptamī, f., N. of the seventh day in the light half of the month Māgha.
     bhāskarācārya bhāskarācārya (-ra-āc-), as, m., N. of an author; N. of a celebrated astronomer and mathematician who lived in the twelfth century and wrote the Siddhānta-śiro-maṇi (which contains treatises on algebra, arithmetic, and geometry, called Vīja-gaṇita and Līlāvatī).
     bhāskari bhāskari, is, m. (a patronymic fr. bhās-kara), the planet Saturn; N. of a Muni.
     bhāskarīya bhāskarīya, as, ā, am, belonging to or coming from Bhāskara; (as), m. a pupil of Bhāskara.
     bhāskareṣṭā bhāskareṣṭā (-ra-iṣ-), f. the plant Polanisia Icosandra.
     bhāsvat bhās-vat, ān, atī, at, possessing light, luminous, splendid, shining; (ān), m. the sun; light, lustre, brightness; a hero; (atī), f. the city of the sun; N. of a work; (according to Naighaṇṭuka 1. 8) = uṣas, dawn; (yas), f. pl. (according to Naighaṇṭuka 1. 13) = nadī, a river.
     bhāsvatīkaraṇa bhāsvatī-karaṇa, am, n., N. of a work.

bhāsa bhāsa, as, m. (sometimes written bhāṣa), light, lustre, brightness; shining, (at the end of a comp., e. g. candra-bhāsa, shining as the moon); impression made on the mind, fancy; a vulture; a cock; a sort of bird described as a water-fowl; = śakunta; = kukkuṭa; = nīla-pakṣaḥ pakṣī; a cow-shed, cattle-fold (= goṣṭha); N. of a Sāman (also am, n.); of a man; of a dramatic poet; of a son of a minister of king Candra-prabha; of a Dānava; of a mountain; (ī), f. the mother of the Bhāsas or vultures; N. of a daughter of Prādhā.
     bhāsakarṇa bhāsa-karṇa, as, m., N. of a Rākṣasa.
     bhāsatā bhāsa-tā, f. the being a vulture or bird of prey; vulturous nature, rapacity.
     bhāsavilāsasaṃvāda bhāsa-vilāsa-saṃvāda, as, m., N. of the twenty-fifth chapter of the Vāsisṭha-rāmāyaṇa, commonly called Yoga-vāsiṣṭha.
     bhāsāpura bhāsā-pura, am, n., N. of a town.

bhāsaka bhāsaka, as, ikā, am (fr. the Caus.), causing to appear, making evident, showing, manifesting; enlightening; making intelligible, (usually at the end of comps.); (as), m., N. of a dramatic poet.
     bhāsakatva bhā-saka-tva, am, n. enlightenment, &c.

bhāsana bhāsana, am, n. shining, glittering, illuminating.

bhāsanta bhāsanta, as, ī, am, shining, splendid; beautiful, handsome; (as), m. the sun; the moon; a star, an asterism; the bird Bhāsa, q. v.; (ī), f. an asterism, a Nakshatra.

bhāsamāna bhāsamāna, as, ā, am, shining, radiant; appearing.

bhāsayat bhāsayat, an, antī, at, making to shine, illuminating; shining, radiant (?).

bhāsas bhāsas, as, n., Ved. brightness, light, lustre.

bhāsāya bhāsāya, Nom. A. bhāsāyate, &c., to act the part of the bird Bhāsa, to appear like this bird.

bhāsin bhāsin, ī, inī, i, (at the end of a comp.) shining, brilliant (e. g. ūrdhva-bh-, shining upwards; cf. jyotir-bh-).

bhāsu bhāsu, us, m. the sun.

bhāsura bhāsura, as, ā, am, shining, splendid; terrible, (in this sense probably an incorrect form); (as), m. a crystal; a hero; (am), n. Costus Speciosus or Arabicus; [cf. bhāsvara.]
     bhāsuratva bhāsura-tva, am, n. splendor.
     bhāsurapuṣapā bhāsura-puṣapā, f. the plant Tragia Involucrata (= vṛści-kālī).

bhāsuraka bhāsuraka, as, m., N. of a lion (in Pañca-tantra, p. 53, 1. 17).

bhāsya bhāsya, as, ā, am (fr. the Caus.), to be made visible, to be brought to light.
     bhāsyatva bhāsya-tva, am, n. the state or condition of appearing, visibleness.
     bhāsyasūtra bhāsya-sūtra, am, n., N. of a section in the Kāktantra treating of the meaning of grammatical forms.

bhāsvara bhāsvara, as, ā, am, shining, radiant, brilliant, bright, resplendent; (as), m. the sun; a day; N. of a satellite of the god of the sun; of a Buddhist deity; (am), n. Costus Arabicus or Speciosus (= kuṣṭha; cf. pra-bh-, bhāsura).

bhāsada bhāsada, as, m., au, m. du. (fr. bhasad), Ved. (perhaps) the buttocks.

bhāsin bhāsin, bhāsura, &c. See above.

bhāskara bhās-kara. See under 2. bhās, col. 2.

bhāstrāyaṇa bhāstrāyaṇa, bhāstrāyaṇaka (fr. bhastrā), see Gaṇa Arīhaṇādi to Pāṇ. IV. 2, 80.

bhāsmana bhāsmana, as, ī, am (fr. bhasman), made or consisting of ashes, ashy.

bhāsmāyanya bhāsmāyanya, as, m. a patronymic from Bhasman; bhāsmāyanās, m. pl., see Gaṇa Kuñjādi to Pāṇ. IV. 1, 98.

bhiḥkharāja bhiḥkha-rāja, as, m., N. of a king.

bhikṣ bhikṣ (probably for bihakṣ, Desid. of rt. bhaj), cl. 1. A. (ep. also P.) bhikṣate, bibhikṣe, bhikṣiṣyate, abhikṣiṣṭa, bhikṣitum, lit. to wish to share or partake; to beg for, ask for; to desire, implore (Ved. with acc. and gen., e. g. bhikṣe sumatiṃ turāṇām, I implore your favour against eager foes, Ṛg-veda 1. 171, 1); to solicit, to beg alms (with abl. of person or with a double acc.); to obtain; to ask for without obtaining; to be weary or distressed (?); to speak (?): Caus. bhikṣayati, -yitum, to cause to beg, &c.

bhikṣaṇa bhikṣaṇa, am, ā, n. f. the act of begging, asking alms.

bhikṣamāṇa bhikṣamāṇa, as, ā, am, asking, begging.

bhikṣā bhikṣā, f. the act of begging, asking [cf. māṃsa-bh-]; anything given as alms or obtained by begging, (sometimes in comp. with the object asked for, e. g. putra-bhikṣāṃ dehi, grant the boon of a son, lit. a son as alms); alms, food given as alms [cf. dur-bhikṣa, su-bh-]; hire, wages (= bhṛti); service.
     bhikṣākaraṇa bhikṣā-karaṇa, am, n. the act of asking alms, begging.
     bhikṣācara bhikṣā-cara, as, ī, am, going about begging; a beggar, mendicant; (as), m., N. of a son of Bhoja, (also called bhikṣu.)
     bhikṣācaraṇa bhikṣā-caraṇa, am, n. or bhikṣā-carya, am, ā, n. f. the act of going about begging, begging, mendicancy.
     bhikṣācāra bhikṣā-cāra, as, ī, am, = bhikṣā-cara.
     bhikṣāṭana bhikṣāṭana (-ṣā-aṭ-), as, ā, am, wandering about begging or asking for alms, begging, mendicity, mendicancy; (as), m. a mendicant; N. of a poet; (am), n. the act of begging, mendicancy, going about asking for alms; N. of a work; bhik-ṣāṭanaṃ kṛ, to wander about as a mendicant.
     bhikṣānna bhikṣānna (-ṣā-an-), am, n. food obtained as alms; [cf. bhikṣāhāra.]
     bhikṣāpātra bhikṣā-pātra, am, n. a mendicant's bowl, vessel for collecting alms, alms-dish.
     bhikṣāpracāra bhikṣā-pracāra, as, m. = bhikṣā-caraṇa, q. v.
     bhikṣābhāṇḍa bhikṣā-bhāṇḍa, am, n. a mendicant's bowl or vessel.
     bhikṣābhuj bhikṣā-bhuj, k, k, k, living on alms.
     bhikṣāmāṇava bhikṣā-māṇava, as, m. a beggar boy, young beggar (as a term of contempt).
     bhikṣāyaṇa bhikṣā-yaṇa (-ṣā-ay-), am, n. the act of plying for alms.
     bhikṣārthin bhikṣārthin (-ṣā-ar-), ī, inī, i, asking for alms, a petitioner for charity; begging; a beggar or mendicant.
     bhikṣārha bhikṣārha (-ṣā-ar-), as, ā, am, worthy of alms.
     bhikṣāvat bhikṣā-vat, ān, atī, at, having or receiving alms, begging.
     bhikṣāvāsas bhikṣā-vāsas, as, n. the garment of a mendicant, a beggar's dress.
     bhikṣāvṛtti bhik-ṣā-vṛtti, is, is, i, living or subsisting on alms, begging.
     bhikṣāśitva bhikṣāśi-tva (-ṣā-āś-), am, n. the eating begged food, subsisting on alms; mendicancy; profligacy, roguery.
     bhikṣāśin bhikṣāśin (-ṣā-āś-), i, inī, i, eating begged food, living or subsisting on alms; dishonest; [cf. bhaikṣāśya.]
     bhikṣāhāra bhikṣāhāra (-ṣā-āh-), as, m. begged food; [cf. bhikṣānna.]
     bhikṣotkara bhikṣotkara (-ṣā-ut-), as, m. scattering alms.
     bhikṣopajīvin bhikṣopajīvin (-ṣā-up-), ī, inī, i, subsisting by alms, one who lives by begging.

bhikṣāka bhikṣāka, as, ī, m. f. begging, a beggar, mendicant.

bhikṣita bhikṣita, as, ā, am, begged, solicited or obtained as alms; [cf. śūdra-bh-.]

bhikṣitavya bhikṣitavya, as, ā, am, Ved. to be begged or asked for.

bhikṣin bhikṣin, ī, iṇī, i, begging, asking for alms.

bhikṣu bhikṣu, us, m. a beggar, mendicant, religious mendicant (especially a Brāhman of the fourth or mendicant order, i. e. one in the fourth āśrama or last stage of his life when he abandons his house and family and subsists entirely on alms; cf. āśrama, mahā-bh-); a Buddhist mendicant; a particular Buddha; N. of an Āṅgīrasa (author of the hymn Ṛg-veda X. 117); of a son of Bhoja (= bhikṣā-cara); N. of a particular species of plant, = śrā-vaṇī, = kokilākṣa; (u), n., N. of an Upaniṣad.
     bhikṣucaryā bhikṣu-caryā, f. 'a beggar's course of life', begging.
     bhikṣutattva bhikṣu-tattva, am, n., N. of a work.
     bhikṣusaṅgha bhikṣu-saṅgha, as, m. a society of Buddhist mendicants.
     bhikṣusaṅghātī bhikṣu-saṅghātī, f. beggar's clothes, old or ragged raiment.
     bhikṣusūtra bhikṣu-sūtra, am, n. a collection of rules or precepts for mendicants.
     bhikṣusūtrabhāṣyavārttika bhik-ṣusūtra-bhāṣya-vārttika, am, n., N. of a commentary on the preceding.

bhikṣuka bhikṣuka, as, m. a beggar, mendicant, a Brāhman of the mendicant order [cf. bhikṣu]; (ī), f. a female mendicant.
     bhikṣukīpāraka bhikṣukī-pāraka (?), N. of a building mentioned in Rāja-taraṅgiṇī VI. 191.

bhikṣuṇī bhikṣuṇī, f. a Buddhist female mendicant or nun, (probably a Pāli form.)

bhikṣya bhikṣya (fr. bhikṣā), Nom. P. bhikṣyati, &c., to beg or ask for alms, (a doubtful form.)

bhiṇḍa bhiṇḍa or bhiṇḍaka or bhiṇḍītaka, as, m. or bhiṇḍā, f. the plant Abelmoschus Esculentus.

bhitta bhitta, bhitti, &c. See col. 2.

bhid 1. bhid, cl. 7. P. A. bhinatti, bhintte (Ved. also cl. 1. bhedati), Impf. abhinat (2nd sing. abhinas or abhinat, 1st sing. Ved. abhedam, 2nd sing. abhet, bhet), Impv. bhi-nattu (2nd sing. bhinddhi or bhindhi), bibheda (2nd sing. bibheditha), bibhide (Part. bibhidvas), bhetsyati, -te, Aor. abhidat and abhaitsīt, abhitta (2nd sing. abhitthās), Inf. bhettum (Ved. bhet-tavai), to break, split, cleave, slit, cut asunder, sever, rend, tear, pierce, penetrate; to break through or down, burst through (e. g. setum bhid, to break through an embankment; timiram bhid, to break through or disperse darkness); to violate (e. g. san-dhim bhid, to violate a compact or alliance); to interrupt, disturb; to tear up; to destroy; to divide, separate; to open; to make to open or blossom, expand; to divide into parts or portions, disjoin, disunite; to loose, loosen, dissolve; to unravel, extricate; to betray, disclose; to set at variance; to unsettle, perplex; to alter, change, make to differ; to distinguish, discriminate: Pass. bhidyate, to be split; to burst (e. g. śītena, with frost); to be torn asunder; to be destroyed; to be harassed or afflicted; to be divided or separated; to open, be opened, become relaxed; to expand, blossom, bloom; to become loose, be loosened; to separate one's self from, keep aloof from (with inst.); to differ or be different from (with abl.); to alter, change; to be divulged: Caus. bhedayati, -yitum, abībhidat, to cause to break or split &c., to break, split, cleave, divide, tear or dash to pieces; to destroy, overcome; to separate, dissolve, disunite, unsettle (in opinion), perplex, set at variance, cause dispersion; to seduce: Desid. of Caus. bibhedayiṣati: Desid. bibhit-sati, -te: Intens. bebhidyate, bebhidīti, bebhetti, to break or split repeatedly, to divide or cut into again and again; [cf. Lat. findo, fi-nis fr. fid-nis (?): Goth. bit, 'to bite;' beita, bait, bitum: Old Germ. biz.]

bhitta bhitta, am, n. a fragment, broken piece, bit; a part, portion; = bhitti, a partition, wall.

bhitti bhitti, is, f. breaking, splitting, tearing, dividing; a wall of earth or masonry, a partition; a mat (made of split reeds); anything broken or divided; a rent, fissure; a fragment, bit, piece, portion, part; a place, spot; a flaw, defect, deficiency; an opportunity, occasion; an asylum (?).
     bhittikhātana bhitti-khātana, as, m. 'wall-digger', one who digs into or undermines walls, a rat; [cf. bhitti-pātana.]
     bhitticaura bhitti-caura, as, m. 'wall-burglar', a house-breaker (the mud wall of the Hindū cottages being easily cut through by burglars).
     bhittipātana bhitti-pātana, as, m. 'wall-overthrower, wall-destroyer', a kind of rat; [cf. bhitti-khātana.]

bhittikā bhittikā, f. a partition, wall; a small houselizard; (as, ā, am) = bhitti (at the end of an adj. comp.).

bhittvā bhittvā, ind. having broken, having split, having burst through, &c.

bhid 2. bhid, t, t, t, (at the end of a comp.) breaking, splitting, dividing, piercing; a breaker, &c.; breaking to pieces, destroying [cf. aśma-bh-, giri-bh-, gotra-bh-, tamo-bh-, pura-bh-]; (t), f., Ved. a breaker, destroyer, &c.; breaking, splitting, dividing; difference; different sort, kind.

bhidaka bhidaka, as, m. 'cutter or wounder', a sword; (am), n. Indra's thunderbolt.

bhidā bhidā, f. breaking, splitting, piercing, bursting in pieces, tearing, rending [cf. dur-bhida]; dividing, separation; difference; sort, kind, species; coriander.

bhidāpana bhidāpana, am, n. (fr. an irregular Caus. bhi-dāpaya), the act of causing to break, causing to pound or trample on.

bhidi bhidi, is, or bhidu, us, m. Indra's thunderbolt.

bhidira bhidira, am, n. a thunderbolt (= bhidi above).

bhidura bhidura, as, ā, am, breaking, splitting, piercing, destroying; easily broken or split, fragile, brittle; divided, variegated, mingled; (am), n. a thunderbolt [cf. bhidira].
     bhidurasvana bhidura-svana, as, m. 'making a piercing sound, N. of an Asura; (in Hari-vaṃśa' 2289 also read mṛdura-svana, sṛmaraḥ khanaḥ.)

bhidelima bhidelima, as, ā, am, to be broken or split, easily broken, brittle, fragile.

bhidya bhidya, as, m. a rushing river ('one bursting its banks'); N. of a river; [cf. pūr-bh-.]

bhidyamāna bhidyamāna, as, ā, am, being broken or split or pierced; being divided or separated; being distinguished.

bhidra bhidra, am, n. a thunderbolt.

bhidvat bhid-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. containing the root bhid.

bhindat bhindat, an, atī, at, breaking, splitting, cleaving, piercing, destroying, dividing.

bhindu bhindu, us, us, u, Ved. breaking, splitting; destroying; a destroyer; (us), m. a drop [cf. bindū]; (us), f. a woman bringing forth a still-born child, a woman who bears a dead child; [cf. nindu.]

bhinddhilavaṇā bhinddhi-lavaṇā, f. (fr. 2nd sing. Impv.), constant sprinkling of salt; [cf. paca-l-.]

bhinna bhinna, as, ā, am, broken, fractured, split, (bhinnā nauḥ, a leaky ship, a wrecked vessel); torn, rent, cloven, pounded, lacerated; opened, expanded, budded, blossoming; divided, separated into parts, anything less than a whole; detached, disunited, disjoined; loosened; separated or different from; distinct, other, different (e. g. āṅ-bhinno-nipātaḥ, any particle other than āṅ); deviated, deviating or varying from; deprived of, without; furious (as an elephant, see bhinna-karaṭa); mingled, mixed, cleaving to; (as), m. a flaw or defect in a jewel; (am), n. a fragment, bit, part, portion; (in arithmetic) a fraction; a blossom; a wound from a pointed weapon, a stab; a particular mode of fighting mentioned in Hari-vaṃśa 15978 (also read mitra.)
     bhinnakaraṭa bhinna-karaṭa, as, m. an elephant in rut or from whose divided temples the juice exudes.
     bhinnakarṇa bhinna-karṇa, as, ā, am, having divided ears (said of particular animals).
     bhinnakūṭa bhinna-kūṭa, as, ā, am, deprived of a chief or leader (said of an army).
     bhinnakrama bhinna-krama, as, ā, am, having the order broken, out of order or place, displaced.
     bhinnagati bhinna-gati, is, is, i, going with great strides, going quickly.
     bhinnagarbha bhinna-garbha, as, ā, am, disunited in its centre (said of an army), broken up, disorganized.
     bhinnagātrikā bhinna-gātrikā, f. a kind of cucumber, Cucumis Usitatissimus (= karkaṭī).
     bhinnaguṇana bhinna-guṇana, am, n. multiplication of fractions.
     bhinnaghana bhinna-ghana, as, m. the cube of a fraction.
     bhinnajātīya bhinna-jātīya, as, ā, am, of a different tribe or caste.
     bhinnatva bhinna-tva, am, n. the state of being different, difference, variation.
     bhinnadarśin bhinna-darśin, ī, inī, i, or bhinna-dṛś, k, k, k, seeing different things, seeing a difference, making a difference, partial, (opposed to sama-darśin.)
     bhinnadeśa bhinna-deśa, as, ā, am, belonging to different or various places; occurring or happening in various places.
     bhinnadeśatva bhinnadeśa-tva, am, n. the condition of being widely distant.
     bhinnadeha bhinna-deha, as, ā, am, 'whose body is pierced', wounded.
     bhinnanau bhinna-nau, aus, aus, u, or bhinna-nauka, as, ā, am, 'whose ship is broken', shipwrecked.
     bhinnaparikarman bhinna-parikarman, a, n. an arithmetical operation with fractions.
     bhinnaprakāra bhinna-prakāra, as, ā, am, of a different kind or sort.
     bhinnabhāgahara bhinna-bhāga-hara, as, m. division of fractions.
     bhinnabhāṇḍa bhinna-bhāṇḍa or bhinna-bhājana, am, n. a broken pot or vessel, potsherd.
     bhinnabhinnātman bhinna-bhinnātman (-na-āt-), ā, m. chick-pea, Cicer Arietinum.
     bhinnamarman bhinna-marman, ā, ā, a, pierced in the vital organs, mortally wounded.
     bhinnamaryāda bhinna-maryāda, as, ā, am, 'whose course is broken or separated from the right way', uncontrolled, unrestrained; unbounded.
     bhinnamastakapiṇḍaka bhinna-mastaka-piṇ-ḍaka or -piṇḍika, as, ā, am, whose skull and forehead is cloven, (an elephant) whose frontal globes are open.
     bhinnayojanī bhinna-yojanī, f. the plant Plectranthus Scutellarioides (= pāṣāṇa-bheda).
     bhinnaliṅga bhinna-liṅga, am, n. incongruity of gender in a comparison.
     bhinnavacana bhinna-vacana, am, n. incongruity of number in a comparison.
     bhinnavat bhinna-vat, ān, atī, at, one who has divided.
     bhinnavarga bhinna-varga, as, m. the square of a fraction.
     bhinnavarcas bhinna-varcas, ās, ās, as, or bhinna-varcaska, as, ā, am, voiding excrement, &c.
     bhinvarcaska bhin-varcaska, as, ā, am, changed in colour, discoloured, pale; of a different caste or tribe.
     bhinnavartman bhinna-vart-man, ā, ā, a, separated from the right way; [cf. bhinna-maryāda.]
     bhinnaviṭka bhinna-viṭka, as, ā, am (fr. bhinna + viṣ), = bhinna-varcas.
     bhinnaviṭkatva bhinnaviṭka-tva, am, n. the state of one who voids excrement, &c., (according to some commentators) change of colour in the feces.
     bhinnavṛtta bhinna-vṛtta, as, ā, am, having abandoned the path of duty, leading a bad life; containing a metrical fault.
     bhinnavṛtti bhinna-vṛtti,  is, is, i, having different occupations, occupied differently; leading a bad life; neglecting prescribed observances, following bad courses.
     bhinnavṛttitā bhinnavṛtti-tā, f. the following of evil courses, neglect of prescribed obseruances.
     bhinnavyavakalita bhinna-vyavakalita, am, n. subtraction of fractions.
     bhinnasaṃhati bhinna-saṃhati, is, is, i, whose union is broken, disunited.
     bhinnasaṅkalana bhinna-saṅ-kalana or bhinna-saṅkalita, am, n. addition of fractions.
     bhinnasvara bhinna-svara, as, ā, am, having a broken or changed voice, hesitating in speech, faltering; discordant.
     bhinnasvaramukhavarṇa bhinnasvara-mukha-varṇa, as, ā, am, having a broken or changed voice and complexion.
     bhinnahṛdaya bhinna-hṛdaya, as, ā, am, pierced through the heart.
     bhinnāñjana bhinnāñjana (-na-añ-), am, n. divided antimony, pounded collyrium, or collyrium mixed (with oil and used as an eye-salve), eyeointment consisting of various materials pounded and mixed.
     bhinnāñjadnacayopama bhinnāñjadna-cayopama (-ya-up-), as, ā, am, like a quantity of pounded antimony or mixed collyrium.
     bhinnāñjanasannibha bhinnāñjana-sannibha, as, ā, am, similar to pounded antimony or mixed pigment.
     bhinnāñjanākara bhinnāñjanākara (-na-āk-), or bhinnāñjanā-bha (-na-ābha-), as, ā, am, appearing like pounded antimony or mixed collyrium.
     bhinnābhinna bhinnābhinna (-na-abh-), as, ā, am, distinct and not distinct, separate and not separate.
     bhinnārtha bhinnārtha (-na-ar-), as, ā, am, having a clear or distinct meaning, clear, evident, intelligible, perspicuous.
     bhinnārthatā bhinnārtha-tā, f. clearness of meaning, intelligibleness, clearness.
     bhinnodara bhinnodara (-na-ud-), as, m. a brother by a different mother, a half brother.

bhinnaka bhinnaka, as, m. 'a seceder', a Buddhist; N. of a musical mode or Rāga.

bhettavya bhettavya, as, ā, am, to be broken; to be betrayed; to be divulged.

bhettṛ bhettṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, breaking, splitting, piercing, bursting through, dividing, &c.; a breaker, splitter, piercer, interrupter, disturber, troubler, frustrator; a divulger (of a secret), betrayer, traitor; a factious or seditious man; (tā), m., N. of a particular magical spell recited over weapons.

bhind bhind, a various reading for rt. bind, q. v.

bhindapāla bhindapāla or bhindipāla, as, m. a short javelin or arrow thrown from the hand or shot through a tube; a stone fastened to a string; (also read bhindamāla, bhindumāla, bhiṇḍimāla, bhiṇ-ḍimālā.)

bhindu bhindu, bhinna, &c. See p. 710, col. 3.

bhiyas bhiyas. See col. 2.

bhiriṇṭikā bhiriṇṭikā, f. a species of plant, = śveta-guñjā; (also read bhṛṇṭikā.)

bhil bhil = rt. bil, q. v.

bhilma bhilma, am, n. a word used by Yāska (Nirukta 1. 20) to explain bilma, q. v.

bhilla bhilla, as, m., N. of a wild mountain race, probably the modern Bheels, (they live in the Vindhya mountains, in the forests of Malwa, Mewar, and Kandesh, and in the Dakhin to the north of Poona; they were formerly notorious for their depredations); a kind of the Bhillas; (ī), f. the plant Symplocos Racemosa.
     bhillagavī bhilla-gavī, f. = gavayī, the female of the Bos Gavaeus.
     bhillataru bhilla-taru, us, m. Symplocos Racemosa; [cf. bhillī.]
     bhillabhūṣaṇā bhilla-bhūṣaṇā, f. the seed of the plant Abrus Precatorius.

bhilloṭa bhilloṭa or bhilloṭaka, as, m., N. of a species of plant, (perhaps) = bhilla-taru.

bhiścā bhiścā, f., N. of a woman.

bhiṣaj 1. bhiṣaj (a Vedic verb of which the 3rd sing. present bhiṣakti occurs in Ṛg-veda VIII. 79, 2, where according to Sāy. bhiṣakti = bhiṣajyati), to heal or cure; [cf. bheṣaja.]

bhiṣaj 2. bhiṣaj, k, k, k (in Uṇādi-s. I. 137 derived fr. rt. 1. bhī with vowel shortened and affix aj, ṣ being inserted), healing, sanative, curative; (k), m. a physician; medicine, a remedy (= bheṣaja); N. of a man with the patronymic Ātharvaṇa; of a son of Śata-dhanvan; (au), m. du. the Aśvins; [cf. śata-bh-.]
     bhiṣaktama bhiṣak-tama, as, ā, am, Ved. most healing; (au), m. du. 'the best physicians', the Aśvins.
     bhiṣaktara bhiṣak-tara, as, ā, am, Ved. more healing.
     bhiṣakpāśa bhiṣak-pāśa, as, m. an inferior physician, a quack doctor.
     bhiṣakpriyā bhiṣak-priyā, f. 'dear to a physician', the plant Cocoulus Cordifolius (= guḍūcī).
     bhiṣagjita bhiṣag-jita, am, n. 'subdued by physicians', any drug or medicine.
     bhiṣagbhadrā bhiṣag-bhadrā, f. a species of the plant Croton; [cf. bhadra-dantikā.]
     bhiṣagvara bhiṣag-vara, as, m. the best of physicians; (au), m. du. the two Aśvins.
     bhiṣaṅmātṛ bhiṣaṅ-mātṛ, tā, f. the plant Justicia Adhadota; [cf. vaidya-mātṛ.]

bhiṣajāvarta bhiṣajāvarta, as, m., N. of Kṛṣṇa.

bhiṣajya 1. bhiṣajya, Nom. P. bhiṣajyati, &c., Ved. to heal, cure.

bhiṣajya 2. bhiṣajya, as, ā, am, Ved. sanative, healing, healthful; (ā), f. the act of healing or curing; a remedy, cure; [cf. dur-bh-.]

bhiṣajyita bhiṣajyita, as, ā, am, Ved. healed, cured, (also incorrectly read bhiṣajjyita, bhiṣajjiyita, bhi-ṣajjayita.)

bhiṣṇaja bhiṣṇaja, as, m., see Gaṇa Gargādi to Pāṇ. IV. 1, 105.

bhiṣṇajya bhiṣṇajya, Nom. P. bhiṣṇajyati, &c., Ved. = 1. bhiṣajya, to heal, cure.

bhiṣmā bhiṣmā, f. a various reading for bhissā below.

bhiṣmikā bhiṣmikā, bhiṣmiṭā, bhiṣmiṣṭā, various readings for bhissaṭā below.

bhissaṭā bhissaṭā or bhissiṭā, f. parched or fried rice.

bhissā bhissā, f. boiled rice.

bhihu bhihu (?), us, m., N. of a mountain.

bhī 1. bhī, cl. 1. A. bhayate (Ved.); cl. 3. P. (Ved. and ep. also A.) bibheti (3rd du. bibhītas or bibhitas, 3rd pl. bibhyati, Part. bibh-yat, ep. 1st sing. A. bibhye), Impf. abibhet (3rd pl. abibhayus), Pot. bibhīyāt or bibhiyāt (3rd pl. bi-bhīyus or bibhiyus, bibhyeyus Mahā-bh. Śānti-p. 459), bibhāya or bibhayāñ-cakāra or bibhayām-āsa (3rd pl. bibhyus, Part. bibhīvas, bibhyuṣī, f.), bheṣyati, Aor. abhaiṣīt (2nd sing. abhaiṣīs, ep. mā bhais for mā bhaiṣīs, Ved. forms bhes, bhema), bhetum (Ved. forms bhayante, abhayanta, Part. bhayamāna, bhiyāna, Inf. bhiyase, cf. bhiyas below; according to the Dhātu-pāṭha even cl. 10. P. bhāyayati), to fear, dread, be afraid of (with abl. or gen., e. g. mṛtyor bibheti, he fears death; bibhemi -te, I fear thee; very rarely with inst. or acc.); to fear for, be anxious or solicitous about (A.): Pass. bhī-yate, Aor. abhāyi: Caus. A. bhīṣayate (ep. also P. bhīṣayati), bhāpayate, Aor. abibhīṣata, &c., to terrify, put in a fright, intimidate; bhāyayati, Aor. abībhayat, &c., to frighten or terrify any one (acc.) with anything (inst.): Desid. bibhīṣati: Intens. bebhīyate, bebhayīti, bebheti; [cf. Zend rt. , 'to be frightened:' Gr. [greek] [greek] Lith. bij-au, 'I am afraid;' baime, 'fear;' bai-dau, 'I terrify;' baisis, 'terrible;' perhaps belonging to the Caus. bhīṣaya; byaurus, 'deformed', see bhīru; baj-us, 'fear', = bhaya: Slav. boj-a-ti, 'to be afraid:' probably Goth. fia for bia, fiangds: Mod. Germ. feind: Eng. fiend: Old Germ. bi-be-n: Angl. Sax. bif-ian, beof-ian: Mod. Germ. beb-en = Intens. bebheti.]

bhiyas bhiyas, m., Ved. fear, apprehension, dread, (occurring only in the acc. and inst. sing., the dat. sing. bhiyase being used as Ved. inf. of rt. 1. bhī, above; cf. Zend bienghe.)

bhiyasāna bhiyasāna, as, ā, am, Ved. fearful, timid.

bhiyā bhiyā, f. fear, apprehension, dread.

bhī 2. bhī, īs, f. fear, apprehension, alarm, dread, (sometimes at the end of a comp., cf. avadya-bhī.)
     bhīkara bhī-kara, as, ā or ī, am, causing or exciting fear.
     bhīmat bhī-mat, ān, atī, at, fearful.

bhīta bhīta, as, ā, am, frightened, alarmed, terrified, afraid, fearful, timid; placed in jeopardy or danger, imperiled, (often at the end of a comp., e. g. agni-bh-, afraid of fire; mṛtyu-bh-); (am), n. fear, alarm, apprehension; (am), ind. timidly.
     bhītaṅkāra bhītaṅ-kāra, as, ā, am, making afraid; (am), ind. making a coward, calling a coward, (tam bhītaṅ-kāram ākruśya, calling him a coward.)
     bhītaparitrāṇavastūpālambhapaṇḍita bhīta-paritrāṇa-vastūpālambha-paṇḍita (-tu-up-), as, ā, am, clever in finding fault with the means of rescuing the terrified.
     bhītabhīta bhīta-bhīta, as, ā, am, very much frightened, exceedingly afraid.
     bhītavat 1. bhīta-vat, ān, atī, at, one who is afraid.
     bhītavat 2. bhīta-vat, ind. like a frightened person, timidly.

bhīti bhīti, is, f. fear, alarm, apprehension, dread, terror, (often at the end of a comp., cf. doṣa-bh-, deva-bh-); tremor, trembling, shaking; danger.
     bhītikṛt bhīti-kṛt, t, t, t, causing fear, exciting alarm.
     bhītināṭitaka bhīti-nāṭitaka, am, n. mimic representation of fear.

bhīma bhīma, as, ā, am, fearful, dreadful, terrible, formidable, horrible, horrid, terrific, terrifying; (am), n. horror, terror; (as), m. a kind of sorrel (= amla-vetasa), Rumex Vesicarius; N. of Rudra; of Śiva; of one of the eight forms of Śiva; of one of the eleven Rudras; of a Deva-gandharva; of one of the Devas called Yajña-mush; of a Dānava; of a Vidyā-dhara; of a son of the Rākṣasa Kumbhakarṇa; of the second son of Pāṇḍu (also called Bhīma-sena and Vṛkodara; he was only the reputed son of Pāṇḍu, being really the son of his wife Pṛthā or Kuntī by Vāyu, god of the wind; he was remarkable for his vast size and strength and voracious appetite; cf. vāyu-putra); N. of a Vaidarbha; of a son of Īlina; of a son of Amāvasu or Āmāvasu and father of Kāñcana; of a son of Sattvata; of a king of Dvārakā; of several kings; of an author; of a poet; of the father of Ananta; (ās), m. pl. the race of Bhīma; (ā), f. a whip; a sort of perfume (= rocanā); N. of a form of Durgā; of an Apsaras; of several rivers; of a district (probably sacred to Durgā); of a town.
     bhīmakarman bhīma-karman, ā, ā, a, terrible in act, of terrific prowess; dreadful, destructive.
     bhīmakārmuka bhīma-kārmuka, as, ā, am, having formidable bows.
     bhīmakhaṇḍa bhīma-khaṇḍa, am, n., N. of a work treating of the Liṅga Bhīmeśvara (mentioned in the Skanda-Purāṇa).
     bhīmagava bhīma-gava, as, or bhī-ma-gu, us, m. (gava or gu = go), N. of a man; [cf. bhaimagava.]
     bhīmagupta bhīma-gupta, as, m., N. of a king.
     bhīmagrāhavat bhīma-grāha-vat, ān, atī, at, having terrible sea monsters.
     bhīmacandra bhīma-candra, as, m., N. of a king.
     bhīmajānu bhīma-jānu, us, m., N. of a king.
     bhīmatā bhīma-tā, f. terribleness, fearfulness, formidableness.
     bhīmatithi bhīma-tithi, is, f. the day of Bhīma (= bhīmaikādaśī).
     bhīmadarśana bhīma-darśana, as, ā, am, frightful in appearance or aspect, frightful, hideous.
     bhīmadvādaśī bhīma-dvādaśī, f., N. of the twelfth day of the light half of the month Māgha (called after Bhīma the reputed son of Pāṇḍu; cf. bhīmaikādaśī).
     bhīmadvādaśīvrata bhīmadvādaśī-vrata, am, n., N. of the sixtyfifth chapter of the Bhavishyottara-Purāṇa.
     bhīmadhanvan bhīma-dhanvan, ā, m. 'having a terrific bow', N. of a king.
     bhīmadhanvāyana bhīma-dhanvāyana, 'bearing dreadful bows', in bhīma-dhanvāyanī senā, Mahā-bh. Udyoga-p. 7633.
     bhīmanagara bhīma-nagara, am, n. 'Bhīma's city', N. of a town; [cf. bhīma-pura.]
     bhīmanāda bhīma-nāda, as, ā, am, sending forth a fearful sound, sounding dreadfully; (as), m. a loud or fearful sound; a lion; N. of one of the seven clouds which will cover the sky at the destruction of the world.
     bhīmanāyaka bhī-ma-nāyaka, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhīmaparākrama bhīma-parā-krama, as, ā, am, possessing fearful power or prowess; of terrible strength; (as), m. an epithet of Śiva; N. of a man; of a work mentioned in Raghunandana's Saṃskāra-tattva.
     bhīmapāla bhīma-pāla, as, m., N. of a king.
     bhīmapura bhīma-pura, am, n., N. of a town situated on the Ganges; [cf. bhīma-nagara.]
     bhīmabala bhī-ma-bala, as, ā, am, possessing fearful or tremendous strength; (as), m., N. of one of the sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra; of one of Devas called Yajña-mush, see Mahā-bh. Vana-p. 14166.
     bhīmabhaṭa bhīma-bhaṭa, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhīmabhaṭṭa bhīma-bhaṭṭa, as, m., N. of an author.
     bhīmabhuja bhīma-bhuja, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhīmamukha bhīma-mukha, as, ī, am, of fearful aspect or appearance; (as), m., N. of a monkey.
     bhīmaratha bhīma-ratha, as, m., N. of a king; of a son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra; of Ketu-mat (the father of Divo-dāsa); of a son of Vikṛti and father of Nava-ratha; of a son of Kṛṣṇa by Satya-bhāmā; of a Rākṣasa [cf. bhaimaratha]; (ā, ī), f., N. of a river in the Himālaya mountains; (ī), f. 'the fearful night', N. of the seventh night in the seventh month of the seventy-seventh year of life (supposed to be the ordinary period of human life; a person after this period is thought to be arrived at dotage and exempt from all religious observances; bhīma-rathī is probably for bhīma-rātrī or for Prākṛt bhīma-rattī; cf. kāla-rātrī).
     bhīmarūpa bhīma-rūpa, as, ā, am, of terrible form, of fearful aspect.
     bhīmavikrama bhīma-vikrama, as, ā, am, of terrible prowess, tremendous in power or strength; (as), m., N. of one of the sons of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra.
     bhīmavikrānta bhīma-vikrānta, as, ā, am, fearfully powerful or courageous; (as), m. a lion.
     bhīmavigraha bhīma-vigraha, as, ā, am, of fearful form, terrific in appearance, gigantic.
     bhīmavega bhīma-vega, as, ā, am, of fearful or tremendous speed, terribly swift or impetuous; (as), m., N. of one of the sons of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra; of a Dānava.
     bhīmavegarava bhīma-vega-rava, as, ā, am, of dreadful speed and sound, fearful in velocity and noise; (as), m., N. of one of the sons of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra.
     bhīmaśaṅkara bhīma-śaṅkara, am, n., scil. liṅga, N. of one of the twelve most sacred Liṅgas.
     bhīmaśara bhīma-śara, as, m. 'having fearful arrows', N. of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra.
     bhīmaśāsana bhīma-śāsana, as, m. 'terrible in rule', N. of Yama.
     bhīmaśāha bhīma-śāha, as, m. (śāha = [greek] 'the terrible king', N. of a king.
     bhīmaśukla bhīma-śukla, as, m., N. of a king.
     bhīmasiṃhapaṇḍita bhīma-siṃha-paṇḍita, as, m., N. of a learned man and poet.
     bhīmasena bhīma-sena, as, m. 'having a terrible army', N. of a brother of Janam-ejaya; of a son of Janam-ejaya; of a son of Ṛkṣa; of the second son of Pāṇḍu [cf. bhīma]; of a Deva-gandharva; of a Yaksha; of a king; of a grammarian; of a physician; a kind of camphor; [cf. bhaimaseni, bhai-masenya.]
     bhīmasenamaya bhīmasena-maya, as, ī, am, consisting of Bhīmasena.
     bhīmasvāmin bhīma-svāmin, ī, m., N. of a Brāhman.
     bhīmākara bhīmākara (-ma-āk-), as, m., N. of a man.
     bhīmādeva bhīmā-deva, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhīmādyupākhyāna bhīmādy-upākhyāna, am, n., N. of the fifteenth chapter of the Vāsiṣṭha-rāmāyaṇa, commonly called Yoga-vāsiṣṭha.
     bhīmeśa bhīmeśa (-ma-īśa-) or bhīme-śvara (-ma-īś-), am, n., N. of a place sacred to Śiva.
     bhīmeśvaratīrtha bhīmeśvara-tīrtha and bhīmeśvara-mā-kātmya, am, n., N. of two chapters of the Revāmāhātmya of the Śiva-Purāṇa.
     bhīmaikādaśī bhīmaikādaśī (-ma-ek-), f., N. of the eleventh day in the light half of the month Māgha; [cf. bhīma-dvādaśī.]
     bhīmottara bhīmottara (-ma-ut-), as, m., N. of a Kumbhāṇḍa.
     bhīmodarī bhīmodarī (-ma-ud-), f. an epithet of Umā.

bhīmaka bhīmaka, as, m., N. of a demon; (also read bhīṣaka.)

bhīmayu bhīmayu, us, us, u, Ved. fearful, dreadful.

bhīmara bhīmara, am, n. war, battle.

bhīmala bhīmala, as, ā, am, Ved. = bhīma, q. v.

bhīraka bhīraka, as, m. a various reading for bhīruka, a kind of sugar-cane.

bhīru bhīru, us, us, or ūs, u, fearful, timid, cowardly, (opposed to śūra); fearing, afraid of (with abl., e. g. maraṇād bhīruḥ, afraid of death; or at the end of a comp., e. g. pratijñā-bhaṅga-bhīru, afraid of breaking a promise); (us), m. a jackal [cf. pheru]; a tiger; a kind of sugar-cane; (us, ūs), f. a timid woman; a shadow; a goat; a centipede; Solanum Jacquini or a sort of prickly nightshade; the plant Asparagus Racemosus, (in some of these last senses said to be also m.); (u), n. silver.
     bhīrucetas bhīru-cetas, ās, m. 'timid-hearted', a deer; [cf. bhīru-hṛdaya.]
     bhīrujana bhīru-jana, as, m. one whose servants are cowards.
     bhīrutā bhīru-tā, f. or bhīru-tva, am, n. fearfulness, timidity, cautiousness, cowardice; natural cowardice (as of a tiger, cf. bhīru, col. 1).
     bhīrupattrī bhīru-pattrī, f. Asparagus Racemosus.
     bhīrumaya bhīru-maya, as, ī, am, fearful, terrible, frightful.
     bhīruyodha bhīru-yodha, as, ā, am, having cowardly soldiers, possessing a cowardly garrison.
     bhīrurandhra bhīru-randhra, as, m. 'having a fearful chasm', an oven, a furnace.
     bhīrusattva bhīru-sattva, as, ā, am, having a timid nature, fearful, timid.
     bhīruhṛdaya bhīru-hṛdaya, as, ā, am, timid-hearted, fearful, timid; (as), m. a deer; [cf. bhīru-cetas.]

bhīruka bhīruka, as, ā, am, fearful, timid, timorous, cowardly; afraid; shy; formidable; (as), m. an owl; a bear [cf. bhīluka]; a kind of sugar-cane, (also written bhīraka); N. of a man; (am), n. a wood, forest.
     bhīrukajana bhīruka-jana, as, m. one whose servants are cowards.

bhīruṇa bhīruṇa, as, ā, am, terrific, &c. See a-bh-.

bhīlu bhīlu = bhīru, col. 1.

bhīluka bhīluka, as, ā, am, = bhīruka above; (as), m. a bear; [cf. bhallūka, bhīruka.]

bhīṣaka bhīṣaka, as, m. (fr. the Caus.), N. of one of Śiva's attendants [cf. bhīmaka]; (ikā), f., N. of a goddess.

bhīṣaṇa bhīṣaṇa, as, ā, am, (fr. the Caus.), terrifying, frightening, causing alarm, terrific, awful, formidable, horrible, (often at the end of a comp., e. g. śatru-bh-, terrifying an enemy); (as), m. the sentiment of horror (in poetical composition); N. of a form of Bhairava (= Yama); an epithet of Śiva; the olibanum tree, Boswellia Thurifera; the plant Phoenix Paludosa (= hintāla); a pigeon, dove; N. of a Rākṣasa; (ā), f., N. of a goddess, (probably a form of Durgā); (am), n. the act of terrifying or frightening, causing alarm or horror; anything which excites terror.
     bhīṣaṇatva bhīṣaṇa-tva, am, n. terribleness, horribleness.

bhīṣaṇaka bhīṣaṇaka, as, ikā, am, = bhīṣaṇa, terrifying, frightening, intimidating.

bhīṣayamāṇa bhīṣayamāṇa, as, ā, am, terrifying, frightening.

bhīṣā 1. bhīṣā, f. the act of terrifying, frightening, intimidation, terror, fright.

bhīṣā 2. bhīṣā, ind. (perhaps contracted fr. bhiyasā, or inst. c. of bhīs = 2. bhī), Ved. from fear.

bhīṣita bhīṣita, as, ā, am, terrified, frightened, alarmed.

bhīṣidāsa bhīṣi-dāsa, as, m., N. of the man under whose patronage Nārāyaṇa's commentary on the Gītagovinda was composed.

bhīṣma bhīṣma, as, ā, am, = bhīma, terrible, horrible, terrific, fearful; (as), m. the sentiment of horror as the object of poetical composition; an epithet of Śiva (Rudra); a Rākṣasa, imp, goblin; N. of a son of Śāntanu and Gaṅgā, (he is an important personage in the Mahā-bhārata, being the half brother of both Vicitra-vīrya and Vyāsa,--Śāntanu, who was a descendant of Bharata, having had his son Vicitra-vīrya by his legitimate wife Satyavatī, but Bhīṣma by Gaṅgā before his marriage; when Vicitra-vīrya died childless, Bhīṣma undertook the government of Hastinā-pur, and brought up his three nephews, the sons of his half brother Vyāsa, viz. Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, Pāṇḍu, and Vidura; whence he is sometimes called their father; he took the side of his grand-nephews, the sons of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, against the sons of Pāṇḍu; he was a warrior renowned for his continence, wisdom, bravery, and fidelity to his word); (ās), m. pl. the race or followers of Bhīṣma; (am), n. horror, horribleness, the property of exciting fear or terror.
     bhīṣmagarijitaghoṣasvararāja bhīṣma-garijita-ghoṣa-svara-rāja, as, m., N. of a Buddha; [cf. bhīṣma-svara-rāja.]
     bhīṣmajananī bhīṣma-jananī, f. 'mother of Bhīṣma', an epithet of the Ganges.
     bhīṣmapañcaka bhīṣma-pañcaka, am, n. 'five days sacred to Bhīṣma', the five days from the eleventh to the fifteenth in the light half of the month Kārttika.
     bhīṣmapañcakavrata bhīṣmapañcaka-vrata, am, n., N. of the sixty-third chapter of the Bhavishyottara-Purāṇa.
     bhīṣmaparvan bhīṣma-parvan, a, n., N. of the sixth book of the Mahā-bhārata.
     bhīṣmamuktipradāyaka bhīṣ-ma-mukti-pradāyaka, as, m. 'giving release to Bhīṣma', N. of Viṣṇu.
     bhīṣmaratnaparīkṣā bhīṣma-ratna-parī-kṣā, f. trial of the jewel of Bhīṣma.
     bhīṣmasū bhīṣma-sū, ūs, f. 'mother of Bhīṣma', an epithet of the Ganges.
     bhīṣmastavarāja bhīṣma-stava-rāja, as, m. 'Bhīṣma's hymn to Kṛṣṇa', N. of the forty-seventh chapter of the twelfth book of the Mahā-bhārata.
     bhīṣmasvararāja bhīṣma-svara-rāja, as, m. 'king of terrible sounds', N. of a Buddha; [cf. bhīṣma-garjita-ghoṣa-svara-rāja.]
     bhīṣmāṣṭamī bhīṣmāṣṭamī (-ma-aṣ-), f. the eighth day in the light half of the month Māgha (when there is a festival sacred to Bhīṣma).

bhīṣmaka bhīṣmaka, as, m. Bhīṣma, the son of Śāntanu (used contemptuously); N. of a king (the father of Rukmiṇī who was carried off by Kṛṣṇa).

bhetavya bhetavya, as, ā, am, to be feared or dreaded, to be apprehended, (the neuter is used impersonally, e. g. na bhetavyam, it is not to be feared, i. e. one need not fear; often with abl. or gen., e. g. na tasmāt or tasya bhetavyam, one need not be afraid of him.)

bheya bheya, as, ā, am, to be feared, (the neut. may be used impersonally, e. g. arer bheyam, one must fear an enemy.)

bhīṇī bhīṇī, f., N. of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda, (in Mahā-bh. Śalya-p. 2645 also read bhītī.)

bhīmarikā bhīmarikā, f., N. of a daughter of Kṛṣṇa by Satya-bhāmā; (also read bhīmanikā.)

bhīra bhīra, ās, m. pl., N. of a people; (incorrectly for ābhīra.)

bhīraka bhīraka. See col. 1.

bhīrukaccha bhīrukaccha, ās, m. pl., N. of a people; (probably for bharukaccha.)

bhīlabhūṣaṇā bhīla-bhūṣaṇā. See bhilla-bhūṣaṇā, p. 711, col. 1.

bhīlu bhīlu. See col. 2.

bhīṣaka bhīṣaka, bhīṣaṇa, bhīṣā, bhīṣma. See col. 2.

bhīṣaṭācārya bhīṣaṭācārya (?), as, m., N. of an author mentioned in Raghu-nandana's Saṃskāratattva.

bhu bhu, us, us, u, = bhū, existing, being, becoming, produced, (at the end of some comps., cf. agni-bhu, pra-bhu, svayam-bhu.)

bhuḥkhāra bhuḥkhāra, N. of a country in Independent Tartary, Bokhāra; [cf. bhūḥkhāra.]

bhuk bhuk, ind., Ved. an exclamation of surprise.

bhukkabhūpāla bhukka-bhūpāla, as, m., N. of a king.

bhukta bhukta, bhukti. See p. 713, col. 3.

bhugna bhugna. See below.

bhuṅ bhuṅ, a syllable in serted in certain Sāmans.

bhuj 1. bhuj, cl. 6. P. bhujati, bubhoja, bhoktum, to bend, curve, turn round, make crooked: Pass. bhujyate, to be bent, to incline one's self; [cf. Gr. [greek] [greek] probably [greek] from [greek] Lat. fug-i-o, fug-a, fug-ax, fugitivu-s, fugare: Goth. biug-an: Angl. Sax. big-an, bug-an, beag, beagrian, boga, eln-boga, el-boga: Old Germ. baug, bogo, elin-bogo, buoc, būh: Mod. Germ. bieg-en: Eng. bow, elbow: Slav. beg-a, 'I flee;' beg-l-i-c-i, 'a deserter:' Lith. beg-u, 'I flee, run;' bug-ti, 'to be afraid;' baug-u-s, 'fearful, timid:' Hib. bog-aim, 'I put in motion;' bogha, 'bow;' boghaighim, 'I bend;' boghadoir, 'an archer.']

bhugna bhugna, as, ā, am, bent, crooked, distorted; curved; bending, stooping, bowed.

bhuj 2. bhuj, k, k, k, in tri-bh-, q. v.

bhuja bhuja, as, ā, m. f. the arm, = 1. bāhu; (often at the end of an adj. comp., cf. catur-bh-, daśa-bh-, bhadra-bh-); = pāṇi, kara, the hand; (as), m. a bending, bend, curve; an arm or branch; the trunk (of an elephant); a side (of a triangle or of any mathematical figure; prati-bhuja, the opposite side); the base of a triangle; (in astronomy) the base of a shadow; the supplement of two or four right angles or the complement of three right angles; (ā), f. a winding; = 1. bhoga, the coil of a snake; [cf. perhaps Lat. pug-nus for fug-nus, 'a fist.']
     bhujakoṭara bhuja-koṭara, as, m. the armpit.
     bhujaga bhuja-ga, as, m. 'going crookedly or in a curve', = bhujaṅga, a snake; (ī), f. a female snake; a species of shrub, = sarpiṇī; [cf. bhujaṅgī.]
     bhujagadāraṇa bhujaga-dāraṇa, as, m. 'snake-destroyer', an epithet of Garuḍa; (this and similar compounds may be applied to any of the natural enemies of the serpent race, as the Ardea, peacock, ichneumon, &c.)
     bhujagapati bhujaga-pati, is, m. the king of snakes.
     bhujagapuṣapa bhujaga-puṣapa, as, m. = bhujaṅga-puṣpa, q. v.
     bhujagabhojin bhujaga-bhojin, ī, m. 'snake-eater', a peacock; Garuḍa.
     bhujagarāja bhujaga-rāja, as, m. 'snake-king', an epithet of Śeṣa.
     bhujagarājaya bhujagarājaya, Nom. A. bhujagarājayate, &c., to become or act like the king of snakes.
     bhujagavalaya bhujaga-valaya, as, am, m. n. a bracelet consisting of a serpent.
     bhujagaśiśusṛta bhujaga-śiśu-sṛta, as, ā, am, going or moving like a young snake; (ā), f., N. of a metre, four times [metrical sequence].
     bhujagāntaka bhu-jagāntaka (-ga-an-), as, m. 'snake-destroyer', an epithet of Garuḍa; [cf. bhujaga-dāraṇa.]
     bhujagābhojin bhu-jagābhojin (-ga-ābh-), ī, m. 'feeding on snakes', an epithet of Garuḍa.
     bhujagāśana bhujagāśana (-ga-aś-), as, m. 'snake-eater', Garuḍa.
     bhujagendra bhujagendra (-ga-in-), as, m. 'snake-king', any large snake.
     bhujageśvara bhuja-geśvara (-ga-īś-), as, m. 'snake-lord', an epithet of Śeṣa.
     bhujaṅga bhujaṅ-ga, as, m. = bhuja-ga, a snake, serpent, (bhujaṅ-ga is said by some to be formed fr. bhujam as an indec. part. of rt. 1. bhuj); a term for the number eight; the paramour of a prostitute; the dissolute friend of a king; a catamite, lecher; a species of Daṇḍaka metre; N. of a man; (ī), f. a female snake, a young female snake; a species of shrub, = sarpiṇī [cf. bhujagī]; (am), n., N. of a particular metal, (perhaps lead; cf. bhujaṅ-gama.)
     bhujaṅgakanyā bhujaṅga-kanyā, f. a young female snake.
     bhujaṅgaghātnī bhujaṅga-ghātnī, f. 'killing snakes', a species of plant, (commonly called Kankālika, considered as an antidote and said to be a sort of mustard; = sūkri, sarpākṣī, kṣut-karī, spṛhā.)
     bhujaṅgajihvā bhujaṅga-jihvā, f. 'snake's tongue', a species of plant (= mahā-samaṅgā).
     bhujaṅgadamanī bhujaṅga-damanī, f. a species of plant (= nakuleṣṭā).
     bhujaṅgaparṇinī bhujaṅga-parṇinī, f. a species of plant (= nāga-damanī).
     bhujaṅgapihita bhujaṅga-pihita, as, ā, am, covered with serpents.
     bhujaṅgapuṣpa bhu-jaṅga-puṣpa, a species of plant, = nāga-puṣpa; [cf. bhujaga-puṣpa.]
     bhujaṅgaprayāta bhujaṅga-prayāta, am, n. 'snake-like course', N. of a metre, four times [metrical sequence].
     bhujaṅgaprayātastotra bhujaṅgaprayāta-stotra, am, n., N. of a hymn addressed to Śiva, composed in the Bhujaṅga-prayāta metre, and said to be by Śaṅkarācārya.
     bhujaṅgaprayātāṣṭaka bhujaṅgaprayātāṣṭaka (-ta-aṣ-), am, n., N. of a piece of poetry in praise of Kṛṣṇa.
     bhujaṅgabha bhujaṅga-bha, am, n. 'snake-asterism', N. of the Nakshatra Āśleṣā.
     bhujaṅgabhuj bhujaṅga-bhuj, k, m. 'snake-eater', a peacock; an epithet of Garuḍa.
     bhujaṅgabhojin bhujaṅga-bhojin, ī, m. 'feeding on snakes', a particular species of snake, the large Indian serpent (Boa Constrictor), = rāja-sarpa; an epithet of Garuḍa.
     bhujāṅgama bhujāṅ-gama, as, m. = bhujaṅ-ga, a snake, serpent; a term for the number eight; an epithet of Rāhu; N. of a Nāga; (ā), f. a female snake, a female snake-demon; (am), n. lead.
     bhujaṅgalatā bhu-jaṅga-latā, f. betel-pepper (= nāga-vallī).
     bhujaṅgavijṛmbhita bhu-jaṅga-vijṛmbhita, am, n. a species of the Utkṛti metre.
     bhujaṅgaśiśu bhujaṅga-śiśu, us, m. a species of Vṛhatī metre.
     bhujaṅgasaṅgatā bhujaṅga-saṅgatā, f. a species of metre, four times [metrical sequence].
     bhujaṅgahan bhujaṅga-han, ā, m. 'snake-killer', Garuḍa.
     bhujaṅgākṣī bhujaṅgākṣī (-ga-akṣi), f. the ichneumon plant, = nakuleṣṭā; = rāsnā.
     bhujaṅgākhya bhujaṅgākhya (-ga-ākh-), as, m. the plant Mesua Roxburghii (= nāga-keśara).
     bhujaṅgikā bhu-jaṅgikā, f., N. of a village.
     bhujaṅgedra bhujaṅgedra (-ga-in-), as, m. the king of snakes.
     bhujaṅgerita bhujaṅgerita (-ga-īr-), am, n. a kind of metre.
     bhujaṅgeśa bhujaṅgeśa (-ga-īśa), as, m. 'snake-lord', an epithet of Piṅgalaka.
     bhujajyā bhuja-jyā, f. (in astronomy) the base sine.
     bhujajyāphala bhujajyā-phala, am, n. the result from the base sine.
     bhujadaṇḍa bhuja-daṇḍa, as, am, m. n. 'armstaff', an arm like a staff, the arm; [cf. bāhu-daṇḍa.]
     bhujadala bhuja-dala, as, m. 'arm-leaf', the hand; [cf. bhujā-dala.]
     bhujanagara bhuja-nagara, am, n., N. of a town.
     bhujapratibhuja bhuja-pratibhuja, am, n. opposite sides in a plane figure.
     bhujaphala bhuja-phala, am, n. = bāhu-phala, the result from the base sine.
     bhujabala bhuja-bala, am, n. strength of arm; (as), m., N. of an author, (also called bhuja-bala-bhīma.)
     bhujamadhya bhuja-madhya, am, n. 'the part between the arms', the breast.
     bhujamūla bhuja-mūla, am, n. 'the root of the arm', the shoulder.
     bhujayaṣṭi bhuja-yaṣṭi, is, m. f. = bhuja-daṇḍa.
     bhujavīrya bhuja-vīrya, am, n. vigour of arm.
     bhujaśālin bhuja-śālin, ī, inī, i, possessing strong arms; [cf. bāhu-śālin.]
     bhujaśikhara bhuja-śikhara, am, n. 'the head of the arm', the shoulder.
     bhujaśiras bhuja-śiras, as, n. 'the head of the arm', the shoulder, the shoulderblade.
     bhujasaṃśraya bhuja-saṃśraya, as, m. going for protection to the arms, taking refuge in the arms (of another).
     bhujasūtra bhuja-sūtra, am, n. the base sine.
     bhujākaṇṭa bhujā-kaṇṭa, as, m. (kaṇṭa = kaṇṭaka), 'handthorn', a finger-nail.
     bhujāgra bhujāgra (-ja-ag-), as, m. 'end of the arm', the hand; the shoulder.
     bhujādala bhujā-dala, as, m. 'arm-leaf', the hand (= bhuja-dala).
     bhujāntara bhujāntara (-ja-an-), am, n. 'the interval or part between the arms or between the shoulders', the breast, chest; (am), ind. between the arms, in the embrace.
     bhujāntarāla bhujāntarāla (-ja-an-), am, n. = bhu-jāntara.
     bhujāpīḍa bhujāpīḍa (-ja-āp-), as, m. clasping or embracing in the arms.
     bhujāmadhya bhujā-madhya, am, n. 'the middle of the arm', the elbow.
     bhujāmūla bhujā-mūla, am, n. = bhuja-mūla, q. v. the shoulder.

bhuji 1. bhuji, is, f., Ved. clasping round, enfolding, fold, (at the end of a comp., e. g. daśa-bh-, tenfold; cf. śata-bh-, tri-bhuj.)

bhujyu 1. bhujyu, us, us, u, Ved. capable of being bent, pliant, flexible; easily turned or guided (said of a chariot; according to Sāy. = rakṣaka, see rt. 3. bhuj); (us), m., N. of a son of Tugra saved from shipwreck by the Aśvins; of Bhujyu Lāhyāyani; (perhaps) a snake or viper; (according to some bhujyu also) = bhāṇḍa, bhājana, a pot, vessel; = bhojana, food; = agni, fire.

bhuj 3. bhuj [cf. rt. bhakṣ], cl. 7. P. A. bhunakti, bhuṅkte (3rd pl. bhuñjate, ep. also 3rd sing. bhuñjate, Ved. bhojate), Impf. abhunak, abhuṅkta, Pot. bhuñjyāt (ep. bhuñjīyāt and bhuñjet), bhuñjīta, Impv. bhunaktu, bhuṅk-tām, Perf. bubhoja, bubhuje (1st pl. irreg. bubhuj-mahe, 3rd pl. irreg. bubhujrire), 2nd Fut. bhokṣ-yati, -te, Aor. abhaukṣīt, abhukta (Ved. forms are bhojam, bhujema, bhukṣiṣīya), bhoktum (Ved. Inf. bhuje, bhojase), to enjoy, enjoy a meal, eat and drink, eat, consume, (generally A., especically if without an object; in Ved. with inst. of the thing eaten, but in later Sanskṛt with acc.); to possess, have, make use of; to enjoy carnally (with acc.); to rule, govern; to suffer, experience, endure; to pass (as time), live through; (in astronomy) to pass through, fulfil; to be useful to any person (P. with acc. Ved.): Pass. bhujyate, to be enjoyed, to be eaten; to be possessed; to be brought under the power of: Caus. bhojayati (also bhuñjāpayati), -te, -yitum, Aor. abūbhujat, to cause to enjoy or eat, to feed (with double acc. or with acc. of the person and inst. of the thing, e. g. tām annam or annena bhojayām-āsa, he caused her to eat food): Desid. bubhukṣati, -te, to desire to enjoy or eat, to be hungry [cf. bubhukṣu]: Intens. bobhujyate, to be eaten frequently; bobhokti, to eat frequently; [cf. Lat. fung-or, fru-or, fr. frug-or, fruges, fructus, frustum, frustra, frutex; Goth. bugjan, biuhts, biuhti, bruks, brūkjan; Angl. Sax. bycgan, brucan, bryce; Old Germ. brūchan; Old Island. brūka.]

bhukta bhukta, as, ā, am, enjoyed, eaten; used, possessed; experienced, suffered; passed (as time); (am), n. the thing eaten or enjoyed, food [cf. ku-bh-]; the act of eating; the place where any person has eaten.
     bhuktapūrvin bhukta-pūrvin, ī, iṇī, i, one who has eaten before.
     bhuktabhoga bhukta-bhoga, as, ā, am, one who has enjoyed an enjoyment or suffered a suffering; made use of, used, employed, enjoyed.
     bhuktamātre bhukta-mātre, ind. immediately on having eaten.
     bhuktavṛddhi bhukta-vṛddhi, is, f. the swelling of food (in the stomach).
     bhuktaśeṣa bhukta-śeṣa or bhukta-śeṣaka or bhukta-samujjhita, am, n. what is left after eating, the remnants of a meal, leavings, orts.
     bhuktasupta bhukta-supta, as, ā, am, sleeping after a meal.
     bhuktāsava bhuktāsava (-ta-as-), as, m. (in astronomy) the equivalent in respirations of the part of the sign traversed.
     bhuktocchiṣṭa bhuktocchiṣṭa (-ta-uc-), am, n. the rejected leavings or remnants of food (= phelikā).

bhuktavat bhuktavat, ān, atī, at, one who has eaten or possessed.

bhukti bhukti, is, f. the act of enjoying or eating, enjoyment, eating; fruition, possession, usufruct; food; (in astronomy) the daily motion of a planet [cf. pakṣa-bh-, māsa-bh-]; a limit [cf. tīra-bh-].
     bhuktipātra bhukti-pātra, am, n. a dish for food.
     bhuktiprada bhukti-prada, as, m. the plant Phaseolus Mungo (= mudga).
     bhuktimatī bhuk-ti-matī, f., N. of a river; (also read mukti-matī.)
     bhuktivarjita bhukti-varjita, as, ā, am, excluded from enjoyment, not allowed to be enjoyed.

bhuktvā bhuktvā, ind. having enjoyed or eaten; having possessed.
     bhuktvāsuhita bhuktvā-suhita, as, ā, am, satisfied after eating.

bhuj 4. bhuj, k, f. enjoyment; profit, advantage, welfare, usefulness; (k, k, k), enjoying, eating, consuming, an eater, &c., (at the end of comps., cf. anna-bh-, amṛta-bh-, kravya-bh-); possessing, ruling, (in comp. with words meaning 'earth', e. g. kāśyapī-bh-, a ruler of the earth, i. e. king; cf. kṣiti-bh-); experiencing, enduring, suffering, suffering punishment for (e. g. kilviṣa-bh-, suffering for a crime); passing (as time), fulfilling; useful to, serviceable to.

bhuji 2. bhuji, is, f., Ved. enjoyment, favour, (Sāy. = bhoga, pari-bhoga); (is, is, i), one who causes enjoyment or grants favours, one who protects; (ī), m. du. an epithet of the two Aśvins, (Sāy. = havi-ṣām bhoktārau, eaters of the oblations); (is), m. fire, (see Uṇādi-s. IV. 141.)

bhujiṣya bhujiṣya, as, ā, am, granting food, useful (Ved.); free, independent; (as), m. a slave, servant [cf. Uṇādi-s. IV. 178]; a companion; a string worn round the wrist (= hasta-sūtraka, which some interpret as a Dvandva comp., 'the hand' and 'a string'); (ā), f. a female slave or servant, maid-servant, slavegirl, hand-maid, (perhaps in general) any woman dependent on or working for others; a harlot.

bhujman bhujman, ā, ā, a, Ved. producing or giving food; (Sāy. = sarveṣām bhojayitṛ.)

bhujyamāna bhujyamāna, as, ā, am, being enjoyed or eaten; being possessed.

bhujyu 2. bhujyu, us, m. (for 1. see col. 2), eating; = bhojana, food.

bhuñjat bhuñjat, an, atī, at, enjoying, eating, &c.

bhuñjāna bhuñjāna, as, ā, am, enjoying, eating, feeding on, possessing.

bhoktavya bhoktavya, as, ā, am, to be enjoyed, to be eaten; to be used or employed, to be made use of; to be possessed; to be governed or ruled.

bhoktukāma bhoktu-kāma, as, ā, am, (fr. the Inf.), wishing to enjoy or eat, &c.

bhoktṛ bhoktṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, an enjoyer, eater, feeder [cf. prātar-bh-]; enjoying, eating; possessing; one who employs or makes use of; one who feels or experiences (joy, sorrow, &c.), feeling, experiencing; (tā), m. a possessor; a king, ruler; a husband; a lover.
     bhoktṛtva bhoktṛ-tva, am, n. the state of being and enjoyer or eater, the being a possessor or feeler; enjoyment, possession; perception.
     bhoktṛśakti bhoktṛ-śakti, is, f. the faculty of the soul as the enjoyer and possessor of nature.

bhokṣyamāṇa bhokṣyamāṇa, as, ā, am, being about to enjoy or eat.

bhogya bhogya, bhojanīya, bhojya, &c. See p. 723.

bhujiṅga bhujiṅga, ās, m. pl,. N. of a people.

bhuṭṭa bhuṭṭa, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhuṭṭapura bhuṭṭa-pura, am, n., N. of a town built by Bhuṭṭa.
     bhuṭṭeśvara bhuṭ-ṭeśvara (-ṭa-īś-), N. of a temple (?) built by Bhuṭṭa.

bhuṭva bhuṭva, a various reading for bhuṭṭa.

bhuṇḍ bhuṇḍ [cf. rt. huṇḍ], cl. 1. A. bhuṇ-ḍate, &c., to support, maintain; to support, maintain; to select; to take.

bhumanyu bhumanyu, us, m., N. of a son of Bharata; of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra.

bhuyya bhuyya, as, m., N. of a person mentioned in Rāja-taraṅgiṇī VI. 264.

bhur bhur (a Vedic rt. not occurring in the Dhātu-pāṭha and regarded by Sāy. as a Vedic form of rt. bhṛ, to bear), P. A. bhurati, -te, &c., to move rapidly, make a short quick movement, be active; to wish for, (Sāy. bhuranta = icchanti). Intens. jarbhurīti (Pres. part. jarbhu-rāṇa), to shoot out in flames (as fire); [cf. bhūrṇi; Gr. [greek] Lat. fur-ere.]

bhuraṇa bhuraṇa, as, ā, am, Ved. active, (Sāy. = bhartṛ or poṣaka, as if fr. rt. bhṛ); (ā), m. du. epithet of the Aśvins.

bhuraṇya bhuraṇya, Nom. P. bhuraṇyati, &c., Ved. to be active, move restlessly; to stir, (Sāy. = gacchati or poṣayati.)

bhuraṇyat bhuraṇyat, an, antī, at, Ved. being active, stirring, restless; (Sāy. = dhārayat, supporting; poṣayat, nourishing; or gantum icchat, wishing to go.)

bhuraṇyu bhuraṇyu, us, us, u, Ved. active, stirring, restless, uneasy; eager; (Sāy. = haviṣām bhartṛ, bearer of the oblations, as an epithet of Agni; according to Naigh. II. 15 = kṣipra, quick); (ū), m. du. epithet of the Aśvins; (Sāy. = sarvatra gan-tārau or yajñasya bhartārau.)

bhuramāṇa bhuramāṇa, as, ā, am, Ved. moving actively, struggling; (Sāy. = bhriyamāṇa, being borne.)

bhurvaṇi bhurvaṇi, is, is, i, Ved. active, stirring, restless, uneasy, impatient; (according to Sāy. = attṛ, eating, devouring, as if fr. bhurv for rt. bharv, q. v.)

bhurvan bhurvan, Ved. restless motion (of water &c.; but according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda 1. 134, 5, bhurvaṇi, loc. sing. = bharaṇavati, and may here stand either for 'the sacrifice' which bears oblations &c. or for 'a cloud' which bears water).

bhuraj bhuraj (a Vedic verb probably connected with rt. bhur), A. bhurajate, &c., (perhaps) to bubble, spout up, (but according to Sāy. bhura-janta in Ṛg-veda IV. 43, 5, = prāpnuvanti.)

bhurij bhurij, au, f. du. (said in Uṇādi-s. II. 72. to be fr. rt. bhṛ), Ved. the two arms; heaven and earth; (in Ṛg-veda VIII. 4, 16) a pair of scissors or shears, (but according to Sāy. bhu-rijoḥ here = bāhvoḥ, of the two arms); a carpenter's vice or implement consisting of two arms, (but in Ṛg-veda IV. 2, 14, Sāy. makes bhurijau = bā-hū); (k), f. the earth; N. of a particular metre in which a Pāda has one or two superfluous syllables; N. of certain insertions in liturgical formularies.

bhuruṇḍa bhuruṇḍa, as, m. a species of animal [cf. bhāraṇḍa, bhāruṇḍa, bheruṇḍa]; N. of a man.

bhurbhurikā bhurbhurikā and bhurbhurī, f. a sort of sweetmeat.

bhuva bhuva, bhuvat, bhuvana, bhuvanyu, bhuvas, &c. See col. 3, and p. 715, col. 1.

bhuśuṇḍa bhuśuṇḍa, as, m., N. of a man.

bhuśuṇḍi bhuśuṇḍi, is, or bhuśuṇḍī, f. a kind of weapon, (perhaps a kind of fire-arms; sometimes incorrectly written bhuṣuṇḍi and bhūśuṇḍi.)

bhū 1. bhū, cl. 1. P. A. bhavati, -te, Impf. abhavat, abhavata, Pot. bhavet, bhaveta, Impv. bhavatu, bhavatām (Ved. 2nd sing. bodhi [but referred by Sāy. to rt. 1. budh], 3rd sing. bhūtu; in Ṛg-veda 1. 94, 12, bhavatāt), Perf. babhūva, babhūve (according to Vopa-deva VIII. 33, Pass. and Impers. babhūve or bubhūve, 2nd sing. babhūvitha, Ved. babhūtha, 2nd pl. babhūva, part. babhūvas, babhūvuṣī, f.; in Ṛg-veda 1. 27, 2, babhūyāt = bhavatu), 1st Fut. bhavitā, 2nd Fut. bhaviṣyati, -te (ep. 2nd pl. bhaviṣyadhvam), Aor. abhūt, abhaviṣṭa (3rd pl. abhūvan, Ved. forms bhuvas, bhuvat), Prec. bhūyāt, bhaviṣīṣṭa, Cond. abha-viṣyat, abhaviṣyata, bhavitum (Ved. bhavitos. bhuve), to become, be, (nābhijānāmi bhaved evaṃ na veti, I do not know whether it may be so or not); to be in any state or condition, (kathaṃ sa bha-viṣyati, in what state will he be?); to be born or produced; to exist, live, (abhūn nṛpaḥ, there lived a king); to remain, stay, abide (e. g. pathi bhava, remain thou or stay thou awhile on the road, Megha-dūta 30); to arise, spring up, happen, occur, befall, take place, (yadi saṃśayo bhavet, if a doubt should arise, cf. Manu XII. 108); to be possible, (according to Pāṇ. III. 3, 146, a future tense may follow bhavati in this sense, e. g. bhavati bhavān yājayiṣyati, it is possible or it may happen that you will cause a sacrifice to be performed); to turn out, lead to (with dat., e. g. tan nāśāya bha-vati, that leads to destruction; tat saṅgamāya bhavati, that leads to union); to serve for, tend or conduce to (with dat., e. g. tad dātur anarthāya bhavati, that conduces to the disadvantage of the giver); to conduct one's self, behave; to become the property of any one, belong to (with gen., = 'to have, to possess', e. g. tasya bhrātā bhavati, of him there is a brother, i. e. he has a brother); to be on the side of, assist (with gen., e. g. ye mitrāṇāṃ na bhavanti, those who do not assist their friends; or with the affix tas, e. g. devā arjuna-to 'bhavan, the gods were on the side of Arjuna); to be occupied with or engaged in (with loc., e. g. tapasi bhava, be thou engaged in, i. e. devote thyself to penance); to be of importance or consequence, become prosperous (Ved.); to turn out well, succeed (Ved.); to obtain, attain to (Ved., cf. Mahā-bh. Ādi-p. 5366). The senses of the verb may be almost infinitely extended when bhū is compounded with a preceding adjective or substantive, the final of which if a, ā, i, an, or as becomes ī; if us or u, becomes ū (e. g. fr. agni, agnī-bhū, to become fire; fr. arus, arū-bhū, to become wounded; fr. eka-mati, ekamatī-bhū, to become unanimous; fr. kaṭhora, kaṭhorī-bhū, to become sharp; fr. kṛṣṇa, kṛṣṇī-bhū, to become black; fr. 1. kṣapaṇa, kṣapaṇī-bhū, to become a Buddhist mendicant; fr. go-cara, go-carī-bhū, to become visible; fr. jarjara, jarjarī-bhū, to decay; fr. taruṇī, taruṇī-bhū, to become a marriageable girl; fr. tīvra, tīvrī-bhū, to become violent or intense; fr. parikhā, parikhī-bhū, to become a ditch or moat; fr. pary-utsuka, paryut-sukī-bhū, to become sorrowful; fr. pra-ṇidhi, pra-ṇidhī-bhū, to become a spy; fr. praty-anantara, pratyanantarī-bhū [also read pratyantarī-bhū], to be near; fr. bandhakī, bandhakī-bhū, to become a harlot; fr. bhasman, bhasmī-bhū, to become ashes; fr. rahas, rahī-bhū, to become solitary, &c.). The senses of bhū may also be variously modified when it is connected with adverbs or with the negative na (e. g. pṛthivī na bhaviṣyati, the earth will not exist, i. e. will perish or be destroyed; punar bhū, to marry again, see Manu IX. 175; cf. āvir-bhū, prādur-bhū, tiro-bhū, mithyā-bhū, vṛthā-bhū; anyathā bhū, to become otherwise, i. e. to be changed or be falsified; agre bhū, to be in front, to precede, &c.). The perfect of bhū (babhūva, &c.) is used after the syllable ām like the perfect of the rts. 1. as and 1. kṛ as an auxiliary to form the perfect of verbs of the 10th class, derivative verbs, and others mentioned in Gram. r. 385 [cf. Pāṇini III. 1, 40]: Pass. bhūyate, Aor. abhāvi (sometimes used impersonally, e. g. tair bhaviṣyate, by them it will be existed, i. e. they will exist): Caus. bhāva-yati (rarely A. -te), -yitum, Aor. abībhavat, to cause to be or become or exist; to bring into existence or being, call into life; to originate, produce, effect, cause, create; to cherish, support, protect, preserve, foster, animate, enliven, encourage; to devote one's self to, addict one's self to; to manifest, make manifest, exhibit; to change, transform; to purify; to obtain, attain to, get (P. A.); to cause to exist in the mind, present to the mind, think about, reflect upon, consider, know; to convince, convict; to prove, substantiate, establish; to mingle, mix; to soak, saturate, steep; to perfume: Pass. of Caus. bhāvyate, to be caused to be, to be preserved: Desid. of Caus. bibhāvayiṣati, to wish to cause to be, &c.: Desid. bubhūṣati, &c., to wish to become or be: Intens. bobhūyate, bobhavīti, bobhoti, &c. (Impv. 3rd sing. Ved. bobhūtu), to be or become very frequently, to be generally, to take various forms (with acc., Ved.); [cf. Zend bū, 'to be, become:' Gr. [greek] = abhūvam, abhūs, abhūt, [greek] [greek] [greek] 'the generating one', probably = bhavat: Lat. fu-a-m, fu-i, fu-turu-s, fo-re, fu-tu-o, -bam (in amabam) = abhavam, -bo, bimus = bhaviṣyāmi, bhaviṣyāmas, fe-tu-s, fe-cundu-s, fe-nus, fe-nu-m: Osc. Fu-tri-s: Old. Sax. biu-m: Angl. Sax. beo-m: Old Germ. bi-m, 'I am:' Mod. Germ. bin: Goth. bau-an, 'to dwell;' bau-ains = bhavana, 'a dwelling:' Slav. by-ti: Lith. bu-ti, 'to be;' bu-ta-s, 'a house:' Hib. fuilim, 'I am.']

bhava bhava, bhavat, bhavatu, bhavita, &c. See p. 702, cols. 1, 2, 3.

bhāva bhāva, bhāvanīya, bhāvayat, bhāvita, bhāvya, &c. See pp. 707, 708.

bhuva bhuva, as, m., Ved. (according to Mahī-dhara) an epithet of Agni; = bhuvas, atmosphere [cf. bhu-va-bhartṛ, bhūr-bhuva-kara]; a fungus, mushroom (?).
     bhuvapati bhuva-pati, is, m., Ved. the lord of the atmosphere (as contrasted with bhuvana-pati, q. v.).
     bhuvabhartṛ bhuva-bhartṛ, tā, m. (according to a commentator) the lord of the atmosphere (as contrasted with bhū-pati, the lord of the earth).

bhuvat bhuvat, probably an old Pres. part., but occurring only in the following compounds.
     bhuvadvat bhuvad-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. 'giving prosperity;' (antas), m. pl. an epithet of the Ādityas.
     bhuvadvasu bhuvad-vasu, us, us, u, Ved. (according to the Nirukta) producing wealth, (but the Pada-pāṭha separates bhuvat from uasu.)

bhuvana bhuvana, am, n. a being, animated being, living creature; man, mankind; the world; heaven; earth; place of being, abode, residence (Ved.); (as a various reading for bhavana), a house; = 2. bhāvana, the act of bringing into existence; becoming prosperous, prospering (Ved.); water; (as), m., N. of a particular month; of a Rudra [cf. bhuvanādhīśa, bhuvaneśa]; of a man; of an Āptya (author of the hymn Ṛg-veda X. 157).
     bhuvanakośa bhuvana-kośa, as, m. the globe or sphere of the earth, receptacle of beings.
     bhuvanacandra bhuvana-candra, as, m. 'moon of the world', N. of a man.
     bhuvanacyava bhuvana-cyava, as, ā, am, Ved. shaking the world.
     bhuvanajñāna bhuvana-jñāna, am, n. knowledge of the world.
     bhuvanatraya bhuvana-traya, am, n. triad of worlds, the three worlds, viz. heaven, atmosphere, and earth; [cf. tri-bhuvana.]
     bhuvanadvaya bhu-vana-dvaya, am, n. the two worlds, heaven and earth.
     bhuvanapati bhuvana-pati, is, m. the lord of beings or of the world; [cf. bhuva-pati.]
     bhuvanapāvana bhuvana-pāvana, as, ī, am, world-purifying; (ī), f. an epithet of the Ganges.
     bhuvanapratiṣṭhādānavidhi bhuvana-pratiṣṭhā-dāna-vidhi, is, m., N. of the 152nd chapter of the Bhavishyottara-Purāṇa.
     bhuvanabhartṛ bhuvana-bhartṛ, tā, m. lord of the world, supporter of the earth.
     bhuvanamatī bhuvana-matī, f., N. of a princess.
     bhuvanamallavīra bhuvana-malla-vīra, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhauvanarāja bhauvana-rāja, as, m. 'king of the world', N. of a king.
     bhuvanavinyāsa bhuvana-vinyāsa, as, m., N. of the fortieth chapter of the Kūrma-Purāṇa.
     bhuvanaśāsin bhuvana-śāsin, ī, inī, i, ruling the world; (ī), m. a king, prince.
     bhuvanasad bhuvana-sad, t, t, t, Ved. reposing or situated in the world.
     bhuvanahita bhuvana-hita, am, n. the welfare of the world.
     bhuvanādbhuta bhuvanādbhuta (-na-ad-), as, ā, am, astonishing the world.
     bhuvanādhīśa bhu-vanādhīśa or bhuvanādhīśvara (-na-adh-), as, m. 'lord of the world', N. of a Rudra; [cf. bhuva-neśa.]
     bhuvanānanda bhuvanānanda (-na-ān-), as, m. 'joy of the world', N. of a man.
     bhuvanābhyudaya bhuvanābhyudaya (-na-abh-), as, m. 'prosperity of the world', N. of a poem by Śaṅkuka; of the nineteenth chapter of the Kṛṣṇa-krīḍita.
     bhuvanālokana bhuvanālokana (-na-āl-), am, n. the act of looking at the earth, the sight of the world.
     bhuvaneśa bhuvaneśa (-na-īśa-), as, m. 'lord of the world', N. of a Rudra; of a place; (ī), f., N. of a goddess.
     bhuvaneśānī bhuvaneśānī (-na-īś-), f. the mistress of the world.
     bhuvaneśīpārijāta bhuvaneśī-pārijāta, N. of a work mentioned in Raghu-nandana's Saṃskāra-tattva.
     bhuvaneśīyantra bhuvaneśī-yantra, am, n., N. of a mystical diagram described in Kṛṣṇānanda's Tantra-sāra.
     bhuvaneśvara bhuvaneśvara (-na-īś-), as, m. a lord of the earth, king, prince; an epithet of Śiva; (ī), f. 'mistress of the world', N. of several goddesses; (am), n., N. of a temple and city sacred to Śiva.
     bhuvaneśvarīkavaca bhu-vaneśvarī-kavaca, am, n. 'the armour of the mistress of the world', N. of a chapter in Kṛṣṇānanda's Tantra-sāra.
     bhuvaneśvarītantra bhuvaneśvarī-tantra, am, n., N. of a Tantra work.
     bhuvaneśvarīpūjāyantra bhuvaneśvarī-pūjā-yantra, am, n., N. of a mystical diagram described in the Tantra-sāra.
     bhuvaneśvarīrahasya bhuvaneśvarī-rahasya, am, n., N. of a section of the Rudra-yāmala-tantra.
     bhuvaneṣṭha bhuvane-ṣṭha (bhuvane, loc. sing. + stha), as, ā, am, Ved. being in the world or in all existing things.
     bhuvanaukas bhuvanaukas (-na-ok-), ā, m. an inhabitant of heaven, a god.

bhuvanti bhuvanti, is, m. a word occurring in Vājasaneyisaṃhitā XVI. 19, (according to Mahī-dhara fr. bhu-vaṃ tanoti) = bhū-maṇḍala-vistārakaḥ.

bhuvanyu bhuvanyu, us, m. a master, lord; the sun; the moon; fire.

bhuvas bhuvas, ind. the atmosphere, ether, sky; a mystical word (being the second of the three Vyāhṛtis bhūr bhuvaḥ svar, uttered by every Brāhman in commencing his daily prayers, see vyāhṛti, and cf. Manu II. 76; from its being pronounced between bhū, the earth, and svar, heaven, bhuvas is supposed to mean 'the atmosphere' situated between the two; it was probably originally the pl. of 2. bhū, q. v.; in Hari-vaṃśa 11506, Bhuvas is described as one of the mind-born sons of Brahmā); the second of the seven worlds, (according to the system which supposes seven worlds rising one above the other); N. of the second and eleventh Kalpa mentioned in the Vāyu-Purāṇa.
     bhuvarloka bhuvar-loka, as, m. one of the divisions of the universe, the space between the earth and heaven (frequented by Siddhas and other superhuman beings).

bhuvaspati bhuvas-pati, is, m. (fr. bhuvas, gen. sing. of 2. bhū), = prajā-pati, q. v.

bhuviṣṭha bhuvi-ṣṭha, as, ā, am (fr. bhuvi, loc. sing. of 2. bhū + stha), standing on the ground (i. e. not in a chariot), staying or dwelling on the earth, (opposed to divi-ṣṭha, q. v.)
     bhuvispṛś bhuvi-spṛś, k, k, k, touching the ground.

bhuvis bhuvis, m. (?), the sea, ocean; heaven.

bhū 2. bhū, ūs, ūs, u, (at the end of an adj. comp.) being, becoming, springing, taking rise [cf. agni-bhū, akṣi-bhū, aśleṣā-bhū, gādhi-bhū, giri-bhū, citta-bhū]; (ūs), m. an epithet of Viṣṇu; N. of an Ekāha; (ūs), f. the act of becoming, arising; the place of being or abiding, the universe; the earth (as opposed to the other two divisions of the universe, viz. atmosphere and heaven); ground, floor; land, landed property; earth (as a substance); space, site, place [cf. kūla-bhū, keśa-bhū]; a district, piece or plot of ground, (bhuvas, pl. districts); a mystical word (being the first of the three Vyāhṛtis bhūr bhuvaḥ svar, uttered by every Brāhman in commencing his daily prayers; in this sense only in the nom. sing. bhūs, which is considered indeclinable, see bhūr, bhuvas, vyāhṛti, and cf. Manu 11. 76); the base of a triangle or of any geometrical figure; object, matter, subject-matter, subject (see vivāda-saṃvāda-bhū, cf. sthāna); a sacrificial fire; a symbolical expression for the number one (derived from the earth considered as one); a term for the letter b.
     bhūkadamba bhū-kadamba, as, m. a species of plant commonly called Kokasima (= alambuṣa); = bhū-kadambaka; (ā), f. a plant commonly called Gorakṣamuṇḍī, perhaps Sphaeranthus Mollis.
     bhūkadambaka bhū-kadambaka, as, m. the plant Ligusticum Ajowan, = yavānī; (ikā), f. = bhū-kadambā.
     bhūkanda bhū-kan-da, as, m. a medicinal plant (= mahā-śrāvaṇikā).
     bhūkapittha bhū-kapittha, as, m. the plant Feronia Elephantum; (am), n. the fruit of this plant.
     bhūkampa bhū-kampa, as, m. an earthquake; N. of a man.
     bhūkampalakṣaṇa bhūkampa-lakṣaṇa, am, n., N. of the thirtythird chapter of Bhaṭṭotpala's commentary on Varāhamihira's Bṛhat-saṃhitā.
     bhūkarṇa bhū-karṇa, as, m. (in astronomy) the diameter of the earth, the radius of the equator.
     bhūkarṇi bhū-karṇi, is, m., N. of a man.
     bhūkarbudāraka bhū-karbudāraka, as, m. the plant Cordia Myxa.
     bhūkaśyapa bhū-kaśyapa, as, m. an epithet of Vasudeva (the father of Kṛṣṇa).
     bhūkāka bhū-kāka, as, m. 'earth-crow', N. of several birds, a species of heron (= svalpa-kaṅka); the curlew (= kranuñca); a species of pigeon (= nīla-kapota).
     bhūkāṇḍa bhū-kāṇḍa, as, m. 'chapter of the earth', N. of a chapter of the Bhūri-prayoga.
     bhūkumbhī bhū-kumbhī, f. a plant (= bhū-pāṭalī).
     bhūkuṣmāṇḍī bhū-kuṣmāṇḍī, f. the plant Batatas Paniculata.
     bhūkeśa bhū-keśa, as, m. 'earth-hair', the Indian fig-tree; the plant Blyxa Saivala; (ā), f. a Rākṣasī or female demon; (ī), f. the plant Vernonia Anthelminthica.
     bhūkṣit bhū-kṣit, t, m. 'earthdestroyer', a hog.
     bhūkṣīravāṭikā bhū-kṣīra-vāṭikā, f., N. of a place.
     bhūkhaṇḍa bhū-khaṇḍa, as, m. 'earth-section', N. of a section of the Skanda-Purāṇa; of a section of the Padma-Purāṇa (= bhūmi-khaṇḍa).
     bhūkharjūrī bhū-khar-jūrī, f. a species of date.
     bhūgata bhūgata, as, ā, am, being or existing on the earth.
     bhūgara bhū-gara, am, n. 'earth-poison', a particular mineral poison.
     bhūgarbha bhū-garbha, as, m. an epithet of the poet Bhava-bhūti.
     bhūgṛha bhū-gṛha, am, n. an underground room or chamber; a particular part of a diagram.
     bhūgeha bhū-geha, am, n. an underground room.
     bhūgola bhū-gola, am, n. 'earth-ball', the terrestrial globe, the earth.
     bhūgolavidyā bhūgola-vidyā, f. knowledge of the terrestrial globe, geography.
     bhūgolavṛttānta bhūgola-vṛttānta and bhū-gola-saṅgraha and bhūgola-sāra, N. of certain works treating of the earth.
     bhūghana bhū-ghana, as, m. the body.
     bhūcakra bhū-cakra, am, n. 'earth-circle', the equator or equinoctial line.
     bhūcara bhū-cara, as, ā, am, going on the earth (opposed to ākāśa-gati), moving on the ground, moving on land, living on land (opposed to jala-cara), inhabiting the earth, terrestrial, any land animal; (as), m. an epithet of Śiva.
     bhūchāyā bhū-chāyā or bhū-cchāyā, f. or (according to some) am, n. 'earth-shadow', darkness.
     bhūjantu bhū-jantu, us, m. 'earth-animal', a kind of snail, an earth-worm (= bhū-nāga).
     bhūjambu bhū-jambu, us, or bhū-jambū, ūs, f. wheat (= nādeyī); the plant Flacourtia Sapida or the fruit of this plant.
     bhūtala bhū-tala, am, n. the face of the earth, the surface of the ground, the earth.
     bhūtalastha bhūtala-stha, as, ā, am, standing or being on the face of the earth.
     bhūtalikā bhū-talikā, f. (probably fr. bhū-tala), the plant Trigonella Corniculata (= pṛkkā).
     bhūtalonmathana bhūtalonmathana (-la-un-), as, m. 'earth-shaker', N. of a Dānava.
     bhūtṛṇa bhū-tṛṇa, as, m. [cf. bhū-s-tṛṇa], 'earthgrass', the plant Andropogon Schoenanthus; a kind of fragrant grass (= gandha-kheḍa, rohiṣa).
     bhūttama bhūttama (bhū-ut-), am, n. 'the best of earths', gold.
     bhūdarībhavā bhū-darī-bhavā, f. the plant Salvinia Cucullata.
     bhūdāra bhū-dāra, as, m. 'earth-tearer', i. e. rooting up the earth, a hog.
     bhūdeva bhū-deva, as, m. 'earthgod', a divinity upon earth, a Brāhman [cf. bhū-sura]; an epithet of Śiva; N. of several persons; of the author of a commentary on the Kāśikā-tilaka.
     bhūdhana bhū-dhana, as, m. 'whose property is the earth', a king, prince.
     bhūdhara bhū-dhara, as, ā, am, 'earth-bearing', supporting the earth; dwelling in the earth; (as), m. an epithet of Śiva; of Kṛṣṇa; of Vaṭuka-bhairava; a mountain; a term for the number seven [cf. kula-parvata]; a kind of chemical or medical apparatus, a sort of sand-bath (?); N. of a commentator on the Sūrya-siddhānta.
     bhūdharaguhāntaratas bhū-dhara-guhāntara-tas (-hā-an-), ind. from within the caves of the mountains.
     bhūdharaja bhūdhara-ja, as, m. 'mountain-born', a tree.
     bhūdharatā bhūdhara-tā, f. the state or act of supporting the earth.
     bhūdhareśvara bhūdhareśvara (-ra-īś-), as, m. 'mountain-lord', an epithet of Hima-vat.
     bhūdhātrī bhū-dhātrī, f. 'earth-mother', an epithet of Vaṭuka-bhairava; the plant Flacourtia Cataphracta.
     bhūdhra bhū-dhra, as, m. = bhū-dhara, a mountain.
     bhūnandana bhū-nandana, as, m., N. of a king.
     bhūnāga bhū-nāga, as, m. 'earth-snake', a kind of snail or earthworm.
     bhūnimba bhū-nimba, as, m. the plant Gentiana Cherayta, commonly called Cherayta.
     bhūnīpa bhū-nīpa, as, m. = bhū-kadamba.
     bhūnetṛ bhū-netṛ, tā, m. 'earthleader', a sovereign, king, prince.
     bhūpa bhū-pa, as, m. 'earth-protector', a sovereign, king, prince.
     bhūpatā bhūpa-tā, f. the state or rank of a king, sovereignty, kingship.
     bhūpati bhū-pati, is, m. 'lord of the earth', an epithet of Rudra; of Indra; of Vaṭuka-bhairava; of one of the Viśve-Devāḥ; a king, monarch, prince; N. of a sacrificer; of a poet (probably Bhoja, cf. bhū-pāla); a kind of medicinal plant (= ṛṣabha).
     bhūpada bhū-pada, as, m. 'earth-fixed, earth-rooted', a tree; (ī), f. Arabian jasmine, Jasminum Zambac.
     bhūpaputra bhūpa-putra, as, m. a king's son, prince.
     bhūparidhi bhū-paridhi, is, m. the circumference of the earth; the equinoctial line.
     bhūpalāśa bhū-palāśa, as, m. a kind of plant commonly called Viśālī.
     bhūpavitra bhū-pavitra, am, n. 'earth-purifying', cow-dung.
     bhūpasuta bhūpa-suta, as, m. a king's son, prince.
     bhūpāṭalī bhū-pāṭalī, f. a kind of plant (= bhū-kumbhī).
     bhūpāla bhū-pāla, as, m. 'earthguardian', a sovereign, king, prince; an epithet of Bhoja-rāja; N. of a son of Soma-pāla; of a country; (ī), f., N. of a particular scale in the Hindū musical system.
     bhūpālana bhū-pālana, am, n. protection or government of the earth, sovereignty, dominion.
     bhūpālavallabha bhū-pāla-vallabha, as, m. 'king's favourite', N. of an author; of an astronomer.
     bhūpālaśrī bhūpāla-śrī, īs, f. 'king's fortune', N. of a temple of Śiva mentioned in the Skanda-Purāṇa.
     bhūpālasāhi bhūpāla-sāhi, is, m. (sāhi = Persian [greek]), N. of a king.
     bhūputra bhū-putra, as, m. 'son of the earth', the planet Mars.
     bhūputrī bhū-putrī, f. 'daughter of the earth', an epithet of Sītā (wife of Rāma-candra).
     bhūpura bhū-pura, am, n. a particular part of a diagram; [cf. bhū-gṛha.]
     bhūpeṣṭa bhū-peṣṭa (-pa-iṣ-), as, m. 'liked by kings', a kind of fruit tree (= rājādanī).
     bhūprakampa bhū-prakampa, as, m. an earthquake.
     bhūpradāna bhū-pradāna, am, n. a gift of land.
     bhūphala bhū-phala, as, m. a kind of rat.
     bhūbadarī bhū-badarī, f. a species of jujube.
     bhūbimba bhū-bimba, as, am, m. n. 'earth-ball', the globe.
     bhūbhaṭa bhū-bhaṭa, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhūbhartṛ bhū-bhartṛ, tā, m. 'earth-supporter, earth-lord', a sovereign, king, prince.
     bhūbhāga bhū-bhāga, as, m. a portion of ground, a place, spot, station; [cf. bhūmi-bhāga.]
     bhūbhuj bhū-bhuj, k, m. 'earth-possessor', a sovereign, king, prince.
     bhūbhṛt bhū-bhṛt, t, m. 'earth-supporter', a mountain [cf. kula-bh-]; an epithet of Viṣṇu; a king, prince.
     bhūmaṇḍala bhū-maṇḍala, am, n. 'earth-circle, earth-ball', the terrestrial globe; the circumference or circuit of the earth.
     bhūmat bhū-mat, ān, m. 'possessing the earth', a king, prince.
     bhūmaya 1. bhū-maya, as, ī, am (for 2. bhūmaya see p. 717, col. 3), made or formed or consisting of earth, produced from the earth, earthen, earthy, terrence; (ī), f. an epithet of Chāyā or Shadow (personified as wife of the Sun).
     bhūmitra bhū-mitra, as, m. 'earth-friend', N. of a king.
     bhūyuktā bhū-yuktā, f. a kind of palm (= bhūmi-kharjūrī).
     bhūrati bhū-rati, is, m. 'earth-joy', N. of a magical spell recited over weapons (personified as a son of Kṛśāśva).
     bhūruṇḍī bhū-ruṇḍī, f. a sort of sun-flower, Heliotropium Indicum.
     bhūruh bhū-ruh, ṭ, m. 'earth-grower', a plant, tree.
     bhūruha bhū-ruha, as, m. 'earth-growing', any plant, tree; the plant Terminalia Arjuna and Glabra.
     bhūrbhuva bhūr-bhuva, as, m. (bhuva = bhuvas), one of the mind-born sons of Brahmā (mentioned with Bhūr and Bhuvas in Harivaṃśa 11509).
     bhūrbhuvakara bhūrbhuva-kara, as, m. a dog.
     bhūrbhuvatīrtha bhūrbhuva-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a place of pilgrimage.
     bhūrloka bhūr-loka, as, m. the terrestrial world, habitation of mortals, the earth; the country on the southern part of the equator; [cf. bhū-loka.]
     bhūlagnā bhū-lagnā, f. 'clinging to the ground', the plant Andropogon Aciculatus.
     bhūlatā bhū-latā, f. an earth-worm, a worm.
     bhūliṅga bhū-liṅga, N. of a district of Sālua [cf. bhauliṅgi]; (ā), f., N. of a town.
     bhūliṅgaśakuna bhūliṅga-śakuna, as, or bhūliṅga-śakunī, is, m. a species of bird described in Mahā-bhārata Sabhā-parva, 1. 1546, &c., (it is said to make a sound like mā sāhasam, no rashness!)
     bhūloka bhū-loka, as, m. the terrestrial world, earth; [cf. bhūr-loka.]
     bhūlokasuranāyaka bhū-loka-suranāyaka, as, m. 'earth-Indra', an Indra of the earth.
     bhūvalaya bhū-valaya, as, am, m. n. the circumference of the earth; the terrestrial globe.
     bhūvallabha bhū-vallabha, as, m. 'earth's favourite', a king, prince.
     bhūvāh bhū-vāh (gen. c. bhūhas, inst. c. bhūhā), see Vopa-deva III. 103.
     bhūvṛtta bhū-vṛtta, am, n. 'earthcircle', the equator.
     bhūśakra bhū-śakra, as, m. 'earth-Indra', a king, prince.
     bhūśamī bhū-śamī, f. a kind of Acacia (= laghu-śamī).
     bhūśaya bhū-śaya, as, m. 'lying or dwelling on the earth', an epithet of Viṣṇu; any animal living in the earth; [cf. bhūmi-śaya.]
     bhūśayyā bhū-śayyā, f. a couch on the bare ground, lying on the ground.
     bhūśarkarā bhū-śarkarā f. a species of bulbous plant commonly called Kaḍamākaḍa-kanda.
     bhūśuddhi bhū-śud-dhi, is, f. purification of the ground (by sweeping, burning, &c.).
     bhūśelu bhū-śelu, us, m. the plant Cordia Myxa.
     bhūśravas bhū-śravas, ās, m. an ant or mole hill.
     bhūsaṃskāra bhū-saṃskāra, as, m., Ved. 'preparation of the ground', a term applied to five methods of preparing and consecrating the Khara, q. v., at a sacrifice, (these five methods are called pari-samūh, upa-lip, lekhāḥ kṛ, pāṃsu-nuddhṛ, adbhir abhyukṣ; some enumerate seven.)
     bhūsuta bhū-suta, as, m. 'son of the earth', the planet Mars; (ā), f. 'daughter of the earth', an epithet of Sītā (wife of Rāma).
     bhūsura bhū-sura, as, m. 'earth-god', a Brāhman; [cf. bhū-deva.]
     bhūstṛṇa bhū-s-tṛṇa, as, m. = bhū-tṛṇa, q. v.
     bhūstha bhū-stha, as, ā, am, standing on the earth, living on the earth.
     bhūspṛś bhū-spṛś, k, k, k, touching the ground; (k), m. a man; man, mankind; a Vaiśya; [cf. bhūmi-spṛś.]
     bhūsvarga bhū-svarga, as, m. 'heaven on earth', an epithet of the mountain Sumeru.
     bhūsvargāya bhūsvargāya (fr. the preceding), Nom. A. bhūsvargāyate, &c., to become a heaven on earth.
     bhūsvāmin bhū-svāmin, ī, m. a landlord, landholder.

bhūta bhūta, as, ā, am, been, become, produced, formed, being, existing, being or becoming like, consisting of, (in all these senses often at the end of comps., cf. ātma-bh-, jīva-bh-, citra-bh-, bhava-bh-, ittham-bh-, bhasma-bh-, śaktu-bh-); being mixed or joined with [cf. māṃsa-bhūtodana, bhā-vita]; actually being, really happened, true; right, proper, fit; past, gone, former; obtained, got; (as), m. a son, child, youth; a great devotee or ascetic [cf. bhūtendriya-jayin]; an epithet of Śiva; N. of a priest of the gods; of a son of Vasu-deva and Pauravī; of a son-in-law of Daksha and father of numerous Rudras; of a Yaksha; the fourteenth day of the dark half of the lunar month, (in this sense also ā, f.; cf. bhuteṣṭā); (am), n. that which is or exists, any being (whether human or divine, and applied also to inanimate objects or plants), a living being, animal, creature, (in these senses exceptionally as, m.); a spirit (good or evil), the spirit of a deceased person, a ghost, a particular class of superhuman beings, a demon, imp, goblin, (in these senses also occasionally as, m.); an element, (properly a gross element, of which, according to the Hindūs, there are five, viz. earth, water, fire, air, ether, cf. mahā-bh-, pāñca-bhautika; but also exceptionally a subtile element, cf. tan-mātra; the Buddhists reckon only four elements); a symbolical expression for the number five; the place of being, the world; that which has actually been or really happened, an actual occurrence, fact, matter of fact, the real state of the case; that which is past and gone, past time, the past; well-being, welfare, prosperity; (ās), m. pl., N. of an heretical sect, the followers of which rub their bodies with ashes; (with Jainas) a class of the Vyantaras.
     bhūtakaraṇa bhūta-karaṇa,  am, n. 'maker of past meaning', a term for the augment in Vedic grammar (cf. Atharva-veda Prātiśākhya III. 49).
     bhūtakartṛ bhūta-kartṛ, tā, m. 'maker of beings', Brahmā, the creator.
     bhūtakarman bhūta-karman, ā, m., N. of a man (in Mahā-bh. Droṇa-p. 1085).
     bhūtakāla bhūta-kāla, as, m. past time, the preterite tense.
     bhūtakālika bhūtakālika, as, ī, am, relating to time past.
     bhūtakṛt bhūta-kṛt, t, t, t, forming beings, creative; (t), m. the creator.
     bhūtaketu bhūta-ketu, us, m., N. of a son of Manu Dakṣasāvarṇi; of a Vetāla (Kathā-sarit-s. 123, 34).
     bhūtakeśa bhūta-keśa, as, m. a particular plant, root of sweet flag (= go-lomī); the plant mussaenda Frondosa; (ī), f. Nardostachys Jatmansi (= jaṭā-māṃsī); Vitex Negundo (= nirguṇḍī); white basil; Nyctanthes Arbor Tristis (= śephālikā).
     bhūtakesarā bhūta-kesarā, f. the plant Trigonella Foenum Graecum.
     bhūtakoṭi bhūta-koṭi, (with Buddhists) 'the highest culminating point for all beings', absolute nonentity (= śūnya-tā).
     bhūtakrānti bhūta-krānti, is, f. possession by spirits; (perhaps for bhūtākrānti.)
     bhūtagaṇa bhūta-gaṇa, as, m. the aggregate or whole collection of beings; the troop or whole class of demons or spirits, any class of spirits or superhuman beings.
     bhūtagaṇādhipa bhūtagaṇā-dhipa (-ṇa-adh-), as, m. 'lord of the Bhūta-gaṇas', an epithet of Nandin, q. v.
     bhūtagandhā bhūta-gandhā, f. a particular perfume (used perhaps in the ceremonies with which the Bhūtas are worshipped, = murā).
     bhūtagrasta bhūta-grasta, as, ā, am, possessed by an evil spirit.
     bhūtagrāma bhūta-grāma, as, m. or ās, m. pl. the aggregate or whole collection of living beings; a multitude of spirits or ghosts; the world; (as), m. any aggregate of elementary matter, the body.
     bhūtaghna bhūta-ghna, as, ī, am, destroying or removing spirits or demons; a camel; garlic; a species of birch; (ī), f. the sacred basil (= muṇḍitikā).
     bhūtacaturdaśī bhūta-caturdaśī, f. the fourteenth day in the dark half of the month Kārttika (consecrated to Yama).
     bhūtacārin bhūta-cārin, ī, m. 'going among beings or among spirits', an epithet of Śiva.
     bhūtacintā bhūta-cintā, f. investigation or inquiry into the elements.
     bhūtajaṭā bhū-ta-jaṭā, f. the plant Nardostachys Jatamansi [cf. bhūta-keśī]; a species of Valeriana, Indian spikenard (= gandha-māṃsī).
     bhūtajaya bhūta-jaya, as, m. victory over the elements.
     bhūtajyotis bhūta-jyotis, is, m. 'light of living beings', N. of a king.
     bhūtaḍāmara bhūta-ḍā-mara, N. of a Tantra.
     bhūtatantra bhūta-tantra, am, n. 'the doctrine of spirits', as contained in the Uttaratantra or sixth division of the Aṣṭāṅga-hṛdaya.
     bhūtatṛṇa bhūta-tṛṇa, am, n. a kind of plant (= ati-gandha).
     bhūtatva bhūta-tva, am, n. the state of being an element.
     bhūtadayā bhūta-dayā, f. compassion or tenderness towards all beings or creatures, universal benevolence or compassion.
     bhūtadruh bhūta-druh, dhruk, k, k, injuring beings, injurious.
     bhūtadharā bhūta-dharā, f. 'supporting beings', the earth.
     bhūtadhātrī bhūta-dhātrī, f. 'nurse or mother of beings', the earth.
     bhūtadhāman bhūta-dhāman, ā, m., N. of a son of Indra.
     bhūtadhāriṇī bhūta-dhāriṇī, f. = bhūta-dharā, the earth.
     bhūtananda bhūta-nanda, as, m., N. of a king.
     bhūtanātha bhūta-nātha, as, m. 'lord of beings or spirits', an epithet of Śiva.
     bhūtanāyikā bhūta-nāyikā, f. 'leader of the Bhūtas', an epithet of Durgā.
     bhūtanāśana bhū-ta-nāśana, as, ā, am, destroying evil beings; (as), m. the marking-nut plant, Semicarpus Anacardium [cf. bhallātaka]; mustard; pepper; (am), n. Asa Foetida; the berry or seed of the Eleocarpus (used for rosaries).
     bhūtanicaya bhūta-nicaya, as, m. 'lord of elements', the body.
     bhūtapati bhūta-pati, is, m. 'lord of beings' (especially of evil beings), an epithet of Rudra; of Bhava and Śarva; of Śiva; of Agni; the plant Ocymum Sanctum or sacred basil.
     bhūtapattrī bhūta-pattrī, f. sacred basil.
     bhūtapāla bhūta-pāla, as, m., Ved. the guardian of living beings.
     bhūtapura bhūta-pura, ās, m. pl., N. of a people; (ī), f., N. of a town.
     bhūtapuṣpa bhūta-puṣpa, as, m. the plant Calosanthes Indica.
     bhūtapūrṇimā bhū-ta-pūrṇimā, f. the day of full moon in the month Āśvina (when the Bhūtas are worshipped).
     bhūtapūrva bhūta-pūrva, as, ā, am, been before, existed before, existing formerly or previously, prior; (am), ind. formerly.
     bhūtapūrvatā bhūtapūrva-tā, f. the totality of past events, all that has happened before, all former circumstances.
     bhūtaprakṛti bhūta-prakṛti, is, f. the orgin of all beings.
     bhūtapratiṣedha bhūta-pratiṣedha, as, m. the warding off of evil spirits or demons.
     bhūtabali bhūta-bali, is, f. the offering for all beings, see bali.
     bhūtabrahman bhūta-brahman, ā, m. = devala, q. v.
     bhūtabhartṛ bhūta-bhartṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, supporting the elements or living beings; (tā), m. 'lord of evil beings', an epithet of Śiva.
     bhūtabhāva bhūta-bhāva, as, ā, am, elementary, consisting of the elements.
     bhūtabhāvana bhūta-bhāvana, as, ā, am, causing the existence of beings, creating or causing the welfare of living beings; (as), m. the creator of living beings, Brahmā; Viṣṇu.
     bhūtabhāṣā bhūta-bhāṣā, f. or bhūta-bhāṣita, am, n. the language of demons or Piśācas.
     bhūtabhāṣāmaya bhūtabhāṣā-maya, as, ī, am, composed in the language of Piśācas.
     bhūtabhṛt bhūta-bhṛt, t, t, t, sustaining the elements, supporting living beings.
     bhūtabhairava bhūta-bhairava, as, m., N. of a particular medical compound (rasa); N. of a Tantra.
     bhūtabhautika bhūtabhautika, as, ī, am, consisting of the elements or of anything formed from them.
     bhūtamaya bhūta-maya, as, ī, am, formed out of the elements or out of created beings; containing or including all beings.
     bhūtamaheśvara bhūta-maheśvara, as, m. 'lord of the Bhūtas', an epithet of Śiva.
     bhūtamātṛ bhūta-mātṛ, tā, f. 'mother of all beings', an epithet of Gaurī, Brāhmī, &c.
     bhūtamātra bhūta-mātra, am, ā, n. f. the rudiment of an element; (ās), f. pl. the subtile rudiments of the elements, (see tan-mātra); the coarse and subtile elements, (in this sense a Dvandva comp.); ten primary perceptions (viz. vāc, gandha, rūpa, śabda, anna-rasa, karaman, sukha-duḥkhe, ānanda or rati or prajāti, ityā, manas).
     bhūtamārī bhūta-mārī, f. a particular perfume (= cīḍā).
     bhūtayajña bhūta-yajña, as, m. the oblation of food &c. to all created beings, (one of the five mahā-yajña, see bali.)
     bhūtayoni bhūta-yoni, is, f. the origin or source of all beings, (an epithet applied to the Supreme Being.)
     bhūtaraya bhūta-raya, ās, m. pl., N. of a class of gods under the fifth Manu.
     bhūtarāj bhūta-rāj, ṭ, m. 'king of the Bhūtas, lord of imps', an epithet of Śiva.
     bhūtarūpa bhūta-rūpa, as, ā, am, having the form of a Bhūta or evil being, imp-like.
     bhūtalipi bhūta-lipi, is, f. 'demon-writing', N. of a particular magical formula. --1. bhūta-vat, ān, atī, at, connected with or containing the word bhūta.
     bhūtavat 2. bhūta-vat, ān, atī, at, having been, what has been.
     bhūtavarga bhūta-varga, as, m. the whole class or company of Bhūtas or evil beings.
     bhūtavādin bhūta-vādin, ī, inī, i, telling the real fact, speaking the truth.
     bhūtavāsa bhūta-vāsa, as, m. 'the abode of evil beings', the tree Belleric Myrobalan, Terminalia Bellerica, (so called because the nuts of this plant are used as dice; cf. bhūtāvāsa.)
     bhūtavāhana bhūta-vāhana, as, m. 'having the Bhūtas for his vehicle', an epithet of Śiva.
     bhūtavāhanasārathi bhūtavāhana-sārathi, is, m. 'charioteer of the Bhūta vehicle', an epithet of Śiva.
     bhūtavikriyā bhūta-vikriyā, f. possession by evil spirits, epilepsy.
     bhūtavijñāna bhūta-vijñāna, am, n. the knowledge of evil spirits or demons.
     bhūtavid bhūta-vid, t, t, t, Ved. knowing all beings.
     bhūtavidyā bhūta-vidyā, f. the knowledge of evil beings or demons, demonology.
     bhūtavināyaka bhū-ta-vināyaka, as, m. a leader of evil beings.
     bhūtaviṣṇu bhū-ta-viṣṇu, us, m., N. of a man.
     bhūtavīra bhūta-vīra, ās, m. pl., Ved., N. of a race.
     bhūtavṛkṣa bhūta-vṛkṣa, as, m. 'demon-tree', the tree Trophis Aspera; Calosanthes Indica; Terminalia Bellecrica.
     bhūtaveṣī bhūta-veṣī or bhūta-veśī, f. a white-flowering Vitex Negundo.
     bhūtaśuddhi bhūta-śuddhi, is, f. purification of the elements (of the body); N. of a work.
     bhūtasaṃsāra bhūta-saṃsāra, as, m. the world of sentient beings or mortals.
     bhūtasaṅkrāmin bhūta-saṅkrāmin, ī, iṇī, i, Ved. going through all beings (?).
     bhūtasaṅgha bhūta-saṅgha, as, m. the whole collection or totality of beings, the aggregate of the elements.
     bhūtasañcāra bhūta-sañcāra, as, m. possession by evil spirits, demoniac possession, madness; (ī), f. fire in a forest, a forest conflagration (?).
     bhūtasantāpa bhūta-santāpa, as, m., N. of an Asura.
     bhūtasantāpana bhūta-santā-pana, as, m. 'harasser of living beings', N. of a Daitya (son of Hiraṇyākṣa).
     bhūtasampṛkta bhūta-sampṛkta, as, ā, am, combined with elementary matter.
     bhūtasamplava bhū-ta-samplava, as, m. the flooding or drowning of all creatures, universal deluge, drowning of the world.
     bhūtasarga bhūta-sarga, as, m. a class or order of created beings (usually classified into eight species of Devayonis or divine beings, men, and five species of Tiryag-yonis, viz. cattle, birds, wild animals, creeping things, and plants); elementary creation, creation of the elements.
     bhūtasākṣin bhūta-sākṣin, ī, m. an eye-witness of created beings, all-seeing.
     bhūtasādhana bhūta-sādhana, as, ī, am, Ved. (according to Mahī-dhara) producing creatures or created beings (as the earth); effecting (objects) for living beings.
     bhūtasāra bhūta-sāra, as, m. a variety of Colosanthes Indica.
     bhūtasūkṣma bhūta-sūkṣma, am, n. a subtile element (= tan-mātra, q. v.).
     bhūtasṛṣṭi bhūta-sṛṣṭi, is, f. the creation of Bhūtas; the illusions effected by the power of Bhūtas; the whole class of Bhūtas collectively.
     bhūtastha bhūta-stha, as, ā, am, being in living creatures, existing in all beings, residing in the elements.
     bhūtasthāna bhūta-sthāna, am, n. the dwelling-place of beings, abode of living creatures.
     bhūtahatyā bhūta-hatyā, f. the killing of a being, destruction of a living creature.
     bhūtahantṛ bhūta-hantṛ, trī, f. 'destroying beings, counteracting evil spirits', two plants (= bandhyā-karkoṭakī and nīla-dūrvā).
     bhūtahara bhūta-hara, as, m. bdellium.
     bhūtahārin bhūta-hārin, i, n. the tree Pinus Deodora.
     bhūtāṃśa bhūtāṃśa (-ta-aṃ-), as, m., N. of the author of the hymn Ṛg-veda X. 106, (he was a descendant of Kaśyapa.)
     bhūtāṅkuśa bhūtāṅkuśa (-ta-aṅ-), as, m. a kind of plant (= kṣava, kṣa-vaka, kṣuraka, tīkṣṇa, krūra).
     bhūtātmaka bhūtātmaka (-ta-āt-), as, ā, am, possessing the essence of the elements, consisting of the elements, composed of the elements.
     bhūtātman bhūtātman (-ta-āt-), ā, m. 'soul of all beings', epithet of Brahman; of Mahā-puruṣa (Viṣṇu); of Śiva [cf. sarva-bhūtātman]; the individual soul; the elementary or vital principle; a soul or mind which clings to the elements, a carnal mind (see Yājñavalkya III. 34); war, conflict; (ā, ā, a), whose soul is subdued or purified [cf. bhāvi-tātman]; whose soul is the elements, consisting or composed of the [five] elements, epithet of the body (in this sense masc., and in Manu XII. 12. opposed to kṣetra-jña).
     bhūtādi bhūtādi (-ta-ādi), is, m. 'the original or originator of all beings', an epithet of Mahā-puruṣa or the Supreme Spirit; (in the Sāṅkhya phil.) an epithet of Ahaṅ-kāra as the principle from which the five Tan-mātras and elements are evolved.
     bhūtādika bhūtādika, as, ā, am, beginning with the elements, the elements, &c.; (as), m. a term applied to Ahaṅ-kāra as the source of the elements; [cf. bhūtādi above.]
     bhūtādhipati bhūtādhipati (-ta-adh-), is, m., Ved. the lord of all beings.
     bhūtānukampā bhūtānukampā (-ta-an-), f. compassion towards all beings.
     bhūtāntaka bhū-tāntaka (-ta-an-), as, m. 'destroyer of beings', the god of death.
     bhūtāri bhūtāri (-ta-ari), i, n. 'enemy of evil beings', Asa Foetida.
     bhūtārta bhūtārta (-ta-ār-), as, ā, am, afflicted by evil beings, possessed by demons.
     bhūtārtha bhūtārtha (-ta-ar-), as, m. anything which has really happened, anything really existing, real fact, a matter of fact, fact; an element of life.
     bhūtārthakathana bhūtār-tha-kathana or bhūtārtha-varṇana, am, n. narration of a real fact or of a past event, description of past occurrences.
     bhūtārthānubhava bhūtārthānubhava (-tha-an-), as, m. the apprehension of a matter of fact.
     bhūtārma bhū-tārma (-ta-ar-), am, n., see Pāṇini VI. 2, 91.
     bhūtāvāsa bhūtāvāsa (-ta-āv-), as, m. 'abode of beings', an epithet of Viṣṇu; of Śiva; the plant Terminalia Bellerica [cf. bhūta-vāsa]; the body (as the abode of the elements).
     bhūtāviṣṭa bhūtāviṣṭa (-ta-āv-), as, ā, am, occupied by evil spirits, possessed by a devil.
     bhūtāveśa bhūtāveśa (-ta-āv-), as, m. possession by a devil or evil spirit, demoniac possession.
     bhūtāsana bhūtā-sana (-ta-ās-), am, n. 'seat of Bhūtas', N. of a magic chariot.
     bhūtejya bhūtejya (-ta-ij-), as, ā, am, worshipping evil beings or spirits; making oblations to the Bhūtas (see bhūta-yajña).
     bhūtendriyajayin bhūtendriya-jayin (-ta-in-), ī, inī, i, 'one who has subdued both the elements (of the body) and the senses', a kind of ascetic or devotee.
     bhūteśa bhūteśa (-ta-iśa), as, m. 'lord of beings', Brahmā; Viṣṇu; Kṛṣṇa; 'lord of evil beings', an epithet of Śiva (or of an idol representing him).
     bhūteśvara bhūteśvara (-ta-īś-), as, m. lord of beings (said of man); 'lord of evil beings', epithet of Śiva.
     bhūteṣṭakā bhūteṣṭakā (-ta-iṣ-), f., Ved. a particular kind of brick.
     bhūteṣṭā bhūteṣṭā (-ta-iṣ-), f. 'liked by the Bhūtas', the fourteenth day of a half month; [cf. bhūtā.]
     bhūtodana bhūtodana (-ta-od-), as, m. a dish of rice (eaten to counteract the influence of demons).
     bhūtonmāda bhūtonmāda (-ta-un-), as, m. 'demon-madness', a form of insanity produced by the influence of evil spirits, (twenty kinds are enumerated.)
     bhūtopadeśa bhūtopadeśa (-ta-up-), as, m. referring to anything already occurring or existing.
     bhūtopamā bhūtopamā (-ta-up-), f., Ved. comparison with a living being or animal.
     bhūtopasṛṣṭa bhūtopasṛṣṭa (-ta-up-) or bhūtopahata (-ta-up-), as, ā, am, possessed by an evil spirit.
     bhūtopahatacitta bhūtopahata-citta, as, ā, am, having the mind possessed by evil beings.

bhūtāyana bhūtāyana, ās, m. pl., N. of a school.

bhūti bhūti, is, f. being, existence, any state of being; birth, production; well-being, welfare, prosperity, success, good fortune, wealth, riches, fortune, (a-bhū-ti, misfortune, calamity); Welfare personified (= Lakṣī) or = the wife of Ruci and mother of Manu Bhautya, or = the wife of Kavi and mother of Manu Bhautya; in this latter meaning also bhūtī, f.); power, grandeur, majesty, dignity; superhuman power as attainable by the practice of austerity and magical rites [cf. vi-bhūti]; ornament, decorating elephants with many-coloured stripes (= gaja-maṇ-ḍana); ashes; fried meat; N. of various plants (= vṛddhi, = rohiṣa-tṛṇa, = bhū-tṛṇa); the rutting of elephants; (is), m., N. of a class of Manes; of Viṣṇu; of Śiva; of a pupil (or son) of Aṅgiras and father of Manu Bhautya; of a Brāhman; [cf. Gr. [greek] Slav. infinitive by-ti = Lith. bu-ti, 'to be.']
     bhūtikarman bhūti-karman, a, n. any auspicious or festive rite (e. g. any domestic ceremony performed at a birth, marriage, or the introduction of a pupil to his preceptor).
     bhūtikalaśa bhūti-kalaśa, as, m., N. of a person (mentioned in Rāja-taraṅgiṇī VII. 26, &c.).
     bhūtikāma bhūti-kāma, as, ā, am, desiring prosperity, desirous of wealth or aggrandisement, &c.; (as), m. a king's councillor, a minister of state; an epithet of Bṛhas-pati.
     bhūtikāla bhūti-kāla, as, m. a time of prosperity or good fortune, an auspicious hour, a happy moment.
     bhūtikīrtana bhūti-kīrtana, am, n. 'praise of prosperity', N. of the twenty-ninth chapter of the Jñānakhaṇḍa or second part of the Śiva-Purāṇa.
     bhūtikīla bhūti-kīla, as, m. a hole, pit, moat, ditch; a cellar, a place under ground for concealing wealth, &c.
     bhūtikṛt bhūti-kṛt, t, m. 'causing welfare', an epithet of Śiva; N. of a class of Manes.
     bhūtikṛtya bhūti-kṛtya, am, n. = bhūti-karman, q. v.
     bhūtigarbha bhūti-garbha, as, m. a N. of the dramatic poet Bhava-bhūti.
     bhūtitīrthā bhūti-tīrthā, f., N. of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda.
     bhūtida bhūti-da, as, m. 'granting welfare', an epithet of Śiva; N. of a class of Manes.
     bhūtidatta bhūti-datta, as, m. 'fortune-given', N. of a man.
     bhūtinidhāna bhū-ti-nidhāna, am, n. 'receptacle of prosperity', the lunar mansion or Nakshatra Dhaniṣṭhā.
     bhūtibhūṣaṇa bhūti-bhūṣaṇa, as, m. 'adorned with ashes', an epithet of Śiva.
     bhūtimat bhūti-mat, ān, atī, at, possessing welfare, prosperous, fortunate, doing well, affluent, happy.
     bhūtimalina bhūti-malina, as, ā, am, soiled with ashes.
     bhūtiyuvaka bhūti-yuvaka, ās, m. pl., N. of a tribe.
     bhūtilaya bhūti-laya, N. of a sacred bathing-place.
     bhūtivarman bhūti-varman, ā, m., N. of a king of Prāg-jyotisha; of a Rākṣasa.
     bhūtivāhana bhūti-vāhana, as, m. 'welfare-bringing', an epithet of Śiva; [cf. bhūta-vāhana.]
     bhūtiśiva bhūti-śiva, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhūtisita bhūti-sita, as, ā, am, white with ashes.
     bhūtisṛj bhūti-sṛj, ṭ, ṭ, ṭ, 'welfarecreating', causing prosperity.
     bhūtīśvaratīrtha bhūtīśvara-tīrtha (-ti-iś-), am, n., N. of a sacred bathing-place mentioned in the Śiva-Purāṇa.

bhūtika bhūtika, as, am, m. n. the plant Ligusticum Ajowan; (am), n. Gentiana Cherayta; Andropogon Schoenanthus; a medicinal plant commonly called Kayaphal (= kat-tṛṇa); camphor (= ghana-sāra); [cf. drāviḍa-bh-.]

bhūtīka bhūtīka, am, n., n. of several plants, Gentiana Cherayta; Curcuma Zerumbet; = dīpya; a kind of grass.

bhūtvā bhūtvā, ind. having been or become.

bhūma bhūma = bhūmi (at the end of some comps, cf. utkṛṣṭa-bh-, udaka-bh-, udag-bh-, kavi-bh-, kṛṣṇa-bh-, pāṇḍu-bh-; and occurring separately in the Vedic formula dhruvāya bhūmāya svāhā).

bhūmaka bhūmaka, a proper N. (?).
     bhūmakatṛtīyā bhūmaka-tṛtīyā, f. epithet of the third day in a particular month.

bhūman bhūman, a, n. (said to be fr. bhū for bahu + iman), the earth, world; a territory, district, country, piece of ground [cf. bhūmi, Lat. humus]; a being, the aggregate of all existing things; (ā), m. a great quantity, large number abundance, plenty, multitude, majority; wealth; N. of a son of Prati-hartṛ and father of Udgītha; (ā), f., Ved. a collection, assembly; (mnā), inst. c. (Ved. bhūnā), for the most part, generally, usually, abundantly.
     bhūmānandasarasvatī bhūmānanda-sa-rasvatī (-ma-ān-), m., N. of a man.

bhūmanyu bhūmanyu, us, m., N. of a king, (also read sumanyu; cf. bhumanyu.)

bhūmaya 2. bhūmaya (fr. bhūman; for 1. bhū-maya see P. 715, col. 3), Nom. P. bhūmanyati, &c., to augment, increase, make abundant.

bhūmi bhūmi, is, f. (also bhūmī, f., but this form is more commonly Ved., where occur nom. sing. bhūmī, gen. bhūmyās, loc. bhūmyām), the earth, soil, ground; a territory, country, district; land, estate, domain; a place, site in general, situation, (often at the end of comps., cf. keśa-bh-); position, posture, attitude; the floor of a house, story; a step, degree (metaphorically); the base of a triangle or of any geometrical figure; the part or character (of an actor in a play); a matter, object, subject [cf. viśvāsa-bh-]; the tongue; (is), m., N. of a son of Yuyudhāna and father of Yugan-dhara; [cf. Lat. humus; Hib. aim.]
     bhūmikadamba bhūmi-kadamba, as, m. a kind of Kadamba; (also read bhūmī-kadamba.)
     bhūmikandalī bhūmi-kandalī, f. a species of plant (= kandalī).
     bhūmikapāla bhūmi-kapāla, as, ā, am, Ved. having the ground for a vessel or receptacle.
     bhūmikampa bhūmi-kampa, as, m. or bhūmi-kampana, am, n. an earthquake.
     bhūmikuṣmāṇḍa bhūmi-kuṣmāṇḍa, as, m. a species of plant (= vidārī).
     bhūmikhaṇḍa bhūmi-khaṇḍa, 'earth-section', N. of the second book of the Padma-Purāṇa; [cf. bhū-khaṇḍa.]
     bhūmikharjūrikā bhūmi-kharjūrikā or bhūmi-kharjūrī, f. a species of plam.
     bhūmigarta bhūmi-garta, as, m. a pit or hole in the earth.
     bhūmiguhā bhūmi-guhā, f. a hole in the earth.
     bhūmigṛha bhūmi-gṛha, am, n. an under-ground chamber [cf. bhū-gṛha]; (as, ā, am), Ved. whose house is the earth (said of a dead person).
     bhūmicampaka bhūmi-campaka, as, m. the plant Kaempferia Rotunda.
     bhūmicala bhūmi-cala, as, m. or bhūmi-calana, am, n. an earthquake.
     bhūmija bhūmi-ja, as, ā, am, 'earth-born', produced from the earth, sprung from the ground; (as), m. the planet Mars; a man; a plant (= bhūmi-kadamba); an epithet of the demon Naraka; hell; (ā), f. an epithet of Sītā; (am), n. a species of vegetable (= gaura-suvarṇa).
     bhūmijaguggulu bhūmija-guggu-lu, us, m. a species of bdellium.
     bhūmijambu bhūmi-jambu, us, or bhūmi-jambukā, or bhūmi-jambū, ūs, f. a tree, = nādeyī; [cf. bhū-jambū.]
     bhūmijīvin bhūmi-jīvin, ī, m. 'living by the soil, living on (the produce of) land', an agriculturalist, a Vaiśya or Hindū of the third or agricultural class.
     bhūmiñjaya bhūmiñ-jaya, as, m. (bhumim, acc. of bhūmi), 'earth-conquering', N. of a son of Virāṭa.
     bhūmitala bhūmi-tala, am, n. the surface of the earth, the ground.
     bhūmituṇḍika bhūmi-tuṇḍika, as, m., N. of a district.
     bhūmitva bhūmi-tva, am, n. the state of earth, earthiness, earth (e. g. bhūmitvam eti, he goes to or becomes earth).
     bhūmidāna bhūmi-dāna, am, n. donation of landed property.
     bhūmidundubhi bhūmi-dundubhi, is, m., Ved. 'earth-drum', a pit or hole in the earth covered over with skins.
     bhūmidṛṃha bhūmi-dṛṃha, as, ā, am, Ved. firmly fixed on the ground.
     bhūmideva bhūmi-deva, as, m. 'earth-god', a Brāhman; (ī), f., N. of two women.
     bhūmidhara bhūmi-dhara, as, m. 'earth-supporter', a mountain; a symbolical expression for the number seven [cf. kula-parvata]; a king, prince.
     bhūminātha bhūmi-nātha, as, m. 'earth-lord', a king, prince.
     bhūmipa bhūmi-pa, as, m. 'earth-protector', a sovereign, king, prince; a Kshatriya.
     bhūmipakaṣa bhūmi-pakaṣa, as, m. a swift horse, a horse with good paces or of good breed.
     bhūmipati bhūmi-pati, is, m. 'earth-lord', a king, prince.
     bhūmipatitva bhūmipati-tva, am, n. 'earth-sovereignty', sovereignty, kingship, princedom.
     bhūmipāla bhūmi-pāla, as, m. 'earth-guardian', a king, prince.
     bhūmipāśa bhūmi-pāśa, as, m., Ved. 'earth-fetter', a plant.
     bhūmipiśāca bhūmi-piśāca, as, m. 'earth-piśāca', the wine-palam or Palmyra tree, Borassus Flabelliformis.
     bhūmiputra bhūmi-pu-tra, as, m. 'earth-son', the planet Mars; N. of a king.
     bhūmipurandara bhūmi-purandara, as, m. 'earth-Indra', an epithet of Dilīpa.
     bhūmibhāga bhūmi-bhāga, as, m. a portion or plot of land, place, spot; [cf. bhū-bhāga.]
     bhūmibhuj bhūmi-bhuj, k, m. 'earth-possessor', a king, prince.
     bhūmibhūta bhūmi-bhūta, as, ā, am, become earth; being on the ground.
     bhūmibhṛt bhūmi-bhṛt, t, m. 'earthsupporter', a king, prince; a mountain [cf. bhū-bhṛt].
     bhūmibhedin bhūmi-bhedin, ī, inī, i, differing from (what exists on) earth.
     bhūmimaṇḍa bhūmi-maṇḍa, as, m. 'earth-ornament', the plant Vallaris Dichotomus; (ā), f. Arabian jasmine.
     bhūmimaṇḍapabhūṣaṇā bhūmi-maṇḍapa-bhū-ṣaṇā, f. the plant Gaertnera Racemosa.
     bhūmimat bhūmi-mat, ān, atī, at, possessing land, having land.
     bhūmimitra bhūmi-mitra, as, m. 'friend of the country', N. of two kings.
     bhūmirakṣaka bhūmi-rakṣaka, as, m. the guardian or protector of a country; a swift horse, horse of good breed.
     bhūmilābha bhūmi-lābha, as, m. 'gaining or returning to earth', dying, death.
     bhūmilepana bhūmi-lepana, am, n. 'earth-ointment', cow-dung.
     bhūmiloka bhū-mi-loka, as, m., Ved. the terrestrial world.
     bhūmivardhana bhū-mi-vardhana, as, am, m. n. 'earth-increasing', a dead body, corpse.
     bhūmiśaya bhūmi-śaya, as, ā, am, sleeping on the ground, lying or living on the ground, living in the earth; (as), m. any animal living in the ground or earth [cf. bhū-śaya]; (as), m. a wild pigeon (= araṇya-caṭaka); N. of a king.
     bhūmiśayana bhūmi-śayana, am, n. or bhūmi-śayyā, f. the act of sleeping on the (bare) ground.
     bhūmiṣṭha bhūmi-ṣṭha, as, ā, am, standing or remaining on the earth or on the ground; lying on the earth, (ambu bhūmi-ṣṭham, stagnant water); living or remaining in one's own country [cf. para-bh-].
     bhūmisattra bhū-mi-sattra, am, n. an offering consisting of a donation of land.
     bhūmisanniveśa bhūmi-sanniveśa, as, m. the general appearance or configuration of a country.
     bhūmisambhava bhūmi-sambhava, as, ā, am, 'earth-born, earth-produced', produced on or from the earth; (ā), f. an epithet of Sītā.
     bhūmisava bhūmi-sava, as, m., Ved. one of the nine Vrātya-stomas.
     bhūmisuta bhūmi-suta, as, m. 'earth-son', the planet Mars.
     bhūmisena bhūmi-sena, as, m., N. of one of the sons of the tenth Manu; of a Buddhist sage.
     bhūmistoma bhūmi-stoma, as, m. 'earth-stoma', N. of a Stoma.
     bhūmisnu bhūmi-snu, us, m. an earth-worm.
     bhūmispṛś bhū-mi-spṛś, k, k, k, Ved. touching the ground; blind; cripple, lame; (k), m. a terrestrial being, man; mankind; an agriculturalist, a Vaiśya or Hindū of the thrid caste who cultivates the soil; a theif, one who creeps along the ground to carry off his plunder; [cf. bhū-spṛś.]
     bhūmisvāmin bhūmi-svāmin, ī, m. 'land-lord', a king, prince.
     bhūmīkadamba bhūmī-kadamba, see bhūmi-ka-damba.
     bhūmīkuravaka bhūmī-kuravaka, a species of plant.
     bhūmīcchā bhūmīcchā (-mi-ic-), f. desire for the earth or for lying on the ground.
     bhūmīndra bhūmīndra (-mi-in-), as, m. 'earth-chief', a sovereign, king, prince.
     bhūmīpati bhū-mī-pati, is, m. = bhūmi-pati.
     bhūmībhuj bhūmī-bhuj, k, m. = bhūmi-bhuj.
     bhūmīruh bhūmī-ruh, ṭ, or bhūmī-ru-ha, as, m. 'earth-growing', a plant, tree.
     bhūmīśvara bhūmī-śvara (-mi-īś-), as, m. 'earth-lord', a king, prince.
     bhūmīsaha bhūmī-saha, as, m. a species of tree.
     bhūmyantara bhūmy-antara, as, ā, am, belonging to the next country; (as), m. the king of an adjacent country.
     bhūmyāmalakī bhūmy-āmalakī or bhūmy-ālī, f. the plant Flacourtia Catapharacta.
     bhūmyāhulya bhūmy-āhulya, am, n. a species of shrub.
     bhūmyekadeśa bhūmy-ekadeśa, as, m. one portion of territory.

bhūmikā bhūmikā, f. earth, ground, soil; a place, sport; the floor of a building [cf. maṇi-bh-]; a story, flat roof of a house; a step, degree (as in the Yoga phil.); an actor's part, character in a play; theatrical dress, the costume of any character represented on the stage, change of costume (to represent different characters); decorating images or temples, adorning gateways, decoration; a preface to a book.

bhūmya bhūmya, as, ā, am (fr. bhūmi), Ved. belonging to the earth, terrestrial; (Sāy. = bhūmer arhas, suited to the earth, or antarikṣārhas, suited to the atmosphere.)

bhūya bhūya, am, n. becoming, being, existence, condition, state, abstract state, (at the end of comps., cf. amutra-bh-, ātma-bh-, deva-bh-, brahma-bh-.)

bhūyas 1. bhūyas, ān, asī, as (for 2. bhūyas see col. 3), becoming; (as), n. the act of becoming; [cf. brahma-bh-.]

bhūr bhūr, ind. (originally = bhūs, nom. sing. of 2. bhū), a mystical word (the first of the three Vyāhṛtis uttered by every Brāhman in commencing his daily prayers, see 2. bhū, bhuvas, vyāhṛti, and cf. Manu II. 76); the lowest of the seven lower worlds (= rasātala, q. v.); a spiritual son of Brahmā. (For comps. see under 2. bhū, p. 715, col. 1.)

bhūri bhūri, is, is, i (according to some contracted fr. bahu-rai or bahu-ri), much, many, numerous, abundant, copious, frequent; great, large, strong, mighty; (is), m. an epithet of Brahmā; of Viṣṇu; of Śiva; of Indra; N. of a man; of a son of Somadatta (king of the Bālhīkas, cf. bhaura); (i), n. gold [cf. bhaurika]; (i), ind. much, abundantly, exceedingly, often, frequently, repeatedly.
     bhūrikarman bhūri-karman, ā, ā, a, doing much, performing many exploits, very busy (Ved.); making many oblations.
     bhūrikālam bhūri-kālam, ind. for a long time.
     bhūrigandhā bhūri-gandhā, f. a particular perfume (= purā).
     bhūrigama bhūri-gama, as, m. 'much-going', an ass.
     bhūrigu bhūri-gu, us, us, u (gu = go), Ved. having many oxen, rich in herds.
     bhūricakṣas bhūri-cakṣas, ās, ās, as, Ved. 'muchseeing', affording manifold appearances or aspects (said of the sun).
     bhūrija bhūri-ja, ās, m. pl., Ved. many (sons) born at the same time.
     bhūrijanman bhūri-janman, ā, ā, a, Ved. having many births.
     bhūrijyeṣṭha bhūri-jyeṣṭha, as, m., N. of a son of king Vi-cakshus.
     bhūritara bhūri-tara, as, ā, am, more, more abundant, more numerous.
     bhūritā bhūri-tā, f. muchness, numerousness, multitude.
     bhūritejas bhūri-tejas, ās, ās, as, of great splendor or brightness, very glorious; (ās), m., N. of a prince.
     bhūritejasa bhūri-tejasa, as, ā, am, possessing great splendor; (as), m. an epithet of fire.
     bhūritoka bhūri-toka, as, ā, am, having many children.
     bhūrida bhūri-da, as, ā, am, 'much-giving', liberal, munificent.
     bhūrīdakṣiṇa bhūrī-dakṣiṇa, as, ā, am, attended with rich presents or liberal rewards; bestowing large presents to Brāhmans at a sacrifice, &c.; giving liberal rewards, liberal; (am), ind. with rich offerings or liberal presents.
     bhūridā bhūri-dā, ās, ās, am, Ved. 'much-giving', very liberal, munificent.
     bhūridātra bhūri-dātra, as, ā, am, Ved. rich in gifts or weapons (rt. 1. or 3. ).
     bhūridāna bhūri-dāna, am, n. great liberality, much-giving.
     bhūridāvan bhūri-dāvan, ā, varī, a, 'much-giving', a munificent giver, very liberal, (compar. bhūridāvat-tara, a more munificent giver, cf. Pāṇini VIII. 2, 17, Vārt. 2.)
     bhūridugdhā bhūri-dugdhā, f. 'having much milk', the plant Tragia Involucrata.
     bhūridyumna bhūri-dyumna, as, m. 'possessing great glory', N. of a pious prince (son of Vīradyumna); N. of the sons of two Manus, (also read bhūri-dhāman.)
     bhūridhana bhūri-dhana, as, ā, am, Ved. having much wealth, rich in property.
     bhūridhāman bhūri-dhā-man, ā, mnī, a, possessing great splendor, splendid, bright; full of energy, having great might; (ā), m., N. of a son of the ninth Manu.
     bhūridhāyas bhūri-dhāyas, ās, ās, as, Ved. 'much-nourishing', abundantly satisfying, much-supporting (said of Parjanya and Soma).
     bhūridhāra bhūri-dhāra, as, ā, am, Ved. 'much-showering', yielding abundant rays.
     bhūrinidhana bhūri-nidhana, as, ā, am, having various terminations.
     bhūripattra bhūri-pattra, as, m. 'many-leaved', a species of Andropogon (= ukhar-vala).
     bhūripalitadā bhūri-palita-dā, f. [cf. palita], a species of shrub (= pāṇḍura-phalī).
     bhūripāṇi bhūri-pāṇi, is, is, i, Ved. many-handed.
     bhūripādāta bhūri-pādāta, as, ā, am, possessing many foot-soldiers, having much infantry.
     bhūripāśa bhūri-pāśa, au, m. du., Ved. 'holders of many fetters', an epithet of Mitra and Varuṇa; (Sāy. = prabhūta-bandhana-sādhana-pāśopetau.)
     bhūripuṣpā bhū-ri-puṣpā, f. 'many-blossomed', fennel, Anethum Sowa (= śata-puṣpā).
     bhūripoṣin bhūri-poṣin, ī, iṇī, i, Ved. 'much-nourishing', cherishing multitudes.
     bhūriprayoga bhū-ri-prayoga, as, ā, am, having many uses, variously used or applied, in common use; (as), m., N. of a dictionary of synonyms by Padmanābha-datta.
     bhūriprayogatva bhū-riprayoga-tva, am, n. the state of being much used, general applicability.
     bhūripreman bhūri-preman, ā, m. 'full of affection', the ruddy goose, Anas Casarca; [cf. cakra-vāka.]
     bhūriphenā bhūri-phenā, f. 'having much exudation', a species of plant commonly called Chermaghās.
     bhūribala bhūri-bala, as, m. 'having much strength', N. of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra; (ā), f. a species of plant (= ati-balā).
     bhūribhāga bhūri-bhāga, as, ā, am, having great good fortune, prosperous.
     bhūribhāra bhūri-bhāra, as, ā, am, Ved. 'much-weighted', heavily laden.
     bhūribhoja bhūri-bhoja, as, ā, am, having much enjoyment.
     bhūrimallī bhūri-mallī, f. a species of plant (= amba-ṣṭhā; cf. bhūri-mūlikā).
     bhūrimāya bhū-ri-māya, as, m. 'possessed of much deceit', a jackal.
     bhūrimūla bhūri-mūla, as, ā, am, Ved. 'many-rooted', rich in roots.
     bhūrimūlikā bhūri-mūlikā, f. 'many-rooted', a species of plant (= amba-ṣṭhā).
     bhūrirasa bhūri-rasa, as, m. 'having much juice', the sugar-cane.
     bhūriretas bhūri-retas, ās, ās, as, Ved. 'many-germed', rich in germ or seed, prolific, much-fructifying.
     bhūrilagnā bhūri-lagnā, f. the plant Clitoria Ternatea (having white flowers).
     bhūrilābha bhūri-lābha, as, ā, am, having much profit, very profitable; (as), m. great gain.
     bhūrivarpas bhūri-var-pas, ās, ās, as, Ved. 'many-shaped', presenting many appearances.
     bhūrivasu bhūri-vasu, us, m., N. of a minister or councillor; of a Brāhman.
     bhūrivāra bhūri-vāra, as, ā, am, Ved. rich in gift; (Sāy. = yajamānair bahu-vāraṃ varaṇīya, cf. puru-vāra.)
     bhūrivikrama bhūri-vikra-ma, as, ā, am, having great valour, very brave.
     bhūriviyoga bhūri-viyoga, as, ā, am, having many separations, causing numerous separations.
     bhūrivṛṣṭi bhūri-vṛṣṭi, is, f. excessive rain.
     bhūrivetasa bhūri-vetasa, as, ā, am, having many canes or reeds, very reedy.
     bhūriśas bhūri-śas, ind. manifoldly, variously, in many ways.
     bhūriśṛṅga bhūri-śṛṅga, as, ā, am, Ved. many-horned.
     bhūriśrama bhūri-śrama, as, m. great fatigue.
     bhūriśravas bhūri-śravas, ās, m. 'very renowned', N. of a son of Soma-datta (king of the Bālhīkas).
     bhūriśreṣṭhika bhūri-śreṣṭhika, N. of a building in Benares; (also read bhūri-śreṣṭhaka.)
     bhūriṣah bhūri-ṣah or bhūri-ṣāh, ṭ, m., Ved. (a chariot) bearing or carrying much (Sāy. = bhūri-bhārasya soḍhā).
     bhūriṣeṇa bhūri-ṣeṇa, as, m. 'having many armies', N. of a man; of a son of the tenth Manu; of the king Śaryāti.
     bhūristhātra bhūri-sthātra, as, ā, am, Ved. having many stations, being at many places or spots.
     bhūrihan bhūri-han, ā, m. 'many-killer', N. of an Asura.
     bhūryakṣa bhūry-akṣa, as, ī, am, Ved. many-eyed.
     bhūryāsuti bhūry-āsuti, is, is, i, Ved. muchexcited, much-exciting; (Sāy.) having much Soma poured forth (= bahuṣu deśeṣu soma āsūyate or bahūni somādi-havīṃṣy āsūyante iti tādṛśaḥ).
     bhūryojas bhūry-ojas, ās, ās, as, Ved. having great power, very vigorous.

bhūrika bhūrika, as, m., N. of a man.

bhūṣṇu bhūṣṇu, us, us, u, = bhaviṣṇu, bhavitṛ, being, becoming, being or faring well; desiring happiness, wishing for wealth and prosperity (see Manu IV. 135).

bhūḥkhāra bhūḥkhāra, as, ā, am, coming from Bokhara (as horses &c., cf. bhuḥkhāra).

bhūka bhūka, as, am, m. n. (said to be fr. rt. 1. bhū), a cavity, hole, chasm; the cavity from which a stream issues, the source of a stream, a spring; time; (as), m. darkness.

bhūkala bhūkala, as, m. a restive or unmanageable horse.

bhūtālī bhūtāli, f., N. of two plants (= bhū-pāṭalī, musalī).

bhūnā bhūnā, f., N. of a district; (for. bhūnā, inst. c. of bhūman, see bhūman, p. 717, col. 3.)

bhūmi bhūmi, bhūmī, &c. See p. 717, col. 3.

bhūmiāṇa bhūmiāṇa and bhūmīyāṇa, N. of two places.

bhūyas 2. bhūyas, ān, asī, as (according to Pāṇini VI. 4, 158, compar. of bahu, q. v.; for 1. bhūyas see p. 718, col. 2), more, more numerous, more abundant; greater, larger, mightier; more important; much, many, numerous; very great, important; vehement, severe; abounding in, abhundantly furnished with (with inst., e. g. guṇair bhūyān, abounding in qualities); (as), ind. more, most, very much, much, exceedingly, largely, over and above, still more, more and more, further on, further, besides, moreover, even; again, anew, afresh, frequently, repeatedly; bhūyo bhūyaḥ, again and again; pūrvam--bhūyaḥ, first--next; in the first place-in the next place; (asā), ind. very much, exceedingly, beyond measure, excessively, in a high degree; mostly, generally, as a general rule; [cf. Hib. bhus, a sign of the comparative degree, always having ni before it, as ni bhus airde, 'higher.']
     bhūyaśas bhūya-śas, ind. mostly, generally, as a general rule, commonly; again, anew, afresh.
     bhūyaskara bhūyas-kara, as, ī, am, or bhūyas-kṛt, t, t, t, Ved. making or doing more; augmenting, increasing.
     bhūyastaram bhūyas-taram or bhū-yas-tarām, ind. more, anew, afresh, again.
     bhūyastva bhū-yas-tva, am, n. 'moreness', the being more or greater, muchness, a large quantity, abundance, multitude, manifoldness, multiplicity; majority, preponderance, surplus, surplusage, overplus.
     bhūyovidya bhūyo-vidya, as, ā, am, knowing more, more learned.

bhūyasvin bhūyasvin, ī, inī, i, Ved. more numerous or abundant; superior.

bhūyiṣṭha bhūyiṣṭha, as, ā, am (superl. of bahu), most, most numerous, most abundant; very abundant or numerous, many, much, very great, very, (bhū-yiṣṭhe nikaṭe, very near, in the closest proximity); chief, principal, most important; consisting principally of, chiefly filled with or characterized by (= prāya, often at the end of comps., e. g. śūdra-bh-, q. v.; ahaṅkāra-darpa-bhūyiṣṭha, chiefly characterized by or filled with egotism and pride); nearly all, almost, (especially after a past passive part., e. g. gata-bhūyiṣṭha, almost gone; cf. nirvāṇa-bh-); (am), ind. for the most part, mostly, almost, chiefly; abundantly or numerously, in the highest degree, very much; (ena), ind. for the most part, mostly.
     bhūyiṣṭhabhāj bhūyiṣṭha-bhāj, k, k, k, Ved. sharing principally, enjoying the largest share, receiving most.
     bhūyiṣṭhaśas bhūyiṣṭha-śas, ind. in very large numbers, very numerously.

bhūri bhūri. See p. 718, col. 2.

bhūrij bhūrij, k, f. the earth; (incorrectly for bhurij, q. v.)

bhūrja bhūrja, as, m. a species of birch (the Bhoj or Bhojpatra tree, the bark of which is used for writing on); [cf. Old Germ. birca, bircha; Mod. Germ. birke; Engl. birch; Lith. berza-s.]
     bhūrjakaṇṭaka bhūrja-kaṇṭaka, as, m. a man of one of the mixed classes, the son of an outcast Brāhman by a woman of the same tribe (see Manu X. 21).
     bhūrjapattra bhūrja-pattra, as, m. = bhūrja above.

bhūrṇi bhūrṇi, is, is, i (probably fr. rt. bhur, but said in Uṇādi-s. IV. 52. to be fr. rt. bhṛ), Ved. active, agile, moving restlessly, restless, wild, excited, irritated, (according to Sāy. = bhartṛ, bharaṇa-śīla, supporting, accustomed to bear); (is), f. the earth; a desert, a country ill-supplied with water.

bhūṣ bhūṣ, cl. 1. P. bhūṣati, bubhūṣa, bhūṣitum, to strive after, use efforts for, care for (with dat., Ved.); to adorn, decorate; (in the Veda a rt. bhūṣ is found, which is regarded by Sāy. as a form of 1. bhū in the sense of 'to obtain, attain;' thus in Ṛg-veda IV. 16, 11. bhūṣāt = pra-bhavate, and in VIII. 92, 26. bhūṣasi = bha-vasi); cl. 10. or Caus. bhūṣayati (rarely A. -te), bhūṣayām-āsa, bhūṣayitum, to adorn, decorate, embellish, attire; to spread or strew over with (anything); to adorn one's self (A.); [cf. Hib. beosai-ghim, 'I adorn.']

bhūṣaṇa bhūṣaṇa, as, ī, am, decorating, adorning; (as), m. an epithet of Viṣṇu; N. of a Daitya; (as, am), m. n. ornament, decoration, embellishment (generally am, n., often at the end of comps., cf. karṇa-bh-; sometimes at the end of an adj. comp., e. g. kanaka-bhūṣaṇa, as, ā, am, decorated with gold); (am), n. 'the act of decorating or adorning', N. of a work.
     bhūṣaṇatā bhūṣaṇa-tā, f. the being an ornament, ornature.
     bhūṣaṇasāradarpaṇa bhūṣaṇa-sāra-darpaṇa, as, m. 'mirror of the essence of decoration', N. of a commentary on the Vaiyākaraṇa-bhūṣaṇa.
     bhūṣaṇendraprabha bhūṣaṇendra-prabha (-ṇa-in-), as, m., N. of a king of the Kinnaras.

bhūṣaṇīya bhūṣaṇīya, as, ā, am, to be adorned, &c.

bhūṣat bhūṣat, an, antī, at, Ved. striving after; (Sāy.) adorning, ornamenting (= bhūṣayat, alaṅkurvat).

bhūṣayat bhūṣayat, an, antī, at, adorning, &c.

bhūṣayitavya bhūṣayitavya, as, ā, am, to be decorated or ornamented, to be adorned.

bhūṣayitvā bhūṣayitvā, ind. having adorned, having decorated.

bhūṣā bhūṣā, f. adorning, decorating, ornament, decoration; a jewel; [cf. karṇa-bh-, bāhu-bh-.]

bhūṣita bhūṣita, as, ā, am, adorned, decorated, ornamented, embellished, garnished.

bhūṣin bhūṣin, ī, iṇī, i (fr. bhūṣā), adorned or decorated with (usually at the end of comps.).

bhūṣya bhūṣya, as, ā, am, to be adorned or decorated.

bhūṣṇu bhūṣṇu. See p. 718, col. 3.

bhūstṛṇa bhū-s-tṛṇa. See p. 716, col. 1.

bhṛ bhṛ (allied to rt. dhṛ and to rt. hṛ, which was probably evolved fr. rt. bhṛ), cl. 1. P. A. bharati, -te, cl. 3. P. A. bibharti, bibhṛte (1st du. P. bibhṛvas, 3rd pl. bibhrati), Impf. abibhar, abibhṛta (3rd pl. abibharus), Pot. bi-bhṛyāt, bibhrīta, Impv. bibhartu, bibhṛtām (2nd sing. P. bibhṛhi), Perf. babhāra, babhre (2nd sing. P. babhartha, 2nd du. P. babhṛva by Pāṇ. VII. 2, 13, cf. Gram. 369), or bibharāṃ-cakāra, bibharāṃ-cakre (also bibharām-āsa, bibharām-babhūva), 1st Fut. bhartā, 2nd Fut. bhariṣyati, -te, Aor. abhārṣīt, abhṛta (1st sing. abhārṣam, 2nd du. abhārṣṭam), Prec. bhriyāt, bhṛṣīṣṭa, Cond. abhariṣyat, abhariṣyata (Vedic and irregular forms are Pres. bharti, 1st pl. bibhṛmasi, Impf. abibhrat, bibharat, Perf. jabhāra, jabhar-tha, jabhrus, A. jabhre, jabhrire, jabharat, ja-bhartana, Aor. abhāriṣam, bharṣat, abhār), Inf. bhartum (Ved. bhartave, apa-bhartavai, bhar-tos, bharase, bharadhyai), to bear, carry; to support, maintain, keep, sustain, nourish, foster, cherish, protect, take care of; to hire, keep in one's pay, give wages or pay to (generally A.); to wear; to possess, have; to hold, contain, retain (as in the memory); to keep up, maintain; to endure, suffer; to carry to (any person or place), bring; to confer, bestow, give, produce; to fill, fill up, load; to carry away, take away, transport; to raise the voice, raise a sound (Ved.); to be borne along rapidly (A. Ved., Lat. ferri); to take or carry away for one's self, acquire, gain (A. Ved.); to be borne upwards (as sound, A. Ved.). The above meanings of rt. bhṛ may be variously extended by connecting it with various nouns, e. g. garbham bhṛ, to conceive, become pregnant [cf. garbhaṃ dhṛ under rt. dhṛ]; śmaśru-loma-nakhāni bhṛ, to wear the hair, beard, and nails long, i. e. allow them to grow without cutting (Manu VI. 6); vibhramam bhṛ, to make playful movements or to have the appearance of moving about; ūrjām bhṛ, to exert the strength; kṣitim bhṛ, to take care of, i. e. govern the earth: Pass. bhriyate, Aor. abhāri (Ved. forms bharate, part. bhuramāṇa, babhrāṇa, bibhramāṇa): Caus. bhā-rayati, -yitum, abībharat, to cause to bear or support; to put out to hire, engage for hire: Desid. bubhūrṣati, -te, bibhariṣati, -te (Pāṇ. VII. 2, 49), to wish to bear, to wish or intend to support or maintain [cf. bubhūrṣu]: Intens. bebhrīyate, bar-bharti, barībharti (Ved. 3rd pl. bharibhrati, part. bharibhrat), to bear repeatedly, to bear or carry hither and thither; to maintain continually; [cf. Zend bar, 'to bear, bring:' Gr. [greek] [greek] [greek] [greek] [greek] Lat. fero, fer in belli-fer, fer-cu-lu-m, fer-āx, for-du-s, far, far-īna, fer-ti-li-s, for(t)-s, for-tū-na, for-tu-itu-s; pro-bru-m, op-pro-br-iu-m [greek] candela-bru-m; her-b-a, fi-b-ra, forb-ea: Goth. bair-an, 'to bear;' ga-baur, 'tax;' baur-ei or baur-thei, 'a burden;' ga-baur-th-s, 'birth;' bar-n, 'a child;' ber-usyos, 'parents;' barm-s, 'womb;' baris, 'barley;' brigg-an, 'to bring:' Old Germ. bur-di, 'a burden;' bāra, 'a barrow, bier:' Angl. Sax. ber-an, 'to bear;' bearm, 'womb;' bearn, 'a child;' byrdhen, 'a burden;' bring-an, 'to bring:' Slav. bra-ti, 'to bear;' bre-me, 'a load;' bra-ku, 'wedlock:' Boh. bra-ti, 'to take;' ber-ne, 'tax:' Lith. ber-na-s, 'a child, servant:' Hib. beir-im, 'I bear, carry.']

babhrāṇa babhrāṇa, as, ā, am (Perf. part. A.), one who has borne, &c.; being borne (fr. the Pass.; according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda III. 1, 8, = sarvair dhārya-māṇa).

bibhrat bibhrat, at, atī, at (Pres. part. P.), bearing, carrying.

bibhrāṇa bibhrāṇa, as, ā, am (Pres. part. A.), bearing, carrying.

bhṛt bhṛt, t, t, t, (at the end of comps.) bearing, carrying [cf. śastrāstra-bh-], supporting, maintaining [cf. dharma-bh-], nourishing, protecting [cf. kṣiti-bh-]; possessing, having, furnished or provided with [cf. janma-bh-]; bringing, procuring, conferring; a bearer, maintainer, &c.

bhṛta bhṛta, as, ā, am, borne, carried, supported, maintained, cherished; hired, kept in pay, paid, (kṣīra-bhṛtaḥ, a servant whose wages are paid with milk, Manu VIII. 231); possessed of, endowed with, having earned, acquired, gained; filled, full of; (as), m. a hireling, hired servant or labourer, mercenary.
     bhṛtabhūti bhṛta-bhūti, is, is, i, possessing power or prosperity, powerful, prosperous; smeared with ashes.
     bhṛtarandhra bhṛta-randhra, as, ā, am, filled up (as a hole or depression).

bhṛtaka bhṛtaka, as, ā, am, hired, kept in pay, receiving wages; (as), m. a hired labourer, a servant.
     bhṛtakādhyāpaka bhṛ-takādhyāpaka (-ka-adh-), as, m. a hired teacher, one who gives instruction for pay.
     bhṛtakādhyāpita bhṛtakādhyā-pita, as, ā, am, taught by a hired teacher; (as), m. a student who pays his teacher.

bhṛti bhṛti, is, f. the act of bearing, carrying, supporting, maintaining, nourishing; bringing [cf. idhma-bh-]; service for wages; nourishment, support, maintenance, sustenance, food [cf. dur-bh-]; wages, hire; capital, principal.
     bhṛtibhuj bhṛti-bhuj, k, k, k, enjoying or living on wages; (k), m. a hired servant, labourer.
     bhṛtirūpa bhṛti-rūpa, a reward given to a person in lieu of wages for the performance of a duty for which stipulated payment or hire is improper (as for the performance of a Śrāddha in behalf of another person).
     bhṛtyadhyāpana bhṛty-adhyāpana, am, n. instructing for wages, teaching (especially the Vedas) for hire.
     bhṛtyanna bhṛty-anna, am, n. wages and board.

bhṛtin bhṛtin, ī, inī, i, supporting, maintaining, fostering.

bhṛtya bhṛtya, as, ā, am, to be nourished or maintained; (as), m. one who is to be supported, a dependent, servant, (kim-bhṛtya, a bad servant), slave; subject; the servant of a king, a minister [cf. rāja-bh-]; (ā), f. fostering, rearing; service, dependence; maintenance, support, sustenance, food; hire, wages.
     bhṛtyakāmakṛt bhṛtya-kāma-kṛt, t, t, t, acting kindly to servants.
     bhṛtyajana bhṛtya-jana, as, m. a person to be supported, a dependent.
     bhṛtyatā bhṛtya-tā, f. or bhṛtya-tva, am, n. the condition of a servant, servitude, service, dependence.
     bhṛtyabharaṇa bhṛtya-bharaṇa, am, n. maintaining or cherishing dependents or servants, &c.
     bhṛtyabhartṛ bhṛtya-bhartṛ, tā, m. one who maintains or supports dependents, the master of a family.
     bhṛtyabhāvin bhṛ-tya-bhāvin, ī, inī, i, being or becoming a servant, about to become a dependent.
     bhṛtyavarga bhṛtya-varga, as, m. 'servant-class', the whole number of any one's servants, assemblage of dependents, household.
     bhṛtyavātsalya bhṛtya-vātsalya, am, n. kindness to dependents or servants.
     bhṛtyavṛtti bhṛtya-vṛtti, is, f. maintenance of servants or dependents (Manu XI. 7).
     bhṛtyaśālin bhṛ-tya-śālin, ī, inī, i, having many servants.
     bhṛtyādhyāpana bhṛ-tyādhyāpana (-ya-adh-), am, n. teaching the Veda for hire [cf. bhṛty-adhyāpana].
     bhṛtyābhāva 1. bhṛ-tyā-bhāva, as, m. a state of servitude or dependence. --2. bhṛtyābhāva (-ya-abh-), as, m. the absence of servants.
     bhṛtyībhū bhṛtyī-bhū, cl. 1. P. -bhavati, -bha-vitum, to become a servant, enter upon service.

bhṛtyāya bhṛtyāya, Nom. A. bhṛtyāyate, &c., to behave like a servant.

bhṛtha bhṛtha, Ved. the offering (of the Soma); the vessel in which the Soma is offered, (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda II. 14, 4, bhṛthe = somam bi-bhrati pātre or somasya bharaṇe.)

bhṛṃś bhṛṃś cl. 1. 10. P. bhṛṃśati, bhṛṃśa-yati, &c., to speak; to shine.

bhṛkuṃśa bhṛkuṃśa or bhṛkuṃsa or bhṛkuṃ-saka, as, m. a male actor or dancer in female attire [cf. bhrūkuṃśa, bhrukuṃśa, bhrakuṃśa].

bhṛkuṭi bhṛ-kuṭi, is, or bhṛ-kuṭī, f. (corrupted fr. bhrū-kuṭi, see bhrū), contraction or knitting of the eyebrow, a frown; (ī), f. a species of frog; (with Jainas) N. of a goddess executing the commands of the eighth Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇī; (is), m. (with Jainas) N. of the servant of the twentieth Arhat of the present Ava-sarpiṇī.
     bhṛkuṭimukha bhṛkuṭi-mukha = bhrukuṭi-mukha, q. v.

bhṛkṣ bhṛkṣ or bhrakṣ, cl. 1. P. A. bhṛkṣati, -te, bhrakṣati, -te, &c., various reading for rt. bhakṣ, q. v.

bhṛg bhṛg, an onomatopoetic word used to express the crackling sound of fire.

bhṛgamātrika bhṛgamātrika, as, m. probably wrongly for mṛga-mātrika or mṛga-matṛka. See mṛga-mātṛkā.

bhṛgala bhṛgala, see Kātyāyana's Śrauta-s. IX. 11, 25.

bhṛgavāṇa bhṛgavāṇa. See col. 2.

bhṛgu bhṛgu, us, m., avas, m. pl. (fr. rt. 1. bhrāj, said to be fr. rt. 1. bhrajj, to scorch; according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda 1. 127, 7, bhṛgavaḥ = haviṣām pāpānāṃ vā bhraṣṭāraḥ, roasters or consumers of oblations or of sins), Ved., N. of a mythical race of beings (frequently mentioned in connection with Agni and classed in Naighaṇṭuka V. 5. with the Aṅgirasas, Atharvans, Ṛbhus, &c.; they are described in the Ṛg-veda as cherishing Fire brought to them by the Wind [Mātari-śvan], or as kindling Fire from the wood of attrition; in Ṛg-veda IV. 16, 20, and one or two other passages, they are said to fabricate chariots); the descendants of Bhṛgu; (us), m., N. of a Ṛṣi regarded as the ancestor of the whole race of Bhṛgus, (he is sometimes described as the offspring of Prajā-pati, but in Manu 1. 35. is enumerated among the ten Maharshis or primeval patriarchs created by the first Manu; according to Sāy., Varuṇa adopted him as his son, whence he is called Vāruṇi and is regarded as the author of Ṛg-veda IX. 65, X. 19); N. of one of the chief Brāhmanical families (the Aitaśayanas are said to belong to it); N. of Kṛṣṇa; of a son of Kavi; of one of the Prajā-patis (produced from Brahmā's skin); of one of the seven sages (an Adhvaryu at the Rāja-sūya of Soma, Harivaṃśa 1334); of the father of Cyavana and six others; of the father of Dhātṛ and Vidhātṛ; of the father of Śrī (by Khyāti); of the author of a Dharmaśāstra (who also communicated the Ganeśa-Purāṇa to Soma-kānta); N. of the son of Jamad-agni; of the Ṛṣi Jamad-agni himself; of Śukra or the planet Venus (called either Bhṛgu or the son of Bhṛgu; the day of Bhṛgu is the sixth day of the week, i. e. Friday); N. of Rudra (according to some); of a son of Artha-pati and uncle of the poet Bāṇa; table land, the level summit of a mountain; a declivity, slope, cliff, precipice [cf. bhṛgu-patana].
     bhṛgukaccha bhṛgu-kaccha, N. of a sacred place on the northern bank of the river Narma-dā; (ās), m. pl. the inhabitants of this place.
     bhṛguja bhṛgu-ja or bhṛgu-tanaya, as, m. 'son of Bhṛgu', the planet Venus.
     bhṛgutuṅga bhṛgu-tuṅga, as, m. 'Bhṛgu's peak', N. of a sacred mountain in the Himālaya, (sometimes called bhṛgos tuṅga.)
     bhṛgunandana bhṛgu-nandana, as, m. 'son of Bhṛgu', the planet Venus [cf. bhṛgu-ja, bhṛgu-putra, bhṛgu-suta]; an epithet of Paraśu-rāma.
     bhṛgupatana bhṛgu-patana, am, n. a fall from a precipice, &c.
     bhṛgupati bhṛgu-pati, is, m. 'chief of the Bhṛgus', an epithet of Paraśu-rāma.
     bhṛgupāta bhṛgu-pāta, as, m. precipitating one's self from a precipice.
     bhṛguputra bhṛgu-putra, as, m. 'son of Bhṛgu', the planet Venus.
     bhṛguprasravaṇa bhṛgu-prasravaṇa, 'Bhṛgu's spring', N. of a mountain, probably = Bhṛgu-tuṅga.
     bhṛgubhūmi bhṛgu-bhū-mi, is, m., N. of a son of Aṅgiras (belonging to the family of the Bhṛgus; cf. bharga-bhūmi, bhārga-bhūmi).
     bhṛgumaṇḍala bhṛgu-maṇḍala, am, n. (in astronomy) 'Bhṛgu's circle', N. of a Karaṇa, q. v.
     bhṛgurākṣasa bhṛgu-rākṣasa, as, m., N. of a Ṛṣi (said to have sacrificed men and cows).
     bhṛguvaṃśa bhṛgu-vaṃśa, as, m. 'race of Bhṛgu', N. of a family deriving their origin from Parśu-rāma.
     bhṛguvallī bhṛgu-vallī, f., N. of the third Vallī in the Taittirīyopaniṣad.
     bhṛguvāra bhṛgu-vāra, as, m. the day of Venus, Friday.
     bhṛguśārdūla bhṛgu-śārdūla, as, m. 'most excellent of the Bhṛgus', an epithet of Paraśu-rāma.
     bhṛguśreṣṭha bhṛgu-śreṣṭha, as, m. 'best of the Bhṛgus', epithet of Paraśu-rāma.
     bhṛgusattama bhṛgu-sattama, as, m. 'best of the Bhṛgus', epithet of Paraśu-rāma.
     bhṛgusuta bhṛgu-suta, as, m. 'Bhrigu's son', the planet Venus or Śukra (who was preceptor of the Daityas); an epithet of Paraśu-rāma.
     bhṛgusūnu bhṛgu-sūnu, us, m. 'Bhṛgu's son', the planet Venus.
     bhṛgūdvaha bhṛgūdvaha (-gu-ud-), as, m. 'offspring of Bhṛgu', an epithet of Paraśu-rāma.
     bhṛguaṅgiras bhṛgu-aṅgi-ras, ās, m., Ved., N. of the author of certain Atharva-veda hymns (supposed to avert diseases).
     bhṛguaṅgirovid bhṛgu-aṅgiro-vid, t, t, t, knowing (the verses or hymns of) Bhṛgu and Aṅgiras (i. e. of the Atharvans and Aṅgirasas or Atharva-veda).
     bhṛgvīśvaratīrtha bhṛgv-īśvara-tīrtha, am, n. 'Tīrtha of Bhṛgu's lord', N. of a sacred bathing-place on the Narma-dā.

bhṛgavāṇa bhṛgavāṇa, as, ā, am, Ved. imitating Bhṛgu, acting like Bhṛgu, i. e. shining, glittering (Sāy. = bhṛgu-vad ācarat = dīpyamāna).

bhṛgvandīya bhṛgvandīya, as, m. a N. (probably wrong).

bhṛṅga bhṛṅga, as, ā, ī, m. f. (probably fr. rt. bhram, cf. bhramara; said in Uṇādi-s. I. 124. to be fr. rt. bhṛ), a species of large black bee, the humble bee; (as), m. = bhṛṅgarola, a species of wasp, either the common kind or the Vespa Solitaria; the fork-tailed shrike, Lanius Caerulescens; a bird, apparently a sort of shrike different from the preceding; a libertine, catamite, lecher; the plant Eclipta Prostrata (= bhṛṅga-rāja, mārkava, keśa-rāja); = bhṛṅgāra, a golden vase or pitcher; (ī), f. a species of poisonous plant, = ati-viṣā; (am), n. woody Cassia (= tvak-pattra); the plant Eclipta Prostrata or Verbesina Prostrata; talc; [cf. pañca-bh-.]
     bhṛṅgaja bhṛṅga-ja, am, n. aloe wood or Agallochum; (ā), f. the plant Clerodendrum Siphonanthus (= bhārgī).
     bhṛṅgaparṇikā bhṛṅga-parṇikā, f. small cardamoms.
     bhṛṅgapriyā bhṛṅga-priyā, f. 'liked by bees', the plant Gaertnera Racemosa.
     bhṛṅgamārī bhṛṅga-mārī, f. = bhṛṅ-gāri.
     bhṛṅgamūlikā bhṛṅga-mūlikā, f. a species of plant (= bhramara-cchallī).
     bhṛṅgaraja bhṛṅga-raja, as, or bhṛṅ-ga-rajas, ās, m. the plant Eclipta Prostrata.
     bhṛṅgarasa bhṛṅga-rasa, as, m. the juice of the plant Eclipta Prostrata.
     bhṛṅgarāja bhṛṅga-rāja, as, m. 'beeking', a species of large bee, the humble bee; a species of bird (apparently the variety of shrike termed Malabar, Lanius Malabaricus); a spreading shrub, Eclipta Prostrata [cf. nīla-bh-, pīta-bh-]; a kind of oblation or sacrifice.
     bhṛṅgarājaka bhṛṅga-rājaka, as, m. a species of bird.
     bhṛṅgarājarasa bhṛṅgarāja-rasa, as, m. the juice of the plant Eclipta Prostrata.
     bhṛṅgavallabha bhṛṅga-vallabha, as, m. 'favourite of bees', a species of Kadamba plant, Ligusticum Ajowan, = dhārā-ka-damba and bhūmi-kadamaba; (ā), f. = bhūmi-jambū.
     bhṛṅgavṛkṣa bhṛṅga-vṛkṣa, as, m. 'bee-tree', perhaps = bhṛṅga-rajas.
     bhṛṅgasodara bhṛṅga-sodara, as, m. the plant Eclipta Prostrata.
     bhṛṅgādhipa bhṛṅgādhipa (-ga-adh-), as, m. 'bee-chief', the queen of the bees.
     bhṛṅgānandā bhṛṅgānandā (-ga-ān-), f. 'bee-joy', the plant Jasminum Auriculatum (= yūthikā).
     bhṛṅgābhīṣṭa bhṛṅgā-bhīṣṭa (-ga-abh-), as, m. 'liked by bees', the Mango tree.
     bhṛṅgāri bhṛṅgāri (-ga-ari), is, m. 'beeenemy', a species of flower growing in Mālwa (= kevikā).
     bhṛṅgāvalī bhṛṅgāvalī (-ga-āv-), f. a line or flight of bees.
     bhṛṅgāhva bhṛṅgāhva (-ga-āh-), as, m. the plant Eclipta Prostrata; another plant, = jīvaka; (ā), f. another plant (= bhramara-cchallī).
     bhṛṅgīphala bhṛṅgī-phala, as, m. the hog-plum, Spondias Mangifera.
     bhṛṅgeṣṭā bhṛṅgeṣṭā (-ga-iṣ-), f. 'liked by bees', N. of several plants (= ghṛta-kumārī, bhārgī, ta-ruṇī, kāka-jambū).

bhṛṅgaka bhṛṅgaka, as, m. the fork-tailed shrike; (at the end of an adj. comp.) = bhṛṅga, a bee.

bhṛṅgariṭi bhṛṅgariṭi or bhṛṅgarīṭi, is, m. or bhṛṅga-rīṭa, as, m., N. of one of Śiva's attendants; [cf. bhṛṅgin, bhṛṅgīriṭi.]

bhṛṅgarola bhṛṅgarola, as, m. (said to be fr. bhṛṅga and rt. ru, to cry), a kind of wasp; [cf. varola.]

bhṛṅgāya bhṛṅgāya, Nom. A. bhṛṅgāyate, -yitum, to become a bee, behave like a bee.

bhṛṅgāra bhṛṅgāra, as, am, m. n. (said to be fr. rt. bhṛ), a golden pitcher or vase; a vase used at the inauguration of a king, (it might be made of any one of eight different substances, viz. gold, silver, brass, iron, earthenware, sandal-wood, crystal, or horn, and might be of eight differents forms); (as), m. = bhṛṅga-rāja, the shrub Eclipta Prostrata; (ī), f. a cricket; (am), n. cloves; gold.

bhṛṅgāraka bhṛṅgāraka, as, m. = bhṛṅgāra above.

bhṛṅgārikā bhṛṅgārikā, f. = bhṛṅgārī, a cricket.

bhṛṅgārīṭa bhṛṅgārīṭa, as, m. = bhṛṅgarīṭa under bhṛṅ-gariṭi above.

bhṛṅgi bhṛṅgi, is, m., N. of one of Śiva's attendants; [cf. bhṛṅgin.]

bhṛṅgin bhṛṅgin, ī, m. the Indian fig-tree; N. of one of Śiva's attendants [cf. bhṛṅgariṭi, bhṛṅgiriṭi]; N. of a people; (iṇī), f. a species of tree (= vaṭī).
     bhṛṅgīśa bhṛṅgīśa (-gi-īśa), 'lord of the Bhṛṅgins', an epithet of Śiva.

bhṛṅgiriṭi bhṛṅgiriṭi or bhṛṅgīriṭi or bhṛṅgirīṭi or bhṛṅgeriṭi, is, m. = bhṛṅgariṭi, q. v.; an epithet of Śiva?; [cf. bhṛṅgīśa.]

bhṛj bhṛj (connected with rt. 1. bhrajj), cl. 1. A. bharjate, babhṛje, bharjitum, to fry, parch, roast: Caus. bharjayati, -yitum, Aor. ababharjat, abībhṛjat: Desid. bibharjiṣate: Intens. barībhṛjyate, barbharkti.

bharjana bharjana, as, ā, am [cf. bhrajjana], roasting, frying, baking; annihilating; (am), n. the act of roasting, frying, scorching, parching; a frying-pan.

bhṛkta bhṛkta, as, ā, am, roasted, fried; [cf. Lat. frictus, frixus.]

bhṛjāyana bhṛjāyana, as, m. a patronymic.

bhṛjj bhṛjj, bhṛṭ, ṭ, ṭ, (fr. rt. 1. bhrajj), frying, roasting, baking; [cf. bahu-bh-.]

bhṛjja bhṛjja in uda-bh-.

bhṛjjana bhṛjjana, am, n., Ved. a frying-pan.

bhṛḍ bhṛḍ, cl. 6. P. bhṛḍati, &c., to dive, plunge; [cf. rt. kruḍ.]

bhṛṇīya bhṛṇīya, bhṛṇīyate, &c., Ved. a verb given in Naighaṇṭuka II. 12. and said to mean 'to be angry;' [cf. rt. bhrī and hṛṇīya.]

bhṛṇṭikā bhṛṇṭikā. See bhiriṇṭikā, p. 711.

bhṛṇḍi bhṛṇḍi, a wave; (also read bhaṇḍi.)

bhṛta bhṛta, bhṛtya, &c. See p. 719, col. 3.

bhṛma bhṛma, as, m. (fr. rt. bhram), Ved. erring, aberration, error, mistake.

bhṛmala bhṛmala, as, ā, am, Ved. perplexed, bewildered.

bhṛmi bhṛmi, is, is, i, [cf. bhrami], Ved. whirling round, wandering about (Sāy. on Ṛg-veda IV. 32, 2, III. 62, 1, = bhramaṇa-śīla), active, quick, energetic (Sāy. on Ṛg-veda I. 31, 16, = bhrāmaka = karma-nirvāhaka), sprightly, gay; (is), m. a whirlwind, hurricane, high wind, (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda II. 34, 1, either a moving cloud or a kind of lute); a whirlpool, eddy; (is), f., Ved. quickness, activity, agility.
     bhṛmyaśva bhṛmy-aśva, as, m., Ved., N. of a man [cf. bhārmyaśva].

bhṛś bhṛś (connected with rt. bhraṃś), cl. 4. P. bhṛśyati, to fall, fall down; cl. 6. P. bhṛśati, &c., to be strong or vehement (?).

bhṛśa bhṛśa, as, ā, am (probably fr. rt. bhṛś with a sense 'to be strong', or perhaps contracted fr. bhūri-śas), powerful, mighty, strong, vehement, intense, much, exceeding, frequent; (am), ind. vehemently, strongly, intensely, in a high degree, much, very, exceedingly, excessively, violently, powerfully, greatly, extremely, eminently, in a superior manner, beautifully, better, often, repeatedly, quickly.
     bhṛśakopana bhṛśa-kopana, as, ā, am, extremely passionate, very wrathful.
     bhṛśatā bhṛśa-tā, f. violence, vehemence, intensity; [cf. bhārśya.]
     bhṛśadāruṇa bhṛśa-dāruṇa, as, ā, am, very terrible or cruel.
     bhṛśaduḥkhita bhṛśa-duḥkhita, as, ā, am, very much afflicted, very unfortunate or unhappy.
     bhṛśapīḍita bhṛśa-pīḍita, as, ā, am, very much afflicted.
     bhṛśavismita bhṛśa-vismita, as, ā, am, excessively astonished or perplexed.
     bhṛśaśokavardhana bhṛśa-śoka-vardhana, as, ī, am, greatly increasing grief or augmenting sorrow.
     bhṛśasaṃhṛṣṭa bhṛśa-saṃhṛṣṭa, as, ā, am, very delighted, very glad.
     bhṛśasvid bhṛśa-svid, t, t, t, perspiring violently.
     bhṛśībhū bhṛśī-bhū, cl. 1. P. -bhavati, &c., to become vehement, to become very powerful or strong.

bhṛśāya bhṛśāya, Nom. A. bhṛśāyate, &c., to become powerful, to be strong or vehement.

bhṛṣṭa 1. bhṛṣṭa, as, ā, am, fallen, &c.

bhraśiṣṭha bhraśiṣṭha, as, ā, am, (superl.) most powerful, very strong or violent, very vehement.

bhraśīyas bhraśīyas, ān, asī, as, (compar.) more powerful, stronger, more violent or vehement, very vehement.

bhṛṣṭa 2. bhṛṣṭa, as, ā, am (fr. rt. 1. bhrajj), fried, broiled, grilled, roasted, parched, scorched, baked; (am), n. roasted meat.
     bhṛṣṭakāra bhṛṣṭa-kāra, as, m. a preparer of roasted or fried meat.
     bhṛṣṭānna bhṛṣṭānna (-ṭa-an-), am, n. rice boiled and then fried.

bhṛṣṭi 1. bhṛṣṭi, is, f. the act of frying, broiling, roasting.

bhṛṣṭi 2. bhṛṣṭi, is, f. (perhaps fr. rt. hṛṣ), Ved. a spike, point, top, corner, edge [cf. sahasra-bh-, kṣura-bh-, tigma-bh-, piśaṅga-bh-]; an empty or deserted cottage, a deserted garden (= śūnya-vāṭī or śūnya-vāṭikā).
     bhṛṣṭimat bhṛṣṭi-mat, ān, atī, at, pronged, toothed.

bhṝ bhṝ, cl. 9. P. bhṛṇāti, babhāra, &c., to blame; to bear, nourish, maintain, support, hold [cf. rt. bhṛ]; to fry; to bend, be crooked.

bheka bheka, as, m. (said to be fr. rt. 1. bhī), a frog, (according to the Kathā-sarit-sāgara XX. 77, the inarticulate sounds uttered by frogs were the result of the curse of Agni, who was betrayed by them to the gods when he took refuge in the water); a cloud; a timid man (= bhīru; cf. bhela); (ī), f. a female frog; a small frog; a kind of creeper, Hydrocotyle Asiatica.
     bhekaparṇī bheka-parṇī, f. 'frogleaved', a plant (= maṇḍūka-parṇī).
     bhekabhuj bheka-bhuj, k, m. 'frog-eater', a serpent, snake.
     bhekaśabda bheka-śabda, as, m. the croaking of frogs.

bhekuri bhekuri, is, f., Ved., N. of particular asterisms (according to Colebrooke 'nymphs of the moon', cf. Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā XVIII. 40, Śatapatha-Brāhmaṇa IX. 4, 1, 9, where bhekuri is explained by bhākuri).

bheḍa bheḍa, or bheḍaka, as, m. (said by some to be fr. rt. bhil with change of l into ), a ram, sheep, (in this sense also written bheḍra; cf. eḍa); a raft, float [cf. bhela]; N. of a physician; of a lexicographer; of a Ṛṣi; (ī), f. a ewe; N. of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda (associated with Eḍī and Sameḍī in Mahā-bh. Śalya-parva 2631).
     bheḍagiri bheḍa-giri, is, m., N. of a mountain.

bheḍara bheḍara, as, m., N. of an Agra-hāra.

bheḍra bheḍra. See bheḍa, col. 1.

bhetavya bhetavya. See p. 712, col. 3.

bhettavya bhettavya, bhettṛ. See p. 711, col. 1.

bheda bheda, as, m. (fr. rt. 1. bhid), breaking, splitting, cleaving, dividing, separating, dissolving; bursting, tearing, rending, piercing, perforation; breaking in or through, breaking open; violation, dissolution; interruption, disturbance; breach, rupture, fracture [cf. parva-bh-]; a hurt, injury, wound; a slit, chasm, fissure, cleft, chap; division, separation, partition, part, portion; gaping, parting asunder [cf. hanu-bh-]; discrimination, discernment; distinction, difference, kind, sort, species, variety; change, alteration, modification [cf. mati-bh-]; divulging, disclosure (of a secret), betrayal, treachery, treason [cf. rahasya-bh-, mantra-bh-]; dissension, embroilment, disunion, disagreement, schism, making mischief, creating divisions (among confederates); seducing or enticing an ally to one's own party by sowing dissensions &c. (one of the four Upāyas or means of success against an opponent, see upāya); defeat; (in philosophy) dualism, duality; (in medicine) evacuation of the bowels; (in astronomy) a particular separation of the stars; (kukṣi-bheda, as, m., Ved. epithet of one of the modes in which an eclipse terminates); (in the drama according to the Sāhitya-darpaṇa) = saṃhati-bhedana, protsāhana; N. of a people (Ved.); N. of a man (see Atharvaveda XII. 4, 49); (au), m. du. pudendum muliebre.
     bhedakara bheda-kara, as, ī, am, or bheda-kārin, ī, iṇī, i, or bheda-kṛt, t, t, t, making a breach, breaking through, bursting asunder; causing separation, producing dissension or disunion, separating, disuniting.
     bhedatas bheda-tas, ind. according to difference; discriminately, according to peculiarities or diversities; separately, singly, individually, (opposed to yuga-pad.)
     bhedadṛṣṭi bheda-dṛṣṭi, is, f. viewing or holding the Universe and the Deity to be different and distinct.
     bhedadhikkāra bheda-dhikkāra, as, m. 'refutation of duality', N. of a treatise by Nṛ-siṃha Āśrama controverting the Nyāya philosophy from a Vedānta point of view.
     bhedadhikkārasatkriyā bhedadhikkāra-satkriyā, f., N. of a commentary by Nārāyaṇa Āśrama on the Bheda-dhikkāra.
     bhedaprakāśa bheda-prakāśa, as, m. 'manifestation of duality', N. of a refutation by Śaṅkara Miśra of the non-dualistic Vedānta theory from a Nyāya point of view.
     bhedapratyaya bheda-pratyaya, as, m. belief in dualism (in opposition to the doctrine that every thing is God).
     bhedabuddhi bheda-buddhi, is, f. perception or idea of a difference or distinction.
     bhedavādin bheda-vādin, ī, m. one who maintains the doctrine that God and the Universe are distinct.
     bhedavidhi bheda-vidhi, is, m. the faculty of discriminating or discerning (between two different objects).
     bhedavibhīṣikā bheda-vibhīṣikā, f., N. of a philosophical work.
     bhedasaha bheda-saha, as, ā, am, capable of being divided or disunited, seducible, corruptible.
     bhedābheda bhedābheda, au,  m. du. disagreement and agreement, disunion and union.
     bhedonmukha bhedonmukha (-da-un-), as, ī, am, just about to burst into blossom.

bhedaka bhedaka, as, ikā, am, who or what breaks or breaks open or divides; breaking, breaking through, causing division or separation; piercing; a mischiefmaker; a destroyer; one who breaks through or diverts (the course of a stream, cf. Manu III. 163); distinguishing, discriminating, defining; a distinguisher; (as, am?), m. n. an adjective; (ikā), f. the act of breaking asunder, destruction, annihilation.

bhedana bhedana, as, ā or ī (?), am, breaking, bursting, tearing, splitting, piercing, perforating, dividing, separating; loosening (as the feces, in medicine), dissolving, cathartic, purgative; (as), m. a hog; a species of sorrel [cf. amla-bh-]; (am), n. the act of breaking or breaking asunder, bursting, splitting, piercing, cutting up, ripping open, dissolving, loosening, fracture, rupture; the act of dividing or separating, division, separation, discrimination, making a difference; disclosing, betraying [cf. rahasya-bh-]; dissension, disunion, discord, disagreement; Asa Foetida; (in astronomy) passing through a constellation or asterism.

bhedanaka bhedanaka in ghaṭa-bh-, q. v.

bhedanīya bhedanīya, as, ā, am, to be broken, frangible; capable of being split or cut open; fit to be separated or distinguished.

bhedita bhedita, as, ā, am (fr. the Caus.), broken, divided, separated.

bhedin bhedin, ī, inī, i, who or what breaks or divides or splits &c., breaking, splitting, dividing, opening, dissolving; interrupting, disturbing; piercing, perforating; hurting, wounding; loosening (the bowels), cathartic; separating, distinguishing; separating from (with abl.); causing to flow (as juice); having a distinction or division; (in philosophy) one who separates spirit and matter or holds the doctrine of dualism; causing dissension; (ī), m. a species of sorrel; the ratan; (inī), f. (with Tāntrikas) N. of a particular Śakti.
     bheditva bhedi-tva, am, n. separation, division, parting asunder.

bhedira bhedira, am, n. = bhidira, a thunderbolt.

bhedura bhedura, am, n. = bhidura, a thunderbolt.

bhedya bhedya, as, ā, am, to be broken or split, to be divided or pierced or cut; capable of being broken or divided &c., frangible, divisible, fragile; to be cut or opened (in medicine); to be disclosed or betrayed; to be separated or distinguished; to be defined; to be set at variance or disunited; to be seduced or led away; (am), n. a substantive.
     bhedyaroga bhe-dya-roga, as, m. any disease treated by incision or cutting.
     bhedyaliṅga bhedya-liṅga, as, ā, am, distinguished by the gender.

bhedyaka bhedyaka in utpala-bh-, q. v.

bhena bhena, bheśa. See under 4. bha, p. 694, col. 2.

bheṃpura bhempura, am, n., N. of a Grāma.

bheya bheya. See p. 712, col. 3.

bheyapāla bheyapāla (?), as, m., N. of a king.

bhera bhera, as, m. (said to be fr. rt. 1. bhī), = bherī, a kettle-drum.

bheri bheri, is, or bherī, f. (the latter is the more usual form), a kettle-drum; [cf. ābherī.]
     bherīghnat bherī-ghnat, an, m. 'striking a kettle-drum', a kettle-drummer.
     bherībhāṅkāra. bherī-bhāṅ-kāra. as, m., N. of a poet, (perhaps for bherī-jhāṅ-kāra.)
     bherīsvanamahāsvanā bherī-svana-mahā-svanā, f., N. of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda.

bheruṇḍa bheruṇḍa, as, ā, am, (connected with rt. 1. bhī), terrible, formidable, fearful, awful, (also read bheraṇḍa); (as), m. a bird, (perhaps a particular species of bird, also read bheraṇḍa, cf. bhā-raṇḍa); a species of beast of prey (wolf, jackal, or hyena); N. of a form of Śiva; (ā), f., N. of a goddess (= kālī); N. of a Yakṣiṇī or female attendant on Durgā; (am), n. conception, impregnation, pregnancy, (in this sense perhaps fr. rt. bhṛ.)

bheruṇḍaka bheruṇḍaka, as, m. a jackal [cf. pheru].

bhela bhela, as, ā, am (fr. rt. 1. bhī), timid, timorous, fearful; foolish, ignorant, unwise, simpleminded; tall; active, agile; unsteady (literally or figuratively), inconstant; (as), m. a boat, skiff, float, raft; N. of a Ṛṣi (supposed to be the author of some medical works, cf. bheḍa).

bhelaka bhelaka, as, am, m. n. = bhela, a boat, raft.

bhelu bhelu, a particular high number.

bhelūpurā bhelūpurā, f., N. of a suburb of Benares.

bheṣ bheṣ [cf. rts. 1. bhī, bhyas], cl. 1. P. A. bheṣati, bheṣate, &c., to fear, dread, be afraid; (according to others) to move, go.

bheṣaja bheṣaja, as, ī, am (fr. 1. bhiṣaj), making well or healthy, sanative, curative, curing (Ved.); (am), n. a remedy or cure, remedy against (with gen.); any drug or medicament, medicine, physic [cf. āsrāva-bh-]; any spell or charm against diseases (as particular verses of the Atharva-veda); a kind of fennel, Nigella Indica; (according to Naighaṇṭuka 1. 12) water.
     bheṣajakalpa bheṣaja-kalpa, as, m., N. of a chapter of the Aṣṭāṅga-hṛdaya-saṃhitā by Vāg-bhaṭa.
     bheṣajacandra bheṣaja-candra, as, m., N. of a man.
     bheṣajatā bheṣaja-tā, f., Ved. curativeness, healing power.
     bheṣajabhakṣaṇa bheṣaja-bhakṣaṇa, am, n. 'drug-eating', the act of taking medicine.
     bheṣajāgāra bheṣajāgāra (-ja-āg-), am, n. 'medicine-room, drug-room', a druggist's or apothecary's shop.
     bheṣajāṅga bheṣajāṅga (-ja-aṅ-), am, n. anything taken after medicine, any vehicle or medium in which medicine is administered (as water gruel).

bheṣajya bheṣajya, as, ā, am, curative, sanitary, sanative.

bhaikṣa bhaikṣa, as, ī, am (fr. bhikṣā), living by alms, subsisting by charity; (am), n. asking alms, begging, mendicancy, (bhaikṣaṃ car or bhai-kṣāya gam, to go about begging, beg); anything obtained by begging, begged food, charity, alms.
     bhaikṣakāla bhaikṣa-kāla, as, m. 'alms-time', the time for alms or for bringing home anything obtained as alms.
     bhaikṣacaraṇa bhaikṣa-caraṇa or bhaikṣa-carya, am, n. or bhaikṣa-caryā, f. the going about begging, plying for alms, collecting alms, begging.
     bhaikṣajīvikā bhai-kṣa-jīvikā, f. living on alms, subsisting by begging, mendicancy.
     bhaikṣabhuj bhaikṣa-bhuj, k, k, k, eating almsfood, living on alms; (k), m. a mendicant.
     bhaikṣavṛtti bhai-kṣa-vṛtti, is, f. the living on alms, mendicancy; (is, is, i), living by charity.
     bhaikṣānna bhaikṣānna (-ṣa-an-), am, n. 'alms-food', food obtained as alms, begged food.
     bhaikṣāśin bhaikṣāśin (-ṣa-āś-), ī, inī, i, eating alms-food or food obtained by begging; (ī), m. a mendicant.
     bhaikṣāśya bhaikṣāśya, am, n. (fr. the preceding), the living on alms, subsisting by charity.
     bhaikṣāhāra bhaikṣāhāra (-ṣa-āh-), as, ā, am, eating begged food or food given in charity; (as), m. one living on charity (Manu XI. 257), a mendicant.

bhaikṣaka bhaikṣaka (at the end of an adj. comp.) = bhaikṣa, alms.

bhaikṣuka bhaikṣuka, am, n. (fr. bhikṣuka), a number of mendicants, assemblage or collection of beggars.

bhaikṣya bhaikṣya, an incorrect form for bhaikṣa above.
     bhaikṣyakāla bhaikṣya-kāla, bhaikṣya-carya, bhaikṣya-vṛtti, see bhaikṣa-kāla, &c.

bhaidika bhaidika, as, ī, am (fr. bheda), frangible, liable to fracture (? Pāṇ. V. 1, 64).

bhaima bhaima, as, ī, am (fr. bhīma), relating to Bhīma; (ās), m. pl. the descendants of Bhīma; (ī), f. 'the daughter of Bhīma', a patronymic of Damayantī; a festival on the eleventh day of Māgha, when ceremonies with tila or sesamum are performed in honour of Bhīma; [cf. Lith. baime, 'terror.']
     bhaimapravīra bhaima-pravīra, as, m. the bravest of the Bhaimas, the chief of the Bhaimas.

bhaimagava bhaimagava, as, m. (fr. bhīma-gava), a patronymic.

bhaimaratha bhaimaratha, as, ī, am (fr. bhīma-ratha), relating to Bhīma-ratha.

bhaimaseni bhaimaseni, is, m. (fr. bhīma-sena), a patronymic of Divo-dāsa, (also written bhaimasīni); of Ghaṭotkaca, (also written bhaimiseni.)

bhaimasenya bhaimasenya, as, m. (fr. bhīma-sena), a patronymic.

bhaimāyana bhaimāyana, as, m. a patronymic (see Scholiast on Pāṇ. VI. 2, 34).

bhaimi bhaimi, is, m. (fr. bhīma), a patronymic of Ghaṭotkaca.

bhairava bhairava, as, ī, am (fr. bhīru), formidable, awful, horrible, terrific, terrible, horrid; miserable; relating to Bhairava; (as), m. a form of Śiva, (eight forms of Bhairavas are enumerated, viz. mahā-bh-, saṃhāra-bh-, asitāṅga-bh-, ruru-bh-, kāla-bh-, krodha-bh-, tāmra-cūḍa-bh- or ka-pāla-bh-, candra-cūḍa-bh- or rudra-bh-; other names of these forms are sometimes given, e. g. vidyā-rāja, kāma-r-, nāga-r-, sacchanda-r-, lambita-r-, deva-r-, ugra-r-, vighna-r-); a man representing Bhairava; a Śivagaṇādhipa; a son of Śiva by Tārā-vatī (who was wife of Candra-śekhara, king of Karavīra-pura); N. of a Nāga; of a Yaksha; of the author of the Pheṭkāriṇī-tantra; of a teacher of the Haṭha-vidyā; of two kings; of a hunter; of a river; of a Rāga or musical mode calculated to excite emotions of terror; (ī), f. a particular form of Durgā; a girl of twelve years (representing that goddess at the Durgā festival); N. of a Rāgiṇī or of a particular scale in the Hindū musical system; (am), n. terror, horror, the property of exciting terror, terribleness; = bhairava-tantra below.
     bhairavakāraka bhairava-kāraka, as, ikā, am, causing terror, formidable.
     bhairavatantra bhairava-tantra, am, n., N. of a Tantra mentioned in Kṛṣṇānanda's Tantra-sāra.
     bhairavatarjaka bhairava-tarjaka, as, m. 'awful threatener', an epithet of Viṣṇu (properly of Śiva).
     bhairavatva bhairava-tva, am, n. the state of being Bhairava or a form of Śiva.
     bhairavadīkṣitatilaka bhairava-dīkṣita-tilaka, as, m., N. of an author.
     bhairavanāthatantra bhairava-nātha-tantra, am, n. 'Tantra of the lord of terror', N. of a Tantra.
     bhairavayātanā bhairava-yātanā, f. a purificatory torment inflicted by Śiva as presiding deity of Benares on those who die there, to render their spirits fit for absorption into the essence of the Supreme (whereas those who are punished by Yama have to return to mundane existence).
     bhairavāgratas bhairavāgratas (-va-ag-), ind. in the presence of Bhairava.
     bhairavācārya bhairavācārya (-va-āc-), as, m., N. of a preceptor.
     bhairavānanda bhairavānanda (-va-ān-), as, m., N. of a Yogin.
     bhairavendra bhairavendra (-va-in-), as, m., N. of a king.
     bhairaveśa bhairaveśa (-va-īśa), as, m. 'lord of terror', an epithet of Viṣṇu (properly of Śiva).

bhairavīya bhairavīya, as, ā, am, relating to Bhairava (as a Tantra).

bhairika bhairika, as, m., N. of a son of Kṛṣṇa by Satya-bhāmā.

bhaiṣaja bhaiṣaja, as, m. (fr. bheṣaja), a sort of quail, Perdix Chinensis; (ās), m. pl. of the patronymic Bhaishajya below; (am), n. a drug, medicine, medicament.

bhaiṣajya bhaiṣajya, as, m. the descendant of a physician; a patronymic from Bhishaj; (am), n. the administering of medicines and healing applications to the sick; curativeness, healing efficacy; a particular ceremony (performed as a remedy for sickness); any remedy, drug, medicine, medicament.
     bhaiṣajyaguruvaidūryaprabhā bhaiṣajya-guru-vaidūrya-prabhā, f., N. of a Buddhist work.
     bhaiṣajyaratnāvalī bhaiṣajya-ratnāvalī, f., N. of a medical work.
     bhaiṣajyarāja bhaiṣajya-rāja, as, m., N. of a Bodhi-sattva.
     bhaiṣajyasamudgata bhaiṣajya-samudgata, as, m., N. of a Bodhisattva.

bhaiṣṇaja bhaiṣṇaja, ās, m. pl. of the following.

bhaiṣṇajya bhaiṣṇajya, as, m. a patronymic from Bhiṣṇaja.

bhaiṣmaka bhaiṣmaka, as, m. (fr. bhīṣmaka), a patronymic; (ī), f. a patronymic of Rukmiṇī.

bho bho. See bhos, p. 723, col. 3.

bhoktavya bhoktavya, bhoktṛ, &c. See p. 713, col. 3.

bhoga 1. bhoga, as, m. (fr. rt. 1. bhuj), any winding or curue, a ring, coil; winding; the expanded hood of a snake; a snake; the body; a particular array, an army in column.
     bhogatva bhoga-tva, am, n. the state of being curved or winding, curvature, curvedness.
     bhogavat 1. bhoga-vat, ān, atī, at (for 2. see col. 3), furnished with windings or curves, having rings, ringed [cf. mahā-bh-]; (ān), m. a snake; a mountain; (atī), f. a female snake-demon; one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda; the city of the snake-demons in the subterranean regions [cf. bho-gāvatī]; the sacred river of the snake-demons, or a Tīrtha in that river sacred to the serpent-king Vāsuki; N. of Ujjayinī in the Dvāpara age.

bhogin 1. bhogin, ī, inī, i, furnished with windings or curves, having windings or rings, curved, ringed [cf. mahā-bh-]; (ī), m. a snake [cf. kṛṣṇa-bh-].
     bhogikānta bhogi-kānta, as, m. 'dear to snakes', air, wind.
     bhogigandhikā bhogi-gandhikā, f. a species of ichneumon plant.
     bhogibhuj bhogi-bhuj, k, m. 'eating snakes', an ichneumon.
     bhogivallabha bhogi-vallabha, am, n. 'beloved by snakes', sandal.
     bhogīndra bhogīndra (-gi-in-), as, m. 'king of snakes', an epithet of Ananta or Śeṣa.

bhoga 2. bhoga, as, m. (fr. rt. 3. bhuj), enjoyment, fruition; eating; use, application; usufruct, the use of a deposit (Manu VIII. 149); utility, advantage, profitable aim or object; enjoyment (of women), sexual enjoyment; possessing, possession; ruling, governing, protecting, rule, government; cherishing, nourishing; suffering, experiencing; enduring, feeling, perception (of joy or sorrow), pleasure; suffering, passion; any object of enjoyment, that which is eaten, food; food offered to an idol; festivity, feasting, a repast, feast, banquet; income, revenue; gain, profit, produce; money, wealth; hire, the hire of dancing girls or courtezans, wages of prostitution; (in astronomy) the passing (of an asterism); the part of the ecliptic occupied by each of the 27 lunar mansions or Nakshatras, i. e. 13-20-or 800-; (in arithmetic) the numerator of a fraction (?); N. of a preceptor.
     bhogakara bhoga-kara, as, ī, am, producing or affording enjoyment, procuring food or pleasure.
     bhogaguccha bhoga-guccha, am, n. hire of prostitution, price paid to harlots.
     bhogagṛha bhoga-gṛha, am, n. 'pleasure-chamber', the inner or private apartments, women's apartments, zenana, harem; [cf. bhoga-sthāna.]
     bhogagrāma bhoga-grāma, as, m., N. of a village.
     bhogajāta bhoga-jāta, as, ā, am, produced by enjoyment or by suffering.
     bhogadattā bhoga-dattā, f., N. of a woman.
     bhogadā bhoga-dā, f. 'granting enjoyment', N. of the goddess of the Piṅgalas.
     bhogadeva bhoga-deva, as, m. 'having pleasure for a god (?)', N. of a man (Rāja-taraṅgiṇī VIII. 531).
     bhogadeha bhoga-deha, as, m. 'the body of suffering', the subtle body which a dead person takes with him and with which, according to his works, he experiences either happiness or misery.
     bhoganātha bhoga-nātha, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhogapati bhoga-pati, is, m. 'lord of possession', a person in actual possession (of anything), the governor or viceroy of a town or province.
     bhogapāla bhoga-pāla, a groom; [cf. bhogika.]
     bhogapiśācikā bhoga-piśācikā, f. hunger.
     bhogaprastha bhoga-prastha, ās, m. pl., N. of a people.
     bhogabhaṭṭa bhoga-bhaṭṭa, as, m., N. of a poet.
     bhogabhuj bhoga-bhuj, k, k, k, enjoying pleasures.
     bhogabhūmi bhoga-bhūmi, is, f. 'land of enjoyment', the place where people enjoy the reward of their works, Svarga or paradise, (opposed to karma-bhūmi, 'land of works.')
     bhogabhṛtaka bho-ga-bhṛtaka, as, m. a servant who works only for maintenance.
     bhogamaṇḍapa bhoga-maṇḍapa, as, m. the part of the temple of Jagan-nāth where the food to be presented to the idol is cooked.
     bhogalābha bhoga-lābha, as, m. acquisition of enjoyment or profit; the gain or profit made by the use of anything deposited or pledged; welfare.
     bhogavat 2. bhoga-vat, ān, atī, at (for 1. see col. 2), furnished with enjoyments, having enjoyment, delightful, pleasurable, enjoyable, affording or yielding enjoyment; happy, prosperous; (ān), m. dancing, acting and singing; N. of Satya-bhāmā's residence (Hari-vaṃśa 8978); (atī), f., N. of a town; epithet of the night of the second lunar day.
     bhogavardhana bhoga-vardhana, N. of a country; (ās), m. pl. its inhabitants.
     bhogavarman bhoga-varman, ā, m., N. of a king; of a merchant.
     bhogavastu bhoga-vastu, u, n. an object of enjoyment.
     bhogasadman bhoga-sadman, a, n. the abode of pleasure; the inner or women's apartments.
     bhogasena bho-ga-sena, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhogasthāna bhoga-sthāna, am, n. the body as the seat of sensual enjoyment; the women's apartments.
     bhogādhi bhogādhi (-ga-ādhi), is, m. a pledge or deposit which may be used until redeemed.
     bhogānta bhogānta (-ga-an-), as, m. the end of enjoyment or of suffering.
     bhogāyatana bhogāyatana (-ga-āy-), am, n. a place of enjoyment or suffering.
     bhogārha bho-gārha (-ga-ar-), as, ā, am, fit for enjoyment, to be enjoyed or possessed; (am), n. property, wealth, money; [cf. bhogya.]
     bhogārhya bhogārhya (-ga-ar-), am, n. corn, grain.
     bhogāvalī bhogāvalī (-ga-āv-), f. an encomiastic poem, the panegyric of professional encomiasts or bards, eulogium.
     bhogāvāsa bhogāvāsa (-ga-āv-), as, m. 'abode of pleasure', the women's apartments; [cf. bhoga-gṛha.]

bhogika bhogika, as, m. a horse-keeper, groom (= bho-ga-pāla).

bhogin 2. bhogin, ī, inī, i, enjoying, eating; using, possessing; suffering, experiencing, undergoing; an enjoyer, possessor, &c.; full of enjoyments, devoted to enjoyments, indulging in sensual pleasures; wealthy, opulent; (ī), m. a voluptuary, a king, prince; the head man of a village; a barber; a person who accumulates money for a particular expenditure; (inī), f. the concubine of a king or a wife not regularly consecrated with him; epithet of a kind of heroine.

bhogīna bhogīna, as, ā, am, at the end of a comp. [cf. mātṛ-bhogīṇa].

bhogya bhogya, as, ā, am, enjoyable, to be enjoyed, to be used, (in the sense 'to be eaten', bhojya is rather employed); to be endured or experienced; useful, profitable; (in astronomy) to be passed; (ā), f. a harlot, courtezan, prostitute; (am), n. what may be enjoyed, anything that may be possessed or used, an object of fruition, a possession, wealth, money; corn, grain.
     bhogyatā bhogya-tā, f. or bhogya-tva, am, n. the state of being used or possessed, usefulness, profitableness, enjoyableness.
     bhogyādhi bhogyādhi (-ya-ādhi), is, m. = bhogādhi, p. 722, col. 3.

bhoja bhoja, as, ā, am, bestowing enjoyment or pleasure, bountiful, liberal, (as an epithet of Indra or as the title of a king; Ved., Sāy. = phalasya dātṛ or rakṣitṛ or pālayitṛ); enjoying, leading a life of enjoyment or sensuality; (as), m., N. of a country (= Patna and Bhāgalpur, cf. bhoja-kaṭa); N. of a celebrated sovereign of Malwa (supposed to have flourished about the end of the tenth century or beginning of the eleventh century, and to have been a great patron of learning, see bhoja-deva, bhoja-rāja below); a king of the Bhojas (see below); N. of a king of Vidarbha (Raghu-v. VII. 1); N. of a son of Vasu-deva and Śānti-devā; of Kṛta-varman; of a son of Ujjendra and founder of Bhoja-purī; of a lexicographer; of an author of certain medical works; of a son of Kalaśa-deva; (ā), f. a princess of the Bhojas; N. of the wife of Vīra-vrata, (also read bhojyā); a cowherd; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people; the descendants of Mahā-bhoja [cf. mahā-bh-].
     bhojakaṭa bhoja-kaṭa, am, n., N. of a town founded by Rukmin (Mahā-bh. Sabhā-p. 1166); the country of Bhoja, the present Bhojpur, or the vicinity of Patna and Bhāgalpur.
     bhojakaṭīya bhojakaṭīya, as, ā, am, relating to or coming from Bhoja-kaṭa; (ās), m. pl. the inhabitants of Bhoja-kaṭa.
     bhojakanyā bhoja-kanyā, f. a girl of the race of the Bhojas.
     bhojakulapradīpa bhoja-kula-pra-dīpa, as, m. 'the lamp of the race of Bhoja', epithet of a king of Vidarbha (Raghu-v. VII. 26).
     bhojaduhitṛ bhoja-duhitṛ, tā, f. a daughter of Bhoja, a princess or queen of the Bhojas [cf. bhoja-putrī].
     bhojadeva bhoja-deva, as, m. king Bhoja (said to have been king of Dhārā in Malwa at the beginning of the eleventh century of our era; his capital being placed by some at Ujjayinī or Oujein; he was a great patron of literature, and is the reputed author of several works, e. g. the Yukti-kalpa-taru, Vyavahāra-samuccaya, Sarasvatī-kaṇṭhābharaṇa, and a commentary called Rāja-mārtaṇḍa on the Yoga-sūtras; cf. bhoja-rāja).
     bhojadevaśabdānuśāsana bhojadeva-śabdānuśāsana (-da-an-), am, n., N. of a grammatical work (mentioned by Ujjvaladatta, Uṇādi-s. 1. 92).
     bhojanagara bhoja-nagara, am, n., N. of a town [cf. bhoja-pura].
     bhojanarendra bhoja-narendra (-ra-in-), as, m. or bhoja-nṛpati, is, m. king Bhoja, = bhoja-deva.
     bhojapati bhoja-pati, is, m. the king of the Bhojas; king Bhoja (see bhoja-deva); an epithet of Kaṃsa.
     bhojaputrī bhoja-putrī, f. a daughter of Bhoja, a princess or queen of the Bhojas [cf. bhoja-duhitṛ].
     bhojapura bhoja-pura, am, n. or bhoja-purī, f., N. of a town [cf. bhoja-nagara].
     bhojaprabandha bhoja-pra-bandha or bhoja-rāja-prabandha, as, m., N. of Ballāla's biography of Bhoja king of Dhārā.
     bhojarāja bho-ja-rāja, as, m. the king of the Bhojas; king Bhoja (said to be the author of several works, and described as a poet, astronomer, lexicographer, and philosopher, cf. bhoja-deva).
     bhojarājakavivarga bhoja-rājaka-vivarga, as, m., N. of a work mentioned in the Śārṅga-dhara-paddhati.
     bhojarājavārttika bhojarāja-vārttika, am, n., N. of a work mentioned in the Sāṅkhya-tattva-karumudī by Vācaspati-miśra.
     bhojarājavṛtti bhojarāja-vṛtti, is, f., N. of a commentary on the Yoga-sūtra by Patañjali (supposed to have been written under the patronage of king Bhoja).
     bhojarājīya bhojarājīya, as, ā, am, relating to or coming from Bhoja-rāja.
     bhojādhipa bhojādhipa (-ja-adh-), as, m. 'king of the Bhojas', an epithet of Kaṃsa; of Karṇa, the half brother of the Pāṇḍus.
     bhojādhirāja bho-jādhirāja (-ja-adh-), as, m. the king of the Bhojas.
     bhojāntā bhojāntā (-ja-an-), f., N. of a river.
     bhojendra bhojen-dra (-ja-in-), as, m. the king of the Bhojas.

bhojaka bhojaka, as, ā, am, eating; (fr. the Caus.), giving to eat, causing to eat, nourishing; (as), m. one who gives to eat, (perhaps) a waiter at table; N. of a class of priests (or Sun-worshippers, supposed to be descended from the Magas by intermarriage with women of the Bhoja race).

bhojana bhojana, as, ī, am, causing or giving to eat, feeding, nourishing; (as), m. an epithet of Śiva; N. of a river; (am), n. the act of giving to eat, feeding, nourishing, serving up or dressing food, (in these senses fr. the Caus.); the act of enjoying, using, eating, (in these and other senses fr. the simple rt., cf. parṇa-bh-); a meal, food, (ku-bhojana, bad food, indifferent, viands); anything given as sustenance or for enjoyment, anything enjoyed or used, property, possession; any object of enjoyment.
     bhojanakāla bhojana-kāla, as, m. meal-time, dinner-time, supper-time.
     bhojanatyāga bhojana-tyāga, as, m. 'food-abandonment', abstinence from food, fasting.
     bhojanabhāṇḍa bhojana-bhāṇḍa, am, n. a dish of meat.
     bhojanabhūmi bhojana-bhūmi, is, f. 'eating-place', a place for eating.
     bhojanaviśeṣa bhojana-viśe-ṣa, as, m. choice food, a dainty, delicacy.
     bhojanavṛtti bho-jana-vṛtti, is, f. course or act of eating, a meal, food.
     bhojanavelā bhojana-velā, f. meal-time, dinner-time, supper-time.
     bhojanavyagra bhojana-vyagra, as, ā, am, occupied or engaged in eating; bewildered or straitened for want of food.
     bhojanavyaya bhojana-vyaya, as, m. expense for food.
     bhojanādhikāra bhojanādhikāra (-na-adh-), as, m. superintendence over food or provisions, the office of a master or overseer of the kitchen, commissariat, stewardship, charge of provender.

bhojanīya bhojanīya, as, ā, am, to be eaten or enjoyed, eatable, edible; (fr. the Caus.), to be fed, to be made to eat or enjoy; (am), n. food.

bhojayitavya bhojayitavya, as, ā, am (fr. the Caus.), to be made to eat, to be fed or nourished.

bhojayitṛ bhojayitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ (fr. the Caus), causing to enjoy or eat, feeding; one who makes another enjoy or eat; a promoter of enjoyment or amusement.

bhojayitvā bhojayitvā, ind. having caused to eat, having fed.

bhojas bhojas, Ved., in puru-bh-, viśva-bh-; [cf. bho-jase under rt. 3. bhuj, p. 713, col. 2.]

bhojika bhojika, as, m., N. of a Brāhman.

bhojin bhojin, ī, inī, i, enjoying, eating; using, possessing, &c. (at the end of comps., cf. a-śrāddha-bh-, gṛha-bh-, bhujaṅga-bh-).

bhojya bhojya, as, ā, am, to be enjoyed or eaten, eatable, palatable [cf. prīti-bh-]; to be enjoyed carnally; to be used; to be suffered or experienced; (fr. the Caus.), to be made to eat, to be fed or nourished; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people; (ā), f. a princess of the Bhojas [cf. bhojā]; (am), n. anything to be enjoyed or eaten, food, (ku-bhojya, bad food, indifferent viands); a dainty; a feast, a store of provisions, eatables; enjoyment, advantage, profit.
     bhojyakāla bhojya-kāla, as, m. eating-time, dinner-time, meal-time.
     bhojyatā bhojya-tā, f. or bhojya-tva, am, n. the condition of being eaten, the state of being food; bhojyatāṃ yā, to become food.
     bhojyamaya bhojya-maya, as, ī, am, consisting of food.
     bhojyasambhava bhojya-sambhava, as, m. 'having its origin in food', chyle, chyme, the primary juice of the body [cf. rasa].
     bhojyoṣṇa bhojyoṣṇa (-ya-uṣ-), as, ā, am, too hot to be eaten.

bhoṭa bhoṭa or bhota, as, m., N. of a country, Bhoṭa (said to be the same as Tibet; cf. mahā-bh-).
     bhoṭadeśa bhoṭa-deśa, as, m. the country of Bhoṭa.
     bhoṭāṅga bho-ṭāṅga (-ṭa-aṅ-), as, m., N. of a country, Bhootan.
     bhoṭānta bhoṭānta (-ṭa-an-), as, m., N. of a country [cf. bhoṭāṅga].

bhoṭīya bhoṭīya, as, ā, am, belonging to Tibet, Tibetan.
     bhoṭīyakośī bhoṭīya-kośī, f., N. of a river.

bhauṭṭa bhauṭṭa, as, m. a Tibetan.

bhomīrā bhomīrā, f. coral.

bholānātha bholānātha (?), as, m. an epithet of Śiva; N. of a commentator on the Mugdhabodha.

bholi bholi, is, m. a camel.

bhos bhos (contracted fr. bhavas for bha-van, Sir! voc. sing. of 2. bhavat, q. v.; cf. bhagos under bhaga-vat, p. 696, col. 1), an interjection or vocative particle commonly used in addressing another person and generally translateable by 'O!' 'Ho!' 'there!' 'Hallo!' 'Ah!' 'Alas!' (before vowels and soft consonants bhos, like bhagos and aghos, is said to drop the final s, but before vowels bhoy is also allowed, see Pāṇ. VIII. 3, 17, 18, 20, 22, Vopadeva II. 49, 50; before hard consonants, bhos or bhoḥ is the form required, and bhoḥ before a pause, but in the later literature bho is sometimes used where bhos or bhoḥ would be more correct; in Kathā-sarit-sāgara XVIII. 211, bhor iti is against the rule; in Hari-vaṃśa 8301 bhos occurs in the middle of a sentence, and in Bhāgavata-Purāṇa III. 23, 2, redundantly at the end; it is sometimes repeated, e. g. bho bho rājan in Śakuntalā, p. 12; according to lexicographers it may be used as an interjection of sorrow and of interrogation.)

bhohara bhohara, as, m., N. of a poet mentioned in the Śārṅga-dhara-paddhati.

bhaugaka bhaugaka, as, m. a patronymic from Bhogaka.

bhaujakaṭa bhaujakaṭa, as, ī, am, relating to or coming from Bhoja-kaṭa.

bhaujaṅga bhaujaṅga, as, ī, am (fr. bhujaṅ-ga), relating to a snake, snake-like, snaky, serpent-like, serpentine; (am), n., scil. bha, the serpent asterism, the Nakshatra Āśleṣā.

bhauji bhauji, is, m. a patronymic from Bhoja.

bhaujīya bhaujīya, as, ā, am, relating to or coming from Bhauji.

bhaujya bhaujya, am, n., Ved. the rank of a king with the title of Bhoja.

bhauṭṭa bhauṭṭa. See above.

bhauta bhauta, as, ī, am (fr. bhūta), relating to existing beings; relating to or possessed by evil spirits, demonical, crazy, mad, silly; formed of the elements, elemental, material; (as), m. an attendant upon idols, a worshipper of demons and spirits, = devala or devalaka, q. v.; (ī), f. 'time of ghosts or spirits', night; (am), n. = bhūtānāṃ samūha, a collection or assemblage of Bhūtas.

bhautaka bhautaka, as, ī, am, = bhauta, possessed by evil spirits.

bhautika bhautika, as, ī, am (fr. bhūta), coming from or relating to existing beings, belonging to created beings, (bhautika sarga, the creation of beings, the corporeal creation); relating or pertaining to evil spirits; possessed by evil spirits; formed of the elements, produced by the coarse or visible elements, relating to the elements, elemental, existent, material; (as), m. Śiva (fr. bhūti, ashes ?); a sort of monk; (am), n. anything elemental or material; a pearl (probably for mauktika).
     bhautikamaṭha bhautika-maṭha, as, m. a college of monks, monastery, convent.
     bhautikavidyā bhau-tika-vidyā, f. 'spirit-science', sorcery, witchcraft.

bhautya bhautya, as, m. (fr. bhūti), N. of a Manu; (as, tī, am), relating to the preceding Manu.

bhaupāla bhaupāla, as, m. (fr. bhū-pāla), the son of a king, a prince.

bhauma bhauma, as, ī, am (fr. bhūmi), belonging or relating to the earth, dedicated to the earth; existing on or in the earth, produced or coming from the earth or ground, earthly, terrestrial, terrene; consisting or made of earth, earthy; coming from the land (as revenue &c.); relating to the planet Mars or to his day, falling on Tuesday, (in this sense fr. bhauma, the planet Mars); (as), m. water; light; ambergris (= ambara); a red flowering Punar-navā; a metronymic of several persons; N. of a kind of supernatural being or spirit haunting the earth; of Atṛ; of the Daitya Naraka; of the planet Mars, (vāro bhaumasya, Tuesday); an epithet of the twenty-seventh Muhūrta; (ī), f. 'produced from the earth', an epithet of Sītā; (am), n. anything coming from the earth, dust, &c.; a particular mode of sitting practised by Yogins; = bhūmi, ground, floor, ceiling, (at the end of an adj. comp.)
     bhaumacāra bhau-ma-cāra, as, m. 'the course of the planet Mars', N. of the sixth chapter of Bhaṭṭotpala's commentary on Varāha-mihira's Bṛhat-saṃhitā.
     bhaumadarśanacāra bhauma-dar-śana-cāra, as, m., N. of a chapter of the Mīnarāja-jātaka ascribed to Yavaneśvara.
     bhaumadevalipi bhauma-deva-lipi, is, f., N. of a kind of writing.
     bhaumaratna bhau-ma-ratna, am, n. coral.
     bhaumavāra bhauma-vāra, as, m. 'Mars-day', Tuesday.

bhaumaka bhaumaka, as, m. any animal living in the earth.

bhaumana bhaumana, as, m. an epithet of Viśva-karman, (for bhauvana, q. v.)

bhaumika bhaumika, as, ī, am, being or existing on the earth, earthly, earthy, terrestrial, terrene, belonging to any particular piece of ground.

bhaumya bhaumya = bhaumika above.

bhaura bhaura, as, m. a patronymic from Bhūri.

bhaurika bhaurika, as, m. the superintendent of gold in a royal treasury, a treasurer, (fr. bhūri, gold.)

bhaurikāyaṇi bhaurikāyaṇi, is, m. a patronymic from Bhuriki below.

bhauriki bhauriki, is, m. a patronymic.
     bhaurikividha bhauriki-vi-dha, as, ā, am, see Pāṇ. IV. 2, 54.

bhaulikāyani bhaulikāyani, is, m. a patronymic from Bhauliki below.

bhauliki bhauliki, is, m. a patronymic.

bhauliṅgi bhauliṅgi, is, m. (fr. bhū-liṅga), a king of Bhū-liṅga.

bhauvana bhauvana, as, ī, am (fr. bhuvana), belonging to the world; (as), m. an epithet of Viśvakarman [cf. bhaumana]; a son of Manthu.

bhauvanāyana bhauvanāyana, as, m. (fr. bhuvana or bhau-vana), Ved. a patronymic.

bhauvādika bhauvādika, as, ī, am (fr. rt. 1. bhū + ādi), belonging to that class of roots which begins with bhū, i. e. belonging to the first class.

bhauvāyana bhauvāyana, as, m. (fr. bhuva), Ved. a patronymic; N. of Kapi-vana.

bhyas bhyas, cl. 1. A. bhyasate, babhyase, bhyasitum, Ved. to fear, be afraid, tremble [cf. rt. 1. bhī]: Caus. bhyāsayati, -yitum, Aor. abibhyasat, to cause to fear, frighten: Desid. bibhyasiṣate: Intens. bābhyasyate, bābhyasti.

bhraṃś bhraṃś or bhraś (sometimes written bhraṃs; cf. rt. bhṛś), cl. 4. P. bhraś-yati (ep. also bhraśyate, &c.), cl. 1. A. bhraṃśate, babhraṃśa, babhraṃśe, bhraṃśiṣyati, -te, abhra-śat, abhraṃśiṣṭa, bhraṃśitum, Indec. part. bhraṃ-śituā or bhraṣṭvā, to fall, tumble, drop or fall down, fall out; to decline, decrease, decay, fade, disappear, vanish, to be ruined or lost; to fall from, stray from, be separated from, be deprived of, lose (with abl.); to run away, flee from (with abl.): Caus. bhraṃśayati, -yitum, Aor. ababhraṃśat, to cause to fall, throw or cast down, precipitate; to ruin, overturn, expel; to cause to be lost, cause to disappear or vanish; to cause to be separated from, deprive of (with acc. of person and abl. of thing): Desid. bibhraṃśiṣati, -te: Intens. bābhraśyate, bābhraṣṭi, banībhraśyate, banībhraṃśiti, banī-bhraṃṣṭi; [cf. Angl. Sax. hreosan, resosan, 'to fall;' arisan, 'to rise:' Goth. ur-risan, us-hris-jan, af-hrisjan, 'to cast off.']

bhraṃśa bhraṃśa, as, m. falling, falling off, a fall; declining, decline, decrease; decay, overthrow, destruction, ruin (e. g. deśa-bh-, ruin of a country); disappearance; running away; separating from, abandoning, deserting; losing, loss [cf. jāti-bh-]; deviating or straying from (propriety &c.).

bhraṃśathu bhraṃśathu, us, m. = pra-bhraṃśathu, q. v.

bhraṃśana bhraṃśana, as, ī, am (fr. the simple rt. and Caus.), causing to fall, precipitating, throwing down; (am), n. the act of causing to fall, precipitating; falling from, being deprived of, losing (with abl.).

bhraṃśita bhraṃśita, as, ā, am (fr. the Caus.), made to fall, thrown down.

bhraṃśin bhraṃśin, ī, inī, i, falling, tumbling, falling down, falling out, falling from or off, coming to ruin, decaying; causing to fall, ruining, annihilating; [cf. svārtha-bh-.]

bhraṣṭa bhraṣṭa, as, ā, am, fallen, dropped, fallen down, fallen out or off; declined, decayed, ruined, disappeared, lost; fallen from, strayed from (with abl., e. g. sārthād bhraṣṭa uṣṭraḥ, a camel strayed from a caravan); separated from, deprived of (with abl.); depraved, vicious, a backslider; (ā), f. a fallen or unchaste woman.
     bhraṣṭakriya bhraṣṭa-kriya, as, ā, am, one who has discontinued or omitted prescribed acts.
     bhraṣṭaguda bhraṣṭa-guda, as, ā, am, suffering from prolapsus ani.
     bhraṣṭanidra bhraṣṭa-nidra, as, ā, am, deprived of sleep.
     bhraṣṭayoga bhraṣṭa-yoga, as, ā, am, one who has fallen from devotion, a backslider.
     bhraṣṭarājya bhraṣṭa-rājya, as, ā, am, fallen from or deprived of a kingdom.
     bhraṣṭādhikāra bhraṣṭādhikāra (-ṭa-adh-), as, ā, am, fallen from office, deprived of office.
     bhraṣṭādhikāratva bhraṣṭā-dhikāra-tva, am, n. loss of office.

bhraṣṭaka bhraṣṭaka, as, m., N. of a man; (ās), m. pl., N. of his descendants.

bhrāśya bhrāśya, as, ā, am (fr. Caus. of rt. bhraś or fr. rt. bhrāś ?), Ved. to be made to fall, to be struck down; (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda X. 116, 5, bhrā-śyāni = āyudhāni, 'weapons', and connected with rt. bhrāś, to shine.)

bhraṃs bhraṃs. See rt. bhraṃś, col. 1.

bhrakuṃśa bhrakuṃśa or bhrakuṃsa, as, m. an actor in female apparel; [cf. bhṛkuṃśa, bhrukuṃśa, bhrūkuṃśa.]

bhrakuṭi bhra-kuṭi or bhra-kuṭī = bhrū-kuṭi, is, f. a contraction of the eyebrows, frown.
     bhrakuṭimukha bhra-kuṭi-mukha, am, n. a face with contracted eyebrows, frowning face, (also written bhṛkuṭī-mukha.)

bhrakṣ bhrakṣ. See rt. bhṛkṣ, p. 720.

bhraj 1. bhraj in giri-bhraj, q. v.; (the word bhraj is thought to be fr. a lost rt. bhraj = Lat. frango.)

bhraj 2. bhraj, f., Ved. (perhaps) stiffness; [cf. mṛta-bh-.]

bhrajj 1. bhrajj (in the Dhātu-pāṭha written bhrasj; cf. rt. bhṛj), cl. 6. P. A. bhṛjjati, -te (for bharjate, see rt. bhṛj), babhrajja, babharjja, babhrajje, babharjje, bhraṣṭā, bhar-ṣṭā, bhrakṣyati, -te, bharkṣyati, -te, abhrā-kṣīt, abhārkṣīt, abhraṣṭa, abharṣṭa, bhraṣ-ṭum, bharṣṭum, to fry, broil, grill, parch, scorch, roast (especially grain): Pass. bhṛjjyate: Caus. bhrajjayati, bharjjayati, -yitum, Aor. aba-bhrajjat, to fry, roast: Desid. bibhrakṣati, -te, bibharkṣati, -te, bibhrajjiṣati, -te [cf. bi-bhrakṣu, bibhrajjiṣu]; Intens. barībhṛjjyate, bābhraṣṭi or bābharṣṭi (?); [cf. Gr. [greek] [greek] Lat. frīg-0, frictus, frixus; Old Germ. briuwan = Angl. Sax. briwan = Old Iceland. brugga = Eng. brew; Hib. bruighim, 'I boil, seeth.']

bhṛṣṭa bhṛṣṭa, bhṛṣṭi, &c. See p. 721, col. 1.

bhrajj 2. bhrajj, bhraṭ, ṭ, ṭ (or bhṛṭ, ṭ, ṭ, if fr. bhṛjj, q. v.), frying, roasting, (at the end of a comp., e. g. dhānā-bh-, roasting or parching grain, see Pāṇ. VIII. 2, 36.)

bhrajjana bhrajjana, am, n. the act of frying, parching, roasting; [cf. bhṛjjana, bharjana.]

bhraṣṭavya bhraṣṭavya, as, ā, am, to be fried, to be parched or roasted.

bhraṣṭra bhraṣṭra, am, n. a frying-pan, gridiron.

bhrāṣṭra bhrāṣṭra, as, am, m. n. a frying-pan; (as), m. light, ether (in this sense probably to be connected with rt. bhrāś); (as, ī, am), fried or cooked in a frying-pan.
     bhrāṣṭraja bhrāṣṭra-ja, as, ā, am, produced or cooked in a frying-pan; (ā), f. a pan-cake made of rice-flour.
     bhrāṣṭramindha bhrāṣṭram-indha, as, ā, am, heating the frying-pan, one who fries or cooks.
     bhrāṣṭravratin bhrāṣṭra-vratin, ī, m. N. of a man.

bhrāṣṭraka bhrāṣṭraka, as, am, m. n. a frying-pan.

bhrāṣṭraki bhrāṣṭraki, is, m., N. of a man, (also read bhrāṣṭra-kṛt.)

bhraṇ bhraṇ [cf. rts. bhram, raṇ], cl. 1. P. bhraṇati, babhrāṇa, bhraṇitum, to sound, utter a sound.

bhrabhaṅga bhra-bhaṅga, as, m. = bhrū-bhaṅga under bhrū, p. 726, col. 2.

bhram bhram, cl. 1. 4. P. (ep. also A.) bhramati (-te), bhrāmyati (-te; according to Pāṇ. III. 1, 70, a form bhrāmati is admissible; the form bhramyati is doubtful), babhrāma (2nd sing. babhramitha or bhremitha, 3rd pl. babhramus or bhremus), bhramiṣyati, abhra-mīt, bhramitum or bhrāntum, (perhaps orginally) to fly about humming (as insects); to roam or wander about, rove or ramble about, go or move about, (bhikṣām bhram, to go about begging); to stroll, perambulate; to circulate, revolve, turn or whirl round, move in a circle or orbit, move round (as the stars &c.); to totter, stagger about, waver; to go astray, stray, deviate (from rectitude), err, be in error or mistake, be perplexed, be foolish or ignorant; to move to and fro, move unsteadily, flicker, flutter, vibrate, quiver (as the tongue, eyes, flames, &c.); to surround; to roam or wander through, go over (with acc., e. g. deśam bhram, to wander through a country): Caus. bhramayati, bhrāmayati, -yitum, Aor. abibhramat, to cause or make to wander, make to rove or roam; to cause to turn round or revolve; to whirl round, swing; to cause to roll or roll along or through; to cause to err, delude, perplex, embarrass, confuse, seduce; to cause to move to and fro, wave, brandish, agitate, vibrate: Pass. of Caus. bhrām-yate, to be made to wander or whirl, caused to err, made to go astray: Desid. bibhramiṣati: Intens. bambhramyate, bambhramīti, bambhrānti, to roam about repeatedly, move frequently to and fro, wander through; [cf. Gr. [greek] [greek] [greek]Lat. frem-o, frem-or, frem-itu-s; Old Germ. brem-an, bremo, briosa; Angl. Sax. bremman; Old Iceland. brim, 'surf.']

bambhramyamāṇa bambhramyamāṇa, as, ā, am, roaming or wandering about repeatedly.

bhrama bhrama, as, m. roving or roaming about, wandering about; moving or going round, turning round, whirling, revolving, moving or going to and fro; straying, erring; a flickering flame (Ved.); a circular motion, whirl; a whirlpool, eddy; a potter's wheel; a lathe; a grindstone; giddiness, dizziness; wandering of mind; confusion, perplexity, error, mistake, aberration, misconception, misapprehension, delusion [cf. sthāṇu-bh-]; a spring, fountain, watercourse; (āt), ind. by an error or mistake.
     bhramatva bhrama-tva, am, n. whirling found, the being in error or mistake, erroneousness.
     bhramāsakta bhramāsakta (-ma-ās-), as, m. 'occupied in grinding', a knifegrinder, sword-cleaner, armourer.

bhramaṇa bhramaṇa, am, n. (fr. the simple rt. or Caus.), the act of roaming, wandering about, travelling, touring, a tour; turning round, whirling; revolution, the orbit (of a planet &c.); wavering, staggering, tottering, shaking about, unsteadiness, deviation (from rectitude); causing to go round or move about; erring, falling into error; giddiness, dizziness; (ī), f. a sort of game (played by lovers, probably consisting in circular movements or waltzes); a leech; N. of one of five Dhāraṇās or mental conceptions of the elements (viz. that of the wind; the others being stambhinī, earth; dhāriṇī, water; da-hanī, fire; and śoṣiṇī, ether).
     bhramaṇavilasita bhramaṇa-vila-sita, N. of a metre.
     bhramaṇārthe bhramaṇārthe (-ṇa-ar-), ind. for the sake of travelling.

bhramaṇīya bhramaṇīya, as, ā, am, to be roamed about, to be wandered through.

bhramat bhramat, an, antī, at, roaming, roving, prowling, wandering, sauntering about, turning round, whirling, shaking, &c.
     bhramatkuṭī bhramat-kuṭī, f. a sort of umbrella, a concave mat carried on the head; [cf. jaṅgama-kuṭī.]

bhramamāṇa bhramamāṇa, as, ā, am, wandering about, whirling round; being in error.

bhramara bhramara, as, m. a large black bee, a kind of humble bee, any bee; a lover, gallant, libertine; a young man; a potter's wheel; a particular position of the hand; N. of a man; (ā), f. = bhramara-cchallī below; (ī), f. a bee; the plant Jatukā, q. v.; the plant Putra-dātrī, q. v.; (am), n. giddiness, vertigo, epilepsy.
     bhramarakaraṇḍaka bhramara-karaṇḍaka, as, m. a small box containing bees (used by thieves to extinguish a candle-light by letting the bees escape), a dark lantern (?).
     bhramarakīṭa bhramara-kīṭa, as, m. a species of wasp that builds its nest in the corners of walls, doors, &c., Vespa Solitaria.
     bhramarakuṇḍa bhra-mara-kuṇḍa, N. of a sacred bathing-place on the mountain Nīla (mentioned in Raghu-nātha's Rasikaramaṇa).
     bhramaracchallī bhramara-cchallī, f. a species of creeper (= bhṛṅga-mūlikā, bhṛṅgāhvā, bhramarā).
     bhramarapada bhramara-pada, am, n. 'bee-foot', a kind of metre, four times [metrical sequence].
     bhramarapriya bhramara-priya, as, m. 'dear to bees', a particular sort of Kadamba plant (= dhārā-kadamba).
     bhramarabādhā bhramara-bādhā, f. annoyance caused by a bee, molestation by a bee.
     bhramaramaṇḍala bhramara-maṇḍala, am, n. a circle or swarm of bees.
     bhramaramārī bhramara-mārī, f. 'bee-killing', a particular plant or flower (growing in Malwa, = bhṛṅga-mārī, bhramarāri).
     bhramaravilasita bhra-mara-vilasita, as, ā, am, (a creeper, lotus, &c.) about which bees hover or sport; (am), n. the hovering or sporting of bees; (ā, am), f. n. a species of metre, four times [metrical sequence].
     bhramarātithi bhra-marātithi (-ra-at-), is, m. 'bee-guest', the plant Michelia Champaka.
     bhramarānanda bhramarānanda (-ra-ān-), as, m. 'bee-joy', N. of several plants, Mimusops Elengi, Gaertnera Racemosa (= atimuktaka), the red-flowering globe amaranth (= raktāmlāna).
     bhramarāmbākṣetra bhramarāmbā-kṣetra (-ra-am-), am, n., N. of a district sacred to Durgā; [cf. bhrāmarī, ambā.]
     bhramarāri bhramarāri (-ra-ari), is, m. 'bee-enemy' (= bhramara-mārī, q. v.).
     bhramarālaka bhramarālaka (-ra-al-), as, m. 'bee-curl', a curl on the forehead.
     bhramarāvalī bhramarāvalī (-ra-āv-), f. 'bee-line', N. of a species of the Ati-śakkarī metre.
     bhramarāṣṭaka bhramarāṣ-ṭaka (-ra-aṣ-), am, n. 'eight verses on the bee', N. of a collection of eight verses.
     bhramareṣṭa bhramareṣṭa (-ra-iṣ-), as, m. 'loved by bees', a sort of Bignonia; (ā), f. the plant Clerodendrum Siphonanthus (= bhūmi-jambū, q. v.).
     bhramarotsavā bhramarotsavā (-ra-ut-), f. 'bee-delight', the plant Gaertnera Racemosa (= mādhavī).

bhramaraka bhramaraka, as, m. a bee; a whirlpool; (as, am), m. n. a lock of hair or curl hanging down on the forehead; a humming-top; a ball for playing with; (ikā), f. the act of wandering or straying in all directions.
     bhramarikādṛṣṭi bhramarikā-dṛṣṭi, is, f. a wandering glance (?).

bhramāya bhramāya (fr. bhramat, see Gaṇa Bhṛśādi to Pāṇ. III. 1, 12), Nom. A. bhramāyate, &c., (probably) to begin turning round or revolving; to roam about, become a vagabond.

bhrami bhrami, is (according to some also bhramī), f. whirling or turning round, turning about, going round, circulating, revolving [cf. saṃvatsara-bh-]; a potter's wheel, a turner's lathe; a whirlpool; a whirlwind; any circular arrangement of troops, a circle formed by troops; an error, a mistake; N. of a daughter of Śiśu-māra and wife of Dhruva.

bhramita bhramita, as, ā, am, whirled round, made to go round, &c.

bhramin bhramin, ī, iṇī, i, roaming about, going round or about, whirling round, revolving, making a circuit, turning round (as the wind), erratic.

bhrānta bhrānta, as, ā, am, roamed, wandered (sometimes impersonally, e. g. tair bhrāntam, it has been wandered by them; and even with acc., e. g. deśam bhrāntam, it has been wandered through a country); whirled round, turned round, revolved, rolled; confused, perplexed, bewildered, gone astray, mistaken, in error, blundering; roaming or wandering about, turning round, whirling, rolling, staggering, flying or careering round and round (as a bird), moving to and fro; (as), m. an elephant in rut; a species of thorn-apple, = rāja-dhustūraka; (am), n. roaming, wandering about, moving to and fro; a particular mode of fighting; error, mistake, delusion, blunder.
     bhrāntacitta bhrānta-citta, as, ā, am, confused or perplexed in mind.
     bhrāntabuddhi bhrānta-buddhi, is, is, i, confused in intellect, perplexed in mind, puzzled.

bhrānti bhrānti, is, f. the act or state of wandering about, roaming, going round, flying about, turning round, revolution, whirling, rolling, a whirl or rapid rotary motion; confusion, perplexity, delirium [cf. mati-bh-]; error, going astray, mistake, delusion, false idea or supposition, wrong notion (e. g. padma-bhrāntyā, under the false idea of [its being] a lotus; bhrāhmaṇa-bhrānti, the error of supposing [those works to be] Brāhmaṇas); unsteadiness; doubt, uncertainty.
     bhrāntikara bhrānti-kara, as, ī, am, causing error or confusion.
     bhrāntināśana bhrānti-nāśana, as, m. 'destroying error', an epithet of Śiva.
     bhrāntimat bhrānti-mat, ān, atī, at, wandering or roaming about, whirling; erring, mistaken, being under a delusion, labouring under an error; entertaining a false notion; a particular figure of rhetoric (describing an error).
     bhrāntihara bhrānti-hara, as, ā, am, taking away delusion, removing error; (as), m. a counsellor, minister.

bhrāntvā bhrāntvā, ind. having wandered about, having roamed through; having whirled.

bhrāma bhrāma, as, m. roaming about, wandering, unsteadiness, delusion, error, mistake.

bhrāmaka bhrāmaka, as, ikā, am (fr. the Caus. or fr. bhrama), causing to whirl; causing error or mistake, bewildering, perplexing, puzzling, deceitful, deceptive, false; (as), m. a sort of loadstone or magnet (so called from its causing iron to turn round); sun-flower, heliotrope; a deceiver, cheat, rogue; a jackal; (ā), f., N. of a particular plant (commonly called Laghu-dhāyaṭī).

bhrāmaṇa bhrāmaṇa, am, n. the act of causing to turn round, swinging or turning round; (ī), f. 'the bewilderer', N. of a female demon.

bhrāmayat bhrāmayat, an, antī, at, causing to turn round, whirling round, bewildering.

bhrāmara bhrāmara, as, ī, am (fr. bhramara), relating or belonging to a bee; (as, am), m. n. a kind of magnet or loadstone [cf. bhrāmaka]; (am), n. whirling round; dancing round; vertigo, giddiness, epilepsy; honey; a village; a kind of coitus; (ī), f. an epithet of Durgā or Pārvatī (from her having assumed the form of a bee to contend with Mahiṣāsura ?); a Yoginī or female attendant on Durgā.

bhrāmarin bhrāmarin, ī, iṇī, i (fr. bhrāmara), whirling round, revolving; affected with vertigo, giddy; having epilepsy, epileptic; made of honey.

bhrāmin bhrāmin, ī, iṇī, i, confused, perplexed.

bhrāmyat bhrāmyat, an, antī, at, roaming or rambling about, strolling about, perambulating; erring.

bhrāmyamāṇa bhrāmyamāṇa, as, ā, am, being caused to wander about, being made to whirl round, being caused to err or go astray.

bhramātra bhramātra, a particular high number.

bhraś bhraś. See rt. bhraṃś, p. 724, col. 1.

bhraśiman bhraśiman, ā, m. (fr. bhṛśa), potency, mightiness, vehemence, violence, excessiveness, strength.

bhraśiṣṭha bhraśiṣṭha, bhraśīyas. See under rt. bhṛś, p. 721, col. 1.

bhraṣṭa bhraṣṭa, bhraṣṭaka. See p. 724, col. 2.

bhraṣṭavya bhraṣṭavya, bhraṣṭra. See p. 724, col. 3.

bhrasj bhrasj. See rt. 1. bhrajj, p. 724, col. 2.

bhrāj 1. bhrāj (connected with rts. rāj, bhrāś, bhlāś, bhrej, bhṛj), cl. 1. A. bhrājate (Ved. and ep. also P. bhrājati), babhrāje (babhrāja) or bhreje (3rd pl. babhrājire or bhre-jire, Pāṇ. VI. 4, 125), bhrājiṣyate, abhrājiṣṭa (Ved. abhrāṭ, abhrāji), bhrājitum, to shine, glitter, gleam, glow, flash, beam, sparkle: Caus. bhrāja-yati, -yitum, Aor. ababhrājat, abibhrajat, to make to shine, illuminate, irradiate: Desid. bibhrā-jiṣate: Intens. bābhrājyate, bābhrāṣṭi; [cf. Gr. [greek] [greek] Lat. fulg-e-o, fulg-ur, ful-vu-s, flag-ra-re, flam-ma for flag-ma, flā-men for flag-men, 'the kindler, i. e. priest:' Goth. bairh-t-s, 'manifest;' bairhtei, 'light:' Angl. Sax. bearht, beorht, probably blāc, bloec-an, blīc-an: Old Germ. beraht, blanch, blich-an, blich, blic, blig: Engl. bright: Russ. blescu: Lith. blizg-u, 'I shine:' Scot. breagh, 'shining, beautiful;' breachad, boillsg, 'splendor;' boillsgeach, 'splendid.']

bhrāj 2. bhrāj, bhrāṭ, f. (Pāṇ. VIII. 2, 36), Ved. light, lustre, splendor, glitter; [cf. deva-bh-, na-bh-.]

bhrāja bhrāja, as, ā, am, shining, gleaming, glittering (Ved.); (as), m., N. of one of the seven suns; of a particular kind of fire (mentioned in Hari-vaṃśa, 1. 10467); of a Gandharva protecting the Soma (Ved.); of a work composed in Ślokas and ascribed to Kātyāyana; (am), n., N. of a Sāman.

bhrājaka bhrājaka, as, ikā, am (fr. the Caus.), causing to shine, illuminating, making bright (said of the digestive fire and bile as brightening the skin); (am), n. the bile, bilious humor, gall.

bhrājat bhrājat, an, antī, at, shining, gleaming, glittering.
     bhrājajjanman bhrājaj-janman, ānas, m. pl., Ved. 'having a brilliant native place or origin, brilliant form birth', an epithet of the Maruts; (Sāy.) having brilliant forms (= dīpta-śarīra).
     bhrājadṛṣṭi bhrājad-ṛṣṭi, ayas, m. pl., Ved. 'bright-weaponed' (having bright gleams of lightning), an epithet of the Maruts; (Sāy. = dīpyamānāyudha.)

bhrājathu bhrājathu, us, m. brilliance, splendor, glitter, beauty.
     bhrājathumat bhrājathu-mat, ān, atī, at, shining, beautiful (said of a woman).

bhrājana bhrājana, am, n. (fr. the Caus.), the act of causing to shine, illuminating.

bhrājamāna bhrājamāna, as, ā, am, shining, brilliant.

bhrājayat bhrājayat, an, antī, at, causing to shine, illuminating.

bhrājas bhrājas, as, n., Ved. sparkling, glittering; [cf. agni-bh-.]
     bhrājasvat bhrājas-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. sparkling, glittering; containing the word bhrājas.
     bhrājasvin bhrā-jas-vin, ī, inī, i, Ved. = bhrājas-vat above.

bhrājin bhrājin, ī, inī, i, shining, gleaming, glittering.

bhrājira bhrājira, ās, m. pl., N. of a class of gods under the Manu Bhautya.

bhrājiṣṭha bhrājiṣṭha, as, ā, am (superl. fr. rt. 1. bhrāj), shining very brightly, highly glittering or radiant; (as), m., N. of a son of Ghṛta-pṛṣṭha.

bhrājiṣṇu bhrājiṣṇu, us, us, u, shining, gleaming, splendid, radiant, elegant; (us), m. an epithet of Viṣṇu; of Śiva.
     bhrājiṣṇutā bhrājiṣṇu-tā, f. radiance, brightness, splendor, splendid appearance.

bhrājis bhrājis, is, f. = bhrājas, p. 725.
     bhrājiṣmat bhrājiṣ-mat, ān, atī, at, splendid, shining.

bhrājobhrādantya bhrājobhrādantya (?), ās, m. pl., N. of a race.

bhrātṛ bhrātṛ, tā, m. (perhaps fr. rt. bhṛ, and originally meaning 'a supporter'), a brother, uterine brother, own brother, (ku-bhrātṛ, a bad brother); an intimate friend or relation, a cousion or near relative in general, an intimate friend, (sometimes used as a term of friendly address); (tarau), m. du. brother and sister; [cf. Zend brātar: Gr. [greek] [greek] Lat. frāter, fraternu-s, frātr-ia, 'a brother's wife:' Umbr. frā-ter: Goth. brothar, pl. bro-thra-hans, 'brethren:' Angl. Sax. brodhor: Old Germ. bruodar: Slav. brātru: Lith. broter-eli-s, a diminutive; bro-li-s, 'brother;' brotu-szi-s, 'a cousin:' Old Pruss. bra-ti-s: Russ. brat: Hib. brathair.]
     bhrāturjāyā bhrātur-jāyā, f. (bhrātur, gen. sing.), a brother's wife, sisterin-law.
     bhrātuṣputra bhrātuṣ-putra, as, m. (bhrātuṣ for bhrātus, gen. sing.), a brother's son, nephew; (ī), f. a brother's daughter, niece.
     bhrātṛgandhi bhrātṛ-gandhi, is, is, i, or bhrātṛ-gandhika, as, ā, am, a brother only in appearance, having merely the name of brother.
     bhrātṛja bhrātṛ-ja, as, m. a brother's son; (ā), f. a brother's daughter.
     bhrātṛjāyā bhrātṛ-jāyā, f. a brother's wife, sister-in-law.
     bhrātṛtva bhrātṛ-tva, am, n. fraternity, brotherhood.
     bhrātṛdatta bhrātṛ-datta, as, ā, am, given by a brother; (am), n. anything given by a brother to a sister on her marriage.
     bhrātṛdvitīyā bhrātṛ-dvitīyā, f. a festival on the second day in the light half of the month Kārttika (on which sisters give entertainments to brothers in commemoration of Yamunā's entertaining her brother Yama).
     bhrātṛpatnī bhrātṛ-patnī, f. a brother's wife.
     bhrātṛpadmavana bhrātṛ-padma-vana, am, n. a group of lotus-like brethren.
     bhrātṛputra bhrātṛ-putra, as, m. a brother's son, nephew.
     bhrātṛbhaginyau bhrātṛ-bhaginyau, du. a brother and sister.
     bhrātṛmat bhrātṛ-mat, ān, atī, at, having a brother or brothers.
     bhrātṛvadhū bhrātṛ-vadhū, ūs, f. a brother's wife.
     bhrātṛvala bhrātṛ-vala, as, ā, am, possessing a brother or brothers.
     bhrātṛśvaśura bhrātṛ-śva-śura, as, m. a husband's eldest brother.
     bhrātṛsiṃha bhrātṛ-siṃha, as, m., N. of a man.
     bhrātṛhatyā bhrātṛ-hatyā, f. fratricide.

bhrātṛka bhrātṛka, as, ā, am, having a brother, (at the end of a comp., cf. a-bh-); coming from a brother, of or belonging to a brother, fraternal, brotherly (in this sense the fem. is ī).

bhrātṛvya bhrātṛvya, as, m. a brother's son, nephew, cousin; a rival, enemy, adversary; [cf. Lat. fra-trūelis.]
     bhrātṛvyakṣayaṇa bhrātṛvya-kṣayaṇa, as, ā, am, Ved. destroying rivals.
     bhrātṛvyacātana bhrātṛvya-cātana, as, ā, am, scaring or frightening away rivals.
     bhrātṛvyavat bhrātṛvya-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. having rivals.
     bhrātṛvyahan bhrātṛvya-han, hā, ghnī, m. f. killing or striking down rivals (Atharva-veda X. 9, 1).

bhrātra bhrātra, am, n., Ved. brotherhood, fraternity.

bhrātrīya bhrātrīya or bhrātreya, as, m. a (father's) brother's son, nephew; (as, ā, am), fraternal, belonging or relating to a brother.

bhrātrya bhrātrya, am, n. = bhrātra above.

bhrānta bhrānta, bhrāma, bhrāmara, bhrām-yat, &c. See p. 725, col. 2.

bhrāś bhrāś (connected with rts. 1. bhrāj, bhlāś), cl. 1. 4. A. bhrāśate, bhrāśyate (Ved. also P. bhrāśyati), babhrāśe or bhreśe (3rd pl. babhrāśire or bhreśire, Pāṇ. VI. 4, 125), bhrāśiṣyate, abhrāśiṣṭa, bhrāśitum, to shine, glitter, gleam, blaze: Caus. bhrāśayati, yitum, Aor. ababhrāśat, abibhraśat (Vopa-deva XVII. 3): Desid. bibhrāśiṣate: Intens. bābhrāś-yate, bābhrāṣṭi.

bhrāśya bhrāśya. See p. 724, col. 2.

bhrāṣṭ bhrāṣṭra, bhrāṣṭraka. See p. 724, col. 3.

bhrāṣṭreya bhrāṣṭreya, ās, m. pl., N. of a family or race; (also bhrāstreya.)

bhrās bhrās, a various reading for rt. bhrāś, col. 1.

bhrī bhrī, cl. 9. P. bhrīṇāti or bhriṇāti, bibhrāya, bhreṣyati, abhrasihit, bhre-tum (?), Ved. to be angry [cf. bhṛṇīya]; to fear [cf. rt. 1. bhī]; to bear, support, nourish [cf. rt. bhṛ]; to injure, hurt, (Sāy. = rt. hiṃs, ṛg-veda II. 28, 7.)

bhrukuṃśa bhrukuṃśa or bhrukuṃsa, as, m. = bhrūkuṃśa, q. v.

bhrukuṭi bhru-kuṭi, is, or bhru-kuṭī, f. = bhrū-kuṭi under bhrū.
     bhrukuṭibandha bhrukuṭi-bandha, as, m. knitting the brows, frowning, a frown.
     bhrukuṭīmukha bhrukuṭī-mukha, am, n. a face with contracted eyebrows, a frowning face; (as, ī, am), having a frowning face; (as), m. a kind of snake.

bhruḍ bhruḍ, cl. 6. P. bhruḍati, &c., to cover; to collect.

bhrubhaṅga bhru-bhaṅga, as, m. = bhrū-bhaṅga under bhrū.

bhruva bhruva. See below.

bhrū bhrū, ūs, f. (said to be fr. rt. bhram), an eyebrow, the brow; [cf. agre-bh-, su-bh-, bhrau-veya; cf. also Zend brvat; Gr. [greek] perhaps Lat. front(t)s = [greek] Old Germ. brāwa; Mod. Germ. braue; Angl. Sax. broew; Engl. brow; Slav. bruvi.]
     bhrūkuṭi bhrū-kuṭi, is, or bhrū-kuṭī, f. contraction or knitting of the eyebrow, a frown, a look of displeasure; [cf. bhṛ-k-, bhra-k-, bhru-k-.]
     bhrūkuṭīkuṭilānana bhrūkuṭī-kuṭilānana (-la-ān-), as, ā, am, having a face wrinkled with frowns.
     bhrūkṣepa bhrū-kṣe-pa, as, m. contraction of the eyebrows, a frown.
     bhrūkṣepālāpa bhrūkṣepālāpa (-pa-āl-), as, m. the language of frowns.
     bhrūcāpākṛṣṭamukta bhrū-cāpākṛṣṭa-mukta (-pa-āk-), as, ā, am, drawn and discharged from the bow of the eyebrows (as a glance).
     bhrūjāha bhrū-jāha, am, n. the root of the eyebrows (perhaps the inner side).
     bhrūbhaṅga bhrū-bhaṅga or bhrū-bheda, as, m. contraction of the eyebrows, a frown.
     bhrūbhedin bhrūbhedin, ī, inī, i, frowning, contracting or wrinkling the brow, attended with frowns.
     bhrūmaṇḍala bhrū-maṇḍala, am, n. the arch of the eyebrow.
     bhrūmadhya bhrū-madhya, am, n. the interval between the eyebrows.
     bhrūlatā bhrū-latā, f. 'browcreeper', a creeper-like eyebrow, an arched eyebrow (curving like a creeper).
     bhrūvikāra bhrū-vikāra, as, m. 'change of the eyebrows', contracting the brow, frowning.
     bhrūvikṣepa bhrū-vikṣepa, as, m. contraction of the eyebrows, a frown.
     bhrūviceṣṭita bhrū-viceṣṭita, am, n. playful movement of the eyebrows.
     bhrūvilāsa bhrū-vilāsa, as, m. a playful or graceful motion of the eyebrows, play or contraction of the eyebrows, amorous play of the brows.

bhruva bhruva, as, ā, am, = bhrū at the end of an adj. comp.

bhrūkuṃśa bhrūkuṃśa or bhrūkuṃsa, as, m. a male actor in female attire.

bhrūṇ bhrūṇ, cl. 10. A. bhrūṇayate, &c., to hope; to trust; to confide; to wish, desire; to fear.

bhrūṇa bhrūṇa, as, m. (fr. rt. bhṛ; perhaps for original bhūrṇa), an embryo, fetus, unborn child; a child, boy; a pregnant woman (= gar-bhiṇī); a Brāhman conversant with the Vedas (?); [cf. Gr. [greek]]
     bhrūṇaghna bhrūṇa-ghna, as, ī, am, the killer of an embryo, one who occasions or procures abortion.
     bhrūṇahati bhrūṇa-hati, is, f. the killing of an embryo.
     bhrūṇahatyā bhrūṇa-hatyā, f. the killing of an embryo, procuring abortion; any sin equally herinous.
     bhrūṇahan bhrūṇa-han, ā, ghnī, m. f. the killer of an embryo, one who procures abortion.

bhrauṇaghna bhrauṇaghna, as, ī, am (fr. bhrūṇa-han), relating to the killer of an embryo.

bhrauṇahatya bhrauṇahatya, am, n. (fr. bhrūṇa-han), = bhrūṇa-hatyā, the killing of an embryo.

bhrej bhrej (allied to rt. 1. bhrāj), cl. 1. A. bhrejate, bibhreje, to shine, glitter, gleam, &c.: Caus. bhrejayati, -yitum, abibhrejat.

bhreṣ bhreṣ [cf. rts. bhraṃś, hreṣ], cl. 1. P. A. bhreṣati, -te, bibhreṣa, bi-bhreṣe, bhreṣitum, to go, move; to totter, waver, slip, fall, make a false step; to fear; to be angry.

bhreṣa bhreṣa, as, m. motion, going, proceeding; tottering, wavering, slipping, falling, declining or falling (from virtue), deviation (from rectitude), trespass, sin; loss, deprivation.

bhreṣaṇa bhreṣaṇa, am, n. the act of going, moving, tottering, &c.

bhrauṇaghna bhrauṇaghna. See above.

bhauveya bhrauveya, as, m. (fr. bhrū), a metronymic.

bhlakṣ bhlakṣ (various reading for rt. bhakṣ; cf. rt. bhrakṣ), cl. 1. P. A. bhlakṣati, -te, &c., to eat.

bhlāś bhlāś (connected with rt. bhrāś), cl. 1. 4. A. bhlāśate, bhalāśyate, ba-bhlāśe or bhaleśe (3rd pl. babhlāśire or bhleśire), bhlāśitum, to shine, gleam, beam, glitter, &c.

bhlās bhlās, a various rading for rt. bhlāś above.

bhleṣ bhleṣ, cl. 1. P. A. bhleṣati, -te, &c., = rt. bhreṣ, to go; to fear, &c.

M — म

ma 1. ma, the twenty-fifth consonant of the Nāgarī alphabet and the nasal letter of the fifth or labial class, having the sound of the English m. --1. ma-kāra, as, m. the letter or sound ma.

ma 2. ma, as, m. (in prosody) a molossus or foot consisting of three long syllables.
     makāra 2. ma-kāra, as, m. the foot called molossus.
     makāravipulā makāra-vipulā, f., N. of a metre.

ma 3. ma, the singular base in all the cases except the nom. of the first personal pronoun and related to the verbal termination in the first person singular, (nom. aham, 1; acc. mām or , me; inst. mayā; dat. mahyam or me; abl. mat or mad; gen. mama or me; loc. mayi); at the beginning of a comp. the form mad is used for the base, see 1. mad; [cf. aham: Zend ma: Gr. [greek] [greek] Lat. me, me-u-s, mihi = Umbr. me-he: Goth. mi-s, 'to me;' mi-k, acc. 'me:' Slav. me, acc. 'me:' Lith. ma-n, 'to me.']

makat makat, a familiar diminutive of 3. ma (according to the Bhāṣya on Pāṇ. I. 1. 29, e. g. makat pitṛka).

ma 4. ma, as, m. time, season; poison, venom; a magical or mystical formula; N. of the fourth note of the scale (abbreviated for madhyama); the moon; N. of Brahmā; of Viṣṇu; of Śiva; of Yama; (ā), f. a mother; measure; light, lustre; knowledge, science; binding, fettering; death; a woman's waist; N. of Lakṣmī; (am), n. happiness, good fortune, welfare; water.

maṃh maṃh [cf. rt. 1. mah, mahat, &c.], cl. 1. A. maṃhate, mamaṃhe, maṃhitum; cl. 10. P. maṃhayati, -yitum, Ved. to increase; to give, grant, bestow, offer, (sometimes with dānāya, to give as a present), honour; to speak; to shine, (in the last two senses cl. 1. is used in P. maṃ-hati, &c.): Intensive form in Ṛg-veda V. 27, 1, māmahe (or according to the Pada-pāṭha mamahe), part. māmahāna.

maṃhanā maṃhanā, ind. (perhaps inst. c. fr. a form maṃ-han or maṃhana), Ved. quickly, soon, promptly, willingly; (according to Sāy.) with greatness, great, praiseworthy; giving, granting, bestowing (= ma-hattvena, mahattvena or mahimnā yukta, pūja-nīya, dāna, either as an adj. or subst.).

maṃhanīya maṃhanīya, as, ā, am, Ved. great, valuable, praiseworthy, worthy of honour; [cf. rt. 1. mah, and see Nirukta III. 13, IV. 4.]

maṃhaneṣṭha maṃhane-ṣṭha or -ṣṭhā (?), according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda X. 61, 1 = pradāne pravartamāna.

maṃhayat maṃhayat, an, antī, at, granting, giving, offering.
     maṃhayadrayi maṃhayad-rayi, is, is, i, Ved. granting riches, distributing wealth or treasures.

maṃhayu maṃhayu, us, us, u (fr. the Caus.), Ved. wishing to grant or distribute, liberal.

maṃhiṣṭha maṃhiṣṭha, as, ā, am, Ved. very liberal; very mighty, very honourable, (Sāy. = atiśayena pra-vṛddha, atiśayena pūjya, dātṛ-tama); exceedingly abundant; [cf. Gr. [greek] Goth. maists, 'most, greatest.']
     maṃhiṣṭharāti maṃhiṣṭha-rāti, is, is, i, Ved. giving most abundantly, very bountiful, very rich, (Sāy. = pravṛddha-dhana or pravṛddha-dāna.)

maṃhīyas maṃhīyas, ān, asī, as, giving more abundantly.

mak mak, ind., see Gaṇa Svar-ādi to Pāṇ. 1. 1, 37.

maka maka, as, am, m. n., see Gaṇa Ardharcādi to Pāṇ. II. 4, 31.

makadatta maka-datta, as, m., N. of a man.

makaka makaka, as, m. in Atharva-veda VIII. 6, 12 (perhaps a particular kind of animal, or bleating, lowing, fr. rt. 2. ).

makat makat. See 3. ma, p. 726, col. 3.

makamakāya makamakāya (an onomatopoetic verb), makamakāyate, &c., to croak (as a frog), to make a croaking noise.

makara makara, as, m. a kind of sea monster sometimes confounded with the crocodile, shark, dolphin, &c., (properly a fabulous animal regarded as the emblem of Kāma-deva, the god of love, cf. makara-ketana below; also a symbol of the ninth Arhat of the present Ava-sarpiṇī); N. of the tenth sign of the zodiac (Capricornus); the tenth arc of thirty degrees in any circle; a particular species of insect or other small animal; an array of troops in the form of a Makara (Manu VII. 187); an ear-ring in the shape of a Makara [cf. makara-kuṇḍala below]; the hands folded in the form of a Makara; one of the nine treasures of Kuvera; one of the eight treasures of the magic art called Padminī; a particular magical spell recited over weapons; N. of a mountain; (ī), f. the female of the sea monster Makara; N. of a river.
     makarakaṭī makara-kaṭī, f., N. of a woman.
     makarakuṇḍala makara-kuṇḍala, am, n. an ear-ring shaped like a Makara.
     makaraketana makara-ketana, as, or ma-kara-ketu, us, or makara-ketu-mat, ān, m. 'having the Makara for an emblem', or 'having a fish on his banner', epithet of Kāma-deva, the god of love.
     makaradaṃṣṭrā makara-daṃṣṭrā, f. 'Makara-toothed', N. of a woman.
     makaradhvaja makara-dhvaja, as, m. 'Makarabannered', epithet of Kāma-deva, the god of love; a particular array of troops; a particular medical preparation (= rasasindūra-viśeṣa).
     makarapāṭaka makara-pāṭaka, as, m., N. of a village.
     makararāśi makara-rāśi, is, m. the sign of the Hindū zodiac corresponding with Capricornus.
     makaravibhūṣaṇaketana makara-vibhūṣaṇa-ketana, as, m. 'having the Makara for a characteristic ornament', epithet of the god of love.
     makarasaṅkramaṇa makara-saṅkramaṇa, am, n. the passage of the sun from Sagittarius into Capricoruns.
     makarasaptamī makara-saptamī, f., N. of the seventh day in the light half of the month Māgha (see mākarī saptamī under mākara).
     makarākara makarā-kara (-ra-āk-), as, m. 'receptacle of Makaras', the ocean.
     makarākāra makarākāra (-ra-āk-), as, m. a variety of Caesalpina Banducella (= ṣaḍ-grantha).
     makarākṣa maka-rākṣa (-ra-ak-), as, m. 'Makara-eyed', N. of a Rākṣasa (son of Khara).
     makarāṅka makarāṅka (-ra-aṅ-), as, m. 'having the Makara for a symbol or mark', epithet of the ocean; of the god of love.
     makarānana maka-rānana (-ra-ān-), as, m., N. of one of Śiva's attendants.
     makarālaya makarālaya (-ra-āl-), as, m. 'Makara-abode', epithet of the ocean; a symbolical expression for the number four.
     makarāvāsa makarāvāsa (-ra-āv-), as, m. 'Makara-abode', the ocean.
     makarāśva maka-rāśva (-ra-aś-), as, m. 'whose horse is the Makara', epithet of Varuṇa.
     makarīpattra makarī-pattra, am, n. or makarī-lekhā, f. the mark of a Makarī (on the face of Lakṣmī; cf. pattra-bhaṅga, pattra-lekhā).
     makarīprastha makarī-prastha, as, m., N. of a town.

makarāyaṇa makarāyaṇa, as, ī, am, relating to or coming from Makara.

makarin makarin, ī, m. 'full of Makaras', epithet of the ocean.

makaranda makaranda, as, m. the juice or nectar of flowers [cf. maranda], the honey of flowers; a species of jasmine; N. of various persons; of an astronomer; of a work (= kusumāñjali-ma-karanda or supadma-makaranda); the Indian cuckoo (= kokila); a bee; a species of fragrant Mango; (am), n. a filament (especially of the lotus-flower); N. of a pleasure-garden in Ujjayinī.
     makarandakaṇa makaranda-kaṇa, as, m. a drop or particle of flower-juice.
     makarandakaṇāya makarandakaṇāya, Nom. A. -yate, to be like drops or particles of flower-juice.
     makarandavat maka-randa-vat, ān, atī, at, rich in the juice of flowers; (atī), f. the flower of Bignonia Suaveolens.
     makarandavivṛti maka-randa-vivṛti, is, f., N. of a commentary by Citsukha Muni on the Nyāya-makaranda.
     makarandaśarman maka-randa-śarman, ā, m., N. of a preceptor.

makarandikā makarandikā, f. a kind of metre, four times [greek] N. of a daughter of a Vidyā-dhara.

makaṣṭu makaṣṭu, us, m., N. of a man.

makuāṇa makuāṇa, as, m., N. of a race of kings.

makuṭa makuṭa, am, n. = mukuṭa, a headdress, crown, tiara, crest.

makuti makuti, is, m. f. an edict or government order addressed to the Śūdras (= śūdra-śā-sana).

makura makura, as, m. (said to be fr. rt. maṅk, to adorn), a looking-glass, mirror; the stick or rod or handle of a potter's wheel; the tree Mimusops Elengi (= vakula); a bud; Arabian jasmine; [cf. mukura.]

makurāṇa makurāṇa, N. of a place.

makula makula, as, am, m. n. the tree Mimusops Elengi; a bud; [cf. mukula.]

makuṣṭa makuṣṭa or makuṣṭaka, as, m. = makuṣṭha below.

makuṣṭha makuṣṭha, as, ā, am, slow, going slowly, = manthara; (as), m. or makuṣṭhaka, as, m. a species of kidney-bean or of rice; [cf. mukuṣṭha, mapaṣṭa.]

makūlaka makūlaka, as, m. a species of medicinal plant (commonly called Danti, = mukū-laka).

makeruka makeruka, as, m. a kind of parasitical worm.

makk makk [cf. rt. mask], cl. 1. A. mak-kate, &c., to go, move.

makkalla makkalla, as, m. a dangerous abscess in the abdomen (peculiar to lying-in women).

makkula makkula, as, m. red chalk (= śilā-jatu), a mineral substance considered variously to be chalk or benzoin.

makkola makkola, as, m. chalk, &c.

makṣ makṣ [cf. rt. mrakṣ], cl. 1. P. makṣati, &c., to collect, heap, accumulate; to be angry.

makṣa makṣa, as, m. or ā, f. a fly (Ved.; cf. maśa, nīla-m-, madhu-m-); (as), m. hypocrisy, the concealing of one's own defects; wrath; multitude (see mrakṣa); [cf. Zend makhshi, 'a fly:' Gr. [greek] 'a fly;' [greek] Lat. mus-ca: Old Germ. muc-ca, 'a gnat:' Angl. Sax. micge = Eng. midge: Old Norse my: Slav. mucha = Lith. muse, 'a fly.']
     makṣavīrya makṣa-vīrya, as, m. the plant Buchanania Latifolia.

makṣika makṣika, as, ā, m. f. (said to be fr. rt. maś, Uṇādi-s. IV. 153; cf. maśaka), a fly, bee; [cf. nir-m-, dhenu-m-, madhu-m-.]
     makṣikāmala makṣikā-mala, am, n. 'excretion of bees', wax.

makṣīkā makṣīkā, f. = makṣikā above.

makṣu makṣu or makṣū, ind. (properly a form in loc. pl. fr. rt. maṃh; cf. maṅkṣu, maṃ-hanā), Ved. quickly, rapidly, soon, promptly, immediately, direcltly, (in Ṛg-veda VIII. 26, 6, a form makṣubhiḥ = śīghra-gamanaiḥ occurs); (us), m., N. of a man; [cf. Zend mashu, moshu; Lat. mox.]
     makṣuṅgama makṣuṅ-gama, as, ā, am, Ved. (according to Sāy.) = śīghraṃ gacchan, going quickly.
     makṣūtama makṣū-tama, as, ā, am, Ved. very prompt, most prompt or quick, (Sāy. = śīghratama.)

makṣūyu makṣūyu, us, us, u, Ved. quick, rapid, fleet, (Sāy. = śīghra-gantṛ.)

makh makh or maṅkh, cl. 1. P. makhati, maṅkhati, &c., to go, move.

makha makha, as, ā, am (in some of its senses probably fr. a rt. makh = 1. mah or maṃḥ, to worship), Ved. active, lively, sprightly, cheerful, free (said of the Maruts &c.; cf. a-dur-m-); adorable, having sacrifices, honoured with oblations (Sāy. = maṃha-nīya, mahanīya, yajña-vat); (as), m. a sacrifice, sacrifical oblation, feast, festival [cf. 1. maha], any occasion of joy or festivity; (Ved.) a gift, wealth [? cf. magha]; N. of a mythical being (supposed to be alluded to in Ṛg-veda IX. 101, 13, and in Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā XXXVII. 7, 57, and in Śatapatha-Brāhmaṇa XIV. 1, 2, 17, where mention is made of makhasya śiraḥ, the head of Makha, but in some of these passages makha is explained by yajña and may mean 'the victim'); [cf. Gr. [greek] [greek] (fr. an Intens.), [greek] Lat. macellum, mactare, mucro, maceria; Angl. Sax. mece; Old Norse moekir.]
     makhakriyā makha-kriyā, f. a sacrificial rite.
     makhatrātṛ makha-trātṛ, tā, m. 'protector of [Viśvāmitra's] sacrifice', an epithet of Rāmacandra (son of Daśa-ratha).
     makhadviṣ makha-dviṣ, ṭ, m. 'enemy of sacrifices', an evil being, demon, Rakshas, (according to Malli-nātha = kratu-vighātaka.)
     makhadveṣin makha-dveṣin, ī, m. 'enemy of [Daksha's] sacrifice', an epithet of Śiva.
     makhamaya makha-maya, as, ī, am, containing or representing a sacrifice.
     makhavat ma-kha-vat, ān, m. having or performing sacrifices, a sacrificer; 'companion of Makha', a word used in Śatapatha-Brāhmaṇa XIV. 1, 1, 13, to explain magha-vat, q. v.
     makhavahni makha-vahni, is, m. sacrificial fire.
     makhavedī makha-vedī, f. a sacrificial altar.
     makhasvāmin makha-svāmin, ī, m. 'lord of sacrifice', N. of a commentator on the Drāhyāyaṇa-sūtras; (also read magha-svāmin.)
     makhahan makha-han, ā, m., Ved. 'killer of Makha', an epithet of Agni; of Indra; of Rudra.
     makhāṃśabhāj makhāṃśa-bhāj (-kha-aṃ-), k, k, k, receiving a share of the sacrifice; (k), m. a god.
     makhāgni makhāgni (-kha-ag-), is, or makhānala (-kha-an-), as, m. sacrificial fire.
     makhānna makhānna (-kha-an-), am, n. 'sacrificial food', the seed of Euryola Ferox.
     makhāpeta ma-khāpeta (-kha-ap-), as, m., N. of a Rākṣasa.
     makhālaya makhālaya (-kha-āl-), as, m. a house or place for sacrifice.
     makhāsuhṛd makhāsuhṛd (-kha-as-), t, m. 'enemy of [Daksha's] sacrifice', an epithet of Śiva.

makhasya makhasya, Nom. P. A. makhasyati, -te, &c., Ved. to be cheerful or sprightly; to wish to sacrifice; to wish to grant riches; (Sāy.) to wish for wealth, wish for honour.

makhasyu makhasyu, us, us, u, cheerful, sprightly, merry, active, free; wishing to sacrifice; wishing for wealth, (Sāy. = yajñam icchu, dhana-kāma.)

makhya makhya, a wrong form for makha.

maga maga, as, m. a magian, a priest of the sun; (ās), m. pl., N. of a country in Śākadvīpa inhabited chiefly by Brāhmans.

magadha magadha, as, m. the country of the Magadhas, South Behār; a family bard or minstrel who sings the praises of a chief's ancestry in his presence; (ās), m. pl. the people or the country of South Behār [cf. māgadha]; (ā), f. the town of the Magadhas; long pepper.
     magadhadeśa magadha-deśa, as, m. the country of Magadha.
     magadhapurī magadha-purī, f. the city of Magadha.
     magadhapratiṣṭha magadha-pratiṣṭha, as, ā, am, dwelling in Magadha.
     magadhalipi magadha-lipi, is, f. the writing of Magadha.
     magadhavaṃśaja magadha-vaṃśa-ja, as, ā, am, sprung from the race of Magadha.
     magadheśvara ma-gadheśvara (-dha-iś-), as, m. a king of the Magadhas; N. of Paran-tapa (Raghu-v. VI. 20); of Jarāsandha (one of the nine adversaries of Kṛṣṇa).
     magadhodbhava magadhodbhava (-dha-ud-), as, ā, am, born in Magadha, growing in Magadha; (ā), f. long pepper.

magadhīya magadhīya, as, ā, am, relating to or coming from Magadha.

magadhya magadhya, Nom. P. magadhyati, &c., to surround; to serve, be a slave.

maganda maganda, as, m. = kusīdin, a usurer.

magala magala, as, m., N. of a man.

magava magava, (with Buddhists) a particular high number.

magasa magasa, ās, m. pl., N. of the warrior caste in Śāka-dvīpa.

magu magu = maga, q. v.

magundī magundī, f., Ved., N. of a mythical being whose daughters are mentioned in Atharvaveda II. 14, 2.

magha magna. See under rt. majj, p. 729, col. 2.

magha magha, am, n. (fr. rt. maṃh), a gift, donation, present, reward [cf. kratvā-m-, go-m-]; riches [cf. aśvā-m-, tuvī-m-]; wealth, power, (in all the preceding senses Ved.); a kind of flower; (as), m. a particular drug or medicine, (in this sense also ā, f.); N. of one of the Dvīpas or divisions of the universe; of a country (Arrakan); pleasure; N. of the tenth or fifteenth Nakshatra (containing five stars figured by a house, apparently [greek] Leonis; in this sense often maghāḥ, pl.; cf. nak-ṣatra; maghā, like the other Nakshatras, is sometimes regarded as a wife of the moon); N. of the wife of Śiva; (ā, ī), f. a species of grain.
     maghatti magha-tti, is, f. (fr. magha + datti; cf. bhaga-tti), Ved. the giving of wealth, distribution of treasures, the giving and receiving of presents; (Sāy. = dhana-dāna, dhana-lābha.)
     maghadeya magha-deya, am, n., Ved. the giving of presents.
     magharava magha-rava, as, m., N. of a Niṣāda.
     maghava magha-va, as, m. = magha-van, a N. of Indra.
     maghavat magha-vat, ān, atī, at, = magha-van below.
     maghavattva maghavat-tva, am, n., Ved. liberality, munificence.
     maghavan magha-van, vā, ghonī, at (acc. sing. du. pl. m. maghavānam maghavānau magho-nas, inst. maghonā maghavabhyām maghavabhis, dat. maghone, maghavabhyām, &c., see Gram. 155. c; the form magha-vat above may be optionally used throughout), possessing gifts, rich, wealthy, distributing gifts (often as an epithet of the person who institutes a sacrifice and pays the priests), liberal, munificent; (ān), m. an epithet of Indra (especially in the post-Vedic literature; cf. mahī-m-, māgha-vata, māghavana); epithet of the chariot of the Aśvins ('filled with treasures', Sāy. = dhana-vat); epithet of several gods; N. of a Vyāsa or arranger of the Purāṇas; of a Dānava; of the third Cakravartin in Bhārata; (vānā), m. du., Ved. epithet of the Aśvins, (Sāy. = havir-lakṣaṇānnavantau or dha-navantau); (onī), f. epithet of Ushas, (Sāy. = dhanavatī.)
     maghavannagara maghavan-nagara, am, n. 'Indra's city', N. of a town.
     maghavanmuktakuliśa maghavan-mukta-kuliśa, as, am, m. n. the thunderbolt hurled by Indra.
     maghasvāmin magha-svāmin, see makha-svāmin.
     maghātrayodaśī maghā-trayodaśī, f. the thirteenth day in the dark half of the month Bhādra.
     maghātrayodaśīśrāddha maghā-trayodaśī-śrāddha, am, n. a ceremony on the above-mentioned day.
     maghābhava maghā-bhava, as, m. or maghā-bhū, ūs, m. 'offspring of Maghā', the planet Venus.

maghnīprastha maghnī-prastha, as, m., N. of a town.

maṅk maṅk [cf. rt. vaṅk], cl. 1. A. maṅ-kate, mamaṅke, maṅkiṣyate, amaṅ-kiṣṭa, maṅkitum, to go, move; to adorn.

maṅku maṅku, us, us, u, Ved. shaking, vacillating, oscillating; (dur-maṅku, feeling no regret.)

maṅkaṇaka maṅkaṇaka, as, m., N. of a Ṛṣi; of a Yaksha (also read macakruka).

maṅki maṅki, is, m., N. of a man (mentioned in the Mahā-bh. Śānti-p. 6589).
     maṅkigīta maṅki-gīta, am, n. 'song of Maṅki', N. of the fifteenth chapter of the Pārtha Itihāsa-samuccaya, containing episodes from the Mahā-bhārata.

maṅkila maṅkila, as, m. a forest conflagration.

maṅkura maṅkura, as, m. = mukura, a mirror.

maṅktavya maṅktavya, maṅktṛ, maṅktvā. See p. 729, col. 2.

maṅkṣaṇa maṅkṣaṇa, am, n. armour for the legs or thighs, greaves; [cf. maṅkhuṇa, matkuṇa.]

maṅkṣu maṅkṣu, ind. (= makṣu, q. v.), immediately, directly, instantly, quickly; much, exceedingly; truly, really; (us), m., N. of a man [cf. makṣu, māṅkṣavya].

maṅkh maṅkh. See rt. makh, p. 727, col. 3.

maṅkha maṅkha, as, m. = magadha, a royal bard or panegyrist; a mendicant of a particular order; N. of a man.

maṅkhaka maṅkhaka, as, m., N. of a man (in Rāja-taraṅgiṇī VIII. 3455).

maṅkhanā maṅkhanā, f., N. of a woman (in Rāja-taraṅgiṇī VII. 105).

maṅkhuṇa maṅkhuṇa, am, n. = maṅkṣaṇa above.

maṅg maṅg [cf. rt. maṅk], cl. 1. P. A. maṅgati, &c., to go, move.

maṅga maṅga, as, am, m. n. the head of a boat; (as), m. a mast or side of a ship [cf. maṇḍa]; (ās), m. pl., N. of a country in Śāka-dvīpa inhabited chiefly by Brāhmans; [cf. maga and mṛga.]

maṅginī maṅginī, f. a boat, ship.

maṅgala maṅgala, am, n. (said to be fr. rt. maṅg, Uṇādi-s. V. 70), happiness, felicity, good fortune, good luck, success, auspiciousness, prosperity, welfare, well-being, bliss, (in these and some other similar senses said to be also as, m.); anything regarded as auspicious or tending to a lucky issue, a good omen, an auspicious prayer, blessing, benediction, salutation; any auspicious or lucky object (as a dress, ornament, amulet, preservative); any happy or auspicious event (as a marriage &c.); a festival, festivity, rejoicing, solemnity, any solemn ceremony or religious service (as a thread-investiture &c.; cf. kautuka-m-); any ancient custom; a good work; turmeric; N. of the capital of Udyāna; (as), m., N. of Agni; of the planet Mars; N. of a king belonging to the race of Manu; of a Buddha; of a poet; of a chief of the Cālukyas; (ā), f. a faithful wife; the white-flowering Dūrvā grass; the blue-flowering Dūrvā; a sort of Karañja; an epithet of Umā; of Dākṣyāyaṇī (as worshipped in Gayā); of the mother of the fifth Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇī, (according to Pāṇ. IV. 1, 41, maṅgala may also have a fem. form in ī); (as, ā, am), lucky, fortunate, prosperous, auspicious, propitious, faring well or happily; brave.
     maṅgalakaraṇa maṅgala-karaṇa, am, n. 'luck-causing, success-effecting', the act of reciting a prayer for success before the beginning of any enterprise.
     maṅgalakāraka maṅgala-kāraka, as, ikā, am, or maṅgala-kārin, ī, iṇī, i, causing welfare or prosperity.
     maṅgalakārya maṅgala-kārya, am, n. a festive occasion, solemnity (as a marriage &c.).
     maṅgalakuṭhāramiśra maṅgala-kuṭhāra-miśra, as, m., N. of a door-keeper in the Dhūrtanartaka by Sāma-rāja.
     maṅgalakṣauma maṅgala-kṣauma, am, n. a linen cloth worn at festivals.
     maṅgalagiri maṅgala-giri, is, m. 'mountain of fortune', N. of a mountain.
     maṅgalagirimāhātmya maṅgalagiri-māhātmya, am, n., N. of a work.
     maṅgalagraha maṅgala-graha, as, m. an auspicious planet; a lucky star.
     maṅgalaghaṭa maṅgala-ghaṭa, as, m. 'auspicious jar', a pot full of water offered to the gods on festivals; N. of an elephant (Kathā-sarit-s. LI. 160).
     maṅgalacaṇḍikā maṅgala-caṇḍikā or maṅgala-caṇḍī, f., N. of a goddess, = Durgā (?).
     maṅgalacchāya maṅgala-cchāya, as, m. the tree Ficus Infectoria (= plakṣa).
     maṅgalatūrya maṅgala-tūrya, am, n. a musical instrument used at festivals; [cf. maṅgalātodya.]
     maṅgaladevatā maṅgala-devatā, f. a tutelary deity; [cf. brahma-m-.]
     maṅgaladhvani maṅgala-dhvani, is, m. an auspicious sound.
     maṅgalapattra maṅgala-pattra, am, n. a leaf serving as an amulet.
     maṅgalapāṭhaka maṅgala-pāṭhaka, am, n. 'blessing-reciter', a professional well-wisher or panegyrist, a bard, encomiast.
     maṅgalapāṇi maṅgala-pāṇi, is, is, i, having auspicious hands.
     maṅgalapātra maṅgala-pātra, am, n. an auspicious vessel, a vessel containing auspicious objects.
     maṅgalapura maṅgala-pura, am, n. 'city of properity', N. of a town; [cf. maṅgala.]
     maṅgalapuṣpa maṅgala-puṣpa, am, n. an auspicious flower.
     maṅgalapuṣpamaya maṅgalapuṣpa-maya, as, ī, am, formed of auspicious flowers (as a garland).
     maṅgalapūjita maṅgala-pū-jita, as, ā, am, honoured with a sacrificial fee or offering.
     maṅgalapratisara maṅgala-pratisara, as, m. any auspicious string or cord [cf. maṅgala-sūtra], the cord of an amulet.
     maṅgalaprada maṅgala-prada, as, ā, am, bestowing welfare or prosperity, auspicious; (ā), f. turmeric.
     maṅgalaprastha maṅgala-prastha, as, m. 'auspiciouspeak', N. of a mountain.
     maṅgalamātrabhūṣaṇa maṅgala-mātra-bhū-ṣaṇa, as, ā, am, only adorned with turmeric or with the Maṅgala-sūtra, q. v.
     maṅgalavacas maṅgala-vacas, as, n. a benedictory or congratulatory word, auspicious expression, wishing joy, benediction, congratulation.
     maṅgalavat maṅgala-vat, ān, atī, at, auspicious, happy, blessed; (atī), f., N. of a daughter of Tumburu.
     maṅgalavāda maṅgala-vāda, as, m. benedication, wishing joy, benedictory expression; N. of a Nyāya work by Hari-rāma Tarka-vāg-īśa on the effect of benedictions.
     maṅgalavādin maṅgala-vādin, ī, inī, i, pronouncing a benediction, wishing joy, expressing congratulations, felicitating.
     maṅgalavādya maṅgala-vādya, am, n. a musical instrument played at festivals; [cf. maṅgalātodya.]
     maṅgalavāra maṅgala-vāra, as, m. 'Mars-day', Tuesday.
     maṅgalavidhi maṅgala-vidhi, is, m. any auspicious ceremony or festive rite; preparations for a festival.
     maṅgalavṛṣabha maṅ-gala-vṛṣabha, as, m. an auspicious ox or one promising good luck.
     maṅgalaśaṃsana maṅgala-śaṃsana, am, n. the act of wishing joy, uttering a benediction or congratulation.
     maṅgalaśabda maṅgala-śabda, as, m. an auspicious word, expression of congratulation, word of good omen, felicitation.
     maṅgalasāman maṅgala-sāman, a, n. an auspicious Sāman.
     maṅgalasūtra maṅgala-sūtra, am, n. the lucky thread, the marriage-string, (a string tied by the bridegroom round the neck of the bride and worn as long as the husband lives; in Upper India it is a string or piece of silk tied round the wrist and worn only during the marriage celebration).
     maṅgalasnāna maṅ-gala-snāna, am, n. an auspicious ablution, any solemn ablution.
     maṅgalākṣata maṅgalākṣata (-la-ak-), ās, m. pl. rice cast upon people by Brāhmans in bestowing a blessing at marriages &c.
     maṅgalāguru maṅgalāguru (-la-ag-), u, n. a species of Agallochum.
     maṅgalācaraṇa maṅga-lācaraṇa (-la-āc-), am, n. benediction, prayer for the success of anything, an auspicious introduction or form of words in praise of some deity &c. at the commencement of a written work or of any undertaking; pronouncing a blessing, wishing joy.
     maṅgalācāra maṅ-galācāra (-la-āc-), as, m. the repeating a prayer for success, wishing joy, pronouncing a blessing, benediction, any auspicious ceremony or observance, pious usage.
     maṅgalācārayukta maṅgalācāra-yukta, as, ā, am, accompanied with a prayer for success or with good wishes, attended with benedictions or auspicious ceremonies.
     maṅgalātodya maṅgalātodya (-la-āt-), am, n. a drum beaten on festive occasions [cf. maṅgala-tūrya].
     maṅgalādeśavṛtta maṅgalādeśa-vṛtta (-la-ād-), as, m. a fortuneteller, professional panegyrist or well-wisher.
     maṅgalāyana maṅ-galāyana (-la-ay-), am, n. an auspicious way, the way to happiness or prosperity; (as, ā, am), walking on the path of prosperity.
     maṅgalārambha maṅgalārambha (-la-ār-), as, ā, am, having auspicious commencements; (as), m. an epithet of Gaṇeśa.
     maṅgalārtham maṅgalārtham (-la-ar-), ind. for the sake of good fortune, for the sake of prosperity or happiness.
     maṅgalārha maṅgalārha (-la-ar-), as, ā, am, worthy of prosperity or happiness.
     maṅgalālambhana maṅgalālambhana (-la-āl-), am, n. touching anything auspicious.
     maṅgalālaya maṅgalālaya (-la-āl-), as, ā, am, dwelling in prosperity.
     maṅgalāvaṭa maṅgalā-vaṭa (-la-av- or -lā-va-), am, n., N. of a place of pilgrimage mentioned in the Kapila-saṃhitā.
     maṅgalāvāsa maṅgalāvāsa (-la-āv-), as, m. 'auspicious dwelling', a temple.
     maṅgalāvrata maṅgalā-vrata, am, n. 'the vow of Umā', N. of a chapter of the Kāśī-khaṇḍa of the Skanda-Purāṇa; (as), m. 'devoted to Umā', an epithet of Śiva.
     maṅgalāśāstra maṅgalā-śāstra, am, n. 'the book of Umā', N. of a work mentioned in the Paramārtha-sāra by Abhinava-gupta.
     maṅgalāṣṭaka maṅgalāṣ-ṭaka (-la-aṣ-), eight lines of benediction pronounced for good luck by a Brāhman on a newly-wedded pair while a piece of silk is held between them.
     maṅgalāhnika maṅgalāhnika (-la-ah-), am, n. an auspicious ceremony performed daily, any daily religious rite for success.
     maṅgalecchu maṅgalecchu (-la-ic-), us, us, u, wishing well, wishing joy, wishing prosperity or happiness.
     maṅgaleśvaratīrtha maṅgaleśvara-tīrtha (-la-īś-), am, n. 'Tīrtha of the lord of prosperity', N. of a sacred bathing-place mentioned in the Revāmāhātmya division of the Śiva-Purāṇa.
     maṅgalopepsā maṅga-lopepsā (-la-up-), f. the wish or desire for prosperity or happiness.

maṅgalika maṅgalika, N. of the hymns of the eighteenth Kāṇḍa of the Atharva-veda (?).

maṅgalīya maṅgalīya, as, ā, am, auspicious, fortunate, prosperous.

maṅgalya maṅgalya, as, ā, am, auspicious, propitious, fortunate, lucky, happy, conferring happiness, prosperous; beautiful, pleasing, agreeable; pious, pure, holy; (as), m., N. of several plants, a sort of pulse or lentil; the sacred fig-tree, Ficus Religiosa; Aegle Marmelos; = trāyamāṇā; the cocoa-nut tree, Feronia Elephantum; a species of Karañja (= rīṭhā-karañja); = jīvaka; N. of a Nāga-rāja; (ā), f., N. of several plants, a species of very fragrant sandal; a sort of Agallochum or aloe wood; Anethum Sowa, a sort of fennel; Mimosa Suma (= śamī); = adhaḥ-puṣpī; = priyaṅgu; = śaṅkha-puṣpī; = mā-ṣa-parṇī; = jīvantī, ṛddhi, haridrā; = dūrvā; sweet flag, Acorus Calamus; a particular yellow pigment (= rocanā); a particular perfume (= cīḍā); an epithet of Durgā; (am), n. water brought from various sacred places for the consecration of a king, &c.; sour curds; sandal-wood; a kind of Agallochum; gold; red lead.
     maṅgalyakusumā maṅgalya-kusumā, f. 'having auspicious blossoms', a species of plant (= śaṅkha-puṣpī).
     maṅgalyadaṇḍa maṅgalya-daṇḍa, as, m. 'having an auspicious staff', N. of a man.
     maṅgalyanāmadheyā maṅgalya-nāmadheyā, f. 'having an auspicious name', a species of plant (= jīvantī).
     maṅgalyavastu maṅgalya-vastu, u, n. any auspicious object or fortunate matter.

maṅgalyaka maṅgalyaka, as, m. a sort of pulse or lentil, Cicer Lens.

maṅguṣa maṅguṣa, as, m., N. of a man.

maṅgh maṅgh, cl. 1. P. maṅghati, &c., to adorn, decorate; A. maṅghate, &c., to go, move, move quickly; to begin moving, start; to begin; to blame; to cheat.

mac mac [cf. rts. mañc, 1. muc, muñc], cl. 1. A. macate, mece, macitum, to cheat; to be wicked; to boast; to be vain or proud; to pound, grind.

macakacātanī macakacātanī, f. a species of plant (said to be = paṭoli; also read mecakacā-tanī).

macakruka macakruka, as, m., N. of a Yaksha and of a sacred spot, guarded by him, near the entrance to Kurukshetra, (in Mahā-bh. Vana-p. 5079 one edition has maṅkaṇaka.)

macarcikā macarcikā, f. (at the end of a comp.), excellence, anything excellent or good of its kind (e. g. go-macarcikā, an excellent cow; cf. ma-tallikā).

maccitta mac-citta. See p. 734, col. 1.

maccha maccha, as, m. (corrupted fr. matsya), a fish.

maj maj. See nir-maj, p. 498, col. 3.

majamudāra majamudāra = [greek] maj-mū'-dār, a record-keeper, document-holder.

majiraka majiraka, as, m., N. of a man (Gaṇa Śivādi to Pāṇ. IV. 1, 112; cf. mājiraka).

majj majj (in the Dhātu-pāṭha written masj), cl. 6. P. (ep. also A.) majjati, (-te), mamajja (2nd sing. mamajjitha or ma-maṅktha), maṅkṣyati (ep. also majjiṣyati), amāṅkṣīt (ep. 2nd sing. amajjīs; with particle mā, majjīs), maṅktum or majjitum, to sink (in water), dive, bathe, be submerged or immersed; to dip one's self, plunge, bathe, throw one's self into water; to sink down, sink under, sink into (with loc. or acc., e. g. tamo majjati, he sinks into darkness, Manu IV. 81); to be drowned, perish in water, perish; to sink into misfortune, become ruined; to despond, be disheartened: Caus. majja-yati, -yitum, Aor. amamajjat, to cause to sink (in water), immerse, submerge, dip, bathe, cause to plunge or dive, drown, deluge, cause to perish, overwhelm: Desid. mimaṅkṣati, mimajjiṣati: Intens. māmajjyate, māmaṅkti; [cf. Lat. mergo: Lith. merkiu, 'macero;' mazgoju = Caus. majja-yāmi.]

magna magna, as, ā, am, plunged, dived, immersed; sunk, drowned; absorbed; (as), m., N. of a mountain.

maṅktavya maṅktavya, as, ā, am, to be dived or immersed.

maṅktṛ maṅktṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, one who dives or plunges, diving, plunging, bathing, performing ablutions; drowning.

maṅktvā maṅktvā or maktvā, ind. (Pāṇ. VI. 4, 32), having sunk or dived; having plunged; having immersed one's self; being plunged.

majja majja, as, ā, am, sinking, diving; [cf. uda-m-.]

majjat majjat, an, antī or atī, at, sinking, drowning, dipping, bathing.

majjan majjan, ā, m. (said to be fr. rt. majj above, according to some for an original marjan?), the marrow of the bones and flesh; the pith or sap of plants; (in the later medical system) the element or essential ingredient [cf. dhātu] of the body which is produced from the bones and itself produces semen; [cf. Old Germ. marag; Angl. Sax. mearg, merg.]
     majjakṛt majja-kṛt, t, n. 'producing marrow', a bone.
     majjanvat majjan-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. marrowy, (opposed to a-majjaka.)
     majjasamudbhava majja-samudbhava, am, n. 'produced from the marrow', semen virile.

majjana majjana, as, m. 'the diver', N. of a kind of supernatural being; N. of one of Śiva's attendants; (am), n. the act of sinking or sinking under water, diving, immersion; dipping, bathing, ablution; perishing in water, drowning; deluging; = majjan above.

majjayitṛ majjayitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, Ved. one who causes to sink or plunge.

majjala majjala, as, m., N. of one of Skanda's attendants, (also read majjāna; cf. majjana.)

majjas majjas, as, n. = majjan, marrow.

majjā majjā, f. the marrow of the bones or flesh [cf. nir-majja]; pith, sap, the sap of plants.
     majjāgata majjā-gata, as, ā, am, seated in the marrow (as a disease).
     majjāja majjā-ja, as, m. a species of bedellium (= bhūmija-guggulu).
     majjāmeha majjā-meha, as, m., N. of a particular disease of the urinary organs.
     majjārajas majjā-rajas, as, n. a particular hell; bdellium.
     majjārasa majjā-rasa, as, m. 'marrow-secretion', semen virile.
     majjāsāra majjā-sāra, am, n. nutmeg.

majjāna majjāna, as, m. = majjala, col. 2.

majjikā majjikā, f. the female of the Indian crane.

majjūka majjūka, as, ā, am, repeatedly or habitually diving (used in Nirukta IX. 5. to explain the word maṇḍūka).

majjūṣā majjūṣā, f. = mañjūṣā.

majmanā majmanā, ind. (inst. case of a form majman; cf. maṃhanā), Ved. in one mass, together, collectively, in one body, generally; with or by strength, by might, by intensity (Sāy. = balena, according to Naighaṇṭuka 11. 9. majmanā = bala); [cf. Lat. magmentum.]

mañc mañc, cl. 1. A. mañcate, &c., to cheat; to be wicked, &c. (= rts. mac, 1. muc, muñc); to hold; to grow high or tall; to adore; to shine; to go, move.

mañca mañca, as, m. a stage or platform supported by columns, a scaffold or temporary structure erected for spectators on festive occasions; an elevated shed raised on bamboos in a field (where a watchman is stationed to protect the crop from cattle, birds, &c.); a bedstead, couch, bed, sofa; a chair; a seat of state, throne; a pulpit.
     mañcamaṇḍapa mañca-maṇḍapa, as, m. a sort of temporary open shed standing upon bamboo posts; a platform erected for marriage ceremonies or other festive occasions.

mañcaka mañcaka, as, am, m. n. a stage, platform, temporary scaffold erected on a house; a couch, bed; any frame or stand; a kind of brazier or stand for holding fire; (ikā), f. = āsandī, a chair; a trough, tray.
     mañcakāśraya mañcakāśraya (-ka-āś-), as, m. 'bedinfesting', a bed-bug, house-bug.
     mañcakāsura mañcakāsura (-ka-as-), as, m., N. of an Asura.
     mañcakāsuradundubhivadha mañcakāsura-dundubhi-vadha, as, m., N. of a chapter of the Krīḍā-khaṇḍa of the Gaṇeśa-Purāṇa.

mañcayāyya mañcayāyya, as, m., N. of a brother of Cauṇḍapācārya.

mañcukā mañcukā in madana-mañcukā, q. v.

mañj mañj (connected with rts. mārj, mṛj), cl. 10. P. mañjayati, -yitum, to wipe, clean, cleanse, purify, wipe off; to sound.

mañjara mañjara, am, n. a cluster of blossoms; a species of plant (= tilaka); a pearl; [cf. deva-m-.]

mañjari mañjari, is, or mañjarī, f. a cluster of blossoms; a compound pedicle or flower-stalk, a branching flower-stalk; a flower-bud; a shoot, sprout, sprig, stalk, (often at the end of titles of works, cf. pra-dīpa-m-); N. of a work by Bhaṭṭācārya-cūḍāmaṇi (abbreviated fr. the full title Nyāya-siddhānta-mañjarī); a parallel line or row; a species of plant (= tilaka); N. of a metre, four times [metrical sequence]; of another consisting of four lines of 12, 8, 16, and 20 syllables; a pearl; a creeper; = tulasī, holy basil; [cf. Gr. [greek] Lat. margarita.]
     mañjarīcāmara mañjarī-cāmara, am, n. a fan-like sprout.
     mañjarīnamra mañjarī-namra, as, m. 'bent down with clusters of flowers', the plant Calamus Rotang.
     mañjarīpiñjarita mañjarī-piñjarita, as, ā, am, having pearls and gold.
     mañjarīprakāśa mañjarī-prakāśa or nyāya-siddhānta-mañjarī-prakāśa, as, m. a commentary by Bhāskara or Laugākṣi Bhāskara on the Nyāya-siddhānta-mañjarī (an elementary treatise on the Nyāya system).
     mañjarīsāra mañjarī-sāra or nyāya-sid-dhānta-mañjarī-sāra, am, n. a commentary by Yādava Vyāsa on the Nyāya-siddhānta-mañjarī.

mañjarikā mañjarikā, f. = mañjarī in kaṭu-m-, puṣpa-m-; N. of a princess.

mañjarita mañjarita, as, ā, am, having clusters of flowers or branching flower-stalks; mounted on a stalk (as a bud &c.).

mañjā mañjā, f. a cluster of blossoms, a branching flowerstalk; a creeper; = ajā, a she-goat.

mañji mañji, is, or mañjī, f. a cluster of blossoms, &c. [cf. aṅgāra-mañjī]; a creeper.
     mañjiphalā mañji-phalā, f. the plantain tree, Musa Sapientum.

mañjikā mañjikā, f. a harlot, courtezan.

mañjiman mañjiman, ā, m. (fr. mañju), beauty, loveliness, elegance.

mañjiṣṭha mañjiṣṭha, as, ā, am (probably superl. of mañju, according to Pāṇ. fr. mañji), bright red (as the Indian madder); (ā), f. Bengal or Indian madder, Rubia Mujista; [cf. māñjiṣṭha.]
     mañjiṣṭhābha mañ-jiṣṭhābha (-ṭha-ābh-), as, ā, am, having the colour of Indian madder.
     mañjiṣṭāmeha mañjiṣṭā-meha, as, m., N. of a disease in which the urine is of a light red colour.
     mañjiṣṭhāmehin mañjiṣṭhā-mehin, ī, inī, i, suffering from the above disease.
     mañjiṣṭhārāga mañjiṣṭhā-rāga, as, m. the colour or dye of the Indian madder; an attachment charming and durable as the colour of the Indian madder, permanent attachment.

mañjīra mañjīra, as, am, m. n. an ornament for the feet or toes, a ring, bangle, foot-oprnament, anklet; (am), n. a post round which the string of the churning-stick passes; a metre, four times [metrical sequence]; (ā), f., N. of a river.

mañjīraka mañjīraka, as, m. a proper N.; [cf. māñjīraka.]

mañjīla mañjīla, as, m. a village inhabited especially by washermen.

mañju mañju, us, us, u (perhaps corrupted fr. mano-jña, but said to be fr. rt. mañj), beautiful, lovely, charming, pleasing, agreeable, sweet.
     mañjukula mañju-kula, as, m. a proper N.
     mañjukeśin mañju-keśin, ī, m. 'beautifulhaired', an epithet of Kṛṣṇa or Viṣṇu.
     mañjugamana mañju-gamana, as, ā, am, going beautifully or with graceful movements; (ā), f. a goose; a flamingo.
     mañjugarta mañju-garta, a N. of Nepal.
     mañjugir mañju-gir, īr, īr, īr, having a charming voice, singing sweetly.
     mañjugīti mañju-gīti, is, f. a metre consisting of 29 + 30 syllables.
     mañjuguñja mañju-guñja, as, m. a charming murmur or humming.
     mañjughoṣa mañju-ghoṣa, as, ā, am, having a sweet voice or cry, uttering a sweet sound; (as), m. = mañju-śrī; N. of a deity worshipped by the Tāntrikas; (ā), f., N. of an Apsaras.
     mañjudeva mañju-deva and mañju-nātha, as, m. = mañju-śrī.
     mañjunāśī mañju-nāśī, f. a beautiful woman ('destroying or eclipsing other beautiful women?'); epithet of the wife of Indra; of Durgā; (perhaps for mañju-nārī.)
     mañjunetra mañju-netra, am, n. a beautiful eye; (as, ā, am), lovely-eyed.
     mañjupattana mañju-pattana, am, n., N. of a town built by Mañju-śrī.
     mañjupāṭhaka mañju-pāṭhaka, as, m. 'repeating beautifully', a parrot.
     mañjuprāṇa mañju-prāṇa, as, m. an epithet of Brahmā.
     mañjubhadra mañju-bhadra, as, m. = mañju-śrī.
     mañjubhāṣin mañju-bhāṣin, ī, iṇī, i, sweetly speaking; (iṇī), f. a particular metre.
     mañjumañjīra mañju-mañjīra, as, am, m. n. a beautiful footornament.
     mañjumatī mañju-matī, f., N. of a princess.
     mañjuvaktra mañju-vaktra, as, ā, am, beautiful faced, lovely, handsome.
     mañjuvāc mañju-vāc, k, k, k, speaking beautifully (as a parrot).
     mañjuvādin mañju-vādin, ī, inī, i, speaking delightfully; (inī), f. a kind of metre, four times [metrical sequence]; N. of a woman.
     mañjuśrī mañju-śrī, īs, m., N. of one of the most celebrated Bodhi-sattvas among the northern Buddhists.
     mañjuśrīparipṛcchā mañjuśrī-paripṛcchā, f., N. of a Buddhist work.
     mañjuśrīparvata mañjuśrī-parvata, as, m., N. of a mountain.
     mañjuśrīmūlatantra mañjuśrī-mūla-tantra, am, n., N. of a Buddhist work.
     mañjuśrīvikrīḍita mañjuśrī-vikrīḍita, am, n., N. of a Buddhist work.
     mañjusaurabha mañju-saurabha, am, n. a kind of metre, two lines of [metrical sequence].
     mañjusvana mañju-svana, as, ā, am, sweetsounding.
     mañjusvara mañju-svara, as, m. = mañju-śrī; (as, ā, am), sounding or buzzing sweetly (as bees).

mañjula mañjula, as, ā, am, beautiful, pleasing, agreeable, charming, lovely, sweet, soft, melodious; (as), m. a species of water-hen or gallinule (= dātyūha, jala-raṅka, jala-raṅku); (ā), f., N. of a river; (am), n. a bower, arbour (= kuñja); a spring, well, natural water-course or channel (= jalāñcala); the fruit of Ficus Oppositifolia, Vallisneria Octandra; variegated or the state of being variegated (= śa-vala or śaivala?).

mañjulikā mañjulikā, f., N. of a woman.

mañjūṣā mañjūṣā, f. (sometimes written mañjuṣā; according to Uṇādi-s. IV. 77, fr. rt. majj), a box, chest, case (for a bow &c.); receptacle, (sometimes at the end of titles of works, cf. dhātu-nyāya-m-); a basket, large basket, hamper; N. of a work by Nāgeśa (abridged from the full title Vaiyākaraṇa-siddhānta-mañjūṣā); N. of a commentary on a work called Jagadīśa-toṣiṇī; = mañ-jiṣṭhā, Bengal madder; a stone.
     mañjūṣākuñcikā mañjūṣā-kuñcikā, f. 'key to the Mañjūṣā', N. of a commentary by Kṛṣṇa-mitra on Nāgeśa's Mañjūṣā.

mañjūṣaka mañjūṣaka, as, m., N. of a species of celestial flower; [cf. mahā-m-.]

maṭaka maṭaka (formed fr. mṛtaka), a dead body, corpse.

maṭacī maṭacī, f. (probably) = maṭatī, hail.

maṭatī maṭatī, f. hail.

maṭasphaṭi maṭasphaṭi, is, m. incipient arrogance or pride (= darpārambha).

maṭāmaṭāya maṭāmaṭāya (an onomatopoetic verb), maṭāmaṭāyati, &c., to make the sound Maṭā-maṭā; [cf. paṭa-paṭā.]

maṭutacaṇḍī maṭuta-caṇḍī, f., N. of a Rākṣasī.

maṭṭaka maṭṭaka, as, m. = maḍaka, Eleusine Coracana; (am), n. the ridge or top of a roof.

maṭmaṭa maṭmaṭa, as, m., Ved. a species of demon or evil spirit.

maṭh maṭh [cf. rt. maṇṭh], cl. 1. P. ma-ṭhati, &c., to dwell, inhabit; to grind; to go.

maṭha maṭha, as, am, m. n. (probably connected with the preceding rt.), a hut, cottage, especially the retired hut of an ascetic, a building inhabited by a devotee and his disciples, a small retired room occupied by a pupil, a pupil's cell; a cloister, convent, monastery, a school, college (especially for young Brāhmans prosecuting sacred studies); a temple; a carriage or cart drawn by oxen; (ī), f. a cell; a cloister.
     maṭhakeśavadhāriṇī maṭha-keśava-dhāriṇī, f. epithet of Nandā the founder of the college of Keśava (Rājatar. V. 244).
     maṭhasthiti maṭha-sthiti, is, is, i, staying or residing in a college of priests.
     maṭhādhidpati maṭhādhidpati (-ṭha-adh-), is, or maṭhādhyakṣa (-ṭha-adh-), as, m. the superintendent of a monastery, principal of a college, &c.
     maṭhāyatana maṭhāyatana (-ṭha-ay-), am, n. a monastery, convent, college.

maṭhikā maṭhikā, f. a hut, cottage; a cell.

maṭhara maṭhara, as, ā, am (said to be fr. rt. man, and included in the Gaṇa Kaḍārādi, see Pāṇ. II. 2, 38), intoxicated; (perhaps) persisting in anything (with loc.); (as), m., N. of a man, (according to some) of a Muni; [cf. māṭhara.]

maṭhośīloṭhikā maṭhośīloṭhikā, f. (probably) N. of a woman.

maḍaka maḍaka, as, m. Eleusine Coracana [cf. maṭṭaka]; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people.

maḍava maḍava or maḍava-rājya, am, n., N. of a district in Kāśmīra.

maḍḍacandra maḍḍa-candra, as, m., N. of a man (mentioned in Rāja-taraṅgiṇī VIII. 3416).

maḍḍu maḍḍu, us, or maḍḍuka, as, m. a sort of drum; [cf. māḍḍuka.]

maṇ maṇ, cl. 1. P. maṇati, mamāṇa, &c., to sound, murmur.

maṇi maṇi, is, m. f. (usually m., said to be fr. rt. maṇ, Uṇādi-s. IV. 117; a form maṇī, f., is also given), a jewel, gem, precious stone (especially a pearl, bead, or other globular ornament); an ornament or amulet in general; anything excellent of its kind (e. g. khaga-maṇi, a jewel of a bird); a crystal [cf. kāca-m-]; a magnet, loadstone; glans penis; clitoris; the fleshy excrescences or processes on the neck of a goat; = maṇi-bhandha, the wrist; a water-pot (= aliñjara); N. of a Nāga; N. of a companion of Skanda (associated with Su-maṇi in Mahā-bh. Śalyap. 2534); N. of a sage (in Mahā-bh. Sabhā-p. 442); of a son of Yuyudhāna (in Hari-vaṃśa 9207; also read tūṇi); of a work (abridged from the full title of Tattva-cintāmaṇi, q. v.); of a collection of magical formulas; [cf. Gr. [greek] Lat. monile.]
     maṇikaṇṭha maṇi-kaṇṭha, as, m. the blue jay or roller bird; N. of a Nāga.
     maṇikaṇṭhaka maṇikaṇṭhaka, as, m. a cock.
     maṇikarṇa maṇi-karṇa, as, ā or ī, am, 'jewel-eared', having an ornament of any kind (as a mark) on the ear; (as), m., N. of a Śiva-liṅga in Kāma-rūpa; (ī), f. = maṇi-karaṇikā below.
     maṇikaraṇikā maṇi-karaṇikā, f., N. of a sacred pool or tank in Benares much frequented by pilgrims, (also written maṇi-karṇikī); of a daughter of Caṇḍa-ghosha.
     maṇikarṇikāmahiman maṇikarṇikā-mahiman, ā, m. and maṇikarṇikā-stotra, am, n., N. of two works by Gaṅgā-dhara.
     maṇikarṇikāmāhātmya maṇikarṇikā-māhātmya, am, n., N. of the twenty-second chapter of the Uttara-khaṇḍa of the Śiva-Purāṇa.
     maṇikarṇīśvara maṇi-karṇīśvara (-ṇī-īś-), as, m., N. of a Śiva-liṅga at Benares.
     maṇikarṇeśvara maṇikarṇeśvara (-ṇa-īś-), as, m., N. of a Śiva-liṅga in Kāma-rūpa.
     maṇikāca maṇi-kāca, as, m. the feathered part of an arrow.
     maṇikāñcana maṇi-kāñcana, as, m., N. of a mountain (mentioned in Mahā-bhārata Bhīṣma-p. 426).
     maṇikānana maṇi-kānana, am, n. a wood or grove containing jewels; the neck, throat (as covered with jewels).
     maṇikāra maṇi-kāra, as, m. a worker in precious stones, lapidary, jeweller; N. of the author of the work called Maṇi; of the author of the Nyāya-cintāmaṇi.
     maṇikuṭṭikā maṇi-kuṭṭikā, f. [cf. kuṭṭaka], N. of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda.
     maṇikusuma maṇi-kusuma, as, m., N. of a Jina.
     maṇikūṭa maṇi-kūṭa, as, m., N. of a mountain in Kāmarūpa.
     maṇikṛt maṇi-kṛt, t, m. = maṇi-kāra.
     maṇiketu maṇi-ketu, us, m., N. of a particular comet or meteor.
     maṇigaṇa maṇi-gaṇa, as, m. a multitude of pearls.
     maṇiguṇanikara maṇi-guṇa-nikara, as,  m. 'a multitude of strings of pearls', a species of the Ati-śakkarī metre, four times [greek]
     maṇigrīva maṇi-grīva, as, ā, am, 'jewel-necked', wearing a necklace; (as), m., N. of a son of Kuvera.
     maṇicūḍa maṇi-cūḍa, as, m., N. of a Vidyā-dhara; of a king of Sāketa-nagara (= ratna-cūḍa); of a Nāga.
     maṇicchidrā maṇi-cchidrā, f. 'jewelholed', N. of two medicinal herbs; = medā.
     maṇijalā maṇi-jalā, 'having jewel-like water', N. of a river.
     maṇitāraka maṇi-tāraka, as, m. 'jewel-eyed' [cf. tāraka]; the Indian crane.
     maṇidaṇḍa maṇi-daṇḍa, as, ā, am, 'jewelhandled', having a handle adorned with jewels.
     maṇidatta ma-ṇi-datta, as, m., N. of a man.
     maṇidara maṇi-dara, as, m., N. of a chief of the Yakshas.
     maṇidarpaṇa maṇi-darpaṇa, as, m. a mirror adorned with jewels or consisting of jewels; N. of a work on music.
     maṇidīdhiti maṇi-dīdhiti, is, f., N. of a work (abridged from the full title of Anumāna-maṇidīdhiti).
     maṇidīdhitigūḍhārthaprakāśikā maṇidīdhiti-gūḍhār-tha-prakāśikā, f., N. of a commentary by Bhavānanda Siddhānta-vāg-īśa on the Maṇi-dīdhiti (said to be an epitome of the Dīdhiti).
     maṇidīpa maṇi-dīpa or maṇi-dīpika, as, m. 'jewel-lamp', a lamp having jewels.
     maṇidoṣa maṇi-doṣa, as, m. a flaw or defect in a jewel.
     maṇidvīpa maṇi-dvīpa, as, m. 'jewel-island', N. of a mythical island in the ocean of nectar; the hood of the serpent Ananta.
     maṇidhanu maṇi-dhanu, us, m. 'jewelbow', a rain-bow; N. of a king, (also read maṇi-dhāna or maṇi-dhāṇya.)
     maṇidhanus maṇi-dhanus, us, n. 'jewel-bow', a rain-bow.
     maṇidhara maṇi-dhara, as, ā, am, having or wearing jewels or beads.
     maṇidhāna maṇi-dhāna, see maṇi-dhanu above.
     maṇināga maṇi-nāga, as, m., N. of a snake-demon; N. of a sacred bathingplace.
     maṇiniryātana maṇi-niryātana, am, n. the restitution of a jewel.
     maṇipadma maṇi-padma, as, m., N. of a Bodhisattva.
     maṇiparvata maṇi-parvata, as, m. 'jewel-mountain', N. of a mythical mountain.
     maṇipālī maṇi-pālī, f. 'jewelkeeper', a woman who has charge of pearls &c., a female keeper of jewels.
     maṇipucchī maṇi-pucchī, f. 'jeweltailed', having jewels &c. on the tail; [cf. maṇi-bāla.]
     maṇipura maṇi-pura, am, n. = maṇi-pūra.
     maṇipuṣpaka maṇi-puṣpaka, as, m., N. of the conch-shell of Sahadeva (Bhagavad-gītā 1. 16).
     maṇipuṣpeśvara maṇi-puṣpeśvara (-pa-īś-), as, m., N. of one of Śiva's attendants.
     maṇipūra maṇi-pūra, am, n., N. of a town in Kaliṅga (situated on the sea-shore and the residence of Babhru-vāhana); the pit of the stomach or a mystical circle on the navel; (as), m. the navel; a sort of bodice (worn by women and richly adorned with jewels).
     maṇipūraka maṇipūraka, am, n., N. of a mystical circle on the navel.
     maṇipūrapati maṇipūra-pati, is, m., N. of king Babhru-vāhana.
     maṇipūravibhedana maṇipūra-vibhedana, am, n., N. of a jewel.
     maṇipūreśvara maṇipūreśvara (-ra-īś-), as, m. = maṇipūra-pati; (also written maṇipu-reśvara.)
     maṇipradāna maṇi-pradāna, am, n., N. of the thirty-fourth chapter of the Sundara-kāṇḍa of the Rāmāyaṇa.
     maṇipradīpa maṇi-pradīpa, as, m. = maṇi-dīpa.
     maṇiprabhā maṇi-prabhā, f. 'jewel-splendor', N. of a particular metre, the first line of which is [metrical sequence] and the second, third, and fourth [metrical sequence]; of a lake.
     maṇipraveka maṇi-praveka, a most excellent jewel; [cf. praveka.]
     maṇibandha maṇi-bandha, as, m. the fastening or putting on of jewels; the wrist (as the place on which jewels are fastened); a kind of metre, four times [metrical sequence] [cf. maṇi-madhya]; N. of a mixed race.
     maṇibandhana maṇi-bandhana, am, n. the fastening on of jewels, a string of pearls, an ornament of pearls; the part of a ring or bracelet where the jewels are set; the wrist or fore-arm from the wrist to the elbow.
     maṇibāla maṇi-bāla, as, ā, am, 'jewel-tailed' or having jewel-like lumps on the tail, (according to Mahī-dhara on Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā XXIV. 3 = maṇi-śuddha-bāla or maṇi-varṇa-keśa.)
     maṇibīja maṇi-bīja, as, m. 'having jewel-like or pearl-like seeds', the pomegranate tree.
     maṇibhadra maṇi-bhadra, as, m., N. of a king of the Yakshas (the tutelary deity of travellers and merchants, probably another name for Kuvera); of a Jina or Jaina teacher (= pūrva-yakṣa); of a brother of Kuvera; of a Śreṣṭhin; [cf. māṇi-bhadra.]
     maṇibhadraka maṇibhadraka, ās, m. pl., N. of a race (in Mahā-bh. Bhīṣma-p. 2099; also read pāri-bhadraka); of a serpent-demon.
     maṇibhava maṇi-bhava, as, m., N. of one of the five Dhyāni-Buddhas.
     maṇibhitti maṇi-bhitti, is, f. 'jewel-walled', N. of the palace of the serpent-demon Śeṣa.
     maṇibhū maṇi-bhū, ūs, f. a floor inlaid with jewels.
     maṇibhūmi maṇi-bhūmi, is, f. a floor inlaid with precious stones; a mine of jewels; [cf. kuṭṭima.]
     maṇibhūmikā maṇi-bhūmikā, f. a floor inlaid with jewels; (according to a Scholiast maṇibhūmikā-karman = kṛtrima-putrikā-nirmāṇa.)
     maṇimañjarī maṇi-mañjarī, f. rows of jewels or pearls; a species of the Ati-dhṛti metre, four times [metrical sequence].
     maṇimaṇḍapa maṇi-maṇḍapa, as, m. 'jewelpalace, crystal-palace', N. of the residence of Śeṣa and of Nairṛta, the ruler of the south-west quarter.
     maṇimaṇḍita maṇi-maṇḍita, as, ā, am, set or studded with jewels or pearls.
     maṇimat maṇi-mat, ān, atī, at, possessing or adorned with jewels, jewelled; (ān), m. the sun; N. of a Yaksha; of a servant of Śiva; of a Rakshas; of a Nāga; of a king (who was Vṛtra in a former birth); of a mountain; of a place of pilgrimage; (atī), f., N. of a town of the Daityas; of a river.
     maṇimadhya maṇi-madhya, am, n., N. of a metre, four times [metrical sequence].
     maṇimantha maṇi-mantha, as, m., N. of a mountain; (am), n. = māṇimantha, rocksalt.
     maṇimaya maṇi-maya, as, ī, am, formed or consisting of jewels, set or studded with gems, jewelled.
     maṇimayabhū ma-ṇimaya-bhū, ūs, f. a floor made of gems, a jewelled floor; (uvas), f. pl. jewelled floors.
     maṇimaheśa maṇi-maheśa, as, m., N. of a place of pilgrimage mentioned in Raghu-nātha's Rasika-ramaṇa.
     maṇimālā maṇi-mālā, f. a string of jewels or pearls, necklace of precious stones; a circular impression left by a bite (especially in amorous dalliance); lustre, splendor, beauty; epithet of Lakṣmī; a kind of metre, four times [metrical sequence].
     maṇimiśra maṇi-miśra, as, m., N. of the author of the Nyāya-ratna.
     maṇimuktā maṇi-muktā, f., N. of a river.
     maṇimekhala maṇi-mekhala, as, ā, am, girdled with gems, surrounded by jewels.
     maṇimegha maṇi-megha, as, m., N. of a mountain.
     maṇiyaṣṭi maṇi-yaṣṭi, is, m. f. a jewelled staff or stick.
     maṇirata maṇi-rata, as, m., N. of a Buddhist teacher; (perhaps for maṇi-ratha or mano-ratha.)
     maṇiratna maṇi-ratna, am, n. a jewel, gem, precious stone.
     maṇiratnamaya maṇiratna-maya, as, ī, am, formed or consisting of jewels, jewelled.
     maṇiratnamālā maṇi-ratna-mālā, f. 'garland of jewels', N. of a philosophical treatise ascribed to Śaṅkarācārya.
     maṇiratnavat maṇi-ratna-vat, ān, atī, at, containing jewels, jewelled.
     maṇiratha maṇi-ratha, see maṇi-rata.
     maṇirāga maṇi-rāga, as, ā, am, 'jewel-coloured', having the colour of a jewel; (as), m. 'jewel-colour', the colour of jewels; a kind of metre, four times [metrical sequence]; (am), n. vermilion (= hiṅgula).
     maṇirāja maṇi-rāja, as, m. 'jewel-king, jewel-chief', (probably) a diamond [cf. maṇīndra].
     maṇirāma maṇi-rāma, as, m., N. of an author; of a commentator who lived in the beginning of this century.
     maṇiliṅgeśvara maṇi-liṅgeśvara (-ga-īś-), as, m., N. of one of the eight Vīta-rāgas.
     maṇivarman maṇi-varman, ā, m., N. of a merchant.
     maṇivāla maṇi-vāla, see maṇi-bāla.
     maṇivāhana maṇi-vāhana, as, m. 'jewelbearer', an epithet of Kuśāmba (in Mahā-bh. Ādi-p. 2363).
     maṇiviśeṣa maṇi-viśeṣa, as, m. a kind of jewel; an excellent jewel.
     maṇivīja maṇi-vīja, am, n. a pomegranate.
     maṇiśaṅkhaśarkara maṇi-śaṅkha-śarkara, as, ā, am, having jewellike shells and gravel.
     maṇiśara maṇi-śara = maṇi-sara.
     maṇiśilā maṇi-śilā, f. a jewelled slab.
     maṇiśṛṅga maṇi-śṛṅga, as, m. (probably) N. of the sun.
     maṇiśaila maṇi-śaila, as, m. 'jewel-mountain', N. of a mountain.
     maṇiśyāma maṇi-śyāma, as, ā, am, dark-blue like a jewel, i. e. like a sapphire; (according to a Scholiast maṇi = indra-nīla.)
     maṇisara maṇi-sara, as, m. a string of pearls, an ornament of pearls, a necklace, (wrongly written maṇi-śara.)
     maṇisāra maṇi-sāra, N. of a work.
     maṇisūtra maṇi-sūtra, am, n. a string of pearls.
     maṇisopāna maṇi-sopāna, am, n. steps or stairs set with jewels, a jewelled staircase; a staff or stick set with jewels (?).
     maṇiskandha maṇi-skandha, as, m., N. of a snake-demon.
     maṇistambha maṇi-stambha, as, m. a post or column set with jewels, a jewelled post or pillar.
     maṇisraj maṇi-sraj, k, f. a garland of jewels.
     maṇiharmya maṇi-harmya, am, n. a jewelled palace, crystal-palace; N. of a particular palace.
     maṇīndra maṇīndra (-ṇi-in-), as, m. 'jewel-chief', (probably) a diamond [cf. maṇi-rāja].
     maṇīśvaratīrtha maṇīśvara-tīrtha (-ṇi-īś-), am, n., N. of a sacred bathing-place.
     maṇyāloka maṇy-āloka, N. of a commentary by Jaya-deva Tarkālaṅkāra on part of the Tattva-cintāmaṇī, (also called āloka.)
     maṇyālokakaṇṭakoddhāra maṇyāloka-kaṇṭakoddhāra (-ka-ud-), as, m. 'removing thorns from the Maṇy-āloka', N. of a commentary on the Maṇy-āloka.

maṇika maṇika, as, m. a jewel, gem, precious stone; (as, am), m. n. a water-jar or pitcher; (according to Sāy.) globular formations of flesh on an animal's shoulder; [cf. māṇikya.]

maṇita maṇita, am, n. a murmuring sound, an inarticulate sound said to be uttered at cohabitation, murmur libidinosum.

maṇila maṇila, as, ā, am, Ved. having fleshy excrescences (as on the dew-lap &c.).

maṇiva maṇiva, as, ā, am, in a-maṇiva, (perhaps) 'having no jewels' (opposed to su-maṇi, q. v.); (as), m., N. of a serpent-demon.

maṇīcaka maṇīcaka, as, m. a king-fisher, halcyon; (am), n. a particular jewel, the moon-stone (probably a sort of crystal; cf. candra-kānta).

maṇīya maṇīya, Nom. A. maṇīyate, &c., to become a jewel.

maṇīvaka maṇīvaka, am, n. a flower.

maṇa maṇa (fr. Arabic [arabic] a particular measure of grain by weight = 40 ser, mentioned by Hindū writers as used by the Turushkas or Muhammadans, a 'maund.'

maṇaū maṇaū (fr. Arabic [arabic]), N. of the seventh Yoga (in astronomy).

maṇi maṇi. See p. 730, col. 2.

maṇittha maṇittha, as, m., N. of an astronomer.

maṇṭapī maṇṭapī, f. a species of pot-herb (= kṣudropodakī).

maṇṭi maṇṭi, is, m., N. of a man; (probably wrongly for māṇṭi.)

maṇṭh maṇṭh, cl. 1. A. maṇṭhate, &c., to desire eagerly, long for; to remember with regret, to meditate sorrowfully, grieve for.

maṇṭha maṇṭha, as, m. a sort of baked sweetmeat.

maṇṭhaka maṇṭhaka, a particular musical air; [cf. prati-m-, maṇḍaka.]

maṇḍ maṇḍ (connected with rts. 2. mad, mand), cl. 1. P. maṇḍati, mamaṇḍa, maṇḍitum, to adorn one's self; cl. 1. A. maṇḍate, &c., to clothe, dress; to surround, encompass; to divide, distribute; cl. 10. P. (ep. also A.) maṇḍa-yati (-te), -yitum, to adorn; to rejoice, exhilarate; [cf. Lat. mund-u-s, mund-are.]

maṇḍa maṇḍa, as, am, m. n. (in Uṇādi-s. 1. 113. said to be fr. rt. man), that part of any fluid which rises and collects on the surface in the process of fermentation or while boiling; the scum or thick oily matter which forms on the surface of any liquor or liquid; the thick part of milk, cream, (dadhi-ja maṇḍa,) sour cream; cf. dadhi-m-); the spirituous part of wine, &c.; the scum of boileld rice (or any grain); skimmings, scum, foam or forth in general; barm, ferment; gruel; the best part of anything, essence, pith (= sāra); the head; (as), m. ornament, decoration; the castor-oil tree, Ricinus Communis [cf. amaṇḍa]; a particular species of potherb; a frog [cf. maṇḍūka]; (ā), f. the emblic myrobalan tree (= āmalakī); spirituous or vinous liquor, brandy; (am), n. (Ved.) an oar (? connected with maṅga).
     maṇḍakaraṇa maṇḍa-karaṇa, as, m., N. of a man; [cf. māṇḍakarṇi.]
     maṇḍacitra maṇḍa-citra, as, m., N. of a man; (ās), m. pl. the family of Maṇḍacitra.
     maṇḍapa maṇḍa-pa, as, ā, am, drinking the scum of boiled rice or of any liquor, sipping cream, &c.; (as, am), m. n. an open hall or temporary shed erected on festive occasions, (in this sense probably fr. maṇḍa, an ornament, + 3. ); a temple or building consecrated to a deity; a pavilion, shed, tent; an arbour, bower; (as), m., N. of a man; (ā), f. a sort of pulse or leguminous plant (= niṣpāvī).
     maṇḍapakṣetra maṇḍapa-kṣe-tra, am, n., N. of a particular sacred district.
     maṇḍapapratiṣṭhā maṇ-ḍapa-pratiṣṭhā, f. the consecration of a temple.
     maṇḍamaya maṇḍa-maya, as, ī, am, made of cream or from the scum of any liquid.
     maṇḍahāraka maṇḍa-hāraka, as, m. a distiller of spirits, &c.
     maṇḍodaka maṇḍodaka (-ḍa-ud-), am, n. barm, yeast; the decorating of walls, floors, &c. on festive occasions; = citta-rāga, mental excitement; (according to some) = citra-rāga, variegated colour.

maṇḍaka maṇḍaka, as, ikā, am, a sort of thick gruel made of rice &c., (at the end of a comp., e. g. priya-maṇḍaka, fond of this dish); (as), m. a sort of pastry or baked flour; a particular musical air [cf. maṇṭhaka]; (ās), m. pl., N. of a people, (also read mandaka; cf. maṇḍika.)

maṇḍana maṇḍana, as, ā, am, adorning, dressing out, decorating; fond of ornament; (as), m., N. of a man, = maṇḍana-miśra below; (am), n. the act of adorning or decorating, bedecking one's self, decoration, jewels, trinkets, (maṇḍanaṃ kurute, she adorns herself); ornament, embellishment; N. of a work.
     maṇḍanakavi maṇḍana-kavi, is, m., N. of a Pandit.
     maṇḍanamiśra maṇḍana-miśra, as, m., N. of a philosopher (also called Sureśvarācārya and Viśva-rūpācārya).
     maṇḍanārha maṇḍanārha (-na-ar-), as, ā, am, worthy of ornaments.

maṇḍanaka maṇḍanaka in mukha-m-, q. v.

maṇḍapika maṇḍapika, as, m. or maṇḍapikā, f. (fr. maṇḍa-pa above), a little pavilion; a small shed, shop.

maṇḍayanta maṇḍayanta, as, m. an ornament; an actor; an assembly of women; food; (ī), f. a woman.

maṇḍika maṇḍika, ās, m. pl., N. of a people; (also read śuṇḍika.)

maṇḍita maṇḍita, as, ā, am, adorned, ornamented, decorated; (as), m. (with Jainas) N. of one of the eleven Gaṇādhipas; a Vāsiṣṭha.
     maṇḍitaputra maṇḍita-pu-tra, as, m. = maṇḍita, N. of one of the eleven Gaṇādhipas.

maṇḍapa maṇḍa-pa. See under maṇḍa, p. 731, col. 3.

maṇḍapūla maṇḍapūla, boots with legs, high boots, jack-boots.

maṇḍarī maṇḍarī, f. a sort of cricket; [cf. māṇḍarika.]

maṇḍala maṇḍala, as, ā, am (said to be fr. rt. maṇḍ), round; (as), m. a circular array of troops, an army drawn up in a circle; a species of snake; a dog; (am), n. a disk (especially the disk of the sun or moon); anything round (e. g. ādarśa-maṇḍa-lam, a mirror; cāpa-maṇḍalam, the circular bend of a strung bow); a circle, globe, ball, orb, wheel, circumference, ring, (said to be also as, m.); the path or orbit of a heavenly body; a great circle (in astronomy); the visible horizon; a halo round the sun or moon; any circular figure or diagram; a sort of mystical diagram formed in summoning a divinity, &c.; a circular bandage (in surgery); a round mark (as a mark caused by a finger-nail, &c.); a particular attitude or position of the feet in shooting; a district, arrondissement, territory, province (sometimes at the end of modern names as in Coro-mandal, the whole circle of territory over which one of the twelve emperors termed Cakra-vartins was supposed to have reigned in ancient times); a surrounding district or territory, the circle of a king's near and distant neighbours (with whom he must maintain political and diplomatic relations; four or six or ten or even twelve such neighbouring princes are enumerated); a multitude, assemblage, group, troop, collection, band, whole body, association, society, company, heap; a division of the Ṛg-veda, (the whole Saṃhitā of the Śākala school, which is the only extant Śākhā or recension of the Ṛg-veda, is divided into ten Maṇḍalas, and these into 85 Anuvākas or sections, and these again into 1017, or with the eleven additional hymns, into 1028 Sūktas or hymns, which again are divided into 10, 417 Ṛcs or verses, and these into 153, 826 Padas or words; the other method of division is into Aṣṭakas, Adhyāyas, Vargas, Ṛcs, and Padas; cf. varga); a sort of cutaneous eruption or leprosy with circular spots, (in this sense also n. pl.); a sugar-ball, sweetmeat; a sort of perfume (= vyāghra-nakha); a particular oblation or sacrifice; (ī), f. a circle, &c.; an assemblage, company, corporate body, church, multitude, crowd; walking round, whirling, circular motion; a nest; bent grass, Panicum Dactylon (see dūrvā).
     maṇḍalakārmuka maṇḍala-kārmuka, as, ā, am, having a circular bow or whose bow is bent; [cf. maṇḍalī-kṛta.]
     maṇḍalacihna maṇḍala-cihna, am, n. the sign or mark of a circle.
     maṇḍalanṛtya maṇḍala-nṛtya, am, n. a circular dance (especially a dance like that said to have been danced by the Gopīs round Kṛṣṇa and his mistress Rādhā; also read maṇḍalī-nṛtya).
     maṇḍalanyāsa maṇḍala-nyāsa, am, n. the putting down or drawing a circle; maṇḍala-nyāsaṃ kṛ, to describe a circle.
     maṇḍalapattrikā maṇḍala-pattrikā, f. a red-flowering Punarnavā.
     maṇḍalapucchaka maṇḍala-pucchaka, as, m. a species of insect.
     maṇḍalabrāhmaṇa maṇḍala-brāhmaṇa, am, n., N. of an Upaniṣad.
     maṇḍalabhāga maṇḍala-bhāga, as, m. part of a circle.
     maṇḍalavaṭa maṇḍala-vaṭa, as, m. an Indian fig-tree forming a circle; [cf. maṇḍalin.]
     maṇḍalavartin maṇḍala-var-tin, ī, m. the governor of a province, ruler of a small kingdom; [cf. cakra-vartin.]
     maṇḍalavarṣa maṇḍala-varṣa, am, n. (probably) general rain extending over a whole country, lasting rain.
     maṇḍalaśas maṇḍala-śas, ind. by circles, in circles, in rings.
     maṇḍalāgra maṇḍalāgra (-la-ag-), as, ā, am, round-pointed, having a round point or end; (as), m. a bent or rounded sword, a scimitar, sabre; (am), n., scil. śastra, a surgeon's circular knife.
     maṇḍalādhipa maṇḍalādhipa or maṇḍalādhīśa (-la-adh-), as, m. the lord of a district, ruler or governor of a province, king of a country, a monarch, emperor.
     maṇḍalīkaraṇa maṇḍalī-karaṇa, am, n. the act of making round, rounding, gathering in a ball or circle, coiling, &c.
     maṇḍalīkṛ maṇḍalī-kṛ, cl. 8. P. -karoti, -kartum, to make round, form into a circle or ball, form into a ring, coil.
     maṇḍalīkṛta maṇḍalī-kṛta, as, ā, am, formed into a circle, made circular, rounded, curved, tense, bent (as a bow).
     maṇḍalīnṛtya maṇḍalī-nṛtya = maṇ-ḍala-nṛtya, q. v.
     maṇḍalībhū maṇḍalī-bhū, cl. 1. P. -bha-vati, -bhavitum, to become round, to form a circle.
     maṇḍalībhūta maṇḍalī-bhūta, as, ā, am, become round, become circular or rounded, curved, bent (as a bow).
     maṇḍaleśa maṇḍaleśa (-la-īśa) or maṇḍaleśvara (-la-īś-), as, m. the lord of a district, ruler or governor of a province.
     maṇḍaleśatva maṇḍaleśa-tva, am, n. rulership of a province, governorship.
     maṇḍalottama maṇḍalottama (-la-ut-), am, n. the best or most excellent empire, principal kingdom.

maṇḍalaka maṇḍalaka, am, n. a disk; a circle; a district, province; a cutaneous disease, white leprosy with round spots; a circular array of troops; a group; a mirror; (as), m. a dog.
     maṇḍalakarājan maṇḍalaka-rājan, ā, m. the king of a small district or province.

maṇḍalaya maṇḍalaya, Nom. P. maṇḍalayati, &c., to make round or circular.

maṇḍalāya maṇḍalāya, Nom. A. maṇḍalāyate, -yitum, to become a circle, form one's self into a circle or ring, coil one's self.

maṇḍalāyamāna maṇḍalāyamāna, as, ā, am, becoming circular, forming one's self into a circle or ring, coiling one's self.

maṇḍalāyita maṇḍalāyita, as, ā, am, formed into a circle or ring; round, circular, = vartula?; (am), n. a ball, globe.

maṇḍalita maṇḍalita, as, ā, am, made round or circular, (pari-maṇḍalita, rounded, whirled round.)
     maṇḍalitahastakāṇḍa maṇ-ḍalita-hasta-kāṇḍa, as, m. having a trunk formed in rings or circles (said of an elephant).

miṇḍalin miṇḍalin, i, inī, i, forming a circle or ring, made up into a coil or ball; possessing or ruling a country; (ī), m. 'marked with round spots', a particular kind of snake (= go-nāsa); 'ringed', any snake; the ruler of a district or province; a pole-cat; a cat; a dog; the Indian fig-tree [cf. maṇḍala-vaṭa]; the sun.

maṇḍita maṇḍita. See col. 1.

maṇḍu maṇḍu, us, m., N. of a Ṛṣi; [cf. māṇḍavya.]

maṇḍuka maṇḍuka in paṅka-m-, q. v.

maṇḍūka maṇḍūka, as, m. (said to be fr. rt. maṇḍ), a frog; N. of a particular breed of horses; the plant Calosanthes Indica; N. of a Ṛṣi; of a Nāga; (according to some) = gāḍha-tejas?; (ā), f. the plant Rubia Munjista, = mañjiṣṭhā; (ī), f. a female frog; N. of several plants (= maṇḍūka-parṇī); Hydrocotyle Asiatica; Polanisia Icosandra; Clerodendrum Siphonanthus; a particular shrub (commonly called Khulakuḍī); a wanton woman; (am), n. a kind of coitus; (if maṇḍūka occurs at the end of an adj. comp. the fem. ends in ā.)
     maṇḍūkakula maṇḍūka-kula, am, n. a collection or assemblage of frogs.
     maṇḍūkagatilālasa maṇ-ḍūka-gati-lālasa, as, ā, am, ardently desiring the gait of a frog.
     maṇḍūkaparṇa maṇḍūka-parṇa, as, m., N. of several plants, Calosanthes Indica, = kapītana; (ī), f. Rubia Munjista; Clerodendrum Siphonanthus; Polanisia Icosandra; Hydrocotyle Asiatica; a particular shrub (commonly called Khulakuḍī).
     maṇḍūkaparṇikā maṇ-ḍūkaparṇikā, f. = maṇḍūka-parṇī.
     maṇḍūkapluti maṇḍūka-pluti, is, f. 'frog-leap', the passing over or skipping of several Sūtras and supplying from a previous Sūtra (in grammar).
     maṇḍūkamātṛ maṇḍūka-mātṛ, tā, f. 'the mother of frogs', the plant Clerodendrum Siphonanthus.
     maṇḍūkayoga maṇḍūka-yoga, as, m. a particular kind of abstract meditation in which an ascetic sits motionless like a frog.
     maṇḍūkayoganiyata maṇḍūkayoga-niyata, as, ā, am, intent upon the frog-meditation.
     maṇḍūkayogaśayana maṇḍūkayoga-śayana, am, n. lying like a forg in deep meditation.
     maṇḍūkaśāyin maṇḍūka-śāyin, ī, inī, i, lying like a frog.
     maṇḍūkasarasa maṇḍūka-sarasa, am, n. a frog-pond, pond full of frogs [cf. Pāṇ. V. 4, 94].
     maṇḍūkānuvṛtti maṇḍūkānu-vṛtti (-ka-an-), is, f. 'frog-course', skipping over or omitting at intervals; [cf. maṇḍūka-pluti.]

maṇḍūra maṇḍūra, am, n. rust of iron, scoriae, dross.
     maṇḍūradhāṇikī maṇḍūra-dhāṇikī, f., Ved. a particular abusive and indelicate expression.

mat mat or mad, abl. of 3. ma, q. v. (serving for the base of the singular number of the first personal pronoun at the beginning of compounds, the proper form in these cases being mad, see 1. mad).

matkṛta mat-kṛta, mat-para, &c. See under 1. mad, p. 734, col. 1.

mata mata. See p. 740, col. 3.

mataṅga mataṅga, as, m. (according to some fr. matam + ga, going wilfully), an elephant; a cloud; N. of a Muni (mentioned in Mahā-bh. Ādi-p. 2925, &c.); of a Dānava; (ās), m. pl. the family of this Muni.
     mataṅgaja mataṅga-ja, as, m. an elephant.
     mataṅgajatva mataṅgaja-tva, am, n. the being an elephant.
     mataṅgatīrtha mataṅga-tīrtha, am, n., N. of a sacred bathingplace (mentioned in the Śiva-Purāṇa).
     mataṅgadeva mataṅga-deva, as, m., N. of a fabulous being.
     mataṅgapura mataṅga-pura, am, n., N. of a town.
     mataṅgavāpī mataṅga-vāpī, f., N. of a sacred tank.
     mataṅgahataka mataṅga-hataka, as, m., N. of a man.

mataṅginī mataṅginī, f., N. of a daughter of Mandara.

matallikā matallikā, f. (at the end of a comp.), anything excellent of its kind [cf. macar-cika, go-m-]; a particular metre, four times [metrical sequence].

matallī matallī, f. = matallikā, anything excellent of its kind.

matasna matasna, e, n. du., Ved., N. of certain internal organs of the body, (perhaps) the kidneys; (according to Mahī-dhara on Vājasaneyisaṃhitā XIX. 85) = hṛdayobhaya-pārśva-sthe asthinī, two bones situated on either side of the heart.

mati mati. See p. 740, col. 3.

matināra matināra, as, m., N. of a king.

matila matila, as, m., N. of a king.

matīkṛ matī-kṛ. See below.

matutha matutha, as, m. (fr. rt. man), an intelligent person (= medhāvin).

matula matula, (with Buddhists) a particular high number.

matka 1. matka, as, m. (for 2. see p. 734, col. 1), a bug, = matkuṇa below.

matkuṇa matkuṇa, as, m. a bug; a flea; a beardless man; an elephant without tusks; a small elephant; a buffalo; a cocoa-nut; (ā), f. pudendum (of a young girl, = ajāta-loma-bhaga); N. of a river; (am), n. armour for the thighs or legs, greaves (= jaṅghā-trāṇa; cf. maṅkṣaṇa).
     matkuṇāri matkuṇāri (-ṇa-ari), is, m. 'bug-enemy', hemp.

matkuṇikā matkuṇikā or matkulikā, f., N. of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda.

matta matta, matta-kāla, matta-gāminī, mat-ta-dantin, &c. See p. 734, col. 2.

matya 1. matya, am, n. (for 2. see p. 741), a harrow, roller; a club (perhaps with teeth, Ved.); harrowing, rolling, making even or level; [cf. madi.]

matīkṛ matī-kṛ, cl. 8. P. -karoti, -kartum, to harrow, roll, make even by rolling.

matsa matsa, as, m. (fr. rt. 2. mad, to rejoice), = matsya, a fish ('the gay one'); the king of the Matsyas, (also read matsa, q. v.); (ī), f. = matsyā, p. 733, col. 1.
     matsagaṇṭa matsa-gaṇṭa, as, m. a kind of fish-sauce (= vyañjana-viśeṣa; perhaps for matsa-ghaṇṭa, cf. matsya-ghaṇṭa).

matsara matsara, as, ā, am (according to Uṇādi-s. III. 73. fr. rt. 2. mad; according to others fr. mat +  sṛ), exhilarating, intoxicating (Ved.; according to Sāy. = tṛpti-kara, tṛpti-hetu, satisfying); envious, grudging, jealous, hostile; selfish, self-interested; insatiate, greedy, covetous; niggardly; wicked; (as), m. the exhilarater, i. e. Soma; envy, jealousy, enmity, hostility; greediness after, selfish eagerness for or addiction to (with loc.); anger, passion; (as, ā), m. f. a gnat, musquito (usually fem.).
     matsaravat matsara-vat, ān, atī, at, Ved. = matsara, exhilarating, intoxicating, (according to Sāy. on Ṛg-veda IX. 97, 32 = madakara-rasa-yukta, having intoxicating juice.)

matsarin matsarin, ī, iṇī, i, = matsara, exhilarating, intoxicating (Ved., Sāy. = madayitṛ); envious, jealous, grudging; greedy after, selfishly eager for or addicted to (with loc.); wicked, depraved, bad.
     matsarintama matsarin-tama, as, ā, am, Ved. very exhilarating, very intoxicating (Sāy. = atiśayena madayitṛ or mada-kārin).

matsya matsya, as, m. a fish ('the gay one'); a particular species of fish (probably the Sapharī); (in astronomy) the figure of a fish (= timi, q. v.); a king of the Matsyas (also called Matsa; cf. Mahā-bh. Virāṭa-p. 16, 18, 145, Ādi-p. 2393, 2396, where the name is applied to Virāṭa as having been found by fishermen, along with his sister Matsyā or Satyavatī, in the body of the Apsaras Adrikā, metamorphosed into a fish); N. of a pupil of Deva-mitra Śākalya, (also read vātsya); a particular luminous appearance; (au), m. du. the twelfth sign of the zodiac or Pisces (figured by two fish); (ās), m. pl., N. of a people and country (mentioned in Manu II. 19. as forming part of the district called Brahmarshi), the country of Virāṭa; (syā or ), f., N. of the sister of king Virāṭa; [cf. Hib. meas, 'a fish;' measach, 'fishy.']
     matsyakaraṇḍikā matsya-karaṇḍikā, f. a fish-basket, any hamper or receptacle for fish.
     matsyakūrmādyavatārin matsya-kūrmādy-avatārin (-ma-ād-), ī, m. 'descending (and becoming incarnate) as a fish, tortoise, &c.', an epithet of Viṣṇu.
     matsyagandha matsya-gandha, as, ā, am, having the smell of fish; (ās), m. pl., N. of a race; (ā), f. epithet of Satya-vatī (mother of Vyāsa, also called Mīna-gandhā; see matsya above); a species of aquatic plant (= lāṅgalī, jala-pippalī).
     matsyaghaṇṭa matsya-ghaṇṭa, as, m. a kind of fish-sauce or dish of fish; [cf. matsa-gaṇṭa.]
     matsyaghāta matsya-ghāta, as, m. the killing of fish, i. e. the occupation of a fisherman.
     matsyaghātin matsya-ghātin, ī, m. 'fish-killer', a fisherman.
     matsyajāla matsya-jāla, am, n. a fishing net.
     matsyajīvat matsya-jīvat, an, or matsya-jīvin, ī, m. 'living by fish, i. e. living by catching fish', a fisherman; [cf. matsyo-pajīvin.]
     matsyadeśa matsya-deśa, as, m. 'the country Matsya', N. of a country mentioned in the Ratnakosha; [cf. matsya.]
     matsyadvādaśī matsya-dvādaśī or matsya-dvādaśikā, f., N. of the twelfth day in one of the halves of the month Mārgaśīrṣa.
     matsyadvīpa matsya-dvīpa, as, m. 'fish-island', N. of a Dvīpa.
     matsyadhānī matsya-dhānī, f. 'fish-holder', a fish-basket, a small basket used by fishermen, (also sometimes, but less accurately, applied to a kind of snare of reeds or grass which is left in the water and entangles the fish that swim with the current.)
     matsyadhvaja matsya-dhvaja, as, m. a fish-shaped standard; N. of a mountain in Kāma-rūpa.
     matsyanātha matsya-nātha, as, m. 'fish-lord', N. of a man (= matsyen-dra, q. v.).
     matsyanārī matsya-nārī, f. 'fish-woman, half fish, half woman', epithet of Satya-vatī.
     matsyanāśaka matsya-nāśaka or matsya-nāśana, as, m. 'fish-destroyer', a sea-eagle, ospray.
     matsyapittā matsya-pittā, f. 'fish-bile', a species of medicinal plant (= kaṭu-rohiṇī; cf. matsya-vinnā).
     matsyapurāṇa matsya-purāṇa, am, n. 'fish-Purāṇa', N. of one of the eighteen Purāṇas, so called as communicated by Viṣṇu in the form of a fish to the seventh Manu, sometimes called Vaivasvata; [cf. matsyāvatāra.]
     matsyaprādurbhāva matsya-prādurbhāva, as, m. 'fish-manifestation', N. of the thirty-sixth chapter of the Narasiṃha-Purāṇa; [cf. matsyāva-tāra.]
     matsyabandha matsya-bandha, as, m. a fisherman.
     matsyabandhana matsya-bandhana, am, n. a fish-hook, angle; (ī), f. a fish-basket.
     matsyabandhin matsya-bandhin, ī, m. 'fishcatching', an angler, fisherman; (inī), f. a fishbasket (various reading for matsya-bandhanī).
     matsyamādhava matsya-mādhava, am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.
     matsyaraṅka matsya-raṅka or matsya-raṅga or matsya-raṅgaka, as, m. a halcyon, king-fisher.
     matsyarāja matsya-rāja, as, m. 'fish-king', the fish Cyprinus Rohita; the king of the Matsyas.
     matsyavid matsya-vid, t, t, t, knowing fish, an ichthyologist.
     matsyavinnā matsya-vinnā, f. a plant (= kaṭukā).
     matsyavedhana matsya-vedhana, am, ī, n. f. 'fishpiercing', a fish-hook, angle; (ī), f. a cormorant.
     matsyasagandhin matsya-sagandhin, ī, inī, i, having a fish smell.
     matsyasaṅghāta matsya-saṅghāta, as, m. a multitude of fish, a shoal of young fry or small fish.
     matsyasantānika matsya-san-tānika, as, m. a particular dish of fish (eaten with condiments and oil).
     matsyasūkta matsya-sūkta, am, n., N. of a work mentioned in Kṛṣṇānanda's Tantra-sāra.
     matsyahan matsya-han, ā, m., Ved. 'fish-killer', a fisherman.
     matsyākṣaka matsyākṣaka (-ya-ak-), as, m. or mats-yākṣakā or matsyākṣī, f. 'fish-eyed (?)', N. of a species of Soma plant; (according to some mats-yākṣī and matsyākṣikā = gaṇḍa-dūrvā, according to others matsyākṣī = hilamocikā, Hingcha Repens; matsyākṣī is sometimes read matsyāṅgī.)
     matsyād matsyād (-ya-ad), t, t, t, or matsyāda (-ya-āda), as, ā, am, 'fish-eating', feeding on fish.
     matsyādanī matsyādanī, f. = jala-pippalī, a particular plant.
     matsyāvatāra matsyāvatāra (-ya-av-), as, m. 'fish-descent', N. of the first of the ten incarnations or manifestations of Viṣṇu (during the reign of the seventh Manu, the whole earth, which had become corrupt, was destroyed by a flood, and all living beings perished, except the pious Manu himself, and the seven Ṛṣis, who were preserved by the help of Viṣṇu in the form of a fish, after having been directed by him to enter a large ship with the seeds of all existing things; while the ship floated, fastened to the fish, Manu entered into conversation with him, and his questions, with the replies of Viṣṇu, form the substance of the Matsya-Purāṇa, q. v.; in the Vana-parvan of the Mahā-bhārata, 1. 1274612804, the fish is represented as an incarnation of Brahmā); N. of a division of the Khaṇḍa-praśasti, ascribed to Hanumat, treating of the ten manifestations of Viṣṇu.
     matsyāvatārakathana matsyāvatāra-kathana, am, n. 'the tale or narration of the fish-descent', N. of the thirty-seventh chapter of the Uttara-khaṇḍa of the Padma-Purāṇa.
     matsyāśana matsyāśana (-ya-aś-), as, m. 'feeding on fishes', a halcyon, king-fisher.
     matsyāsura matsyā-sura (-ya-as-), as, m. 'fish-Asura', N. of an Asura.
     matsyāsuraśailavadha matsyāsura-śaila-vadha, as, m., N. of the ninety-second chapter of the Krīḍā-khaṇḍa or second part of the Gaṇeśa-Purāṇa.
     matsyendra matsyendra (-ya-in-), as, m., N. of a teacher of the Haṭha-vidyā.
     matsyeśvaratīrtha mats-yeśvara-tīrtha (-ya-īś-), am, n., N. of a Tīrtha.
     matsyodarin matsyodarin (-ya-ud-), ī, m., N. of Matsya or Virāṭa as the brother of Matsyodarī.
     matsyodarī matsyodarī (-ya-ud-), f. a N. of Matsyā or Satya-vatī, who with her brother Matsya was found in the body of the Apsaras Adrikā metamorphosed into a fish, (also read matsodarī); N. of a sacred bathing-place in Benares.
     matsyodarīya matsyodarīya, as, ā, am, relating to the belly of a fish; (as), m. 'son of Satya-vatī or Matsyodarī', an epithet of Vyāsa.
     matsyopajīvin matsyopajīvin (-ya-up-), ī, m. 'living by fish', a fisherman; [cf. matsya-jīvat.]

matsyaka matsyaka, as, m. a little fish.

matsara matsara. See p. 732, col. 3.

matsya matsya. See col. 1.

matsyaṇḍikā matsyaṇḍikā or matsyaṇḍī, f. (corrupted fr. madhu-syandī?), granulated sugar, coarse or unrefined sugar.

math 1. math (or manth, q. v.), cl. 1. 9. P. (ep. also A.) mathati (Ved. mathāyati), manthati, mathnāti (-te), mamantha or less usually mamātha (2nd sing. mamanthitha, 3rd du. ma-manthatus or less usually mamathatus, 3rd pl. mamanthus or mamathus, Ved. methus, methire), manthiṣyati or mathiṣyati, amanthīt (Ved. mathīt), Inf. manthitum or mathitum, to rub together (Ved.); to stir, stir up, excite (in Ved. with agnim, to excite fire by rubbing two pieces of wood together); to stir or whirl round, shake together, shake, agitate; to churn, produce by churning (sometimes with two acc., e. g. sudhāṃ kṣīra-nidhim mathnāti, he churns nectar out of the ocean of milk); to agitate, confuse; to crush, grind, pinch; to grind down, oppress, afflict, distress, trouble; to destroy, kill, annihilate, hurt; to tear off, dislocate, disjoint: Pass. mathyate (ep. also -ti), to be stirred up or churned, &c.: Caus. manthayati or less usually māthayati, -yitum, to cause to be stirred up or churned, &c.: Deside. mimanthiṣati, mimathi-ṣati: Intens. māmathyate, māmantti, māman-thīti, Impf. 3rd sing. amāman; [cf. Gr. [greek] [greek] pra-mantha-s, q. v.; Lat. ment-ula; Slav. met-ezc, 'tumult;' Lith. met-uri-s, ment-ure, 'a churning-stick;' Hib. muidhe, meadar, 'a churn, milkpail.']

math 2. math. See mathin below.

matha matha, as, m. = mātha, q. v.

mathaka mathaka, as, m., N. of a man; (ās), m. pl. his descendants.

mathan mathan (mathnā inst. c. sing.), a piece of wood for producing fire by attrition; friction, rubbing (Ved., Sāy. mathnā = pramāthanena, loḍanena).

mathana mathana, as, ī, am, rubbing; stirring round; churning; hurting, injuring, destroying; a destroyer [cf. pura-m-, madhu-m-]; (as), m. the tree Premna Spinosa (the wood of which is used to produce fire by attrition); (am), n. the act of rubbing, friction; the act of stirring round, churning [cf. amṛta-m-, manthana]; the act of hurting, injury, harsh treatment, destruction; N. of a weapon.
     mathanācala mathanācala (-na-ac-), as, m. the mountain (Mandara, q. v.) used as a churning-stick by the gods and Dānavas in churning the ocean of milk; [cf. mantha-śaila.]

mathi mathi, is, is, i (at the end of a comp.), Ved. rubbing, churning, destroying, killing [cf. urā-m-]; (is), m. a churning-stick, any staff for stirring or churning; [cf. mathin.]

mathita mathita, as, ā, am, stirred round, shaken about, churned, agitated; crushed, ground, pinched, nipped; oppressed, afflicted, distressed, anxious; destroyed, killed; dislocated, disjointed; (as), m., N. of a descendant of Yama (the reputed author of the hymn Ṛg-veda X. 19); (am), n. buttermilk without water, pure buttermilk.

mathitṛ mathitṛ, tā, trī, tṛ, one who stirs or churns, one who destroys or annihilates, a destroyer.

mathitvā mathitvā or manthitvā, ind. having stirred, having churned, &c.

mathin mathin, manthās (nom. voc. sing. manthās fr. a base manthas, the other strong cases fr. a base manthan, acc. pl. and other weak cases fr. a base math, middle cases fr. mathin, see Gram. 162; hence nom. pl. manthānas, acc. pl. mathas, inst. sing. du. pl. mathā, mathibhyām, mathibhis), a churning-stick, churn-staff, any stick for stirring or churning; the penis; a thunderbolt; wind.

mathīna mathīna (said to be fr. mathin above), Nom. P. mathīnati, &c. (meaning doubtful).

mathna mathna, as, ā, am, Ved. shaken about, agitated, whirled, (but mathnā in Ṛg-veda I. 181, 5, is regarded by Sāy. as inst. sing. of mathan above.)

mathnat mathnat, an, atī, at, stirring round, shaking about, churning, agitating; oppressing.

mathya mathya, as, ā, am, to be rubbed, to be churned, to be extracted or produced by churning.

mathyamāna mathyamāna, as, ā, am, being stirred or churned, being rubbed.

mathra mathra, as, ā, am, Ved. tearing or whirling along (Sāy. = mathana-śila).

mantha mantha, manthya, &c. See under rt. manth.

mathavya mathavya, as, ā, am, Ved., in Atharvaveda II. 35, 2, for madhavya.

mathā mathā, ind., Ved. a Nidhana formula.

mathāta mathāta, am, n., N. of a Sāman; [cf. mamātha.]

mathura mathura, as, m. (said to be fr. rt. 1. math), N. of a man; (ā), f., N. of an ancient town held in great honour as sacred to Kṛṣṇa (situated in the province of Agra on the right bank of the river Yamunā or Jumnā, not far from the hill Govardhana in Vṛndā-vana, the scene of the amours and exploits of Kṛṣṇa; it is described in Viṣṇu-Purāṇa XII. 1. as having been founded by Śatrughna; it was the birthplace of the god Kṛṣṇa, and under the modern name of Muttra is to this day the resort of crowds of devotees; according to Kullūka on Manu II. 19, the town forms part of a district, called Brahmarshi, belonging to Śūrasena); N. of two other towns; [cf. māthura, madhurā.]
     mathurākāṇḍa mathurā-kāṇḍa, am, n., N. of a section of the Mantra-rahasya-prakāśikā.
     mathurānātha mathurā-nātha, as, m. 'lord of Mathurā', an epithet of Kṛṣṇa; N. of several men; (ī), f., N. of a commentary on the Tattva-cintāmaṇi by Mathurā-nātha.
     mathurāniveśa mathurā-niveśa, as, m., N. of the sixty-third chapter of the Uttara-kāṇḍa of the Rāmāyaṇa.
     mathurāmāhātmya mathurā-mā-hātmya, am, n., N. of a part of the Vārāha-Purāṇa (containing an account of the city and temples of Mathurā).
     mathurāsetu mathurā-setu, us, m. 'the bridge of Mathurā', N. of a work.
     mathureśa mathureśa (-rā-īśa), as, m. 'lord of Mathurā', an epithet of Kṛṣṇa; N. of the author of the Śabda-ratnāvalī, a dictionary of synonyms.

mathūrā mathūrā, f. = mathurā above.

mad 1. mad [cf. mat, p. 732, col. 3], a form derived fr. mat, abl. of 3. ma, and serving for the base of the first personal pronoun in the singular number (especially at the beginning of compounds as follow).
     maccitta mac-citta, as, ā, am, having the mind (fixed) on me, thinking of me.
     maccharīra mac-charīra, am, n. (mad + ś-), my body.
     matkṛta mat-kṛta, as, ā, am, made by me; uttered by me; (e), ind. for the sake of me, on my account.
     mattara mat-tara, as, ā, am, better or more than mine.
     mattas mat-tas, ind. from me.
     matpara mat-para, as, ā, am, devoted to me.
     matputra mat-putra, as, m. the son of me, my son.
     matprasūta mat-pra-sūta, as, ā, am, produced from me.
     matsakāśe mat-sakāśe, ind. in my presence.
     matsakhi mat-sakhi, ā, m. my companion, my friend.
     matsandeśa mat-sandeśa, as, m. news of me, tidings of me.
     matsamakṣam mat-samakṣam, ind. in the presence of me, in my sight.
     matsādṛśya mat-sādṛśya, am, n. the likeness or resemblance of me.
     madartha mad-artha, as, m. my purpose; (am), ind. for the sake of me.
     maddeha mad-deha, am, n. my body.
     madbandhanasamudbhava mad-bandhana-samudbhava, as, ā, am, caused by the binding of me, i. e. by my bondage.
     madbhakta mad-bhakta, as, ā, am, devoted to me.
     madbhū mad-bhū, cl. 1. P. mad-bhavati, &c., to become 1.
     madrik madrik, ind. (fr. madryañc), Ved. to me, towards me (Sāy. = mad-abhimukham).
     madryañc madryañc, aṅ, drīcī, ak (fr. 1. mad with adri substituted for ad and rt. añc), Ved. directed towards me, extending to me; (ak), ind. towards me.
     madryadrik madryadrik, ind., Ved. = ma-drik (with reduplication of affix adri; cf. tadryañc).
     madvacana mad-vacana, am, n. my word, my order; mad-vacanāt, in my name, from me.
     madvat 1. mad-vat, ind. like me; (for 2. madvat see p. 736, col. 1.)
     madvargīṇa mad-vargīṇa or mad-vargīya or mad-vargya, as, ā, am, belonging to my class or to my party, connected with or related to me.
     madvidha mad-vidha, as, ā, am, like me, equal to me, of my sort or kind.
     madviyoga mad-viyoga, as, m. separation from me.
     madvihīna mad-vihīna, as, ā, am, separated from me.
     manmaya man-maya, as, ī, am, 'consisting of me', full of me, like me, attached to me; come forth from me, proceeding from me.

matka 2. matka, as, ā, am (for 1. see p. 732, col. 3), mine, my.

madīya madīya, as, ā, am, mine, my own, belonging to me.

madya 1. madya, Nom. P. madyati, &c., see Pāṇ. VII. 2, 98. (For 2. madya see p. 735, col. 3.)

mad 2. mad [cf. rts. mand, mud], cl. 4. P. (rarely A. in Ved.) mādyati (-te), ma-māda, amādīt, maditum (Vedic forms are madati, mandati, -te [see rt. mand], mademahi, matsi,  mamatsi, matsva, mamaddhi, mamattu by Pāṇ. VI. 1, 192, mamattana, mamadas, mamadan, matsat, matsati, amatta, amatsus, amatsata, amandata, amandīt, see rt. mand), to become drunk or inebriated, (perhaps originally madidum esse, to be moist); to be mad; to be drunk with joy, &c.; to revel, revel in, delight in (with inst., gen., loc., and rarely acc.); to be glad, rejoice, be happy; to enjoy heavenly bliss; to be cheerful or gay; (Ved.) to gladden, delight, amuse, exhilarate, intoxicate, inspire, animate: Caus. mādayati, madayati, -yi-tum (Ved. Inf. mādayadhyai), Aor. amīmadat, amamadat, to intoxicate, inebriate, delight, exhilarate, gladden, satisfy; A. (-te), to be glad, rejoice, be pleased, be happy, delight in; to enjoy heavenly bliss: Desid. mimadiṣati: Intens. māmadyate, māmatti; [cf. Gr. [greek] [greek] Lat. mad-e-o, mad-i-du-s, mad-e-sc-o, made-facio, mā-na-re from mad-na-re; probably Goth. mat-s, mat-jan; Angl. Sax. moete, moet-an; Eng. mad; Hib. misge, 'drunkenness;' Pers. [arabic] mas-t from med-t.]

matta matta, as, ā, am, intoxicated, inebriated, drunk, (often used metaphorically, as 'drunk with love, with joy, with pride, passion, &c.'); mad, insane, furious; in rut, ruttish (said of animals of all kinds, but especially of an elephant); amorous, lustful, wanton; delighted, overjoyed, excited; proud, arrogant; (as), m. a drunkard; a madman; a furious elephant, an elephant in rut; a buffalo; the Indian cuckoo; a thornapple; N. of a Rākṣasa; (ā), f. any intoxicating drink, spirituous or vinous liquour; a particular metre, four times [metrical sequence].
     mattakāla matta-kāla, as, m., N. of a king of Lāṭa.
     mattakāśinī matta-kāśinī, f. 'appearing intoxicated', a bewitching or wanton woman; (sometimes written matta-kāsinī and matta-kā-ṣiṇī.)
     mattakrīḍā matta-krīḍā, f. a kind of metre.
     mattagāminī matta-gāminī, f. 'having the gait of an elephant in rut', a woman with a rolling walk, a bewitching or wanton woman.
     mattadantin matta-dantin, ī, m. a furious elephant or one in rut.
     mattanāga matta-nāga, as, m. an elephant in rut; N. of an author.
     mattamayūra matta-mayūra, as, m. an amorous peacock or one drunk with passion, a wild or excited peacock; (am), n. a kind of metre, four times [metrical sequence].
     mattamayūraka mattamayūraka, as, ā, am, behaving like an amorous peacock; (ās), m. pl. epithet of a particular warrior-tribe.
     mattamātaṅgalīlākara matta-mātaṅga-līlākara, a kind of metre.
     mattavāraṇa matta-vā-raṇa, as, m. an elephant in rut, a furious elephant; (as, am), m. n. a fence against drunkards, &c., a fence or hedge round the house of a rich man; a turret, a little room on the top of a large building or palace; a veranda; a pavilion; = nir-yūha, q. v.; (am), n. pounded betel-nuts.
   &n